Summary: Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.

Top Publications

  1. pmc The taxonomic name resolution service: an online tool for automated standardization of plant names
    Brad Boyle
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona Tucson, P, O, Box 210088, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    BMC Bioinformatics 14:16. 2013
  2. ncbi Border collie comprehends object names as verbal referents
    John W Pilley
    Behav Processes 86:184-95. 2011
  3. ncbi Examining the neural basis of episodic memory: ERP evidence that faces are recollected differently from names
    Graham Mackenzie
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, UK
    Neuropsychologia 47:2756-65. 2009
  4. pmc Personal names do not always survive the attentional blink: Behavioral evidence for a flexible locus of selection
    Barry Giesbrecht
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, 93106, USA
    Vision Res 49:1378-88. 2009
  5. ncbi What's in a name? Y chromosomes, surnames and the genetic genealogy revolution
    Turi E King
    Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
    Trends Genet 25:351-60. 2009
  6. pmc People of the British Isles: preliminary analysis of genotypes and surnames in a UK-control population
    Bruce Winney
    Department of Oncology, University of Oxford, ORCRB, Headington, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Hum Genet 20:203-10. 2012
  7. pmc Memory for names test provides a useful confrontational naming task for aging and continuum of dementia
    Robert M Brouillette
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70820, USA
    J Alzheimers Dis 23:665-71. 2011
  8. ncbi Personal names and the attentional blink: a visual "cocktail party" effect
    K L Shapiro
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 23:504-14. 1997
  9. ncbi Rutabaga by any other name: extracting biological names
    Lynette Hirschman
    The MITRE Corporation, MS K312, 202 Burlington Rd, Bedford, MA 01730, USA
    J Biomed Inform 35:247-59. 2002
  10. ncbi Proper names get stuck on bilingual and monolingual speakers' tip of the tongue equally often
    Tamar H Gollan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:278-87. 2005

Detail Information

Publications274 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The taxonomic name resolution service: an online tool for automated standardization of plant names
    Brad Boyle
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona Tucson, P, O, Box 210088, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    BMC Bioinformatics 14:16. 2013
    The digitization of biodiversity data is leading to the widespread application of taxon names that are superfluous, ambiguous or incorrect, resulting in mismatched records and inflated species numbers...
  2. ncbi Border collie comprehends object names as verbal referents
    John W Pilley
    Behav Processes 86:184-95. 2011
    ..1 demonstrated that Chaser learned and retained, over a 3-year period of intensive training, the proper-noun names of 1022 objects...
  3. ncbi Examining the neural basis of episodic memory: ERP evidence that faces are recollected differently from names
    Graham Mackenzie
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, UK
    Neuropsychologia 47:2756-65. 2009
    ..was associated with anterior (500-700 ms) and late right frontal old/new effects (700-900 ms), whereas remembering names elicited mid frontal (300-500 ms) and left parietal (500-700 ms) effects...
  4. pmc Personal names do not always survive the attentional blink: Behavioral evidence for a flexible locus of selection
    Barry Giesbrecht
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, 93106, USA
    Vision Res 49:1378-88. 2009
    ..In three experiments, increasing T1-load increased the severity of the AB for personal names. The results suggest that selection during the AB is not fixed at the post-perceptual stage, but rather the stage ..
  5. ncbi What's in a name? Y chromosomes, surnames and the genetic genealogy revolution
    Turi E King
    Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
    Trends Genet 25:351-60. 2009
    ..of coancestry among surname cohorts and the influence of confounding factors, including multiple founders for names, non-paternities and genetic drift...
  6. pmc People of the British Isles: preliminary analysis of genotypes and surnames in a UK-control population
    Bruce Winney
    Department of Oncology, University of Oxford, ORCRB, Headington, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Hum Genet 20:203-10. 2012
    ..Preliminary genotyping of 1057 samples demonstrates the value of these samples for investigating a fine-scale population structure within the UK, and shows how this can be enhanced by the use of surnames...
  7. pmc Memory for names test provides a useful confrontational naming task for aging and continuum of dementia
    Robert M Brouillette
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70820, USA
    J Alzheimers Dis 23:665-71. 2011
    ..In this study, we report our findings regarding a new confrontational naming test, the Memory for Names test...
  8. ncbi Personal names and the attentional blink: a visual "cocktail party" effect
    K L Shapiro
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 23:504-14. 1997
    ..The conclusions drawn are that individuals do not experience an AB for their own names but do for either other names or nouns...
  9. ncbi Rutabaga by any other name: extracting biological names
    Lynette Hirschman
    The MITRE Corporation, MS K312, 202 Burlington Rd, Bedford, MA 01730, USA
    J Biomed Inform 35:247-59. 2002
    ..This article examines emerging techniques to access biological resources through extraction of entity names and relations among them...
  10. ncbi Proper names get stuck on bilingual and monolingual speakers' tip of the tongue equally often
    Tamar H Gollan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:278-87. 2005
    ..tip-of-the-tongue states (TOTs), and in Experiment, 2 Spanish-English bilinguals and monolinguals produced the names of pictured objects and people's names given their descriptions...
  11. pmc Random drift and culture change
    R Alexander Bentley
    AHRB Centre for the Evolutionary Analysis of Cultural Behaviour, University College London, 31 34 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1443-50. 2004
    We show that the frequency distributions of cultural variants, in three different real-world examples--first names, archaeological pottery and applications for technology patents--follow power laws that can be explained by a simple model ..
  12. pmc Progressive associative phonagnosia: a neuropsychological analysis
    Julia C Hailstone
    Dementia Research Centre, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Neuropsychologia 48:1104-14. 2010
    ..we assessed the ability of QR and KL to recognise and judge the familiarity of voices, faces and proper names, to recognise vocal emotions, to perceive and discriminate voices, and to recognise environmental sounds and ..
  13. ncbi Relearning face-name associations in early Alzheimer's disease
    Linda Clare
    Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, England
    Neuropsychology 16:538-47. 2002
    ..Results did not differ according to medication status, and the intervention had no adverse effects on self-reported well-being, but participants who were more aware of their memory difficulties achieved better outcomes...
  14. ncbi Accessing newly learned names and meanings in the native language
    Annika Hulten
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:976-89. 2009
    ..Both the behavioral learning pattern and neurophysiological results point to fundamentally different implementation of and access to phonological versus semantic features in processing pictured objects...
  15. ncbi Neural basis of the retrieval of people's names: evidence from brain-damaged patients and fMRI
    Takashi Tsukiura
    Tohoku University, Japan
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:922-37. 2002
    The aim of this study was to identify the neuroanatomical basis of the retrieval of people's names. Lesion data showed that patients with language-dominant temporal lobectomy had impairments in their ability to retrieve familiar and ..
  16. ncbi Attention and the processing of emotional words and names: not so special after all
    Christine R Harris
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0109, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:171-8. 2004
  17. ncbi How multiple repetitions influence the processing of self-, famous and unknown names and faces: an ERP study
    Pawel Tacikowski
    Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Department of Neurophysiology, Laboratory of Psychophysiology, 3 Pasteur Street, 02 093 Warsaw, Poland
    Int J Psychophysiol 79:219-30. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of multiple repetitions on the processing of names and faces varying in terms of pre-experimental familiarity...
  18. ncbi Mismatch negativity to the patient's own name in chronic disorders of consciousness
    Pengmin Qin
    Laboratory for Higher Brain Functions, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 4A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China
    Neurosci Lett 448:24-8. 2008
    ..Our study thus illustrates that the subject's own name is effective in evoking MMN in patients with DOC, and that SON-MMN has potential prognostic values in predicting recovery of consciousness...
  19. ncbi Verbal free recall in high altitude: proper names vs common names
    Giovanna Pelamatti
    Department of Psychology, University of Trieste
    Cortex 39:97-103. 2003
    ..In this study we investigated the effect of high altitude on the recall of supraspan lists of proper and common names. High altitude seems to have a dramatic effect on the recall of proper names, while common names are more ..
  20. ncbi Validation and utility of a computerized South Asian names and group recognition algorithm in ascertaining South Asian ethnicity in the national renal registry
    D Nitsch
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    QJM 102:865-72. 2009
    ..Ethnic origin is a key variable, but it is only recorded for 76% patients overall in the UKRR and there is wide variation in the degree of its completeness between renal centres. Most South Asians have distinctive names.
  21. ncbi Are faces special in Alzheimer's disease? Cognitive conceptualisation, neural correlates, and diagnostic relevance of impaired memory for faces and names
    Katja Werheid
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt University at Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Cortex 43:898-906. 2007
    Memory for faces and names has increasingly become a focus of cognitive assessment and research in Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
  22. ncbi Spatial coding of semantic information: knowledge of country and city names depends on their geographical proximity
    Sebastian J Crutch
    Dementia Research Group, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College, 8 11 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Brain 126:1821-9. 2003
    ..of spoken word-written word matching paradigms, her comprehension of the broad proper nouns category of place names was investigated. In addition to being sensitive to temporal factors, A.Z...
  23. ncbi Recognizing the emotional valence of names: an ERP study
    Lin Wang
    Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
    Brain Lang 125:118-27. 2013
    Unlike common nouns, person names refer to unique entities and generally have a referring function. We used event-related potentials to investigate the time course of identifying the emotional meaning of nouns and names...
  24. ncbi Laterality effects in normal subjects' recognition of familiar faces, voices and names. Perceptual and representational components
    Guido Gainotti
    Center for Neuropsychological Research and Department of Neurosciences of the Università Cattolica of Rome, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 51:1151-60. 2013
    ..point of view, because it is not clear if hemispheric asymmetries in the recognition of faces, voices and names are limited to their perceptual processing, or also extend to the domain of their cortical representations...
  25. doi Scientific publishing: identity crisis
    Jane Qiu
    Nature 451:766-7. 2008
  26. ncbi The importance of place names in the search for ecosystem-like concepts in indigenous societies: an example from the Bolivian Andes
    Sébastien Boillat
    Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303 70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2M6, Canada
    Environ Manage 51:663-78. 2013 deepen the search for ecosystem-like concepts in indigenous societies by highlighting the importance of place names used by Quechua indigenous farmers from the central Bolivian Andes...
  27. ncbi Attractive names sustain increased vegetable intake in schools
    Brian Wansink
    Department of Applied Economics and Management at Cornell University, 15 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853 7801, USA
    Prev Med 55:330-2. 2012
    This study will determine if the selective use of attractive names can be a sustainable, scalable means to increase the selection of vegetables in school lunchrooms.
  28. ncbi From Karen to Katie: using baby names to understand cultural evolution
    Jonah Berger
    The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychol Sci 23:1067-73. 2012
    ..Specifically, using more than 100 years of first-names data, we examined how a name's popularity is influenced by the popularity of that name's component phonemes in ..
  29. pmc Cherry pit primes Brad Pitt: Homophone priming effects on young and older adults' production of proper names
    Deborah M Burke
    Psychology Department, Pomona College, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:164-70. 2004
    This study investigated why proper names are difficult to retrieve, especially for older adults. On intermixed trials, young and older adults produced a word for a definition or a proper name for a picture of a famous person...
  30. ncbi Does tip-of-the-tongue for proper names discriminate amnestic mild cognitive impairment?
    Onésimo Juncos-Rabadán
    Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Int Psychogeriatr 25:627-34. 2013
    Difficulty in retrieving people's names is very common in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment. Such difficulty is often observed as the tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) phenomenon...
  31. ncbi A set of high quality colour images with Spanish norms for seven relevant psycholinguistic variables: the Nombela naming test
    Francisco Javier Moreno-Martinez
    Departamento de Psicologia Basica I, U N E D, Madrid, Spain
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 18:293-327. 2011
    ..In sum, this set of ecologically valid stimuli provides a useful tool for scientists engaged in cognitive and neuroscience-based research...
  32. ncbi Delineating Europe's cultural regions: population structure and surname clustering
    James Cheshire
    Department of Geography, University College London, United Kingdom
    Hum Biol 83:573-98. 2011
    Surnames (family names) show distinctive geographical patterning and in many disciplines remain an underutilized source of information about population origins, migration and identity...
  33. ncbi Isolation by language and distance in Belgium
    I Barrai
    Department of Biology, University of Ferrara, Via L Borsari 46, I 44100 Ferrara, Italy
    Ann Hum Genet 68:1-16. 2004
    ..48-8.16)/0.01206 = 109 kilometres. This transformation of language distance into an equivalent geographic distance, given here for Belgium, can be applied to any similar geo-linguistic situation...
  34. pmc Roses by other names: taxonomy of the Rhizobiaceae
    William J Broughton
    University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Bacteriol 185:2975-9. 2003
  35. ncbi Moniker maladies: when names sabotage success
    Leif D Nelson
    Rady School of Management, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:1106-12. 2007
    In five studies, we found that people like their names enough to unconsciously pursue consciously avoided outcomes that resemble their names...
  36. pmc Cortical mapping of naming errors in aphasia
    Julius Fridriksson
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:2487-98. 2009
  37. ncbi New method for surname studies of ancient patrilineal population structures, and possible application to improvement of Y-chromosome sampling
    Franz Manni
    Equipe de Génétique des Populations, Département Hommes, Natures, Sociétés UMR5145 CNRS, Unité d Eco Anthropologie, Musée de l Homme MNHN, Paris 75016, France
    Am J Phys Anthropol 126:214-28. 2005
  38. ncbi Surnames and dialects in France: population structure and cultural evolution
    C Scapoli
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Ferrara, Via L Borsari 46, I 44100 Ferrara, Italy
    J Theor Biol 237:75-86. 2005
    ..Average Fisher's alpha for France was 7877 the highest value observed for the European countries studied to date. The size of alpha in most French towns indicates considerable recent immigration...
  39. pmc Surname and Y chromosome in Southern Europe: a case study with Colom/Colombo
    Luis Javier Martínez-González
    GENYO Centro Pfizer Universidad de Granada Junta de Andalucía de Genómica y Oncología, Granada, Spain
    Eur J Hum Genet 20:211-6. 2012
    ..In this study, we have shown the diverse dynamics of two surnames linked by their etymology, in what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first genetic analysis of a surname in Southern Europe...
  40. ncbi Do surname differences mirror dialect variation?
    Franz Manni
    UMR 5145, CNRS, Musée de l Homme, National Museum of Natural History, 17 Place du Trocadero, 75016 Paris, France
    Hum Biol 80:41-64. 2008
    ..We find the results historically and geographically insightful, hopefully leading to a deeper understanding of the role that local migrations and cultural diffusion play in surname and dialect diversity...
  41. pmc Common neural systems associated with the recognition of famous faces and names: an event-related fMRI study
    Kristy A Nielson
    Department of Psychology and the Integrative Neuroscience Research Center, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1881, United States
    Brain Cogn 72:491-8. 2010 17 healthy participants to directly compare activation in response to randomly presented famous and non-famous names and faces (25 stimuli in each of the four categories)...
  42. ncbi Relating print and speech: the effects of letter names and word position on reading and spelling performance
    Margo Bowman
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, 71 W Warren Ave, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 82:305-40. 2002
    ..age, children can go beyond rote memorization to form links between print and speech that are based on letter names in the initial positions of words (Treiman & Rodriguez, 1999; Treiman, Sotak, & Bowman, 2001)...
  43. ncbi Mechanisms underlying the production of false memories for famous people's names in aging and Alzheimer's disease
    Gaën Plancher
    CNRS UMR 8189, Laboratoire Psychologie et Neurosciences Cognitives, Universite Paris Descartes, Boulogne Billancourt, France
    Neuropsychologia 47:2527-36. 2009
    ..Using an experimental episodic memory test with material based on the names of famous people in a procedure derived from the DRM paradigm [Roediger, H. L., III, & McDermott, K. B. (1995)...
  44. ncbi Seriality of phonological encoding in naming objects and reading their names
    Ardi Roelofs
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Mem Cognit 32:212-22. 2004
    ..inside a syllable revealed in previous studies of speaking is observed for both naming objects and reading their names. Experiment 2 showed that both object naming and reading exhibit the seriality of the encoding of successive ..
  45. ncbi Personally familiar proper names are relatively successfully processed in the human right hemisphere; or, the missing link
    Diana Van Lancker
    Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Brain Lang 80:121-9. 2002
    ..cerebral hemispheres, Schweinberger, Landgrebe, Mohr, and Kaufmann (2001) claimed that the "link" between personal names and the right hemisphere is "illusory...
  46. pmc Drift as a mechanism for cultural change: an example from baby names
    Matthew W Hahn
    Department of Biology, Duke University, Box 90338, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 270:S120-3. 2003
    ..We show that the frequency distributions of baby names used in the United States in each decade of the twentieth century, for both males and females, obey a power law ..
  47. pmc Difficulties with anonymous shortlisting of medical school applications and its effects on candidates with non-European names: prospective cohort study
    A B Lumb
    School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Worsley Medical and Dental Building, Leeds LS2 9NL
    BMJ 320:82-5. 2000
    To assess the feasibility of anonymous shortlisting of applications for medical school and its effect on those with non-European names.
  48. ncbi BioThesaurus: a web-based thesaurus of protein and gene names
    Hongfang Liu
    Department of Information Systems, University of Maryland at Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
    Bioinformatics 22:103-5. 2006
    BioThesaurus is a web-based system designed to map a comprehensive collection of protein and gene names to protein entries in the UniProt Knowledgebase. Currently covering more than two million proteins, BioThesaurus consists of over 2...
  49. pmc Founders, drift, and infidelity: the relationship between Y chromosome diversity and patrilineal surnames
    Turi E King
    Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 26:1093-102. 2009
    ..types among men sharing surnames, although the link could be affected by mutation, multiple foundation for names, nonpaternity, and genetic drift...
  50. ncbi The Hatfield Image Test (HIT): a new picture test and norms for experimental and clinical use
    Rebecca L Adlington
    School of Psychology, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB, UK
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:731-53. 2009
    ..These stimuli provide a useful corpus for experimental and clinical researchers...
  51. ncbi Improved vocabulary production after naming therapy in aphasia: can gains in picture naming generalize to connected speech?
    Paul Conroy
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Int J Lang Commun Disord 44:1036-62. 2009
    ..Given that the aim of picture-naming therapies is to improve word-finding in general, these differences in naming accuracy across contexts may have important implications for the potential functional benefits of picture-naming therapies...
  52. ncbi Visual object categorisation at distinct levels of abstraction: a new stimulus set
    H Op de Beeck
    University of Leuven, Department of Psychology, Belgium
    Perception 30:1337-61. 2001
    ..In a final experiment we found that this effect depends largely on the global configuration of a stimulus as it was still apparent with degraded images obtained by locally shifting small fragments of the drawings...
  53. ncbi Autochthony and HLA frequencies in the Netherlands: when surnames are useless markers
    Franz Manni
    CNRS UMR 7206, National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France
    Hum Biol 82:457-67. 2010
    ..A comparable study by other investigators recommended the use of family names to identify rare HLA haplotypes in France, but now, concerning the Netherlands, we find opposite results...
  54. ncbi A role for left temporal pole in the retrieval of words for unique entities
    T J Grabowski
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 13:199-212. 2001
    ..landmarks/buildings) or interaction of task and category was found in the left temporal pole. Retrieving names for unique persons and for names for unique landmarks activate the same brain region...
  55. ncbi Surnames in Western Europe: a comparison of the subcontinental populations through isonymy
    Chiara Scapoli
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Ferrara, Via L Borsari 46, I 44100 Ferrara, Italy
    Theor Popul Biol 71:37-48. 2007
    ..The present surname structure of Western Europe is strictly linked to local languages...
  56. ncbi Development and validation of a computerized South Asian Names and Group Recognition Algorithm (SANGRA) for use in British health-related studies
    K Nanchahal
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    J Public Health Med 23:278-85. 2001
    ..South Asians, one of the largest minority ethnic groups in Britain, have distinctive names that also allow differentiation of the main sub-groups with their important differences in health-related ..
  57. pmc Regional changes in word-production laterality after a naming treatment designed to produce a rightward shift in frontal activity
    Bruce Crosson
    VA RR and D Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Brain Lang 111:73-85. 2009
    ..This finding is consistent with reviews suggesting both hemispheres are involved in recovery of language in aphasia patients...
  58. ncbi Picture-naming norms for Canadian French: name agreement, familiarity, visual complexity, and age of acquisition
    Mélanie Sirois
    Universite du Quebec, Montreal, Canada
    Behav Res Methods 38:300-6. 2006
    ..These results show that unequivocal interpretation of age-related differences can be made when age-appropriate norms are used...
  59. ncbi At the boundary between biological and cultural evolution: the origin of surname distributions
    Susanna C Manrubia
    Centro de Astrobiologia, INTA CSIC Ctra de Ajalvir km 4, 28850 Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
    J Theor Biol 216:461-77. 2002
    ..Our results compare favourably to field data for family sizes in several countries. We discuss the relationship between the distribution of surnames and the genetic diversity of a population...
  60. pmc Activity in preserved left hemisphere regions predicts anomia severity in aphasia
    Julius Fridriksson
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Cereb Cortex 20:1013-9. 2010
    ..These findings are consistent with others who suggests that residual language function following stroke relies on preserved cortical areas in the left hemisphere...
  61. ncbi Cortical mechanisms of person representation: recognition of famous and personally familiar names
    Motoaki Sugiura
    Miyagi University of Education, Aramaki Aza Aoba 149, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 0845, Japan
    Neuroimage 31:853-60. 2006
    ..we compared cortical activation during name recognition tasks between personally familiar and famous names, using an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
  62. ncbi Genetic signatures of coancestry within surnames
    Turi E King
    Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 16:384-8. 2006
    ..However, the link may be weak or absent due to multiple independent founders for many names, adoptions, name changes and nonpaternities, and mutation of Y haplotypes...
  63. pmc Admixture dynamics in Hispanics: a shift in the nuclear genetic ancestry of a South American population isolate
    Gabriel Bedoya
    Laboratorio de Genética Molecular and Departamentos de Historia and Psiquiatria, Universidad de Antioquia, Apartado aereo 1226, Medellin, Colombia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:7234-9. 2006
    ..This scenario is consistent with historical information and with results from population genetics theory...
  64. ncbi Long-lasting semantic context effects in the spoken production of object names
    Markus F Damian
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:1372-84. 2005
    ..The results underscore the necessity of incorporating mechanisms of long-term adaptation into current models of spoken production...
  65. ncbi [Names of persons: a verbal fluency test without socioeducational influences]
    C Saez-Zea
    Unidad de Neurología Cognitivo Conductual, Servicio de Neurologia, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada
    Neurologia 23:356-60. 2008
    ..However, they have the disadvantage of being greatly influenced by socioeducational variables. Our objective is to assess the possible influence of these variables on the fluency test "names of persons" (SVF-np).
  66. ncbi Meeting Mr. Farmer versus meeting a farmer: specific effects of aging on learning proper names
    Lori E James
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, CO 80933 7150, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:515-22. 2004
    Previous research testing age-related learning and memory problems specific to proper names has yielded mixed results...
  67. ncbi Electrophysiological correlates of forming memories for faces, names, and face-name associations
    Chunyan Guo
    Institute for Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, 2029 Sheridan Road, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 22:153-64. 2005
    ..ERPs) extracted from high-density scalp EEG recordings in order to compare (1) memory for faces, (2) memory for names, and (3) memory for face-name associations. Each visual face appeared simultaneously with a unique spoken name...
  68. ncbi Do alternative names block young and older adults' retrieval of proper names?
    Emily S Cross
    Psychology Department, 550 Harvard Ave, Pomona College, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
    Brain Lang 89:174-81. 2004
    ..The findings are compatible with models in which alternate words are a consequence not a cause of TOT...
  69. ncbi Ageing and lexical access to common and proper names in picture naming
    Muriel Evrard
    Laboratoire Jacques Lordat, Maison de la Recherche, Universite de Toulouse le Mirail, Toulouse Cedex 1, France
    Brain Lang 81:174-9. 2002
    The question of whether lexical access for proper names is more impaired by ageing than lexical acess for other words is controversial...
  70. pmc Excavating past population structures by surname-based sampling: the genetic legacy of the Vikings in northwest England
    Georgina R Bowden
    Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 25:301-9. 2008
    ..As a test case, we studied samples from the Wirral Peninsula and West Lancashire, in northwest England. Place-names and archaeology show clear evidence of a past Viking presence, but heavy immigration and population growth since ..
  71. ncbi Knowledge of famous faces and names in semantic dementia
    J S Snowden
    Cerebral Function Unit, Greater Manchester Neuroscience Centre, Hope Hospital, Salford M6 8HD, UK
    Brain 127:860-72. 2004
    ..However, whereas the two reference groups performed better for names than faces, the semantic group showed the opposite pattern...
  72. ncbi Learning and forgetting new names and objects in MCI and AD
    Petra Grönholm-Nyman
    Department of Psychology, Abo Akademi University, FIN 20500 Abo, Finland
    Neuropsychologia 48:1079-88. 2010
    ..cognitive impairment (MCI), early Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-matched controls learned and maintained the names of unfamiliar objects that were trained with or without semantic support (object definitions)...
  73. ncbi Reduced verbal fluency for proper names in nondemented patients with Parkinson's disease: a quantitative and qualitative analysis
    Eric M Fine
    Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:226-33. 2011
    ..However, to our knowledge, few studies have compared verbal fluency for common nouns and proper names in PD...
  74. ncbi It is more difficult to retrieve a familiar person's name and occupation from their voice than from their blurred face
    J Richard Hanley
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, UK
    Memory 17:830-9. 2009
    ..The findings showed a marked decrease in retrieval of occupations and names from familiar voices relative to blurred faces even though the two modalities were matched for overall levels of ..
  75. ncbi Orthographic/phonological facilitation of naming responses in the picture-word task: an event-related fMRI study using overt vocal responding
    Greig I de Zubicaray
    Centre for Magnetic Resonance, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Neuroimage 16:1084-93. 2002
    ..The priming effect is therefore viewed as being sufficient to offset the increased interference. We conclude that information from functional imaging studies might be useful for constraining theoretical models of word production...
  76. ncbi Activation of distractor names in the picture-picture interference paradigm
    Antje S Meyer
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Mem Cognit 35:494-503. 2007
    ..named target pictures that were accompanied by distractor pictures with phonologically related or unrelated names. Across experiments, the type of phonological relationship between the targets and the related distractors was ..
  77. ncbi Y-chromosomes and the extent of patrilineal ancestry in Irish surnames
    Brian McEvoy
    Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Hum Genet 119:212-9. 2006
    ..Precisely because of this otherwise cryptic complexity there is a substantial role for the Y-chromosome and a molecular genealogical approach to complement and expand existing sources...
  78. pmc PSE: a tool for browsing a large amount of MEDLINE/PubMed abstracts with gene names and common words as the keywords
    Takashi Yoneya
    Pharmaceutical Division, Kirin Brewery Co, Ltd, 3 Miyahara, Takasaki, Gunma 370 1295, Japan
    BMC Bioinformatics 6:295. 2005
    ..We usually have to repeatedly enter keywords in a trial-and-error manner to extract useful records. Software which can reduce such a laborious task is therefore required...
  79. ncbi Proper and common names: a double dissociation
    Isabel Pavao Martins
    Language Research Laboratory, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Lisbon Faculty of Medicine, 1600 Lisbon, Portugal
    Neuropsychologia 45:1744-56. 2007
    ..proper name sparing are unusual disorders characterized by a selective inability, or sparing, to retrieve proper names as opposed to common names...
  80. ncbi Medial temporal lobe activity for recognition of recent and remote famous names: an event-related fMRI study
    Kelli Douville
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:693-703. 2005
    ..event-related fMRI study focused on the medial temporal lobe and its response to recognition judgments of famous names from two distinct time epochs (1990s and 1950s) in 15 right-handed healthy older adults (mean age=70 years)...
  81. pmc Surnames and the Y chromosome
    B Sykes
    Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DS, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Genet 66:1417-9. 2000
    ..3%/generation. If this pattern is reproduced with other surnames, it may have important forensic and genealogical applications...
  82. ncbi The semantic organisation of proper nouns: the case of people and brand names
    Sebastian J Crutch
    Dementia Research Group, Department of Clinical Neurology, Institute of Neurology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College, 8 11 Queen Square, WC1N 3BG, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 42:584-96. 2004
    ..disorder on a series of experiments probing comprehension of two broad proper noun categories, namely person names and brand names...
  83. ncbi Memory for proper names in old age: a disproportionate impairment?
    Peter G Rendell
    Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia
    Q J Exp Psychol A 58:54-71. 2005
    A common complaint of older adults is that they have trouble remembering names, even the names of people they know well. Two experiments examining this problem are reported in the present article...
  84. ncbi How to find Chinese research participants: use of a phonologically based surname search method
    E Y Tjam
    St. Mary's General Hospital, 911 Queen's Boulevard, Kitchener, ON, N2M 1B2
    Can J Public Health 92:138-42. 2001
    ..An overall hit rate of 86.1% (229/266) was achieved, reflecting the validity of the phonological criteria in identifying individuals with a Chinese surname from the general population...
  85. ncbi Managing patients with identical names in the same ward
    Anselm C W Lee
    Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Tuen Mun Hospital, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
    Int J Health Care Qual Assur Inc Leadersh Health Serv 18:15-23. 2005
    To review the experience of managing two patients with identical names in the same ward during a five-month period.
  86. ncbi Development and validation of a surname list to define Chinese ethnicity
    Hude Quan
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Med Care 44:328-33. 2006
    ..Surnames have the potential to accurately identify ancestral origins as they are passed on from generation to generation. In this study, we developed and validated a Chinese surname list to define Chinese ethnicity...
  87. ncbi Protein names and how to find them
    Kristofer Franzén
    Swedish Institute of Computer Science, Box 1263, SE 164 29, Kista, Sweden
    Int J Med Inform 67:49-61. 2002
    A prerequisite for all higher level information extraction tasks is the identification of unknown names in text...
  88. ncbi Genetic investigation of the patrilineal kinship structure of early medieval Ireland
    Brian McEvoy
    School of Genetics and Microbiology, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Am J Phys Anthropol 136:415-22. 2008
    ..tribes (Eóganacht and Dál Cais) from the Southern province of Munster, as well as a third cohort of random names from the same geographic area...
  89. ncbi Heightened stimulus salience renders deluded schizophrenics less susceptible to the 'famous names illusion'
    Mahesh Menon
    Schizophr Res 80:369-71. 2005
  90. ncbi What's in a name: Children's knowledge about the letters in their own names
    R Treiman
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit 48202, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 70:97-116. 1998
    Two studies were performed to determine whether children's experiences with their own names boost their knowledge about the components of the name, the letters...
  91. ncbi Comparison of character-level and part of speech features for name recognition in biomedical texts
    Nigel Collier
    National Institute of Informatics, 2 1 2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 101 8430, Japan
    J Biomed Inform 37:423-35. 2004
    ..6, this is still significantly below the orthographic features. In combination these two features types appear to interfere with each other and degrade performance slightly to an F score of 72.3...
  92. ncbi By which name should I call thee? The consequences of having multiple names
    Sarah V Stevenage
    School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 58:1447-61. 2005
    The nominal competitor effect suggests that, when a person has two names associated with them, recall of either name is more difficult than if they just had one name...
  93. ncbi Effects of face and name presentation on memory for associated verbal descriptors
    Philip Kargopoulos
    Department of Psychology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
    Am J Psychol 116:415-30. 2003
    ..people accompanied by photographs of them, in comparison to verbal information about people accompanied by written names of them...
  94. ncbi Age-related slowing in face and name recognition: evidence from event-related brain potentials
    Eva Maria Pfütze
    nstitut für Psychologie, Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin, Germany
    Psychol Aging 17:140-60. 2002
    Age-related slowing in recognizing famous names and faces was investigated with event-related brain potentials (ERPs)...
  95. ncbi Face-name association learning in early Alzheimer's disease: a comparison of learning methods and their underlying mechanisms
    Nathalie Bier
    Research Center on Aging, CSSS Sherbrooke Geriatric University Institute Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada
    Neuropsychol Rehabil 18:343-71. 2008
    ..This study suggests that the five methods are effective for new learning of face-name associations in AD. It appears that early AD patients can learn, even in the context of error production and explicit memory conditions...
  96. ncbi Retrieval of names in face and object naming in an interference study
    Marie Izaute
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et de Psychologie Cognitive, LAPSCO CNRS UMR 6024, Universite Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Memory 14:400-14. 2006
    ..In the first experiment, the participants spoke aloud the names of celebrities and the names of objects when presented with pictures while hearing distractors...
  97. ncbi Naming very familiar people: when retrieving names is faster than retrieving semantic biographical information
    Serge Bredart
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of Liege, Belgium
    Br J Psychol 96:205-14. 2005
    ..The finding is consistent with models that allow or parallel access from faces to semantic information and to names, and demonstrates the need for the frequency of exposure to names to be taken into account in models of proper ..
  98. ncbi How not to revisit Highway 61: negative repetition effects in a post-cue naming task
    Kate Mayall
    School of Psychology, University of Leicester, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 55:311-44. 2002
    ..We propose that negative repetition reflects a form of speech monitoring that is applied when there is competition in the process of mapping from semantic to name representations...
  99. ncbi Factors responsible for performance on the day-night task: response set or semantics?
    Andrew Simpson
    Department of Psychology, London Metropolitan University, Old Castle Street, London E1 7NT, UK
    Dev Sci 8:360-71. 2005
    ..In the day-night condition the names of the two stimuli ("day" and "night") and the two corresponding conflicting responses ("..
  100. ncbi Children and adults recall the names of highly familiar faces faster than semantic information
    L Calderwood
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Br J Psychol 97:441-54. 2006
    Adults find it harder to remember the names of familiar people than other biographical information such as occupation or nationality. It has been suggested that the opposite effect occurs in children (Scanlan & Johnston, 1997)...
  101. ncbi Is action naming better preserved (than object naming) in Alzheimer's disease and why should we ask?
    Judit Druks
    University College, and Whittington Hospital, London, UK
    Brain Lang 98:332-40. 2006
    ..The results overall suggest that the patients' performance is an exaggeration of the pattern present in the comparison participants...

Research Grants64

  1. High Throughput Genotyping and DNA Sequencing for Studying the Genetic Contributi
    Sonia Dua; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sample ID number, the marker at which genotype is being determined, and results of genotyping expressed as allele names or DNA sequence base call...
  2. Bioconductor: an open computing resource for genomics
    Martin Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2010 they would go about choosing packages that are put into the Bioconductor system;Table 3 only listed the names of the packages made by the applicants, it could have gone further to give the reader more information for ..
  3. Signaling Connections Controlling Cell Motility and Invasion
    David D Schlaepfer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..kinase (FAK) and a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rho-family GTPases termed ARHGEF28 (alternative names are p190RhoGEF or Rgnef)...
  4. Three-dimensional visualization, interactive analysis and contextual mapping of s
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g. orthophoto with names of major cities and highways to enhance the sense of place)...
  5. FASEB Summer Research Conference on Osteopontin Biology
    Neal S Fedarko; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As their individual names imply, these proteins were initially considered to be restricted in expression to skeletal tissue, though they are ..
  6. Signals Regulating SAG Development
    James A Marrs; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cdh2, Cdh4 and Cdh6 knockdown experiments (nomenclature: gene names cdh2, cdh4, cdh6 and cdh10;and protein names Cdh2, Cdh4, Cdh6 and Cdh10) showed that these cadherins are required ..
  7. Research Study to Assess the Risk of Blood Borne Transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jako
    Roger Dodd; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Investigation does not proceed unless the consent for participation is signed. Names of the family reported donors are kept in a secure cabinet with very limited personnel access...
  8. Vocabulary Support for Consumer Health Informatics
    Qing Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..from existing medical vocabulary research projects: the study of the effect that different forms (or "terms" or "names") of a concept have on the efficacy of consumer health applications...
  9. Modeling Spatial and Family Factors in the Transmission of Wealth
    ALICE BEE KASAKOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The genealogies provide the names of women's husbands, allowing us to located women in censuses both before and after marriage, and, thus, to ..
  10. The platelet mitochondrial permeability transition and thrombosis
    Shawn M Jobe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Names given to this subset of activated platelets include COAT platelets, coated platelets, SCIP platelets, and "highly-..
  11. Modulation of Oncogenic Signaling in Glioblastomas
    Shi Yuan Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..project is to define the role of ESDN, endothelial and smooth muscle cell-derived neuropilin-like protein (other names, DCBLD2 and CLCP1) in tumorigenesis and therapy-resistance of malignant human glioblastomas...
  12. Home-Based Lithium Level Testing for Bipolar Patients
    KUMAR SUBRAMANIAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    PROJECT SUMIVIARY Lithium whose proprietary names include Eskalith, Lithane, Lithonate, Lithobid and others, is administered as lithium carbonate and used for treatment of the bipolar disorders (BD), mania, and manic-depressive illness...
  13. Web and Phone Intervention to Maintain Postpartum Tobacco Abstinence
    Michele D Levine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Women will be recruited by calls from research staff in late pregnancy using names and phone numbers provided by a commercial list service...
  14. Rapid response human testing of smokeless tobacco products
    Pamela I Clark; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Some are producing products using their popular cigarette brand names (e.g., Marlboro Snus, Camel Snus, Lucky Strike Snus)...
  15. Shape Up Preschoolers Geometric Sense Predicts Future Mathematics Achievement
    Roberta Michnick Golinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This measure will explore preschoolers'knowledge of geometric shapes and their names across diverse visual representations...
  16. Development of a Novel Aerosol Mass Spectrometric Technology for Rapid and Sensit
    Manjula Canagaratna; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Manjula Canagaratna, Aerodyne Research, Inc., 45 Manning Rd., Billerica, MA 01821-3976, 1-978-663-9500 ext. 285 Names of other key personnel: Prof. Qi Zhang, Prof. Fumio Matsumura Participating institutions: Aerodyne Research Inc...
  17. Acupuncture Trialists'Collaboration: meta-analysis of chronic pain trials
    Andrew J Vickers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..biostatisticians, practicing acupuncturists and other specialists including many of the most widely recognized names in acupuncture research...
  18. Genomic Database for Candida Albicans
    GAVIN J SHERLOCK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, we propose to continue our core mission of curating the C. albicans literature, extracting gene names, descriptions, phenotypes and Gene Ontology terms from the current literature on an ongoing basis...
  19. Tools for Coordination Among Caregivers of Alzheimer's Disease Patients
    GREGORY JOHN SEIFERT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In the early stages of AD people may have trouble remembering recent events or the names of familiar people or things...
  20. Social Support Aid for People with Dementia
    GARY D HAVEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and the early stage of the disease is characterized by forgetfulness and trouble with remembering words and names. AD is the leading cause of dementia and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States...
  21. Nomenclature of Human and Vertebrate Genes
    David Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A further key activity will be the reassignment of genes with uninformative identifiers to function-based names as this information is elucidated and published...
  22. Discrimination, Substance Use, and Cultural Buffers among AI/AN College Students
    BRENNA GREENFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., called names, harassed;Perry, 2002)...
  23. The Effect of Health Insurance on Utilization and Outcomes: The Oregon Lottery
    AMY N FINKELSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2010 its previously closed public health insurance program for certain low income adults, and then randomly drew names from the list to determine who would be given the opportunity to enroll...
  24. The Nomenclature of Human Genes
    Ewan Birney; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Biomedical researchers need memorable, concise names for genes in order to communicate effectively in written and oral form...
  25. Modeling cholinergic modulation of fMRI memory networks in aging & MCI
    Alireza Atri; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Learning and remembering the names of new individuals we encounter is a particularly difficult demand in daily life and the most common memory ..
  26. What Does Health Insurance Do? Evidence from the Oregon Health Insurance Lottery
    AMY N FINKELSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013 its previously closed public health insurance program for certain low income adults, and then randomly drew names from the list to determine who would be given the opportunity to enroll...
  27. Picture Naming Electrified: Brain Electrophysiological Correlates
    Nathan D Maxfield; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ERPs can be recorded as people prepare to name pictures and make lexical decisions about picture names they generate...
  28. Cybersegregation: Is Neil a More Desirable Tenant than Tyrone or Jorge?
    SAMANTHA FRIEDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Some employers treat job applicants differently just on the basis of whether they have white or black sounding names. While housing services are increasingly provided via the internet, virtually no research has explored whether or ..
  29. Public Reporting on Housing with Support Services for Aged and Disabled Consumers
    Sheryl Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It is known by a variety of names, including residential care/assisted living (RC/AL), small group homes, and Section 8/202 housing;HSS is a type of ..
  30. No More Hand Me Downs: A National Broadcast Film on Clinical Research with Childr
    Lisa D Marceau; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..All names and identifying information captured during recording will be removed during transcription. 6.3...
  31. Hybridized cell phone and survey generated communication network
    John Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of health and behavior have used egocentric surveys of individuals that depend on respondents generating the names of alters in their network and providing information on them...
  32. Aspergillus Genome Database
    GAVIN J SHERLOCK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In curating the literature, we will record gene names and aliases, Gene Ontology annotations, and mutant phenotypes, as well as provide tools and interfaces for ..
  33. Repbase Update-a Database of Repetitive Sequences
    JERZY WLADYSLAW JURKA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..includes species of origin, systematic classification, keywords, reference to the scientific literature, names of contributors, brief commentaries, etc...
  34. Illinois Symposium on Reproductive Sciences (ISRS) Annual Meeting
    JAMES ARTHUR MACLEAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In contrast to many regional meetings where a bevy of established names are used to draw in participation, the ISRS keynote speaker serves as the centerpiece for the celebration of ..
  35. Developing MIDUS Medication Data Via Linkage to the Multum Lexicon
    Gayle D Love; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Lexicon linkage will proceed via a labor intensive, multi-stage process that involves: (1) examining medication names for all medications (nearly 7,000 fields in total) to ensure consistency in nomenclature;(2) an iterative merging ..
  36. Scalable and Robust Clinical Text De-Identification Tools
    David S Carrell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIPS replaces all known PHI with "surrogate" PHI- fictional names, ages, etc.-that look real but do not refer to any actual patient...
  37. Visual Recognition Memory: Integrating Perception and Cognition
    Robert Sekuler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..stimulus classes: Gabors, spectro-temporally complex sounds, synthetic faces, parameterized 3D objects, and names. Aim One reveals how study item homogeneity influences item recognition...
  38. Auditory Perception of Drug Names: Neighborhood Effects
    Bruce Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., Vioxx/Videx). Drug companies and regulators screen names prior to approval, but the screening process is itself error prone due to an overreliance on subjective ..
  39. Onto-BioThesaurus: ontological representation of gene/protein names for biomedica
    Hongfang Liu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One critical component in NLP systems is identifying gene/protein names (i.e., gene/protein name identification) and normalizing them to standard representations (i.e...
  40. A De-Identification Software Tool to Ensure HIPAA Compliance
    PATRICK W JAMIESON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..De-identification means taking a patient's medical record, and removing all information (such as names and addresses) that could possibly reveal who the patient really is. What's left is just the medical data...
  41. Identification of the AC5 sensitization interactome using BiFC
    Val J Watts; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..receptors leads to enhanced adenylyl cyclase (AC) signaling that has been described using many different names, including cAMP overshoot and heterologous sensitization of AC...
    AMY GRAVES; Fiscal Year: 1993 assist in recall of prior use of antiperspirants, antacids and analgesics, and using typed cards with brand names for other items...
  43. A Cell Phone-based Sign Reader for Blind & Visually Impaired Persons
    James M Coughlan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..impaired pedestrians in finding and reading street signs, as well as locating and identifying addresses and store names, without requiring them to carry any special-purpose hardware...
  44. Rocky Mountain Neurological Disorders Core
    Angeles B Ribera; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, we propose to maintain the original cores with their original names, emphasizing that they will continue to evolve over the next five years, as described in the application (Cores A, ..
  45. Masked priming treatment for anomia
    JoAnn P Silkes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The treatment being studied in this project involves presenting picture names subliminally (masked priming), to encourage automatic processing without engaging explicit, conscious processes ..
    Bonita Stanton; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., names, local resources...
  47. Concept-Level Methods for Comparative Effectiveness Research
    Elmer V Bernstam; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., free-text list of diagnoses, not a list of ICD9 terms) and contain protected health information (e.g., names, addresses) or identifying phrases such as "senator with lymphoma...
    Geraldine Mineau; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Selected index cases will be requested to complete questionnaires, which will include the names of their first-degree relatives and their permission to contact these relatives...
  49. Face Recognition Tool for the Blind
    GREGORY JOHN SEIFERT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..face recognition technology, the system will identify classmates and colleagues by discretely announcing their names via a wireless earpiece or Braille display...
  50. Set2Read-AK (Alphabet Knowledge)
    JANET TWYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..evidence- based techniques for directing attending to the distinguishing features of letters and letter names. As such, it will provide a model for other programs and products that may use this instructional technology for ..
  51. "Crippled": A History of Childhood Disability in America, 1860-1980
    LISA J PRUITT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..time virtually all charitable and advocacy organizations and hospitals had removed the word "crippled" from their names. The project will use both oral history and standard historical research methodologies, i.e...
  52. Cardiovascular Events in Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation
    Sheryl Kelsey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Patient names reside at the clinical sites, but to maintain confidentiality, are not included in the WISE database at the ..
    Jean Pierre Perchellet; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Triptycene (TT) is inactive but we synthesized new TT analogs (code names TT1 to TT16) that have antileukemic activity in the nM range in vitro...
  54. Delaying Cognitive Decline in Alzheimer's Disease
    Rhonda B Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2013 words well into the course of the disease by strengthening the connections between objects and their written names. While the study is specific in its targeting of word-finding problems, a successful outcome would bode well for ..
  55. Role of 15S-lipoxygenase 2 in human corneal epithelium
    Min Chang; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This is the second known human 15S-lipoxygenase. As implied by their names, the two human 15S-lipoxygenases make the same product, 15S-HETE...
  56. Reducing Drug Name Confusion with Better Search Software
    KING LUP LIU; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Confusions between drug names that look and sound alike (e.g., Indocid(r) and Endocet(r)) continue to occur frequently, and each error threatens patient safety...
  57. Improving PubMed by Fast, Interactive Search
    Chen Li; Fiscal Year: 2011 typographical errors or their limited knowledge about the correct spelling of entities such as gene or author names. We will study how to solve this problem with fuzzy search...
  58. IPformatics: An Integrated Knowledgebase of Patent Claims and Genomic Data
    Patrick Gillevet; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S. patents. Instead, gene names and accession numbers will be directly linked to patented sequences, enabling instant access to patent information...
    Emily White; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A mailing will be sent to 300,000 men and women age 50-74 using names obtained from a commercial mailing list, which will include a recruitment letter targeting supplemental users and ..
    Ann Progulske Fox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Gene location and structures will be predicted using FGENESB. Gene function and names will be assigned to predicted gene structures based on homology searches of public gene data...
  61. Human Subjects Protection Outreach-Education and IS
    LEONARD ZWELLING; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..previous award with both the clinical research database (Protocol Data Management System, PDMS) which contains the names of all principal and coinvestigators on human subject research protocols and the protocol authoring data base (..
    Joseph Lau; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The journal space allocated to safety results was slightly less than that allocated for contributor names. In this project, we will assess the qualitative and quantitative adequacy of safety reporting in comprehensive ..
  63. Data Documentation Database (D3): An Essential Research Tool
    P Minugh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The D3 is a comprehensive documentation system. It goes beyond merely housing names and labels and records a history of the data set as it evolves...
    Douglas Golenbock; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Although additional receptor components may yet be discovered, the names of the basic components of the LPS response machinery are now known...