Summary: The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Publications289 found, 100 shown here
- Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brainEllen Bialystok
Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada
Trends Cogn Sci 16:240-50. 2012..Cognitive reserve is a crucial research area in the context of an aging population; the possibility that bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve is therefore of growing importance as populations become increasingly diverse...
- Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserveFergus I M Craik
Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON Canada M6A 2E1
Neurology 75:1726-9. 2010..We present evidence that lifelong bilingualism is a further factor contributing to cognitive reserve...
- Structural correlates of semantic and phonemic fluency ability in first and second languagesAlice Grogan
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N3BG, UK
Cereb Cortex 19:2690-8. 2009..On the basis of our findings, we also predict that lesions to the pre-SMA and caudate nuclei may have a greater impact on phonemic than semantic fluency, particularly in L2 speakers...
- Bilingualism as a contributor to cognitive reserve: evidence from brain atrophy in Alzheimer's diseaseTom A Schweizer
Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
Cortex 48:991-6. 2012..Bilingualism appears to contribute to increased CR, thereby delaying the onset of AD and requiring the presence of greater amounts of neuropathology before the disease is manifest...
- Multilingualism and cognitive state in the oldest oldGitit Kave
Herczeg Institute on Aging, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Isreal
Psychol Aging 23:70-8. 2008..b>Multilingualism was also found to be a significant predictor of cognitive state in a group of individuals who acquired no ..
- Multilingualism (but not always bilingualism) delays the onset of Alzheimer disease: evidence from a bilingual communityHoward Chertkow
Bloomfield Centre for Research in Aging, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, and Jewish General Hospital McGill University Memory Clinic, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 24:118-25. 2010..In contrast, in nonimmigrants whose first language was English, no such effect was found. These results are discussed in relation to the earlier findings and the theory of cognitive reserve...
- Relative language proficiency modulates BOLD signal change when bilinguals perform semantic judgments. Blood oxygen level dependentM W Chee
Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Singapore General Hospital, 20 College Road, Singapore 169856, Singapore
Neuroimage 13:1155-63. 2001..The results highlight the importance of taking into consideration nature of task and relative language proficiency when drawing inferences from functional imaging studies of bilinguals...
- The source of enhanced cognitive control in bilinguals: evidence from bimodal bilingualsKaren Emmorey
Laboratory for Language and Cognitive Neuroscience, San Diego State University, 6495 Alvarado Rd, Suite 200, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
Psychol Sci 19:1201-6. 2008..These results trace the bilingual advantage in cognitive control to the unimodal bilingual's experience controlling two languages in the same modality...
- Neuroanatomical correlates of phonological processing of Chinese characters and alphabetic words: a meta-analysisLi Hai Tan
Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Linguistics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Hum Brain Mapp 25:83-91. 2005..Language form, cognitive process, and learning strategy drive the development of functional neuroanatomy...
- An international validation study of the EORTC brain cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BN20) for assessing health-related quality of life and symptoms in brain cancer patientsMartin J B Taphoorn
Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague and VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Eur J Cancer 46:1033-40. 2010..This study examined the validity and reliability of the questionnaire in a multi-national, multi-lingual study...
- Phonetic perceptual identification by native- and second-language speakers differentially activates brain regions involved with acoustic phonetic processing and those involved with articulatory-auditory/orosensory internal modelsDaniel E Callan
Human Information Science Laboratories, ATR International, Kyoto, Japan
Neuroimage 22:1182-94. 2004....
- In search of the language switch: An fMRI study of picture naming in Spanish-English bilingualsA E Hernandez
University of California, Santa Barbara 93106 9660, USA
Brain Lang 73:421-31. 2000..Results are consistent with the view that language switching is a part of a general executive attentional system and that languages are represented in overlapping areas of the brain in early bilinguals...
- There is no coherent evidence for a bilingual advantage in executive processingKenneth R Paap
San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, EP301, Department of Psychology, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
Cogn Psychol 66:232-58. 2013..In a final discussion the underlying rationale for hypothesizing bilingual advantages in executive processing based on the special linguistic demands placed on bilinguals is interrogated...
- Effect of language proficiency and executive control on verbal fluency performance in bilingualsLin Luo
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3
Cognition 114:29-41. 2010..The results are discussed in terms of the contributions of linguistic resources and executive control to verbal performance...
- Native and non-native reading of sentences: an fMRI experimentShirley Ann Rüschemeyer
Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, Leipzig 04103, Germany
Neuroimage 31:354-65. 2006..The combined results provide evidence that L1 and L2 speakers rely on the same cortical network to process language, although with a higher level of activation in some regions for L2 processing...
- An encoding-complex approach to numerical cognition in Chinese-English bilingualsJamie I D Campbell
Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Canada
Can J Exp Psychol 58:229-44. 2004..We provide new analyses of the arithmetic data and a review of research on the role of language in simple arithmetic to substantiate our claims about linguistic codes for number-fact memory...
- The acquisition of phonetic categories in bilingual infants: new data from an anticipatory eye movement paradigmBàrbara Albareda-Castellot
Department of Basic Psychology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Dev Sci 14:395-401. 2011..The high ratio of cognates in Spanish and Catalan may underlie the reason why bilinguals failed to discriminate the native vowels when tested with the familiarization-preference procedure but succeeded with the AEM paradigm...
- Chinese-English bilinguals reading English hear ChineseYan Jing Wu
School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 30:7646-51. 2010..These results suggest that processing second language activates the sound, but not the spelling, of native language translations...
- Proper names get stuck on bilingual and monolingual speakers' tip of the tongue equally oftenTamar H Gollan
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
Neuropsychology 19:278-87. 2005..Bilingual disadvantages may be limited to representing multiple forms for individual meanings; proper names improved naming because they have essentially the same form across languages...
- Language selection in bilingual speech: evidence for inhibitory processesJudith F Kroll
Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Acta Psychol (Amst) 128:416-30. 2008..On the latter view, the selection mechanism may require that candidates in the nontarget language be inhibited. We consider the evidence for such an inhibitory mechanism in a series of recent behavioral and neuroimaging studies...
- Spatiotemporal dynamics of bilingual word processingMatthew K Leonard
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
Neuroimage 49:3286-94. 2010..We propose that acquiring a language involves the recruitment of right hemisphere and posterior visual areas that are not necessary once fluency is achieved...
- Semantic and letter fluency in Spanish-English bilingualsTamar H Gollan
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0109, USA
Neuropsychology 16:562-76. 2002..Surprisingly, bilinguals' fluency scores did not improve when they used words in both languages. This result suggests that voluntary language switching incurs a processing cost...
- What did Simon say? Revisiting the bilingual advantageJ Bruce Morton
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
Dev Sci 10:719-26. 2007..Controlling differences in SES and ethnicity may attenuate the bilingual advantage in cognitive control...
- Common and segregated neuronal networks for different languages revealed using functional magnetic resonance adaptationMichael W L Chee
SingHealth Research Facilities, Singapore General Hospital
J Cogn Neurosci 15:85-97. 2003..Together, the experiments suggest that while the networks for Chinese and English word processing have shared components, there are also components that may be language specific...
- What's in control of language?Angela D Friederici
Nat Neurosci 9:991-2. 2006
- Impact of language proficiency and orthographic transparency on bilingual word reading: an fMRI investigationGayane Meschyan
Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 5022, USA
Neuroimage 29:1135-40. 2006..By contrast, we propose that our orthography effect is less plastic, hence, less influenced by frequency of exposure to a language system...
- Cognitive gains in 7-month-old bilingual infantsÁgnes Melinda Kovács
Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, Via Beirut 4, 34014 Trieste, Italy
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:6556-60. 2009..These findings show that processing representations from 2 languages leads to a domain-general enhancement of the cognitive control system well before the onset of speech...
- Assessing medical students' skills in working with interpreters during patient encounters: a validation study of the Interpreter ScaleDesiree Lie
Research Faculty Development, Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California 92868, USA
Acad Med 84:643-50. 2009..The absence of available reliable, valid, and practical measures hinders the assessment of these skills; therefore, the authors aimed to construct and validate the Interpreter Scale (IS)...
- Developmental shift in the discrimination of vowel contrasts in bilingual infants: is the distributional account all there is to it?Núria Sebastián-Gallés
Parc Científic UB and Departament de Psicologia Bàsica, University of Barcelona, Spain
Dev Sci 12:874-87. 2009..These results confirm bilinguals' specific developmental pattern of perceptual reorganization for acoustically close vowels and challenge an interpretation merely based on a distributional account...
- Masked translation priming effects with highly proficient simultaneous bilingualsJon Andoni Duñabeitia
Instituto de Tecnologías Biomédicas, Universidad de La Laguna, Spain
Exp Psychol 57:98-107. 2010..Thus, highly fluent bilinguals do develop symmetrical between-language links, as predicted by the Revised Hierarchical model and the BIA+ model. We examine the implications of these results for models of bilingual memory...
- Simultaneous bilingualism and the perception of a language-specific vowel contrast in the first year of lifeLaura Bosch
University of Barcelona, Spain
Lang Speech 46:217-43. 2003..An additional experiment at 12 months of age indicated that bilinguals finally regained discrimination. Together these results suggest a specific developmental pattern of perceptual reorganization in bilingual exposure...
- Age of acquisition: its neural and computational mechanismsArturo E Hernandez
Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 5022, USA
Psychol Bull 133:638-50. 2007..The authors conclude that AoA effects are pervasive and that the neural and computational mechanisms underlying learning and sensorimotor integration provide a general account of these effects...
- Limited English proficiency and breast and cervical cancer screening in a multiethnic populationElizabeth A Jacobs
John H Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County and Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1410-6. 2005..We examined the relationship between ability to speak English and receipt of Papanicolaou tests, clinical breast examinations, and mammography in a multiethnic group of women in the United States...
- Visual language discrimination in infancyWhitney M Weikum
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Science 316:1159. 2007..These findings reveal a surprisingly early preparedness for visual language discrimination and highlight infants' selectivity for retaining only necessary perceptual sensitivities...
- Effects of native language on perceptual sensitivity to phonetic cuesAlex Brandmeyer
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Neuroreport 23:653-7. 2012....
- The effect of bilingualism on amnestic mild cognitive impairmentLynn Ossher
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 530 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 68:8-12. 2013....
- Fine-tuned: phonology and semantics affect first-to second-language zooming inKerrie E Elston-Güttler
Max Planck Institut for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 21:180-96. 2009..We discuss our findings in terms of context types that affect L1-to-L2 adjustment...
- Bilingual effects on cognitive and linguistic development: role of language, cultural background, and educationRaluca Barac
York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Child Dev 83:413-22. 2012..Thus, executive control outcomes for bilingual children are general but performance on verbal tasks is specific to factors in the bilingual experience...
- Lexical competition during second-language listening: sentence context, but not proficiency, constrains interference from the native lexiconCraig G Chambers
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:1029-40. 2009..The results provide new insights into the nature of parallel language activation in naturalistic sentential contexts...
- Effects of bilingualism, aging, and semantic relatedness on memory under divided attentionMyra A Fernandes
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario
Can J Exp Psychol 61:128-41. 2007..The results suggest that encoding is more sensitive to semantic similarity in a distracting task than is retrieval. The role of attention at encoding and retrieval is discussed...
- A potential protective effect in multilingual patients with semantic dementia: two case reports of patients speaking Taiwanese and JapaneseYi Chien Liu
Department of Geriatric Behavioral Neurology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
Acta Neurol Taiwan 21:25-30. 2012Several reports have suggested that multilingualism has a protective effect against semantic dementia. Here, we provide further evidence for this effect.
- Infants can rapidly learn words in a foreign languageRanka Bijeljac-Babic
Universite Paris Descartes, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS, Paris, France
Infant Behav Dev 32:476-80. 2009..French-learning 20-month-olds, who were taught new words in either English or French by a bilingual French-English speaker, succeeded in both language conditions...
- Native language influences on word recognition in a second language: a megastudyKristin Lemhöfer
Nijmegen Institute of Cognition and Information, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:12-31. 2008..An additional comparison of the bilingual data with a native control group showed that there are subtle but significant differences between L1 and L2 processing...
- Language representation and processing in fluent bilinguals: electrophysiological evidence for asymmetric mapping in bilingual memoryShekeila D Palmer
Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
Neuropsychologia 48:1426-37. 2010..Specifically, the N400 effect was larger during backward translation (L2-L1) than during forward translation (L1-L2) in both groups of bilinguals. Results are considered in the context of different models of bilingual memory...
- Lexical competition in nonnative speech comprehensionIan FitzPatrick
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 22:1165-78. 2010..e., before a single lexical candidate could have been selected based on the input) and secondly suggest that spuriously elicited L1 lexical candidates are not available for semantic integration in L2 speech comprehension...
- Improving access for Latino immigrants: evaluation of language training adapted to the needs of health professionalsDeborah E Bender
Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7411, USA
J Immigr Health 6:197-209. 2004..The authors make recommendations for replication of the integrated language and culture-training model in other new settlement areas, especially those in the southeast of the United States...
- Self-reported fluency in non-english languages among physicians practicing in CaliforniaGerardo Moreno
Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program and Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
Fam Med 42:414-20. 2010..We sought to compare the non-English language fluency of practicing physicians by physician race/ethnicity and location of medical school education...
- Second language interferes with word production in fluent bilinguals: brain potential and functional imaging evidenceAntoni Rodriguez-Fornells
Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 17:422-33. 2005..Nonlanguagespecific brain areas such as the left middle prefrontal cortex were found to be crucial for the control of interference...
- Errors in medical interpretation and their potential clinical consequences in pediatric encountersGlenn Flores
Center for the Advancement of Urban Children, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
Pediatrics 111:6-14. 2003..About 19 million people in the United States are limited in English proficiency, but little is known about the frequency and potential clinical consequences of errors in medical interpretation...
- The impact of second language learning on semantic and nonsemantic first language readingChiara Nosarti
Department of Psychiatry, Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Cereb Cortex 20:315-27. 2010..Our observations were in a context that required participants to switch between languages. They motivate future fMRI studies to test whether first language reading is also altered in contexts when the second language is not in use...
- Language control in the bilingual brainJ Crinion
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Science 312:1537-40. 2006..By demonstrating this effect in populations of German-English and Japanese-English bilinguals, we suggest that the left caudate plays a universal role in monitoring and controlling the language in use...
- Attention and inhibition in bilingual children: evidence from the dimensional change card sort taskEllen Bialystok
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada
Dev Sci 7:325-39. 2004..The results also identify the ability to ignore an obsolete display feature as the critical difficulty in solving this task...
- Visual word recognition by bilinguals in a sentence context: evidence for nonselective lexical accessWouter Duyck
Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:663-79. 2007..These results suggest that a sentence context may influence, but does not nullify, cross-lingual lexical interactions during early visual word recognition by bilinguals...
- Perception of rhythmic grouping depends on auditory experienceJohn R Iversen
The Neurosciences Institute, 10640 John Jay Hopkins Drive, San Diego, California 92121, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 124:2263-71. 2008..It is suggested that the observed perceptual differences reflect the rhythms of the two languages, and that native language can exert an influence on general auditory perception at a basic level...
- Flexible learning of multiple speech structures in bilingual infantsÁgnes Melinda Kovács
Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati SISSA, Via Beirut 4, 34014 Trieste, Italy
Science 325:611-2. 2009..Hence, bilinguals may acquire two languages in the time in which monolinguals acquire one because they quickly become more flexible learners...
- Native-language recognition abilities in 4-month-old infants from monolingual and bilingual environmentsL Bosch
Departament Psicologia Bàsica, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
Cognition 65:33-69. 1997..Possible interpretations of this unexpected pattern of results are discussed and its implications for bilingual language acquisition are considered...
- The role of age of acquisition and language usage in early, high-proficient bilinguals: an fMRI study during verbal fluencyDaniela Perani
Universita Vita Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
Hum Brain Mapp 19:170-82. 2003....
- Neural systems of second language reading are shaped by native languageLi Hai Tan
Joint Laboratories for Language and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Hum Brain Mapp 18:158-66. 2003..Our brain imaging findings lend strongest support to the idea that language experience tunes the cortex...
- Language and number: a bilingual training studyE S Spelke
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, MIT, NE20 456, 3 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Cognition 78:45-88. 2001..The findings prompt more general speculations about the role of language in the development of specifically human cognitive abilities...
- Dual language use in sign-speech bimodal bilinguals: fNIRS brain-imaging evidenceIoulia Kovelman
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
Brain Lang 109:112-23. 2009..By contrast, neuroimaging results revealed that bilinguals in Bilingual mode showed greater signal intensity within posterior temporal regions ("Wernicke's area") than in Monolingual mode...
- The Language Experience and Proficiency Questionnaire (LEAP-Q): assessing language profiles in bilinguals and multilingualsViorica Marian
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 50:940-67. 2007..To develop a reliable and valid questionnaire of bilingual language status with predictable relationships between self-reported and behavioral measures...
- Bilingual language lateralization: a meta-analytic tale of two hemispheresRachel Hull
Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
Neuropsychologia 45:1987-2008. 2007..Implications of the observed differences in lateralization between early and late bilinguals are explored for existing theories of bilingualism and for neurocognitive models of brain functional organization of language...
- A critical review of ERP and fMRI evidence on L2 syntactic processingSonja A Kotz
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Research Group Neurocognition of Rhythm in Communication, Stephanstrasse la, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Brain Lang 109:68-74. 2009....
- Working effectively with interpreters: a model curriculum for physician assistant studentsGail S Marion
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
Med Teach 30:612-7. 2008..Effective patient-provider communication is crucial to achieving good health care outcomes. To accomplish this with patients of limited English proficiency, learning to work effectively with interpreters is essential...
- Neural bases of language switching in high and early proficient bilingualsG Garbin
Dept of Psicología Básica, Clinica y Psicobiologia, Universitat Jaume I, Av Sos Baynat sn, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain
Brain Lang 119:129-35. 2011..The discussion is focused on the relevance of these brain structures in language control in early, high-proficient bilinguals, and the comparison with previous results in late bilinguals...
- How native-like is non-native language processing?Harald Clahsen
Department of Linguistics, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 10:564-70. 2006..Thus, more subtle linguistic distinctions seem to be required to understand the nature of non-native language processing...
- Shining new light on the brain's "bilingual signature": a functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy investigation of semantic processingIoulia Kovelman
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
Neuroimage 39:1457-71. 2008....
- Language comprehension in the bilingual brain: fMRI and ERP support for psycholinguistic modelsWalter J B van Heuven
School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Brain Res Rev 64:104-22. 2010..Finally, we demonstrate that neuroimaging data stimulate the specification of hitherto only globally described components of functional psycholinguistic models...
- Structural plasticity in the language system related to increased second language proficiencyMaria Stein
University Hospital of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatric Neurophysiology, Bern, Switzerland
Cortex 48:458-65. 2012..This indicates that the individual amount of learning is reflected in brain structure changes, regardless of absolute proficiency...
- Brain potential and functional MRI evidence for how to handle two languages with one brainAntoni Rodriguez-Fornells
Department of Neuropsychology, Otto von Guericke University, Universitatsplatz 2, Gebäude 24, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
Nature 415:1026-9. 2002....
- Speaking words in two languages with one brain: neural overlap and dissociationHongyan Liu
State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, PR China
Brain Res 1316:75-82. 2010..In addition, the conjunction analysis, for the first time, revealed the common neural correlates underlying picture naming in L1 and L2...
- Access to Spanish-speaking physicians in California: supply, insurance, or bothJean Yoon
University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
J Am Board Fam Pract 17:165-72. 2004..In California, 12% of urban residents are Spanish-speaking with some limited proficiency in English. The majority of these residents (67%) are uninsured or on Medicaid...
- fMRI evidence for cortical modification during learning of Mandarin lexical toneYue Wang
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 15:1019-27. 2003....
- On the bilingual advantage in conflict processing: now you see it, now you don'tAlbert Costa
Cognition 113:135-49. 2009..This observation suggests that bilingualism may affect the monitoring processes involved in executive control...
- Bilingual lexical access in context: evidence from eye movements during readingMaya R Libben
Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:381-90. 2009..Thus, nonselective bilingual lexical access at early stages of comprehension is rapidly resolved in semantically biased contexts at later stages of comprehension...
- Language selection in bilinguals: a spatio-temporal analysis of electric brain activityAsaid Khateb
Laboratory of Experimental Neuropsychology, Department of Neurology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
Int J Psychophysiol 65:201-13. 2007..Our results suggest that language selection is achieved through a neural network involving areas implicated in both general cognitive processes and language processing...
- Syntactic priming in German-English bilinguals during sentence comprehensionKirsten Weber
Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 46:1164-72. 2009..We conclude that there is interaction between the language processing systems and that at least some syntactic information is shared between a bilingual's languages with similar syntactic structures...
- Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: evidence from the Simon taskEllen Bialystok
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Psychol Aging 19:290-303. 2004..It appears, therefore, that controlled processing is carried out more effectively by bilinguals and that bilingualism helps to offset age-related losses in certain executive processes...
- Limits on bilingualism revisited: stress 'deafness' in simultaneous French-Spanish bilingualsEmmanuel Dupoux
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Departement d Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Superieure, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 29 rue d Ulm, 75005 Paris, France
Cognition 114:266-75. 2010..Correlation analyses showed that the variables explaining language dominance are linked to early language exposure. These findings are discussed in light of theories of language processing in bilinguals...
- The activation of phonological representations by bilinguals while reading silently: evidence from interlingual homophonesCorinne A Haigh
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:623-44. 2007....
- Bilingual experience and executive functioning in young childrenStephanie M Carlson
Department of Psychology, University of Washington, USA
Dev Sci 11:282-98. 2008..These results advance our understanding of both the generalizability and specificity of the compensatory effects of bilingual experience for children's cognitive development...
- Language control and lexical competition in bilinguals: an event-related FMRI studyJubin Abutalebi
Centre for Cognitive Neurosciences, Vita Salute San Raffaele University and Scientific Institute San Raffaele, 20132 Milan, Italy
Cereb Cortex 18:1496-505. 2008....
- The neural basis of first and second language processingDaniela Perani
Department of Neuroscience, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milan, Italy
Curr Opin Neurobiol 15:202-6. 2005..Finally, the acquisition of L2 could be considered as a dynamic process, requiring additional neural resources in specific circumstances...
- Bilingual brain organization: a functional magnetic resonance adaptation studyDenise Klein
Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B4
Neuroimage 31:366-75. 2006..The results support the idea that, at the lexical level, the neural substrates for L1 and L2 in bilinguals are shared, but with some populations of neurons within these shared regions showing language-specific responses...
- Development of coronal stop perception: bilingual infants keep pace with their monolingual peersMegha Sundara
School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Cognition 108:232-42. 2008..Thus, for highly frequent, similar phones, despite overlap in cross-linguistic distributions, bilingual infants performed on par with their English monolingual peers and better than their French monolingual peers...
- Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEGEllen Bialystok
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Neuroimage 24:40-9. 2005..The monolinguals demonstrated faster reaction times with activation in middle frontal regions. The interpretation is that the management of two language systems led to systematic changes in frontal executive functions...
- Cognitive control and lexical access in younger and older bilingualsEllen Bialystok
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:859-73. 2008..The confirmation of this pattern in the same participants is discussed in terms of a suggested explanation of how the need to manage 2 language systems leads to these different outcomes for cognitive and linguistic functions...
- How does bilingualism improve executive control? A comparison of active and reactive inhibition mechanismsLorenza S Colzato
Institute for Psychological Research, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:302-12. 2008..Under some circumstances, this ability may indirectly lead to more pronounced reactive inhibition of irrelevant information...
- Getting by: underuse of interpreters by resident physiciansLisa C Diamond
Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
J Gen Intern Med 24:256-62. 2009..Research suggests that physicians underuse interpreters despite evidence of benefits and even when services are readily available. The reasons underlying the underuse of interpreters are poorly understood...
- Vocabulary and verbal fluency of bilingual and monolingual college studentsJosé S Portocarrero
State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902 6000, United States
Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:415-22. 2007..Both groups had similar performance on phonetic fluency. However, the bilingual group performed significantly lower in semantic fluency. This pattern of performance in verbal fluency is consistent with that found in previous studies...
- Language barriers to prescriptions for patients with limited English proficiency: a survey of pharmaciesMichael Bradshaw
Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Pediatrics 120:e225-35. 2007..Language barriers can have major adverse consequences in health care, but little is known about whether pharmacies provide adequate care to patients with limited English proficiency...
- Doctor-patient communication in primary care with an interpreter: physician perceptions of professional and family interpretersEllen Rosenberg
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 515 517 Pine Ave, Montreal, Que, Canada H2W 1S4
Patient Educ Couns 67:286-92. 2007..This paper explores physician perceptions of the ways professional and family interpreters affect their performance of doctor-communication tasks described in the Calgary-Cambridge Framework...
- Are good intentions good enough? Informed consent without trained interpretersLinda M Hunt
Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
J Gen Intern Med 22:598-605. 2007..To examine the informed consent process when trained language interpreters are unavailable...
- Is language a barrier to the use of preventive services?S Woloshin
VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
J Gen Intern Med 12:472-7. 1997..To isolate the effect of spoken language from financial barriers to care, we examined the relation of language to use of preventive services in a system with universal access...
- Access to multilingual medication instructions at New York City pharmaciesLinda Weiss
Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
J Urban Health 84:742-54. 2007..Pharmacists should post signs and make other efforts to inform patients about the language resources available to them...
- Dissociating language and word meaning in the bilingual brainMichael W L Chee
Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Duke NUS Graduate Medical School and SingHealth Research Facilities, 7th Hospital Drive, 01 11, Singapore 169611, Singapore
Trends Cogn Sci 10:527-9. 2006..This work should stimulate further research examining the role of subcortical areas in language processing and in context-appropriate language production...
- Bilingual aphasia and subcortical-cortical lesionsR Moretti
Istituto di Clinica Neurologica,
Percept Mot Skills 92:803-14. 2001..During follow-up, a dramatic improvement of the mother tongue accompanied by worsening of the second language became evident after the extension of the ischemic lesion to the cortex...
- Late acquisition of literacy in a native languageJubin Abutalebi
Department of Neuroscience, Vita Salute San Raffaele University and Scientific Institute H San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
Hum Brain Mapp 28:19-33. 2007..The latter result is compatible with a "fast" brain plasticity process that may be related to a shift of reading strategies...
- Resident physicians' use of professional and nonprofessional interpreters: a national surveyKaren C Lee
JAMA 296:1050-3. 2006
- Anatomical correlates of foreign speech sound productionNarly Golestani
INSERM Unité 562, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, Commissariat à l Energie Atomique Département de la Recherche Médicale Direction des Sciences du Vivant, Orsay Cedex, France, and University College London, UK
Cereb Cortex 17:929-34. 2007..Results suggest that WM anatomy in brain regions previously implicated in articulation and phonological working memory, or the size/shape of these or adjacent regions, is in part predictive of the accuracy of speech sound pronunciation...
- Pathological switching between languages after frontal lesions in a bilingual patientF Fabbro
Neurolinguistic Unit, Istituto Scientifico E Medea, 23842 Bosisio Parini LC, Italy and University of Udine, Italy
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 68:650-2. 2000..Thus, unlike pathological mixing that typically occurs in bilingual aphasia, pathological switching may be independent of language mechanisms...
- The Development of On Line Sentence Processing In ChildrenJohn C Trueswell; Fiscal Year: 2013..The findings are expected to be relevant to second language learning as well;multilingualism is an increasingly precious commodity for Americans as they interact more and more with speakers of different ..
- Neurocognitive Approaches to Communication DisordersLewis P Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2013..Language (Evans from SDSU and Deak from UCSD), Adult Language (Shapiro from SDSU and Ferreira from UCSD), and Multilingualism (Reilly from SDSU and Mayberry from UCSD)...
- Cognitive Processes of BilingualsJudith F Kroll; Fiscal Year: 2012..The proposed research will contribute important foundational knowledge about multilingualism that will inform educational and health issues in an increasingly diverse society in which many learners are ..
- Cognitive-linguistic processing in L1 and L2Kathryn Kohnert; Fiscal Year: 2004..This explicit theoretical processing model of language learning by L2 learners with and without LI is needed in order to develop clinical measures which can be used to identify LI in the highly variable population of L2 learners. ..
- Providers' Views of the Roles of Medical InterpretersI LING HSIEH; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Memory and Language in BilingualsViorica Marian; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Output & Phonological Skills in Bilingual ChildrenBrian Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Childhood Bilingualism & Developmental PsychopathologyCLAUDIO TOPPELBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006..The ultimate goal is to create a solid, leading, lifelong program of research in the fields of Childhood Bilingualism and Developmental Psychopathology. ..
- LANGUAGE, MODALITY AND THE BRAINKaren Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Neural Systems Underlying Sign Language ProductionKaren Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Diabetes Care for Korean AmericansMiyong Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007..Insights gained in this pilot investigation should help us to develop effective, culturally sensitive self-help protocols for wider application to KAI with type 2 DM in metropolitan areas throughout the U.S. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- High Blood Pressure Care for Korean AmericansMiyong Kim; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Health Literacy Intervention for Korean Americans with HPBMiyong T Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010..s. ..
- Bilingual and Second Language Learning in InfancyBarbara Conboy; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Diagnostic Markers of Language Impairment in BilingualsELIZABETH D PENA; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- The Neurodevelopmental Basis of Speech DiscriminationValerie Shafer; Fiscal Year: 2009..bilingual) on speech discrimination using brain and behavioral indices of processing of these stimuli. ..
- A Telenovela Intervention to Increase Mexican American Elders' Home Care UseJANICE DIANE CRIST; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thirty Mexican American elders and their caregivers will view the telenovela;and 30 elders and their caregivers will watch the general video. We will show the videotapes in the hospital setting. We will compare results 6 months later. ..
- Morphology in typical and atypical bilingual developmentPEGGY JACOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..4) To compare bilingual outcomes for groups of typical and atypical language learners. 5) To examine SLI within existing accounts of second language learning. ..
- Neural Substrates of Component Lexical Semantic ProcessesBRIAN GOLD; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Phenotype Assessment Tools:Bilingual(Spanish-English)ELIZABETH PENA; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application addresses this concern by working to develop an assessment protocol to improve identification of bilingual children with language impairment. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Typical speech sound development in 3 to 4-year old Spanish-English bilingualsCHRISTINA GILDERSLEEVE NEUMANN; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Perception of Sources of Environmental SoundsValeriy Shafiro; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings of the study will be relevant to cochlear implant design, and will provide an empirical basis for a theory of environmental sound perception. ..
- Neural Correlates of Proficiency in Early BilingualsArturo Hernandez; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Insular AD Pathology and Autonomic FunctionDonald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- IMMIGRATION AND EARLY LIFE COURSE TRANSITIONSJENNIFER GLICK; Fiscal Year: 2001..The long-term view afforded by this longitudinal approach to the study of immigrant adaptation may aid the development of both immigration policy and domestic policies affecting immigrants. ..
- Sociocultural Processes in Latina Suicide AttemptsLuis Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2009..Key research goals are to determine if, and how, the explanatory factors hypothesized in the literature play a role in the attempts, and to invite the emergence of factors not considered previously. ..
- Literacy and Utilization of Maternal Depression CareIan Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2006..This study represents a unique and cost effective opportunity to study patient factors which are obstacles to depression treatment in women with low literacy and inform future interventions. ..
- Improving Literacy Instruction for AdultsDARYL MELLARD; Fiscal Year: 2006..More specifically, these studies will examine how effective these interventions are on learners' outcomes when the research controls and supports are reduced from what was available in the previous studies. ..
- The Development and Redevelopment of Lexical and Sublexical RepresentationsArthur G Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2010..Because language is such a fundamental cognitive ability, progress in describing language processing will enhance our understanding of human cognition, under both normal and disordered conditions. ..
- CANCER AWARENESS NETWORK FOR IMMIGRANT MINORITY POPULATIFrancesca Gany; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- STRATEGY SHIFTS AND AUTOMATIZATION OF COGNITIVE SKILLSTIMOTHY RICKARD; Fiscal Year: 2003..The research will test and extend the PI's previous work in the areas of skill acquisition, skill transfer, and memory and amnesia. ..
- Social Demography of Children Living with GrandparentsJAN MUTCHLER; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING STUDIES OF SPEECH PROSODYJackson Gandour; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- AUDITORY DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY-AMPLIFIED CHILDRENYvonne Sininger; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Improving Cognitive Tests with Modern PsychometricsPaul Crane; Fiscal Year: 2005..Crane's future academic research career, and will likely lead to significant advances in thinking about measuring cognitive function. ..
- HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN ARTHRITIS AND AIDSKAREN SOUSA; Fiscal Year: 2002..A valid conceptual model that captures HRQOL throughout the health-illness continuum would be valuable not only to nursing, but to consumers, providers, administrators, and policy makers. ..
- Lateral Asymmetry in the Human Auditory SystemYvonne S Sininger; Fiscal Year: 2010..This project will help to reveal the true nature of the disability imparted to individuals with unilateral deafness and how such disability relates to the side of the deafness. ..
- Prognosis and Effectiveness of Advanced Lung Cancer Treatment in the ElderlyJuan P Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will provide information regarding the efficacy of several therapies and may help resolve several controversies regarding the staging and treatment of elderly patients with advanced stage lung cancer. ..
- Pediatric Quality of Life: Is it lost in traduccion?KAREN SOUSA; Fiscal Year: 2008..not been tested for measurement invariance, a relatively new analytical technique, which is a necessary requirement for appropriate between group comparisons [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Early School Transitions of Immigrants' ChildrenJENNIFER GLICK; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Maximizing CBT's Efficacy with Medication & CMKathleen Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2009..Variables assessing theoretical mechanisms of action will be assessed monthly during treatment. ..
- Cultural Competency Training in Latino HealthDesiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
- Communication needs and decision-making among women with recurrent breast cancerMarla Clayman; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Exercise CHOICE to Prevent Cancer in Rural AdultsJill Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2005..The evidence for CHOICE by Phone's effects on increasing physical activity will be determined by a test of the group by time interaction using a repeated measures analysis of variance. ..
- CHILD AND FAMILY FUNCTIONING AFTER PEDIATRIC HEAD TRAUMAJoAnne Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2001..If nursing research and care can facilitate achieving these objectives, burden on health care, educational, and family systems will be reduced. ..
- RETRIEVAL PRACTICE IN LEARNING AND MEMORYHarold Pashler; Fiscal Year: 2003..Experimental and computational studies are outlined to determine the possible benefits of fading and explore their possible implications for neural-computational bases of learning. ..
- MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN LATINOSEsperanza Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2004..leading to a Masters in Public Health. Dr. Diaz will also develop skills in descriptive and qualitative research, Data collection, Data analysis. Dr. Diaz will have an R01 proposal ready by the end of funding. ..
- CROSS-LANGUAGE STUDIES OF VOWEL ACOUSTICS AND PERCEPTIONWinifred Strange; Fiscal Year: 2004..Development of better theories of speech perception and production in normal children and adults form the basis for advances in research into problems of atypically developing children with phonological disorders. ..
- Dyspraxia and Autonomic Control in Very Early ADDonald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2004..Some dementia treatments are known to reduce HRV, and possibly mortality as well. Alternatively, some psychotropics may increase arrhythmia-related mortality, possibly via a central mechanism. ..
- Adult Age Differences in Binding Actors and ActionsALAN KERSTEN; Fiscal Year: 2004..The false recognition of these items can be used as a measure of unconscious transference, allowing one to examine the conditions under which young and older adults are susceptible to this phenomenon. ..
- Emotional Knowledge and Memory Across Preschool YearsQi Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004..Findings from this project will have great implications for current research on autobiographical memory development as well as for policy-making with regard to issues such as education and parenting. ..
- IMPACT OF RISK TALKS ON PATIENT COLORECTAL SCREENINGLinda Larkey; Fiscal Year: 2004..Research Question 1: Which source of cancer risk discussions will improve the rates of patient compliance with the recommended colorectal early detection tests more, physician or staff initiated? ..
- Perceptual & Cognitive Components of AttentionHarold Pashler; Fiscal Year: 2005..Recent work from our laboratory provides tentative support for this hypothesis; new experiments, both visual and auditory, are proposed to further test and refine it. ..
- Better Breast Health for Korean American WomenHae Ra Han; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Measurement & Prediction of Everyday Function DementiaSarah Tomaszewski Farias; Fiscal Year: 2007..Measures of disability and preliminary assessment of handicap will also be included to examine the relationship between the different levels functional change set forth in the model. ..
- Cognitive Processes in BilingualsJUDITH KROLL; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed research will contribute important foundational knowledge about multilingualism that will inform educational issues in an increasingly diverse society in which many learners are faced with ..
- COMPARATIVE SPEECH PERCEPTIONJOAN SINNOTT; Fiscal Year: 2007..As far as health-relatedness of the overall project, "monkey-model" data may contribute to the verification of currently proposed models of human infant speech perception development. ..
- Overt and Covert Selection During ReadingALBRECHT INHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2007..It should also have ramifications beyond the domain of reading, as coordination of covert and overt selection may be part and parcel of effective visual selection in general. ..
- Research on Reading Instructions for Low Literate AdultsDAPHNE GREENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, we will scan 5 participants from each of our 6 groups before they receive instruction and after the 100th hour is completed. ..
- A Measure of Acute Stress Disorder for ChildrenNancy Kassam Adams; Fiscal Year: 2002..The Principal Investigator is a newer investigator who is developing a program of research into child and parent post-traumatic stress in relation to injuries and medical emergencies. ..
- Cognitive Processes in BilingualsJUDITH KROLL; Fiscal Year: 2003..The goal of the proposed research is to use a range of converging approaches to answer these questions and to obtain evidence that will eventually constrain a unified model of the bilingual lexicon. ..
- CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF LEXICAL ACTIVATIONArthur Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2008..In turn, because language is such a fundamental cognitive ability, progress in describing language processing will enhance our understanding of human cognition, under both normal and disordered conditions. ..
- Evaluating the Effectiveness of Lung Cancer Treatment in the ElderlyJuan Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2009..The findings from this project will provide information that can directly impact the care of elderly patients with NSCLC and inform the design of future trials of lung cancer treatment strategies. ..