child mortality

Summary

Summary: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Socioeconomic determinants of infant mortality: a worldwide study of 152 low-, middle-, and high-income countries
    Carl Otto Schell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health IHCAR Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 35:288-97. 2007
  2. ncbi Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000
    Li Liu
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 379:2151-61. 2012
  3. ncbi Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2008: a systematic analysis
    Robert E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 375:1969-87. 2010
  4. ncbi Progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis
    Rafael Lozano
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 378:1139-65. 2011
  5. ncbi Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000-10): taking stock of maternal, newborn, and child survival
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 375:2032-44. 2010
  6. ncbi Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970-2010: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4
    JULIE KNOLL RAJARATNAM
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 375:1988-2008. 2010
  7. pmc A reversal in reductions of child mortality in western Kenya, 2003-2009
    Mary J Hamel
    Malaria Branch, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Division, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:597-605. 2011
  8. ncbi Child mortality according to maternal and infant HIV status in Zimbabwe
    Edmore Marinda
    ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:519-26. 2007
  9. ncbi Alma-Ata: Rebirth and Revision 6 Interventions to address maternal, newborn, and child survival: what difference can integrated primary health care strategies make?
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 372:972-89. 2008
  10. pmc Estimating child mortality due to diarrhoea in developing countries
    Cynthia Boschi-Pinto
    Child and Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 86:710-7. 2008

Detail Information

Publications298 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Socioeconomic determinants of infant mortality: a worldwide study of 152 low-, middle-, and high-income countries
    Carl Otto Schell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health IHCAR Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 35:288-97. 2007
    ..Yet, health has many determinants beyond the health sector that are less evident than proximate predictors...
  2. ncbi Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000
    Li Liu
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 379:2151-61. 2012
    Information about the distribution of causes of and time trends for child mortality should be periodically updated. We report the latest estimates of causes of child mortality in 2010 with time trends since 2000.
  3. ncbi Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2008: a systematic analysis
    Robert E Black
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 375:1969-87. 2010
    ..Up-to-date information on the causes of child deaths is crucial to guide global efforts to improve child survival. We report new estimates for 2008 of the major causes of death in children younger than 5 years...
  4. ncbi Progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 on maternal and child mortality: an updated systematic analysis
    Rafael Lozano
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 378:1139-65. 2011
    ..Although estimates of maternal and child mortality were published in 2010, an update of estimates is timely in view of additional data sources that have become ..
  5. ncbi Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000-10): taking stock of maternal, newborn, and child survival
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 375:2032-44. 2010
    ..Survival monitors coverage of priority interventions to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for child mortality and maternal health...
  6. ncbi Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970-2010: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4
    JULIE KNOLL RAJARATNAM
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 375:1988-2008. 2010
    ..In view of policy initiatives and investments made since 2000, it is important to see if there is acceleration towards the MDG 4 target. We assessed levels and trends in child mortality for 187 countries from 1970 to 2010.
  7. pmc A reversal in reductions of child mortality in western Kenya, 2003-2009
    Mary J Hamel
    Malaria Branch, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Division, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:597-605. 2011
    We report and explore changes in child mortality in a rural area of Kenya during 2003-2009, when major public health interventions were scaled-up...
  8. ncbi Child mortality according to maternal and infant HIV status in Zimbabwe
    Edmore Marinda
    ZVITAMBO Project, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:519-26. 2007
    ..HIV causes substantial mortality among African children but there is limited data on how this is influenced by maternal or infant infection status and timing...
  9. ncbi Alma-Ata: Rebirth and Revision 6 Interventions to address maternal, newborn, and child survival: what difference can integrated primary health care strategies make?
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 372:972-89. 2008
    ..Strengthening MNCH at the primary health-care level should be a priority for countries to reach their Millennium Development Goal targets for reducing maternal and child mortality.
  10. pmc Estimating child mortality due to diarrhoea in developing countries
    Cynthia Boschi-Pinto
    Child and Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 86:710-7. 2008
    ..The major objective of this study is to provide estimates of diarrhoea mortality at country, regional and global level by employing the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) standard...
  11. ncbi Countdown to 2015 for maternal, newborn, and child survival: the 2008 report on tracking coverage of interventions
    Jennifer Bryce
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, USA
    Lancet 371:1247-58. 2008
    ..of priority interventions to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) for reduction of maternal and child mortality. We aimed to report on 68 countries which have 97% of maternal and child deaths worldwide, and on 22 ..
  12. ncbi Reduction in child mortality in Niger: a Countdown to 2015 country case study
    Agbessi Amouzou
    Institute for International Programs, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 380:1169-78. 2012
    ..The 2012 Countdown profile shows that Niger has achieved far greater reductions in child mortality and gains in coverage for interventions in child survival than neighbouring countries in west Africa...
  13. pmc Equity and geography: the case of child mortality in Papua New Guinea
    Anna E Bauze
    Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e37861. 2012
    Recent assessments show continued decline in child mortality in Papua New Guinea (PNG), yet complete subnational analyses remain rare...
  14. pmc Causes of neonatal and child mortality in India: a nationally representative mortality survey
    Diego G Bassani
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
    Lancet 376:1853-60. 2010
    More than 2·3 million children died in India in 2005; however, the major causes of death have not been measured in the country. We investigated the causes of neonatal and child mortality in India and their differences by sex and region.
  15. ncbi Child survival gains in Tanzania: analysis of data from demographic and health surveys
    Honorati Masanja
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Lancet 371:1276-83. 2008
    ..We aimed to investigate yearly changes to identify what might have contributed to this reduction and to investigate the prospects for meeting the Millennium Development Goal for child survival (MDG 4)...
  16. pmc Under-five mortality in high focus states in India: a district level geospatial analysis
    Chandan Kumar
    Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology IIT, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
    PLoS ONE 7:e37515. 2012
    ..The literature on this subject is inconclusive because the survey data, upon which most studies of child mortality rely, rarely include variables that measure these factors...
  17. pmc Child mortality estimation: accelerated progress in reducing global child mortality, 1990-2010
    Kenneth Hill
    Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 9:e1001303. 2012
    ..to a collection of articles, we describe the methodology used by the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation to track country-specific changes in the key indicator for Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4), ..
  18. pmc The effect of case management on childhood pneumonia mortality in developing countries
    Evropi Theodoratou
    Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i155-71. 2010
    ....
  19. pmc Association of maternal height with child mortality, anthropometric failure, and anemia in India
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 301:1691-701. 2009
    ..Research on intergenerational factors that might also predispose a child to increased health adversity remains limited...
  20. ncbi Improving child survival through environmental and nutritional interventions: the importance of targeting interventions toward the poor
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    JAMA 298:1876-87. 2007
    ..A critical but underinvestigated question for planning and allocating resources toward the MDGs is how interventions related to one MDG might affect progress toward other goals...
  21. ncbi Socio-economic inequalities in child survival in India: a decomposition analysis
    Jalandhar Pradhan
    Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Orissa 769 008, India
    Health Policy 98:114-20. 2010
    ..provides a first time assessment of the decomposed contributions of socio-economic determinants of under2 child mortality in India and its states using the recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3, 2005-06) data...
  22. ncbi Socio-economic inequalities in childhood mortality in low- and middle-income countries: a review of the international evidence
    Tanja A J Houweling
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Br Med Bull 93:7-26. 2010
    ..Sources of data Evidence on socio-economic inequalities in childhood mortality in LMICs is mostly based on data from household surveys and demographic surveillance sites...
  23. pmc Reproductive health, and child health and nutrition in India: meeting the challenge
    Vinod Kumar Paul
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Lancet 377:332-49. 2011
    ..This agenda needs political commitment of the highest order and the development of a people's movement...
  24. ncbi Are urban children really healthier? Evidence from 47 developing countries
    Ellen Van de Poel
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 65:1986-2003. 2007
    ..The findings imply that there is a need for programs that target the urban poor, and that this is becoming more necessary as the size of the urban population grows...
  25. pmc Comparing modelled to measured mortality reductions: applying the Lives Saved Tool to evaluation data from the Accelerated Child Survival Programme in West Africa
    Elizabeth Hazel
    Institute for International Programs, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i32-9. 2010
    ....
  26. ncbi WHO estimates of the causes of death in children
    Jennifer Bryce
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 365:1147-52. 2005
    ..Child survival efforts can be effective only if they are based on accurate information about causes of deaths. Here, we report on a 4-year effort by WHO to improve the accuracy of this information...
  27. pmc Access to health care and mortality of children under 5 years of age in the Gambia: a case-control study
    Merrin E Rutherford
    Centre for International Health, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Bull World Health Organ 87:216-24. 2009
    ....
  28. pmc Measuring under-five mortality: validation of new low-cost methods
    JULIE KNOLL RAJARATNAM
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 7:e1000253. 2010
    ..In the absence of a complete vital registration system, however, child mortality must be estimated using surveys that ask women to report the births and deaths of their children...
  29. ncbi How access to health care relates to under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review
    Merrin E Rutherford
    Centre for International Health, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Trop Med Int Health 15:508-19. 2010
    ..Access to adequate health care is among the factors suggested to be associated with child mortality; improved access holds great potential for a significant reduction in under-five death in developing ..
  30. pmc Survived infancy but still vulnerable: spatial-temporal trends and risk factors for child mortality in the Agincourt rural sub-district, South Africa, 1992-2007
    Benn Sartorius
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Geospat Health 5:285-95. 2011
    ..with child (1-4 years) mortality in the Agincourt sub-district, South Africa, to assess temporal changes in child mortality patterns within the study site between 1992 and 2007, and to produce all-cause and cause-specific mortality ..
  31. ncbi Countdown to 2015: tracking intervention coverage for child survival
    Jennifer Bryce
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore MD, USA
    Lancet 368:1067-76. 2006
    ..We present the first report of the Child Survival Countdown, a worldwide effort to monitor coverage of key child-survival interventions in 60 countries with the world's highest numbers or rates of child mortality.
  32. pmc Excess child mortality after discharge from hospital in Kilifi, Kenya: a retrospective cohort analysis
    Jennifer C Moïsi
    KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, PO Box 43640, Nairobi, 00100 Kenya
    Bull World Health Organ 89:725-32, 732A. 2011
    ..To explore excess paediatric mortality after discharge from Kilifi District Hospital, Kenya, and its duration and risk factors...
  33. pmc The effect of Haemophilus influenzae type b and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on childhood pneumonia incidence, severe morbidity and mortality
    Evropi Theodoratou
    Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i172-85. 2010
    ....
  34. ncbi The Accelerated Child Survival and Development programme in west Africa: a retrospective evaluation
    Jennifer Bryce
    Institute for International Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 375:572-82. 2010
    ..Child Survival and Development (ACSD) programme in 11 west African countries between 2001 and 2005 to reduce child mortality by at least 25% by the end of 2006...
  35. ncbi Rapid achievement of the child survival millennium development goal: evidence from the Navrongo experiment in Northern Ghana
    Fred N Binka
    School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
    Trop Med Int Health 12:578-83. 2007
    ..To determine the impact of deploying nurses and volunteers to village locations on demographic and health outcomes...
  36. ncbi The effect of multiple anthropometric deficits on child mortality: meta-analysis of individual data in 10 prospective studies from developing countries
    Christine M McDonald
    Departments of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:896-901. 2013
    ..Child stunting, wasting, and underweight have been individually associated with increased mortality. However, there has not been an analysis of the mortality risk associated with multiple anthropometric deficits...
  37. pmc Child mortality estimation: methods used to adjust for bias due to AIDS in estimating trends in under-five mortality
    Neff Walker
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 9:e1001298. 2012
    In most low- and middle-income countries, child mortality is estimated from data provided by mothers concerning the survival of their children using methods that assume no correlation between the mortality risks of the mothers and those ..
  38. ncbi Effect of parent's death on child survival in rural Bangladesh: a cohort study
    Carine Ronsmans
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 375:2024-31. 2010
    ..We therefore investigated the effect of the death of the mother or father on the survival of the child up to age 10 years in rural Bangladesh...
  39. pmc Child mortality estimation: a comparison of UN IGME and IHME estimates of levels and trends in under-five mortality rates and deaths
    Leontine Alkema
    Department of Statistics and Applied Probability and Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    PLoS Med 9:e1001288. 2012
    ..In 2011, estimates were published by the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME) and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)...
  40. pmc Child mortality estimation: appropriate time periods for child mortality estimates from full birth histories
    Jon Pedersen
    Fafo Institute of Applied International Studies, Oslo, Norway
    PLoS Med 9:e1001289. 2012
    b>Child mortality estimates from complete birth histories from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) surveys and similar surveys are a chief source of data used to track Millennium Development Goal 4, which aims for a reduction of under-..
  41. pmc Nets, spray or both? The effectiveness of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying in reducing malaria morbidity and child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    Nancy Fullman
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Malar J 12:62. 2013
    ..There is a critical need to determine what combination of malaria interventions confers the greatest protection against malaria morbidity and child mortality under routine conditions.
  42. ncbi Determinants of under-5 mortality among the poor and the rich: a cross-national analysis of 43 developing countries
    Tanja A J Houweling
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1257-65. 2005
    ..We aimed to describe how the association between under-5 mortality and socioeconomic, political, and health care factors varies in strength between richer and poorer children...
  43. ncbi How does progress towards the MDG 4 affect inequalities between different subpopulations? Evidence from Nepal
    Kim Huong Nguyen
    School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:311-9. 2013
    Few previous studies have examined non-wealth-based inequalities in child mortality within developing countries...
  44. ncbi Mother's death and child survival: the case of early Quebec
    Samuel Pavard
    Laboratoire d Anthropologie Biologique, CNRS FRE 2292 Musée de l Homme, Paris, France
    J Biosoc Sci 37:209-27. 2005
    ..This suggests that grown-up girls assuming the responsibilities of the missing mother had a lower chance of survival...
  45. ncbi The unfinished agenda in child survival
    Jennifer Bryce
    Institute for International Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 382:1049-59. 2013
    ..Leadership and accountability for child survival should be strengthened and shared among the UN system; governments in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries; and non-governmental organisations. ..
  46. pmc Estimating pneumonia deaths of post-neonatal children in countries of low or no death certification in 2008
    Evropi Theodoratou
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e25095. 2011
    ....
  47. pmc Mortality inequalities in times of economic growth: time trends in socioeconomic and regional inequalities in under 5 mortality in Indonesia, 1982-1997
    Tanja A J Houweling
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Centre Rotterdam, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:62-8. 2006
    ..To examine time trends in socioeconomic and regional inequalities in under 5 mortality in Indonesia during almost two decades of economic growth...
  48. ncbi The effect of community nurses and health volunteers on child mortality: the Navrongo Community Health and Family Planning Project
    Brian Wells Pence
    Center for Health Policy, Health Inequalities Program, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0253, USA
    Scand J Public Health 35:599-608. 2007
    Despite effective treatments and preventive measures for the major causes of child illness and death in less wealthy nations, child mortality remains high in resource-poor settings due in part to ineffective health service delivery models.
  49. ncbi Monitoring trends in under-5 mortality rates through national birth history surveys
    E L Korenromp
    World Health Organization, Roll Back Malaria Dept, Avenue Appia 20, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1293-301. 2004
    ....
  50. pmc Progress towards the child mortality millennium development goal in urban sub-Saharan Africa: the dynamics of population growth, immunization, and access to clean water
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, Nairobi, Kenya, Africa
    BMC Public Health 7:218. 2007
    Improvements in child survival have been very poor in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Since the 1990 s, declines in child mortality have reversed in many countries in the region, while in others, they have either slowed or stalled, making it ..
  51. pmc Measuring and correcting biased child mortality statistics in countries with generalized epidemics of HIV infection
    Timothy B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, W2 1PG, England
    Bull World Health Organ 88:761-8. 2010
    Under Millennium Development Goal 4, countries are required to reduce child mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015...
  52. ncbi Burden, differentials, and causes of child deaths in India
    Chandrakant Lahariya
    Department of Community Medicine, G R Medical College, Gwalior, India
    Indian J Pediatr 77:1312-21. 2010
    ..To review the current information on trends, burden, differentials, causes, and timing of under five (U5) child deaths in India...
  53. pmc Treating HIV-infected mothers reduces under 5 years of age mortality rates to levels seen in children of HIV-uninfected mothers in rural South Africa
    James Ndirangu
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Somkhele, South Africa
    Antivir Ther 17:81-90. 2012
    ..We estimate the association between maternal HIV and treatment, and under 5 years of age (under-5) child mortality in a rural population in South Africa.
  54. pmc Urban area disadvantage and under-5 mortality in Nigeria: the effect of rapid urbanization
    Diddy Antai
    Division of Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 118:877-83. 2010
    ....
  55. pmc Accelerating reproductive and child health programme impact with community-based services: the Navrongo experiment in Ghana
    James F Phillips
    Policy Research Division, Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 84:949-55. 2006
    ..To determine the demographic and health impact of deploying health service nurses and volunteers to village locations with a view to scaling up results...
  56. ncbi Countdown to 2015: comparing progress towards the achievement of the health Millennium Development Goals in Ethiopia and other sub-Saharan African countries
    Sandro Accorsi
    Project Italian Contribution to the Health Sector Development Programme, Italian Cooperation, P O Box 13018, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:336-42. 2010
    ..It is for this reason that the strategic health plan in Ethiopia is focusing on high-impact and cost-effective health interventions and on health systems strengthening...
  57. ncbi Spatial modeling of geographic inequalities in infant and child mortality across Nepal
    Brian Chin
    Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, 3718 Locust Walk, 239 McNeil Building, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Place 17:929-36. 2011
    ..Results suggest a need to consider health policies and programs that reach children in spatially concentrated high-mortality areas...
  58. ncbi Childhood mortality and probable causes of death using verbal autopsy in Niakhar, Senegal, 1989-2000
    Jean Francois Etard
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement IRD BP 1386 Dakar, Senegal
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1286-92. 2004
    ..The authors applied the verbal autopsy to identify causes of death before 15 years old in a rural area of Senegal where a demographic surveillance system is operating...
  59. pmc Adult education and child mortality in India: the influence of caste, household wealth, and urbanization
    Archana Singh-Manoux
    INSERM, U687 IFR69, Hopital Paul Brousse, Bâtiment 15 16, 16 Avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier, 94807 Villejuif Cedex, France
    Epidemiology 19:294-301. 2008
    ..We examined the association between adult education and child mortality, and the influence of other socioeconomic markers (caste, household wealth, and urbanization) on this ..
  60. pmc Effect of investment in malaria control on child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa in 2002-2008
    Yoko Akachi
    Strategy, Performance and Evaluation Cluster, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 6:e21309. 2011
    ....
  61. pmc Effect of geographical access to health facilities on child mortality in rural Ethiopia: a community based cross sectional study
    Yemisrach B Okwaraji
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e33564. 2012
    ..This study assessed the effect of travel time and distance to health facilities on mortality in children under five years in a remote area of rural north-western Ethiopia...
  62. ncbi Infections associated with severe malnutrition among hospitalised children in East Africa
    B F P Sunguya
    Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, P O Box 650001, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Tanzan Health Res Bull 8:189-92. 2006
    ..In conclusion, coinfections complicate the management of severe malnutrition and are associated with higher death rate. Management of such infections is of paramount importance to reduce case fatality rates...
  63. pmc How well does LiST capture mortality by wealth quintile? A comparison of measured versus modelled mortality rates among children under-five in Bangladesh
    Agbessi Amouzou
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i186-92. 2010
    ..The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is available and can be used to model mortality levels across economic groups based on coverage levels for child survival interventions...
  64. pmc Geographic access to care is not a determinant of child mortality in a rural Kenyan setting with high health facility density
    Jennifer C Moïsi
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:142. 2010
    ..Distance to health facilities is a known determinant of health care utilization and may drive inequalities in health outcomes; we aimed to investigate its effects on childhood mortality...
  65. pmc The effect of maternal child marriage on morbidity and mortality of children under 5 in India: cross sectional study of a nationally representative sample
    Anita Raj
    Boston University of Public Health, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    BMJ 340:b4258. 2010
    ..Data about child morbidity and mortality reported by participants. Analyses restricted to births in past five years reported by ever married women aged 15-24 years (n=19 302 births to 13 396 mothers)...
  66. pmc Association of maternal stature with offspring mortality, underweight, and stunting in low- to middle-income countries
    Emre Ozaltin
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 303:1507-16. 2010
    ..Although maternal stature has been associated with offspring mortality and health, the extent to which this association is universal across developing countries is unclear...
  67. ncbi Survival bias in observational studies of the impact of routine immunizations on childhood survival
    Henrik Jensen
    Bandim Health Project, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre and Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Trop Med Int Health 12:5-14. 2007
    ..We examined whether this could be because of methodological differences...
  68. ncbi Causes of deaths in children younger than 5 years in China in 2008
    Igor Rudan
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, UK
    Lancet 375:1083-9. 2010
    ..We identified the main causes of deaths in neonates (<1 month), postneonatal infants (1-11 months), and children (<5 years) in China using information that was available to the public...
  69. pmc Impact of vitamin A supplementation on infant and childhood mortality
    Aamer Imdad
    Division of Women and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 11:S20. 2011
    ..The purpose of this paper was to get a point estimate of efficacy of vitamin A supplementation in reducing cause specific mortality by using Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) guidelines...
  70. pmc Effect of daily zinc supplementation on child mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2013, USA
    Lancet 370:1230-9. 2007
    ..However, whether routine supplementation would decrease morbidity and mortality in populations with zinc deficiency is unclear. We assessed the effect of daily zinc supplementation on children in southern Nepal...
  71. pmc Drivers of inequality in Millennium Development Goal progress: a statistical analysis
    David Stuckler
    Oxford University, Department of Sociology, Oxford, UK
    PLoS Med 7:e1000241. 2010
    ..We also examined the impact of joint epidemics of HIV/AIDS and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), which may limit the ability of households to address child mortality and increase risks of infectious diseases.
  72. ncbi Saving the lives of South Africa's mothers, babies, and children: can the health system deliver?
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:835-46. 2009
    ..The costs are affordable and the key gap is leadership and effective implementation at every level of the health system, including national and local accountability for service provision...
  73. ncbi The social determinants of childhood mortality in Sri Lanka: timetrends & comparisons across South Asia
    Tanja A J Houweling
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Indian J Med Res 126:239-48. 2007
    ..Further, the role of female autonomy, fertility, malnutrition, and health care use in explaining the observed patterns in mortality inequality were also examined...
  74. ncbi Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysis
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 376:959-74. 2010
    ..We updated previous systematic assessments of educational attainment, and estimated the contribution of improvements in women's education to reductions in child mortality in the past 40 years.
  75. ncbi Socio-economic inequalities in child health: recent evidence from India
    W Joe
    Centre for Development Studies CDS, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
    Glob Public Health 5:493-508. 2010
    ..This study would not only help policymakers to recognise these persistent inequalities but also would help understand health performance at the state and regional levels thus facilitating targeting intervention...
  76. ncbi Child mortality in India: a complex situation
    Rohini Ghosh
    South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
    World J Pediatr 8:11-8. 2012
    ..The countdown database to track the maternal and child survival rate, as set by the Millennium Development Goal, reported recently that India's progress is not satisfactory in reducing newborn and child deaths...
  77. ncbi Urban and rural differences across countries in child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    Okechukwu D Anyamele
    Jackson State University, Economics, Finance and General Business, 1400 J R Lynch Street, Jackson, MS 39217, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 20:90-8. 2009
    ..the differences between urban and rural areas across countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with respect to child mortality. We use recent data from Demographic and Health Surveys on 11 selected countries in SSA...
  78. ncbi Quality-quantity trade-off of human offspring under adverse environmental conditions
    J J Meij
    Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Evol Biol 22:1014-23. 2009
    ..Here, offspring survival decreased 2.8% (95% CI 2.3-4.0%, P < 0.001) for each increase in offspring number. We interpret these data as an apparent quality-quantity trade-off in human offspring...
  79. pmc Corruption kills: estimating the global impact of corruption on children deaths
    Matthieu Hanf
    Centre d Investigation Clinique Epidémiologie Clinique Antilles Guyane CIC EC INSERM CIE 802, Cayenne General Hospital, Cayenne, French Guiana
    PLoS ONE 6:e26990. 2011
    ..Corruption has been previously shown to significantly impact on child mortality. However no recent quantification of its current impact is available.
  80. pmc Achieving MDG 4 in sub-Saharan Africa: what has contributed to the accelerated child mortality decline in Ghana?
    Haruyo Nakamura
    Japan International Cooperation Agency, Tokyo, Japan
    PLoS ONE 6:e17774. 2011
    Recent analyses have suggested an accelerated decline in child mortality in Ghana since 2000...
  81. pmc Disparities in child mortality trends: what is the evidence from disadvantaged states in India? the case of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh
    Kim Huong Nguyen
    Centre for Applied Health Economics, School of Medicine, Griffith University, Meadowbrook, Brisbane, Queensland 4131, Australia
    Int J Equity Health 12:45. 2013
    ..However, scant evidence exists about the distribution of child mortality at low sub-national levels, which in diverse and decentralized countries like India are required to inform ..
  82. ncbi The effects of pregnancy spacing on infant and child mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh: how they vary by the type of pregnancy outcome that began the interval
    Julie DaVanzo
    RAND, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
    Popul Stud (Camb) 62:131-54. 2008
    ..Matlab, Bangladesh, we assessed the effects of duration of intervals between pregnancy outcomes on infant and child mortality and how these effects vary over subperiods of infancy and childhood and by the type of outcome that began the ..
  83. ncbi Varying gender pattern of childhood injury mortality over time in Scotland
    J Pearson
    Paediatric Epidemiology and Community Health PEACH Unit, Department of Child Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Arch Dis Child 94:524-30. 2009
    ..This article explores gender in relation to Scottish child injury mortality over time...
  84. ncbi Putting child mortality on a map: towards an understanding of inequity in health
    C Tottrup
    Geographic Resource Analysis and Science Ltd, c o University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Trop Med Int Health 14:653-62. 2009
    To map and analyse geographical (spatial) variations of child mortality trends in mainland Tanzania.
  85. ncbi Alternatives to the grandmother hypothesis: a meta-analysis of the association between grandparental and grandchild survival in patrilineal populations
    Beverly I Strassmann
    Department of Anthropology, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, P O Box 48106, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Hum Nat 22:201-22. 2011
    ..We consider the extent to which these results may be influenced by the methodological limitations of the source studies, including the use of retrospective designs and inadequate controls for confounding variables such as wealth...
  86. pmc New malaria-control policies and child mortality in senegal: reaching millennium development goal 4
    Jean Francois Trape
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UMR 198 URMITE, UK
    J Infect Dis 205:672-9. 2012
    ..Here, we analyze trends in overall child mortality, malaria, and other causes of death in Niakhar from the beginning of data collection to 2010.
  87. ncbi Maternal, neonatal, and child health in southeast Asia: towards greater regional collaboration
    Cecilia S Acuin
    Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, University of the Philippines, National Institutes of Health, Ermita, Manila, Philippines
    Lancet 377:516-25. 2011
    Although maternal and child mortality are on the decline in southeast Asia, there are still major disparities, and greater equity is key to achieve the Millennium Development Goals...
  88. pmc Spatial effects of mosquito bednets on child mortality
    Laura Gosoniu
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    BMC Public Health 8:356. 2008
    ..Few randomized clinical trials examined the spatial effect of ITNs on child mortality at a high coverage level, hence it is essential to better understand these effects in real-life situation ..
  89. pmc Children who were vaccinated, breast fed and from low parity mothers live longer: a community based case-control study in Jimma, Ethiopia
    Belaineh Girma
    Department of Public Health and Social Science, Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 11:197. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study is to identify determinants and causes of child mortality.
  90. pmc Declining child mortality in northern Malawi despite high rates of infection with HIV
    A Jahn
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, WC1E 7HT, England
    Bull World Health Organ 88:746-53. 2010
    To determine whether routine surveys, such as the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), have underestimated child mortality in Malawi.
  91. pmc Methods used in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST)
    William Winfrey
    Futures Institute, 41 A New London Turnpike, Glastonbury, Connecticut 06033, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S32. 2011
    ..This paper will describe the methods used to estimate the impact of scaling up interventions on neonatal and child mortality.
  92. ncbi High human immunodeficiency virus-free survival of infants born to human immunodeficiency virus-positive mothers in an integrated program to decrease child mortality in rural Rwanda
    Molly F Franke
    Partner In Health Inshuti Mu Buzima, Rwinkwavu, Rwanda
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:614-6. 2011
    ..The cumulative 12-month infant survival probability was 0.97 (95% confidence interval: 0.94-0.99). The cumulative 12- to 18-month HIV-free survival probability was 0.95 (confidence interval: 0.91-0.97)...
  93. ncbi Trends in infant/child mortality and life expectancy in Indigenous populations in Yunnan Province, China
    Jianghong Li
    The Centre for International Health and School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology and Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Australia
    Aust N Z J Public Health 32:216-23. 2008
    ..15 million), making up 33.4% of Yunnan's total population. This study aimed to examine trends in infant and child mortality and life expectancy at birth of the 22 largest Indigenous nationalities and compared these trends with those ..
  94. pmc Quantifying child mortality reductions related to measles vaccination
    Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert
    Centers for Health Policy and Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13842. 2010
    This study characterizes the historical relationship between coverage of measles containing vaccines (MCV) and mortality in children under 5 years, with a view toward ongoing global efforts to reduce child mortality.
  95. ncbi Child mortality in India: the community-level effect of education
    Øystein Kravdal
    Department of Economics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Popul Stud (Camb) 58:177-92. 2004
    ..Family Health Survey II, the average education of women in a census enumeration area has a strong impact on child mortality, in addition to the effect of the mother's own education...
  96. ncbi Examining the evidence of under-five mortality reduction in a community-based programme in Gaza, Mozambique
    Anbrasi Edward
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:814-22. 2007
    ..3%). These findings suggest that effective community-based partnerships that support the delivery of health services can contribute to mortality reductions...
  97. ncbi Pulse oximetry: technology to reduce child mortality in developing countries
    T Duke
    Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne Department of Paediatrics, MCRI, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Ann Trop Paediatr 29:165-75. 2009
    ....
  98. pmc Randomised study of effect of different doses of vitamin A on childhood morbidity and mortality
    Christine Stabell Benn
    Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMJ 331:1428-32. 2005
    ..To determine whether the dose of vitamin A currently recommended by the World Health Organization or half this dose gives better protection against childhood morbidity and mortality...
  99. pmc Tackling health inequities in Chile: maternal, newborn, infant, and child mortality between 1990 and 2004
    Rogelio Gonzalez
    Pontificia Catholic University of Chile, and the Division of Prevention and Control of Diseases, Chilean Ministry of Health, Santiago, Chile
    Am J Public Health 99:1220-6. 2009
    We analyzed trends in maternal, newborn, and child mortality in Chile between 1990 and 2004, after the introduction of national interventions and reforms, and examined associations between trends and interventions.
  100. pmc Under-5 mortality due to HIV: regional levels and 1990-2009 trends
    Karen Stanecki
    UNAIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Sex Transm Infect 86:ii56-61. 2010
    ..Previous work has documented increased under-5 mortality due to HIV from 1990 to 1999 in Africa. The current analysis presents estimates and trends in under-5 mortality due to HIV in low- and middle-income countries by region up to 2009...
  101. pmc Child mortality in rural Malawi: HIV closes the survival gap between the socio-economic strata
    Andreas Jahn
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e11320. 2010
    As HIV-related deaths increase in a population the usual association between low socioeconomic status and child mortality may change, particularly as death rates from other causes decline.

Research Grants63

  1. ZINC SUPPLEMENTATION IMPACT ON CHILD MORTALITY--NEPAL
    James Tielsch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The analysis will focus on comparison of rates of mortality and morbidity between treatment groups with additional analyses of subgroups to look for interaction by age, gender or baseline nutritional status. ..
  2. Recombinase Polymerase Amplification for Point-of-Care Diagnosis of Infant HIV-1
    DAVID SCOTT BOYLE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..reduce turn-around time for testing so treatment can start sooner and significantly improve AIDS-specific child mortality rates in rural areas...
  3. The Wnt-chromatin axis in aging
    John M Sedivy; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This change has come about largely through improved public hygiene, decreased child mortality and a decrease in infectious diseases...
  4. Use of Electronic Protocols to improve provider and client adherence
    MARC D MITCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, since these illnesses are the leading cause of mortality in children in low income countries, this research has the potential to significantly improve child mortality in these countries.
  5. Multivariate Analysis of the Total Fertility Rate and Its Components
    Robert D Retherford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. census. An application of the methodology to analyze the effect of child mortality on fertility in India has been dropped, because it is now the major part of Retherford's research ..
  6. Infectious Diseases and Child Health in Pakistan Research Training Program.
    Anita K M Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..two areas has particular relevance for infectious disease control and reducing infectious disease-related child mortality in Pakistan...
  7. Burden of RSV and Influenza Virus in Children in Pakistan
    Syed Asad Ali; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Pneumonia is the leading cause of child mortality in Pakistan...
  8. Structural insight into novel mechanisms of type III secretion
    CHARALAMPOS KALODIMOS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), a prototype for TTSS and the major cause of infantile diarrhea and child mortality worldwide...
  9. The Role of Development Assistance for Health in Reducing Child Mortality
    Chunling Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..economic and demographic methods for studying the role of Development Assistance for Health (DAH) in reducing child mortality through a cross-country comparative study and a country case-study in Rwanda...
  10. Structural insight into novel mechanisms of type III secretion
    CHARALAMPOS KALODIMOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), a prototype for TTSS and the major cause of infantile diarrhea and child mortality worldwide...
  11. Multidisciplinary approaches to reproductive health in global health context
    Xu Qian; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..At present, China and many developing countries still suffer from persistently high rates of maternal and child mortality and morbidity, reproductive tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS...
  12. The Impact of Early Access to Oral Contraception on the Health of Women and Child
    DANIEL HUNGERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the children of young women, the investigators will examine how maternal access to the pill affected child mortality and birth weight, and how maternal access to the pill affected the likelihood that a child grew up in a ..
  13. Research Training on Infectious Diseases in Mothers and Children in Bangladesh
    Robert E Black; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary Meaningful reductions in maternal, infant and child mortality due to infectious diseases have been shown to be achievable using simple and low-cost interventions...
  14. Evolution and Human Reproduction: A longitudinal study of the Dogon of Mali
    BEVERLY ILSE STRASSMANN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The book will address such questions as: What causes variation in female fertility and child mortality? Are life history trade-offs observable in the data? What are the developmental origins of metabolic disease? ..
  15. Evaluating a Web-based Child Passenger Safety Program: Safety in Seconds v 2.0
    Andrea C Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are effective countermeasures known to help prevent motor vehicle occupant injuries, the leading cause of child mortality in the United States...
  16. CHAT: mHealth Innovation for HIV-MNCH Community Health Workers in South Africa
    Lisa Michelle Butler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Key interventions to reduce HIV- and nutrition- related child mortality include well- defined and evidence-based packages of care to improve survival of HIV-infected adult ..
  17. A pharmacokinetic evaluation of levonorgestrel implant and antiretroviral therapy
    Kimberly K Scarsi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..critical for HIV-infected women, in whom prevention of unintended pregnancy not only decreases maternal and child mortality, but also reduces the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission...
  18. Constrained Provider Choice: The Effect of a TBA Ban on Morality
    Edward N Okeke; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Reducing the high rates of maternal and child mortality in developing countries are 2 out of the 5 Millennium Development Goals (MDG), yet, many countries continue to lag well behind 2015 MDG targets...
  19. Enhancing Ugandan HIV-Affected Child Development with Caregiver Training
    MICHAEL JOSEPH BOIVIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The MISC caregivers were also significantly less depressed, and their child mortality that year was significantly lower. Intervention Method...
  20. Quantifying the health benefits of hospital births
    Edward N Okeke; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary Maternal and child mortality rates remain high in many developing countries. According to the most recent estimates, 358,000 maternal deaths occurred worldwide in 2008...
  21. XIII Pan American Nursing Research Colloquium
    Nilda Peragallo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Development Goals, which address global public health needs such as poverty and hunger, child mortality, maternal health and HIV/AIDS...
  22. The Economics of Natural Disasters and Epidemics
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..First, the study will estimate the immediate effect of natural disasters on child mortality, lagged effects of natural disasters on child mortality, and immediate and lagged effects on child morbidity...
  23. Cambodia: Between the Khmers Rouges and the Red Plague?
    Patrick Heuveline; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..date, the 1998 census and recent surveys have yielded conflicting results on current levels of fertility and child mortality. The data collection proposed here and extant techniques of demographic analysis will provide several ..
  24. COMMUNITY AND FAMILY EFFECTS ON CHILD HEALTH
    Elizabeth Frankenberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..What role does household income play in explaining use of prenatal care, choice of delivery site, infant and child mortality, and children's nutritional status? How do controls for family-specific risk affect estimates of the impact ..
  25. Translating efficacy into effectiveness of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs)
    Thomas Eisele; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..bed nets (ITNs) have been shown to significantly reduce malaria related morbidity and all cause child mortality across a range of transmission settings...
  26. ETHNIC DIFFERENTIALS IN MORTALITY IN KYRGYZSTAN
    Michel Guillot; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A particular focus of this research is infant and child mortality by ethnic group...
  27. EFFECTS OF FERTILITY AND MORTALITY ON CHILD HEALTH
    Mark Rosenzweig; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The degree to which the relationships between socioeconomic characteristic of household and child mortality reflect the selectivity of fertility in behavior will be assessed as well as the selectivity of child ..
  28. DIFFERENTIAL FERTILITY & MORTALITY
    Roger Avery; Fiscal Year: 1980
    The project studies comparative differential fertility and child mortality in four Central American nations (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras)...
  29. CHILD MORTALITY ESTIMATION BY TIME SINCE FIRST BIRTH
    Kenneth Hill; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..broad objective of the proposed project is to improve the performance of indirect procedures for estimating child mortality in developing countries lacking accurate vital registration systems...
  30. Public Use Samples of 1910 & 1920 Puerto Rican Censuses
    Alberto Palloni; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..fertility and marital fertility between 1900 and 1920 and (b) assess levels and patterns of infant and child mortality, during the same period...
  31. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES AND FAMILY DECISION MAKING
    JULIE DA VANZO; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Data will be collected on respondents' marriage, fertility, infant feeding, child mortality, education, employment, and migration histories and those of their spouses; on household income, wealth, and ..
  32. CHILD MALTREATMENT REPORTING AND INFANT MORTALITY
    George Cole; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..then reporting could provide both an early indicator of severe risk and an access point for infant and child mortality prevention and risk reduction...
  33. LATER RETURN TO EARLY CHILD HEALTH
    REBECCA KILBURN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..range of child outcomes including: (1) infant health-birth weight and prematurity; (2) childhood outcomes-child mortality, weight for height, and cognitive measures; and (3) adult outcomes-education, health, occupational status, ..
  34. VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDREN
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  35. Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. and elsewhere. ..
  36. Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
  37. Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.
    Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
  38. ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDS
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  39. MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
  40. HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..S., the commitment of the authorities in Tanzania to HIV research, and the political stability in Tanzania, would make this collaboration a valuable addition to the HPTN. ..
  41. A TRAIL OF MICRONUTRIENTS AND ADVERSE PREGNACY OUTCOMES
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..To examine potential mechanisms of action of the supplements or dietary patterns and intake of individual nutrients, they will assess the following secondary outcomes among women: hemoglobin levels, T cell counts, and placental weight. ..
  42. NUTRITION, IMMUNOLOGY, AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TB
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Partnership on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Research in Tanza*
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The program will be carried out as a collaborative effort between Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania and the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. ..
  44. Trial of Vitamins among Children of HIV-infected Mothers
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will be carried out as a collaborative effort between the Harvard School of Public Health and Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. ..
  45. Trial of Vitamins in HIV Progression and Transmission
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study is a collaborative effort between Harvard School of Public Health and Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. ..
  46. Plainning malaria training in Zambia
    Thomas Eisele; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Tailoring a sustainable program using appropriate technology and a framework of collaboration in support of PMI activities will greatly increase the likelihood of controlling, and perhaps eventually eliminating, malaria in Zambia. ..
  47. Incidence, risk factors, and consequences of neonatal hypothermia in Nepal
    LUKE MULLANY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Examination of alternate cutoffs for defining hypothermia severity may improve design of low-cost technologies for identification and subsequent management of hypothermic infants in the community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Antenatal and preschool iron and zinc use and cognition
    Parul Christian; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Neighborhood and Family Effects on Stress and Health
    Narayan Sastry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF SES DIFFERENCES IN HEALTH
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  51. Socioeconomic and Ethnic Disparities in Adult Health
    Narayan Sastry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..L.A.FANS-2/Adult data will publicly released as quickly as possible once fieldwork is complete, to enable a wide range of researchers to conduct research. ..
  52. co-Trimoxazole in Zambian Infants (TZI)
    CHRISTOPHER GILL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Newborn Antiseptic Washing and Neonatal Mortality-Nepal
    James Tielsch; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The umbilical cord infection trial will require only one year of recruitment to obtain adequate numbers to detect a 20% in infection rates in the treatment groups. ..
  54. Development of the Partner Violence Perpetration Among *
    Jay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This comparison will be vital to determining whether the risk and protective factors identified are relevant to present interventions for men who batter their female partners. ..