communication barriers

Summary

Summary: Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Language barriers and access to care
    SeonAe Yeo
    University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Annu Rev Nurs Res 22:59-73. 2004
  2. ncbi Hispanic healthcare disparities: challenging the myth of a monolithic Hispanic population
    Robin M Weinick
    Office of Performance Accountability, Resources, and Technology, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    Med Care 42:313-20. 2004
  3. ncbi Overcoming strangeness and communication barriers: a phenomenological study of becoming a foreign nurse
    H Magnusdottir
    Office of Education, Research and Development, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Int Nurs Rev 52:263-9. 2005
  4. ncbi Dentist-patient communication in the multilingual dental setting
    C Goldsmith
    School of Dentistry, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands
    Aust Dent J 50:235-41. 2005
  5. ncbi Physician overestimation of patient literacy: a potential source of health care disparities
    P Adam Kelly
    U S Department of Veterans Affairs, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 66:119-22. 2007
  6. ncbi Language barriers between nurses and asylum seekers: their impact on symptom reporting and referral
    Alexander Bischoff
    Department of Community Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 57:503-12. 2003
  7. ncbi Health literacy and cancer communication
    Terry C Davis
    Feist Weiller Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 52:134-49. 2002
  8. ncbi English proficiency and physicians' recommendation of Pap smears among Hispanics
    Israel De Alba
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 5800, USA
    Cancer Detect Prev 30:292-6. 2006
  9. ncbi Errors of medical interpretation and their potential clinical consequences: a comparison of professional versus ad hoc versus no interpreters
    Glenn Flores
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 60:545-53. 2012
  10. ncbi Communicative and strategic action in interpreted consultations in primary health care: a Habermasian perspective
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 63:1170-87. 2006

Detail Information

Publications308 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Language barriers and access to care
    SeonAe Yeo
    University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Annu Rev Nurs Res 22:59-73. 2004
    ..Improvement of communication between patients and providers in relation to health disparity consists of cultural competency and communication skills. Implications of these studies for practice and further research are outlined...
  2. ncbi Hispanic healthcare disparities: challenging the myth of a monolithic Hispanic population
    Robin M Weinick
    Office of Performance Accountability, Resources, and Technology, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    Med Care 42:313-20. 2004
    ..We examine the association between use of healthcare services and Hispanic Americans'country of ancestry or origin, language of interview, and length of time lived in the United States...
  3. ncbi Overcoming strangeness and communication barriers: a phenomenological study of becoming a foreign nurse
    H Magnusdottir
    Office of Education, Research and Development, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Int Nurs Rev 52:263-9. 2005
    ..This paper presents a study that explored the lived experience of foreign nurses working at hospitals in Iceland...
  4. ncbi Dentist-patient communication in the multilingual dental setting
    C Goldsmith
    School of Dentistry, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands
    Aust Dent J 50:235-41. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the issues involved in dealing with limited-English speaking patients in order to formulate recommendations on how to improve dental communication...
  5. ncbi Physician overestimation of patient literacy: a potential source of health care disparities
    P Adam Kelly
    U S Department of Veterans Affairs, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 66:119-22. 2007
    ..To investigate physician overestimation of patient literacy level in a primary care setting...
  6. ncbi Language barriers between nurses and asylum seekers: their impact on symptom reporting and referral
    Alexander Bischoff
    Department of Community Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 57:503-12. 2003
    ..These results suggest the importance of addressing language barriers in primary care centres in order to adequately detect and refer traumatised refugees. To address this problem, the use of professional interpreters is recommended...
  7. ncbi Health literacy and cancer communication
    Terry C Davis
    Feist Weiller Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 52:134-49. 2002
    ..Based on our own experience, we offer practical communication aids that can help bridge the cancer communication gap...
  8. ncbi English proficiency and physicians' recommendation of Pap smears among Hispanics
    Israel De Alba
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 5800, USA
    Cancer Detect Prev 30:292-6. 2006
    ..Physician recommendation is one of the most important cues to cancer screening; however, low English proficiency among Hispanics may hinder health providers' recommendation of Pap smears...
  9. ncbi Errors of medical interpretation and their potential clinical consequences: a comparison of professional versus ad hoc versus no interpreters
    Glenn Flores
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 60:545-53. 2012
    ..To compare interpreter errors and their potential consequences in encounters with professional versus ad hoc versus no interpreters...
  10. ncbi Communicative and strategic action in interpreted consultations in primary health care: a Habermasian perspective
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 63:1170-87. 2006
    ..We discuss the implications of our findings for communication with limited English speakers in healthcare consultations and for realizing contemporary policy goals such as concordance, shared decision-making, empowerment, and choice...
  11. ncbi Professional interpreters and bilingual physicians in a pediatric emergency department: effect on resource utilization
    Louis C Hampers
    Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital, Denver, Colo 80218, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:1108-13. 2002
    ..To determine the impact of interpreters and bilingual physicians on emergency department (ED) resource utilization...
  12. pmc Cultural competence: a systematic review of health care provider educational interventions
    Mary Catherine Beach
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Med Care 43:356-73. 2005
    ..We sought to synthesize the findings of studies evaluating interventions to improve the cultural competence of health professionals...
  13. pmc Linguistic and cultural barriers to care
    Quyen Ngo-Metzger
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Mass 02215, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:44-52. 2003
    ..Primarily because of immigration, Asian Americans are one of the fastest growing and most ethnically diverse minority groups in the United States. However, little is known about their perspectives on health care quality...
  14. pmc Impact of patient communication problems on the risk of preventable adverse events in acute care settings
    Gillian Bartlett
    Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 178:1555-62. 2008
    ..Language barriers and disabilities that affect communication have been shown to decrease quality of care. We sought to assess whether communication problems are associated with an increased risk of preventable adverse events...
  15. pmc Dimensions of patient-provider communication and diabetes self-care in an ethnically diverse population
    John D Piette
    Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Health Care System, Ann Arbor, Mich 48113 0170, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:624-33. 2003
    ..However, the relative impact of general versus disease-specific communication on self-management is poorly understood, as are the determinants of these 2 communication dimensions...
  16. ncbi Barriers to colorectal cancer screening among Medicare consumers
    Carrie N Klabunde
    Health Services and Economics Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:313-9. 2006
    ..Few studies have examined lack of physician recommendation and other reasons for under-utilization of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in the Medicare population...
  17. ncbi Interpretation in consultations with immigrant patients with cancer: how accurate is it?
    Phyllis N Butow
    University of Sydney, New South Wales, 2006, Australia
    J Clin Oncol 29:2801-7. 2011
    ..This study explored the rate and consequences of nonequivalent interpretation in medical oncology consultations...
  18. ncbi How to use interpreters in general practice: the development of a New Zealand toolkit
    Ben Gray
    Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice, University of Otago Wellington, PO Box 7343, Wellington South, New Zealand
    J Prim Health Care 4:52-61, A1-8. 2012
    ..Consequently there are more primary care consultations where patients have insufficient English to communicate adequately. Because effective communication is essential for good care, interpreters are needed in such cases...
  19. pmc Alterations in medical interpretation during routine primary care
    J Carey Jackson
    Refugee and Immigrant Health Promotion Program, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:259-64. 2011
    ..Increasing numbers of patients require medical interpretation, yet few studies have examined its accuracy or effect on health outcomes...
  20. pmc Low health literacy, limited English proficiency, and health status in Asians, Latinos, and other racial/ethnic groups in California
    Tetine Sentell
    Office of Public Health Studies, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai i, 1960 East West Road, BIOMED, D 104, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    J Health Commun 17:82-99. 2012
    ..Limited English proficiency may carry greater health risk than low health literacy, though important racial/ethnic variations exist...
  21. pmc Self report in clinical and epidemiological studies with non-English speakers: the challenge of language and culture
    Sanja M Hunt
    Public Health Sciences, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, Scotland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:618-22. 2004
    ..The essence of such modifications entails participatory research with members of the linguistic communities concerned...
  22. pmc Satisfaction with methods of Spanish interpretation in an ambulatory care clinic
    D Kuo
    Department of Medicine, Morristown Memorial Hospital, Morristown, NJ 07960, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 14:547-50. 1999
    ....
  23. ncbi Language proficiency and adverse events in US hospitals: a pilot study
    Chandrika Divi
    The Joint Commission, One Renaissance Boulevard, Oakbrook Terrace, IL 60181, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 19:60-7. 2007
    ..To examine differences in the characteristics of adverse events between English speaking patients and patients with limited English proficiency in US hospitals...
  24. ncbi Experiences with treating immigrants: a qualitative study in mental health services across 16 European countries
    Sima Sandhu
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Newham Centre for Mental Health, Queen Mary University of London, London, E13 8SP, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 48:105-16. 2013
    ..This study sought to explore professionals' experiences of delivering care to immigrants in districts densely populated with immigrants across Europe...
  25. ncbi The impact of medical interpreter services on the quality of health care: a systematic review
    Glenn Flores
    Medical College of Wisconsin, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 62:255-99. 2005
    ..Evidence suggests that optimal communication, patient satisfaction, and outcomes and the fewest interpreter errors occur when LEP patients have access to trained professional interpreters or bilingual providers...
  26. ncbi Are language barriers associated with serious medical events in hospitalized pediatric patients?
    Adam L Cohen
    Child Health Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Pediatrics 116:575-9. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether hospitalized pediatric patients whose families have language barriers are more likely to incur serious medical errors than patients whose families do not have language barriers...
  27. ncbi Clinicians and medical interpreters: negotiating culturally appropriate care for patients with limited English ability
    Deborah Dysart-Gale
    General Studies Unit, Engineering and Computer Science, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Fam Community Health 30:237-46. 2007
    ..Suggestions for a more theoretically complete practice are offered...
  28. pmc Good practice in health care for migrants: views and experiences of care professionals in 16 European countries
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, London and the Barts School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Newham Centre for Mental Health, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:187. 2011
    ....
  29. ncbi Evidence-based medicine in general practice: beliefs and barriers among Australian GPs
    J M Young
    Centre for Health Services Research, Department of Public Health, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands WA 6907, Australia
    J Eval Clin Pract 7:201-10. 2001
    ..A minority indicated they understood the terms 'relative risk' (23%), 'absolute risk' (28%) and 'number needed to treat' (15%) sufficiently to explain to others. Skills development is crucial to achieve EBM in general practice...
  30. ncbi Barriers and facilitators for colorectal cancer screening practices in the Latino community: perspectives from community leaders
    Ana Natale-Pereira
    Department of Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103 USA
    Cancer Control 15:157-65. 2008
    ..While Latinos represent one of the fastest-growing ethnic groups in the United States, their participation in cancer prevention and treatment trials is low...
  31. ncbi Functional health literacy and the quality of physician-patient communication among diabetes patients
    Dean Schillinger
    Primary Care Research Center, Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, 995 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 52:315-23. 2004
    ..Research is needed to identify strategies to improve communication for this group of patients...
  32. ncbi Research utilization among medical and surgical nurses: a comparison of their self reports and perceptions of barriers and facilitators
    K Parahoo
    School of Health Sciences-Nursing, University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland BT52 1SA, UK
    J Nurs Manag 9:21-30. 2001
    ..These findings, as well as the need to take research utilization studies further, are discussed...
  33. pmc Do professional interpreters improve clinical care for patients with limited English proficiency? A systematic review of the literature
    Leah S Karliner
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 1701 Divisadero, Suite 500, San Franicsco, CA 94143 1732, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:727-54. 2007
    ..To determine if professional medical interpreters have a positive impact on clinical care for limited English proficiency (LEP) patients...
  34. ncbi Assessing medical students' skills in working with interpreters during patient encounters: a validation study of the Interpreter Scale
    Desiree Lie
    Research Faculty Development, Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California 92868, USA
    Acad Med 84:643-50. 2009
    ..The absence of available reliable, valid, and practical measures hinders the assessment of these skills; therefore, the authors aimed to construct and validate the Interpreter Scale (IS)...
  35. ncbi When nurses double as interpreters: a study of Spanish-speaking patients in a US primary care setting
    V Elderkin-Thompson
    Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, University of California, Irvine, USA
    Soc Sci Med 52:1343-58. 2001
    ..We conclude that errors occur frequently in interpretations provided by untrained nurse-interpreters during cross-language encounters, so complaints of many non-English-speaking patients may be misunderstood by their physicians...
  36. ncbi "Ne diyor?" (What does she say?): informal interpreting in general practice
    Ludwien Meeuwesen
    Interdisciplinary Social Science Department, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 81:198-203. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to offer a comparative analysis of informal interpreters during medical consultations with both good and poor mutual understanding between general practitioners (GPs) and patients...
  37. ncbi Health literacy: the gap between physicians and patients
    Richard S Safeer
    CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield, Baltimore, MD 21201 2707, USA
    Am Fam Physician 72:463-8. 2005
    ..All patients prefer reading medical information written in dear and concise language. Physicians should be alert to this problem because most patients are unwilling to admit that they have literacy problems...
  38. ncbi Delivering services to the Bangladeshi community: the views of healthcare professionals in East London
    Stephen Abbott
    City University Institute of Health Sciences, London, UK
    Public Health 121:935-41. 2007
    ..To explore the views of primary care staff about delivering services to the local Bangladeshi community...
  39. ncbi Limited English proficient Asian Americans: Threshold language policy and access to mental health treatment
    Lonnie R Snowden
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, United States
    Soc Sci Med 72:230-7. 2011
    ....
  40. ncbi Bridging the divide: a survey of nurses' opinions regarding barriers to, and facilitators of, research utilization in the practice setting
    Alison Margaret Hutchinson
    Victorian Centre for Nursing Practice Research, School of Nursing, University of Melbourne, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 13:304-15. 2004
    ..Many researchers have explored the barriers to research uptake in order to overcome them and identify strategies to facilitate research utilization. However, the research-practice gap remains a persistent issue for the nursing profession...
  41. ncbi The importance of teaching clinicians when and how to work with interpreters
    Elizabeth A Jacobs
    John H Stroger, Jr Hospital of Cook County, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 78:149-53. 2010
    ....
  42. ncbi That I won't translate! Experiences of a family medical interpreter in a multicultural environment
    Rhona D Seidelman
    The Moshe Prywes Center for Medical Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Mt Sinai J Med 77:389-93. 2010
    ..After discussing the various interpreting options, we suggest that the perspective of the family-member interpreter strengthens assertions that professional interpretation is the best option for multilingual medical environments...
  43. ncbi A comparison of the influence of hospital-trained, ad hoc, and telephone interpreters on perceived satisfaction of limited English-proficient parents presenting to a pediatric emergency department
    Estevan A Garcia
    Mary Bridge Children s Hospital, Tacoma, WA, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 20:373-8. 2004
    ..Latinos are the fastest growing minority group in the United States with a significant percentage of this population having limited English proficiency...
  44. ncbi Reducing clinical errors in cancer education: interpreter training
    Francesca M Gany
    Center for Immigrant Health, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    J Cancer Educ 25:560-4. 2010
    ..It is important to train medical interpreters and to ensure their availability in cancer education encounters to minimize the risk for errors...
  45. ncbi Health literacy among Spanish-speaking Latino parents with limited English proficiency
    Melissa Leyva
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine Children s Hospital at Montefiore, 3544 Jerome Avenue, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 5:56-9. 2005
    ..Health literacy measures the degree to which individuals understand health information. It has not been studied among parents with limited English proficiency (LEP)...
  46. pmc Colorectal cancer test use among Californians of Mexican origin: influence of language barriers
    Marilyn Johnson-Kozlow
    School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA
    Ethn Dis 19:315-22. 2009
    ....
  47. pmc Community participatory research with deaf sign language users to identify health inequities
    Steven Barnett
    Department of Family Medicine, Rochester Prevention Research Center National Center for Deaf Health Research, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:2235-8. 2011
    ..g., a low prevalence of current smokers) and 3 glaring health inequities: obesity, partner violence, and suicide. This collaborative work represents the first time a deaf community has used its own data to identify health priorities...
  48. pmc Development of intervention materials for individuals with limited English proficiency: lessons learned from "Colorectal Cancer Screening in Chinese Americans"
    Shin Ping Tu
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Med Care 46:S51-61. 2008
    ..Colorectal cancer (CRC) ranks among the top 3 most common cancers for several Asian ethnic groups, yet screening remains underutilized by Asian Americans...
  49. ncbi Effectiveness of videos improving cancer prevention knowledge in people with profound hearing loss
    Philip Zazove
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 1213, USA
    J Cancer Educ 27:327-37. 2012
    Deaf persons have a poorer understanding of cancer prevention, which is felt to be partly due to communication barriers. One hundred ninety-seven d/Deaf persons completed a survey and video on cancer prevention...
  50. ncbi The use of Spanish by medical students and residents at one university hospital
    Daniel Yawman
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and Rochester General Hospital, Rochester, New York, USA
    Acad Med 81:468-73. 2006
    ..To describe how medical trainees report communication with Spanish-speaking patients, and to assess trainees' desire to improve their language skills and have those skills formally evaluated...
  51. ncbi Lowering communication barriers in operating room technology
    Jessica L Webster
    Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Hum Factors 48:747-58. 2006
    ..This paper examines the effects of new technology on team communication and information flow in a complex work environment, and offers design suggestions for improved team performance...
  52. pmc Patient-provider language concordance and colorectal cancer screening
    Amy Linsky
    General Internal Medicine, Boston Medical Center, 801 Massachusetts Avenue, 2nd Floor, GIM, Boston, MA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:142-7. 2011
    ..Multivariate logistic regression assessed the association of language concordance with colorectal cancer screening...
  53. pmc Colorectal cancer screening: language is a greater barrier for Latino men than Latino women
    J A Diaz
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Pawtucket, RI, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 15:472-5. 2013
    ..2%). Compared to non-Latino White men, LEP Latino men were 0.47 times as likely to report receiving CRC screening tests (AOR 0.47; 95% CI 0.35-0.63). Disparities in CRC screening are most dramatic for LEP Latino men...
  54. ncbi Access to multilingual prescription labels and verbal translation services in California
    Amir H Zargarzadeh
    Department of Pharmacy Practice and Administration, College of Pharmacy, Western University of Health Sciences, 309 E, Second St, Pomona, CA 91766, USA
    Res Social Adm Pharm 7:338-46. 2011
    ..The number of patients with limited English proficiency is on the rise in the United States, and conveying medication information to these individuals in an effective manner is crucial to improve adherence and reduce medication errors...
  55. ncbi Conflicts in how interpreters manage their roles in provider-patient interactions
    Elaine Hsieh
    University of Oklahoma, 610 Elm Ave Room 135, Norman, OK, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:721-30. 2006
    ..This study highlights the importance of speaker and contextual factors on interpreters' communicative strategies and management of role conflicts...
  56. ncbi Arranging and negotiating the use of informal interpreters in general practice consultations: experiences of refugees and asylum seekers in the west of Ireland
    Anne MacFarlane
    National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
    Soc Sci Med 69:210-4. 2009
    ..Overall, they state a clear preference for the use of professional, trained interpreters in general practice consultations which is currently unavailable to them in routine Irish general practice consultations...
  57. ncbi The cultural gap delivering health care services to Arab American populations in the United States
    Basil H Aboul-Enein
    United States Air Force, USA
    J Cult Divers 17:20-3. 2010
    ....
  58. ncbi Eliminating barriers for patients with limited English proficiency
    Joshua S Coren
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, USA
    J Am Osteopath Assoc 109:634-40. 2009
    ....
  59. ncbi The impact of language barriers on the health care of Latinos in the United States: a review of the literature and guidelines for practice
    Caraway L Timmins
    Yale University, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 47:80-96. 2002
    ..This article is intended to supply basic knowledge for providers and institutions in devising effective strategies for bridging the language barrier...
  60. ncbi Improving access for Latino immigrants: evaluation of language training adapted to the needs of health professionals
    Deborah E Bender
    Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7411, USA
    J Immigr Health 6:197-209. 2004
    ..The authors make recommendations for replication of the integrated language and culture-training model in other new settlement areas, especially those in the southeast of the United States...
  61. ncbi Problems and consequences in the use of professional interpreters: qualitative analysis of incidents from primary healthcare
    Emina Hadziabdic
    School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Nurs Inq 18:253-61. 2011
    ....
  62. ncbi [General practitioners' experiences with refugee patients]
    Lisbet Grut
    SINTEF Helse, Postboks 124 Blindern, 0314 Oslo
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 126:1318-20. 2006
    ..The symptoms may persist several years after the individual has fled his or her homeland. Knowledge of refugees' health condition in their receptive countries is insufficient...
  63. ncbi Ethnic matching of clients and clinicians and use of mental health services by ethnic minority clients
    Stephen Ziguras
    Victorian Transcultural Psychiatry Unit, St Vincent s Hospital, Bolte Wing, Nicholson Street, Fitzroy, Victoria 3065, Australia
    Psychiatr Serv 54:535-41. 2003
    ..This study assessed the effects of matching clients from a non-English-speaking background with bilingual, bicultural clinicians in a mental health system in Australia that emphasizes community-based psychiatric case management...
  64. pmc General practitioners' views on consultations with interpreters: a triad situation with complex issues
    Nabi Fatahi
    Department of Radiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 26:40-5. 2008
    ..To study a group of general practitioners' (GPs) views on cross-cultural consultations through interpreters in primary healthcare in Sweden...
  65. ncbi Patient-physician communication barriers regarding fertility preservation among newly diagnosed cancer patients
    Gwendolyn P Quinn
    College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:784-9. 2008
    ..Social, interaction and behavioral research studies are well poised to address the communication barriers and provide possible solutions to problems in understanding fertility preservation, for patients, family ..
  66. pmc Providing high-quality care for limited English proficient patients: the importance of language concordance and interpreter use
    Quyen Ngo-Metzger
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care and the Center for Health Policy Research, University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, Research, 111 Academy, Suite 220, Irvine, CA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:324-30. 2007
    ..Provider-patient language discordance is related to worse quality care for limited English proficient (LEP) patients who speak Spanish. However, little is known about language barriers among LEP Asian-American patients...
  67. ncbi Accuracy of self-assessed Spanish fluency in medical students
    Daniel S Reuland
    Division of General Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology and the Center for Latino Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7110, USA
    Teach Learn Med 21:305-9. 2009
    ..Non-English language fluency is increasingly important in patient care. Fluency self-assessment is easily obtained, but its accuracy is unknown...
  68. ncbi The meaning of 6.8: numeracy and normality in health information talks
    V Adelswärd
    Department of Communication Studies, University of Linkoping, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 43:1179-87. 1996
    ....
  69. ncbi Deaf women: experiences and perceptions of healthcare system access
    Annie G Steinberg
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 11:729-41. 2002
    ..The authors investigated the knowledge, attitudes, and healthcare experiences of Deaf women...
  70. ncbi Why do Chinese Canadians not consult mental health services: health status, language or culture?
    Alice W Chen
    Children s Health Policy Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 2431 515 West Hastings Street, Vancouver, BC V6B5K3, Canada
    Transcult Psychiatry 46:623-41. 2009
    ..Notwithstanding lower levels of mental illness in ethnic Chinese communities, culture emerged as a major factor explaining differences in mental health consultation between Chinese and non-Chinese Canadians...
  71. pmc Illness and treatment perceptions of Ethiopian immigrants and their doctors in Israel
    M Reiff
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1814-8. 1999
    ..This study assessed the extent of disagreement and identified the salient problems of communication between Israeli doctors and Ethiopian immigrant patients...
  72. ncbi Errors in medical interpretation and their potential clinical consequences in pediatric encounters
    Glenn Flores
    Center for the Advancement of Urban Children, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    Pediatrics 111:6-14. 2003
    ..About 19 million people in the United States are limited in English proficiency, but little is known about the frequency and potential clinical consequences of errors in medical interpretation...
  73. pmc The impact of language barriers on documentation of informed consent at a hospital with on-site interpreter services
    Yael Schenker
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:294-9. 2007
    ..Informed consent is legally and ethically required before invasive non-emergent procedures. Language barriers make obtaining informed consent more complex...
  74. pmc Homeless people's perceptions of welcomeness and unwelcomeness in healthcare encounters
    Chuck K Wen
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1011-7. 2007
    ..Homeless people face many barriers to obtaining health care, and their attitudes toward seeking health care services may be shaped in part by previous encounters with health care providers...
  75. ncbi South Asian participation in clinical trials: the views of lay people and health professionals
    Mah Hussain-Gambles
    Centre for Research in Primary Care, Institute of Health Sciences and Public Health Research, University of Leeds, 71 75 Clarendon Road, Leeds LS2 9PL, UK
    Health Policy 77:149-65. 2006
    ..At the same time, caution is advocated against using ethnicity as the only form of discrimination facing minority ethnic populations...
  76. pmc Limited English proficiency and breast and cervical cancer screening in a multiethnic population
    Elizabeth A Jacobs
    John H Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County and Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1410-6. 2005
    ..We examined the relationship between ability to speak English and receipt of Papanicolaou tests, clinical breast examinations, and mammography in a multiethnic group of women in the United States...
  77. ncbi Culturally competent healthcare systems. A systematic review
    Laurie M Anderson
    Division of Prevention Research and Analytic Methods, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Prev Med 24:68-79. 2003
    ....
  78. ncbi Working with interpreters: an interactive Web-based learning module
    Adina Kalet
    Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Acad Med 77:927. 2002
    ....
  79. pmc The effect of English language proficiency on length of stay and in-hospital mortality
    Ava John-Baptiste
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 19:221-8. 2004
    ..In ambulatory care settings, patients with limited English proficiency receive lower quality of care. Limited information is available describing outcomes for inpatients...
  80. pmc Assessing dual-role staff-interpreter linguistic competency in an integrated healthcare system
    Maria R Moreno
    Sutter Health Institute for Research and Education, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:331-5. 2007
    ..Bilingual staff are often used to interpret, without any assessment of their skills. Assessing interpreters' linguistic competence and setting standards for testing is a priority...
  81. ncbi The silent epidemic--the health effects of illiteracy
    Erin N Marcus
    Division of General Internal Medicine at the University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:339-41. 2006
  82. ncbi "The Happy Migrant Effect": perceptions of negative experiences of healthcare by patients with little or no English: a qualitative study across seven language groups
    P W Garrett
    Simpson Centre for Health Services Research, The University of New South Wales, Liverpool Health Service, Locked Bag 7103, Liverpool BC NSW 1871, Australia
    Qual Saf Health Care 17:101-3. 2008
    ..The subjective experiences of patients with little or no English who either attended the Emergency Department or were admitted to the wards of a tertiary referral hospital were explored...
  83. ncbi Navigating language barriers under difficult circumstances
    Yael Schenker
    University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Ann Intern Med 149:264-9. 2008
    ..This conceptual and practical approach can help clinicians to improve the quality of care provided to patients with limited English proficiency...
  84. pmc Self-reported fluency in non-english languages among physicians practicing in California
    Gerardo Moreno
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program and Department of Family Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Fam Med 42:414-20. 2010
    ..We sought to compare the non-English language fluency of practicing physicians by physician race/ethnicity and location of medical school education...
  85. pmc Patient satisfaction with different interpreting methods: a randomized controlled trial
    Francesca Gany
    Center for Immigrant Health, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, OBV, CD 401, New York, NY, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:312-8. 2007
    ..Innovative medical interpreting strategies, including remote simultaneous medical interpreting (RSMI), have arisen to address the language barrier. This study evaluates the impact of interpreting method on patient satisfaction...
  86. pmc Quality of diabetes care for non-English-speaking patients. A comparative study
    T M Tocher
    Community Health Center of Snohomish County, Everett, WA 98201, USA
    West J Med 168:504-11. 1998
    ..Physicians may be achieving these results through more frequent visits and laboratory testing...
  87. pmc Getting by: underuse of interpreters by resident physicians
    Lisa C Diamond
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:256-62. 2009
    ..Research suggests that physicians underuse interpreters despite evidence of benefits and even when services are readily available. The reasons underlying the underuse of interpreters are poorly understood...
  88. pmc Language barriers among patients in Boston emergency departments: use of medical interpreters after passage of interpreter legislation
    Adit A Ginde
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 11:527-30. 2009
    ..Since 2001, Massachusetts state law dictates that emergency department (ED) patients with limited English proficiency have the right to a professional interpreter...
  89. ncbi Meeting and treating cultural difference in primary care: a qualitative interview study
    Caroline Wachtler
    Institution for Clinical Sciences, Malmo, Department of Primary Care, Lund University, Sweden, Malmo University Hospital, SE 20502 Malmo, Sweden
    Fam Pract 23:111-5. 2006
    ..Primary care doctors see patients from diverse cultural backgrounds and communication plays an important role in diagnosis and treatment. Communication problems can arise when patient and doctor do not share the same cultural background...
  90. ncbi A comparison of general practice encounters with patients from English-speaking and non-English-speaking backgrounds
    Stephanie A Knox
    General Practice Statistics and Classification Unit, Acacia House, Westmead Hospital, PO Box 533, Wentworthville, NSW 2145, Australia
    Med J Aust 177:98-101. 2002
    ....
  91. pmc The legal framework for language access in healthcare settings: Title VI and beyond
    Alice Hm Chen
    Division of General Internal Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:362-7. 2007
    ..We conclude with an analysis of key policy initiatives that would substantively improve health care for LEP patients...
  92. pmc Non-English speakers consulting with the GP in their own language: a cross-sectional survey
    George K Freeman
    Centre for Primary Care and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London
    Br J Gen Pract 52:36-8. 2002
    ..We therefore conclude that these patients derive particular benefit from general practice consultations in their own language. Enablement may have a different meaning for patients speaking languages other than English...
  93. ncbi Patients' evaluation of quality of care in general practice: what are the cultural and linguistic barriers?
    J A M Harmsen
    Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, P O Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 72:155-62. 2008
    ....
  94. ncbi A definition and operational framework for health numeracy
    Amanda L Golbeck
    Am J Prev Med 29:375-6. 2005
    ..This paper proposes such a definition, as well as a set of clarifying categories in hopes of helping researchers both to advance the field of health numeracy and to focus their topics within the realm of health numeracy...
  95. pmc Why are ethnic minorities under-represented in US research studies?
    Aziz Sheikh
    Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e49. 2006
  96. ncbi A qualitative study of barriers to mental health services utilisation among migrants from mainland China in south-east Sydney
    Ilse Blignault
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 54:180-90. 2008
    ..Chinese-language speakers comprise the largest non-English speaking population in Australia but they have among the lowest rates of mental health services utilisation...
  97. pmc Interpreter services, language concordance, and health care quality. Experiences of Asian Americans with limited English proficiency
    Alexander R Green
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:1050-6. 2005
    ..Both interpreter- and language-concordant clinicians may help overcome these problems but few studies have compared these approaches...
  98. pmc Effect of Spanish interpretation method on patient satisfaction in an urban walk-in clinic
    Linda J Lee
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colo, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 17:641-5. 2002
    ..To examine the effect of Spanish interpretation method on satisfaction with care...
  99. ncbi Overcoming language barriers
    M E Levin
    S Afr Med J 96:1058-60. 2006
  100. pmc Impact of interpreter services on delivery of health care to limited-English-proficient patients
    E A Jacobs
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care and Collaborative Research Unit, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 16:468-74. 2001
    ..To determine whether professional interpreter services increase the delivery of health care to limited-English-proficient patients...
  101. ncbi Glycemic control in English- vs Spanish-speaking Hispanic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    L M Lasater
    Denver Health, 777 Bannock St, Mail Code 0148, Denver, CO 80204, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:77-82. 2001
    ..The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the inability to speak English adversely affected glycemic control in Hispanic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...

Research Grants73

  1. Language, Literacy, Culture: Communication of Health Concepts
    DOUGLAS BRUGGE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..conceptual framework that can be applied to future intervention studies designed to overcome spoken health communication barriers. The first phase of the study will consist of key informant interviews with medical experts, some of whom ..
  2. Perinatal Nurse Home Visiting Enhanced with mHealth Technology
    Phyllis W Sharps; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The use of mHealth technology may increase the sensitivity of screening instruments and reduce communication barriers between HVs and clients regarding IPV, as well as enhance implementation of IPV interventions and allow ..
  3. Patient-provider communication for patients with communication disorders
    CAROLYN RAE BAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Because of the communication barriers these patients face, they are at a higher risk for medical errors, poor health outcomes, low satisfaction ..
  4. Medication Summary Guides for Vulnerable Populations with Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Edward H Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Together, these findings suggest that communication barriers between patients from vulnerable groups and physicians may account for differences in patient knowledge, ..
  5. Pilot Testing the Signs of Health Intervention (SoHi)
    ELAINE GAIL JONES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Culturally Deaf adults have limited access to health related information due mainly to communication barriers, and Deaf adults'socioeconomic status is generally much lower than that of the hearing society...
  6. Bedside Interpreter Intervention, Hospital Outcomes of Older LEP Patients
    Leah S Karliner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These patients experience significant communication barriers, which lead to disparities in access, utilization, outcomes and satisfaction...
  7. Meals on Wheels Volunteers as Health Literacy Coaches for Older Adults
    Vicki S Freimuth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the medical assessment and orders, (b) intention to comply with recommendations and orders, and (c) fewer communication barriers. The MOW volunteers/health literacy coaches will likewise gain in (i) satisfaction with providers, (ii) ..
  8. Harnessing Health IT for Self-Management Support and Medication Activation in a M
    Dean Schillinger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Engagement with ATSM was especially high among participants with communication barriers, such as limited literacy and limited English proficiency, and among Medicaid recipients and the uninsured...
  9. A Surviorship Planning Tool for Head and Neck Cancer Patients and Caregivers
    Katherine Regan Sterba; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The SNAP tool will use touch-screen tablet technology to address communication barriers faced by patients and will systematically assess and address the specialized needs of head and neck cancer ..
  10. Shared Decision Making in Diverse, Disadvantaged Populations;Addressing Health D
    Suzanne Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..driven, interactive shared decision making intervention with the goal of reducing healthcare access and communication barriers that limit full participation in the shared decision making processes for culturally diverse vulnerable ..
  11. International Conference on Malignant Bowel Obstruction
    Robert Krouse; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..There are many reasons for this, including ethical dilemmas in conducting such trials, communication barriers between specialties, and unclear standards for best care practices...
  12. Improving Diabetes Efforts Across Language and Literacy
    Dean Schillinger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..care for populations with a high prevalence of limited health literacy and limited English proficiency, communication barriers that contribute to disparities in chronic disease outcomes...
  13. TISLR 9: Enabling ASL Access for Deaf and Hearing Americans
    Ted Supalla; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In particular, communication barriers are most often encountered at scientific conferences...
  14. COMMUNITY TRIAL TO INCREASE CANCER SCREENING ADHERENCE
    Sarah Fox; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..about barriers to breast cancer screening relative to other cancers, we know far less about cultural and communication barriers to breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening...
  15. PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: QUALITY OF CARE/SERVICE USE
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..ranging from short times available to address complex issues with clinicians to sensory and cognitive communication barriers to limited financial resources to physically inaccessible care sites...
  16. Telehealth Symptom Management in Head and Neck Cancer
    Mark Pfeifer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Using a telehealth monitoring system, the study will address and attempt to overcome communication barriers common to this patient population in an effort to bridge the gap between established symptom management ..
  17. Pilot Testing the Deaf Heart Health Intervention
    Elaine Jones; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..For Deaf community members, communication barriers frequently exist in combination with low income, limited education, secondary disabilities, and membership ..
  18. Working with the Urban Underserved in the UCSF CRN
    Andrew Bindman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In the IDEALL Study, we will develop and test two forms of disease management to overcome communication barriers and promote self-management in diabetic patients with low language and literacy levels...
  19. Providers' Views of the Roles of Medical Interpreters
    I LING HSIEH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Trust and Cancer Screening in African American Women
    Elizabeth Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..During the final year of funding, Dr Jacobs will seek external funding to further study how trust in physicians and health care institutions might contribute to current models of health belief and health behavior. ..
  21. Cancer Pain in Elders: Promoting EBPs in Hospices
    Keela A Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Refining and Standardizing Health Literacy Assessment
    Elizabeth Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  23. Language and Cardiovascular Risk Factor Screening and Control in U.S. Hispanics
    PRACHA EAMRANOND; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These two combined projects will serve to identify possible areas for future interventions to improve cardiovascular health for the U.S. Hispanic population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. CANCER AWARENESS NETWORK FOR IMMIGRANT MINORITY POPULATI
    Francesca Gany; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIA
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In that way, it presents an exciting prospect for improving the quality of life in demented persons, thereby reducing their caregivers' burden. ..
  26. Improving Systems for Colorectal Cancer Screening
    John Ayanian; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. A Pilot Smoking Cessation Study for Newly Diagnosed Lung Cancer Patients
    Elyse Park; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We propose to assess the efficacy and potential feasibility of a combined behavioral and pharmacological treatment program that is integrated into the thoracic oncology setting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. TREATMENT OF AGITATION IN THE NURSING HOME
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PHS 398 (Rev. 05/01) Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska ..
  29. Colorectal Cancer Screening in Chinese Americans
    Shin Ping Tu; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Prognosis and Effectiveness of Advanced Lung Cancer Treatment in the Elderly
    Juan P Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will provide information regarding the efficacy of several therapies and may help resolve several controversies regarding the staging and treatment of elderly patients with advanced stage lung cancer. ..
  31. Ethnic Minority Children in Public Mental Health
    Lonnie Snowden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Similarly, we test the effect of clients' outpatient/linkage-brokerage use on ethnic disparities in crisis care use. ..
  32. Improving the Care of Frequently Hospitalized Urban Poor
    Alicia Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Lung Cancer Treatment in the Elderly
    Juan Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings from this project will provide information that can directly impact the care of elderly patients with NSCLC and inform the design of future trials of lung cancer treatment strategies. ..
  34. Policies Improving Non-English Speakers' Access & Care
    Lonnie Snowden; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  35. Cultural Competency Training in Latino Health
    Desiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
  36. Socio-Ecological Variables/Cancer Screening Behaviors?
    Ninez Ponce; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Improving Surveillance for Colorectal Polyps
    John Ayanian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will provide a model for evaluating how data from electronic medical records can be used to improve screening of patients with prior colorectal polyps who are at increased risk of developing recurrent polyps or cancer. ..
  38. Comparative Effectiveness of Comprehensive Care for Adults with SMI
    TODD PATRICK GILMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  39. MGED 9&10 Student Travel Awards
    Catherine Ball; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. A Panel Study of Quit Smoking Processes in Low-SES Women
    Clara Manfredi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will repeat the analyses with the two merged data sets, to assess the individual and area SES effects on smoking cessation processes on a total sample with greater variation on these variables. ..
  41. Oral Health and Quality of Life in Children
    MARITA INGLEHART; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Parental Illness Representations and Asthma Management
    HANNELORE YOOS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  43. Balancing Hope & Truth-Telling for Patients with Ca/COPD
    J Curtis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These strategies will be described and translated into interventions targeting nurses, physicians, and teams who provide care for patients with cancer, COPD, and other life-limiting diseases. ..
  44. ELDER ABUSE, ETHNICITY, AND HEALTHCARE SETTINGS
    Michael Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  45. Internet-Based Stress Management for College Students
    Emil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The final product will be marketed as part of a comprehensive college health website. ..
  46. Barriers to Recommending Colorectal Cancer Screening
    Carmen Guerra; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Understanding the barriers to CRCS recommendation is an essential step in developing and implementing effective physician CRCS interventions that will significantly reduce CRC incidence, morbidity and mortality. ..
  47. Clinicians' Concepts of Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Management of Chronic Il
    Linda M Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  48. TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (TAAG)
    John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Assessment of hypothesized intervention mediators and quality of implementation of all intervention components will enhance understanding of intervention effects. ..
  49. Feasibility of Diabetes Prevention in Arab Americans
    Linda Jaber; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Adherence to scheduled activities and changes in body weight, diet and physical activity will also be assessed. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Medical Students, Cancer Control and The Deaf Community
    Georgia Sadler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This could be medical students internship at a summer camp for deaf children or an internship at the Student Health Center of the Mental Health Center at Gallaudet University. ..
  51. Stigma & Behavioral Health in Urban Employers from China & US
    Patrick Corrigan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data from this study will be especially important for the development of future stigma-change programs. ..
  52. Measuring Cultural Competence and Racial Bias Among Physicians
    Somnath Saha; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These tools are needed to inform and evaluate future interventions to reduce pervasive racial disparities in health care quality and outcomes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. OPTICAL ASSESSMENT OF DERMAL EXPOSURE AND ABSORPTION
    Richard Fenske; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  54. PRETREATMENT FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN CRACK ABUSERS
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. HIV/STDs CD-ROM for Hispanic Substance Abusers
    Emil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If Seguro y Sobrio ultimately enhances HIV/STDs prevention in Hispanic drug abusers, its national commercial potential would be significant. ..
  56. Woman-Focused HIV Prevention with Pregnant African-Americans in Treatment
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., HIV status, age, stage of pregnancy, relationships with men) that may influence response to the treatment. ..
  57. Critical Factors Impacting Family Transition to Preschool Special Health Services
    Linda Caley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Developing a Score of Communicative Participation
    Kathryn Yorkston; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, the PIs will generate a long-term research plan to continue the validation process. This plan will serve as a proposal for a research project grant (R01) funding by NIH. ..
  59. Developing a Tool to Improve the Quality of Breast Cancer Treatment Decisions
    Sarah Hawley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project has direct relevance for improving the quality of cancer care for all women. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Promoting Sleep in Mothers of Low Birth Weight Infants: a Pilot Study
    Shih Yu Lee; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Oral Health Disparities in Publicly Insured Children
    TEGWYN BRICKHOUSE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Benefit: This mix of quantitative techniques and a clinical study will be utilized to address the NIDCR Priority Research Area of eliminating oral health disparities. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. NLAAS II: Unraveling Differences for Clinical Services
    Margarita Alegria; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  63. HIV Testing as a Structural Intervention
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results could support designing a controlled clinical trial to test the efficacy of an on-site HIV testing program as a structural intervention to reduce high-risk behavior in clubs. ..
  64. MEASURING PATIENT SATISFACTION: LOW LITERACY POPULATIONS
    Judy Shea; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, we will randomize eligible enrollees to receive the standard form or one of the alternative versions, to determine how the instruments perform in the typical way in which they would be used. ..
  65. Impact of CPAP on Functional Outcomes in Milder OSA
    Terri Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Secondary aims of the study are: 1) to examine whether CPAP also improves daytime sleepiness; 2) to determine whether CPAP can reduce nocturnal blood pressure to lower the risk for stroke and hypertension linked to OSA. ..
  66. Community Prevention Policy & Programs in Risk Settings
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Impact of Culture on Cancer Screening in Chinese Women
    Wenchi Liang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..I. to develop critical research skills to become an independent cancer control researcher. ..
  68. PREVENTIVE ONCOLOGY AWARD
    Anita Kinney; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The University of Utah is a major academic institution with many distinguished scientists, and offers an excellent environment for Dr. Kinney to develop her skills and gain additional expertise to accomplish her goals. ..
  69. Exercise for Bone Health: Young Breast Cancer Survivors
    Joan Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Program dissemination will be facilitated by the stable nationwide infrastructure of community-based Y facilities. ..