metaphor

Summary

Summary: The application of a concept to that which it is not literally the same but which suggests a resemblance and comparison. Medical metaphors were widespread in ancient literature; the description of a sick body was often used by ancient writers to define a critical condition of the State, in which one corrupt part can ruin the entire system. (From Med Secoli Arte Sci, 1990;2(3):abstract 331)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Neural correlates of metaphor processing: the roles of figurativeness, familiarity and difficulty
    Gwenda L Schmidt
    Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    Brain Cogn 71:375-86. 2009
  2. pmc Is it time to drop the 'knowledge translation' metaphor? A critical literature review
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    Global Health, Policy and Innovation Unit, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London E1 2AB, UK
    J R Soc Med 104:501-9. 2011
  3. ncbi Decomposing metaphor processing at the cognitive and neural level through functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Valentina Bambini
    Laboratorio di Linguistica G Nencioni, Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri, Pisa, Italy
    Brain Res Bull 86:203-16. 2011
  4. ncbi A metaphor-enriched social cognition
    Mark J Landau
    Department of Psychology, 1415 Jayhawk Boulevard, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 7556, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:1045-67. 2010
  5. pmc Stimulus design is an obstacle course: 560 matched literal and metaphorical sentences for testing neural hypotheses about metaphor
    Eileen R Cardillo
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, 3 West Gates, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Behav Res Methods 42:651-64. 2010
  6. ncbi Polarity correspondence in metaphor congruency effects: structural overlap predicts categorization times for bipolar concepts presented in vertical space
    Daniël Lakens
    Human Technology Interaction Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, IPO 1 24, PO Box 513, 5600MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 38:726-36. 2012
  7. ncbi Distinction between the literal and intended meanings of sentences: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of metaphor and sarcasm
    Hitoshi T Uchiyama
    Department of Education, Faculty of Regional Sciences, Tottori University, Tottori, Japan
    Cortex 48:563-83. 2012
  8. ncbi Dissociable neural systems for analogy and metaphor: implications for the neuroscience of creativity
    Oshin Vartanian
    University of Toronto, Scarborough, Canada
    Br J Psychol 103:302-16. 2012
  9. ncbi Comprehension of metaphor and irony in schizophrenia during remission: the role of theory of mind and IQ
    Shuliang Mo
    Department of Psychology, Peking University, 5 Yihe Yuan Road, Beijing, 100871, PR China
    Psychiatry Res 157:21-9. 2008
  10. ncbi Neural correlates of metaphor processing in schizophrenia
    Tilo T J Kircher
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr 30, D 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Neuroimage 34:281-9. 2007

Detail Information

Publications253 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Neural correlates of metaphor processing: the roles of figurativeness, familiarity and difficulty
    Gwenda L Schmidt
    Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    Brain Cogn 71:375-86. 2009
    There is currently much interest in investigating the neural substrates of metaphor processing...
  2. pmc Is it time to drop the 'knowledge translation' metaphor? A critical literature review
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    Global Health, Policy and Innovation Unit, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London E1 2AB, UK
    J R Soc Med 104:501-9. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest that while 'translation' is a widely used metaphor in medicine, it constrains how we conceptualise and study the link between knowledge and practice...
  3. ncbi Decomposing metaphor processing at the cognitive and neural level through functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Valentina Bambini
    Laboratorio di Linguistica G Nencioni, Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri, Pisa, Italy
    Brain Res Bull 86:203-16. 2011
    Prior neuroimaging studies on metaphor comprehension have tended to focus on the role of the right hemisphere, without reaching consensus and leaving aside the functional architecture of this process...
  4. ncbi A metaphor-enriched social cognition
    Mark J Landau
    Department of Psychology, 1415 Jayhawk Boulevard, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 7556, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:1045-67. 2010
    ..we propose that social cognition can and should be enriched by an explicit recognition that conceptual metaphor is a unique cognitive mechanism that shapes social thought and attitudes...
  5. pmc Stimulus design is an obstacle course: 560 matched literal and metaphorical sentences for testing neural hypotheses about metaphor
    Eileen R Cardillo
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, 3 West Gates, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Behav Res Methods 42:651-64. 2010
    Despite the ubiquity and importance of metaphor in thought and communication, its neural mediation remains elusive...
  6. ncbi Polarity correspondence in metaphor congruency effects: structural overlap predicts categorization times for bipolar concepts presented in vertical space
    Daniël Lakens
    Human Technology Interaction Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, IPO 1 24, PO Box 513, 5600MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 38:726-36. 2012
    Previous research has shown that words presented on metaphor congruent locations (e.g...
  7. ncbi Distinction between the literal and intended meanings of sentences: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of metaphor and sarcasm
    Hitoshi T Uchiyama
    Department of Education, Faculty of Regional Sciences, Tottori University, Tottori, Japan
    Cortex 48:563-83. 2012
    To comprehend figurative utterances such as metaphor or sarcasm, a listener must both judge the literal meaning of the statement and infer the speaker's intended meaning (mentalizing; Amodio and Frith, 2006)...
  8. ncbi Dissociable neural systems for analogy and metaphor: implications for the neuroscience of creativity
    Oshin Vartanian
    University of Toronto, Scarborough, Canada
    Br J Psychol 103:302-16. 2012
    ..to conduct quantitative meta-analyses of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments of analogy and metaphor - two processes related to creativity and included in the recent reviews...
  9. ncbi Comprehension of metaphor and irony in schizophrenia during remission: the role of theory of mind and IQ
    Shuliang Mo
    Department of Psychology, Peking University, 5 Yihe Yuan Road, Beijing, 100871, PR China
    Psychiatry Res 157:21-9. 2008
    The study reported herein explored the comprehension of metaphor and irony in schizophrenia during remission, and examined the role of IQ and a theory of mind...
  10. ncbi Neural correlates of metaphor processing in schizophrenia
    Tilo T J Kircher
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr 30, D 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Neuroimage 34:281-9. 2007
    ..Although this is routinely tested during clinical interview, its neural basis is unknown...
  11. ncbi Aging and inhibition processes: the case of metaphor treatment
    Isabella Morrone
    Department of Psychology, CLEA 4296, University of Reims Champagne Ardenne, Reims, France
    Psychol Aging 25:697-701. 2010
    ..The interference effect was predicted by the psychometric tests designed to evaluate inhibition...
  12. pmc Brain correlates of discourse processing: an fMRI investigation of irony and conventional metaphor comprehension
    Zohar Eviatar
    Institute of Information Processing and Decision Making, Psychology Department, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Neuropsychologia 44:2348-59. 2006
    ..The findings show differential hemispheric sensitivity to these aspects of figurative language, and are relevant to models of the functional cortical architecture of language processing in connected discourse...
  13. ncbi Metaphor explanation attenuates the right-hand preference for depictive co-speech gestures that imitate actions
    Sotaro Kita
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Brain Lang 101:185-97. 2007
    ..non-metaphorical meanings, on the assumption that metaphor explanation enhances the right hemisphere contribution to speech production...
  14. pmc Metaphors we think with: the role of metaphor in reasoning
    Paul H Thibodeau
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16782. 2011
    The way we talk about complex and abstract ideas is suffused with metaphor. In five experiments, we explore how these metaphors influence the way that we reason about complex issues and forage for further information about them...
  15. ncbi Invasional meltdown 6 years later: important phenomenon, unfortunate metaphor, or both?
    Daniel Simberloff
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    Ecol Lett 9:912-9. 2006
    ..By contrast, in many authenticated cases, at least one partner is aided. The metaphor of meltdown focused attention on facilitation in invasion and has probably helped inspire recent studies...
  16. ncbi Implicit learning of mappings between forms and metaphorical meanings
    Fengying Li
    School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
    Conscious Cogn 22:174-83. 2013
    ..We argue, from the metaphor-representation and embodiment perspectives, that people can unconsciously establish mappings between word forms ..
  17. ncbi Looking at the brains behind figurative language--a quantitative meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies on metaphor, idiom, and irony processing
    Isabel C Bohrn
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Department of Education and Psychology, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, Berlin, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 50:2669-83. 2012
    ..No general RH advantage for metaphor processing could be found...
  18. ncbi Bidirectionality, mediation, and moderation of metaphorical effects: the embodiment of social suspicion and fishy smells
    Spike W S Lee
    Department of Marketing, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 103:737-49. 2012
    ..These findings also highlight the need for exploring the cultural variability and origin of metaphorical knowledge...
  19. pmc The influence of context on hemispheric recruitment during metaphor processing
    Michele T Diaz
    Duke University, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:3586-97. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi The career of metaphor
    Brian F Bowdle
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University, IN 47405, USA
    Psychol Rev 112:193-216. 2005
    A central question in metaphor research is how metaphors establish mappings between concepts from different domains. The authors propose an evolutionary path based on structure-mapping theory...
  21. ncbi Laterality in metaphor processing: lack of evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging for the right hemisphere theory
    Alexander M Rapp
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Tuebingen, Osianderstrasse 24, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Brain Lang 100:142-9. 2007
    ..The lowest degree of laterality was found in the temporal pole. Other factors than metaphoricity per se might trigger right hemisphere recruitment. Results are discussed in the context of lesion and hemifield studies...
  22. ncbi Focusing the metaphor: plant root foraging behaviour
    Gordon G McNickle
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:419-26. 2009
    ..We conclude by demonstrating how this new foundation could be adapted to address five fundamental questions in plant foraging ecology...
  23. ncbi Leadership transmission: a muddled metaphor?
    David Buchanan
    Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK
    J Health Organ Manag 21:246-58. 2007
    The purpose of this paper is to examine critically the concept of "leadership transmission", considering what theoretical and practical value this metaphor brings to the healthcare modernization agenda.
  24. ncbi ERP and behavioral evidence of individual differences in metaphor comprehension
    Victoria A Kazmerski
    Humanities and Social Sciences, Penn State Erie, The Behrend College, Erie, Pennsylvania 16563 1501, USA
    Mem Cognit 31:673-89. 2003
    In two experiments, we examined individual differences in metaphor processing. In Experiment 1, the subjects judged the literal truth of literal, metaphorical, and scrambled sentences...
  25. ncbi Enhanced left frontal involvement during novel metaphor comprehension in schizophrenia: evidence from functional neuroimaging
    N Mashal
    School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Brain Lang 124:66-74. 2013
    The neural basis involved in novel metaphor comprehension in schizophrenia is relatively unknown...
  26. ncbi The use of metaphor for understanding and managing psychotic experiences: A systematic review
    Tracy J Mould
    Illawarra Institute for Mental Health, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
    J Ment Health 19:282-93. 2010
    ..b>Metaphor is a valuable way of describing these experiences to others...
  27. ncbi Figurative language processing after traumatic brain injury in adults: a preliminary study
    Fanpei Gloria Yang
    Center for Brain Health, University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, TX 5235, USA
    Neuropsychologia 48:1923-9. 2010
    Figurative speech (e.g., proverb, irony, metaphor, and idiom) has been reported to be particularly sensitive to measurement of abstract thinking in patients who suffer from impaired abstraction and language abilities...
  28. ncbi Conceptual integration and metaphor: an event-related potential study
    Seana Coulson
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0515, USA
    Mem Cognit 30:958-68. 2002
    ..Consistent with conceptual blending theory, the results suggest that the demands of conceptual integration affect the difficulty of both literal and metaphorical language...
  29. ncbi Deriving meaning: Distinct neural mechanisms for metaphoric, literal, and non-meaningful sentences
    Argyris K Stringaris
    Section of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Brain Lang 100:150-62. 2007
    ..In contrast to previous studies, our results do not support the view the right hemispheric is specifically involved in metaphor comprehension.
  30. ncbi Recognition of metaphor and irony in young adults: the impact of schizotypal personality traits
    Robyn Langdon
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    Psychiatry Res 125:9-20. 2004
    ..of identifying appropriate metaphors, suggesting a discontinuity between schizophrenia and schizotypy for the metaphor-recognition problem...
  31. ncbi Metaphor comprehension: a computational theory
    W Kintsch
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder 80309 0344, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 7:257-66. 2000
    b>Metaphor comprehension involves an interaction between the meaning of the topic and the vehicle terms of the metaphor. Meaning is represented by vectors in a high-dimensional semantic space...
  32. ncbi Semantic integration during metaphor comprehension in Asperger syndrome
    Rinat Gold
    The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Brain Lang 113:124-34. 2010
    ..Specifically, we aimed to examine whether a deficient semantic integration process underlies the difficulties in metaphor comprehension frequently experienced by persons with AS...
  33. pmc Beyond laterality: a critical assessment of research on the neural basis of metaphor
    Gwenda L Schmidt
    University of Pennsylvania, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 16:1-5. 2010
    ..We propose ways to advance our understanding of the neuropsychology of metaphor that go beyond simple laterality...
  34. ncbi Neuronal correlates to consciousness. The "Hall of Mirrors" metaphor describing consciousness as an epiphenomenon of multiple dynamic mosaics of cortical functional modules
    Luigi Francesco Agnati
    Fondazione IRCCS San Camillo, Venezia Lido, Italy
    Brain Res 1476:3-21. 2012
    ..of these neurobiological data and speculations and of the evidence of 'mirror neurons' the 'Hall of Mirrors' is proposed as a significant metaphor of consciousness. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Brain Integration.
  35. ncbi Dissociative experience and cultural neuroscience: narrative, metaphor and mechanism
    Rebecca Seligman
    Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 32:31-64. 2008
    ..This integrative model, grounded in a cultural neuroscience, can advance ethnographic studies of dissociation and inform clinical approaches to dissociation through careful consideration of the impact of social context...
  36. ncbi Using metaphor as a qualitative analytic approach to understand complexity in primary care research
    Virginia Aita
    University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, USA
    Qual Health Res 13:1419-31. 2003
    ..In this article, the authors explore the theoretical rationale, background, and advantages of using metaphor as an analytic strategy in qualitative health research...
  37. ncbi Gesture and metaphor comprehension: electrophysiological evidence of cross-modal coordination by audiovisual stimulation
    Carlos Cornejo
    Escuela de Psicologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Av Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Macul, Santiago, Chile
    Brain Cogn 70:42-52. 2009
    ..information are combined online to make sense of the interlocutor's linguistic production in an early stage of metaphor comprehension...
  38. ncbi Use of metaphor in the discourse on cancer
    Gary M Reisfield
    Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, University of Florida Health Science Center Jacksonville, 655 W Eighth St, Jacksonville, FL 32209, USA
    J Clin Oncol 22:4024-7. 2004
  39. pmc Functional-anatomical organization of predicate metaphor processing
    Evan Chen
    Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, 3 W Gates Building, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Brain Lang 107:194-202. 2008
    The bulk of the research on the neural organization of metaphor comprehension has focused on nominal metaphors and the metaphoric relationships between word pairs...
  40. ncbi Differences in task demands influence the hemispheric lateralization and neural correlates of metaphor
    Fanpei Gloria Yang
    Center for Brain Health, University of Texas at Dallas, Frances and Mildred Goad Building, 2200 West Mockingbird Lane, Dallas, TX 75235, USA
    Brain Lang 111:114-24. 2009
    This study investigated metaphor comprehension in the broader context of task-difference effects and manipulation of processing difficulty...
  41. ncbi Does language shape thought? Mandarin and English speakers' conceptions of time
    L Boroditsky
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305 2130, USA
    Cogn Psychol 43:1-22. 2001
    ..g., how one tends to think about time) but does not entirely determine one's thinking in the strong Whorfian sense...
  42. ncbi Accumulated lives: metaphor, materiality, and the homes of the elderly
    James Krasner
    University of New Hampshire, USA
    Lit Med 24:209-30. 2005
  43. ncbi Siren call of metaphor: subverting the proper task of neuroscience
    Gerhard Werner
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0800, Austin TX, 78712 0238, USA
    J Integr Neurosci 3:245-52. 2004
    ..Moreover, such practices obscure and detract from the primary task of Neurophysiology: to investigate the intrinsic properties of nervous systems, uncontaminated with concepts borrowed from other disciplines...
  44. pmc Schizophrenia, an illness and a metaphor: analysis of the use of the term 'schizophrenia' in the UK national newspapers
    Arun K Chopra
    Mental Health Unit, Derby City General Hospital, Uttoxeter Road, Derby DE22 3NE
    J R Soc Med 100:423-6. 2007
    To determine whether schizophrenia is a commonly used 'illness as metaphor', to compare the use of schizophrenia and cancer as illnesses as metaphor, and to determine if there is a difference in such usage between the UK and USA.
  45. ncbi Effects of verbal working memory deficits on metaphor comprehension in patients with Parkinson's disease
    Laura Monetta
    School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, McGill University, 1266 avenue des Pins ouest, Montreal, Que, Canada H3G 1A8
    Brain Lang 101:80-9. 2007
    ..PD participants and healthy controls (HC) completed a series of neuropsychological tests and performed a metaphor comprehension task following the methods of Gernsbacher and colleagues [Gernsbacher, M. A., Keysar, B...
  46. ncbi Dynamics of hemispheric activity during metaphor comprehension: electrophysiological measures
    Yossi Arzouan
    Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Israel
    Neuroimage 36:222-31. 2007
    Brain imaging studies have lead to conflicting findings regarding the involvement of the right hemisphere (RH) in metaphor comprehension...
  47. ncbi Is the metaphor of 'barriers to change' useful in understanding implementation? Evidence from general medical practice
    Kath Checkland
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 12:95-100. 2007
    ..how general medical practices in the UK react to bureaucratic initiatives, such as National Health Service (NHS) National Service Frameworks (NSFs), and to explore the value of the metaphor of 'barriers to change' for understanding this.
  48. ncbi Neural activity associated with metaphor comprehension: spatial analysis
    María Sotillo
    Departamento de Psicologia Basica, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Neurosci Lett 373:5-9. 2005
    Though neuropsychological data indicate that the right hemisphere (RH) plays a major role in metaphor processing, other studies suggest that, at least during some phases of this processing, a RH advantage may not exist...
  49. ncbi What metaphor for the aging brain?
    Kenneth Rockwood
    Neurology 69:1896-7. 2007
  50. ncbi Disease metaphors in new epidemics: the UK media framing of the 2003 SARS epidemic
    Patrick Wallis
    Department of Economic History, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:2629-39. 2005
    ..In this article, we examine how language and metaphor were used in the UK media's coverage of another previously unknown and severe infectious disease: Severe Acute ..
  51. ncbi Neural correlates of metaphor processing
    Alexander M Rapp
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Tuebingen, Osianderstrasse 24, D 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 20:395-402. 2004
    ..Beyond semantic analysis, understanding the figurative meaning of a metaphor requires mental linkage of different category domains normally not related to each other...
  52. ncbi The lone ranger as a metaphor for the psychoanalytic movement from conscious to unconscious experience
    Warren Wilner
    The William Alanson White Institute, New York, NY, USA
    Psychoanal Rev 92:759-76. 2005
  53. ncbi Anatomy of a media event: how arguments clashed in the 2001 human cloning debate
    Brigitte Nerlich
    Institute for the Study of Genetics, Biorisks and Society, School of Psychology, Nottingham, UK
    New Genet Soc 22:43-59. 2003
    ..The media event staged by two fertility experts in 2001 is here analysed as a case study...
  54. ncbi Metaphor comprehension in Alzheimer's disease: novelty matters
    Martina Amanzio
    Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Via Verdi 10, 10123 Torino, Italy
    Brain Lang 107:1-10. 2008
    ..However, their performance was significantly lower in the case of non-conventional (novel) metaphor comprehension...
  55. ncbi The metaphor of scaffolding: its utility for the field of learning disabilities
    C A Stone
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 3560, USA
    J Learn Disabil 31:344-64. 1998
    ..the past 20 years, an increasing number of psychologists and educators have used the notion of scaffolding as a metaphor for the process by which adults (and more knowledgeable peers) guide children's learning and development...
  56. ncbi Is metaphor special?
    Rachel Giora
    Brain Lang 100:111-4. 2007
  57. ncbi Your highness: vertical positions as perceptual symbols of power
    Thomas W Schubert
    University of Jena, Jena, Germany
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:1-21. 2005
    ..Study 1 assessed image schemas for power and found a shared vertical difference metaphor. Studies 2, 3, and 4 showed that the judgment of a group's power is influenced by the group's vertical position ..
  58. ncbi Right hemisphere metaphor processing? Characterizing the lateralization of semantic processes
    Gwen L Schmidt
    Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1876, USA
    Brain Lang 100:127-41. 2007
    ..This pattern of results is consistent with theories postulating predominantly left hemisphere processing of close semantic relationships and predominantly right hemisphere processing of distant semantic relationships...
  59. ncbi Brainwaves are stethoscopes: ERP correlates of novel metaphor comprehension
    Yossi Arzouan
    Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 52900, Israel
    Brain Res 1160:69-81. 2007
    ..attempts to integrate meaning in a non-literal fashion, a result that supports the sequential view of novel metaphor comprehension...
  60. ncbi A special role for the right hemisphere in metaphor comprehension? ERP evidence from hemifield presentation
    Seana Coulson
    Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, Mail Code 0515, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Brain Res 1146:128-45. 2007
    ..ERP metaphoricity effects were very similar across hemifields, suggesting that the integration of metaphoric meanings was similarly taxing for the two hemispheres, contrary to the predictions of the right hemisphere theory of metaphor.
  61. ncbi Cancer as metaphor
    Richard T Penson
    Department of Medicine, Hematology Oncology, Cox 548, 100 Blossom Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 2617, USA
    Oncologist 9:708-16. 2004
    ..In oncology, the military metaphor is perhaps the most prominent, with the high profile of the "War on Cancer," and the imperative for patients to ..
  62. ncbi Use of schizophrenia as a metaphor in US newspapers
    Kenneth Duckworth
    Massachusetts Department of Mental Health, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:1402-4. 2003
    ..Building on Susan Sontag's exploration of cancer in the 1978 book Illness as Metaphor, the authors hypothesize that "schizophrenia" is now more commonly misused...
  63. ncbi On metaphoric representation
    G L Murphy
    University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    Cognition 60:173-204. 1996
    ..there is a separate representation of love, but the content of that representation is influenced by the metaphor such that the love concept takes on the same structure as the journey concept...
  64. ncbi Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 3. Refining the quantum metaphor for homeopathy
    L R Milgrom
    Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    Homeopathy 92:152-60. 2003
    ....
  65. ncbi Introducing the concept of epistemological beliefs into medical education: the hot-air-balloon metaphor
    Ann Roex
    Academic Center of General Practice, Leuven, Belgium
    Acad Med 82:616-20. 2007
    ..The metaphor of a piloted hot-air balloon illustrates the different factors contributing to medical expertise: the hot-air ..
  66. ncbi How metaphors influence semantic relatedness judgments: the role of the right frontal cortex
    Argyris K Stringaris
    Section of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry at the Maudsley, King s College London, PO 68 Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Neuroimage 33:784-93. 2006
    ....
  67. ncbi Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 1: a qualitative, non-local metaphor for homeopathy based on quantum theory
    L R Milgrom
    Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
    Homeopathy 91:239-48. 2002
    A metaphor for homeopathy is developed in which the potentised medicine, the patient, and the practitioner are seen as forming a non-local therapeutically 'entangled' triad, qualitatively described in terms of the transactional ..
  68. ncbi Patient-Practitioner-Remedy (PPR) Entanglement, Part 7: a gyroscopic metaphor for the vital force and its use to illustrate some of the empirical laws of homeopathy
    L R Milgrom
    Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 11:212-23. 2004
    ....
  69. ncbi Understanding metaphors: Is the right hemisphere uniquely involved?
    Natalie A Kacinik
    Center for Neuroscience, University of California, 1544 Newton Crt, Davis, CA 95616 8768, USA
    Brain Lang 100:188-207. 2007
    ..e., POTENT vs COMET). Similar literal and metaphor priming effects were found in both visual fields across most experimental conditions...
  70. ncbi Specific linguistic and pragmatic deficits in Italian patients with schizophrenia
    Alessandro Tavano
    Scientific Institute E Medea, Udine, Italy
    Schizophr Res 102:53-62. 2008
    ..Indeed, most of the language literature is composed of studies on English speaking people...
  71. ncbi An fMRI investigation of the neural correlates underlying the processing of novel metaphoric expressions
    N Mashal
    The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Israel
    Brain Lang 100:115-26. 2007
    ..These results support the GSH and suggest a special role for the RH in processing novel metaphors. Furthermore, the right PSTS may be selectively involved in verbal creativity...
  72. ncbi The role of the right cerebral hemisphere in processing novel metaphoric expressions taken from poetry: a divided visual field study
    M Faust
    The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Neuropsychologia 45:860-70. 2007
    ..The findings thus suggest that the RH may be critically involved in at least one important component of novel metaphor comprehension, i.e...
  73. ncbi Hemispheric asymmetry and pun comprehension: when cowboys have sore calves
    Seana Coulson
    Cognitive Science Department, University of California, San Diego, USA
    Brain Lang 100:172-87. 2007
    ..By 500 ms, both meanings are active in both hemispheres...
  74. ncbi Testing idiom comprehension in aphasic patients: the effects of task and idiom type
    C Papagno
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Milano Bicocca, Piazza dell Ateneo Nuovo 1, Edificio U6, 20126 Milano, Italy
    Brain Lang 100:208-20. 2007
    ..The results confirm the relevance of task and idiom type in drawing conclusions about figurative language interpretation in brain-damaged patients...
  75. ncbi Can Florida become like the next Florida? When metaphoric comparisons fail
    Sam Glucksberg
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:935-8. 2006
    ..of process is determined not by conventionality, but instead by the semantic and referential properties of the metaphor itself...
  76. ncbi Embodied meaning in a neural theory of language
    Jerome Feldman
    International Computer Science Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Brain Lang 89:385-92. 2004
  77. ncbi Imagery in sentence comprehension: an fMRI study
    Marcel Adam Just
    Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 15213, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Neuroimage 21:112-24. 2004
    ..In particular, the left intraparietal sulcus area appears to be centrally involved in processing the visual imagery that a sentence can evoke, while activating in synchrony with some core language processing regions...
  78. ncbi Functional MRI of conventional and anomalous metaphors in Mandarin Chinese
    Kathleen Ahrens
    National Taiwan University, Taiwan
    Brain Lang 100:163-71. 2007
    ..In addition, when the anomalous metaphor condition is compared with the literal condition, increased activation occurs bilaterally in the frontal and ..
  79. ncbi Factors supporting idiom comprehension in children with communication disorders
    Courtenay Frazier Norbury
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 47:1179-93. 2004
    ..These findings are discussed in relation to theories of idiom acquisition and contextual processing in autism...
  80. ncbi Semantic priming effect of metaphor constituent terms
    Keiko Nakamoto
    Department of Educational Psychology, School of Education, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
    Percept Mot Skills 96:33-42. 2003
    Camac and Glucksberg reported there was no priming effect between constituent terms of a metaphor and argued that there was no prior similarity or association between the constituents. However, their study had several limitations...
  81. ncbi Right hemisphere sensitivity to novel metaphoric relations: application of the signal detection theory
    N Mashal
    The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Brain Lang 104:103-12. 2008
    ..the findings suggest that the RH is more sensitive than the LH to unfamiliar metaphoric relations. Furthermore, this RH advantage in processing distant semantic relations did not extend to familiar semantic relations...
  82. ncbi Comprehending spoken metaphoric reference: a real-time analysis
    Mark T Stewart
    Department of Psychology, Willamette University, Salem, Oregon 97301, USA
    Exp Psychol 49:34-44. 2002
    Speakers and writers often use metaphor to describe someone or something in a referential fashion (e.g., The creampuff didn't show up for the fight to refer to a cowardly boxer)...
  83. ncbi Comprehending anaphoric metaphors
    Raluca Budiu
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Mem Cognit 30:158-65. 2002
    ..We argue that these results suggest a comprehension deficit for anaphoric noun metaphors even when they are preceded by a context...
  84. ncbi [The psychometric properties of the Proverb-Metaphor Test]
    Katarzyna Szajer
    Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii AM w Lublinie
    Psychiatr Pol 41:73-86. 2007
    ..Abstract thinking belongs to intellectual abilities of the highest level of the evolutionary development, thanks to which operations such a classification, systematisation and comparison are possible...
  85. ncbi Interpretation of ambiguous idiomatic statements in schizophrenic and depressive patients. Evidence for common and differential cognitive patterns
    Galina Iakimova
    Laboratoire Universitaire de Recherche, Service de Psychiatrie Adulte, Centre Hospitalier de Versailles, Le Chesnay, France
    Psychopathology 39:277-85. 2006
    ..This study is concerned with the comprehension of ambiguous idiomatic statements in schizophrenic and depressive patients...
  86. ncbi Even with a green card, you can be put out to pasture and still have to work: non-native intuitions of the transparency of common English idioms
    Barbara C Malt
    Department of Psychology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA
    Mem Cognit 32:896-904. 2004
    ..In agreement with Keysar and Bly's suggestion, their subsequent sense of transparency was greater for the meaning that the speakers had learned and used, regardless of which one it was...
  87. ncbi The integration of figurative language and static depictions: an eye movement study of fictive motion
    Daniel Richardson
    Psychology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
    Cognition 102:129-38. 2007
    ..It is argued that fictive motion evokes a mental simulation of motion that is immediately integrated with visual processing, and hence figurative language can have a distinct effect on perception...
  88. ncbi The soft embodiment of culture: camera angles and motion through time and space
    Angela K y Leung
    School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore
    Psychol Sci 18:824-30. 2007
    ....
  89. ncbi Simulating the pattern of right-hemisphere-damaged patients for the processing of the alternative metaphorical meanings of words: evidence in favor of a cognitive resources hypothesis
    Laura Monetta
    Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal, Montreal, Que, Canada H3W 1W5
    Brain Lang 96:171-7. 2006
    ....
  90. ncbi "Meaning-making" in language and biology
    Yair Neuman
    Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Perspect Biol Med 48:317-27. 2005
    The linguistic metaphor in biology adheres to a representational theory that seeks similarities between pre-given domains. The point of departure of this paper is the generative and nonrepresentational conception of metaphor...
  91. ncbi No pain, no gain: pain behaviour in the armed forces
    Phil Harper
    Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham
    Br J Nurs 15:548-51. 2006
    ..Thus, pain expression varies according to the context in which it occurs. Nurses need to be aware of this to ensure they interpret and manage their patients' pain appropriately...
  92. ncbi Treating Leick with like: response to criticisms of the use of entanglement to illustrate homeopathy
    Lionel R Milgrom
    Homeopathy Research Institute, 63 Vale Road, London N4 1PP, UK
    Homeopathy 97:96-9. 2008
    ..The authors have used accepted interpretations of quantum theory: Leick's view is coloured by skepticism concerning homeopathy...
  93. ncbi Modern or post-modern? Local or non-local? A response to Leick
    Harald Walach
    School of Social Sciences and Samueli Institute, European Office, University of Northampton, Boughton Green Road, Northampton NN2 7AL, UK
    Homeopathy 97:100-2. 2008
    ..The only thing that can resolve it is a large cultural shift. My own ideas about non-local models, for a whole category of possibly similar events of which homeopathy is but one example...
  94. doi Straw men and black swans: the philosophy of contemporary science
    Adrian Philip Gaylard
    Homeopathy 97:47-8; author reply 48-50. 2008
  95. doi Comment on: "Conspicuous by its absence: the Memory of Water, macro-entanglement, and the possibility of homeopathy" and "The nature of the active ingredient in ultramolecular dilutions"
    Philippe Leick
    Homeopathy 97:50-1. 2008
  96. ncbi Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 6. Miasms revisited: non-linear quantum theory as a model for the homeopathic process
    L R Milgrom
    Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    Homeopathy 93:154-8. 2004
    ....
  97. ncbi Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 5. Can homeopathic remedy reactions be outcomes of PPR entanglement?
    L R Milgrom
    Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    Homeopathy 93:94-8. 2004
    ....
  98. ncbi What is genetic information, and why is it significant? A contextual, contrastive, approach
    Neil C Manson
    Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, Furness College, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YG, UK
    J Appl Philos 23:1-16. 2006
    ..This, in turn, suggests that a proper solution to the regulatory question requires us to pay more attention to how and why information, and its acquisition, possession and use, come to be of ethical significance...
  99. ncbi Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 2: Extending the metaphor for homeopathy using molecular quantum theory
    L R Milgrom
    Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London, UK
    Homeopathy 92:35-43. 2003
    A quantum metaphor developed previously for homeopathy, involving triadic patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, is extended by importing concepts used in chemistry to describe the electronic structures of molecules...
  100. ncbi Kent and quantum mechanics
    J Yasgur
    Homeopathy 93:43; discussion 43-4. 2004
  101. ncbi Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 4. Towards classification and unification of the different entanglement models for homeopathy
    L R Milgrom
    Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, South Kensington, London, UK
    Homeopathy 93:34-42. 2004
    ..The new combined model invokes a 'geometry' of patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement embedded in a therapeutic state space...

Research Grants62

  1. Prostate cancer health literacy in rural versus urban African-American men.
    Kerry Laing Kilbridge; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will use qualitative methods and conceptual metaphor to explore ways to improve communication and shared decisions for African American men with low literacy skills...
  2. KAN-DO: A Family-Based Intervention to Prevent Childhood Obesity
    Truls Ostbye; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that addresses both parenting skills and behavioral weight management, and 5) utilizing a housebuilding metaphor with the characters Carl and Carla the Carpenters acting to integrate the intervention and deliver healthy ..
  3. Cross-modal interactions between vision and touch
    KRISHNANKUTTY SATHIAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cross-modal plasticity but also of disorders such as autism and traumatic brain injury, where known deficits in metaphor comprehension may reflect defective integrative processing of the kind studied here...
  4. Neuroimaging of Metaphor Processing
    Michele T Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Clinical, behavioral, and neuro imaging research support right hemisphere involvement in metaphor processing...
  5. Role of oculomotor proprioception in spatial processing by the parietal cortex
    LINUS DASHIH SUN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The double-step task is a laboratory metaphor for this problem: monkeys and humans can make two sequentially accurate saccades to recently vanished stimuli ..
  6. Assessing and Reducing Gender Bias in STEM Recruitment, Mentorship and Evaluation
    Wendy M Williams; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..2006);the metaphor of a "leaky pipeline" has been replaced with the realization that plenty of talented women are still in the ..
  7. Biomedical Research Abroad: Vistas Open! /MHIRT (BRAVO!MHIRT)
    Charles R Sterling; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Thinking globally and acting locally is a metaphor for the program we put forth, emphasizing our recognition of global health disparity issues that plague the United States and many countries of the ..
  8. Framing New Pathways to Medical Discoveries for Families, Students and Teachers
    LAURA W MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using the metaphor of a hardware store (i.e...
  9. Figurative Language in Aphasic and Health Participants
    ANJAN K CHATTERJEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..test hypothesis about the neural bases for figurative language, we will use contemporary theoretical accounts of metaphor processing to motivate our studies and design our approach to overcome previous methodological limitations in ..
  10. TYPHOID MARY Documentary Film one-hour
    NANCY PORTER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..To challenge the enduring cultural image of Typhoid Mary as a metaphor for a prototypical disease carrier, thereby contributing to the ongoing, sometimes-heated debate among historians ..
  11. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY EXPLORATION AND TRAINING CENTER
    Jo Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The program will use a metaphor of a community-based Assistive Technology (AT) Center...
  12. Development of an Instrument to Measure Health Literacy
    Lauren McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. have limited literacy skills. While the metaphor of "literacy" focuses us on language skills, health literacy is actually a multidimensional construct with at ..
  13. MULTIMEDIA SMOKING CESSATION FOR ALCOHOLIC CLIENTS
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Based on the metaphor of a television network, users are able to access their own personal "channel" broadcasting a selection of "shows,..
  14. SEXUAL NETWORKS AND HIV: DATA, MODELS AND INTERVENTION
    W Morris; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The goal is to take "network modeling" beyond its current status as a metaphor standing for an ad hoc collection of incompatible methods, and make it a more useful tool for understanding and ..
  15. Metaphor Training Program
    Hiram Brownell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The tasks comprising the training program are motivated by a theoretical analysis of the neuropsychology of metaphor comprehension deficits and related topics...
  16. SODm for Management of Ischemic Heart Disease
    Daniela Salvemini; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..injury have shown that a significant reduction in tissue damage from infarction can be achieved using MetaPhor's proprietary superoxide dismutase mimetics (SODm)...
  17. COMPARATIVE CULTURAL STUDY OF PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESS
    Mitchell Weiss; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Leprosy remains a major tropical disease in many developing countries. As the ultimate metaphor for stigma and despair, it exemplifies health problems for which improving links between psychiatry and medicine ..
  18. ANATOMICAL RESOURCE IN THE QUICKTIME VR FORMAT
    GARY NIEDER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It has also proven possible to change the metaphor of the QTVR objects to show movement of anatomical specimens (such as a knee joint) or to demonstrate a ..
  19. ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR STRUCTURE
    A Catania; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..in generalized imitation) but are also analogous to those of language productivity (as in novel utterances and metaphor). Sequential structure will also be examined...
  20. Metaphor Training Project
    Kristine Lundgren; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The tasks comprising the treatment program are motivated by a theoretical analysis of the neuropsychology of metaphor comprehension deficits and related topics...
  21. Exploring Attitudes Toward AIDS Prevention in Botswana
    Marie Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..model, including the aspects of 1) noting patterns and themes, 2) seeing plausibility, 3) clustering, 4) metaphor making, and 5) counting and) making contrasts/comparisons...
  22. DATA ACQUISTION AND CONTROL VIA SERIAL I/O
    Gary Knott; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The major visualization metaphor is the strip chart/oscillograph, with scrolling and playback controls...
  23. Dynamics of Neural Networks From Biophysics to Behavior
    David Gross; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The initial ideas of physicists about the dynamics of neural networks were metaphor more than science...
  24. COMMERCIALZATION OF METAPHOR GRAPHIC PHYSIOLOGIC DISPLAY
    James Agutter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Phase I results will be analyzed by clinical consultants and the resulting prototype display will move to the Phase II program. ..
  25. REPRESENTATIONS OF AMERICAN MARRIAGE
    Naomi Quinn; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..be derived from the process of change, such as "growth," "investment," or "deepening of commitment" involved in a metaphor; preservation goals and heuristics for monitoring their preservation may, likewise, be derived from states, such ..
  26. UNDERSTANDING AND USING NON-LITERAL LANGUAGE
    Sam Glucksberg; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The theory is intended to account for both comprehension and production. (2) Metaphors: A new theory of metaphor comprehension is proposed whereby metaphors function as novel re- categorizations of concepts...
  27. MESA Center for Health Disparities
    Antonia Villarruel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The name MESA in Spanish means table, and is a metaphor for "bringing ideas to the table" for meaningful exchange and sharing...
  28. MESA Center for Health Disparities
    Carrie Jo Braden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The name MESA in Spanish means table, and is a metaphor for "bringing ideas to the table" for meaningful exchange and sharing...
  29. A MULTIMEDIA TEACHING AND REFERENCE TOOL FOR CANCER PAIN
    David Madigan; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..In particular, Talaria will employ a travel metaphor, implemented with graphics, to provide intelligent guidance for the clinician...
  30. Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results of this investigation will provide new insights into social determinants of and secular changes in breast cancer incidence, with implications for breast cancer surveillance, screening and control. ..
  31. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  33. Low Vision Rehabilitation Consensus Project
    Robert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing Data
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEM FOR LOW VISION REHABILITATION
    Robert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..All testing will be done with volunteers recruited from among students taking the online low vision course developed in Phase 1. ..
  37. VISION DISABILITIES IN LOW VISION
    Robert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..And, to achieve Aim 4, we will use triadic comparison and willingness-to-pay methods of measuring the values of alternative low vision rehabilitation outcomes. ..
  38. Geocoding, Census Data & Social Disparities in Health
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  39. MOUSE MODELS OF INSULIN RESISTANCE
    Domenico Accili; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. AROUSAL REGULATORY FUNCTIONS IN COCAINE-EXPOSED CHILDREN
    Linda Mayes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Early disruption of the developmental ontogeny of arousal and attentional regulatory capacities may have effects that extend well into the school-aged years and alter the normal trajectory of cognitive and social-emotional development. ..
  41. New Methods to assess social, cognitive, and physical function in older persons
    Thomas Glass; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research is responsive to NIH PA-05-090 and to objectives laid out in the NIH roadmap. ..
  42. Mutation rate catastrophe: testing a novel theory for the extinction of clonal or
    PHILIP JOHN GERRISH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. Complex Isopathic Drug Development for Neuroprotection
    Wayne Jonas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  44. A Collegial Defense Against Irresponsible Science
    GERALD KOOCHER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The final guide will discuss strategies for intervention, and include disguised cases and role playing scenarios for training purposes and will be posted on a permanent public web page. ..
  45. DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTION AND ATTENTION
    Alan Fogel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. CORTICAL PLASTICITY SYSTEMS
    Stephen Lisberger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. EVOLUTIONARY MODELS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
    Melvin Cohn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The influx of mathematicians and computer modelers is clearly changing the way we analyze immune behavior. ..
  48. SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY OF SMOKING AND CESSATION
    William Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Support for this social cognitive model would advance an understanding of the mechanisms involved in smoking and cessation behaviors, and possible lead to developing interventions that will help increasing number of smokers to quit. ..
  49. SOCIAL INTEGRATION, AGING AND STROKE
    Thomas Glass; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..They conclude that information about how the social context impacts the etiology and course of this prevalent disease will lead to low-cost intervention strategies. ..
  50. BION Treatment of Neuromuscular Dysfunction
    Gerald Loeb; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. HEALTH RELATED INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS LIVING WITH HIV
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Modeling the Effect of Cigarette Advertising on Adolescent Smoking
    William G Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  53. MOTHERS LIVING WITH HIV AND THEIR ADOLESCENT CHILDREN
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Arousal and Attention in Cocaine-Exposed Children
    Linda Mayes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such interactions place cocaine-exposed children at higher risk for externalizing forms of psychopathology. ..
  55. Development of antisocial behavior in early adulthood
    KENNETH DODGE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research will contribute both to basic theories of antisocial development and to prevention science and public policy. ..
  56. Molecular Physiology of the renal Na-Cl cotransporter
    Gerardo Gamba; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. ANALYSIS OF SPACE BY THE AUDITORY SYSTEM
    ERIC KNUDSEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Neural Systems Underlying Sign Language Production
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Risk Factors and Incidence of Sharps Injuries to Nurses
    Sean Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The public health impact relates to better strategies for control of exposure to bloodborne pathogens in healthcare workers as well as improving workplace safety more generally. ..
  60. Partner-Specific Memory Associations in Language Use
    William Horton; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The goals of this project are to motivate a more fully-specified model of the cognitive mechanisms that mediate the ability of language users to take into account common ground. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Training/Education: Advance in Clinical Research (RMI)
    MARY CARNES; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Extramural federal research funding for the primary mentors exceeds $80 million annually in direct costs. Thus, this is the right time and UW-Madison is the right place for this far-reaching, innovative training grant. ..
  62. Functional MRI of Sensory-Motor Metaphor Processing
    Rutvik Desai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..neuropsychological, and neurophysiological research provides valuable insights into conceptual representation and metaphor processing...