multilingualism

Summary

Summary: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:240-50. 2012
  2. pmc Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON Canada M6A 2E1
    Neurology 75:1726-9. 2010
  3. pmc Structural correlates of semantic and phonemic fluency ability in first and second languages
    Alice Grogan
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N3BG, UK
    Cereb Cortex 19:2690-8. 2009
  4. ncbi Bilingualism as a contributor to cognitive reserve: evidence from brain atrophy in Alzheimer's disease
    Tom A Schweizer
    Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Cortex 48:991-6. 2012
  5. ncbi Multilingualism and cognitive state in the oldest old
    Gitit Kave
    Herczeg Institute on Aging, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Isreal
    Psychol Aging 23:70-8. 2008
  6. ncbi Multilingualism (but not always bilingualism) delays the onset of Alzheimer disease: evidence from a bilingual community
    Howard Chertkow
    Bloomfield Centre for Research in Aging, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, and Jewish General Hospital McGill University Memory Clinic, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 24:118-25. 2010
  7. ncbi Relative language proficiency modulates BOLD signal change when bilinguals perform semantic judgments. Blood oxygen level dependent
    M W Chee
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Singapore General Hospital, 20 College Road, Singapore 169856, Singapore
    Neuroimage 13:1155-63. 2001
  8. pmc The source of enhanced cognitive control in bilinguals: evidence from bimodal bilinguals
    Karen Emmorey
    Laboratory for Language and Cognitive Neuroscience, San Diego State University, 6495 Alvarado Rd, Suite 200, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:1201-6. 2008
  9. ncbi Neuroanatomical correlates of phonological processing of Chinese characters and alphabetic words: a meta-analysis
    Li Hai Tan
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Linguistics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
    Hum Brain Mapp 25:83-91. 2005
  10. ncbi An international validation study of the EORTC brain cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BN20) for assessing health-related quality of life and symptoms in brain cancer patients
    Martin J B Taphoorn
    Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague and VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Cancer 46:1033-40. 2010

Research Grants

  1. The Development of On Line Sentence Processing In Children
    John C Trueswell; Fiscal Year: 2013
  2. Neurocognitive Approaches to Communication Disorders
    Lewis P Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2013
  3. Cognitive Processes of Bilinguals
    Judith F Kroll; Fiscal Year: 2012
  4. Cognitive-linguistic processing in L1 and L2
    Kathryn Kohnert; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. Providers' Views of the Roles of Medical Interpreters
    I LING HSIEH; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. Memory and Language in Bilinguals
    Viorica Marian; Fiscal Year: 2006
  7. Output & Phonological Skills in Bilingual Children
    Brian Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. Childhood Bilingualism & Developmental Psychopathology
    CLAUDIO TOPPELBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. LANGUAGE, MODALITY AND THE BRAIN
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. Neural Systems Underlying Sign Language Production
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications289 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:240-50. 2012
    ..Cognitive reserve is a crucial research area in the context of an aging population; the possibility that bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve is therefore of growing importance as populations become increasingly diverse...
  2. pmc Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve
    Fergus I M Craik
    Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON Canada M6A 2E1
    Neurology 75:1726-9. 2010
    ..We present evidence that lifelong bilingualism is a further factor contributing to cognitive reserve...
  3. pmc Structural correlates of semantic and phonemic fluency ability in first and second languages
    Alice Grogan
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N3BG, UK
    Cereb Cortex 19:2690-8. 2009
    ..On the basis of our findings, we also predict that lesions to the pre-SMA and caudate nuclei may have a greater impact on phonemic than semantic fluency, particularly in L2 speakers...
  4. ncbi Bilingualism as a contributor to cognitive reserve: evidence from brain atrophy in Alzheimer's disease
    Tom A Schweizer
    Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    Cortex 48:991-6. 2012
    ..Bilingualism appears to contribute to increased CR, thereby delaying the onset of AD and requiring the presence of greater amounts of neuropathology before the disease is manifest...
  5. ncbi Multilingualism and cognitive state in the oldest old
    Gitit Kave
    Herczeg Institute on Aging, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Isreal
    Psychol Aging 23:70-8. 2008
    ..b>Multilingualism was also found to be a significant predictor of cognitive state in a group of individuals who acquired no ..
  6. ncbi Multilingualism (but not always bilingualism) delays the onset of Alzheimer disease: evidence from a bilingual community
    Howard Chertkow
    Bloomfield Centre for Research in Aging, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, and Jewish General Hospital McGill University Memory Clinic, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 24:118-25. 2010
    ..In contrast, in nonimmigrants whose first language was English, no such effect was found. These results are discussed in relation to the earlier findings and the theory of cognitive reserve...
  7. ncbi Relative language proficiency modulates BOLD signal change when bilinguals perform semantic judgments. Blood oxygen level dependent
    M W Chee
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Singapore General Hospital, 20 College Road, Singapore 169856, Singapore
    Neuroimage 13:1155-63. 2001
    ..The results highlight the importance of taking into consideration nature of task and relative language proficiency when drawing inferences from functional imaging studies of bilinguals...
  8. pmc The source of enhanced cognitive control in bilinguals: evidence from bimodal bilinguals
    Karen Emmorey
    Laboratory for Language and Cognitive Neuroscience, San Diego State University, 6495 Alvarado Rd, Suite 200, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:1201-6. 2008
    ..These results trace the bilingual advantage in cognitive control to the unimodal bilingual's experience controlling two languages in the same modality...
  9. ncbi Neuroanatomical correlates of phonological processing of Chinese characters and alphabetic words: a meta-analysis
    Li Hai Tan
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Linguistics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
    Hum Brain Mapp 25:83-91. 2005
    ..Language form, cognitive process, and learning strategy drive the development of functional neuroanatomy...
  10. ncbi An international validation study of the EORTC brain cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BN20) for assessing health-related quality of life and symptoms in brain cancer patients
    Martin J B Taphoorn
    Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague and VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Cancer 46:1033-40. 2010
    ..This study examined the validity and reliability of the questionnaire in a multi-national, multi-lingual study...
  11. ncbi Phonetic perceptual identification by native- and second-language speakers differentially activates brain regions involved with acoustic phonetic processing and those involved with articulatory-auditory/orosensory internal models
    Daniel E Callan
    Human Information Science Laboratories, ATR International, Kyoto, Japan
    Neuroimage 22:1182-94. 2004
    ....
  12. ncbi In search of the language switch: An fMRI study of picture naming in Spanish-English bilinguals
    A E Hernandez
    University of California, Santa Barbara 93106 9660, USA
    Brain Lang 73:421-31. 2000
    ..Results are consistent with the view that language switching is a part of a general executive attentional system and that languages are represented in overlapping areas of the brain in early bilinguals...
  13. ncbi There is no coherent evidence for a bilingual advantage in executive processing
    Kenneth R Paap
    San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, EP301, Department of Psychology, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
    Cogn Psychol 66:232-58. 2013
    ..In a final discussion the underlying rationale for hypothesizing bilingual advantages in executive processing based on the special linguistic demands placed on bilinguals is interrogated...
  14. ncbi Effect of language proficiency and executive control on verbal fluency performance in bilinguals
    Lin Luo
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3
    Cognition 114:29-41. 2010
    ..The results are discussed in terms of the contributions of linguistic resources and executive control to verbal performance...
  15. ncbi Native and non-native reading of sentences: an fMRI experiment
    Shirley Ann Rüschemeyer
    Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    Neuroimage 31:354-65. 2006
    ..The combined results provide evidence that L1 and L2 speakers rely on the same cortical network to process language, although with a higher level of activation in some regions for L2 processing...
  16. ncbi An encoding-complex approach to numerical cognition in Chinese-English bilinguals
    Jamie I D Campbell
    Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Canada
    Can J Exp Psychol 58:229-44. 2004
    ..We provide new analyses of the arithmetic data and a review of research on the role of language in simple arithmetic to substantiate our claims about linguistic codes for number-fact memory...
  17. ncbi The acquisition of phonetic categories in bilingual infants: new data from an anticipatory eye movement paradigm
    Bàrbara Albareda-Castellot
    Department of Basic Psychology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Dev Sci 14:395-401. 2011
    ..The high ratio of cognates in Spanish and Catalan may underlie the reason why bilinguals failed to discriminate the native vowels when tested with the familiarization-preference procedure but succeeded with the AEM paradigm...
  18. ncbi Chinese-English bilinguals reading English hear Chinese
    Yan Jing Wu
    School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 30:7646-51. 2010
    ..These results suggest that processing second language activates the sound, but not the spelling, of native language translations...
  19. ncbi Proper names get stuck on bilingual and monolingual speakers' tip of the tongue equally often
    Tamar H Gollan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:278-87. 2005
    ..Bilingual disadvantages may be limited to representing multiple forms for individual meanings; proper names improved naming because they have essentially the same form across languages...
  20. pmc Language selection in bilingual speech: evidence for inhibitory processes
    Judith F Kroll
    Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 128:416-30. 2008
    ..On the latter view, the selection mechanism may require that candidates in the nontarget language be inhibited. We consider the evidence for such an inhibitory mechanism in a series of recent behavioral and neuroimaging studies...
  21. pmc Spatiotemporal dynamics of bilingual word processing
    Matthew K Leonard
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Neuroimage 49:3286-94. 2010
    ..We propose that acquiring a language involves the recruitment of right hemisphere and posterior visual areas that are not necessary once fluency is achieved...
  22. ncbi Semantic and letter fluency in Spanish-English bilinguals
    Tamar H Gollan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0109, USA
    Neuropsychology 16:562-76. 2002
    ..Surprisingly, bilinguals' fluency scores did not improve when they used words in both languages. This result suggests that voluntary language switching incurs a processing cost...
  23. ncbi What did Simon say? Revisiting the bilingual advantage
    J Bruce Morton
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
    Dev Sci 10:719-26. 2007
    ..Controlling differences in SES and ethnicity may attenuate the bilingual advantage in cognitive control...
  24. ncbi Common and segregated neuronal networks for different languages revealed using functional magnetic resonance adaptation
    Michael W L Chee
    SingHealth Research Facilities, Singapore General Hospital
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:85-97. 2003
    ..Together, the experiments suggest that while the networks for Chinese and English word processing have shared components, there are also components that may be language specific...
  25. ncbi What's in control of language?
    Angela D Friederici
    Nat Neurosci 9:991-2. 2006
  26. ncbi Impact of language proficiency and orthographic transparency on bilingual word reading: an fMRI investigation
    Gayane Meschyan
    Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 5022, USA
    Neuroimage 29:1135-40. 2006
    ..By contrast, we propose that our orthography effect is less plastic, hence, less influenced by frequency of exposure to a language system...
  27. pmc Cognitive gains in 7-month-old bilingual infants
    Ágnes Melinda Kovács
    Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, Via Beirut 4, 34014 Trieste, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:6556-60. 2009
    ..These findings show that processing representations from 2 languages leads to a domain-general enhancement of the cognitive control system well before the onset of speech...
  28. ncbi Assessing medical students' skills in working with interpreters during patient encounters: a validation study of the Interpreter Scale
    Desiree Lie
    Research Faculty Development, Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California 92868, USA
    Acad Med 84:643-50. 2009
    ..The absence of available reliable, valid, and practical measures hinders the assessment of these skills; therefore, the authors aimed to construct and validate the Interpreter Scale (IS)...
  29. ncbi Developmental shift in the discrimination of vowel contrasts in bilingual infants: is the distributional account all there is to it?
    Núria Sebastián-Gallés
    Parc Científic UB and Departament de Psicologia Bàsica, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Dev Sci 12:874-87. 2009
    ..These results confirm bilinguals' specific developmental pattern of perceptual reorganization for acoustically close vowels and challenge an interpretation merely based on a distributional account...
  30. ncbi Masked translation priming effects with highly proficient simultaneous bilinguals
    Jon Andoni Duñabeitia
    Instituto de Tecnologías Biomédicas, Universidad de La Laguna, Spain
    Exp Psychol 57:98-107. 2010
    ..Thus, highly fluent bilinguals do develop symmetrical between-language links, as predicted by the Revised Hierarchical model and the BIA+ model. We examine the implications of these results for models of bilingual memory...
  31. ncbi Simultaneous bilingualism and the perception of a language-specific vowel contrast in the first year of life
    Laura Bosch
    University of Barcelona, Spain
    Lang Speech 46:217-43. 2003
    ..An additional experiment at 12 months of age indicated that bilinguals finally regained discrimination. Together these results suggest a specific developmental pattern of perceptual reorganization in bilingual exposure...
  32. ncbi Age of acquisition: its neural and computational mechanisms
    Arturo E Hernandez
    Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 5022, USA
    Psychol Bull 133:638-50. 2007
    ..The authors conclude that AoA effects are pervasive and that the neural and computational mechanisms underlying learning and sensorimotor integration provide a general account of these effects...
  33. pmc Limited English proficiency and breast and cervical cancer screening in a multiethnic population
    Elizabeth A Jacobs
    John H Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County and Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1410-6. 2005
    ..We examined the relationship between ability to speak English and receipt of Papanicolaou tests, clinical breast examinations, and mammography in a multiethnic group of women in the United States...
  34. ncbi Visual language discrimination in infancy
    Whitney M Weikum
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 316:1159. 2007
    ..These findings reveal a surprisingly early preparedness for visual language discrimination and highlight infants' selectivity for retaining only necessary perceptual sensitivities...
  35. ncbi Effects of native language on perceptual sensitivity to phonetic cues
    Alex Brandmeyer
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroreport 23:653-7. 2012
    ....
  36. pmc The effect of bilingualism on amnestic mild cognitive impairment
    Lynn Ossher
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 530 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 68:8-12. 2013
    ....
  37. ncbi Fine-tuned: phonology and semantics affect first-to second-language zooming in
    Kerrie E Elston-Güttler
    Max Planck Institut for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:180-96. 2009
    ..We discuss our findings in terms of context types that affect L1-to-L2 adjustment...
  38. pmc Bilingual effects on cognitive and linguistic development: role of language, cultural background, and education
    Raluca Barac
    York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Child Dev 83:413-22. 2012
    ..Thus, executive control outcomes for bilingual children are general but performance on verbal tasks is specific to factors in the bilingual experience...
  39. ncbi Lexical competition during second-language listening: sentence context, but not proficiency, constrains interference from the native lexicon
    Craig G Chambers
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:1029-40. 2009
    ..The results provide new insights into the nature of parallel language activation in naturalistic sentential contexts...
  40. ncbi Effects of bilingualism, aging, and semantic relatedness on memory under divided attention
    Myra A Fernandes
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario
    Can J Exp Psychol 61:128-41. 2007
    ..The results suggest that encoding is more sensitive to semantic similarity in a distracting task than is retrieval. The role of attention at encoding and retrieval is discussed...
  41. ncbi A potential protective effect in multilingual patients with semantic dementia: two case reports of patients speaking Taiwanese and Japanese
    Yi Chien Liu
    Department of Geriatric Behavioral Neurology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Acta Neurol Taiwan 21:25-30. 2012
    Several reports have suggested that multilingualism has a protective effect against semantic dementia. Here, we provide further evidence for this effect.
  42. ncbi Infants can rapidly learn words in a foreign language
    Ranka Bijeljac-Babic
    Universite Paris Descartes, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS, Paris, France
    Infant Behav Dev 32:476-80. 2009
    ..French-learning 20-month-olds, who were taught new words in either English or French by a bilingual French-English speaker, succeeded in both language conditions...
  43. ncbi Native language influences on word recognition in a second language: a megastudy
    Kristin Lemhöfer
    Nijmegen Institute of Cognition and Information, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:12-31. 2008
    ..An additional comparison of the bilingual data with a native control group showed that there are subtle but significant differences between L1 and L2 processing...
  44. ncbi Language representation and processing in fluent bilinguals: electrophysiological evidence for asymmetric mapping in bilingual memory
    Shekeila D Palmer
    Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Neuropsychologia 48:1426-37. 2010
    ..Specifically, the N400 effect was larger during backward translation (L2-L1) than during forward translation (L1-L2) in both groups of bilinguals. Results are considered in the context of different models of bilingual memory...
  45. ncbi Lexical competition in nonnative speech comprehension
    Ian FitzPatrick
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1165-78. 2010
    ..e., before a single lexical candidate could have been selected based on the input) and secondly suggest that spuriously elicited L1 lexical candidates are not available for semantic integration in L2 speech comprehension...
  46. ncbi Improving access for Latino immigrants: evaluation of language training adapted to the needs of health professionals
    Deborah E Bender
    Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7411, USA
    J Immigr Health 6:197-209. 2004
    ..The authors make recommendations for replication of the integrated language and culture-training model in other new settlement areas, especially those in the southeast of the United States...
  47. pmc Self-reported fluency in non-english languages among physicians practicing in California
    Gerardo Moreno
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program and Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Fam Med 42:414-20. 2010
    ..We sought to compare the non-English language fluency of practicing physicians by physician race/ethnicity and location of medical school education...
  48. ncbi Second language interferes with word production in fluent bilinguals: brain potential and functional imaging evidence
    Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells
    Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:422-33. 2005
    ..Nonlanguagespecific brain areas such as the left middle prefrontal cortex were found to be crucial for the control of interference...
  49. ncbi Errors in medical interpretation and their potential clinical consequences in pediatric encounters
    Glenn Flores
    Center for the Advancement of Urban Children, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    Pediatrics 111:6-14. 2003
    ..About 19 million people in the United States are limited in English proficiency, but little is known about the frequency and potential clinical consequences of errors in medical interpretation...
  50. pmc The impact of second language learning on semantic and nonsemantic first language reading
    Chiara Nosarti
    Department of Psychiatry, Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 20:315-27. 2010
    ..Our observations were in a context that required participants to switch between languages. They motivate future fMRI studies to test whether first language reading is also altered in contexts when the second language is not in use...
  51. ncbi Language control in the bilingual brain
    J Crinion
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 312:1537-40. 2006
    ..By demonstrating this effect in populations of German-English and Japanese-English bilinguals, we suggest that the left caudate plays a universal role in monitoring and controlling the language in use...
  52. ncbi Attention and inhibition in bilingual children: evidence from the dimensional change card sort task
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Dev Sci 7:325-39. 2004
    ..The results also identify the ability to ignore an obsolete display feature as the critical difficulty in solving this task...
  53. ncbi Visual word recognition by bilinguals in a sentence context: evidence for nonselective lexical access
    Wouter Duyck
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:663-79. 2007
    ..These results suggest that a sentence context may influence, but does not nullify, cross-lingual lexical interactions during early visual word recognition by bilinguals...
  54. ncbi Perception of rhythmic grouping depends on auditory experience
    John R Iversen
    The Neurosciences Institute, 10640 John Jay Hopkins Drive, San Diego, California 92121, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 124:2263-71. 2008
    ..It is suggested that the observed perceptual differences reflect the rhythms of the two languages, and that native language can exert an influence on general auditory perception at a basic level...
  55. ncbi Flexible learning of multiple speech structures in bilingual infants
    Ágnes Melinda Kovács
    Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati SISSA, Via Beirut 4, 34014 Trieste, Italy
    Science 325:611-2. 2009
    ..Hence, bilinguals may acquire two languages in the time in which monolinguals acquire one because they quickly become more flexible learners...
  56. ncbi Native-language recognition abilities in 4-month-old infants from monolingual and bilingual environments
    L Bosch
    Departament Psicologia Bàsica, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Cognition 65:33-69. 1997
    ..Possible interpretations of this unexpected pattern of results are discussed and its implications for bilingual language acquisition are considered...
  57. ncbi The role of age of acquisition and language usage in early, high-proficient bilinguals: an fMRI study during verbal fluency
    Daniela Perani
    Universita Vita Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
    Hum Brain Mapp 19:170-82. 2003
    ....
  58. ncbi Neural systems of second language reading are shaped by native language
    Li Hai Tan
    Joint Laboratories for Language and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Hum Brain Mapp 18:158-66. 2003
    ..Our brain imaging findings lend strongest support to the idea that language experience tunes the cortex...
  59. ncbi Language and number: a bilingual training study
    E S Spelke
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, MIT, NE20 456, 3 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Cognition 78:45-88. 2001
    ..The findings prompt more general speculations about the role of language in the development of specifically human cognitive abilities...
  60. pmc Dual language use in sign-speech bimodal bilinguals: fNIRS brain-imaging evidence
    Ioulia Kovelman
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
    Brain Lang 109:112-23. 2009
    ..By contrast, neuroimaging results revealed that bilinguals in Bilingual mode showed greater signal intensity within posterior temporal regions ("Wernicke's area") than in Monolingual mode...
  61. ncbi The Language Experience and Proficiency Questionnaire (LEAP-Q): assessing language profiles in bilinguals and multilinguals
    Viorica Marian
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 50:940-67. 2007
    ..To develop a reliable and valid questionnaire of bilingual language status with predictable relationships between self-reported and behavioral measures...
  62. ncbi Bilingual language lateralization: a meta-analytic tale of two hemispheres
    Rachel Hull
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:1987-2008. 2007
    ..Implications of the observed differences in lateralization between early and late bilinguals are explored for existing theories of bilingualism and for neurocognitive models of brain functional organization of language...
  63. ncbi A critical review of ERP and fMRI evidence on L2 syntactic processing
    Sonja A Kotz
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Research Group Neurocognition of Rhythm in Communication, Stephanstrasse la, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Lang 109:68-74. 2009
    ....
  64. ncbi Working effectively with interpreters: a model curriculum for physician assistant students
    Gail S Marion
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Med Teach 30:612-7. 2008
    ..Effective patient-provider communication is crucial to achieving good health care outcomes. To accomplish this with patients of limited English proficiency, learning to work effectively with interpreters is essential...
  65. ncbi Neural bases of language switching in high and early proficient bilinguals
    G Garbin
    Dept of Psicología Básica, Clinica y Psicobiologia, Universitat Jaume I, Av Sos Baynat sn, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain
    Brain Lang 119:129-35. 2011
    ..The discussion is focused on the relevance of these brain structures in language control in early, high-proficient bilinguals, and the comparison with previous results in late bilinguals...
  66. ncbi How native-like is non-native language processing?
    Harald Clahsen
    Department of Linguistics, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:564-70. 2006
    ..Thus, more subtle linguistic distinctions seem to be required to understand the nature of non-native language processing...
  67. pmc Shining new light on the brain's "bilingual signature": a functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy investigation of semantic processing
    Ioulia Kovelman
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
    Neuroimage 39:1457-71. 2008
    ....
  68. ncbi Language comprehension in the bilingual brain: fMRI and ERP support for psycholinguistic models
    Walter J B van Heuven
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Brain Res Rev 64:104-22. 2010
    ..Finally, we demonstrate that neuroimaging data stimulate the specification of hitherto only globally described components of functional psycholinguistic models...
  69. ncbi Structural plasticity in the language system related to increased second language proficiency
    Maria Stein
    University Hospital of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatric Neurophysiology, Bern, Switzerland
    Cortex 48:458-65. 2012
    ..This indicates that the individual amount of learning is reflected in brain structure changes, regardless of absolute proficiency...
  70. ncbi Brain potential and functional MRI evidence for how to handle two languages with one brain
    Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells
    Department of Neuropsychology, Otto von Guericke University, Universitatsplatz 2, Gebäude 24, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
    Nature 415:1026-9. 2002
    ....
  71. ncbi Speaking words in two languages with one brain: neural overlap and dissociation
    Hongyan Liu
    State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, PR China
    Brain Res 1316:75-82. 2010
    ..In addition, the conjunction analysis, for the first time, revealed the common neural correlates underlying picture naming in L1 and L2...
  72. ncbi Access to Spanish-speaking physicians in California: supply, insurance, or both
    Jean Yoon
    University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Am Board Fam Pract 17:165-72. 2004
    ..In California, 12% of urban residents are Spanish-speaking with some limited proficiency in English. The majority of these residents (67%) are uninsured or on Medicaid...
  73. ncbi fMRI evidence for cortical modification during learning of Mandarin lexical tone
    Yue Wang
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:1019-27. 2003
    ....
  74. ncbi On the bilingual advantage in conflict processing: now you see it, now you don't
    Albert Costa
    ICREA, Spain
    Cognition 113:135-49. 2009
    ..This observation suggests that bilingualism may affect the monitoring processes involved in executive control...
  75. ncbi Bilingual lexical access in context: evidence from eye movements during reading
    Maya R Libben
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:381-90. 2009
    ..Thus, nonselective bilingual lexical access at early stages of comprehension is rapidly resolved in semantically biased contexts at later stages of comprehension...
  76. ncbi Language selection in bilinguals: a spatio-temporal analysis of electric brain activity
    Asaid Khateb
    Laboratory of Experimental Neuropsychology, Department of Neurology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
    Int J Psychophysiol 65:201-13. 2007
    ..Our results suggest that language selection is achieved through a neural network involving areas implicated in both general cognitive processes and language processing...
  77. ncbi Syntactic priming in German-English bilinguals during sentence comprehension
    Kirsten Weber
    Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 46:1164-72. 2009
    ..We conclude that there is interaction between the language processing systems and that at least some syntactic information is shared between a bilingual's languages with similar syntactic structures...
  78. ncbi Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: evidence from the Simon task
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Psychol Aging 19:290-303. 2004
    ..It appears, therefore, that controlled processing is carried out more effectively by bilinguals and that bilingualism helps to offset age-related losses in certain executive processes...
  79. ncbi Limits on bilingualism revisited: stress 'deafness' in simultaneous French-Spanish bilinguals
    Emmanuel Dupoux
    Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Departement d Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Superieure, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 29 rue d Ulm, 75005 Paris, France
    Cognition 114:266-75. 2010
    ..Correlation analyses showed that the variables explaining language dominance are linked to early language exposure. These findings are discussed in light of theories of language processing in bilinguals...
  80. ncbi The activation of phonological representations by bilinguals while reading silently: evidence from interlingual homophones
    Corinne A Haigh
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:623-44. 2007
    ....
  81. pmc Bilingual experience and executive functioning in young children
    Stephanie M Carlson
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, USA
    Dev Sci 11:282-98. 2008
    ..These results advance our understanding of both the generalizability and specificity of the compensatory effects of bilingual experience for children's cognitive development...
  82. ncbi Language control and lexical competition in bilinguals: an event-related FMRI study
    Jubin Abutalebi
    Centre for Cognitive Neurosciences, Vita Salute San Raffaele University and Scientific Institute San Raffaele, 20132 Milan, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 18:1496-505. 2008
    ....
  83. ncbi The neural basis of first and second language processing
    Daniela Perani
    Department of Neuroscience, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milan, Italy
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 15:202-6. 2005
    ..Finally, the acquisition of L2 could be considered as a dynamic process, requiring additional neural resources in specific circumstances...
  84. ncbi Bilingual brain organization: a functional magnetic resonance adaptation study
    Denise Klein
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
    Neuroimage 31:366-75. 2006
    ..The results support the idea that, at the lexical level, the neural substrates for L1 and L2 in bilinguals are shared, but with some populations of neurons within these shared regions showing language-specific responses...
  85. ncbi Development of coronal stop perception: bilingual infants keep pace with their monolingual peers
    Megha Sundara
    School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Cognition 108:232-42. 2008
    ..Thus, for highly frequent, similar phones, despite overlap in cross-linguistic distributions, bilingual infants performed on par with their English monolingual peers and better than their French monolingual peers...
  86. ncbi Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEG
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuroimage 24:40-9. 2005
    ..The monolinguals demonstrated faster reaction times with activation in middle frontal regions. The interpretation is that the management of two language systems led to systematic changes in frontal executive functions...
  87. ncbi Cognitive control and lexical access in younger and older bilinguals
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:859-73. 2008
    ..The confirmation of this pattern in the same participants is discussed in terms of a suggested explanation of how the need to manage 2 language systems leads to these different outcomes for cognitive and linguistic functions...
  88. ncbi How does bilingualism improve executive control? A comparison of active and reactive inhibition mechanisms
    Lorenza S Colzato
    Institute for Psychological Research, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:302-12. 2008
    ..Under some circumstances, this ability may indirectly lead to more pronounced reactive inhibition of irrelevant information...
  89. pmc Getting by: underuse of interpreters by resident physicians
    Lisa C Diamond
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:256-62. 2009
    ..Research suggests that physicians underuse interpreters despite evidence of benefits and even when services are readily available. The reasons underlying the underuse of interpreters are poorly understood...
  90. ncbi Vocabulary and verbal fluency of bilingual and monolingual college students
    José S Portocarrero
    State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902 6000, United States
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:415-22. 2007
    ..Both groups had similar performance on phonetic fluency. However, the bilingual group performed significantly lower in semantic fluency. This pattern of performance in verbal fluency is consistent with that found in previous studies...
  91. ncbi Language barriers to prescriptions for patients with limited English proficiency: a survey of pharmacies
    Michael Bradshaw
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e225-35. 2007
    ..Language barriers can have major adverse consequences in health care, but little is known about whether pharmacies provide adequate care to patients with limited English proficiency...
  92. ncbi Doctor-patient communication in primary care with an interpreter: physician perceptions of professional and family interpreters
    Ellen Rosenberg
    Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 515 517 Pine Ave, Montreal, Que, Canada H2W 1S4
    Patient Educ Couns 67:286-92. 2007
    ..This paper explores physician perceptions of the ways professional and family interpreters affect their performance of doctor-communication tasks described in the Calgary-Cambridge Framework...
  93. pmc Are good intentions good enough? Informed consent without trained interpreters
    Linda M Hunt
    Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:598-605. 2007
    ..To examine the informed consent process when trained language interpreters are unavailable...
  94. pmc Is language a barrier to the use of preventive services?
    S Woloshin
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 12:472-7. 1997
    ..To isolate the effect of spoken language from financial barriers to care, we examined the relation of language to use of preventive services in a system with universal access...
  95. pmc Access to multilingual medication instructions at New York City pharmacies
    Linda Weiss
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
    J Urban Health 84:742-54. 2007
    ..Pharmacists should post signs and make other efforts to inform patients about the language resources available to them...
  96. ncbi Dissociating language and word meaning in the bilingual brain
    Michael W L Chee
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Duke NUS Graduate Medical School and SingHealth Research Facilities, 7th Hospital Drive, 01 11, Singapore 169611, Singapore
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:527-9. 2006
    ..This work should stimulate further research examining the role of subcortical areas in language processing and in context-appropriate language production...
  97. ncbi Bilingual aphasia and subcortical-cortical lesions
    R Moretti
    Istituto di Clinica Neurologica,
    Percept Mot Skills 92:803-14. 2001
    ..During follow-up, a dramatic improvement of the mother tongue accompanied by worsening of the second language became evident after the extension of the ischemic lesion to the cortex...
  98. ncbi Late acquisition of literacy in a native language
    Jubin Abutalebi
    Department of Neuroscience, Vita Salute San Raffaele University and Scientific Institute H San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:19-33. 2007
    ..The latter result is compatible with a "fast" brain plasticity process that may be related to a shift of reading strategies...
  99. ncbi Resident physicians' use of professional and nonprofessional interpreters: a national survey
    Karen C Lee
    JAMA 296:1050-3. 2006
  100. ncbi Anatomical correlates of foreign speech sound production
    Narly Golestani
    INSERM Unité 562, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, Commissariat à l Energie Atomique Département de la Recherche Médicale Direction des Sciences du Vivant, Orsay Cedex, France, and University College London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 17:929-34. 2007
    ..Results suggest that WM anatomy in brain regions previously implicated in articulation and phonological working memory, or the size/shape of these or adjacent regions, is in part predictive of the accuracy of speech sound pronunciation...
  101. pmc Pathological switching between languages after frontal lesions in a bilingual patient
    F Fabbro
    Neurolinguistic Unit, Istituto Scientifico E Medea, 23842 Bosisio Parini LC, Italy and University of Udine, Italy
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 68:650-2. 2000
    ..Thus, unlike pathological mixing that typically occurs in bilingual aphasia, pathological switching may be independent of language mechanisms...

Research Grants64

  1. The Development of On Line Sentence Processing In Children
    John C Trueswell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings are expected to be relevant to second language learning as well;multilingualism is an increasingly precious commodity for Americans as they interact more and more with speakers of different ..
  2. Neurocognitive Approaches to Communication Disorders
    Lewis P Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Language (Evans from SDSU and Deak from UCSD), Adult Language (Shapiro from SDSU and Ferreira from UCSD), and Multilingualism (Reilly from SDSU and Mayberry from UCSD)...
  3. Cognitive Processes of Bilinguals
    Judith F Kroll; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed research will contribute important foundational knowledge about multilingualism that will inform educational and health issues in an increasingly diverse society in which many learners are ..
  4. Cognitive-linguistic processing in L1 and L2
    Kathryn Kohnert; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This explicit theoretical processing model of language learning by L2 learners with and without LI is needed in order to develop clinical measures which can be used to identify LI in the highly variable population of L2 learners. ..
  5. Providers' Views of the Roles of Medical Interpreters
    I LING HSIEH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Memory and Language in Bilinguals
    Viorica Marian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Output & Phonological Skills in Bilingual Children
    Brian Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Childhood Bilingualism & Developmental Psychopathology
    CLAUDIO TOPPELBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The ultimate goal is to create a solid, leading, lifelong program of research in the fields of Childhood Bilingualism and Developmental Psychopathology. ..
  9. LANGUAGE, MODALITY AND THE BRAIN
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Neural Systems Underlying Sign Language Production
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Diabetes Care for Korean Americans
    Miyong Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Insights gained in this pilot investigation should help us to develop effective, culturally sensitive self-help protocols for wider application to KAI with type 2 DM in metropolitan areas throughout the U.S. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. High Blood Pressure Care for Korean Americans
    Miyong Kim; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Health Literacy Intervention for Korean Americans with HPB
    Miyong T Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..s. ..
  14. Bilingual and Second Language Learning in Infancy
    Barbara Conboy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Diagnostic Markers of Language Impairment in Bilinguals
    ELIZABETH D PENA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. The Neurodevelopmental Basis of Speech Discrimination
    Valerie Shafer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..bilingual) on speech discrimination using brain and behavioral indices of processing of these stimuli. ..
  17. A Telenovela Intervention to Increase Mexican American Elders' Home Care Use
    JANICE DIANE CRIST; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thirty Mexican American elders and their caregivers will view the telenovela;and 30 elders and their caregivers will watch the general video. We will show the videotapes in the hospital setting. We will compare results 6 months later. ..
  18. Morphology in typical and atypical bilingual development
    PEGGY JACOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..4) To compare bilingual outcomes for groups of typical and atypical language learners. 5) To examine SLI within existing accounts of second language learning. ..
  19. Neural Substrates of Component Lexical Semantic Processes
    BRIAN GOLD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Phenotype Assessment Tools:Bilingual(Spanish-English)
    ELIZABETH PENA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This application addresses this concern by working to develop an assessment protocol to improve identification of bilingual children with language impairment. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Typical speech sound development in 3 to 4-year old Spanish-English bilinguals
    CHRISTINA GILDERSLEEVE NEUMANN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Perception of Sources of Environmental Sounds
    Valeriy Shafiro; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings of the study will be relevant to cochlear implant design, and will provide an empirical basis for a theory of environmental sound perception. ..
  23. Neural Correlates of Proficiency in Early Bilinguals
    Arturo Hernandez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Insular AD Pathology and Autonomic Function
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. IMMIGRATION AND EARLY LIFE COURSE TRANSITIONS
    JENNIFER GLICK; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The long-term view afforded by this longitudinal approach to the study of immigrant adaptation may aid the development of both immigration policy and domestic policies affecting immigrants. ..
  26. Sociocultural Processes in Latina Suicide Attempts
    Luis Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Key research goals are to determine if, and how, the explanatory factors hypothesized in the literature play a role in the attempts, and to invite the emergence of factors not considered previously. ..
  27. Literacy and Utilization of Maternal Depression Care
    Ian Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study represents a unique and cost effective opportunity to study patient factors which are obstacles to depression treatment in women with low literacy and inform future interventions. ..
  28. Improving Literacy Instruction for Adults
    DARYL MELLARD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..More specifically, these studies will examine how effective these interventions are on learners' outcomes when the research controls and supports are reduced from what was available in the previous studies. ..
  29. The Development and Redevelopment of Lexical and Sublexical Representations
    Arthur G Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because language is such a fundamental cognitive ability, progress in describing language processing will enhance our understanding of human cognition, under both normal and disordered conditions. ..
  30. CANCER AWARENESS NETWORK FOR IMMIGRANT MINORITY POPULATI
    Francesca Gany; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. STRATEGY SHIFTS AND AUTOMATIZATION OF COGNITIVE SKILLS
    TIMOTHY RICKARD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The research will test and extend the PI's previous work in the areas of skill acquisition, skill transfer, and memory and amnesia. ..
  32. Social Demography of Children Living with Grandparents
    JAN MUTCHLER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  33. FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING STUDIES OF SPEECH PROSODY
    Jackson Gandour; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  34. AUDITORY DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY-AMPLIFIED CHILDREN
    Yvonne Sininger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  35. Improving Cognitive Tests with Modern Psychometrics
    Paul Crane; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Crane's future academic research career, and will likely lead to significant advances in thinking about measuring cognitive function. ..
  36. HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN ARTHRITIS AND AIDS
    KAREN SOUSA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A valid conceptual model that captures HRQOL throughout the health-illness continuum would be valuable not only to nursing, but to consumers, providers, administrators, and policy makers. ..
  37. Lateral Asymmetry in the Human Auditory System
    Yvonne S Sininger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will help to reveal the true nature of the disability imparted to individuals with unilateral deafness and how such disability relates to the side of the deafness. ..
  38. Prognosis and Effectiveness of Advanced Lung Cancer Treatment in the Elderly
    Juan P Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will provide information regarding the efficacy of several therapies and may help resolve several controversies regarding the staging and treatment of elderly patients with advanced stage lung cancer. ..
  39. Pediatric Quality of Life: Is it lost in traduccion?
    KAREN SOUSA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..not been tested for measurement invariance, a relatively new analytical technique, which is a necessary requirement for appropriate between group comparisons [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Early School Transitions of Immigrants' Children
    JENNIFER GLICK; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Maximizing CBT's Efficacy with Medication & CM
    Kathleen Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Variables assessing theoretical mechanisms of action will be assessed monthly during treatment. ..
  42. Cultural Competency Training in Latino Health
    Desiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
  43. Communication needs and decision-making among women with recurrent breast cancer
    Marla Clayman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Exercise CHOICE to Prevent Cancer in Rural Adults
    Jill Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The evidence for CHOICE by Phone's effects on increasing physical activity will be determined by a test of the group by time interaction using a repeated measures analysis of variance. ..
  45. CHILD AND FAMILY FUNCTIONING AFTER PEDIATRIC HEAD TRAUMA
    JoAnne Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..If nursing research and care can facilitate achieving these objectives, burden on health care, educational, and family systems will be reduced. ..
  46. RETRIEVAL PRACTICE IN LEARNING AND MEMORY
    Harold Pashler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Experimental and computational studies are outlined to determine the possible benefits of fading and explore their possible implications for neural-computational bases of learning. ..
  47. MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN LATINOS
    Esperanza Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..leading to a Masters in Public Health. Dr. Diaz will also develop skills in descriptive and qualitative research, Data collection, Data analysis. Dr. Diaz will have an R01 proposal ready by the end of funding. ..
  48. CROSS-LANGUAGE STUDIES OF VOWEL ACOUSTICS AND PERCEPTION
    Winifred Strange; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Development of better theories of speech perception and production in normal children and adults form the basis for advances in research into problems of atypically developing children with phonological disorders. ..
  49. Dyspraxia and Autonomic Control in Very Early AD
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Some dementia treatments are known to reduce HRV, and possibly mortality as well. Alternatively, some psychotropics may increase arrhythmia-related mortality, possibly via a central mechanism. ..
  50. Adult Age Differences in Binding Actors and Actions
    ALAN KERSTEN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The false recognition of these items can be used as a measure of unconscious transference, allowing one to examine the conditions under which young and older adults are susceptible to this phenomenon. ..
  51. Emotional Knowledge and Memory Across Preschool Years
    Qi Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this project will have great implications for current research on autobiographical memory development as well as for policy-making with regard to issues such as education and parenting. ..
  52. IMPACT OF RISK TALKS ON PATIENT COLORECTAL SCREENING
    Linda Larkey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Research Question 1: Which source of cancer risk discussions will improve the rates of patient compliance with the recommended colorectal early detection tests more, physician or staff initiated? ..
  53. Perceptual & Cognitive Components of Attention
    Harold Pashler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Recent work from our laboratory provides tentative support for this hypothesis; new experiments, both visual and auditory, are proposed to further test and refine it. ..
  54. Better Breast Health for Korean American Women
    Hae Ra Han; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Measurement & Prediction of Everyday Function Dementia
    Sarah Tomaszewski Farias; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Measures of disability and preliminary assessment of handicap will also be included to examine the relationship between the different levels functional change set forth in the model. ..
  56. Cognitive Processes in Bilinguals
    JUDITH KROLL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research will contribute important foundational knowledge about multilingualism that will inform educational issues in an increasingly diverse society in which many learners are faced with ..
  57. COMPARATIVE SPEECH PERCEPTION
    JOAN SINNOTT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As far as health-relatedness of the overall project, "monkey-model" data may contribute to the verification of currently proposed models of human infant speech perception development. ..
  58. Overt and Covert Selection During Reading
    ALBRECHT INHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It should also have ramifications beyond the domain of reading, as coordination of covert and overt selection may be part and parcel of effective visual selection in general. ..
  59. Research on Reading Instructions for Low Literate Adults
    DAPHNE GREENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, we will scan 5 participants from each of our 6 groups before they receive instruction and after the 100th hour is completed. ..
  60. A Measure of Acute Stress Disorder for Children
    Nancy Kassam Adams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The Principal Investigator is a newer investigator who is developing a program of research into child and parent post-traumatic stress in relation to injuries and medical emergencies. ..
  61. Cognitive Processes in Bilinguals
    JUDITH KROLL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The goal of the proposed research is to use a range of converging approaches to answer these questions and to obtain evidence that will eventually constrain a unified model of the bilingual lexicon. ..
  62. CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF LEXICAL ACTIVATION
    Arthur Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In turn, because language is such a fundamental cognitive ability, progress in describing language processing will enhance our understanding of human cognition, under both normal and disordered conditions. ..
  63. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Lung Cancer Treatment in the Elderly
    Juan Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings from this project will provide information that can directly impact the care of elderly patients with NSCLC and inform the design of future trials of lung cancer treatment strategies. ..