advertising

Summary

Summary: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Cigarette advertising in Black, Latino, and White magazines, 1998-2002: an exploratory investigation
    Hope Landrine
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, 6363 Alvarado Court, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
    Ethn Dis 15:63-7. 2005
  2. pmc Ghettoizing outdoor advertising: disadvantage and ad panel density in black neighborhoods
    Naa Oyo A Kwate
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Urban Health 84:21-31. 2007
  3. ncbi Effects of pro- and anti-tobacco advertising on nonsmoking adolescents' intentions to smoke
    Diane M Straub
    Division of Adolescent Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Adolesc Health 32:36-43. 2003
  4. pmc Receptivity to tobacco advertising and promotions among young adolescents as a predictor of established smoking in young adulthood
    Elizabeth A Gilpin
    Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, Calif 92093 0901, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1489-95. 2007
  5. ncbi Tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use: assessing the evidence for causality
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 117:e1237-48. 2006
  6. ncbi Direct-to-consumer advertising under the radar: the need for realistic drugs policy in Australia
    F J MacKenzie
    Centre for Values, Ethics and the Law in Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Intern Med J 37:224-8. 2007
  7. pmc Appraisal of anti-smoking advertising by youth at risk for regular smoking: a comparative study in the United States, Australia, and Britain
    M Wakefield
    The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Tob Control 12:ii82-6. 2003
  8. ncbi Content analysis of children's television advertising in relation to dental health
    H D Rodd
    Paediatric Dentistry, School of Clinical Dentistry, Sheffield, UK
    Br Dent J 199:710-2; discussion 713. 2005
  9. pmc Emotions for sale: cigarette advertising and women's psychosocial needs
    S J Anderson
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    Tob Control 14:127-35. 2005
  10. pmc Influence of patients' requests for direct-to-consumer advertised antidepressants: a randomized controlled trial
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    JAMA 293:1995-2002. 2005

Research Grants

  1. Statin modulation of immunotherapy for Alzheimer disease
    Jun Tan; Fiscal Year: 2012
  2. Retinoid Metabolism and Alcohol Induced Disease
    William S Blaner; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-CCC-Lead
    CYNTHIA T MCEVOY; Fiscal Year: 2013
  4. Tobacco Control Research Branch Scientific and Technical Services Support
    KOURTNEY MARSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. Role of CD44 in experimental Multiple Sclerosis
    Mitzi Nagarkatti; Fiscal Year: 2013
  6. INTERNET ENHANCED HEALTH PROMOTION FOR OBESE ETHNIC MINORITY ADOLESCENTS
    Jessica A Whiteley; Fiscal Year: 2011
  7. CPG METHYLATION AND MUTATION
    Gerd P Pfeifer; Fiscal Year: 2013
  8. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
  10. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications277 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Cigarette advertising in Black, Latino, and White magazines, 1998-2002: an exploratory investigation
    Hope Landrine
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, 6363 Alvarado Court, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
    Ethn Dis 15:63-7. 2005
    ..To examine the number, type (menthol vs non-menthol), brand (Black, White, Women's, Other), and size of cigarette ads in Black, Latino, and White magazines...
  2. pmc Ghettoizing outdoor advertising: disadvantage and ad panel density in black neighborhoods
    Naa Oyo A Kwate
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Urban Health 84:21-31. 2007
    This study investigated correlates of outdoor advertising panel density in predominantly African American neighborhoods in New York City...
  3. ncbi Effects of pro- and anti-tobacco advertising on nonsmoking adolescents' intentions to smoke
    Diane M Straub
    Division of Adolescent Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Adolesc Health 32:36-43. 2003
    To determine the effects of pro- and anti-tobacco advertising on nonsmoking adolescents' intention to smoke in a single cohort.
  4. pmc Receptivity to tobacco advertising and promotions among young adolescents as a predictor of established smoking in young adulthood
    Elizabeth A Gilpin
    Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, Calif 92093 0901, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1489-95. 2007
    We investigated whether receptivity to tobacco advertising and promotions during young adolescence predicts young adult smoking 6 years later.
  5. ncbi Tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use: assessing the evidence for causality
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Pediatrics 117:e1237-48. 2006
    ..We sought to determine whether there is evidence of a causal link between exposure to tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use by children...
  6. ncbi Direct-to-consumer advertising under the radar: the need for realistic drugs policy in Australia
    F J MacKenzie
    Centre for Values, Ethics and the Law in Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Intern Med J 37:224-8. 2007
    Direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medicines (DTCA-PM) is currently banned in Australia. DTCA-PM is thought to increase health-care costs by increasing demand for drugs that are both expensive and potentially harmful...
  7. pmc Appraisal of anti-smoking advertising by youth at risk for regular smoking: a comparative study in the United States, Australia, and Britain
    M Wakefield
    The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Tob Control 12:ii82-6. 2003
    ..To compare the similarity in how youth in the United States, Australia, and Britain appraise anti-smoking advertisements with different characteristics...
  8. ncbi Content analysis of children's television advertising in relation to dental health
    H D Rodd
    Paediatric Dentistry, School of Clinical Dentistry, Sheffield, UK
    Br Dent J 199:710-2; discussion 713. 2005
    ..In addition, it reports on the volume and type of television advertising aimed at young people, both in the United Kingdom and other developed countries...
  9. pmc Emotions for sale: cigarette advertising and women's psychosocial needs
    S J Anderson
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    Tob Control 14:127-35. 2005
    To explore messages of psychosocial needs satisfaction in cigarette advertising targeting women and implications for tobacco control policy.
  10. pmc Influence of patients' requests for direct-to-consumer advertised antidepressants: a randomized controlled trial
    Richard L Kravitz
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    JAMA 293:1995-2002. 2005
    Direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising of prescription drugs in the United States is both ubiquitous and controversial...
  11. pmc Tobacco point of sale advertising increases positive brand user imagery
    R J Donovan
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer Control, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Hayman Rd, Bentley, Western Australia, Australia
    Tob Control 11:191-4. 2002
    To determine the potential impact of point of sale advertising on adolescents so as to inform changes to the Tobacco Control Act.
  12. pmc The Virginia Slims identity crisis: an inside look at tobacco industry marketing to women
    B A Toll
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Tob Control 14:172-80. 2005
    ....
  13. ncbi Prevention of deaths from harmful drinking in the United States: the potential effects of tax increases and advertising bans on young drinkers
    William Hollingworth
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Box 359960, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98104 2499, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:300-8. 2006
    ..In this study, we estimate the impact of interventions to reduce the prevalence of drinking among youth on subsequent drinking patterns and alcohol-attributable mortality...
  14. ncbi Factors affecting trust in on-line prescription drug information and impact of trust on behavior following exposure to DTC advertising
    Jisu Huh
    School of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    J Health Commun 10:711-31. 2005
    ..of trust in on-line drug information on ad-promoted behavior following exposure to direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising. Four major findings are reported: (1) on-line drug information is not highly trusted; (2) trust in on-line ..
  15. pmc Effect of televised, tobacco company-funded smoking prevention advertising on youth smoking-related beliefs, intentions, and behavior
    Melanie Wakefield
    Center for Behavioral Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Am J Public Health 96:2154-60. 2006
    To relate exposure to televised youth smoking prevention advertising to youths' smoking beliefs, intentions, and behaviors.
  16. pmc The effect of top-level domains and advertisements on health web-site credibility
    Joseph B Walther
    Department of Communication, Cornell University, 303 Kennedy Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Med Internet Res 6:e24. 2004
    ..Concerns over health information on the Internet have generated efforts to enhance credibility markers; yet how users actually assess the credibility of online health information is largely unknown...
  17. ncbi Factors influencing the shift of patients from one proton pump inhibitor to another: the effect of direct-to-consumer advertising
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Policy and Evaluative Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Clin Ther 27:1478-87. 2005
    ..Switching from one proton pump inhibitor (PPI) to another is common, and may be related to factors other than efficacy and tolerability...
  18. ncbi Tobacco industry strategies for influencing European Community tobacco advertising legislation
    Mark Neuman
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Institute for Health Policy Studies, Cardiovascular Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Lancet 359:1323-30. 2002
    Restrictions on tobacco company advertising and sponsorship are effective parts of tobacco control programmes worldwide...
  19. ncbi Advertising and obesity: a behavioral perspective
    Janet Hoek
    Department of Marketing, College of Business, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    J Health Commun 11:409-23. 2006
    ..In particular, advertising that promotes high fat and high sugar products to children has come under increasing scrutiny...
  20. ncbi The effects of different regulation systems on television food advertising to children
    Bridget Kelly
    Australian Centre for Health Promotion, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, New South Wales
    Aust N Z J Public Health 31:340-3. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to model children's potential exposure to television food advertisements under different regulatory scenarios to demonstrate the policy implications of regulatory change in Australia...
  21. ncbi Outdoor alcohol advertising near schools: what does it advertise and how is it related to intentions and use of alcohol among young adolescents?
    Keryn E Pasch
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:587-96. 2007
    ..document and describe all outdoor alcohol advertisements surrounding schools and (2) examine the association between exposure to alcohol advertising in sixth grade and youth alcohol use, intentions, norms, and attitudes in eighth grade.
  22. ncbi Magazine alcohol advertising compliance with the Australian Alcoholic Beverages Advertising Code
    Kati Donovan
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer Control, Curtin University of Technology, School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 26:73-81. 2007
    ..Australia, and assess the extent to which the ads complied with Australia's self-regulatory Alcoholic Beverages Advertising Code (ABAC)...
  23. ncbi Tobacco industry efforts to erode tobacco advertising controls in Hungary
    T Szilagyi
    Rapanui Ltd, Hungary
    Cent Eur J Public Health 12:190-6. 2004
    To review strategies of transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) at creating a favourable advertising environment for their products in Hungary, with special regard to efforts resulting in the liberalisation of tobacco advertising in 1997.
  24. ncbi Time trends and demographic differences in youth exposure to alcohol advertising on television
    Jeanne S Ringel
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    J Adolesc Health 39:473-80. 2006
    To examine trends in youth exposure to alcohol advertising on television across different demographic groups.
  25. ncbi Salient stimuli in advertising: the effect of contrast interval length and type on recall
    G Douglas Olsen
    Department of Marketing, Business Economics and Law, School of Business, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    J Exp Psychol Appl 8:168-79. 2002
    Salient auditory stimuli (e.g., music or sound effects) are commonly used in advertising to elicit attention. However, issues related to the effectiveness of such stimuli are not well understood...
  26. ncbi Preliminary investigation of the advertising and availability of PREPs, the new "safe" tobacco products
    Norval Hickman
    ISDSU UCSD Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92120, USA
    J Behav Med 27:413-24. 2004
    ..the biological impact of these potential reduced exposure products (PREPs) and nothing is known about their advertising and availability. Hence, two pilot studies were conducted to examine the latter issues for the first time...
  27. ncbi How much food advertising is there on Australian television?
    Kathy Chapman
    Health Strategies Division, The Cancer Council NSW, Kings Cross NSW 1340, Australia
    Health Promot Int 21:172-80. 2006
    The purpose of this study was to conduct a comprehensive content analysis of television food advertising and provide data on current levels of food advertising in Australia...
  28. ncbi An experimental study of effects on schoolchildren of exposure to point-of-sale cigarette advertising and pack displays
    Melanie Wakefield
    The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Health Educ Res 21:338-47. 2006
    By creating a sense of familiarity with tobacco, cigarette advertising and bold packaging displays in stores where children often visit may help to pre-dispose them to smoking...
  29. ncbi Direct-to-consumer advertising: public perceptions of its effects on health behaviors, health care, and the doctor-patient relationship
    Elizabeth Murray
    Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College School of Medicine at University College London, United Kingdom
    J Am Board Fam Pract 17:6-18. 2004
    To determine public perceptions of the effect of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription medications on health behaviors, health care utilization, the doctor-patient relationship, and the association between socioeconomic ..
  30. ncbi Which adolescents are most receptive to tobacco industry marketing? implications for counter-advertising campaigns
    Janet Audrain-McGovern
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Commun 15:499-513. 2003
    This study sought to identify adolescents most receptive to tobacco advertising based on individual differences in novelty-seeking personality and other key variables...
  31. pmc What are the public health effects of direct-to-consumer drug advertising?
    Elizabeth A Almasi
    Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e145. 2006
    Only two industrialized countries, the United States and New Zealand, allow direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription medicines, although New Zealand is planning a ban...
  32. ncbi Television advertising of foodstuffs potentially detrimental to oral health--a content analysis and comparison of children's and primetime broadcasts
    I G Chestnutt
    Dental Public Health Unit, University of Wales College of Medicine, Dental School, Cardiff, UK
    Community Dent Health 19:86-9. 2002
    ....
  33. ncbi A means to an end: slim hopes and cigarette advertising
    Thomas C Boyd
    Department of Marketing, Campus Box 6848, California State University, Fullerton, CA 92834 6848, USA
    Health Promot Pract 4:266-77. 2003
    ..A brief history of tobacco advertising efforts to appeal to women is followed by an exploratory study of Phillip Morris's advertising campaign for ..
  34. pmc Every document and picture tells a story: using internal corporate document reviews, semiotics, and content analysis to assess tobacco advertising
    S J Anderson
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 1390, USA
    Tob Control 15:254-61. 2006
    ..article we present communication theory as a conceptual framework for conducting documents research on tobacco advertising strategies, and we discuss two methods for analysing advertisements: semiotics and content analysis...
  35. ncbi Alcohol advertising: what makes it attractive to youth?
    Meng Jinn Chen
    Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 1995 University Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    J Health Commun 10:553-65. 2005
    ..e., people character, animal character, music, story, and humor). It also examines the associations between advertising likeability and its potential influence...
  36. pmc The tobacco industry's accounts of refining indirect tobacco advertising in Malaysia
    M Assunta
    School of Public Health, Room 129A Edward Ford Building, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 Australia
    Tob Control 13:ii63-70. 2004
    To explore tobacco industry accounts of its use of indirect tobacco advertising and trademark diversification (TMD) in Malaysia, a nation with a reputation for having an abundance of such advertising.
  37. ncbi Direct-to-consumer advertising: physicians' views of its effects on quality of care and the doctor-patient relationship
    Elizabeth Murray
    Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College School of Medicine at University College London, United Kingdom
    J Am Board Fam Pract 16:513-24. 2003
    The objective of the study was to determine physicians' views of the effects of Direct-to-Consumer Advertising (DTCA) on health service utilization, quality of care, and the doctor-patient relationship.
  38. ncbi Physicians report on patient encounters involving direct-to-consumer advertising
    Joel S Weissman
    Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) . 2004
    ..Physicians perceived improved communication and education but also thought that direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) led patients to seek unnecessary treatments...
  39. ncbi Consumers' reports on the health effects of direct-to-consumer drug advertising
    Joel S Weissman
    Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) . 2003
    We conducted a national telephone survey about health care experiences associated with direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs...
  40. pmc The relationship between exposure to alcohol advertising in stores, owning alcohol promotional items, and adolescent alcohol use
    Shannon Q Hurtz
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine 211 Quarry Road, N229 Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
    Alcohol Alcohol 42:143-9. 2007
    This paper describes adolescents' exposure to alcohol advertising in stores and to alcohol-branded promotional items and their association with self-reported drinking.
  41. ncbi Direct to consumer advertising in pharmaceutical markets
    Kurt R Brekke
    Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Helleveien 30, N 5045, Bergen, Norway
    J Health Econ 25:102-30. 2006
    We study effects of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) in the prescription drug market. There are two pharmaceutical firms providing horizontally differentiated (branded) drugs. Patients differ in their susceptibility to the drugs...
  42. ncbi A decade of direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription drugs
    Julie M Donohue
    Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:673-81. 2007
    Evidence suggests that direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription drugs increases pharmaceutical sales and both helps to avert underuse of medicines and leads to potential overuse...
  43. pmc Adolescent smoking and exposure to tobacco marketing under a tobacco advertising ban: findings from 2 Norwegian national samples
    Marc T Braverman
    Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1230-8. 2004
    ..We examined the extent to which adolescents in Norway have been exposed to tobacco marketing despite an existing ban, and whether exposure is related to their current smoking or expectations they will smoke in the future...
  44. ncbi Smoking among adolescents in Muenster, Germany: increase in prevalence (1995-2000) and relation to tobacco advertising
    Wasim Maziak
    Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Muenster, Domagkstrasse 3, 48129 Muenster, Germany
    Prev Med 36:172-6. 2003
    ..Understanding patterns and trends of smoking among youths is of major importance for the assessment of the burden of smoking in the society and efforts to decrease it...
  45. pmc The effectiveness of television advertising campaigns on generating calls to a national Quitline by Māori
    N Wilson
    Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO Box 7343, Wellington, New Zealand
    Tob Control 14:284-6. 2005
    ..To examine the effectiveness of four mass media campaigns on calls to a national Quitline by Māori (the indigenous people of New Zealand)...
  46. ncbi US regulation of Advertising and promotional materials
    Maria Donawa
    Donawa Consulting, Rome, Italy
    Med Device Technol 17:26-8. 2006
    ..manufacturers do not always properly control the development of new or modified promotional labelling and advertising materials. This lack of control can lead to unexpected regulatory problems...
  47. pmc The outing of Philip Morris: advertising tobacco to gay men
    Elizabeth A Smith
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, 94143, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:988-93. 2003
    ..This case study describes the events surrounding the first time a major tobacco company advertised in gay media...
  48. pmc How tobacco companies ensure prime placement of their advertising and products in stores: interviews with retailers about tobacco company incentive programmes
    E C Feighery
    Public Health Institute, Berkeley, California, USA
    Tob Control 12:184-8. 2003
    ..A better understanding of how tobacco companies influence the retail environment would help researchers and tobacco control activists to monitor industry presence in stores...
  49. ncbi Trade treaties and alcohol advertising policy
    Ellen Gould
    Cedar Isle Research, 803 1340 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Public Health Policy 26:359-76. 2005
    Restrictions on alcohol advertising are vulnerable to challenge under international trade agreements. As countries negotiate new trade treaties and expand the scope of existing ones, the risk of such a challenge increases...
  50. ncbi Anti-tobacco television advertising and indicators of smoking cessation in adults: a cohort study
    A Hyland
    Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm arlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Health Educ Res 21:348-54. 2006
    The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between exposure to state-sponsored anti-tobacco advertising and smoking cessation...
  51. pmc How does direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) affect prescribing? A survey in primary care environments with and without legal DTCA
    Barbara Mintzes
    Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, and the Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 169:405-12. 2003
    Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs has increased rapidly in the United States during the last decade, yet little is known about its effects on prescribing decisions in primary care...
  52. ncbi Alcohol counter-advertising and the media. A review of recent research
    Gina Agostinelli
    Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California, USA
    Alcohol Res Health 26:15-21. 2002
    Counter-advertising commonly is used to balance the effects that alcohol advertising may have on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Such measures can take the form of print or broadcast advertisements (e.g...
  53. ncbi Children, adolescents, and advertising
    Victor C Strasburger
    Pediatrics 118:2563-9. 2006
    b>Advertising is a pervasive influence on children and adolescents. Young people view more than 40,000 ads per year on television alone and increasingly are being exposed to advertising on the Internet, in magazines, and in schools...
  54. ncbi Direct to consumer advertising in healthcare: history, benefits, and concerns
    Sanjo Adeoye
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 457:96-104. 2007
    ..As a result, there has been tremendous growth of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA), illustrated by the increase in spending on DTCA related to prescription drugs from an estimated $55 ..
  55. ncbi Alcohol advertising and adolescents
    Victor C Strasburger
    Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics ACC 3, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM 87131 5311, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 49:353-76, vii. 2002
    ..In addition, television shows, movies, and music videos contain considerable amounts of alcohol use. This article will discuss the available research and offers suggestions to make the media healthier for teenagers...
  56. ncbi Exposure to food advertising on television among US children
    Lisa M Powell
    Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Ave, Room 558, Mail Code 275, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:553-60. 2007
    To examine exposure to food advertising on television (TV) among children aged 2 through 11 years.
  57. ncbi Alcohol advertising exposure and perceptions: links with alcohol expectancies and intentions to drink or drinking in underaged youth and young adults
    Kenneth Fleming
    Center for Advance Social Research, School of Journalism, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, USA
    J Health Commun 9:3-29. 2004
    This study tests whether the impact of alcohol advertising exposure on intentions to drink and actual consumption is mediated by cognitive responses to advertising messages and positive expectancies about alcohol use...
  58. ncbi Assessing controversial direct-to-consumer advertising for hereditary breast cancer testing: reactions from women and their physicians in a managed care organization
    Judy Mouchawar
    Clinical Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, 580 Mohawk Drive, Boulder, CO 80303, USA
    Am J Manag Care 11:601-8. 2005
    To describe the impact on patients and physicians at a managed care organization (MCO) of a direct-to-consumer advertising (DTC-ad) campaign concerning testing for the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.
  59. ncbi Informational content of official pharmaceutical industry web sites about treatments for erectile dysfunction
    Katherine E Waack
    College of Pharmacy, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 38:2029-34. 2004
    ..In traditional direct-to-consumer advertisements, viewers are often referred to a pharmaceutical company Web site for further information...
  60. pmc Creating demand for prescription drugs: a content analysis of television direct-to-consumer advertising
    Dominick L Frosch
    Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1736, USA
    Ann Fam Med 5:6-13. 2007
    ..This information is important, because ads may not meet their educational potential, possibly prompting consumers to request prescriptions that are clinically inappropriate or more expensive than equally effective alternatives...
  61. ncbi Operation storefront Hawaii: tobacco advertising and promotion in Hawaii stores
    Karen Glanz
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Health Commun 11:699-707. 2006
    Our objective was to explore the nature and location of tobacco product advertising and promotion in retail stores in Hawaii...
  62. pmc Direct-to-consumer advertising of pharmaceuticals
    Ziad F Gellad
    Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Am J Med 120:475-80. 2007
    Since the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released new guidelines on broadcast direct-to-consumer advertising in 1997, the prevalence of direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription drugs has increased exponentially...
  63. pmc Early adolescent exposure to alcohol advertising and its relationship to underage drinking
    Rebecca L Collins
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    J Adolesc Health 40:527-34. 2007
    ..Recent studies suggest that exposure to alcohol ads has a limited influence on drinking in mid-adolescence. Early adolescents may be more vulnerable to alcohol advertising effects.
  64. pmc R.J. Reynolds' targeting of African Americans: 1988-2000
    Edith D Balbach
    Community Health Program, Tufts University, 112 Packard Avenue, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:822-7. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe RJ Reynolds (RJR) Tobacco Company's strategy for targeting African Americans, as revealed in tobacco industry documents and magazine advertisements...
  65. ncbi The educational potential of direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertising
    Kimberly A Kaphingst
    Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 23:143-50. 2004
    Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations for direct-to-consumer (DTC) prescription drug advertising allow broadcast advertisements with incomplete risk information if the ads refer consumers to physicians, pharmacists, and ..
  66. ncbi Coverage of breast cancer in the Australian print media--does advertising and editorial coverage reflect correct social marketing messages?
    Sandra C Jones
    Health and Productivity Research Centre, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
    J Health Commun 9:309-25. 2004
    ....
  67. ncbi Banning all drug promotion is the best option pending major reforms
    Peter R Mansfield
    Department of General Practice, University of Adelaide, Australia
    J Bioeth Inq 2:75-81. 2005
    ..Consequently, pending major reforms, it is appropriate for governments to restrict drug promotion as much as is politically achievable...
  68. ncbi Antibiotic drug advertising in medical journals
    Jacob Gilad
    The Centre for the Study of European Politics and Society, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Scand J Infect Dis 37:910-2. 2005
    b>Advertising is a leading strategy for drug promotion. We analysed 779 advertisements in 24 medical journals, 25% of which featured antibiotics. Antibiotic advertisements showed differences compared to those of other drugs...
  69. pmc Antismoking television advertising and socioeconomic variations in calls to Quitline
    Mohammad Siahpush
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, 100 Drummond Street, Carlton 3053 Victoria, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:298-301. 2007
    To assess the socioeconomic variations in call rates to the Quitline (Victoria, Australia) and in the impact of anti-tobacco television advertising on call rates.
  70. ncbi Industry guidelines, laws and regulations ignored: quality of drug advertising in medical journals
    Kari S Lankinen
    ROHTO Programme, Finnish Medical Society Duodecim, P O Box 713, FI 00101 Helsinki, Finland
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 13:789-95. 2004
    ..To document the quality of evidence base for marketing claims in prescription drug advertisements, to facilitate identification of potential targets for quality improvement...
  71. ncbi The 2007 ABJS Marshall Urist Award: The impact of direct-to-consumer advertising in orthopaedics
    Kevin J Bozic
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Francisco, CA 94143 0728, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 458:202-19. 2007
    Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) has become an influential factor in healthcare delivery in the United States...
  72. ncbi Effects of direct-to-consumer advertising of hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme a reductase inhibitors on attainment of LDL-C goals
    W David Bradford
    Center for Health Economic and Policy Studies, Department of Health Administration and Policy, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425, USA
    Clin Ther 28:2105-18; discussion 2104. 2006
    Although highly controversial, directto-consumer (DTC) television advertising for prescription drugs is an established practice in the US health care industry...
  73. ncbi Tobacco advertising in communities: associations with race and class
    Elizabeth M Barbeau
    Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Prev Med 40:16-22. 2005
    ..Because of this disparity, the National Cancer Institute has called for studies of targeted tobacco marketing to clarify mechanisms contributing to higher tobacco use among low-income Americans and other high-risk populations...
  74. ncbi Interacting effects of depression and tobacco advertising receptivity on adolescent smoking
    Kenneth P Tercyak
    Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia 20007 4104, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 27:145-54. 2002
    To evaluate the independent effects of exposure to others who smoke and receptivity to tobacco advertising on adolescent smoking practices and the moderating influence of depression on these relationships.
  75. ncbi Impact of direct-to-consumer advertising for hereditary breast cancer testing on genetic services at a managed care organization: a naturally-occurring experiment
    Judy Mouchawar
    Kaiser Permanente Clinical Research Unit, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Genet Med 7:191-7. 2005
    To describe the impact of Myriad Genetics, Inc.'s direct-to-consumer advertising (DTC-ad) campaign on cancer genetic services within two Managed Care Organizations, Kaiser Permanente Colorado (KPCO), Denver, Colorado, where the ad ..
  76. pmc Effects of antismoking advertising--based beliefs on adult smokers' consideration of quitting
    Richard G Netemeyer
    McIntire School of Commerce, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 29204, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1062-6. 2005
    We examined whether specific antismoking advertising-based beliefs regarding the addictiveness of smoking, the dangers of environmental tobacco smoke, and the tobacco industry's use of deceptive advertising practices are associated with ..
  77. ncbi Food advertising on Australian television: the extent of children's exposure
    Leonie Neville
    NSW Public Health Training and Development Branch, NSW Department of Health, LMB 961, North Sydney, NSW 2059, Australia
    Health Promot Int 20:105-12. 2005
    The objective of this study was to investigate the extent and nature of food advertising during Australian children's television (TV) viewing hours and programs, and to determine whether confectionery and fast food restaurant ..
  78. ncbi Televised state-sponsored antitobacco advertising and youth smoking beliefs and behavior in the United States, 1999-2000
    Sherry Emery
    Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago 60608 1264, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:639-45. 2005
    ..Recent state budget crises have dramatically reduced funding for state-sponsored antitobacco media campaigns. If campaigns are associated with reduced smoking, such cuts could result in long-term increases in state health care costs...
  79. ncbi Food advertising in the age of obesity: content analysis of food advertising on general market and african american television
    Vani R Henderson
    Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 37:191-6. 2005
    ..To document the types of foods advertised and weight-related nutritional claims made during advertisements appearing on general market and African American television programming...
  80. ncbi Evidence of a possible link between obesogenic food advertising and child overweight
    T Lobstein
    International Obesity TaskForce, London, UK
    Obes Rev 6:203-8. 2005
    A recent review of the literature concluded that advertising of foods on television may influence children's food choices and encourage unhealthy diets, but the review acknowledged there was a lack of clear evidence in coming to this ..
  81. ncbi Costs and benefits of direct-to-consumer advertising: the case of depression
    Adam E Block
    Harvard PhD Program in Health Policy, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Pharmacoeconomics 25:511-21. 2007
    Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) is legal in the US and New Zealand, but illegal in the rest of the world. Little or no research exists on the social welfare implications of DTCA.
  82. ncbi Advertising, patient decision making, and self-referral for computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging
    Judy Illes
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Program in Human Biology, and Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:2415-9. 2004
    ..Most aspects of these services are unregulated, and little is known about the messages in advertising used to attract potential consumers...
  83. pmc Benefits and harms of direct to consumer advertising: a systematic review
    S Gilbody
    Department of Health Sciences, Seebohm Rowntree Building, Alcuin College, University of York YO10 5DD
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:246-50. 2005
    Direct to consumer advertising is increasingly used by the pharmaceutical industry, but its benefits and harms have yet to be summarised in a comprehensive and rigorous manner.
  84. pmc Health disparities and advertising content of women's magazines: a cross-sectional study
    Susan C Duerksen
    Rebecca and John Moores UCSD Cancer Center, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093 0658, USA
    BMC Public Health 5:85. 2005
    ..This study evaluated whether variations exist in health-related advertisements and health promotion cues among lay magazines catering to Hispanic, African American and Caucasian women...
  85. ncbi Alcohol advertising and youth: a measured approach
    David H Jernigan
    Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth, Georgetown University, Box 571444, 3300 Whitehaven Street, NW, Suite 5000, Washington, DC 20057 1485, USA
    J Public Health Policy 26:312-25. 2005
    Where alcohol industry self-regulation is the primary protection against youth exposure to alcohol advertising, independent, systematic monitoring of youth exposure can promote public awareness of and greater accountability in the ..
  86. pmc "The world's most hostile environment": how the tobacco industry circumvented Singapore's advertising ban
    M Assunta
    School of Public Health, Room 129A, Edward Ford Building A27, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 Australia
    Tob Control 13:ii51-7. 2004
    ....
  87. ncbi Consumers' attitudes and behavior toward prescription drug advertising
    Nithima Sumpradit
    University of Michigan, Department of Administrative and Social Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Ann Arbor, USA
    Am J Health Behav 26:68-75. 2002
    To explore how consumers' characteristics interact with direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) to influence 2 behaviors: information seeking and asking for prescription.
  88. ncbi Impact of cigarette advertising on smoking behaviour in Spanish adolescents as measured using recognition of billboard advertising
    M Luisa López
    University of Oviedo, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, Spain
    Eur J Public Health 14:428-32. 2004
    Cross-sectional studies provide empirical support for associations between advertising and adolescent smoking...
  89. ncbi Cigarette advertising in magazines for Latinas, White women, and men, 1998--2002: a preliminary investigation
    Senaida Fernandez
    Behavioral Health Institute and the Department of Psychology at San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
    J Community Health 30:141-51. 2005
    ..Results are discussed in terms of the need for further research on tobacco ads directed at women...
  90. pmc Tobacco sponsorship of Formula One and CART auto racing: tobacco brand exposure and enhanced symbolic imagery through co-sponsors' third party advertising
    T Dewhirst
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Tob Control 11:146-50. 2002
    Through third party advertising of events such as Formula One and CART auto racing, tobacco brand names continue to attain visibility to a vast audience.
  91. ncbi Methodological challenges surrounding direct-to-consumer advertising research--the measurement conundrum
    Richard A Hansen
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Division of Pharmaceutical Policy and Evaluative Sciences, CB 7360 205M Beard Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Res Social Adm Pharm 1:331-47. 2005
    Numerous studies have focused on the impact of direct-to-consumer (DTC) prescription drug advertising on consumer behavior and health outcomes...
  92. ncbi Association of point-of-purchase tobacco advertising and promotions with choice of usual brand among teenage smokers
    Melanie A Wakefield
    Center for Behavioral Research in Cancer, Cancer Control Research Instiute, The Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Australia
    J Health Commun 7:113-21. 2002
    The objective is to determine the relationship between brand-specific advertising and promotions in convenience stores for Marlboro and Camel cigarettes and choice of usual brand among school students...
  93. pmc Smoking in film in New Zealand: measuring risk exposure
    Jesse Gale
    Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 7343, Wellington South, New Zealand
    BMC Public Health 6:243. 2006
    ..This study aimed to quantify exposure to smoking in film received by New Zealand audiences, and evaluate potential interventions to reduce the quantity and impact of this exposure...
  94. ncbi Increased introduction, advertising, and sales of preventive drugs during 1986-2002 in Sweden
    J Lars G Nilsson
    NEPI Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Ambul Care Manage 29:238-49. 2006
    ..Pharmaceutical companies have shifted their attention to the introduction, advertising, and sales of preventive drugs in an attempt to exploit preventive medicine...
  95. ncbi Tobacco advertising in the United States: a proposal for a constitutionally acceptable form of regulation
    Ronald Bayer
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th St, Ninth Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
    JAMA 287:2990-5. 2002
    ..v Reilly is the latest in a series of Supreme Court cases striking down public health regulation of advertising as a violation of the First Amendment...
  96. ncbi Limitations of direct-to-consumer advertising for clinical genetic testing
    Sarah E Gollust
    Medical Genetics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute and Department of Clinical Bioethics, Warren G Magnuson Clincal Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    JAMA 288:1762-7. 2002
    ..b>Advertising motivated by factors other than evidence of the clinical value of genetic tests can manipulate consumers' ..
  97. ncbi Predictors of beer advertising awareness among eighth graders
    Rebecca L Collins
    RAND, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
    Addiction 98:1297-306. 2003
    To identify correlates of beer advertising awareness among adolescents at an age when most initiate use of alcohol.
  98. ncbi What nurse practitioners should know about direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medications
    Pamela Hallquist Viale
    Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, California, USA
    J Am Acad Nurse Pract 15:297-304. 2003
    To describe the marketing strategies of direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising and the risks, benefits, and potential influence on the prescribing practices of nurse practitioners (NPs).
  99. ncbi Longitudinal effects of pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco messages on adolescent smoking susceptibility
    Jie Wu Weiss
    Division of Kinesiology and Health Science, California State University, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 8:455-65. 2006
    ..Our longitudinal study provides evidence that pro-tobacco media and advertising increases susceptibility to smoking over time...
  100. ncbi Internet advertising of artificial tanning in Australia
    Victoria Team
    Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Eur J Cancer Prev 15:371-6. 2006
    ....
  101. pmc The availability of references and the sponsorship of original research cited in pharmaceutical advertisements
    Richelle J Cooper
    UCLA Emergency Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, Calif 90024, USA
    CMAJ 172:487-91. 2005
    ..We sought to determine what materials are cited in support of claims in pharmaceutical ads and medical research articles, and whether health care professionals seeking to verify the claims could obtain these references...

Research Grants73

  1. Statin modulation of immunotherapy for Alzheimer disease
    Jun Tan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This will be tested by comparing behavior and brain health in several mouse groups including: A( vaccinated (alone) and those treated with lovastatin plus A( vaccination. ..
  2. Retinoid Metabolism and Alcohol Induced Disease
    William S Blaner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We are proposing studies that will provide a more complete understanding of relationships between alcohol consumption, vitamin A metabolism and actions, and alcoholic organ damage. ..
  3. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-CCC-Lead
    CYNTHIA T MCEVOY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..addictive nature, the underserved socio-economic nature of the patient population, and the constant advertising by tobacco companies, smoking during pregnancy will continue to adversely victimize millions of babies ..
  4. Tobacco Control Research Branch Scientific and Technical Services Support
    KOURTNEY MARSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and treatment interventions; 4) Tobacco policies, including taxation and pricing, clean indoor air policies, advertising and marketing restrictions, youth access restrictions and tobacco product and nicotine regulation; 5) Basic ..
  5. Role of CD44 in experimental Multiple Sclerosis
    Mitzi Nagarkatti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. INTERNET ENHANCED HEALTH PROMOTION FOR OBESE ETHNIC MINORITY ADOLESCENTS
    Jessica A Whiteley; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. CPG METHYLATION AND MUTATION
    Gerd P Pfeifer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In parallel, we will study molecular pathways involving the Polycomb repression complex that might operate during tumor progression to promote hypermethylation of CpG islands in malignant tissue. ..
  8. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Herman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. P38 MAP KINASE SIGNALING IN SKIN
    Tatiana Efimova; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We are optimistic that the completion of the proposed studies will result in a better mechanistic understanding of the p384 role in epithelial carcinogenesis and its potential as an anti-cancer therapeutic target. ..
  15. PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research Initiative
    BRIDGETTE MERCEDEZ BRAWNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Given that adolescent health is imperative to public health, the proposed research is timely, innovative and bears great significance. ..
  16. MECHANISMS OF FGF RECEPTOR REGULATION AND SIGNALING
    Moosa Mohammadi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since substrate recruitment and phosphorylation by RTKs is a general event in RTK signaling, the mechanistic insights gained under Aim IV will also be directly applicable to the entire RTK superfamily. ..
  17. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-DCC
    Cynthia D Morris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..addictive nature, the underserved socio-economic nature of the patient population, and the constant advertising by tobacco companies, smoking during pregnancy will continue to adversely victimize millions of babies ..
  18. Exploratory Studies on the Anti-Breast Cancer Function of Bamboo Extract
    Jun Panee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Knowledge obtained from these studies will guide the application of this abundant and sustainable natural resource in chemoprevention of breast cancer, the most prevalent cancer among women in the United States. ..
  19. Addressing Psychosocial Disparities in Rural Hispanic Cancer Survivors
    Rachel M Ceballos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Role of Stat3 in Breast Cancer Tumorigenesis
    Jacqueline F Bromberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  21. Roles of RhoA/Rho-kinase Signaling in Cavernous Neurons Following Axonal Injury
    TRINITY JUDE BIVALACQUA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I hope to one day mentor other young surgeon/scientist and provide them with the means and opportunity that my department and K08 funding will afford me. ..
  22. Metabolic impact of fructose restriction in obese children
    Jean Marc Schwarz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and the Food Pyramid;3) public health efforts regarding prevention and treatment of obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome around the world;and 4) the regulation of food industry claims and food advertising.
  23. Development of Montelukast Delivery System for Childhood Asthma
    Je Phil Ryoo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Upon completion of the PK and irritation studies, we will file IND to initiate the phase I clinical trial to prove safety and detrmine best dose for NAL6336 ODF. ..
  24. Endocrine Targets for Prevention of Lung Cancer
    Robert M Bigsby; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These minimal studies will pave the way for testing receptor specific estrogen antagonists and additional PR-specific antagonists in prevention of tumor growth and progression in the lung. ..
  25. A XENOPUS LAEVIS RESEARCH RESOURCE FOR IMMUNOBIOLOGY
    Jacques Robert; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..laevis;and by disseminating information, advertising and interacting with the scientific community through a web site...
  26. Epigenetic Regulation Of Sex-dependent Liver Cancer
    Arlin B Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These studies are the first to define epigenetic modifiers of liver sexual differentiation, and to interrogate a novel mechanism of gender-specific tumor promotion predicated on chromatin sensitivity to inflammation. ..
  27. Therapeutic use of small-molecule HGF-mimetic for emphysema
    BERT J W M OEHLEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This will provide a basis for potential further development of BB3 as a therapeutic for emphysema. ..
  28. Interactions Between Depression, Neuroinflammation and Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3
    Eleonore Beurel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The goals are to clarify potential causative mechanisms and discern how these are altered by therapeutic interventions with the aim of developing better therapeutic interventions for mood disorders. ..
  29. TNF-Mediated Tumor Promotion: The Role of Vascular Leukocytes
    Pampee P Young; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Cancer continues to be a pervasive and prevalent health problem among our aging Veterans and critical to the biomedical research mission of the Veterans Affairs. ..
  30. Prostate cancer prevention by selenium supplementation
    Rayudu Gopalakrishna; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Some cases it works and in other cases it fails to prevent cancer. Understanding the mechanisms by which it prevents cancer or causes toxicity will allow us to optimize its use as a safe cancer-preventive agent. ..
  31. Expression signatures of TB-specific memory responses within the human lung
    Richard F Silver; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tuberculosis antigens enhance containment of the organism in both Mtb-infected and BCG-vaccinated individuals. ..
  32. Mechanisms of cancer initiation by TRIM32
    Molly F Kulesz-Martin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. DNA Repair of Endogenous Lesions in Carcinogenesis
    Rabindra Roy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In summary, the data obtained by this project will be useful in elucidating the role of the endogenous DNA damage (oxidized bases and cyclic DNA adducts), and their repair in mutation and liver carcinogenesis. ..
  34. Probiotic-Induced Elimination of Oxalate to treat Hyperoxaluria
    Marguerite Hatch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Molecular Analysis of Pericentric Sister Chromatid Cohesion
    PAUL CONNOR MEGEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  36. Chemoprevention of Tamoxifen-induced Endometrial cancer by black cohosh and red c
    BIRGIT MARIA DIETZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We hypothesize that red clover and black cohosh, both frequently used for the alleviation of menopausal symptoms, will reduce tamoxifen-induced endometrial cancer due to their cancer chemopreventive properties. ..
  37. Functional significance of Siglec-6, a novel leptin receptor, in human placental
    Virginia Winn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For the baby, PE can cause growth failure or stillbirth. Those babies that do survive have an increased risk of disorders as adults including diabetes and heart disease. ..
  38. Prevention of EtOH-induced promotion of hepatocarcinogenesis by genistein/soy
    Martin J J Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  39. Bangladesh Centre for Global Environmental and Occupational Health
    Dewan Shamsul Alam; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  40. TNF Alpha in PKC Epsilon Signaling to Carcinogenesis
    Ajit K Verma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim #3: To define the mechanism, using gene-silencing techniques, by which PKC5 signals UVR-induced TNF1 and G-CSF gene expression. ..
  41. MAMMALIAN POLYAMINE METABOLISM
    David J Feith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The successful completion of these studies will lead to a more complete understanding of polyamine function in epithelial carcinogenesis and will enhance future development of polyamine-targeted therapies to prevent and treat cancer. ..
  42. Small Oligonucleotides As Therapeutic Agents Of Spinal Muscular Atrophy
    Ravindra N Singh; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The success of this proposal will provide a mechanism-based and target- specific drug for the treatment of SMA. ) ..
  43. Mechanisms of Cell Death after Photodynamic Therapy
    Anna Liisa Nieminen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies will enhance our understanding how to enhance PDT-induced killing of cancer cells and further increase the efficacy of PDT translation to the benefit for cancer patients. ..
  44. A Mindfulness-Based Approach to the Treatment of Obesity and Diabetes
    Carla K Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings from this study will enable educators and clinicians to develop more effective education programs for adults with diabetes in both clinical and community settings. ..
  45. (PQA1) Mechanism of Vitamin D Chemoprevention Against Colon Cancer
    Yan Chun Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These studies will greatly advance our understanding of chemopreventive mechanisms of VD against colon cancer. ..
  46. Self-Determination Theory and Lifestyle Behaviors in Barrett's Esophagus Patients
    HODA J BADR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the proposed project involves a relatively small investment that could yield great progress in understanding the health promotion needs of this understudied population. ..
  47. Lycopene Chemoprevention of Lung Cancer in Ferret
    Xiang Dong Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, the establishment of a lung carcinogenesis model in ferrets provides a valuable tool for both lung cancer and carotenoid research fields. ..
  48. Calcium-sensing receptor signaling in the regulation of colonic epithelial cells
    JUAN ENRIQUE ROZENGURT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The completion of the proposed studies will provide a robust intellectual framework for targeting the colonic CaSR in the chemoprevention of CRC in US veterans as well as in the US population at large. ..
  49. THE FUNCTION AND REGULATION OF HISTIDINE DECARBOXYLASE IN GUT INFLAMMATION
    TIMOTHY CRAGIN WANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Biomedical Computing Support of Cancer Control and Surveillance
    DAVID RONEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  51. Induction of Nerve Growth Factor by Nicotine Leads to Airway Dysfunction
    CHERRY P WONGTRAKOOL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  52. Clinical Study of Disposition and Biological Activity of d-Limonene
    H H Sherry Chow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will help evaluate the potentials of developing limonene as a breast cancer preventive agent. ..
  53. Academic-Community Partnerships to Brdge Across the U.S. Pacific Islands
    Alice Tse; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The project work will be accomplished through training programs &meetings to be conducted in the USAPI jurisdictions, and culminate in a CBPR grant proposal for the USAPI. ..
  54. VCU Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health
    Jerome F Strauss; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  55. Targeting Sirtuin-1 to enhance Foxp3+ regulatory T-cell function
    Ulf Beier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, it is important to learn more about the role of Sirtuin-1 in the immune system, as many investigators pursue Sirtuin-1 enhancement (diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome), or Sirtuin-1 suppression (certain cancers). ..
  56. Oocyte-derived R-spondin2 as a Follicle Stimulating Hormone
    AARON JW HSUEH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will be followed by the derivation of healthy pups as the basis for future clinical application using R-spondin2 to treat infertile patients with low FSH responses. ..
  57. CBPR on Active Living and Recovery for Racial/Ethnic Groups with Mental Illness
    Yoshitaka Iwasaki; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  58. Community-Academic Partnership: Building an Infrastructure to Improve Health for
    Beth A Marks; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  59. Childhood Illness and Risk Perception: Opportunity to Improve Handwashing
    Pavani Kalluri Ram; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results from this study will be useful for international and civil society organizations worldwide that are trying to reduce the two million deaths from diarrhea occurring each year. ..
  60. Oral Health Promotion During Prenancy in a Group Prenatal Care Model
    SALLY HENDERSON ADAMS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  61. Promoting Oral Health Among Tobacco Users: A Pilot Feasibility Study
    JENNIFER B MC CLURE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will lay the groundwork for a future randomized clinical trial in this area. ..
  62. UMB/DFHCC Comprehensive Cancer Partnership Program
    Karen Emmons; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..3.1 To estimate whether the greatest longer-term improvements (at 96 weeks) in diet, PA, and weight loss/maintenance are found among eSolutions-Plus participants receiving monthly telephone support calls (after week 12 of the protocol). ..
  63. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF ASPIRIN IN CANCER PREVENTION
    Zigang Dong; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Furthermore, we will test whether the same dosage of aspirin that inhibits tumor promoter-induced AP-1 activity also inhibits tumor promotion in the transgenic mice. ..
  64. Economic Analysis of the Impact of Food Advertisements
    John Cawley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. has reached epidemic proportions, which some researchers partly attribute to advertising by the food industry...
  65. ALCOHOL ADVERTISING AND HIGHWAY FATALITY RATES
    Henry Saffer; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The specific aims of this project are to investigate empirically the effect that alcohol advertising has on drunk driving...
  66. GENETICS OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO SKIN TUMOR PROMOTION
    John DiGiovanni; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  67. GENISTEIN IN INVESTIGATIVE AND CLINICAL DERMATOLOGY
    Huachen Wei; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Successful completion of the proposed studies will contribute to development of this soybean isoflavone as a preventive and/or therapeutic agent against human skin cancer and photodamage. ..