Genomes and Genes
Summary: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
Publications317 found, 100 shown here
- The cortical organization of speech processingGregory Hickok
Department of Cognitive Sciences and The Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 5100, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 8:393-402. 2007....
- Brain mechanisms linking language and actionFriedemann Pulvermüller
Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 6:576-82. 2005..for example, 'lick', 'pick' and 'kick'): does the comprehension of these words specifically, rapidly and automatically activate the motor system in a somatotopic manner, and does their comprehension rely on activity in the action system?..
- Activation of sensory-motor areas in sentence comprehensionRUTVIK H DESAI
Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Cereb Cortex 20:468-78. 2010..The results support the view that linguistic understanding of actions partly involves imagery or simulation of actions, and relies on some of the same neural substrate used for planning, performing, and perceiving actions...
- The search for the phonological store: from loop to convolutionBradley R Buchsbaum
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 20:762-78. 2008....
- DRC: a dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloudM Coltheart
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Psychol Rev 108:204-56. 2001..The authors conclude that the DRC model is the most successful of the existing computational models of reading...
- The neural correlates of verbal and nonverbal semantic processing deficits in neurodegenerative diseaseChristopher R Butler
Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Cogn Behav Neurol 22:73-80. 2009..To investigate the neural correlates of verbal and nonverbal semantic processing in neurodegenerative disease...
- Neural characteristics of successful and less successful speech and word learning in adultsPatrick C M Wong
The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University Institute for Neuroscience, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 28:995-1006. 2007..These results demonstrate an association between range of neural changes and degrees of language learning, specifically implicating the physiologic contribution of the left dorsal auditory cortex in learning success...
- Quantitative evidence for distinct cognitive impairment in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosaKonstantine K Zakzanis
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Canada
J Neuropsychol 4:89-106. 2010..Implications of these findings with respects to future research are discussed...
- Socio-economic status of the patient and doctor-patient communication: does it make a difference?S Willems
Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, UZ 1K3, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
Patient Educ Couns 56:139-46. 2005..A more effective communication could be established by both doctors and patients through doctors' awareness of the contextual communicative differences and empowering patients to express concerns and preferences...
- The role of the supplementary motor area (SMA) in word productionF Xavier Alario
Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, CNRS and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
Brain Res 1076:129-43. 2006..A parallel organization was observed in the dorsolateral frontal cortex. By refining its anatomical and functional parcellation, these results clarify the roles of the SMA in speech production...
- Mental representations of action: the neural correlates of the verbal and motor componentsPatrice Peran
Department of Radiology, IRCCS Foundation Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy
Brain Res 1328:89-103. 2010....
- Action verbs and the primary motor cortex: a comparative TMS study of silent reading, frequency judgments, and motor imageryBarbara Tomasino
Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neuroscience and Biophysics Department of Medicine INB 3, Research Centre Juelich, Germany
Neuropsychologia 46:1915-26. 2008..This task-dependent effect of hand motor cortex TMS on the processing of hand-related action verbs is discussed with respect to the notion of embodied cognition and the associationist theory...
- Role of left inferior prefrontal cortex in retrieval of semantic knowledge: a reevaluationS L Thompson-Schill
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:14792-7. 1997..Our findings suggest that it is selection, not retrieval, of semantic knowledge that drives activity in the left IFG...
- Hippocampal activation correlates with visual confrontation naming: fMRI findings in controls and patients with temporal lobe epilepsySilvia B Bonelli
Epilepsy Society MRI Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Epilepsy Res 95:246-54. 2011..We investigated the integrity of language networks with functional MRI (fMRI) in controls and TLE patients...
- The role of semantics and grammatical class in the neural representation of wordsGabriella Vigliocco
Department of Psychology, University College London, UK
Cereb Cortex 16:1790-6. 2006....
- Functional MRI of language: new approaches to understanding the cortical organization of semantic processingSusan Bookheimer
Brain Mapping Center, UCLA School of Medicine, 90095, USA
Annu Rev Neurosci 25:151-88. 2002..Together, these lines of research broaden our understanding of how the brain stores, retrieves, and makes sense of semantic information, and they challenge some commonly held notions of functional modularity in the language system...
- Overt propositional speech in chronic nonfluent aphasia studied with the dynamic susceptibility contrast fMRI methodMargaret A Naeser
Harold Goodglass Aphasia Research Center and Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine and VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
Neuroimage 22:29-41. 2004....
- Use of preoperative functional MRI to predict verbal memory decline after temporal lobe epilepsy surgeryJeffrey R Binder
Department of Neurology, Compreshensive Epilepsy Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
Epilepsia 49:1377-94. 2008..The goal of this study was to determine whether preoperative language mapping using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is useful for predicting which patients are likely to experience verbal memory decline after L-ATL...
- Misattribution of speech and impaired connectivity in patients with auditory verbal hallucinationsAndrea Mechelli
Division of Psychological Medicine, Section of Neuroimaging, King s College London, London, SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
Hum Brain Mapp 28:1213-22. 2007..Although this finding is based on external rather than internal speech, the same mechanism may contribute to the faulty appraisal of inner speech that putatively underlies AVH...
- Neural dissociations between action verb understanding and motor imageryRoel M Willems
Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 22:2387-400. 2010....
- How specifically are action verbs represented in the neural motor system: an fMRI studyWessel O van Dam
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 53:1318-25. 2010..These findings contribute to the growing body of research on embodied language representations by showing that the concreteness of an action-semantic feature is reflected in the neural response to action verbs...
- Verbal fluency performance in dementia of the Alzheimer's type: a meta-analysisJulie D Henry
School of Psychology, King s College, University of Aberdeen, AB24 3HN Scotland, UK
Neuropsychologia 42:1212-22. 2004..Dementia severity was not significantly related to the relative magnitude of deficits upon phonemic and semantic fluency...
- Verbal fluency deficits in Parkinson's disease: a meta-analysisJulie D Henry
School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Scotland
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10:608-22. 2004..However, patients with dementia of the Alzheimer's type and demented PD patients can be differentiated from one another by the relative magnitude of deficits upon these two measures...
- From manual gesture to speech: a gradual transitionMaurizio Gentilucci
Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma I 43100, Italy
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 30:949-60. 2006..The final stage at which speech became relatively autonomous may have occurred late in hominid evolution, perhaps with a mutation of the FOXP2 gene around 100,000 years ago...
- The effects of focal anterior and posterior brain lesions on verbal fluencyD T Stuss
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON, Canada
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 4:265-78. 1998..Task analysis and correlations with other measures revealed that different cognitive processes related to different brain regions underlie performance on verbal fluency tests...
- Reading skills are related to global, but not local, acoustic pattern perceptionJessica M Foxton
Auditory Group, School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Framlington Place, Newcastle NE2 4HH, UK
Nat Neurosci 6:343-4. 2003
- Right hemisphere activation in recovery from aphasia: lesion effect or function recruitment?G Raboyeau
Pôle Neurosciences CHU Toulouse, Inserm UMR S825, IFR 96, Universités de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
Neurology 70:290-8. 2008..In particular, the right inferior frontal cortex might take part in lexical retrieval in patients presenting left-sided lesions involving the homologous area...
- Task related modulation of the motor system during language processingMarc Sato
Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, Parma, Italy
Brain Lang 105:83-90. 2008....
- Atypical language in lesional and nonlesional complex partial epilepsyW D Gaillard
Department of Neuroscience, Children s National Medical Center, George Washington University School of Medicine, 111 Michigan Ave NW, Washington, DC 20010, USA
Neurology 69:1761-71. 2007..We investigated the relationship between partial epilepsy, MRI findings, and atypical language representation...
- A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of overt letter verbal fluency using a clustered acquisition sequence: greater anterior cingulate activation with increased task demandCynthia H Y Fu
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
Neuroimage 17:871-9. 2002..This may reflect the greater demands of the former, particularly in terms of arousal responses with increased task difficulty and the monitoring of potential response errors...
- Productive and perceptive language reorganization in temporal lobe epilepsyLionel Thivard
Department of Neurology, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 75013 Paris, France
Neuroimage 24:841-51. 2005..Neuropsychological performances of patients with atypical language patterns were better than those of patients with typical patterns, suggesting that this reorganization may represent a compensatory mechanism...
- The effects of music therapy incorporated with applied behavior analysis verbal behavior approach for children with autism spectrum disordersHayoung A Lim
Sam Houston State University, USA
J Music Ther 48:532-50. 2011This study compared a common form of Applied Behavior Analysis Verbal Behavior (ABA VB) approach and music incorporated with ABA VB method as part of developmental speech-language training in the speech production of children with Autism ..
- An interaction between prosody and statistics in the segmentation of fluent speechMohinish Shukla
International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy
Cogn Psychol 54:1-32. 2007..Taken together, our findings suggest that prosody acts as a filter, suppressing possible word-like sequences that span prosodic constituents...
- Role of the left inferior frontal gyrus in covert word retrieval: neural correlates of switching during verbal fluencyElizabeth A Hirshorn
University of Pennsylvania, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Neuropsychologia 44:2547-57. 2006....
- Comparable fMRI activity with differential behavioural performance on mental rotation and overt verbal fluency tasks in healthy men and womenRozmin Halari
Centre for Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, P O Box 46, London SE5 8AF, UK
Exp Brain Res 169:1-14. 2006..Our results demonstrate comparable brain activation in men and women in association with mental rotation and verbal fluency function with differential performance, and provide support for sex differences in brain-behaviour relationships...
- Is the coupled control of hand and mouth postures precursor of reciprocal relations between gestures and words?Maurizio Gentilucci
Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
Behav Brain Res 233:130-40. 2012..The results support the hypothesis that a system coupling hand gestures to vowel production exists. Moreover, they suggest the existence of a more general system relating gestures to words...
- Lateralized organization of the cerebellum in a silent verbal fluency task: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study in healthy volunteersPetra Hubrich-Ungureanu
Central Institute of Mental Health ZI, NMR Research, P O Box 122 120, D 68072, Mannheim, Germany
Neurosci Lett 319:91-4. 2002..They provide evidence for the hypothesis of a lateralized organization of the cerebellum crossed to the cerebral hemispheres in supporting higher cognitive function...
- Prefrontal-temporal circuitry for episodic encoding and subsequent memoryB A Kirchhoff
Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
J Neurosci 20:6173-80. 2000..The similarities between prefrontal and lateral temporal encoding responses raise the possibility that prefrontal modulation of posterior cortical representations is central to encoding...
- Neural basis for sentence comprehension: grammatical and short-term memory componentsAyanna Cooke
Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4283, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 15:80-94. 2002....
- The functional anatomy of single-word reading in patients with hemianopic and pure alexiaA P Leff
MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
Brain 124:510-21. 2001..The relative contributions of pure and hemianopic alexia in individual patients needs to be assessed, as the latter has been shown to respond well to specific rehabilitation programmes...
- Characterizing behavioral and cognitive dysexecutive changes in progressive supranuclear palsyDavid Millar
Clinical Psychology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Mov Disord 21:199-207. 2006..The results show the potential utility of this instrument in characterizing behavioral and emotional changes associated with frontal lobe dysfunction in neurodegenerative disease...
- Validation and application of verbal autopsies in a rural area of South AfricaK Kahn
Health Systems Development Unit, Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Trop Med Int Health 5:824-31. 2000..To validate the causes of death determined with a single verbal autopsy instrument covering all age groups in the Agincourt subdistrict of rural South Africa...
- Walking the talk--speech activates the leg motor cortexGianpiero Liuzzi
Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Germany
Neuropsychologia 46:2824-30. 2008..In the frame of the motor theory of speech this finding suggests that the system of gestural communication, from which speech may have evolved, is not confined to the hand but includes gestural movements of other body parts as well...
- The impact of speech impairment in early childhood: investigating parents' and speech-language pathologists' perspectives using the ICF-CYJane McCormack
Charles Sturt University, Australia
J Commun Disord 43:378-96. 2010....
- Mapping the semantic homunculus: a functional and behavioural analysis of overt semantic generationCarrie Esopenko
Cognitive Neuroimaging Lab, Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Science, Saskatoon, Canada
Brain Topogr 21:22-35. 2008..The response times from Experiment 1 were also compared to the semantic complexity ratings gathered in Experiment 2 to determine if response times in the fMRI environment were affected by how complex an object is...
- Verbal self-monitoring and auditory verbal hallucinations in patients with schizophreniaL C Johns
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London
Psychol Med 31:705-15. 2001..The specific tendency of hallucinators to misattribute their distorted voice to someone else may reflect impaired awareness of internally generated verbal material...
- The contribution of different facial regions to the recognition of conversational expressionsManfred Nusseck
Max Planck Institute of Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
J Vis 8:1.1-23. 2008..The full set of results is used to develop a systematic description of the roles of different facial parts in the visual perception of conversational facial expressions...
- A word-order constraint on phonological activationNiels Janssen
Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, CNRS and Université de Provence, Marseille Cedex 3, France
Psychol Sci 19:216-20. 2008..More generally, these results provide direct evidence for the operation of word-order constraints during language production...
- A meta-analytic review of verbal fluency deficits in depressionJulie Henry
School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:78-101. 2005..Evidence is presented that tests of phonemic and semantic fluency may aid in the differential diagnosis of patients with depression and those in the early stages of dementia of the Alzheimer's type...
- Brain signatures of meaning access in action word recognitionFriedemann Pulvermüller
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 17:884-92. 2005..Word-related distributed neuronal assemblies with specific cortical topographies can explain the observed spatiotemporal dynamics reflecting word meaning access...
- Infant-directed speech supports phonetic category learning in English and JapaneseJanet F Werker
Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
Cognition 103:147-62. 2007..The robust availability of these cues in maternal speech adds support to the hypothesis that distributional learning is an important mechanism whereby infants establish native language phonetic categories...
- The interaction of pathways to fear in childhood anxiety: a preliminary studyAndy P Field
Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9QH, UK
Behav Res Ther 45:3051-9. 2007..These results support theories of fear acquisition that suppose that verbal information impacts on the strength of associations formed in subsequent conditioning episodes, and suggest that pathways to fear have interactive effects...
- Speech and gesture share the same communication systemPaolo Bernardis
Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
Neuropsychologia 44:178-90. 2006..This signal represents the intention to engage a closer interaction with a hypothetical interlocutor and it may have a meaning different from when word and gesture are encoded singly...
- Relationships among speech perception, production, language, hearing loss, and age in children with impaired hearingP J Blamey
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
J Speech Lang Hear Res 44:264-85. 2001....
- Migraine and cognitive function: a life-course studyKaren E Waldie
Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Neurology 59:904-8. 2002..To investigate the association between migraine and cognitive ability among members of a longitudinal birth cohort study...
- Intranasal insulin improves cognition and modulates beta-amyloid in early ADM A Reger
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA
Neurology 70:440-8. 2008..After intranasal administration, insulin-like peptides follow extracellular pathways to the brain within 15 minutes...
- Action word understanding and overt motor behaviorRiccardo Dalla Volta
Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100, Parma, Italy
Exp Brain Res 196:403-12. 2009..The data are discussed in support of the hypothesis that this complete activation is necessary requisite to understand the exact meaning of action words because goal and consequence of the actions are represented...
- Modality-independent involvement of the left BA 44 during lexical decision makingStefan Heim
Research Centre Julich, Institute of Neurosciences and Biophysics INB 3, 52425 Julich, Germany
Brain Struct Funct 212:95-106. 2007..These results indicate that the left BA 44 as a distinct sub-part of Broca's region plays an important role in lexical decision making independently of stimulus modality and decision times...
- Listening to talking faces: motor cortical activation during speech perceptionJeremy I Skipper
Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Neuroimage 25:76-89. 2005..This distributed network could participate in recognition processing by interpreting visual information about mouth movements as phonetic information based on motor commands that could have generated those movements...
- Neuroanatomical distribution of five semantic components of verbs: evidence from fMRIDavid Kemmerer
Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, 1353 Heavilon Hall, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 1353, USA
Brain Lang 107:16-43. 2008..Virtually all of the predictions were confirmed. Taken together, these findings support the Simulation Framework and extend our understanding of the neuroanatomical distribution of different aspects of verb meaning...
- Personality as manifest in word use: correlations with self-report, acquaintance report, and behaviorLisa A Fast
Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 94:334-46. 2008..It is suggested that word use is related to personality to a larger degree than previously observed and deserves increased attention as a source of data in personality assessment...
- Physician-patient communication in the primary care office: a systematic reviewRainer S Beck
Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
J Am Board Fam Pract 15:25-38. 2002....
- Clustering and switching on verbal fluency tests in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseaseA K Troyer
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Geriatric Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 4:137-43. 1998..This differential pattern of performance provides evidence for the potential usefulness of measures of switching and clustering in the assessment of dementia...
- Neural representation of verb meaning: an fMRI studyMurray Grossman
Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4283, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 15:124-34. 2002..We suggest that left posterolateral temporal activation supports aspects of lexical semantic processing concerned with the neural representation of propositional knowledge contributing to COGNITION verbs...
- Engaging in imagery versus verbal processing of worry: Impact on negative intrusions in high worriersCaroline Stokes
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Behav Res Ther 48:418-23. 2010..Furthermore, imagery was associated with a decrease in negative intrusions. The results support the theory that the predominantly verbal nature of worry may be responsible for the uncontrollability and maintenance of worry...
- Least effort and the origins of scaling in human languageRamon Ferrer i Cancho
Complex Systems Lab, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Doctor Aiguader 80, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:788-91. 2003..The implications for the evolution of language are discussed. We explain how language evolution can take advantage of a communicative phase transition...
- Memory disturbances in migraine with and without aura: a strategy problem?F Le Pira
Institute of Neurological Sciences, University of Catania, Italy
Cephalalgia 20:475-8. 2000..The memory defects, both on visuo-spatial and on verbal cognitive tasks, could depend on an impaired recall mechanism. These memory difficulties seem related to strategically and organizationally defective aspects of learning...
- A cross-linguistic PET study of tone perception in Mandarin Chinese and English speakersD Klein
Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2B4, Canada
Neuroimage 13:646-53. 2001..In contrast, only the English group showed activity in the right inferior frontal cortex, consistent with a right-hemispheric role in pitch perception...
- Brain systems mediating semantic and syntactic processing in deaf native signers: biological invariance and modality specificityCheryl M Capek
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Zochonis Building, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8784-9. 2009..Together, these findings suggest that biological constraints and experience shape the development of neural systems important for language...
- How symbolic gestures and words interact with each otherFilippo Barbieri
Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma 43100, Italy
Brain Lang 110:1-11. 2009..Data are discussed according to the hypothesis that integration between gesture and word occurs by transferring the social intention to interact directly with the interlocutor from the gesture to the word...
- Grammatical and phonological influences on word orderNiels Janssen
Universidad de La Laguna, Facultad de Psicologia, Campus Guajara s n, La Laguna 38205, Spain
Psychol Sci 20:1262-8. 2009..These results cannot be explained by differences in the stimulus displays used to elicit the utterances and suggest that grammatical encoding is sensitive to the phonological properties of words...
- Is infant-directed speech prosody a result of the vocal expression of emotion?L J Trainor
Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1
Psychol Sci 11:188-95. 2000..We conclude that ID prosody itself is not special. What is special is the widespread expression of emotion to infants in comparison with the more inhibited expression of emotion in typical adult interactions...
- How our hands help us learnSusan Goldin-Meadow
University of Chicago, 5730 South Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 9:234-41. 2005..We consider two ways in which gesture could change the course of learning: indirectly by influencing learning environments or directly by influencing learners themselves...
- Brain activation in the processing of Chinese characters and words: a functional MRI studyL H Tan
Cognitive Science Program, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Hum Brain Mapp 10:16-27. 2000..The present results constitute a challenge to the deeply ingrained belief that activations in reading single characters are right lateralized, whereas activations in reading two-character words are left lateralized...
- The costs of doing two things at once for young and older adults: talking while walking, finger tapping, and ignoring speech or noiseSusan Kemper
Gerontology Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
Psychol Aging 18:181-92. 2003..In contrast, older adults shifted to a reduced speech rate in the dual-task conditions...
- Remembering familiar people: the posterior cingulate cortex and autobiographical memory retrievalR J Maddock
Depaartment of Psychiatry, University of California Davis, Sacramento 65817, USA
Neuroscience 104:667-76. 2001..Our findings suggest that autobiographical memory retrieval tasks could be used to probe the functional status of the posterior cingulate cortex in patients with early Alzheimer's disease or at risk for that condition...
- Hippocampal neurochemistry, neuromorphometry, and verbal memory in nondemented older adultsM E Zimmerman
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Saul R Korey Department of Neurology, 1165 Morris Park Ave, Room 343, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
Neurology 70:1594-600. 2008..The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that a measure of hippocampal neuronal metabolism was associated with verbal memory in nondemented older adults after controlling for hippocampal volume...
- A study of syntactic processing in aphasia II: neurological aspectsDavid Caplan
Neuropsychology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Brain Lang 101:151-77. 2007..The data are consistent with a model in which the neural tissue that is responsible for the operations underlying sentence comprehension and syntactic processing is localized in different neural regions in different individuals...
- The effects of spelling consistency on phonological awareness: a comparison of English and GermanUsha Goswami
Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2PQ, UK
J Exp Child Psychol 92:345-65. 2005..Similar developmental effects were indeed observed in prereaders, but differential effects had emerged within the first year of reading instruction...
- An electrophysiological analysis of the time course of conceptual and syntactic encoding during tacit picture namingB M Schmitt
Maastricht University, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 13:510-22. 2001....
- Comparing cortical activations for silent and overt speech using event-related fMRIJie Huang
Department of Radiology, Michigan State University, 184 Radiology Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 15:39-53. 2002..If the problem of motion artifact can be handled effectively, fMRI can add greatly to the tools available to investigate human language...
- Neural changes following remediation in adult developmental dyslexiaGuinevere F Eden
Georgetown University Medical Center, 4000 Reservoir Road, Building D, Suite 150, Washington, DC 20057, USA
Neuron 44:411-22. 2004..Hence, behavioral plasticity in adult developmental dyslexia involves two distinct neural mechanisms, each of which has previously been observed either for remediation of developmental or acquired reading disorders...
- Phonotactic probability influences speech productionMatthew Goldrick
Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University, 2016 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Cognition 107:1155-64. 2008..Participants' behavior was sensitive to variations in frequency, demonstrating that phonotactic probability influences speech production independent of phonetic complexity...
- Direct observation of mother-child communication in pediatric cancer: assessment of verbal and non-verbal behavior and emotionMadeleine J Dunn
Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
J Pediatr Psychol 36:565-75. 2011..To examine the acceptability and feasibility of coding observed verbal and nonverbal behavioral and emotional components of mother-child communication among families of children with cancer...
- Phonology and vocal behavior in toddlers with autism spectrum disordersElizabeth Schoen
Yale Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
Autism Res 4:177-88. 2011..Findings suggest that toddlers with ASDs do not tune into the language model of their environment. Failure to attend to the ambient language environment negatively impacts the ability to acquire spoken language...
- Decision-making processes following damage to the prefrontal cortexFacundo Manes
University of Cambridge Psychiatry Department, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
Brain 125:624-39. 2002..Ventral and dorsal aspects of prefrontal cortex must interact in the maintenance of rational and 'non-risky' decision making...
- Walking or talking? Behavioral and neurophysiological correlates of action verb processingF Pulvermuller
Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, England
Brain Lang 78:143-68. 2001..Our results are consistent with associative theories postulating that words are organized in the brain as distributed cell assemblies whose cortical distributions reflect the words' meanings...
- Role of frontal versus temporal cortex in verbal fluency as revealed by voxel-based lesion symptom mappingJuliana V Baldo
Center for Aphasia and Related Disorders, VA Northern California Health Care System, Martinez, California 94553, USA
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 12:896-900. 2006..Our findings are therefore consistent with the hypothesis that temporal cortex subserves word retrieval constrained by semantics, whereas frontal regions are more critical for strategic word retrieval constrained by phonology...
- Nested incremental modeling in the development of computational theories: the CDP+ model of reading aloudConrad Perry
Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Psychol Rev 114:273-315. 2007....
- Dynamic information for the recognition of conversational expressionsDouglas W Cunningham
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
J Vis 9:7.1-17. 2009..Moreover, we demonstrate conclusively that this dynamic advantage is due to information that is only available over time, and that the temporal integration window for this information is at least 100 ms long...
- Decision-making in frontotemporal dementia: clinical, theoretical and legal implicationsFacundo Manes
Institute of Cognitive Neurology INECO, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina fmanes ineco org ar
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 32:11-7. 2011..In this study, we investigated decision-making cognition in a group of patients with an early bvFTD diagnosis whose standard neuropsychological performance was within normal range for all variables...
- Distinct brain systems for processing concrete and abstract conceptsJ R Binder
Medical College of Wisconsin, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 17:905-17. 2005....
- Males and females differ in brain activation during cognitive tasksEmily C Bell
Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, University of Alberta 1E1 07 Mackenzie Center Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2B7
Neuroimage 30:529-38. 2006..These results suggest that in functional imaging studies in clinical populations it may be sensible to examine each sex independently until this effect is more fully understood...
- On the complexities of measuring namingKathleen Rastle
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 28:307-14. 2002..Analyses of the performance of each voice key are carried out, and implications for studies of naming latency are discussed...
- Dynamical quantification of schizophrenic speechFabrice Leroy
UFR de Psychologie, Université Charles de Gaulle Lille 3, Domaine Universitaire du Pont de Bois, F59653 Villeneuve d Ascq, France
Psychiatry Res 133:159-71. 2005..This impairment in accessing language at the highest level supports the hypothesis of a deficit in maintaining a discourse plan in schizophrenia...
- Topic repetitiveness after traumatic brain injury: an emergent, jointly managed behaviourRichard Body
Department of Human Communication Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TA, UK
Clin Linguist Phon 19:379-92. 2005..Firstly, it is viewed as an emergent response to underlying deficits in non-linguistic abilities. Secondly, it is described in terms of joint management of topic development between the person with TBI and his interlocutor...
- Dynamics of emotional expression in autobiographic speech of patients with anorexia nervosaKaryn Doba
Université Lille 3, Department of Psychology, Domaine Universitaire, du Pont de Bois 59654 Villeneuve d Ascq
Psychol Rep 101:237-49. 2007..These results showed specific dynamics of emotional expression in persons with anorexia nervosa characterised by the presence of negative emotional perseveration. The possible clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
- Improving performance on the WCST: variations on the original procedure. Wisconsin Card Sorting TestS L Rossell
Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, London, UK
Schizophr Res 28:63-76. 1997..The results indicate that WCST deficits in elderly controls are due to limited capacity, whereas in patient with schizophrenia, the problem may be due to the impaired monitoring of responses...
- Neurocognitive functioning in patients with first-episode schizophrenia : results of a prospective 5-year follow-up studyMargot Albus
District Hospital Haar, Vockestr 72, 85540, Haar, Germany
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:442-51. 2006..Our data suggest that NP impairment is already present at the onset of the illness and remains stable over the early course of schizophrenia...
- The role of the basal ganglia and cerebellum in language processingJames R Booth
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Brain Res 1133:136-44. 2007..Based on research in the motor planning and control literature, we argue that the putamen engages in cortical initiation while the cerebellum amplifies and refines this signal to facilitate correct decision making...
- Separate neural subsystems within 'Wernicke's area'R J Wise
MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
Brain 124:83-95. 2001..These processes are central to the acquisition of long- term lexical memories of novel words...
- PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTSEdward A Wasserman; Fiscal Year: 2010..practical diagnostic tests for assessing visual performance;particularly important here is the fact that verbal behavior need not participate in such performance assessments, making nonverbal tests especially useful with infants, ..
- An Experimental Model of Human Language and Cognition in Drug DependenceKENNETH MICHAEL CARPENTER; Fiscal Year: 2011..developing expertise in the experimental methodologies of behavioral pharmacology and the analysis of human verbal behavior in order to investigate the processes by which human verbal behavior and cognition can affect individuals&..
- BIOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS IN CRIME RELATED PTSDMichael Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2001..reactivity to trauma and neutral stimuli, acoustic startle response, stress-induced analgesia, and nonverbal/verbal behavior. A multimodal approach holds the greatest promise for uncovering complex interrelationships between ..
- Stereotype Threat: Psychological and Intergroup EffectsLINDA TROPP; Fiscal Year: 2003..study will investigate whether conditions of stereotype threat promote different patterns of verbal and non-verbal behavior among members of stereotyped and non-stereotyped groups, as such behavior can often reveal underlying beliefs ..
- FAMILIAL RISK FOR SPEECH DISORDERS--AN ADOPTION STUDYSUSAN PARLOUR; Fiscal Year: 1992..speech performance and scores on a standardized measure of the rearing environment and ratings of maternal verbal behavior. In addition to being useful in their own right, the results of this pilot study will determine whether a ..
- Stigma versus Situational Status in Dyadic InteractionsJENNIFER RICHESON; Fiscal Year: 2002..In the proposed studies, participants' non-verbal behavior during an interaction with their partners and attitudes regarding the relevant group memberships will be ..
- VERBAL BEHAVIORS IN COMPUTERIZED LIFECOURSE SURVEYSROBERT BELLI; Fiscal Year: 2006..This project is significant because it will address this gap in knowledge by using verbal behavior coding techniques to identify the specific interviewer-respondent interaction behaviors associated with ..
- MORPHOLOGICAL DEFICITS IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENTLaurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such a finding could lead to a uniform theory of how language impairment might develop and persist among children acquiring English. ..
- GRAMMATICAL MORPHOLOGY IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENTLaurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Processing Neighbors in Speech Perception and ProductionMICHAEL VITEVITCH; Fiscal Year: 2008..That is, the work in this proposal is a first step in the needed direction of integrating models of sub-lexical, lexical, and semantic processing and of models of recognition and production. ..
- Brain activation in developmental communication disorderJames Booth; Fiscal Year: 2004..This project will provide tasks, an experimental approach, and a method for evaluating differences between groups with communication disorders that could potentially be used as a diagnostic and intervention tool. ..
- Neural development of lexical processingJames Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007..This grant has implications for diagnosis and intervention in children with reading and language problems [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective OrderDavid Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Spoken language production and childhood stutteringJulie Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2006..Findings from these projects will provide meaningful insights into the role that salient linguistic processes play in the initiation and/or cause of instances of stuttering in children. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Syntactic ComprehensionDavid Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Cognitive Recovery after Traumatic Brain InjuryMaureen Schmitter Edgecombe; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Sematic Relatedness for Active Medication Safety and Outcomes SurveillanceSerguei V S Pakhomov; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Syntactic flexibility in language productionVIC FERREIRA; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Disorders of Syntactic ComprehensionDAVID NORMAN CAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2011..The results could have important consequences for howwe think of these disorders and the neural organization that supports these functions. ..
- AN INVESTIGATION OF THE TRACE DELETION HYPOTHESISDavid Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2003..The position of the investigators is that this study will provide definitive evidence that the TDH is incorrect and that a more complex model of the functional neuroanatomy of syntactic processing is needed. ..
- Functional MRI of Sensory-Motor Metaphor ProcessingRutvik Desai; Fiscal Year: 2007..We aim to provide a better characterization of this system, which will be critical in understanding these diseases and in formulating rational approaches to language relearning and remediation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Hemodynamic and Cognitive Function in Cardiovascular DiseaseLawrence H Sweet; Fiscal Year: 2011..Findings are expected to provide data and methods that will increase the clinical utility of FMRI for the assessment of CVD patients, and a better understanding of the mechanisms causing cognitive impairment. ..
- Cognitive and neural mechanisms of quantifier interpretationEdith Kaan; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, results of this project may be used to test language disorders, and to track cognitive and neural reorganization in response to language rehabilitation therapies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NEUROBIOLOGIC ORIGINS AND INNOVATIVE TREATMENT OF AUTISMRebecca Landa; Fiscal Year: 2007..Taken as a whole, the projects should add significantly to our knowledge of the ontogeny of autism and thereby lead to the development of novel treatment approaches. ..
- Output & Phonological Skills in Bilingual ChildrenBrian Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Infants' and Mothers' Responses to being ImitatedELISE MASUR; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ERP & Behavioral Predictors of Language InterventionPaul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2008..Multiple regression, multivariate permutation tests, and growth curve analyses will be used to test the research questions. Five years of funding are requested. ..
- Drug Abuse, Social Decision-Making, and Sex-Related Functional Brain AsymmetryDANIEL T TRANEL; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- TREATMENT OF AGITATION IN THE NURSING HOMEJiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010..PHS 398 (Rev. 05/01) Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska ..
- FUNCTIONAL MRI OF HUMAN BRAIN LANGUAGE SYSTEMSJeffrey R Binder; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- rTMS Clinical Trial for Auditory HallucinationsRALPH EDWARD HOFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will provide critical information regarding positioning strategies that optimize rTMS for AHs, as well as new insights regarding underlying pathophysiology. ..
- Child Spontaneous Language Use: Gene-Environment EffectsLAURA DETHORNE; Fiscal Year: 2009..Developing a more informed model of how genetic and environmental factors work together to yield language outcomes has important implications for developing programs and strategies that will facilitate child language ability. ..
- Mapping Abnormal Neurodevelopment in SchizophreniaDeanna Barch; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] ..
- Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs IIKimford Meador; Fiscal Year: 2009..The NEAD study has an invaluable cohort, and the results of this continuation proposal will impact the clinical management of women receiving these medications, and improve the health of their children. ..
- Neural Substrates of Gaze and Face Processing in AutismRobert Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2008..Together, the training and research will provide the expertise and pilot data that will allow the candidate to prepare independent R01 applications near the completion of the training period. ..
- VAS-COG 2007Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2007..Many vascular cognitive disorders are preventable and potentially reversible. VAS-COG will provide a forum in which information on these important conditions can be exchanged and disseminated. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Medication Adherence Among Bipolar Patients with Comorbid HIV InfectionDavid Moore; Fiscal Year: 2008..More generally, the present study will provide useful information on the treatment of other chronic medical illnesses that may co-occur among patients with bipolar disorder. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND SYNTACTIC DEFICITS IN APHASIARandi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Identifying Communicative Signals in Dysarthric SpeechRupal Patel; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Memory in Aging, Mild Cognitive impairment and ADJohn Olichney; Fiscal Year: 2005..Event-related FMRI BOLD response patterns will be used to constrain source dipole models for the neural generations of the N400 and LPC. ..
- Effects of Bromocriptine on Aphasia Treatment OutcomeLeora Cherney; Fiscal Year: 2003..Language performance will also be measured at three and six months after completion of treatment to answer the secondary questions regarding maintenance of language improvements. ..
- Cognitive-linguistic processing in L1 and L2Kathryn Kohnert; Fiscal Year: 2004..This explicit theoretical processing model of language learning by L2 learners with and without LI is needed in order to develop clinical measures which can be used to identify LI in the highly variable population of L2 learners. ..
- Repressive Style, suppression and chronic PainJohn Burns; Fiscal Year: 2004..Moreover, findings should provide theoretical principles on which to found new intervention strategies (e.g., "regulating" suppression by engaging in cognitive exercises). ..
- Dyspraxia and Autonomic Control in Very Early ADDonald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2004..Some dementia treatments are known to reduce HRV, and possibly mortality as well. Alternatively, some psychotropics may increase arrhythmia-related mortality, possibly via a central mechanism. ..
- Neural Network Models of LanguageRalph Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2005..These findings will significantly advance our understanding of illness mechanisms in schizophrenia and direct future research aimed at developing more selective treatments that reverse these abnormalities. ..
- Constraints of Prosodic and Morphological DevelopmentKatherine Demuth; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- EARLY COMMUNICATION INTERVENTION IN AUTISTIC CHILDRENPaul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2004..Assessments of communication, vocabulary, and motor imitation will occur at the pre-treatment, port-treatment, and 6 month follow-up periods. Examiners and coders will be blind to treatment assignment. ..
- Neuroimaging of language production using overt speechRandi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Effects of Aging on Executive ProcessesTimothy Salthouse; Fiscal Year: 2006..e., specific to individual variables or common to many variables) at which age-related influences operate on executive process variables. ..
- The Relation Between Hypercortisolemia and AphasiaJacqueline Laures Gore; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Insular AD Pathology and Autonomic FunctionDonald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIAJiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006..In that way, it presents an exciting prospect for improving the quality of life in demented persons, thereby reducing their caregivers' burden. ..
- INTONATION IN CHILDREN'S EARLY LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENTDavid Snow; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- ANGER, SYMPTOM SPECIFIC REACTIVITY AND CHRONIC PAINJohn Burns; Fiscal Year: 2002..Documenting a link between anger and LP reactivity will give empirical justification for targeting problematic anger among CLPB patients, and will provide principles on which to found new intervention strategies. ..
- STRATEGY SHIFTS AND AUTOMATIZATION OF COGNITIVE SKILLSTIMOTHY RICKARD; Fiscal Year: 2003..The research will test and extend the PI's previous work in the areas of skill acquisition, skill transfer, and memory and amnesia. ..
- Working Memory and Brain Morphology in Dyslexia and ADHDMICHELLE KIBBY; Fiscal Year: 2006..Furthermore, earlier diagnosis will allow for earlier placement into intervention, and early intervention has been linked with better treatment outcome than intervention started later. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Predictive Modeling of Call Outcomes to Poison Control Center RecommendationsLee Ellington; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Validation of a Laboratory Measure of Self-AggressionMichael McCloskey; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Detection of Dopamine Release During a Cognitive TaskRAJENDRA BADGAIYAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..This study will determine whether the molecular imaging technique can be reliably used to investigate an unexplored aspect (neurotransmission) of human cognition. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prenatal Tobacco Use: Auditory Processing and LanguageClaire Coles; Fiscal Year: 2007..All analyses will control for other contributions to outcomes (i.e., Alcohol exposure, Caregiving potential, Quality of Caregiving, including language environment, Child Health and Hearing). ..
- AAC Processing Support for Spoken Language in AphasiaMyrna Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Rivastigmine as a Treatment for Methamphetamine DependenceRichard De La Garza; Fiscal Year: 2010..The knowledge gained may ultimately support development and implementation of evidence-based treatments for MA dependence, a drug abuse problem with tremendous public health impact. ..
- An fMRI Study of Executive Functioning after TBIHarvey Levin; Fiscal Year: 2005..Analyses will test TBI-related alterations in brain activation at 3 months postinjury, changes on reimaging at 1 year, relationship to EFs, and MPH effects. ..
- Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline PatientsErin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TREATMENT DECISION MAKING CAPACITY IN SCHIZOPHRENIABARTON PALMER; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- The Mental Lexicon of Children with Phonological DelaysHOLLY STORKEL; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- BIOBEHAVIORAL FACTORS IN ATHEROSCLEROTIC PROGRESSIONThomas Kamarck; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Reward System Recovery Following Behavioral Activation Therapy in DepressionGABRIEL DICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such a strategy is consistent with NIMH's mission to reduce the burden of psychiatric disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Internet Based Patient-Centered Asthma Management SystemDimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2009..Children in AsthmaNet families will be more likely to report using written care plans. Aim 4: to decrease the number of symptom days for children with asthma H4. Children in AsthmaNet families will experience fewer symptom days. ..
- Accounting for variations in parental speech and gestureMEREDITH ROWE; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finally, analysis of variance will be used to compare the two groups of parents on input measures. ..
- Identify abnormal neurocognitive circuits in temporal lobe epilepsyJoseph Tracy; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF LEXICAL ACTIVATIONArthur Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2008..In turn, because language is such a fundamental cognitive ability, progress in describing language processing will enhance our understanding of human cognition, under both normal and disordered conditions. ..
- Parent Initiated Prevention ProgramDimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2005..3) To improve parental perceptions of the quality of care provided.H3: Compared to controls, PIPP parents will report higher scores on selected Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) items. ..