knowledge

Summary

Summary: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Ecological status and traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary of Garhwal Himalaya, India
    Jahangeer A Bhat
    Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, HNB, Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand 249161, India
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 9:1. 2013
  2. pmc Knowledge transfer and exchange: review and synthesis of the literature
    Craig Mitton
    University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, BC
    Milbank Q 85:729-68. 2007
  3. pmc The in-between world of knowledge brokering
    Jonathan Lomas
    Canadian Health Services Research Foundation
    BMJ 334:129-32. 2007
  4. ncbi Awareness of infection, knowledge of hepatitis C, and medical follow-up among individuals testing positive for hepatitis C: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008
    Maxine M Denniston
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Hepatology 55:1652-61. 2012
  5. ncbi The validity of psychophysiological detection of information with the Guilty Knowledge Test: a meta-analytic review
    Gershon Ben-Shakhar
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
    J Appl Psychol 88:131-51. 2003
  6. ncbi Diffusion theory and knowledge dissemination, utilization, and integration in public health
    Lawrence W Green
    Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0981, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:151-74. 2009
  7. ncbi Some theoretical underpinnings of knowledge translation
    Ian D Graham
    Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 14:936-41. 2007
  8. ncbi Integration of word meaning and world knowledge in language comprehension
    Peter Hagoort
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    Science 304:438-41. 2004
  9. ncbi Predictive top-down integration of prior knowledge during speech perception
    Ediz Sohoglu
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 32:8443-53. 2012
  10. ncbi Moving knowledge to action through dissemination and exchange
    Michelle L Gagnon
    Knowledge Translation Portfolio, CIHR, 160 Elgin Street, 9th Floor Address Locator 4809A, Ottawa, Ontario K1A0W9, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 64:25-31. 2011

Detail Information

Publications272 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Ecological status and traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary of Garhwal Himalaya, India
    Jahangeer A Bhat
    Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, HNB, Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand 249161, India
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 9:1. 2013
    ..The presented study was carried out in Madhmeshwar area of KWLS for the ecological status of medicinal plants and further focused on the ethnomedicinal uses of these plants in the study area...
  2. pmc Knowledge transfer and exchange: review and synthesis of the literature
    Craig Mitton
    University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, BC
    Milbank Q 85:729-68. 2007
    b>Knowledge transfer and exchange (KTE) is as an interactive process involving the interchange of knowledge between research users and researcher producers...
  3. pmc The in-between world of knowledge brokering
    Jonathan Lomas
    Canadian Health Services Research Foundation
    BMJ 334:129-32. 2007
  4. ncbi Awareness of infection, knowledge of hepatitis C, and medical follow-up among individuals testing positive for hepatitis C: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008
    Maxine M Denniston
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Hepatology 55:1652-61. 2012
    ..2) what actions participants took after becoming aware of their first positive test, and (3) participants' knowledge about hepatitis C. Of 30,140 participants tested, 393 (1...
  5. ncbi The validity of psychophysiological detection of information with the Guilty Knowledge Test: a meta-analytic review
    Gershon Ben-Shakhar
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
    J Appl Psychol 88:131-51. 2003
    ..based on 169 conditions, gathered from 80 laboratory studies, to estimate the validity of the Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT) with the electrodermal measure. The overall average effect size was 1...
  6. ncbi Diffusion theory and knowledge dissemination, utilization, and integration in public health
    Lawrence W Green
    Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0981, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:151-74. 2009
    ..Finally, we suggest ways to blend diffusion with other theory and evidence in guiding a more decentralized approach to dissemination and implementation in public health, including changes in the ways we produce the science itself...
  7. ncbi Some theoretical underpinnings of knowledge translation
    Ian D Graham
    Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 14:936-41. 2007
    A careful analysis of the definition of knowledge translation highlights the importance of the judicious translation of research into practice and policy. There is, however, a considerable gap between research and practice...
  8. ncbi Integration of word meaning and world knowledge in language comprehension
    Peter Hagoort
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    Science 304:438-41. 2004
    ..We present electroencephalogram data that show the rapid parallel integration of both semantic and world knowledge during the interpretation of a sentence...
  9. ncbi Predictive top-down integration of prior knowledge during speech perception
    Ediz Sohoglu
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 32:8443-53. 2012
    ..our subjective experience depends not only on sensory information from the environment but also on our prior knowledge or expectations...
  10. ncbi Moving knowledge to action through dissemination and exchange
    Michelle L Gagnon
    Knowledge Translation Portfolio, CIHR, 160 Elgin Street, 9th Floor Address Locator 4809A, Ottawa, Ontario K1A0W9, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 64:25-31. 2011
    The objective of this article is to discuss the knowledge dissemination and exchange components of the knowledge translation process that includes synthesis, dissemination, exchange, and ethically sound application of knowledge...
  11. ncbi Exploring knowledge exchange: a useful framework for practice and policy
    Vicky Ward
    Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, 101 Clarendon Road, Leeds, UK
    Soc Sci Med 74:297-304. 2012
    b>Knowledge translation is underpinned by a dynamic and social knowledge exchange process but there are few descriptions of how this unfolds in practice settings...
  12. ncbi Health literacy and knowledge of chronic disease
    Julie A Gazmararian
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Emory Center on Health Outcomes and Quality, Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, 6th Floor, 1518 Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 51:267-75. 2003
    We sought to examine the relationship between health literacy and knowledge of disease among patients with a chronic disease...
  13. pmc Systematic reviews and knowledge translation
    Peter Tugwell
    Centre for Global Health, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Bull World Health Organ 84:643-51. 2006
    ..We propose an evidence-based framework for equity-oriented knowledge translation to enhance community effectiveness and health equity...
  14. ncbi The increasing dominance of teams in production of knowledge
    Stefan Wuchty
    Northwestern Institute on Complexity NICO, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Science 316:1036-9. 2007
    ..1 million patents to demonstrate that teams increasingly dominate solo authors in the production of knowledge. Research is increasingly done in teams across nearly all fields...
  15. pmc Re-examining hypotheses concerning the use and knowledge of medicinal plants: a study in the Caatinga vegetation of NE Brazil
    Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque
    Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Área de Botânica, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmãos Recife Pernambuco, 52171 030, Brasil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:30. 2006
    ..However, very little information is available concerning the interaction of people with the plants of the Caatinga...
  16. ncbi Psychophysiological and vocal measures in the detection of guilty knowledge
    Matthias Gamer
    Department of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Research Group Forensic Psychophysiology, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Staudingerweg 9, D 55099 Mainz, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 60:76-87. 2006
    The Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT) and its variant, the Guilty Actions Test (GAT), are both psychophysiological questioning techniques aiming to detect guilty knowledge of suspects or witnesses in criminal and forensic cases...
  17. pmc Knowledge exchange processes in organizations and policy arenas: a narrative systematic review of the literature
    Damien Contandriopoulos
    Universite de Montreal, Ecole nationale d administration publique, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1A8, Canada
    Milbank Q 88:444-83. 2010
    This article presents the main results from a large-scale analytical systematic review on knowledge exchange interventions at the organizational and policymaking levels...
  18. ncbi Using response time measures to assess "guilty knowledge"
    T L Seymour
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 1109, USA
    J Appl Psychol 85:30-7. 2000
    ..reliably tested? The validity of the polygraph, which measures changes in physiological arousal during a "guilty knowledge" test, is controversial (e.g., T. R. Bashore & P. E. Rapp, 1993; T. P. Cross & L. Saxe, 1992; D. T...
  19. ncbi Knowledge, attitudes and practices about malaria in an urban community in south-western Nigeria
    A A Adedotun
    Parasitology Research Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
    J Vector Borne Dis 47:155-9. 2010
    Oyo is an urban community in Oyo state of south-western Nigeria and it is holoendemic for malaria. Information was collected on the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of inhabitants of Oyo town in relation to malaria.
  20. pmc Cardinal rules: visual orientation perception reflects knowledge of environmental statistics
    Ahna R Girshick
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:926-32. 2011
    ..In addition, we determined how a neural population could embed probabilistic information responsible for such biases...
  21. pmc The Nature Index: a general framework for synthesizing knowledge on the state of biodiversity
    Grégoire Certain
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway
    PLoS ONE 6:e18930. 2011
    ..The resulting set of indicators is supposed to represent the best available knowledge on the state of biodiversity and ecosystems in any given area...
  22. pmc Developing a framework for transferring knowledge into action: a thematic analysis of the literature
    Vicky Ward
    Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 14:156-64. 2009
    Although there is widespread agreement about the importance of transferring knowledge into action, we still lack high quality information about what works, in which settings and with whom...
  23. ncbi Knowledge translation: putting the "practice" in evidence-based practice
    Joy C MacDermid
    Hand and Upper Limb Centre Clinical Research Laboratory, St Joseph s Health Centre, 268 Grosvenor Street, London, Ontario, Canada
    Hand Clin 25:125-43, viii. 2009
    b>Knowledge translation (KT) is an iterative process that involves knowledge development, synthesis, contextualization, and adaptation, with the expressed purpose of moving the best evidence into practice that results in better health ..
  24. pmc Is it time to drop the 'knowledge translation' metaphor? A critical literature review
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    Global Health, Policy and Innovation Unit, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London E1 2AB, UK
    J R Soc Med 104:501-9. 2011
    The literature on 'knowledge translation' presents challenges for the reviewer because different terms have been used to describe the generation, sharing and application of knowledge and different research approaches embrace different ..
  25. ncbi Core knowledge
    Elizabeth S Spelke
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Dev Sci 10:89-96. 2007
    ..Converging research on human infants, non-human primates, children and adults in diverse cultures can aid both understanding of these systems and attempts to overcome their limits...
  26. ncbi Shapes, scents and sounds: quantifying the full multi-sensory basis of conceptual knowledge
    Paul Hoffman
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit NARU, School of Psychological Sciences, Zochonis Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Neuropsychologia 51:14-25. 2013
    ..is critical to understanding the structure of the conceptual system and to explaining category-specific knowledge deficits...
  27. pmc Medicinal flora and ethnoecological knowledge in the Naran Valley, Western Himalaya, Pakistan
    Shujaul M Khan
    Department of Botany, Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 9:4. 2013
    ..and provide home and services to some 12% of the global human population, who use their traditional ecological knowledge to utilise local natural resources...
  28. pmc What drives the organization of object knowledge in the brain?
    Bradford Z Mahon
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Meliora Hall, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:97-103. 2011
    ..Recent findings are reviewed that converge with this framework, and a new direction is outlined for understanding the neural principles that shape the organization of conceptual knowledge.
  29. ncbi Tracking real-time neural activation of conceptual knowledge using single-trial event-related potentials
    Ben D Amsel
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 49:970-83. 2011
    Empirically derived semantic feature norms categorized into different types of knowledge (e.g., visual, functional, auditory) can be summed to create number-of-feature counts per knowledge type...
  30. pmc Sleep spindle activity is associated with the integration of new memories and existing knowledge
    Jakke Tamminen
    Department of Psychology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 30:14356-60. 2010
    ..the first time, we looked at the role of spindles in the integration of newly learned information with existing knowledge, contrasting this with explicit recall of the new information...
  31. ncbi 'You are a man because you have children': experiences, reproductive health knowledge and treatment-seeking behaviour among men suffering from couple infertility in South Africa
    S J Dyer
    Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Groote Schuur Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7925, South Africa
    Hum Reprod 19:960-7. 2004
    In Africa, infertility traditionally has been viewed as a female problem. This study explores reproductive health knowledge, health-seeking behaviour and experiences related to involuntary childlessness in men suffering from couple ..
  32. ncbi Subjective measures of unconscious knowledge
    Zoltan Dienes
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Prog Brain Res 168:49-64. 2008
    The chapter gives an overview of the use of subjective measures of unconscious knowledge. Unconscious knowledge is knowledge we have, and could very well be using, but we are not aware of...
  33. pmc Tracking the emergence of conceptual knowledge during human decision making
    Dharshan Kumaran
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuron 63:889-901. 2009
    ..involving the hippocampus and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vMPFC) underpins the emergence of conceptual knowledge and its effect on choice behavior...
  34. ncbi Use patterns and knowledge of medicinal species among two rural communities in Brazil's semi-arid northeastern region
    Julio Marcelino Monteiro
    Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Av Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmaos, CEP 52171 900 Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 105:173-86. 2006
    The present work seeks to quantify the knowledge of two rural communities in the semi-arid region of the state of Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) concerning two species of native medicinal plants: "aroeira do sertão", ..
  35. pmc How instructed knowledge modulates the neural systems of reward learning
    Jian Li
    Department of Psychology, and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:55-60. 2011
    ..In the present study, we observed that instructed knowledge of cue-reward probabilities improves behavioral performance and diminishes reinforcement learning-related blood-..
  36. ncbi Knowledge translation is the use of knowledge in health care decision making
    Sharon E Straus
    Department of Medicine, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, 30 Bond Street, Shutter Wing 2 026, Toronto, Ontario M5B1W8, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 64:6-10. 2011
    To provide an overview of the science and practice of knowledge translation.
  37. ncbi Neural foundations of emerging route knowledge in complex spatial environments
    Thomas Wolbers
    NeuroImage Nord, Department of Neurology, Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 21:401-11. 2004
    Behavioral evidence suggests that spatial knowledge derived from ground-level navigation can consist of both route and survey knowledge...
  38. ncbi Core knowledge of object, number, and geometry: a comparative and neural approach
    Giorgio Vallortigara
    Center for Mind Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Rovereto, Italy
    Cogn Neuropsychol 29:213-36. 2012
    Studies on the ontogenetic origins of human knowledge provide evidence for a small set of separable systems of core knowledge dealing with the representation of inanimate and animate objects, number, and geometry...
  39. pmc The landscape of knowledge translation interventions in cancer control: what do we know and where to next? A review of systematic reviews
    Melissa C Brouwers
    McMaster University, Department of Oncology, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Implement Sci 6:130. 2011
    ..We conducted a review of systematic reviews to better understand the evidentiary base of implementation strategies in cancer control...
  40. pmc Perceptions of government knowledge and control over contributions of aid organizations and INGOs to health in Nepal: a qualitative study
    Aditi Giri
    Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal
    Global Health 9:1. 2013
    ..During a 2010 conference, the Secretary of Population stated that the government has full knowledge and control over all funds and projects coming to Nepal. However, there are no documents to support this...
  41. ncbi How we predict what other people are going to do
    Chris D Frith
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Brain Res 1079:36-46. 2006
    ..In the first part of this review, we discuss studies that concern knowledge of others as members of a group and as individuals with habitual dispositions...
  42. pmc Impaired action knowledge in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    M Grossman
    Department of Neurology 2 Gibson, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4283, USA
    Neurology 71:1396-401. 2008
    ..This study examined performance on measures requiring knowledge of actions, and related performance to MRI cortical atrophy in ALS.
  43. ncbi The curse of knowledge: first language knowledge impairs adult learners' use of novel statistics for word segmentation
    Amy S Finn
    Department of Psychology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Cognition 108:477-99. 2008
    We investigated whether adult learners' knowledge of phonotactic restrictions on word forms from their first language impacts their ability to use statistical information to segment words in a novel language...
  44. pmc The traditional knowledge on stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponina) used by the Enawene-Nawe tribe in western Brazil
    Gilton Mendes dos Santos
    Departamento de Antropologia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, UFAM Av Gen Rodrigo Octávio Jordão Ramos, 3000 CampusUniversitário CEP 69077 000, Manaus, AM, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:19. 2008
    This paper presents the Enawene-Nawe Society's traditional knowledge about stingless bees. The Enawene-Nawe are an Aruak speaking people, indigenous to the Meridian Amazon...
  45. ncbi Trends in HIV-related behaviors and knowledge in Uganda, 1989-2005: evidence of a shift toward more risk-taking behaviors
    Alex Opio
    Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:320-6. 2008
    To describe recent trends in HIV-related behaviors and knowledge in Uganda between 1989 and 2005.
  46. pmc Motor skill learning in the middle-aged: limited development of motor chunks and explicit sequence knowledge
    Willem B Verwey
    Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, University of Twente, P O Box 217, 7500 AE, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Psychol Res 75:406-22. 2011
    ..In the middle-aged participants motor chunks as well as explicit sequence knowledge appeared to be less developed than in the young adults...
  47. ncbi Undergraduate nursing students' acquisition and retention of CPR knowledge and skills
    Catherine Madden
    Department of Nursing, Waterford Institute of Technology, Cork Road, Waterford, Republic of Ireland
    Nurse Educ Today 26:218-27. 2006
    ..aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which Irish nursing students acquire and retain CPR cognitive knowledge and psychomotor skills following CPR training. A quasi-experimental time series design was used...
  48. pmc Enriching a biomedical event corpus with meta-knowledge annotation
    Paul Thompson
    National Centre for Text Mining, Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, School of Computer Science, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester, M1 7DN, UK
    BMC Bioinformatics 12:393. 2011
    ..experimental result or an analysis of results? How confident is the author about the validity of her analyses? These and other types of information, which we collectively term meta-knowledge, can be derived from the context of the event.
  49. ncbi Spanning boundaries in pursuit of effective knowledge sharing within networks in the NHS
    Graeme Currie
    Nottingham University Business School, Nottingham, UK
    J Health Organ Manag 21:406-17. 2007
    The purpose of this paper is to examine power asymmetries in the delivery of genetics healthcare that inhibit knowledge sharing across sector, organisational and professional boundaries.
  50. pmc Activating event knowledge
    Mary Hare
    Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA
    Cognition 111:151-67. 2009
    ..number of results in sentence and discourse processing demonstrate that comprehension relies on rich pragmatic knowledge about real-world events, and that incoming words incrementally activate such knowledge...
  51. pmc Evoked alpha and early access to the knowledge system: the P1 inhibition timing hypothesis
    Wolfgang Klimesch
    University of Salzburg, Department of Physiological Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Hellbrunnerstr 34, A 5020 Salzburg, Austria
    Brain Res 1408:52-71. 2011
    ..It is suggested that alpha and the P1 reflect inhibition that is effective during early access to a complex knowledge system (KS). Most importantly, inhibition operates in two different ways...
  52. ncbi Strategies for dynamic stability during locomotion on a slippery surface: effects of prior experience and knowledge
    Daniel S Marigold
    Gait and Posture Lab, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 88:339-53. 2002
    ..Individuals implement a "surfing strategy" while on the rollers when knowledge of the surface condition was available before hand...
  53. ncbi Associations among condom use, sexual behavior, and knowledge about HIV/AIDS. A study of 13,293 public school students
    Vilma Tapia-Aguirre
    National School of Public Health of Mexico, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Mexican Ministry of Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Arch Med Res 35:334-43. 2004
    This school-based study explored associations between Mexican young people's condom use, other sexual behaviors, and HIV/AIDS knowledge.
  54. ncbi Why 'knowledge transfer' is misconceived for applied social research
    Huw Davies
    Social Dimensions of Health Institute, Universities of Dundee and St Andrews, Fife, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 13:188-90. 2008
    b>Knowledge transfer' has become established as shorthand for a wide variety of activities linking the production of academic knowledge to the potential use of such knowledge in non-academic environments...
  55. ncbi Spatial knowledge acquisition in younger and elderly adults: a study in a virtual environment
    Petra Jansen
    Department of Sport Science, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
    Exp Psychol 57:54-60. 2010
    This study investigated the process of spatial knowledge acquisition in younger adults (20-30 years), middle-aged adults (40-50 years), and older adults (60-70 years) in a desktop virtual environment, where participants learned a way ..
  56. pmc Mothers' knowledge and utilization of prevention of mother to child transmission services in northern Tanzania
    Eli Fjeld Falnes
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:36. 2010
    ..child health clinics in Moshi, northern Tanzania, after the implementation of routine counselling and testing; (2) explore the level of knowledge the postnatal mothers had about PMTCT; and (3) assess the quality of the counselling given.
  57. ncbi The early development of object knowledge: a study of infants' visual anticipations during action observation
    Sabine Hunnius
    Center for Cognition, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, P O Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Dev Psychol 46:446-54. 2010
    This study examined the developing object knowledge of infants through their visual anticipation of action targets during action observation...
  58. ncbi Text mining for traditional Chinese medical knowledge discovery: a survey
    Xuezhong Zhou
    School of Computer and Information Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
    J Biomed Inform 43:650-60. 2010
    Extracting meaningful information and knowledge from free text is the subject of considerable research interest in the machine learning and data mining fields...
  59. pmc A description of physical therapists' knowledge in managing musculoskeletal conditions
    John D Childs
    US Army Baylor University Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX, USA
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 6:32. 2005
    ..However, further evidence is needed to determine if physical therapists have the requisite knowledge necessary to manage musculoskeletal conditions...
  60. ncbi Problem-based learning and medical education forty years on. A review of its effects on knowledge and clinical performance
    Alan J Neville
    McMaster University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ont, Canada
    Med Princ Pract 18:1-9. 2009
    ....
  61. ncbi Elucidating the nature of deregulated semantic cognition in semantic aphasia: evidence for the roles of prefrontal and temporo-parietal cortices
    Krist A Noonan
    University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1597-613. 2010
    ..studies indicate that semantic dementia follows from a progressive yet specific degradation of conceptual knowledge. In contrast, multimodal semantic impairment in aphasic patients (semantic aphasia [SA]) reflects damage to the ..
  62. ncbi Knowledge discovery in traditional Chinese medicine: state of the art and perspectives
    Yi Feng
    AdvanCed Computing aNd sysTem CCNT Lab, College of Computer Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, PR China
    Artif Intell Med 38:219-36. 2006
    ..accumulated and recently obtained, there is an urgent need to explore these resources effectively by the techniques of knowledge discovery in database (KDD). This paper aims at providing an overview of recent KDD studies in TCM field.
  63. ncbi Knowledge, legitimacy and economic practice in informal markets for medicine: a critical review of research
    Jamie Cross
    Goldsmiths, University of London, New Cross, London, SE14 6NW, UK
    Soc Sci Med 71:1593-600. 2010
    ..how informal providers are framed as problematic and question assumptions about what constitutes appropriate knowledge and expectations of how economic actors in the medical marketplace will behave...
  64. ncbi Domain-specific knowledge systems in the brain the animate-inanimate distinction
    A Caramazza
    Harvard University, Cognitive Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 10:1-34. 1998
    We claim that the animate and inanimate conceptual categories represent evolutionarily adapted domain-specific knowledge systems that are subserved by distinct neural mechanisms, thereby allowing for their selective impairment in ..
  65. ncbi Habits as knowledge structures: automaticity in goal-directed behavior
    H Aarts
    Department of Psychology and Language, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 78:53-63. 2000
    ..e., the creation of a strong mental link between a goal and action) may simulate goal-directed automaticity in habits...
  66. ncbi Knowledge translation for research utilization: design of a knowledge translation model at Tehran University of Medical Sciences
    Reza Majdzadeh
    School of Public Health, Center for Academic and Health Policy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 28:270-7. 2008
    ..study aimed to generate a model that would provide a conceptual framework for linking disparate components of knowledge translation...
  67. ncbi Processing of abstract ordinal knowledge in the horizontal segment of the intraparietal sulcus
    Wim Fias
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
    J Neurosci 27:8952-6. 2007
    ..This extends the numerical processing function of IPS into the realm of abstract knowledge processing.
  68. ncbi Iterated learning: intergenerational knowledge transmission reveals inductive biases
    Michael L Kaush
    Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, Louisiana 70504, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:288-94. 2007
    Cultural transmission of information plays a central role in shaping human knowledge. Some of the most complex knowledge that people acquire, such as languages or cultural norms, can only be learned from other people, who themselves ..
  69. ncbi Knowledge and utilization of edible mushrooms by local populations of the rain forest of south Cameroon
    Han van Dijk
    Forest Management and Policy Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    Ambio 32:19-23. 2003
    Indigenous knowledge of edible fungi and their utilization by local populations were investigated in southern Cameroon from 1996 to 1999...
  70. ncbi The experiential knowledge of patients: a new resource for biomedical research?
    J Francisca Caron-Flinterman
    Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Society, Institute for Innovation and Transdisciplinary Research, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 60:2575-84. 2005
    ..that patients could make to the relevance and quality of biomedical research based on their 'experiential knowledge'...
  71. ncbi Basic knowledge in psychodermatology
    F Poot
    ULB Erasme Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Brussels, Belgium
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 21:227-34. 2007
    ..The authors try to define the framework of this approach, what should be acquired by "well-informed" dermatologists and what is required to be a pyschodermatologist...
  72. ncbi A knowledge transfer strategy for public health decision makers
    M Dobbins
    McMaster University, School of Nursing, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 1:120-8. 2004
    ..to discover public health decision makers' preferences for content, format, and channels for receiving research knowledge, so as to begin development of a comprehensive national public health knowledge transfer strategy...
  73. pmc Navigation as a source of geometric knowledge: young children's use of length, angle, distance, and direction in a reorientation task
    Sang Ah Lee
    Center for Mind Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Italy
    Cognition 123:144-61. 2012
    ..Consistent with longstanding suggestions that geometrical knowledge is rooted in processes guiding navigation, the present study examines potential sources of geometrical knowledge ..
  74. pmc Discrete model of opinion changes using knowledge and emotions as control variables
    Pawel Sobkowicz
    KEN 94 140, Warsaw, Poland
    PLoS ONE 7:e44489. 2012
    ..Even for such simplified system, the model shows complex behavior, including phase transitions due to symmetry breaking by external propaganda...
  75. ncbi Knowledge integration: conceptualizing communications in cancer control systems
    Allan Best
    Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, 718, 828 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1L8
    Patient Educ Couns 71:319-27. 2008
    ..paper was prepared by the National Cancer Institute of Canada (NCIC) Working Group on Translational Research and Knowledge Transfer...
  76. ncbi The general public's knowledge of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its determinants: current situation and recent changes
    Joan B Soriano
    Programa de Epidemiología e Investigación Clínica Fundación Caubet CIMERA Illes Balears, Bunyola, Islas Baleares, Espana
    Arch Bronconeumol 48:308-15. 2012
    The objective of this study was to determine the level of knowledge about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its determinants in the general population of Spain, and to compare it with a similar survey conducted in 2002.
  77. ncbi Cultural attitudes, knowledge, and skills of nursing faculty toward patients from four diverse cultures
    Suzan Kardong-Edgren
    University of Texas at Arlington School of Nursing, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    J Prof Nurs 21:175-82. 2005
    ..two professional conferences to describe faculty attitudes toward and perceived level of confidence in cultural knowledge of patients representing four ethnic groups...
  78. ncbi Who knows the bed bug? Knowledge of adult bed bug appearance increases with people's age in three counties of Great Britain
    Klaus Reinhardt
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank S10 2TN, United Kingdom
    J Med Entomol 45:956-8. 2008
    ..One of them may be low early detection rate of emerging infestations because of a current poor knowledge among the population of what bed bugs look like...
  79. ncbi Analysis and recordings of orally transmitted knowledge about medicinal plants in the southern mountainous region of Korea
    Hyun Kim
    School of Alternative Medicine and Health Science, Jeonju University, 303 Cheonjam ro, Wansan gu, Jeonju 560 759, Republic of Korea
    J Ethnopharmacol 134:676-96. 2011
    This study aims to analyze and record orally transmitted knowledge of medicinal plants from the indigenous people living in the southern mountainous region of Korea. This article is the first study of its kind.
  80. ncbi Inadequate knowledge of immunization guidelines: a missed opportunity for preventing infection in immunocompromised IBD patients
    James H Yeung
    Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 18:34-40. 2012
    ..This study aimed to describe physician and patient values and knowledge regarding immunization and immunization histories.
  81. ncbi Very long-term retention of basic science knowledge in doctors after graduation
    Eugene J F M Custers
    Centre for Research and Development of Education, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 45:422-30. 2011
    Despite frequent complaints that biomedical knowledge is quickly forgotten after it has been learned, few investigations of actual long-term retention of basic science knowledge have been conducted in the medical domain.
  82. pmc "Do octopuses have a brain?" Knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards neuroscience at school
    Alessandra Sperduti
    Section of Anthropology, National Museum of Prehistory and Ethnography L Pigorini, Rome, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e47943. 2012
    ..The main goal was to test student's knowledge, attitudes, and interests about neuroscience, to assess needs, prospects, and difficulties in teaching about the ..
  83. ncbi Mental representation of normal subjects about the sources of knowledge in different semantic categories and unique entities
    Guido Gainotti
    Institute of Neurology of the Policlinico Gemelli, Catholic University of Rome, Roma, Italy
    Neuropsychology 23:803-12. 2009
    According to the "sensory-motor model of semantic knowledge," different categories of knowledge differ for the weight that different "sources of knowledge" have in their representation...
  84. ncbi A model for integration of formal knowledge and clinical experience: the advanced doctoring course at Mayo Medical School
    Liselotte N Dyrbye
    Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Acad Med 86:1130-6. 2011
    ..The authors propose that the Advanced Doctoring course may be a useful model for other institutions contemplating curricular reform that targets better integration of formal knowledge and clinical experiences.
  85. ncbi Knowledge and attitudes of medical, nursing, dentistry and health technician students towards organ donation: a pilot study
    Fugen Goz
    Dicle Universitesi, Diyarbakir Atatürk Sağlik Yüksek Okulu, Diyarbakir, Turkey
    J Clin Nurs 15:1371-5. 2006
    This pilot study assesses the knowledge and attitudes of medicine, nursing, dentistry and health technical students toward organ donation.
  86. ncbi The interaction between surface color and color knowledge: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence
    Inês Bramão
    Cognitive Neuroscience Research Group, Deparmento de Psicologia, Institute of Biotechnology and Bioengineering CBME, Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal
    Brain Cogn 78:28-37. 2012
    In this study, we used event-related potentials (ERPs) to evaluate the contribution of surface color and color knowledge information in object identification...
  87. ncbi Search filters can find some but not all knowledge translation articles in MEDLINE: an analytic survey
    K Ann McKibbon
    Health Information Research Unit, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 137 CRL Building, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1
    J Clin Epidemiol 65:651-9. 2012
    ..b>Knowledge translation (KT), actions and processes of getting research findings used in practice, can improve research ..
  88. pmc Applying social network analysis to understand the knowledge sharing behaviour of practitioners in a clinical online discussion forum
    Samuel Alan Stewart
    NICHE Research Group, Faculty of Computer Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
    J Med Internet Res 14:e170. 2012
    b>Knowledge Translation (KT) plays a vital role in the modern health care community, facilitating the incorporation of new evidence into practice. Web 2...
  89. pmc Dissociable neural correlates of stereotypes and other forms of semantic knowledge
    Juan Manuel Contreras
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Northwest Science Building, 52 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:764-70. 2012
    Semantic knowledge refers to the information that people have about categories of objects and living things. Social psychologists have long debated whether the information that perceivers have about categories of people--i.e...
  90. pmc Making sense of evidence in management decisions: the role of research-based knowledge on innovation adoption and implementation in healthcare. study protocol
    Yiannis Kyratsis
    National Centre for Infection Prevention and Management, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Implement Sci 7:22. 2012
    ..We also know little about how diverse healthcare professionals (clinicians, administrators) make sense of evidence and how this collective sensemaking mediates the uptake of innovations...
  91. ncbi Algorithms for detecting concealed knowledge among groups when the critical information is unavailable
    Assaf Breska
    Department of Psychology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    J Exp Psychol Appl 18:292-300. 2012
    ....
  92. ncbi Dissociation between manipulation and conceptual knowledge of object use in the supramarginalis gyrus
    Barbara Pelgrims
    Laboratory of Neurophysiology, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institute of Neuroscience, Brussels, Belgium
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:1802-10. 2011
    ..naming activates motor-related areas in the posterior parietal cortex, it has been suggested that conceptual knowledge of tools relies on their unique manipulation patterns...
  93. ncbi Dissociable neural systems supporting knowledge about human character and appearance in ourselves and others
    Joseph M Moran
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2222-30. 2011
    ..Thus, specific neural systems mediate specific aspects of thinking about character and appearance in oneself and in others...
  94. pmc Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate and insulin-dosing knowledge in youth with type 1 diabetes
    Michaela B Koontz
    Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:457-62. 2010
    ..Implementing these regimens requires knowledge about carbohydrate content of foods and subsequent calculations of insulin dose, skills that may be difficult to ..
  95. ncbi The need for systems change: reflections on knowledge translation and organizational change
    Alison L Kitson
    Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, UK
    J Adv Nurs 65:217-28. 2009
    ..systems theory, informed by critical social science, there is a mismatch between the theories used to explain and influence clinical practice in nursing and the way in which transferring new knowledge into practice is articulated.
  96. ncbi How effective are patient-based educational interventions in the management of cancer pain? Systematic review and meta-analysis
    Michael I Bennett
    International Observatory on End of Life Care, Institute for Health Research, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YT, UK
    Pain 143:192-9. 2009
    ..Main outcome measures were effects on knowledge and attitudes towards cancer pain and analgesia, and pain intensity...
  97. ncbi Domestic violence: a comparative survey of levels of detection, knowledge, and attitudes in healthcare workers
    K Cann
    Department of Public Health and Health Policy, Oxfordshire Health Authority, The Richards Building, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LG, UK
    Public Health 115:89-95. 2001
    The objective of this study was to compare the knowledge, attitudes, responses and levels of detection of domestic violence among a variety of healthcare workers in different specialities...
  98. ncbi Arithmetic knowledge in semantic dementia: is it invariably preserved?
    C L Julien
    Cerebral Function Unit, Greater Manchester Neuroscience Centre, Salford Royal Hospital, Stott Lane, Salford M6 8HD, UK
    Neuropsychologia 46:2732-44. 2008
    There is accumulating evidence of preserved arithmetic knowledge in semantic dementia (SD), contrasting with patients' striking impairment in other domains of semantic memory...
  99. doi Poor knowledge translation: an urgent problem in China
    Guoqing Hu
    Lancet 372:718. 2008
  100. ncbi The role of tacit knowledge in the work context of nursing
    B Herbig
    Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    J Adv Nurs 34:687-95. 2001
    AIMS OF THE STUDY: Previous research on the role of tacit knowledge is ambiguous. Some studies show the superiority of expertise, while other studies found experts would not be better than laymen...
  101. ncbi Knowledge of women's issues and epilepsy (KOWIE-II): a survey of health care professionals
    Lucretia Long
    Department of Neurology, Division of Epilepsy, Ohio State University, 1654 Upham Dr 417 Means Hall, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Epilepsy Behav 6:90-3. 2005
    ..of the American College of Physicians 2003 annual meeting were invited to complete a computerized version of the Knowledge of Women's Issues and Epilepsy (KOWIE-II) questionnaire...

Research Grants73

  1. A Theater-Based Obesity Prevention Program for Children
    Dianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will provide insight into how to engage parents in school- based interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. LEARNING DISABILITIES IN ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS
    DAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The poor counting knowledge of these children appears to contribute to their use of immature counting procedures and their procedural errors,..
  3. Mathematical Development in Learning Diasbled Children
    DAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..on finger counting and counting errors, and a relation between their use of immature counting procedures and knowledge of counting concepts...
  4. NEUROLEPTIC-INDUCED MOVEMENT DISORDERS IN OLDER PATIENTS
    Dilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We believe that our findings will have major therapeutic implications for the use of antipsychotics, particularly in older patients. ..
  5. DISORDERS OF LEXICAL ACCESS IN SPEECH PRODUCTION
    Alfonso Caramazza; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of damage to the cognitive/linguistic mechanisms that underlie normal word production, and then to use this knowledge toward the development of a theory of the functional organization of the brain...
  6. Metabolic Effects of Newer Antipsychotics in Older Pts
    Dilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. DVD Consent for Research in Older Schizophrenia Patients
    Dilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The DVD-based consent is not intended to supplant, but rather to supplement, the researcher-participant in-person interaction involved in consent process. ..
  8. CENTER FOR RESEARCH IN OLDER PEOPLE WITH PSYCHOSES
    Dilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We are confident that our work will not only advance scientific knowledge of intervention and services research, but will also have a major impact on the care of people with ..
  9. Cortical Organization of Noun and Verb Processing
    Alfonso Caramazza; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Bioscience Inspiration and Opportunities for Students
    Nancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..a partnership to provide underrepresented minority middle and high school students with the exposure, skills and knowledge that will enable them to pursue advanced studies in the biomedical sciences...
  11. MICROMATTERS
    Nancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. LATE ONSET SCHIZOPHRENIA--A NEUROPSYCHIATRIC STUDY
    Dilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., MRI quantitative analysis, outcome and functioning measures) to the new questions being asked. Our studies should have a major impact on the understanding of schizophrenia and aging. ..
  13. FILLING THE GAPS--K-6 SCIENCE/HEALTH EDUCATION
    Nancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..and its implications for educational policy and future efforts related to the use of supplementary interdisciplinary curricula in promoting acquisition of science and health knowledge and living skills by children and their parents.
  14. Capacity Building in Organizational Research
    A Orzano; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. THE ENVIRONMENT AS A CONTEXT FOR OPPORTUNITIES IN SCHOOL
    Nancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..environmental health science themes, while promoting academic achievement through development of student content knowledge and skills, especially related to problem-solving and critical thinking; (2) improve teacher practice through ..
  16. Partial Word Knowledge Growth in Children with LLD
    STACY WAGOVICH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project is designed to assess the types of partial word knowledge (e.g...
  17. Partnering to Reduce Obesity with Environmental Changes
    Donna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The institutional-level components include tailored strategies to change knowledge, attitudes, and behavior...
  18. Chromium Effects in Imparied Glucose Tolerance
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health ..
  19. Cognitive neuroscience of temporal processing
    H Branch Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, we propose to use transcranial magnetic stimulation to identify specific brain regions that are necessary for normal temporal processing. ..
  20. Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS)
    Eyal Shahar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accomplishing these goals will provide important information concerning the public health impact of SDB. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. CLINICAL SEARCH RETRIEVAL FROM FOUR ELECTRONIC DATABASES
    R Haynes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., sensitivity); and evaluating the usefulness of the clinical hedges in the intended users group, clinicians. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Effect of a Restrictive Formulary on Low Income Children
    JULIE URMIE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Instrumental variable analysis will be used to examine the effect of changes in antidepressant prescribing patterns caused by the restrictive formulary on health care costs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Software for the Analysis of Neural Data
    Partha Mitra; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will work closely with approximately 24 laboratories and the Neuroinformatics course at the MBL via a feedback process to ensure the quality and usability of Chronux. ..
  24. Economic Evaluations of Emerging Genomic Tests for Early Stage Breast Cancer
    YA CHEN SHIH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..To estimate the budgetary impact of the emerging pharmacogenomic prognostic and/or predictive tests [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Mitchondrial inhibition mimics corticostriatal aging
    John Walsh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Principles of Behavior Change: Choice and Context
    Edmund Fantino; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The outcomes of these studies are expected to influence the development of improved and individualized forms of behavioral and cognitive therapy as well as guide future research on the neural bases of choice. ..
  27. Enhancing Consent for Alzheimer Research
    Barton W Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study's relevance derives from the idea that enhanced consent may foster comprehension as AD patients are asked to provide consent or assent to participate in clinical research. ..
  28. Maternal Programming of Gene Expression Through DNA Methylation
    MICHAEL JOSEPH MEANEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, although normally loath to use such descriptions, to the best of our knowledge these studies potentially provide the first description of structural changes in DNA in response to a post-..
  29. Aging, Social Interdependence and Wisdom in the U.S. and Japan
    Richard E Nisbett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Public Health Relevance: The research will shed light on how social relationships change with age, how the nature of social relationships influences thinking, and how certain kinds of cognition encourage wise thinking. ..
  30. TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized Trial
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
  31. Disulfide Bond Formation: Mechanisms for Isomerization and Novel Pathways
    Jonathan Beckwith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g. insulin) and immunoglobulins (antibodies). Understanding how disulfide bonds are formed correctly gives information allowing efficient production of these proteins for medical purposes. ..
  32. Development of an Instrument to Measure Health Literacy
    Lauren McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Prior studies have found that lower literacy is associated lower health knowledge, suboptimal use of preventive health services, poorer intermediate disease markers, and increased incidence of ..
  33. Social-Emotional Assessment of Child's School Readiness
    SUSANNE DENHAM; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Expanding early childhood education/child care enrollments, better scientific knowledge about early childhood development, and decisions about public spending, all oblige persons working with young ..
  34. Brain and Behavior of Visual Expectations
    INGRID OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These questions will be addressed through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and behavioral experimentation. ..
  35. IN VIVO IMAGING OF GROWTH PLATE DYNAMICS
    Cornelia Farnum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Detailed functional knowledge of vascular routes to the growth plate, and movement of molecules within the growth plate, is essential as ..
  36. The cognitive neuroscience of body knowledge
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding the cerebral basis of motor control and the body schema is likely to contribute substantially to the development of interventions that target these representations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Time of Day & Aging in Implicit/Explicit Learning
    Sunbin Song; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project also has implications for aging research in that age impairments seen across tasks may be exaggerated or minimized by testing at different times of day. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. COMMUNITY HEALTH & ENVIRONMENTAL REAWAKENING
    Steven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..from the University of North Carolina (UNC) School of Public Health to, 1) expand environmental health knowledge of eastern NC citizens and health professionals, 2) increase local participation in prevention and remediation ..
  39. IVMT for Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Pilot Study
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The identification of an effective, safe, inexpensive therapy for fibromyalgia would represent a great advance, and a major contribution to the public health. ..
  40. MEMBRANE PROTEINS INVOLVED IN CELL DIVISION IN E.COLI
    Jonathan Beckwith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, suppressors of an ftsQ null mutant, if obtained, may give a clue as to the protein's function. ..
  41. Expertise, Face Recognition & the Cerebral Hemispheres
    David Turk; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  42. Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Smoking Cessation
    David Haaga; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Undergraduate students will rate a subjectively scored coping measure as well as the adherence and differentiability of treatment conditions, based on therapy session tapes. ..
  43. INTERPERSONAL DISCLOSURE PROCESSES AND HEALTH
    James Pennebaker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Measures of physician use, autonomic functioning, and illness reports will serve as outcome measures and correlates in each of the studies. ..
  44. Temporal Integration of Acoustic Detail in Speech
    Bob McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It will further extend these findings by examining situations in which knowledge of this acoustic detail may predict upcoming phonemes or words using knowledge of phonological assimilation, and ..
  45. The Youth Employment Training Pilot Program
    Henry Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from the anonymous school based surveys will be used to determine whether youth who have obtained a work permit are less likely to experience a work related injury. ..
  46. Structural Factors in Text Comprehension
    CELIA KLIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Thus, proposed experiments promise to 1) shed light on the influence of structural factors on comprehension, 2) extend the memory-based text processing models and 3) expand the use of eye movements data to the study of narratives. ..
  47. Unit Level Nurse Workload Impacts on Patient Safety
    Nancy Donaldson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The aims of this study are grounded in the knowledge that the potential to compromise patient safety through human error is inherent in nursing practice and medical ..
  48. SPATIAL INFLUENCES ON LANGUAGE FUNCTION
    H Coslett; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. REDUCING VIOLENCE AGAINST NURSING HOME CAREGIVERS
    Donna Gates; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..study by the investigators found that CNAs, who daily experience verbal and physical violence, lack the knowledge and skills to prevent violence...
  50. Mental Processes During Conversation
    Boaz Keysar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..With such knowledge, we will be better equipped to create appropriate circumstances that could facilitate successful communication ..
  51. ESTIMATING EFFICACY OF A MEDICAL INTERVENTION
    James Trussell; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  52. The formation of visual objects
    Jacob Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research may lead to technological advancement in the area of computer vision, as well as to better understanding of disorders of perceptual organization such as visual agnosia and dyslexia. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Strategies to Help Adult ER Patients Quit Smoking
    Steven Bernstein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If patients with a smoking-related diagnosis for the ER visit are more likely to quit than those with nonsmoking-related ICD9, then this supports the construct of the teachable moment. ..
  54. Targeted Social Network HIV Prevention Intervention
    Yuri Amirkhanian; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to their personal network members theory-based and culturally-tailored risk reduction messages that target knowledge, norms, attitudes, intentions, and self-efficacy...
  55. Heart Rate Variability Response to CAM in Pediatrics
    Kathi Kemper; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The K24 award will free her from clinical, teaching and administrative demands, and allow her to focus her time and attention on research and mentoring activities described in this application. ..
  56. DELIRIUM IN PERSONS WITH DEMENTIA
    Donna Fick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ultimately, the results from this and subsequent studies should improve the lives of persons with dementia and their caregivers by decreasing delirium-related complications and hospitalizations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Job Retention Among Home Healthcare Nurses
    CAROL ELLENBECKER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..b>Knowledge of variables that contribute to job retention in home care will provide the information necessary to maintain ..
  58. Neural representations of social knowledge
    Jason Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Together, these experiments will improve current understanding of autism, a prevalent developmental disorder characterized by pervasive deficits in social cognitive processing, e.g., representing the mental states of other people. ..
  59. Predator Detection in Infancy
    DAVID RAKISON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results will shed light on the role of innate and learned mechanisms in human behavior and will have relevance to cognition, development, evolutionary psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. ..
  60. Reading Skill: Modeling Individual and Text Interactions
    DEBRA LYNN LONG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Text Comprehension is an important means of knowledge acquisition in almost all domains...
  61. Project F-EAT: Families and Eating and Activity in Teens
    Dianne R Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Project F-EAT will combine synergistically with Project EAT-III to produce far more knowledge than would be possible with either study on its own...
  62. Do Labels Help Infants Form Non-Obvious Categories?
    VIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..By considering the role of labeling in the formation of categories, this research will make important contributions to the fields of cognitive and language development. ..
  63. New Moves Obesity Prevention Among Adolescent Girls
    Dianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Paul area of Minnesota. The study population will include 360 girls (an average of 30 girls from each school). The proposed study period is five years. ..
  64. AGING, METAMEMORY, AND STRATEGY USE DURING LEARNING
    Christopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..assumption of this framework is that people actively participate in learning new material by (1) utilizing their knowledge about cognitively demanding tasks to select rehearsal strategies, (2) monitoring on-going learning and ..
  65. Aging and Metacognition in Strategic Skill Acquisition
    Christopher Hertzog; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..that older adults are reluctant to rely on a memory retrieval strategy despite adequate noun-pair learning (item knowledge), and that this reluctance contributes to age differences in rates of skill acquisition...
  66. Influencing Children's Beliefs Through Language
    VIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..For children to be able to take advantage of their culture's accumulated knowledge and expertise, they must be receptive to what people tell them, sometimes even when that information conflicts ..
  67. Harp Music: Effects on HRV, Cortisol and Activity
    Kathi Kemper; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Future studies will assess the immediate and long-term impact of different kinds, amounts, frequency and duration of music on physiologic, clinical, behavioral and developmental outcomes in premature infants. ..
  68. Evaluating an Internet-Based Curriculum about Herbs
    Kathi Kemper; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..showed that an Internet-based curriculum delivered over 10 weeks was feasible, and it improved clinicians' knowledge, confidence and communication about H/DS...
  69. ABUSE LIABILITY OF BENZODIAZEPINES AND CAFFEINE
    ROLAND GRIFFITHS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  70. Illness Perception, Pain, and Symptom Distress in Gastrointestinal Cancers
    Virginia Sun; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information will help improve the treatment of these cancers, lower patient distress, and improve QOL. ..