value of life
Summary: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Publications221 found, 100 shown here
- US valuation of the EQ-5D health states: development and testing of the D1 valuation modelJames W Shaw
Tobacco Control Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Med Care 43:203-20. 2005..The EQ-5D is a brief, multiattribute, preference-based health status measure. This article describes the development of a statistical model for generating US population-based EQ-5D preference weights...
- Productivity costs of cancer mortality in the United States: 2000-2020Cathy J Bradley
Department of Health Administration, Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1008 E Clay Street, P O Box 980203, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1763-70. 2008..A model that predicts the economic benefit of reduced cancer mortality provides critical information for allocating scarce resources to the interventions with the greatest benefits...
- Willingness to pay for a quality-adjusted life year: in search of a standardR A Hirth
Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
Med Decis Making 20:332-42. 2000..A literature search identified 42 estimates of the value of life that were appropriate for inclusion...
- The estimation of a preference-based measure of health from the SF-36John Brazier
Sheffield Health Economics Group, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
J Health Econ 21:271-92. 2002..These problems must be weighed against the rich descriptive ability of the SF-6D, and the potential application of these models to existing and future SF-36 data set...
- Neonatal euthanasia is unsupportable: the Groningen protocol should be abandonedAlexander A Kon
University of California, Davis, 2516 Stockton Blvd, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Theor Med Bioeth 28:453-63. 2007..I conclude that because the primary duty of physicians is to never harm their patients, neonatal euthanasia cannot be supported...
- The role of adaptation to disability and disease in health state valuation: a preliminary normative analysisPaul Menzel
Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, WA 98447, USA
Soc Sci Med 55:2149-58. 2002..The article also points to the need for much additional work on adaptation, both empirical research and normative analysis...
- An empiric estimate of the value of life: updating the renal dialysis cost-effectiveness standardChris P Lee
Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Value Health 12:80-7. 2009..The frequently used ratio for dialysis has, however, not been updated to reflect more recently available data on dialysis...
- From a different angle: a novel approach to health valuationBenjamin M Craig
Health Outcomes and Behavior, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, USA
Soc Sci Med 70:169-74. 2010..The predictions suggest that published estimates overvalue severe states. This paper examines TTO responses; however, it may be extended to all forms of health valuation...
- The time trade-off: a note on the effect of lifetime reallocation of consumption and discountingP Dolan
University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
J Health Econ 16:731-9. 1997..While the effect of reallocation is likely to be very small, discounting can lead to significant overestimation, the magnitude of which depends in part upon the severity of the health state impairment...
- To what extent can we explain time trade-off values from other information about respondents?Paul Dolan
Sheffield Health Economics Group and Department of Economics, University of Sheffield, UK
Soc Sci Med 54:919-29. 2002..The results suggest that age, sex and marital status are the most important respondent characteristics determining health state valuations. The VAS valuations were found to add very little to the explanatory power of the models...
- Estimating an EQ-5D population value set: the case of JapanAki Tsuchiya
School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
Health Econ 11:341-53. 2002..001 for 8 of 12 coefficients; F-test). Thirdly, using alternative models, the predictions are improved so that the local Japanese value set achieves MAE in the order of 0.01...
- Does health care spending improve health outcomes? Evidence from English programme budgeting dataStephen Martin
Department of Economics, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
J Health Econ 27:826-42. 2008..They can also help health technology agencies decide whether their cost-effectiveness thresholds for accepting new technologies are set at the right level...
- Individual differences in the use of the response scale determine valuations of hypothetical health states: an empirical studyMarie Louise Essink-Bot
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
BMC Health Serv Res 7:62. 2007....
- Aquinas's account of human embryogenesis and recent interpretationsJason T Eberl
Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, 425 University Boulevard, Indianapolis, IN 46202 5140, USA
J Med Philos 30:379-94. 2005..In this article, I discuss two recent interpretations in which it is argued that a human person does not begin to exist until a fetus has developed a functioning cerebral cortex...
- 'In a twilight world'? Judging the value of life for the minimally conscious patientRichard Huxtable
Centre for Ethics in Medicine, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
J Med Ethics 39:565-9. 2013..The judge appeared to be most persuaded by the intrinsic value of life and he concluded that treatment ought to continue...
- The pro-life argument from substantial identity: a defencePatrick Lee
Philosophy Department, Franciscan University of Steubenville, Steubenville, Ohio 43952, USA
Bioethics 18:249-63. 2004....
- Playing God and the intrinsic value of life: moral problems for synthetic biology?Hans Jürgen Link
Institute of Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis ITAS at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
Sci Eng Ethics 19:435-48. 2013..This article deals with these 'ethical concerns'. In particular it addresses issues such as the intrinsic value of life and how to deal with 'artificial life', and the fear that synthetic biologists are tampering with nature or ..
- The value of statistical life in road safety: a meta-analysisArianne de Blaeij
Department of Spatial Economics, Master Point, Free University, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Accid Anal Prev 35:973-86. 2003..The magnitude of VOSL is intrinsically linked to the initial level of the risk of being caught up in a fatal traffic accident and to the risk decline implied by the research set-up...
- Estimates and projections of value of life lost from cancer deaths in the United StatesK Robin Yabroff
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1755-62. 2008Value-of-life methods are increasingly used in policy analyses of the economic burden of disease. The purpose of this study was to estimate and project the value of life lost from cancer deaths in the United States.
- The new myth: the social value of the QALYWerner Brouwer
Pharmacoeconomics 26:1-4. 2008
- Euthanasia: an overview and the jewish perspectiveBenjamin Gesundheit
Unit of Bone Marrow Transplantation, Cancer Immunotherapy and Immunobiology Research Center, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem
Cancer Invest 24:621-9. 2006..Over the course of history, abuse of the term has led to medical atrocities. Familiarity with the relevant bioethical issues and the development of practical guidelines might improve clinical performance...
- Paper standard gamble: a paper-based measure of standard gamble utility for current healthPhillip L Ross
Department of Urology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
Int J Technol Assess Health Care 19:135-47. 2003..To develop and validate a paper-based instrument that is simple to administer and produces a reliable estimate of patient standard gamble (SG) utilities for current health status...
- Health state utilities: a framework for studying the gap between the imagined and the realAnne M Stiggelbout
Department of Medical Decision Making, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
Value Health 11:76-87. 2008..It aims at connecting research from within different fields so that cross-fertilization of ideas may occur...
- Are some lives more valuable? An ethical preferences approachOlof Johansson-Stenman
Department of Economics, Goteborg University, Box 640, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
J Health Econ 27:739-52. 2008..Moreover, a saved pedestrian is consistently valued higher than a saved car driver of the same age...
- Are newborns morally different from older children?Annie Janvier
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Theor Med Bioeth 28:413-25. 2007....
- Is it in the best interests of an intellectually disabled infant to die?D Wilkinson
Mercy Hospital for Women, PO Box 5027, Heidelberg West, Victoria 3081, Australia
J Med Ethics 32:454-9. 2006..The best interests of the child can be affected by severe or profound intellectual disability. It is, though, not as clear-cut as some might expect...
- Tube feedings and persistent vegetative state patients: ordinary or extraordinary means?Peter Clark
Department of Theology, Saint Joseph s University, 5600 City Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19135 1395, USA
Christ Bioeth 12:43-64. 2006..Moreover, additional analysis is needed to determine whether the papal allocution is in conflict with the traditional Catholic medical ethics understanding of the ordinary-extraordinary care distinction...
- The case of Samuel Golubchuk and the right to liveAlan Jotkowitz
Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Am J Bioeth 10:50-3. 2010..3. In modern society there exists an erosion of a basic attitude towards the value of life. 4...
- The legal framework for end-of-life decisions in the UKJanet M Rennie
UCL Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Institute for Women s Health, University College London Hospitals, London, UK
Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 13:296-300. 2008..Legal proceedings should be used only as a last resort...
- Whose quality of life? A commentary exploring discrepancies between health state evaluations of patients and the general publicPeter A Ubel
VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Qual Life Res 12:599-607. 2003..Decisions about whose values to measure for the purposes of economic analyses, and how to measure discrepancies, should take these potential contributing factors into account...
- Valuation of health states in the US versus the UK: two measures divided by a common language?Edward P Havranek
Med Care 43:201-2. 2005
- Assessing values for health: numeracy mattersS Woloshin
VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, Vermont 05009, USA
Med Decis Making 21:382-90. 2001..Limited numeracy may be an important barrier to meaningfully assessing patients' values using the standard gamble and time trade-off techniques...
- Community and patient values for preventing herpes zosterTracy A Lieu
Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Pharmacoeconomics 26:235-49. 2008....
- Health values of hospitalized patients 80 years or older. HELP Investigators. Hospitalized Elderly Longitudinal ProjectJ Tsevat
Department of Internal Medicine, Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Ohio 45267 0535, USA
JAMA 279:371-5. 1998..Health values (utilities or preferences for health states) are often incorporated into clinical decisions and health care policy when issues of quality vs length of life arise, but little is known about health values of the very old...
- Health-state valuations for pertussis: methods for valuing short-term health statesGrace M Lee
Center for Child Health Care Studies, Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and Harvard Medical School, 133 Brookline Ave, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Health Qual Life Outcomes 3:17. 2005..S. Our objectives were: (1) to describe patient valuations of pertussis disease and vaccination; and (2) to compare valuations for short-term and long-term health states associated with pertussis...
- The validity of time trade-off values in calculating QALYs: constant proportional time trade-off versus the proportional heuristicPaul Dolan
Department of Economics, Sheffield Health Economics Group, University of Sheffield, 30 Regene Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
J Health Econ 22:445-58. 2003..The results suggest that respondents are using a proportional heuristic that casts doubt on the validity of using the TTO method to calculate QALYs for health states that are associated with MET preferences...
- Do medical house officers value the health of veterans differently from the health of non-veterans?Michael S Yi
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Section of Outcomes Research, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, USA
Health Qual Life Outcomes 2:19. 2004..We therefore examined: 1) how resident physicians value the health of patients; 2) whether values differ if the patient is described as a veteran; and 3) whether residency-associated variables impact values...
- Double discounting of QALYsLinda D MacKeigan
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Health Econ 12:165-9. 2003..Adjusting TTO-based quality weights prior to external discounting reduced the discrepancy only slightly. Since time preference effects may vary with health state context, the double discounting effect needs further investigation...
- The value of correcting values: influence and importance of correcting TTO scores for time preferenceArthur E Attema
iBMG iMTA, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Value Health 13:879-84. 2010..In this study, we estimated the value of correcting TTO scores. We showed the possible consequences for health policymaking when we correct TTO scores for time preference, thereby taking into account severity and horizon...
- Differences in preferences for neonatal outcomes among health care professionals, parents, and adolescentsS Saigal
Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University and Children s Hospital at Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 281:1991-7. 1999..Yet little information is available on whether preferences of health care professionals and parents for the resulting health outcomes differ...
- Discrepancies between chained and classic utilities induced by anchoring with occasional adjustmentsPeep F M Stalmeier
Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, The Netherlands
Med Decis Making 22:53-64. 2002..Classic utility assessment uses death and perfect health as end points. Chained utility assessment uses other health states as endpoints. It has been previously noted that these 2 assessment procedures lead to different utilities...
- On potentiality and respect for embryos: a reply to Mary MahowaldAlfonso Gomez-Lobo
Department of Philosophy, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
Theor Med Bioeth 26:105-10; discussion 111-3. 2005..It follows that they are already persons essentially...
- Essential properties and the right to life: a response to LeeDean Stretton
19 Bass Gardens, Griffith, ACT 2603, Australia
Bioethics 18:264-82. 2004..I argue that his criticisms of this alternative view are misguided or self-defeating, and that there are good reasons to hold we have a right to life accidentally rather than essentially...
- Down's syndrome: cost, quality and value of lifeP Alderson
Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UK
Soc Sci Med 53:627-38. 2001..Much more social research with people who have congenital conditions is required, if prenatal screening policies and counselling are to be evidence based...
- Discounting in decision making: the consistency argument revisited empiricallyWerner B F Brouwer
Department of Health Policy and Management, Institute for Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Health Policy 67:187-94. 2004..Our respondents seem to relate their discount rate for health to their expectations about future life expectancy, but this also is dependent on the elicitation method...
- Abortion and the human animalChristopher Tollefsen
Department of Philosophy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Christ Bioeth 10:105-16. 2004..Finally, I address Patrick Lee's claim that the evil of abortion involves "the moral deterioration that the act brings to those who are complicit in it, and to the culture that fosters it."..
- The role of philosophy in the contemporary abortion debatePeter Kortiansky
Department of Philosophy, Walsh University, Box 1106, 2020 East Maple St, North Canton, OH 44720, USA
Christ Bioeth 10:63-7. 2004..What must be explained, therefore, is the more profound insight that social morality is equally concerned with obligations to others, including those who are most helpless and unable to speak for themselves...
- Trastuzumab in early stage breast cancer: a cost-effectiveness analysis for BelgiumMattias Neyt
Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre KCE, Wetstraat 62, 1040 Brussels, Belgium
Health Policy 87:146-59. 2008..We estimated the cost-effectiveness and budget impact of reimbursing trastuzumab in this indication from a payer's perspective...
- An economic evaluation of prolonged mechanical ventilationChristopher E Cox
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Crit Care Med 35:1918-27. 2007..Therefore, we aimed to determine the lifetime societal value of prolonged mechanical ventilation...
- [The cost per year of life gained: trends and internal contradictions]Y M Smulders
VU Medisch Centrum, Afd Algemene Inwendige Geneeskunde, Postbus 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 150:2467-70. 2006..For individual patient care, these apparently opposing trends in the role and financial appreciation of QALYs have complex repercussions...
- Varenicline as compared to bupropion in smoking-cessation therapy--cost-utility results for Sweden 2003Kristian Bolin
Department of Economics, Lund University, Sweden
Respir Med 102:699-710. 2008..To calculate incremental cost-utility ratios (cost per QALY gained) for varenicline (Champix; Pfizer), as compared to bupropion, in smoking-cessation programmes for a lifetime follow-up period...
- A Christian philosopher's view of recent directions in the abortion debatePatrick Lee
Franciscan University, Steubenville, OH 43952, USA
Christ Bioeth 10:7-31. 2004..I conclude by briefly indicating, from the standpoint of Christian faith, why Christian philosophers should vigorously pursue this debate...
- Cost-effectiveness analysis of a quality-controlled mammography screening program from the Swiss statutory health-care perspective: quantitative assessment of the most influential factorsKurt Neeser
Swiss Institute for Medical Decision Support SIMEDES, Muttenz, Switzerland
Value Health 10:42-53. 2007..The purpose of this economic analysis was to assess the cost-effectiveness of MSP compared with an established opportunistic screening strategy (OS) in Switzerland, to identify the major factors influencing the economic outcome...
- Money for health: the equivalent variation of cardiovascular diseasesWim Groot
Department of Economics, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Health Econ 13:859-72. 2004..The cost-benefit analysis shows that for most interventions the value of the health benefits exceeds the costs. Heart transplants seem to be too costly and only beneficial if patients are young...
- Anti-social welfare functions: a reply to Hansen et alRichard Edlin
Sheffield Health Economics Group, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
J Health Econ 23:899-905. 2004..This paper argues that any link between CEA and CBA will occur not within a welfarist framework but instead within a non-welfarist one in which it is unlikely that CBA results could be easily transformed into cost-effectiveness ratios...
- Imaging of carotid arteries in symptomatic patients: cost-effectiveness of diagnostic strategiesErik Buskens
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care and Dept of Radiology, Univ Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, Rm D01 335, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
Radiology 233:101-12. 2004..To assess the cost-effectiveness of noninvasive imaging strategies in patients who have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke and are suspected of having significant carotid artery stenosis...
- Rethinking Peter Singer: the absolute uniqueness of the humanJohn C Riccardo
Archdiocese of Detroit, USA
Linacre Q 70:275-300. 2003
- [Cost-utility analysis; uncertainties restrict applicability]J N de Neeling
Gezondheidsraad, Postbus 16 052, 2500 BB Den Haag
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 148:1106-10. 2004..The conclusion is that the results of a cost-utility analysis should be interpreted with caution. For the time being, cost-utility analysis cannot be used for direct comparisons of efficiency across all types of health-care services...
- Racial/ethnic differences in preferences for the EQ-5D health states: results from the U.S. valuation studyJames W Shaw
Department of Pharmacy Administration, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 833 South Wood Street, M C 871, Chicago, IL 60612 7231, USA
J Clin Epidemiol 60:479-90. 2007..We examined differences in preferences for the EQ-5D health states among blacks, Hispanics, and others living in the United States...
- [The cost per year of life gained: trends and internal contradictions]J Van Dam
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 151:441; author reply 441-2. 2007
- Preembryo Personhood: an assessment of the President's Council argumentsCarson Strong
Department of Human Values and Ethics, College of Medicine, University of Tennessee, 956 Court Avenue, Suite B 324, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, United States
Theor Med Bioeth 27:433-53. 2006..If the best arguments in support of the personhood of human preembryos have been presented by the Council, then there are no reasonable secular arguments in support of that view...
- A comparison of patient and population values for health states in varicose veins patientsJulie Ratcliffe
Health Economics and Decision Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Health Econ 16:395-405. 2007..The results also suggest that the variant of elicitation technique may be more important than the source of those values in revealing discrepancies...
- Modelling covariates for the SF-6D standard gamble health state preference data using a nonparametric Bayesian methodSamer Kharroubi
University of York, UK
Soc Sci Med 64:1242-52. 2007..Adjusting for covariates in the UK sample made little difference to mean health state values. The paper discusses the implications of these results for policy...
- "More on respect for embryos and potentiality: does respect for embryos entail respect for in vitro embryos?"Stephen S Hanson
Gheens Foundation Post Doctoral Fellow in Bioethics School of Medicine and Department of Philosophy, University of Louisville, Medcenter One, Suite 270, 501 East Broadway, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
Theor Med Bioeth 27:215-26. 2006..This creates an important moral distinction between embryos in vivo and in vitro. Attempts to refute this moral distinction, raised in the recent debate in this journal between Alfonso Gómez-Lobo and Mary Mahowald, are also addressed...
- Cost-benefit analysis of preventing sudden cardiac deaths with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator versus amiodaroneJ Jaime Caro
Caro Research Institute, Concord, MA 01742, USA
Value Health 10:13-22. 2007..To conduct a cost-benefit assessment of prevention of sudden cardiac deaths with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) versus amiodarone from the perspective of the health-care systems in the UK and France...
- Cost-effectiveness of aprepitant for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting associated with highly emetogenic chemotherapySusan Moore
Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Value Health 10:23-31. 2007..Nevertheless, the cost-effectiveness of standard aprepitant use has not been established...
- An ethics ensemble: abortion, Thomson, Finnis and the case of the violin-playerMelanie Williams
University of Swansea, Department of Law, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK
Ratio Juris 17:381-97. 2004....
- Therapeutic perspectives of human embryonic stem cell research versus the moral status of a human embryo--does one have to be compromised for the other?Kristina Hug
Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Kaunas University of Medicine, A Mickeviciaus 9, 44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
Medicina (Kaunas) 42:107-14. 2006..Since the sensitivity of the latter issue to a large extent stems from the position of predominant religions in a given society, the positions of the main religions regarding embryo research are also presented...
- Should patients have a greater role in valuing health states?John Brazier
Health Economics and Decision Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Appl Health Econ Health Policy 4:201-8. 2005..There is a case for obtaining better informed general population preferences by providing more information on what it is like for patients (including the process of adaptation)...
- Potentialism and the value of an embryoDenise Gamble
Adelaide University, Australia
Public Aff Q 19:265-99. 2005
- The moral status of the human embryo according to Peter Singer: individuality, humanity, and personhoodJoseph Howard
American Bioethics Advisory Committee, USA
Linacre Q 72:212-28. 2005
- The cost-effectiveness of lanthanum carbonate in the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients with end-stage renal diseaseAlan Brennan
Health Economics and Decision Science, ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Value Health 10:32-41. 2007..To assess the cost-effectiveness of lanthanum carbonate (LC) as a second-line therapy for hyperphosphatemia in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients not achieving target phosphorus levels...
- A national catalog of preference-based scores for chronic conditions in the United StatesPatrick W Sullivan
University of Colorado School of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research Program, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
Med Care 43:736-49. 2005....
- Valuing prevention: discounting health benefits and costs in New ZealandRichard Milne
Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
N Z Med J 118:U1443. 2005
- The tragedy of equality. The embryo question IIEric Cohen
Project on Bioethics and American Democracy, Ethics and Public Policy Center, USA
New Atlantis 7:101-9. 2004
- The role of 'reference goods' in contingent valuation: should we help respondents to 'construct' their willingness to pay?Richard D Smith
Health Economics Group, School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Health Econ 16:1319-32. 2007..The implications for CV research in health care are outlined in the discussion...
- Deriving welfare measures from discrete choice experiments: inconsistency between current methods and random utility and welfare theoryEmily Lancsar
Business School Economics and Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Health Econ 13:901-7. 2004..We demonstrate its use in an empirical application to derive the WTP for asthma medication and compare it to the results elicited from the method currently used in the health economics literature...
- [Health services need knowledge of how the public values health]Ulf Persson
IHE Institutet för hälso och sjukvårdsekonomi, Lund
Lakartidningen 100:3436-7. 2003
- Cost-utility analysis of cataract surgery in the second eyeBrandon G Busbee
Center for Evidence Based Health Care Economics, Wills Eye Hospital, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Ophthalmology 110:2310-7. 2003..To perform a reference case cost-utility analysis of second-eye cataract surgery by using the current literature on cataract outcomes and complications...
- Health economic evaluations: the special case of end-stage renal disease treatmentWolfgang C Winkelmayer
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Med Decis Making 22:417-30. 2002..Uses of the cost-effectiveness ratio of $55,000/LY for center hemodialysis as a lower boundary of society's willingness to pay for an additional life-year can be supported under certain assumptions...
- QALYs, standard gambles, and the expected budget constraintAke Blomqvist
Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
J Health Econ 21:181-95. 2002..Another finding is that failure to specify carefully what respondents to standard-gamble questions are supposed to assume about the financial consequences of ill health may result in a bias against providing care to older individuals...
- Willingness to pay methods in health care: a sceptical viewRichard Cookson
Health Econ 12:891-4. 2003
- The benefits of switching smoking cessation drugs to over-the-counter statusTheodore E Keeler
Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley 94720 3880, USA
Health Econ 11:389-402. 2002..8-2 billion dollars, based on conservative estimates both of the number of quits achieved and the value of added quality-adjusted life years from the reduced smoking...
- Measuring the social importance of concentration or dispersion of individual health benefitsEva Rodríguez-Míguez
Departamento de Economia Aplicada, Facultad de Economía, Universidad de Vigo, Lagoas Marcosende s n, 36200 Vigo, Galicia, Spain
Health Econ 11:43-53. 2002..Based on an experiment, we observe that this generalisation provides a suitable approximation to the sampled social preferences...
- Willingness to pay and size of health benefit: an integrated model to test for 'sensitivity to scale'Raymond Y T Yeung
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
Health Econ 12:791-6. 2003..Results indicate that once data is properly transformed, WTP becomes 'scale sensitive' and consistent with diminishing marginal utility theory...
- The distribution problem in economic evaluation: income and the valuation of costs and consequences of health care programmesCam Donaldson
Department of Economics, Centre for Health and Policy Studies, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
Health Econ 11:55-70. 2002..The implications of our results are discussed, including alternative strategies for the use of "income-based" research findings in social decision-making...
- Life-cycle preferences over consumption and health: a comment on Bleichrodt and QuigginThomas Klose
Department of Health Economics, University of Ulm, Germany
J Health Econ 21:161-6; discussion 167-8. 2002..It is concluded that a more general approach might be useful for the analysis of QALYs and life-cycle preferences over consumption and health...
- Decision-analytic model and cost-effectiveness evaluation of postmastectomy radiation therapy in high-risk premenopausal breast cancer patientsJason H Lee
Department of Radiation Oncology, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
J Clin Oncol 20:2713-25. 2002..To present a decision model that describes the clinical and economic outcomes of node-positive breast cancer with and without postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT)...
- Cost-effectiveness of preventing hip fracture in the general female populationJ A Kanis
Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases (WHO Collaborating Centre, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK
Osteoporos Int 12:356-61. 2001..We conclude that segments of the apparently healthy population could be advantaged by treatment if efficacy were supported by randomized controlled studies...
- Is it really possible to build a bridge between cost-benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis?Paul Dolan
Department of Economics, Sheffield Health Economics Group, University of Sheffield, UK
J Health Econ 21:827-43. 2002..We conclude that, within a welfare economic framework, it would be unwise to rely on a link between CBA and CEA in economic evaluations...
- Conjoint analysis. The cost variable: an Achilles' heel?Ulla Slothuus Skjoldborg
Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark Main Campus Odense, Denmark
Health Econ 12:479-91. 2003..Results suggest that inclusion of a two-dimensional structure to explain the relationship between cost and utility may avoid erroneous conclusions and give rise to significant changes in implicit WTP estimates...
- Exploring the role of order effects in person trade-off elicitationsPeter A Ubel
Health Services Research and Development, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Michigan Health Care System, 300 North Ingalls, Room 7C27, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
Health Policy 61:189-99. 2002..The person trade-off (PTO) has been advocated by some as an alternative measure for the purposes of cost-effectiveness analyses. However, the measurement properties of PTO elicitations are still being defined...
- Human embryo research and the language of moral uncertaintyWilliam P Cheshire
Mayo Clinic, USA
Am J Bioeth 4:1-5. 2004..The responsibility for holding the media to a higher standard of truth and fairness falls to us all...
- Conditions for the near equivalence of cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysesMohan V Bala
Centocor, Inc, Malvern, Pennsylvania 19355, USA
Value Health 5:338-46. 2002..We also examine the equivalence of two different definitions of CEA provided in the literature and discuss the problems that could arise when there are multiple optima...
- Application of cost-effectiveness analysis to multiple products: a practical guideMohan V Bala
Outcomes Research, Centocor, Inc, Malvern, PA 19355, USA
Am J Manag Care 8:211-8. 2002..The implications of different means of expressing budget constraints on treatment choice are examined...
- The contingent valuation method in health care. An economic evaluation of Alzheimer's diseaseSandra Nocera
University of Zurich, Switzerland
Dev Health Econ Public Policy 8:iii-xi, 1-116. 2003
- Comparing cost-effectiveness analyses of anti-hypertensive drug therapy for decision making: mission impossible?C Daniel Mullins
University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
Value Health 5:359-71. 2002..Cost calculations should be transparent and related to the perspective of the study. Modeling the cost-effectiveness of a drug may be an acceptable method provided that data sources and assumptions are valid and transparent...
- Assessment of cost-effectiveness of universal hepatitis B immunization in a low-income country with intermediate endemicity using a Markov modelRakesh Aggarwal
Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow 226014, India
J Hepatol 38:215-22. 2003..We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis of universal childhood HB immunization in such countries using India as an example, since available data on this aspect are limited...
- Unborn children as constitutional personsGregory J Roden
Issues Law Med 25:185-273. 2010..Moreover, as a matter of procedure, according to the due process standards recognized in Fifth Amendment jurisprudence of the Supreme Court, Roe v. Wade should be held null and void as to the rights and interests of unborn persons...
- Neonatal end-of-life decision making: Physicians' attitudes and relationship with self-reported practices in 10 European countriesM Rebagliato
Department of Public Health, Miguel Hernandez University, Alicante, Spain
JAMA 284:2451-9. 2000..Little empirical evidence is available on the attitudes and values that underlie such decisions in different countries and cultures...
- Medicine and the Holocaust: a visit to the Nazi death camps as a means of teaching medical ethics in the Israel Defense Forces Medical CorpsAnthony S Oberman
The Medical Center, Ashdod, Israel
J Med Ethics 36:821-6. 2010..During these visits daily discussions touch on intricate medical and military ethical issues, and contemporary ethical dilemmas relevant to IDF officers during active missions...
- Production and Evaluation of a Vault-CCL21 Nanocapsule as a Lung Cancer TreatmentGEORGE BUCHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012..Viewed in economic terms, in the United States, the value of life lost from lung cancer deaths in the year 2000 was more than $240 billion, which is estimated to rise to more ..
- Estimates of the Value of Life Using Air Bag Regulations as a Quasi-ExperimentCHRISTOPHER ROHLFS; Fiscal Year: 2009..Making such cost-benefit calculations requires estimates (in dollar units) of the economic value of life-saving technologies...
- HUMAN HEREDITY IN AMERICAN POPULAR CULTUREDorothy Nelkin; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- Mentorship and Research in Spirituality and HealthJoel Tsevat; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN PATIENT AND PUBLIC UTILITY RATINGSPeter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2004..It is not clear how the quality of life, and comorbidity measures will be used in these models. ..
- University of Cincinnati CTSA Planning GrantJoel Tsevat; Fiscal Year: 2006..We anticipate that the Institutional CTSA process will transform the way that clinical and translational science and training is carried out both locally and nationally. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Spirituality and Will to Live in Patients with HIV/AIDSJoel Tsevat; Fiscal Year: 2004..We anticipate that such information will be of great benefit to patients with HIV/AIDS in their quest to make the best of a potentially devastating illness. ..
- Univ. of Cincinnati Clinical Curriculum AwardJoel Tsevat; Fiscal Year: 2008..Coupled with the very strong financial support and enthusiasm of the leadership of the University, we anticipate that the CRCA will have a huge impact on clinical research training in Cincinnati. ..
- VALUE MEASUREMENT IN CEA: FAIRNESS TO ELDERLY/DISABLEDPeter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2003..The goal is to evaluate whether PTO determinations can be an effective solution to the problems that arise when conventional utility assessment is applied to the evaluation of health care programs for the elderly and disabled. ..
- Marital Conflict and Parenting as Couples Become ParentsRenate Houts; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., personality, developmental stage of the child, gender of parents and children) of patterns of marital problem-solving and parent-child interaction. ..
- SYMPTOMS AND ILLNESS BEHAVIORS OF HIV-INFECTED ADULTSKarolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2002..All of which are important factors in adapting to life with what may become a chronic illness as more people live longer with the infection and do so within the context of a rapidly changing health care system. ..
- Quality of Life in Patients with Brain MetastasesJoseph King; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- 19th Annual Health Economics ConferenceDavid Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2008..The 19th annual Health Economics conference hopes to build upon the rich tradition established by the preceding Annual Health Economics Conferences. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NATIONAL GENE VECTOR LABORATORY AT INDIANA UNIVERSITYKenneth Cornetta; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Trends in Use of Eye Care Services for ChildrenMichael Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2005..We will use data from the 1996 through the 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys (MEPS), supplemented with information from the 1995 though the 1999 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS), to pursue these goals. ..
- HIV-Infected IDU Living with HCV CoinfectionKarolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Toward Optimal End-of-Life Care in the PICURobert Truog; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Worksite Phone Counseling for Smoking CessationWalton Sumner; Fiscal Year: 2006..Power will range from .66 to .99 depending on recruitment rates (projected to range from 15% to 25%) and the magnitude of difference in outcomes between the two conditions. ..
- The Value of Health in Adolescents with Chronic IllnessMICHAEL YI; Fiscal Year: 2008..The challenge and the major strength of this research agenda is its integration of behavioral and social science paradigms with clinical disease information. ..
- Symptom Interpretation & Oral Health among Harlem AdultsKarolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2005..In depth face-to-face, focused interviews will be conducted with 120 adults. As in several of the principal Investigator's previous federally funded investigations, qualitative research methods will be employed. ..
- A MULTI-CENTER TRIAL OF ACADEMIC HOSPITALISTSDavid Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2003..Specific Aim number 3- To assess the effects of hospitalists on housestaff and medical student education and satisfaction. This will be accomplished by surveys administered to medical students and housestaff. ..
- Effectiveness of TEACH ResearchDavid Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effects of Hospitalists in Medicare DataDavid Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Improved Methodology: A Factorial Survey StudyRuth Ludwick; Fiscal Year: 2003..Descriptive statistics, regression, and a repeated measures within subjects ANOVA will be used to analyze the data. ..
- Improving Adherence to Antiretroviral TherapyJudith Erlen; Fiscal Year: 2007..A similar approach will be used for the secondary aims examining intervention effect on clinical response and quality of life. Exploratory aims will be examined using structural equation modeling. ..
- Prescription Drug Coverage and Health Outcomes in EldersJennifer Tjia; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Patient-Centeredness in Care of Vulnerable PopulationsMary Catherine Beach; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- MSMW: Pathways, Motives and BehaviorsKarolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2009..The study's finding will offer novel and important information about a high risk subpopulation of MSMW, and will yield important information that can guide the development of preventive interventions. ..
- Optimal Strategies for Management of HIV DiseaseKenneth Freedberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..Freedberg will create a multiplicative effect in increasing research capability in this important area of HIV-related patient-oriented investigation. ..
- New Evidence on the Persistence of High Health SpendingRichard Hirth; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will provide an example of how such estimates can inform the evaluation of risk-adjustment and reinsurance as mechanisms to improve the functioning of small group health insurance markets. ..
- A Longitudinal Study of Influenza Vaccine DecisionsGretchen Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results of this study will extend the understanding of predictors of influenza vaccine acceptance and will prove valuable in the development of intervention strategies to boost vaccine acceptance rates. ..
- MECHANISMS OF HORMONE THERAPY IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMENL Newby; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- PARENTAL EMPLOYMENT AND CHILD DEVELOPMENTCHRISTOPHER RUHM; Fiscal Year: 2002..This project will also improve on earlier research by examining a wider set of child outcomes and considering the effects of paternal employment. ..
- Cost-effectiveness of preventing HIV complicationsKenneth Freedberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..Our aim, in the present proposal, is to exert an equally important impact in the years to come. ..
- SELF-CARE IN SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT AT THE END OF LIFEKarolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2002..Specifically we will investigate: 1) the symptom appraisal process; 2) coping responses to common symptoms: 3) the kinds of self-care activities employed; 4) emotional responses to common symptoms. ..
- A Program for Expanding ELSI Undergraduate PedagogyRonald Green; Fiscal Year: 2005..This proposal represents a logical next step in the employment of the skills and resources we have developed at Dartmouth for undergraduate ELSI education. ..
- A Randomized Trial of Home Self-Efficacy EnhancementAnthony Jerant; Fiscal Year: 2007..The findings will help policymakers, payers, and providers identify which interventions to implement. ..
- LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES OF LONG TERM CANCER SURVIVORSCathy Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Cost-Effectiveness of Prostate Cancer Screen/TreatmentDavid Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2003..3. To assess how the cost-effectiveness of prostate cancer screening and treatment will be affected by the appropriate inclusion of future medical and non-medical costs in cost- effectiveness analysis. ..
- UNDERSTANDING OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS TRENDSTed Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002..We also will pilot test use of an input-output model to assess the impact of occupational injury/illness on the economy. ..
- Religion, Aging, and Mexican American HealthNeal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010..To compare and contrast race differences in religiousness as well as race differences in the relationship between religion and health among older Whites, older Blacks, and older Mexican Americans. ..
- MEDICALLY TREATED AND FATAL SUICIDE ACTS: NUMBER & COSTTed Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002..We expect the model to suggest the estimated annual US suicide death toll is 5%-7% above reported levels. (5) To modify an existing injury cost model to more accurately cost suicide acts and apply the model to national data. ..
- Goals, Identity, and Meaning in LifeLaura King; Fiscal Year: 2004..In addition, the consequences of the meaning making process for subsequent goal striving will be explored. ..
- HRQL Impact of Chronic Conditions and Comorbidity BurdenPatrick Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2006..S. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTHNeal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007..Included among these procedures are individual growth curve models and latent variable structural equation models. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Exception from informed consent in pediatricsMarilyn Morris; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Proxy Perspective on Quality of Life in Prostate CancerALAN PICKARD; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Strategies for Group A Streptococcal PreventionGrace Lee; Fiscal Year: 2008..During her K Award, she hopes to establish herself as a multidisciplinary researcher in the fields of decision sciences, infectious disease modeling, and health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Race-Related Stress in Diabetic WomenJulie Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
- In-Depth Examination of Disparities in Cancer OutcomesCathy Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..