Summary: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Rowe and Kahn's model of successful aging revisited: positive spirituality--the forgotten factor
    Martha R Crowther
    Department of Psychology, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 35487 0348, USA
    Gerontologist 42:613-20. 2002
  2. ncbi Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 327:1480-4. 2010
  3. ncbi The origin and evolution of religious prosociality
    Ara Norenzayan
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 322:58-62. 2008
  4. ncbi Religion and depression: a review of the literature
    M E McCullough
    National Institute for Healthcare Research, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Twin Res 2:126-36. 1999
  5. ncbi A correlational test of the relationship between posttraumatic growth, religion, and cognitive processing
    L G Calhoun
    Department of Psychology, UNC Charlotte 28223, USA
    J Trauma Stress 13:521-7. 2000
  6. pmc Informing faith-based HIV/AIDS interventions: HIV-related knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes at Project F.A.I.T.H. churches in South Carolina
    Lisa L Lindley
    Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter St, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:12-20. 2010
  7. pmc Fruit and vegetable consumption and prevention of cancer: the Black Churches United for Better Health project
    M K Campbell
    School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1390-6. 1999
  8. ncbi Religion's evolutionary landscape: counterintuition, commitment, compassion, communion
    Scott Atran
    CNRS Institut Jean Nicod, 75007 Paris, France
    Behav Brain Sci 27:713-30; discussion 730-70. 2004
  9. ncbi Religion and depression in older medical inpatients
    Harold G Koenig
    Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, GRECC VA Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 15:282-91. 2007
  10. ncbi Spirituality, religion, and depression in the terminally ill
    Christian J Nelson
    Department of Psychology, Long Island University, Brooklyn, New York, USA
    Psychosomatics 43:213-20. 2002

Detail Information

Publications349 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Rowe and Kahn's model of successful aging revisited: positive spirituality--the forgotten factor
    Martha R Crowther
    Department of Psychology, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 35487 0348, USA
    Gerontologist 42:613-20. 2002
  2. ncbi Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 327:1480-4. 2010
    ..Participation in a world religion is associated with fairness, although not across all measures...
  3. ncbi The origin and evolution of religious prosociality
    Ara Norenzayan
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 322:58-62. 2008
    ..We synthesize converging evidence from various fields for religious prosociality, address its specific boundary conditions, and point to unresolved questions and novel predictions...
  4. ncbi Religion and depression: a review of the literature
    M E McCullough
    National Institute for Healthcare Research, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Twin Res 2:126-36. 1999
    ..In these studies, religion was measured as religious affiliation; general religious involvement; organizational religious involvement; ..
  5. ncbi A correlational test of the relationship between posttraumatic growth, religion, and cognitive processing
    L G Calhoun
    Department of Psychology, UNC Charlotte 28223, USA
    J Trauma Stress 13:521-7. 2000
    The present study examined the degree to which event related rumination, a quest orientation to religion, and religious involvement is related to posttraumatic growth...
  6. pmc Informing faith-based HIV/AIDS interventions: HIV-related knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes at Project F.A.I.T.H. churches in South Carolina
    Lisa L Lindley
    Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter St, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:12-20. 2010
    ..To determine the baseline level of HIV-related knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes, we conducted a survey with parishioners, pastors, and care team members at Project F.A.I.T.H. churches...
  7. pmc Fruit and vegetable consumption and prevention of cancer: the Black Churches United for Better Health project
    M K Campbell
    School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1390-6. 1999
    ..This study assessed the effects of the Black Churches United for Better Health project on increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among rural African American church members in North Carolina...
  8. ncbi Religion's evolutionary landscape: counterintuition, commitment, compassion, communion
    Scott Atran
    CNRS Institut Jean Nicod, 75007 Paris, France
    Behav Brain Sci 27:713-30; discussion 730-70. 2004
    b>Religion is not an evolutionary adaptation per se, but a recurring cultural by-product of the complex evolutionary landscape that sets cognitive, emotional, and material conditions for ordinary human interactions...
  9. ncbi Religion and depression in older medical inpatients
    Harold G Koenig
    Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, GRECC VA Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 15:282-91. 2007
  10. ncbi Spirituality, religion, and depression in the terminally ill
    Christian J Nelson
    Department of Psychology, Long Island University, Brooklyn, New York, USA
    Psychosomatics 43:213-20. 2002
    ..This study examined the impact of spirituality and religiosity on depressive symptom severity in a sample of terminally ill patients with cancer and AIDS...
  11. ncbi Neural consequences of religious belief on self-referential processing
    Shihui Han
    Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Soc Neurosci 3:1-15. 2008
  12. ncbi Dimensions of religiosity and their relationship to lifetime psychiatric and substance use disorders
    Kenneth S Kendler
    Virginia Institute for Psychiatry and Behavioral Genetics and Department of Psychiatry and Human Genetics, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0126, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:496-503. 2003
    The role of religion in mental illness remains understudied. Most prior investigations of this relationship have used measures of religiosity that do not reflect its complexity and/or have examined a small number of psychiatric outcomes...
  13. ncbi Subclinical vitamin D deficiency is increased in adolescent girls who wear concealing clothing
    Sukru Hatun
    Department of Pediatrics, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
    J Nutr 135:218-22. 2005
    ..We conclude that vitamin D deficiency is an important problem in Turkish adolescent girls, especially in those who follow a religious dress code; therefore, vitamin D supplementation appears to be necessary for adolescent girls...
  14. ncbi Religion and remission of depression in medical inpatients with heart failure/pulmonary disease
    Harold G Koenig
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, GRECC VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:389-95. 2007
    ..53, 95% CI 1.20-1.94, p = 0.0005, n = 839) after controls. Patients highly religious by multiple indicators, particularly those involved in community religious activities, remit faster from depression...
  15. ncbi The interactions between religion, religiosity, religious delusion/hallucination, and treatment-seeking behavior among schizophrenic patients in Taiwan
    Charles Lung Cheng Huang
    Department of Psychiatry, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan
    Psychiatry Res 187:347-53. 2011
    b>Religion could influence the psychopathology, treatment-seeking behavior, and treatment outcome in schizophrenia, but the associations between these factors have never been explored thoroughly, and the data in Han-Chinese society are ..
  16. ncbi Knowledge, attitude and practice of complementary and alternative medicines for diabetes
    D Kumar
    Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32 A, Chandigarh, India
    Public Health 120:705-11. 2006
  17. pmc Cutaneous larva migrans among devotees of the Nallur temple in Jaffna, Sri Lanka
    Selvam Kannathasan
    Division of Parasitology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna, Jaffna, Sri Lanka
    PLoS ONE 7:e30516. 2012
    ..Many cases of Cutaneous Larva Migrans (CLM) have been observed among devotees, during and immediately after the annual festival at the Nallur Hindu temple in Jaffna...
  18. pmc The GoodNEWS (Genes, Nutrition, Exercise, Wellness, and Spiritual Growth) Trial: a community-based participatory research (CBPR) trial with African-American church congregations for reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors--recruitment, measurement, a
    Mark J DeHaven
    Texas Prevention Institute, University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, 855 Montgomery Street, Fort Worth, Texas 76107, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 32:630-40. 2011
    ..However, few studies have examined risk factor reduction among the poor and ethnic minorities...
  19. pmc Association of violence against women with religion and culture in Erbil Iraq: a cross-sectional study
    Namir Ghanim Al-Tawil
    Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq
    BMC Public Health 12:800. 2012
    ..residing in Erbil city (Muslim culture) and in Ankawa sub-district (Christian culture), finding out the role of religion and culture on the prevalence, and finding out some other factors (like occupation of husband and wife, age at ..
  20. pmc Religion as a means to assure paternity
    Beverly I Strassmann
    Department of Anthropology and Research Center for Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:9781-5. 2012
    ..We show that the indigenous religion enables males to achieve a significantly (P = 0.019) lower probability of cuckoldry (1.3% versus 2...
  21. ncbi Religious involvement and mortality: a meta-analytic review
    M E McCullough
    National Institute for Healthcare Research, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    Health Psychol 19:211-22. 2000
    ..Conclusions did not appear to be due to publication bias...
  22. ncbi Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief
    Will M Gervais
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Science 336:493-6. 2012
    ..Although these findings do not speak directly to conversations about the inherent rationality, value, or truth of religious beliefs, they illuminate one cognitive factor that may influence such discussions...
  23. ncbi Religion, spirituality, and health in medically ill hospitalized older patients
    Harold G Koenig
    Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:554-62. 2004
    To examine the effect of religion and spirituality on social support, psychological functioning, and physical health in medically ill hospitalized older adults.
  24. ncbi Gender-related differences in moral judgments
    M Fumagalli
    Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Universita di Milano, Via F Sforza, 35, Milan, 20122, Italy
    Cogn Process 11:219-26. 2010
    ..Cultural factors such as education and religion had no effect on performance in the moral judgment task...
  25. ncbi Reflecting on God: religious primes can reduce neurophysiological response to errors
    Michael Inzlicht
    University of Toronto Scarborough, Department of Psychology, 1265 Military Trail, Toronto, Ontario M1C 1A4, Canada
    Psychol Sci 21:1184-90. 2010
    ..Although religion is associated with a sense of meaning and order, it remains unclear whether religious belief can actually cause ..
  26. ncbi View of God as benevolent and forgiving or punishing and judgmental predicts HIV disease progression
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
    J Behav Med 34:414-25. 2011
    ..Results remained significant even after adjusting for church attendance and psychosocial variables (health behaviors, mood, and coping). These results provide good initial evidence that spiritual beliefs may predict health outcomes...
  27. ncbi Religion: a sociocultural predictor of health behaviors in Mexico
    Maureen R Benjamins
    Sinai Urban Health Institute, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Aging Health 20:290-305. 2008
    ..Subsequently, a more complete understanding of the various cultural factors that influence health behaviors such as these is needed...
  28. ncbi Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: a 2-year longitudinal study
    K I Pargament
    Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1881-5. 2001
    ..Although church attendance has been associated with a reduced risk of mortality, no study has examined the impact of religious struggle with an illness on mortality...
  29. ncbi The relationship between religious activities and cigarette smoking in older adults
    H G Koenig
    Center for the Study of Religion Spirituality and Health, Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 53:M426-34. 1998
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between religious activities and cigarette smoking in community-dwelling older adults...
  30. ncbi Religion and suicide acceptability: a cross-national analysis
    Steven Stack
    Wayne State University
    J Sci Study Relig 50:289-306. 2011
    ..The findings provide strong support for an integrated model and demonstrate the usefulness of the moral community thesis in understanding suicide acceptability...
  31. ncbi Religion, spirituality and cancer: current status and methodological challenges
    Michael Stefanek
    Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Psychooncology 14:450-63. 2005
    The role of religion and spirituality in health has received increasing attention in the scientific and lay literature...
  32. ncbi Pre-marital HIV testing in couples from faith-based organisations: experience in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
    C I Akani
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
    Niger J Med 14:39-44. 2005
    ..The study sought to establish the sero-prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in this peculiar study group...
  33. ncbi Pastoral care, spirituality, and religion in palliative care journals
    Maaike A Hermsen
    Researcher in Palliative Care Ethics, University Medical Centre Nijmegen, Department of Ethics, Philosophy and History of Medicine, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Am J Hosp Palliat Care 21:353-6. 2004
    With the growth and development of palliative care, interest in pastoral care, spirituality, and religion also seems to be growing...
  34. ncbi Religious involvement and risk of major depression in a prospective nationwide study of African American adults
    Christopher G Ellison
    Department of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:568-73. 2009
    ..Logistic regression found that survey participants who reported receiving "a great deal" of guidance from religion in their day-to-day lives at Time 1 (1988-1989) were roughly half as likely (OR = 0.47, p < 0...
  35. pmc Developing obesity prevention interventions among minority ethnic children in schools and places of worship: The DEAL (DiEt and Active Living) study
    Maria J Maynard
    Medical Research Council, Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:480. 2009
    ..Little is known, however, about what promotes or hinders engagement with prevention programmes among ethnic minority children...
  36. pmc Frequency of attendance at religious services and mortality in a U.S. national cohort
    R F Gillum
    Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:124-9. 2008
    ..We test the hypothesis that > weekly attendance compared with nonattendance at religious services is associated with lower probability of future mortality in such a study...
  37. ncbi Religious involvement and cigarette smoking in young adults: the CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults)study (
    Mary A Whooley
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Fancisco, 94121, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1604-10. 2002
    ..We sought to determine whether frequent attendance at religious services is associated with less smoking among young adults...
  38. ncbi Trauma, change in strength of religious faith, and mental health service use among veterans treated for PTSD
    Alan Fontana
    Northeast Program Evaluation Center, VA National Center for PTSD, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:579-84. 2004
  39. ncbi Buffering effect of religiosity for adolescent substance use
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 17:24-31. 2003
    ..4 years) and 10th grade. Religiosity was indexed by Jessor's Value on Religion Scale (R. Jessor & S. L. Jessor, 1977)...
  40. ncbi Association of religion with delusions and hallucinations in the context of schizophrenia: implications for engagement and adherence
    Robin Edward Gearing
    Columbia University, 1255 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, New York, 10027, United States
    Schizophr Res 126:150-63. 2011
    The relationship of religion and schizophrenia is widely acknowledged, but often minimized by practitioners and under investigated by researchers...
  41. ncbi Different effects of religion and God on prosociality with the ingroup and outgroup
    Jesse Lee Preston
    1University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 39:1471-83. 2013
    ..But many of these studies have primed multiple concepts simultaneously related to the sacred. We argue here that religion and God are distinct concepts that activate distinct associations...
  42. ncbi The roles of religion and spirituality among African American survivors of domestic violence
    Christina G Watlington
    University of Maryland, Baltimore County, MD, USA
    J Clin Psychol 62:837-57. 2006
    ..Results did not support hypotheses regarding social support and religious coping as mediators of the associations between mental health variables, religious involvement, and spirituality...
  43. ncbi Is fertility indeed related to religiosity? A note on: 'marital fertility and religion in Spain, 1985 and 1999', Population Studies 60(2): 205-221 by Alicia Adsera
    Shoshana Neuman
    Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Popul Stud (Camb) 61:219-24; discussion 225-30. 2007
  44. ncbi Religion's role in promoting health and reducing risk among American youth
    J M Wallace
    School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Health Educ Behav 25:721-41. 1998
    Although past research has long documented religion's salutary impact on adult health-related behaviors and outcomes, relatively little research has examined the relationship between religion and adolescent health...
  45. pmc Racial disparities in preferences and perceptions regarding organ donation
    Laura A Siminoff
    Department of Bioethics TA 232, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106 4976, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:995-1000. 2006
    ..To identify reasons for lower organ donation rates by African Americans, we examined knowledge and attitudes about brain death, donation, and transplantation and trust in the health care system...
  46. ncbi Behavioural problems in Sri Lankan schoolchildren: associations with socio-economic status, age, gender, academic progress, ethnicity and religion
    Margot Prior
    Dept of Psychology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, 3010, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:654-62. 2005
    ..Relationships between behavioural adjustment and Tamil ethnicity and Hindu religion emerged in this sample and could possibly be associated with the experience of longstanding ethnic conflict in ..
  47. ncbi Religion, condom use acceptability and use within marriage among rural women in Malawi
    Adamson S Muula
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    World Health Popul 12:35-47. 2011
    ..Correct and consistent condom use within an HIV-discordant partnership could prevent sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  48. ncbi Trust in testimony: how children learn about science and religion
    Paul L Harris
    Harvard University, USA
    Child Dev 77:505-24. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, some children distinguish between the 2 domains, arguably because a different pattern of discourse surrounds scientific as compared to religious entities...
  49. ncbi Protective associations of importance of religion and frequency of service attendance with depression risk, suicidal behaviours and substance use in adolescents in Nova Scotia, Canada
    Daniel Rasic
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    J Affect Disord 132:389-95. 2011
    We examined relationships of measures of personal importance of religion and frequency of attendance at religious services with risk of depression and risk behaviours in high school students in Cape Breton, Canada...
  50. ncbi Marriage, not religion, is associated with HIV infection among women in rural Malawi
    Adamson S Muula
    Department of Public Health, Division of Community Health, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Chichiri, Zomba, Malawi
    AIDS Behav 14:125-31. 2010
    ..A total of 63 of 939 women with HIV test results (6.7%) were HIV infected. There was no association between religion or frequency of church attendance and HIV infection or condom use within the current or most recent marriage...
  51. pmc Debating death: religion, politics, and the Oregon Death With Dignity Act
    Taylor E Purvis
    Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Yale J Biol Med 85:271-84. 2012
    ..More visible and widespread than any other American debate on PAS, the conflict in Oregon marked the beginning of the now nationwide problem of determining if and when a terminally ill person can choose to die...
  52. ncbi Religion replenishes self-control
    Kevin Rounding
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, 62 Arch St, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Psychol Sci 23:635-42. 2012
    Researchers have proposed that the emergence of religion was a cultural adaptation necessary for promoting self-control...
  53. pmc Physicians' observations and interpretations of the influence of religion and spirituality on health
    Farr A Curlin
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, and MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, The University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:649-54. 2007
    In spite of a substantial body of empirical data, professional disagreement persists regarding whether and how religion and spirituality (hereinafter "R/S" and treated as a single concept) influences health...
  54. ncbi Spirituality and religion in recovery: some current issues
    Roger D Fallot
    Community Connections, Washington, DC 20003, USA
    Psychiatr Rehabil J 30:261-70. 2007
    This paper addresses current perspectives on the roles of spirituality and religion in recovery from serious mental health problems...
  55. ncbi Religion, morality, evolution
    Paul Bloom
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 63:179-99. 2012
    How did religion evolve? What effect does religion have on our moral beliefs and moral actions? These questions are related, as some scholars propose that religion has evolved to enhance altruistic behavior toward members of one's group...
  56. ncbi Validation of the Duke Religion Index: DUREL (Portuguese version)
    Giancarlo Lucchetti
    São Paulo Medical Spiritist Association, Av Juriti, 367 apto 131, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, 04520 000, Brazil
    J Relig Health 51:579-86. 2012
    The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Duke Religion Index (PDUREL) in a community setting...
  57. ncbi Religion and preventive service use: do congregational support and religious beliefs explain the relationship between attendance and utilization?
    Maureen R Benjamins
    Sinai Urban Health Institute, Mt Sinai Hospital, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    J Behav Med 34:462-76. 2011
    ..These findings contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the various ways in which religion might impact health behaviors and may also help to shape and refine interventions designed to improve individual ..
  58. ncbi Religion, spirituality and cardiovascular disease: research, clinical implications, and opportunities in Brazil
    Fernando A Lucchese
    Hospital São Francisco Cardiology and Transplants, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc 28:103-28. 2013
    In this paper we comprehensively review published quantitative research on the relationship between religion, spirituality (R/S), and cardiovascular (CV) disease, discuss mechanisms that help explain the associations reported, examine the ..
  59. ncbi Female genital mutilation -- an exported medical hazard
    Mahoud Elgaali
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lund University, Sweden
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 10:93-7. 2005
    ..Following increased global mobility, it has also become a common medical issue in the predominantly non-Islamic countries where an increasing number of immigrants from regions where FC is still traditional, have settled...
  60. pmc Identifying direct protective factors for nonviolence
    Dustin A Pardini
    University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Am J Prev Med 43:S28-40. 2012
    ..Analyses first examined constructs commonly assessed across all four studies and then included constructs unique to each study...
  61. ncbi The relationship between religion, illness and death in life histories of family members of children with life-threatening diseases
    Regina Szylit Bousso
    Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 18:156-62. 2010
    ..know the relationship between the experiences of families of children with a life-threatening disease and their religion, illness and life histories. The methodological framework was based on Oral History...
  62. ncbi Influence of spirituality and religiousness on smoking among patients with schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder in Switzerland
    Laurence Borras
    University Hospital of Geneva, Department of Psychiatry, Division of Adult Psychiatry, Geneva, Switzerland
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 54:539-49. 2008
    ..The rates of cigarette smoking among patients with schizophrenia are two to four times the rates observed in the community. Spirituality and religiousness have been shown to be associated with lower smoking rates in the general population...
  63. pmc Chronic pain and fatigue: Associations with religion and spirituality
    M Baetz
    University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    Pain Res Manag 13:383-8. 2008
    ..An individual's spirituality and/or religion may be one such factor that can influence the experience of chronic pain or fatigue.
  64. ncbi Religion and action control: Faith-specific modulation of the Simon effect but not Stop-Signal performance
    Bernhard Hommel
    Leiden University, Cognitive Psychology Unit and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Cognition 120:177-85. 2011
    Previous findings suggest that religion has a specific impact on attentional processes. Here we show that religion also affects action control...
  65. ncbi Religion, race, and breast cancer survival
    Peter H Van Ness
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    Int J Psychiatry Med 33:357-75. 2003
    ..The study investigated whether any of four measures of religiousness predicted longer survival for 145 African-American and 177 White women diagnosed with breast cancer in Connecticut between January 1987 and March 1989...
  66. pmc Sociocultural epistasis and cultural exaptation in footbinding, marriage form, and religious practices in early 20th-century Taiwan
    Melissa J Brown
    Department of Anthropology and Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:22139-44. 2009
    ..Such associations indicate a potentially larger role for social evolutionary dynamics in explaining individual human behavior than previously anticipated...
  67. ncbi Religion, infertility and assisted reproductive technology
    Andrew Dutney
    Flinders University, Parkin Wesley College, 34 Lipsett Terrace, Brooklyn Park SA 5032, Australia
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 21:169-80. 2007
    This chapter describes religion in general before discussing the centrality of its concern for family formation. In light of this, the impact of infertility on religious people is considered...
  68. pmc Mollusks of Candomblé: symbolic and ritualistic importance
    Nivaldo A Léo Neto
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Biológicas Zoologia, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, PB, Brasil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 8:10. 2012
    ..Candomblé, an Afro-Brazilian religion introduced during the 18th-19th centuries by enslaved Yoruba, includes various magical and liturgical uses of ..
  69. ncbi Discussing religion and spirituality is an advanced communication skill: an exploratory structural equation model of physician trainee self-ratings
    Dee W Ford
    Medical University of South Carolina, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Medicine, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
    J Palliat Med 15:63-70. 2012
    ..The goal of this study was to develop an improved understanding of physicians' perspectives on their communication competence about religious and spiritual issues...
  70. ncbi A prospective study of religion/spirituality and depressive symptoms among adolescent psychiatric patients
    R E Dew
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    J Affect Disord 120:149-57. 2010
    Previous research has uncovered relationships between religion/spirituality and depressive disorders. Proposed mechanisms through which religion may impact depression include decreased substance use and enhanced social support...
  71. pmc Can religion help prevent obesity? Religious messages and the prevalence of being overweight or obese among Korean women in California
    John W Ayers
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
    J Sci Study Relig 49:536-49. 2010
    ..At least for Korean women, religion may help prevent obesity via religious-based social mechanisms.
  72. ncbi Association between attendance at religious services and self-reported health in 22 European countries
    Amanda Nicholson
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 69:519-28. 2009
    ..It remains unclear to what extent the observed associations reflect reverse causality or are due to differing perceptions of health...
  73. ncbi Gender differences in religious practices, spiritual experiences and health: results from the US General Social Survey
    Joanna Maselko
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:2848-60. 2006
  74. ncbi Evidence of health and safety in American members of a religion who use a hallucinogenic sacrament
    John H Halpern
    Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA, USA
    Med Sci Monit 14:SR15-22. 2008
    ..A recent U.S. Supreme Court decision indicates religious ayahuasca use is protected, but little is known about health consequences for Americans...
  75. ncbi Religion and subjective health among black and white elders
    M A Musick
    Department of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0088, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 37:221-37. 1996
    This study examines the effect of religion on subjective health in a sample of Black and White elderly adults living in a southern community of the United States. The analyses lead to several conclusions...
  76. ncbi Association between cervical and penile cancers in Madras, India
    C K Gajalakshmi
    Epidemiology Unit, Cancer Institute, Madras, India
    Acta Oncol 32:617-20. 1993
    ..The parameters analyzed were age at the time of diagnosis, educational level, marital status, and religion. Peak incidence of carcinoma of the cervix was seen in the age group 55-59 years...
  77. pmc Religiosity and decreased risk of substance use disorders: is the effect mediated by social support or mental health status?
    Mark J Edlund
    Division of Health Services Research, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:827-36. 2010
    ..We investigated whether this association was mediated by social support or mental health status...
  78. ncbi The prevalence of delusion-like beliefs relative to sociocultural beliefs in the general population
    Rachel Pechey
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Psychopathology 44:106-15. 2011
    ..The aim was to develop a new measure (the Cardiff Beliefs Questionnaire, CBQ) to establish the range and prevalence of delusion-like beliefs (DLB) and compare these to other types of beliefs in the general population...
  79. pmc How parents of children receiving pediatric palliative care use religion, spirituality, or life philosophy in tough times
    Kari R Hexem
    Pediatric Advanced Care Team, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Palliat Med 14:39-44. 2011
    How parents of children with life threatening conditions draw upon religion, spirituality, or life philosophy is not empirically well described.
  80. ncbi Religion, spirituality and health care treatment decisions: the role of chaplains in the Australian clinical context
    Lindsay B Carey
    La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
    J Health Care Chaplain 15:25-39. 2008
    ..Some implications of this study with respect to quality patient centered care, chaplaincy utility, and training are noted...
  81. ncbi For God (or) country: the hydraulic relation between government instability and belief in religious sources of control
    Aaron C Kay
    Department of Management and Organizations, Duke University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 99:725-39. 2010
    ..Implications for the psychological, sociocultural, and sociopolitical underpinnings of religious faith, as well as system justification theory, are discussed...
  82. ncbi Does compassion mediate the intrinsic religion-health relationship?
    Patrick R Steffen
    Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
    Ann Behav Med 30:217-24. 2005
    ..based on studies of church attendance and health, more recent work has focused on the potential mechanisms that may mediate the religion-health findings. One principle that is taught by all of the world's major religions is compassion.
  83. ncbi Religion and body weight
    K H Kim
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithica, NY 14853, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:469-77. 2003
    Relationships between religion and body weight were examined in a US national sample.
  84. ncbi Religion, social support, fat intake and physical activity
    Karen Hye cheon Kim
    Department of Health Education and Health Behavior, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 232B Rosenau Hall, CB 7440, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7440, USA
    Public Health Nutr 7:773-81. 2004
    ..This study examined religion and social support in relationship to fat intake and physical activity.
  85. ncbi “Hating the sin but not the sinner”: a study about heterosexism and religious experiences among black men
    Pamela Valera
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY
    J Black Stud 42:106-22. 2011
    ..This research presents an opportunity to locate and access a hidden population. The authors found a pervasive experience of growing up in social and family environments that expose them to heterosexism...
  86. pmc Financial hardship and psychological distress: exploring the buffering effects of religion
    Matt Bradshaw
    University of North Carolina, Carolina Population Center, University Square, CB 8120 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    Soc Sci Med 71:196-204. 2010
    Despite ample precedent in theology and social theory, few studies have systematically examined the role of religion in mitigating the harmful effects of socioeconomic deprivation on mental health...
  87. ncbi HIV/AIDS stigma and religiosity among African American women
    Nancy Muturi
    A Q Miller School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA
    J Health Commun 15:388-401. 2010
    ..The findings point to the important role of faith-based organizations (FBOs) in addressing HIV/AIDS issues within African American communities...
  88. pmc Children's understanding of ordinary and extraordinary minds
    Jonathan D Lane
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 530 Church St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Child Dev 81:1475-89. 2010
  89. ncbi Metropolitan Community AIDS Network: faith-based culturally relevant services for African American substance users at risk of HIV
    Samuel A MacMaster
    University of Tennessee, College of Social Work, Nashville 37210, USA
    Health Soc Work 32:151-4. 2007
  90. ncbi Development and validation of a computerized South Asian Names and Group Recognition Algorithm (SANGRA) for use in British health-related studies
    K Nanchahal
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    J Public Health Med 23:278-85. 2001
    ..South Asians, one of the largest minority ethnic groups in Britain, have distinctive names that also allow differentiation of the main sub-groups with their important differences in health-related exposures and disease risks...
  91. pmc Sexual abstinence behavior among never-married youths in a generalized HIV epidemic country: evidence from the 2005 Côte d'Ivoire AIDS indicator survey
    Alain K Koffi
    Department of Health Policy Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Tokyo, Japan
    BMC Public Health 8:408. 2008
    ..Thus, we explored sexual abstinence behavior among never-married individuals aged 15 to 24 in Côte d'Ivoire and assessed factors that predict sexual abstinence...
  92. ncbi [Circumcision: history, religion and law]
    Angelo Totaro
    Clinica Urologica, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy
    Urologia 78:1-9. 2011
  93. ncbi Opening up their doors: perspectives on the involvement of the African American faith community in HIV prevention in four communities
    Joanna Wooster
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services in Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Health Promot Pract 12:769-78. 2011
    ..The findings suggest that although barriers remain, there is an increased willingness to address HIV/AIDS, and the faith community serves as a vital resource in HIV prevention...
  94. pmc Moving beyond attitudinal barriers: understanding African Americans' support for organ and tissue donation
    Kimberly R Jacob Arriola
    Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 97:339-50. 2005
    ..The research literature has focused on attitudinal barriers to donation; however, the current study explores individual experiences and values that contribute to supportive attitudes toward organ and tissue donation...
  95. ncbi The varieties of religious development in adulthood: a longitudinal investigation of religion and rational choice
    Michael E McCullough
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:78-89. 2005
    ..Gender, strength of religious upbringing, number of children, marrying, and agreeableness predicted membership in the trajectory classes. Results were largely consistent with the rational choice theory of religious involvement...
  96. ncbi Religion/spirituality and adolescent health outcomes: a review
    Sian Cotton
    Health Services Research and Development, Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    J Adolesc Health 38:472-80. 2006
    b>Religion/spirituality is important to adolescents, is usually considered a protective factor against a host of negative health outcomes, and is often included in adolescent health outcomes research...
  97. ncbi Changes in religious beliefs following trauma
    Sherry A Falsetti
    University Family Health Center, College of Medicine at Rockford, University of Illinois at Chicago, Rockford, Illinois, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:391-8. 2003
    ..Intrinsic religiosity was related to multiple victimization, but not PTSD. Results are discussed in terms of understanding the function of religiosity in participants' lives and future directions for research...
  98. ncbi Religion and support for suicide attacks
    Jeremy Ginges
    New School for Social Research, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:224-30. 2009
    ..carried out across different cultural, religious, and political contexts, we investigated the association between religion and popular support for suicide attacks...
  99. pmc Believers' estimates of God's beliefs are more egocentric than estimates of other people's beliefs
    Nicholas Epley
    Booth School of Business, 5807 South Woodlawn Avenue, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:21533-8. 2009
    ..Believers commonly use inferences about God's beliefs as a moral compass, but that compass appears especially dependent on one's own existing beliefs...
  100. ncbi Aging among Jewish Americans: implications for understanding religion, ethnicity, and service needs
    Allen Glicksman
    Philadelphia Corporation for Aging, Philadelphia, PA 19130, USA
    Gerontologist 49:816-27. 2009
    ..the example of older Jewish Americans, the authors argue for more nuanced definitions and usage of terms such as "religion" and "ethnicity" in order to begin to understand the complex interweaving of these two dimensions in the lives of ..
  101. pmc YOUR Blessed Health: an HIV-prevention program bridging faith and public health communities
    Derek M Griffith
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 109 Observatory St, SPH I, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:4-11. 2010
    ..The intervention includes a flexible menu of activities for faith leaders to select from according to their institutional beliefs, doctrines, and culture...

Research Grants64

    Sara Knight; Fiscal Year: 2002 to orient the user to the program; 2) four core modules on palliative care (palliative care; culture, religion, and spirituality; psychology of death, dying, and grief; ethical and legal considerations in end-of-life ..
  2. Race and Religion in Adolescent Sexual Norms and Conduct
    MARK REGNERUS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..One important, but poorly understood, pathway that shapes sexual practice is religion. Religion is a vital part of many adolescents' lives, and it, too, varies by race/ethnicity: 55 percent of ..
  3. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    ..Specifically I plan to use these skills to develop an R01 project proposal to investigate population dynamics during the on-going religion-ethnic conflict in Kashmir, India.
  4. Gendered Social Context of Adolescent HIV Risk Behavior in Ghana
    Jeffrey B Bingenheimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..LCS interviews will include modules on parenting practices, peer influences, religion and religiosity, gendered personality traits, gender role attitudes, life course expectations, and sexual ..
  5. Psychological Effects of Spiritually Integrated Therapy for Infertile Women
    SHIQUINA L ANDREWS; Fiscal Year: 2012 would be the first such investigation of an intervention designed to incorporate elements of client religion/spirituality in psychotherapeutic treatment for infertile women...
  6. A Comparative History of Twentieth-Century Catholic Hospitals
    Barbra Mann Wall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The importance of the project lies in its historical approach to the vexed problem of the role that religion should (or should not) play in the American hospital marketplace...
  7. Characterizing Human Exceptional Longevity
    Thomas T Perls; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..from students to junior faculty, fertile ground for studying a broad range of aspects of successful aging from religion, personality, adaptive capacity and functional reserve to environmental, behavioral and genetic associations with ..
  8. Religious Organizations' Responses to HIV/AIDS
    Magdalena Szaflarski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our own research involving a total of nearly 700 patients with HIV/AIDS indicates that spirituality/religion is associated with patients'quality of life, life satisfaction, and depressive symptoms and that patients ..
  9. Longitudinal Study of Religion and Cancer-Related Behaviors in Black Americans
    Cheryl L Holt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This would provide a much-needed longitudinal test of the religion-health connection, and to our knowledge the only longitudinal analysis of mediators of the religion-health ..
  10. Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being: Aging, Religiosity, and Adaptation
    ANGUS S DEATON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..become more religious as they age, why women are more religious than men-as well as the benefits or costs of religion and whether they are or are not universal around the world...
  11. Faith in Action Research Alliance: Reducing diabetes among Pacific Islanders
    Nia Aitaoto; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..innovative culturally based conceptual framework that explains relationships between constructs such as culture, religion, family, and diabetes prevention and control...
  12. Exploring Factors for Future HIV Prevention in Malaysia
    Tooru Nemoto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In Malaysia, where the national religion is Islam;homosexuality, transgenderism, and alcohol use are punished among Muslims;and illicit drug use risks ..
  13. Religious Responses to HIV and AIDS: Understanding the Role of Religious Cultures
    Richard G Parker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of religious beliefs on individual health behavior and outcomes, without looking critically at the role of religion in shaping social, cultural, and institutional responses to illness...
  14. Communicating Colorectal Cancer Prevention thru Urban African American Churches
    CRYSTAL Y LUMPKINS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2005). Research indicates religion and spirituality as components that should be considered when appealing to individuals about health and making ..
  15. Religion and Suicidal Behavior Among Black Americans
    Sean Joe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In particular, the link between religion and suicide risk reduction in blacks has never been demonstrated with a nationally representative sample, ..
  16. Oncofertility Consortium Annual Conference
    Teresa K Woodruff; Fiscal Year: 2013, reproductive endocrinology, cell biology, social science, ethics, education, law, patient advocacy and religion. Additionally, patients and healthcare providers are invited to share their intimate experiences with fertility ..
    ..Furthermore, recent publications have documented how religion can foster the process of stigmatization among health professionals...
  18. Interactive ELSI Curriculum for Primary Care Residents
    Michael Wilkes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the role of non-directive counseling; cultural issues and personal values; and the perspectives of bioethics, religion and law in the use of genetic information...
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of life events, discrimination, and safety), enhancers (anxiety, depression), buffers (social support, coping, religion), and physiologic markers of response to stress (plasma corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH), cortisol) will be ..
  20. Altered endothelial heparan sulfate causes diaphragmatic hernias resembling CDH
    Jeffrey Esko; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..CDH strikes 1 in every 2500 births independently of race, religion, socioeconomic background, and prenatal care, and is a significant cause of pediatric mortality...
  21. Beliefs about Genes & Environment as Causes of Behavior
    Eleanor Singer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g. race, ethnicity, age, education, marital status, and religion), as well as such aspects of the rater's personality as locus of control, optimism-pessimism, and the need for ..
    Joel Grube; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..availability; involvement in other problem behaviors; value for independence; bonding to school; bonding to religion; bonding to family; stress; and background characteristics (gender, age, ethnicity, socio-economic status)...
  23. Religious responses to HIV/AIDS in Brazil
    Richard Parker; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In few countries has the complex impact of religion and religious organizations in relation to HIV/AIDS been more powerful than Brazil...
    Marlene Goldman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Each exposure will be evaluated using multivariate logistic regression to estimate any increase in risk while controlling for other known risk factors and for potential confounding factors such as age, region, religion, and education.
    Huazhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and lack of effective control measures due to wild dwelling of the vector sandfly, different customs and religion. We will do a case control study to explore the risk factors in the endemic areas, to find the possible existed ..
  26. Irish Fertility at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
    TIMOTHY GUINNANE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. census of 1910 to examine the roles of religion, class, migration, and neighbors in the Irish fertility transition...
    JON STUCKEY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    The study seeks to further the understanding of how religion and spirituality function as adaptation resources through the life course...
    Margaret Ensminger; Fiscal Year: 2005 both an antecedent and consequence of substance use and its impact on health; the interrelationship of religion and spirituality and drug use across the life course...
  29. Challenging Life Events in Older Persons
    TIMOTHY DAALEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..ill and dying patients, but also has indirectly promoted a rapprochement among the realms of spirituality, religion, and the practice of medicine...
  30. Health: Science, Society, and Policy
    Sarita Bhalotra; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition." (1946, Constitution of the World Health Organization)...
  31. Community Mental Health Care: An Ethnographic Case Study
    SARA BERGSTRESSER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The research will also address the roles of religion and the family in relation to decisions regarding mental health services...
  32. An Interactive Program for Workplace Diversity Skills
    CHRISTY SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..will include additional diversity topics on: national origin, gender, physical ability, sexual orientation, age, religion, language and social class...
    Nancy Adler; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The effects of ethnicity, religion, age, SES, and intentions regarding contraceptive use on contraceptive behavior and pregnancy will also be ..
  34. Comprehensive Database on Spirituality and Health
    Jeanette Ezzo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In Phase I, a thesaurus of indexing terms pertinent to spirituality/religion will be developed, a select set of research citations will be identified, fully abstracted using a structured ..
    Patricia Jones; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..females in Asian cultures where a womans obligation to her family often takes priority over obligations to self, religion, or country...
  36. Religion and Sexual Risk Taking in Youth
    James Jaccard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite the central role that religion plays in the lives of the American public, relatively few carefully controlled and theoretically cogent analysis have been undertaken to examine its ..
    KIMBERLY SHERRILL; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Specific plans are 1) to complete an independent study designed to help integrate previous research on religion in sociology and social psychology with current research in epidemiology; 2) to study theoretical and practical ..
  38. Religious Commitments and Clinical Engagements
    Farr Curlin; Fiscal Year: 2009 a pilot survey of a national sample of physicians, to determine which among the many constructs for measuring religion are the most salient predictors of physicians'self-predicted clinical practices in contexts of relative ..
    Robert Drake; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..groups (such as dual-diagnosis groups or Alcoholics Anonymous), new sources of hope (like marriage, work, or religion), and medical illnesses related to substance disorder (e.g., gastritis)...
  40. Organized Religion and HIV/AIDS in Mozambique
    Victor Agadjanian; Fiscal Year: 2004
    This pilot project will investigate connections between involvement with different types of organized religion and knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to HIV/AIDS in urban and rural areas of southern Mozambique...
  41. Religion, Culture, and HIV Secondary Prevention in India
    Nalini Tarakeshwar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The award will support the long-term goal of conducting research on mental health interventions that are comprehensive, effective, and sustainable in developing countries. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Jeanie Kayser Jones; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., socioeconomic status), cultural (e.g., religion), environmental (e.g., staffing), and clinical (e.g...
  43. Abstinence vs. Safe-Sex Education to Middle School Teens
    Elaine Borawski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., gender, ethnicity, religion, prior sexual experience, school attendance/exposure to message) and teacher/administrator characteristics (e.g...
    Diane Meier; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..These characteristics will include not only descriptive variables (such as age, gender, religion, specialty of doctors, patient diagnosis and functional status) but also will inquire about the decision criteria ..
  45. Our Genes/Our Choices
    RICHARD KILBERG; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and activities for students, educators, policy makers, and professionals in science, medicine, law, business, and religion. These educational resources and outreach activities are designed to increase public awareness and understanding ..
  46. Cultural Sensitvity in End-of-life Care
    EILEEN VAN SCHAIK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These modules will include diverse ways of making sense of death, such as, spirituality and religion; differing views of what happens in the dying process and at the time of death; the role of the family and ..
    Lucile Adams Campbell; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..and a post-doctoral trainee, we will gather information regarding cultural factors (attitudes, behavior, religion), lifestyle (energy intake, dietary variables, smoking, alcohol use, exercise) and sociodemographic factors (..
    Martha Crowther; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..While designed primarily to assess the relation between the stressors of custodial grandparenting, religion/spirituality and cognition, the proposed study has clinical and policy implications...
  49. Religion and Health in Multigenerational Black Families
    Sharon King; Fiscal Year: 2002
    The goal of this study is to examine the relationship between religion and health in multi-generational African American families, 2) to compare, across generations, religious beliefs and health attitudes in these families...
    Christopher Ellison; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract): Recent years have witnessed substantial growth in the scientific analysis of the relationship between religion and health...
  51. Behavioral Genetic Study of Religiosity and Alcoholism
    JON HABER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Although religion and spirituality have always been thought to influence a wide range of human experience, the scientific study of this phenomenon has not kept pace with the growing evidence of its relevance to health, medical, and ..
  52. Determinants of Sexual Behavior in Black Men Over 50
    Christopher Coleman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Knowledge, Sociodemographics: current relationship status, sexual orientation and Social Norms: spirituality and religion are associated with changes in sexual behaviors in HIV infected African American men 50 years and older; at 3, 6, ..
  53. Gender Gaps in Primary Schooling in India
    Kathryn Yount; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..has data on school entry, attendance, and attainment;reasons for non-entry or non-attendance;household assets, religion, and caste;and maternal and paternal human resources...
  54. Concerns of Evangelicals about Genetic Interventions
    John Davis; Fiscal Year: 2003 the indexing of the books and periodicals in question by the ATLA (American Theological Library Association) Religion Database on CD-ROM, including Religion Index One: Periodicals...
  55. T90 Training the Global Ready Scholar (9 of 10)TL1
    Christos Coutifaris; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..reproductive science and medicine, biomechanics, material science, mathematics, social science, bioethics, religion, policy research, reproductive health law and cognitive and learning science...
  56. Adolescent Religiosity, Family Relationships, and Risky Sexual Behaviors
    ANNE NOONAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..parents'response to three religiosity items in the Add Health data: frequency of prayer, importance of religion, and beliefs in biblical inerrancy, an indicator of fundamentalism...
    MARIA GARAY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and hospitalizations, secondary stressor of family conflict, mediator/moderators of formal and informal support, religion/spirituality, coping, and outcomes of depression, anxiety, and health, as specified by the Pearlin model, for gay ..
    Wayne Grody; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..state may vary significantly among different target populations, depending upon ethnic group, level of education, religion, and socioeconomic status, and may be modified by appropriate counseling...
  59. Stigma and PTSD in Refugee Adolescents
    Beverley Ellis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study seeks to examine the link between stigma associated with race, religion, and mental illness, and mental health outcomes (particularly PTSD) in Somali refugee adolescents who have ..
    Judith Swazey; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These disciplines include medicine, philosophy, religion, law, and the social sciences...
    JOAN ALDOUS; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..b>Religion, family life cycle stage and historical epoch were controlled by sampling from this population...
  62. Religion, Aging, and Mexican American Health
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A growing number of studies indicate that religion exerts a beneficial effect on health and well-being in late life...
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007 to seek additional funds to continue work on the National Institute on Aging (NIA)-supported project: "Religion, Aging, and Health" (RO 1 AG14749)...
    ..parents, including their education, work participation, occupational choice, standard of living, land ownership, religion, family structure, type of residence, and exposure to media...