research peer review
Summary: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
Publications207 found, 100 shown here
- Scope and impact of financial conflicts of interest in biomedical research: a systematic reviewJustin E Bekelman
Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06520, USA
JAMA 289:454-65. 2003..Despite increasing awareness about the potential impact of financial conflicts of interest on biomedical research, no comprehensive synthesis of the body of evidence relating to financial conflicts of interest has been performed...
- How to write a systematic reviewRick W Wright
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Barnes Jewish Hospital at Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Clin Orthop Relat Res 455:23-9. 2007..Systematic reviews conducted in this fashion can be used as a higher form of current concepts or as review articles and replace the traditional expert opinion narrative review...
- Evaluation of QUADAS, a tool for the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studiesPenny F Whiting
MRC Health Services Research Collaboration, Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
BMC Med Res Methodol 6:9. 2006..Although QUADAS has been used in several systematic reviews, it has not been formally validated. The objective was to evaluate the validity and usefulness of QUADAS...
- Effect of open peer review on quality of reviews and on reviewers' recommendations: a randomised trialS van Rooyen
BMJ Editorial, BMA House, London WC1H 9JR, UK
BMJ 318:23-7. 1999..To examine the effect on peer review of asking reviewers to have their identity revealed to the authors of the paper...
- Journal prestige, publication bias, and other characteristics associated with citation of published studies in peer-reviewed journalsMichael Callaham
Division of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0208, USA
JAMA 287:2847-50. 2002..Citation by other authors is important in the dissemination of published science, but factors predicting it are little studied...
- Reproducible research: moving toward research the public can really trustChristine Laine
Customer Service, American College of Physicians, 190 N Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA
Ann Intern Med 146:450-3. 2007..This paper is about both functions. We describe the evaluative processes we use and announce a new policy to help the scientific community evaluate, and build upon, the research findings that we publish...
- Publication bias in editorial decision makingCarin M Olson
JAMA, Chicago, IL, USA
JAMA 287:2825-8. 2002..We assessed whether submitted manuscripts that report results of controlled trials are more likely to be published if they report positive results...
- Assessing the utility of the standards for reporting trials of acupuncture (STRICTA): a survey of authorsStephanie L Prady
Department of Health Sciences, The University of York, York, UK
J Altern Complement Med 13:939-43. 2007....
- The returning tide: how China, the world's most populous country, is building a competitive research baseWilliam A Wells
J Cell Biol 176:376-401. 2007..It got one. Now, it wants a world-class research enterprise. How far has it progressed in the biosciences, how did it get there, and how far does it have to go?..
- Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authorsAmber E Budden
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G5
Trends Ecol Evol 23:4-6. 2008..No negative effects could be identified, suggesting that double-blind review should be considered by other journals...
- Immunotherapy: bewitched, bothered, and bewildered no moreRalph M Steinman
Laboratory of Cellular Physiology and Immunology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021 6399, USA
Science 305:197-200. 2004..We suggest steps to be taken to reinvigorate basic research in human subjects as part of the mainstream of science...
- A comparison of conflict of interest policies at peer-reviewed journals in different scientific disciplinesJessica S Ancker
Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University, 622 W 168th Street, Vanderbilt Clinic 5th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
Sci Eng Ethics 13:147-57. 2007....
- The history and meaning of the journal impact factorEugene Garfield
Thomson Scientific, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
JAMA 295:90-3. 2006
- Effect of blinding and unmasking on the quality of peer reviewS van Rooyen
British Medical Journal, London, UK
J Gen Intern Med 14:622-4. 1999..There was no significant difference in assessment between groups or between editors and authors. Reviews recommending publication were scored more highly than those recommending rejection...
- Improving peer review: who's responsible?Frank Davidoff
BMJ 328:657-8. 2004
- Poor-quality medical research: what can journals do?Douglas G Altman
Cancer Research UK NHS Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Old Road, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, England
JAMA 287:2765-7. 2002..In 1994 I observed that research papers commonly contain methodological errors, report results selectively, and draw unjustified conclusions. Here I revisit the topic and suggest how journal editors can help...
- What do citation counts count for in the field of addiction? An empirical evaluation of citation counts and their link with peer ratings of qualityRobert West
Psychology Department, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
Addiction 97:501-4. 2002..This study investigated the value of citation counts as an index of quality in the field of addiction and examined factors that contribute to papers being cited more or less frequently...
- The quality of randomized trial reporting in leading medical journals since the revised CONSORT statementEdward J Mills
Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, HSC 2C12, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8N 3Z5
Contemp Clin Trials 26:480-7. 2005..Although reporting of some CONSORT recommendations is high, reporting of several essential recommendations remains suboptimal. Authors need to comply with and journals need to enforce reporting of the revised CONSORT recommendations...
- Effects of editorial peer review: a systematic reviewTom Jefferson
Health Reviews Ltd, Rome, Italy
JAMA 287:2784-6. 2002..Editorial peer review is widely used to select submissions to journals for publication and is presumed to improve their usefulness. Sufficient research on peer review has been published to consider a synthesis of its effects...
- Does the committee peer review select the best applicants for funding? An investigation of the selection process for two European molecular biology organization programmesLutz Bornmann
Social Psychology and Research on Higher Education, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
PLoS ONE 3:e3480. 2008....
- How much effort is needed to keep up with the literature relevant for primary care?Brian S Alper
Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Missouri Columbia, 65201, USA
J Med Libr Assoc 92:429-37. 2004..The authors estimated the volume of medical literature potentially relevant to primary care published in a month and the time required for physicians trained in medical epidemiology to evaluate it for updating a clinical knowledge base...
- Are guidelines following guidelines? The methodological quality of clinical practice guidelines in the peer-reviewed medical literatureT M Shaneyfelt
Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA
JAMA 281:1900-5. 1999..Practice guidelines play an important role in medicine. Methodological principles have been formulated to guide their development...
- Inter-rater agreement in the scoring of abstracts submitted to a primary care research conferenceAlan A Montgomery
Division of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 2:8. 2002..The aim of this study was to investigate agreement on dimensions of a checklist between two referees when evaluating abstracts submitted for a primary care conference...
- Judge a paper on its own merits, not its journal'sShu Dong Zhang
Nature 442:26. 2006
- Reproducibility of peer review in clinical neuroscience. Is agreement between reviewers any greater than would be expected by chance alone?P M Rothwell
Department of Clinical Neurology, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
Brain 123:1964-9. 2000....
- The use of dedicated methodology and statistical reviewers for peer review: a content analysis of comments to authors made by methodology and regular reviewersFrank C Day
UCLA Emergency Medicine Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA
Ann Emerg Med 40:329-33. 2002..We characterized and contrasted comments made by the methodology and regular peer reviewers...
- Effect of written feedback by editors on quality of reviews: two randomized trialsMichael L Callaham
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0208
JAMA 287:2781-3. 2002..Better peer review is needed, but proven methods to improve quality are unknown. Our objective was to determine whether written feedback to reviewers improves subsequent reviews...
- Helping editors, peer reviewers and authors improve the clarity, completeness and transparency of reporting health researchDavid Moher
BMC Med 6:13. 2008..As such, they are not able to judge the merits of the results and interpret them. The EQUATOR Network is a new initiative aimed at improving the clarity and transparency of reporting health research...
- Development and evaluation of a quality score for abstractsAntje Timmer
Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Regensburg, 93042 Regensburg, Germany
BMC Med Res Methodol 3:2. 2003..The evaluation of abstracts for scientific meetings has been shown to suffer from poor inter observer reliability. A measure was developed to assess the formal quality of abstract submissions in a standardized way...
- Measuring the quality of editorial peer reviewTom Jefferson
Health Reviews Ltd, Rome, Italy
JAMA 287:2786-90. 2002..The quality of a process can only be tested against its agreed objectives. Editorial peer-review is widely used, yet there appears to be little agreement about how to measure its effects or processes...
- A systematic evaluation of the impact of STRICTA and CONSORT recommendations on quality of reporting for acupuncture trialsStephanie L Prady
Department of Health Sciences, The University of York, York, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 3:e1577. 2008..We conducted a before-and-after study, comparing ratings for quality of reporting following the publication of both STRICTA and CONSORT recommendations...
- Statistical reviewing policies of medical journals: caveat lector?S N Goodman
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Biostatistics, Oncology Center, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Gen Intern Med 13:753-6. 1998..To describe the current policies regarding statistical review of clinical research in biomedical journals...
- How statistical expertise is used in medical researchDouglas G Altman
Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Cancer Research UK NHS, Institute of Health Sciences, Old Rd, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, England
JAMA 287:2817-20. 2002..Investigation of the nature and frequency of statistician involvement in medical research and its relation to the final editorial decision...
- The politics of publicationPeter A Lawrence
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK
Nature 422:259-61. 2003
- Peer-reviewed publication: a view from insideRobert S Fisher
Epilepsia 45:889-94. 2004
- From submission to publication: a retrospective review of the tables and figures in a cohort of randomized controlled trials submitted to the British Medical JournalDavid L Schriger
University of California, Los Angeles Emergency Medicine Center, Los Angeles, CA University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ann Emerg Med 48:750-6, 756.e1-21. 2006..We investigate how the peer review process affected table and figure quality...
- What do the JAMA editors say when they discuss manuscripts that they are considering for publication? Developing a schema for classifying the content of editorial discussionKay Dickersin
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
BMC Med Res Methodol 7:44. 2007..In an effort to identify previously unrecognized aspects of editorial decision-making, we explored the words and phrases that one group of editors used during their meetings...
- Relationship between funding source and conclusion among nutrition-related scientific articlesLenard I Lesser
Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Med 4:e5. 2007..The purpose of this study is to characterize financial sponsorship of scientific articles addressing the health effects of three commonly consumed beverages, and to determine how sponsorship affects published conclusions...
- Introduction: nutritional supplements and the quest to improve human performance-the need for the strictest standards and rigor when reporting clinical trialsMichael M Meguid
Department of Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York 13210, USA
Nutrition 19:955-6. 2003
- The outcome of manuscripts submitted to the American Journal of Ophthalmology between 2002 and 2003Thomas J Liesegang
Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA
Am J Ophthalmol 143:551-60. 2007..To investigate the outcome of manuscripts submitted to the American Journal of Ophthalmology (AJO) between July 23, 2002 and December 31, 2003...
- Peer review in action: the contribution of referees to advancing reliable knowledgeGeoffrey Hanks
Palliat Med 19:359-70. 2005
- An assessment of recently published gene expression data analyses: reporting experimental design and statistical factorsPeyman Jafari
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 6:27. 2006..The purpose of this study is to assess current practices on the reporting of experimental design and statistical analyses in gene expression-based studies...
- Peer review at the American Journal of Roentgenology: how reviewer and manuscript characteristics affected editorial decisions on 196 major papersMark A Kliewer
Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53792 3252, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 183:1545-50. 2004..The objective of this study was to examine the relative influence of manuscript characteristics and peer-reviewer attributes in the assessment of manuscripts...
- Don't let ideology trump scienceAlan I Leshner
Science 302:1479. 2003
- [Abridged checklist for the evaluation of basic biomedical research papers]Felix Bosch
Fundación Dr Antonio Esteve Barcelona Spain
Med Clin (Barc) 121:228-30. 2003
- Effect of blinded peer review on abstract acceptanceJoseph S Ross
Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine and Yale New Haven Hospital Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, New Haven, Conn 06520 8088, USA
JAMA 295:1675-80. 2006..Peer review should evaluate the merit and quality of abstracts but may be biased by geographic location or institutional prestige. The effectiveness of blinded peer review at reducing bias is unknown...
- Criticism preserves the vitality of scienceMatthew Metz
Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Nat Biotechnol 20:867. 2002
- Reproducibility of the STARD checklist: an instrument to assess the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studiesNynke Smidt
Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
BMC Med Res Methodol 6:12. 2006..We designed a study to investigate the inter-assessment reproducibility, and intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of the items in the STARD statement...
- Improving the peer-review process for grant applications: reliability, validity, bias, and generalizabilityHerbert W Marsh
Department of Education, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Am Psychol 63:160-8. 2008....
- Do health technology assessments comply with QUOROM diagram guidance? An empirical studyDaniel Hind
School of Health and Related Research ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, UK
BMC Med Res Methodol 7:49. 2007..We undertook an empirical study to identify the extent of compliance in the UK Health Technology Assessment (HTA) programme...
- The influence of money on medical scienceCatherine D DeAngelis
JAMA 296:996-8. 2006
- Standards for reporting interventions in controlled trials of acupuncture: The STRICTA recommendations. STandards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trails of AcupunctureHugh MacPherson
Acupunct Med 20:22-5. 2002..The intended outcome is that interventions in controlled trials of acupuncture will be more adequately reported, thereby facilitating an improvement in critical appraisal, analysis and replication of trials...
- Upgrading our instructions for authorsDavid L Schriger
Ann Emerg Med 41:565-7. 2003
- Radiological research in Europe: a bibliometric studyG S Mela
Department of Internal Medicine, DIMI, University of Genoa, Largo R Benzi, 8, 16132 Genova, Italy
Eur Radiol 13:657-62. 2003..The development of research programs within the framework of the European Union specifically aimed to radiology could lead to further advancement of our discipline...
- Conflict of interest policies in science and medical journals: editorial practices and author disclosuresS Krimsky
Department of Urban and Environmental Police, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 5814, USA
Sci Eng Ethics 7:205-18. 2001....
- A persistent problem. Traditional gender roles hold back female scientistsAnna Ledin
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden
EMBO Rep 8:982-7. 2007
- Research funding: peer review at NIHToni Scarpa
NIH Center for Scientific Review, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Science 311:41. 2006
- Responding to fraudDonald Kennedy
Science 314:1353. 2006
- Reviewing the reviewers: comparison of review quality and reviewer characteristics at the American Journal of RoentgenologyMark A Kliewer
Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53792, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 184:1731-5. 2005..The purpose of our study was to determine which manuscript reviewer characteristics are most strongly associated with reviewer performance as judged by editors of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR)...
- Regional associations of medical journal editors: moving from rhetoric to realityFarrokh Habibzadeh
Bull World Health Organ 83:404. 2005
- To blind or not to blind? What authors and reviewers preferGlenn Regehr
Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Med Educ 40:832-9. 2006..The Medical Education authors and reviewers who chose to respond to the survey voted strongly in favour of continuing the double-blinding procedure of concealing both author and reviewer identities during the review process...
- Five futures for academic medicineShally Awasthi
Department of Paediatrics, King George s Medical University, Lucknow, India
PLoS Med 2:e207. 2005
- Vinyl chloride: a case study of data suppression and misrepresentationJennifer Beth Sass
Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, DC 20005, USA
Environ Health Perspect 113:809-12. 2005..S. EPA reverse its trend toward ever-increasing collaborations with the regulated industries when generating scientific reviews and risk assessments...
- Peer review. Suggesting or excluding reviewers can help get your paper publishedDavid Grimm
Science 309:1974. 2005
- Systematic variation in reviewer practice according to country and gender in the field of ecology and evolutionOlyana N Grod
Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
PLoS ONE 3:e3202. 2008..Hence, editors and potential authors should consider alternative sets of criteria, to what exists now, when selecting a panel of referees to potentially balance different tendencies by gender or region...
- Stem cells. ...and how the problems eluded peer reviewers and editorsJennifer Couzin
Science 311:23-4. 2006
- Open-access journal will publish first, judge laterJim Giles
Nature 445:9. 2007
- Statistical reviewing for medical journalsD G Altman
ICRF Medical Statistics Group, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, U K
Stat Med 17:2661-74. 1998..I suggest how to present and structure the reviewer's report to the editor. Finally, I consider wider issues, including the various other ways in which statisticians can interact with medical journals...
- Citation indexes do not reflect methodological quality in lung cancer randomised trialsT Berghmans
Department of Internal Medicine, Institut Jules Bordet, Bruxelles, Belgium
Ann Oncol 14:715-21. 2003..Material and methods All of the randomised trials included in nine systematic reviews performed by the European Lung Cancer Working Party (ELCWP) were assessed using two quality scales (Chalmers and ELCWP)...
- Improving science through online commentaryDavid M Eagleman
Nature 423:15. 2003
- Impact of blinded versus unblinded abstract review on scientific program contentJoseph Smith
Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennesse 38382, USA
J Urol 168:2123-5. 2002..We performed a prospective randomized study to evaluate the impact of a reviewer blinding process on scientific program content...
- Biomedical politics. NIH roiled by inquiries over grants hit listJocelyn Kaiser
Science 302:758. 2003
- Grants, politics, and the NIHJeffrey M Drazen
N Engl J Med 349:2259-61. 2003
- Peer review in the balanceGregory D Curfman
N Engl J Med 358:2276-7. 2008
- Fate of manuscripts declined by the Journal of the American Academy of DermatologyApril W Armstrong
Brigham and Women s Hospital, Clinical Unit for Research Trials in Skin, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 58:632-5. 2008..Submissions to the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (JAAD) undergo a rigorous peer-review process. However, little is known regarding the fate of manuscripts declined by the JAAD...
- The counting houseDavid Adam
Nature 415:726-9. 2002
- Of sausages and salamiKonrad Jamrozik
Aust N Z J Public Health 28:5-6. 2004
- Point: Statistical analysis in NIH peer review--identifying innovationDavid Kaplan
Case School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 2103 Cornell Rd, Cleveland, OH 44106 7288, USA
FASEB J 21:305-8. 2007
- Reviewer diligenceE N Grosch
Br J Sports Med 37:187. 2003
- What is submitted and what gets accepted in Indian Pediatrics: analysis of submissions, review process, decision making, and criteria for rejectionPiyush Gupta
Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi 110 095, India
Indian Pediatr 43:479-89. 2006..To identify the characteristics of the manuscripts submitted to the Indian Pediatrics; attributes of the peer-review process and decision-making; and factors associated with their acceptance or rejection...
- [North-South relations in scientific publications: editorial racism?]Cesar G Victora
Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
Rev Saude Publica 40:36-42. 2006....
- Quality of scientific articlesMoyses Szklo
Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
Rev Saude Publica 40:30-5. 2006..The evaluation of papers after their publication with a view towards their inclusion in a systematic review is also discussed. The limitations of the impact factor as a criterion to judge the quality of a paper are reviewed...
- Scope and geographical distribution of African medical journals active in 2005Nandi Siegfried
Clinical Trials Service Unit, Oxford University and United Kingdom Cochrane Centre, Oxford, UK
S Afr Med J 96:533-8. 2006..To identify all African medical journals actively publishing in 2005, and to create a geodatabase of these to evaluate and monitor future journal activity...
- Painful publishingMartin Raff
Science 321:36. 2008
- Improving the quality of reporting randomized controlled trials in cardiothoracic surgery: the way forwardRavindranath Tiruvoipati
Department of Cardiac Surgery and ECMO, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 132:233-40. 2006....
- A book of ideas collected from Medical Hypotheses: Death can be cured by Roger DobsonBruce G Charlton
Med Hypotheses 70:905-9. 2008..Consequently, in Medical Hypotheses the 'set point' of risk is nearer to the false positive end of the spectrum than for most journals - and the publication of many apparently-bizarre papers is a natural consequence of this policy...
- [Editorial situation of seven Latin American journals on respiratory diseases]Manuel Oyarzún G
Rev Med Chil 135:1072-5. 2007..The feasibility to generate a multinational Latin American Journal on Respiratory Diseases should be explored...
- The journal impact factor: too much of an impact?Tam Cam Ha
Clinical Trials and Epidemiological Sciences, National Cancer Centre, Singapore
Ann Acad Med Singapore 35:911-6. 2006..The aim of this review is to highlight the major issues involved with using the journal impact factor as a measure of research quality...
- Where should family medicine papers be published - following the impact factor?Roni Peleg
Department of Family Medicine, Sial Family Medicine and Primary Care Research Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
J Am Board Fam Med 19:633-6. 2006..On the other hand, publication in journals with higher IF that are not necessarily widely read by primary care physicians could result in a small impact of their findings on direct patient care...
- Publishing in English-language journalsAnne J Davis
University of California, San Francisco, USA
Nurs Ethics 14:425-30. 2007..This short article elaborates on these themes by detailing specific items of importance...
- Commercially funded and United States-based research is more likely to be published; good-quality studies with negative outcomes are notJoseph R Lynch
Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 N E Pacific Street, Botx 356500, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:1010-8. 2007....
- A quality assessment of randomized clinical trials in pediatric orthopaedicsSukhdeep K Dulai
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
J Pediatr Orthop 27:573-81. 2007..Further efforts are necessary to improve the conduct and reporting of clinical trials in this field to avoid inadvertent misinformation of the clinical community...
- Do citation classics in rhinology reflect utility rather than quality?J E Fenton
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Mid Western Regional General Hospital, Limerick, Ireland
Rhinology 43:221-4. 2005..Quality is not satisfied by the lack of randomised controlled trials, appropriate statistical analysis or patient criteria. In conclusion citation rates when considered as an individual measure, reflect utility rather than quality...
- Does a "Level I Evidence" rating imply high quality of reporting in orthopaedic randomised controlled trials?Rudolf W Poolman
Department Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton General Hospital, 7 North, Room 727, 237 Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8L 2X2, Canada
BMC Med Res Methodol 6:44. 2006..We aimed to determine the reporting quality of Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) published in the most frequently cited general orthopaedic journals...
- The relationship between quality of research and citation frequencyPentti Nieminen
Medical Informatics Group, University of Oulu, P O Box 5000, FIN 90014 Oulu, Finland
BMC Med Res Methodol 6:42. 2006..The objective of this study is to assess whether statistical reporting and statistical errors in the analysis of the primary outcome are associated with the number of citations received...
- Fate of abstracts presented at the World Congress of Endourology: are they followed by publication in peer-reviewed journals?Riccardo Autorino
Urologic Clinic, Second University, Naples, Italy
J Endourol 20:996-1001. 2006....
- Predictors of publication: characteristics of submitted manuscripts associated with acceptance at major biomedical journalsKirby P Lee
University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Med J Aust 184:621-6. 2006..To identify characteristics of submitted manuscripts that are associated with acceptance for publication by major biomedical journals...
- Scientific production and impact of nuclear medicine in Europe: how do we publish?Alberto Signore
Nuclear Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, University La Sapienza, 00161 Rome, Italy
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 31:882-6. 2004..Articles concerning the use of nuclear medicine in oncology account for more than one-quarter of all published nuclear medicine papers...
- [Publication ethics, national and international regulations]Ole Haagen Nielsen
Ugeskr Laeger 165:1646-8. 2003..These topics are to some extent included in the Vancouver regulations, which also include qualifications for fulfilling authorship...
- An evaluation of the quantity and quality of empirical research in three pastoral care and counseling journals, 1990-1999: has anything changed?Kevin J Flannelly
HealthCare Chaplaincy, 307 E, 60th Street, New York, NY 10022, USA
J Pastoral Care Counsel 57:167-78. 2003..Several recommendations for increasing the quality of quantitative research are offered...
- [Crisis of the scientific communication]Björn Ramel
Ugeskr Laeger 165:3514-8. 2003..The new open-access journals have a low impact factor, which is impending the transformation of the publication system...
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Clinical Predictors of Antiretroviral FailureDaniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Early Diagnosis of Neonatal CandidiasisDaniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Research Culture of Practice-Based Research NetworksANNE NEALE; Fiscal Year: 2007..A team of investigators from the PBRN Resource Center at Indiana University, and the Wayne State University Division of Practice-based Research will collaborate to ensure the success of the project. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- INSTITUTIONAL CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE AWARDSTheodore Kotchen; Fiscal Year: 2006..The chairpersons of the working groups will serve as an Advisory Committee during the planning process and will meet monthly. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Correcting the Literature After Scienctific MisconductANNE NEALE; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- American Indian MS to PHD Nursing Science Bridge-Phase 2SUSAN HENLY; Fiscal Year: 2006..The project evaluation plan is a refinement of the Phase 1 plan designed to efficiently obtain maximum information about the structure, process, and outcomes of the project. ..
- GENES OF HYPERTENSION IN AFRICAN AMERICANSTheodore Kotchen; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Molecular Genetics of Cadmium ToxicityDaniel W Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- fMRI Predictor Model for Stroke Locomotor RehabilitationBruce Dobkin; Fiscal Year: 2008..The study is a step toward using fMRI as a tool to develop theory- and evidencebased practices that lessen disabilities after stroke. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Participant Perspectives on Drug Use/HIV Research EthicsCelia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adulterants, drugs, coingestants and associated HIV riskEdward Boyer; Fiscal Year: 2008..Integrating analytical laboratory science into social science methods represents an innovative interdisciplinary approach to HIV research that will provide a basis for future research on these substances. ..
- NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
- SEROTONERGIC REGULATION OF SENSORY TRANSMISSIONMin Zhuo; Fiscal Year: 2002..The proposed studies will generate synaptic mechanisms for fast glutamatergic transmission as well as 5-HT regulation in the spinal cord. This information will be important for understanding central pain transmission and modulation. ..
- Rapid screen for Ebola virus membrane interactions/drugsRobert Garry; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Training for US Cochrane Contributors and OthersKay Dickersin; Fiscal Year: 2006..The applicant will collaborate and partner with investigators associated with the EPCs in all stages of the project. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Clinical Research in Human FertilityJoseph Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2005..Standford to develop his skills and gain the expertise needed to accomplish his goals. ..
- The Aux/IAA and ARF Gene Families in Auxin SignalingAthanasios Theologis; Fiscal Year: 2005..To clone and characterize the age2 mutation, another negative regulator of the auxin signaling pathway.The elucidation of the primary mechanisrn of auxin action is of paramount importance in Plant Science. ..
- DNA DAMAGE AND REPAIR IN SALMONELLA PATHOGENESISFerric Fang; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Developing Quality Indicators to Improve the Care in Elderly Surgery PatientsClifford Ko; Fiscal Year: 2007..Importantly, these aims align well with the National Institute of Aging Geriatric Branch's focus on health issues, multiple morbidity, and disability. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- OPTIMIZING MANAGEMENT OF TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACKSS Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2005..This research will provide important results for clinicians and policy makers, and will foster the applicant's development as a health services researcher in cerebrovascular disease. ..
- HIV-1 Tat modulation of HCV replication and pathogenesisRobert Garry; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SEROTONIN/DOPAMINE MEDIATION OF EARLY CANCER ANOREXIAMichael Meguid; Fiscal Year: 2001..As external perturbations, they will use progressively increasing peripheral infusions of IL-1 and TRP, the serotonin precursor, as would result from a progressively growing tumor. ..
- Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of ResearchCelia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- End-of-Life Decision Making in ICUs: Roles and Relationships of Key PlayersJudith Gedney Baggs; Fiscal Year: 2010..The study will help support interventions respectful of the perspectives of all participants in EOLDM. ..
- ANALYSIS OF TOBACCO DEPOSITIONS AND TRIAL TESTIMONYRonald Davis; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUIS MICROBIAL GENOME PROJECTFRANCIS MACRINA; Fiscal Year: 2002..This, in turn, will provide researchers with new targets for vaccines and rationally designed drugs. ..
- An Interactionist Model of Interpersonal DependencyRobert Bornstein; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., depression). ..
- Recombinant antigen assays for Lassa and other arenaviruRobert Garry; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- 2004 Interfacial Biology in WaterGerald Pollack; Fiscal Year: 2004..Because the subject of water is central to behavior of all biological systems, support from the NIH is being requested to conduct this meeting. ..
- Rural Chronically III Women: Online Support GroupClarann Weinert; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed research trajectory will move toward reducing the complexity of the research design and intervention and further developing and refining a model of psychosocial adaptation to chronic illness. ..
- Scalable Architecture for Federated Therapeutic Inquiries Network (SAFTINet)Lisa M Schilling; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Surface-induced informaton storage in water aggregatesGerald Pollack; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Opioids, internet pharmacies, self-treated chronic pain, and HIV/AIDSEdward Boyer; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Linking Federal and State Data to Study the Economic Effects of Workplace InjuryLESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Iron Homeostasis in Salmonella-Host InteractionsFerric C Fang; Fiscal Year: 2010..This work will have fundamental implications for understanding the strategies by which pathogenic microbes evade innate immunity by minimizing iron- dependent cell damage and maintaining iron homeostasis. ..
- Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Increase Exercise/Physical AcivityVicki Conn; Fiscal Year: 2009..The compelling importance and broad scope of this work make funding necessary to achieve these important aims. ..
- Adapting a Medical Self-Management Program for a Community Mental Health CenterBenjamin Druss; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, it will provide a sustainable, scalable model for improving medical self-management in a highly vulnerable population. ..
- Translating Evidence to Quality Care: Getting the Message to Your ConstituencyKay Dickersin; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF C NEOFORMANS ANTIBODIESArturo Casadevall; Fiscal Year: 2006..These studies are expected to yield new insights on fundamental aspects of antibody function as well as practical information for the development of second generation antibody reagents for human therapy. ..
- Rapid screen for HIV TM membrane interactions/drugsRobert Garry; Fiscal Year: 2004..The approaches piloted here may be useful for developing drugs against the AIDS virus and a broad range of important human viral pathogens with similar fusion proteins. ..
- A Literature Curation Tool for Organism DatabasesSeung Rhee; Fiscal Year: 2003..The system will be central to the curation efforts of the collaborating databases and will be useable as a whole or in parts by other existing or emerging MODs. ..
- Effectiveness of RCR InstructionFRANCIS MACRINA; Fiscal Year: 2003..Although our study focuses solely on authorship and publication practices, we expect our approach will set the stage for parallel studies in other core topic areas. ..
- Composition/Functional Elasticity of Engineered TissuesSEAN KOHLES; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results will be used to predict the time-dependent performance of cell-polymer constructs, and to gain insight into the mechanisms of scaffold degradation and ECM synthesis...
- EPIDEMIOLOGY ON THE INTERNETRonald Laporte; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CARE AND WORK SETTINGSBenjamin Druss; Fiscal Year: 2003..This project will compare the impact of depression and three chronic medical illnesses on health costs, absenteeism and job performance ratings both cross-sectionally and over time. ..
- CONSTRUCTION OF SIGNALLING FACILITYFRANCIS MACRINA; Fiscal Year: 2002..The long-term objective of this application is to provide new infrastructure that will stimulate the development of a nationally recognized center of expertise in the field of cellular and molecular signaling. ..
- GENOTOXICITY IN CYP1A2 DEFICIENT TRANSGENIC MICEDaniel Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2002..S. population. ..
- Conference on Photodynamic TherapyDavid Kessel; Fiscal Year: 2002..The most recent PDT meeting, sponsored by the International Photodynamic Assn, has more than 600 participants. ..
- COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY OF ADOLESCENT SOCIAL PHOBIAJames Herbert; Fiscal Year: 2001..It is predicted that both group-CBT and individual-CBT will be more effective than E/SP, and that treatment gains will be maintained through the follow-up period. ..
- Synaptic change in cingulate cortex after amputationMin Zhuo; Fiscal Year: 2006..This information will provide a potential neuronal basis for understanding phantom limb sensation and phantom pain. ..
- CYP1A1 GENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICITYDaniel Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Predicting Decline in Mild Cognitive ImpairmentKevin Duff; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZEVirginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 2005..Host factors that regulate MuDR/Mu activities will also be characterized, because transposable element activities are an evolved nartnershiD of the transDoson and its host. ..
- Glycemic Index, Obesity, Insulin Resistance and CVD RiskDavid Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2005..The project's key personnel and consultants include individuals with a diversity of expertise and perspective, ensuring a rigorous and impartial evaluation of study hypotheses. ..
- ICU CULTURE AND PROBLEMATIC TREATMENT LIMITATION CASESJUDITH BAGGS; Fiscal Year: 2002..With a description of such barriers and facilitators, it will be possible to design interventions to serve patients' interests and be mutually acceptable to patients, families, and health care providers. ..
- Integrating HIV Resistance Data into the CNICS CohortJames Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2004..In this application we focus on adding the new data elements of viral resistance to the CNICS research network..
- Relationship Between the Internet and Illicit Drug UseEdward Boyer; Fiscal Year: 2003..After addressing the study hypotheses, we will conduct exploratory analyses to compare respondents who do and do not use the Internet to obtain information on illicit drugs. ..
- Capture-Recapture Estimates of Workplace Injury RatesLESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- HORMONAL AND ZINC REGULATION OF PROSTATE M ACONITASELES COSTELLO; Fiscal Year: 2004..This information will provide new approaches to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of PCa. ..
- Observational Cohort of HIV-Infected PersonsJames Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2005..Dr. Kahn's research program has the enthusiastic support of his deuartment. the leadership of the AIDS Research Institute at UCSF and other nationally recognized clinical researchers. ..
- Ethical Issues in Behavioral Health ResearchJames DuBois; Fiscal Year: 2004..The Center for Health Care Ethics at Saint Louis University and the Missouri Institute of Mental Health are committed to sustaining the course beyond year 3. ..
- Molecular Comparison of Macrophage Foreign Body ResponseDavid Grainger; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Disclosing Conflict of Interest to Research ParticipantsJeremy Sugarman; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..