medical philosophy

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The moral nature of patient-centeredness: is it "just the right thing to do"?
    Patrick S Duggan
    Phoebe R Berman Bioethics Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 62:271-6. 2006
  2. ncbi Neuroethics: the practical and the philosophical
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:34-40. 2005
  3. ncbi The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions
    E D Pellegrino
    Center for Clinical Bioethics, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA. patchelu@ gunet.georgetown.edu
    J Med Philos 26:559-79. 2001
  4. ncbi The medical theory of Richard Koch I: theory of science and ethics
    F Topfer
    Chair of Ethics in Medicine, University of Tubingen, Schleichstrasse 8, 72074, Tubingen, Germany
    Med Health Care Philos 8:207-19. 2005
  5. ncbi Knowing--in medicine
    Joachim P Sturmberg
    Monash University and Newcastle University, Australia
    J Eval Clin Pract 14:767-70. 2008
  6. ncbi On the goals of medicine, health enhancement and social welfare
    L Nordenfelt
    Department of Health and Society, University of Linkoping, 58183 Linkoping, Sweden
    Health Care Anal 9:15-23. 2001
  7. ncbi Emerging medical technologies and emerging conceptions of health
    William E Stempsey
    Department of Philosophy, College of the Holy Cross, One College Street, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 27:227-43. 2006
  8. ncbi Complexity of the concept of disease as shown through rival theoretical frameworks
    B Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway
    Theor Med Bioeth 22:211-36. 2001
  9. ncbi Medical informatics and the concept of disease
    K F Schaffner
    George Washington University, Washington DC 20052, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 21:85-101. 2000
  10. ncbi Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, and other iatrogenic diagnostic algorithms. Do some labels escalate illness in vulnerable patients?
    N M Hadler
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill School of Medicine, USA
    Postgrad Med 102:161-2, 165-6, 171-2 passim. 1997

Detail Information

Publications239 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The moral nature of patient-centeredness: is it "just the right thing to do"?
    Patrick S Duggan
    Phoebe R Berman Bioethics Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 62:271-6. 2006
    ..We sought to describe the moral commitments that underlie patient-centered care...
  2. ncbi Neuroethics: the practical and the philosophical
    Martha J Farah
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:34-40. 2005
    ..This article reviews key examples of each type of issue, including the relevant advances in science and technology and their accompanying social and philosophical problems...
  3. ncbi The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions
    E D Pellegrino
    Center for Clinical Bioethics, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA. patchelu@ gunet.georgetown.edu
    J Med Philos 26:559-79. 2001
    ....
  4. ncbi The medical theory of Richard Koch I: theory of science and ethics
    F Topfer
    Chair of Ethics in Medicine, University of Tubingen, Schleichstrasse 8, 72074, Tubingen, Germany
    Med Health Care Philos 8:207-19. 2005
    ..With its object being incalculable, medicine cannot guarantee its own success. Here the physician has to develop principles that allow for the best possible response to the challenges faced in varying situations of conduct...
  5. ncbi Knowing--in medicine
    Joachim P Sturmberg
    Monash University and Newcastle University, Australia
    J Eval Clin Pract 14:767-70. 2008
    ..Medical knowledge is inherently uncertain, and we require a context-driven flexible approach to knowledge discovery and application, in clinical practice as well as in health service planning...
  6. ncbi On the goals of medicine, health enhancement and social welfare
    L Nordenfelt
    Department of Health and Society, University of Linkoping, 58183 Linkoping, Sweden
    Health Care Anal 9:15-23. 2001
    ..2) From this position I expand the topic further by comparing medicine and health enhancement with social welfare and try to trace the basic features between--as well as the common properties of--these different enterprises...
  7. ncbi Emerging medical technologies and emerging conceptions of health
    William E Stempsey
    Department of Philosophy, College of the Holy Cross, One College Street, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 27:227-43. 2006
    ..Technologies may aim at the prevention and treatment of disease, but they also bring about modifications of what we consider normal for the human being. Thus, new norms of health arise from technological innovation...
  8. ncbi Complexity of the concept of disease as shown through rival theoretical frameworks
    B Hofmann
    Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Norway
    Theor Med Bioeth 22:211-36. 2001
    ....
  9. ncbi Medical informatics and the concept of disease
    K F Schaffner
    George Washington University, Washington DC 20052, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 21:85-101. 2000
    ..This fine-tuning is to comport with the expert's perspective on the disease, including his or her epistemic values, as well as the program's other resources for diagnosing components of a disease...
  10. ncbi Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, and other iatrogenic diagnostic algorithms. Do some labels escalate illness in vulnerable patients?
    N M Hadler
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill School of Medicine, USA
    Postgrad Med 102:161-2, 165-6, 171-2 passim. 1997
    ....
  11. ncbi Specifying, balancing, and interpreting bioethical principles
    H S Richardson
    Department of Philosophy, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    J Med Philos 25:285-307. 2000
    ....
  12. ncbi The method of 'principlism': a critique of the critique
    B A Lustig
    Institute of Religion, Texas Medical Center, Houston
    J Med Philos 17:487-510. 1992
    ..I judge Gert's theory to be seriously incomplete and, in contrast to principlism, unable to generate coherent conclusions about cases of active euthanasia and paternalism...
  13. ncbi Specified principlism: what is it, and does it really resolve cases better than casuistry?
    C Strong
    Department of Human Values and Ethics, College of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Med Philos 25:323-41. 2000
    ..Because of these reasons, specified principlism should not be considered a leading contender in the search for methods of making justifiable decisions in clinical cases...
  14. ncbi Moving forward in bioethical theory: theories, cases, and specified principlism
    D DeGrazia
    Department of Philosophy, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052
    J Med Philos 17:511-39. 1992
    ..An alternative model, suggested by the work of Henry Richardson, is presented. It is argued that specified principlism is the most promising model of justification in bioethics...
  15. ncbi Moritz Benedikt's (1835-1920) localization of morality in the occipital lobes: origin and background of a controversial hypothesis
    Jan Verplaetse
    Department of Jurisprudence and Legal History, Universiteitstraat 4, 9000 Ghent, Belgium email
    Hist Psychiatry 15:305-28. 2004
    ....
  16. pmc The Secret Kappa Lambda Society of Hippocrates (and the Origin of the American Medical Association's Principles of Medical Ethics)
    Charles T Ambrose
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA
    Yale J Biol Med 78:45-56. 2005
    ..The New York branch remained active through the 1860s. Members of both branches were among those who in 1847 established the American Medical Association and devised its Principles of Medical Ethics...
  17. ncbi Teaching health care ethics: why we should teach nursing and medical students together
    Stephen Hanson
    Department of Social Sciences, McNeese State University, PO Box 92335, Lake Charles, LA 70609, USA
    Nurs Ethics 12:167-76. 2005
    ....
  18. ncbi Origin and uses of primum non nocere--above all, do no harm!
    Cedric M Smith
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
    J Clin Pharmacol 45:371-7. 2005
    ..Despite insufficiencies, it remains a potent reminder that every medical and pharmacological decision carries the potential for harm...
  19. ncbi Growth at the edges of medical education: spirituality in American medical education
    S Ryan Gregory
    University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, USA
    Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc 66:14-9. 2003
  20. ncbi [Sabuco's suco nerveo and the origins of neurochemistry in the Spanish Renaissance]
    A Martin Araguz
    Hospital Central de la Defensa, Servicio de Neurologia, Madrid, Espana
    Rev Neurol 36:1190-8. 2003
    ..Sabuco s ideas have been plagiarised by such renowned authors as Descartes, Willis and Glisson...
  21. ncbi The history of hysteria
    Jane G Morris
    Oregon Health and Science University, USA
    Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc 67:40-3. 2004
  22. ncbi Report and reflections on the address of Edmund D. Pellegrino, M.D
    E Wayne Martz
    Del Med J 75:69-71. 2003
  23. ncbi Bioethics as social philosophy
    Kevin W Wildes
    Philosophy, Georgetown University, USA
    Soc Philos Policy 19:113-25. 2002
  24. ncbi The philosophical background: from principles to rules and analysis
    Ann Sommerville
    Department of Medical Ethics, British Medical Association, London, UK
    Dig Dis 20:210-5. 2002
    ..It also discusses whether the original Hippocratic principles still find echo with modern doctors...
  25. ncbi [Philosophy and medicine. Do they still have something to say to each other?]
    K Engelhardt
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 130:2967-70. 2005
  26. ncbi Theories in early embryology: close connections between epigenesis, preformationism, and self-organization
    Linda Van Speybroeck
    Research Unit on Evolution and Complexity, Department of Philosophy and Moral Science, Ghent University, Blandijnberg 2, Room 210, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 981:7-49. 2002
    ..It is shown that these very arguments still underlie the use of gene-centric metaphors in the molecular revolution of the 20th century...
  27. ncbi The historical catalyst to cure asthma
    Mary Banks Gregerson
    Family Therapy Institute of Alexandria, American Red Cross National Capital Area, Alexandria, VA, USA
    Adv Psychosom Med 24:16-41. 2003
  28. ncbi What can we learn by looking for the first code of professional ethics?
    Michael Davis
    Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago 60616, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 24:433-54. 2003
    ....
  29. ncbi Levinas and the patient as other: the ethical foundation of medicine
    Michelle Clifton-Soderstrom
    Theology Department, Loyola University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60626, USA
    J Med Philos 28:447-60. 2003
    ....
  30. ncbi [On the epistemological approaches to medicine]
    Alfredo de Micheli-Serra
    Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez, Mexico
    Gac Med Mex 140:557-61. 2004
    ..In turn, epistemology suggests that assessment of a fact, perceivable by the senses, is generally more difficult that elaboration of a hypothesis...
  31. ncbi Is physician-assisted death only for developed countries? Latin America as a case study
    Florencia Luna
    Bioethics Programme of FLACSO, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Palliat Care 20:155-62. 2004
    ..Yet, under certain conditions, a policy tolerating PAD would be as acceptable in developing countries as in developed countries...
  32. ncbi [Medical and philosophical discussion of human nature]
    H Bartos
    Fakulta humanitních studií UK, Praha
    Cas Lek Cesk 143:639-42. 2004
  33. ncbi The dilemma of clinical research. Historical and philosophical considerations of physicians' ambitions and patients' fear
    Abdulsalam A Al-Sulaiman
    Department of Neurology, King Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Saudi Med J 25:1739-41. 2004
  34. ncbi [The history of the "patient": hazard, means, or object of the history of medicine?]
    Philip Rieder
    Institut universitaire romand d histoire de la médecine et de la santé, CMU, CH 1211 Geneve 4
    Gesnerus 60:260-71. 2003
  35. ncbi Between Galen, Geddes, and the Gael: Arthur Brock, modernity, and medical humanism in early-twentieth-century Scotland
    David Cantor
    Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza North, Suite 2025, Bethesda, MD 20892 7309, USA
    J Hist Med Allied Sci 60:1-41. 2005
    ..Crucially, it shows how all these interests and activities were influenced by Brock's mentor, Edinburgh polymath Patrick Geddes. The article concludes with a discussion of Brock's place in early-twentieth-century medical humanism...
  36. ncbi [The original paradigm of dependence - historical and cultural aspects]
    Jann Schlimme
    Abteilung Klinische Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Psychiatr Prax 31:78-82. 2004
    ..This understanding corresponds with the modern anthropology, in which the human being is understood two-fold: on the one hand his consciousness and mind, on the other hand his unconsciousness, body and world around...
  37. ncbi Hermeneutics of medicine in the wake of Gadamer: the issue of phronesis
    Fredrik Svenaeus
    University of Linkoping, Department of Health and Society, Sweden
    Theor Med Bioeth 24:407-31. 2003
    ..It would also have to map out in detail the terrain of the medical meeting and the acts of interpretation through which phronesis is exercised...
  38. ncbi Schism and heresy in the development of orthodox medicine: the threat to medical hegemony
    R Kenneth Jones
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Health Care, Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh EH12 8TS, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:703-12. 2004
    ..Heresy and schism are natural concomitants of socially constructed knowledge, functioning as providers of impetus and change and, as such, are to be welcomed as non-orthodox challenges...
  39. ncbi [Clinical medicine]
    Yong Liu
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 84:1853-6. 2004
  40. ncbi Seeking common ground in a world of ethical pluralism: a review essay of Moral Acquaintances: methodology in bioethics by Kevin Wm. Wildes, S.J
    Phillip Thompson
    Center for Ethics and Leadership, St Edwards University, Austin, Texas 78704, USA
    HEC Forum 16:114-28. 2004
  41. ncbi Moral diversity among physicians and conscientious refusal of care in the provision of abortion services
    Karen E Adams
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, USA
    J Am Med Womens Assoc 58:223-6. 2003
    ....
  42. ncbi From genesis to genes
    S K Tan
    Singapore Health Services, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 32:710-4. 2003
    ..Our ability to utilise this new knowledge to combat the ravages of the ageing process and its associated illnesses--degenerative diseases and cancers offer much hope for the future...
  43. ncbi The dialectics of understanding: on genres and the use of debate in medical history
    Frank Huisman
    Universiteit Maastricht Faculteit der Cultuurwetenschappen, Vakgroep Geschiedenis P O Box 616 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Hist Philos Life Sci 27:13-40. 2005
    ..It concludes by calling for articulated and lively debate between the protagonists of the different genres as the royal way to historical understanding...
  44. ncbi [The Hippocratic Oath: how many covenants, how many oaths?]
    Charlotte Schubert
    Universitat Leipzig, Historisches Seminar, Lehrstuhl für Alte Geschichte, Leipzig
    Medizinhist J 40:247-73. 2005
    ..The article concludes that, as early as the third century A.D., Christian influences played an equally significant role in the transmission of the Oath as pagan influences...
  45. ncbi Reflections on the appointment of Dr. Edmund Pellegrino to the President's Council on Bioethics
    Tom L Beauchamp
    Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, Washington, D C
    Am J Bioeth 5:W8-9. 2005
  46. ncbi Contested boundaries: psychiatry, disease, and diagnosis
    Charles E Rosenberg
    Department of the History of Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Perspect Biol Med 49:407-24. 2006
    ..Bureaucratic rigidities and stakeholder conflicts structure and intensify such boundary conflicts, as do the interests and activism of an interested lay public...
  47. ncbi Critical palliative care: intensive care redefined
    J M Civetta
    Department of Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030-3955, USA
    Surg Oncol Clin N Am 10:137-59. 2001
    ..Finally, all need to learn more about the dying process to benefit society, their own families, and themselves...
  48. ncbi Spiritual dimensions of surgical palliative care
    T J Krizek
    Department of Surgery, The Ethics Center, The University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA
    Surg Oncol Clin N Am 10:39-55. 2001
    ..For surgeons, these profoundly spiritual concerns are, in many ways, beyond our education and training and may not be compatible with the current practice of surgery...
  49. ncbi Disability and end-of-life care: let the conversation begin. Interview by Harvey Max Chochinov
    Jim Derksen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Palliat Care 22:175-82. 2006
  50. ncbi [Socio-ethic of cancer chemoprevention]
    H Sancho-Garnier
    , Centre Val-d'Aurelle, 34298 Montpellier
    Bull Cancer 88:411-4. 2001
    ..When results are extrapolated to the whole population an evaluation process has also to be permanently performed. The target population must be well informed and the participation based on voluntary consent...
  51. ncbi The relevance of Polish philosophical traditions to contemporary medicine
    Jacek Gawrychowski
    Department of General Surgery, Bytom Silesian Medical Academy, Katowice
    Pol Arch Med Wewn 115:605-11. 2006
  52. ncbi [The complaint of Andromache: reflections on accompanying the dying]
    Jacques Petite
    Rev Med Suisse 2:2703. 2006
  53. ncbi [Consolation as medical intervention and its history of ideas]
    Werner Weidmann
    Wurzbg Medizinhist Mitt 25:339-62. 2006
    ..Finally, some essential features of general conceptions of consolation are presented...
  54. ncbi Idealism and realism
    Richard B Gunderman
    Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Indianapolis, IN 46202 5200, USA
    J Am Coll Radiol 3:710-2. 2006
  55. ncbi Shared moral work of nurses and physicians
    Janet L Storch
    School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada
    Nurs Ethics 14:478-91. 2007
    ..A call for envisioning their practice as shared moral work as well as practical strategies to begin that work are offered as a basis for reflection towards enhanced nurse-physician relationships...
  56. ncbi Complementary and alternative medicine: the challenges of ethical justification. A philosophical analysis and evaluation of ethical reasons for the offer, use and promotion of complementary and alternative medicine
    Marcel Mertz
    Medical Faculty, Institute of Applied Ethics and Medical Ethics, Missionsstrasse 21A, Basel, 4055, Switzerland
    Med Health Care Philos 10:329-45. 2007
    ..Further research should be done about specific CAM positions. These could be combined with applied qualitative social research methods...
  57. ncbi Neurophilosophy: the early years and new directions
    Patricia Smith Churchland
    Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0119, USA
    Funct Neurol 22:185-95. 2007
    ..Some large-scale mind-brain problems have not yet been solved, and do require significant theoretical innovation. In particular the problem of how to understand the true nature of representations remains unsolved...
  58. ncbi Bioethics of protection: a proposal for the moral problems of developing countries?
    Fermin Roland Schramm
    Chercheur Ecole Nationale de Santé Publique FIOCRUZ
    J Int Bioethique 19:73-86, 196. 2008
    ..This implies, beyond education and adequate health services, the recognition of the differences in the cultures, cosmovisions and habits as common patrimony of the Humanity...
  59. ncbi "Aequanimitas" Redux: William Osler on detached concern versus humanistic empathy
    Charles S Bryan
    Department of Medicine and Center for Bioethics and Medical Humanities, University of South Carolina, School of Medicine, Columbia, SC 29203, USA
    Perspect Biol Med 49:384-92. 2006
    ....
  60. ncbi Traditional healing with animals (zootherapy): medieval to present-day Levantine practice
    Efraim Lev
    Department of Eretz Israel Studies, Jordan Valley College and University of Haifa, Israel
    J Ethnopharmacol 85:107-18. 2003
    ..The use of other materials of animal origin came to an end in the course of history because of change in the moral outlook of modern societies. Among the latter we note mummy, silkworm, stinkbug, scarabees, snail, scorpion, and triton...
  61. ncbi Of temples and plane trees: the Hippocratic legacy as collective memory
    Gerasimos P Sykiotis
    Department of Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA
    Hormones (Athens) 4:55-8. 2005
  62. ncbi [Ethics and ethos of the patient]
    D von Engelhardt
    Institut für Medizin und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Universitat zu Lubeck, Königstrasse 42, D 23552 Lübeck, Deutschland
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:306-8. 2002
    ..In medicine, the ethics of principles are substantially dependent upon the ethics of virtues...
  63. pmc Do physicians have an ethical obligation to care for patients with AIDS?
    N R Angoff
    Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
    Yale J Biol Med 64:207-46. 1991
    ..Not to do so diminishes the physician's ethical ideal, a vision of the physician as good physician, which has consequences for the physician's capacity to care and for the practice of medicine...
  64. pmc The philosophy of Hughlings Jackson
    George K York
    Kaiser Permanente Stockton Medical Center, Fiddletown, California, USA
    J R Soc Med 95:314-8. 2002
  65. ncbi History of disease and the longue durée
    Jon Arrizabalaga
    Department of History of Science, IMF CSIC, Egipcíaques, 15 08001 Barcelona, Spain
    Hist Philos Life Sci 27:41-56. 2005
    ..The case of the medical responses to epidemic disease in pre-industrial Europe is synthetically expounded in order to illustrate this issue...
  66. ncbi The relevance of moral theory to pediatric neurology
    Bernard Gert
    Department of Philosophy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Semin Pediatr Neurol 9:2-9. 2002
    ..The recognition that there are sometimes several conflicting morally acceptable answers allows for a friendly and fruitful discussion with no one sacrificing their moral integrity...
  67. ncbi The surgeon's art
    H David Crombie
    Hartford Hospital and Connecticut Surgical Group PC, 85 Seymour St, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Arch Surg 137:390-6. 2002
  68. ncbi Medical miracles and the longue durée
    Jacalyn Duffin
    Hannah Chair in the History of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7 L 3N6, Canada
    Hist Philos Life Sci 27:81-99. 2005
    ....
  69. pmc Transhumanism, medical technology and slippery slopes
    M J McNamee
    Centre for Philosophy, Humanities and Law in Healthcare, School of Health Science, University of Wales, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    J Med Ethics 32:513-8. 2006
    ..Various forms of slippery slope arguments that may be used for and against transhumanism are discussed and one particular criticism, moral arbitrariness, that undermines both weak and strong transhumanism is highlighted...
  70. ncbi From vagueness in medical thought to the foundations of fuzzy reasoning in medical diagnosis
    Rudolf Seising
    Section on Medical Expert and Knowledge Based Systems, Core Unit for Medical Statistics and Informatics, Medical University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Artif Intell Med 38:237-56. 2006
    This article delineates a relatively unknown path in the history of medical philosophy and medical diagnosis...
  71. ncbi A story of scrutiny and fear: Australian midwives' experiences of an external review of obstetric services, being involved with litigation and the impact on clinical practice
    Laraine Hood
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, Australia
    Midwifery 26:268-85. 2010
    ..to describe Australian midwives' experiences of an external review of obstetric services, involvement in legal proceedings and the impact on midwives' clinical practice and personal wellbeing...
  72. ncbi Role of history and philosophy of medicine in the professional formation of a physician: writings of Polish school of philosophy of medicine
    M J Pedziwiatr
    Department of Ethics and of Philosophy, Medical University of Lodz, Al Kosciuszki 85, 90 436 Lodz, Poland
    Croat Med J 40:14-9. 1999
    ..Such an approach to the ethical aspect of medical philosophy became incorporated into an education towards humane values, responsibility for ones' life and health in the ..
  73. ncbi The clinical interview and the doctor-patient relationship in telemedicine
    M L Onor
    Department of Clinical, Morphological and Technological Science, U C O of Clinical Psychiatry, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
    Telemed J E Health 11:102-5. 2005
    ..Video-communication reduces personal contact with the general doctor or specialist. Medical philosophy and the social sciences have often discussed the risk of alienating or "objectifying" the patient...
  74. ncbi The art of perception: from the life world to the medical gaze and back again
    C Hick
    Department of Medical History and Medical Ethics, Universitat zu Koln, Germany
    Med Health Care Philos 2:129-40. 1999
    ..Such an analysis would be the task of a sub-field in medical philosophy that could be called "medical aesthetics" having as its goal an "art of perception" understood as a ..
  75. ncbi A history of salt
    M Cirillo
    Department of Pediatrics, 2nd University of Naples, Italy
    Am J Nephrol 14:426-31. 1994
    ..The history of salt thus represents a unique example for studying the impact of a widely used dietary substance on different important aspects of man's life, including medical philosophy.
  76. ncbi Mainstream medicine versus complementary and alternative medicine in the witness box: resolving the clash of ideologies
    Randall Kune
    Monash Oakleigh Legal Service
    J Law Med 14:425-32. 2007
    Mainstream medical philosophy and practice differ in many respects from those of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), differences which are explored in this article...
  77. pmc Gender perspective in medicine: a vital part of medical scientific rationality. A useful model for comprehending structures and hierarchies within medical science
    Gunilla Risberg
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Family Medicine, Umea University, NUS, S 90185 Umea, Sweden
    BMC Med 4:20. 2006
    ..Our study aimed at analysing this resistance in relation to what is considered good medical research...
  78. ncbi [Qi as a materialist concept on the level of medical philosophy]
    Zhan Qing Su
    Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Brain Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210029, China
    Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao 3:88-90. 2005
    ..It is the author's argument that studies of the substantial existence of qi from different aspects, micro-dimension in particular, will push the syndrome differentiation of traditional Chinese medicine to a more subtle sphere...
  79. ncbi [What kind of information do family physicians provide to their patients about possible side effects of contraceptive pills?]
    Zita Vincentina Liubarskiene
    Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania
    Medicina (Kaunas) 42:340-5. 2006
    ..in Lithuania in 2004 using the methodology and questionnaire developed by the researchers of Department of Medical Philosophy and Clinical Theory, University of Copenhagen...
  80. ncbi Pressure from our aging population will broaden our understanding of medicine
    C F Longino
    Sticht Center on Aging and Rehabilitation, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Acad Med 72:841-7. 1997
    This essay speculates about how medical philosophy may change to accommodate the technologic, organizational, and--in particular--population challenges of the future...
  81. ncbi The undertreatment of pain: scientific, clinical, cultural, and philosophical factors
    D B Resnik
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, 2S 17 Brody Building, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, 27858 4354, USA
    Med Health Care Philos 4:277-88. 2001
    ..In order for health care professionals to do a better job of treating pain, some changes need to occur in medical philosophy, education, and practice.
  82. ncbi Looking for Aristotle
    Patricia Fara
    Clare College, Trinity Lane, Cambridge, UK
    Endeavour 32:44-6. 2008
    ..When modern interpreters try to impose definitive meanings on pictures, they run the risk of overlooking symbolic resonances which can be just as significant as direct representation...
  83. ncbi Biopolitics, Terri Schiavo, and the sovereign subject of death
    Jeffrey P Bishop
    Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, Vanderbilt University, 2523 West End Ave, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Med Philos 33:538-57. 2008
    ..Both the left and the right miss the aporia at the heart of western political philosophy, and bioethics is complicit in the totalizing effects of contemporary medicine...
  84. ncbi "It's intense, you know." Nurses' experiences in caring for patients requesting euthanasia
    Yvonne Denier
    Faculty of Medicine, Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Catholic University of Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 Blok D Bus 7001, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Med Health Care Philos 13:41-8. 2010
    ..Nurses feel a discrepancy, because although it is a nice death, which happens in dignity and with respect, it is also an unnatural death. The clinical ethical implications of these findings are discussed...
  85. pmc Medical nemesis. 1974
    Ivan Illich
    Cuernavaca, Mexico
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:919-22. 2003
    ..This article was originally published in the Lancet in 1974.( dagger ) It is reprinted here, as the centre of a set of articles, in memory of the death of Ivan Illich in December 2002...
  86. ncbi A method in search of a purpose: the internal morality of medicine
    J D Arras
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4780, USA
    J Med Philos 26:643-62. 2001
    ....
  87. ncbi The expert patient: valid recognition or false hope?
    David Badcott
    Centre for Applied Ethics, University of Wales Cardiff, P O Box 94, CF10 3XB Cardiff, UK
    Med Health Care Philos 8:173-8. 2005
    ....
  88. pmc Empirical investigation of the ethical reasoning of physicians and molecular biologists - the importance of the four principles of biomedical ethics
    Mette Ebbesen
    Centre for Bioethics and Nanoethics, University of Aarhus, Aarhus C, Denmark
    Philos Ethics Humanit Med 2:23. 2007
    ..Beauchamp and James F. Childress are applicable to these groups...
  89. ncbi Biocentric ethics and animal prosperity
    A T Anchustegui
    Boise State University, USA
    Int J Appl Philos 19:105-19. 2005
    ..Finally, it offers an unambiguous recommendation for the abolition of harmful animal experimentation, factory farming, and killing animals for sport...
  90. ncbi [Attitudes of Tunisian medical students to medical practice: gender differences]
    Th Nabli Ajmi
    Unité de recherche Pratique Médicale Ambulatoire, Département de médecine communautaire, Faculté de médecine de Sousse, Sousse, Tunisie
    East Mediterr Health J 14:686-96. 2008
    ..At the end of their training cycles, both male and female students ascribed less importance to these aspects than in the beginning...
  91. ncbi The pathocenosis moment: Mirko Grmek, the Annales and the vagaries of the longue durée
    Colin Jones
    University of Warwick, G B History Department, Warwick University, Coventry CV4 7AL, Great Britain
    Hist Philos Life Sci 27:5-11. 2005
    ..H. McNeill's best-selling Plagues and Peoples. History's 'cultural turn' since the 1980s has also limited the article's perceived utility. Nevertheless, the value of the concept is underlined by the articles in this collection...
  92. ncbi [Studies on "Ishin shoden" Edited by Dosan Manase (1507-1594): the introduction of Satsusho Benchi and the process of its establishment]
    Jiro Endo
    Kagakushi Kenkyu 41:129-37. 2002
    ..In addition, we consider the reasons why the satusho benchi system was not employed by Dosan's successors, and discuss the effects of this...
  93. ncbi Psychiatry under pressure: reflections on psychiatry's drift towards a reductionist biomedical conception of mental illness
    Thomas R V Nys
    Centre for Economics and Ethics, Catholic University Leuven, Naamsestraat 69, 3000, Leuven, Belgium
    Med Health Care Philos 9:107-15. 2006
    ..Our examples are drawn from the Dutch situation but we are confident that they apply to other countries as well...
  94. ncbi Maimonides (1135-1204). Postal stamps released on Maimonides, Israel--1953 and Grenada--1970
    J V Pai-Dhungat
    Dept of Medicine, TN Medical College and BYL Nair Ch Hospital, Mumbai
    J Assoc Physicians India 53:994. 2005
  95. pmc A philosophical analysis of the Hill criteria
    Lau Caspar Thygesen
    Centre for Alcohol Research, National Institute of Public Health, Øster Farimagsgade 5, DK 1399 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:512-6. 2005
    ..The authors illuminate the aim and limitations of the various criteria that need to be included when discussing them...
  96. pmc The precautionary principle and electric and magnetic fields
    D Jamieson
    University Center for Human Values, Princeton University, NJ, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1355-8. 2001
    ..The value of autonomy and the proper role of governmental paternalism with respect to environmental policy need to be considered more carefully in environmental decision making...
  97. ncbi [Giacomo Andrea Giacomini: a Padua clinician between metaphysics and science]
    G Federspil
    Universita degli Studi di Padova
    Hist Philos Life Sci 13:73-95. 1991
    ..Giacomini's medical philosophy is the result of an interweaving of scientific theories and metaphysical ideas...
  98. ncbi Limit setting in mental health: historical factors and suggestions as to its rationale
    S Vatne
    Institute of Health Science, Molde University College, Molde, Norway
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:588-97. 2006
    ..The account draws on the work of critical psychiatry, as well as on recent research concerning the discourses and practices of mental health nurses, and concludes that these dual functions are inherent to the psychiatric project...
  99. ncbi Think lean
    Joe Aherne
    Lean Healthcare Services, Leading Edge Group, USA
    Nurs Manag (Harrow) 13:13-5. 2007
  100. ncbi The humanities interface of nursing and medicine
    Cheryl Dellasega
    Humanities and Women s Studies, Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center and The Pennsylvania State University, USA
    J Prof Nurs 23:174-9. 2007
    ....
  101. ncbi Metaphysical and ethical perspectives on creating animal-human chimeras
    Jason T Eberl
    Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Med Philos 34:470-86. 2009
    ..We then examine when the creation of, and experimentation upon, certain types of a-h chimeras may be morally permissible...

Research Grants48

  1. Long-term antidepressant outcome in bipolar depression
    NASSIR GHAEMI; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In this process, the applicant will develop competence to lead independent studies of the long-term treatment of bipolar disorder as a principal investigator. ..
  2. Assisting Systematic Review Preparation Using Automated Document Classification
    Aaron Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Since up-to-date systematic reviews are essential for establishing widespread high quality practice standards and guidelines, the overall public health will benefit from this work. ..
  3. The Epidemiology of Mood, Anxiety and Alcohol Disorder
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  4. PALLIATIVE CARE FELLOWSHIP
    J Billings; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  5. An Irish Affected Sib Pair Study of Alcohol Dependence
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To conduct this project we have assembled a team of experts in clinical assessment, statistical genetics and molecular genetics...
  6. Normal Impulsivity: A Cognitive Neuroscience Analysis
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Need for tailored clinical trials: hypertension and fall risk
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will test this hypothesis. ..
  8. Economic Evaluation of Addiction Services
    JENNIFER RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Poverty and the Brain: A Cognitive Neuroscience Analysis
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Neurocognitive systems mediating resilience and successful adolescence will also be sought. ..
  10. A Twin-Family Study of Drug Use, Abuse, and Dependence
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. THE GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA IN IRELAND
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In this competitive renewal, we request 5 further years of support with the primary goals of identifying these pathogenic variant(s) and relating them to the biology of the gene, gene product and disease. ..
  12. Personalized Physical Activity & Nutrition Intervention for Overweight/Obese.....
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Intention-to-treat analysis will be conducted using a series of mixed models that will compare the three treatment groups over time (pre-test and six, 12 and 18-month post-test). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Building Health Empowerment Zones for People with Disabilities
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The primary outcome of this demonstration project is a model program for improving access to the built environment resulting in improved health and reduction of secondary conditions among people with mobility disabilities. ..
  14. Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal Care
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  15. Health & Other Predictors of Expected & Actual Mobility
    CHARLES LONGINO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Specific expectations are articulated with respect to the relationships between and among key predictor variables and a modeling strategy to evaluate these expectations is delineated. ..
  16. Death as a multifactorial cumulative health event in older adults
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..With baby boomers heading into their late years, accurate estimates of the conditions contributing to mortality are essential for health and economic planning. ..
  17. Effects of Hypericum Perforatum on Oral Contraceptives
    Patricia Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A concurrent aim is the development and refinement of a methodology for evaluating the risk of ovulation and unintended pregnancy from use of other herbs or medications during oral contraceptive use. ..
  18. SHARED IMPAIRMENTS FOR GERIATRIC SYNDROMES & DISABILITY
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  19. EEFFECTS OF AEROBIC EXERCISE IN PERSONS WITH STROKE
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Unlike traditional analytic methods, the GEE approach can be used with data characterized by almost any type of statistical distribution (e.g., normal/Gaussian, binomial, Poison). ..
  20. CULTURE SPECIFIC, PROBLEM BASED PATIENT SELF MANAGEMENT
    Robert Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  21. Genetic Counseling Processes and Analogue Client Outcome
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. The impact of dental education on health disparities
    JOZEF WELIE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In this planning grant, three different patient categories will be examined: 1. Patients with advanced Alzheimer's Disease; 2. Patients of African-American descent; and 3. Recent immigrants. ..
  23. CARNITINE PALMITOYLTRANSFERASE AND FATTY ACID METABOLISM
    Daniel Foster; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  24. Evaluation of Diabetes Self-Management Consultant Care
    Robert Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..HypothesisThe SMC intervention will be more effective than usual care in improving blood glucose control and diabetes-related quality of life. ..
  25. SEMANTIC AND VISUAL COGNITION IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASE
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, new predictions of the computational hypotheses have been derived and will form the basis of further empirical tests with human subjects. ..
  26. NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?
    Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
  27. GERIATRIC LEADERSHIP ACADEMIC AWARD (K07)
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. MACROPHAGES, DENDRITIC CELLS AND PATHOGENS
    Carl Nathan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Cores provide for BSL3 wet lab and mouse work; microarray analysis of gene expression; computation and comparison of gene expression results; and high throughput screening of chemical libraries. ..
  29. Axis I & Axis II Psychiatric Disorders in Norwegian Twin
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study has the capacity to address several key and largely unanswered empirical questions about PDs, the answers to which will be critical for proposed revisions in DSM-V. ..
  30. Working Memory and Social Functioning in Schizophrenia
    Tyrone Cannon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Why Do Disability Activists Reject the Genome Project?
    Ronald Amundson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. MEDICAL GOALS IN DEMENTIA: ETHICS & QUALITY OF LIFE
    Peter Whitehouse; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In the final years of the proposal we will develop interventions based on the knowledge accumulated during the initial periods of the grant to enhance the decision- making of other caregiving units. ..
  33. St. John's Wort Effects on Levonorgestrel
    Patricia Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The study protocol will be refined for use in future studies of levonorgestrel and other emergency contraceptive regimens. ..
  34. Universal Exercise Kits for Manual Wheelchair Users
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. EXTREMITY CONSTRAINT INDUCED THERAPY EVALUATION (EXCITE)
    Steven Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Primary outcome measures are a laboratory motor function test and amount of extremity use in the real world setting. Changes in psychosocial functioning will also be measured. ..
  36. Adoption of Buprenorphine in an HMO Setting
    Dennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Aim 3: Identify factors that facilitate and inhibit the adoption and use of buprenorphine through interviews with 530 patients and 96 practitioners and administrators. ..
  37. Neural Phenotypes for Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder
    Tyrone D Cannon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  38. TECHNOLOGY USE AND PROLONGING DYING IN OLDER ADULTS
    SHARON KAUFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The interpretive goal is to examine why closing the gap between what health consumers say they want and what actually happens with advanced technologies is so difficult. ..
  39. Client and Counselor Attitudes Toward Medication
    Dennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Aim 4. Test the impact of persuasion messages on medication usage attitudes, beliefs, normative beliefs, and attentions among both clients and counselors. ..
  40. MYCOBACTERIAL RESISTANCE TO REACTIVE NITROGEN/OXYGEN
    Carl Nathan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  41. Old Age, Life Extension, and Geriatrics
    SHARON KAUFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Dihydrolipoamide Acyltransferase:Target for Chemotherapy
    Carl Nathan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Methodology of Phase I and II trials of anticancer CAM
    Andrew Vickers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  44. TARGETING DEFENSES OF MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS
    Carl Nathan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Alabama Initiative for Human Subjects Protection II
    Harold Kincaid; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An educational video for IRB members, PIs, administrators, etc. will be produced on these issues and distributed through the two state area and made available nationally. ..
  46. Organizational Change to Improve Access and Retention
    Dennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. ROLE OF NO SYNTHASE-2 IN MURINE ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
    Carl Nathan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..