Genomes and Genes
Summary: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTs.
Articles from Journal RESEARCH
Articles from Journal RESEARCH1
Publications273 found, 100 shown here
- Why have physical activity levels declined among Chinese adults? Findings from the 1991-2006 China Health and Nutrition SurveysShu Wen Ng
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7411, USA
Soc Sci Med 68:1305-14. 2009..these hypotheses, we used longitudinal data from individuals aged 18-55 in the 1991-2006 China Health and Nutrition Surveys. We find that physical activity declines were strongly associated with greater availability of higher ..
- Increasing BMI and waist circumference and prevalence of obesity among adults with Type 2 diabetes: the National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveysHolly Kramer
Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
J Diabetes Complications 24:368-74. 2010..The aim of this study was to examine trends in average body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and obesity prevalence among adults with and without Type 2 diabetes...
- Association of urinary bisphenol a concentration with heart disease: evidence from NHANES 2003/06David Melzer
Epidemiology and Public Health Group, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e8673. 2010..We aimed to estimate associations between urinary BPA concentrations and health measures in NHANES 2005/06 and in data pooled across collection years...
- Dietary supplement use in the United States, 2003-2006Regan L Bailey
National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements, Bethesda, MD 20892 7517, USA
J Nutr 141:261-6. 2011..Given the widespread use of supplements, data should be included with nutrient intakes from foods to correctly determine total nutrient exposure...
- Folate status assessment history: implications for measurement of biomarkers in NHANESBarry Shane
Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3104, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 94:337S-342S. 2011..Past experience with microbiological and competitive protein binding assays indicates some of the technical problems that research will need to address before this promise becomes reality...
- Exposure of the U.S. population to bisphenol A and 4-tertiary-octylphenol: 2003-2004Antonia M Calafat
Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:39-44. 2008..Bisphenol A (BPA) and 4-tertiary-octylphenol (tOP) are industrial chemicals used in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins (BPA) and nonionic surfactants (tOP). These products are in widespread use in the United States...
- Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyEarl S Ford
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 17, Atlanta, GA 30333
JAMA 287:356-9. 2002..Limited information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the United States, however...
- Waist circumference and not body mass index explains obesity-related health riskIan Janssen
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Canada
Am J Clin Nutr 79:379-84. 2004..The addition of waist circumference (WC) to body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) predicts a greater variance in health risk than does BMI alone; however, whether the reverse is true is not known...
- Association of urinary bisphenol A concentration with medical disorders and laboratory abnormalities in adultsIain A Lang
Epidemiology and Public Health Group, Peninsula Medical School, Barrack Rd, Exeter EX2 5DW, UK
JAMA 300:1303-10. 2008..Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in epoxy resins lining food and beverage containers. Evidence of effects in animals has generated concern over low-level chronic exposures in humans...
- Increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among u.s. AdultsEarl S Ford
Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Diabetes Care 27:2444-9. 2004..The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is high among U.S. adults. Our purpose was to determine whether the prevalence of this syndrome has changed since 1988-1994...
- Prevalence of high body mass index in US children and adolescents, 2007-2008Cynthia L Ogden
National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
JAMA 303:242-9. 2010..The prevalence of high body mass index (BMI) among children and adolescents in the United States appeared to plateau between 1999 and 2006...
- A new equation to estimate glomerular filtration rateAndrew S Levey
Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
Ann Intern Med 150:604-12. 2009..Equations to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are routinely used to assess kidney function. Current equations have limited precision and systematically underestimate measured GFR at higher values...
- Association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and upper respiratory tract infection in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyAdit A Ginde
Emergency Medicine Network, Massachusetts General Hospital, 326 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Arch Intern Med 169:384-90. 2009..We hypothesize that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels are inversely associated with self-reported recent upper RTI (URTI)...
- Urinary levels of seven phthalate metabolites in the U.S. population from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000Manori J Silva
Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Environ Health Perspect 112:331-8. 2004....
- Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the United States, 2005-2008Xinzhi Zhang
Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, NE, Atlanta, GA 30341 3727, USA
JAMA 304:649-56. 2010..The prevalence of diabetes in the United States has increased. People with diabetes are at risk for diabetic retinopathy. No recent national population-based estimate of the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy exists...
- Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United StatesJill Reedy
Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 110:1477-84. 2010..The objective of this research was to identify top dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among 2- to 18-year-olds in the United States...
- Comparative validation of the Block, Willett, and National Cancer Institute food frequency questionnaires : the Eating at America's Table StudyA F Subar
Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
Am J Epidemiol 154:1089-99. 2001..These data show that the DHQ and the Block FFQ are better at estimating absolute intakes than is the Willett FFQ but that, after energy adjustment, all three are more comparable for purposes of assessing diet-disease risk...
- Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000Kathy Radimer
Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
Am J Epidemiol 160:339-49. 2004....
- Full accounting of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the U.S. population in 1988-1994 and 2005-2006Catherine C Cowie
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Diabetes Care 32:287-94. 2009..S. during 2005-2006. We then compared the prevalences of these conditions with those in 1988-1994...
- Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendationsSusan M Krebs-Smith
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Nutr 140:1832-8. 2010..In conclusion, nearly the entire U.S. population consumes a diet that is not on par with recommendations. These findings add another piece to the rather disturbing picture that is emerging of a nation's diet in crisis...
- Accuracy and usefulness of BMI measures based on self-reported weight and height: findings from the NHANES & NHIS 2001-2006Manfred Stommel
College of Nursing, Michigan State University, W 149 Owen Graduate Center, East Lansing, MI 48825 1109, USA
BMC Public Health 9:421. 2009....
- Arsenic exposure and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in US adultsAna Navas-Acien
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W7033B, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
JAMA 300:814-22. 2008..In contrast, arsenobetaine, an organic arsenic compound derived from seafood intake, is considered nontoxic...
- Dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry body composition reference values from NHANESThomas L Kelly
Hologic, Inc, Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS ONE 4:e7038. 2009....
- Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesityKatherine M Flegal
National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
JAMA 293:1861-7. 2005..As the prevalence of obesity increases in the United States, concern over the association of body weight with excess mortality has also increased...
- Nut consumption is associated with decreased health risk factors for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome in U.S. adults: NHANES 1999-2004Carol E O'Neil
Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 30:502-10. 2011..Few recent epidemiologic studies have assessed the effect that nut consumption (including tree nuts and peanuts) has on health risks, including metabolic syndrome (MetS)...
- Accelerometer-determined steps per day in US adultsCatrine Tudor-Locke
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:1384-91. 2009..This accelerometer is known to have a lower sensitivity threshold than accepted pedometers, leading to relatively higher step estimates...
- Vitamin D fortification in the United States and Canada: current status and data needsMona S Calvo
Office of Applied Research and Safety Assessment, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, MD 20910, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 80:1710S-6S. 2004..Recent prospective intervention studies with higher vitamin D concentrations provided evidence of safety and efficacy for fortification of specific foods and use of supplements...
- Prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children, adolescents, and adults, 1999-2002Allison A Hedley
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
JAMA 291:2847-50. 2004..The prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased markedly in the last 2 decades in the United States...
- Bisphenol A data in NHANES suggest longer than expected half-life, substantial nonfood exposure, or bothRichard W Stahlhut
Environmental Health Sciences Center, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA rochester edu
Environ Health Perspect 117:784-9. 2009..If this is correct, BPA levels in fasting individuals should decrease with increased fasting time...
- Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factorsShankuan Zhu
Injury Research Center and Department of Family and Community Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 81:409-15. 2005..However, WC cutoffs for other race-ethnicity groups remain unknown...
- Grains, vegetables, and fish dietary pattern is inversely associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome in South korean adultsJihye Kim
Department of Food and Nutrition, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, South Korea
J Am Diet Assoc 111:1141-9. 2011..Dietary patterns are critical in the prevention and management of chronic diseases...
- Frailty and chronic kidney disease: the Third National Health and Nutrition Evaluation SurveyEmilee R Wilhelm-Leen
Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Am J Med 122:664-71.e2. 2009..Frailty is common in the elderly and in persons with chronic diseases. Few studies have examined the association of frailty with chronic kidney disease...
- NHANES monitoring of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D: a roundtable summaryElizabeth A Yetley
Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Nutr 140:2030S-45S. 2010..The experts noted the preliminary nature of the evidence of the 3-epi-25(OH)D3 but felt that it should be measured in 2007 NHANES and later...
- Validity of self-reported height, weight, and body mass index: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2006Ray M Merrill
Brigham Young University, Department of Health Science, 221 A Richards Bldg, Provo, Utah 84602, USA
Prev Chronic Dis 6:A121. 2009..Our study extends previous studies that have evaluated the level of bias in self-reported height and weight and corresponding body mass index (BMI). Results are evaluated by age, sex, income, race/ethnicity, and BMI classifications...
- Cadmium exposure and hypertension in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)Maria Tellez-Plaza
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Rm W7033B, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:51-6. 2008..Cadmium induces hypertension in animal models. Epidemiologic studies of cadmium exposure and hypertension, however, have been inconsistent...
- Calibration of serum creatinine in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 1988-1994, 1999-2004Elizabeth Selvin
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Am J Kidney Dis 50:918-26. 2007....
- Blood organic mercury and dietary mercury intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 and 2000Kathryn R Mahaffey
Office of Science Coordination and Policy, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U S Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC 20460, USA
Environ Health Perspect 112:562-70. 2004....
- Socioeconomic disparities in metabolic syndrome differ by gender: evidence from NHANES IIIEric B Loucks
Department of Psychiatry and Douglas Hospital Research Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Ann Epidemiol 17:19-26. 2007..The aim of the study is to examine whether socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with metabolic syndrome and whether the association differs by gender and race/ethnicity...
- Prevalence and management of diabetes in Korean adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1998-2005Yong Jun Choi
Department of Internal Medicine, the Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Sungnam, Republic of Korea
Diabetes Care 32:2016-20. 2009..This research investigated recent changes in the prevalence and management status of diabetes among Korean adults...
- Levels and patterns of objectively assessed physical activity--a comparison between Sweden and the United StatesMaria Hagstromer
Department of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
Am J Epidemiol 171:1055-64. 2010..These results provide a framework for international comparisons of physical activity levels and patterns, and they represent strong evidence for the importance of investment in objective measurement of physical activity...
- The distribution of 10-Year risk for coronary heart disease among US adults: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IIIEarl S Ford
Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1791-6. 2004..We sought to establish the distribution of the 10-year risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) among U.S. adults...
- Consumption of 100% fruit juice and risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome: findings from the national health and nutrition examination survey 1999-2004Mark A Pereira
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 29:625-9. 2010..Therefore, our purpose was to study the association between 100% fruit juice intake and risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome in a representative sample of the U.S. population...
- Persistent increase of prevalence of metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults: NHANES III to NHANES 1999-2006Arupendra Mozumdar
Department of Health, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota, USA
Diabetes Care 34:216-9. 2011..To compare the prevalence in metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) between 1988-1994 and 1999-2006 among U.S. adults of different races or ethnicities...
- Reduction in cadmium exposure in the United States population, 1988-2008: the contribution of declining smoking ratesMaria Tellez-Plaza
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W7513D, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA
Environ Health Perspect 120:204-9. 2012..S. adults. However, trends in urine cadmium, a marker of cumulative cadmium exposure, have not been evaluated...
- Circulating unmetabolized folic acid and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate in relation to anemia, macrocytosis, and cognitive test performance in American seniorsMartha Savaria Morris
Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 91:1733-44. 2010..However, clinical consequences of vitamin B-12 deficiency may be worsened by high folic acid intakes, perhaps as a direct result of unmetabolized folic acid, which does not occur naturally in body tissues...
- Biomarkers of vitamin B-12 status in NHANES: a roundtable summaryElizabeth A Yetley
Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7517, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 94:313S-321S. 2011..Reliable measurement procedures are available, and National Institute of Standards and Technology reference materials are available or in development for serum vitamin B-12 and MMA...
- Advances in standardization of laboratory measurement procedures: implications for measuring biomarkers of folate and vitamin B-12 status in NHANESJay L Bock
Department of Pathology, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 94:332S-336S. 2011..This article reviews some basic principles of metrology and describes their recent application to measurements of folate and vitamin B-12...
- Unmetabolized serum folic acid and its relation to folic acid intake from diet and supplements in a nationally representative sample of adults aged > or =60 y in the United StatesRegan L Bailey
Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 92:383-9. 2010..Unmetabolized serum folic acid (UMFA) has been detected in adults. Previous research indicates that high folic acid intakes may be associated with risk of cancer...
- Metabolic syndrome rates in United States adolescents, from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2002Stephen Cook
Division of General Pediatrics and Strong Children s Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York
J Pediatr 152:165-70. 2008..To report the prevalence rates of the metabolic syndrome in a nationally representative sample of adolescents in the United States using 4 previously reported definitions of the syndrome...
- Self-reported and objectively measured activity related to biomarkers using NHANESAudie A Atienza
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7335, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:815-21. 2011..S. adults...
- Contributions of a local health examination survey to the surveillance of chronic and infectious diseases in New York CityR Charon Gwynn
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th St, 13th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
Am J Public Health 99:152-9. 2009..We sought to evaluate the contribution of the New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NYC-HANES) to local public health surveillance...
- Sedentary behavior, physical activity, and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adultsEarl S Ford
Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Obes Res 13:608-14. 2005..We examined the associations among physical activity, sedentary behavior, and metabolic syndrome in a representative sample of U.S. adults...
- Trends in serum lipids and lipoproteins of adults, 1960-2002Margaret D Carroll
National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
JAMA 294:1773-81. 2005....
- Secular trends in dietary intake in the United StatesRonette R Briefel
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, 600 Maryland Ave, S W, Suite 550, Washington, D C 20024 2512, USA
Annu Rev Nutr 24:401-31. 2004..Dietary supplement use increased among adult men and women, decreased among children age 1-5, and was stable for children age 6-11 and adolescents...
- Food nutrition label use is associated with demographic, behavioral, and psychosocial factors and dietary intake among African Americans in North CarolinaJessie A Satia
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 105:392-402; discussion 402-3. 2005..This report describes the prevalence of nutrition label use and its association with demographic, behavioral, and psychological factors and diet among African-American adults...
- Diet quality is associated with higher nutrient intake and self-rated health in mid-aged womenClare E Collins
School of Health Sciences, The University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia
J Am Coll Nutr 27:146-57. 2008..To develop a diet quality score reflecting adherence to national dietary recommendations for the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) and to compare this against energy standardized nutrient intakes and indices of health...
- Factors associated with use of gastric cancer screening services in KoreaYoung Min Kwon
Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Jongro Gu, Seoul, South Korea
World J Gastroenterol 15:3653-9. 2009..To identify the factors associated with participation in gastric cancer screening programs...
- Serum estrogen, but not testosterone, levels differ between black and white men in a nationally representative sample of AmericansSabine Rohrmann
Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:2519-25. 2007..Previous studies comparing hormone levels by race might have been limited by size, restricted age variation, or lack of representation of the general population...
- Association of urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations with body mass index and waist circumference: a cross-sectional study of NHANES data, 1999-2002Elizabeth E Hatch
Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, 715 Albany St, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Environ Health 7:27. 2008..Although diet and activity are key factors in the obesity epidemic, laboratory studies suggest that endocrine disrupting chemicals may also affect obesity...
- Are American children and adolescents of low socioeconomic status at increased risk of obesity? Changes in the association between overweight and family income between 1971 and 2002Youfa Wang
Center for Human Nutrition, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:707-16. 2006..A good understanding of the association between obesity and socioeconomic status (SES) has many important public health and policies implications, particularly for the prevention and management of obesity...
- Nutrient profiles discriminate between foods according to their contribution to nutritionally adequate diets: a validation study using linear programming and the SAIN,LIM systemNicole Darmon
INRA, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1227-36. 2009..The nutrient profile concept implies that it is possible to discriminate between foods according to their contribution to a healthy diet on the basis of their nutrient contents only...
- The trend of mean BMI values of US adults, birth cohorts 1882-1986 indicates that the obesity epidemic began earlier than hitherto thoughtJohn Komlos
Department of Economics, University of Munich, Ludwigstrasse 33 IV, 80539 Munich, Germany
Am J Hum Biol 22:631-8. 2010..The trend in the body mass index (BMI) values of the US population has not been estimated accurately because the time series data are unavailable and the focus has been on calculating period effects...
- Increased portion sizes from energy-dense foods affect total energy intake at eating occasions in US children and adolescents: patterns and trends by age group and sociodemographic characteristics, 1977-2006Carmen Piernas
Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 94:1324-32. 2011..Larger portion sizes of foods and beverages could affect overall energy intake at meals and promote overeating...
- Intake of lutein and zeaxanthin differ with age, sex, and ethnicityElizabeth J Johnson
Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 110:1357-62. 2010..Our findings suggest that the relative intake of lutein and zeaxanthin may be important to age-related macular degeneration risk. Future studies are needed to assess the individual associations of lutein and zeaxanthin in eye health...
- Patterns of beverage use across the lifecycleBarry M Popkin
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, United States
Physiol Behav 100:4-9. 2010....
- A conflict between nutritionally adequate diets and meeting the 2010 dietary guidelines for sodiumMatthieu Maillot
Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Am J Prev Med 42:174-9. 2012..Feasibility studies can help determine whether one nutrient guideline comes into conflict with another. For one half of the U.S. population, the 2010 dietary guidelines for sodium were set at 1500 mg/d...
- Heavy metals and cardiovascular disease: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2006Shikhar Agarwal
Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, OH 44195, USA
Angiology 62:422-9. 2011..High levels of serum cadmium (>0.61 µg/L) were associated with CCVD. The relationship between smoking and CCVD was partially mediated through cadmium. Urinary antimony, cadmium, cobalt, and tungsten may be associated with CCVD...
- Periodontal infection, systemic inflammation, and insulin resistance: results from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004Ryan T Demmer
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Diabetes Care 35:2235-42. 2012..The roles of inflammatory mediation and effect modification were also studied...
- Increased consumption of refined carbohydrates and the epidemic of type 2 diabetes in the United States: an ecologic assessmentLee S Gross
Inter Medic Medical Group, 2630 Bobcat Village Center Road, North Port, FL 34288, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 79:774-9. 2004....
- Have Americans increased their fruit and vegetable intake? The trends between 1988 and 2002Sarah Stark Casagrande
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Am J Prev Med 32:257-63. 2007....
- Racial and ethnic differences in secular trends for childhood BMI, weight, and heightDavid S Freedman
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:301-8. 2006..The prevalence of childhood overweight in the United States has markedly increased over the last 30 years. We examined differences in the secular trends for BMI, weight, and height among white, black, and Mexican-American children...
- Interrelationships of added sugars intake, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity in adults in the United States: National Health Interview Survey, 2005Frances E Thompson
National Cancer Institute Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Applied Research Program, Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, 6130 Executive Blvd, EPN 4095A, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 109:1376-83. 2009..The intake of added sugars in the United States is excessive. Little is known about the predictors of added sugar intake...
- Metabolic syndrome: from global epidemiology to individualized medicineJ A Batsis
Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
Clin Pharmacol Ther 82:509-24. 2007..We outline the existing controversies that surround MetS and discuss the role of lifestyle, pharmacological, surgical, and novel approaches in its management...
- Duration of overweight and metabolic health risk in American men and womenIan Janssen
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, K7L 3N6, Ontario, Canada
Ann Epidemiol 14:585-91. 2004..To investigate the association between overweight duration and metabolic health risk...
- Factors associated with participation in colorectal cancer screening in Korea: the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV)Jun Pyo Myong
Graduate School of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, 505 Banpo dong Seocho gu, Seoul 137 707, Republic of Korea
Int J Colorectal Dis 27:1061-9. 2012..Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify associations between relevant risk factors and the uptake of screening in Korea...
- Patterns of objectively measured physical activity in the United StatesJesse S Metzger
Departments of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:630-8. 2008..We used latent class analysis (LCA) to assess patterns of physical activity among adults, using the 7 d of accelerometer data from the 2003-2004 NHANES...
- Twenty-year changes in the prevalence of overweight in Japanese adults: the National Nutrition Survey 1976-95N Yoshiike
National Institute of Health and Nutrition, Tokyo, Japan
Obes Rev 3:183-90. 2002..A population approach to control obesity and prevent obesity-associated diseases should be mainly focused on men and women older than 40 years of age...
- Prevalence of tuberculosis infection in the United States population: the national health and nutrition examination survey, 1999-2000Diane E Bennett
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:348-55. 2008..The goal for tuberculosis (TB) elimination in the United States is a TB disease incidence of less than 1 per million U.S. population by 2010, which requires that the latent TB infection (LTBI) prevalence be less than 1% and decreasing...
- Leisure-time physical activity dose-response effects on obesity among US adults: results from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyDong Chul Seo
Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, HPER Building 116, 1025 East 7th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405 4801, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 64:426-31. 2010..It is not well established whether total volume of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) has dose-response effects on obesity...
- Meat intake and the risk of hypertension in middle-aged and older womenLu Wang
Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
J Hypertens 26:215-22. 2008....
- Cognitive function, habitual gait speed, and late-life disability in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002Hsu Ko Kuo
Division of Gerontology Research, National Health Research Institutes, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Gerontology 53:102-10. 2007..However, little is known about the combined effect of cognitive function and gait speed on multiple domains of disability as well as about the role of gait speed in the association between cognitive function and late-life disability...
- Subclinical thyroid diseaseDavid S Cooper
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Lancet 379:1142-54. 2012..Large-scale randomised trials are urgently needed to inform how to best care for individuals with subclinical thyroid disease...
- Serum anion gap and blood pressure in the national health and nutrition examination surveyEric N Taylor
Renal Division and Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Hypertension 50:320-4. 2007..73 m(2). The anion gap is independently associated with higher blood pressure. Further research is needed to elucidate the relation between organic acid and hypertension...
- Vitamin D intake and its food sources in TaiwaneseMeei Shyuan Lee
School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:397-407. 2008..Supplement source vitamin D also varied greatly between age and gen-der groups. Elderly women consumed almost 20% of vitamin D from supplements; 16-18 years old boys consumed 2.47% vitamin D from supplements only...
- Heavy metals exposure and hearing loss in US adolescentsJosef Shargorodsky
Channing Laboratory, 181 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 137:1183-9. 2011..Hearing loss is common and, in young persons, can compromise social development and educational achievement. Exposure to heavy metals has been proposed as an important risk factor for hearing loss...
- Urinary bisphenol A and type-2 diabetes in U.S. adults: data from NHANES 2003-2008Monica K Silver
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e26868. 2011..We used a different diagnosis method of T2DM (hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)) with a larger subset of NHANES...
- Vitamin and mineral supplement use by children and adolescents in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: relationship with nutrition, food security, physical activity, and health care accessUlfat Shaikh
University of California Davis School of Medicine, 2516 Stockton Blvd, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:150-7. 2009..To determine if vitamin and mineral supplement use among children and adolescents in the United States is associated with nutrition, food security, physical activity, and health care access...
- Prevalence and correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior among US pregnant womenKelly R Evenson
Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Prev Med 53:39-43. 2011..This study described the prevalence and correlates of objectively-measured physical activity and sedentary behavior among United States pregnant women...
- Renal function, bisphenol A, and alkylphenols: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2003-2006)Li You
Division of Nephrology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Environ Health Perspect 119:527-33. 2011..Urinary excretion of bisphenol A (BPA) and alkylphenols (APs) was used as a biomarker in most previous studies, but no study has investigated whether urinary excretion of these environmental phenols differed by renal function...
- Serum selenium concentrations and hypertension in the US PopulationMartin Laclaustra
Department of Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Madrid, Spain
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2:369-76. 2009..We explored the relationship of serum selenium concentrations with blood pressure and hypertension in a representative sample of the US population...
- Most Australians do not meet recommendations for dairy consumption: findings of a new technique to analyse nutrition surveysJames C Doidge
Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia
Aust N Z J Public Health 36:236-40. 2012..To describe the pattern of dairy consumption in Australians aged 12 years and over, and assess the extent to which the population meets national recommendations...
- Trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the United States, 1988-2000Ihab Hajjar
Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Palmetto Health Richland, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
JAMA 290:199-206. 2003..Prior analyses of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data through 1991 have suggested that hypertension prevalence is declining, but more recent self-reported rates of hypertension suggest that the rate is increasing...
- Status of cardiovascular health in US adults: prevalence estimates from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2003-2008Christina M Shay
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 801 NE 13 Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
Circulation 125:45-56. 2012....
- Measuring the retail food environment in rural and urban North Carolina countiesStephanie B Jilcott
Department of Public Health, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858, USA
J Public Health Manag Pract 16:432-40. 2010..Thus, we examined convergent and criterion validity of 2 retail food environment data sources and then examined differences in predictive validity between 3 ways of measuring the rural and urban food environment...
- Food groups associated with a composite measure of probability of adequate intake of 11 micronutrients in the diets of women in urban MaliGina Kennedy
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands
J Nutr 140:2070S-8S. 2010..5, respectively. These findings can be used to further the development of indicators of dietary diversity and to improve micronutrient intakes of women of reproductive age...
- Milk intake during childhood and adolescence, adult bone density, and osteoporotic fractures in US womenHeidi J Kalkwarf
Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 77:257-65. 2003..Calcium supplements increase bone mass in children, but the effect does not persist once supplementation is discontinued...
- The impact of bisphenol A and triclosan on immune parameters in the U.S. population, NHANES 2003-2006Erin M Rees Clayton
Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, 48109 2029, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:390-6. 2011..Exposure to environmental toxicants is associated with numerous disease outcomes, many of which involve underlying immune and inflammatory dysfunction...
- Body fat percentile curves for U.S. children and adolescentsKelly R Laurson
School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois 61790, USA
Am J Prev Med 41:S87-92. 2011..To date, several studies have been published outlining reference percentiles for BMI in children and adolescents. In contrast, there are limited reference data on percent body fat (%BF) in U.S. youth...
- Trends in blood folate and vitamin B-12 concentrations in the United States, 1988 2004Christine M Pfeiffer
National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 86:718-27. 2007..Monitoring the folate status of US population groups over time has been a public health priority for the past 2 decades, and the focus has been enhanced since the implementation of a folic acid fortification program in the mid-1990s...
- Obesity and depression in US women: results from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutritional Examination SurveyJun Ma
Department of Health Services Research, Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute, Palo Alto, California, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:347-53. 2010..These characteristics may identify specific at-risk subgroups of obese women in which hypothesized causal pathways and effective preventive and therapeutic interventions can be profitably investigated...
- Food group intake and central obesity among children and adolescents in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)M Loring Bradlee
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Public Health Nutr 13:797-805. 2010..To explore mean food group intakes associated with central obesity anthropometry among children and adolescents enrolled in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)...
- Racial Disparities in Diabetes in the US and the UKArch Mainous; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Physical Environment Dynamics, Inequality and ObesityBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will also consider issues related to sample selectivity, within race heterogeneity and acculturation. ..
- Young Adult Environmental and Physical Activity DynamicsBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008..No study heretofore has had large-scale groupings and in-depth environmental measures over time to examine these issues in a dynamic manner. ..
- Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment DynamicsBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
- CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGEBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
- An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITYBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
- Dietary Fiber and Cardiovascular Inflammatory MarkersDana King; Fiscal Year: 2006..This information could serve to guide constructive changes in nutritional guidelines for reducing CVD risk for millions of at-risk individuals. ..
- MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIVRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
- ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDSRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
- VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDRENRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Vitamin B12 Status of Elderly AmericansMARTHA MORRIS; Fiscal Year: 2003..The third aim is to evaluate the usefulness of a serum vitamin B12 cut-off point of 258 pmol/L, either as the sole indicator of vitamin B12 deficiency in the elderly, or in conjunction with anemia or an elevated metabolite level. ..
- Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005..S. and elsewhere. ..
- Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
- Sodium and Cardiovascular Disease in Patients with Chronic Kidney DiseaseJiang He; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Fatty Acids, Angiotensin and Oxidative StressBrent Egan; Fiscal Year: 2004..We believe the information generated by the proposed studies has the potential for elucidating biological mechanisms underlying obesity-associated hypertension and the potential for dietary anti-oxidants to modulate BP. ..
- MEASURING & DOCUMENTING DISPARITIES IN ORAL HEALTH: A PRACTICAL APPROACHLuisa Borrell; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Social Inequalities in Periodontal DiseasesLuisa Borrell; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Spondyloarthritis 2006; The Unmet NeedsJohn Reveille; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Spousal communication and cancer prevention behaviorKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Predictors of Children's Serving Sizes & Mealtime IntakeTheresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2007..Understanding what influences the portion sizes of energy dense foods and FV will provide insight on intervention strategies for decreasing excessive intake of energy dense foods and increasing FV intake early in childhood. ..
- Getting a Head Start on Healthier Eating HabitsTheresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2006..g., role modeling, encouragement, repeated exposure) that would be used to reinforce the impact of the FJV commercials on children's FJV preferences and consumption in an ensuing R01 grant. ..
- The Effects of Community Social and Built Environment on Physical ActivityMing Wen; Fiscal Year: 2007..the community level?; and 5) How are the above relationships sensitive to geographic aggregation levels of community? What are the most appropriate aggregation levels relevant to physical activity? [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Trends in food consumption patterns of AmericansASHIMA KANT; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Ubiquitous computing for the measurement of physical activityGlen Duncan; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Intergenerational Resemblances in Eating: the CSFIISibylle Kranz; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Trends in socioeconomic position and diet relationshipASHIMA KANT; Fiscal Year: 2005..The proposed study will thus contribute to progress towards the stated goals of Healthy People 2010 and the National Cancer Institute. ..
- The CIA (Children in Action) ProgramTheresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Understanding Disparities in Obesity and its Comorbidities in the USYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. using an interdisciplinary approach. ..
- Food Preferences of Ethnic Minority PreschoolersTheresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- FAMILY STUDIES OF THE GENETICS OF ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITISJohn Reveille; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Relation of diet quality with mortalityASHIMA KANT; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Dietary pattern indexes: relation with CVD risk factorsASHIMA KANT; Fiscal Year: 2003..We will use dietary, anthropometric, biochemical, and health data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994 (>15,000), to address these issues. ..
- Obesity Prevention in African American SchoolchildrenYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004..If the intervention proves effective, a full-scale study will be developed. Findings from this study will provide insights into the prevention of obesity among Iow-SES and minority students. ..
- Understanding Change in Physical Activity PostpartumKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
- Defining the Clinical Significance of HbA1c Prior to the Onset of DiabetesElizabeth Selvin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Kinetics of Human Homocysteine MetabolismGlen Duncan; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., exercise training and pharmacotherapy) on diabetes prevention and therapy. ..
- Using Social Risk to Guide Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Preventive TreatmentKevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2009..Implementation of such a global risk tool could ultimately help justify implementation of more intensive behavioral interventions focusing on diet, exercise, smoking cessation and medication adherence for those at highest social risk. ..
- Effects of Standardized Aerobic Exercise-Training on Neurocognitive and NeurodegeThomas O Obisesan; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Family Based Obesity Prevention in Latino FamiliesMarian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2008..The preschool years are a crucial time to intervene if we are to effectively impact public health. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Obestiy Reduction Black Intervention Trial (ORBIT)Marian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2008..The theoretical rationale for the aims, development of the interventions, and methodology are based on Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). ..
- The Effect of Lead Exposure on Reproductive Senescence in Premenopausal WomenLeila Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Bone-Sparing by Ca Salts With & Without Extra PhosphorusRobert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2008..1 Description, ..
- Race and Health Outcomes Associated with ObesityChristina Wee; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our findings could also guide the setting of public health priorities and the targeting of specific initiatives to reduce racial disparities in healthcare and mortality. ..
- Incident cancer studies in a unique arsenic-exposed area of ChileCraig M Steinmaus; Fiscal Year: 2010..Information on early-life exposure, MMA3, diet, and the future genetic and proteomic studies we will plan as part of this project could add further insight into the important co-factors and mechanisms of environmental carcinogenesis. ..
- Occupational Exposure to Chlorinated Solvents and Cardiovascular MalformationsLeila Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Role of depression and anxiety in the tobacco epidemicRenee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2008..Use of the NESARC offers a unique opportunity to analyze a large, longitudinal, epidemiologic dataset. ..
- Preschool Based Obesity Prevention Effectiveness TrialMarian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed research will allow us to address critical gaps in our knowledge concerning how to implement interventions from more experimental studies to more "real world" settings serving minority and disadvantaged populations. ..
- Development of a tool to measure food availability in the homeJune Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2007..By accurately measuring what foods are in the home, we can learn how food availability influences diet. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- IMPACT OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY AND GROWTH ON MORTALITYAviva Must; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- PREVENTION OF OVERWEIGHT IN PRESCHOOL MINORITY CHILDRENMarian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2002..These changes will be seen following the intervention and at 12 and 24 months later. ..
- BONY EFFECTS OF TRANSIENT NONSKELETAL ILLNESSRobert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- MEASUREMENT ERROR, NUTRITION AND BREAST/COLON CANCERRaymond Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2004..An important application of this extension will be to nonparametric calibration in dietary intake studies. ..
- BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION OF SES DIFFERENCES IN HEALTHTeresa Seeman; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Randomized Control Trial of Mifepristone for FibroidsKevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004..The study may also offer valuable insight into a mechanism by which mifepristone reduces fibroid size. ..
- Do Reporting Biases Mitigate Disparity Estimates?Kevin Fiscella; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Obesity in early and middle adulthood and retirementJune Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2004..support researchers interested in undertaking secondary data analyses of data related to ... behavioral research on aging" and "... determinants of retirement .... " ..
- Int'l Society for Trace Elements Research in HumansHarold Sandstead; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- The Association between obesity, central adiposity and endocrine disruptorsELIZABETH HATCH; Fiscal Year: 2007..Nevertheless, it may provide important clues for future, epidemiologic studies of the effect of these environmental contaminants on the risk of obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A comprehensive smoking index to model smoking historyThomas Dietrich; Fiscal Year: 2006..Significance: The CSI may be an efficient way to capture different characteristics of smoking in a single variable to model smoking history in epidemiologic models of chronic disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Pilot Study Of Internet Recruitment and follow-up among Reproductive Age WomenELIZABETH HATCH; Fiscal Year: 2007..If successful, we envision this study to be the first of more elaborate studies that employ the internet to enroll cohort members into long-term follow-up studies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Comorbid childhood anxiety and asthmaRenee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2006..That study will involve a longitudinal epidemiologic preventive intervention study aimed at reducing the risk of anxiety disorders among pediatric asthma/allergy patients. ..
- Weight Maintenance among Youth and Middle-Aged WomenAlison Field; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Weight Control and Weight Change Among AdolescentAlison Field; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Causal Models of Segregation and HealthBrian Finch; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Under the Skin: Understanding the Role of Stress and Immune Function in Health DiJENNIFER DOWD; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will test whether these immune and infection markers are related to psychosocial and economic stressors and whether they mediate the relationship between SES and health outcomes including mortality. ..
- CHOLESTEROL REDUCTION EFFECTS ON BEHAVIORMatthew Muldoon; Fiscal Year: 2001..The use of two treatment intensities will permit examination of the dose-response relationship between the degree of cholesterol lowering and cognitive performance. ..
- INNOVATIVE NUTRITION COMMUNICATION FOR LATINOSJohn Elder; Fiscal Year: 2002..Aggresive cohort maintenance strategies (used extensively in the past by our research team) and incentives are expected to help retain 85% of the study group over time. ..
- HEALTH PROMOTION THROUGH BLACK CHURCHESKen Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2004..Recruitment and retention of participants will be maximized by several strategies including incentives for each church, and the use of church liaisons to assist in participant recruitment and tracking. ..
- Measurement of folate in fortified cereal grain productsJacob Selhub; Fiscal Year: 2003..In order to assess the impact of folic acid fortification, it is necessary to have valid data on the actual synthetic folic acid content of fortified foods. ..
- Multivariate CART for survival with dental applicaionsMartha Nunn; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Obesity Prevention in Latino Home and Community Environ*John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2006..Moderator variables will include acculturation, socioeconomic status and GIS measures in the community. ..
- Health Concordance in Older Mexican American CouplesMARY PEEK; Fiscal Year: 2005..Structural equation modeling will be used for model estimation on three waves of data (1993-94 -1998/9.) ..