Summary: The study of the conformation of the skull as indicative of mental faculties and traits of character, especially according to the hypothesis of F. J. Gall (1758-1828). (Webster 3d ed)
- Examining phrenologyStephen M Soreff
Metropolitan College at Boston University, USA
Behav Healthc 27:14, 16, 18. 2007
- Phrenology in the science and culture of the 19th centuryS H Greenblatt
Brown University Program in Neurosurgery, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, USA
Neurosurgery 37:790-804; discussion 804-5. 1995..in Paris, Spurzheim had become intrigued with the psychosocial potential of the undertaking, which he renamed "phrenology" (the science of the mind)...
- The role of gender, phrenology, discrimination and nervous prostration in Clara Barton's careerA D Spiegel
Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, State University of New York, Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Brooklyn 11203, USA
J Community Health 20:501-26. 1995..Prior to that time, three factors shaped her personality and her future: phrenology gave her philosophical principles to live by, especially "Know Thyself"; sex discrimination on her first two ..
- Lie detection: historical, neuropsychiatric and legal dimensionsElizabeth B Ford
Bellevue Hospital Center, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, New York, New York, USA
Int J Law Psychiatry 29:159-77. 2006..Early methods, such as phrenology and truth serums are contrasted with more modern-day approaches, such as polygraphy and functional MRIs...
- [The collection of Dr. Gall's skulls in the Rollett museum]Rudolf Maurer
Rollettmuseum Stadtarchiv, Baden, Austria
Wien Med Wochenschr 158:339-51. 2008..The Viennese part of Dr. Gall's collection of skulls has been preserved in the Rollett museum. This paper gives an overview of the history of the Gall collection of skulls and its transfer to the Rollett museum in Baden near Vienna...
- Neuroscience. Neural networks debunk phrenologyRobert T Knight
Department of Psychology, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 3190, USA
Science 316:1578-9. 2007
- Musical skills and neural functions. The legacy of the brains of musiciansMarina Bentivoglio
Department of Morphological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
Ann N Y Acad Sci 999:234-43. 2003..theme in the history of neuroscience, and the effort to localize musical skills dates back to the excesses of phrenology in the early nineteenth century...
- [Language and aphasias]J Porta-Etessam
Servicio de Neurologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Espana
Rev Neurol 25:1269-77. 1997..With social evolution it became more complex, with the appearance of new phonemes and a more complete grammatical structure. The current concept of the processing of language dates, with little change, from the nineteenth century...
- Neurophysiology of functional imagingPieter van Eijsden
Department of Neurosurgery, Rudolf Magnus Institute for Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 45:1047-54. 2009..The failures of cognitive modularity and of a very localized phrenology are generally, but not universally, accepted; but in their place, and usually not distinguished from the ..
- The education and medical practice of Dr. James McCune Smith (1813-1865), first black American to hold a medical degreeThomas M Morgan
Department of Genetics, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
J Natl Med Assoc 95:603-14. 2003..writings Smith debunked the racial theories in Thomas Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia, refuted phrenology and homeopathy, and responded with a forceful statistical critique to the racially biased US Census of 1840...
- John Martyn Harlow: "Obscure country physician"?M Macmillan
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia, 3125
J Hist Neurosci 10:149-62. 2001....
- Matters of sex and gender in F. J. Gall's Organology: a primary approachTabea Cornel
a Department of History and Sociology of Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
J Hist Neurosci 23:377-94. 2014The originator of phrenology, F. J. Gall (1758-1828), saw himself as a natural scientist and physiologist. His approach consisted of brain anatomy but also of palpating skulls and inferring mental faculties...
- The origins of the new psychology in the United StatesMichael M Sokal
Department of Humanities and Arts, Worcester Polytecnic Institute, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609, USA
Physis Riv Int Stor Sci 43:273-300. 2006..of the long-influential Scottish Common-Sense Realist philosophy; the continuing impact of Baconian thought, of phrenology, and of spiritualism; the growing influence of Comtean and evolutionary ideas; and the rise of American ..
- Animal magnetism in Spanish medicine (1786-1860)Angel Gonzalez de Pablo
Unidad de Historia de la Ciencia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid UCM, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Hist Psychiatry 17:279-98. 2006..of 1784; the first attempts to implant Mesmerism around 1816; its reluctant acceptance with the introduction of phrenology from 1842 onwards; and, finally, its critical revision, provoked by issues of legal responsibility, from 1856 to ..
- Models of functional cerebral localization at the dawning of modern neurosurgeryAntonio Nogueira de Almeida
Department of Neurology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Electronic address
World Neurosurg 81:436-40. 2014..A better understanding of this historical moment is essential to appreciate the debate between holists and localizers that stirred neuroscientists worldwide in the first half of the 20th century. ..
- Isaac ray at 200: phrenology and expert testimonyKenneth J Weiss
Department of Psychiatry, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Camden, NJ, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:339-45. 2007..Ray, a scientist from the outset, expressed interest in phrenology, a contemporary science of the mind...
- Psychopathic characters in fictionBartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak
Department of Neurology, Princess Royal University Hospital, Farnborough Common, Orpington, London, UK
Front Neurol Neurosci 31:60-8. 2013..The first concepts on psychopathy came from the parasciences, such as phrenology where anatomical features were linked to certain psychopathic/immoral behaviors...
- Phrenology and physiognomy in Victorian literatureRhonda Boshears
Champion, MI, USA Electronic address
Prog Brain Res 205:87-112. 2013b>Phrenology evolved from the work of Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and Johann Gaspar Spurzheim (1776-1832), becoming a fixture in Victorian culture, arts and letters as well as medicine...
- Views from the periphery: discourses of race and place in French military medicineMichael A Osborne
History and Environmental Studies, University of California Santa Barbara, CA 93106 9410, USA
Hist Philos Life Sci 25:363-89. 2003..anthropological and medical conceptions of race in nineteenth century France as following a path mapped out by phrenology, anthropometry, and Paul Broca's version of physical anthropology...
- Four facets of a single brain: behaviour, cerebral blood flow/metabolism, neuronal activity and neurotransmitter dynamicsSzabolcs Keri
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry Section, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Neuroreport 14:1097-106. 2003Is functional neuroimaging a royal way to understand brain function or is it a new phrenology without an exact understanding what we measure? After two decades of imaging revolution, more and more authors ask this question...
- Advances in clinical neuroimaging: implications for autism spectrum disordersNaama Barnea-Goraly
Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Rd, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Expert Opin Med Diagn 5:475-82. 2011Introduction: Neuroimaging research has been labeled 'modern phrenology', suggesting that this line of research does not advance our knowledge of neuropsychiatric disorders beyond spatial localization of brain abnormalities...
- Multiple representation of sensory system input in the cerebral cortex:the new phrenology?Mark Rowe
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Neurosci Lett 361:98-101. 2004
- Surgery of the mind, mood, and conscious state: an idea in evolutionR Aaron Robison
Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
World Neurosurg 77:662-86. 2012..As new tools become available, the social and medical impact of psychosurgery promises to revolutionize not only neurosurgery, but also humans' capability for positively impacting life and society...
- Return of the living dead: Re-reading Pierre Flourens' contributions to neurophysiology and literatureSharman Levinson
Universite d Angers, UFR Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines, Angers Cedex 01, France The American University of Paris, Paris, France Electronic address
Prog Brain Res 205:149-72. 2013..on cortical localization and, in particular, for his successful attacks on Frantz Joseph Gall's (1758-1828) phrenology (Gall and Spurzheim, 1810-19)...
- Friedrich Albert Lange on neo-Kantianism, socialist Darwinism, and a psychology without a soulThomas Teo
History and Theory of Psychology Program atYork University, Toronto, Canada
J Hist Behav Sci 38:285-301. 2002..Based on a critique of phrenology and philosophical psychology of his time, Lange developed a program of a psychology without a soul...
- On the history and future study of personality and its disordersTheodore Millon
Institute for Advanced Studies in Personology and Psychopathology, Port Jervis, New York 12771, USA
Annu Rev Clin Psychol 8:1-19. 2012..g., phrenology. In the past century, descriptive psychiatrists of note began to pose "typologies," e.g...
- The curious rise and fall of experimental psychology in "Mind"Christopher D Green
York Univ, Toronto, Canada
Hist Human Sci 22:37-57. 2009..g. phrenology, mesmerism) might be...
- Phreneology and Gall's 250(th) anniversaryRoland Sedivy
Department of Pathology, LK St Pölten, Pölten, Austria
Wien Klin Wochenschr 120:197. 2008
- Francis Joseph Gall (1758-1828): false prophet of cerebral localizationHarold Ellis
Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Biomedical Sciences, London SE1 1UL
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 69:173. 2008
- Brain 'imaging' in the RenaissanceAlessandro Paluzzi
Department of Neurosurgery, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK
J R Soc Med 100:540-3. 2007..We have several examples of hidden symbolism in Renaissance paintings, but the influence of phrenology and this rudimentary knowledge of neuroanatomy on artists of that period is under-recognized...
- Imaging body structure and mapping brain function: a historical approachStacey A Tovino
Health Law Institute, Hamline University School of Law, USA
Am J Law Med 33:193-228. 2007
- [Defending phrenology]Lene Otto
Afdelingen for Etnologi, Københavns Universitet, DK 2300 København S
Ugeskr Laeger 169:2858. 2007
- William Gregory (1803-58): Professor of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh and enthusiast for phrenology and mesmerismMatthew H Kaufman
J Med Biogr 16:128-33. 2008..He was also interested in the phenomena of Mesmerism and Mesmero-Phrenology, despite the agitation and scorn of many of his academic colleagues both in Aberdeen and in Edinburgh.
- Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (1794 1867): an extraordinary scientist of his timeFatos Belgin Yildirim
Department of Anatomy, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, 07070 Antalya, Turkey
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:852. 2007
- F.J. Gall and the phrenological movementLorenzo Livianos-Aldana
Am J Psychiatry 164:414. 2007
- ET Craig: proto-socialist, phrenologist and public health engineerAlun Evans
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, The Queen s University of Belfast, UK
Int J Epidemiol 37:490-505. 2008
- [History of phrenology]Claude Renner
Hist Sci Med 45:249-56. 2011..It left plenty of technical gears: crane casting, china busts, phrenological penholders, knobs, craniological snuffboxes and a lot of geographic maps of the skull bumps...
- Brainhood, anthropological figure of modernityFernando Vidal
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
Hist Human Sci 22:5-36. 2009....
- Chapter 42: neurology and the neurological sciences in the German-speaking countriesHansruedi Isler
Handb Clin Neurol 95:667-89. 2010..The controversial medical theories of animal magnetism and phrenology also advanced brain research and clinical neurology together with their sectarian programs, which seem absurd ..
- Cerebral localization of functions and the neurology of language: fact versus fiction or is it something else?Elliott D Ross
Department of Neurology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center and the VA Medical Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
Neuroscientist 16:222-43. 2010..of localization in the functional imaging literature that is taking on the appearance of neurophysiologic "phrenology"...
- Through a scanner darkly: functional neuroimaging as evidence of a criminal defendant's past mental statesTeneille Brown
University of Utah, S J Quinney College of Law, USA
Stanford Law Rev 62:1119-208. 2010As with phrenology and the polygraph, society is again confronted with a device that the media claims is capable of reading our minds...
- At the crossroads between psychoanalysis and neuroscience: the importance of subjectivitySylvie Tordjman
Laboratoire de la Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS and Université Paris Descartes, France
J Physiol Paris 104:232-42. 2010..taking the necessary epistemological and methodological precautions; this could readily evoke a new form of phrenology… It seems more prudent, concerning brain-imaging results, to think in terms of bio-psycho-environmental ..
- Alfred Russell Wallace and the evolution of the human mindCharles Gross
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
Neuroscientist 16:496-507. 2010..and other disagreements, particularly on the role of instinct, are related to the differences in their class backgrounds, education, experience with non-European cultures, and views on socialism, phrenology, mesmerism, and spiritualism.
- Identification of neural targets for the treatment of psychiatric disorders: the role of functional neuroimagingDavid R Vago
Department of Psychiatry, Functional Neuroimaging Laboratory, Brigham and Womens Hospital Harvard Medical School, 824 Boylston Street, Chestnut Hill, MA 02143, USA
Neurosurg Clin N Am 22:279-305, x. 2011..The relevance of this model for neurotherapeutics is discussed, as well as the role of functional neuroimaging of psychiatric disorders...
- [Considerations to the authenticity of Angelo Soliman's skull]Christian Reiter
Department für Gerichtliche Medizin, Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Austria
Wien Med Wochenschr 158:331-8. 2008..The Rollett museum comprises a lot of plaster casts including that of Angelo Soliman. This paper sheds lustre on the fate and authenticity of that plaster cast...
- [Franz Joseph Gall, Angelo Soliman and the busts of Africans in the Rollettmuseum at Baden near Vienna]Monika Firla
Freie Mitarbeiterin am Linden Museum Stuttgart, Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde Referat Afrika, Stuttgart, Germany
Wien Med Wochenschr 158:320-30. 2008..In order to encourage interdisciplinary research on Gall's collection in the field of biological anthropology and medicine once more, the following article will recapitulate earlier results and introduce some new aspects into discussion...
- [Franz Joseph Gall and his "talking skulls" established the basis of modern brain sciences]Regal Wolfgang
Abteilung für Anästhesie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Sozialmedizinisches Zentrum Süd Kaiser Franz Josef Spital, Wien, Austria
Wien Med Wochenschr 158:314-9. 2008The anatomist and brain scientist Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) developed the "phrenology" in the early 19(th) century. At this time, his new teachings were more seen as a temporary fashion than science and were discredited...
- [Memento historiae 2008: of Gall, Landsteiner, Virchow, laboratory pest and Empress Sissy ]Roland Sedivy
Wien Med Wochenschr 158:312-3. 2008
- A new phrenology?Michael Shermer
Sci Am 298:46, 48. 2008
- Profiling and genetic destinyStanley M Aronson
Med Health R I 89:389. 2006
- Hat size, brain size, intelligence, and dementia: what morphometry can tell us about brain function and diseaseDavid A Drachman
Neurology 59:156-7. 2002
- Beyond phrenology: what can neuroimaging tell us about distributed circuitry?Karl Friston
The Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, United Kingdom
Annu Rev Neurosci 25:221-50. 2002..The conclusion, from these sorts of neuroimaging studies, points to the prevalence of top-down influences and the plausibility of generative models of sensory brain function...
- The authority of human nature: the Schädellehre of Franz Joseph GallJohn Van Wyhe
Department of History and Philosophy of Science, Cambridge, UK
Br J Hist Sci 35:17-42. 2002This essay is the first account in English to examine Franz Joseph Gall and the origins of phrenology. In doing so a host of legends about Gall and the beginnings of phrenology, which exist only in the English-language historiography, are ..
- Problems and challenges in the historical study of the neurosciencesHelge Kragh
History of Science Department, University of Aarhus, Building 521, Ny Munkegade, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
J Hist Neurosci 11:55-62. 2002..that one important source for the trend, as it emerged in the 1970s, was a renewed interest in the history of phrenology and its reception in Britain...
- Prolegomena to a history of radical brains in the nineteenth century: physiognomics, phrenology, brain anatomyM Hagner
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
Physis Riv Int Stor Sci 36:321-38. 1999..These were refined and modified by phrenology. Although phrenology was contested, its methods for investigating the brains of geniuses presaged the beginnings ..
- [Introductory notes on the origin of phrenology: the work of Vincenzo Malacarne]F Martelli
Istituto di Anatomia Umana Normale, Universita degli Studi di Bologna
Med Secoli 5:405-18. 1993The authors examine and evince the links between F.J. Gall's phrenology and Vincenzo Malacarne's studies of encephalous anatomy and mental disorders, especially in the ideas developed by the latter from 1760 to 1794...
- Phrenology - confrontation between Spurzheim and Gordon - 1816M H Kaufman
Department of Anatomy, University of Edinburgh Medical School
Proc R Coll Physicians Edinb 29:159-70. 1999..He gave his audiences what they wanted to hear. The scientific basis of the subject was plausible, and was not readily testable by the scientific methods available at the time...
- The future of the brainS Rose
Biologist (London) 47:96-9. 2000..The problems for this ever-growing and increasingly fragmented field are matched only by its potentials. This article explores possible avenues of research and ethical debate that wait to be faced in the new Decade of the Mind...
- Sexual predator evaluations and phrenology: considering issues of evidentiary reliabilityT W Campbell
4105 Metro Parkway, Ste 103, Sterling Heights, MI 48310, USA
Behav Sci Law 18:111-30. 2000..Consequently, these instruments amount to experimental procedures; and, therefore, they cannot support expert testimony in a legal proceeding...
- The rise and fall of phrenology in AustraliaM J Thearle
Department of Child Health, University of Queensland, Mater Children s Hospital, South Brisbane
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 27:518-25. 1993In the first half of the nineteenth century phrenology, which was claimed to be the first science of the mind, experienced enormous popularity in the western world...
- Moral treatment: how a caring practice lost its rationaleS M Peloquin
School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
Am J Occup Ther 48:167-73. 1994The 19th-century practices of moral treatment and phrenology serve as historical examples of a narrowing focus in health care and reveal the manner in which theories can shape practice...
- Franz Josef Gall and his contribution to neuroanatomy with emphasis on the brain stemC E Rawlings
Forsyth Neurosurgical Associates, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27103
Surg Neurol 42:272-5. 1994..His most notorious research was in craniofacial morphology that gradually evolved into the pseudoscience of phrenology. His second research area was neuroanatomy...
- Phineas among the phrenologists: the American crowbar case and nineteenth-century theories of cerebral localizationF G Barker
Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
J Neurosurg 82:672-82. 1995..The case was used as evidence against phrenology, a crude precursor of modern cerebral localization theories. The two original reports of the case by Drs...
- James Braid's psychophysiology: a turning point in the history of dynamic psychiatryN M Kravis
Department of Psychiatry, New York Hospital Cornell Medical Center, N Y
Am J Psychiatry 145:1191-206. 1988....
- Osler's brain and related mental mattersA E Rodin
Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45401
South Med J 83:207-12. 1990..b>Phrenology is based on the assumption that various modalities of behavior are localized to specific morphologic areas of ..
- Beyond phrenology, at lastKenneth S Kosik
Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School and at the Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Institute of Medicine, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 4:234-9. 2003....
- Cellular phrenologyJohn A Lee
Department of Histopathology, Rotherham General Hospital, S60 2UD, Rotherham, UK
Lancet Oncol 4:194. 2003
- Skulls, brains, and memorial culture: on cerebral biographies of scientists in the nineteenth centuryMichael Hagner
Max Planck Institut fur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin
Sci Context 16:195-218. 2003..It was only in this context that moral reservations about dissecting the brains of geniuses could be overcome, which led to a more systematic investigation of brains of geniuses after 1860...
- [At the centre of all gazes: an approach to the historiography of phrenology]David Nofre i Mateo
Centre d Estudis d Història de les Ciències CEHIC, Facultat de Ciencies, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona
Dynamis 26:93-124, table of contents. 2006Since the late 19th century, phrenology has been regarded at best as a pseudo-science popularised by quacks...
- [Responses of Shenyang urban tree phrenology to climate warming]Wenduo Xu
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Siences, Shenyang 110016, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 17:1777-81. 2006..An increase of mean annual air temperature by 1 degree C would advance the outset of sprouting by 9 days, leaf expansion by 10 days, and outset of flowering by 5 days...
- Language and memory disorder in the case of Jonathan Swift: considerations on retrospective diagnosisMarjorie Lorch
Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1H OPD, UK
Brain 129:3127-37. 2006..The diagnoses considered refer to evolving theories of insanity, phrenology, localization of cortical function, hydrocephalus, psychoanalysis, aphasia, dementia and depression in ageing...
- What has functional neuroimaging told us about the mind? So many examples, so little spaceJohn Jonides
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1043, USA
Cortex 42:414-7; discussion 422-7. 2006
- A short history of neurosciences in AustriaK A Jellinger
Institute of Clinical Neurobiology, Vienna, Austria
J Neural Transm 113:271-82. 2006..g. with the description of inflammation of the central nervous system by J. P. Franck (1745-1823) and the "phrenology" by F. J. Gall (1745-1823). Under the influence of the great pathologist C...
- The philosophy of decapitation: analysis, biomedical reform, and devolution in London's body politic, 1830-1850James Elwick
Vic Stud 47:174-87. 2005
- George Combe--phrenologist, philosopher, psychologist (1788-1858)Peter Wright
Cortex 41:447-51. 2005
- Neuroimaging: revolutionary research tool or a post-modern phrenology?Donald Kennedy
Stanford University, USA
Am J Bioeth 5:19; discussion W3-4. 2005
- Phrenology and the neurosciences: contributions of F. J. Gall and J. G. SpurzheimDonald Simpson
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
ANZ J Surg 75:475-82. 2005The pseudoscience of phrenology arose from the observations and intuitions of Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and his disciple Johann Gaspar Spurzheim (1776-1832)...
- Blockheads, roundheads, pointy heads: intellectual disability and the brain before modern medicineC F Goodey
University of London Institute of Education, London, UK
J Hist Behav Sci 41:165-83. 2005..However, it does reveal a degree of continuity in the medical mind-set as discourses of monstrosity were transposed from the domain of anatomy to that of post-Cartesian psychology...
- Was phrenology a reform science? Towards a new generalization for phrenologyJohn van Wyhe
Hist Sci 42:313-31. 2004
- Parsing brain activity with fMRI and mixed designs: what kind of a state is neuroimaging in?David I Donaldson
Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4DU, UK
Trends Neurosci 27:442-4. 2004..Strong critics (notably Uttal) have even argued that neuroimaging is nothing more than a modern day version of phrenology: destined to fail, and fundamentally uninformative...
- [Phrenology--another point of view]Tomasz Gos
Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej AM w Gdańsku
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 52:351-5. 2002The biography of doctor Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and his theory of phrenology were outlined highlighting the criminological issues of it...
- Mark Twain on phrenologyJames L Stone
Division of Neurosurgery, Cook County Hospital and Department of Neurosurgery, Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
Neurosurgery 53:1414-6; discussion 1416-7. 2003..Similarly, he found an interest in phrenology, a pseudoscience that purported to characterize personality traits according to elevations or depressions on the ..
- Gall's psychophysiological concept of function: the rise and decline of "internal essence"T L Hoff
Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
Brain Cogn 20:378-98. 1992....
- Memory and the brain: beyond intracranial phrenologyDavid A Drachman
Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 8:269-73. 2008
- Phrenological studies of aphasia before Broca: Broca's aphasia or Gall's aphasia?J W Brown
Department of Neurology, New York University Medical Center, NY
Brain Lang 43:475-86. 1992..This paper examines the status of aphasia localization prior to Broca, and, specifically, the extent to which Broca's discovery may have been anticipated by the phrenologists...
- CORTICAL MECHANISMS IN PERCEPTION AND BEHAVIORCharles Gross; Fiscal Year: 2003..The proposed research may also contribute to the development of visual and limb prostheses and artificial devices for object manipulation. ..
- Social Cognition and Human Orbital Prefrontal CortexRobert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposal is designed to provide a basis for developing a larger program of research aimed at understanding the neural basis of social behavior. ..
- Intraoperative Mapping of Language Using High GammaRobert Knight; Fiscal Year: 2008..We propose to apply a novel method of brain electrical analysis to replace the traditional method employed. If successful the results would lead to safer and more effective neurosurgical procedures. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..