semantics

Summary

Summary: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Where do you know what you know? The representation of semantic knowledge in the human brain
    Karalyn Patterson
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:976-87. 2007
  2. pmc Where is the semantic system? A critical review and meta-analysis of 120 functional neuroimaging studies
    Jeffrey R Binder
    Language Imaging Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:2767-96. 2009
  3. pmc The neurobiology of semantic memory
    Jeffrey R Binder
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:527-36. 2011
  4. pmc Semantic similarity in biomedical ontologies
    Catia Pesquita
    LaSIGE, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000443. 2009
  5. ncbi Predicting human brain activity associated with the meanings of nouns
    Tom M Mitchell
    Machine Learning Department, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Science 320:1191-5. 2008
  6. ncbi Breast-cancer stem cells-beyond semantics
    Sunil Badve
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University Simon Cancer Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Lancet Oncol 13:e43-8. 2012
  7. ncbi Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
  8. pmc Controlled vocabularies and semantics in systems biology
    Melanie Courtot
    Terry Fox Laboratory, Vancouver, Canada
    Mol Syst Biol 7:543. 2011
  9. ncbi Bilateral brain processes for comprehending natural language
    Mark Jung-Beeman
    Department of Psychology, and Cognitive Brain Mapping Group, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:512-8. 2005
  10. ncbi The representation of abstract words: why emotion matters
    Stavroula Thaleia Kousta
    Research Department of Cognitive, Perceptual, and Brain Sciences, University College London, London WC1H 0AP, England
    J Exp Psychol Gen 140:14-34. 2011

Detail Information

Publications378 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Where do you know what you know? The representation of semantic knowledge in the human brain
    Karalyn Patterson
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:976-87. 2007
    ..What has gone wrong in his brain to produce this dramatic and selective erosion of conceptual knowledge?..
  2. pmc Where is the semantic system? A critical review and meta-analysis of 120 functional neuroimaging studies
    Jeffrey R Binder
    Language Imaging Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:2767-96. 2009
    ....
  3. pmc The neurobiology of semantic memory
    Jeffrey R Binder
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:527-36. 2011
    ....
  4. pmc Semantic similarity in biomedical ontologies
    Catia Pesquita
    LaSIGE, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000443. 2009
    ..Given that semantic similarity measures are directly dependent on these evolutions, we can expect to see them gaining more relevance and even becoming as essential as sequence similarity is today in biomedical research...
  5. ncbi Predicting human brain activity associated with the meanings of nouns
    Tom M Mitchell
    Machine Learning Department, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Science 320:1191-5. 2008
    ..Once trained, the model predicts fMRI activation for thousands of other concrete nouns in the text corpus, with highly significant accuracies over the 60 nouns for which we currently have fMRI data...
  6. ncbi Breast-cancer stem cells-beyond semantics
    Sunil Badve
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University Simon Cancer Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Lancet Oncol 13:e43-8. 2012
    ..We also argue that the cell-type origin of cancer could affect the rate at which CSCs develop in a tumour, with an eventual effect on disease outcome...
  7. ncbi Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
    ..These results argue for large-scale architecture networks rather than modular organization of language in the left hemisphere...
  8. pmc Controlled vocabularies and semantics in systems biology
    Melanie Courtot
    Terry Fox Laboratory, Vancouver, Canada
    Mol Syst Biol 7:543. 2011
    ..It provides useful insight into the biology of modeled processes, and may be used to make informed decisions on subsequent simulation experiments...
  9. ncbi Bilateral brain processes for comprehending natural language
    Mark Jung-Beeman
    Department of Psychology, and Cognitive Brain Mapping Group, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:512-8. 2005
    ..Examining asymmetrical brain and cognitive functions provides a unique opportunity for understanding the neural basis of complex cognition...
  10. ncbi The representation of abstract words: why emotion matters
    Stavroula Thaleia Kousta
    Research Department of Cognitive, Perceptual, and Brain Sciences, University College London, London WC1H 0AP, England
    J Exp Psychol Gen 140:14-34. 2011
    Although much is known about the representation and processing of concrete concepts, knowledge of what abstract semantics might be is severely limited...
  11. pmc The neural organization of semantic control: TMS evidence for a distributed network in left inferior frontal and posterior middle temporal gyrus
    Carin Whitney
    Department of Psychology and York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, YO10 5DD York, UK
    Cereb Cortex 21:1066-75. 2011
    ..These results reveal that an extended network of prefrontal and posterior temporal regions underpins semantic control...
  12. ncbi Seeing, acting, understanding: motor resonance in language comprehension
    Rolf A Zwaan
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 135:1-11. 2006
    ..Motor resonance is modulated by the linguistic input and is a rather immediate and localized phenomenon. The results are discussed in the context of theories of action observation and mental simulation...
  13. ncbi Coming of age: a review of embodiment and the neuroscience of semantics
    Lotte Meteyard
    Clinical Language Sciences Section, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, Harry Pitt Building, University of Reading, London, UK
    Cortex 48:788-804. 2012
    ..For the future, research must carefully define the boundaries of semantic processing and tackle the representation of abstract entities...
  14. ncbi A new method to measure the semantic similarity of GO terms
    James Z Wang
    School of Computing, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    Bioinformatics 23:1274-81. 2007
    ....
  15. ncbi Functional MRI of language: new approaches to understanding the cortical organization of semantic processing
    Susan Bookheimer
    Brain Mapping Center, UCLA School of Medicine, 90095, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 25:151-88. 2002
    ..Together, these lines of research broaden our understanding of how the brain stores, retrieves, and makes sense of semantic information, and they challenge some commonly held notions of functional modularity in the language system...
  16. pmc Chem2Bio2RDF: a semantic framework for linking and data mining chemogenomic and systems chemical biology data
    Bin Chen
    School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
    BMC Bioinformatics 11:255. 2010
    ..Thus far, the inclusion of chemogenomic and systems chemical biology information that crosses the domains of chemistry and biology has been very limited..
  17. pmc Grasping ideas with the motor system: semantic somatotopy in idiom comprehension
    Véronique Boulenger
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Cereb Cortex 19:1905-14. 2009
    ..These results indicate that semantic representations grounded in the sensory-motor system play a role in the composition of sentence-level meaning, even in the case of idioms...
  18. pmc Executive semantic processing is underpinned by a large-scale neural network: revealing the contribution of left prefrontal, posterior temporal, and parietal cortex to controlled retrieval and selection using TMS
    Carin Whitney
    Department of Psychology, University of York, United Kingdom
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:133-47. 2012
    ..These observations are consistent with a large-scale semantic control network, as predicted by lesion data, that draws on semantic-specific (LIFG and pMTG) and domain-independent executive components (IPS)...
  19. ncbi The representation of object concepts in the brain
    Alex Martin
    Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1366, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:25-45. 2007
    ..However, some property-based regions seem to show a categorical organization, thus providing evidence consistent with category-based, domain-specific formulations as well...
  20. ncbi Both the middle temporal gyrus and the ventral anterior temporal area are crucial for multimodal semantic processing: distortion-corrected fMRI evidence for a double gradient of information convergence in the temporal lobes
    Maya Visser
    University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:1766-78. 2012
    ..Additional planned, ROI analyses show that this result follows from two principal axes of convergence in the temporal lobe: both lateral (toward MTG) and longitudinal (toward the anterior temporal lobe)...
  21. pmc A neurosemantic theory of concrete noun representation based on the underlying brain codes
    Marcel Adam Just
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e8622. 2010
    ..The methods, findings, and theory constitute a new approach of using brain activity for understanding how object concepts are represented in the mind...
  22. ncbi Dissociation of automatic and strategic lexical-semantics: functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence for differing roles of multiple frontotemporal regions
    Brian T Gold
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Chandler Medical Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0298, USA
    J Neurosci 26:6523-32. 2006
    ..These studies provide reproducible evidence for a neural dissociation between three well established components of the lexical-semantic processing system...
  23. pmc Metrics for GO based protein semantic similarity: a systematic evaluation
    Catia Pesquita
    XLDB, Departamento de Informatica, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande Edifício C6, Lisboa, Portugal
    BMC Bioinformatics 9:S4. 2008
    ..Another issue, is whether electronic annotations should or not be used in semantic similarity calculations...
  24. ncbi Integration of word meaning and world knowledge in language comprehension
    Peter Hagoort
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    Science 304:438-41. 2004
    ..Finally, oscillatory brain responses indicate that the brain keeps a record of what makes a sentence hard to interpret...
  25. ncbi GOSemSim: an R package for measuring semantic similarity among GO terms and gene products
    Guangchuang Yu
    Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, 27 Taiping Road, Beijing 100850, China
    Bioinformatics 26:976-8. 2010
    ..The functions provided by the GOSemSim offer flexibility for applications, and can be easily integrated into high-throughput analysis pipelines...
  26. ncbi The impact of feedback semantics in visual word recognition: number-of-features effects in lexical decision and naming tasks
    Penny M Pexman
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:542-9. 2002
    The notion of feedback activation from semantics to both orthography and phonology has recently been used to explain a number of semantic effects in visual word recognition, including polysemy effects (Hino & Lupker, 1996; Pexman &..
  27. ncbi Computing the meanings of words in reading: cooperative division of labor between visual and phonological processes
    Michael W Harm
    Department of Information Resources and Technology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5412, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:662-720. 2004
    Are words read visually (by means of a direct mapping from orthography to semantics) or phonologically (by mapping from orthography to phonology to semantics)? The authors addressed this long-standing debate by examining how a large-..
  28. ncbi Brain activity varies with modulation of dynamic pitch variance in sentence melody
    Martin Meyer
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Lang 89:277-89. 2004
    ..Finally, it appears that brain areas which subserve speech (frontal operculum) and premotor functions (Rolandic operculum) coincidently support the processing of intonation contour in spoken sentence comprehension...
  29. ncbi A cortical network for semantics: (de)constructing the N400
    Ellen F Lau
    Department of Linguistics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:920-33. 2008
    ....
  30. ncbi Aging and autobiographical memory: dissociating episodic from semantic retrieval
    Brian Levine
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Aging 17:677-89. 2002
    ..This pattern persisted after additional structured probing for contextual details. The Autobiographical Interview is a useful instrument for quantifying episodic and semantic contributions to personal remote memory...
  31. ncbi When emotional prosody and semantics dance cheek to cheek: ERP evidence
    Sonja A Kotz
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, PO Box 500 355, 04303, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Res 1151:107-18. 2007
    ..brain potential (ERP) experiments investigated both the interactive time course of emotional prosody with semantics and of emotional prosody independent of emotional semantics using a cross-splicing method...
  32. ncbi Understanding normal and impaired word reading: computational principles in quasi-regular domains
    D C Plaut
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Psychol Rev 103:56-115. 1996
    ....
  33. ncbi Word processing in Parkinson's disease is impaired for action verbs but not for concrete nouns
    Véronique Boulenger
    L2C2 Institut des Sciences Cognitives, UMR 5230 CNRS Université Claude Bernard Lyon I, 67 Boulevard Pinel, 69675 Bron Cedex, France
    Neuropsychologia 46:743-56. 2008
    ..Overall, this study thus brings compelling evidence that processing lexico-semantic information about action words depends on the integrity of the motor system...
  34. ncbi When language meets action: the neural integration of gesture and speech
    Roel M Willems
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cereb Cortex 17:2322-33. 2007
    ..These findings provide direct evidence that action and language processing share a high-level neural integration system...
  35. pmc Relations as patterns: bridging the gap between OBO and OWL
    Robert Hoehndorf
    European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK
    BMC Bioinformatics 11:441. 2010
    ..The semantics of the OBO Flatfile Format 1...
  36. ncbi Language control and lexical competition in bilinguals: an event-related FMRI study
    Jubin Abutalebi
    Centre for Cognitive Neurosciences, Vita Salute San Raffaele University and Scientific Institute San Raffaele, 20132 Milan, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 18:1496-505. 2008
    ....
  37. pmc Coherent concepts are computed in the anterior temporal lobes
    Matthew A Lambon Ralph
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2717-22. 2010
    ....
  38. ncbi The interaction of domain knowledge and linguistic structure in natural language processing: interpreting hypernymic propositions in biomedical text
    Thomas C Rindflesch
    Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
    J Biomed Inform 36:462-77. 2003
    ..The approach has the potential to support a range of applications, including information retrieval and ontology engineering...
  39. pmc A diffusion model account of the lexical decision task
    Roger Ratcliff
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 1222, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:159-82. 2004
    ..The authors discuss how this representation and the diffusion model's decision process might be integrated with current models of lexical access...
  40. ncbi Neural mechanisms of language comprehension: challenges to syntax
    Gina R Kuperberg
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Brain Res 1146:23-49. 2007
    ..Finally, I suggest that that these two processing streams may generalize beyond the language system to real-world visual event comprehension...
  41. pmc The role of left prefrontal cortex in language and memory
    J D Gabrieli
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:906-13. 1998
    ....
  42. ncbi Common prefrontal regions coactivate with dissociable posterior regions during controlled semantic and phonological tasks
    Brian T Gold
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neuron 35:803-12. 2002
    ..depending on the information retrieved: activating with left temporal cortex during the controlled retrieval of semantics and with left posterior frontal and parietal cortex during the controlled retrieval of phonology...
  43. ncbi Semantics versus statistics in the retreat from locative overgeneralization errors
    Ben Ambridge
    School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Cognition 123:260-79. 2012
    ..We conclude by drawing together various theoretical proposals to arrive at a possible account of how semantics and statistics interact in the retreat from overgeneralization.
  44. ncbi Neuromagnetic evidence for early semantic access in word recognition
    F Pulvermuller
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 13:201-5. 2001
    ..brain responses recorded in the human magnetoencephalogram (MEG) distinguished between words with different semantics but carefully matched for frequency and length...
  45. ncbi Involvement of left inferior frontal gyrus in sentence-level semantic integration
    Zude Zhu
    Department of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China
    Neuroimage 47:756-63. 2009
    ....
  46. pmc What do brain lesions tell us about theories of embodied semantics and the human mirror neuron system?
    Analía L Arévalo
    Center for Aphasia and Related Disorders, VA Northern California Health Care System, Martinez, CA 94553, USA
    Cortex 48:242-54. 2012
    Recent work has been mixed with respect to the notion of embodied semantics, which suggests that processing linguistic stimuli referring to motor-related concepts recruits the same sensorimotor regions of cortex involved in the execution ..
  47. pmc Algorithms and semantic infrastructure for mutation impact extraction and grounding
    Jonas B Laurila
    Department of Computer Science and Applied Statistics, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
    BMC Genomics 11:S24. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi The role of left inferior frontal and superior temporal cortex in sentence comprehension: localizing syntactic and semantic processes
    Angela D Friederici
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 13:170-7. 2003
    ..These data indicate that both semantic and syntactic processes are supported by a temporo-frontal network with distinct areas specialized for semantic and syntactic processes...
  49. pmc Functional MRI investigation of verbal selection mechanisms in lateral prefrontal cortex
    Irene E Nagel
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 43:801-7. 2008
    ..These results suggest that response and semantic selection may be distinct cognitive processes mediated by different regions of lateral PFC; but both of these selection processes rely on cognitive mechanisms mediated by parietal cortex...
  50. ncbi Relative language proficiency modulates BOLD signal change when bilinguals perform semantic judgments. Blood oxygen level dependent
    M W Chee
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Singapore General Hospital, 20 College Road, Singapore 169856, Singapore
    Neuroimage 13:1155-63. 2001
    ..The results highlight the importance of taking into consideration nature of task and relative language proficiency when drawing inferences from functional imaging studies of bilinguals...
  51. pmc SADI, SHARE, and the in silico scientific method
    Mark D Wilkinson
    Heart Lung Institute at St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    BMC Bioinformatics 11:S7. 2010
    ..However the aspects of the scientific method relating to explicit discourse, disagreement, and hypothesis generation have remained relatively impervious to new technologies...
  52. ncbi The influence of multiple primes on bottom-up and top-down regulation during meaning retrieval: evidence for 2 distinct neural networks
    Carin Whitney
    Department of Psychology, University of York, York YO105DD, UK
    Cereb Cortex 19:2548-60. 2009
    ..They further imply a functional specialization of the LIPC along an anterior-posterior dimension...
  53. ncbi N400-like magnetoencephalography responses modulated by semantic context, word frequency, and lexical class in sentences
    Eric Halgren
    MGH NMR Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Neuroimage 17:1101-16. 2002
    ..These results help identify a distributed cortical network that supports online semantic processing...
  54. ncbi Dissociable controlled retrieval and generalized selection mechanisms in ventrolateral prefrontal cortex
    David Badre
    Department of Psychology and Neurosciences Program, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Neuron 47:907-18. 2005
    ..Distinct PFC mechanisms mediate top-down retrieval and postretrieval selection...
  55. ncbi A reference ontology for biomedical informatics: the Foundational Model of Anatomy
    Cornelius Rosse
    Departments of Biological Structure, and Medical Education and Biomedical Informatics, Structural Informatics Group, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Biomed Inform 36:478-500. 2003
    ....
  56. ncbi Literature mining and database annotation of protein phosphorylation using a rule-based system
    Z Z Hu
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    Bioinformatics 21:2759-65. 2005
    ..While of great value, such information is limited in databases owing to the laborious process of literature-based curation. Computational literature mining holds promise to facilitate database curation...
  57. pmc The Two-Level Theory of verb meaning: An approach to integrating the semantics of action with the mirror neuron system
    David Kemmerer
    Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, W Lafayette, IN 47907 1353, USA
    Brain Lang 112:54-76. 2010
    ....
  58. ncbi The ventral and inferolateral aspects of the anterior temporal lobe are crucial in semantic memory: evidence from a novel direct comparison of distortion-corrected fMRI, rTMS, and semantic dementia
    Richard J Binney
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Cereb Cortex 20:2728-38. 2010
    ..The findings were highly convergent and indicated that crucial regions within the ATL for semantic representation include the anterior inferior temporal gyrus, anterior fusiform gyrus, and the anterior superior temporal sulcus...
  59. pmc Functional subdivisions in the left angular gyrus where the semantic system meets and diverges from the default network
    Mohamed L Seghier
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 30:16809-17. 2010
    ..in semantic associations regardless of the presence or absence of a stimulus; dAG is involved in searching for semantics in all visual stimuli, and vAG is involved in the conceptual identification of visual inputs...
  60. ncbi Knowledge of object manipulation and object function: dissociations in apraxic and nonapraxic subjects
    Laurel J Buxbaum
    Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, 1200 W Tabor Rd, Philadelphia, Pennysylvania 19141, USA
    Brain Lang 82:179-99. 2002
    ....
  61. pmc Category-specific versus category-general semantic impairment induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation
    Gorana Pobric
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Curr Biol 20:964-8. 2010
    ....
  62. ncbi The neural mechanisms of speech comprehension: fMRI studies of semantic ambiguity
    Jennifer M Rodd
    Department of Psychology, University College London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 15:1261-9. 2005
    ..Given the ubiquity of semantic ambiguity, we conclude that these brain regions form an important part of the network that is involved in computing the meaning of spoken sentences...
  63. pmc Exploring semantic groups through visual approaches
    Olivier Bodenreider
    Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine, Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, MS 43, Bldg 38A Rm B1N28U, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
    J Biomed Inform 36:414-32. 2003
    ..They make outliers immediately apparent, and, thus, serve as a tool for auditing and validating both the semantic network and the semantic groups...
  64. ncbi State of the nation in data integration for bioinformatics
    Carole Goble
    School of Computer Science, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M139PL, UK
    J Biomed Inform 41:687-93. 2008
    ..The paper expands on that talk. We attempt to place some perspective on past efforts, highlight the reasons for success and failure, and indicate some pointers to the future...
  65. pmc Applauding with closed hands: neural signature of action-sentence compatibility effects
    Pia Aravena
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology and Neuroscience, Institute of Cognitive Neurology INECO, Buenos Aires, Capital Federal, Argentina
    PLoS ONE 5:e11751. 2010
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate brain markers of bidirectional impact of language comprehension and motor processes...
  66. ncbi How the brain solves the binding problem for language: a neurocomputational model of syntactic processing
    Peter Hagoort
    F C Donders Center for Cognitive Neuroimaging, P O Box 9101, NL 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 20:S18-29. 2003
    ..Lesion data that support the involvement of this left frontotemporal network in syntactic processing are discussed...
  67. pmc A journey to Semantic Web query federation in the life sciences
    Kei Hoi Cheung
    Center for Medical Informatics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    BMC Bioinformatics 10:S10. 2009
    ....
  68. ncbi Biological knowledge management: the emerging role of the Semantic Web technologies
    Erick Antezana
    Department of Biology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology
    Brief Bioinform 10:392-407. 2009
    ..Ontologies and Semantic Web technologies revolutionize these efforts. Here, we review the benefits, trends, current possibilities, and the potential this holds for the biosciences...
  69. ncbi Language control in the bilingual brain
    J Crinion
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 312:1537-40. 2006
    ..By demonstrating this effect in populations of German-English and Japanese-English bilinguals, we suggest that the left caudate plays a universal role in monitoring and controlling the language in use...
  70. ncbi Functional specialization for semantic and phonological processing in the left inferior prefrontal cortex
    R A Poldrack
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 10:15-35. 1999
    ..The results suggest that a distinct region in the left inferior frontal cortex is involved in semantic processing, whereas other regions may subserve phonological processes engaged during both semantic and phonological tasks...
  71. ncbi Semantics of primate gestures: intentional meanings of orangutan gestures
    Erica A Cartmill
    Scottish Primate Research Group and Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, UK
    Anim Cogn 13:793-804. 2010
    ..We suggest that, despite their contextual flexibility, orangutan gestures are made with the expectation of specific behavioural responses and thus have intentional meanings as well as functional consequences...
  72. ncbi Systems chemical biology and the Semantic Web: what they mean for the future of drug discovery research
    David J Wild
    Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing, Bloomington, IN, USA
    Drug Discov Today 17:469-74. 2012
    ..In this paper, we aim to demonstrate how these technologies together can change the way that drug discovery is accomplished...
  73. ncbi Nouns and verbs in the brain: grammatical class and task specific effects as revealed by fMRI
    Manuela Berlingeri
    University of Milano Bicocca, Milan, Italy
    Cogn Neuropsychol 25:528-58. 2008
    ..e., verbs in the PNT and nouns in the GCST) triggered a greater activation of the left inferior frontal gyrus. Therefore, we suggest that this area reflects a general increase in task demand rather than verb processing per se...
  74. ncbi Retrieval of abstract semantics
    Uta Noppeney
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1 N3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 22:164-70. 2004
    ..Using fMRI, we demonstrate that retrieval of abstract relative to sensory-based semantics during synonym judgements increased activation in a left frontotemporal system that has been associated with ..
  75. pmc The neural correlates of verbal and nonverbal semantic processing deficits in neurodegenerative disease
    Christopher R Butler
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Cogn Behav Neurol 22:73-80. 2009
    ..To investigate the neural correlates of verbal and nonverbal semantic processing in neurodegenerative disease...
  76. ncbi Are cortical motor maps based on body parts or coordinated actions? Implications for embodied semantics
    Leonardo Fernandino
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Dept of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, United States
    Brain Lang 112:44-53. 2010
    ..the classical approach in cognitive science, in which concepts are viewed as amodal, arbitrary symbols, embodied semantics argues that concepts must be "grounded" in sensorimotor experiences in order to have meaning...
  77. ncbi Towards a neural basis of processing musical semantics
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster of Excellence der Freien Universität Berlin, Languages of Emotion, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Phys Life Rev 8:89-105. 2011
    ..Thus, knowledge about both the N400 and the N5 can advance our understanding of how the human brain processes meaning information...
  78. ncbi Segregating semantic and syntactic aspects of processing in the human brain: an fMRI investigation of different word types
    A D Friederici
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, D 04303 Leipzig, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 10:698-705. 2000
    ....
  79. pmc Language as context for the perception of emotion
    Lisa Feldman Barrett
    Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:327-32. 2007
    ....
  80. ncbi Rapid interactions between lexical semantic and word form analysis during word recognition in context: evidence from ERPs
    Albert Kim
    Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:1104-12. 2012
    ....
  81. pmc Cortical signatures of noun and verb production
    Kevin A Shapiro
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkand Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:1644-9. 2006
    ..We propose that these regions are involved in representing core conceptual properties of nouns and verbs...
  82. ncbi Multiple neural networks supporting a semantic task: an fMRI study using independent component analysis
    Xia Wu
    School of Information Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    Neuroimage 45:1347-58. 2009
    ..Furthermore, ICA separation on the auditory task showed consistency of the results with our hypothesis, regardless of the input modalities...
  83. pmc Different impairments of semantic cognition in semantic dementia and semantic aphasia: evidence from the non-verbal domain
    Faye Corbett
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit NARU, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Brain 132:2593-608. 2009
    ..This study provides converging evidence for qualitatively different impairments of semantic cognition in SD and SA, and uniquely demonstrates this pattern in a non-verbal expressive domain-object use...
  84. pmc Neural systems underlying lexical competition: an eye tracking and fMRI study
    Giulia Righi
    Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:213-24. 2010
    ..Moreover, they indicate that the SMG is not only recruited in tasks requiring access to lexical form but is also recruited in tasks that require access to the conceptual representation of a word...
  85. pmc From perception to conception: how meaningful objects are processed over time
    Alex Clarke
    Centre for Speech, Language and the Brain, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Cereb Cortex 23:187-97. 2013
    ....
  86. ncbi Wernicke's aphasia reflects a combination of acoustic-phonological and semantic control deficits: a case-series comparison of Wernicke's aphasia, semantic dementia and semantic aphasia
    Holly Robson
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit NARU, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Neuropsychologia 50:266-75. 2012
    ..These results deviate from traditional accounts which emphasise a single impairment and, instead, implicate two deficits underlying the comprehension disorder in WA...
  87. ncbi Going beyond inferior prefrontal involvement in semantic control: evidence for the additional contribution of dorsal angular gyrus and posterior middle temporal cortex
    Krist A Noonan
    Research Institute for the Care of Older People, Bath, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 25:1824-50. 2013
    ..Second, we contrasted executively demanding tasks tapping semantics and phonology...
  88. pmc Semantic richness and the activation of concepts in semantic memory: evidence from event-related potentials
    John Kounios
    Department of Psychology, Drexel University, 245 N 15th Street, Mail Stop 626, Philadelphia, PA 19102 1192, USA
    Brain Res 1282:95-102. 2009
    ....
  89. pmc A study of machine-learning-based approaches to extract clinical entities and their assertions from discharge summaries
    Min Jiang
    Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:601-6. 2011
    ..This project was part of the 2010 Center of Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside/Veterans Affairs (VA) natural-language-processing challenge...
  90. ncbi Reversed concreteness effect for nouns in a subject with semantic dementia
    Costanza Papagno
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Milano Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 47:1138-48. 2009
    ....
  91. pmc Degree centrality for semantic abstraction summarization of therapeutic studies
    Han Zhang
    Department of Medical Informatics, China Medical University, Shenyang, China
    J Biomed Inform 44:830-8. 2011
    ..The results showed that recall for system results was 72%, precision was 73%, and F-score was 0.72. The system F-score was considerably higher than that for the baseline (0.47)...
  92. pmc Enriching a biomedical event corpus with meta-knowledge annotation
    Paul Thompson
    National Centre for Text Mining, Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, School of Computer Science, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester, M1 7DN, UK
    BMC Bioinformatics 12:393. 2011
    ....
  93. ncbi Dopaminergic neuromodulation of semantic priming in a cortical network model
    Frédéric Lavigne
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive et Sociale, EA1189, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 24 avenue des Diables Bleus, 06357 Nice Cedex 4, France
    Neuropsychologia 46:3074-87. 2008
    ..Furthermore, results can account for priming perturbations in schizophrenia depending on the level of dopamine...
  94. ncbi ERP evidence for a sex-specific Stroop effect in emotional speech
    Annett Schirmer
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:1135-48. 2003
    ..Women, but not men, show an interaction between prosody and word valence during a semantic processing stage...
  95. ncbi Desiderata for ontologies to be used in semantic annotation of biomedical documents
    Michael Bada
    Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado Denver, MS 8303, RC 1 South, 12801 East 17th Avenue, L18 6400, P O Box 6511, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    J Biomed Inform 44:94-101. 2011
    ....
  96. pmc The putative visual word form area is functionally connected to the dorsal attention network
    Alecia C Vogel
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Cereb Cortex 22:537-49. 2012
    ..These results argue the pVWFA is not used predominantly in reading but is a more general visual processor used in other visual tasks, as well as reading...
  97. ncbi The role of semantics and grammatical class in the neural representation of words
    Gabriella Vigliocco
    Department of Psychology, University College London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 16:1790-6. 2006
    ....
  98. ncbi Early occipital sensitivity to syntactic category is based on form typicality
    Suzanne Dikker
    Department of Linguistics, New York University, 10 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:629-34. 2010
    ..This finding may be a key component to elucidating the mechanisms that allow the extreme rapidity and efficiency of language comprehension...
  99. pmc Role of left inferior prefrontal cortex in retrieval of semantic knowledge: a reevaluation
    S L Thompson-Schill
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:14792-7. 1997
    ..Our findings suggest that it is selection, not retrieval, of semantic knowledge that drives activity in the left IFG...
  100. ncbi Interplay between syntax and semantics during sentence comprehension: ERP effects of combining syntactic and semantic violations
    Peter Hagoort
    University of Nijmegen
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:883-99. 2003
    ..Overall, the results reveal an asymmetry in the interplay between syntax and semantics during on-line sentence comprehension.
  101. pmc Judging semantic similarity: an event-related fMRI study with auditory word stimuli
    B Z Mahon
    Center for Mind Brain Sciences CIMeC, University of Trento, Trento, Italy
    Neuroscience 169:279-86. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that diffuse and statistically sub-threshold "scattering" of BOLD activity in some regions may carry substantial information about the contents of mental representations...

Research Grants63

  1. A Hybrid General Natural Language Processing Architecture
    PATRICK W JAMIESON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Logical Semantics, Inc. (LSI) proposes to develop new statistical NLP methods for analyzing large scale medical domains...
  2. Pragmatics and Semantics in Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Karece Lopez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This process, an interface between semantics and pragmatics, provides a more specific way of examining pragmatic deficits...
  3. Nonparametric methods for functional and translational genomics
    JAMES BENTLEY BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These two aims are tightly linked: we will need critically to characterize the semantics of biological networks to model them...
  4. Primary Progressive Aphasia: Neural Bases and Rehabilitation
    MAYA HENRY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..normal controls will be administered a comprehensive language battery comprising tests in the domains of syntax, semantics, phonology, and orthography...
  5. Neurobiology of language function in adolescents exposed to cocaine in utero
    LINDA CAROL MAYES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., speech processing) to more metacognitive deficits (e.g., semantics, syntax, comprehension)...
  6. Cognitive Changes and Brain Connectivity in Age-Related Macular Degeneration
    Heather E Whitson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pilot imaging study and favors mechanism #1: Verbal fluency deficit in AMD reflects problems in semantic organization and is related to differences in white matter tracts (primarily ventral) that support language, semantics, and vision.
  7. Learning to read and comprehend a second language
    Chuansheng Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will be trained 1hr/day for 9 to 10 days to learn simultaneously the visual form, form-sound associations, and semantics of 60 characters...
  8. Integrative tools for protozoan parasite research
    Christian J Stoeckert; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..data integration possible for pathogen genome databases, algorithms and tools, we will develop the necessary semantics (ontologies) in the context of the Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) Foundry...
  9. Neural systems for word recognition in space and time
    William W Graves; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..should, for example, help distinguish between automatic and controlled processing of orthography, phonology, and semantics. Starting from a neural model of word recognition with predictions about the spatial distribution of brain ..
  10. Neural bases of language and cognitive deficits in acute stroke and recovery
    Argye E Hillis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..functional connectivity MRI (rsfcMRI) to investigate the neural basis of recovery of naming, spelling, lexical-semantics, and sentence comprehension over the first year after stroke...
  11. Large-scale evaluation of text features affecting perceived and actual text diffi
    Gondy Leroy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will look at features of grammar, semantics, and compositions of text...
  12. Open-Source Toolkit for Knowledge-Based Querying of Time-Oriented Data
    AMARENDRA K DAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..for querying and abstracting temporal patterns that integrates data, ontologies, rules, and formal temporal semantics. Our approach, called Semantic Query-enhanced Web Rule Language (SQWRL), is an extension to W3C standards for ..
  13. LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION
    CHARLES E CLIFTON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..examining how they use syntactic structure, extending it to topics that have been investigated in the field of semantics. In particular, the research investigates how people are able to comprehend sentences with variables, which are ..
  14. A De-Identification Software Tool to Ensure HIPAA Compliance
    PATRICK W JAMIESON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Logical Semantics, Inc (LSI) plans to create in phase one medical de-identification software that will be targeted to the general ..
  15. Exploiting the User Interface for Data Integration in Effectiveness Research
    Judith R Logan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In this paradigm. the user interface is the definitive source for the semantics of the data since what the user sees on the screen may influence how he or she will enter data...
  16. A synthetic biology library for the Semantic Web
    EVREN SIRIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..semantic web technologies that we apply to this domain include ontology development, the formal specification of semantics, and an OWL reasoning system to carry out validation, intelligent information retrieval, and configuration tasks...
  17. Semantic Data Integration for Integrative Cancer Biology Research
    Mansur R Kabuka; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Grid (caBIG) Initiative, enhancing its use through the provision of a coherent ontological view of caBIG semantics, so that data sources can be queried using a standard semantic query language...
  18. Neural systems for word recognition in space and time
    William W Graves; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..should, for example, help distinguish between automatic and controlled processing of orthography, phonology, and semantics. Starting from a neural model of word recognition with predictions about the spatial distribution of brain ..
  19. Contributions of Neural Memory Circuits
    Michael T Ullman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..distinction, and in the hierarchy of morphosyntactic functional categories), and compositional semantics (in the definiteness effect, and negative polarity items)...
  20. HAL: A TOOL FOR ASSESSING HUMAN ACTION IN THE WORKPLACE
    JOHN ALOIMONOS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..new language has its own phonemes (primitives), its own morphemes (words/actions) and its own syntax, semantics and pragmatics...
  21. SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING IN APHASIA
    Sheila E Blumstein; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Second, it is hypothesized that information from higher-level sources including lexical-semantics and sentence context will override lexical deficits that emerge under conditions of phonological competition...
  22. NLP Foundational Studies & Ontologies for Syndromic Surveillance from ED Reports
    Wendy Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The research will be guided by linguistic principles, by the semantics and discourse structure of ED reports, and by the application area of biosurveillance...
  23. Figurative Language in Aphasic and Health Participants
    ANJAN K CHATTERJEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Disorders of communication profoundly affect the lives of patients as seen with deficits in phonology, semantics, and even discourse...
  24. LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT IN DOWN SYNDROME CHILDREN
    Robin Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of the free speech transcripts will permit a detailed longitudinal description of changes in the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of spoken language in children with DS over the six year period...
  25. Assessment Tool for Children's Impairments in Spontaneo*
    Catherine Lord; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..disorders, the goal of our project is to design an instrument that quantifies the use of pragmatics, syntax and semantics in the spontaneous language of children from 2 to 10 years who are suspected of having a language disorder...
  26. Behavioral and Neural Study of Pragmatic Inference: Discourse and Lexical Effects
    Yi Ting Huang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..While much of communicative meaning is based on the combination of word meanings as according to syntactic rules (semantics), other essential facets of communicative meaning are added by context-sensitive, inferential processes (..
  27. fMRI investigations of the functional architecture of the language system
    Evelina Fedorenko; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., syntax and semantics) engage the same cortical regions (the Shared Language Components Hypothesis), or do they engage distinct ..
  28. Pediatric Thought Disorder: Insights from Neuroimaging
    Rochelle Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of IQ, memory executive function, language, and handedness; structural MRI; and fMRI with discourse coherence, semantics, and syntax activation paradigms...
  29. METANALYSIS COGNITIVE NEUROIMAGING: METHODS VALIDATIONS
    Peter Fox; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..BrainMap includes a coding scheme (a hierarchical semantics) for the behaviors used and mental operations experimentally mapped, termed the Behavioral Coding Scheme (BCS)...
  30. Cross-Language Outcomes of Bilingual Experience in Typical and Atypical Developme
    ELIZABETH D PENA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to examine developmental outcomes in three domains (phonology/phonotactics, vocabulary/semantics, morphosyntax) in bilingual children at three ability levels (SLI, typical developing-at risk, typically ..
  31. Improving PubMed by Fast, Interactive Search
    Chen Li; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Our third aim is to study semantics-related challenges in type-ahead search...
  32. GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PAIN SENSATION AND PAIN REPORT
    WILDER CLARK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and (2) to the meanings associated with words used to describe sensory and emotional experiences (semantics)...
  33. Acquiring Number Word Semantics: A Syntactic Bootstrapping Approach
    KRISTEN L SYRETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  34. Temporal Dynamics of Neural Plasticity During Auditory Discrimination Learning
    DEREK G ZARAZA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our ability to memorize and rapidly retrieve words is a fundamental element of human cognition, contributing to semantics in speech and language...
  35. CONNJUR: A Software Integration Platform for Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy
    Michael R Gryk; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of biomolecular NMR spectroscopy, capturing the attributes of raw and derived data, as well as the syntax and semantics of the various data processing steps...
  36. TRAINING PRECEPTORS IN HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS: AUGMENTATI
    Francis Byrn; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Clarifying the semantics within the grant proposal, all invited attendees were considered to be students...
  37. TRAINING PRECEPTORS IN HUMAN RESEARCH ETHICS: AUGMENTATI
    Francis Byrn; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Clarifying the semantics within the grant proposal, all invited attendees were considered to be students...
  38. The Neural Bases of he Semantic Structure of Words and Concepts
    Marcel Adam Just; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In contrast to the field of "semantics" (the study of the relation between words and their meanings), this project will help establish a new research ..
  39. SEMANTIC PARSER FOR MEDICAL FREE TEXT
    Peter Haug; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..domain of radiology an application has been developed that encodes relevant clinical data using a model of the semantics of sentences...
  40. Modeling Normal and Impaired lexical Processing
    David Plaut; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the dynamic interactions among distributed patterns of neural activity representing orthography, phonology, and semantics (with morphology reflecting learned systematic relationships among these representations)...
  41. Spatial Semantics & Cognition from Infancy to Adulthood
    Soonja Choi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  42. Overgeneralization and the Semantics of Negation
    John Grinstead; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Short-Term and Long-Term Memory Systems in Word Learning
    Prahlad Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Learning the associations between a sound pattern and its meaning or semantics requires support from the long-term memory system termed declarative learning...
  44. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS OF IDIOMS
    RAYMOND GIBBS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..experimentally demonstrate that the syntactic productivity of idioms is largely predictable from their internal semantics. My aim is to predict which phrasal idioms in English will be viewed as syntactically productive...
  45. LINGUISTIC SEQUELAE OF UNILATERAL LESIONS
    DOROTHY ARAM; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..of the behaviors examined to date including syntactic comprehension and production, conceptual aspects of semantics, phonological abilities as revealed in speech, reading and spelling, IQ and cognitive pattern stability over ..
  46. RxSafe: Shared Medication Management and Decision Support for Rural Clinicians
    Paul Gorman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Enhance clinician cognitive performance in medication management tasks by exploiting the underlying semantics of medication lists to improve the organization and presentation of medication list information;2) Assisted ..
  47. FAST MAPPING AND SYNTACTIC BOOTSTRAPPING IN VERBAL LEARN
    Valerie Johnson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The problem for the SLP is to determine what areas of semantics to test and what methods should be utilized to test...
  48. PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES
    John Colby; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..using methods borrowed from machine learning and statistics, along with methods from theories of syntax and semantics in linguistics...
  49. DISCOURSE, SEMANTICS, AND SYNTAX
    Gail McKoon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed hypotheses represent a new view of the relationships among syntax, the meanings of words (lexical semantics), and discourse processing...
  50. SENTENCE SEMANTICS: NORMAL PROCESSES AND LESION EFFECTS
    Edgar Zurif; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This program of research should yield information of relevance to remediation in aphasia. It should specify the kinds of real-time processing limitations that therapeutic efforts must address. ..
  51. Semantic Data Integration for Integrative Cancer Biology Research
    Mansur Kabuka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The system contains mechanisms to expose these semantics using the Web Ontology Language (OWL), and to build and execute RDF-based querying using SPARQL, automatically ..
  52. Cortical Organization of Noun and Verb Processing
    Alfonso Caramazza; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The second specific aim is to distinguish those cortical regions that are primarily involved in processing the semantics of nouns and verbs from those that are implicated specifically in their grammatical processing...
  53. Visual Programming Tool for Integration of Gene and Protein Cancer Profiling Data
    Maciek Sasinowski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Knowledge integration must be successful in three aspects: information technology, statistics, and semantics. Toward that goal, during our Phase I work we will: 1) evaluate current standards for the representation of MS ..
  54. GRAPHICAL AD HOC QUERY INTERFACE FOR GENBANK
    Dong Guk Shin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..GenBank query interface would include a number of salient features, including Schema Abstraction, Schema Semantics Explanation, Schema Constituent Finding, and Join Path Discovery...
  55. MODELING NORMAL AND IMPAIRED LEXICAL SEMANTIC PROCESSING
    David Plaut; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The second set (5-8) investigates the degree of specialization within semantics, as evidenced by the occurrence of selective deficits following brain damage, by exploring the effects of damage ..
  56. SEMANTIC AND VISUAL COGNITION IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASE
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..impaired, or does the appearance of impairment come from an attentional impairment? Second, are certain types of semantics knowledge more vulnerable to AD, and if so, why? Third, can an impairment of semantic memory account for other ..
  57. SEMANTICS, DISCOURSE MODELS, AND THE RIGHT HEMISPHERE
    Kathleen Baynes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Perception and categorization or real world scenes
    Aude Oliva; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..application addresses a fundamental tension in visual cognition: how are human observers able to recognize the semantics of a complex real world scene image at a glance? Since the seminal work of Mary Potter, a number of experimental ..
  59. ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR STRUCTURE
    A Catania; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Understanding such properties is a prerequisite for extending behavior analysis to other issues that are properly more exclusive to the language domain (e.g., problems of semantics and of autoclitic processes).
  60. CHILDREN WHO SPEAK BLACK ENGLISH
    HARRY SEYMOUR; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..2) To document age-appropriate language milestone/behaviors including aspects of phonology, syntax semantics and pragmatics...
  61. KNOWLEDGE BASED TEMPORAL ABSTRACTION OF CLINICAL DATA
    Yuval Shahar; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..between temporally disjoint clinical abstractions, including a development of a probabilistic representation and semantics. (e) Matching of predefined and runtime temporal patterns, given time- stamped data and conclusions. 3...
  62. PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN NORMALS--AN FMRI STUDY
    M Southwood; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..the hypothesis that the phonological lexicon may be accessed both directly and indirectly via lexical semantics. The principal investigator proposes to use fMRI to investigate correlates of brain function during tasks ..
  63. BILLINGUAL HISPANIC CHILDREN
    Aquiles Iglesias; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and English language milestones/ behaviors for this bilingual population including aspects of phonology, syntax semantics and pragmatics...