world war ii

Summary

Summary: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Use of the veterans history project to assess World War II veterans' perceptions of military experiences and health
    Nancy LaVerda
    Department of Global Health, School of Public Health and Health Services, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Mil Med 171:1076-82. 2006
  2. ncbi The impact of the Occupation of Guernsey 1940-1945 on breast cancer risk factors and incidence
    I S Fentiman
    Academic Oncology Unit, Guy s Hospital, London, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 61:937-43. 2007
  3. pmc Cutaneous melioidosis in a man who was taken as a prisoner of war by the Japanese during World War II
    Viseth Ngauy
    Wiford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 43:970-2. 2005
  4. pmc Less subclinical atherosclerosis in Japanese men in Japan than in White men in the United States in the post-World War II birth cohort
    Akira Sekikawa
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 130 North Bellefield Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:617-24. 2007
  5. ncbi Impact of forced displacement during World War II on the present-day mental health of the elderly: a population-based study
    Philipp Kuwert
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald, Stralsund, Germany
    Int Psychogeriatr 21:748-53. 2009
  6. ncbi Childhood separation experience predicts HPA axis hormonal responses in late adulthood: a natural experiment of World War II
    Anu Katriina Pesonen
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:758-67. 2010
  7. ncbi Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in Finnish men and women separated temporarily from their parents in childhood--a life course study
    Hanna Alastalo
    Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychosom Med 74:583-7. 2012
  8. ncbi Inter-generational social mobility following early life stress
    Anu Katriina Pesonen
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Med 43:320-8. 2011
  9. ncbi Depressive symptoms in adults separated from their parents as children: a natural experiment during World War II
    Anu Katriina Pesonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1126-33. 2007
  10. ncbi Cardiovascular health of Finnish war evacuees 60 years later
    Hanna Alastalo
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Med 41:66-72. 2009

Detail Information

Publications230 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Use of the veterans history project to assess World War II veterans' perceptions of military experiences and health
    Nancy LaVerda
    Department of Global Health, School of Public Health and Health Services, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Mil Med 171:1076-82. 2006
    This qualitative research study evaluated the attitudes, perceptions, and opinions of World War II veterans regarding the health impact of their military service.
  2. ncbi The impact of the Occupation of Guernsey 1940-1945 on breast cancer risk factors and incidence
    I S Fentiman
    Academic Oncology Unit, Guy s Hospital, London, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 61:937-43. 2007
    ..30, 95% CI = 0.62-2.76). Delay in menarche among women remaining in Guernsey during the Occupation, rather than being protective, was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer...
  3. pmc Cutaneous melioidosis in a man who was taken as a prisoner of war by the Japanese during World War II
    Viseth Ngauy
    Wiford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 43:970-2. 2005
    ..We report a case of a man who was taken as a prisoner of war by the Japanese during World War II who presented with a nonhealing ulcer on his right hand 62 years after the initial exposure.
  4. pmc Less subclinical atherosclerosis in Japanese men in Japan than in White men in the United States in the post-World War II birth cohort
    Akira Sekikawa
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 130 North Bellefield Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:617-24. 2007
    ..616 mm (standard error, 0.005) vs. 0.672 (standard error, 0.005) mm, p < 0.01). Both associations remained significant after adjusting for risk factors. The findings warrant further investigations...
  5. ncbi Impact of forced displacement during World War II on the present-day mental health of the elderly: a population-based study
    Philipp Kuwert
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald, Stralsund, Germany
    Int Psychogeriatr 21:748-53. 2009
    ..Roughly 12 million German people were displaced in World War II (WWII) and to our knowledge there has been no representative study investigating the mental health outcomes of ..
  6. ncbi Childhood separation experience predicts HPA axis hormonal responses in late adulthood: a natural experiment of World War II
    Anu Katriina Pesonen
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:758-67. 2010
    ....
  7. ncbi Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in Finnish men and women separated temporarily from their parents in childhood--a life course study
    Hanna Alastalo
    Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychosom Med 74:583-7. 2012
    Early-life stress may influence health later in life. We examined morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease over 60 years in individuals separated temporarily from their parents in childhood due to World War II.
  8. ncbi Inter-generational social mobility following early life stress
    Anu Katriina Pesonen
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Med 43:320-8. 2011
    ..We tested if early life stress (ELS) due to a separation from the parents during World War II predicts adult SEP, trajectories of incomes across the entire working career, and inter-generational social ..
  9. ncbi Depressive symptoms in adults separated from their parents as children: a natural experiment during World War II
    Anu Katriina Pesonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1126-33. 2007
    ..b>World War II created a unique natural experiment that allowed the authors to test whether 1) evacuation to temporary foster ..
  10. ncbi Cardiovascular health of Finnish war evacuees 60 years later
    Hanna Alastalo
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Med 41:66-72. 2009
    ..Early life experiences might have long-term effects on health...
  11. ncbi Cancer incidence in Israeli Jewish survivors of World War II
    Lital Keinan-Boker
    School of Public Health, Faculty of Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Mt Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1489-500. 2009
    Israeli Jews of European origin have high incidence rates of all cancers, and many of them were exposed to severe famine and stress during World War II. We assessed cancer incidence in Israeli Jewish survivors of World War II.
  12. ncbi Childhood temporary separation: long-term effects of the British evacuation of children during World War 2 on older adults' attachment styles
    James S M Rusby
    School of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK
    Attach Hum Dev 10:207-21. 2008
    ..The clinical implications of the study are briefly discussed...
  13. ncbi Rapid increase in Japanese life expectancy after World War II
    Yasuo Sugiura
    Bureau of International Cooperation, International Medical Center of Japan, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Tokyo, Japan
    Biosci Trends 4:9-16. 2010
    Japanese life expectancy increased by about 13.7 years during the first decade after World War II, despite the country's post-war poverty...
  14. ncbi Posttraumatic growth, social acknowledgment as survivors, and sense of coherence in former German child soldiers of World War II
    Simon Forstmeier
    Division of Psychopathology and Clinical Intervention, Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:1030-9. 2009
    ..To examine posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its predictors social acknowledgment as survivors, sense of coherence (SOC), trauma severity, and further factors in former child soldiers more than 60 years after deployment...
  15. ncbi Sixty years later: post-traumatic stress symptoms and current psychopathology in former German children of World War II
    Philipp Kuwert
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald, Greifswald, Stralsund, Germany
    Int Psychogeriatr 19:955-61. 2007
    The aim of the study was to determine the amount of trauma impact, post-traumatic stress symptoms and current psychopathological distress in a sample of former German children of World War II.
  16. ncbi A delayed complication after injury in World War II
    Alexey Surov
    N Engl J Med 354:1963-4. 2006
  17. ncbi Personal memories for remote historical events: accuracy and clarity of flashbulb memories related to World War II
    Dorthe Berntsen
    Department of Psychology, University of Aarhus, Denmark
    J Exp Psychol Gen 134:242-57. 2005
    ..April 1940) and liberation (May 1945) and for their most negative and most positive personal memories from World War II. Almost all reported memories for the invasion and liberation. Their answers to factual questions (e.g...
  18. ncbi The association between prolonged fatigue and cardiovascular disease in World War II veteran twins
    Annette L Fitzpatrick
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98115, USA
    Twin Res 7:571-7. 2004
    ..for genetic confounding, we investigated prolonged fatigue and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a cohort of World War II veteran twins...
  19. ncbi [Psychosis in elderly post-traumatic stress disorder patients]
    G Böwing
    Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie Röbel, MediClin Müritz Klinikum GmbH, Stadtgarten 15, 17207, Röbel
    Nervenarzt 79:73-9. 2008
    Late-onset post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients with traumatic experiences from World War II often present psychotic features.
  20. pmc Contemporary paternal genetic landscape of Polish and German populations: from early medieval Slavic expansion to post-World War II resettlements
    Krzysztof Rebała
    Institut de Biologia Evolutiva, CSIC UPF, Departament de Ciencies Experimentals i de la Salut, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur J Hum Genet 21:415-22. 2013
    Homogeneous Proto-Slavic genetic substrate and/or extensive mixing after World War II were suggested to explain homogeneity of contemporary Polish paternal lineages...
  21. ncbi Traumatic experiences and post-traumatic stress disorder among elderly Germans: results of a representative population-based survey
    Heide Glaesmer
    Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Int Psychogeriatr 22:661-70. 2010
    ..Most of the existing studies are from the U.S.A. Against the background of World War II, the extent and long-term effects of war-related traumatic experiences in the German elderly population are of ..
  22. ncbi [Bombed out--psychic and psychosomatic long term consequences of World War II for the cohort born until 1945 in the year 2004]
    Gereon Von Heuft
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie, Universitatsklinikum Munster
    Z Psychosom Med Psychother 53:228-43. 2007
    ..a population-based study the hypothesis was pursued as to what extent psychiatric consequences of specific war experiences of the cohort born up to 1945, exemplified through the fate of those bombed out during World War II, can be proven.
  23. pmc Exposure to the Holocaust and World War II concentration camps during late adolescence and adulthood is not associated with increased risk for dementia at old age
    Ramit Ravona-Springer
    Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel
    J Alzheimers Dis 23:709-16. 2011
    ..Individuals who survived concentration camps and then lived into old age may carry survival advantages that are associated with protection from dementia and mortality...
  24. ncbi [Coping skills and social support in German long-time survivors of rape in the end of World War II]
    Svenja Eichhorn
    Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Universitat Leipzig, Philipp Rosenthal Straße 55, Leipzig
    Psychiatr Prax 39:169-73. 2012
    The aim of the study was to document perceived social support in a sample of German war-raped women in World War II. Furthermore the impact of this potential resource on today's posttraumatic symptoms should be pointed out.
  25. pmc Highly efficient nuclear DNA typing of the World War II skeletal remains using three new autosomal short tandem repeat amplification kits with the extended European Standard Set of loci
    Irena Zupanic Pajnic
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Korytkova 2, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Croat Med J 53:17-23. 2012
    ..To perform an efficiency study of three new amplification kits with the extended European Standard Set (ESS) of loci for autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) typing of skeletal remains excavated from the World War II mass graves in Slovenia.
  26. pmc Molecular genetic identification of skeletal remains from the Second World War Konfin I mass grave in Slovenia
    Irena Zupanic Pajnic
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Korytkova 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Int J Legal Med 124:307-17. 2010
    ..The statistical analyses showed a high confidence of correct identification for all 28 victims in the Konfin I mass grave (posterior probability ranged from 99.9% to more than 99.999999%)...
  27. ncbi Wartime stressors and mental health symptoms as predictors of late-life mortality in World War II survivors
    Inge Bramsen
    Department of Medical Psychology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Affect Disord 103:121-9. 2007
    ..The current study examines wartime stress in relation to late-life mortality among 1448 World War II survivors, and potential mediating effects of mental health symptoms that were assessed in 1992.
  28. ncbi Verbal and physical aggression in World War II former prisoners of war: role of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression
    Casey O'Donnell
    Department of Psychology, La Salle University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:859-66. 2006
    ..stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and intimate partner relationship aggression in a community sample of World War II (WWII) male military former prisoners of war (POWs)...
  29. pmc Flashbulb memories and posttraumatic stress reactions across the life span: age-related effects of the German occupation of Denmark during World War II
    Dorthe Berntsen
    Department of Psychology, University of Aarhus, Jens Chr Skous vej 4, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Psychol Aging 21:127-39. 2006
    ..sample of older Danes were interviewed about experiences from the German occupation of Denmark in World War II. The number of participants with flashbulb memories for the German invasion (1940) and capitulation (1945) ..
  30. pmc Repatriation and identification of the Finnish World War II soldiers
    Jukka U Palo
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Croat Med J 48:528-35. 2007
    To present a summary of the organization, field search, repatriation, forensic anthropological examination, and DNA analysis for the purpose of identification of Finnish soldiers with unresolved fate in World War II.
  31. ncbi The processing of skeletonized human remains found in Berlin, Germany
    Tanja Hollmann
    Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Forensic Leg Med 15:420-5. 2008
    During World War II, and particularly the Battle of Berlin, many thousands of civilians and soldiers from a variety of countries were killed...
  32. ncbi Blood pressure, hypertension and mortality from circulatory disease in men and women who survived the siege of Leningrad
    Ilona Koupil
    Centre for Health Equity Studies CHESS, Stockholm University Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, 10691, Sweden
    Eur J Epidemiol 22:223-34. 2007
    ....
  33. pmc Epidemic jaundice: Harvard's 5th General Hospital at Musgrave Park in World War II
    John Hedley-Whyte
    Anaesthesia and Respiratory Therapy, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02132 4927, USA
    Ulster Med J 74:122-5. 2005
  34. ncbi Risk of selected cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder among former World War II prisoners of war
    Han K Kang
    U S Department of Veterans Affairs, Environmental Epidemiology Service, 810 Vermont Ave Washington, DC 20420, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 16:381-6. 2006
    American World War II (WWII) prisoners of war (POWs) suffered both mental and physical deprivation while interned...
  35. ncbi A mediational model of PTSD in World War II veterans exposed to mustard gas
    M Kay Jankowski
    New Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Lebanon, NH 03766, USA
    J Trauma Stress 17:303-10. 2004
    ..social support, and subsequent disclosure on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of World War II (WWII) veterans exposed to mustard gas (N = 305)...
  36. ncbi German flooding of the Pontine Marshes in World War II
    Erhard Geissler
    Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin Buch, German
    Politics Life Sci 29:2-23. 2010
    ..Any allegation of such a serious violation demands credible evidence that meets high scientific and legal standards of proof...
  37. pmc DNA identification of skeletal remains from the World War II mass graves uncovered in Slovenia
    Damir Marjanovic
    Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Croat Med J 48:513-9. 2007
    To present the joint effort of three institutions in the identification of human remains from the World War II found in two mass graves in the area of Skofja Loka, Slovenia.
  38. ncbi Intergenerational transmission of biased information processing in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following displacement after World War II
    Charlotte E Wittekind
    University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistr 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Anxiety Disord 24:953-7. 2010
    ..bias for trauma-related stimuli in adult offspring, we compared performance of individuals displaced after World War II with (n=22) and without PTSD (n=24) to a non-displaced healthy control group (n=11) and their respective ..
  39. ncbi Growth of Jersey schoolchildren during the 1940-1945 German occupation: comparison with schoolchildren on mainland Britain
    George T H Ellison
    Channel Islands Occupation Birth Cohort Study, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, 18 Woburn Square, London WICH 0NR, United Kingdom
    Hum Biol 77:761-72. 2005
    ..As such, these analyses provide a somewhat conservative estimate of the decline in childhood growth rates that occurred on Jersey during the 1940-45 German occupation...
  40. ncbi Reproductive traits following a parent-child separation trauma during childhood: a natural experiment during World War II
    Anu Katriina Pesonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Hum Biol 20:345-51. 2008
    ..The implications are relevant to the 9.2 million child refugees living throughout the world today...
  41. ncbi Range and specificity of war-related trauma to posttraumatic stress; depression and general health perception: displaced former World War II children in late life
    Kristin Strauss
    Department of Health and Prevention, Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald, Robert Blum Str 13, 17487 Greifswald, Germany
    J Affect Disord 128:267-76. 2011
    ..We examined a subgroup of displaced elders and investigated whether specific trauma types were associated with differential health outcomes...
  42. ncbi Microchimerism decades after transfusion among combat-injured US veterans from the Vietnam, Korean, and World War II conflicts
    Garth H Utter
    Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis, Medical Center, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    Transfusion 48:1609-15. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine how long transfusion-associated MC lasts after traumatic injury...
  43. pmc Identification of skeletal remains of Communist Armed Forces victims during and after World War II: combined Y-chromosome (STR) and MiniSTR approach
    Damir Marjanovic
    1Institute for Genetic Engineeringand Biotechnology, Gajev trg 4, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Croat Med J 50:296-304. 2009
    ..methods in the identification of victims of revolutionary violence and crimes against humanity committed by the Communist Armed Forces during and after World War II in which bodies were exhumed from mass and individual graves in Slovenia.
  44. pmc Skeletal remains from World War II mass grave: from discovery to identification
    Marija Definis Gojanovic
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Split University Hospital and School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
    Croat Med J 48:520-7. 2007
    ..of identification of skeletal remains from a mass grave found on a Dalmatian mountain-range in 2005, which allegedly contained the remains of civilians from Herzegovina killed in the World War II, including a group of 8 Franciscan monks.
  45. ncbi [Therapy and assessment of psychological trauma as mirrored by fiction--part 2: World War II in the view of angry veterans]
    Peter Theiss-Abendroth
    Berlin, Germany
    Psychiatr Prax 34:42-5. 2007
  46. ncbi [The nuclear physicist, Rudolf Fleischmann and medicine at the University of Strassburg]
    Burghard Weiss
    Universität zu Lebeck Institut für Medizin und Weissenschaftsgeschichte, Lubeck
    NTM 14:107-18. 2006
    Under German occupation in World War II,Alsace-Lorraine was subjected to politically enforced Germanization. One means was science policy...
  47. ncbi The Grellier twins, Norman (1886-1949) and Bernard (1886-1957), radiologists of East Sussex
    Ian J Kenney
    X Ray Department, Royal Alexandra Children s Hospital, Dyke Road, Brighton BN1 3JN, UK
    J Med Biogr 15:53-8. 2007
    ..In 1940 they rejoined the RAMC as radiologists, serving throughout World War II. They remained unmarried, devoted to each other, to their practice and to their loves of model engineering and ..
  48. ncbi The great transformation: a long-run perspective on physical well-being in Canada
    John Cranfield
    Department of Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Econ Hum Biol 5:204-28. 2007
    ..Popul. Stud. 29, 231-248]. The transition from stagnant or declining stature to secular increase points to a dramatic shift ca. 1900 in the evolution of the physical standard of living in Canada...
  49. ncbi U.S. military enlisted accession mental health screening: history and current practice
    Robert Andrew Cardona
    Community Mental Health Service, Reynolds Army Community Hospital, Fort Sill, OK 73503 6300, USA
    Mil Med 172:31-5. 2007
    ..Educational attainment with high school graduation has been the strongest predictor of finishing a service term. The purpose of this article is to provide both a historical review and a review of testing efforts...
  50. ncbi Acute respiratory distress syndrome in combat casualties: military medicine and advances in mechanical ventilation
    Michael James Morris
    Pulmonary Disease Critical Care Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Mil Med 171:1039-44. 2006
    ..Innovative surgeons during World War II devised methods to assist their patients with positive pressure breathing...
  51. ncbi Upper extremity arterial combat injury management
    Michael A Weber
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Uniformed University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther 18:141-5. 2006
    ..The objective of this report is to review the historical experience with managing military upper extremity arterial injuries and compare that experience with current management...
  52. ncbi Shell shock: an outcome study of a First World War 'PIE' unit
    Edgar Jones
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    Psychol Med 37:215-23. 2007
    ..The US Army used PIE techniques in Korea and Vietnam. Although widely accepted as an effective intervention, forward psychiatry is not amenable to random-controlled trials and only one controlled outcome study has been conducted...
  53. ncbi Waking up to shell shock: psychiatry in the US military during World War II
    Hans Pols
    Unit for History and Philosophy of Science, Carslaw F07, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Endeavour 30:144-9. 2006
    ..But it was only in World War II that military psychiatrists, particularly those in the USA, began to implement treatment methods for this ..
  54. ncbi Child guidance in interwar Scotland: international influences and domestic concerns
    John W Stewart
    Department of History, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, England
    Bull Hist Med 80:513-39. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi Neurosciences and research on chemical weapons of mass destruction in Nazi Germany
    Florian Schmaltz
    Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Historical Instiute, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    J Hist Neurosci 15:186-209. 2006
    ..The article discusses the involvement of IG Farben scientists, educational, medical and military institutions, and of Nobel Prize laureate Richard Kuhn, director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research...
  56. ncbi Neuropathological research at the "Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Psychiatrie" (German Institute for Psychiatric Research) in Munich (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute). Scientific utilization of children's organs from the "Kinderfachabteilungen" (Children's Spec
    Florian Steger
    Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, Friedrich Alexander University, Erlangen Nuernberg, Germany
    J Hist Neurosci 15:173-85. 2006
    ....
  57. ncbi Film and the construction of memory in psychoanalysis, 1940-1960
    Alison Winter
    University of Chicago, USA
    Sci Context 19:111-36. 2006
    ..The paper develops a social historical account of this relationship, and reflects on its significance for the history of selfhood in the twentieth century...
  58. ncbi Neurosciences and the Third Reich introduction
    Axel Karenberg
    Institute for the History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    J Hist Neurosci 15:168-72. 2006
  59. ncbi The mortality of Allied prisoners of war and Belgian civilian deportees in German custody during the First World War: a reappraisal of the effects of forced labour
    Mark Spoerer
    University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
    Popul Stud (Camb) 60:121-36. 2006
    ....
  60. ncbi Phases in the postwar German reception of the "Euthanasia Program" (1939-1945) involving the killing of the mentally disabled and its exploitation by neuroscientists
    Jürgen Peiffer
    Institute for Brain Research, Eberhard Karls University of Tubingen
    J Hist Neurosci 15:210-44. 2006
    ..I attempt to distinguish five phases in the debate in light of the political background between 1945 until the present...
  61. ncbi The poor man's atomic bomb
    Daniel J Kevles
    Yale University
    New York Rev Books 54:60-3. 2007
  62. ncbi Ochsner Clinic contributions to the 24th General US Army Hospital, European Theatre of Operations, 1943-1945
    James H Diaz
    J La State Med Soc 159:178-9; author reply 179. 2007
  63. ncbi US military nurses in wartime: reluctant heroes, always there
    Susan Sheehy
    J Emerg Nurs 33:555-63. 2007
  64. ncbi Dr. Friedrich Wegener and the ACCP, Revisited
    Mark J Rosen
    Chest 132:1723; discussion 1723-4. 2007
  65. ncbi Time does not heal all wounds: medical luminaries, national socialism, and the American College of Chest Physicians
    Richard H Savel
    Chest 132:2064-5. 2007
  66. ncbi Freidrich Wegener: the past and present
    Stephen S Lefrak
    Chest 132:2065. 2007
  67. ncbi On Wegener and the ACCP
    Michael Emmett
    Chest 132:2066. 2007
  68. ncbi [The province of East Prussia and "euthanasia" during national socialism: the SS-"Aktion Lange" and "Aktion T4"]
    Sascha Topp
    Intitut für Geschichte der Medizin, Justus Liebig Universitat Giessen
    Medizinhist J 43:20-55. 2008
    During World War II, psychiatric patients hospitalized in asylums in Eastern Prussia became victims of two separate killing programmes: first, by the SS-special command Lange, second by the centrally (in Berlin) organized "euthanasia"-"..
  69. ncbi Comments on Dr. Wegener editorial
    Philippe Girard
    Chest 132:2066. 2007
  70. ncbi War neurosis, adjustment problems in veterans, and an ill nation: The disciplinary project of American psychiatry during and after World War II
    Hans Pols
    Unit for History and Philosophy of Science, Carslaw F07, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Osiris 22:72-92. 2007
    After World War II, the confidence of American psychiatrists was at an all-time high as a result of their successful participation in the war...
  71. doi Lessons from the dark side. Ulrich Herbert interviewed by Alison Abbott
    Ulrich Herbert
    Nature 451:755. 2008
  72. ncbi From the front lines to the home front: a history of the development of psychiatric nursing in the U.S. during the World War II era
    Christine M Silverstein
    Summit Center for Ideal Performance, Ramsey, New Jersey, USA
    Issues Ment Health Nurs 29:719-37. 2008
    During World War II, psychiatric nurses learned valuable lessons on how to deal with the traumas of war...
  73. ncbi Shell shock and mild traumatic brain injury: a historical review
    Edgar Jones
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, 10 Cutcombe Rd, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1641-5. 2007
    ..shock came to occupy a similar position of prominence, and postconcussional syndrome assumed some importance in World War II. In this article, the nature of shell shock, its clinical presentation, the military context, hypotheses of ..
  74. ncbi Two manic-depressives, two tyrants, two world wars
    Julian Lieb
    Med Hypotheses 70:888-92. 2008
    ....
  75. ncbi [Missing in World War II: the development of the tracing service of the German Red Cross]
    Monika Ampferi
    Z Geschichtswiss 50:527-42. 2002
  76. ncbi [History as palimpsest: writing and reading on the "children of the perpetrators"]
    Cornelia Blasberg
    Dtsch Vierteljahresschr Litt Wiss Geistesgesch 76:464-95. 2002
  77. ncbi The introduction and popularization of endotracheal intubation into anesthesia practice
    Henry Rosenberg
    Bull Anesth Hist 21:1, 4-6. 2003
    ..Developed in the late 19th century, endotracheal intubation was met with reluctance, even fear, by those administering anesthesia. The progression from its gradual acceptance to today's routine use is traced in this essay...
  78. ncbi Nurses in Nazi Germany
    Alex Zukas
    Eur Leg Towar New Paradig 7:653-5. 2002
  79. ncbi Rudolph Weigl (1883-1957)--a scientist in Poland in wartime plus ratio quam vis
    Andrzej Wincewicz
    Department of Pathology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok Poland
    J Med Biogr 15:111-5. 2007
    ..His vaccine saved millions, particularly during World War II. Despite many nominations, he was never awarded the Nobel Prize.
  80. ncbi Neuropathology in Germany during World War II: Julius Hallervorden (1882-1965) and the Nazi programme of 'euthanasia'
    J T Hughes
    Green College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Med Biogr 15:116-22. 2007
    In Germany, during World War II, more than 120,000 handicapped children and adults were murdered for the convenience of the State...
  81. ncbi An historical account of shell shock during the First World War and reforms in mental health in Australia 1914-1939
    Ruth Rae
    University of New England, Armidale and University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Int J Ment Health Nurs 16:266-73. 2007
    ..However, the imperatives of war negated these developments and there is evidence that the management of soldiers suffering from post-traumatic stress disorders in the Second World War did not benefit from the lessons learnt in the FWW...
  82. ncbi Music for the injured soldier: a contribution of American women's military bands during World War II
    Jill M Sullivan
    Arizona State University, Arizona, USA
    J Music Ther 44:282-305. 2007
    ..of women's military bands in the United States to the reconditioning of the injured American troops during World War II. Primary and secondary sources revealed that these bands welcomed home hospital ships, performed for ..
  83. ncbi [Robert Debré during German occupation of France]
    Henri V Nahum
    Rev Prat 57:1270-3. 2007
  84. ncbi Tobacco policies in Austria during the Third Reich
    E Bachinger
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:1033-7. 2007
    ..Previous work has described the situation in Germany...
  85. ncbi Dr. Friedrich Wegener, the ACCP, and History
    Mark J Rosen
    Chest 132:739-41. 2007
  86. ncbi Journey through World War II with Captain Gioacchino Parrella, MD U.S. Army
    David Parrella
    Medical Care Administration, Connecticut Department of Social Services, USA
    Conn Med 72:297-9. 2008
  87. ncbi [Geneticists in the service of war? The German Research Foundation, the Reich Research Council, and policy changes in research on heredity]
    Anne Cottebrune
    Ruprech Karls Universität Heildelberg, Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin
    Medizinhist J 40:141-68. 2005
    ..This essay analyzes the institutional context of science policy as well as the dynamics between the science of human heredity and Nazi politics during the war...
  88. ncbi [Jewish veterinarians in Germany, 1918-1945]
    G Möllers
    Fachgebiet Geschichte, Museum und Archiv der Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover
    Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 112:386-92. 2005
    ....
  89. ncbi [Typhus: an ideologised disease]
    Marta Aleksandra Balinska
    Département de Prevention et Dépistage, Institut National de Cancer, Paris Cedex
    Rev Prat 55:1619-21. 2005
  90. ncbi Nazi euthanasia of the mentally ill at Hadamar
    Rael D Strous
    Beer Yaakov Mental Health Center, P O Box 1, Beer Yaakov 70350, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 163:27. 2006
  91. ncbi [Post-traumatic stress disorder: reserve is necessary]
    Klaus Dörner
    Psychiatr Prax 32:334-5. 2005
  92. ncbi [Psychological trauma in psychiatric textbooks published in german - the dominating view of psychiatrists between 1945 and 2002]
    Ruth Kloocke
    Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Charité, Humboldt Universitat, Berlin
    Psychiatr Prax 32:327-33. 2005
    ..METHODE: In psychiatric textbooks, the terminology, concepts of illness, and recommendations for assessment and treatment concerning psychological trauma were analysed...
  93. ncbi Too hard to face
    Arthur L Caplan
    Center for Bioethics, University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Market Street, Suite 320 Philadelphia, PA 19104 3308, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:394-400. 2005
    ..Bioethics must still address these beliefs and subject them to close scrutiny...
  94. ncbi Aviation medicine in the United Kingdom: from the end of World War I to the end of World War II, 1919-1945
    T Michael Gibson
    Corporate Health Ltd, Slough, Berkshire, UK
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:689-91. 2005
    ..This part of the account of British aviation medicine research charts its transition from an organization with three full-time workers into a thriving research institute...
  95. ncbi Psychological injury in the two World Wars: changing concepts and terms in German psychiatry
    Ruth Kloocke
    Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Hist Psychiatry 16:43-60. 2005
    ..By 1916 German psychiatrists had already established a concept of illness that continued to be used until World War II and beyond, albeit with a changing terminology...
  96. ncbi Americans as survivors
    Robert Jay Lifton
    Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:2263-5. 2005
  97. ncbi ["Euthanasia"--victims and test subjects. The fate of diseased, disabled children in Berlin during World War II]
    Thomas Beddies
    Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Zentrum für Human und Gesundheitswissenschaften, Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin
    Medizinhist J 39:165-96. 2004
    ....
  98. ncbi Posttraumatic stress disorder part I: historical development of the concept
    G C Lasiuk
    Faculty of Nursing, 3rd Floor Clinical Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G3, Canada
    Perspect Psychiatr Care 42:13-20. 2006
    ..Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a significant health problem, characterized by high rates of chronicity and comorbidity...
  99. ncbi Autarchy, market disintegration, and health: the mortality and nutritional crisis in Nazi Germany, 1933-1937
    Jörg Baten
    Department of Economics, University of Tubingen, Mohlstr 36, 72074 Tuebingen, Germany
    Econ Hum Biol 1:1-28. 2003
    ..The highly developed areas of Germany with large urban sectors and the coastal regions of the Northwest were affected most from the policy of restricting imports of protein-rich agricultural products...
  100. ncbi First do no harm
    Adrian Reuben
    Division of GI Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, USA
    Hepatology 42:1464-70. 2005
  101. ncbi ["Spoils of war"--losses of the Berlin Veterinary Medicine Library in 1945]
    M F Brumme

    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 109:184-9. 1996
    All the German veterinary libraries suffered heavy losses during World War II and its aftermath, but the Berlin Veterinary Faculty, whose library was known until 1945 as the biggest veterinary book collection of the world, was exceedingly ..

Research Grants62

  1. SPEAKER TRAVEL AND SCIENTIFIC SESSION SUPPORT FOR THE TERATOLOGY SOCIETY 50TH
    Christina Chambers; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..to the Embryo and Child, including aspects of the 60-year follow-up study of radiation exposure in Japan during World War II. A lecture entitled Palate Development: Molecular Perspectives &Current Understanding will be presented by ..
  2. Neuroprotection and Myelin Repair Mechanisms in Multiple Sclerosis
    Inderjit Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Epidemiological studies demonstrated that the high rate of MS occurrence in all veterans who served in World War II, the Korean conflict and the Gulf war in 1991 due to the environmental factors or the precipitation of the ..
  3. The Greatest Generation: The NAS-NRC WWII Twin Registry as a Scientific Resource
    Margaret Gatz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..we propose to initiate a data archive comprising the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council World War II Twin Registry (NAS-NRC Twin Registry) in order to make this unique resource available to the scientific ..
  4. Translational Immunology Research and Accelerated [vaccine] Development (TRIAD)
    ANNE SEARLS DEGROOT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..FT has been listed as a Category A biological warfare agent as a result of World War II and Cold War-era biowarfare research...
  5. Epidemiology of CHD of Men Aged 40+ in US, Hawaii, Japan
    Akira Sekikawa; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in Japan continue to have very low CHD rates despite increasing levels of risk factors since the end of World War II (WWII). CHD mortality has been increasing in most Asian countries except for Japan...
  6. Orientia tsutsugamushi modulation of host cell ubiquitination machinery
    Jason A Carlyon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Its mortality rate can be as high as 50%. The disease was a significant cause of morbidity in World War II and the Vietnam conflict and presently threatens U.S. soldiers serving in the Middle East...
  7. Overcoming Membrane Transporters to Improve CNS Drug Therapy
    Robert S B Clark; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Probenecid is currently in clinical use to treat uric acidemia, and was developed during World War II to increase the bioavailability of penicillin to wounded soldiers...
  8. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SLEEP-DISORDERED BREATHING IN ADULTS
    Paul E Peppard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..period effects that will change the SDB burden are occurring in the US, including aging of the large post World War II birth cohort, enhanced survival of older adults who have had different exposures during midlife to SDB risk ..
  9. Efficacy evaluation of traditionally used antimalarial plants
    ROCKY T GRAZIOSE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Society for Developmental Biology Annual Meetings 2009-2013
    Marianne Bronner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Society has organized the major meeting in developmental biology for the past 70 years (missing two during World War II)...
  11. Military Service and Troubled Behaviors
    LUCKY M TEDROW; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..While Sampson and Laub (1996) present evidence in support of a rehabilitative effect for veterans of World War II, other research has been less consistent...
  12. "Just Enough to Put Him Away Decent": The Management of Death and the Evolution o
    KRISTINE MARIE MCCUSKER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..study of what happened when new public health policies levied by the New Deal and the military mobilization for World War II helped transform a region considered at the time to be the nation's number one economic and health problem...
  13. Regulation of Burkholderia mallei virulence genes
    William Nierman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Union and was used as a biological warfare agent by Germany during World War I (and the Japanese in China in World War II - I heard it on the radio recently). The complete genome sequence of B...
  14. Comparative Genomic Analysis of Clostridium perfringens
    Ian Paulsen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..C. perfringens has also been tested as a potential biological warfare (BW) agent in World War II and the Iraqi government is suspected of attempting to develop C. perfringens as a BW agent before the Gulf War...
  15. Translation, Editing and Annotation of Ludwik Hirszfeld, The Story of One Life
    William Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The University of Rochester Press has agreed to publish the translation. ..
  16. BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF BRAIN INJURY
    Suzanne Corkin; Fiscal Year: 1990
    In our longitudinal study, veterans with penetrating head injuries received in World War II declined more in cognition from the 1950s to the 1980s than control veterans with peripheral nerve injuries...
  17. History of Health Risks in American Society and Medicine
    ROBERT ALAN ARONOWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): The proposed project is a history of health risks in American society and medicine since World War II. While there is considerable societal and medical debate about particular health risks and prevention practices,..
  18. Bioprocessing of Plasma Therapeutic Proteins using Sequential Affinity Monolithic
    Yow Pin Lim; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..outdated and inefficient, a case in point being ethanol fractionation, a purification process developed during World War II that still remains the backbone of most fractionation strategies in use today The recent addition of ..
  19. A Data Resource for the Health and Environmental Consequences of the Vietnam War
    JEANNE STELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..US forces dropped more bombs in Vietnam than in both World War II and Korea combined...
  20. The Reach of Ethics: Politics, Bioethics & the Regulation of Social Inquiry
    Amy Fairchild; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the decades after World War II, bioethics emerged in response to research abuses and became a force-both intellectual and institutional-in ..
  21. JOB COMPLEXITY AND COGNITION IN OLDER TWIN PAIRS
    Guy Potter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Memory in Aging on members of the National Research Council-National Academy of Sciences (NAS-NRC) Registry of World War II veteran twins...
  22. Atoms for Peace and Health: Radioisotopes in Postwar Biomedicine
    ANGELA CREAGER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): After World War II, the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) began mass-producing radionuclides, sending out nearly 64,000 shipments of radioactive materials to scientists and physicians by 1955...
  23. TWINS AND RISK OF PD: A CLINICAL AND IMAGING STUDY
    Caroline Tanner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This proposal extends our recent results in an irreplaceable cohort, the NAS/NRC World War II Veteran Twins cohort, which showed nearly identical concordance rates in monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs ..
  24. The Rochester Center for Mind-Body Research
    Jan Moynihan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Given the public health and policy challenges posed by the aging of the large population born after World War II, research aimed at understanding the myriad influences on health and immune function of middle aged-older adults is vital...
  25. WORK AND RETIREMENT IN THE UNITED STATES--1900-1940
    RICHARD SUTCH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    The proposed research will investigate the economic history of retirement in the period between 1900 and World War II. This research is needed because of new evidence that retirement was declining for males with non- agricultural ..
  26. Social Structure, Alcohol, and Lethal Violence in Russia
    WILLIAM PRIDEMORE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3. The temporal relationship between alcohol consumption and rates of lethal violence in Russia since World War II (the nation as the unit of analysis). 4...
  27. ALCOHOL, REGULATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLE MORTALITY
    Michael Grossman; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..S. during the post World War II period...
  28. Combat Stress and Cardiovascular Risk Among Aging Men
    Kathryn Rose; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Eras of military service spanned from World War II through the Vietnam War...
  29. Research in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: A History
    Henry Blackburn; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of cultural differences in attack rates, and changing vital statistics on causes of death during and just after World War II, was followed by formal population studies of biologic and behavioral risk factors and tests of the potential ..
  30. GENETIC STUDIES OF GOOD HEALTH IN AN AGING TWIN COHORT
    Terry Reed; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..800 living complete twin-pairs who are members of the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council World War II twin registry...
  31. Epidemiology of CHD of Men Aged 40+ in US, Hawaii, Japan
    J Curb; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..change toward a more Westernized lifestyle has taken place among younger individuals who were born after World War II (WWII) in non-Western countries including Japan...
  32. SLEEP APNEA IN ELDERLY MALE TWINS
    Dorit Carmelli; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Specifically, we propose: (1) to recruit a subsample of 150 pairs from the NAS-NRC World War II Twin Registry in which at least one of the twin brothers reported sleep apnea symptoms and a subsample of 30 ..
  33. The Mayo Clinic Cardiology History Project
    W Fye; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..cardiac care innovations diffused rapidly from academic centers to community hospitals; especially after World War II. Mayo cardiologists contributed significantly to this phenomenon with its important implications for patient ..
  34. Intercultural Communication Workshop
    EILEEN VAN SCHAIK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In the years since World War II, the U.S. has grown increasingly dependent on foreign-born health care providers at all levels of the health care system. Today 1...
  35. PROSTATE CANCER RISK IN RELATION TO NUTRITION
    L Lumey; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..country, a substantial part of the population was exposed to a severe famine towards the end (1944-1945) of World War II. In addition, nutrition was compromised, albeit to a lesser degree, during the economic crisis of the 1930s and ..
  36. Scientific Origins of Modern Cell Biology: A History
    CAROL MOBERG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This is a traditional history, a narrative about how the science emerged in large part from a single pre-World War II laboratory that studied cancer and spawned researchers who combined the electron microscope, centrifuge, and ..
  37. Heart Disease and the Emergence of Modern Epidemiology
    GERALD OPPENHEIMER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..With this introductory period (1900-1945) as prologue, the book will then focus on the emergence, after World War II, of an epidemiology capable of defining, modeling, and quantifying chronic (heart) disease and of proposing ..
  38. Antibiotic Gene Clusters
    J Weber; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The first such crisis involved the production of penicillin during World War II. Future crises may involve drugs needed to counter bio-terrorist attacks...
  39. TREND THEORY IN COMMUNITY CONTEXT
    Michael Agar; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Second, research will expand to investigate all illicit drug use trends in the Baltimore area from World War II until the present...
  40. FAMILY HARDSHIP AND PROBLEM BEHAVIOR IN LIVES
    GLEN ELDER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The Guidance Study began with over 200 newborns in 1928-29, and collected data annually up to the end of World War II. These data include the original measurements of problem behavior, as developed by Jean Macfarlane...
  41. CHANGE IN WOMEN'S ROLES & WELL-BEING: AGE-COHORT EFFECTS
    Patricia Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the midlife years, (3) to examine whether patterns differ across cohorts by comparing women born in the post World War II years (baby boomers) with those born before (pre-boomers), assessed at the same age, and (4) develop a data ..
  42. Indiana and the Legacy of State and Local Eugenics 1907-2007
    William Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. Telerobotic Minimally Invasive ASD Repair
    Jeremy Cannon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The initial experiments will be done with an open chest model and subsequently a port access procedure will be developed. ..
  44. Prevention of Depression with a Web-based Supplement
    MARTIN SELIGMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If this intervention can prevent depression and anxiety robustly, it is possible that such programs can be widely disseminated, producing nationally measurable mental health benefits. ..
  45. PREVENTION OF DEPRESSION IN SCHOOL CHILDREN
    MARTIN SELIGMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Should our interventions succeed, this would suggest that this program can be used on a wide scale to prevent depression in early adolescence in young people at risk. ..
  46. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Telomere Attrition and Cardiovascular Disease
    Annette Fitzpatrick; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results of this study will enhance the understanding of the relationships between telomere dynamics and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality providing new insights into the biology of human aging...
  48. TREATMENT AND CLINICAL COURSE OF COMPLEX PTSD
    Julian Ford; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  49. MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
  50. Comparative Study of Influenza Vaccines in Adults
    ARNOLD MONTO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results will help to determine how the vaccine may be used as part of the strategy to combat influenza in varying situations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. BREAST CANCER HYPOXIA ASSESSED BY NITRIC OXIDE
    Britton Chance; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If ourintended goals of demonstrating feasibility are achieved, then application for support through regular RO1channels would appear to be justified. ..
  52. IRON STATUS IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE
    Usha Ramakrishnan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The investigators state that in summary, the project is expected to provide information that can be used to examine policy options and develop guidelines to ensure adequate but safe iron status for women of reproductive age. ..
  53. TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS
    K Nicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..3] sigmatropic rearrangement and a radical based ring closure to form the bicyclic skeleton. ..
  54. Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. and elsewhere. ..
  55. Physical Activity Assessment Using Variability in Accelerometer Counts
    David Bassett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The improved method could then be used in future studies of the relationships between physical activity and health outcomes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Survival and Comorbidities after Dementia
    Annette Fitzpatrick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This application will support continued analyses of an important database designed to provide valuable research for the prevention and impact of dementia in this country. ..
  57. Health, Social Support, and Housing Transitions
    Janet Wilmoth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e., private residence, supportive housing, nursing home) over a two-year period. In addition, intensity of assistance received (i.e., a summary of assistance with ten activities) will be considered. ..
  58. Chemoprevention in Mice after Tobacco Smoke Exposure
    Hanspeter Witschi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Eventually, these preclinical studies in an animal model of "former smokers" will help to evaluate the potential usefulness and also possible dosage regimens of chemopreventive agents characterized by their suppressing action. ..
  59. TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF AZADIRACHTIN
    K Nicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed work is expected to impact the general areas of pharmaceutical and agricultural research, and infectious diseases in particular, through discoveries in synthetic organic chemistry and chemical biology. ..
  60. DEMOGRAPHIC STUDY OF MULTIPLE CAUSES OF DEATH
    Kenneth Manton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..S. population ages and the numbers of nonagenarians and centenarians increase. This is important in forecasting life expectancy and the growth of he extreme elderly U.S. population. ..