research peer review

Summary

Summary: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Scope and impact of financial conflicts of interest in biomedical research: a systematic review
    Justin E Bekelman
    Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06520, USA
    JAMA 289:454-65. 2003
  2. ncbi How to write a systematic review
    Rick W Wright
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Barnes Jewish Hospital at Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 455:23-9. 2007
  3. pmc Evaluation of QUADAS, a tool for the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies
    Penny F Whiting
    MRC Health Services Research Collaboration, Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:9. 2006
  4. pmc Effect of open peer review on quality of reviews and on reviewers' recommendations: a randomised trial
    S van Rooyen
    BMJ Editorial, BMA House, London WC1H 9JR, UK
    BMJ 318:23-7. 1999
  5. ncbi Journal prestige, publication bias, and other characteristics associated with citation of published studies in peer-reviewed journals
    Michael Callaham
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0208, USA
    JAMA 287:2847-50. 2002
  6. ncbi Reproducible research: moving toward research the public can really trust
    Christine Laine
    Customer Service, American College of Physicians, 190 N Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:450-3. 2007
  7. ncbi Publication bias in editorial decision making
    Carin M Olson
    JAMA, Chicago, IL, USA
    JAMA 287:2825-8. 2002
  8. ncbi Assessing the utility of the standards for reporting trials of acupuncture (STRICTA): a survey of authors
    Stephanie L Prady
    Department of Health Sciences, The University of York, York, UK
    J Altern Complement Med 13:939-43. 2007
  9. pmc The returning tide: how China, the world's most populous country, is building a competitive research base
    William A Wells
    J Cell Biol 176:376-401. 2007
  10. ncbi Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authors
    Amber E Budden
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G5
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:4-6. 2008

Research Grants

  1. MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERS
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. Clinical Predictors of Antiretroviral Failure
    Daniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2003
  3. Early Diagnosis of Neonatal Candidiasis
    Daniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2008
  4. Research Culture of Practice-Based Research Networks
    ANNE NEALE; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. INSTITUTIONAL CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE AWARDS
    Theodore Kotchen; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Correcting the Literature After Scienctific Misconduct
    ANNE NEALE; Fiscal Year: 2003
  7. American Indian MS to PHD Nursing Science Bridge-Phase 2
    SUSAN HENLY; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. GENES OF HYPERTENSION IN AFRICAN AMERICANS
    Theodore Kotchen; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. Molecular Genetics of Cadmium Toxicity
    Daniel W Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. fMRI Predictor Model for Stroke Locomotor Rehabilitation
    Bruce Dobkin; Fiscal Year: 2008

Detail Information

Publications207 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Scope and impact of financial conflicts of interest in biomedical research: a systematic review
    Justin E Bekelman
    Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06520, USA
    JAMA 289:454-65. 2003
    ..Despite increasing awareness about the potential impact of financial conflicts of interest on biomedical research, no comprehensive synthesis of the body of evidence relating to financial conflicts of interest has been performed...
  2. ncbi How to write a systematic review
    Rick W Wright
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Barnes Jewish Hospital at Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 455:23-9. 2007
    ..Systematic reviews conducted in this fashion can be used as a higher form of current concepts or as review articles and replace the traditional expert opinion narrative review...
  3. pmc Evaluation of QUADAS, a tool for the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies
    Penny F Whiting
    MRC Health Services Research Collaboration, Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:9. 2006
    ..Although QUADAS has been used in several systematic reviews, it has not been formally validated. The objective was to evaluate the validity and usefulness of QUADAS...
  4. pmc Effect of open peer review on quality of reviews and on reviewers' recommendations: a randomised trial
    S van Rooyen
    BMJ Editorial, BMA House, London WC1H 9JR, UK
    BMJ 318:23-7. 1999
    ..To examine the effect on peer review of asking reviewers to have their identity revealed to the authors of the paper...
  5. ncbi Journal prestige, publication bias, and other characteristics associated with citation of published studies in peer-reviewed journals
    Michael Callaham
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0208, USA
    JAMA 287:2847-50. 2002
    ..Citation by other authors is important in the dissemination of published science, but factors predicting it are little studied...
  6. ncbi Reproducible research: moving toward research the public can really trust
    Christine Laine
    Customer Service, American College of Physicians, 190 N Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:450-3. 2007
    ..This paper is about both functions. We describe the evaluative processes we use and announce a new policy to help the scientific community evaluate, and build upon, the research findings that we publish...
  7. ncbi Publication bias in editorial decision making
    Carin M Olson
    JAMA, Chicago, IL, USA
    JAMA 287:2825-8. 2002
    ..We assessed whether submitted manuscripts that report results of controlled trials are more likely to be published if they report positive results...
  8. ncbi Assessing the utility of the standards for reporting trials of acupuncture (STRICTA): a survey of authors
    Stephanie L Prady
    Department of Health Sciences, The University of York, York, UK
    J Altern Complement Med 13:939-43. 2007
    ....
  9. pmc The returning tide: how China, the world's most populous country, is building a competitive research base
    William A Wells
    J Cell Biol 176:376-401. 2007
    ..It got one. Now, it wants a world-class research enterprise. How far has it progressed in the biosciences, how did it get there, and how far does it have to go?..
  10. ncbi Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authors
    Amber E Budden
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G5
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:4-6. 2008
    ..No negative effects could be identified, suggesting that double-blind review should be considered by other journals...
  11. ncbi Immunotherapy: bewitched, bothered, and bewildered no more
    Ralph M Steinman
    Laboratory of Cellular Physiology and Immunology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021 6399, USA
    Science 305:197-200. 2004
    ..We suggest steps to be taken to reinvigorate basic research in human subjects as part of the mainstream of science...
  12. ncbi A comparison of conflict of interest policies at peer-reviewed journals in different scientific disciplines
    Jessica S Ancker
    Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University, 622 W 168th Street, Vanderbilt Clinic 5th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Sci Eng Ethics 13:147-57. 2007
    ....
  13. ncbi The history and meaning of the journal impact factor
    Eugene Garfield
    Thomson Scientific, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 295:90-3. 2006
  14. pmc Effect of blinding and unmasking on the quality of peer review
    S van Rooyen
    British Medical Journal, London, UK
    J Gen Intern Med 14:622-4. 1999
    ..There was no significant difference in assessment between groups or between editors and authors. Reviews recommending publication were scored more highly than those recommending rejection...
  15. pmc Improving peer review: who's responsible?
    Frank Davidoff
    BMJ 328:657-8. 2004
  16. ncbi Poor-quality medical research: what can journals do?
    Douglas G Altman
    Cancer Research UK NHS Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Old Road, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, England
    JAMA 287:2765-7. 2002
    ..In 1994 I observed that research papers commonly contain methodological errors, report results selectively, and draw unjustified conclusions. Here I revisit the topic and suggest how journal editors can help...
  17. ncbi What do citation counts count for in the field of addiction? An empirical evaluation of citation counts and their link with peer ratings of quality
    Robert West
    Psychology Department, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    Addiction 97:501-4. 2002
    ..This study investigated the value of citation counts as an index of quality in the field of addiction and examined factors that contribute to papers being cited more or less frequently...
  18. ncbi The quality of randomized trial reporting in leading medical journals since the revised CONSORT statement
    Edward J Mills
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, HSC 2C12, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8N 3Z5
    Contemp Clin Trials 26:480-7. 2005
    ..Although reporting of some CONSORT recommendations is high, reporting of several essential recommendations remains suboptimal. Authors need to comply with and journals need to enforce reporting of the revised CONSORT recommendations...
  19. ncbi Effects of editorial peer review: a systematic review
    Tom Jefferson
    Health Reviews Ltd, Rome, Italy
    JAMA 287:2784-6. 2002
    ..Editorial peer review is widely used to select submissions to journals for publication and is presumed to improve their usefulness. Sufficient research on peer review has been published to consider a synthesis of its effects...
  20. pmc Does the committee peer review select the best applicants for funding? An investigation of the selection process for two European molecular biology organization programmes
    Lutz Bornmann
    Social Psychology and Research on Higher Education, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 3:e3480. 2008
    ....
  21. pmc How much effort is needed to keep up with the literature relevant for primary care?
    Brian S Alper
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Missouri Columbia, 65201, USA
    J Med Libr Assoc 92:429-37. 2004
    ..The authors estimated the volume of medical literature potentially relevant to primary care published in a month and the time required for physicians trained in medical epidemiology to evaluate it for updating a clinical knowledge base...
  22. ncbi Are guidelines following guidelines? The methodological quality of clinical practice guidelines in the peer-reviewed medical literature
    T M Shaneyfelt
    Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 281:1900-5. 1999
    ..Practice guidelines play an important role in medicine. Methodological principles have been formulated to guide their development...
  23. pmc Inter-rater agreement in the scoring of abstracts submitted to a primary care research conference
    Alan A Montgomery
    Division of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 2:8. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate agreement on dimensions of a checklist between two referees when evaluating abstracts submitted for a primary care conference...
  24. ncbi Judge a paper on its own merits, not its journal's
    Shu Dong Zhang
    Nature 442:26. 2006
  25. ncbi Reproducibility of peer review in clinical neuroscience. Is agreement between reviewers any greater than would be expected by chance alone?
    P M Rothwell
    Department of Clinical Neurology, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Brain 123:1964-9. 2000
    ....
  26. ncbi The use of dedicated methodology and statistical reviewers for peer review: a content analysis of comments to authors made by methodology and regular reviewers
    Frank C Day
    UCLA Emergency Medicine Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 40:329-33. 2002
    ..We characterized and contrasted comments made by the methodology and regular peer reviewers...
  27. ncbi Effect of written feedback by editors on quality of reviews: two randomized trials
    Michael L Callaham
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0208
    JAMA 287:2781-3. 2002
    ..Better peer review is needed, but proven methods to improve quality are unknown. Our objective was to determine whether written feedback to reviewers improves subsequent reviews...
  28. pmc Helping editors, peer reviewers and authors improve the clarity, completeness and transparency of reporting health research
    David Moher
    BMC Med 6:13. 2008
    ..As such, they are not able to judge the merits of the results and interpret them. The EQUATOR Network is a new initiative aimed at improving the clarity and transparency of reporting health research...
  29. pmc Development and evaluation of a quality score for abstracts
    Antje Timmer
    Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Regensburg, 93042 Regensburg, Germany
    BMC Med Res Methodol 3:2. 2003
    ..The evaluation of abstracts for scientific meetings has been shown to suffer from poor inter observer reliability. A measure was developed to assess the formal quality of abstract submissions in a standardized way...
  30. ncbi Measuring the quality of editorial peer review
    Tom Jefferson
    Health Reviews Ltd, Rome, Italy
    JAMA 287:2786-90. 2002
    ..The quality of a process can only be tested against its agreed objectives. Editorial peer-review is widely used, yet there appears to be little agreement about how to measure its effects or processes...
  31. pmc A systematic evaluation of the impact of STRICTA and CONSORT recommendations on quality of reporting for acupuncture trials
    Stephanie L Prady
    Department of Health Sciences, The University of York, York, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e1577. 2008
    ..We conducted a before-and-after study, comparing ratings for quality of reporting following the publication of both STRICTA and CONSORT recommendations...
  32. pmc Statistical reviewing policies of medical journals: caveat lector?
    S N Goodman
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Biostatistics, Oncology Center, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:753-6. 1998
    ..To describe the current policies regarding statistical review of clinical research in biomedical journals...
  33. ncbi How statistical expertise is used in medical research
    Douglas G Altman
    Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Cancer Research UK NHS, Institute of Health Sciences, Old Rd, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, England
    JAMA 287:2817-20. 2002
    ..Investigation of the nature and frequency of statistician involvement in medical research and its relation to the final editorial decision...
  34. ncbi The politics of publication
    Peter A Lawrence
    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK
    Nature 422:259-61. 2003
  35. ncbi Peer-reviewed publication: a view from inside
    Robert S Fisher
    Epilepsia 45:889-94. 2004
  36. ncbi From submission to publication: a retrospective review of the tables and figures in a cohort of randomized controlled trials submitted to the British Medical Journal
    David L Schriger
    University of California, Los Angeles Emergency Medicine Center, Los Angeles, CA University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 48:750-6, 756.e1-21. 2006
    ..We investigate how the peer review process affected table and figure quality...
  37. pmc What do the JAMA editors say when they discuss manuscripts that they are considering for publication? Developing a schema for classifying the content of editorial discussion
    Kay Dickersin
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:44. 2007
    ..In an effort to identify previously unrecognized aspects of editorial decision-making, we explored the words and phrases that one group of editors used during their meetings...
  38. pmc Relationship between funding source and conclusion among nutrition-related scientific articles
    Lenard I Lesser
    Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e5. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study is to characterize financial sponsorship of scientific articles addressing the health effects of three commonly consumed beverages, and to determine how sponsorship affects published conclusions...
  39. ncbi Introduction: nutritional supplements and the quest to improve human performance-the need for the strictest standards and rigor when reporting clinical trials
    Michael M Meguid
    Department of Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York 13210, USA
    Nutrition 19:955-6. 2003
  40. ncbi The outcome of manuscripts submitted to the American Journal of Ophthalmology between 2002 and 2003
    Thomas J Liesegang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 143:551-60. 2007
    ..To investigate the outcome of manuscripts submitted to the American Journal of Ophthalmology (AJO) between July 23, 2002 and December 31, 2003...
  41. ncbi Peer review in action: the contribution of referees to advancing reliable knowledge
    Geoffrey Hanks
    Palliat Med 19:359-70. 2005
  42. pmc An assessment of recently published gene expression data analyses: reporting experimental design and statistical factors
    Peyman Jafari
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 6:27. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study is to assess current practices on the reporting of experimental design and statistical analyses in gene expression-based studies...
  43. ncbi Peer review at the American Journal of Roentgenology: how reviewer and manuscript characteristics affected editorial decisions on 196 major papers
    Mark A Kliewer
    Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53792 3252, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 183:1545-50. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the relative influence of manuscript characteristics and peer-reviewer attributes in the assessment of manuscripts...
  44. ncbi Don't let ideology trump science
    Alan I Leshner
    Science 302:1479. 2003
  45. ncbi [Abridged checklist for the evaluation of basic biomedical research papers]
    Felix Bosch
    Fundación Dr Antonio Esteve Barcelona Spain
    Med Clin (Barc) 121:228-30. 2003
  46. ncbi Effect of blinded peer review on abstract acceptance
    Joseph S Ross
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine and Yale New Haven Hospital Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, New Haven, Conn 06520 8088, USA
    JAMA 295:1675-80. 2006
    ..Peer review should evaluate the merit and quality of abstracts but may be biased by geographic location or institutional prestige. The effectiveness of blinded peer review at reducing bias is unknown...
  47. ncbi Criticism preserves the vitality of science
    Matthew Metz
    Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 20:867. 2002
  48. pmc Reproducibility of the STARD checklist: an instrument to assess the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies
    Nynke Smidt
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:12. 2006
    ..We designed a study to investigate the inter-assessment reproducibility, and intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of the items in the STARD statement...
  49. ncbi Improving the peer-review process for grant applications: reliability, validity, bias, and generalizability
    Herbert W Marsh
    Department of Education, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am Psychol 63:160-8. 2008
    ....
  50. pmc Do health technology assessments comply with QUOROM diagram guidance? An empirical study
    Daniel Hind
    School of Health and Related Research ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:49. 2007
    ..We undertook an empirical study to identify the extent of compliance in the UK Health Technology Assessment (HTA) programme...
  51. ncbi The influence of money on medical science
    Catherine D DeAngelis
    JAMA 296:996-8. 2006
  52. ncbi Standards for reporting interventions in controlled trials of acupuncture: The STRICTA recommendations. STandards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trails of Acupuncture
    Hugh MacPherson
    Acupunct Med 20:22-5. 2002
    ..The intended outcome is that interventions in controlled trials of acupuncture will be more adequately reported, thereby facilitating an improvement in critical appraisal, analysis and replication of trials...
  53. ncbi Upgrading our instructions for authors
    David L Schriger
    Ann Emerg Med 41:565-7. 2003
  54. ncbi Radiological research in Europe: a bibliometric study
    G S Mela
    Department of Internal Medicine, DIMI, University of Genoa, Largo R Benzi, 8, 16132 Genova, Italy
    Eur Radiol 13:657-62. 2003
    ..The development of research programs within the framework of the European Union specifically aimed to radiology could lead to further advancement of our discipline...
  55. ncbi Conflict of interest policies in science and medical journals: editorial practices and author disclosures
    S Krimsky
    Department of Urban and Environmental Police, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 5814, USA
    Sci Eng Ethics 7:205-18. 2001
    ....
  56. pmc A persistent problem. Traditional gender roles hold back female scientists
    Anna Ledin
    Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden
    EMBO Rep 8:982-7. 2007
  57. ncbi Research funding: peer review at NIH
    Toni Scarpa
    NIH Center for Scientific Review, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Science 311:41. 2006
  58. ncbi Responding to fraud
    Donald Kennedy
    Science 314:1353. 2006
  59. ncbi Reviewing the reviewers: comparison of review quality and reviewer characteristics at the American Journal of Roentgenology
    Mark A Kliewer
    Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 184:1731-5. 2005
    ..The purpose of our study was to determine which manuscript reviewer characteristics are most strongly associated with reviewer performance as judged by editors of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR)...
  60. pmc Regional associations of medical journal editors: moving from rhetoric to reality
    Farrokh Habibzadeh
    Bull World Health Organ 83:404. 2005
  61. ncbi To blind or not to blind? What authors and reviewers prefer
    Glenn Regehr
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 40:832-9. 2006
    ..The Medical Education authors and reviewers who chose to respond to the survey voted strongly in favour of continuing the double-blinding procedure of concealing both author and reviewer identities during the review process...
  62. pmc Five futures for academic medicine
    Shally Awasthi
    Department of Paediatrics, King George s Medical University, Lucknow, India
    PLoS Med 2:e207. 2005
  63. pmc Vinyl chloride: a case study of data suppression and misrepresentation
    Jennifer Beth Sass
    Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, DC 20005, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:809-12. 2005
    ..S. EPA reverse its trend toward ever-increasing collaborations with the regulated industries when generating scientific reviews and risk assessments...
  64. ncbi Peer review. Suggesting or excluding reviewers can help get your paper published
    David Grimm
    Science 309:1974. 2005
  65. pmc Systematic variation in reviewer practice according to country and gender in the field of ecology and evolution
    Olyana N Grod
    Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 3:e3202. 2008
    ..Hence, editors and potential authors should consider alternative sets of criteria, to what exists now, when selecting a panel of referees to potentially balance different tendencies by gender or region...
  66. ncbi Stem cells. ...and how the problems eluded peer reviewers and editors
    Jennifer Couzin
    Science 311:23-4. 2006
  67. ncbi Open-access journal will publish first, judge later
    Jim Giles
    Nature 445:9. 2007
  68. ncbi Statistical reviewing for medical journals
    D G Altman
    ICRF Medical Statistics Group, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, U K
    Stat Med 17:2661-74. 1998
    ..I suggest how to present and structure the reviewer's report to the editor. Finally, I consider wider issues, including the various other ways in which statisticians can interact with medical journals...
  69. ncbi Citation indexes do not reflect methodological quality in lung cancer randomised trials
    T Berghmans
    Department of Internal Medicine, Institut Jules Bordet, Bruxelles, Belgium
    Ann Oncol 14:715-21. 2003
    ..Material and methods All of the randomised trials included in nine systematic reviews performed by the European Lung Cancer Working Party (ELCWP) were assessed using two quality scales (Chalmers and ELCWP)...
  70. ncbi Improving science through online commentary
    David M Eagleman
    Nature 423:15. 2003
  71. ncbi Impact of blinded versus unblinded abstract review on scientific program content
    Joseph Smith
    Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennesse 38382, USA
    J Urol 168:2123-5. 2002
    ..We performed a prospective randomized study to evaluate the impact of a reviewer blinding process on scientific program content...
  72. ncbi Biomedical politics. NIH roiled by inquiries over grants hit list
    Jocelyn Kaiser
    Science 302:758. 2003
  73. ncbi Grants, politics, and the NIH
    Jeffrey M Drazen
    N Engl J Med 349:2259-61. 2003
  74. doi Peer review in the balance
    Gregory D Curfman
    N Engl J Med 358:2276-7. 2008
  75. ncbi Fate of manuscripts declined by the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
    April W Armstrong
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Clinical Unit for Research Trials in Skin, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 58:632-5. 2008
    ..Submissions to the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (JAAD) undergo a rigorous peer-review process. However, little is known regarding the fate of manuscripts declined by the JAAD...
  76. ncbi The counting house
    David Adam
    Nature 415:726-9. 2002
  77. ncbi Of sausages and salami
    Konrad Jamrozik
    Aust N Z J Public Health 28:5-6. 2004
  78. ncbi Point: Statistical analysis in NIH peer review--identifying innovation
    David Kaplan
    Case School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 2103 Cornell Rd, Cleveland, OH 44106 7288, USA
    FASEB J 21:305-8. 2007
  79. pmc Reviewer diligence
    E N Grosch
    Br J Sports Med 37:187. 2003
  80. ncbi What is submitted and what gets accepted in Indian Pediatrics: analysis of submissions, review process, decision making, and criteria for rejection
    Piyush Gupta
    Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi 110 095, India
    Indian Pediatr 43:479-89. 2006
    ..To identify the characteristics of the manuscripts submitted to the Indian Pediatrics; attributes of the peer-review process and decision-making; and factors associated with their acceptance or rejection...
  81. ncbi [North-South relations in scientific publications: editorial racism?]
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 40:36-42. 2006
    ....
  82. ncbi Quality of scientific articles
    Moyses Szklo
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Rev Saude Publica 40:30-5. 2006
    ..The evaluation of papers after their publication with a view towards their inclusion in a systematic review is also discussed. The limitations of the impact factor as a criterion to judge the quality of a paper are reviewed...
  83. ncbi Scope and geographical distribution of African medical journals active in 2005
    Nandi Siegfried
    Clinical Trials Service Unit, Oxford University and United Kingdom Cochrane Centre, Oxford, UK
    S Afr Med J 96:533-8. 2006
    ..To identify all African medical journals actively publishing in 2005, and to create a geodatabase of these to evaluate and monitor future journal activity...
  84. doi Painful publishing
    Martin Raff
    Science 321:36. 2008
  85. ncbi Improving the quality of reporting randomized controlled trials in cardiothoracic surgery: the way forward
    Ravindranath Tiruvoipati
    Department of Cardiac Surgery and ECMO, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 132:233-40. 2006
    ....
  86. doi A book of ideas collected from Medical Hypotheses: Death can be cured by Roger Dobson
    Bruce G Charlton
    Med Hypotheses 70:905-9. 2008
    ..Consequently, in Medical Hypotheses the 'set point' of risk is nearer to the false positive end of the spectrum than for most journals - and the publication of many apparently-bizarre papers is a natural consequence of this policy...
  87. ncbi [Editorial situation of seven Latin American journals on respiratory diseases]
    Manuel Oyarzún G
    Rev Med Chil 135:1072-5. 2007
    ..The feasibility to generate a multinational Latin American Journal on Respiratory Diseases should be explored...
  88. ncbi The journal impact factor: too much of an impact?
    Tam Cam Ha
    Clinical Trials and Epidemiological Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 35:911-6. 2006
    ..The aim of this review is to highlight the major issues involved with using the journal impact factor as a measure of research quality...
  89. ncbi Where should family medicine papers be published - following the impact factor?
    Roni Peleg
    Department of Family Medicine, Sial Family Medicine and Primary Care Research Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    J Am Board Fam Med 19:633-6. 2006
    ..On the other hand, publication in journals with higher IF that are not necessarily widely read by primary care physicians could result in a small impact of their findings on direct patient care...
  90. ncbi Publishing in English-language journals
    Anne J Davis
    University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Nurs Ethics 14:425-30. 2007
    ..This short article elaborates on these themes by detailing specific items of importance...
  91. ncbi Commercially funded and United States-based research is more likely to be published; good-quality studies with negative outcomes are not
    Joseph R Lynch
    Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 N E Pacific Street, Botx 356500, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:1010-8. 2007
    ....
  92. ncbi A quality assessment of randomized clinical trials in pediatric orthopaedics
    Sukhdeep K Dulai
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:573-81. 2007
    ..Further efforts are necessary to improve the conduct and reporting of clinical trials in this field to avoid inadvertent misinformation of the clinical community...
  93. ncbi Do citation classics in rhinology reflect utility rather than quality?
    J E Fenton
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Mid Western Regional General Hospital, Limerick, Ireland
    Rhinology 43:221-4. 2005
    ..Quality is not satisfied by the lack of randomised controlled trials, appropriate statistical analysis or patient criteria. In conclusion citation rates when considered as an individual measure, reflect utility rather than quality...
  94. pmc Does a "Level I Evidence" rating imply high quality of reporting in orthopaedic randomised controlled trials?
    Rudolf W Poolman
    Department Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton General Hospital, 7 North, Room 727, 237 Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8L 2X2, Canada
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:44. 2006
    ..We aimed to determine the reporting quality of Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) published in the most frequently cited general orthopaedic journals...
  95. pmc The relationship between quality of research and citation frequency
    Pentti Nieminen
    Medical Informatics Group, University of Oulu, P O Box 5000, FIN 90014 Oulu, Finland
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:42. 2006
    ..The objective of this study is to assess whether statistical reporting and statistical errors in the analysis of the primary outcome are associated with the number of citations received...
  96. ncbi Fate of abstracts presented at the World Congress of Endourology: are they followed by publication in peer-reviewed journals?
    Riccardo Autorino
    Urologic Clinic, Second University, Naples, Italy
    J Endourol 20:996-1001. 2006
    ....
  97. ncbi Predictors of publication: characteristics of submitted manuscripts associated with acceptance at major biomedical journals
    Kirby P Lee
    University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Med J Aust 184:621-6. 2006
    ..To identify characteristics of submitted manuscripts that are associated with acceptance for publication by major biomedical journals...
  98. ncbi Scientific production and impact of nuclear medicine in Europe: how do we publish?
    Alberto Signore
    Nuclear Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, University La Sapienza, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 31:882-6. 2004
    ..Articles concerning the use of nuclear medicine in oncology account for more than one-quarter of all published nuclear medicine papers...
  99. ncbi [Publication ethics, national and international regulations]
    Ole Haagen Nielsen
    Ugeskr Laeger 165:1646-8. 2003
    ..These topics are to some extent included in the Vancouver regulations, which also include qualifications for fulfilling authorship...
  100. ncbi An evaluation of the quantity and quality of empirical research in three pastoral care and counseling journals, 1990-1999: has anything changed?
    Kevin J Flannelly
    HealthCare Chaplaincy, 307 E, 60th Street, New York, NY 10022, USA
    J Pastoral Care Counsel 57:167-78. 2003
    ..Several recommendations for increasing the quality of quantitative research are offered...
  101. ncbi [Crisis of the scientific communication]
    Björn Ramel
    Ugeskr Laeger 165:3514-8. 2003
    ..The new open-access journals have a low impact factor, which is impending the transformation of the publication system...

Research Grants67

  1. MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERS
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Clinical Predictors of Antiretroviral Failure
    Daniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Early Diagnosis of Neonatal Candidiasis
    Daniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Research Culture of Practice-Based Research Networks
    ANNE NEALE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A team of investigators from the PBRN Resource Center at Indiana University, and the Wayne State University Division of Practice-based Research will collaborate to ensure the success of the project. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. INSTITUTIONAL CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE AWARDS
    Theodore Kotchen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The chairpersons of the working groups will serve as an Advisory Committee during the planning process and will meet monthly. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Correcting the Literature After Scienctific Misconduct
    ANNE NEALE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. American Indian MS to PHD Nursing Science Bridge-Phase 2
    SUSAN HENLY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project evaluation plan is a refinement of the Phase 1 plan designed to efficiently obtain maximum information about the structure, process, and outcomes of the project. ..
  8. GENES OF HYPERTENSION IN AFRICAN AMERICANS
    Theodore Kotchen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Molecular Genetics of Cadmium Toxicity
    Daniel W Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  10. fMRI Predictor Model for Stroke Locomotor Rehabilitation
    Bruce Dobkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The study is a step toward using fMRI as a tool to develop theory- and evidencebased practices that lessen disabilities after stroke. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Participant Perspectives on Drug Use/HIV Research Ethics
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Adulterants, drugs, coingestants and associated HIV risk
    Edward Boyer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Integrating analytical laboratory science into social science methods represents an innovative interdisciplinary approach to HIV research that will provide a basis for future research on these substances. ..
  13. NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?
    Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
  14. SEROTONERGIC REGULATION OF SENSORY TRANSMISSION
    Min Zhuo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed studies will generate synaptic mechanisms for fast glutamatergic transmission as well as 5-HT regulation in the spinal cord. This information will be important for understanding central pain transmission and modulation. ..
  15. Rapid screen for Ebola virus membrane interactions/drugs
    Robert Garry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  16. Training for US Cochrane Contributors and Others
    Kay Dickersin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The applicant will collaborate and partner with investigators associated with the EPCs in all stages of the project. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Clinical Research in Human Fertility
    Joseph Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Standford to develop his skills and gain the expertise needed to accomplish his goals. ..
  18. The Aux/IAA and ARF Gene Families in Auxin Signaling
    Athanasios Theologis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To clone and characterize the age2 mutation, another negative regulator of the auxin signaling pathway.The elucidation of the primary mechanisrn of auxin action is of paramount importance in Plant Science. ..
  19. DNA DAMAGE AND REPAIR IN SALMONELLA PATHOGENESIS
    Ferric Fang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Developing Quality Indicators to Improve the Care in Elderly Surgery Patients
    Clifford Ko; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Importantly, these aims align well with the National Institute of Aging Geriatric Branch's focus on health issues, multiple morbidity, and disability. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. OPTIMIZING MANAGEMENT OF TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACKS
    S Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research will provide important results for clinicians and policy makers, and will foster the applicant's development as a health services researcher in cerebrovascular disease. ..
  22. HIV-1 Tat modulation of HCV replication and pathogenesis
    Robert Garry; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. SEROTONIN/DOPAMINE MEDIATION OF EARLY CANCER ANOREXIA
    Michael Meguid; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..As external perturbations, they will use progressively increasing peripheral infusions of IL-1 and TRP, the serotonin precursor, as would result from a progressively growing tumor. ..
  24. Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of Research
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. End-of-Life Decision Making in ICUs: Roles and Relationships of Key Players
    Judith Gedney Baggs; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The study will help support interventions respectful of the perspectives of all participants in EOLDM. ..
  26. ANALYSIS OF TOBACCO DEPOSITIONS AND TRIAL TESTIMONY
    Ronald Davis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  27. STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUIS MICROBIAL GENOME PROJECT
    FRANCIS MACRINA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This, in turn, will provide researchers with new targets for vaccines and rationally designed drugs. ..
  28. An Interactionist Model of Interpersonal Dependency
    Robert Bornstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., depression). ..
  29. Recombinant antigen assays for Lassa and other arenaviru
    Robert Garry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  30. 2004 Interfacial Biology in Water
    Gerald Pollack; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Because the subject of water is central to behavior of all biological systems, support from the NIH is being requested to conduct this meeting. ..
  31. Rural Chronically III Women: Online Support Group
    Clarann Weinert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research trajectory will move toward reducing the complexity of the research design and intervention and further developing and refining a model of psychosocial adaptation to chronic illness. ..
  32. Scalable Architecture for Federated Therapeutic Inquiries Network (SAFTINet)
    Lisa M Schilling; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  33. Surface-induced informaton storage in water aggregates
    Gerald Pollack; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Opioids, internet pharmacies, self-treated chronic pain, and HIV/AIDS
    Edward Boyer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Linking Federal and State Data to Study the Economic Effects of Workplace Injury
    LESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  36. Iron Homeostasis in Salmonella-Host Interactions
    Ferric C Fang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This work will have fundamental implications for understanding the strategies by which pathogenic microbes evade innate immunity by minimizing iron- dependent cell damage and maintaining iron homeostasis. ..
  37. Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Increase Exercise/Physical Acivity
    Vicki Conn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The compelling importance and broad scope of this work make funding necessary to achieve these important aims. ..
  38. Adapting a Medical Self-Management Program for a Community Mental Health Center
    Benjamin Druss; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, it will provide a sustainable, scalable model for improving medical self-management in a highly vulnerable population. ..
  39. Translating Evidence to Quality Care: Getting the Message to Your Constituency
    Kay Dickersin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF C NEOFORMANS ANTIBODIES
    Arturo Casadevall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies are expected to yield new insights on fundamental aspects of antibody function as well as practical information for the development of second generation antibody reagents for human therapy. ..
  41. Rapid screen for HIV TM membrane interactions/drugs
    Robert Garry; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The approaches piloted here may be useful for developing drugs against the AIDS virus and a broad range of important human viral pathogens with similar fusion proteins. ..
  42. A Literature Curation Tool for Organism Databases
    Seung Rhee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The system will be central to the curation efforts of the collaborating databases and will be useable as a whole or in parts by other existing or emerging MODs. ..
  43. Effectiveness of RCR Instruction
    FRANCIS MACRINA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Although our study focuses solely on authorship and publication practices, we expect our approach will set the stage for parallel studies in other core topic areas. ..
  44. Composition/Functional Elasticity of Engineered Tissues
    SEAN KOHLES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will be used to predict the time-dependent performance of cell-polymer constructs, and to gain insight into the mechanisms of scaffold degradation and ECM synthesis...
  45. EPIDEMIOLOGY ON THE INTERNET
    Ronald Laporte; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  46. DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CARE AND WORK SETTINGS
    Benjamin Druss; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This project will compare the impact of depression and three chronic medical illnesses on health costs, absenteeism and job performance ratings both cross-sectionally and over time. ..
  47. CONSTRUCTION OF SIGNALLING FACILITY
    FRANCIS MACRINA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The long-term objective of this application is to provide new infrastructure that will stimulate the development of a nationally recognized center of expertise in the field of cellular and molecular signaling. ..
  48. GENOTOXICITY IN CYP1A2 DEFICIENT TRANSGENIC MICE
    Daniel Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..S. population. ..
  49. Conference on Photodynamic Therapy
    David Kessel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The most recent PDT meeting, sponsored by the International Photodynamic Assn, has more than 600 participants. ..
  50. COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY OF ADOLESCENT SOCIAL PHOBIA
    James Herbert; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It is predicted that both group-CBT and individual-CBT will be more effective than E/SP, and that treatment gains will be maintained through the follow-up period. ..
  51. Synaptic change in cingulate cortex after amputation
    Min Zhuo; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This information will provide a potential neuronal basis for understanding phantom limb sensation and phantom pain. ..
  52. CYP1A1 GENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICITY
    Daniel Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Predicting Decline in Mild Cognitive Impairment
    Kevin Duff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Host factors that regulate MuDR/Mu activities will also be characterized, because transposable element activities are an evolved nartnershiD of the transDoson and its host. ..
  55. Glycemic Index, Obesity, Insulin Resistance and CVD Risk
    David Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The project's key personnel and consultants include individuals with a diversity of expertise and perspective, ensuring a rigorous and impartial evaluation of study hypotheses. ..
  56. ICU CULTURE AND PROBLEMATIC TREATMENT LIMITATION CASES
    JUDITH BAGGS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..With a description of such barriers and facilitators, it will be possible to design interventions to serve patients' interests and be mutually acceptable to patients, families, and health care providers. ..
  57. Integrating HIV Resistance Data into the CNICS Cohort
    James Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In this application we focus on adding the new data elements of viral resistance to the CNICS research network..
  58. Relationship Between the Internet and Illicit Drug Use
    Edward Boyer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..After addressing the study hypotheses, we will conduct exploratory analyses to compare respondents who do and do not use the Internet to obtain information on illicit drugs. ..
  59. Capture-Recapture Estimates of Workplace Injury Rates
    LESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  60. HORMONAL AND ZINC REGULATION OF PROSTATE M ACONITASE
    LES COSTELLO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This information will provide new approaches to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of PCa. ..
  61. Observational Cohort of HIV-Infected Persons
    James Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Dr. Kahn's research program has the enthusiastic support of his deuartment. the leadership of the AIDS Research Institute at UCSF and other nationally recognized clinical researchers. ..
  62. Ethical Issues in Behavioral Health Research
    James DuBois; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The Center for Health Care Ethics at Saint Louis University and the Missouri Institute of Mental Health are committed to sustaining the course beyond year 3. ..
  63. Molecular Comparison of Macrophage Foreign Body Response
    David Grainger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Disclosing Conflict of Interest to Research Participants
    Jeremy Sugarman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..