facial expression

Summary

Summary: Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Masked presentations of emotional facial expressions modulate amygdala activity without explicit knowledge
    P J Whalen
    Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Group and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Neurosci 18:411-8. 1998
  2. ncbi Effects of attention and emotion on face processing in the human brain: an event-related fMRI study
    P Vuilleumier
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, England, London, United Kingdom
    Neuron 30:829-41. 2001
  3. pmc Functional neuroimaging of anxiety: a meta-analysis of emotional processing in PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1476-88. 2007
  4. pmc The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants
    Nim Tottenham
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychiatry Res 168:242-9. 2009
  5. ncbi Serotonin transporter genetic variation and the response of the human amygdala
    Ahmad R Hariri
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 297:400-3. 2002
  6. ncbi Embodying emotion
    Paula M Niedenthal
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS and University of Clermont Ferrand, France
    Science 316:1002-5. 2007
  7. ncbi Adaptation to natural facial categories
    Michael A Webster
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
    Nature 428:557-61. 2004
  8. ncbi Unconscious facial reactions to emotional facial expressions
    U Dimberg
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, S 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
    Psychol Sci 11:86-9. 2000
  9. ncbi Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: the role of the amygdala and fusiform face area
    Robert T Schultz
    Yale Child Study Center, 230 S Frontage Road, PO Box 207900, New Haven, CT 06520 7900, USA
    Int J Dev Neurosci 23:125-41. 2005
  10. pmc Functional atlas of emotional faces processing: a voxel-based meta-analysis of 105 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies
    Paolo Fusar-Poli
    Fusar Poli, Carletti, Allen, McGuire Section of Neuroimaging, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, United Kingdom
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 34:418-32. 2009

Detail Information

Publications386 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Masked presentations of emotional facial expressions modulate amygdala activity without explicit knowledge
    P J Whalen
    Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Group and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Neurosci 18:411-8. 1998
    ..This study, using fMRI in conjunction with masked stimulus presentations, represents an initial step toward determining the role of the amygdala in nonconscious processing...
  2. ncbi Effects of attention and emotion on face processing in the human brain: an event-related fMRI study
    P Vuilleumier
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, England, London, United Kingdom
    Neuron 30:829-41. 2001
    ....
  3. pmc Functional neuroimaging of anxiety: a meta-analysis of emotional processing in PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia
    Amit Etkin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1476-88. 2007
    ..The authors also compared these deficits to the neural systems engaged during anticipatory anxiety in healthy subjects...
  4. pmc The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants
    Nim Tottenham
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychiatry Res 168:242-9. 2009
    ..The results lend empirical support for the validity and reliability of this set of facial expressions as determined by accurate identification of expressions and high intra-participant agreement across two testing sessions, respectively...
  5. ncbi Serotonin transporter genetic variation and the response of the human amygdala
    Ahmad R Hariri
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Science 297:400-3. 2002
    ....
  6. ncbi Embodying emotion
    Paula M Niedenthal
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS and University of Clermont Ferrand, France
    Science 316:1002-5. 2007
    ..The embodiment of emotion, when induced in human participants by manipulations of facial expression and posture in the laboratory, causally affects how emotional information is processed...
  7. ncbi Adaptation to natural facial categories
    Michael A Webster
    Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
    Nature 428:557-61. 2004
    ....
  8. ncbi Unconscious facial reactions to emotional facial expressions
    U Dimberg
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, S 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
    Psychol Sci 11:86-9. 2000
    ..Our results show that both positive and negative emotional reactions can be unconsciously evoked, and particularly that important aspects of emotional face-to-face communication can occur on an unconscious level...
  9. ncbi Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: the role of the amygdala and fusiform face area
    Robert T Schultz
    Yale Child Study Center, 230 S Frontage Road, PO Box 207900, New Haven, CT 06520 7900, USA
    Int J Dev Neurosci 23:125-41. 2005
    ..It is argued that the development of face perception and social cognitive skills are supported by the amygdala-fusiform system, and that deficits in this network are instrumental in causing autism...
  10. pmc Functional atlas of emotional faces processing: a voxel-based meta-analysis of 105 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies
    Paolo Fusar-Poli
    Fusar Poli, Carletti, Allen, McGuire Section of Neuroimaging, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, United Kingdom
    J Psychiatry Neurosci 34:418-32. 2009
    ..Furthermore, such emotional processes are thought to be aberrant in a range of clinical disorders, including psychosis and depression. However, the exact neurofunctional maps underlying emotional facial processing are not well defined...
  11. ncbi Distributed and interactive brain mechanisms during emotion face perception: evidence from functional neuroimaging
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Behavioral Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Clinic of Neurology, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 45:174-94. 2007
    ..Moreover, although traditional models in cognitive neuropsychology have often considered that facial expression and facial identity are processed along two separate pathways, evidence from fMRI and ERPs suggests instead ..
  12. pmc Emotion facilitates perception and potentiates the perceptual benefits of attention
    Elizabeth A Phelps
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, NY 10003, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:292-9. 2006
    ..This study provides the first behavioral evidence that (a) emotion enhances contrast sensitivity irrespective of attention and (b) emotion potentiates the effect of attention on contrast sensitivity...
  13. ncbi Subcortical and ventral prefrontal cortical neural responses to facial expressions distinguish patients with bipolar disorder and major depression
    Natalia S Lawrence
    Section of Neuroscience and Emotion, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 55:578-87. 2004
    ..We compared responses within subcortical and prefrontal cortical regions to emotionally salient material in patients with BP and MDD using functional magnetic resonance imaging...
  14. ncbi Electrophysiological correlates of rapid spatial orienting towards fearful faces
    Gilles Pourtois
    Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 14:619-33. 2004
    ..These results provide evidence for neural mechanisms allowing rapid, exogenous spatial orienting of attention towards fear stimuli...
  15. ncbi Distant influences of amygdala lesion on visual cortical activation during emotional face processing
    Patrik Vuilleumier
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neurology and Neurosciences, Centre Medical Universitaire, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
    Nat Neurosci 7:1271-8. 2004
    ..Our data show that combining the fMRI and lesion approaches can help reveal the source of functional modulatory influences between distant but interconnected brain regions...
  16. ncbi Neural systems for recognizing emotion
    Ralph Adolphs
    Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, 200 Hawkins Drive, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 52242, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 12:169-77. 2002
    ..Two important mechanisms for recognition of emotions are the construction of a simulation of the observed emotion in the perceiver, and the modulation of sensory cortices via top-down influences...
  17. ncbi A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust
    M L Phillips
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Nature 389:495-8. 1997
    ..another important emotion, with a distinct evolutionary history, and is conveyed by a characteristic facial expression. We have used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine the neural substrate for perceiving ..
  18. ncbi The neural substrate of human empathy: effects of perspective-taking and cognitive appraisal
    Claus Lamm
    INSERM Unit 280, France
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:42-58. 2007
    ..to investigate the effects of perspective-taking and cognitive appraisal while participants observed the facial expression of pain resulting from medical treatment...
  19. ncbi Human neural systems for face recognition and social communication
    James V Haxby
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Building 10, Room 4C104, 10 Center Drive MSC 1366, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 51:59-67. 2002
    ..Of regions in the extended system for face perception, the amygdala plays a central role in processing the social relevance of information gleaned from faces, particularly when that information may signal a potential threat...
  20. pmc Event-related brain potential correlates of emotional face processing
    Martin Eimer
    Department of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK
    Neuropsychologia 45:15-31. 2007
    ..potential (ERP) studies investigating brain processes involved in the detection and analysis of emotional facial expression are reviewed...
  21. ncbi Defining the face processing network: optimization of the functional localizer in fMRI
    Christopher J Fox
    Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:1637-51. 2009
    ....
  22. ncbi Increased amygdala response to masked emotional faces in depressed subjects resolves with antidepressant treatment: an fMRI study
    Y I Sheline
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 50:651-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Depressed patients have left amygdala hyperarousal, even when processing stimuli outside conscious awareness. Increased amygdala activation normalizes with antidepressant treatment...
  23. ncbi Emotional information processing in mood disorders: a review of behavioral and neuroimaging findings
    Jukka M Leppanen
    Human Information Processing Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 19:34-9. 2006
    ..Only the most recent studies, however, have begun to elucidate the specificity and neural basis of these abnormalities. This article reviews and discusses the results of these studies...
  24. ncbi Both of us disgusted in My insula: the common neural basis of seeing and feeling disgust
    Bruno Wicker
    Institut de Neurosciences Physiologiques et Cognitives, CNRS, Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 cedex 20, Marseille, France
    Neuron 40:655-64. 2003
    ..The same participants observed video clips showing the emotional facial expression of disgust...
  25. pmc Neural processing of emotional faces requires attention
    L Pessoa
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Building 10, Room 4C104, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:11458-63. 2002
    ..Thus, the processing of facial expression appears to be under top-down control.
  26. ncbi A mechanism for impaired fear recognition after amygdala damage
    Ralph Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 433:68-72. 2005
    ..This finding provides a mechanism to explain the amygdala's role in fear recognition, and points to new approaches for the possible rehabilitation of patients with defective emotion perception...
  27. ncbi Perceived gaze direction and the processing of facial displays of emotion
    Reginald B Adams
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:644-7. 2003
    ..g., fear and sadness). The results of both studies confirmed the central hypothesis and suggest that gaze direction and facial expression are combined in the processing of emotionally relevant facial information.
  28. ncbi Beyond threat: amygdala reactivity across multiple expressions of facial affect
    Daniel A Fitzgerald
    Department of Psychiatry, The University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue MC3077 L 466C, Chicago, IL 60637 1470, USA
    Neuroimage 30:1441-8. 2006
    ..These results challenge the notion that the amygdala has a specialized role in processing certain emotions and suggest that the amygdala may have a more general-purpose function in processing salient information from faces...
  29. ncbi Effective connectivity within the distributed cortical network for face perception
    Scott L Fairhall
    Institute of Neuroradiology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 17:2400-6. 2007
    ..Our results demonstrate content-specific dynamic alterations in the functional coupling between visual-limbic and visual-prefrontal face-responsive pathways...
  30. ncbi Reduced amygdala response to fearful expressions in children and adolescents with callous-unemotional traits and disruptive behavior disorders
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, NIMH, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:712-20. 2008
    Extensive work implicates abnormal amygdala activation in emotional facial expression processing in adults with callous-unemotional traits...
  31. ncbi Association between amygdala hyperactivity to harsh faces and severity of social anxiety in generalized social phobia
    K Luan Phan
    Department of Psychiatry, Biological Sciences Division, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 59:424-9. 2006
    ....
  32. ncbi The facilitated processing of threatening faces: an ERP analysis
    Harald T Schupp
    Department of Psychology, University of of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Emotion 4:189-200. 2004
    ..Taken together, these data demonstrate the facilitated perceptual processing of threatening faces. Results are discussed within the context of an evolved module of fear (A. Ohman & S. Mineka, 2001)...
  33. ncbi Processing of unattended facial emotions: a visual mismatch negativity study
    Gabor Stefanics
    Institute for Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 83 85 Szondi u, Budapest, H 1068, Hungary
    Neuroimage 59:3042-9. 2012
    ....
  34. pmc Facial expression recognition, fear conditioning, and startle modulation in female subjects with conduct disorder
    Graeme Fairchild
    Developmental Psychiatry Section, Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
    Biol Psychiatry 68:272-9. 2010
    ..Our primary aim was to characterize explicit and implicit aspects of emotion function to determine whether deficits in these processes are present in girls with CD...
  35. ncbi Facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: a review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies
    Madeline B Harms
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, 10 Center Drive, Room 4C104, MSC 1366, Bethesda, MD 20892 1366, USA
    Neuropsychol Rev 20:290-322. 2010
    ....
  36. ncbi Self-relevance processing in the human amygdala: gaze direction, facial expression, and emotion intensity
    Karim N'Diaye
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Basic Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emotion 9:798-806. 2009
    ..These results support an involvement of human amygdala in the appraisal of self-relevance and reveal a crucial role of expression intensity in emotion and gaze interactions...
  37. pmc A novel functional brain imaging endophenotype of autism: the neural response to facial expression of emotion
    M D Spencer
    Department of Psychiatry, Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Transl Psychiatry 1:e19. 2011
    ..Here we show, for the first time, that the neural response to facial expression of emotion differs between unaffected siblings and healthy controls with no family history of autism...
  38. pmc Impaired holistic coding of facial expression and facial identity in congenital prosopagnosia
    Romina Palermo
    Department of Psychology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Neuropsychologia 49:1226-35. 2011
    ....
  39. ncbi Integrating neurobiological markers of depression
    Tim Hahn
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, Wuerzburg, Germany
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:361-8. 2011
    ..However, current classification approaches are mainly based on data from a single biomarker, making it difficult to predict disorders characterized by complex patterns of symptoms...
  40. ncbi Why do antidepressants take so long to work? A cognitive neuropsychological model of antidepressant drug action
    Catherine J Harmer
    University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 195:102-8. 2009
    ..The neuropharmacological actions of antidepressants are well characterised but our understanding of how these changes translate into improved mood are still emerging...
  41. ncbi Face to face: blocking facial mimicry can selectively impair recognition of emotional expressions
    Lindsay M Oberman
    University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
    Soc Neurosci 2:167-78. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that facial mimicry differentially contributes to recognition of specific facial expressions, thus allowing for more refined predictions from embodied cognition theories...
  42. ncbi Supramodal representations of perceived emotions in the human brain
    Marius V Peelen
    Center for Mind Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Rovereto TN, Italy
    J Neurosci 30:10127-34. 2010
    ..We suggest that MPFC and STS represent perceived emotions at an abstract, modality-independent level, and thus play a key role in the understanding and categorization of others' emotional mental states...
  43. ncbi Smile through your fear and sadness: transmitting and identifying facial expression signals over a range of viewing distances
    Fraser W Smith
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging and Department of Psychology, 58 Hillhead St, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 20:1202-8. 2009
    ....
  44. ncbi Is eye to eye contact really threatening and avoided in social anxiety?--An eye-tracking and psychophysiology study
    Matthias J Wieser
    University of Wurzburg, Department of Psychology, Biological Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Germany
    J Anxiety Disord 23:93-103. 2009
    ..Additionally, further research is needed to clarify the role of gaze perception in social anxiety...
  45. ncbi Task-dependent activation of face-sensitive cortex: an fMRI adaptation study
    Kathrin Cohen Kadosh
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, London WC1E 7JL, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:903-17. 2010
    ..These results contribute to our understanding of the functional anatomy of face processing and provide insights into possible compensatory mechanisms in face processing...
  46. ncbi Being with virtual others: Neural correlates of social interaction
    Leonhard Schilbach
    Institute of Medicine, Research Center Juelich, Juelich, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 44:718-30. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi Recognizing emotion from facial expressions: psychological and neurological mechanisms
    Ralph Adolphs
    University of Iowa College of Medicine, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 1:21-62. 2002
    ..Although recent studies have provided a wealth of detail regarding these mechanisms in the adult human brain, investigations are also being extended to nonhuman primates, to infants, and to patients with psychiatric disorders...
  48. ncbi Oxytocin improves "mind-reading" in humans
    Gregor Domes
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Rostock University, Rostock, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 61:731-3. 2007
    ..The neuropeptide oxytocin plays a central role in social approach behavior in nonhuman mammals...
  49. ncbi Beauty in a smile: the role of medial orbitofrontal cortex in facial attractiveness
    J O'DOHERTY
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1 3BG, UK
    Neuropsychologia 41:147-55. 2003
    ..Responses in this region were further enhanced by a smiling facial expression, suggesting that the reward value of an attractive face as indexed by medial OFC activity is modulated by a ..
  50. ncbi First impressions: making up your mind after a 100-ms exposure to a face
    Janine Willis
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:592-8. 2006
    ..However, increased exposure time led to more differentiated person impressions...
  51. ncbi Cultural confusions show that facial expressions are not universal
    Rachael E Jack
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, Scotland, UK
    Curr Biol 19:1543-8. 2009
    ..Here, focusing on the decoding of facial expression signals, we merge behavioral and computational analyses with novel spatiotemporal analyses of eye movements, ..
  52. pmc Three stages of facial expression processing: ERP study with rapid serial visual presentation
    Wenbo Luo
    Laboratory of Cognition and Mental Health, Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, Chongqing 402168, China
    Neuroimage 49:1857-67. 2010
    ..Deficient attentional resources resulted in decreased amplitude and increased latency of ERP components. In light of these results, we present a hypothetical model involving three stages of facial expression processing.
  53. ncbi Towards the neurobiology of emotional body language
    Beatrice de Gelder
    Cognitive and Affective Neurosciences Laboratory, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Nat Rev Neurosci 7:242-9. 2006
    ..This article reviews how whole-body signals are automatically perceived and understood, and their role in emotional communication and decision-making...
  54. ncbi Functional imaging of face and hand imitation: towards a motor theory of empathy
    Kenneth R Leslie
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Center for Cognitive Neurosciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover NH 03755, USA
    Neuroimage 21:601-7. 2004
    ..Is there a mirroring system for emotive actions, such as facial expression? Subjects (N = 15; all right-handed; eight men, seven women) watched movies of facial expressions (smile or ..
  55. ncbi Modulation of focused attention by faces expressing emotion: evidence from flanker tasks
    Mark J Fenske
    School of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Bangor, United Kingdom
    Emotion 3:327-43. 2003
    Three experiments evaluated whether facial expression can modulate the allocation of focused attention...
  56. ncbi The amygdala response to emotional stimuli: a comparison of faces and scenes
    Ahmad R Hariri
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Neuroimage 17:317-23. 2002
    ..These results suggest that the human amygdala shows a stronger response to affective facial expressions than to scenes, a bias that should be considered in the design of experimental paradigms interested in probing amygdala function...
  57. ncbi Early processing of the six basic facial emotional expressions
    Magali Batty
    CerCo CNRS UMR 5549, Faculte de Medecine de Rangueil, Universite Paul Sabatier, 133, route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:613-20. 2003
    ..The data support a model of automatic, rapid processing of emotional expressions...
  58. pmc Rapid perceptual integration of facial expression and emotional body language
    Hanneke K M Meeren
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, LE 5000, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:16518-23. 2005
    ..Here we show that observers judging a facial expression are strongly influenced by emotional body language...
  59. ncbi Differential prefrontal cortex and amygdala habituation to repeatedly presented emotional stimuli
    C I Wright
    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown 02129, USA
    Neuroreport 12:379-83. 2001
    ..We speculate that the right amygdala is part of a dynamic emotional stimulus detection system, while the left is specialized for sustained stimulus evaluations...
  60. ncbi Selective attention to emotional faces following recovery from depression
    Jutta Joormann
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:80-5. 2007
    ..Implications of these findings for understanding the roles of cognitive and interpersonal functioning in depression are discussed...
  61. ncbi A method for obtaining 3-dimensional facial expressions and its standardization for use in neurocognitive studies
    Ruben C Gur
    Brain Behavior Laboratory, Neuropsychiatry Division, Department of Psychiatry, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 115:137-43. 2002
    ..The database of emotional expressions can also be used as a standard for comparison with clinical populations...
  62. ncbi Neural response to emotional faces with and without awareness: event-related fMRI in a parietal patient with visual extinction and spatial neglect
    P Vuilleumier
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexander House, 17 Queen Square, UK
    Neuropsychologia 40:2156-66. 2002
    ....
  63. pmc Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders
    Mirella Dapretto
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 90095, USA
    Nat Neurosci 9:28-30. 2006
    ..Notably, activity in this area was inversely related to symptom severity in the social domain, suggesting that a dysfunctional 'mirror neuron system' may underlie the social deficits observed in autism...
  64. ncbi Pattern classification of sad facial processing: toward the development of neurobiological markers in depression
    Cynthia H Y Fu
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 63:656-62. 2008
    ..We sought to examine the sensitivity and specificity of whole brain pattern classification of implicit processing of sad facial expressions in depression...
  65. ncbi Deficient fear conditioning in psychopathy: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    Niels Birbaumer
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology and Section of Experimental Resonance Imaging of the CNS, Department of Neuroradiology, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:799-805. 2005
    ..It was hypothesized that this behavior might be the consequence of deficient fear conditioning...
  66. ncbi Abnormal functional connectivity in autism spectrum disorders during face processing
    Natalia M Kleinhans
    Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Box 357115, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Brain 131:1000-12. 2008
    ..These results suggest that abnormal neural connections within the limbic system may contribute to the social impairments observed in ASD...
  67. ncbi When the social mirror breaks: deficits in automatic, but not voluntary, mimicry of emotional facial expressions in autism
    Daniel N McIntosh
    Department of Psychology, University of Denver, CO 80208, USA
    Dev Sci 9:295-302. 2006
    ..We examined automatic and voluntary mimicry of emotional facial expression among adolescents and adults with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and a typical sample matched on age, ..
  68. ncbi Attentional bias in anxiety: a behavioral and ERP study
    Yair Bar-Haim
    Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Brain Cogn 59:11-22. 2005
    ..The between-group pattern in ERP waveforms suggests that the slower reaction times in high-anxious participants might reflect increased attentional dwelling on the face cues, rather than a general slowing of response enacting...
  69. ncbi The role of spatial attention in the processing of facial expression: an ERP study of rapid brain responses to six basic emotions
    Martin Eimer
    Department of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, England
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 3:97-110. 2003
    ..were completely eliminated, demonstrating that brain processes involved in the detection and analysis of facial expression require focal attention...
  70. ncbi Transmitting and decoding facial expressions
    Marie L Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, 58 Hillhead Street, Glasgow, Scotland G12 0DX, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 16:184-9. 2005
    ..In this article, we characterize the information underlying the recognition of the six basic facial expression signals and evaluate how efficiently each expression is decoded by the underlying brain structures.
  71. ncbi A differential pattern of neural response toward sad versus happy facial expressions in major depressive disorder
    Simon Surguladze
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London
    Biol Psychiatry 57:201-9. 2005
    ..In depressed individuals, implicit and explicit attentional biases away from happy and toward sad stimuli have been demonstrated. These may be associated with the negative cognitions in these individuals...
  72. ncbi Putting feelings into words: affect labeling disrupts amygdala activity in response to affective stimuli
    Matthew D Lieberman
    University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:421-8. 2007
    ..These results suggest that affect labeling may diminish emotional reactivity along a pathway from RVLPFC to MPFC to the amygdala...
  73. ncbi Individual differences in trait anxiety predict the response of the basolateral amygdala to unconsciously processed fearful faces
    Amit Etkin
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University Medical Center, fMRI Research Center, 170 West 168th Street, Box 108, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Neuron 44:1043-55. 2004
    ..These findings provide a biological basis for the unconscious emotional vigilance characteristic of anxiety and a means for investigating the mechanisms and efficacy of treatments for anxiety...
  74. ncbi Unattended emotional faces elicit early lateralized amygdala-frontal and fusiform activations
    Yuwen Hung
    Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuroimage 50:727-33. 2010
    ..Results demonstrate fast, automatic, and parallel processing of unattended emotional faces, providing important insights into the specific and dissociated neural pathways in emotion and face perception...
  75. pmc Relationship between amygdala responses to masked faces and mood state and treatment in major depressive disorder
    Teresa A Victor
    National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:1128-38. 2010
    ..However, few studies have investigated such biases toward implicitly presented stimuli...
  76. ncbi Emotional perception: meta-analyses of face and natural scene processing
    Dean Sabatinelli
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Neuroimage 54:2524-33. 2011
    ....
  77. ncbi Processing of facial emotion expression in major depression: a review
    Cecilia Bourke
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 44:681-96. 2010
    ..emotion processing in major depression, in the context of current knowledge about the neural correlates of facial expression processing of primary emotions...
  78. ncbi The face in the crowd revisited: a threat advantage with schematic stimuli
    A Ohman
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Pers Soc Psychol 80:381-96. 2001
    ....
  79. ncbi State anxiety modulation of the amygdala response to unattended threat-related stimuli
    Sonia J Bishop
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 2EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 24:10364-8. 2004
    ..These findings suggest that anxiety may interact with attentional focus to determine the magnitude of the amygdala response to threat-related stimuli...
  80. pmc Stop looking angry and smile, please: start and stop of the very same facial expression differentially activate threat- and reward-related brain networks
    Andreas Mühlberger
    Department of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, D 97070 Wurzburg, Germany
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:321-9. 2011
    ....
  81. ncbi Are you always on my mind? A review of how face perception and attention interact
    Romina Palermo
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science MACCS, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Sydney, Australia
    Neuropsychologia 45:75-92. 2007
    ..Avenues for further research are identified...
  82. ncbi Mirror neuron and theory of mind mechanisms involved in face-to-face interactions: a functional magnetic resonance imaging approach to empathy
    Martin Schulte-Rüther
    Research Center Julich, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1354-72. 2007
    ..An interplay between ToM and mirror neuron mechanisms may hold for the maintenance of a self-other distinction during empathic interpersonal face-to-face interactions...
  83. ncbi Empathy for positive and negative emotions in the gustatory cortex
    Mbemba Jabbi
    BCN Neuroimaging Center, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 2, 9713 AW Groningen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 34:1744-53. 2007
    ..scores were predictive of their gustatory IFO activation while witnessing both the pleased and disgusted facial expression of others...
  84. ncbi Spontaneous facial mimicry in response to dynamic facial expressions
    Wataru Sato
    Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Cognition 104:1-18. 2007
    ..Additionally, the mean latency of these actions was less than 900 ms after the onset of dynamic changes in facial expression. Naive raters recognized the subjects' facial reactions as emotional expressions, with the valence ..
  85. ncbi The Simulation of Smiles (SIMS) model: Embodied simulation and the meaning of facial expression
    Paula M Niedenthal
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS and Clermont Université, 63037 Clermont Ferrand, France
    Behav Brain Sci 33:417-33; discussion 433-80. 2010
    Recent application of theories of embodied or grounded cognition to the recognition and interpretation of facial expression of emotion has led to an explosion of research in psychology and the neurosciences...
  86. ncbi Differential attentional guidance by unattended faces expressing positive and negative emotion
    J D Eastwood
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Percept Psychophys 63:1004-13. 2001
    ..The results suggest that the emotional expression in a face can be perceived outside the focus of attention and can guide focal attention to the location of the face...
  87. ncbi Deficits in facial, body movement and vocal emotional processing in autism spectrum disorders
    R C M Philip
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
    Psychol Med 40:1919-29. 2010
    ..To date, however, no studies have examined emotion processing in autism across a broad range of social signals...
  88. ncbi Amygdala hypoactivity to fearful faces in boys with conduct problems and callous-unemotional traits
    Alice P Jones
    Medical Research Council s Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Department of Forensic Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 166:95-102. 2009
    ..Using functional MRI, the authors evaluated differences in neural response to emotional stimuli between boys with conduct problems and elevated levels of callous-unemotional traits and comparison boys...
  89. pmc Evaluating face trustworthiness: a model based approach
    Alexander Todorov
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:119-27. 2008
    ..The medial prefrontal cortex and precuneus also showed a quadratic response, but their response was strongest to faces in the middle range of the trustworthiness dimension...
  90. ncbi Bubbles: a technique to reveal the use of information in recognition tasks
    F Gosselin
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, 58 Hillhead Street, Glasgow G12 8QB, Scotland, UK
    Vision Res 41:2261-71. 2001
    ..To illustrate the technique, we applied Bubbles on three categorization tasks (gender, expressive or not and identity) on the same set of faces, with human and ideal observers to compare the features they used...
  91. pmc Fear, faces, and the human amygdala
    Ralph Adolphs
    Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 18:166-72. 2008
    ..A large current research effort extends the amygdala's putative role to a number of psychiatric illnesses...
  92. ncbi The human amygdala in social judgment
    R Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Nature 393:470-4. 1998
    ..The amygdala appears to be an important component of the neural systems that help retrieve socially relevant knowledge on the basis of facial appearance...
  93. ncbi Shared perceptual basis of emotional expressions and trustworthiness impressions from faces
    Nikolaas N Oosterhof
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Emotion 9:128-33. 2009
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that changes along the trustworthiness dimension correspond to subtle changes resembling expressions signaling whether the person displaying the emotion should be avoided or approached...
  94. ncbi Automatic and intentional brain responses during evaluation of trustworthiness of faces
    J S Winston
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nat Neurosci 5:277-83. 2002
    ..The findings extend a proposed model of social cognition by highlighting a functional dissociation between automatic engagement of amygdala versus intentional engagement of STS in social judgment...
  95. ncbi Facial mimicry and emotional contagion to dynamic emotional facial expressions and their influence on decoding accuracy
    U Hess
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal, P O Box 8888, Station Centre Ville, QC, H3C 3P8, Montreal, Canada
    Int J Psychophysiol 40:129-41. 2001
    ..Furthermore, evidence for emotional contagion of happiness and sadness was found. Mediational analyses could not confirm any relation between mimicry and emotional contagion nor between mimicry and emotion recognition...
  96. ncbi Human amygdala responsivity to masked fearful eye whites
    Paul J Whalen
    Department of Psychiatry, W M Keck Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Science 306:2061. 2004
    ..These data demonstrate that the amygdala is responsive to elements of...
  97. ncbi Impaired recognition and experience of disgust following brain injury
    A J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Neurosci 3:1077-8. 2000
    ..Here we describe evidence, from a patient with insula and putamen damage, for a neural system for recognizing social signals of disgust from multiple modalities...
  98. ncbi Unconscious affective reactions to masked happy versus angry faces influence consumption behavior and judgments of value
    Piotr Winkielman
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:121-35. 2005
    ..The results suggest that basic affective reactions can be unconscious and interact with incentive motivation to influence assessment of value and behavior toward valenced objects...
  99. ncbi The effects of fear and anger facial expressions on approach- and avoidance-related behaviors
    Abigail A Marsh
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Emotion 5:119-24. 2005
    ..Although the fear expression may signal that a threat is present in the environment, the effect of the expression on conspecifics may be in part to elicit approach...
  100. ncbi Emotions in motion: dynamic compared to static facial expressions of disgust and happiness reveal more widespread emotion-specific activations
    Sina Alexa Trautmann
    Department of Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, Center for Cognitive Sciences, University of Bremen, Hochschulring 18, D 28359 Bremen, Germany
    Brain Res 1284:100-15. 2009
    ..In conclusion, dynamic facial expressions might provide a more appropriate approach to examine the processing of emotional face perception than static stimuli...
  101. ncbi Laterality effect on emotional faces processing: ALE meta-analysis of evidence
    P Fusar-Poli
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, United Kingdom
    Neurosci Lett 452:262-7. 2009
    ..001). Significant interactions between the approach and avoidance dimensions and prefrontal response were observed (p=0.001)...

Research Grants67

  1. Emotional and attentional biases to drug and trauma cues in addiction with PTSD
    Estate Sokhadze; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..reactivity in a gender category judgment task by contrasting ERP and autonomic responses to images of facial expression of affect and neutral faces in four groups of subjects (SUD-PTSD, SUD-only, PTSD-only, and controls)...
  2. Neuroscience of Late-Life Depression, Social Perception, and Emotional Awareness
    Sergio Paradiso; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Perception of facial expression will be used in Specific Aim #2, as a probe to examine the functioning of limbic and medial prefrontal ..
  3. Training in translational social neuroscience
    Lisa A Parr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..performance of monkeys on several of the current R01 tasks (Aims 1, 2 and 4), including face recognition, facial expression discrimination and social attention...
  4. Efficacy of Voice Treatment for Parkinson's Disease
    Lorraine O Ramig; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Treatment effects extend beyond the respiratory-laryngeal focus to include improvements in articulation, facial expression, swallowing and communicative gestures...
  5. Modeling the Dynamics of Early Communication and Development
    Daniel S Messinger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will be used to conduct objective measurements of a multimodal suite of interactive behaviors including facial expression, gaze direction, head movement, tickling, and vocalization...
  6. Understanding feature-based auditory-visual interactions.
    Satoru Suzuki; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..can be used to aid visual perception, for example, to direct attention to an object, material, word, or facial expression in search, facilitate object recognition via directing attention to diagnostic spatial-frequency components, ..
  7. Social referencing and the influence of parental affect on non-ambulatory infants
    Gina Mireault; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We hypothesize that infants will mirror parents'affect (fear/joy) through a variety of modalities (facial expression, behavioral approach/avoidance, and heart rate) during both ambiguous and unambiguous events, and predict ..
  8. Influence of Age and Social Context on the Dynamics of Emotion Regulation
    ANGELA STAPLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..current understanding of basic processes of emotion regulation by i) measuring communicative displays of facial expression, vocal prosody, and head movement through automated acquisition with high temporal resolution, ii) inclusion ..
  9. Extraction of Functional Subnetworks in Autism Using Multimodal MRI
    Lawrence H Staib; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MRI (fMRI) differences have also been found (for instance, using tasks related to face identity and facial expression as shown by our group)...
  10. THE ROLE OF THE PRIMATE AMYGDALA IN GAZE FOLLOWING AND FACIAL MIMICRY
    Katalin M Gothard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..perceptual and motor functions that might be necessary to make eye contact and to imitate involuntarily facial expression. The proposed research will determine the role (s) of different amygdala nuclei in the elaboration of basic ..
  11. Development of a new technology for assessing pediatric pain (NTAP)
    Jeannie S Huang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Initial analysis of collected video data will be performed using our NSF-funded automated facial expression recognition system (CERT: Bartlett &Littlewort), and electrodermal activity (EDA) monitoring and ..
  12. Neural and Behavioral Outcomes of Social Skills Groups in Children with ASD
    A TING contact WANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..with ASD with explicit instructions to pay attention to important social cues, such as a speaker's facial expression and tone of voice...
  13. Pain Treatment Decisions: Influence of Sex, Race, and Age
    MICHAEL EDWARD ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..By employing a facial expression coding system we will be able to standardize the degree of pain expression across gender, age, and race...
  14. Computational quantification of emotion in faces and voice for neuropsychiatry
    Ragini Verma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The limited automated methods available for facial expression and voice analysis, are able to recognize the emotion, but have been fairly unsuccessful in quantifying the ..
  15. Video-based Speech Enhancement for Persons with Vision and Hearing Loss
    Ender Tekin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..hearing loss can benefit from observing the visual cues from a speaker such as the shape of the lips and facial expression to greatly improve their ability to comprehend speech...
  16. Behavioral and neural processing of faces and expressions in nonhuman primates
    Lisa A Parr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is accomplished rapidly and is flexible to ongoing transformation in head orientation, gaze direction, and facial expression. This suggests the presence of a highly specialized cognitive system that is able to process accurately a ..
  17. Genetic architecture of the mammalian (canid) skeleton: The silver fox (V. vulpes
    Lyudmila N Trut; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..wolf (dogs) and of these foxes involves the acquisition of the ability to interpret human intent from the facial expression and body language of humans...
  18. Comparative studies of low vision rehabilitation outcome measures
    Robert W Massof; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..measures for mobility function, measures of maze tracing errors for visual motor function, and measures of facial expression recognition probability correct for visual information processing function)...
  19. Extraction of Functional Subnetworks in Autism Using Multimodal MRI
    Lawrence H Staib; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Functional (fMRI) differences have also been found (for instance using tasks related to face identity and facial expression as shown by our own group)...
  20. Sensorimotor learning of facial expressions: A novel intervention for autism
    Marian Stewart Bartlett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Advanced computer vision technologies can now be leveraged in the investigation of issues such as the facial expression recognition and production deficits common to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
  21. Verbal/non-verbal asynchrony in adolescents with high-functioning Autism
    Ruth B Grossman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In a highly innovative approach the proposed project will quantify the qualitative differences of facial expression processing and production by adolescents with HFA...
  22. Automated Facial Expression Analysis for Research and Clinical Use
    Jeffrey F Cohn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Facial expression has been a focus of emotion research for over a hundred years...
  23. HIDDEN EMOTIONS IN PREJUDICE
    Eric Vanman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Facial EMG will be recorded at muscle sites commonly involved in facial expression of positive and negative affect (i.e...
  24. FACIAL BEHAVIOR RELATED TO ACUTE DENTAL PAIN
    Linda LeResche; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..5. to ascertain how facial expressions of pain and emotion influence clinical judgments. Facial expression will be videotaped under resting conditions and experimentally controlled conditions of painful stimulation ..
  25. Facial Expression During Pain
    MAMOONA ARIF; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A common component of behavioral pain tools is evaluation of facial behaviors. Although use of facial expression is an important behavioral measure of pain intensity, precise and accurate methods for interpreting the ..
  26. Surgical Management of Facial Nerve Injury
    Theresa Hadlock; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The corresponding decrease in synkinesis (unintentional movement of one region of the face during facial expression), and overall higher neural input will improve clinical facial nerve outcomes...
  27. Scientific Conference on Moebius Syndrome
    VICKI MCCARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..by the partial or complete absence of the 6th and 7th cranial nerves, which control eye movements and facial expression. Individuals with Moebius Syndrome have no facial expression (cannot smile), have little or no eye movement ..
  28. Prefrontal-amygdala interactions in social learning
    Paul J Whalen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., anxiety, depression). Here we propose to further develop our facial expression tasks to increase our understanding of cortical-subcortical interactions during the processing of these ..
  29. Expressive crossmodal affect integration in autism
    Lois M Black; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Not understanding how e.g., facial expression can be used to modify the interpretation of words undermines social reciprocity...
  30. Interaction Affecting Craniofacial Muscle Differentiatio
    Drew Noden; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..functional diversity, and anomalies in their development contribute to a wide range of problems in vision, facial expression, mastication, and phonation...
  31. IDENTIFICATION & ANALYSES OF THE UROFACIAL SYNDROME GENE
    Jin Xiong She; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..characterized by congenital obstructive uropathy due to a neurogenic bladder, constipation and abnormal facial expression. Pedigree analysis has shown that a single gene is responsible for the syndrome...
  32. Quantifying Children's Emotions with the Emotion Intensity-Linkage Function Model
    Michael Potegal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..more temporally precise data for the acoustic spectral analyses of tantrum vocalizations, FACs coding of facial expression, and GEE statistical techniques used to construct the model...
  33. Visual-social cognition in neurodevelopmental disorders
    Nouchine Hadjikhani; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..ASD individuals are poor at social interactions, at facial expression recognition but can perform well on spatial tasks, such as block design...
  34. Characterization of the urofacial syndrome gene
    Cong Yi Wang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..236730) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by congenital obstructive uropathy and abnormal facial expression. The patients have enuresis, urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis and voiding dysfunction as a result of ..
  35. EFFECT OF COMMUNICATION MEDIUM ON INTERPERSONAL INTERACT
    Richard Robins; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of a wide range of linguistic, paralinguistic, and nonverbal cues, including proxemics, posture, gaze, facial expression, gesture, and touch...
  36. Neural markers of shared gaze during simulated social interactions in ASD
    JAMES CHARLES MCPARTLAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..highly realistic faces that respond to the gaze of participants by "looking back" or making a facial expression. In three experiments, we will examine patterns of visual attention and associated brain response in ASD and ..
  37. Cleft Lip Genetics: A Multi Center International Consortium
    Andrew Lidral; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in prioritizing which genes should be sequenced, we propose to determine in a mouse CL/P model the embryonic facial expression of uncharacterized genes within the critical region...
  38. CORTICAL INJURY AND GUSTATORY AFFECT
    THOMAS PRITCHARD; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..direct projections from primary gustatory cortex, has been implicated in perception of emotion contained in facial expression and voices...
  39. Contribution of emotional memory to social cognition in aging
    Haiyin Chen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Nearly half of the visual neurons in the young amygdala selectively respond to facial expression and or facial identity...
  40. Psychiatric Co-Morbidity in Facial Nerve Dysfunction
    Karen Schmidt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A coordinated career development program with sponsor and consultants having expertise in facial expression and movement, psychiatric diagnosis, and statistical methods will contribute to training and career ..
  41. EMOTION, FACIAL EXPRESSION AND ANS ACTIVITY
    Paul Ekman; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Determining whether voluntary efforts to generate emotion can terminate or attenuate involuntary emotions will begin to suggest whether our techniques for self-generation of emotion have any possible therapeutic value...
  42. LABORATORY STUDIES OF PAIN CONTROL METHODS
    Charles Cleeland; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..We will attempt to refine measures of facial expression as indicators of pain severity...
  43. Effects of Emotion on Neural Encoding of Sound
    JADE WANG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..pathway to the limbic system that relays spatially coarse but highly biologically relevant information like facial expression. Anatomically, there is known to be direct and widespread connections between the auditory brainstem and the ..
  44. FACIAL SURFACE IMAGING IN BIOBEHAVIORAL ASSESMENT
    PETER BRANDENBURG; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..will facilitate the study of emotion and other psychological processes that require objective measures of facial expression. A complete system will consist of consumer-grade video recording equipment, personal computer equipment, ..
  45. EMOTION IN LATE LIFE PSYCHOLOGY
    Larry Seidlitz; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..subjective experience and facial expression. While concentrating in these areas, the applicant also will become informed about the third component of ..
  46. Psychophysiology of Emotion in Alzheimer's Disease
    Alfred Kaszniak; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of the emotion modulation of the eye-blink startle reflex response; 2) display alterations in the facial expression of emotions, with a reduction in positive emotional expressions and an increase in negative emotional ..
  47. AFFECTIVE DISTURBANCES IN INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN
    Tiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..their laboratories to learn Doppler technology for recording fetal movement and heart rate, to improve facial expression coding, to update EEG recording and to learn newer monitoring technologies as well as the complex ..
  48. MEMORY FOR VISUAL MATERIAL
    GEOFFREY LOFTUS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..For example, autistics are known to have poor ability to discern facial expression, and to localize faces in complex scenes...
  49. Chemosensory Processing in Chemical Communication
    Michael Meredith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is involved in the recognition and categorization of facial expression in humans, a process that is deficient in autism spectrum disorder and related conditions...
  50. Development trends in facial affect perception
    Eric Fine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is easy to appreciate the importance of facial expression to the human experience by simply observing an infant's rapid response to a smiling parent...
  51. Facial expression, social interactions, and status
    ABIGAIL MARSH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..As such, the second study will examine whether status-related differences in accurate facial expression recognition in men and women result from differences in motivation and attention...
  52. Genotype and Phenotype of Response to Treatments of Autism
    Patricia Rodier; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Project III is an examination of the neurobiology of facial expression and imitation, which are important in the behavioral interventions under study in Project I...
  53. EMOTIONAL REGULATION OF PATIENTS WITH BRAIN INJURY
    Robert Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..in cerebral blood flow using (15-O) water and PET imaging), changes in frontal EEG asymmetries, changes in facial expression and changes in the autonomic nervous system...
  54. NEURAL NETWORK ASSESSMENT OF FACIAL EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION
    R Avent; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..the development of a neural network-based machine vision system for evaluation of emotional state from facial expression. Research comparing the relative contribution of expressive channels in humans has shown that observers use ..
  55. THE TEMPORAL COORDINATION IN INFANT SOCIAL ACTIONS
    Daniel Messinger; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of a gaze at mother's face; but they are also expected to begin and end gazes at mother in the course of a facial expression. Software incorporating a bootstrapping procedure simulates the temporal progression of infant actions ..
  56. The Social Neuroscience of Autism and Related Disorders
    Fred Volkmar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..with a goal of improving face perception skills and enhancing fusiform face area activity as seen on fMRI facial expression and normalization of visual scanning...
  57. SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS
    Laurie Chassin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..children of our subjects will be assessed with multiple methods, including psychophysiological responses, facial expression, behavioral observation, and multiple informant reports of reactivity and regulation, as well as markers of ..
  58. MODELING FACE PERCEPTION
    Garrison Cottrell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..aim of this proposal is to extend these simplifying models toward an understanding of the extent to which facial expression processing is "universal," versus the extent to which it is experientially mediated...
  59. OUTCOME EVALUATION AND PATIENT/TREATMENT INTERACTION
    Irene Elkin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..positive aspects of functioning (sense of well-being and coping ability) and behavioral measures of emotion (facial expression); the additional perspective is that of a person significant in the patient's life...
  60. SALIENCE OF MOVEMENT CUES IN DECODING FACIAL EXPRESSION
    NANCY ALVARADO; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Proposed experiments employ designs that are commonly used in cognitive science including psychophysical scaling paradigms and related data analysis techniques (such as multidimensional scaling). ..
  61. Emotion Management Skills in Parent-Child Dyads
    Kimberly Shipman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., facial expression, voice tone), an emotion regulation interview, and several questionnaires designed to measure emotion ..
  62. Neural basis of emotion and social behavior
    EUGENA PIXLEY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..in monkeys have suggested that the amygdala and the orbital frontal cortex play important roles in facial expression processing...
  63. AUTISM: DISORDERS IN PARENTS AND SIBS
    Susan Folstein; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..proband are distinguished from the DS controls by social deficits, as measured by oddity of vocal and facial expression and by certain semantic and pragmatic language deficits...
  64. Digitizing the Face:Priming,TMS&Hemispheric Asymmetries
    Dawn Bowers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..contra-lateral or ipsilateral) and determine whether this relates to behavioral asymmetries in dynamic facial expression; (b) to test the hypothesis of material specific (linguistic, emotion) hemispheric priming of contra-lateral ..
  65. COMMUNICATION THROUGH NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR
    Paul Ekman; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..between facial expressions which index the actual experience of an emotion from instances where the facial expression is made to refer to an emotion not being experienced at the moment...
  66. FACIAL SURFACE IMAGING IN BIOBEHAVIORAL ASSESMENT
    PETER BRANDENBURG; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..of the face and automated detection of features system could ultimately include various aspects of facial expression, eye movement, skin color and hue, temperature, and pulse wave amplitude and frequency...
  67. EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION & TRANSIENT MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA
    Paul Ekman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Aim 3: To explore the relationship between our facial expression measures and the other psychometric measures being collected, in particular to determine how the facial ..