language

Summary

Summary: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The anatomy of language: a review of 100 fMRI studies published in 2009
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1191:62-88. 2010
  2. pmc A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 62:816-47. 2012
  3. ncbi The English Lexicon Project
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Behav Res Methods 39:445-59. 2007
  4. ncbi The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve?
    Marc D Hauser
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 298:1569-79. 2002
  5. pmc Ventral and dorsal pathways for language
    Dorothee Saur
    Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Breisacher Strasse 64, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18035-40. 2008
  6. ncbi Somatotopic representation of action words in human motor and premotor cortex
    Olaf Hauk
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Neuron 41:301-7. 2004
  7. ncbi Dorsal and ventral streams: a framework for understanding aspects of the functional anatomy of language
    Gregory Hickok
    University of California, Irvine, CA 92612, USA
    Cognition 92:67-99. 2004
  8. pmc Mapping the origins and expansion of the Indo-European language family
    Remco Bouckaert
    Department of Computer Science, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
    Science 337:957-60. 2012
  9. ncbi On Broca, brain, and binding: a new framework
    Peter Hagoort
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging and NICI, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:416-23. 2005
  10. ncbi Genetic structure of human populations
    Noah A Rosenberg
    Molecular and Computational Biology, 1042 West 36th Place DRB 289, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Science 298:2381-5. 2002

Detail Information

Publications261 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The anatomy of language: a review of 100 fMRI studies published in 2009
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1191:62-88. 2010
    ..Anatomical and functional connectivity studies are now required to identify the processing pathways that integrate these areas to support language.
  2. pmc A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 62:816-47. 2012
    The anatomy of language has been investigated with PET or fMRI for more than 20 years. Here I attempt to provide an overview of the brain areas associated with heard speech, speech production and reading...
  3. ncbi The English Lexicon Project
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Behav Res Methods 39:445-59. 2007
    ..The present paper describes the motivation for this project, the methods used to collect the data, and the search engine that affords access to the behavioral measures and descriptive lexical statistics for these stimuli...
  4. ncbi The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve?
    Marc D Hauser
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 298:1569-79. 2002
    We argue that an understanding of the faculty of language requires substantial interdisciplinary cooperation...
  5. pmc Ventral and dorsal pathways for language
    Dorothee Saur
    Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Breisacher Strasse 64, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18035-40. 2008
    Built on an analogy between the visual and auditory systems, the following dual stream model for language processing was suggested recently: a dorsal stream is involved in mapping sound to articulation, and a ventral stream in mapping ..
  6. ncbi Somatotopic representation of action words in human motor and premotor cortex
    Olaf Hauk
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Neuron 41:301-7. 2004
    Since the early days of research into language and the brain, word meaning was assumed to be processed in specific brain regions, which most modern neuroscientists localize to the left temporal lobe...
  7. ncbi Dorsal and ventral streams: a framework for understanding aspects of the functional anatomy of language
    Gregory Hickok
    University of California, Irvine, CA 92612, USA
    Cognition 92:67-99. 2004
    Despite intensive work on language-brain relations, and a fairly impressive accumulation of knowledge over the last several decades, there has been little progress in developing large-scale models of the functional anatomy of language ..
  8. pmc Mapping the origins and expansion of the Indo-European language family
    Remco Bouckaert
    Department of Computer Science, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
    Science 337:957-60. 2012
    There are two competing hypotheses for the origin of the Indo-European language family. The conventional view places the homeland in the Pontic steppes about 6000 years ago...
  9. ncbi On Broca, brain, and binding: a new framework
    Peter Hagoort
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging and NICI, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:416-23. 2005
    In speaking and comprehending language, word information is retrieved from memory and combined into larger units (unification). Unification operations take place in parallel at the semantic, syntactic and phonological levels of processing...
  10. ncbi Genetic structure of human populations
    Noah A Rosenberg
    Molecular and Computational Biology, 1042 West 36th Place DRB 289, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Science 298:2381-5. 2002
    ..General agreement of genetic and predefined populations suggests that self-reported ancestry can facilitate assessments of epidemiological risks but does not obviate the need to use genetic information in genetic association studies...
  11. ncbi Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: phonology, semantics, and sentence processing
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR 6194, CNRS CEA Caen and Paris 5 Universities, GIP Cyceron, Boulevard Henri Becquerel, BP 5229, 14074 Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 30:1414-32. 2006
    The advent of functional neuroimaging has allowed tremendous advances in our understanding of brain-language relationships, in addition to generating substantial empirical data on this subject in the form of thousands of activation peak ..
  12. ncbi Action-based language: a theory of language acquisition, comprehension, and production
    Arthur M Glenberg
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Cortex 48:905-22. 2012
    ..We propose that a mechanism of motor control, paired controller/predictor models, has been exploited for language learning, comprehension, and production...
  13. ncbi How learning to read changes the cortical networks for vision and language
    Stanislas Dehaene
    INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette 91191, France
    Science 330:1359-64. 2010
    ..entail losses? Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we measured brain responses to spoken and written language, visual faces, houses, tools, and checkers in adults of variable literacy (10 were illiterate, 22 became literate ..
  14. ncbi Contributions of memory circuits to language: the declarative/procedural model
    Michael T Ullman
    Brain and Language Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 1464, USA
    Cognition 92:231-70. 2004
    The structure of the brain and the nature of evolution suggest that, despite its uniqueness, language likely depends on brain systems that also subserve other functions...
  15. ncbi Bilateral brain processes for comprehending natural language
    Mark Jung-Beeman
    Department of Psychology, and Cognitive Brain Mapping Group, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 2710, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:512-8. 2005
    Comprehension of natural language--stories, conversations, text--is very simple for those doing the comprehending and very complex for cognitive neuroscientists...
  16. ncbi Theta responses are involved in lexical-semantic retrieval during language processing
    Marcel C M Bastiaansen
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:530-41. 2005
    Oscillatory neuronal dynamics, observed in the human electroencephalogram (EEG) during language processing, have been related to the dynamic formation of functionally coherent networks that serve the role of integrating the different ..
  17. ncbi Brain mechanisms linking language and action
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:576-82. 2005
    For a long time the cortical systems for language and actions were believed to be independent modules...
  18. pmc Race, ethnicity, language, social class, and health communication inequalities: a nationally-representative cross-sectional study
    Kasisomayajula Viswanath
    Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e14550. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study is to investigate how the use of cancer-related health communications is patterned by race, ethnicity, language, and social class.
  19. ncbi Core systems of number
    Lisa Feigenson
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 3400 North Charles Street, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:307-14. 2004
    ..These systems account for our basic numerical intuitions, and serve as the foundation for the more sophisticated numerical concepts that are uniquely human...
  20. ncbi Brain signatures of meaning access in action word recognition
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:884-92. 2005
    The brain basis of action words may be neuron ensembles binding language- and action-related information that are dispersed over both language- and action-related cortical areas...
  21. ncbi Active perception: sensorimotor circuits as a cortical basis for language
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:351-60. 2010
    ..Brain language mechanisms are ideal for addressing this question...
  22. ncbi Perisylvian language networks of the human brain
    Marco Catani
    Centre for Neuroimaging Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, DeCrespigny Park, London SE5 8AZ, United Kingdom
    Ann Neurol 57:8-16. 2005
    Early anatomically based models of language consisted of an arcuate tract connecting Broca's speech and Wernicke's comprehension centers; a lesion of the tract resulted in conduction aphasia...
  23. pmc Learned birdsong and the neurobiology of human language
    Erich D Jarvis
    Department of Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3209, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1016:749-77. 2004
    Vocal learning, the substrate for human language, is a rare trait found to date in only three distantly related groups of mammals (humans, bats, and cetaceans) and three distantly related groups of birds (parrots, hummingbirds, and ..
  24. ncbi Direction and impact of language bias in meta-analyses of controlled trials: empirical study
    Peter Juni
    Medical Research Council Health Services Research Collaboration, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:115-23. 2002
    ..We examined the influence of trials published in languages other than English on combined estimates and conclusions of published meta-analyses...
  25. ncbi Sources of mathematical thinking: behavioral and brain-imaging evidence
    S Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Science 284:970-4. 1999
    ..Exact arithmetic is acquired in a language-specific format, transfers poorly to a different language or to novel facts, and recruits networks involved in ..
  26. ncbi Functional links between motor and language systems
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 21:793-7. 2005
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to motor areas in the left language-dominant hemisphere while right-handed human subjects made lexical decisions on words related to actions...
  27. pmc Optical brain imaging reveals general auditory and language-specific processing in early infant development
    Yasuyo Minagawa-Kawai
    Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, ENS DEC EHESS CNRS, Paris 75005, France
    Cereb Cortex 21:254-61. 2011
    ..Previous imaging studies of infants' speech perception revealed left-lateralized responses to native language. However, it is unclear if these activations were due to language per se rather than to some low-level acoustic ..
  28. ncbi FOXP2 as a molecular window into speech and language
    Simon E Fisher
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK
    Trends Genet 25:166-77. 2009
    ..Recent genomic investigations indicate that its downstream neural targets make broader impacts on common language impairments, bridging clinically distinct disorders...
  29. pmc The anatomy of language: contributions from functional neuroimaging
    C J Price
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
    J Anat 197:335-59. 2000
    ..illustrates how functional neuroimaging can be used to test the validity of neurological and cognitive models of language. Three models of language are described: the 19th Century neurological model which describes both the anatomy and ..
  30. ncbi From sensation to cognition
    M M Mesulam
    Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago 60611, USA
    Brain 121:1013-52. 1998
    ..awareness is based on transmodal epicentres in the posterior parietal cortex and the frontal eye fields; the language network on epicentres in Wernicke's and Broca's areas; the explicit memory/emotion network on epicentres in the ..
  31. pmc Decoding the epigenetic language of neuronal plasticity
    Emiliana Borrelli
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Neuron 60:961-74. 2008
    ....
  32. ncbi Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area
    Laurent Cohen
    Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
    Brain 125:1054-69. 2002
    ..of this Visual Word Form Area (VWFA) depends exclusively on the visual features of stimuli, or is influenced by language-dependent parameters, brain activations induced by words, consonant strings and chequerboards were compared in ..
  33. ncbi Listening to action-related sentences modulates the activity of the motor system: a combined TMS and behavioral study
    G Buccino
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:355-63. 2005
    ..The present data show that processing verbally presented actions activates different sectors of the motor system, depending on the effector used in the listened-to action...
  34. ncbi DTI tractography of the human brain's language pathways
    Matthew F Glasser
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:2471-82. 2008
    ..used to detect leftward asymmetries in the arcuate fasciculus, a pathway that links temporal and inferior frontal language cortices. In this study, we more specifically define this asymmetry with respect to both anatomy and function...
  35. ncbi Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history
    Mark Pagel
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 6AS, UK
    Nature 449:717-20. 2007
    ..of unrelated words, while others evolve much more slowly--such as the number 'two', for which all Indo-European language speakers use the same related word-form...
  36. ncbi Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language
    Wolfgang Enard
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Inselstrasse 22, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Nature 418:869-72. 2002
    b>Language is a uniquely human trait likely to have been a prerequisite for the development of human culture...
  37. pmc Genetic variation and population structure in native Americans
    Sijia Wang
    The Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Genet 3:e185. 2007
    ..These findings offer new insights into the process of population dispersal and differentiation during the peopling of the Americas...
  38. ncbi "She" is not like "I": the tie between language and action is in our imagination
    Liuba Papeo
    Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, Scuola Internazionale di Studi Superiori Avanzati International School for Advanced Studies, via Bonomea, 265, Trieste, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:3939-48. 2011
    ..This questions the core principle of "mirror matching" and opens to alternative interpretations of the relationship between conceptual and sensorimotor processes...
  39. ncbi The cortical language circuit: from auditory perception to sentence comprehension
    Angela D Friederici
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Department of Neuropsychology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:262-8. 2012
    Over the years, a large body of work on the brain basis of language comprehension has accumulated, paving the way for the formulation of a comprehensive model...
  40. pmc Grasping ideas with the motor system: semantic somatotopy in idiom comprehension
    Véronique Boulenger
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Cereb Cortex 19:1905-14. 2009
    ..However, this semantic grounding of concrete language does not address the critical question whether the sensory-motor system contributes to the processing of abstract ..
  41. ncbi Similar cerebral networks in language, music and song perception
    Daniele Schon
    Mediterranean Institute of Cognitive Neurosciences, CNRS and Aix Marseille University, and fMRI Centre, Timone Hospital, Marseille, France
    Neuroimage 51:450-61. 2010
    ..Consequently, the activity in these brain regions cannot be considered as specific to either language or music processing...
  42. pmc Neural systems for reading aloud: a multiparametric approach
    William W Graves
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Cereb Cortex 20:1799-815. 2010
    ..These data offer the first clear evidence, in a single study, for the separate neural correlates of orthography-phonology mapping and semantic access during reading aloud...
  43. pmc Neural language networks at birth
    Daniela Perani
    Faculty of Psychology, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, 20132 Milan, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:16056-61. 2011
    The ability to learn language is a human trait. In adults and children, brain imaging studies have shown that auditory language activates a bilateral frontotemporal network with a left hemispheric dominance...
  44. ncbi Dissociating the human language pathways with high angular resolution diffusion fiber tractography
    Stephen Frey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurosci 28:11435-44. 2008
    ..Thus, monkey and human evidence suggests that the connections of areas 44 and 45 are much more differentiated than had previously been thought and provide the basis for studies searching for their differential contribution in function...
  45. ncbi Farmers and their languages: the first expansions
    Jared Diamond
    Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1524, USA
    Science 300:597-603. 2003
    ..We discuss the main complications and specific examples involving 15 language families...
  46. ncbi Toward a mechanistic psychology of dialogue
    Martin J Pickering
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EHB 9JZ, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 27:169-90; discussion 190-226. 2004
    Traditional mechanistic accounts of language processing derive almost entirely from the study of monologue. Yet, the most natural and basic form of language use is dialogue...
  47. ncbi Integration of word meaning and world knowledge in language comprehension
    Peter Hagoort
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    Science 304:438-41. 2004
    ..Finally, oscillatory brain responses indicate that the brain keeps a record of what makes a sentence hard to interpret...
  48. ncbi Dynamics of language reorganization after stroke
    Dorothee Saur
    Department of Neurology, University Freiburg, Breisacher Strasse 64, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Brain 129:1371-84. 2006
    Previous functional imaging studies of chronic stroke patients with aphasia suggest that recovery of language occurs in a pre-existing, bilateral network with an upregulation of undamaged areas and a recruitment of perilesional tissue and ..
  49. ncbi Cognition counts: a working memory system for ease of language understanding (ELU)
    Jerker Ronnberg
    The Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    Int J Audiol 47:S99-105. 2008
    A general working memory system for ease of language understanding (ELU, Rönnberg, 2003a) is presented...
  50. ncbi Cross-talk between language processes and overt motor behavior in the first 200 msec of processing
    Véronique Boulenger
    CNRS UMR, 5015 Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Bron Cedex, France
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1607-15. 2006
    A recently emerging view sees language understanding as closely linked to sensory and motor processes...
  51. ncbi Neural circuits of hierarchical visuo-spatial sequence processing
    Jörg Bahlmann
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Res 1298:161-70. 2009
    ..Importantly, the findings suggest that Broca's area is also engaged in hierarchical sequencing in domains other than language.
  52. pmc The Short International Physical Activity Questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation, validation and reliability of the Hausa language version in Nigeria
    Adewale L Oyeyemi
    Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:156. 2011
    ..of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Short International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-SF) to the Hausa language, and to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Hausa version of IPAQ-SF in Nigeria.
  53. ncbi Does language shape thought? Mandarin and English speakers' conceptions of time
    L Boroditsky
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305 2130, USA
    Cogn Psychol 43:1-22. 2001
    Does the language you speak affect how you think about the world? This question is taken up in three experiments...
  54. ncbi Cross-domain effects of music and language experience on the representation of pitch in the human auditory brainstem
    Gavin M Bidelman
    Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2038, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:425-34. 2011
    Neural encoding of pitch in the auditory brainstem is known to be shaped by long-term experience with language or music, implying that early sensory processing is subject to experience-dependent neural plasticity...
  55. ncbi Lichtheim 2: synthesizing aphasia and the neural basis of language in a neurocomputational model of the dual dorsal-ventral language pathways
    Taiji Ueno
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M139PL, UK
    Neuron 72:385-96. 2011
    Traditional neurological models of language were based on a single neural pathway (the dorsal pathway underpinned by the arcuate fasciculus)...
  56. ncbi Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation for preoperative language mapping in a patient with a left frontoopercular glioblastoma
    Nico Sollmann
    Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitat Munchen, Munich, Germany
    J Neurosurg 118:175-9. 2013
    ..Recently, nTMS has also been suggested to be useful in mapping human language areas...
  57. pmc Language-selective and domain-general regions lie side by side within Broca's area
    Evelina Fedorenko
    McGovern Institute for Brain Research and Brain and Cognitive Sciences Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 43 Vassar Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Curr Biol 22:2059-62. 2012
    ..broadly engaged in a wide range of cognitive tasks? For Broca's area, the debate focuses on specialization for language versus domain-general functions such as hierarchical structure building (e.g...
  58. ncbi Where in the brain is nonliteral language? A coordinate-based meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies
    Alexander M Rapp
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Tuebingen, Calwerstrasse 14, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Neuroimage 63:600-10. 2012
    An increasing number of studies have investigated non-literal language, including metaphors, idioms, metonymy, or irony, with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
  59. ncbi Clan, language, and migration history has shaped genetic diversity in Haida and Tlingit populations from Southeast Alaska
    Theodore G Schurr
    Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104 6398, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 148:422-35. 2012
    ..to the Na-Dene linguistic family, specifically, the inclusion of Haida with Athapaskan, Eyak, and Tlingit in the language family; the possible influence of matrilineal clan structure on patterns of genetic variation in Haida and ..
  60. pmc Positivity of the English language
    Isabel M Kloumann
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29484. 2012
    Over the last million years, human language has emerged and evolved as a fundamental instrument of social communication and semiotic representation...
  61. ncbi Lateralization of ventral and dorsal auditory-language pathways in the human brain
    Geoffrey J M Parker
    Imaging Science and Biomedical Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Neuroimage 24:656-66. 2005
    ..The connections are stronger in the dominant hemisphere, in agreement with previous studies of functional lateralization of auditory-language processing.
  62. pmc Dynamic causal modeling of subcortical connectivity of language
    Olivier David
    Grenoble Institut des Neuroscience, INSERM U 836, 38042 Grenoble, France
    J Neurosci 31:2712-7. 2011
    Subcortical-cortical interactions in the language network were investigated using dynamic causal modeling of magnetoencephalographic data recorded during auditory comprehension...
  63. pmc A practical approach to language complexity: a Wikipedia case study
    Taha Yasseri
    Department of Theoretical Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
    PLoS ONE 7:e48386. 2012
    In this paper we present statistical analysis of English texts from Wikipedia. We try to address the issue of language complexity empirically by comparing the simple English Wikipedia (Simple) to comparable samples of the main English ..
  64. pmc Precursors to natural grammar learning: preliminary evidence from 4-month-old infants
    Angela D Friederici
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17920. 2011
    When learning a new language, grammar--although difficult--is very important, as grammatical rules determine the relations between the words in a sentence...
  65. ncbi The neural response to changing semantic and perceptual complexity during language processing
    David J Sharp
    Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, United Kingdom
    Hum Brain Mapp 31:365-77. 2010
    ..conditions, we also observed increased activation within the left inferior prefrontal cortex as the complexity of language processing increased...
  66. ncbi Emotion and attention in visual word processing: an ERP study
    Johanna Kissler
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Biol Psychol 80:75-83. 2009
    ..Implications for models of emotion-attention interactions in the brain are discussed...
  67. ncbi What is right-hemisphere contribution to phonological, lexico-semantic, and sentence processing? Insights from a meta-analysis
    M Vigneau
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, UMR CI NAPS 6232, CNRS CEA, GIP Cyceron, Caen, France
    Neuroimage 54:577-93. 2011
    ..2006). Of these, 59 articles reported RH participation, providing 105 RH language contrasts including 218 peaks compared to 728 on the left, a proportion reflecting the LH language dominance...
  68. ncbi Individual differences in second-language proficiency: does musical ability matter?
    L Robert Slevc
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:675-81. 2006
    This study examined the relation between musical ability and second-language (L2) proficiency in adult learners. L2 ability was assessed in four domains: receptive phonology, productive phonology, syntax, and lexical knowledge...
  69. pmc Recursive syntactic pattern learning by songbirds
    Timothy Q Gentner
    Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Nature 440:1204-7. 2006
    Humans regularly produce new utterances that are understood by other members of the same language community...
  70. pmc The brain differentiates human and non-human grammars: functional localization and structural connectivity
    Angela D Friederici
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2458-63. 2006
    The human language faculty has been claimed to be grounded in the ability to process hierarchically structured sequences...
  71. pmc Eugene--a domain specific language for specifying and constraining synthetic biological parts, devices, and systems
    Lesia Bilitchenko
    Department of Computer Science, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e18882. 2011
    ..We present a human readable language (Eugene) that allows for the specification of synthetic biological designs based on biological parts, as well as ..
  72. ncbi Orthographic effects in spoken language: on-line activation or phonological restructuring?
    Laetitia Perre
    Aix Marseille University, France
    Brain Res 1275:73-80. 2009
    Previous research has shown that literacy (i.e., learning to read and spell) affects spoken language processing. However, there is an on-going debate about the nature of this influence...
  73. pmc Anterior temporal lobe connectivity correlates with functional outcome after aphasic stroke
    Jane E Warren
    Cognitive Neuroimaging Group, MRC Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W120NN, UK
    Brain 132:3428-42. 2009
    Focal brain lesions are assumed to produce language deficits by two basic mechanisms: local cortical dysfunction at the lesion site, and remote cortical dysfunction due to disruption of the transfer and integration of information between ..
  74. pmc Opposite patterns of hemisphere dominance for early auditory processing of lexical tones and consonants
    Hao Luo
    Auditory Research Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:19558-63. 2006
    ....
  75. ncbi Moving beyond Kucera and Francis: a critical evaluation of current word frequency norms and the introduction of a new and improved word frequency measure for American English
    Marc Brysbaert
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Behav Res Methods 41:977-90. 2009
    ..In particular, we investigated the size of the corpus, the language register on which the corpus is based, and the definition of the frequency measure...
  76. pmc New method for fMRI investigations of language: defining ROIs functionally in individual subjects
    Evelina Fedorenko
    McGovern Institute for Brain Research, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Neurophysiol 104:1177-94. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that clearer functional specificity may emerge if candidate language-sensitive regions are identified functionally within each subject individually, a method that has revealed ..
  77. ncbi Nouns and verbs in the brain: a review of behavioural, electrophysiological, neuropsychological and imaging studies
    Gabriella Vigliocco
    University College London, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:407-26. 2011
    ..as underlying grammatical class membership across languages: semantic/pragmatic, and distributional cues in language that distinguish nouns from verbs...
  78. pmc A failure of left temporal cortex to specialize for language is an early emerging and fundamental property of autism
    Lisa T Eyler
    UCSD Autism Center of Excellence, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Brain 135:949-60. 2012
    Failure to develop normal language comprehension is an early warning sign of autism, but the neural mechanisms underlying this signature deficit are unknown...
  79. ncbi Prediction during language comprehension: benefits, costs, and ERP components
    Cyma Van Petten
    Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 83:176-90. 2012
    ..Research outside of language processing indicates that late positive components of the ERP are very sensitive to disconfirmed predictions...
  80. ncbi Genetic evidence supports demic diffusion of Han culture
    Bo Wen
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering and Center for Anthropological Studies, School of Life Sciences and Morgan Tan International Center for Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    Nature 431:302-5. 2004
    The spread of culture and language in human populations is explained by two alternative models: the demic diffusion model, which involves mass movement of people; and the cultural diffusion model, which refers to cultural impact between ..
  81. ncbi Reading acquisition, developmental dyslexia, and skilled reading across languages: a psycholinguistic grain size theory
    Johannes C Ziegler
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université de Provence, Marseille, France
    Psychol Bull 131:3-29. 2005
    ..The authors develop a novel theoretical framework to explain these cross-language data, which they label a psycholinguistic grain size theory of reading and its development.
  82. ncbi Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin
    Russell D Gray
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1020, New Zealand
    Nature 426:435-9. 2003
    Languages, like genes, provide vital clues about human history. The origin of the Indo-European language family is "the most intensively studied, yet still most recalcitrant, problem of historical linguistics"...
  83. ncbi Neural evidence for the interplay between language, gesture, and action: a review
    Roel M Willems
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, P O Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Brain Lang 101:278-89. 2007
    Co-speech gestures embody a form of manual action that is tightly coupled to the language system. As such, the co-occurrence of speech and co-speech gestures is an excellent example of the interplay between language and action...
  84. ncbi Evolved structure of language shows lineage-specific trends in word-order universals
    Michael Dunn
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Post Office Box 310, 6500 AH Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Nature 473:79-82. 2011
    ..have claimed that linguistic diversity must be constrained by innate parameters that are set as a child learns a language. In contrast, other linguists following Greenberg have claimed that there are statistical tendencies for co-..
  85. ncbi Language specific prosodic preferences during the first half year of life: evidence from German and French infants
    Barbara Höhle
    Universitat Potsdam, Department Linguistik, Germany
    Infant Behav Dev 32:262-74. 2009
    ..of information in their earliest steps into the acquisition of words and syntactic regularities of their target language. Regarding word segmentation, it has been found that English-learning infants segment trochaic words by 7...
  86. ncbi Effects of the emotional connotations in words on the frontal areas--a spatially filtered MEG study
    Masayuki Hirata
    Division of Functional Diagnostic Science, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan
    Neuroimage 35:420-9. 2007
    ..this study was to elucidate how and where emotional connotations in words influenced linguistic processing in the language-related areas...
  87. pmc Brain sensitivity to print emerges when children learn letter-speech sound correspondences
    Silvia Brem
    Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Agora Center, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7939-44. 2010
    ..network develops during this time, as children typically learn to associate the well-known sounds of their spoken language with unfamiliar characters in alphabetic languages and finally access the meaning of written words, allowing for ..
  88. ncbi When language meets action: the neural integration of gesture and speech
    Roel M Willems
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cereb Cortex 17:2322-33. 2007
    Although generally studied in isolation, language and action often co-occur in everyday life...
  89. ncbi Interaction between syntax processing in language and in music: an ERP Study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1565-77. 2005
    The present study investigated simultaneous processing of language and music using visually presented sentences and auditorily presented chord sequences...
  90. pmc A neuroanatomically grounded Hebbian-learning model of attention-language interactions in the human brain
    Max Garagnani
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 27:492-513. 2008
    ..We implemented a neuroanatomically grounded neural network model of the left perisylvian language cortex and simulated: (i) brain processes of early language acquisition and (ii) cortical responses to familiar ..
  91. ncbi Noninvasive brain stimulation improves language learning
    Agnes Floel
    Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1415-22. 2008
    ..associative verbal learning, a skill crucial for both acquiring new languages in healthy individuals and for language reacquisition after stroke-induced aphasia...
  92. ncbi Neural mechanisms of language comprehension: challenges to syntax
    Gina R Kuperberg
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Brain Res 1146:23-49. 2007
    ..I suggest that normal language comprehension proceeds along at least two competing neural processing streams: a semantic memory-based mechanism, ..
  93. pmc Local literature bias in genetic epidemiology: an empirical evaluation of the Chinese literature
    Zhenglun Pan
    Department of Rheumatology, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Jinan 250021, Shandong, China
    PLoS Med 2:e334. 2005
    Postulated epidemiological associations are subject to several biases. We evaluated whether the Chinese literature on human genome epidemiology may offer insights on the operation of selective reporting and language biases.
  94. ncbi Topographical layout of hand, eye, calculation, and language-related areas in the human parietal lobe
    Olivier Simon
    Unité INSERM 334, IFR 49, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, Orsay, France
    Neuron 33:475-87. 2002
    ..These results suggest human homologs of the monkey areas AIP, MIP, V6A, and LIP and imply a large cortical expansion of the inferior parietal lobule correlated with the development of human language and calculation abilities.
  95. ncbi Grounding language in action
    Arthur M Glenberg
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:558-65. 2002
    We report a new phenomenon associated with language comprehension: the action-sentence compatibility effect (ACE)...
  96. ncbi Working memory and language: an overview
    Alan Baddeley
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 8 Woodland Rd, Bristol, BS8 1TN, UK
    J Commun Disord 36:189-208. 2003
    ..These are described in turn, with particular reference to implications for both the normal processing of language, and its potential disorders. The reader will be introduced to the concept of a multi-component working memory...
  97. pmc Language processing in the occipital cortex of congenitally blind adults
    Marina Bedny
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:4429-34. 2011
    ..are thought to have evolved brain regions in the left frontal and temporal cortex that are uniquely capable of language processing. However, congenitally blind individuals also activate the visual cortex in some verbal tasks...
  98. ncbi Isn't it ironic? An electrophysiological exploration of figurative language processing
    Stefanie Regel
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:277-93. 2011
    Although the neurocognitive processes underlying the comprehension of figurative language, especially metaphors and idioms, have been studied extensively, less is known about the processing of irony...
  99. pmc Motor cortex maps articulatory features of speech sounds
    Friedemann Pulvermüller
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:7865-70. 2006
    The processing of spoken language has been attributed to areas in the superior temporal lobe, where speech stimuli elicit the greatest activation...
  100. ncbi Role of inhibition in language switching: evidence from event-related brain potentials in overt picture naming
    Kim Verhoef
    Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cognition 110:84-99. 2009
    How are bilinguals able to switch from one language to another? The prevailing inhibition hypothesis takes larger reaction-time (RT) costs for switching to the first language (L1) than to the second language (L2) as evidence for ..
  101. ncbi Language selection in bilingual word production: electrophysiological evidence for cross-language competition
    Noriko Hoshino
    ESRC Centre for Research on Bilingualism in Theory and Practice, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd, UK
    Brain Res 1371:100-9. 2011
    Previous research has demonstrated that cross-language activation is present even when proficient bilinguals perform a task only in one language...

Research Grants83

  1. Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Syntactic Comprehension
    David Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  2. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE TRACE DELETION HYPOTHESIS
    David Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The position of the investigators is that this study will provide definitive evidence that the TDH is incorrect and that a more complex model of the functional neuroanatomy of syntactic processing is needed. ..
  3. Disorders of Syntactic Comprehension
    DAVID NORMAN CAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The results could have important consequences for howwe think of these disorders and the neural organization that supports these functions. ..
  4. Acquisition of Mandarin Tones: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Patrick Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..study examining behavioral and neurophysiologic changes associated with learning Mandarin Chinese as a second language (L2) by native English-speaking adult learners (ages 18 years and up)...
  5. Neural Bases of Auditory Processing Disorders in Adults
    Patrick Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) Whether it is feasible to use MRI to identify neurophysiologic anomalies in APD adults. If so, whether APD is associated with a collection of unifying or diverse neurophysiologic anomalies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Cervical Cancer Control in Vietnamese Women
    Victoria Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Language and Cardiovascular Risk Factor Screening and Control in U.S. Hispanics
    PRACHA EAMRANOND; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..However, the mechanisms underlying these disparities have not been elucidated. Language has been postulated as one potential mechanism to account for these underlying disparities...
  8. Hepatitis B ESL Education for Chinese
    Victoria Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..among Asian and other immigrant groups is the design and evaluation of culturally appropriate English as a second language (ESL) curricula...
  9. Language Influence on Object-Substance Construal
    Peggy Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Experiment 2 asks whether Lucy's analysis of the nouns is correct. Experiment 3 asks how language-specific patterns interact with cognitive universals...
  10. TRAINING IN COGNITIVE AND COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE
    Michael Arbib; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Research activities focus on three substantive areas: language; vision; and learning and memory...
  11. FUNCTIONAL MRI OF HUMAN BRAIN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS
    Jeffrey R Binder; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..second question concerns how the semantic memory system stores "encyclopedic" information learned purely through language rather than direct perceptual experience...
  12. Ethnic Minority Children in Public Mental Health
    Lonnie Snowden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Similarly, we test the effect of clients' outpatient/linkage-brokerage use on ethnic disparities in crisis care use. ..
  13. Perception and Representation of Dialect Variation
    CYNTHIA CLOPPER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Second, the role of phonological similarity between two linguistic varieties in spoken language processing will be explored in the same series of perception and production tasks...
  14. The influence semantics on syntactic analysis: fMRI study
    Sharlene Newman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..processing as well as provide a greater understanding of the collaborative nature of these two essential language processes...
  15. Neurology of Attention and Neglect-A Network Approach
    Marek Marsel Mesulam; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of these experiments will help to understand the neurological bases of spatial attention and may lead to more rational treatments of hemispatial neglect. ..
  16. Phonological markedness constraints on reading
    Iris Berent; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..constrained by phonological markedness preferences and compares their structure to the representation of spoken language. The nature of core phonological constraints is a question that is central for linguistic theory and ..
  17. Policies Improving Non-English Speakers' Access & Care
    Lonnie Snowden; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Overcoming access barriers associated with limited proficiency in the English language-the "language barrier" - is expected to contribute greatly toward eliminating disparities in access to specialty mental health care...
  18. Biological Substrates for Language
    Christine Chiarello; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..is to understand the biological mechanisms underlying individual differences in cerebral lateralization for language. Understanding the factors that determine the variability inherent in normal brain organization is essential in ..
  19. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Improve Speech
    Margaret A Naeser; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Functional MRI studies in these patients have shown "over-activation" in right (R) perisylvian language homologues;possibly representing a maladaptive plasticity...
  20. Health Literacy Intervention for Korean Americans with HPB
    Miyong T Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..s. ..
  21. Prognosis and Effectiveness of Advanced Lung Cancer Treatment in the Elderly
    Juan P Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will provide information regarding the efficacy of several therapies and may help resolve several controversies regarding the staging and treatment of elderly patients with advanced stage lung cancer. ..
  22. LINKING EARLY LINGUISTIC AND CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Sandra Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal addresses fundamental issues of early conceptual development, language development, and the relation between them. Infants live in an enormously rich environment...
  23. Early Grammar Productivity: Three Languages, Comprehension
    Letitia Naigles; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project seeks to investigate two critical questions in child language acquisition: (1) WHEN do toddlers show evidence of grammatical productivity in comprehension? (2) HOW does this ..
  24. Liver Cancer Control Among North American Chinese
    Victoria Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If effective, our outreach intervention could be used by health care facilities and community organizations serving less acculturated Chinese in North America. ..
  25. LANGUAGE, MODALITY AND THE BRAIN
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): The investigation of signed languages is crucial to our understanding of the neurobiology of human language, as well as to our understanding of deafness and the design of policies and programs for deaf individuals...
  26. Morphology in typical and atypical bilingual development
    PEGGY JACOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    According to the recent U. S. Census, 17.9% of individuals over the age of 5 speak a language other than English, and 7% of these individuals are Spanish speakers learning English as a second language with specific language impairment (..
  27. MORPHOLOGICAL DEFICITS IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
    Laurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Children with specific language impairment (SLI) often show serious limitations in grammatical ability...
  28. Understanding/Preventing Math Problem/Solving Disability
    Lynn Fuchs; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. The Neurodevelopmental Basis of Speech Discrimination
    Valerie Shafer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): Numerous studies have reported an association between speech processing deficits and language impairments in young children (e.g. Tallal, et al., 1991)...
  30. Neuroimaging--Treatment and Recovery of Written Language
    Brenda Rapp; Fiscal Year: 2008
    Understanding how to promote the recovery of written language production skills subsequent to neural injury is important not only because literacy plays a central role in the personal and economic success of their individual, but also ..
  31. Acquisition and Use of Common Ground in Communication
    MELISSA DUFF; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..of this project is to contribute to the understanding of the neural basis for and relationship between memory and language, by investigating the acquisition and use of "common ground" in communication...
  32. Longitudinal Twin Study--Early Reading Development
    Richard K Olson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Environmental measures related to the twins'reading and language development are included to help identify specific factors that contribute to behavior-genetic estimates of ..
  33. Bioinformatics Infrastructure for Large Scale Studies of Aphasia Recovery
    Steven Small; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The longitudinal aphasia study will use structural and functional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging, along with language and cognitive measures, to characterize the natural course of physiological and behavioral recovery from aphasia...
  34. The Neurobiology of Auditory Perception in Autism
    Nicole Gage; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..disorder diagnosed yearly in 1/500 to 1/1000 children in the United States, is typified by delayed language and abnormal sound sensitivity...
  35. GRAMMATICAL MORPHOLOGY IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
    Laurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Many children with specific language impairment (SLI) show an especially serious limitation in the use of grammatical morphemes...
  36. Computerized ASI Follow-up and Outcome System
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Client acceptance will be evaluated along with correspondence between the IVR and traditional ASI administration. Phase II will evaluate the system's validity, capacity to produce acceptable response rates, and cost-effectiveness. ..
  37. Development of Speech Perception
    Jason Zevin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The first aim, of this proposal is to study second-language speech perception in adults varying in their age of acquisition (AOA) in order to specify the sensitive period ..
  38. A Chinese Adaptation of the ASI-Multimedia Version
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The final product will be marketed as part of our extensive suite of substance abuse-related, multimedia tools. ..
  39. FMRI in Pre-Symptomatic PS1-related Alzheimer's Disease
    John Ringman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..UCI, with its strong dementia research program, growing MRI capabilities and opportunity to collaborate at the nearby UCLA Brain Imaging Center, is an excellent environment for this endeavor. ..
  40. PREVENTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES IN MEDICAL PRACTICE
    R Rozier; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will do a limited assessment of the cost pe oral health- related quality of life. ..
  41. Colorectal Cancer Screening in Chinese Americans
    Shin Ping Tu; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. LANGUAGE PROCESSING IN SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Gina Kuperberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..NIMH Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K-23) entitled 'The Cognitive Neuroscience of Language Processing in Schizophrenia'...
  43. Dyspraxia and Autonomic Control in Very Early AD
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Some dementia treatments are known to reduce HRV, and possibly mortality as well. Alternatively, some psychotropics may increase arrhythmia-related mortality, possibly via a central mechanism. ..
  44. Efficacy of Language Treatment in Monolingual and Bilingual Chronic Aphasia
    Mira Goral; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Examining the relations between language treatment and language improvement in the treated and non-treated languages of bilingual individuals with aphasia ..
  45. Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Consortium (SIRC)
    Flavio Marsiglia; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This public health initiative follows the health promotion and disease prevention objectives of Healthy People 2000 (priority areas: 3, 4, 6, and 8) and the "Initiative on Race and Health" of Healthy People 2010. ..
  46. Drug Resistance Strategies: The Next Generation
    Flavio Marsiglia; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The research design includes mediational and process analyses. Results from this research will inform future replicability of the DRS approach and advance existing knowledge about culturally-grounded drug abuse prevention intervention. ..
  47. A Spanish Adaptation of the ASI-Multimedia Version
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In Phase I, the ASI-MV script was adapted to the Spanish language for the three, target Hispanic cultures and pretested...
  48. WEB-BASED MANAGEMENT TRAINING: ADDICTION-RESOURCES.COM
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An analogue field trial will examine, in contrast to a written booklet and wait-list control, the website's effectiveness in facilitating managers to more use of clinical data in decision-making. ..
  49. Clinical Trial of Short Course vs. INH for LTBI in Jail
    Mary White; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Analysis of completion of therapy and cost-effectiveness of this regimen will provide important information for policy change in the way LTBI is managed in jail. ..
  50. FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION--NONPRIMARY AUDITORY CORTEX
    JOSEF RAUSCHECKER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  51. PROBLEMATIC VOCALIZATIONS--BACKROUND AND PROXIMAL FACTOR
    Cornelia Beck; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Further, data from a core set of background and proximal factors common across the three interactive projects will be combined to develop a model of factors operative in producing NDBs in general. ..
  52. Social Aggression: Growth and Outcomes
    Marion Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Cross-generational sound change in American English
    Ewa Jacewicz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is necessary for the development of clinical instruments for the fair and accurate assessment of both speech language and hearing disorders in various regions (and cultures) of the United States...
  54. The Development and Redevelopment of Lexical and Sublexical Representations
    Arthur G Samuel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    b>Language is one of the most fundamental human cognitive abilities. It plays an important role in normal development, and is the major means for acquiring information in many domains. A number of psychological disorders (e.g...
  55. Visual and Auditory Processing Streams in the Cerebral Cortex
    Josef P Rauschecker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. MULTIMEDIA SMOKING CESSATION FOR ALCOHOLIC CLIENTS
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If a computerized, affordable smoking cessation program can be shown, in field trials, to have demonstrable efficacy, the commercial potential can be extraordinary. ..
  57. Time course of variability in spoken word recognition
    Conor McLennan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research should ultimately lead to better theories and models of both normal and disordered spoken language perception. [unreadable] [unreadable]
  58. Antidepressant & CBT for Insomnia to Depression Outcome
    Rachel Manber; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings from the proposed pilot study will inform the design of a subsequent full-scale randomized controlled trial. ..
  59. Biological Thought: A Cross-Cultural View
    Sandra Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Insular AD Pathology and Autonomic Function
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Measuring Active Vision in Toddlers and Young Children
    Linda Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..in the context of a 3-dimensional physical and social world, the context in which children build social, language and cognitive skills...
  62. Promoting Adherence to Mammography Use in Chinese Ameri*
    Judy Wang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This type of intervention will be feasible to disseminate, has broad potential reach, and holds the promise of decreasing disparities in outcomes in this understudied and growing minority population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. ASI-MV.net: A Prescription Medication Monitoring Tool
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Phase II will fully develop the ASI-MV.net website and establish its reliability and validity. The ASI-MV.net will be an innovative solution to problems collecting product-specific addictions data in real time. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. LANGUAGE PROCESSING DURING READING
    Keith Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION: The research described in this proposal is concerned with on-line language comprehension processing during reading...
  65. Improving Surveillance for Colorectal Polyps
    John Ayanian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will provide a model for evaluating how data from electronic medical records can be used to improve screening of patients with prior colorectal polyps who are at increased risk of developing recurrent polyps or cancer. ..
  66. Refining and Standardizing Health Literacy Assessment
    Elizabeth Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..However, due to assessment burden, scoring imprecision, and inadequate English and Spanish language equivalence, available health literacy measures are not optimal for use in clinical practice or research...
  67. EGO DEPLETION PATTERNS AND SELF-CONTROL FAILURE
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The fourth section will explore several implications and applications of the depletion of self: vulnerability to loss of self-esteem from ego threat; prejudice; procrastination; and overeating. ..
  68. Smokers' Quitline for Asian Language Speakers
    Shu Hong Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The study tests the effects of telephone counseling for smokers from three Asian language-speaking groups: Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese...
  69. Development and Evaluation of a Virtual Aphasia Clinici*
    Cynthia Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..that enables face-to-face communication with an intelligent animated agent developed at the Center for Spoken Language Research (CSLR) at the University of Colorado...
  70. Destructive Effects of Social Rejection
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The fifth project will examine social exclusion outside the laboratory, in order to elucidate how exclusion affects people in everyday life. ..
  71. Characterizaton of Non-linear Auditory Receptive Fields
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  72. The Organization of Semantic Memory
    Eiling Yee; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. Temporal Patterns in Sleep Mechanisms of Learning
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The hypothesis that RA burst patterns change during sleep in a direction that predicts singing behavior the following day will be directly tested. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOS
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
  75. Associating genetic variation to resistance to severe malaria in East Africa
    David Reich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. Neural Basis of Semantic Constraints on Adjective Order
    David Kemmerer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will be done by recording event-related potentials in normal adults while they read examples of natural and unnatural adjective orders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  77. NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF SENSORIMOTOR LEARNING
    Daniel Margoliash; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Positive results may also contribute to an understanding of the relation between basal forebrain degeneration and language disturbances in humans.
  78. Semantic knowledge and its underlying structures in schizophrenia-an fMRI study
    Margaret Niznikiewicz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Language dysfunction in schizophrenia is believed to be an important component of schizophrenic psychopathology and a contributing factor to formal thought disorder...
  79. A Qualitative Study of Household Smoking Policies
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this formative research will provide the foundation upon which to design and test effective strategies for creating smoke-free homes in rural, low-income communities. ..
  80. Functional MRI of Sensory-Motor Metaphor Processing
    Rutvik Desai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Metaphoric language provides an excellent platform for studying the link between perception and cognition...