verbal behavior

Summary

Summary: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The cortical organization of speech processing
    Gregory Hickok
    Department of Cognitive Sciences and The Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 5100, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:393-402. 2007
  2. ncbi Brain mechanisms linking language and action
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:576-82. 2005
  3. pmc Activation of sensory-motor areas in sentence comprehension
    RUTVIK H DESAI
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Cereb Cortex 20:468-78. 2010
  4. ncbi The search for the phonological store: from loop to convolution
    Bradley R Buchsbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:762-78. 2008
  5. ncbi DRC: a dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud
    M Coltheart
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Psychol Rev 108:204-56. 2001
  6. pmc The neural correlates of verbal and nonverbal semantic processing deficits in neurodegenerative disease
    Christopher R Butler
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Cogn Behav Neurol 22:73-80. 2009
  7. ncbi Neural characteristics of successful and less successful speech and word learning in adults
    Patrick C M Wong
    The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University Institute for Neuroscience, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:995-1006. 2007
  8. ncbi Quantitative evidence for distinct cognitive impairment in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa
    Konstantine K Zakzanis
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Canada
    J Neuropsychol 4:89-106. 2010
  9. ncbi Socio-economic status of the patient and doctor-patient communication: does it make a difference?
    S Willems
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, UZ 1K3, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Patient Educ Couns 56:139-46. 2005
  10. ncbi The role of the supplementary motor area (SMA) in word production
    F Xavier Alario
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, CNRS and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
    Brain Res 1076:129-43. 2006

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications317 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The cortical organization of speech processing
    Gregory Hickok
    Department of Cognitive Sciences and The Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 5100, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:393-402. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi Brain mechanisms linking language and action
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:576-82. 2005
    ..for example, 'lick', 'pick' and 'kick'): does the comprehension of these words specifically, rapidly and automatically activate the motor system in a somatotopic manner, and does their comprehension rely on activity in the action system?..
  3. pmc Activation of sensory-motor areas in sentence comprehension
    RUTVIK H DESAI
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Cereb Cortex 20:468-78. 2010
    ..The results support the view that linguistic understanding of actions partly involves imagery or simulation of actions, and relies on some of the same neural substrate used for planning, performing, and perceiving actions...
  4. ncbi The search for the phonological store: from loop to convolution
    Bradley R Buchsbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:762-78. 2008
    ....
  5. ncbi DRC: a dual route cascaded model of visual word recognition and reading aloud
    M Coltheart
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Psychol Rev 108:204-56. 2001
    ..The authors conclude that the DRC model is the most successful of the existing computational models of reading...
  6. pmc The neural correlates of verbal and nonverbal semantic processing deficits in neurodegenerative disease
    Christopher R Butler
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Cogn Behav Neurol 22:73-80. 2009
    ..To investigate the neural correlates of verbal and nonverbal semantic processing in neurodegenerative disease...
  7. ncbi Neural characteristics of successful and less successful speech and word learning in adults
    Patrick C M Wong
    The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University Institute for Neuroscience, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:995-1006. 2007
    ..These results demonstrate an association between range of neural changes and degrees of language learning, specifically implicating the physiologic contribution of the left dorsal auditory cortex in learning success...
  8. ncbi Quantitative evidence for distinct cognitive impairment in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa
    Konstantine K Zakzanis
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Canada
    J Neuropsychol 4:89-106. 2010
    ..Implications of these findings with respects to future research are discussed...
  9. ncbi Socio-economic status of the patient and doctor-patient communication: does it make a difference?
    S Willems
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, UZ 1K3, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Patient Educ Couns 56:139-46. 2005
    ..A more effective communication could be established by both doctors and patients through doctors' awareness of the contextual communicative differences and empowering patients to express concerns and preferences...
  10. ncbi The role of the supplementary motor area (SMA) in word production
    F Xavier Alario
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, CNRS and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
    Brain Res 1076:129-43. 2006
    ..A parallel organization was observed in the dorsolateral frontal cortex. By refining its anatomical and functional parcellation, these results clarify the roles of the SMA in speech production...
  11. ncbi Mental representations of action: the neural correlates of the verbal and motor components
    Patrice Peran
    Department of Radiology, IRCCS Foundation Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy
    Brain Res 1328:89-103. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi Action verbs and the primary motor cortex: a comparative TMS study of silent reading, frequency judgments, and motor imagery
    Barbara Tomasino
    Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neuroscience and Biophysics Department of Medicine INB 3, Research Centre Juelich, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 46:1915-26. 2008
    ..This task-dependent effect of hand motor cortex TMS on the processing of hand-related action verbs is discussed with respect to the notion of embodied cognition and the associationist theory...
  13. pmc Role of left inferior prefrontal cortex in retrieval of semantic knowledge: a reevaluation
    S L Thompson-Schill
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:14792-7. 1997
    ..Our findings suggest that it is selection, not retrieval, of semantic knowledge that drives activity in the left IFG...
  14. pmc Hippocampal activation correlates with visual confrontation naming: fMRI findings in controls and patients with temporal lobe epilepsy
    Silvia B Bonelli
    Epilepsy Society MRI Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Epilepsy Res 95:246-54. 2011
    ..We investigated the integrity of language networks with functional MRI (fMRI) in controls and TLE patients...
  15. ncbi The role of semantics and grammatical class in the neural representation of words
    Gabriella Vigliocco
    Department of Psychology, University College London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 16:1790-6. 2006
    ....
  16. ncbi Functional MRI of language: new approaches to understanding the cortical organization of semantic processing
    Susan Bookheimer
    Brain Mapping Center, UCLA School of Medicine, 90095, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 25:151-88. 2002
    ..Together, these lines of research broaden our understanding of how the brain stores, retrieves, and makes sense of semantic information, and they challenge some commonly held notions of functional modularity in the language system...
  17. ncbi Overt propositional speech in chronic nonfluent aphasia studied with the dynamic susceptibility contrast fMRI method
    Margaret A Naeser
    Harold Goodglass Aphasia Research Center and Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine and VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Neuroimage 22:29-41. 2004
    ....
  18. pmc Use of preoperative functional MRI to predict verbal memory decline after temporal lobe epilepsy surgery
    Jeffrey R Binder
    Department of Neurology, Compreshensive Epilepsy Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    Epilepsia 49:1377-94. 2008
    ..The goal of this study was to determine whether preoperative language mapping using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is useful for predicting which patients are likely to experience verbal memory decline after L-ATL...
  19. ncbi Misattribution of speech and impaired connectivity in patients with auditory verbal hallucinations
    Andrea Mechelli
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Section of Neuroimaging, King s College London, London, SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:1213-22. 2007
    ..Although this finding is based on external rather than internal speech, the same mechanism may contribute to the faulty appraisal of inner speech that putatively underlies AVH...
  20. ncbi Neural dissociations between action verb understanding and motor imagery
    Roel M Willems
    Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:2387-400. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi How specifically are action verbs represented in the neural motor system: an fMRI study
    Wessel O van Dam
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 53:1318-25. 2010
    ..These findings contribute to the growing body of research on embodied language representations by showing that the concreteness of an action-semantic feature is reflected in the neural response to action verbs...
  22. ncbi Verbal fluency performance in dementia of the Alzheimer's type: a meta-analysis
    Julie D Henry
    School of Psychology, King s College, University of Aberdeen, AB24 3HN Scotland, UK
    Neuropsychologia 42:1212-22. 2004
    ..Dementia severity was not significantly related to the relative magnitude of deficits upon phonemic and semantic fluency...
  23. ncbi Verbal fluency deficits in Parkinson's disease: a meta-analysis
    Julie D Henry
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Scotland
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10:608-22. 2004
    ..However, patients with dementia of the Alzheimer's type and demented PD patients can be differentiated from one another by the relative magnitude of deficits upon these two measures...
  24. ncbi From manual gesture to speech: a gradual transition
    Maurizio Gentilucci
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma I 43100, Italy
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 30:949-60. 2006
    ..The final stage at which speech became relatively autonomous may have occurred late in hominid evolution, perhaps with a mutation of the FOXP2 gene around 100,000 years ago...
  25. ncbi The effects of focal anterior and posterior brain lesions on verbal fluency
    D T Stuss
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 4:265-78. 1998
    ..Task analysis and correlations with other measures revealed that different cognitive processes related to different brain regions underlie performance on verbal fluency tests...
  26. ncbi Reading skills are related to global, but not local, acoustic pattern perception
    Jessica M Foxton
    Auditory Group, School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Framlington Place, Newcastle NE2 4HH, UK
    Nat Neurosci 6:343-4. 2003
  27. ncbi Right hemisphere activation in recovery from aphasia: lesion effect or function recruitment?
    G Raboyeau
    Pôle Neurosciences CHU Toulouse, Inserm UMR S825, IFR 96, Universités de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
    Neurology 70:290-8. 2008
    ..In particular, the right inferior frontal cortex might take part in lexical retrieval in patients presenting left-sided lesions involving the homologous area...
  28. ncbi Task related modulation of the motor system during language processing
    Marc Sato
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, Parma, Italy
    Brain Lang 105:83-90. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi Atypical language in lesional and nonlesional complex partial epilepsy
    W D Gaillard
    Department of Neuroscience, Children s National Medical Center, George Washington University School of Medicine, 111 Michigan Ave NW, Washington, DC 20010, USA
    Neurology 69:1761-71. 2007
    ..We investigated the relationship between partial epilepsy, MRI findings, and atypical language representation...
  30. ncbi A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of overt letter verbal fluency using a clustered acquisition sequence: greater anterior cingulate activation with increased task demand
    Cynthia H Y Fu
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 17:871-9. 2002
    ..This may reflect the greater demands of the former, particularly in terms of arousal responses with increased task difficulty and the monitoring of potential response errors...
  31. ncbi Productive and perceptive language reorganization in temporal lobe epilepsy
    Lionel Thivard
    Department of Neurology, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 75013 Paris, France
    Neuroimage 24:841-51. 2005
    ..Neuropsychological performances of patients with atypical language patterns were better than those of patients with typical patterns, suggesting that this reorganization may represent a compensatory mechanism...
  32. ncbi The effects of music therapy incorporated with applied behavior analysis verbal behavior approach for children with autism spectrum disorders
    Hayoung A Lim
    Sam Houston State University, USA
    J Music Ther 48:532-50. 2011
    This study compared a common form of Applied Behavior Analysis Verbal Behavior (ABA VB) approach and music incorporated with ABA VB method as part of developmental speech-language training in the speech production of children with Autism ..
  33. ncbi An interaction between prosody and statistics in the segmentation of fluent speech
    Mohinish Shukla
    International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy
    Cogn Psychol 54:1-32. 2007
    ..Taken together, our findings suggest that prosody acts as a filter, suppressing possible word-like sequences that span prosodic constituents...
  34. ncbi Role of the left inferior frontal gyrus in covert word retrieval: neural correlates of switching during verbal fluency
    Elizabeth A Hirshorn
    University of Pennsylvania, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:2547-57. 2006
    ....
  35. ncbi Comparable fMRI activity with differential behavioural performance on mental rotation and overt verbal fluency tasks in healthy men and women
    Rozmin Halari
    Centre for Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, P O Box 46, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Exp Brain Res 169:1-14. 2006
    ..Our results demonstrate comparable brain activation in men and women in association with mental rotation and verbal fluency function with differential performance, and provide support for sex differences in brain-behaviour relationships...
  36. ncbi Is the coupled control of hand and mouth postures precursor of reciprocal relations between gestures and words?
    Maurizio Gentilucci
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    Behav Brain Res 233:130-40. 2012
    ..The results support the hypothesis that a system coupling hand gestures to vowel production exists. Moreover, they suggest the existence of a more general system relating gestures to words...
  37. ncbi Lateralized organization of the cerebellum in a silent verbal fluency task: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study in healthy volunteers
    Petra Hubrich-Ungureanu
    Central Institute of Mental Health ZI, NMR Research, P O Box 122 120, D 68072, Mannheim, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 319:91-4. 2002
    ..They provide evidence for the hypothesis of a lateralized organization of the cerebellum crossed to the cerebral hemispheres in supporting higher cognitive function...
  38. ncbi Prefrontal-temporal circuitry for episodic encoding and subsequent memory
    B A Kirchhoff
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Neurosci 20:6173-80. 2000
    ..The similarities between prefrontal and lateral temporal encoding responses raise the possibility that prefrontal modulation of posterior cortical representations is central to encoding...
  39. ncbi Neural basis for sentence comprehension: grammatical and short-term memory components
    Ayanna Cooke
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4283, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 15:80-94. 2002
    ....
  40. ncbi The functional anatomy of single-word reading in patients with hemianopic and pure alexia
    A P Leff
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
    Brain 124:510-21. 2001
    ..The relative contributions of pure and hemianopic alexia in individual patients needs to be assessed, as the latter has been shown to respond well to specific rehabilitation programmes...
  41. ncbi Characterizing behavioral and cognitive dysexecutive changes in progressive supranuclear palsy
    David Millar
    Clinical Psychology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 21:199-207. 2006
    ..The results show the potential utility of this instrument in characterizing behavioral and emotional changes associated with frontal lobe dysfunction in neurodegenerative disease...
  42. ncbi Validation and application of verbal autopsies in a rural area of South Africa
    K Kahn
    Health Systems Development Unit, Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 5:824-31. 2000
    ..To validate the causes of death determined with a single verbal autopsy instrument covering all age groups in the Agincourt subdistrict of rural South Africa...
  43. ncbi Walking the talk--speech activates the leg motor cortex
    Gianpiero Liuzzi
    Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 46:2824-30. 2008
    ..In the frame of the motor theory of speech this finding suggests that the system of gestural communication, from which speech may have evolved, is not confined to the hand but includes gestural movements of other body parts as well...
  44. ncbi The impact of speech impairment in early childhood: investigating parents' and speech-language pathologists' perspectives using the ICF-CY
    Jane McCormack
    Charles Sturt University, Australia
    J Commun Disord 43:378-96. 2010
    ....
  45. ncbi Mapping the semantic homunculus: a functional and behavioural analysis of overt semantic generation
    Carrie Esopenko
    Cognitive Neuroimaging Lab, Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Science, Saskatoon, Canada
    Brain Topogr 21:22-35. 2008
    ..The response times from Experiment 1 were also compared to the semantic complexity ratings gathered in Experiment 2 to determine if response times in the fMRI environment were affected by how complex an object is...
  46. ncbi Verbal self-monitoring and auditory verbal hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia
    L C Johns
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London
    Psychol Med 31:705-15. 2001
    ..The specific tendency of hallucinators to misattribute their distorted voice to someone else may reflect impaired awareness of internally generated verbal material...
  47. ncbi The contribution of different facial regions to the recognition of conversational expressions
    Manfred Nusseck
    Max Planck Institute of Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
    J Vis 8:1.1-23. 2008
    ..The full set of results is used to develop a systematic description of the roles of different facial parts in the visual perception of conversational facial expressions...
  48. ncbi A word-order constraint on phonological activation
    Niels Janssen
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, CNRS and Université de Provence, Marseille Cedex 3, France
    Psychol Sci 19:216-20. 2008
    ..More generally, these results provide direct evidence for the operation of word-order constraints during language production...
  49. ncbi A meta-analytic review of verbal fluency deficits in depression
    Julie Henry
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:78-101. 2005
    ..Evidence is presented that tests of phonemic and semantic fluency may aid in the differential diagnosis of patients with depression and those in the early stages of dementia of the Alzheimer's type...
  50. ncbi Brain signatures of meaning access in action word recognition
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:884-92. 2005
    ..Word-related distributed neuronal assemblies with specific cortical topographies can explain the observed spatiotemporal dynamics reflecting word meaning access...
  51. ncbi Infant-directed speech supports phonetic category learning in English and Japanese
    Janet F Werker
    Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Cognition 103:147-62. 2007
    ..The robust availability of these cues in maternal speech adds support to the hypothesis that distributional learning is an important mechanism whereby infants establish native language phonetic categories...
  52. ncbi The interaction of pathways to fear in childhood anxiety: a preliminary study
    Andy P Field
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9QH, UK
    Behav Res Ther 45:3051-9. 2007
    ..These results support theories of fear acquisition that suppose that verbal information impacts on the strength of associations formed in subsequent conditioning episodes, and suggest that pathways to fear have interactive effects...
  53. ncbi Speech and gesture share the same communication system
    Paolo Bernardis
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 44:178-90. 2006
    ..This signal represents the intention to engage a closer interaction with a hypothetical interlocutor and it may have a meaning different from when word and gesture are encoded singly...
  54. ncbi Relationships among speech perception, production, language, hearing loss, and age in children with impaired hearing
    P J Blamey
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 44:264-85. 2001
    ....
  55. ncbi Migraine and cognitive function: a life-course study
    Karen E Waldie
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Neurology 59:904-8. 2002
    ..To investigate the association between migraine and cognitive ability among members of a longitudinal birth cohort study...
  56. ncbi Intranasal insulin improves cognition and modulates beta-amyloid in early AD
    M A Reger
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA
    Neurology 70:440-8. 2008
    ..After intranasal administration, insulin-like peptides follow extracellular pathways to the brain within 15 minutes...
  57. ncbi Action word understanding and overt motor behavior
    Riccardo Dalla Volta
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100, Parma, Italy
    Exp Brain Res 196:403-12. 2009
    ..The data are discussed in support of the hypothesis that this complete activation is necessary requisite to understand the exact meaning of action words because goal and consequence of the actions are represented...
  58. ncbi Modality-independent involvement of the left BA 44 during lexical decision making
    Stefan Heim
    Research Centre Julich, Institute of Neurosciences and Biophysics INB 3, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Brain Struct Funct 212:95-106. 2007
    ..These results indicate that the left BA 44 as a distinct sub-part of Broca's region plays an important role in lexical decision making independently of stimulus modality and decision times...
  59. ncbi Listening to talking faces: motor cortical activation during speech perception
    Jeremy I Skipper
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Neuroimage 25:76-89. 2005
    ..This distributed network could participate in recognition processing by interpreting visual information about mouth movements as phonetic information based on motor commands that could have generated those movements...
  60. ncbi Neuroanatomical distribution of five semantic components of verbs: evidence from fMRI
    David Kemmerer
    Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, 1353 Heavilon Hall, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 1353, USA
    Brain Lang 107:16-43. 2008
    ..Virtually all of the predictions were confirmed. Taken together, these findings support the Simulation Framework and extend our understanding of the neuroanatomical distribution of different aspects of verb meaning...
  61. ncbi Personality as manifest in word use: correlations with self-report, acquaintance report, and behavior
    Lisa A Fast
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:334-46. 2008
    ..It is suggested that word use is related to personality to a larger degree than previously observed and deserves increased attention as a source of data in personality assessment...
  62. ncbi Physician-patient communication in the primary care office: a systematic review
    Rainer S Beck
    Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    J Am Board Fam Pract 15:25-38. 2002
    ....
  63. ncbi Clustering and switching on verbal fluency tests in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease
    A K Troyer
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Geriatric Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 4:137-43. 1998
    ..This differential pattern of performance provides evidence for the potential usefulness of measures of switching and clustering in the assessment of dementia...
  64. ncbi Neural representation of verb meaning: an fMRI study
    Murray Grossman
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4283, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 15:124-34. 2002
    ..We suggest that left posterolateral temporal activation supports aspects of lexical semantic processing concerned with the neural representation of propositional knowledge contributing to COGNITION verbs...
  65. pmc Engaging in imagery versus verbal processing of worry: Impact on negative intrusions in high worriers
    Caroline Stokes
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 48:418-23. 2010
    ..Furthermore, imagery was associated with a decrease in negative intrusions. The results support the theory that the predominantly verbal nature of worry may be responsible for the uncontrollability and maintenance of worry...
  66. pmc Least effort and the origins of scaling in human language
    Ramon Ferrer i Cancho
    Complex Systems Lab, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Doctor Aiguader 80, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:788-91. 2003
    ..The implications for the evolution of language are discussed. We explain how language evolution can take advantage of a communicative phase transition...
  67. ncbi Memory disturbances in migraine with and without aura: a strategy problem?
    F Le Pira
    Institute of Neurological Sciences, University of Catania, Italy
    Cephalalgia 20:475-8. 2000
    ..The memory defects, both on visuo-spatial and on verbal cognitive tasks, could depend on an impaired recall mechanism. These memory difficulties seem related to strategically and organizationally defective aspects of learning...
  68. ncbi A cross-linguistic PET study of tone perception in Mandarin Chinese and English speakers
    D Klein
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2B4, Canada
    Neuroimage 13:646-53. 2001
    ..In contrast, only the English group showed activity in the right inferior frontal cortex, consistent with a right-hemispheric role in pitch perception...
  69. pmc Brain systems mediating semantic and syntactic processing in deaf native signers: biological invariance and modality specificity
    Cheryl M Capek
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Zochonis Building, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8784-9. 2009
    ..Together, these findings suggest that biological constraints and experience shape the development of neural systems important for language...
  70. ncbi How symbolic gestures and words interact with each other
    Filippo Barbieri
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma 43100, Italy
    Brain Lang 110:1-11. 2009
    ..Data are discussed according to the hypothesis that integration between gesture and word occurs by transferring the social intention to interact directly with the interlocutor from the gesture to the word...
  71. pmc Grammatical and phonological influences on word order
    Niels Janssen
    Universidad de La Laguna, Facultad de Psicologia, Campus Guajara s n, La Laguna 38205, Spain
    Psychol Sci 20:1262-8. 2009
    ..These results cannot be explained by differences in the stimulus displays used to elicit the utterances and suggest that grammatical encoding is sensitive to the phonological properties of words...
  72. ncbi Is infant-directed speech prosody a result of the vocal expression of emotion?
    L J Trainor
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1
    Psychol Sci 11:188-95. 2000
    ..We conclude that ID prosody itself is not special. What is special is the widespread expression of emotion to infants in comparison with the more inhibited expression of emotion in typical adult interactions...
  73. ncbi How our hands help us learn
    Susan Goldin-Meadow
    University of Chicago, 5730 South Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:234-41. 2005
    ..We consider two ways in which gesture could change the course of learning: indirectly by influencing learning environments or directly by influencing learners themselves...
  74. ncbi Brain activation in the processing of Chinese characters and words: a functional MRI study
    L H Tan
    Cognitive Science Program, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Hum Brain Mapp 10:16-27. 2000
    ..The present results constitute a challenge to the deeply ingrained belief that activations in reading single characters are right lateralized, whereas activations in reading two-character words are left lateralized...
  75. ncbi The costs of doing two things at once for young and older adults: talking while walking, finger tapping, and ignoring speech or noise
    Susan Kemper
    Gerontology Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:181-92. 2003
    ..In contrast, older adults shifted to a reduced speech rate in the dual-task conditions...
  76. ncbi Remembering familiar people: the posterior cingulate cortex and autobiographical memory retrieval
    R J Maddock
    Depaartment of Psychiatry, University of California Davis, Sacramento 65817, USA
    Neuroscience 104:667-76. 2001
    ..Our findings suggest that autobiographical memory retrieval tasks could be used to probe the functional status of the posterior cingulate cortex in patients with early Alzheimer's disease or at risk for that condition...
  77. pmc Hippocampal neurochemistry, neuromorphometry, and verbal memory in nondemented older adults
    M E Zimmerman
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Saul R Korey Department of Neurology, 1165 Morris Park Ave, Room 343, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Neurology 70:1594-600. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that a measure of hippocampal neuronal metabolism was associated with verbal memory in nondemented older adults after controlling for hippocampal volume...
  78. ncbi A study of syntactic processing in aphasia II: neurological aspects
    David Caplan
    Neuropsychology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Brain Lang 101:151-77. 2007
    ..The data are consistent with a model in which the neural tissue that is responsible for the operations underlying sentence comprehension and syntactic processing is localized in different neural regions in different individuals...
  79. ncbi The effects of spelling consistency on phonological awareness: a comparison of English and German
    Usha Goswami
    Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2PQ, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 92:345-65. 2005
    ..Similar developmental effects were indeed observed in prereaders, but differential effects had emerged within the first year of reading instruction...
  80. ncbi An electrophysiological analysis of the time course of conceptual and syntactic encoding during tacit picture naming
    B M Schmitt
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 13:510-22. 2001
    ....
  81. ncbi Comparing cortical activations for silent and overt speech using event-related fMRI
    Jie Huang
    Department of Radiology, Michigan State University, 184 Radiology Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 15:39-53. 2002
    ..If the problem of motion artifact can be handled effectively, fMRI can add greatly to the tools available to investigate human language...
  82. ncbi Neural changes following remediation in adult developmental dyslexia
    Guinevere F Eden
    Georgetown University Medical Center, 4000 Reservoir Road, Building D, Suite 150, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    Neuron 44:411-22. 2004
    ..Hence, behavioral plasticity in adult developmental dyslexia involves two distinct neural mechanisms, each of which has previously been observed either for remediation of developmental or acquired reading disorders...
  83. ncbi Phonotactic probability influences speech production
    Matthew Goldrick
    Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University, 2016 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Cognition 107:1155-64. 2008
    ..Participants' behavior was sensitive to variations in frequency, demonstrating that phonotactic probability influences speech production independent of phonetic complexity...
  84. pmc Direct observation of mother-child communication in pediatric cancer: assessment of verbal and non-verbal behavior and emotion
    Madeleine J Dunn
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 36:565-75. 2011
    ..To examine the acceptability and feasibility of coding observed verbal and nonverbal behavioral and emotional components of mother-child communication among families of children with cancer...
  85. pmc Phonology and vocal behavior in toddlers with autism spectrum disorders
    Elizabeth Schoen
    Yale Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
    Autism Res 4:177-88. 2011
    ..Findings suggest that toddlers with ASDs do not tune into the language model of their environment. Failure to attend to the ambient language environment negatively impacts the ability to acquire spoken language...
  86. ncbi Decision-making processes following damage to the prefrontal cortex
    Facundo Manes
    University of Cambridge Psychiatry Department, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Brain 125:624-39. 2002
    ..Ventral and dorsal aspects of prefrontal cortex must interact in the maintenance of rational and 'non-risky' decision making...
  87. ncbi Walking or talking? Behavioral and neurophysiological correlates of action verb processing
    F Pulvermuller
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, England
    Brain Lang 78:143-68. 2001
    ..Our results are consistent with associative theories postulating that words are organized in the brain as distributed cell assemblies whose cortical distributions reflect the words' meanings...
  88. ncbi Role of frontal versus temporal cortex in verbal fluency as revealed by voxel-based lesion symptom mapping
    Juliana V Baldo
    Center for Aphasia and Related Disorders, VA Northern California Health Care System, Martinez, California 94553, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 12:896-900. 2006
    ..Our findings are therefore consistent with the hypothesis that temporal cortex subserves word retrieval constrained by semantics, whereas frontal regions are more critical for strategic word retrieval constrained by phonology...
  89. ncbi Nested incremental modeling in the development of computational theories: the CDP+ model of reading aloud
    Conrad Perry
    Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Psychol Rev 114:273-315. 2007
    ....
  90. ncbi Dynamic information for the recognition of conversational expressions
    Douglas W Cunningham
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
    J Vis 9:7.1-17. 2009
    ..Moreover, we demonstrate conclusively that this dynamic advantage is due to information that is only available over time, and that the temporal integration window for this information is at least 100 ms long...
  91. ncbi Decision-making in frontotemporal dementia: clinical, theoretical and legal implications
    Facundo Manes
    Institute of Cognitive Neurology INECO, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina fmanes ineco org ar
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 32:11-7. 2011
    ..In this study, we investigated decision-making cognition in a group of patients with an early bvFTD diagnosis whose standard neuropsychological performance was within normal range for all variables...
  92. ncbi Distinct brain systems for processing concrete and abstract concepts
    J R Binder
    Medical College of Wisconsin, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:905-17. 2005
    ....
  93. ncbi Males and females differ in brain activation during cognitive tasks
    Emily C Bell
    Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, University of Alberta 1E1 07 Mackenzie Center Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2B7
    Neuroimage 30:529-38. 2006
    ..These results suggest that in functional imaging studies in clinical populations it may be sensible to examine each sex independently until this effect is more fully understood...
  94. ncbi On the complexities of measuring naming
    Kathleen Rastle
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 28:307-14. 2002
    ..Analyses of the performance of each voice key are carried out, and implications for studies of naming latency are discussed...
  95. ncbi Dynamical quantification of schizophrenic speech
    Fabrice Leroy
    UFR de Psychologie, Université Charles de Gaulle Lille 3, Domaine Universitaire du Pont de Bois, F59653 Villeneuve d Ascq, France
    Psychiatry Res 133:159-71. 2005
    ..This impairment in accessing language at the highest level supports the hypothesis of a deficit in maintaining a discourse plan in schizophrenia...
  96. ncbi Topic repetitiveness after traumatic brain injury: an emergent, jointly managed behaviour
    Richard Body
    Department of Human Communication Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TA, UK
    Clin Linguist Phon 19:379-92. 2005
    ..Firstly, it is viewed as an emergent response to underlying deficits in non-linguistic abilities. Secondly, it is described in terms of joint management of topic development between the person with TBI and his interlocutor...
  97. ncbi Dynamics of emotional expression in autobiographic speech of patients with anorexia nervosa
    Karyn Doba
    Université Lille 3, Department of Psychology, Domaine Universitaire, du Pont de Bois 59654 Villeneuve d Ascq
    Psychol Rep 101:237-49. 2007
    ..These results showed specific dynamics of emotional expression in persons with anorexia nervosa characterised by the presence of negative emotional perseveration. The possible clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
  98. ncbi Improving performance on the WCST: variations on the original procedure. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test
    S L Rossell
    Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, London, UK
    Schizophr Res 28:63-76. 1997
    ..The results indicate that WCST deficits in elderly controls are due to limited capacity, whereas in patient with schizophrenia, the problem may be due to the impaired monitoring of responses...
  99. ncbi Neurocognitive functioning in patients with first-episode schizophrenia : results of a prospective 5-year follow-up study
    Margot Albus
    District Hospital Haar, Vockestr 72, 85540, Haar, Germany
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:442-51. 2006
    ..Our data suggest that NP impairment is already present at the onset of the illness and remains stable over the early course of schizophrenia...
  100. pmc The role of the basal ganglia and cerebellum in language processing
    James R Booth
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
    Brain Res 1133:136-44. 2007
    ..Based on research in the motor planning and control literature, we argue that the putamen engages in cortical initiation while the cerebellum amplifies and refines this signal to facilitate correct decision making...
  101. ncbi Separate neural subsystems within 'Wernicke's area'
    R J Wise
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Brain 124:83-95. 2001
    ..These processes are central to the acquisition of long- term lexical memories of novel words...

Research Grants75

  1. PERCEPTUAL BASES OF VISUAL CONCEPTS
    Edward A Wasserman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..practical diagnostic tests for assessing visual performance;particularly important here is the fact that verbal behavior need not participate in such performance assessments, making nonverbal tests especially useful with infants, ..
  2. An Experimental Model of Human Language and Cognition in Drug Dependence
    KENNETH MICHAEL CARPENTER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..developing expertise in the experimental methodologies of behavioral pharmacology and the analysis of human verbal behavior in order to investigate the processes by which human verbal behavior and cognition can affect individuals&..
  3. BIOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS IN CRIME RELATED PTSD
    Michael Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..reactivity to trauma and neutral stimuli, acoustic startle response, stress-induced analgesia, and nonverbal/verbal behavior. A multimodal approach holds the greatest promise for uncovering complex interrelationships between ..
  4. Stereotype Threat: Psychological and Intergroup Effects
    LINDA TROPP; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..study will investigate whether conditions of stereotype threat promote different patterns of verbal and non-verbal behavior among members of stereotyped and non-stereotyped groups, as such behavior can often reveal underlying beliefs ..
  5. FAMILIAL RISK FOR SPEECH DISORDERS--AN ADOPTION STUDY
    SUSAN PARLOUR; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..speech performance and scores on a standardized measure of the rearing environment and ratings of maternal verbal behavior. In addition to being useful in their own right, the results of this pilot study will determine whether a ..
  6. Stigma versus Situational Status in Dyadic Interactions
    JENNIFER RICHESON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In the proposed studies, participants' non-verbal behavior during an interaction with their partners and attitudes regarding the relevant group memberships will be ..
  7. VERBAL BEHAVIORS IN COMPUTERIZED LIFECOURSE SURVEYS
    ROBERT BELLI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This project is significant because it will address this gap in knowledge by using verbal behavior coding techniques to identify the specific interviewer-respondent interaction behaviors associated with ..
  8. MORPHOLOGICAL DEFICITS IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
    Laurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such a finding could lead to a uniform theory of how language impairment might develop and persist among children acquiring English. ..
  9. GRAMMATICAL MORPHOLOGY IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
    Laurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Processing Neighbors in Speech Perception and Production
    MICHAEL VITEVITCH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..That is, the work in this proposal is a first step in the needed direction of integrating models of sub-lexical, lexical, and semantic processing and of models of recognition and production. ..
  11. Brain activation in developmental communication disorder
    James Booth; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This project will provide tasks, an experimental approach, and a method for evaluating differences between groups with communication disorders that could potentially be used as a diagnostic and intervention tool. ..
  12. Neural development of lexical processing
    James Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This grant has implications for diagnosis and intervention in children with reading and language problems [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective Order
    David Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Spoken language production and childhood stuttering
    Julie Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Findings from these projects will provide meaningful insights into the role that salient linguistic processes play in the initiation and/or cause of instances of stuttering in children. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Syntactic Comprehension
    David Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  16. Cognitive Recovery after Traumatic Brain Injury
    Maureen Schmitter Edgecombe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  17. Sematic Relatedness for Active Medication Safety and Outcomes Surveillance
    Serguei V S Pakhomov; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  18. Syntactic flexibility in language production
    VIC FERREIRA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Disorders of Syntactic Comprehension
    DAVID NORMAN CAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The results could have important consequences for howwe think of these disorders and the neural organization that supports these functions. ..
  20. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE TRACE DELETION HYPOTHESIS
    David Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The position of the investigators is that this study will provide definitive evidence that the TDH is incorrect and that a more complex model of the functional neuroanatomy of syntactic processing is needed. ..
  21. Functional MRI of Sensory-Motor Metaphor Processing
    Rutvik Desai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We aim to provide a better characterization of this system, which will be critical in understanding these diseases and in formulating rational approaches to language relearning and remediation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Hemodynamic and Cognitive Function in Cardiovascular Disease
    Lawrence H Sweet; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Findings are expected to provide data and methods that will increase the clinical utility of FMRI for the assessment of CVD patients, and a better understanding of the mechanisms causing cognitive impairment. ..
  23. Cognitive and neural mechanisms of quantifier interpretation
    Edith Kaan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, results of this project may be used to test language disorders, and to track cognitive and neural reorganization in response to language rehabilitation therapies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. NEUROBIOLOGIC ORIGINS AND INNOVATIVE TREATMENT OF AUTISM
    Rebecca Landa; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Taken as a whole, the projects should add significantly to our knowledge of the ontogeny of autism and thereby lead to the development of novel treatment approaches. ..
  25. Output & Phonological Skills in Bilingual Children
    Brian Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Infants' and Mothers' Responses to being Imitated
    ELISE MASUR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. ERP & Behavioral Predictors of Language Intervention
    Paul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Multiple regression, multivariate permutation tests, and growth curve analyses will be used to test the research questions. Five years of funding are requested. ..
  28. Drug Abuse, Social Decision-Making, and Sex-Related Functional Brain Asymmetry
    DANIEL T TRANEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. TREATMENT OF AGITATION IN THE NURSING HOME
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PHS 398 (Rev. 05/01) Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska ..
  30. FUNCTIONAL MRI OF HUMAN BRAIN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS
    Jeffrey R Binder; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. rTMS Clinical Trial for Auditory Hallucinations
    RALPH EDWARD HOFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will provide critical information regarding positioning strategies that optimize rTMS for AHs, as well as new insights regarding underlying pathophysiology. ..
  32. Child Spontaneous Language Use: Gene-Environment Effects
    LAURA DETHORNE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Developing a more informed model of how genetic and environmental factors work together to yield language outcomes has important implications for developing programs and strategies that will facilitate child language ability. ..
  33. Mapping Abnormal Neurodevelopment in Schizophrenia
    Deanna Barch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] ..
  34. Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs II
    Kimford Meador; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NEAD study has an invaluable cohort, and the results of this continuation proposal will impact the clinical management of women receiving these medications, and improve the health of their children. ..
  35. Neural Substrates of Gaze and Face Processing in Autism
    Robert Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Together, the training and research will provide the expertise and pilot data that will allow the candidate to prepare independent R01 applications near the completion of the training period. ..
  36. VAS-COG 2007
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Many vascular cognitive disorders are preventable and potentially reversible. VAS-COG will provide a forum in which information on these important conditions can be exchanged and disseminated. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Medication Adherence Among Bipolar Patients with Comorbid HIV Infection
    David Moore; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..More generally, the present study will provide useful information on the treatment of other chronic medical illnesses that may co-occur among patients with bipolar disorder. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND SYNTACTIC DEFICITS IN APHASIA
    Randi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Identifying Communicative Signals in Dysarthric Speech
    Rupal Patel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  40. Memory in Aging, Mild Cognitive impairment and AD
    John Olichney; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Event-related FMRI BOLD response patterns will be used to constrain source dipole models for the neural generations of the N400 and LPC. ..
  41. Effects of Bromocriptine on Aphasia Treatment Outcome
    Leora Cherney; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Language performance will also be measured at three and six months after completion of treatment to answer the secondary questions regarding maintenance of language improvements. ..
  42. Cognitive-linguistic processing in L1 and L2
    Kathryn Kohnert; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This explicit theoretical processing model of language learning by L2 learners with and without LI is needed in order to develop clinical measures which can be used to identify LI in the highly variable population of L2 learners. ..
  43. Repressive Style, suppression and chronic Pain
    John Burns; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Moreover, findings should provide theoretical principles on which to found new intervention strategies (e.g., "regulating" suppression by engaging in cognitive exercises). ..
  44. Dyspraxia and Autonomic Control in Very Early AD
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Some dementia treatments are known to reduce HRV, and possibly mortality as well. Alternatively, some psychotropics may increase arrhythmia-related mortality, possibly via a central mechanism. ..
  45. Neural Network Models of Language
    Ralph Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These findings will significantly advance our understanding of illness mechanisms in schizophrenia and direct future research aimed at developing more selective treatments that reverse these abnormalities. ..
  46. Constraints of Prosodic and Morphological Development
    Katherine Demuth; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. EARLY COMMUNICATION INTERVENTION IN AUTISTIC CHILDREN
    Paul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Assessments of communication, vocabulary, and motor imitation will occur at the pre-treatment, port-treatment, and 6 month follow-up periods. Examiners and coders will be blind to treatment assignment. ..
  48. Neuroimaging of language production using overt speech
    Randi Martin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  49. Effects of Aging on Executive Processes
    Timothy Salthouse; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e., specific to individual variables or common to many variables) at which age-related influences operate on executive process variables. ..
  50. The Relation Between Hypercortisolemia and Aphasia
    Jacqueline Laures Gore; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Insular AD Pathology and Autonomic Function
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIA
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In that way, it presents an exciting prospect for improving the quality of life in demented persons, thereby reducing their caregivers' burden. ..
  53. INTONATION IN CHILDREN'S EARLY LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
    David Snow; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  54. ANGER, SYMPTOM SPECIFIC REACTIVITY AND CHRONIC PAIN
    John Burns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Documenting a link between anger and LP reactivity will give empirical justification for targeting problematic anger among CLPB patients, and will provide principles on which to found new intervention strategies. ..
  55. STRATEGY SHIFTS AND AUTOMATIZATION OF COGNITIVE SKILLS
    TIMOTHY RICKARD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The research will test and extend the PI's previous work in the areas of skill acquisition, skill transfer, and memory and amnesia. ..
  56. Working Memory and Brain Morphology in Dyslexia and ADHD
    MICHELLE KIBBY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Furthermore, earlier diagnosis will allow for earlier placement into intervention, and early intervention has been linked with better treatment outcome than intervention started later. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Predictive Modeling of Call Outcomes to Poison Control Center Recommendations
    Lee Ellington; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  58. Validation of a Laboratory Measure of Self-Aggression
    Michael McCloskey; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  59. Detection of Dopamine Release During a Cognitive Task
    RAJENDRA BADGAIYAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will determine whether the molecular imaging technique can be reliably used to investigate an unexplored aspect (neurotransmission) of human cognition. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Prenatal Tobacco Use: Auditory Processing and Language
    Claire Coles; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..All analyses will control for other contributions to outcomes (i.e., Alcohol exposure, Caregiving potential, Quality of Caregiving, including language environment, Child Health and Hearing). ..
  61. AAC Processing Support for Spoken Language in Aphasia
    Myrna Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Rivastigmine as a Treatment for Methamphetamine Dependence
    Richard De La Garza; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The knowledge gained may ultimately support development and implementation of evidence-based treatments for MA dependence, a drug abuse problem with tremendous public health impact. ..
  63. An fMRI Study of Executive Functioning after TBI
    Harvey Levin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Analyses will test TBI-related alterations in brain activation at 3 months postinjury, changes on reimaging at 1 year, relationship to EFs, and MPH effects. ..
  64. Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline Patients
    Erin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. TREATMENT DECISION MAKING CAPACITY IN SCHIZOPHRENIA
    BARTON PALMER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. The Mental Lexicon of Children with Phonological Delays
    HOLLY STORKEL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  67. BIOBEHAVIORAL FACTORS IN ATHEROSCLEROTIC PROGRESSION
    Thomas Kamarck; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Reward System Recovery Following Behavioral Activation Therapy in Depression
    GABRIEL DICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such a strategy is consistent with NIMH's mission to reduce the burden of psychiatric disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  69. Internet Based Patient-Centered Asthma Management System
    Dimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Children in AsthmaNet families will be more likely to report using written care plans. Aim 4: to decrease the number of symptom days for children with asthma H4. Children in AsthmaNet families will experience fewer symptom days. ..
  70. Accounting for variations in parental speech and gesture
    MEREDITH ROWE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, analysis of variance will be used to compare the two groups of parents on input measures. ..
  71. Identify abnormal neurocognitive circuits in temporal lobe epilepsy
    Joseph Tracy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  72. CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF LEXICAL ACTIVATION
    Arthur Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In turn, because language is such a fundamental cognitive ability, progress in describing language processing will enhance our understanding of human cognition, under both normal and disordered conditions. ..
  73. Parent Initiated Prevention Program
    Dimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) To improve parental perceptions of the quality of care provided.H3: Compared to controls, PIPP parents will report higher scores on selected Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) items. ..