Genomes and Genes
Summary: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Publications276 found, 100 shown here
- Detecting influenza epidemics using search engine query dataJeremy Ginsberg
Google Inc, 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, California 94043, USA
Nature 457:1012-4. 2009..This approach may make it possible to use search queries to detect influenza epidemics in areas with a large population of web search users...
- Assessing Google flu trends performance in the United States during the 2009 influenza virus A (H1N1) pandemicSamantha Cook
Google, Inc, New York, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e23610. 2011..In September 2009, an updated United States GFT model was developed using data from the beginning of pH1N1...
- Plasmodium vivax and mixed infections are associated with severe malaria in children: a prospective cohort study from Papua New GuineaBlaise Genton
Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
PLoS Med 5:e127. 2008..A large morbidity surveillance conducted in an area where the four species coexist allowed us to estimate rates of SM among patients infected with one or several species...
- Implications of mortality transition for primary health care in rural South Africa: a population-based surveillance studyStephen M Tollman
MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Lancet 372:893-901. 2008..We investigated the extent and nature of this health transition and considered the implications for primary health care...
- Factors associated with death or hospitalization due to pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in CaliforniaJanice K Louie
California Department of Public Health, 850 Marina Bay Pkwy, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
JAMA 302:1896-902. 2009..Pandemic influenza A(H1N1) emerged rapidly in California in April 2009. Preliminary comparisons with seasonal influenza suggest that pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) disproportionately affects younger ages and causes generally mild disease...
- A space-time permutation scan statistic for disease outbreak detectionMartin Kulldorff
Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Med 2:e59. 2005....
- Cohort Profile: Africa Centre Demographic Information System (ACDIS) and population-based HIV surveyFrank Tanser
Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
Int J Epidemiol 37:956-62. 2008
- The Atlas of human African trypanosomiasis: a contribution to global mapping of neglected tropical diseasesPere P Simarro
World Health Organization, Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, Innovative and Intensified Disease Management, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Int J Health Geogr 9:57. 2010..For this reason WHO launched the HAT Atlas initiative, jointly implemented with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, in the framework of the Programme Against African Trypanosomosis...
- Food-related illness and death in the United StatesP S Mead
Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 5:607-25. 1999..Overall, foodborne diseases appear to cause more illnesses but fewer deaths than previously estimated...
- Adult mortality and antiretroviral treatment roll-out in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South AfricaAbraham J Herbst
Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
Bull World Health Organ 87:754-62. 2009..To investigate trends in adult mortality in a population serviced by a public-sector antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme in rural South Africa using a demographic surveillance system...
- Global capacity for emerging infectious disease detectionEmily H Chan
Division of Health Sciences and Technology, HealthMap, Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Boston, MA 02215, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21701-6. 2010..119 per year, 95% CI (1.025; 1.221)] showed improvement in public communication. These findings provide quantitative historical assessment of timeliness in infectious disease detection and public reporting of outbreaks...
- The outbreak of West Nile virus infection in the New York City area in 1999D Nash
Communicable Disease Program, New York City Department of Health, New York 10013, USA
N Engl J Med 344:1807-14. 2001..The initial epidemiologic and environmental investigations suggested an arboviral cause...
- HealthMap: global infectious disease monitoring through automated classification and visualization of Internet media reportsClark C Freifeld
Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:150-7. 2008..Our objective is to address this challenge through the HealthMap.org Web application, an automated system for querying, filtering, integrating and visualizing unstructured reports on disease outbreaks...
- Decline in invasive pneumococcal disease after the introduction of protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccineCynthia G Whitney
Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
N Engl J Med 348:1737-46. 2003..In early 2000, a protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccine targeting seven pneumococcal serotypes was licensed in the United States for use in young children...
- Using internet searches for influenza surveillancePhilip M Polgreen
Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
Clin Infect Dis 47:1443-8. 2008..001), and similar models predicted an increase in mortality attributable to pneumonia and influenza up to 5 weeks in advance (P < .001). Search-term surveillance may provide an additional tool for disease surveillance...
- Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in MalawiAndreas Jahn
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 371:1603-11. 2008..We aimed to investigate mortality in a population before and after the introduction of free antiretroviral therapy, and therefore to assess the effects of such programmes on survival at the population level...
- Using web search query data to monitor dengue epidemics: a new model for neglected tropical disease surveillanceEmily H Chan
Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1206. 2011..In this study, we aimed to assess whether web search queries are a viable data source for the early detection and monitoring of dengue epidemics...
- Population-based surveillance for hospitalizations associated with respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, and parainfluenza viruses among young childrenMarika K Iwane
National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Pediatrics 113:1758-64. 2004....
- Using the SaTScan method to detect local malaria clusters for guiding malaria control programmesMarlize Coleman
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
Malar J 8:68. 2009..The third season for case cluster identification overlapped with the first season of implementing an outbreak identification and response system in the area...
- Health and demographic surveillance in rural western Kenya: a platform for evaluating interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseasesKubaje Adazu
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya Program, Nairobi, Kenya
Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:1151-8. 2005..9%) and anemia (19.8%) as the most common causes of death in children. These data will provide a basis for generating further research questions, developing targeted interventions, and evaluating their impact...
- Geographic expansion of dengue: the impact of international travelAnnelies Wilder-Smith
Department of Medicine, Travelers Screening and Vaccination Clinic, National University Hospital of Singapore, National University of Singapore, 5, Lower Kent Ridge, Singapore 119074
Med Clin North Am 92:1377-90, x. 2008..Epidemics of dengue, their seasonality, and oscillations over time are reflected by the epidemiology of dengue in travelers. Sentinel surveillance of travelers could augment existing national public health surveillance systems...
- Using Google Trends for influenza surveillance in South ChinaMin Kang
Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, People s Republic of China
PLoS ONE 8:e55205. 2013..Google Flu Trends was developed to estimate influenza activity in many countries; however there is currently no Google Flu Trends or other Internet search data used for influenza surveillance in China...
- HIV prevalence and associated risk factors among individuals aged 13-34 years in Rural Western KenyaPauli N Amornkul
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e6470. 2009..To estimate HIV prevalence and characterize risk factors among young adults in Asembo, rural western Kenya...
- The World Health Organization's global strategy for prevention and assessment of HIV drug resistanceDiane E Bennett
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Antivir Ther 13:1-13. 2008..As of December 2007, 25 countries were planning or implementing the strategy; seven countries report results in this supplement...
- Consensus statement. Global burden of tuberculosis: estimated incidence, prevalence, and mortality by country. WHO Global Surveillance and Monitoring ProjectC Dye
Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
JAMA 282:677-86. 1999..To estimate the risk and prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection and tuberculosis (TB) incidence, prevalence, and mortality, including disease attributable to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), for 212 countries in 1997...
- Google Flu Trends: correlation with emergency department influenza rates and crowding metricsAndrea Freyer Dugas
Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Clin Infect Dis 54:463-9. 2012..This study assesses the temporal correlation of city GFT data to cases of influenza and standard crowding indices from an inner-city emergency department (ED)...
- From malaria control to eradication: The WHO perspectiveKamini Mendis
Global Malaria Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Trop Med Int Health 14:802-9. 2009..The prospects of malaria eradication, therefore, rest heavily on the outcomes of research and development for new and improved tools. Malaria control and elimination are complementary objectives in the global fight against malaria...
- Hypertension prevalence and blood pressure levels in 6 European countries, Canada, and the United StatesKatharina Wolf-Maier
Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Ill 60153, USA
JAMA 289:2363-9. 2003..Geographic variations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors have been recognized worldwide. However, little attention has been directed to potential differences in hypertension between Europe and North America...
- Emerging infectious diseases in southeast Asia: regional challenges to controlRichard J Coker
Communicable Diseases Policy Research Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Lancet 377:599-609. 2011....
- Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006Rendi M Bacon
Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
MMWR Surveill Summ 57:1-9. 2008..Other manifestations of infection can include arthritis, carditis, and neurologic deficits. Lyme disease can be treated successfully with standard antibiotic regimens...
- Surveillance Sans Frontières: Internet-based emerging infectious disease intelligence and the HealthMap projectJohn S Brownstein
Children s Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Med 5:e151. 2008
- Spatial clustering of malaria and associated risk factors during an epidemic in a highland area of western KenyaSimon Brooker
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Trop Med Int Health 9:757-66. 2004..Conditional multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of malaria was higher in children who were underweight, who lived at lower altitudes, and who lived in households where drugs were not kept at home...
- A scandal of invisibility: making everyone count by counting everyonePhilip W Setel
Lancet 370:1569-77. 2007
- Outbreak of poliomyelitis in Hispaniola associated with circulating type 1 vaccine-derived poliovirusOlen Kew
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Science 296:356-9. 2002..The vaccine-derived poliovirus associated with the outbreak had biological properties indistinguishable from those of wild poliovirus...
- Population-based study of event-rate, incidence, case fatality, and mortality for all acute vascular events in all arterial territories (Oxford Vascular Study)P M Rothwell
Stroke Prevention Research Unit, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Lancet 366:1773-83. 2005..In the Oxford Vascular Study, we determined the comparative epidemiology of different acute vascular syndromes, their current burdens, and the potential effect of the ageing population on future rates...
- Population-level reduction in adult mortality after extension of free anti-retroviral therapy provision into rural areas in northern MalawiSian Floyd
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e13499. 2010..It is important to see if the impact changes with time since the start of treatment scale-up, and as treatment moves to smaller clinics...
- Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban KenyaDaniel R Feikin
International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010..In African settings with poor access to health care, surveillance and surveys of disease burden are often done through home visits. The optimal recall period to capture data on symptoms and health utilization is unknown...
- Influenza A viruses of migrating wild aquatic birds in North AmericaScott Krauss
Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 4:177-89. 2004..The viruses reported in this study are available for genomic study to determine whether prediction of host range or pandemic potential is possible...
- Risk factors for delayed initiation of medical care after diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virusLucia V Torian
HIV AIDS Epidemiology and Field Services Program, Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, New York, NY 10013, USA
Arch Intern Med 168:1181-7. 2008..We used routine surveillance data to measure time to initiation of care in New York City residents diagnosed as having HIV by positive Western blot test in 2003...
- First two autochthonous dengue virus infections in metropolitan France, September 2010G La Ruche
French Institute for Public Health Surveillance Institut de Veille Sanitaire, InVS, Saint Maurice, France
Euro Surveill 15:19676. 2010..This local transmission of dengue calls for further enhanced surveillance, active case finding and vector control measures to reduce the spread of the virus and the risk of an epidemic...
- Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in a general populationI Atroshi
Department of Orthopedics, Hässleholm Kristianstad Hospital, Sweden
JAMA 282:153-8. 1999..Although high prevalence rates of CTS in certain occupations have been reported, little is known about its prevalence in the general population...
- Recommendations for surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance in countries scaling up antiretroviral treatmentDiane E Bennett
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Antivir Ther 13:25-36. 2008..Transmitted drug resistant HIV strains will be seen first in cities or health districts where antiretroviral treatment (ART) has been widely available for years. WHO recommends countries begin surveillance in these areas...
- BioCaster: detecting public health rumors with a Web-based text mining systemNigel Collier
National Institute of Informatics, ROIS, PRESTO, Japan
Bioinformatics 24:2940-1. 2008..Evaluation of the system for topic recognition and entity identification is conducted on a gold standard corpus of annotated news articles...
- Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis as a cause of death in patients co-infected with tuberculosis and HIV in a rural area of South AfricaNeel R Gandhi
AIDS Program, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
Lancet 368:1575-80. 2006..We assessed the prevalence and consequences of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis in a rural area in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa...
- Active case finding of tuberculosis: historical perspective and future prospectsJ E Golub
School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 1820 Lancaster St, Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:1183-203. 2005..The report concludes with a discussion and recommendations for future case finding strategies. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of these methods will help inform and shape ACF as a TB control policy in the twenty-first century...
- The impact of distance of residence from a peripheral health facility on pediatric health utilisation in rural western KenyaDaniel R Feikin
Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI, Kisumu, Kenya
Trop Med Int Health 14:54-61. 2009..To explore the impact of distance on utilisation of peripheral health facilities for sick child visits in Asembo, rural western Kenya...
- Clustering of risk behaviors with cigarette consumption: A population-based surveyArnaud Chiolero
Prevention Unit, University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, 17, Rue du Bugnon, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland
Prev Med 42:348-53. 2006..This study assessed clustering of multiple risk behaviors (i.e., low leisure-time physical activity, low fruits/vegetables intake, and high alcohol consumption) with level of cigarette consumption...
- Novel surveillance network for norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks, United StatesEverardo Vega
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 17:1389-95. 2011..4 New Orleans, which first emerged in October 2009. Analysis of the complete capsid and P2 region sequences confirmed that GII.4 New Orleans is distinct from previous GII.4 variants, including GII.4 Minerva (2006b)...
- Spatial epidemiology: current approaches and future challengesPaul Elliott
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Environ Health Perspect 112:998-1006. 2004....
- Best practices in dengue surveillance: a report from the Asia-Pacific and Americas Dengue Prevention BoardsMark E Beatty
Pediatric Dengue Vaccine Initiative, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e890. 2010..Dengue fever is a virus infection that is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito and can cause severe disease especially in children. Dengue fever is a major problem in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world...
- Dynamic patterns of circulating seasonal and pandemic A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza viruses from 2007-2010 in and around Delhi, IndiaShobha Broor
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
PLoS ONE 7:e29129. 2012..Continued surveillance globally will help define regional differences in influenza seasonality, as well as, to determine optimal periods to implement influenza vaccination programs among priority populations...
- The underrecognized burden of influenza in young childrenKatherine A Poehling
Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, USA
N Engl J Med 355:31-40. 2006..The disease burden of influenza infection among children is not well established. We conducted a population-based surveillance of medical visits associated with laboratory-confirmed influenza...
- Outbreak detection through automated surveillance: a review of the determinants of detectionDavid L Buckeridge
McGill Clinical and Health Informatics, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, 1140 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Que, Canada H3A 1A3
J Biomed Inform 40:370-9. 2007..Future evaluations should aim to address inconsistencies in the evidence noted in this review and to identify the potential influence of other factors on outbreak detection...
- Use of unstructured event-based reports for global infectious disease surveillanceMikaela Keller
Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 15:689-95. 2009..Such development would further establish event-based monitoring as an invaluable public health resource that provides critical context and an alternative to traditional indicator-based outbreak reporting...
- Different epidemic curves for severe acute respiratory syndrome reveal similar impacts of control measuresJacco Wallinga
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Am J Epidemiol 160:509-16. 2004..In controlling SARS outbreaks, timely alerts have been essential: Delaying the institution of control measures by 1 week would have nearly tripled the epidemic size and would have increased the expected epidemic duration by 4 weeks...
- Strategy to enhance influenza surveillance worldwideJustin R Ortiz
University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 15:1271-8. 2009....
- Higher temperature and urbanization affect the spatial patterns of dengue fever transmission in subtropical TaiwanPei Chih Wu
Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chang Jung Christian University, 396 Chang Jung Rd, Sec 1, Kway Jen, Tainan 71101, Taiwan, ROC
Sci Total Environ 407:2224-33. 2009..A highly-suggested warmer trend, with a statistical model, across the Taiwan Island is predicted to result in a sizable increase in population and geographical areas at higher risk for dengue fever epidemics...
- Risk factors of infant and child mortality in rural Burkina FasoHeiko Becher
University of Heidelberg, Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Bull World Health Organ 82:265-73. 2004..The aim of the study was to quantify the effect of risk factors for childhood mortality in a typical rural setting in sub-Saharan Africa...
- Surveillance of cardiovascular disease risk factors in India: the need & scopeBela Shah
Division of Non Communicable Diseases, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India
Indian J Med Res 132:634-42. 2010..This review provides the scenario of CVD in India and the need for a surveillance system. By examining similar experiences globally, it outlines the scope of CVD surveillance in India...
- Mortality due to influenza in the United States--an annualized regression approach using multiple-cause mortality dataJonathan Dushoff
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Am J Epidemiol 163:181-7. 2006..The study also uses regional death data to investigate the effects of cold weather on annualized excess deaths...
- WHO analysis of causes of maternal death: a systematic reviewKhalid S Khan
Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
Lancet 367:1066-74. 2006..Evidence-based health policies and programmes aiming to reduce maternal deaths need reliable and valid information. We undertook a systematic review to determine the distribution of causes of maternal deaths...
- Lack of a decline in HIV incidence in a rural community with high HIV prevalence in South Africa, 2003-2007Till Barnighausen
Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:405-9. 2009..It is unlikely that the HIV epidemic in rural South Africa can be reversed without new or intensified efforts to prevent HIV infection...
- Estimation of HIV incidence in the United StatesH Irene Hall
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 300:520-9. 2008..Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States has not been directly measured. New assays that differentiate recent vs long-standing HIV infections allow improved estimation of HIV incidence...
- Population uptake of antiretroviral treatment through primary care in rural South AfricaGraham S Cooke
Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
BMC Public Health 10:585. 2010..We investigated the factors associated with uptake of antiretroviral treatment through a primary healthcare system in rural South Africa...
- Patterns of global tobacco use in young people and implications for future chronic disease burden in adultsC W Warren
Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Lancet 367:749-53. 2006..As part of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), we aimed to assess the effect of tobacco use by young people on global mortality...
- Self-reported body mass index and health-related quality of life: findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance SystemE S Ford
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Obes Res 9:21-31. 2001..To examine the relationship between self-reported body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life in the general adult population in the United STATES:..
- Monitoring influenza activity in the United States: a comparison of traditional surveillance systems with Google Flu TrendsJustin R Ortiz
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e18687. 2011..Google Flu Trends was developed to estimate US influenza-like illness (ILI) rates from internet searches; however ILI does not necessarily correlate with actual influenza virus infections...
- Public health. Public health risk from the avian H5N1 influenza epidemicNeil M Ferguson
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Science 304:968-9. 2004
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus disease in three communitiesScott K Fridkin
Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
N Engl J Med 352:1436-44. 2005..Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection has emerged in patients who do not have the established risk factors. The national burden and clinical effect of this novel presentation of MRSA disease are unclear...
- Revisiting rates of reactivation tuberculosis: a population-based approachC Robert Horsburgh
Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182:420-5. 2010..10 to 0.16 cases per 100 person-years in the 1950s; it has not been measured since...
- Combining Google Earth and GIS mapping technologies in a dengue surveillance system for developing countriesAileen Y Chang
Department of Vector Borne Disease, Nicaraguan Ministry of Health, Managua, Nicaragua
Int J Health Geogr 8:49. 2009..A surveillance system using Google Earth and GIS mapping technologies was developed in Nicaragua as a management tool...
- Evaluation of an Android-based mHealth system for population surveillance in developing countriesZeshan A Rajput
Department of Medical Informatics, Regenstrief Institute, Inc, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
J Am Med Inform Assoc 19:655-9. 2012..This study describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a mobile device-based system to support such services...
- Effect of a fall in malaria transmission on morbidity and mortality in Kilifi, KenyaWendy P O'Meara
Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Kilifi, Kenya Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
Lancet 372:1555-62. 2008..We aimed to assess the epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Kilifi, Kenya, during a period of decreasing transmission intensity...
- Evaluating the InterVA model for determining AIDS mortality from verbal autopsies in the adult population of Addis AbabaBiruk Tensou
Addis Ababa Mortality Surveillance Project, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Trop Med Int Health 15:547-53. 2010..To evaluate the performance of a verbal autopsy (VA) expert algorithm (the InterVA model) for diagnosing AIDS mortality against a reference standard from hospital records that include HIV serostatus information in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
- Risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome following H1N1 influenza vaccination in QuebecPhilippe De Wals
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
JAMA 308:175-81. 2012..In fall 2009 in Quebec, Canada, an immunization campaign was launched against the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic strain, mostly using an AS03 adjuvant vaccine. By the end of the year, 57% of the 7.8 million residents had been vaccinated...
- Prevalence, treatment, and associated disability of mental disorders in four provinces in China during 2001-05: an epidemiological surveyMichael R Phillips
WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention, Beijing Hui Long Guan Hospital, Beijing, China
Lancet 373:2041-53. 2009..We therefore estimated these variables from a series of epidemiological studies that were done in four provinces in China...
- Profile: Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance systemKathleen Kahn
Medical Research Council Wits University Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit, Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Int J Epidemiol 41:988-1001. 2012....
- Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic reviewRebecca Guy
Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Lancet Infect Dis 9:747-59. 2009..This conclusion is highly qualified by the apparent absence of a standardised approach to assay evaluation. There is an urgent need for an internationally agreed framework for evaluating and comparing these tests...
- Excess child mortality after discharge from hospital in Kilifi, Kenya: a retrospective cohort analysisJennifer C Moïsi
KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, PO Box 43640, Nairobi, 00100 Kenya
Bull World Health Organ 89:725-32, 732A. 2011..To explore excess paediatric mortality after discharge from Kilifi District Hospital, Kenya, and its duration and risk factors...
- Exposure to substances in the workplace and new-onset asthma: an international prospective population-based study (ECRHS-II)Manolis Kogevinas
Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Municipal Institute of Medical Research, Barcelona, Spain
Lancet 370:336-41. 2007..We therefore aimed to estimate the relative and attributable risks of new-onset asthma in relation to occupations, work-related exposures, and inhalation accidents...
- Hot spots in a wired world: WHO surveillance of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseasesD L Heymann
World Health Organization, Communicable Disease Programmes, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet Infect Dis 1:345-53. 2001..About 65% of the world's first news about infectious disease events now comes from informal sources, including press reports and the internet...
- Molecular malaria epidemiology: mapping and burden estimates for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2007Steve M Taylor
Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e16420. 2011..We employed new high-throughput molecular testing to characterize the state of malaria control in the DRC and estimate childhood mortality attributable to excess malaria transmission...
- Real-time epidemic monitoring and forecasting of H1N1-2009 using influenza-like illness from general practice and family doctor clinics in SingaporeJimmy Boon Som Ong
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
PLoS ONE 5:e10036. 2010....
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Healthy Days Measures - population tracking of perceived physical and mental health over timeDavid G Moriarty
US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Division of Adult and Community Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Health Qual Life Outcomes 1:37. 2003..for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - with 54 state and territorial health agencies - has supported population surveillance of health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
- The epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal infection and potential vaccine implications: United States, 2000-2004Rosalyn E O'Loughlin
Respiratory Diseases Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Clin Infect Dis 45:853-62. 2007..We report the current epidemiologic characteristics of invasive GAS infections and estimate the potential impact of a multivalent GAS vaccine...
- Dengue and climate change in Australia: predictions for the future should incorporate knowledge from the pastRichard C Russell
University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Med J Aust 190:265-8. 2009....
- Improving the accuracy of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal disease notification rates using data linkageDonna B Mak
Communicable Diseases Control Directorate, Western Australian Department of Health, Perth, Australia
BMC Health Serv Res 8:118. 2008....
- HIV incidence in rural South Africa: comparison of estimates from longitudinal surveillance and cross-sectional cBED assay testingTill Barnighausen
Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
PLoS ONE 3:e3640. 2008....
- Diagnosed and undiagnosed HIV-infected populations in EuropeF F Hamers
Scientific Advice Unit, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
HIV Med 9:6-12. 2008..Observations show how a combination of surveillance data and modelling allows an estimation of the current state of the epidemic in Europe, though further developments in both areas are needed...
- Syndromic surveillance: adapting innovations to developing settingsJean Paul Chretien
Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS Med 5:e72. 2008
- The decline in paediatric malaria admissions on the coast of KenyaEmelda A Okiro
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P, O, Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
Malar J 6:151. 2007..There is only limited information on the health impact of expanded coverage of malaria control and preventative strategies in Africa...
- The prevalence of hypertension and its relationship with obesity: results from a national blood pressure survey in EritreaJ Mufunda
Department of Physiology, Orotta School of Medicine, Asmara, Eritrea
J Hum Hypertens 20:59-65. 2006..02). BMI and age appear to play a synergistic role in creating a strong association with BP...
- Unintentional childhood injury patterns, odds, and outcomes in Kampala City: an analysis of surveillance data from the National Pediatric Emergency UnitMilton Mutto
Pincer Group International Ltd, Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Social Medicine, Sweden
J Inj Violence Res 3:13-8. 2011..We set to determine unintentional childhood injury pattern, odds, and outcomes at the National Paediatric Emergency unit in Kampala city using surveillance data...
- Improvement of maternal Aboriginality in NSW birth dataFenglian Xu
PRERU, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
BMC Med Res Methodol 12:8. 2012..The Indigenous population of Australia was estimated as 2.5% and under-reported. The aim of this study is to improve statistical ascertainment of Aboriginal women giving birth in New South Wales...
- Effect of parent's death on child survival in rural Bangladesh: a cohort studyCarine Ronsmans
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 375:2024-31. 2010..We therefore investigated the effect of the death of the mother or father on the survival of the child up to age 10 years in rural Bangladesh...
- HIV drug resistance early warning indicators in cohorts of individuals starting antiretroviral therapy between 2004 and 2009: World Health Organization global report from 50 countriesDiane E Bennett
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Clin Infect Dis 54:S280-9. 2012..EWIs measure these factors and the results have been used to optimize patient and population treatment outcomes...
- Seroepidemiology of dengue virus infection among adults in SingaporeYik Weng Yew
Communicable Diseases Division, Ministry of Health, Singapore
Ann Acad Med Singapore 38:667-75. 2009....
- Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2009Jesse D Blanton
Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 237:646-57. 2010..The Indiana and Michigan cases were associated with bat rabies virus variants. The human rabies case in Virginia was associated with a canine rabies virus variant acquired during the patient's travel to India...
- The effect of rainfall on the incidence of cholera in BangladeshMasahiro Hashizume
Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Epidemiology 19:103-10. 2008..The incidence of cholera in Bangladesh shows clear seasonality, suggesting that weather factors could play a role in its epidemiology. We estimated the effects of rainfall on the incidence of cholera in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
- Multidrug-resistant Plasmodium vivax associated with severe and fatal malaria: a prospective study in Papua, IndonesiaEmiliana Tjitra
National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
PLoS Med 5:e128. 2008..The aim of the study was to review the spectrum of disease associated with malaria due to Pv and P. falciparum (Pf) in patients presenting to a hospital in Timika, southern Papua, Indonesia...
- Accuracy of ICD-9 coding for Clostridium difficile infections: a retrospective cohortD B Scheurer
Division of General Internal Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Epidemiol Infect 135:1010-3. 2007..diff infection, especially in symptomatic patients whose test results are available at the time of discharge, and can therefore be used as a reasonable alternative to microbiological data for tracking purposes...
Research Grants105 found, 100 shown here
- CORONARY DISEASE MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN A POPULATIONVeronique L Roger; Fiscal Year: 2012..Heart Association and Healthy People 2010 defined goals to improve cardiovascular health, which require population surveillance to assess progress...
- Implementing SCID NBS with Multiplexed Assays in an Integrated Program ApproachAnne Marie Comeau; Fiscal Year: 2010..Conclusions Population surveillance of screened infants and outcome evaluations of treated infants will provide data on technical feasibility,..
- Advancing Physical Activity Measurement Using Pattern Recognition TechniquesPatty S Freedson; Fiscal Year: 2010..relevant to public health will advance the field by further establishing a technique for application in population surveillance research and detection of changes in PA consequent to an intervention...
- Text Processing and Geospatial Uncertainty for Phylogeography of Zoonotic VirusesMatthew Scotch; Fiscal Year: 2013..Thus, this work will provide researchers with a framework for population surveillance using an integrated biomedical informatics approach including NLP, biostatistics, bioinformatics, and ..
- Staging Activity LimitationMargaret Grace Stineman; Fiscal Year: 2013..Severity of disability is often conventionally reported in population surveillance studies by counting the numbers of activity of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) limitations ..
- Reducing Healthcare-Associated Infections using an Infection Control NetworkMarc B Rosenman; Fiscal Year: 2012..is rarely shared between facilities, and recognition is limited to facility-level surveillance;regional population surveillance does not exist...
- Genetics of Anorexia NervosaManfred Fichter; Fiscal Year: 2005..The diagnostic and genetic data and lymphoblastoid cell lines (derived from blood samples) will become part of a national archival resource for genetic studies of AN through the NIMH Genetics Initiative. ..
- Psychiatric Characterization/Mild Cognitive ImpairmentYonas Geda; Fiscal Year: 2008..In summary, the research project and the educational activities of the K award will lay down the foundation for the candidate to become an independent investigator in the gray zone between aging and dementia. ..
- Characteristics and Costs of Impaired Fasting GlucoseGregory Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finally, we will calculate and compare the costs of medical care for patients in each FPG stage, and estimate multivariate models to identify factors that contribute to medical costs in each stage. ..
- Spectrum of Narcolepsy in the Probands FamiliesMAURICE OHAYON; Fiscal Year: 2007..A blood sample (3-5 ml) will be asked also to all participants. This will allow us to link some genetic markers of narcolepsy to specific symptoms even in subjects without the full-fledge manifestation of the disease. ..
- Clinically enhanced multi-purpose administrative dataset for comparative effectivHamisu Salihu; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- PROJECT ALLIFE-EXERCISE AND LEUKEMIA SURVIVORSKevin Oeffinger; Fiscal Year: 2006..This study will represent the first clinical trial aimed at increasing physical activity in leukemia survivors and will advance our understanding of this vulnerable population. ..
- NATURAL HISTORY OF HEPATITIS C INFECTION IN HIV DISEASEC Horsburgh; Fiscal Year: 2003..These studies are expected to improve our understanding of the natural history and pathogenesis of HCV in immunosuppressed hosts. ..
- Back Disorders in Union CarpentersHester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2006..The project addresses a number of areas of expressed interest to NIOSH including construction workers, back disorders, surveillance methods and health services research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effectiveness of patient lift equipmentHester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed work addresses several NIOSH priority areas including health care workers, back injuries, and intervention effectiveness research. ..
- Quantifying the Value of Value-Based PurchasingRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory GroupRonald C Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- The Natural History of Venous Thromboembolism in the ElderlyFrederick A Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will also examine how elderly patients with venous thromboembolism are currently being treated, whether some patients are at risk for inappropriate or under treatment, and the relationship of treatment to future complications. ..
- Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
- SURVEILLANCE METHODS FOR HEALTH CARE AND RELATED WORKERSJohn Dement; Fiscal Year: 2004..Results of the case-based surveillance effort also will have broad application to health care workers. ..
- MENTAL DISORDERS AS RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE DISORDERSRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Genetic Susceptibility to Infection Related CancerIkuko Kato; Fiscal Year: 2005..Secondary aims include to examine histopathological correlates of these polymorphisms and to determine whether selected environmental factors modify the above associations. ..
- GnRH Agonists For Prostate Cancer: Role of the UrologistVahakn Shahinian; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic DiseaseNancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Using light to increase visual and perceptual cues and decrease falls riskMARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Screening for Ovarian Cancer: Psychobehavioral OutcomesMichael Andrykowski; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Host Genetic Factors in the HIV Virus Life-Cycle and HIV Disease ProgressionJairam Lingappa; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Gene-Brain-Behavior Relationships in AutismJoseph Piven; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Spatial Epidemiology of Syphilis and Gonorrhea in North CarolinaWilliam C Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010..Furthermore, we will obtain critical, new information regarding STI epidemiology in southeastern U.S., a region with disproportionate burden of these infections. ..
- Spondyloarthritis 2006; The Unmet NeedsJohn Reveille; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cancer Care and Outcomes for Disabled Medicare PatientsLisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2006..These findings may suggest areas where more attention is needed, such as increasing cancer screening among disabled Medicare recipients or rethinking initial treatment strategies. ..
- A BRIEF ALCOHOL INTERVENTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMENMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2007..If effective, this brief alcohol intervention can be readily integrated into existing programs for incarcerated women who will soon be reintegrating into the community. ..
- NORTHWEST CANCER GENETICS NETWORKDeborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2006..This mix of disciplines is essential to support the infrastructure required to collect crucial data on individuals seeking genetic testing, as well as those with known family histories. ..
- Prevalence, risk factors and consequences of complex M. Tuberculosis infectionsTheodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..The overall goal of this study is to learn more about the natural history of TB and to use this knowledge to improve the health of individuals and their communities. ..
- Pevention of Depression among Mothers of Young Children with Developmental DelayEmily Feinberg; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- INSOMNIA AND DRUG RELAPSE RISKMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our research team is highly experienced in drug research, sleep disorders, and clinical trials in substance abusing populations. ..
- Evaluation of the Control of HIV After a Prison Amnesty in TaiwanKenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] The collaboration is between the Bloomberg School of Public Health of Johns Hopkins University and the Center for Disease Control in Taiwan. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Defining the Clinical Significance of HbA1c Prior to the Onset of DiabetesElizabeth Selvin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- An Evaluation of the Night Restriction and Passenger Limitation Components of GraJames Fell; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Teen Males Reproductive Health Needs & Barriers to CareARIK MARCELL; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Latent Growth Curve Paths to Longevity: The Terman StudyChandra Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Oxidative Stress, DNA Repair & Colorectal Adenoma RiskMichael Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2009..The resulting data will be analyzed using multivariate unconditional logistic regression models. Particular attention will be paid to identification of potential gene- gene, gene-lifestyle, and gene-phenotype interactions. ..
- Molecular approaches for understanding TB dynamicsTheodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008..It is our hope that better analytic techniques will allow for more accurate assessments of treatment and prevention. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genetic Determinants of Subclinical Carotid DiseaseTatjana Rundek; Fiscal Year: 2008..3. To explore a newly developed statistical method to evaluate the overall genetic effects from all candidate genes to obtain "whole-pathway" effects. ..
- Genetic Determinants of the LVH PhenotypeC Charles Gu; Fiscal Year: 2010..This research will result in a clear understanding of HHD and will generate the first database of highly dense SNP genotypes augmented by pathway information for future studies of HTN/HHD-endophenotypes. ..
- Utility of Trans Telephonic Monitoring in the Detection of Silent ArrhythmiasKathleen Hickey; Fiscal Year: 2007..If this study proves successful, a larger trial will be proposed to explore specific clinical variables, EKG characteristics, and treatment strategies to improve clinical care and QoL. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BALTIMORE NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM EVALUATIONSteffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004..In meeting the above specific aims, the proposed study will have an important impact on policies surrounding NEP in the United States and elsewhere. ..
- Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline PilotsJoyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDRENRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Patient-activated Colorectal Cancer Screening in PCPBerta Geller; Fiscal Year: 2005..By the completion of this project we will have tested the intervention and data collection instruments, and collected the data necessary to plan an intervention trial. ..
- ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC STROKE PREDICTORS IN A TRI-ETHNIC COMMMarco Di Tullio; Fiscal Year: 2003..This study will be the first prospective cohort study to evaluate the role of multiple echocardiographic risk factors for ischemic stroke in a community of whites, blacks and Hispanics living in the same area. ..
- A TRIAL TO REDUCE HEPATITIS C AMONG INJECTION DRUG USERSMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- RESEARCH TRAINING IN MEDICAL BEHAVIORAL SCIENCEMichael Andrykowski; Fiscal Year: 2004..Postdoctoral fellows will address each of the same elements with an intensity and emphasis that is tailored to their individual needs and prior experience. ..
- How Access Affects Outcomes of Rehabilitation ServicesLisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2005..The primary outcome of the proposed study will be an assessment of the association of PT and OT, as routinely practiced nationwide and important outcomes of care. ..
- Reduce Transmission Risks & Improve HCV Treatment AccessSteffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATANancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- MAINTAINING HIV RISK REDUCTION AMONG NEEDLE EXCHANGERSMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2004..Our results will have policy implications for needle exchange programs where many IDUs have initiated HIV risk reduction. ..
- Epidemiology of Hep E Virus Infections in BangladeshKenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- EVALUATION OF A STATEWIDE EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT INJURY SULetitia Davis; Fiscal Year: 2002..Findings will be widely disseminated to data providers and users. ..
- ASSORTMENT AND TRANSMISSION OF ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO USEChandra Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Role of non-tuberculous mycobacteria in lung diseaseJason Stout; Fiscal Year: 2006..Our findings will also assist clinicians in predicting which patients with NTM isolated from the respiratory tract will have NTM pulmonary disease. ..
- SMOKING CESSATION TO REDUCE CERVICAL CANCER RISKPaul Greene; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, perceptions about cancer risk and cancer control practices will be assessed to examine relationships with smoking cessation program participation and changes in smoking. ..
- ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF ALTERNATIVE RISK ADJUSTERSLisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005..S. and elsewhere. ..
- MOTIVATING DIETARY CHANGES IN CHURCHESDeborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2001..The primary outcome will be the difference in change in fat scores between intervention and comparison religious organizations. ..
- Barriers to Enrolling the Elderly in Cancer TrialsCary Gross; Fiscal Year: 2004..It is our hope that this work will facilitate the development of targeted and novel approaches to overcoming these barriers. ..
- PREVENTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES IN MEDICAL PRACTICER Rozier; Fiscal Year: 2005..We will do a limited assessment of the cost pe oral health- related quality of life. ..
- MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIVRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
- Noise, Solvents, and Hearing LossPeter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..
- Urban Diabetics: Primary Care and HospitalizationsJessica Robbins; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Core Occupational Health Surveillance in MassachusettsLetitia Davis; Fiscal Year: 2004..MDPH will work with NIOSH State Occupational Surveillance Consortium in developing a final report and set of consensus recommendations regarding core occupational health surveillance activities in the states. ..
- Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY MODELSDavid F Meaney; Fiscal Year: 2010..Using the information of receptor activation, the investigators will develop and test treatment strategies to reduce neuronal death following traumatic brain injury. ..
- A new technology for engineering axonal growthDavid Meaney; Fiscal Year: 2005..Once developed, we use this to propose a series of studies on how a specific cytoskeletal component (neurofilaments) may be a key limiting factor in controlling the growth rate with this technique. ..
- Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
- Dectection of occult mediastinal lymph node mestastasesMichael Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2007..In the R33 component of the grant application these criteria will be prospectively evaluated and correlated with clinical outcome in a second, larger cohort of patients. ..
- Chemoprevention of murine urinary bladder carcinogenesisAshish Kamat; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Longitudinal MRI Study of Brain Development in Fragile XJoseph Piven; Fiscal Year: 2006..Further study of this model system is likely to provide important insights into the pathogenesis and treatment of FRAX and other developmental disorders and abnormalities of behavior and cognition. ..
- Neurobiologic Study of Psychological Distress & DementiaRobert S Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Maternal-Fetal HLA Sharing and Risk of PreeclampsiaAudrey Saftlas; Fiscal Year: 2004..05. The proposed study may be the first to examine the effects of maternal-fetal HLA sharing in an adequately powered epidemiological framework. ..
- The Incidence and Progression of Peripheral Venous DiseaseMichael H Criqui; Fiscal Year: 2010..This application builds on the seminal findings in our prevalence study, and since no such incidence data exist, is original and innovative. ..
- OVERWEIGHT STATUS AFTER CHILDBIRTHLorraine Walker; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Improving Alcohol Consumption Self-Report MeasurementThomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Malt Liquor/Fortified Wine Use and Ethnicity in the U.S.Thomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2003..Last, we will explore spacial relationships between heavy use and alcohol-related victimization in communities as well as existing alcohol policies. Results inform culturally appropriate health messages and policy development. ..
- ANORECTAL MANIFESTATIONS OF FEMALE PELVIC FLOOR DISORDERAdil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Aortic Calcium: epidemiology and progressionMichael Criqui; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Characterizing Affective Instability Using EMATimothy Trull; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Reducing Postpartum Weight Retention Among Low Income, Ethnically Diverse WomenLorraine Walker; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Epidemiology and Mechanisms of Fecal IncontinenceAdil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Ethnic differences in peripheral arterial diseaseMichael Criqui; Fiscal Year: 2004..This is the first attempt to see if these newer risk markers can explain ethnic differences in PAD. Thus, this application is highly innovative and addresses original hypotheses. ..
- Drinking Patterns & Ethnicity: Impact on Mortality RisksThomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2009..Results will inform public health strategies, alcohol policy development, and help disentangle pattern effects on mortality. ..
- FACTORS AFFECTING SURVIVAL OF YOUNG CANCER PATIENTSKathleen Malone; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- OU Developmental Center for Injury Prevention ResearchGary Raskob; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- ISEE 18th Annual Meeting in Conjunction with ISEADaniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..ISEE provides a variety of forums for discussion, critical reviews, collaborations and education issues for environmental exposures and their human health effects. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TRUCKING FIRM CHARACTERISTICS, DRIVER INJURY AND OUTCOMEArthur Oleinick; Fiscal Year: 2003..Predictive value is evaluated by ROC curves, the Bayes Information Criteria or other recommended approaches. ..
- Screening for STDs using home sampling in EstoniaAnneli Uuskula; Fiscal Year: 2007..This information will allow us to identify STD infected individuals, and to develop selective screening criteria to be used in general population studies and screening programs in Estonia. ..
- Risk of Blood Borne Transmission of CJDShimian Zou; Fiscal Year: 2008..Publishanddisseminateresultsof thestudy. ..
- Linking Federal and State Data to Study the Economic Effects of Workplace InjuryLESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- National Alcohol Screening DayKerry Broderick; Fiscal Year: 2004..All patients will be followed and re-assessed at 3 and 6 months using a second centrally managed interactive telephone interview. Data analysis will be performed at the data coordinating center. ..