Summary: The application of a concept to that which it is not literally the same but which suggests a resemblance and comparison. Medical metaphors were widespread in ancient literature; the description of a sick body was often used by ancient writers to define a critical condition of the State, in which one corrupt part can ruin the entire system. (From Med Secoli Arte Sci, 1990;2(3):abstract 331)
Publications253 found, 100 shown here
- Neural correlates of metaphor processing: the roles of figurativeness, familiarity and difficultyGwenda L Schmidt
Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
Brain Cogn 71:375-86. 2009There is currently much interest in investigating the neural substrates of metaphor processing...
- Is it time to drop the 'knowledge translation' metaphor? A critical literature reviewTrisha Greenhalgh
Global Health, Policy and Innovation Unit, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London E1 2AB, UK
J R Soc Med 104:501-9. 2011..Our findings suggest that while 'translation' is a widely used metaphor in medicine, it constrains how we conceptualise and study the link between knowledge and practice...
- Decomposing metaphor processing at the cognitive and neural level through functional magnetic resonance imagingValentina Bambini
Laboratorio di Linguistica G Nencioni, Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri, Pisa, Italy
Brain Res Bull 86:203-16. 2011Prior neuroimaging studies on metaphor comprehension have tended to focus on the role of the right hemisphere, without reaching consensus and leaving aside the functional architecture of this process...
- A metaphor-enriched social cognitionMark J Landau
Department of Psychology, 1415 Jayhawk Boulevard, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 7556, USA
Psychol Bull 136:1045-67. 2010..we propose that social cognition can and should be enriched by an explicit recognition that conceptual metaphor is a unique cognitive mechanism that shapes social thought and attitudes...
- Stimulus design is an obstacle course: 560 matched literal and metaphorical sentences for testing neural hypotheses about metaphorEileen R Cardillo
Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, 3 West Gates, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Behav Res Methods 42:651-64. 2010Despite the ubiquity and importance of metaphor in thought and communication, its neural mediation remains elusive...
- Polarity correspondence in metaphor congruency effects: structural overlap predicts categorization times for bipolar concepts presented in vertical spaceDaniël Lakens
Human Technology Interaction Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, IPO 1 24, PO Box 513, 5600MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 38:726-36. 2012Previous research has shown that words presented on metaphor congruent locations (e.g...
- Distinction between the literal and intended meanings of sentences: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of metaphor and sarcasmHitoshi T Uchiyama
Department of Education, Faculty of Regional Sciences, Tottori University, Tottori, Japan
Cortex 48:563-83. 2012To comprehend figurative utterances such as metaphor or sarcasm, a listener must both judge the literal meaning of the statement and infer the speaker's intended meaning (mentalizing; Amodio and Frith, 2006)...
- Dissociable neural systems for analogy and metaphor: implications for the neuroscience of creativityOshin Vartanian
University of Toronto, Scarborough, Canada
Br J Psychol 103:302-16. 2012..to conduct quantitative meta-analyses of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments of analogy and metaphor - two processes related to creativity and included in the recent reviews...
- Comprehension of metaphor and irony in schizophrenia during remission: the role of theory of mind and IQShuliang Mo
Department of Psychology, Peking University, 5 Yihe Yuan Road, Beijing, 100871, PR China
Psychiatry Res 157:21-9. 2008The study reported herein explored the comprehension of metaphor and irony in schizophrenia during remission, and examined the role of IQ and a theory of mind...
- Neural correlates of metaphor processing in schizophreniaTilo T J Kircher
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr 30, D 52074 Aachen, Germany
Neuroimage 34:281-9. 2007..Although this is routinely tested during clinical interview, its neural basis is unknown...
- Aging and inhibition processes: the case of metaphor treatmentIsabella Morrone
Department of Psychology, CLEA 4296, University of Reims Champagne Ardenne, Reims, France
Psychol Aging 25:697-701. 2010..The interference effect was predicted by the psychometric tests designed to evaluate inhibition...
- Brain correlates of discourse processing: an fMRI investigation of irony and conventional metaphor comprehensionZohar Eviatar
Institute of Information Processing and Decision Making, Psychology Department, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
Neuropsychologia 44:2348-59. 2006..The findings show differential hemispheric sensitivity to these aspects of figurative language, and are relevant to models of the functional cortical architecture of language processing in connected discourse...
- Metaphor explanation attenuates the right-hand preference for depictive co-speech gestures that imitate actionsSotaro Kita
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Brain Lang 101:185-97. 2007..non-metaphorical meanings, on the assumption that metaphor explanation enhances the right hemisphere contribution to speech production...
- Metaphors we think with: the role of metaphor in reasoningPaul H Thibodeau
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e16782. 2011The way we talk about complex and abstract ideas is suffused with metaphor. In five experiments, we explore how these metaphors influence the way that we reason about complex issues and forage for further information about them...
- Invasional meltdown 6 years later: important phenomenon, unfortunate metaphor, or both?Daniel Simberloff
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Ecol Lett 9:912-9. 2006..By contrast, in many authenticated cases, at least one partner is aided. The metaphor of meltdown focused attention on facilitation in invasion and has probably helped inspire recent studies...
- Implicit learning of mappings between forms and metaphorical meaningsFengying Li
School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
Conscious Cogn 22:174-83. 2013..We argue, from the metaphor-representation and embodiment perspectives, that people can unconsciously establish mappings between word forms ..
- Looking at the brains behind figurative language--a quantitative meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies on metaphor, idiom, and irony processingIsabel C Bohrn
Freie Universitat Berlin, Department of Education and Psychology, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, Berlin, Germany
Neuropsychologia 50:2669-83. 2012..No general RH advantage for metaphor processing could be found...
- Bidirectionality, mediation, and moderation of metaphorical effects: the embodiment of social suspicion and fishy smellsSpike W S Lee
Department of Marketing, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
J Pers Soc Psychol 103:737-49. 2012..These findings also highlight the need for exploring the cultural variability and origin of metaphorical knowledge...
- The influence of context on hemispheric recruitment during metaphor processingMichele T Diaz
Duke University, Durham, NC 27705, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 23:3586-97. 2011....
- The career of metaphorBrian F Bowdle
Department of Psychology, Indiana University, IN 47405, USA
Psychol Rev 112:193-216. 2005A central question in metaphor research is how metaphors establish mappings between concepts from different domains. The authors propose an evolutionary path based on structure-mapping theory...
- Laterality in metaphor processing: lack of evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging for the right hemisphere theoryAlexander M Rapp
Department of Psychiatry, University of Tuebingen, Osianderstrasse 24, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
Brain Lang 100:142-9. 2007..The lowest degree of laterality was found in the temporal pole. Other factors than metaphoricity per se might trigger right hemisphere recruitment. Results are discussed in the context of lesion and hemifield studies...
- Focusing the metaphor: plant root foraging behaviourGordon G McNickle
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada
Trends Ecol Evol 24:419-26. 2009..We conclude by demonstrating how this new foundation could be adapted to address five fundamental questions in plant foraging ecology...
- Leadership transmission: a muddled metaphor?David Buchanan
Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK
J Health Organ Manag 21:246-58. 2007The purpose of this paper is to examine critically the concept of "leadership transmission", considering what theoretical and practical value this metaphor brings to the healthcare modernization agenda.
- ERP and behavioral evidence of individual differences in metaphor comprehensionVictoria A Kazmerski
Humanities and Social Sciences, Penn State Erie, The Behrend College, Erie, Pennsylvania 16563 1501, USA
Mem Cognit 31:673-89. 2003In two experiments, we examined individual differences in metaphor processing. In Experiment 1, the subjects judged the literal truth of literal, metaphorical, and scrambled sentences...
- Enhanced left frontal involvement during novel metaphor comprehension in schizophrenia: evidence from functional neuroimagingN Mashal
School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Brain Lang 124:66-74. 2013The neural basis involved in novel metaphor comprehension in schizophrenia is relatively unknown...
- The use of metaphor for understanding and managing psychotic experiences: A systematic reviewTracy J Mould
Illawarra Institute for Mental Health, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
J Ment Health 19:282-93. 2010..b>Metaphor is a valuable way of describing these experiences to others...
- Figurative language processing after traumatic brain injury in adults: a preliminary studyFanpei Gloria Yang
Center for Brain Health, University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, TX 5235, USA
Neuropsychologia 48:1923-9. 2010Figurative speech (e.g., proverb, irony, metaphor, and idiom) has been reported to be particularly sensitive to measurement of abstract thinking in patients who suffer from impaired abstraction and language abilities...
- Conceptual integration and metaphor: an event-related potential studySeana Coulson
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0515, USA
Mem Cognit 30:958-68. 2002..Consistent with conceptual blending theory, the results suggest that the demands of conceptual integration affect the difficulty of both literal and metaphorical language...
- Deriving meaning: Distinct neural mechanisms for metaphoric, literal, and non-meaningful sentencesArgyris K Stringaris
Section of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
Brain Lang 100:150-62. 2007..In contrast to previous studies, our results do not support the view the right hemispheric is specifically involved in metaphor comprehension.
- Recognition of metaphor and irony in young adults: the impact of schizotypal personality traitsRobyn Langdon
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Psychiatry Res 125:9-20. 2004..of identifying appropriate metaphors, suggesting a discontinuity between schizophrenia and schizotypy for the metaphor-recognition problem...
- Metaphor comprehension: a computational theoryW Kintsch
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder 80309 0344, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 7:257-66. 2000b>Metaphor comprehension involves an interaction between the meaning of the topic and the vehicle terms of the metaphor. Meaning is represented by vectors in a high-dimensional semantic space...
- Semantic integration during metaphor comprehension in Asperger syndromeRinat Gold
The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Brain Lang 113:124-34. 2010..Specifically, we aimed to examine whether a deficient semantic integration process underlies the difficulties in metaphor comprehension frequently experienced by persons with AS...
- Beyond laterality: a critical assessment of research on the neural basis of metaphorGwenda L Schmidt
University of Pennsylvania, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 16:1-5. 2010..We propose ways to advance our understanding of the neuropsychology of metaphor that go beyond simple laterality...
- Neuronal correlates to consciousness. The "Hall of Mirrors" metaphor describing consciousness as an epiphenomenon of multiple dynamic mosaics of cortical functional modulesLuigi Francesco Agnati
Fondazione IRCCS San Camillo, Venezia Lido, Italy
Brain Res 1476:3-21. 2012..of these neurobiological data and speculations and of the evidence of 'mirror neurons' the 'Hall of Mirrors' is proposed as a significant metaphor of consciousness. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Brain Integration.
- Dissociative experience and cultural neuroscience: narrative, metaphor and mechanismRebecca Seligman
Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Cult Med Psychiatry 32:31-64. 2008..This integrative model, grounded in a cultural neuroscience, can advance ethnographic studies of dissociation and inform clinical approaches to dissociation through careful consideration of the impact of social context...
- Using metaphor as a qualitative analytic approach to understand complexity in primary care researchVirginia Aita
University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, USA
Qual Health Res 13:1419-31. 2003..In this article, the authors explore the theoretical rationale, background, and advantages of using metaphor as an analytic strategy in qualitative health research...
- Gesture and metaphor comprehension: electrophysiological evidence of cross-modal coordination by audiovisual stimulationCarlos Cornejo
Escuela de Psicologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Av Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Macul, Santiago, Chile
Brain Cogn 70:42-52. 2009..information are combined online to make sense of the interlocutor's linguistic production in an early stage of metaphor comprehension...
- Use of metaphor in the discourse on cancerGary M Reisfield
Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, University of Florida Health Science Center Jacksonville, 655 W Eighth St, Jacksonville, FL 32209, USA
J Clin Oncol 22:4024-7. 2004
- Functional-anatomical organization of predicate metaphor processingEvan Chen
Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, 3 W Gates Building, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Brain Lang 107:194-202. 2008The bulk of the research on the neural organization of metaphor comprehension has focused on nominal metaphors and the metaphoric relationships between word pairs...
- Differences in task demands influence the hemispheric lateralization and neural correlates of metaphorFanpei Gloria Yang
Center for Brain Health, University of Texas at Dallas, Frances and Mildred Goad Building, 2200 West Mockingbird Lane, Dallas, TX 75235, USA
Brain Lang 111:114-24. 2009This study investigated metaphor comprehension in the broader context of task-difference effects and manipulation of processing difficulty...
- Does language shape thought? Mandarin and English speakers' conceptions of timeL Boroditsky
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305 2130, USA
Cogn Psychol 43:1-22. 2001..g., how one tends to think about time) but does not entirely determine one's thinking in the strong Whorfian sense...
- Accumulated lives: metaphor, materiality, and the homes of the elderlyJames Krasner
University of New Hampshire, USA
Lit Med 24:209-30. 2005
- Siren call of metaphor: subverting the proper task of neuroscienceGerhard Werner
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0800, Austin TX, 78712 0238, USA
J Integr Neurosci 3:245-52. 2004..Moreover, such practices obscure and detract from the primary task of Neurophysiology: to investigate the intrinsic properties of nervous systems, uncontaminated with concepts borrowed from other disciplines...
- Schizophrenia, an illness and a metaphor: analysis of the use of the term 'schizophrenia' in the UK national newspapersArun K Chopra
Mental Health Unit, Derby City General Hospital, Uttoxeter Road, Derby DE22 3NE
J R Soc Med 100:423-6. 2007To determine whether schizophrenia is a commonly used 'illness as metaphor', to compare the use of schizophrenia and cancer as illnesses as metaphor, and to determine if there is a difference in such usage between the UK and USA.
- Effects of verbal working memory deficits on metaphor comprehension in patients with Parkinson's diseaseLaura Monetta
School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, McGill University, 1266 avenue des Pins ouest, Montreal, Que, Canada H3G 1A8
Brain Lang 101:80-9. 2007..PD participants and healthy controls (HC) completed a series of neuropsychological tests and performed a metaphor comprehension task following the methods of Gernsbacher and colleagues [Gernsbacher, M. A., Keysar, B...
- Dynamics of hemispheric activity during metaphor comprehension: electrophysiological measuresYossi Arzouan
Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Israel
Neuroimage 36:222-31. 2007Brain imaging studies have lead to conflicting findings regarding the involvement of the right hemisphere (RH) in metaphor comprehension...
- Is the metaphor of 'barriers to change' useful in understanding implementation? Evidence from general medical practiceKath Checkland
National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 12:95-100. 2007..how general medical practices in the UK react to bureaucratic initiatives, such as National Health Service (NHS) National Service Frameworks (NSFs), and to explore the value of the metaphor of 'barriers to change' for understanding this.
- Neural activity associated with metaphor comprehension: spatial analysisMaría Sotillo
Departamento de Psicologia Basica, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Neurosci Lett 373:5-9. 2005Though neuropsychological data indicate that the right hemisphere (RH) plays a major role in metaphor processing, other studies suggest that, at least during some phases of this processing, a RH advantage may not exist...
- What metaphor for the aging brain?Kenneth Rockwood
Neurology 69:1896-7. 2007
- Disease metaphors in new epidemics: the UK media framing of the 2003 SARS epidemicPatrick Wallis
Department of Economic History, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
Soc Sci Med 60:2629-39. 2005..In this article, we examine how language and metaphor were used in the UK media's coverage of another previously unknown and severe infectious disease: Severe Acute ..
- Neural correlates of metaphor processingAlexander M Rapp
Department of Psychiatry, University of Tuebingen, Osianderstrasse 24, D 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 20:395-402. 2004..Beyond semantic analysis, understanding the figurative meaning of a metaphor requires mental linkage of different category domains normally not related to each other...
- The lone ranger as a metaphor for the psychoanalytic movement from conscious to unconscious experienceWarren Wilner
The William Alanson White Institute, New York, NY, USA
Psychoanal Rev 92:759-76. 2005
- Anatomy of a media event: how arguments clashed in the 2001 human cloning debateBrigitte Nerlich
Institute for the Study of Genetics, Biorisks and Society, School of Psychology, Nottingham, UK
New Genet Soc 22:43-59. 2003..The media event staged by two fertility experts in 2001 is here analysed as a case study...
- Metaphor comprehension in Alzheimer's disease: novelty mattersMartina Amanzio
Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Via Verdi 10, 10123 Torino, Italy
Brain Lang 107:1-10. 2008..However, their performance was significantly lower in the case of non-conventional (novel) metaphor comprehension...
- The metaphor of scaffolding: its utility for the field of learning disabilitiesC A Stone
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 3560, USA
J Learn Disabil 31:344-64. 1998..the past 20 years, an increasing number of psychologists and educators have used the notion of scaffolding as a metaphor for the process by which adults (and more knowledgeable peers) guide children's learning and development...
- Is metaphor special?Rachel Giora
Brain Lang 100:111-4. 2007
- Your highness: vertical positions as perceptual symbols of powerThomas W Schubert
University of Jena, Jena, Germany
J Pers Soc Psychol 89:1-21. 2005..Study 1 assessed image schemas for power and found a shared vertical difference metaphor. Studies 2, 3, and 4 showed that the judgment of a group's power is influenced by the group's vertical position ..
- Right hemisphere metaphor processing? Characterizing the lateralization of semantic processesGwen L Schmidt
Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1876, USA
Brain Lang 100:127-41. 2007..This pattern of results is consistent with theories postulating predominantly left hemisphere processing of close semantic relationships and predominantly right hemisphere processing of distant semantic relationships...
- Brainwaves are stethoscopes: ERP correlates of novel metaphor comprehensionYossi Arzouan
Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 52900, Israel
Brain Res 1160:69-81. 2007..attempts to integrate meaning in a non-literal fashion, a result that supports the sequential view of novel metaphor comprehension...
- A special role for the right hemisphere in metaphor comprehension? ERP evidence from hemifield presentationSeana Coulson
Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, Mail Code 0515, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Brain Res 1146:128-45. 2007..ERP metaphoricity effects were very similar across hemifields, suggesting that the integration of metaphoric meanings was similarly taxing for the two hemispheres, contrary to the predictions of the right hemisphere theory of metaphor.
- Cancer as metaphorRichard T Penson
Department of Medicine, Hematology Oncology, Cox 548, 100 Blossom Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 2617, USA
Oncologist 9:708-16. 2004..In oncology, the military metaphor is perhaps the most prominent, with the high profile of the "War on Cancer," and the imperative for patients to ..
- Use of schizophrenia as a metaphor in US newspapersKenneth Duckworth
Massachusetts Department of Mental Health, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Psychiatr Serv 54:1402-4. 2003..Building on Susan Sontag's exploration of cancer in the 1978 book Illness as Metaphor, the authors hypothesize that "schizophrenia" is now more commonly misused...
- On metaphoric representationG L Murphy
University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
Cognition 60:173-204. 1996..there is a separate representation of love, but the content of that representation is influenced by the metaphor such that the love concept takes on the same structure as the journey concept...
- Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 3. Refining the quantum metaphor for homeopathyL R Milgrom
Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Homeopathy 92:152-60. 2003....
- Introducing the concept of epistemological beliefs into medical education: the hot-air-balloon metaphorAnn Roex
Academic Center of General Practice, Leuven, Belgium
Acad Med 82:616-20. 2007..The metaphor of a piloted hot-air balloon illustrates the different factors contributing to medical expertise: the hot-air ..
- How metaphors influence semantic relatedness judgments: the role of the right frontal cortexArgyris K Stringaris
Section of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry at the Maudsley, King s College London, PO 68 Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
Neuroimage 33:784-93. 2006....
- Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 1: a qualitative, non-local metaphor for homeopathy based on quantum theoryL R Milgrom
Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
Homeopathy 91:239-48. 2002A metaphor for homeopathy is developed in which the potentised medicine, the patient, and the practitioner are seen as forming a non-local therapeutically 'entangled' triad, qualitatively described in terms of the transactional ..
- Patient-Practitioner-Remedy (PPR) Entanglement, Part 7: a gyroscopic metaphor for the vital force and its use to illustrate some of the empirical laws of homeopathyL R Milgrom
Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 11:212-23. 2004....
- Understanding metaphors: Is the right hemisphere uniquely involved?Natalie A Kacinik
Center for Neuroscience, University of California, 1544 Newton Crt, Davis, CA 95616 8768, USA
Brain Lang 100:188-207. 2007..e., POTENT vs COMET). Similar literal and metaphor priming effects were found in both visual fields across most experimental conditions...
- Specific linguistic and pragmatic deficits in Italian patients with schizophreniaAlessandro Tavano
Scientific Institute E Medea, Udine, Italy
Schizophr Res 102:53-62. 2008..Indeed, most of the language literature is composed of studies on English speaking people...
- An fMRI investigation of the neural correlates underlying the processing of novel metaphoric expressionsN Mashal
The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Israel
Brain Lang 100:115-26. 2007..These results support the GSH and suggest a special role for the RH in processing novel metaphors. Furthermore, the right PSTS may be selectively involved in verbal creativity...
- The role of the right cerebral hemisphere in processing novel metaphoric expressions taken from poetry: a divided visual field studyM Faust
The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Neuropsychologia 45:860-70. 2007..The findings thus suggest that the RH may be critically involved in at least one important component of novel metaphor comprehension, i.e...
- Hemispheric asymmetry and pun comprehension: when cowboys have sore calvesSeana Coulson
Cognitive Science Department, University of California, San Diego, USA
Brain Lang 100:172-87. 2007..By 500 ms, both meanings are active in both hemispheres...
- Testing idiom comprehension in aphasic patients: the effects of task and idiom typeC Papagno
Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Milano Bicocca, Piazza dell Ateneo Nuovo 1, Edificio U6, 20126 Milano, Italy
Brain Lang 100:208-20. 2007..The results confirm the relevance of task and idiom type in drawing conclusions about figurative language interpretation in brain-damaged patients...
- Can Florida become like the next Florida? When metaphoric comparisons failSam Glucksberg
Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Psychol Sci 17:935-8. 2006..of process is determined not by conventionality, but instead by the semantic and referential properties of the metaphor itself...
- Embodied meaning in a neural theory of languageJerome Feldman
International Computer Science Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Brain Lang 89:385-92. 2004
- Imagery in sentence comprehension: an fMRI studyMarcel Adam Just
Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 15213, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Neuroimage 21:112-24. 2004..In particular, the left intraparietal sulcus area appears to be centrally involved in processing the visual imagery that a sentence can evoke, while activating in synchrony with some core language processing regions...
- Functional MRI of conventional and anomalous metaphors in Mandarin ChineseKathleen Ahrens
National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Brain Lang 100:163-71. 2007..In addition, when the anomalous metaphor condition is compared with the literal condition, increased activation occurs bilaterally in the frontal and ..
- Factors supporting idiom comprehension in children with communication disordersCourtenay Frazier Norbury
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
J Speech Lang Hear Res 47:1179-93. 2004..These findings are discussed in relation to theories of idiom acquisition and contextual processing in autism...
- Semantic priming effect of metaphor constituent termsKeiko Nakamoto
Department of Educational Psychology, School of Education, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
Percept Mot Skills 96:33-42. 2003Camac and Glucksberg reported there was no priming effect between constituent terms of a metaphor and argued that there was no prior similarity or association between the constituents. However, their study had several limitations...
- Right hemisphere sensitivity to novel metaphoric relations: application of the signal detection theoryN Mashal
The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Brain Lang 104:103-12. 2008..the findings suggest that the RH is more sensitive than the LH to unfamiliar metaphoric relations. Furthermore, this RH advantage in processing distant semantic relations did not extend to familiar semantic relations...
- Comprehending spoken metaphoric reference: a real-time analysisMark T Stewart
Department of Psychology, Willamette University, Salem, Oregon 97301, USA
Exp Psychol 49:34-44. 2002Speakers and writers often use metaphor to describe someone or something in a referential fashion (e.g., The creampuff didn't show up for the fight to refer to a cowardly boxer)...
- Comprehending anaphoric metaphorsRaluca Budiu
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
Mem Cognit 30:158-65. 2002..We argue that these results suggest a comprehension deficit for anaphoric noun metaphors even when they are preceded by a context...
- [The psychometric properties of the Proverb-Metaphor Test]Katarzyna Szajer
Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii AM w Lublinie
Psychiatr Pol 41:73-86. 2007..Abstract thinking belongs to intellectual abilities of the highest level of the evolutionary development, thanks to which operations such a classification, systematisation and comparison are possible...
- Interpretation of ambiguous idiomatic statements in schizophrenic and depressive patients. Evidence for common and differential cognitive patternsGalina Iakimova
Laboratoire Universitaire de Recherche, Service de Psychiatrie Adulte, Centre Hospitalier de Versailles, Le Chesnay, France
Psychopathology 39:277-85. 2006..This study is concerned with the comprehension of ambiguous idiomatic statements in schizophrenic and depressive patients...
- Even with a green card, you can be put out to pasture and still have to work: non-native intuitions of the transparency of common English idiomsBarbara C Malt
Department of Psychology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA
Mem Cognit 32:896-904. 2004..In agreement with Keysar and Bly's suggestion, their subsequent sense of transparency was greater for the meaning that the speakers had learned and used, regardless of which one it was...
- The integration of figurative language and static depictions: an eye movement study of fictive motionDaniel Richardson
Psychology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
Cognition 102:129-38. 2007..It is argued that fictive motion evokes a mental simulation of motion that is immediately integrated with visual processing, and hence figurative language can have a distinct effect on perception...
- The soft embodiment of culture: camera angles and motion through time and spaceAngela K y Leung
School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore
Psychol Sci 18:824-30. 2007....
- Simulating the pattern of right-hemisphere-damaged patients for the processing of the alternative metaphorical meanings of words: evidence in favor of a cognitive resources hypothesisLaura Monetta
Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Montreal, Que, Canada H3W 1W5
Brain Lang 96:171-7. 2006....
- "Meaning-making" in language and biologyYair Neuman
Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Perspect Biol Med 48:317-27. 2005The linguistic metaphor in biology adheres to a representational theory that seeks similarities between pre-given domains. The point of departure of this paper is the generative and nonrepresentational conception of metaphor...
- No pain, no gain: pain behaviour in the armed forcesPhil Harper
Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham
Br J Nurs 15:548-51. 2006..Thus, pain expression varies according to the context in which it occurs. Nurses need to be aware of this to ensure they interpret and manage their patients' pain appropriately...
- Treating Leick with like: response to criticisms of the use of entanglement to illustrate homeopathyLionel R Milgrom
Homeopathy Research Institute, 63 Vale Road, London N4 1PP, UK
Homeopathy 97:96-9. 2008..The authors have used accepted interpretations of quantum theory: Leick's view is coloured by skepticism concerning homeopathy...
- Modern or post-modern? Local or non-local? A response to LeickHarald Walach
School of Social Sciences and Samueli Institute, European Office, University of Northampton, Boughton Green Road, Northampton NN2 7AL, UK
Homeopathy 97:100-2. 2008..The only thing that can resolve it is a large cultural shift. My own ideas about non-local models, for a whole category of possibly similar events of which homeopathy is but one example...
- Straw men and black swans: the philosophy of contemporary scienceAdrian Philip Gaylard
Homeopathy 97:47-8; author reply 48-50. 2008
- Comment on: "Conspicuous by its absence: the Memory of Water, macro-entanglement, and the possibility of homeopathy" and "The nature of the active ingredient in ultramolecular dilutions"Philippe Leick
Homeopathy 97:50-1. 2008
- Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 6. Miasms revisited: non-linear quantum theory as a model for the homeopathic processL R Milgrom
Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Homeopathy 93:154-8. 2004....
- Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 5. Can homeopathic remedy reactions be outcomes of PPR entanglement?L R Milgrom
Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Homeopathy 93:94-8. 2004....
- What is genetic information, and why is it significant? A contextual, contrastive, approachNeil C Manson
Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, Furness College, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YG, UK
J Appl Philos 23:1-16. 2006..This, in turn, suggests that a proper solution to the regulatory question requires us to pay more attention to how and why information, and its acquisition, possession and use, come to be of ethical significance...
- Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 2: Extending the metaphor for homeopathy using molecular quantum theoryL R Milgrom
Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London, UK
Homeopathy 92:35-43. 2003A quantum metaphor developed previously for homeopathy, involving triadic patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, is extended by importing concepts used in chemistry to describe the electronic structures of molecules...
- Kent and quantum mechanicsJ Yasgur
Homeopathy 93:43; discussion 43-4. 2004
- Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 4. Towards classification and unification of the different entanglement models for homeopathyL R Milgrom
Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, South Kensington, London, UK
Homeopathy 93:34-42. 2004..The new combined model invokes a 'geometry' of patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement embedded in a therapeutic state space...
- Prostate cancer health literacy in rural versus urban African-American men.Kerry Laing Kilbridge; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will use qualitative methods and conceptual metaphor to explore ways to improve communication and shared decisions for African American men with low literacy skills...
- KAN-DO: A Family-Based Intervention to Prevent Childhood ObesityTruls Ostbye; Fiscal Year: 2010..that addresses both parenting skills and behavioral weight management, and 5) utilizing a housebuilding metaphor with the characters Carl and Carla the Carpenters acting to integrate the intervention and deliver healthy ..
- Cross-modal interactions between vision and touchKRISHNANKUTTY SATHIAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..cross-modal plasticity but also of disorders such as autism and traumatic brain injury, where known deficits in metaphor comprehension may reflect defective integrative processing of the kind studied here...
- Neuroimaging of Metaphor ProcessingMichele T Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2010..Clinical, behavioral, and neuro imaging research support right hemisphere involvement in metaphor processing...
- Role of oculomotor proprioception in spatial processing by the parietal cortexLINUS DASHIH SUN; Fiscal Year: 2013..The double-step task is a laboratory metaphor for this problem: monkeys and humans can make two sequentially accurate saccades to recently vanished stimuli ..
- Assessing and Reducing Gender Bias in STEM Recruitment, Mentorship and EvaluationWendy M Williams; Fiscal Year: 2012..2006);the metaphor of a "leaky pipeline" has been replaced with the realization that plenty of talented women are still in the ..
- Biomedical Research Abroad: Vistas Open! /MHIRT (BRAVO!MHIRT)Charles R Sterling; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Thinking globally and acting locally is a metaphor for the program we put forth, emphasizing our recognition of global health disparity issues that plague the United States and many countries of the ..
- Framing New Pathways to Medical Discoveries for Families, Students and TeachersLAURA W MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2013..Using the metaphor of a hardware store (i.e...
- Figurative Language in Aphasic and Health ParticipantsANJAN K CHATTERJEE; Fiscal Year: 2013..test hypothesis about the neural bases for figurative language, we will use contemporary theoretical accounts of metaphor processing to motivate our studies and design our approach to overcome previous methodological limitations in ..
- TYPHOID MARY Documentary Film one-hourNANCY PORTER; Fiscal Year: 2003..To challenge the enduring cultural image of Typhoid Mary as a metaphor for a prototypical disease carrier, thereby contributing to the ongoing, sometimes-heated debate among historians ..
- ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY EXPLORATION AND TRAINING CENTERJo Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2002..The program will use a metaphor of a community-based Assistive Technology (AT) Center...
- Development of an Instrument to Measure Health LiteracyLauren McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2009..S. have limited literacy skills. While the metaphor of "literacy" focuses us on language skills, health literacy is actually a multidimensional construct with at ..
- MULTIMEDIA SMOKING CESSATION FOR ALCOHOLIC CLIENTSStephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2002..Based on the metaphor of a television network, users are able to access their own personal "channel" broadcasting a selection of "shows,..
- SEXUAL NETWORKS AND HIV: DATA, MODELS AND INTERVENTIONW Morris; Fiscal Year: 2000..The goal is to take "network modeling" beyond its current status as a metaphor standing for an ad hoc collection of incompatible methods, and make it a more useful tool for understanding and ..
- Metaphor Training ProgramHiram Brownell; Fiscal Year: 2009..The tasks comprising the training program are motivated by a theoretical analysis of the neuropsychology of metaphor comprehension deficits and related topics...
- SODm for Management of Ischemic Heart DiseaseDaniela Salvemini; Fiscal Year: 2001..injury have shown that a significant reduction in tissue damage from infarction can be achieved using MetaPhor's proprietary superoxide dismutase mimetics (SODm)...
- COMPARATIVE CULTURAL STUDY OF PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESSMitchell Weiss; Fiscal Year: 1992..Leprosy remains a major tropical disease in many developing countries. As the ultimate metaphor for stigma and despair, it exemplifies health problems for which improving links between psychiatry and medicine ..
- ANATOMICAL RESOURCE IN THE QUICKTIME VR FORMATGARY NIEDER; Fiscal Year: 2003..It has also proven possible to change the metaphor of the QTVR objects to show movement of anatomical specimens (such as a knee joint) or to demonstrate a ..
- ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR STRUCTUREA Catania; Fiscal Year: 1980..in generalized imitation) but are also analogous to those of language productivity (as in novel utterances and metaphor). Sequential structure will also be examined...
- Metaphor Training ProjectKristine Lundgren; Fiscal Year: 2006..The tasks comprising the treatment program are motivated by a theoretical analysis of the neuropsychology of metaphor comprehension deficits and related topics...
- Exploring Attitudes Toward AIDS Prevention in BotswanaMarie Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004..model, including the aspects of 1) noting patterns and themes, 2) seeing plausibility, 3) clustering, 4) metaphor making, and 5) counting and) making contrasts/comparisons...
- DATA ACQUISTION AND CONTROL VIA SERIAL I/OGary Knott; Fiscal Year: 1991..The major visualization metaphor is the strip chart/oscillograph, with scrolling and playback controls...
- Dynamics of Neural Networks From Biophysics to BehaviorDavid Gross; Fiscal Year: 2001..The initial ideas of physicists about the dynamics of neural networks were metaphor more than science...
- COMMERCIALZATION OF METAPHOR GRAPHIC PHYSIOLOGIC DISPLAYJames Agutter; Fiscal Year: 2004..Phase I results will be analyzed by clinical consultants and the resulting prototype display will move to the Phase II program. ..
- REPRESENTATIONS OF AMERICAN MARRIAGENaomi Quinn; Fiscal Year: 1980..be derived from the process of change, such as "growth," "investment," or "deepening of commitment" involved in a metaphor; preservation goals and heuristics for monitoring their preservation may, likewise, be derived from states, such ..
- UNDERSTANDING AND USING NON-LITERAL LANGUAGESam Glucksberg; Fiscal Year: 1993..The theory is intended to account for both comprehension and production. (2) Metaphors: A new theory of metaphor comprehension is proposed whereby metaphors function as novel re- categorizations of concepts...
- MESA Center for Health DisparitiesAntonia Villarruel; Fiscal Year: 2006..The name MESA in Spanish means table, and is a metaphor for "bringing ideas to the table" for meaningful exchange and sharing...
- MESA Center for Health DisparitiesCarrie Jo Braden; Fiscal Year: 2006..The name MESA in Spanish means table, and is a metaphor for "bringing ideas to the table" for meaningful exchange and sharing...
- A MULTIMEDIA TEACHING AND REFERENCE TOOL FOR CANCER PAINDavid Madigan; Fiscal Year: 1993..In particular, Talaria will employ a travel metaphor, implemented with graphics, to provide intelligent guidance for the clinician...
- Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer IncidenceNancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results of this investigation will provide new insights into social determinants of and secular changes in breast cancer incidence, with implications for breast cancer surveillance, screening and control. ..
- Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic DiseaseNancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATANancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Low Vision Rehabilitation Consensus ProjectRobert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing DataNancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEM FOR LOW VISION REHABILITATIONRobert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2007..All testing will be done with volunteers recruited from among students taking the online low vision course developed in Phase 1. ..
- VISION DISABILITIES IN LOW VISIONRobert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2007..And, to achieve Aim 4, we will use triadic comparison and willingness-to-pay methods of measuring the values of alternative low vision rehabilitation outcomes. ..
- Geocoding, Census Data & Social Disparities in HealthNancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- MOUSE MODELS OF INSULIN RESISTANCEDomenico Accili; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- AROUSAL REGULATORY FUNCTIONS IN COCAINE-EXPOSED CHILDRENLinda Mayes; Fiscal Year: 2004..Early disruption of the developmental ontogeny of arousal and attentional regulatory capacities may have effects that extend well into the school-aged years and alter the normal trajectory of cognitive and social-emotional development. ..
- New Methods to assess social, cognitive, and physical function in older personsThomas Glass; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed research is responsive to NIH PA-05-090 and to objectives laid out in the NIH roadmap. ..
- Mutation rate catastrophe: testing a novel theory for the extinction of clonal orPHILIP JOHN GERRISH; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Complex Isopathic Drug Development for NeuroprotectionWayne Jonas; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- A Collegial Defense Against Irresponsible ScienceGERALD KOOCHER; Fiscal Year: 2006..The final guide will discuss strategies for intervention, and include disguised cases and role playing scenarios for training purposes and will be posted on a permanent public web page. ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTION AND ATTENTIONAlan Fogel; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- CORTICAL PLASTICITY SYSTEMSStephen Lisberger; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- EVOLUTIONARY MODELS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEMMelvin Cohn; Fiscal Year: 2010..The influx of mathematicians and computer modelers is clearly changing the way we analyze immune behavior. ..
- SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY OF SMOKING AND CESSATIONWilliam Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2001..Support for this social cognitive model would advance an understanding of the mechanisms involved in smoking and cessation behaviors, and possible lead to developing interventions that will help increasing number of smokers to quit. ..
- SOCIAL INTEGRATION, AGING AND STROKEThomas Glass; Fiscal Year: 2002..They conclude that information about how the social context impacts the etiology and course of this prevalent disease will lead to low-cost intervention strategies. ..
- BION Treatment of Neuromuscular DysfunctionGerald Loeb; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- HEALTH RELATED INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS LIVING WITH HIVMARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Modeling the Effect of Cigarette Advertising on Adolescent SmokingWilliam G Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- MOTHERS LIVING WITH HIV AND THEIR ADOLESCENT CHILDRENMARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Arousal and Attention in Cocaine-Exposed ChildrenLinda Mayes; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such interactions place cocaine-exposed children at higher risk for externalizing forms of psychopathology. ..
- Development of antisocial behavior in early adulthoodKENNETH DODGE; Fiscal Year: 2008..This research will contribute both to basic theories of antisocial development and to prevention science and public policy. ..
- Molecular Physiology of the renal Na-Cl cotransporterGerardo Gamba; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ANALYSIS OF SPACE BY THE AUDITORY SYSTEMERIC KNUDSEN; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Neural Systems Underlying Sign Language ProductionKaren Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Risk Factors and Incidence of Sharps Injuries to NursesSean Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2009..The public health impact relates to better strategies for control of exposure to bloodborne pathogens in healthcare workers as well as improving workplace safety more generally. ..
- Partner-Specific Memory Associations in Language UseWilliam Horton; Fiscal Year: 2007..The goals of this project are to motivate a more fully-specified model of the cognitive mechanisms that mediate the ability of language users to take into account common ground. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Training/Education: Advance in Clinical Research (RMI)MARY CARNES; Fiscal Year: 2004..Extramural federal research funding for the primary mentors exceeds $80 million annually in direct costs. Thus, this is the right time and UW-Madison is the right place for this far-reaching, innovative training grant. ..
- Functional MRI of Sensory-Motor Metaphor ProcessingRutvik Desai; Fiscal Year: 2007..neuropsychological, and neurophysiological research provides valuable insights into conceptual representation and metaphor processing...