Summary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Children with autism and their friends: a multidimensional study of friendship in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder
    Nirit Bauminger
    School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900, Israel
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:135-50. 2008
  2. ncbi Languages evolve in punctuational bursts
    Quentin D Atkinson
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AS, UK
    Science 319:588. 2008
  3. pmc Contrasting effects of vocabulary knowledge on temporal and parietal brain structure across lifespan
    Fiona M Richardson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:943-54. 2010
  4. ncbi Time course of evoked-potential changes in different forms of anomia in aphasia
    Marina Laganaro
    Geneva University Hospital and University of Geneva, Switzerland
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1499-510. 2009
  5. pmc Consumer health concepts that do not map to the UMLS: where do they fit?
    Alla Keselman
    Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:496-505. 2008
  6. ncbi Word learning in a domestic dog: evidence for "fast mapping"
    Juliane Kaminski
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Science 304:1682-3. 2004
  7. ncbi Improving early language and literacy skills: differential effects of an oral language versus a phonology with reading intervention
    Claudine Bowyer-Crane
    Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:422-32. 2008
  8. ncbi Moving beyond Kucera and Francis: a critical evaluation of current word frequency norms and the introduction of a new and improved word frequency measure for American English
    Marc Brysbaert
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Methods 41:977-90. 2009
  9. ncbi Behavior. Can a dog learn a word?
    Paul Bloom
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Post Office Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Science 304:1605-6. 2004
  10. ncbi Statistical clustering and the contents of the infant vocabulary
    Daniel Swingley
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cogn Psychol 50:86-132. 2005

Detail Information

Publications336 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Children with autism and their friends: a multidimensional study of friendship in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder
    Nirit Bauminger
    School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900, Israel
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:135-50. 2008
    ..Israel, n = 24; USA, n = 20; TYP: Israel, n = 23; USA, n = 15), and were matched on SES, receptive language vocabulary, child age, and gender (each study group included one girl)...
  2. ncbi Languages evolve in punctuational bursts
    Quentin D Atkinson
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AS, UK
    Science 319:588. 2008
    ..We used vocabulary data from three of the world's major language groups-Bantu, Indo-European, and Austronesian-to show that 10 to ..
  3. pmc Contrasting effects of vocabulary knowledge on temporal and parietal brain structure across lifespan
    Fiona M Richardson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:943-54. 2010
    Using behavioral, structural, and functional imaging techniques, we demonstrate contrasting effects of vocabulary knowledge on temporal and parietal brain structure in 47 healthy volunteers who ranged in age from 7 to 73 years...
  4. ncbi Time course of evoked-potential changes in different forms of anomia in aphasia
    Marina Laganaro
    Geneva University Hospital and University of Geneva, Switzerland
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1499-510. 2009
    ..Moreover, the findings give support to current hypotheses on the time course of processes involved in word production during picture naming...
  5. pmc Consumer health concepts that do not map to the UMLS: where do they fit?
    Alla Keselman
    Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:496-505. 2008
    ..AB); second, to describe the procedure for creating new concepts in the process of building a consumer health vocabulary. How do the unmapped consumer health concepts relate to the existing UMLS concepts? What is the place of these ..
  6. ncbi Word learning in a domestic dog: evidence for "fast mapping"
    Juliane Kaminski
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Science 304:1682-3. 2004
    ..Fast mapping thus appears to be mediated by general learning and memory mechanisms also found in other animals and not by a language acquisition device that is special to humans...
  7. ncbi Improving early language and literacy skills: differential effects of an oral language versus a phonology with reading intervention
    Claudine Bowyer-Crane
    Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:422-32. 2008
    ..This study compares the efficacy of two school-based intervention programmes (Phonology with Reading (P + R) and Oral Language (OL)) for children with poor oral language at school entry...
  8. ncbi Moving beyond Kucera and Francis: a critical evaluation of current word frequency norms and the introduction of a new and improved word frequency measure for American English
    Marc Brysbaert
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Methods 41:977-90. 2009
    ..The new SUBTL frequency norms from the SUBTLEX(US) corpus are freely available for research purposes from http://brm.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental, as well as from the University of Ghent and Lexique Web sites...
  9. ncbi Behavior. Can a dog learn a word?
    Paul Bloom
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Post Office Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Science 304:1605-6. 2004
  10. ncbi Statistical clustering and the contents of the infant vocabulary
    Daniel Swingley
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cogn Psychol 50:86-132. 2005
    ..The results highlight the importance of infants' first year in language learning: though they may know the meanings of very few words, infants are well on their way to building a vocabulary.
  11. ncbi Fast mapping, slow learning: disambiguation of novel word-object mappings in relation to vocabulary learning at 18, 24, and 30months
    Ricardo A H Bion
    Stanford University Department of Psychology, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Cognition 126:39-53. 2013
    ..object after hearing a novel name related to their success in retention of the novel word, and also to their vocabulary size...
  12. pmc Computer-assisted update of a consumer health vocabulary through mining of social network data
    Kristina M Doing-Harris
    Department of Biomedical Informatics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States
    J Med Internet Res 13:e37. 2011
    Consumer health vocabularies (CHVs) have been developed to aid consumer health informatics applications. This purpose is best served if the vocabulary evolves with consumers' language.
  13. ncbi Does frequency count? Parental input and the acquisition of vocabulary
    Judith C Goodman
    Department of Communication Science and Disorders, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 64111, USA
    J Child Lang 35:515-31. 2008
    ..Frequency effects change with development. Thus, frequency impacts vocabulary acquisition in a complex interaction with category, modality and developmental stage.
  14. pmc Can infants map meaning to newly segmented words? Statistical segmentation and word learning
    Katharine Graf Estes
    University of Wisconsin Madison, 1500 Highland Ave, Room 501, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:254-60. 2007
    ..This work provides the first demonstration that exposure to word forms in a statistical word segmentation task facilitates subsequent word learning...
  15. ncbi High impact running improves learning
    Bernward Winter
    Department of Neurology, University of Muenster, Muenster, Germany
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 87:597-609. 2007
    ..learning speed as well as immediate (1 week) and long-term (>8 months) overall success in acquiring a novel vocabulary. Peripheral levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and catecholamines (dopamine, epinephrine, ..
  16. ncbi The age at which young deaf children receive cochlear implants and their vocabulary and speech-production growth: is there an added value for early implantation?
    Carol McDonald Connor
    Florida State University and the Florida Center for Reading Research, Tallahassee, FL 32301, USA
    Ear Hear 27:628-44. 2006
    ..In this study, we investigate whether there is an added value to earlier implantation or whether advantages observed in child outcomes are primarily attributable to longer device use at any given age...
  17. ncbi Word, nonword, and visual paired associate learning in Dutch dyslexic children
    Vera C S Messbauer
    Department of Education, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94208, 1090 GE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Exp Child Psychol 84:77-96. 2003
    ..Finally, phonological awareness ability was assessed. Dyslexics performed worse than age-matched normal readers, but similar to reading-age controls...
  18. ncbi The relationship among receptive and expressive vocabulary, listening comprehension, pre-reading skills, word identification skills, and reading comprehension by children with reading disabilities
    Justin C Wise
    Georgia State University, 1400 Decatur Street, SE, Suite 1151, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 50:1093-109. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine proposed causal relationships among different linguistic subsystems and different measures of reading achievement in a group of children with reading disabilities...
  19. ncbi The Bayesian reader: explaining word recognition as an optimal Bayesian decision process
    Dennis Norris
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Psychol Rev 113:327-57. 2006
    ..Both the general behavior of the model and the way the model predicts different patterns of results in different tasks follow entirely from the assumption that human readers approximate optimal Bayesian decision makers...
  20. ncbi An ultra short episode of sleep is sufficient to promote declarative memory performance
    Olaf Lahl
    Institute of Experimental Psychology, University of Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Sleep Res 17:3-10. 2008
    ..We suggest that the mere onset of sleep may initiate active processes of consolidation which - once triggered - remain effective even if sleep is terminated shortly thereafter...
  21. ncbi Maternal correlates of growth in toddler vocabulary production in low-income families
    Barbara Alexander Pan
    Harvard Graduate School of Education, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Child Dev 76:763-82. 2005
    This study investigated predictors of growth in toddlers' vocabulary production between the ages of 1 and 3 years by analyzing mother-child communication in 108 low-income families...
  22. pmc Infant word segmentation and childhood vocabulary development: a longitudinal analysis
    Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Dev Sci 15:482-95. 2012
    ..Although it is presumed that word recognition at this stage is a prerequisite to constructing a vocabulary, the continuity between these stages of development has not yet been empirically demonstrated...
  23. ncbi Defusing the childhood vocabulary explosion
    Bob McMurray
    Department of Psychology, E11 SSH, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Science 317:631. 2007
    ..to posit specialized mechanisms that leverage the few words learned in the initial slow phase for faster vocabulary growth later...
  24. ncbi Neural patterns to speech and vocabulary growth in American infants
    Maritza Rivera-Gaxiola
    Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Neuroreport 16:495-8. 2005
    ..Infants were followed up longitudinally at 18, 22, 25, 27 and 30 months for word production. The infant speech discriminatory P150-250 and N250-550 are different components with different implications for later language development...
  25. pmc The role of the anterior temporal lobes in the comprehension of concrete and abstract words: rTMS evidence
    Gorana Pobric
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    Cortex 45:1104-10. 2009
    ..These results confirm that both TPs make a critical contribution to semantic processing, even for abstract concepts that do not have strong sensory representations...
  26. ncbi Re-evaluating split-fovea processing in word recognition: a critical assessment of recent research
    Timothy R Jordan
    School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    Neuropsychologia 47:2341-53. 2009
    ..The assessment reveals shortcomings and errors that are likely to impact on an accurate understanding of research in this area and, therefore, on an accurate understanding of the viability of SFT...
  27. ncbi The importance of interhemispheric transfer for foveal vision: a factor that has been overlooked in theories of visual word recognition and object perception
    Marc Brysbaert
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
    Brain Lang 88:259-67. 2004
    ..I then briefly discuss the suggestions made by the different authors on how to integrate the foveal split within current models of visual word recognition...
  28. ncbi Re-evaluating split-fovea processing in word recognition: effects of retinal eccentricity on hemispheric dominance
    Timothy R Jordan
    School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Biological Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
    Neuropsychology 22:738-45. 2008
  29. ncbi Letter binding and invariant recognition of masked words: behavioral and neuroimaging evidence
    S Dehaene
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Unit 562, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, Orsay, France
    Psychol Sci 15:307-13. 2004
    ..Our results indicate that an invariant binding of letters into words is achieved unconsciously through a series of increasingly invariant stages in the left occipito-temporal pathway...
  30. ncbi Phonemes, rimes, vocabulary, and grammatical skills as foundations of early reading development: evidence from a longitudinal study
    Valerie Muter
    Department of Psychology, University of York, York, United Kingdom
    Dev Psychol 40:665-81. 2004
    ..The relationships among early phonological skills, letter knowledge, grammatical skills, and vocabulary knowledge were investigated as predictors of word recognition and reading comprehension...
  31. ncbi Why is a verb like an inanimate object? Grammatical category and semantic category deficits
    H Bird
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Brain Lang 72:246-309. 2000
  32. ncbi The involvement of the left motor cortex in learning of a novel action word lexicon
    Gianpiero Liuzzi
    University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, Department of Neurology, 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    Curr Biol 20:1745-51. 2010
    ..To test this assumption, we probed the functional relevance of the left MC for learning of a novel action word vocabulary by disturbing neural plasticity in the MC with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
  33. ncbi Shape and the first hundred nouns
    Lisa Gershkoff-Stowe
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
    Child Dev 75:1098-114. 2004
    ..were tested in the laboratory at 3-week intervals beginning when they had less than 25 nouns in their productive vocabulary (M age=17 months). Children were presented with a novel word generalization task at each session...
  34. ncbi The French Lexicon Project: lexical decision data for 38,840 French words and 38,840 pseudowords
    Ludovic Ferrand
    CNRS and University Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Behav Res Methods 42:488-96. 2010
    ..The word and pseudoword data from this article may be downloaded from http://brm.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental...
  35. ncbi Neural systems behind word and concept retrieval
    H Damasio
    Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Cognition 92:179-229. 2004
    ..By comparing different approaches the article also addresses a number of method issues that have surfaced in recent studies in this field...
  36. pmc Infants' learning about words and sounds in relation to objects
    A L Woodward
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Child Dev 70:65-77. 1999
    ..These results indicate that infants initially accept a broad range of signals in communicative contexts and narrow the range with development...
  37. ncbi Aging and vocabulary scores: a meta-analysis
    Paul Verhaeghen
    Department of Psychology and Center for Health and Behavior, Syracuse University, New York 13244 2340, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:332-9. 2003
    b>Vocabulary scores were examined in a total of 210 articles, containing 324 independent pairings of younger and older adults, from the 1986-2001 issues of Psychology and Aging. The average effect size, favoring the old, was 0.80 SD...
  38. ncbi A self-organizing spatial vocabulary
    L Steels
    Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
    Artif Life 2:319-32. 1995
    ..This paper explores self-organization as the primary mechanism for the formation of a vocabulary. It reports on a computational experiment in which a group of distributed agents develop ways to identify each ..
  39. ncbi The neural code for written words: a proposal
    Stanislas Dehaene
    INSERM Unit 562, Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DRM DSV 4 Place du general Leclerc, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:335-41. 2005
    ..Our proposal can explain why the detection of 'open bigrams' (ordered pairs of letters) constitutes an important stage in visual word recognition...
  40. pmc Defining behavior-environment interactions: translating and developing an experimental and applied behavior-analytic vocabulary in and to the national language
    Martti T Tuomisto
    University of Tampere, Tampere University Hospital, Finland
    J Exp Anal Behav 97:347-55. 2012
    ..Behavior analysis as an advanced science deserves widespread international dissemination and proper translations are essential to that goal...
  41. ncbi Dissociating crossmodal and verbal demands in paired associate learning (PAL): what drives the PAL-reading relationship?
    Robin A Litt
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 115:137-49. 2013
    ..The results are interpreted according to an alternative verbal account of the PAL-reading relationship...
  42. ncbi Links between behavioral regulation and preschoolers' literacy, vocabulary, and math skills
    Megan M McClelland
    Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:947-59. 2007
    ..investigated predictive relations between preschoolers' (N=310) behavioral regulation and emergent literacy, vocabulary, and math skills...
  43. pmc Phonological awareness, reading skills, and vocabulary knowledge in children who use cochlear implants
    Caitlin M Dillon
    J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 17:205-26. 2012
    ..However, these correlations decreased even after we statistically controlled for vocabulary size...
  44. ncbi Dissociation of the neural correlates of implicit and explicit memory
    M D Rugg
    Wellcome Brain Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Nature 392:595-8. 1998
    ..Thus, when task and memory contamination effects are eliminated, the neural correlates of explicit and implicit memory differ qualitatively...
  45. ncbi How language acquisition builds on cognitive development
    Eve V Clark
    Department of Linguistics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:472-8. 2004
  46. pmc Individual differences in lexical processing at 18 months predict vocabulary growth in typically developing and late-talking toddlers
    Anne Fernald
    Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Child Dev 83:203-22. 2012
    ..procedure, this prospective longitudinal study revealed robust links between processing efficiency and vocabulary growth from 18 to 30 months in children classified as typically developing (n = 46) and as "late talkers" (n = ..
  47. pmc The pace of vocabulary growth helps predict later vocabulary skill
    Meredith L Rowe
    University of Chicago, USA
    Child Dev 83:508-25. 2012
    ..Do early developmental variations of this sort help predict vocabulary skill just prior to kindergarten entry? This longitudinal study starts by examining important predictors (..
  48. pmc Lexical competition in young children's word learning
    Daniel Swingley
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Cogn Psychol 54:99-132. 2007
    ..These results suggest that word learning in young children, as in adults, relies not only on the discrimination and identification of phonetic categories, but also on evaluating the likelihood that an utterance conveys a new word...
  49. pmc Individual differences in the influence of phonological characteristics on expressive vocabulary development by young children
    Junko Maekawa
    University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045 7555, USA
    J Child Lang 33:439-59. 2006
    ..e. the number of phonologically similar words), word frequency, and word length on expressive vocabulary development by young children...
  50. ncbi Children with autism illuminate the role of social intention in word learning
    Julia Parish-Morris
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122 6085, USA
    Child Dev 78:1265-87. 2007
    ..Performance on intention tasks was the most powerful predictor of vocabulary in the AD group but not in the TD groups...
  51. ncbi The development of a word-learning strategy
    Justin Halberda
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    Cognition 87:B23-34. 2003
    ..Experiment 2 established that this increase in looking to the car was due solely to hearing the novel label "dax". Several possible interpretations of the surprising form of failure at 14 months are discussed...
  52. ncbi On the norming of homophones
    David S Gorfein
    Adelphi University, Garden City, New York, USA
    Behav Res Methods 40:522-30. 2008
    ..The norms from this study are available online in the Psychonomic Society Archive of Norms, Stimuli, and Data, at www .psychonomic.org/archive...
  53. ncbi Early vocabulary development in Danish and other languages: a CDI-based comparison
    Dorthe Bleses
    Center for Child Language, Institute of Language and Communication, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
    J Child Lang 35:619-50. 2008
    ..trend of Danish children's early lexical development is similar to trends observed in other languages, yet the vocabulary comprehension score in the Danish children is the lowest across studies from age 1 ; 0 onwards...
  54. pmc Developmental differences in the effects of phonological, lexical and semantic variables on word learning by infants
    Holly L Storkel
    Department of Speech Language Hearing Sciences and Disorders, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045 7555, USA
    J Child Lang 36:291-321. 2009
    ..Moreover, the effect of phonological variables was constant across age, whereas the effect of lexical and semantic variables changed across age...
  55. ncbi Cortical differentiation for nouns and verbs depends on grammatical markers
    L K Tyler
    Centre for Speech, Language, and the Brain, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1381-9. 2008
    ..These results suggest that nouns and verbs do not invariably activate different neural regions; rather, differential cortical activity depends on the extent to which their different grammatical functions are engaged...
  56. ncbi Infant gaze following and pointing predict accelerated vocabulary growth through two years of age: a longitudinal, growth curve modeling study
    Rechele Brooks
    University of Washington, Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, Box 357988, Seattle, WA 98195 7988, USA
    J Child Lang 35:207-20. 2008
    ..At ages 0;10 or 0;11, infants saw an adult turn to look at an object in an experimental setting. Productive vocabulary was assessed longitudinally through two years of age...
  57. ncbi Border collie comprehends object names as verbal referents
    John W Pilley
    Behav Processes 86:184-95. 2011
  58. ncbi Transposed-letter priming of prelexical orthographic representations
    Sachiko Kinoshita
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 2109
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:1-18. 2009
    ..The implications of the results for current letter position coding schemes are discussed...
  59. pmc Foreign subtitles help but native-language subtitles harm foreign speech perception
    Holger Mitterer
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 4:e7785. 2009
    ..Native-language subtitles appear to create lexical interference, but foreign-language subtitles assist speech learning by indicating which words (and hence sounds) are being spoken...
  60. ncbi Exercising during learning improves vocabulary acquisition: behavioral and ERP evidence
    Maren Schmidt-Kassow
    Institute of Medical Psychology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 482:40-4. 2010
    ..We found a larger N400 effect and better performance in vocabulary tests when subjects were physically active during the encoding phase...
  61. ncbi Priming by NUMB3R5 does not involve top-down feedback
    Sachiko Kinoshita
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science and Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney NSW 2109, Australia
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 36:1422-40. 2010
  62. pmc Personality, gender, and age in the language of social media: the open-vocabulary approach
    H Andrew Schwartz
    Positive Psychology Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America Computer and Information Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e73791. 2013
    ..In our open-vocabulary technique, the data itself drives a comprehensive exploration of language that distinguishes people, finding ..
  63. ncbi Predictors of expressive vocabulary growth in children with autism
    Veronica Smith
    Department of Educational Psychology, University of Alberta, 6 102 Education North, Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G5, Canada
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 50:149-60. 2007
    The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the variability and predictors of expressive vocabulary development in children with autism and very delayed language.
  64. ncbi Examining continuity of early expressive vocabulary development: the generation R study
    Jens Henrichs
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 54:854-69. 2011
    The authors investigated continuity and discontinuity of vocabulary skills in a population-based cohort in the Netherlands.
  65. ncbi Preschoolers with autism show greater impairment in receptive compared with expressive language abilities
    Kristelle Hudry
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, UK
    Int J Lang Commun Disord 45:681-90. 2010
    ..However, the relative degree of delay or impairment in each of these sub-domains may also be atypical and remains less well-understood...
  66. ncbi N-watch: a program for deriving neighborhood size and other psycholinguistic statistics
    Colin J Davis
    Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Behav Res Methods 37:65-70. 2005
    ..The program computes measures of orthographic similarity on line, either with respect to a default vocabulary of 30,605 words or to a vocabulary specified by the user...
  67. pmc Speed of word recognition and vocabulary knowledge in infancy predict cognitive and language outcomes in later childhood
    Virginia A Marchman
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
    Dev Sci 11:F9-16. 2008
    ..Speed of spoken word recognition and vocabulary size at 25 months each accounted for unique variance in linguistic and cognitive skills at 8 years, effects that ..
  68. ncbi BuscaPalabras: a program for deriving orthographic and phonological neighborhood statistics and other psycholinguistic indices in Spanish
    Colin J Davis
    Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Behav Res Methods 37:665-71. 2005
    ..The program computes measures of orthographic similarity online, with respect to either a default vocabulary of 31,491 Spanish words or a vocabulary specified by the user...
  69. ncbi Use of the mutual exclusivity assumption by young word learners
    Ellen M Markman
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Jordan Hall, Bldg 420, Main Quad, Stanford, CA 94305 2130, USA
    Cogn Psychol 47:241-75. 2003
    ..Fifteen to seventeen and 18-20-month-olds were selected to straddle the vocabulary spurt. In Study 1, babies saw a familiar object and an opaque bucket as a location to search...
  70. ncbi The development of phonological awareness in preschool children
    Julia M Carroll
    Department of Psychology, University of York, United Kingdom
    Dev Psychol 39:913-23. 2003
    ..In general, children's rime skills developed earlier than their phoneme skills. Structural equation models showed that articulatory skills and syllable and rime awareness predicted later phoneme awareness...
  71. ncbi Statistical regularities in vocabulary guide language acquisition in connectionist models and 15-20-month-olds
    Larissa K Samuelson
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Dev Psychol 38:1016-37. 2002
    ..names for solid objects by shape is the product of statistical regularities among nouns in the early productive vocabulary. Data from a 4-layer Hopfield network suggested that the statistical regularities in the early noun vocabulary ..
  72. ncbi The use of social and salience cues in early word learning
    Carmel Houston-Price
    School of Psychology, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AL, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 95:27-55. 2006
  73. ncbi Knowledge embedded in process: the self-organization of skilled noun learning
    Eliana Colunga
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Dev Sci 11:195-203. 2008
    ..We conclude with a consideration of what all of this implies for a theory of cognitive development...
  74. pmc Speaking up for vocabulary: reading skill differences in young adults
    David Braze
    Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Learn Disabil 40:226-43. 2007
    ..the simple view of reading capture all nonrandom variation in reading comprehension? (b) Does orally assessed vocabulary knowledge account for variance in reading comprehension, as predicted by the lexical quality hypothesis? A ..
  75. ncbi The neural substrate of naming events: effects of processing demands but not of grammatical class
    Simona Siri
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Vita Salute San Raffaele University and San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 18:171-7. 2008
    ..In the present case, differences in left IFG activation emerge as a consequence of increasing linguistic and/or general processing demands...
  76. ncbi Testing an assumption of the E-Z Reader model of eye-movement control during reading: using event-related potentials to examine the familiarity check
    Erik D Reichle
    Department of Psychology and Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Psychophysiology 48:993-1003. 2011
    ..These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that an early stage of lexical processing is linked to the "decisions" about when to move the eyes during reading...
  77. ncbi The activation of phonological representations by bilinguals while reading silently: evidence from interlingual homophones
    Corinne A Haigh
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:623-44. 2007
  78. ncbi Levodopa: faster and better word learning in normal humans
    Stefan Knecht
    Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Albert Schweitzer Strasse 33, D 48129 Munster, Germany
    Ann Neurol 56:20-6. 2004
    ..Ninety minutes later on each day, subjects were trained on an artificial vocabulary using a high-frequency repetitive approach...
  79. ncbi The influence of phonological neighborhood on visual word perception
    Mark Yates
    Psychology Department, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:452-7. 2004
    ..We relate this research to previous results on semantic and orthographic neighborhoods and discuss the results within the context of a model in which lexical decisions are based on stimulus familiarity...
  80. ncbi Semantic ambiguity and the process of generating meaning from print
    Penny M Pexman
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive Northwest, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:1252-70. 2004
    ..Results showed no ambiguity effect on unrelated trials (Experiments 2, 3c, and 5c) and an ambiguity disadvantage on related trials (Experiments 3a, 3b, 5a, and 5b)...
  81. ncbi R34D1NG W0RD5 W1TH NUMB3R5
    Manuel Perea
    Departamento de Metodologia, Facultad de Psicologia, Universitat de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:237-41. 2008
    ..Therefore, the cognitive system regularizes the shape of the leet digits and letter-like symbols embedded in words with very little cost...
  82. ncbi Functional cerebral lateralization and dual-task efficiency-testing the function of human brain lateralization using fTCD
    J M Lust
    Department of Clinical and Developmental NeuroPsychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2 1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
    Behav Brain Res 217:293-301. 2011
    ..However, if one or both functions are not significantly lateralized overall performance is worse and in this group, performance is negatively related to increased strength of lateralization...
  83. ncbi Is there an effect of print exposure on the word frequency effect and the neighborhood size effect?
    Christopher R Sears
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Psycholinguist Res 37:269-91. 2008
    ..Our results are explained in terms of differences in the reliance on orthographic and phonological information between readers of higher and lower print exposure...
  84. ncbi Orthography and the hemispheres: visual and linguistic aspects of letter processing
    Zohar Eviatar
    Institute of Information Processing and Decision Making, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    Neuropsychology 18:174-84. 2004
    ..The results support the hypothesis that the right hemisphere of skilled Arabic readers cannot distinguish between similar Arabic letters, whereas the left hemisphere can...
  85. ncbi Deterioration of naming nouns versus verbs in primary progressive aphasia
    Argye E Hillis
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Ann Neurol 55:268-75. 2004
    ..Results indicate that separate regions of the brain are essential for access to oral and written word forms of verbs and nouns, and that these neural regions can be differentially damaged in separate forms of PPA...
  86. ncbi The Split Fovea Theory and the Leicester critique: what do the data say?
    Lise Van der Haegen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Neuropsychologia 48:96-106. 2010
    ..From these results we can conclude that although noise is present in classical SFT studies without eye-tracking, this does not change the OVP effect observed with left dominant individuals...
  87. ncbi Eye-fixation behavior, lexical storage, and visual word recognition in a split processing model
    R Shillcock
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
    Psychol Rev 107:824-51. 2000
    ..A split model of word recognition captures a range of behavior in reading that is greater than that covered by existing models of visual word recognition...
  88. ncbi Physical aggression and expressive vocabulary in 19-month-old twins
    Ginette Dionne
    Ecole de Psychologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
    Dev Psychol 39:261-73. 2003
    ..A modest but significant correlation (r = -.20) was found between physical aggression and expressive vocabulary. Substantial heritability was found for physical aggression...
  89. ncbi Using dictionaries to study the mental lexicon
    F Anshen
    Department of Linguistics, The University at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794 4376, USA
    Brain Lang 68:16-26. 1999
    ..Our results lead us to question the validity of automatic analogy from a set of existing words as the driving force behind morphological productivity...
  90. ncbi Ventrolateral prefrontal cortex plays an executive regulation role in comprehension of abstract words: convergent neuropsychological and repetitive TMS evidence
    Paul Hoffman
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    J Neurosci 30:15450-6. 2010
    ..Regulation is less important for concrete words because their meanings are constrained by their physical referents and do not tend to vary with context...
  91. ncbi Lexical information drives perceptual learning of distorted speech: evidence from the comprehension of noise-vocoded sentences
    Matthew H Davis
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Exp Psychol Gen 134:222-41. 2005
    ..Similar processes may facilitate comprehension of speech in an unfamiliar accent or following cochlear implantation...
  92. ncbi The mid-ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and active mnemonic retrieval
    Michael Petrides
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 78:528-38. 2002
    ..By contrast, increases in activity in the mid-dorsolateral region of the frontal cortex occur when the performance of the tasks requires monitoring of information in memory...
  93. ncbi Early involvement of dorsal and ventral pathways in visual word recognition: an ERP study
    Cristina Rosazza
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, 67, boulevard Pinel, 69675 Bron Cedex, France
    Brain Res 1272:32-44. 2009
    ..The two pathways cooperate during visual word recognition and processing in these pathways should not be considered as alternative but as complementary elements of reading...
  94. pmc Picking up speed in understanding: Speech processing efficiency and vocabulary growth across the 2nd year
    Anne Fernald
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:98-116. 2006
    To explore how online speech processing efficiency relates to vocabulary growth in the 2nd year, the authors longitudinally observed 59 English-learning children at 15, 18, 21, and 25 months as they looked at pictures while listening to ..
  95. ncbi Five days versus a lifetime: intense associative vocabulary training generates lexically integrated words
    Caterina Breitenstein
    Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    Restor Neurol Neurosci 25:493-500. 2007
    ..It could merely produce superficial associations of acoustic-visual information, which remain outside lexical and conceptual networks...
  96. ncbi Ameliorating children's reading-comprehension difficulties: a randomized controlled trial
    Paula J Clarke
    University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 21:1106-16. 2010
    ..The OL and COM groups also demonstrated significant improvements in expressive vocabulary compared with the control group, and this was a mediator of the improved reading comprehension of the OL and COM ..
  97. ncbi Receptive vocabulary development in deaf children with cochlear implants: achievement in an intensive auditory-oral educational setting
    Heather Hayes
    Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63128, USA
    Ear Hear 30:128-35. 2009
    Deaf children with cochlear implants are at a disadvantage in learning vocabulary when compared with hearing peers...
  98. ncbi Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history
    Mark Pagel
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 6AS, UK
    Nature 449:717-20. 2007
    ..divergent language corpora (English, Spanish, Russian and Greek) and a comparative database of 200 fundamental vocabulary meanings in 87 Indo-European languages to show that the frequency with which these words are used in modern ..
  99. pmc Random drift versus selection in academic vocabulary: an evolutionary analysis of published keywords
    R Alexander Bentley
    Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e3057. 2008
    The evolution of vocabulary in academic publishing is characterized via keyword frequencies recorded in the ISI Web of Science citations database...
  100. ncbi Age of acquisition ratings for 3,000 monosyllabic words
    Michael J Cortese
    Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska 68182, USA
    Behav Res Methods 40:791-4. 2008
    ..The norms for the 3,000 words are important for researchers interested in word processing and may be downloaded from the Psychonomic Society's Norms, Stimuli, and Data archive at www.psychonomic.org/archive...
  101. pmc Do children with autism spectrum disorders show a shape bias in word learning?
    Saime Tek
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Connecticut, USA
    Autism Res 1:208-22. 2008
    ..a shape bias at 24 months of age, whereas children with ASD did not demonstrate a shape bias despite a sizeable vocabulary, supports a dissociation between vocabulary size and principles governing acquisition in ASD children from early ..

Research Grants73

  1. Translational refinement of adaptive communication system for locked-in patients
    Melanie Fried-Oken; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..binary intent of the user and adapt based on individualized neurophysiologic data of the user;and (3) an open-vocabulary natural language model with a capability for accurate predictions of upcoming text...
  2. Sensorimotor Control of the Human Orofacial System
    Steven M Barlow; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Bayley III Developmental Scales and a battery of standardized articulation, vocabulary, grammar, and speech-language probes will provide vital information on production and reception...
  3. Infection and Immunity K-12 Science Program: Exploring Knowns/Unknowns via VCRC/Q
    Marlys Hearst Witte; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It introduces the "language" (vocabulary) of medicine and highlights the spectrum of NIAID-related basic, clinical, and translational research topics, ..
  4. Patterned Gene Expression in Drosophila Development
    Susan E Celniker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..spatial and temporal embryonic expression patterns, annotations of the patterns using a standardized, controlled vocabulary, based on an anatomical ontology and a standardized virtual representation of the patterns...
  5. NTS Adenosine Receptors in Cardiovascular Control
    DONAL S O apos LEARY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NTS neurons contain a rich vocabulary of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators which may affect NTS integration and therefore control of the ..
  6. Statistical Genomics and Systems Biology Workshop
    JEANETTE CHRISTINE PAPP; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..quantitative, biological, and interdisciplinary researchers and give them an understanding of the issues and the vocabulary of quantitative genomics so that they can communicate and collaborate effectively and productively...
  7. Incorporating microRNA data and analyses into the leading cancer genomics portal
    Daniel R Rhodes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..curation strategy for 3 micro-RNA profiling datasets to demonstrate feasibility of applying a controlled vocabulary and ontology to miRNA sample metadata;2) Establish and implement platform mapping strategy for 3 micro-RNA ..
    Richard K Olson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..well as their covariation with measures of phonological awareness, phonological decoding, orthographic coding, vocabulary, listening comprehension, processing speed, and executive functions...
  9. Cognitive and Emotional Sources of Wisdom in Decision Making Across the Lifespan
    Eric J Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..fluid intelligence in older adults, but we know little about what abilities the tests of general knowledge and vocabulary used to measures crystallized intelligence actually capture and how these domain-general abilities contribute to ..
  10. Developing Information Infrastructure Focused on Cancer Comparative Effectiveness
    ..Second, the proposal will develop vocabulary, metadata and data representation standards focused on CER that will provide guidance for health information ..
  11. Vocabulary Support for Consumer Health Informatics
    Qing Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose tackling these problems through further developing consumer health vocabulary (CHV) support...
  12. Vector Surveillance Ontology and Vector Management Ontology
    Saul Lozano Fuentes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..sets of standardized and defined terms) and Ontologies (sets of standardized and defined controlled vocabulary terms and their inter-relationships)...
  13. Rivastigmine Patch in Veterans with Cognitive Impairment Following TBI
    Olga Brawman-Mintzer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is at least 25% lower than the intelligence-adjusted expected score, as assessed by the WAIS-IV Information and Vocabulary subtests...
  14. Individual differences and health outcomes: A secondary data analysis in cognitiv
    ALEXANDER BEAUJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..collected between 1994 and 1995), data was gathered on participants'cognitive ability (via a picture vocabulary test) and personality (the trait used for this project is Conscientiousness)...
  15. Enhancing the Biomedical Computing Platform for Pancreatic Cancer Research
    Simon Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To achieve this objective, the following aims will be accomplished. Aim 1: Development of a controlled vocabulary and ontology for the PCCR System...
  16. Speech Therapy Robot (STR) to assist in the administration of evidence based spee
    Garima Srivastava; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Variations of the system can be used towards phonology, morphology/syntax, pragmatics, language, fluency and/or vocabulary. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Overall the project provides direct relevance to public health by facilitating new ..
  17. Epigenetic modulation of PPARgamma transcription in the IUGR rat
    LISA ANNE JOSS-MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..DHA as an activator of PPARg and a nutritional intervention and 2) understand of the problems, processes and vocabulary of the clinical arena...
  18. An Exploratory Model of Early Speech Intervention for Children with Cleft Palate
    Nancy J Scherer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study proposes to evaluate the effectiveness of an early intervention to facilitate speech and vocabulary development and prevent the habituation of compensatory articulation use...
  19. Real Time Processing of ASL in Deaf and Hearing Native-Signing Infants
    Anne Fernald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Sign/word vocabulary will be assessed offline with parent report and face-to-face instruments...
  20. Computational Methods for Expression Image Analysis
    Jieping Ye; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b) Develop machine learning methods to describe expression patterns in words by using the existing controlled vocabulary. These descriptions will enable the use of efficient text-mining tools to identify genes expressed in similar ..
  21. Assessing delivery of an early speech intervention for children with clefts in Br
    Nancy J Scherer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the effectiveness of an early intervention for children with cleft lip and palate to facilitate speech and vocabulary development and prevent the habituation of compensatory articulation use in Brazil...
  22. Language Development in Fragile X Syndrome
    LEONARD J ABBEDUTO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These measures will assess competence in vocabulary, syntax, and pragmatics, as well as atypical language behavior (i.e., perseveration)...
  23. Shape Up Preschoolers Geometric Sense Predicts Future Mathematics Achievement
    Roberta Michnick Golinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These tasks access children's geometric skills earlier than has been commonly evaluated. Additionally, vocabulary and number sense will be evaluated to provide IQ and mathematical knowledge controls...
  24. Computerized adaptive self-report diagnostic assessment for mental health: the SC
    Benjamin B Brodey; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..by participants while responding to the SCID-SR self-report items, follow-up interview questions pertaining to vocabulary, timeframe and selection of responses, as well as a modified set of SCID-I questions in order to establish ..
  25. Deaf infants'cognitive skills and their post-cochlear implant language outcomes
    CARISSA LYNN SHAFTO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Correlational analyses will be conducted between scores on the VSL task prior to cochlear implantation and vocabulary and grammatical scores on the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDIs;Fenson et al...
  26. Emergence of grammar in a new sign language
    Carol Padden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..videotape signers of three generations on tasks designed to produce (a) complex sentences;(b) citation forms of vocabulary items;(c) compound words;and (d) descriptive narratives...
  27. Clinical Neuroengineering Training Program
    JUSTIN COLE WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will also create students with an expanded research vocabulary and abilities in more than one discipline, and with an enhanced understanding of the interconnectedness inherent ..
  28. Morphosyntactic Abilities of SLI Probands
    Mabel L Rice; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2) To investigate the relationships among grammatical markers, vocabulary, omnibus language test, verbal memory, reading and nonverbal intelligence measures in children with SLI and ..
    Qing Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Specifically, we will: (1) create a pictographic vocabulary and grammar for discharge instructions, using systematic text analysis, pictograph design, and validation ..
  30. Intensive Reading Remediation in Grade 2 or 3: Are There Effects A Decade Later?
    BENITA A BLACHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the proposed 10-year follow-up, participants will be seen twice and complete measures of nonverbal reasoning, vocabulary, word reading, reading comprehension, math, health literacy, and self-report measures of adaptive functioning ..
  31. Early indicators of language delay in preterm infants.
    GLENDA CAROLINA MOLINA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specifically, they show impaired word stress discrimination, reduced vocabulary and phonological working memory, and deficits in pre-reading skills...
  32. Modeling the Effect of Drugs in Intergomics by Linking Drug Ontology and Pathways
    Gunther Schadow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..National Drug File Reference Terminology (NDF-RT), the National Drug Codes and the RxNorm clinical drug vocabulary. The hub of these terminologies is the Structured Product Labeling (SPL) standard for drug knowledge ..
  33. Pragmatics and Semantics in Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Karece Lopez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tests [NVIQ (TONI - 4), adaptive behavior (VABS - II, expressive and receptive language (CELF - 4), and vocabulary (PPVT - IV)] and three experimental eye tracking studies...
  34. Canonical Syllable Production And Perception In Infants With Hearing Loss
    Deborah von Hapsburg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..it differentiates HI from NH infants, it forms the foundation for first words, and its delay predicts delays in vocabulary development...
  35. Language, Learning, and Cognition among Deaf Students with and without Cochlear I
    MARC E MARSCHARK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and in a latent variable path analysis include measures of academic achievement, social-emotional functioning, vocabulary knowledge and reading ability, and deaf students'language and cochlear implant histories...
  36. Young Children of Jailed Parents
    JULIE A POEHLMANN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from teachers/daycare providers, (2) To document children's attachment to caregivers, behavior problems, vocabulary, cognitive skills, and experience of general risks (e.g...
  37. A molecular study linking cTnT dynamics to genetic cardiomyopathy
    Jil C Tardiff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Such effects, usually known collectively as allostery are part of the common vocabulary of protein biochemistry, and implementation of our research program will demonstrate how such effects are also ..
  38. Improving the language and literacy skills of Spanish-English Bilingual Kindergar
    MARIELA PAEZ; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The intervention program will focus on improving vocabulary and extended discourse skills, aspects of children's oral language skills that have been shown to be ..
  39. Eye-gaze shift as a measure of sign language processing in young deaf children
    AMY MICHELLE LIEBERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..little known about how sign language is processed in deaf individuals, and how processing ability may affect vocabulary and other linguistic skills...
  40. Head Start REDI (Research-based, Developmentally Informed)
    Karen L Bierman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition, children who received REDI showed enhanced vocabulary, emergent literacy skills, social competence, and learning engagement, and reduced aggression at the end of the ..
  41. Deep Letter Knowledge for Emerging Literacy Using iPads
    JEANNINE HERRON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the G1 students maintain at post-testing;(3) do G1 and G2 students learn similar letters and words? and (4) Does vocabulary moderate the number of letter/sounds and words learned? We will examine pre to mid-test gains, mid-test to post-..
  42. Neuroimaging of Age-Related Changes in Language
    Michele T Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, semantic processes related to the meaning of words are largely preserved: vocabulary increases as we age, and semantic word associations and category membership judgments are preserved, for example...
  43. Nuestros NInos Program: Promoting School Readiness for English Language Learners
    CRISTINA GILLANDERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Children's outcome measures will assess gains in vocabulary, phonological awareness, letter and word recognition, math abilities, problem behavior, and social skills...
  44. Molecular Phenotypes within and across disease boundaries in IPF and COPD
    Steven D Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..These new disease classifications created a unified vocabulary of lung diseases that allowed better communication between clinicians and researchers and became rapidly and ..
  45. Statistical Word Learning in Children with Language Disorders
    EILEEN KATHERINE HAEBIG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Despite the importance of vocabulary development, relatively little is known about the learning mechanisms that underlie these deficits...
  46. A Texture Analysis/Synthesis Model of Visual Crowding
    Ruth Rosenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..crowded arrays of stimuli affords a tool for visualizing the information available in a crowded display and a vocabulary for describing its representational content. Thus, Dr...
  47. Lexical and Cognitive Processing in Early Language Delay
    ERICA M ELLIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..LT) refers to infants (18-24 months) who are delayed in the onset of first words, with scores on standardized vocabulary assessment measures usually below the 10th%ile, despite normal nonverbal intelligence, hearing, development, and ..
  48. Continued Development and Maintenance of Appion Software
    Clinton S Potter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..much needed transparency to what is currently available and how to build on existing tools using a standardized vocabulary and data flow...
  49. Predicting Useful Speech in Children With Autism
    Paul J Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..communication, attention following, and object play, (b) early child motor ability and (c) time-varying child vocabulary comprehension in predicting growth rate of communicative word use...
  50. Psycholinguistic Investigations of Development and Disorders of Speech Production
    Edwin Maas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., vocabulary size, speech motor skill)...
  51. Language Processing in Children with Cochlear Implants
    Richard G Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed project will examine vocabulary knowledge and processing in understanding and speaking...
  52. Early Development with Williams or Down Syndrome
    Carolyn B Mervis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Williams syndrome is associated with relative strengths in language (especially concrete vocabulary and grammar) and verbal short-term memory and severe weakness in visuospatial cognition...
  53. The Path to Language and Literacy: A Cross-Linguistic Longitudinal Approach
    MARGARET J FRIEND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The CCT recruits infant attention to permit direct assessments of vocabulary comprehension in the second year of life...
  54. Outcomes of School-Age Children who are Hard of Hearing
    JAMES BRUCE TOMBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Vocabulary and pragmatic language skills (related to social cognition) also showed effects of hearing loss...
  55. Software to Enrich the Noun Lexicons and Lexical Learning of Children with Autism
    MARY SWEIG WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..applicant): The objective of this project is to develop a curriculum and prototype software for a research-based vocabulary development program featuring a combined lexical-cognitive approach to noun acquisition...
  56. Ontology-Driven Methods for Knowledge Acquisition and Knowledge Discovery
    Xinghua Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provide evidence regarding the function of genes/proteins and map the extracted information to a controlled vocabulary. Specific Aim 3...
  57. eHealth Literacy Barriers and Solutions for Consumer Use of a Health Portal
    David R Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..metric, which integrates linguistic features of a document to determine its level of readability, and a vocabulary complexity analysis tool, which signals which health terms in a document are unlikely to be understood by a ..
  58. UCLA Career Development Program in Cancer Prevention and Control Research
    Roshan Bastani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of cancer control scientists by exposing them to the scope and diversity of this field, and the concepts, vocabulary, research skills, and analytical tools their work will require, with special focus on the needs of disadvantaged ..
  59. The Development of On Line Sentence Processing In Children
    John C Trueswell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The potential applications of these findings to education are significant, as vocabulary and sentence understanding skills are fundamental to successful functioning in the technological culture of the ..
  60. Word Learning and Word Knowledge in Monolingual and Sequential Bilingual Children
    Margarita Kaushanskaya; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..work is to use the theoretical framework of working memory to examine whether and how word-learning tasks index vocabulary knowledge in sequential bilingual children...
  61. Cognitive Processing and Sentence Comprehension in SLI
    James W Montgomery; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..150 age/nonverbal IQ matched (CA) children, and 150 younger children matched for short-term memory and vocabulary (YMV)...
  62. Intonation in spontaneous English & Japanese dialogue
    Shari R Speer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It differs in form from written language and read speech, with different vocabulary usage, different syntax, and an expanded use of visually available context...
    Joanne Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e., vocabulary, syntax, and discourse), attention, auditory processing, working memory, and academic achievement during the ..
  64. Hybrid Speech Synthesis for Voice Output Communication Aids
    SUSAN HERTZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As a result, the technology will be well-suited to virtually any unlimited vocabulary synthesis application, but be of special benefit to speech-impaired individuals, who have a particularly great ..
    Robin Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) are reported, variously, to have language skills above (vocabulary comprehension) and below (expressive syntax) their nonverbal mental age; cross-sectional evidence suggests that the ..
  66. Organ Donation in the Black Community: A Focus on Family
    Kimberly Arriola; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..in formative research that seeks to understand the needs, knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, experiences, and vocabulary surrounding organ and tissue donation among family members and clergy...
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., working memory, abstract reasoning) or on common cultural knowledge (e.g., vocabulary), this project concerns knowledge structures, that is, what adults know, even though such knowledge may not be ..
    Elizabeth Glisky; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The proposed studies will attempt to teach older adults several computer tasks including computer-related vocabulary, simple computer programming, data-entry, database management and word-processing...
  69. Cognitive Representation in Specific Language Impairment
    Julia L Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in children with SLI are due instead to a procedural implicit learning deficit, and (2) the relatively spared vocabulary abilities in children with SLI suggests an intact declarative learning system that may function as a ..
  70. Enhancing Low-Income Children's Emergent Literacy
    WENDY GROLNICK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..comprehensive parent intervention for promoting the meaning-based components of children's early literacy: vocabulary knowledge, oral language skills, and story skills...
  71. Controlled Vocabulary Design for Clinical Applications
    Peter Elkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Compositional mechanisms for vocabulary provide the promise of near complete coverage of health content...
  72. Temperament, Distraction, and Early Vocabulary
    WALLACE DIXON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..socially unapproachable, negative in mood, and relatively distressed in response to novelty tend to demonstrate vocabulary delay...
  73. CD Vocabulary Instruction for Students with Disabilities
    Paula Lancaster; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to test the feasibility and efficacy of using an interactive multimedia (IM) format for providing comprehensive vocabulary instruction to students with high incidence disabilities (HID)...