gestures

Summary

Summary: Movement of a part of the body for the purpose of communication.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Body expressions influence recognition of emotions in the face and voice
    Jan van den Stock
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands
    Emotion 7:487-94. 2007
  2. pmc Symbolic gestures and spoken language are processed by a common neural system
    Jiang Xu
    Language Section, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 8S235A, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:20664-9. 2009
  3. pmc Co-speech gestures influence neural activity in brain regions associated with processing semantic information
    Anthony Steven Dick
    Department of Neurology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:3509-26. 2009
  4. ncbi When language meets action: the neural integration of gesture and speech
    Roel M Willems
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cereb Cortex 17:2322-33. 2007
  5. doi Neural interaction of speech and gesture: differential activations of metaphoric co-verbal gestures
    Tilo Kircher
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr 30, D 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 47:169-79. 2009
  6. doi Integration of iconic gestures and speech in left superior temporal areas boosts speech comprehension under adverse listening conditions
    Henning Holle
    University of Sussex, Department of Psychology, Falmer, Brighton, UK
    Neuroimage 49:875-84. 2010
  7. ncbi A comparative analysis of animals' understanding of the human pointing gesture
    Adam Miklosi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Pázmany P 1 c, H 1117, Budapest, Hungary
    Anim Cogn 9:81-93. 2006
  8. ncbi Words and gestures: infants' interpretations of different forms of symbolic reference
    L L Namy
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Child Dev 69:295-308. 1998
  9. ncbi On beyond mirror neurons: internal representations subserving imitation and recognition of skilled object-related actions in humans
    Laurel J Buxbaum
    Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Korman 213, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 25:226-39. 2005
  10. doi Comprehension of human pointing gestures in young human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs (Canis familiaris)
    Zsófia Virányi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary
    Anim Cogn 11:373-87. 2008

Research Grants

  1. Virtual Therapist Speech Treatment for Parkinson Disease
    RONALD COLE; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. Basal Ganglia and Higher Cortical Function
    Peter L Strick; Fiscal Year: 2012
  3. Gestural Interfaces and Robotics for Rehabilitation
    CORINNA E LATHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Multisensory foundations of speech perception in infancy
    Janet F Werker; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. Effectiveness of Second Life in Promoting Diabetes Management
    SEANNE JO contact SAFAII FABIANO; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. Adapting Cognitive Enhancement Therapy for ASD
    Nancy J Minshew; Fiscal Year: 2013
  7. Adapting Cognitive Enhancement Therapy for ASD
    Nancy J Minshew; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Efficacy of Voice Treatment for Parkinson's Disease
    Lorraine O Ramig; Fiscal Year: 2011
  9. New Communication Technology for Suddenly Speechless Hospitalized Patients
    Meredeth A Rowe; Fiscal Year: 2012
  10. DEVELOPMENTAL PHONOLOGICAL DISORDERS
    Lawrence D Shriberg; Fiscal Year: 2013

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Body expressions influence recognition of emotions in the face and voice
    Jan van den Stock
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands
    Emotion 7:487-94. 2007
    ....
  2. pmc Symbolic gestures and spoken language are processed by a common neural system
    Jiang Xu
    Language Section, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 8S235A, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:20664-9. 2009
    Symbolic gestures, such as pantomimes that signify actions (e.g., threading a needle) or emblems that facilitate social transactions (e.g., finger to lips indicating "be quiet"), play an important role in human communication...
  3. pmc Co-speech gestures influence neural activity in brain regions associated with processing semantic information
    Anthony Steven Dick
    Department of Neurology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:3509-26. 2009
    Everyday communication is accompanied by visual information from several sources, including co-speech gestures, which provide semantic information listeners use to help disambiguate the speaker's message...
  4. ncbi When language meets action: the neural integration of gesture and speech
    Roel M Willems
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cereb Cortex 17:2322-33. 2007
    ..Here we investigated one particular form of simultaneous language and action, namely speech and gestures that speakers use in everyday communication...
  5. doi Neural interaction of speech and gesture: differential activations of metaphoric co-verbal gestures
    Tilo Kircher
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr 30, D 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 47:169-79. 2009
    b>Gestures are an important part of human communication. However, little is known about the neural correlates of gestures accompanying speech comprehension...
  6. doi Integration of iconic gestures and speech in left superior temporal areas boosts speech comprehension under adverse listening conditions
    Henning Holle
    University of Sussex, Department of Psychology, Falmer, Brighton, UK
    Neuroimage 49:875-84. 2010
    Iconic gestures are spontaneous hand movements that illustrate certain contents of speech and, as such, are an important part of face-to-face communication...
  7. ncbi A comparative analysis of animals' understanding of the human pointing gesture
    Adam Miklosi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Pázmany P 1 c, H 1117, Budapest, Hungary
    Anim Cogn 9:81-93. 2006
    ..We suggest that a more systematic comparative research is needed to understand the emerging communicative representational abilities in animals that provide the background for comprehending the human pointing gesture...
  8. ncbi Words and gestures: infants' interpretations of different forms of symbolic reference
    L L Namy
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Child Dev 69:295-308. 1998
    ..However, infants' interpretations of gestures changed over development...
  9. ncbi On beyond mirror neurons: internal representations subserving imitation and recognition of skilled object-related actions in humans
    Laurel J Buxbaum
    Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Korman 213, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 25:226-39. 2005
    ....
  10. doi Comprehension of human pointing gestures in young human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs (Canis familiaris)
    Zsófia Virányi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary
    Anim Cogn 11:373-87. 2008
    ..We assume that the high variability in the wolves' communicative behaviour might have provided a basis for selection during the course of domestication of the dog...
  11. ncbi Differential cerebral activation during observation of expressive gestures and motor acts
    M Lotze
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioural Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 44:1787-95. 2006
    ..g. twisting a lid), body-referred movements (e.g. brushing teeth) and expressive gestures (e.g. threatening) in 20 healthy subjects by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
  12. ncbi Neural correlates of the processing of co-speech gestures
    Henning Holle
    Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, Leipzig, Germany
    Neuroimage 39:2010-24. 2008
    In communicative situations, speech is often accompanied by gestures. For example, speakers tend to illustrate certain contents of speech by means of iconic gestures which are hand movements that bear a formal relationship to the contents ..
  13. doi The performance of bonobos (Pan paniscus), chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), and orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) in two versions of an object-choice task
    Nicholas J Mulcahy
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 123:304-9. 2009
    ..The authors suggest several possibilities to account for this difference and discuss our findings in relation to previous and future object-choice research...
  14. ncbi Referential communication by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    David A Leavens
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Comp Psychol 118:48-57. 2004
    Two experiments were conducted to assess the referential function of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) gestures to obtain food. The chimpanzees received 1 trial per condition...
  15. doi The differentiation of iconic and metaphoric gestures: common and unique integration processes
    Benjamin Straube
    Department of Neurology and the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:520-33. 2011
    ..the neural integration of speech and gesture has examined either gesture in the context of concrete [iconic (IC) gestures] or abstract sentence content [metaphoric (MP) gestures]...
  16. ncbi Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) comprehend the referential character of the human pointing gesture
    L M Herman
    Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, USA
    J Comp Psychol 113:347-64. 1999
    The authors tested a dolphin's (Tursiops truncatus) understanding of human manual pointing gestures to 3 distal objects located to the left of, to the right of, or behind the dolphin...
  17. doi Understanding mirror neurons: evidence for enhanced corticospinal excitability during the observation of transitive but not intransitive hand gestures
    Peter G Enticott
    Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre, School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Monash University and the Alfred, Australia
    Neuropsychologia 48:2675-80. 2010
    ..TMS) experiment that assessed corticospinal excitability while viewing intransitive and transitive hand gestures (compared with the presentation of a static hand)...
  18. doi Spoken language and arm gestures are controlled by the same motor control system
    Maurizio Gentilucci
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:944-57. 2008
    ..We reviewed neurophysiological and behavioural evidence that manual gestures and vocal language share the same control system...
  19. doi Intention processing in communication: a common brain network for language and gestures
    Ivan Enrici
    Department of Psychology, Center for Cognitive Science, University of Turin, via Po, 14 10123 Turin, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2415-31. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi From manual gesture to speech: a gradual transition
    Maurizio Gentilucci
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma I 43100, Italy
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 30:949-60. 2006
    There are a number of reasons to suppose that language evolved from manual gestures. We review evidence that the transition from primarily manual to primarily vocal language was a gradual process, and is best understood if it is supposed ..
  21. ncbi Attention to visual speech gestures enhances hemodynamic activity in the left planum temporale
    Johanna Pekkola
    Laboratory of Computational Engineering, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    Hum Brain Mapp 27:471-7. 2006
    Observing a speaker's articulatory gestures can contribute considerably to auditory speech perception...
  22. ncbi The role of iconic gestures in speech disambiguation: ERP evidence
    Henning Holle
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1175-92. 2007
    The present series of experiments explored the extent to which iconic gestures convey information not found in speech...
  23. doi Semantics of primate gestures: intentional meanings of orangutan gestures
    Erica A Cartmill
    Scottish Primate Research Group and Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, UK
    Anim Cogn 13:793-804. 2010
    ..Yet the fundamental question of whether an animal species' gestures carry specific meanings has hardly been addressed...
  24. pmc Human-computer interaction based on hand gestures using RGB-D sensors
    Jose Manuel Palacios
    Departamento de Informática e Ingeniería de Sistemas DIIS and Instituto de Investigación en Ingeniería de Aragón I3A, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza 50018, Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 13:11842-60. 2013
    ..Ten different static hand gestures are recognised, including all different combinations of spread fingers...
  25. ncbi Evidence for distinct contributions of form and motion information to the recognition of emotions from body gestures
    Anthony P Atkinson
    Department of Psychology, Durham University, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK
    Cognition 104:59-72. 2007
    ..of inverting and motion-reversing patch-light compared to fully illuminated displays of whole-body emotion gestures. Inverting the gesture movies or playing them backwards significantly impaired emotion classification accuracy, ..
  26. ncbi Do pointing gestures by infants provoke comments from adults?
    Takeshi Kishimoto
    Department of Comparative and Developmental Psychology, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Osaka University, 1 2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Infant Behav Dev 30:562-7. 2007
    In the field of developmental psychology, there is speculation that pointing gestures by infants are good precursors of infant language acquisition, and some researchers have found correlations between these pointing gestures and some ..
  27. doi The nature of gestures' beneficial role in spatial problem solving
    Mingyuan Chu
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    J Exp Psychol Gen 140:102-16. 2011
    Co-thought gestures are hand movements produced in silent, noncommunicative, problem-solving situations...
  28. pmc Dogs (Canis familiaris), but not chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), understand imperative pointing
    Katharina C Kirchhofer
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e30913. 2012
    ..However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food...
  29. pmc Hand motion classification using a multi-channel surface electromyography sensor
    Xueyan Tang
    Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Sensors (Basel) 12:1130-47. 2012
    ..Furthermore, a new cascaded-structure classifier is also proposed, in which 11 types of hand gestures can be identified accurately using the newly defined features...
  30. doi Communicative intentions in wild chimpanzees: persistence and elaboration in gestural signalling
    Anna Ilona Roberts
    Psychology, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Anim Cogn 16:187-96. 2013
    ..only the presence or absence of a response, we used the most commonly observed response to assign meanings to gestures and examined sequence production in relation to response congruency...
  31. doi Is the coupled control of hand and mouth postures precursor of reciprocal relations between gestures and words?
    Maurizio Gentilucci
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    Behav Brain Res 233:130-40. 2012
    We tested whether a system coupling hand postures related to gestures to the control of internal mouth articulators during production of vowels exists and it can be precursor of a system relating hand/arm gestures to words...
  32. doi Infants use shared experience to interpret pointing gestures
    Kristin Liebal
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Dev Sci 12:264-71. 2009
    ..Infants just beginning to learn language thus already show a complex understanding of the pragmatics of cooperative communication in which shared experience with particular individuals plays a crucial role...
  33. ncbi Perceiving fear in dynamic body expressions
    J Grezes
    Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action LPPA, CNRS College de France, 11 place Marcelin Berthelot, 75005 Paris, France
    Neuroimage 35:959-67. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi Gestures maintain spatial imagery
    R Wesp
    Department of Psychology, East Stroudsburg University, 200 Prospect Street, East Stroudsburg, PA 18301, USA
    Am J Psychol 114:591-600. 2001
    Recent theories suggest alternatives to the commonly held belief that the sole role of gestures is to communicate meaning directly to listeners...
  35. pmc Early gesture selectively predicts later language learning
    Meredith L Rowe
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 S University Ave, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Dev Sci 12:182-7. 2009
    The gestures children produce predict the early stages of spoken language development. Here we ask whether gesture is a global predictor of language learning, or whether particular gestures predict particular language outcomes...
  36. doi What iconic gesture fragments reveal about gesture-speech integration: when synchrony is lost, memory can help
    Christian Obermeier
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:1648-63. 2011
    ..To be able to more precisely manipulate gesture-speech synchrony, we used gesture fragments instead of complete gestures, thereby avoiding the usual long temporal overlap of gestures with their coexpressive speech...
  37. doi A comparative approach to dogs' (Canis familiaris) and human infants' comprehension of various forms of pointing gestures
    Gabriella Lakatos
    Department of Ethology, Eötvös University Budapest, Pázmány P sétány 1c, 1117, Budapest, Hungary
    Anim Cogn 12:621-31. 2009
    ..In the first study, we looked at their ability to comprehend different arm pointing gestures (long cross-pointing, forward cross-pointing and elbow cross-pointing) to locate a hidden object...
  38. doi Neural integration of iconic and unrelated coverbal gestures: a functional MRI study
    Antonia Green
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Section of Experimental Psychopathology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:3309-24. 2009
    b>Gestures are an important part of interpersonal communication, for example by illustrating physical properties of speech contents (e.g., "the ball is round")...
  39. doi One-year-old infants appreciate the referential nature of deictic gestures and words
    Teodora Gliga
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, School of Psychology, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
    Psychol Sci 20:347-53. 2009
    One-year-old infants have a small receptive vocabulary and follow deictic gestures, but it is still debated whether they appreciate the referential nature of these signals...
  40. ncbi Analysis of social interaction gestures in infants with autism
    Siobhan E Colgan
    School of Education, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA
    Child Neuropsychol 12:307-19. 2006
    This study analyzes the emergent use of gestures used among 9-12-month-old infants with autism and typical development using retrospective video analysis...
  41. doi Florida Apraxia Battery-Extended and revised Sydney (FABERS): design, description, and a healthy control sample
    Emma Power
    Speech Pathology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 32:1-18. 2010
    ....
  42. doi Reduced ventrolateral fMRI response during observation of emotional gestures related to the degree of dopaminergic impairment in Parkinson disease
    Martin Lotze
    Functional Imaging Group, Center for Diagnostic Radiology and Neuroradiology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1321-31. 2009
    ..We used fMRI to investigate differences in the functional activation in response to emotional and nonemotional gestures between PD patients and age-matched healthy controls (HC)...
  43. pmc Explaining dog wolf differences in utilizing human pointing gestures: selection for synergistic shifts in the development of some social skills
    Márta Gácsi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos University, Budapest, Pázmány, Hungary
    PLoS ONE 4:e6584. 2009
    ..To reconcile previously contradicting views on the origin of dogs' outstanding performance in utilizing human gestures, we suggest that dog-wolf differences should be studied in a more complex way.
  44. doi When do gestures communicate? A meta-analysis
    Autumn B Hostetter
    Department of Psychology, Kalamazoo College, 1200 Academy Street, Kalamazoo, MI 49006, USA
    Psychol Bull 137:297-315. 2011
    Do the gestures that speakers produce while talking significantly benefit listeners' comprehension of the message? This question has been the topic of many research studies over the previous 35 years, and there has been little consensus...
  45. ncbi Orangutans modify their gestural signaling according to their audience's comprehension
    Erica A Cartmill
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, Scotland
    Curr Biol 17:1345-8. 2007
    ..appeared partially to understand their meaning, orangutans narrowed down their range of signals, focusing on gestures already used and repeating them frequently...
  46. ncbi One-year-olds comprehend the communicative intentions behind gestures in a hiding game
    Tanya Behne
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Dev Sci 8:492-9. 2005
    This study explored infants' ability to infer communicative intent as expressed in non-linguistic gestures. Sixty children aged 14, 18 and 24 months participated...
  47. ncbi Gesture paves the way for language development
    Jana M Iverson
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:367-71. 2005
    In development, children often use gesture to communicate before they use words. The question is whether these gestures merely precede language development or are fundamentally tied to it...
  48. ncbi Digital chameleons: automatic assimilation of nonverbal gestures in immersive virtual environments
    Jeremy N Bailenson
    Department of Communication, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:814-9. 2005
    ..e., a computer algorithm blindly applied to all movements) to gain social influence. Furthermore, this is the first study to demonstrate social influence effects with a nonhuman, nonverbal mimicker...
  49. pmc Speech-associated gestures, Broca's area, and the human mirror system
    Jeremy I Skipper
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Brain Lang 101:260-77. 2007
    Speech-associated gestures are hand and arm movements that not only convey semantic information to listeners but are themselves actions...
  50. ncbi Darwin's legacy and the study of primate visual communication
    Frans B M de Waal
    Yerkes Primate Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1000:7-31. 2003
    ..There is also increasing evidence for signal conventionalization in primates, especially the apes, in both captivity and the field. This process results in group-specific or "cultural" communication patterns...
  51. pmc A common network in the left cerebral hemisphere represents planning of tool use pantomimes and familiar intransitive gestures at the hand-independent level
    Gregory Króliczak
    Psychology Department, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 5288, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:2396-410. 2009
    ..within the left hemisphere may support the representation of these skills (transitive actions) versus meaningful gestures that do not involve manipulating objects (intransitive actions), and 2) both cerebral hemispheres may participate ..
  52. doi Mirror neurons and the evolution of language
    Michael C Corballis
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Brain Lang 112:25-35. 2010
    ..I argue that language evolved from manual gestures, initially as a system of pantomime, but with gestures gradually "conventionalizing" to assume more symbolic form...
  53. ncbi Neural correlates of bimodal speech and gesture comprehension
    Spencer D Kelly
    Psychology Department, Colgate University, Hamilton, NY 13346 1338, USA
    Brain Lang 89:253-60. 2004
    ..Specifically, there was a right-lateralized N400 effect-reflecting semantic integration-when gestures mismatched versus matched the speech...
  54. pmc Intentional communication by chimpanzees: a cross-sectional study of the use of referential gestures
    D A Leavens
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
    Dev Psychol 34:813-22. 1998
    This study describes the use of referential gestures with concomitant gaze orienting behavior to both distal food objects and communicative interactants by 115 chimpanzees, ranging from 3 to 56 years of age...
  55. ncbi A comparative study of the use of visual communicative signals in interactions between dogs (Canis familiaris) and humans and cats (Felis catus) and humans
    Aam Miklósi
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary
    J Comp Psychol 119:179-86. 2005
    ..In Experiment 1, the ability of dogs and cats to use human pointing gestures in an object-choice task was compared using 4 types of pointing cues differing in distance between the signaled ..
  56. pmc Comprehension of the communicative intent behind pointing and gazing gestures by young children with Williams syndrome or Down syndrome
    Angela E John
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 53:950-60. 2010
    In this study, the authors examined the ability of preschoolers with Williams syndrome (WS) or Down syndrome (DS) to infer communicative intent as expressed through gestures (pointing and eye-gaze shift).
  57. pmc Interindividual differences in neonatal imitation and the development of action chains in rhesus macaques
    Pier Francesco Ferrari
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, USA
    Child Dev 80:1057-68. 2009
    The capacity to imitate facial gestures is highly variable in rhesus macaques and this variability may be related to differences in specific neurobehavioral patterns of development...
  58. doi Integrating speech and iconic gestures in a Stroop-like task: evidence for automatic processing
    Spencer D Kelly
    Colgate University, Hamilton, NY 13346, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:683-94. 2010
    ..between the speech and the gesture, producing a larger N400 to words accompanied by incongruent versus congruent gestures. In addition, RTs were slower to incongruent versus congruent gesture-speech stimuli, but this effect was greater ..
  59. doi How symbolic gestures and words interact with each other
    Filippo Barbieri
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma 43100, Italy
    Brain Lang 110:1-11. 2009
    ..Magnetic Stimulation and neuroimaging studies showed that Broca's area is involved in the interaction between gestures and words...
  60. pmc Common neural substrates support speech and non-speech vocal tract gestures
    Soo Eun Chang
    Laryngeal and Speech Section, Medical Neurology Branch, NINDS NIH, 10 Center Dr MSC 1416 Building 10, Room 5D38, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neuroimage 47:314-25. 2009
    The issue of whether speech is supported by the same neural substrates as non-speech vocal tract gestures has been contentious...
  61. pmc Good and bad in the hands of politicians: spontaneous gestures during positive and negative speech
    Daniel Casasanto
    Neurobiology of Language Group, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 5:e11805. 2010
    ..The goal of the present study was to determine whether 'body-specific' associations of space and valence can be observed beyond the laboratory in spontaneous behavior, and whether these implicit associations have visible consequences...
  62. pmc Are depictive gestures like pictures? commonalities and differences in semantic processing
    Ying Choon Wu
    Center for Research in Language, UC San Diego 0526, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093, United States
    Brain Lang 119:184-95. 2011
    Conversation is multi-modal, involving both talk and gesture. Does understanding depictive gestures engage processes similar to those recruited in the comprehension of drawings or photographs? Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were ..
  63. ncbi Baboons communicate with their right hand
    Adrien Meguerditchian
    Department of Psychology, Research Center in Psychology of Cognition, Language and Emotion, University of Provence, Aix en Provence, France
    Behav Brain Res 171:170-4. 2006
    Humans are mainly right-handed for many actions including gestures. This bias is strongly linked to a left cerebral hemispheric dominance for language functions...
  64. doi Repetition suppression for performed hand gestures revealed by fMRI
    Antonia F de C Hamilton
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:2898-906. 2009
    The functional components of the human motor system that are used to retrieve and execute simple intransitive hand gestures were identified with a repetition suppression (RS) paradigm...
  65. ncbi Hemisphere asymmetries for imitation of novel gestures
    Georg Goldenberg
    Neuropsychological Department, Krankenhaus Munchen Bogenhausen, Germany
    Neurology 59:893-7. 2002
    Disorders of imitation are traditionally considered as a symptom of apraxia, but defective imitation of gestures can contrast with intact performance of gestures to verbal command and vice versa...
  66. doi Comprehension and utilisation of pointing gestures and gazing in dog-human communication in relatively complex situations
    Gabriella Lakatos
    Department of Ethology, Eotvos Lorand University, Pázmány P 1c, 1117, Budapest, Hungary
    Anim Cogn 15:201-13. 2012
    ..In Study 2, dogs had to rely on a sequence of pointing gestures displayed by two different experimenters...
  67. pmc The second-agent effect: communicative gestures increase the likelihood of perceiving a second agent
    Valeria Manera
    Center for Cognitive Science, Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e22650. 2011
    ..In two psychophysical studies we investigated whether the perceptual system makes use of this information to infer the presence of a second agent when dealing with impoverished and/or noisy sensory input...
  68. doi Iconic gestures prime words
    De Fu Yap
    Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Cogn Sci 35:171-83. 2011
    ..both experiments of the present study investigated the link between the mental representations of iconic gestures and words...
  69. pmc Captive chimpanzees use their right hand to communicate with each other: implications for the origin of the cerebral substrate for language
    Adrien Meguerditchian
    Department of Psychology, Research Center in the Psychology of Cognition, Language and Emotion, Aix Marseille University, Aix en Provence, France
    Cortex 46:40-8. 2010
    ..Although previous studies in chimpanzees have reported evidence of right-handedness for inter-species food-beg gestures produced exclusively toward humans, some might question the generality of these results to intra-species ..
  70. ncbi Do infants need social cognition to act socially? An alternative look at infant pointing
    Barbara D'Entremont
    University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada
    Child Dev 78:723-8. 2007
    ..Evidence is reviewed to argue that this is not possible until 18-24 months of age. A leaner explanation of how infants might initially succeed in pointing tasks without understanding communicative intent is considered...
  71. ncbi Metaphor explanation attenuates the right-hand preference for depictive co-speech gestures that imitate actions
    Sotaro Kita
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Brain Lang 101:185-97. 2007
    ..due to hemispheric specialization for various linguistic processes might determine hand choice for co-speech gestures. To test this hypothesis, we compared hand choices for gesturing in 20 healthy right-handed participants during ..
  72. doi Motoric characteristics of representational gestures produced by young children in a naming task
    Paola Pettenati
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Italy
    J Child Lang 37:887-911. 2010
    This study explores the form of representational gestures produced by forty-five hearing children (age range 2 ; 0-3 ; 1) asked to label pictures in words...
  73. ncbi Maternal gestures with 20-month-old infants in two contexts
    Maria O'Neill
    Department of Psychology, University of Portsmouth, UK
    Dev Sci 8:352-9. 2005
    ..b>Gestures accounted for 29% of total maternal communicative behaviour...
  74. ncbi Imitation of gestures by disconnected hemispheres
    G Goldenberg
    Neuropsychologische Abteilung, Krankenhaus Munchen Bogenhausen, Englschalkingerstrasse 77, D 81925 Munich, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 39:1432-43. 2001
    ..After successful imitation of gestures presented to the left hemisphere PU commented that he imitated without really seeing the stimulus by "formulating ..
  75. doi Lateralization of the human brain
    Michael C Corballis
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Prog Brain Res 195:103-21. 2012
    ..I argue that the common cerebral asymmetry for these functions derives from the origins of language in manual gestures. These, in turn, may originate in specialized circuits for grasping that have been identified in primates, and ..
  76. doi Semantic processing of mathematical gestures
    Vanessa K Lim
    Department of Psychology, Research Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Brain Cogn 71:306-12. 2009
    To examine whether or not university mathematics students semantically process gestures depicting mathematical functions (mathematical gestures) similarly to the way they process action gestures and sentences...
  77. pmc Embodied communication: speakers' gestures affect listeners' actions
    Susan Wagner Cook
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, E11 Seashore Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Cognition 113:98-104. 2009
    We explored how speakers and listeners use hand gestures as a source of perceptual-motor information during naturalistic communication...
  78. ncbi From mouth to hand: gesture, speech, and the evolution of right-handedness
    Michael C Corballis
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Behav Brain Sci 26:199-208; discussion 208-60. 2003
    ..Right-handedness may have arisen because of an association between manual gestures and vocalization in the evolution of language...
  79. ncbi Patterns of apraxia associated with the production of intransitive limb gestures following left and right hemisphere stroke
    M Heath
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Canada
    Brain Cogn 46:165-9. 2001
    ..sample of left-(LHD) and right-hemisphere-damaged (RHD) patients during the production of intransitive limb gestures. The results indicated that a significant proportion of LHD and RHD patients were selectively impaired in ..
  80. doi Most probable longest common subsequence for recognition of gesture character input
    Darya Frolova
    Telekom Innovation Laboratories at Ben Gurion University of Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
    IEEE Trans Cybern 43:871-80. 2013
    ..Such gestures are unencumbered and drawn in free air...
  81. pmc Do infants influence their quality of care? Infants' communicative gestures predict caregivers' responsiveness
    CLAIRE D VALLOTTON
    Michigan State University, 2G Human Ecology, East Lansing, MI 48823, USA
    Infant Behav Dev 32:351-65. 2009
    ..Using longitudinal video data from an infant classroom where infant signing was used along with conventional gestures (i.e...
  82. doi Observation of static gestures influences speech production
    Michelle Jarick
    Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON N2L3C5, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 189:221-8. 2008
    ..To investigate this hypothesis, we asked participants to observe photographs of an actor making orofacial gestures (implying verbal or non-verbal acts), and to produce syllables that were compatible or incompatible with the ..
  83. pmc Young word learners' interpretations of words and symbolic gestures within the context of ambiguous reference
    Sumarga H Suanda
    Emory University
    Child Dev 84:143-53. 2013
    Early in development, many word-learning phenomena generalize to symbolic gestures. The current study explored whether children avoid lexical overlap in the gestural modality, as they do in the verbal modality, within the context of ..
  84. ncbi Comparing action gestures and classifier verbs of motion: evidence from Australian Sign Language, Taiwan Sign Language, and nonsigners' gestures without speech
    Adam Schembri
    University of Newcastle, Australia
    J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 10:272-90. 2005
    ..Although not definitive, these data are consistent with the claim that classifier constructions are blends of linguistic and gestural elements...
  85. pmc Human infants and baboons show the same pattern of handedness for a communicative gesture
    Hélène Meunier
    Primatology Centre of Strasbourg University, Fort Foch, Niederhausbergen, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e33959. 2012
    To test the role of gestures in the origin of language, we studied hand preferences for grasping or pointing to objects at several spatial positions in human infants and adult baboons...
  86. ncbi Two-year-old children's sensitivity to the referential (in)efficacy of their own pointing gestures
    D K O'Neill
    MRC Cognitive Development Unit, London, England University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
    J Child Lang 28:1-28. 2001
    ..Older two-year-olds (n = 16, mean age 2;9), but not younger two-year-olds (n = 16, mean age 2;4), showed an ability to recognize the referential (in)efficacy of their pointing gestures and to adapt their communication accordingly.
  87. doi Behavioural and neurophysiological evidence of semantic interaction between iconic gestures and words
    Paolo Bernardis
    Scuola Superiore di Studi Umanistici, Universita di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Cogn Neuropsychol 25:1114-28. 2008
    ..provide converging behavioural and neurophysiological evidence on the relationship between the meaning of iconic gestures and words...
  88. pmc Delayed imitation of lipsmacking gestures by infant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)
    Annika Paukner
    Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, NIH Animal Center, Poolesville, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e28848. 2011
    Human infants are capable of accurately matching facial gestures of an experimenter within a few hours after birth, a phenomenon called neonatal imitation...
  89. pmc Neural responses to meaningless pseudosigns: evidence for sign-based phonetic processing in superior temporal cortex
    Karen Emmorey
    San Diego State University, United States
    Brain Lang 117:34-8. 2011
    To identify neural regions that automatically respond to linguistically structured, but meaningless manual gestures, 14 deaf native users of American Sign Language (ASL) and 14 hearing non-signers passively viewed pseudosigns (possible ..
  90. doi Is social attention impaired in schizophrenia? Gaze, but not pointing gestures, is associated with spatial attention deficits
    Mario Dalmaso
    Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Universita di Padova
    Neuropsychology 27:608-13. 2013
    ..Unlike previous studies, we also included pointing gestures as social cues, with the goal of addressing whether any eventual impairment in the attentional response was ..
  91. pmc Distinct EEG amplitude suppression to facial gestures as evidence for a mirror mechanism in newborn monkeys
    Pier Francesco Ferrari
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, Parma, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:1165-72. 2012
    ..by recording scalp EEG from 1- to 7-day-old newborn rhesus macaques who were observing and producing facial gestures. We found that 5-6 Hz EEG activity was suppressed both when the infants produced facial gestures and while they ..
  92. doi The benefit of gestures during communication: evidence from hearing and hearing-impaired individuals
    Christian Obermeier
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Cortex 48:857-70. 2012
    There is no doubt that gestures are communicative and can be integrated online with speech...
  93. doi The impact of iconic gestures on foreign language word learning and its neural substrate
    Manuela Macedonia
    Department of Neuropsychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:982-98. 2011
    Vocabulary acquisition represents a major challenge in foreign language learning. Research has demonstrated that gestures accompanying speech have an impact on memory for verbal information in the speakers' mother tongue and, as recently ..
  94. pmc Distinguishing the processing of gestures from signs in deaf individuals: an fMRI study
    Fatima T Husain
    Brain Imaging and Modeling Section, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Brain Res 1276:140-50. 2009
    Manual gestures occur on a continuum from co-speech gesticulations to conventionalized emblems to language signs. Our goal in the present study was to understand the neural bases of the processing of gestures along such a continuum...
  95. ncbi Referential gestural communication in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    Simone Pika
    Curr Biol 16:R191-2. 2006
  96. ncbi The role of gestures in spatial working memory and speech
    Ezequiel Morsella
    Columbia University, USA
    Am J Psychol 117:411-24. 2004
    Co-speech gestures traditionally have been considered communicative, but they may also serve other functions. For example, hand-arm movements seem to facilitate both spatial working memory and speech production...
  97. doi Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) use human gestures but not nonhuman tokens to find hidden food
    Monique A R Udell
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
    J Comp Psychol 122:84-93. 2008
    The authors examined the ability of domestic dogs to use human body cues (gestures) and equivalent-sized nonhuman cues to find hidden food in an object choice paradigm...
  98. doi Observing social gestures: an fMRI study
    Kristine M Knutson
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 7D43, MSC 1440, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Exp Brain Res 188:187-98. 2008
    We investigated the effects of social content of gestures on brain activation patterns...
  99. ncbi Do captive mandrills invent new gestures?
    Mark E Laidre
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Anim Cogn 11:179-87. 2008
    ....
  100. ncbi Use of gesture sequences in chimpanzees
    Katja Liebal
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deustscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 64:377-96. 2004
    ..The majority of these sequences were repetitions of the same gestures, which were often tactile gestures and often occurred in play contexts...
  101. ncbi From monkey-like action recognition to human language: an evolutionary framework for neurolinguistics
    Michael A Arbib
    Computer Science Department, Neuroscience Program, and USC Brain Project, University of Southem Califomia, Los Angeles, CA 90089 2520, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 28:105-24; discussion 125-67. 2005
    ..between the abilities of our nonhuman ancestors of 20 million years ago and modern human language, with manual gestures rather than a system for vocal communication providing the initial seed for this evolutionary process...

Research Grants63

  1. Virtual Therapist Speech Treatment for Parkinson Disease
    RONALD COLE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Foundation, we have developed an initial version of an LSVT therapist that models well the facial expressions, gestures and utterances of a human LSVT therapist...
  2. Basal Ganglia and Higher Cortical Function
    Peter L Strick; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..whereas injections into the limbic territory of GPe evoke excessive grooming, nail biting, and communicative gestures. We propose that the symptoms produced by a micro-injection of BIC are determined by the cortical areas that are ..
  3. Gestural Interfaces and Robotics for Rehabilitation
    CORINNA E LATHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The child controls the robot via gestures. Gestures may include reaching for a button, operating a joystick, or activating wearable sensors through body ..
  4. Multisensory foundations of speech perception in infancy
    Janet F Werker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to test the influence of: 1) Visual information on Auditory speech perception (Experimental Set 1);2) Oral-Motor gestures on Auditory speech perception (Experimental Set 2);3) Oral- Motor gestures on Auditory-Visual speech perception (..
  5. Effectiveness of Second Life in Promoting Diabetes Management
    SEANNE JO contact SAFAII FABIANO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They use voice, text chat and visual motion and gestures to communicate with people worldwide...
  6. Adapting Cognitive Enhancement Therapy for ASD
    Nancy J Minshew; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..defined by specific behavioral impairments in social interactions, verbal and non-verbal (gaze, face expression, gestures, prosody) communication, imaginative play, and by restricted and repetitive interests and behavior...
  7. Adapting Cognitive Enhancement Therapy for ASD
    Nancy J Minshew; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..defined by specific behavioral impairments in social interactions, verbal and non-verbal (gaze, face expression, gestures, prosody) communication, imaginative play, and by restricted and repetitive interests and behavior...
  8. Efficacy of Voice Treatment for Parkinson's Disease
    Lorraine O Ramig; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..focus to include improvements in articulation, facial expression, swallowing and communicative gestures. Furthermore, treatment results in long lasting improvements (out to 2 years) that are correlated with brain re-..
  9. New Communication Technology for Suddenly Speechless Hospitalized Patients
    Meredeth A Rowe; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..patients and nursing staff must consequently resort to alternative nonverbal communication strategies such as gestures, mouthing words, or the use of alphabet boards, which are slow, energy-draining, and ineffective...
  10. DEVELOPMENTAL PHONOLOGICAL DISORDERS
    Lawrence D Shriberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..store and access linguistic representations of speech, and how they transcode representations into the movement gestures for speech production. Prevalence Studies...
  11. Infant Assessment of Early Communication Risk Factors: The ECBS
    Cynthia J Cress; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Established infant risk factors for communication impairments include poor turntaking, gestures, receptive language, commenting, symbolic play, and speech...
  12. FUNCTIONAL NEUROANATOMY OF NORMAL AND IMPAIRED LANGUAGE
    Steven L Small; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..variation through covert motor simulation of perceived articulatory movements;(2) comprehension of symbolic gestures involves a direct visual semantic mechanism, not involving simulation, whereas speech-associated gesture involves ..
  13. The Neural Substrates of Social Interactions
    Rupa Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., mimicking the facial expressions, actions, and gestures)...
  14. Stress Responses as Prospective Predictors of Girls'Suicidality and Self-Injury
    Mitchell J Prinstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., self-mutilation), suicidal gestures, threats, and attempts...
  15. A "lip reading" click device for disabled computer users
    PHILIP R SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Phase I SBIR project developed a proof of concept unit that can detect subtle gestures made by the mouth or lips of the user, and interpret these as mouse clicks or other types of switch output, ..
  16. Compensatory Expressive Behavior for Social Functioning with Facial Paralysis
    Kathleen Rives Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e. gestures and prosody) that people with FP use to communicate and how other people interpret these behaviors to form ..
  17. Passive Activity Monitoring with Patient Identification and Gesture Detection
    JAMES L WOLF; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A network of these sensors provides precise location information within a home or facility and detects falls and gestures such as eating, drinking or taking medications. This device will eliminate the need to wear any device...
  18. Intersensory Perceptual Narrowing in Human Infants
    David J Lewkowicz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Normally, facial gestures and accompanying vocalizations provide highly redundant information because they are always spatially co-located, ..
  19. Communication in Infants and Social Screener : The CISS
    Cynthia J Cress; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Established infant communication risk factors include poor attention, gestures, social connectedness, exploratory play, and speech. Although these risk factors can be detected by 12-18 mos...
  20. DYNAMICS OF VOCAL TRACT SHAPING
    Shrikanth Narayanan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the lips, tongue, and velum, providing exquisite information about the spatiotemporal properties of speech gestures in both the oral and pharyngeal portions of the vocal tract...
  21. Cortical connections with the limbic territory of the basal ganglia
    Michelle Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the Globus Pallidus (GPe) evoke abnormal behaviors including excessive grooming, nail biting, and communicative gestures. We will use transneuronal transport of rabies virus to identify the cortical areas that are interconnected with ..
  22. Buffering role of pet dogs on children's HPA stress responses
    Clive D L Wynne; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and attachment to the dog as well as the dog's sociability and responsiveness to the child's gestures. By characterizing the role of pet ownership and pet presence in the developing biological stress response in ..
  23. Neuromechanics of learned sensorimotor vocal integration
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..introduces simplifications in describing the complex singing behavior, identifying a sequence of elemental "gestures" that comprise the bird's song...
  24. Neural Basis of Gestural Communication: Evidence from Sign Language
    Ursula Bellugi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This theory states that gestures are understood via motor simulation in the observer...
  25. Neural Correlates of Language and Communication in Apes
    William D Hopkins; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..studies are to understand the role that early environment plays in the development of asymmetries in manual gestures and facial expressions and their relationship to different structures of the brain...
  26. LINKS BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND PERCEPTION IN SPEECH
    DOUG H WHALEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is sound, it is often assumed that we can find the important aspects of that sound, without regard to the speech gestures that gave rise to it...
  27. Vocal motor control and sensorimotor learning - behavior, muscles, and neurons
    SAMUEL SOBER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..prior sensorimotor experience, that vocal muscles exert bidirectional influence on pitch across different vocal gestures ("song syllables"), and that pitch learning is implemented by altering the spike content of bursts fired by ..
  28. CELL SURVIVAL IN A NEURAL CIRCUIT FOR LEARNING
    Wei Wu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by a forebrain network that includes pre-motor, striatal, and auditory pathways for processing vocal sounds and gestures. This proposal seeks to understand how these pathways interact to produce stable vocal patterns...
  29. A kinematic study of phonetic reduction in American Sign Language
    MARTHA TYRONE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the framework of articulatory phonology, with the aim of understanding the nature of articulatory targets and gestures in the sign modality...
  30. Promoting Early Communication and Self-Regulation in Poor Infants and Toddlers
    Elizabeth P Pungello; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., frequencies of gestures, vocalizations, and look duration) and physiological (patterns of heart rate) indicators of early communication ..
  31. Auditory and Integrative Functions of the Prefrontal Cortex
    Lizabeth M Romanski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The integration of facial gestures and vocal signals is an essential process in communication and involves many brain regions...
  32. Environmental &Biological Variation and Language Growth
    SUSAN J GOLDIN-MEADOW; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Acquiring the ability to communicate using natural language and symbolic gestures is a uniquely human capacity that underlies the exchange of information among people...
  33. Compensation for Coarticulation: Implications for the Basis and Architecture of S
    Navin Viswanathan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..constancy? What do listeners perceive when they perceive speech (the acoustic signal or the vocal tract gestures that produce the acoustic signal)? These fundamental questions about speech perception continue to be unresolved ..
  34. Bimodal Bilingualism
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., code-bends, sign language iconicity, changes in co-speech gesture, and the interpretation of facial gestures). A second series of studies investigates how bilingualism leads to changes in cognitive ability...
  35. THE ONTOGENY OF SEGMENTAL SPEECH ORGANIZATION
    Susan Nittrouer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim #6: Learning to organize speech gestures in production is more difficult with degraded signals as the models...
  36. Sensory Integration and Language Processing in Autism
    LAURA BETH SILVERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..There are 4 primary aims: 1) To test sensory integration of supplementary gestures and speech, when integration is necessary for understanding (i.e...
  37. Constraints on Phonological and Morphological Development
    Stefanie Shattuck-Hufnagel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..variability will occur most often for feature contrasts that are signaled by multiple articulatory gestures and acoustic cues (e.g...
  38. PD Wii: Computer-Based Training Phase II
    ROBERT W contact HONE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The computer-based training program will combine the ability to recognize gestures and movement with a suite of tailored "therapy games" that encourage patients as they train...
  39. Neurobiology of Speech Perception in Real-World Contexts
    Jeremy I Skipper; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..moment-to-moment changes in this organization in response to communicative context established by co-speech gestures (Aim 2) and discourse (Aim 3)...
  40. Impact of Video Viewing on Infant Learning: Using Baby Signs as an Experimental A
    Laura L Namy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..capitalizes upon the finding that hearing infants at the onset of word learning also frequently utilize symbolic gestures, known as "Baby Signs" to refer to objects, actions and events...
  41. HAL: A TOOL FOR ASSESSING HUMAN ACTION IN THE WORKPLACE
    JOHN ALOIMONOS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..how atypical social interaction in autism or developmental coordination disorder are manifested in body gestures. Why can't we yet deal with problems of such nature? It is clear that the problems mentioned above have ..
  42. On-screen Keyboard Access Method to Reduce Workload
    THOMAS JAKOBS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by moving the mouse cursor toward a few letters in a word without requiring precise targeting of the letters or gestures towards all the letters in the desired word...
  43. Speech Prosody and Articulatory Dynamics in Spoken Language
    Dani Byrd; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are to understand and model how speakers differentially modulate the spatiotemporal organization of articulatory gestures as a function of the cognitive source of a break in the speech stream and how the communicative context ..
  44. An evaluation of the benefits of tactile feedback in robotic surgery
    Erik Dutson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..techniques, such as improved wrist-like maneuverability, stereoscopic video displays, and scaling of surgical gestures to increase precision...
  45. An Acoustic Model of Child-like Speech
    Brad H Story; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..could lead to new explanations of aspects of children's speech production such as the timing of vocal tract gestures and the coarticulation of speech units...
  46. Virtual Patient Advocate to Reduce Ambulatory Adverse Drug Events
    Brian Jack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..behavior of an empathic provider - emphasizing nonverbal communicative behavior such as gaze, posture, and gestures. The VPA uses the AHCP to prepare patients for discharge and determines their degree of understanding of self-..
  47. Neural Basis of Lexical and Speech Processing
    Sheila E Blumstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..IFG), premotor, and motor areas would suggest that phonetic invariance derives from shared motor/articulatory gestures. Invariant neural responses in parietal areas would suggest that phonetic constancy derives from higher order ..
  48. Gestural Interfaces and Robotics for Rehabilitation
    Corinna Lathan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The child controls the robot via gestures and voice activation...
  49. The Role of Gesture in Learning
    SUSAN J GOLDIN-MEADOW; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): When children talk, they gesture and these gestures serve as an index of the child's readiness-to-learn...
  50. Prospective Study of Suicidal Behavior in BPD
    Barbara Stanley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-injury in BPD leads clinicians to consider suicide attempts as merely "gestures," or manipulative and attention-seeking behaviors...
  51. CONTRIBUTIONS OF GESTURE TO THE LINGUISTIC OUTCOMES OF CHILDREN WITH HEARING LOSS
    SOPHIE EVA AMBROSE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally, parental gesture use and parental responses to toddlers'gestures support children's linguistic outcomes...
  52. DOWN SYNDROME CHILDREN--EARLY COMMUNICATIVE DEVELOPMENT
    CAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The research will focus on the development of babbling, gestures, and sensorimotor morphemes during the prelinguistic period and on lexical development, the major component of ..
  53. Multimodal maps of human imitative behavior
    Marco Iacoboni; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Imitation is also central to developing fundamental social skills such as reading facial and other body gestures and to understand the goals, the intentions, and the desires of other people (theory of mind)...
  54. Task Dynamics in the Production of American Sign Language
    MARTHA TYRONE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..grounded in the theory of Articulatory Phonology, which proposes that the basic units of speech are articulatory gestures. These gestures are movement tasks that are invariant from one production to another, and their temporal overlap ..
  55. EARLY ONTOGENY OF ATTUNEMENT TO THE LANGUAGE ENVIRONMENT
    CATHERINE BEST; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..link between perception and production in studies on infant imitation of speech and nonspeech vocal articulatory gestures. Phonological development research has important implications for early intervention on developmental speech and ..
  56. IMPACT OF SYMBOLIC GESTURING ON INFANT DEVELOPMENT
    LINDA ACREDOLO; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..laboratory have confirmed the existence for the vast majority of middle-class infants of spontaneously developed gestures which symbolically represent objects, requests, or conditions (e.g...
  57. EARLY IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FOR LANGUAGE DISORDER
    Donna Thal; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Specific domains to be studied are language comprehension and production, use of symbolic gestures, spatial cognition and concept formation and categorization...
  58. DEVELOPMENT OF IMITATION AND UNDERSTANDING OF PERSONS
    Andrew Meltzoff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The third line of research focuses on facial imitation, and explores what changes occur with age in infants'imitation of facial gestures.
  59. Ultrasound study of errors in speech production
    Stefan Frisch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..psycholinguistic and phonetic methods with the long-term goal of determining the roles played by articulatory gestures and abstract linguistic units in speech production planning...
  60. NEURAL AND MUSCULAR CONTROL OF FINGER MOVEMENTS
    ANDREW FUGLEVAND; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..primates to manipulate diverse objects in the environment and to execute an immense variety of movements and gestures. Lesions of the motor cortex, such as those associated with stroke, give rise to persistent deficits in the ..
  61. Emotional-Processing in Borderline Personality Disorder
    Brett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abnormalities in BPD, while others (such as frantic efforts to avoid abandonment, repeated suicide attempts or gestures, intense and unstable relationships) may be viewed as strategies to cope with or consequences of this core ..
  62. A "lip reading" click device for disabled computer users
    PHILIP SCHAEFER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The device will use a low-cost, high-tech approach to watch for certain unobtrusive lip gestures that indicate clicks, significantly reducing the effort on the part of the user and eliminating conspicuousness ..
  63. Kinematic Comparison of Speech and Nonspeech Oral Tasks
    Susan Shaiman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research attempts to more closely equate speech and nonspeech oral gestures to comparable levels of organization and complexity...