population surveillance

Summary

Summary: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Detecting influenza epidemics using search engine query data
    Jeremy Ginsberg
    Google Inc, 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, California 94043, USA
    Nature 457:1012-4. 2009
  2. pmc Assessing Google flu trends performance in the United States during the 2009 influenza virus A (H1N1) pandemic
    Samantha Cook
    Google, Inc, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e23610. 2011
  3. pmc Plasmodium vivax and mixed infections are associated with severe malaria in children: a prospective cohort study from Papua New Guinea
    Blaise Genton
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 5:e127. 2008
  4. pmc Implications of mortality transition for primary health care in rural South Africa: a population-based surveillance study
    Stephen M Tollman
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Lancet 372:893-901. 2008
  5. ncbi Factors associated with death or hospitalization due to pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in California
    Janice K Louie
    California Department of Public Health, 850 Marina Bay Pkwy, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
    JAMA 302:1896-902. 2009
  6. pmc A space-time permutation scan statistic for disease outbreak detection
    Martin Kulldorff
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e59. 2005
  7. pmc Cohort Profile: Africa Centre Demographic Information System (ACDIS) and population-based HIV survey
    Frank Tanser
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 37:956-62. 2008
  8. pmc The Atlas of human African trypanosomiasis: a contribution to global mapping of neglected tropical diseases
    Pere P Simarro
    World Health Organization, Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, Innovative and Intensified Disease Management, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Int J Health Geogr 9:57. 2010
  9. pmc Food-related illness and death in the United States
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:607-25. 1999
  10. pmc Adult mortality and antiretroviral treatment roll-out in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Abraham J Herbst
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 87:754-62. 2009

Detail Information

Publications276 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Detecting influenza epidemics using search engine query data
    Jeremy Ginsberg
    Google Inc, 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, California 94043, USA
    Nature 457:1012-4. 2009
    ..This approach may make it possible to use search queries to detect influenza epidemics in areas with a large population of web search users...
  2. pmc Assessing Google flu trends performance in the United States during the 2009 influenza virus A (H1N1) pandemic
    Samantha Cook
    Google, Inc, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e23610. 2011
    ..In September 2009, an updated United States GFT model was developed using data from the beginning of pH1N1...
  3. pmc Plasmodium vivax and mixed infections are associated with severe malaria in children: a prospective cohort study from Papua New Guinea
    Blaise Genton
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 5:e127. 2008
    ..A large morbidity surveillance conducted in an area where the four species coexist allowed us to estimate rates of SM among patients infected with one or several species...
  4. pmc Implications of mortality transition for primary health care in rural South Africa: a population-based surveillance study
    Stephen M Tollman
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Lancet 372:893-901. 2008
    ..We investigated the extent and nature of this health transition and considered the implications for primary health care...
  5. ncbi Factors associated with death or hospitalization due to pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in California
    Janice K Louie
    California Department of Public Health, 850 Marina Bay Pkwy, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
    JAMA 302:1896-902. 2009
    ..Pandemic influenza A(H1N1) emerged rapidly in California in April 2009. Preliminary comparisons with seasonal influenza suggest that pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) disproportionately affects younger ages and causes generally mild disease...
  6. pmc A space-time permutation scan statistic for disease outbreak detection
    Martin Kulldorff
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e59. 2005
    ....
  7. pmc Cohort Profile: Africa Centre Demographic Information System (ACDIS) and population-based HIV survey
    Frank Tanser
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 37:956-62. 2008
  8. pmc The Atlas of human African trypanosomiasis: a contribution to global mapping of neglected tropical diseases
    Pere P Simarro
    World Health Organization, Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, Innovative and Intensified Disease Management, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Int J Health Geogr 9:57. 2010
    ..For this reason WHO launched the HAT Atlas initiative, jointly implemented with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, in the framework of the Programme Against African Trypanosomosis...
  9. pmc Food-related illness and death in the United States
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:607-25. 1999
    ..Overall, foodborne diseases appear to cause more illnesses but fewer deaths than previously estimated...
  10. pmc Adult mortality and antiretroviral treatment roll-out in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Abraham J Herbst
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 87:754-62. 2009
    ..To investigate trends in adult mortality in a population serviced by a public-sector antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme in rural South Africa using a demographic surveillance system...
  11. pmc Global capacity for emerging infectious disease detection
    Emily H Chan
    Division of Health Sciences and Technology, HealthMap, Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21701-6. 2010
    ..119 per year, 95% CI (1.025; 1.221)] showed improvement in public communication. These findings provide quantitative historical assessment of timeliness in infectious disease detection and public reporting of outbreaks...
  12. ncbi The outbreak of West Nile virus infection in the New York City area in 1999
    D Nash
    Communicable Disease Program, New York City Department of Health, New York 10013, USA
    N Engl J Med 344:1807-14. 2001
    ..The initial epidemiologic and environmental investigations suggested an arboviral cause...
  13. pmc HealthMap: global infectious disease monitoring through automated classification and visualization of Internet media reports
    Clark C Freifeld
    Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:150-7. 2008
    ..Our objective is to address this challenge through the HealthMap.org Web application, an automated system for querying, filtering, integrating and visualizing unstructured reports on disease outbreaks...
  14. ncbi Decline in invasive pneumococcal disease after the introduction of protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccine
    Cynthia G Whitney
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:1737-46. 2003
    ..In early 2000, a protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccine targeting seven pneumococcal serotypes was licensed in the United States for use in young children...
  15. ncbi Using internet searches for influenza surveillance
    Philip M Polgreen
    Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 47:1443-8. 2008
    ..001), and similar models predicted an increase in mortality attributable to pneumonia and influenza up to 5 weeks in advance (P < .001). Search-term surveillance may provide an additional tool for disease surveillance...
  16. pmc Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi
    Andreas Jahn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 371:1603-11. 2008
    ..We aimed to investigate mortality in a population before and after the introduction of free antiretroviral therapy, and therefore to assess the effects of such programmes on survival at the population level...
  17. pmc Using web search query data to monitor dengue epidemics: a new model for neglected tropical disease surveillance
    Emily H Chan
    Children s Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1206. 2011
    ..In this study, we aimed to assess whether web search queries are a viable data source for the early detection and monitoring of dengue epidemics...
  18. ncbi Population-based surveillance for hospitalizations associated with respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, and parainfluenza viruses among young children
    Marika K Iwane
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1758-64. 2004
    ....
  19. pmc Using the SaTScan method to detect local malaria clusters for guiding malaria control programmes
    Marlize Coleman
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Malar J 8:68. 2009
    ..The third season for case cluster identification overlapped with the first season of implementing an outbreak identification and response system in the area...
  20. ncbi Health and demographic surveillance in rural western Kenya: a platform for evaluating interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases
    Kubaje Adazu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:1151-8. 2005
    ..9%) and anemia (19.8%) as the most common causes of death in children. These data will provide a basis for generating further research questions, developing targeted interventions, and evaluating their impact...
  21. ncbi Geographic expansion of dengue: the impact of international travel
    Annelies Wilder-Smith
    Department of Medicine, Travelers Screening and Vaccination Clinic, National University Hospital of Singapore, National University of Singapore, 5, Lower Kent Ridge, Singapore 119074
    Med Clin North Am 92:1377-90, x. 2008
    ..Epidemics of dengue, their seasonality, and oscillations over time are reflected by the epidemiology of dengue in travelers. Sentinel surveillance of travelers could augment existing national public health surveillance systems...
  22. pmc Using Google Trends for influenza surveillance in South China
    Min Kang
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 8:e55205. 2013
    ..Google Flu Trends was developed to estimate influenza activity in many countries; however there is currently no Google Flu Trends or other Internet search data used for influenza surveillance in China...
  23. pmc HIV prevalence and associated risk factors among individuals aged 13-34 years in Rural Western Kenya
    Pauli N Amornkul
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e6470. 2009
    ..To estimate HIV prevalence and characterize risk factors among young adults in Asembo, rural western Kenya...
  24. ncbi The World Health Organization's global strategy for prevention and assessment of HIV drug resistance
    Diane E Bennett
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Antivir Ther 13:1-13. 2008
    ..As of December 2007, 25 countries were planning or implementing the strategy; seven countries report results in this supplement...
  25. ncbi Consensus statement. Global burden of tuberculosis: estimated incidence, prevalence, and mortality by country. WHO Global Surveillance and Monitoring Project
    C Dye
    Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    JAMA 282:677-86. 1999
    ..To estimate the risk and prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection and tuberculosis (TB) incidence, prevalence, and mortality, including disease attributable to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), for 212 countries in 1997...
  26. pmc Google Flu Trends: correlation with emergency department influenza rates and crowding metrics
    Andrea Freyer Dugas
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:463-9. 2012
    ..This study assesses the temporal correlation of city GFT data to cases of influenza and standard crowding indices from an inner-city emergency department (ED)...
  27. ncbi From malaria control to eradication: The WHO perspective
    Kamini Mendis
    Global Malaria Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 14:802-9. 2009
    ..The prospects of malaria eradication, therefore, rest heavily on the outcomes of research and development for new and improved tools. Malaria control and elimination are complementary objectives in the global fight against malaria...
  28. ncbi Hypertension prevalence and blood pressure levels in 6 European countries, Canada, and the United States
    Katharina Wolf-Maier
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Ill 60153, USA
    JAMA 289:2363-9. 2003
    ..Geographic variations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors have been recognized worldwide. However, little attention has been directed to potential differences in hypertension between Europe and North America...
  29. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases in southeast Asia: regional challenges to control
    Richard J Coker
    Communicable Diseases Policy Research Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Lancet 377:599-609. 2011
    ....
  30. ncbi Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
    Rendi M Bacon
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 57:1-9. 2008
    ..Other manifestations of infection can include arthritis, carditis, and neurologic deficits. Lyme disease can be treated successfully with standard antibiotic regimens...
  31. pmc Surveillance Sans Frontières: Internet-based emerging infectious disease intelligence and the HealthMap project
    John S Brownstein
    Children s Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e151. 2008
  32. ncbi Spatial clustering of malaria and associated risk factors during an epidemic in a highland area of western Kenya
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 9:757-66. 2004
    ..Conditional multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of malaria was higher in children who were underweight, who lived at lower altitudes, and who lived in households where drugs were not kept at home...
  33. ncbi A scandal of invisibility: making everyone count by counting everyone
    Philip W Setel
    Lancet 370:1569-77. 2007
  34. ncbi Outbreak of poliomyelitis in Hispaniola associated with circulating type 1 vaccine-derived poliovirus
    Olen Kew
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Science 296:356-9. 2002
    ..The vaccine-derived poliovirus associated with the outbreak had biological properties indistinguishable from those of wild poliovirus...
  35. ncbi Population-based study of event-rate, incidence, case fatality, and mortality for all acute vascular events in all arterial territories (Oxford Vascular Study)
    P M Rothwell
    Stroke Prevention Research Unit, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 366:1773-83. 2005
    ..In the Oxford Vascular Study, we determined the comparative epidemiology of different acute vascular syndromes, their current burdens, and the potential effect of the ageing population on future rates...
  36. pmc Population-level reduction in adult mortality after extension of free anti-retroviral therapy provision into rural areas in northern Malawi
    Sian Floyd
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e13499. 2010
    ..It is important to see if the impact changes with time since the start of treatment scale-up, and as treatment moves to smaller clinics...
  37. pmc Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010
    ..In African settings with poor access to health care, surveillance and surveys of disease burden are often done through home visits. The optimal recall period to capture data on symptoms and health utilization is unknown...
  38. ncbi Influenza A viruses of migrating wild aquatic birds in North America
    Scott Krauss
    Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 4:177-89. 2004
    ..The viruses reported in this study are available for genomic study to determine whether prediction of host range or pandemic potential is possible...
  39. ncbi Risk factors for delayed initiation of medical care after diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus
    Lucia V Torian
    HIV AIDS Epidemiology and Field Services Program, Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1181-7. 2008
    ..We used routine surveillance data to measure time to initiation of care in New York City residents diagnosed as having HIV by positive Western blot test in 2003...
  40. ncbi First two autochthonous dengue virus infections in metropolitan France, September 2010
    G La Ruche
    French Institute for Public Health Surveillance Institut de Veille Sanitaire, InVS, Saint Maurice, France
    Euro Surveill 15:19676. 2010
    ..This local transmission of dengue calls for further enhanced surveillance, active case finding and vector control measures to reduce the spread of the virus and the risk of an epidemic...
  41. ncbi Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in a general population
    I Atroshi
    Department of Orthopedics, Hässleholm Kristianstad Hospital, Sweden
    JAMA 282:153-8. 1999
    ..Although high prevalence rates of CTS in certain occupations have been reported, little is known about its prevalence in the general population...
  42. ncbi Recommendations for surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance in countries scaling up antiretroviral treatment
    Diane E Bennett
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Antivir Ther 13:25-36. 2008
    ..Transmitted drug resistant HIV strains will be seen first in cities or health districts where antiretroviral treatment (ART) has been widely available for years. WHO recommends countries begin surveillance in these areas...
  43. pmc BioCaster: detecting public health rumors with a Web-based text mining system
    Nigel Collier
    National Institute of Informatics, ROIS, PRESTO, Japan
    Bioinformatics 24:2940-1. 2008
    ..Evaluation of the system for topic recognition and entity identification is conducted on a gold standard corpus of annotated news articles...
  44. ncbi Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis as a cause of death in patients co-infected with tuberculosis and HIV in a rural area of South Africa
    Neel R Gandhi
    AIDS Program, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Lancet 368:1575-80. 2006
    ..We assessed the prevalence and consequences of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis in a rural area in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa...
  45. ncbi Active case finding of tuberculosis: historical perspective and future prospects
    J E Golub
    School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 1820 Lancaster St, Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:1183-203. 2005
    ..The report concludes with a discussion and recommendations for future case finding strategies. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of these methods will help inform and shape ACF as a TB control policy in the twenty-first century...
  46. ncbi The impact of distance of residence from a peripheral health facility on pediatric health utilisation in rural western Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI, Kisumu, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 14:54-61. 2009
    ..To explore the impact of distance on utilisation of peripheral health facilities for sick child visits in Asembo, rural western Kenya...
  47. ncbi Clustering of risk behaviors with cigarette consumption: A population-based survey
    Arnaud Chiolero
    Prevention Unit, University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, 17, Rue du Bugnon, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Prev Med 42:348-53. 2006
    ..This study assessed clustering of multiple risk behaviors (i.e., low leisure-time physical activity, low fruits/vegetables intake, and high alcohol consumption) with level of cigarette consumption...
  48. pmc Novel surveillance network for norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks, United States
    Everardo Vega
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1389-95. 2011
    ..4 New Orleans, which first emerged in October 2009. Analysis of the complete capsid and P2 region sequences confirmed that GII.4 New Orleans is distinct from previous GII.4 variants, including GII.4 Minerva (2006b)...
  49. pmc Spatial epidemiology: current approaches and future challenges
    Paul Elliott
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 112:998-1006. 2004
    ....
  50. pmc Best practices in dengue surveillance: a report from the Asia-Pacific and Americas Dengue Prevention Boards
    Mark E Beatty
    Pediatric Dengue Vaccine Initiative, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e890. 2010
    ..Dengue fever is a virus infection that is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito and can cause severe disease especially in children. Dengue fever is a major problem in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world...
  51. pmc Dynamic patterns of circulating seasonal and pandemic A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza viruses from 2007-2010 in and around Delhi, India
    Shobha Broor
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
    PLoS ONE 7:e29129. 2012
    ..Continued surveillance globally will help define regional differences in influenza seasonality, as well as, to determine optimal periods to implement influenza vaccination programs among priority populations...
  52. ncbi The underrecognized burden of influenza in young children
    Katherine A Poehling
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:31-40. 2006
    ..The disease burden of influenza infection among children is not well established. We conducted a population-based surveillance of medical visits associated with laboratory-confirmed influenza...
  53. ncbi Outbreak detection through automated surveillance: a review of the determinants of detection
    David L Buckeridge
    McGill Clinical and Health Informatics, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, 1140 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Que, Canada H3A 1A3
    J Biomed Inform 40:370-9. 2007
    ..Future evaluations should aim to address inconsistencies in the evidence noted in this review and to identify the potential influence of other factors on outbreak detection...
  54. pmc Use of unstructured event-based reports for global infectious disease surveillance
    Mikaela Keller
    Harvard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:689-95. 2009
    ..Such development would further establish event-based monitoring as an invaluable public health resource that provides critical context and an alternative to traditional indicator-based outbreak reporting...
  55. ncbi Different epidemic curves for severe acute respiratory syndrome reveal similar impacts of control measures
    Jacco Wallinga
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 160:509-16. 2004
    ..In controlling SARS outbreaks, timely alerts have been essential: Delaying the institution of control measures by 1 week would have nearly tripled the epidemic size and would have increased the expected epidemic duration by 4 weeks...
  56. pmc Strategy to enhance influenza surveillance worldwide
    Justin R Ortiz
    University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1271-8. 2009
    ....
  57. ncbi Higher temperature and urbanization affect the spatial patterns of dengue fever transmission in subtropical Taiwan
    Pei Chih Wu
    Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chang Jung Christian University, 396 Chang Jung Rd, Sec 1, Kway Jen, Tainan 71101, Taiwan, ROC
    Sci Total Environ 407:2224-33. 2009
    ..A highly-suggested warmer trend, with a statistical model, across the Taiwan Island is predicted to result in a sizable increase in population and geographical areas at higher risk for dengue fever epidemics...
  58. pmc Risk factors of infant and child mortality in rural Burkina Faso
    Heiko Becher
    University of Heidelberg, Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Bull World Health Organ 82:265-73. 2004
    ..The aim of the study was to quantify the effect of risk factors for childhood mortality in a typical rural setting in sub-Saharan Africa...
  59. pmc Surveillance of cardiovascular disease risk factors in India: the need & scope
    Bela Shah
    Division of Non Communicable Diseases, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India
    Indian J Med Res 132:634-42. 2010
    ..This review provides the scenario of CVD in India and the need for a surveillance system. By examining similar experiences globally, it outlines the scope of CVD surveillance in India...
  60. ncbi Mortality due to influenza in the United States--an annualized regression approach using multiple-cause mortality data
    Jonathan Dushoff
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:181-7. 2006
    ..The study also uses regional death data to investigate the effects of cold weather on annualized excess deaths...
  61. ncbi WHO analysis of causes of maternal death: a systematic review
    Khalid S Khan
    Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Lancet 367:1066-74. 2006
    ..Evidence-based health policies and programmes aiming to reduce maternal deaths need reliable and valid information. We undertook a systematic review to determine the distribution of causes of maternal deaths...
  62. pmc Lack of a decline in HIV incidence in a rural community with high HIV prevalence in South Africa, 2003-2007
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:405-9. 2009
    ..It is unlikely that the HIV epidemic in rural South Africa can be reversed without new or intensified efforts to prevent HIV infection...
  63. pmc Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States
    H Irene Hall
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 300:520-9. 2008
    ..Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States has not been directly measured. New assays that differentiate recent vs long-standing HIV infections allow improved estimation of HIV incidence...
  64. pmc Population uptake of antiretroviral treatment through primary care in rural South Africa
    Graham S Cooke
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 10:585. 2010
    ..We investigated the factors associated with uptake of antiretroviral treatment through a primary healthcare system in rural South Africa...
  65. ncbi Patterns of global tobacco use in young people and implications for future chronic disease burden in adults
    C W Warren
    Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet 367:749-53. 2006
    ..As part of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), we aimed to assess the effect of tobacco use by young people on global mortality...
  66. ncbi Self-reported body mass index and health-related quality of life: findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
    E S Ford
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obes Res 9:21-31. 2001
    ..To examine the relationship between self-reported body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life in the general adult population in the United STATES:..
  67. pmc Monitoring influenza activity in the United States: a comparison of traditional surveillance systems with Google Flu Trends
    Justin R Ortiz
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e18687. 2011
    ..Google Flu Trends was developed to estimate US influenza-like illness (ILI) rates from internet searches; however ILI does not necessarily correlate with actual influenza virus infections...
  68. ncbi Public health. Public health risk from the avian H5N1 influenza epidemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Science 304:968-9. 2004
  69. ncbi Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus disease in three communities
    Scott K Fridkin
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:1436-44. 2005
    ..Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection has emerged in patients who do not have the established risk factors. The national burden and clinical effect of this novel presentation of MRSA disease are unclear...
  70. pmc Revisiting rates of reactivation tuberculosis: a population-based approach
    C Robert Horsburgh
    Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182:420-5. 2010
    ..10 to 0.16 cases per 100 person-years in the 1950s; it has not been measured since...
  71. pmc Combining Google Earth and GIS mapping technologies in a dengue surveillance system for developing countries
    Aileen Y Chang
    Department of Vector Borne Disease, Nicaraguan Ministry of Health, Managua, Nicaragua
    Int J Health Geogr 8:49. 2009
    ..A surveillance system using Google Earth and GIS mapping technologies was developed in Nicaragua as a management tool...
  72. pmc Evaluation of an Android-based mHealth system for population surveillance in developing countries
    Zeshan A Rajput
    Department of Medical Informatics, Regenstrief Institute, Inc, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 19:655-9. 2012
    ..This study describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a mobile device-based system to support such services...
  73. pmc Effect of a fall in malaria transmission on morbidity and mortality in Kilifi, Kenya
    Wendy P O'Meara
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Kilifi, Kenya Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1555-62. 2008
    ..We aimed to assess the epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Kilifi, Kenya, during a period of decreasing transmission intensity...
  74. pmc Evaluating the InterVA model for determining AIDS mortality from verbal autopsies in the adult population of Addis Ababa
    Biruk Tensou
    Addis Ababa Mortality Surveillance Project, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Trop Med Int Health 15:547-53. 2010
    ..To evaluate the performance of a verbal autopsy (VA) expert algorithm (the InterVA model) for diagnosing AIDS mortality against a reference standard from hospital records that include HIV serostatus information in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
  75. ncbi Risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome following H1N1 influenza vaccination in Quebec
    Philippe De Wals
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 308:175-81. 2012
    ..In fall 2009 in Quebec, Canada, an immunization campaign was launched against the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic strain, mostly using an AS03 adjuvant vaccine. By the end of the year, 57% of the 7.8 million residents had been vaccinated...
  76. ncbi Prevalence, treatment, and associated disability of mental disorders in four provinces in China during 2001-05: an epidemiological survey
    Michael R Phillips
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention, Beijing Hui Long Guan Hospital, Beijing, China
    Lancet 373:2041-53. 2009
    ..We therefore estimated these variables from a series of epidemiological studies that were done in four provinces in China...
  77. pmc Profile: Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance system
    Kathleen Kahn
    Medical Research Council Wits University Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit, Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 41:988-1001. 2012
    ....
  78. ncbi Accuracy of serological assays for detection of recent infection with HIV and estimation of population incidence: a systematic review
    Rebecca Guy
    Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:747-59. 2009
    ..This conclusion is highly qualified by the apparent absence of a standardised approach to assay evaluation. There is an urgent need for an internationally agreed framework for evaluating and comparing these tests...
  79. pmc Excess child mortality after discharge from hospital in Kilifi, Kenya: a retrospective cohort analysis
    Jennifer C Moïsi
    KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, PO Box 43640, Nairobi, 00100 Kenya
    Bull World Health Organ 89:725-32, 732A. 2011
    ..To explore excess paediatric mortality after discharge from Kilifi District Hospital, Kenya, and its duration and risk factors...
  80. ncbi Exposure to substances in the workplace and new-onset asthma: an international prospective population-based study (ECRHS-II)
    Manolis Kogevinas
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Municipal Institute of Medical Research, Barcelona, Spain
    Lancet 370:336-41. 2007
    ..We therefore aimed to estimate the relative and attributable risks of new-onset asthma in relation to occupations, work-related exposures, and inhalation accidents...
  81. ncbi Hot spots in a wired world: WHO surveillance of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases
    D L Heymann
    World Health Organization, Communicable Disease Programmes, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet Infect Dis 1:345-53. 2001
    ..About 65% of the world's first news about infectious disease events now comes from informal sources, including press reports and the internet...
  82. pmc Molecular malaria epidemiology: mapping and burden estimates for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2007
    Steve M Taylor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16420. 2011
    ..We employed new high-throughput molecular testing to characterize the state of malaria control in the DRC and estimate childhood mortality attributable to excess malaria transmission...
  83. pmc Real-time epidemic monitoring and forecasting of H1N1-2009 using influenza-like illness from general practice and family doctor clinics in Singapore
    Jimmy Boon Som Ong
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
    PLoS ONE 5:e10036. 2010
    ....
  84. pmc The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Healthy Days Measures - population tracking of perceived physical and mental health over time
    David G Moriarty
    US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Division of Adult and Community Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 1:37. 2003
    ..for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - with 54 state and territorial health agencies - has supported population surveillance of health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
  85. ncbi The epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal infection and potential vaccine implications: United States, 2000-2004
    Rosalyn E O'Loughlin
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:853-62. 2007
    ..We report the current epidemiologic characteristics of invasive GAS infections and estimate the potential impact of a multivalent GAS vaccine...
  86. ncbi Dengue and climate change in Australia: predictions for the future should incorporate knowledge from the past
    Richard C Russell
    University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 190:265-8. 2009
    ....
  87. pmc Improving the accuracy of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal disease notification rates using data linkage
    Donna B Mak
    Communicable Diseases Control Directorate, Western Australian Department of Health, Perth, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:118. 2008
    ....
  88. pmc HIV incidence in rural South Africa: comparison of estimates from longitudinal surveillance and cross-sectional cBED assay testing
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e3640. 2008
    ....
  89. ncbi Diagnosed and undiagnosed HIV-infected populations in Europe
    F F Hamers
    Scientific Advice Unit, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
    HIV Med 9:6-12. 2008
    ..Observations show how a combination of surveillance data and modelling allows an estimation of the current state of the epidemic in Europe, though further developments in both areas are needed...
  90. pmc Syndromic surveillance: adapting innovations to developing settings
    Jean Paul Chretien
    Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e72. 2008
  91. pmc The decline in paediatric malaria admissions on the coast of Kenya
    Emelda A Okiro
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P, O, Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 6:151. 2007
    ..There is only limited information on the health impact of expanded coverage of malaria control and preventative strategies in Africa...
  92. ncbi The prevalence of hypertension and its relationship with obesity: results from a national blood pressure survey in Eritrea
    J Mufunda
    Department of Physiology, Orotta School of Medicine, Asmara, Eritrea
    J Hum Hypertens 20:59-65. 2006
    ..02). BMI and age appear to play a synergistic role in creating a strong association with BP...
  93. pmc Unintentional childhood injury patterns, odds, and outcomes in Kampala City: an analysis of surveillance data from the National Pediatric Emergency Unit
    Milton Mutto
    Pincer Group International Ltd, Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Social Medicine, Sweden
    J Inj Violence Res 3:13-8. 2011
    ..We set to determine unintentional childhood injury pattern, odds, and outcomes at the National Paediatric Emergency unit in Kampala city using surveillance data...
  94. pmc Improvement of maternal Aboriginality in NSW birth data
    Fenglian Xu
    PRERU, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:8. 2012
    ..The Indigenous population of Australia was estimated as 2.5% and under-reported. The aim of this study is to improve statistical ascertainment of Aboriginal women giving birth in New South Wales...
  95. ncbi Effect of parent's death on child survival in rural Bangladesh: a cohort study
    Carine Ronsmans
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 375:2024-31. 2010
    ..We therefore investigated the effect of the death of the mother or father on the survival of the child up to age 10 years in rural Bangladesh...
  96. pmc HIV drug resistance early warning indicators in cohorts of individuals starting antiretroviral therapy between 2004 and 2009: World Health Organization global report from 50 countries
    Diane E Bennett
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:S280-9. 2012
    ..EWIs measure these factors and the results have been used to optimize patient and population treatment outcomes...
  97. ncbi Seroepidemiology of dengue virus infection among adults in Singapore
    Yik Weng Yew
    Communicable Diseases Division, Ministry of Health, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 38:667-75. 2009
    ....
  98. ncbi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2009
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 237:646-57. 2010
    ..The Indiana and Michigan cases were associated with bat rabies virus variants. The human rabies case in Virginia was associated with a canine rabies virus variant acquired during the patient's travel to India...
  99. ncbi The effect of rainfall on the incidence of cholera in Bangladesh
    Masahiro Hashizume
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 19:103-10. 2008
    ..The incidence of cholera in Bangladesh shows clear seasonality, suggesting that weather factors could play a role in its epidemiology. We estimated the effects of rainfall on the incidence of cholera in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
  100. pmc Multidrug-resistant Plasmodium vivax associated with severe and fatal malaria: a prospective study in Papua, Indonesia
    Emiliana Tjitra
    National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    PLoS Med 5:e128. 2008
    ..The aim of the study was to review the spectrum of disease associated with malaria due to Pv and P. falciparum (Pf) in patients presenting to a hospital in Timika, southern Papua, Indonesia...
  101. pmc Accuracy of ICD-9 coding for Clostridium difficile infections: a retrospective cohort
    D B Scheurer
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 135:1010-3. 2007
    ..diff infection, especially in symptomatic patients whose test results are available at the time of discharge, and can therefore be used as a reasonable alternative to microbiological data for tracking purposes...

Research Grants105 found, 100 shown here

  1. CORONARY DISEASE MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN A POPULATION
    Veronique L Roger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Heart Association and Healthy People 2010 defined goals to improve cardiovascular health, which require population surveillance to assess progress...
  2. Implementing SCID NBS with Multiplexed Assays in an Integrated Program Approach
    Anne Marie Comeau; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Conclusions Population surveillance of screened infants and outcome evaluations of treated infants will provide data on technical feasibility,..
  3. Advancing Physical Activity Measurement Using Pattern Recognition Techniques
    Patty S Freedson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..relevant to public health will advance the field by further establishing a technique for application in population surveillance research and detection of changes in PA consequent to an intervention...
  4. Text Processing and Geospatial Uncertainty for Phylogeography of Zoonotic Viruses
    Matthew Scotch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus, this work will provide researchers with a framework for population surveillance using an integrated biomedical informatics approach including NLP, biostatistics, bioinformatics, and ..
  5. Staging Activity Limitation
    Margaret Grace Stineman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Severity of disability is often conventionally reported in population surveillance studies by counting the numbers of activity of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) limitations ..
  6. Reducing Healthcare-Associated Infections using an Infection Control Network
    Marc B Rosenman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..is rarely shared between facilities, and recognition is limited to facility-level surveillance;regional population surveillance does not exist...
  7. Genetics of Anorexia Nervosa
    Manfred Fichter; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The diagnostic and genetic data and lymphoblastoid cell lines (derived from blood samples) will become part of a national archival resource for genetic studies of AN through the NIMH Genetics Initiative. ..
  8. Psychiatric Characterization/Mild Cognitive Impairment
    Yonas Geda; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In summary, the research project and the educational activities of the K award will lay down the foundation for the candidate to become an independent investigator in the gray zone between aging and dementia. ..
  9. Characteristics and Costs of Impaired Fasting Glucose
    Gregory Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, we will calculate and compare the costs of medical care for patients in each FPG stage, and estimate multivariate models to identify factors that contribute to medical costs in each stage. ..
  10. Spectrum of Narcolepsy in the Probands Families
    MAURICE OHAYON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A blood sample (3-5 ml) will be asked also to all participants. This will allow us to link some genetic markers of narcolepsy to specific symptoms even in subjects without the full-fledge manifestation of the disease. ..
  11. Clinically enhanced multi-purpose administrative dataset for comparative effectiv
    Hamisu Salihu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. PROJECT ALLIFE-EXERCISE AND LEUKEMIA SURVIVORS
    Kevin Oeffinger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will represent the first clinical trial aimed at increasing physical activity in leukemia survivors and will advance our understanding of this vulnerable population. ..
  13. NATURAL HISTORY OF HEPATITIS C INFECTION IN HIV DISEASE
    C Horsburgh; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies are expected to improve our understanding of the natural history and pathogenesis of HCV in immunosuppressed hosts. ..
  14. Back Disorders in Union Carpenters
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project addresses a number of areas of expressed interest to NIOSH including construction workers, back disorders, surveillance methods and health services research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Effectiveness of patient lift equipment
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed work addresses several NIOSH priority areas including health care workers, back injuries, and intervention effectiveness research. ..
  16. Quantifying the Value of Value-Based Purchasing
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group
    Ronald C Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  18. The Natural History of Venous Thromboembolism in the Elderly
    Frederick A Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will also examine how elderly patients with venous thromboembolism are currently being treated, whether some patients are at risk for inappropriate or under treatment, and the relationship of treatment to future complications. ..
  19. Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.
    Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
  20. SURVEILLANCE METHODS FOR HEALTH CARE AND RELATED WORKERS
    John Dement; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results of the case-based surveillance effort also will have broad application to health care workers. ..
  21. MENTAL DISORDERS AS RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE DISORDERS
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  22. Genetic Susceptibility to Infection Related Cancer
    Ikuko Kato; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Secondary aims include to examine histopathological correlates of these polymorphisms and to determine whether selected environmental factors modify the above associations. ..
  23. GnRH Agonists For Prostate Cancer: Role of the Urologist
    Vahakn Shahinian; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  25. Using light to increase visual and perceptual cues and decrease falls risk
    MARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  26. Screening for Ovarian Cancer: Psychobehavioral Outcomes
    Michael Andrykowski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Host Genetic Factors in the HIV Virus Life-Cycle and HIV Disease Progression
    Jairam Lingappa; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Gene-Brain-Behavior Relationships in Autism
    Joseph Piven; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Spatial Epidemiology of Syphilis and Gonorrhea in North Carolina
    William C Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, we will obtain critical, new information regarding STI epidemiology in southeastern U.S., a region with disproportionate burden of these infections. ..
  30. Spondyloarthritis 2006; The Unmet Needs
    John Reveille; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Cancer Care and Outcomes for Disabled Medicare Patients
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These findings may suggest areas where more attention is needed, such as increasing cancer screening among disabled Medicare recipients or rethinking initial treatment strategies. ..
  32. A BRIEF ALCOHOL INTERVENTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If effective, this brief alcohol intervention can be readily integrated into existing programs for incarcerated women who will soon be reintegrating into the community. ..
  33. NORTHWEST CANCER GENETICS NETWORK
    Deborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This mix of disciplines is essential to support the infrastructure required to collect crucial data on individuals seeking genetic testing, as well as those with known family histories. ..
  34. Prevalence, risk factors and consequences of complex M. Tuberculosis infections
    Theodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The overall goal of this study is to learn more about the natural history of TB and to use this knowledge to improve the health of individuals and their communities. ..
  35. Pevention of Depression among Mothers of Young Children with Developmental Delay
    Emily Feinberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  36. INSOMNIA AND DRUG RELAPSE RISK
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our research team is highly experienced in drug research, sleep disorders, and clinical trials in substance abusing populations. ..
  37. Evaluation of the Control of HIV After a Prison Amnesty in Taiwan
    Kenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] The collaboration is between the Bloomberg School of Public Health of Johns Hopkins University and the Center for Disease Control in Taiwan. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Defining the Clinical Significance of HbA1c Prior to the Onset of Diabetes
    Elizabeth Selvin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. An Evaluation of the Night Restriction and Passenger Limitation Components of Gra
    James Fell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Teen Males Reproductive Health Needs & Barriers to Care
    ARIK MARCELL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Latent Growth Curve Paths to Longevity: The Terman Study
    Chandra Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Oxidative Stress, DNA Repair & Colorectal Adenoma Risk
    Michael Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The resulting data will be analyzed using multivariate unconditional logistic regression models. Particular attention will be paid to identification of potential gene- gene, gene-lifestyle, and gene-phenotype interactions. ..
  43. Molecular approaches for understanding TB dynamics
    Theodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is our hope that better analytic techniques will allow for more accurate assessments of treatment and prevention. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Genetic Determinants of Subclinical Carotid Disease
    Tatjana Rundek; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..3. To explore a newly developed statistical method to evaluate the overall genetic effects from all candidate genes to obtain "whole-pathway" effects. ..
  45. Genetic Determinants of the LVH Phenotype
    C Charles Gu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research will result in a clear understanding of HHD and will generate the first database of highly dense SNP genotypes augmented by pathway information for future studies of HTN/HHD-endophenotypes. ..
  46. Utility of Trans Telephonic Monitoring in the Detection of Silent Arrhythmias
    Kathleen Hickey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If this study proves successful, a larger trial will be proposed to explore specific clinical variables, EKG characteristics, and treatment strategies to improve clinical care and QoL. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. BALTIMORE NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM EVALUATION
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In meeting the above specific aims, the proposed study will have an important impact on policies surrounding NEP in the United States and elsewhere. ..
  48. Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline Pilots
    Joyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDREN
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  50. Patient-activated Colorectal Cancer Screening in PCP
    Berta Geller; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..By the completion of this project we will have tested the intervention and data collection instruments, and collected the data necessary to plan an intervention trial. ..
  51. ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC STROKE PREDICTORS IN A TRI-ETHNIC COMM
    Marco Di Tullio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This study will be the first prospective cohort study to evaluate the role of multiple echocardiographic risk factors for ischemic stroke in a community of whites, blacks and Hispanics living in the same area. ..
  52. A TRIAL TO REDUCE HEPATITIS C AMONG INJECTION DRUG USERS
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. RESEARCH TRAINING IN MEDICAL BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE
    Michael Andrykowski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Postdoctoral fellows will address each of the same elements with an intensity and emphasis that is tailored to their individual needs and prior experience. ..
  54. How Access Affects Outcomes of Rehabilitation Services
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The primary outcome of the proposed study will be an assessment of the association of PT and OT, as routinely practiced nationwide and important outcomes of care. ..
  55. Reduce Transmission Risks & Improve HCV Treatment Access
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  56. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  57. MAINTAINING HIV RISK REDUCTION AMONG NEEDLE EXCHANGERS
    Michael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our results will have policy implications for needle exchange programs where many IDUs have initiated HIV risk reduction. ..
  58. Epidemiology of Hep E Virus Infections in Bangladesh
    Kenrad Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. EVALUATION OF A STATEWIDE EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT INJURY SU
    Letitia Davis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Findings will be widely disseminated to data providers and users. ..
  60. ASSORTMENT AND TRANSMISSION OF ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO USE
    Chandra Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Role of non-tuberculous mycobacteria in lung disease
    Jason Stout; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our findings will also assist clinicians in predicting which patients with NTM isolated from the respiratory tract will have NTM pulmonary disease. ..
  62. SMOKING CESSATION TO REDUCE CERVICAL CANCER RISK
    Paul Greene; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, perceptions about cancer risk and cancer control practices will be assessed to examine relationships with smoking cessation program participation and changes in smoking. ..
  63. ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF ALTERNATIVE RISK ADJUSTERS
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. and elsewhere. ..
  65. MOTIVATING DIETARY CHANGES IN CHURCHES
    Deborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The primary outcome will be the difference in change in fat scores between intervention and comparison religious organizations. ..
  66. Barriers to Enrolling the Elderly in Cancer Trials
    Cary Gross; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is our hope that this work will facilitate the development of targeted and novel approaches to overcoming these barriers. ..
  67. PREVENTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES IN MEDICAL PRACTICE
    R Rozier; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will do a limited assessment of the cost pe oral health- related quality of life. ..
  68. MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
  69. Noise, Solvents, and Hearing Loss
    Peter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..
  70. Urban Diabetics: Primary Care and Hospitalizations
    Jessica Robbins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  71. Core Occupational Health Surveillance in Massachusetts
    Letitia Davis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..MDPH will work with NIOSH State Occupational Surveillance Consortium in developing a final report and set of consensus recommendations regarding core occupational health surveillance activities in the states. ..
  72. Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY MODELS
    David F Meaney; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using the information of receptor activation, the investigators will develop and test treatment strategies to reduce neuronal death following traumatic brain injury. ..
  74. A new technology for engineering axonal growth
    David Meaney; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Once developed, we use this to propose a series of studies on how a specific cytoskeletal component (neurofilaments) may be a key limiting factor in controlling the growth rate with this technique. ..
  75. Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
  76. Dectection of occult mediastinal lymph node mestastases
    Michael Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the R33 component of the grant application these criteria will be prospectively evaluated and correlated with clinical outcome in a second, larger cohort of patients. ..
  77. Chemoprevention of murine urinary bladder carcinogenesis
    Ashish Kamat; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  78. Longitudinal MRI Study of Brain Development in Fragile X
    Joseph Piven; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Further study of this model system is likely to provide important insights into the pathogenesis and treatment of FRAX and other developmental disorders and abnormalities of behavior and cognition. ..
  79. Neurobiologic Study of Psychological Distress & Dementia
    Robert S Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  80. Maternal-Fetal HLA Sharing and Risk of Preeclampsia
    Audrey Saftlas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..05. The proposed study may be the first to examine the effects of maternal-fetal HLA sharing in an adequately powered epidemiological framework. ..
  81. The Incidence and Progression of Peripheral Venous Disease
    Michael H Criqui; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application builds on the seminal findings in our prevalence study, and since no such incidence data exist, is original and innovative. ..
  82. OVERWEIGHT STATUS AFTER CHILDBIRTH
    Lorraine Walker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  83. Improving Alcohol Consumption Self-Report Measurement
    Thomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  84. Malt Liquor/Fortified Wine Use and Ethnicity in the U.S.
    Thomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Last, we will explore spacial relationships between heavy use and alcohol-related victimization in communities as well as existing alcohol policies. Results inform culturally appropriate health messages and policy development. ..
  85. ANORECTAL MANIFESTATIONS OF FEMALE PELVIC FLOOR DISORDER
    Adil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  86. Aortic Calcium: epidemiology and progression
    Michael Criqui; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  87. Characterizing Affective Instability Using EMA
    Timothy Trull; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  88. Reducing Postpartum Weight Retention Among Low Income, Ethnically Diverse Women
    Lorraine Walker; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  89. Epidemiology and Mechanisms of Fecal Incontinence
    Adil Bharucha; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  90. Ethnic differences in peripheral arterial disease
    Michael Criqui; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This is the first attempt to see if these newer risk markers can explain ethnic differences in PAD. Thus, this application is highly innovative and addresses original hypotheses. ..
  91. Drinking Patterns & Ethnicity: Impact on Mortality Risks
    Thomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results will inform public health strategies, alcohol policy development, and help disentangle pattern effects on mortality. ..
  92. FACTORS AFFECTING SURVIVAL OF YOUNG CANCER PATIENTS
    Kathleen Malone; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  93. OU Developmental Center for Injury Prevention Research
    Gary Raskob; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  94. ISEE 18th Annual Meeting in Conjunction with ISEA
    Daniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..ISEE provides a variety of forums for discussion, critical reviews, collaborations and education issues for environmental exposures and their human health effects. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  95. TRUCKING FIRM CHARACTERISTICS, DRIVER INJURY AND OUTCOME
    Arthur Oleinick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Predictive value is evaluated by ROC curves, the Bayes Information Criteria or other recommended approaches. ..
  96. Screening for STDs using home sampling in Estonia
    Anneli Uuskula; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This information will allow us to identify STD infected individuals, and to develop selective screening criteria to be used in general population studies and screening programs in Estonia. ..
  97. Risk of Blood Borne Transmission of CJD
    Shimian Zou; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Publishanddisseminateresultsof thestudy. ..
  98. Linking Federal and State Data to Study the Economic Effects of Workplace Injury
    LESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  99. National Alcohol Screening Day
    Kerry Broderick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..All patients will be followed and re-assessed at 3 and 6 months using a second centrally managed interactive telephone interview. Data analysis will be performed at the data coordinating center. ..