geographic information systems

Summary

Summary: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi GIS and health care
    Sara L McLafferty
    Department of Geography, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 3671, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 24:25-42. 2003
  2. pmc Use of global positioning systems to study physical activity and the environment: a systematic review
    Patricia J Krenn
    Institute of Sport Science, University of Graz, Austria
    Am J Prev Med 41:508-15. 2011
  3. ncbi Using global positioning systems in health research: a practical approach to data collection and processing
    Jacqueline Kerr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 92093 0811, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:532-40. 2011
  4. ncbi An interactive mapping tool to assess individual mobility patterns in neighborhood studies
    Basile Chaix
    INSERM U707, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
    Am J Prev Med 43:440-50. 2012
  5. pmc Associations of the local food environment with diet quality--a comparison of assessments based on surveys and geographic information systems: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Latetia V Moore
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:917-24. 2008
  6. pmc Activity space environment and dietary and physical activity behaviors: a pilot study
    Shannon N Zenk
    Department of Health Systems Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 South Damen Avenue M C 802, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Health Place 17:1150-61. 2011
  7. pmc The relationship of physical activity and overweight to objectively measured green space accessibility and use
    Emma Coombes
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 70:816-22. 2010
  8. ncbi The foodscape: classification and field validation of secondary data sources
    Amelia A Lake
    Applied Biosciences, School of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University, Ellison Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK
    Health Place 16:666-73. 2010
  9. ncbi Measuring the food environment using geographical information systems: a methodological review
    Hélène Charreire
    UMR INSERM U 557 INRA U 1125 CNAM, University Paris 13, CRNH IdF, Bobigny, France
    Public Health Nutr 13:1773-85. 2010
  10. pmc The built environment and location-based physical activity
    Philip J Troped
    Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 2046, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:429-38. 2010

Detail Information

Publications382 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi GIS and health care
    Sara L McLafferty
    Department of Geography, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 3671, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 24:25-42. 2003
    ..We also need to understand better the spatial behaviors of health care providers and consumers in the rapidly changing health care landscape and how geographic information affects these dynamic relationships...
  2. pmc Use of global positioning systems to study physical activity and the environment: a systematic review
    Patricia J Krenn
    Institute of Sport Science, University of Graz, Austria
    Am J Prev Med 41:508-15. 2011
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to determine the capability of GPS to collect high-quality data on the location of activities in research on the relationship between physical activity and the environment...
  3. ncbi Using global positioning systems in health research: a practical approach to data collection and processing
    Jacqueline Kerr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 92093 0811, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:532-40. 2011
    ..Information presented here will allow researchers to make an informed decision about incorporating this readily available technology into their studies. This work reflects the state of the art in 2011...
  4. ncbi An interactive mapping tool to assess individual mobility patterns in neighborhood studies
    Basile Chaix
    INSERM U707, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
    Am J Prev Med 43:440-50. 2012
    ..Finally, a note of caution is provided that these measures require careful handling to avoid increasing the magnitude of confounding (selective daily mobility bias)...
  5. pmc Associations of the local food environment with diet quality--a comparison of assessments based on surveys and geographic information systems: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Latetia V Moore
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:917-24. 2008
    ..Efforts to improve diet may benefit from combining individual and environmental approaches...
  6. pmc Activity space environment and dietary and physical activity behaviors: a pilot study
    Shannon N Zenk
    Department of Health Systems Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 South Damen Avenue M C 802, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Health Place 17:1150-61. 2011
    ..Activity spaces may provide new insights into environmental influences on obesity-related behaviors...
  7. pmc The relationship of physical activity and overweight to objectively measured green space accessibility and use
    Emma Coombes
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 70:816-22. 2010
    ..The findings suggest that the provision of good access to green spaces in urban areas may help promote population physical activity...
  8. ncbi The foodscape: classification and field validation of secondary data sources
    Amelia A Lake
    Applied Biosciences, School of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University, Ellison Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK
    Health Place 16:666-73. 2010
    ..6%), while Yell.com and the Yellow Pages were low (51.2% and 50.9%, respectively). To improve the quality of secondary data, multiple sources should be used in order to achieve a realistic picture of the foodscape...
  9. ncbi Measuring the food environment using geographical information systems: a methodological review
    Hélène Charreire
    UMR INSERM U 557 INRA U 1125 CNAM, University Paris 13, CRNH IdF, Bobigny, France
    Public Health Nutr 13:1773-85. 2010
    Through a literature review, we investigated the geographic information systems (GIS) methods used to define the food environment and the types of spatial measurements they generate.
  10. pmc The built environment and location-based physical activity
    Philip J Troped
    Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 2046, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:429-38. 2010
    ..Studies of the built environment and physical activity have implicitly assumed that a substantial amount of activity occurs near home, but in fact the location is unknown...
  11. pmc A study of community design, greenness, and physical activity in children using satellite, GPS and accelerometer data
    Estela Almanza
    Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Health Place 18:46-54. 2012
    ..09-7.20)...
  12. ncbi Neighbourhood food environment and area deprivation: spatial accessibility to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in urban and rural settings
    Dianna M Smith
    Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:277-84. 2010
    ..This paper presents results from a study that quantified access to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in four environmental settings in Scotland, UK...
  13. ncbi Spatial variation of malaria incidence in young children from a geographically homogeneous area with high endemicity
    Benno Kreuels
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany
    J Infect Dis 197:85-93. 2008
    ..Detailed knowledge of spatial variation of malaria epidemiology and associated risk factors is important for planning and evaluating malaria-control measures...
  14. pmc Spatial epidemiology: current approaches and future challenges
    Paul Elliott
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 112:998-1006. 2004
    ..Advances in geographic information systems, statistical methodology, and availability of high-resolution, geographically referenced health and ..
  15. pmc Mapping community determinants of heat vulnerability
    Colleen E Reid
    Environmental Health Sciences Division, School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1730-6. 2009
    ..Adverse health impacts from heat waves can be avoided, and epidemiologic studies have identified specific population and community characteristics that mark vulnerability to heat waves...
  16. pmc Validation of the geographic position of EPER-Spain industries
    Javier Garcia-Perez
    Cancer and Environmental Epidemiology Area, National Centre of Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain
    Int J Health Geogr 7:1. 2008
    ....
  17. ncbi Geostatistical exploration of spatial variation of summertime temperatures in the Detroit metropolitan region
    Kai Zhang
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Environ Res 111:1046-53. 2011
    ..High resolution satellite data can be used to understand this intra-urban variability, although they have been primarily studied to characterize urban heat islands at a larger spatial scale...
  18. pmc Association between neighborhood need and spatial access to food stores and fast food restaurants in neighborhoods of colonias
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Texas Healthy Aging Research Network TxHAN and Center for Community Health Development, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:9. 2009
    ....
  19. pmc Usefulness of commercially available GPS data-loggers for tracking human movement and exposure to dengue virus
    Gonzalo M Vazquez-Prokopec
    Department of Environmental Studies, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:68. 2009
    ..GPS observations from two participants were later compared with semi-structured interview data to assess the usefulness of GPS technology to track individual mobility patterns...
  20. pmc Combining Google Earth and GIS mapping technologies in a dengue surveillance system for developing countries
    Aileen Y Chang
    Department of Vector Borne Disease, Nicaraguan Ministry of Health, Managua, Nicaragua
    Int J Health Geogr 8:49. 2009
    ..A surveillance system using Google Earth and GIS mapping technologies was developed in Nicaragua as a management tool...
  21. ncbi Neighbourhood socioeconomic inequalities in food access and affordability
    Kylie Ball
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
    Health Place 15:578-85. 2009
    ..Availability of healthy foods within stores only slightly favoured those in advantaged neighbourhoods. However food prices favoured those living in disadvantaged areas...
  22. pmc Modeling the probability distribution of positional errors incurred by residential address geocoding
    Dale L Zimmerman
    Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science and Center for Health Policy and Research, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 6:1. 2007
    ..Unfortunately, this process results in positional errors. Our study sought to model the probability distribution of positional errors associated with automated geocoding and E911 geocoding...
  23. pmc Automated time activity classification based on global positioning system (GPS) tracking data
    Jun Wu
    Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, USA
    Environ Health 10:101. 2011
    ..We developed and evaluated models to classify people's major time activity patterns from continuous GPS tracking data...
  24. pmc Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to assess the role of the built environment in influencing obesity: a glossary
    Lukar E Thornton
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:71. 2011
    ..This has come about, in part, because of advances in methodological tools such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS)...
  25. ncbi Describing patterns of physical activity in adolescents using global positioning systems and accelerometry
    Ralph Maddison
    Clinical Trials Research Unit, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Pediatr Exerc Sci 22:392-407. 2010
    ..On weekends physical activity patterns were more disparate and took place outside of the home environment. Example maps were generated to display the location of moderate to vigorous activity for weekdays and weekends...
  26. ncbi Mapping of background air pollution at a fine spatial scale across the European Union
    Rob Beelen
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Division Environmental Epidemiology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Sci Total Environ 407:1852-67. 2009
    ..This requires the ability to extrapolate from monitoring stations to unsampled locations. The aim was to assess methods to develop accurate and high resolution maps of background air pollution across the EU...
  27. pmc Animal ecology meets GPS-based radiotelemetry: a perfect storm of opportunities and challenges
    Francesca Cagnacci
    Research and Innovation Centre, Environment and Natural Resources Area, Edmund Mach Foundation, Trento, Italy
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2157-62. 2010
    ....
  28. pmc Comparing Perception-Based and Geographic Information System (GIS)-based characterizations of the local food environment
    Latetia V Moore
    University of Michigan, Department of Epidemiology, 109 Observatory St, 4648 SPH I Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 2029, USA
    J Urban Health 85:206-16. 2008
    ..Perception- and GIS-based characterizations of the environment are associated but are not identical. Combinations of different types of measures may yield more valid measures of the environment...
  29. ncbi The use of remotely sensed environmental data in the study of malaria
    Vanessa Machault
    Département d Infectiologie de Terrain, Equipe 7 Maladies Emergentes et Moustiques, Unite de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes, Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Allée du Médecin Colonel Jamot, Marseille Cedex 07, France
    Geospat Health 5:151-68. 2011
    ....
  30. ncbi Mismatch between perceived and objectively assessed neighborhood walkability attributes: prospective relationships with walking and weight gain
    Klaus Gebel
    Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia
    Health Place 17:519-24. 2011
    ..Interventions to improve negative perceptions of walkability among those living in high walkable areas may be a relevant public health intervention to increase physical activity and support weight maintenance...
  31. pmc Using GPS technology to (re)-examine operational definitions of 'neighbourhood' in place-based health research
    Bryan J Boruff
    School of Earth and Environment, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA, 6009, Australia
    Int J Health Geogr 11:22. 2012
    ..This paper aims to provide new methods for spatially defining 'neighbourhood' based on how people use their surrounding environment...
  32. pmc Metal emissions and urban incident Parkinson disease: a community health study of Medicare beneficiaries by using geographic information systems
    Allison W Willis
    Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Washington University, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8111, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1357-63. 2010
    ..1, 95% CI: 0.94, 1.31). Urban Parkinson disease incidence is greater in counties with high reported industrial release of copper or manganese. Environmental exposure to metals may be a risk factor for Parkinson disease in urban areas...
  33. pmc Improving planetary rover attitude estimation via MEMS sensor characterization
    Javier Hidalgo
    Centro de Automática y Robótica, UPM CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006, Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 12:2219-35. 2012
    ..The strength of the approach has been verified with representative tests of novel high-grade MEMS inertia sensors and exemplary planetary rover platforms with promising results...
  34. pmc Exploring associations between physical activity and perceived and objective measures of the built environment
    Aileen P McGinn
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Urban Health 84:162-84. 2007
    ..Speed, volume, and street connectivity were assessed using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for both study areas. Locations of crashes were measured using GIS for the NC study area as well...
  35. pmc Enhancing positioning accuracy in urban terrain by fusing data from a GPS receiver, inertial sensors, stereo-camera and digital maps for pedestrian navigation
    Baranski Przemyslaw
    Institute of Electronics, Technical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
    Sensors (Basel) 12:6764-801. 2012
    ..As a result, for 90% of the time, the algorithm is able to estimate a pedestrian location with an error smaller than 2 m, compared to an error of 6.5 m for a navigation based solely on GPS...
  36. pmc A two-stage cluster sampling method using gridded population data, a GIS, and Google Earth(TM) imagery in a population-based mortality survey in Iraq
    Lp Galway
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Blusson Hall 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, B C Canada V5A 1 S6
    Int J Health Geogr 11:12. 2012
    ..Vital statistics registration and surveillance systems are rarely functional in conflict settings, posing a challenge of estimating mortality using retrospective population-based surveys...
  37. pmc Methodologic issues and approaches to spatial epidemiology
    Linda Beale
    Small Area Health Statistics Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1105-10. 2008
    ..Advances in geographic information systems and the growing availability of modeling packages have led to an improvement in exposure assessment...
  38. pmc The influence of local food environments on adolescents' food purchasing behaviors
    Meizi He
    University of Texas at San Antonio, Department of Health and Kinesiology, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:1458-71. 2012
    ..e., at least once per week; p < 0.05). In conclusion, macro-level regulations and policies are required to amend the health-detracting neighborhood food environment surrounding children and youth's home and school...
  39. pmc Geocoding rural addresses in a community contaminated by PFOA: a comparison of methods
    VERONICA M VIEIRA
    Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, MA 02116, USA
    Environ Health 9:18. 2010
    ..Our study compared automated and E911 methods for recovering and geocoding valid street addresses and assessed the impact of positional errors on exposure classification...
  40. ncbi Cardiovascular mortality during heat and cold events: determinants of regional vulnerability in Taiwan
    Pei Chih Wu
    Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC
    Occup Environ Med 68:525-30. 2011
    ....
  41. ncbi Accuracy and reliability of GPS devices for measurement of movement patterns in confined spaces for court-based sports
    Rob Duffield
    School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 13:523-5. 2010
    ..10-0.70). In conclusion, for court-based sports or movements in confined spaces, GPS technology under reports distance covered and both mean and peak speed of movement...
  42. ncbi Incorporation of spatial and economic analyses of human-use data in the design of marine protected areas
    Astrid J Scholz
    Ecotrust, Portland, OR 97209, USA
    Conserv Biol 25:485-92. 2011
    ..7% to 14.2% in the first round of network design and totaled 6.3% in the final round of design. This process is a case study in the application of spatial analysis to validate and integrate local stakeholder knowledge in marine planning...
  43. pmc The applications of GIS in the analysis of the impacts of human activities on south Texas watersheds
    Edmund C Merem
    Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Jackson State University, 3825, Ridgewood Road, P O Box 23, Jackson, MS 39211, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2418-46. 2011
    ..importance in environmental protection efforts, analyzing the health of agricultural watersheds using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) becomes essential for decision-makers in Southern Texas...
  44. pmc Correspondence between objective and perceived walking times to urban destinations: Influence of physical activity, neighbourhood walkability, and socio-demographics
    Bart Dewulf
    Department of Geography, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, S8, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Int J Health Geogr 11:43. 2012
    ....
  45. pmc Typhoid Fever and its association with environmental factors in the Dhaka Metropolitan Area of Bangladesh: a spatial and time-series approach
    Ashraf M Dewan
    Department of Spatial Sciences, Curtin University Western Australia, Bentley, Western Australia, Australia
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e1998. 2013
    ..6% (95% CI: 2.4-2.8) above the threshold of 4.0 metres (95% CI: 2.4-4.3). On the other hand, with a 1 °C rise in temperature, the number of typhoid cases could increase by 14.2% (95% CI: 4.4-25.0)...
  46. pmc Sensor architecture and task classification for agricultural vehicles and environments
    Francisco Rovira-Más
    Departamento de Ingeniería Rural y Agroalimentaria, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 10:11226-47. 2010
    ..The success of this architecture, implemented and tested in various agricultural vehicles over the last decade, rests on its capacity to integrate redundancy and incorporate new technologies in a practical way...
  47. pmc Reconsidering access: park facilities and neighborhood disamenities in New York City
    Christopher C Weiss
    Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 88:297-310. 2011
    ..and measures of park facilities, controlling for variation in neighborhood disamenities, using geographic information systems (GIS) data for New York City parks and employing both kernel density estimation and distance measures...
  48. pmc Using GPS-enabled cell phones to track the travel patterns of adolescents
    Sarah E Wiehe
    Children s Health Services Research, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, 410 West 10th Street, HS1020, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 7:22. 2008
    ..For example, health-related behaviors such as cigarette smoking often occur in specific places where smoking may be relatively surreptitious...
  49. ncbi A real-time platform for monitoring schistosomiasis transmission supported by Google Earth and a web-based geographical information system
    Kun Yang
    Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuxi, People s Republic of China
    Geospat Health 6:195-203. 2012
    ..This WebGIS, the first of its kind in the People's Republic of China, is not only applicable for schistosomiasis but can easily be adapted for improving control of any endemic disease in any geographical area...
  50. ncbi A geographical approach to identify sleeping sickness risk factors in a mangrove ecosystem
    F Courtin
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UMR 177 IRD CIRAD, Centre International de Recherche Développement sur l Elevage en zone Subhumide, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Trop Med Int Health 15:881-9. 2010
    ..To provide a better understanding of sleeping sickness transmission and spread in mangrove areas to optimize its control...
  51. ncbi Graph models of habitat mosaics
    Dean L Urban
    Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Ecol Lett 12:260-73. 2009
    ..We close with suggestions for further work on the parameterization and validation of graph models, and point to some promising analytic insights...
  52. pmc Correlation and studies of habitat selection: problem, red herring or opportunity?
    John Fieberg
    Biometrics Unit, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, 5463 C W Broadway, Forest Lake, MN 55434, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2233-44. 2010
    ..Until then, variance inflation techniques and two-stage approaches should offer pragmatic and flexible approaches to modelling correlated data...
  53. ncbi Identifying high-risk areas of schistosomiasis and associated risk factors in the Poyang Lake region, China
    W X Peng
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, 138 Yixueyuan Road, Shanghai 200032, People s Republic of China
    Parasitology 137:1099-107. 2010
    ..Such information can be used to plan locally targeted interventions based on anthelminthic drug administration, snail control and sanitation improvement...
  54. ncbi Using GPS data to evaluate the accuracy of state-space methods for correction of Argos satellite telemetry error
    Toey A Patterson
    CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    Ecology 91:273-85. 2010
    ....
  55. ncbi Neighbourhoods and potential access to health care: the role of spatial and aspatial factors
    Laura Bissonnette
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Rd N, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6
    Health Place 18:841-53. 2012
    ....
  56. pmc Integrating open-source technologies to build low-cost information systems for improved access to public health data
    Qian Yi
    Center for Public Health Informatics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 7:29. 2008
    ....
  57. pmc Local food outlets, weight status, and dietary intake: associations in children aged 9-10 years
    Amy Jennings
    School of Medicine and School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 40:405-10. 2011
    ..Limited evidence suggests that there may be interactions between environmental factors at a neighborhood level and the development of obesity, with the availability and accessibility of food outlets being potentially important...
  58. pmc Spatio-temporal cluster analysis of county-based human West Nile virus incidence in the continental United States
    Ramanathan Sugumaran
    GeoInformatics Training, Research, Education, and Extension Center, Geography Department, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:43. 2009
    ..These two methods were applied with varying analysis thresholds in order to evaluate sensitivity of clusters identified...
  59. ncbi The moving target: a geographic index of relative wellbeing
    Jochen Albrecht
    Department of Geography, 1151 LeFrak, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    J Med Syst 28:371-84. 2004
    b>Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have been widely used by health planners and professionals to map and describe disease occurrence, spread, and exposure...
  60. ncbi Validity and reliability of GPS devices for measuring movement demands of team sports
    Aaron J Coutts
    School of Leisure, Sport and Tourism, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 13:133-5. 2010
    ....
  61. ncbi Validity and reliability of GPS units to monitor cricket-specific movement patterns
    Carl Petersen
    Physiology Department, Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, ACT, Australia
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 4:381-93. 2009
    ..The validity and reliability of three commercial global positioning system (GPS) units (MinimaxX, Catapult, Australia; SPI-10, SPI-Pro, GPSports, Australia) were quantified...
  62. ncbi Identifying Walking Trips Using GPS Data
    Gi Hyoug Cho
    Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:365-72. 2011
    ..this study developed and tested algorithms to identify outdoor walking trips from portable global positioning system (GPS) units in free-living conditions...
  63. pmc Spatial prediction of malaria prevalence in an endemic area of Bangladesh
    Ubydul Haque
    International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh, 68 Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed Sharani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    Malar J 9:120. 2010
    ..Malaria is a major public health burden in Southeastern Bangladesh, particularly in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region. Malaria is endemic in 13 districts of Bangladesh and the highest prevalence occurs in Khagrachari (15.47%)...
  64. ncbi Walking capacities in multiple sclerosis measured by global positioning system odometer
    A Creange
    Service de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Henri Mondor, AP HP, Universite Paris XII, Creteil, France
    Mult Scler 13:220-3. 2007
    ..75; P <0.001). Limitation of walking capacities was measurable up to 4550 m, strikingly above the 500-m limit of the EDSS. This objective odometer is a promising tool for evaluation and follow-up of patients with MS...
  65. pmc Using Google Street View to audit neighborhood environments
    Andrew G Rundle
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Am J Prev Med 40:94-100. 2011
    ..Google Street View may allow auditing of neighborhood environments more easily and at lower cost, but little is known about the feasibility of such data collection...
  66. ncbi Comparison of global positioning system (GPS) tracking and parent-report diaries to characterize children's time-location patterns
    Kai Elgethun
    Department of Geography and School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 3147, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:196-206. 2007
    ..It is concluded that automated GPS tracking measurements can improve the quality and collection efficiency of time-location data in exposure assessment studies, albeit for small cohorts...
  67. ncbi Tuberculosis transmission patterns in a high-incidence area: a spatial analysis
    Z Munch
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, Western Cape, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:271-7. 2003
    ..Anthropological studies in some suburbs of Cape Town, in which a very high number of local drinking places (shebeens) were identified (17 per km2), have suggested that social drinking is part of such a lifestyle...
  68. pmc Large-scale navigational map in a mammal
    Asaf Tsoar
    Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:E718-24. 2011
    ....
  69. pmc A zero velocity detection algorithm using inertial sensors for pedestrian navigation systems
    Sang Kyeong Park
    Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Ulsan, Namgu, Ulsan 680 749, Korea
    Sensors (Basel) 10:9163-78. 2010
    ..A Markov model is constructed using segmentation of gyroscope outputs instead of using gyroscope outputs directly, which makes the zero velocity detection more reliable...
  70. pmc Cancer map patterns: are they random or not?
    Martin Kulldorff
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:S37-49. 2006
    ....
  71. pmc Obesity and the built environment: does the density of neighborhood fast-food outlets matter?
    Fuzhong Li
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Am J Health Promot 23:203-9. 2009
    ..Examine variation in obesity among older adults relative to the joint influences of density of neighborhood fast food outlets and residents' behavioral, psychosocial, and sociodemographic characteristics...
  72. ncbi GIS or GPS? A comparison of two methods for assessing route taken during active transport
    Mitch J Duncan
    Centre for Social Science Research, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 33:51-3. 2007
    ..recall of trip length and barriers encountered enroute or the utilization of objective measures (Geographic Information Systems -[GIS]) that may not represent actual travel patterns...
  73. pmc The emergence of land change science for global environmental change and sustainability
    B L Turner
    Graduate School of Geography and Marsh Institute, Clark University, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20666-71. 2007
    ..The six articles of the special feature are introduced and situated within these components of study...
  74. ncbi Using accelerometers and GPS units to identify the proportion of daily physical activity located in parks with playgrounds in New Zealand children
    Robin Quigg
    Cancer Society Social and Behavioural Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand
    Prev Med 50:235-40. 2010
    ..To identify the proportion of children's physical activity occurring in public parks with playgrounds...
  75. pmc Surveillance of arthropod vector-borne infectious diseases using remote sensing techniques: a review
    Satya Kalluri
    Raytheon Company, Upper Marlboro, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Pathog 3:1361-71. 2007
    ..Future improvements in remote sensing applications in epidemiology are also discussed...
  76. ncbi Conceptualizing the healthscape: contributions of time geography, location technologies and spatial ecology to place and health research
    Daniel Rainham
    Environmental Programs, Faculty of Science, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H4J1
    Soc Sci Med 70:668-76. 2010
    ..We also discuss how these concepts have the potential to influence and contribute to empirical place and health research...
  77. ncbi Environmental correlates of physical activity in driving and non-driving rural Japanese women
    Masamitsu Kamada
    Physical Education and Medicine Research Center UNNAN, Shimane, Japan
    Prev Med 49:490-6. 2009
    ..This study examined the relationship between physical activity and the environment among rural Japanese women, and whether that relationship varied with driving status...
  78. ncbi Measuring food access in Melbourne: access to healthy and fast foods by car, bus and foot in an urban municipality in Melbourne
    C M Burns
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
    Health Place 13:877-85. 2007
    ..However, more advantaged areas had closer access to supermarkets, conversely less advantaged areas had closer access to fast food outlets. These findings have application for urban planners, public health practitioners and policy makers...
  79. ncbi Validation of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) items using geographic information systems
    Marc A Adams
    Dept of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, USA
    J Phys Act Health 6:S113-23. 2009
    Concurrent validity of Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) items was evaluated with objective measures of the built environment using geographic information systems (GIS).
  80. ncbi Mapping the walk to school using accelerometry combined with a global positioning system
    Ashley R Cooper
    Department of Exercise, Nutrition, and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 38:178-83. 2010
    ..Walking to school is associated with higher levels of physical activity, but the contribution of the journey itself to physical activity before school is unknown...
  81. ncbi Combining GPS, GIS, and accelerometry: methodological issues in the assessment of location and intensity of travel behaviors
    Melody Oliver
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Phys Act Health 7:102-8. 2010
    Global positioning systems (GPS), geographic information systems (GIS), and accelerometers are powerful tools to explain activity within a built environment, yet little integration of these tools has taken place...
  82. pmc The spatial-temporal clustering of Plasmodium falciparum infection over eleven years in Gezira State, The Sudan
    Samia E Mirghani
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:172. 2010
    ..Here, the space-time clustering of Plasmodium falciparum infections using data from repeat cross-sectional surveys in Gezira State, a low transmission area in northern Sudan, is investigated...
  83. pmc Individual, social environmental and physical environmental barriers to achieving 10 000 steps per day among older women
    Katherine S Hall
    Geriatric Research, Education, linical Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 508 Fulton Street, GRECC 182, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Health Educ Res 25:478-88. 2010
    ..This study examined the determinants of attaining/not attaining 10 000 steps per day among older women...
  84. ncbi Robust hierarchical state-space models reveal diel variation in travel rates of migrating leatherback turtles
    Ian D Jonsen
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H4J1
    J Anim Ecol 75:1046-57. 2006
    ..4. Our approach is extremely flexible and can be applied to many ecological analyses that use complex, sequential data...
  85. ncbi Greenspace and children's physical activity: a GPS/GIS analysis of the PEACH project
    Benedict W Wheeler
    DECIPHer Centre, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Prev Med 51:148-52. 2010
    ..To quantify the volume and intensity of children's physical activity after school in greenspace and elsewhere...
  86. ncbi Combining GPS with heart rate monitoring to measure physical activity in children: A feasibility study
    J Scott Duncan
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
    J Sci Med Sport 12:583-5. 2009
    ..There is also scope to integrate GPS data with geographic information systems to examine where children play and accumulate physical activity.
  87. ncbi Measuring the influence of built neighborhood environments on walking in older adults
    Yvonne Michael
    Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    J Aging Phys Act 14:302-12. 2006
    ..of neighborhood environment from 105 older adults were linked to objective measures assessed by geographic information systems and an audit instrument...
  88. pmc Ecology and geography of avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) transmission in the Middle East and northeastern Africa
    Richard A J Williams
    Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:47. 2009
    ..Predictive challenges included a variety of spatial stratification schemes in which models were challenged to predict case distributions in broadly unsampled areas...
  89. ncbi Evaluation of the positional difference between two common geocoding methods
    Dustin T Duncan
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Geospat Health 5:265-73. 2011
    ..g. with global positioning system measurement), this study suggests that Batchgeo is a good, free-of-charge option to geocode addresses...
  90. ncbi Location of active transmission sites of Schistosoma japonicum in lake and marshland regions in China
    Z J Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, No 138 Yi Xue Yuan Road, Shanghai 200032, China
    Parasitology 136:737-46. 2009
    ..Our approach provides a useful tool, especially in the field of vector-borne or environment-related diseases...
  91. pmc Use of mapping and spatial and space-time modeling approaches in operational control of Aedes aegypti and dengue
    Lars Eisen
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e411. 2009
    ..This will enable control programs to, for example, generate risk maps for exposure to dengue virus, develop Priority Area Classifications for vector control, and explore socioeconomic associations with dengue risk...
  92. pmc Micro-geographic risk factors for malarial infection
    Ward P Myers
    Infectious Disease, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, USA
    Malar J 8:27. 2009
    ..This study was designed to evaluate whether geographic parameters are associated with malarial infection in the East Sepik province of Papua New Guinea (PNG), a remote area where malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality...
  93. ncbi Spatial access to health care in Costa Rica and its equity: a GIS-based study
    Luis Rosero-Bixby
    Centro Centroamericano de Población CCP, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose 2060, Costa Rica
    Soc Sci Med 58:1271-84. 2004
    ..The GIS platform developed for this study allows pinpointing communities with inadequate access to health care, where interventions to improve access would have the greatest impact...
  94. ncbi Ecological epidemiology: landscape metrics and human alveolar echinococossis
    A J Graham
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3PS, UK
    Acta Trop 91:267-78. 2004
    ..A temporal difference shows that the landscape is no longer suitable for transmission. These results indicate the possibility of identifying future hotspots which could aid the management of the disease...
  95. ncbi A geographic information and remote sensing based model for prediction of Oncomelania hupensis habitats in the Poyang Lake area, China
    Jia gang Guo
    National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Diseases Control and Preventive, Shanghai 200025, China
    Acta Trop 96:213-22. 2005
    ..The model is of particular relevance for schistosome-affected regions that lack accurate surveillance capabilities and are large enough to be detected at most commercially available remote sensing scales...
  96. pmc Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children's active commuting
    Jenna R Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 38:268-78. 2010
    ..These behaviors may be influenced by characteristics of the environment around homes and schools, yet few studies have quantified the potential associations between these two sets of factors...
  97. pmc Spatial-temporal analysis of breast cancer in upper Cape Cod, Massachusetts
    VERONICA M VIEIRA
    Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Talbot 4W, 715 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 7:46. 2008
    ....
  98. ncbi Bayesian modelling of geostatistical malaria risk data
    L Gosoniu
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Geospat Health 1:127-39. 2006
    ..Results indicate that the stationarity assumption is important because it influences the significance of environmental factors and the corresponding malaria risk maps...
  99. pmc Alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana
    Matthias Schonlau
    RAND Corporation, 4570 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Geospat Health 3:91-101. 2008
    ..The conclusion is that the relationship between neighbourhood alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption is complex and may vary due to differences in neighbourhood design and travel patterns...
  100. pmc The spatial structure of autism in California, 1993-2001
    Soumya Mazumdar
    Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Health Place 16:539-46. 2010
    ..The identification of robust spatial clusters indicates that autism does not arise from a global treatment and indicates that important drivers of increased autism prevalence are located at the local level...
  101. ncbi Plant diversity hotspots in the Atlantic coastal forests of Brazil
    Charlotte Murray-Smith
    Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AE, United Kingdom
    Conserv Biol 23:151-63. 2009
    ..These areas were then prioritized for conservation importance by comparing ecological data for each...

Research Grants76

  1. Predictors of Prenatal Care Providers Counseling Women on Tobacco Use/Exposure
    BETH LEONG PINELES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..at physician behavior and community needs: 1) a local physician survey, 2) a mapping approach based on Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and 3) analysis of a national physician survey dataset...
  2. Childhood Leukemia and Home Environmental Exposures
    Patricia A Buffler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..measuresof exposures to carcinogens, based on interviews of households and outdoor levels predicted by Geographic Information Systems (GIS)...
  3. Neighborhood Characteristics &Diabetes Incidence in Multiethnic Cohort Study
    KA apos IMI A SINCLAIR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..program consists of three core components: 1) formal coursework in epidemiology, biostatistics, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology, spatial analysis, and health disparities research, 2) mentored research training in ..
  4. Traffic and Respiratory Health
    Brian P Leaderer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology and data from a variety of spatially-related sources, we propose to develop estimates ..
  5. Energetics &Breast Cancer: Obesity, Inflammation, Insulin Resistance &Risk
    Ruth E Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Positioning System data, which track individuals'spatial-temporal paths, combined with existing Geographic Information Systems data for San Diego County, will allow us to develop obesogenic environmental exposure estimates and ..
  6. Rapid Response Surveillance Study #09-5 - Constructing Geographic Areas in GIS fo
    Sally L Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Advancements in geographic information systems (GIS) technology have enabled researchers to develop methods automating the process...
  7. Impacts of universal access to HIV/AIDS care among HIV+ injection drug users
    Evan Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will augment our ongoing epidemiologic and clinical research activities with molecular genetics and geographic information systems (GIS) based methods to model the effect of these exposures on community-level plasma viral load, HIV ..
  8. Air Pollution and Cognitive Aging Among Older Women
    Jennifer Weuve; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..R21 mechanism, this exploratory project innovatively uses air particulate exposure models, based on geographic information systems (GIS), with telephone cognitive assessments to explore the new area of air pollution and cognitive ..
  9. Neighborhood Characteristics and Body Mass Index: Selection or Causation?
    Ken Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. Census, state, and county information on neighborhood characteristics using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) databases...
  10. Air pollution and Parkinson disease: a GIS-based approach
    Natalia Palacios; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..plan and research component focused on training the candidate in environmental health research and in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in order to study the association between exposure to air pollution and risk, mortality and ..
  11. The influence of the built environment on outcomes after breast cancer
    Theresa H M Keegan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Utilizing Geographic Information Systems technology, this study efficiently combines data that objectively characterizes the built environments ..
  12. Spatial and Psychosocial Influences on Food Access in Rural Appalachia
    ESTHER J THATCHER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a rural Appalachian county in Virginia will integrate qualitative interviews, participant observation, geographic information systems (GIS) mapping, and in- store food assessments to examine spatial and psychosocial factors that affect ..
  13. Racial disparities in access to high quality hospitals for coronary heart disease
    Ioana Popescu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..biostatistical modeling and clinical research ethics;2) the application of spatial analysis and geographic information systems methods in health care;and 3) methods for measuring residential segregation and understanding its ..
  14. Evaluation of Low Cost National Weight Loss Program in the Underserved
    NIA SCHWANN MITCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..career development to focus on three areas that require additional training: 1) acquiring skills in geographic information systems (GIS);2) improving skills in biostatistics, computer modeling, and subgroup analyses;and 3) improving ..
  15. Developing Measures of the Built Nutritional Environment
    ANGELA D contact LIESE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Distance to a supermarket also may influence dietary intake quality. The advent of geographic information systems (GIS) technology has made the exploration of spatial attributes like the nutritional environment a ..
  16. Namibia ART Patient Tracing Intensification and Predictors of Loss to Follow-up
    STEVEN YONGKEUN HONG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..experts in international HIV clinical research, ART program optimization, epidemiology, biostatistics, geographic information systems (GIS), and health systems research...
  17. Impact of contextual factors on disparities in breast cancer risk and survival
    Scarlett L Gomez; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Incorporating novel, state-of-the-art analytic methods, including multilevel regression analyses, geographic information systems (GIS), and tree-based discriminant analyses (recursive partitioning), these analyses will identify ..
  18. Neighborhood level determinants of pneumococcal disease transmission
    Joshua P Metlay; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Metlay's immediate goals are to further develop his own training in geographic information systems and spatial analyses in order to expand his current work examining neighborhood level determinants of ..
  19. Obesogenic environment: impact on breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer risk
    Iona Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..collected individual-level data from 82,545 African Americans and Latinos to geocoded census and geographic information systems data to obtain neighborhood-level data on obesogenic factors...
  20. Use of the built environment to promote physical activity in children.
    Nicolas M Oreskovic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will use Geographic Information Systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS), and accelerometers to determine where, and to what extent, ..
  21. Integrating Social and Systems Science Approaches to Promote Oral Health Equity
    MARY EVELYN NORTHRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..developments enabled by computational advances, such as agent-based modeling, system dynamics, and geographic information systems, have spurred a body of research on the effects of multiple scales (e.g...
  22. Seek and Treat for Optimal Prevention of HIV &AIDS (STOP HIV/AIDS) in BC
    JULIO SERGIO GONZALEZ MONTANER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..seek to augment our ongoing epidemiologic and clinical research activities with molecular genetics and geographic information systems (GIS) based methods to model the effect of this STTR initiative on the generation of antiretroviral ..
  23. PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research Initiative
    DEMARC ANTHONY HICKSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Empirical Bayes and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) methods will be used to estimate and map the area-specific relative risk of HIV as well as the ..
  24. Center for Transdisciplinary ELSI Research in Translational Genomics
    Carol P Somkin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..together participants'data from electronic medical records, biospecimens, health surveys and geographic information systems. The RPGEH includes genome-wide genetic data and measures of telomere length from a sample of over 110,..
  25. Traffic-related air pollution, social factors and adverse birth outcomes
    AMY MICHELLE PADULA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With the use of geographic information systems (GIS) tools and publicly available data, the candidate will characterize the social context of the ..
  26. Hospital Care Environment, Neighborhood, and Racial Disparities in Elder Outcomes
    Matthew D McHugh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will use multilevel and cross-classified models as well as geographic information systems (GIS) methods to examine unique survey data from hospital nurses along with Medicare claims data that ..
  27. Social contextual and environmental predictors of PA in sedentary minority adults
    Lorna Haughton McNeill; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., parks) of each participant's neighborhood will also be mapped using geographic information systems (GIS) in order to further contextualize their PA opportunities and resources...
  28. Mobile Sampling of Air Pollutants to Assess Exposure in a Large Cohort of Childre
    SCOTT ANTHONY FRUIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..His career development plan will build: 1) improved expertise in spatial statistics and geographic information systems (GIS) tools, to be able to effectively build spatio-temporal exposure models from the new measurement ..
  29. Simplifying the diagnostic process of TMJD pain for the general dentist
    Mike T John; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of pain geography information for TMJD diagnosis using an innovative methodological approach applying geographic information systems (GIS) analyses...
  30. Exploiting the Power of GIS to Enhance Spatial Thinking in STEM Areas
    AMY LOBBEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): The goal of this project is to develop and evaluate a theory-driven pedagogic minimal Geographic Information Systems (mGIS) interface to enhance spatial thinking, analysis, and learning in science, technology, ..
  31. Evaluating a food hub's impact on food access, diet and weight in a food desert
    Patricia A Sharpe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Global Positioning System and Geographic Information Systems technology will be use to assess the two communities'food environment and to calculate measures ..
  32. Reimbursing Medical Providers for Early Childhood Caries Preventive Services
    Jill Boylston Herndon; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Multivariable regression analyses and geographic information systems techniques will be used to evaluate policy impacts and variations by child and community ..
  33. HIV and Substance Abuse Epidemiology among IDUs: Structural and Network Risk Fact
    ABBY ELISE RUDOLPH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Her training objectives are to develop advanced skills in geographic information systems (GIS) and sociometric network analysis, receive further training in the ethical conduct of research, ..
  34. Molecular Epidemiology of HIV-1 in the California-Mexico Border Region
    Sanjay R Mehta; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..next determine the spatial and temporal dynamics of the HIV epidemics across the border region using geographic information systems, and coalescent theory based Bayesian phylogeographic analyses...
  35. Prescription Opioid Therapy in Maine: Geographic Determinants and Variation in a
    CHRISTINA T HOLT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..opioid medications to visualize the diffusion of these prescriptions into Maine communities, utilizing geographic information systems (GIS) to assess spatial features powerfully and precisely and to find 'hot spots'of overall ..
  36. Optimization modeling and comparative effectiveness of regionalized stroke care
    Charles C Branas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The specific aims of this proposal are 1) to use geographic information systems technology to determine the proportion of the US population that is able to rapidly access existing, ..
  37. Triage and Allocation Model for Primary PCI After STEMI
    Thomas W Concannon; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Courses are planned in hierarchical modeling, applied geographic information systems (GIS), decision analysis, and the responsible conduct of research. Dr...
  38. Community Effects on Long-Term Rehabilitation Outcomes in SCI
    AMANDA LEE BOTTICELLO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..a relational database using individual health information gathered for the NSCID and a combination of geographic information systems (GIS) analysis and multilevel modeling...
  39. Venue-Based Recruitment and HIV Prevention for AOD Using Couples in South Africa
    Wendee M Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a venue-based recruitment from drinking venues in randomized neighborhood blocks identified through geographic information systems (GIS) mapping to three study conditions. The proposed team of U.S...
  40. Community Transmission of Tuberculosis in Urban Africa
    Christopher C Whalen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..integrate methods from diverse fields such as molecular epidemiology, social network analysis, and geographic information systems to open up a new way to approach tuberculosis control that will exert a sustained and powerful ..
  41. Community Effects on Long-Term Rehabilitation Outcomes in SCI
    AMANDA LEE BOTTICELLO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a relational database using individual health information gathered for the NSCID and a combination of geographic information systems (GIS) analysis and multilevel modeling...
  42. SMS/GIS Integration for HIV Surveillance and Health Care Delivery
    Deborah Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of the proposed pilot project is to better understand how geographic information systems (GIS) integrated with SMS cell-phone technology can facilitate improvements in linkage to Prevention ..
  43. End of Life Needs of PLWHA in Appalachian Tennessee and Alabama
    Sadie P Hutson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with geographically- pinpointed community resources intended to meet these EOL needs using innovative geographic information systems (GIS)...
  44. Innovation in the Measurement of Community Contextual Features
    SCOTT THOMAS YABIKU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..advantage of the recent affordability of two important technologies: highly detailed field-based geographic information systems (GIS) and multi-touch displays...
  45. Psychological Effects of Injuries in Urban Black Men: A Disparate Health Issue
    Therese S Richmond; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and protective factors at the personal and institutional levels, incorporate environmental data using geographic information systems, and will link these rich data to acute peri-traumatic subjective experiences...
  46. Delivering Geospatial Intelligence to Health Care Professionals
    Gilbert C Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This study seeks to expand the medical application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) by bringing this technology into the primary care setting, where it can directly support pediatricians in &..
  47. Community Mapping of Environmental Hazards and Barriers in an Immigrant Populatio
    Peggy Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..we will conduct an equal partnership community mapping project, bringing expertise in the use of geographic information systems (GIS) tools from the research partner together with the knowledge and perceptions of the community ..
  48. Aging and The Built Environment: Applied Technology to Increase Physical Activity
    Ethan M Berke; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..research will, for 100 subjects, 1) objectively measure characteristics of the built environment using geographic information systems and compare these to subjective reports of the environment and its influence on behavior;2) adapt a ..
  49. A Tool for Geospatial Analysis of Physical Activity
    Kevin Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..living research, software engineering, wireless sensor networks, cell phone technologies, GPS and geographic information systems (GIS) research and data modeling. The project will occur in four phases: PHASE I (12 mo...
  50. Cardiovascular Health of Seniors and the Built Environment
    KIMBERLY BETH MORLAND; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..macro-level environmental influences that affect health have been measured by investigators by using geographic information systems, in order to contextualize individuals'home and work environments...
  51. Physical activity during the transition from elementary school to middle school
    Russell R Pate; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..factors will be measured by windshield surveys of street segments, application of a detailed Geographic Information Systems database, audits of physical activity places, and self-reported perceptions of the environment...
  52. Statistical Methods in Cancer Control and Epidemiology
    Bradley P Carlin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary Sophisticated computer programs known as geographic information systems (GISs) have revolutionized the analysis of spatially referenced datasets, through their ability to ``layer'&..
  53. A Community Participator Approach to Improving Health in a Hispanic Population
    Michael F Dulin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..researchers with a broad depth of research expertise in the use of CBPR, qualitative analysis, and geographic information systems (CIS)...
  54. Effects of Mammography Capacity and Accessiblity on Utilization and Outcomes
    Elena B Elkin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..b>Geographic information systems and spatial-analytic techniques will be used to map the location of mammography resources in relation ..
  55. Examining the association between obesity and access to farmers markets
    STEPHANIE BELL JILCOTT PITTS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This will allow future researchers to more accurately estimate buffer size in Geographic Information Systems. (2) Standardize the methodology for identifying farmers'markets, which will allow others to ..
  56. Doctoral Training in Nutrition Epidemiology
    DAISY ZAMORA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a geographic link can be made between respondent residential addresses and data on ..
  57. Multilevel Factors Impacting Smoking Relapse in a National Sample
    JEFFREY SCOTT WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Data will be merged using the open-source geographic information systems (GIS) software suites GRASS and QuantumGIS...
  58. New Statistical Methods to Handle Spatial Uncertainty in Cancer Risk Estimation
    Xiaomei Ma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..information at an area level but not the point level and 2) geocoding error resulting from the use of geographic information systems software to convert residential addresses to geographic coordinates (i.e. longitudes and latitudes)...
  59. Strengthening Research Collaborations in Health Disparities
    CHERYL DAVENPORT DOZIER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the acquisition of analytic equipment needed for junior faculty researchers and the incorporation of Geographic Information Systems technology into a new regional disparities database...
  60. Maryland Manufactured Food Regulatory Program Standards Compliance and Enhancemen
    ROBIN ANDREA HENDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5) implement and evaluate a Standard Enhancement Project that takes advantage of integration of innovations in information management and geographic information systems (GIS) technology being implemented in DHMH.
  61. Maryland Emerging Infections Program
    David Blythe; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The MD EIP also proposes to provide leadership in the development of geographic information systems and spatial analytic models for the visualization of surveillance data, generation of hypotheses, and ..
  62. Leptospirosis Transmission in the Peruvian Amazon
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..mammalian ecology, public health, medical microbiology and molecular epidemiology , and the use of geographic information systems and remote sensing technologies) to answer ecological questions about leptospirosis with widespread ..
  63. Interdisciplinary Training in Cancer Epidemiology at UB
    Kirsten B Moysich; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..biostatistics, cancer biology, cancer genetics, health behavior, toxicology, nutrition, immunology, or geographic information systems;and provide an understanding of and experience in multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary ..
  64. MECHANISMS OF EMERGENCE OF Z00NOTIC VIRAL PATHOGENS
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..and sites of emergence potential for VEE virus in Venezuela, utilizing satellite imagery, computerized geographic information systems and ground observations...
  65. Exploring Micro-level Sources of Environmental Inequality
    Liam Downey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study will utilize a new and innovative Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technique that weights the potential impact of each hazard inversely according to geographic ..
  66. Industrial Pollutants and Risk of Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma
    Anneclaire De Roos; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..are becoming more readily implemented with the increasing availability and ease-of-use of desktop geographic information systems (GIS) and public databases of industry location and emissions...
  67. Research Center of Excellence in Public Informatics
    Matthew Samore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will develop and apply advanced[unreadable] modeling, simulation, and geographic information systems to better inform public health policy- and decisionmaking,[unreadable] not just for situations of high ..
  68. END-STAGE LIVER DISEASE/PREVALENCE & TREATMENT VARIATION
    Cindy Bryce; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The applicant will obtain further instruction in computer simulation, geographic information systems, and advanced statistical analysis; in addition, she will receive clinical education to better ..
  69. Historic Traffic Exposure Maps for Cancer Studies
    Paul English; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..for the development of exposure maps showing modeled concentrations of ambient air pollution using geographic information systems (GIS) to investigate long-term health effects...
  70. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS & SCHISTOSOMIASIS
    John Malone; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..mansoni and S. haematobium. The GIS model will be used to develop more targeted Ministry of Health treatment and control programs. ..
  71. Mexico: Maquila, Environmental Vulnerability and Health
    Sioban Harlow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The SEV index and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) maps overlaying SEV and mortality can serve as policy tools, facilitating the identification of ..
  72. METHODS FOR EVALUATING THE VALIDITY OF GIS STUDIES
    George Maldonado; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The author notes that potential for bias is large for environmental epidemiologic studies that utilize geographic information systems (GIS) mainly because data in available exposure and health effects databases are usually not collected ..
  73. Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to Adulthood
    Penny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..data and the use of a multidisciplinary approach melding spatial analysis methodologies, such as Geographic Information Systems, with traditional epidemiological methods...
  74. Improving the trauma systems response to disasters
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In order to accomplish this, it will make use of an innovative mathematical model that incorporates geographic information systems technology and specialized linear and integer programming...
  75. Ecological Leads: Drugs from Reefs and Microbes in Fiji
    MARK HAY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..b>Geographic information systems (GIS) will be used to develop a model of biodiversity on the coral reefs of Viti Levu, Fiji and to ..
  76. Neighborhoods and physical activity among older men
    Yvonne Michael; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..governmental transportation planning partner, Metro, will use a regional planning and transportation Geographic Information Systems (GIS) database in order to compute measures of neighborhood accessibility within a quarter-mile radius ..