18th century history


Summary: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Birth of the life sciences in Spain and Portugal
    Neidhard Paweletz
    Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 3:795-800. 2002
  2. ncbi Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans
    Samuli Helle
    Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, FIN 20014 Turku, Finland
    Science 296:1085. 2002
  3. pmc Variolation, vaccination and popular resistance in early colonial south India
    Niels Brimnes
    Department of History, Aarhus University, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Med Hist 48:199-228. 2004
  4. ncbi Traditional healing with animals (zootherapy): medieval to present-day Levantine practice
    Efraim Lev
    Department of Eretz Israel Studies, Jordan Valley College and University of Haifa, Israel
    J Ethnopharmacol 85:107-18. 2003
  5. ncbi The diuretic use of Scilla from Dioscorides to the end of the 18th century
    Giovanni Aliotta
    Second University of Naples, Italy
    J Nephrol 17:342-7. 2004
  6. ncbi Calcaneus, calcaneal tendon and retrocalcaneal bursa. Historical overview and plea for an accurate terminology
    D Kachlik
    Department of Anatomy, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
    Acta Chir Belg 110:255-60. 2010
  7. ncbi Reconstructed materia medica of the Medieval and Ottoman al-Sham
    Efraim Lev
    Jordan Valley College, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    J Ethnopharmacol 80:167-79. 2002
  8. pmc The 200th anniversary of the founding of the Belfast Medical Society
    David R Hadden
    Ulster Med J 75:209-12. 2006
  9. ncbi Gin Lane: did Hogarth know about fetal alcohol syndrome?
    E L Abel
    Department of Obstetrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Alcohol Alcohol 36:131-4. 2001
  10. ncbi The ocular surface and its symbolism
    Juan Murube
    Ophthalmology, University of Alcala Madrid, Spain
    Ocul Surf 5:6-12. 2007

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Birth of the life sciences in Spain and Portugal
    Neidhard Paweletz
    Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 3:795-800. 2002
    ..For many centuries, Spain and Portugal were occupied by various nations. The consequent mixing of cultures formed a unique environment in which to do science...
  2. ncbi Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans
    Samuli Helle
    Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, FIN 20014 Turku, Finland
    Science 296:1085. 2002
  3. pmc Variolation, vaccination and popular resistance in early colonial south India
    Niels Brimnes
    Department of History, Aarhus University, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Med Hist 48:199-228. 2004
  4. ncbi Traditional healing with animals (zootherapy): medieval to present-day Levantine practice
    Efraim Lev
    Department of Eretz Israel Studies, Jordan Valley College and University of Haifa, Israel
    J Ethnopharmacol 85:107-18. 2003
    ..The use of other materials of animal origin came to an end in the course of history because of change in the moral outlook of modern societies. Among the latter we note mummy, silkworm, stinkbug, scarabees, snail, scorpion, and triton...
  5. ncbi The diuretic use of Scilla from Dioscorides to the end of the 18th century
    Giovanni Aliotta
    Second University of Naples, Italy
    J Nephrol 17:342-7. 2004
    ..For this, invaluable help has come from new computer technologies which allow access to the most important libraries of the History of Medicine...
  6. ncbi Calcaneus, calcaneal tendon and retrocalcaneal bursa. Historical overview and plea for an accurate terminology
    D Kachlik
    Department of Anatomy, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
    Acta Chir Belg 110:255-60. 2010
    ..The authors consider the use of official anatomical terms (both Latin and English) as an important step for the improvement of the clinical expressions and formulations...
  7. ncbi Reconstructed materia medica of the Medieval and Ottoman al-Sham
    Efraim Lev
    Jordan Valley College, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    J Ethnopharmacol 80:167-79. 2002
    ..Finally, our data revealed that the al-Sham region was an independent source of production and marketing of medicinal substances during the medieval and Ottoman periods...
  8. pmc The 200th anniversary of the founding of the Belfast Medical Society
    David R Hadden
    Ulster Med J 75:209-12. 2006
  9. ncbi Gin Lane: did Hogarth know about fetal alcohol syndrome?
    E L Abel
    Department of Obstetrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Alcohol Alcohol 36:131-4. 2001
    ..The birth of weak and sickly children, and the high infant mortality rates associated with this period, long preceded the 'gin epidemic' and were primarily due to disease, starvation, exposure, and deliberate infanticide...
  10. ncbi The ocular surface and its symbolism
    Juan Murube
    Ophthalmology, University of Alcala Madrid, Spain
    Ocul Surf 5:6-12. 2007
  11. pmc The history of anatomy in Persia
    Mohammadali M Shoja
    Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
    J Anat 210:359-78. 2007
    ..Knowledge of anatomy for this region in the 20th century was greatly influenced by Europe and America...
  12. ncbi "Taking the waters"--springs, wells, and spas
    William A Frosch
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 East 68th St, New York, NY 10021, USA
    FASEB J 21:1948-50. 2007
  13. ncbi [Brain, mind and symptoms]
    E García-Albea Ristol
    Seccion de Neurologia, Universidad de Alcala, Hospital Principe de Asturias, Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain
    Rev Neurol 42:439-43. 2006
  14. ncbi Bacillus (corynebacterium) xerosis and the ocular surface
    Juan Murube
    University of Alcala Madrid, Spain
    Ocul Surf 4:6-9. 2006
  15. ncbi A light-hearted look at a lion-hearted organ (or, a perspective from three standard deviations beyond the norm). Part 1 (of two parts)
    Matthew J Loe
    Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Cardiovasc Pathol 13:282-92. 2004
    ..Part 1 will cover the first five topics, and Part 2 will cover the last six topics. These data may be useful to those who are engaged in teaching about the cardiovascular system...
  16. ncbi History and current concepts in the analysis of facial attractiveness
    Mounir Bashour
    University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Plast Reconstr Surg 118:741-56. 2006
  17. ncbi Traditional Korean medicine: now and the future
    Kang Hyun Leem
    College of Korean Medicine, Semyung University, Jechon 390 711, Korea
    Neurol Res 29:S3-4. 2007
    ..It has developed unique medical theories and methods to treat diseases including neurological disorders such as stroke, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease...
  18. ncbi [The history of the flea in art and literature]
    R Roncalli Amici
    American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists, USA
    Parassitologia 46:15-8. 2004
  19. ncbi Founder mutations among the Dutch
    Maurice P A Zeegers
    Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Eur J Hum Genet 12:591-600. 2004
    ..These observations demonstrate the opportunity for gene discovery for other diseases and traits in the Netherlands...
  20. ncbi A brief history of therapy for traumatic spinal cord injury
    Jason Lifshutz
    Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 16:E5. 2004
    ..As in the past, the integration of basic science and clinical innovation will create the path toward progress for treatment of this disease...
  21. ncbi [Cancer in medical and cultural history]
    Dietrich von Engelhardt
    Institut für Medizin und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Lubeck, Deutschland, Germany
    Onkologie 30:6-11. 2007
  22. ncbi Impact of infectious diseases on war
    Matthew R Smallman-Raynor
    School of Geography, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 18:341-68. 2004
    ..The article concludes with a brief overview of infectious disease activity in high- and low-intensity conflicts of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries...
  23. ncbi Diarrheal diseases in the history of public health
    Nguendo Yongsi Hénock Blaise
    Observatory on Ageing and Society Center de Recherche de I Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie, Chemin Queen Mary, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Med Res 38:159-63. 2007
    ..This literature review is an account of both the history and current risks associated with diarrheal diseases...
  24. ncbi Embracing bioethics in neonatal intensive care, part I: evolving toward neonatal evidence-based ethics
    Isabell B Purdy
    NICU Clinical Research and HRI Follow Up, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Division of Neonatology and Developmental Biology, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1752, USA
    Neonatal Netw 25:33-42. 2006
    ..It also includes recommendations for enhancing the skills of neonatal nurses as patient advocates in NICU ethical issues, an area that is, at times, controversial and baffling to clinicians...
  25. ncbi [Physiology and pathophysiology of erectile dysfunction. A modern contrivance?]
    D Hauri
    Urologische Klinik, Universitäts Spital Zürich
    Urologe A 43:1423-9. 2004
    ..Only in the middle of the nineteenth century was there recognition of the central role of relaxation of the trabecular muscles. It took another 100 years until we had a useful treatment option at hand...
  26. ncbi [Historical flashes on prostatic symptoms and urinary retention]
    Ataulfo Saíz Carrero
    Jubilado Servicio de Urología, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Madrid, Espana
    Arch Esp Urol 58:95-108. 2005
    ..To perform a chronological search about symptoms of bladder outlet obstruction of prostatic origin and some of its treatments...
  27. ncbi History of chemical and biological warfare agents
    L Szinicz
    Bundeswehr Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Neuherbergstr 11, D 80937 Munich, Germany
    Toxicology 214:167-81. 2005
    ..The following article gives a condensed overview on the history of use and development of the more prominent chemical and biological warfare agents...
  28. ncbi Heavy metals in human bones in different historical epochs
    M J Martínez-García
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Cartagena, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 348:51-72. 2005
    ..For copper, this peak is found in the Byzantine Period and for iron, in the Islamic Period. Zinc shows an increasing tendency over the periods under study and cadmium is the only metal whose trend lines shows a decreasing slope...
  29. ncbi [The most important sources of the Graeco-Arabic medicine]
    Richárd Nagy
    Orvostort Kozl 48:21-33. 2003
    ..Helped by this useful "database" researchers might be able to avoid difficulties of the first steps on this still, actually, largely unexplored field of the history of medicine ...
  30. ncbi [Biographie of Europe: Confidence basis for a successful union]
    D P Mertz
    Versicherungsmedizin 57:147-51. 2005
  31. ncbi [About the concept of madness and its reflexes on mental health care]
    Lia Carneiro Silveira
    Universidade Estadual do Ceara
    Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 13:591-5. 2005
    ..We conclude that getting to know the historical forms of the madness concept is important to be able to denaturalize our conceptions and reflect about our current practice in care for patients going through mental suffering...
  32. ncbi [Peripheral nerve repair: 30 centuries of scientific research]
    C Desouches
    Service de Chirurgie de la Main, chirurgie plastique et réparatrice des membres, Assistance Publique, Hopitaux de Marseille, Hopital de la Conception, Marseille
    Rev Neurol (Paris) 161:1045-59. 2005
    ..Microsurgical techniques introduced in the late 1950s and widely developed for the past 20 years have improved repairs. However, functional recovery following a peripheral mixed nerve injury is still incomplete...
  33. ncbi A 2,000-year record of mercury and ancient civilizations in seal hairs from King George Island, West Antarctica
    Liguang Sun
    Institute of Polar Environment, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
    Sci Total Environ 368:236-47. 2006
  34. ncbi A comparison of antimony and lead profiles over the past 2500 years in Flanders Moss ombrotrophic peat bog, Scotland
    Joanna M Cloy
    School of Geosciences, The University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UKEH9 3JJ
    J Environ Monit 7:1137-47. 2005
  35. ncbi Lithogenic, oceanic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric Sb to a maritime blanket bog, Myrarnar, Faroe Islands
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 7:1148-54. 2005
  36. ncbi Tsunamis: a long-term threat
    Quirin Schiermeier
    Nature 433:4. 2005
  37. ncbi Comment on Martínez-García et al. "Heavy metals in human bones in different historical epochs"
    Andrew Millard
    Sci Total Environ 354:295-7; author reply 298-302. 2006
    ..Lifetime heavy metal exposure cannot be deduced from diagenetically altered concentrations...
  38. ncbi [The Hippocratic Oath: how many covenants, how many oaths?]
    Charlotte Schubert
    Universitat Leipzig, Historisches Seminar, Lehrstuhl für Alte Geschichte, Leipzig
    Medizinhist J 40:247-73. 2005
    ..The article concludes that, as early as the third century A.D., Christian influences played an equally significant role in the transmission of the Oath as pagan influences...
  39. ncbi Centennial review of corneal transplantation
    S Louise Moffatt
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 33:642-57. 2005
  40. ncbi Hemodynamic profiles of heart failure patients and "elementary qualities" of pre-hippocratic medicine: a hypothesis for a linguistic and epistemological relationship
    Gian Franco Gensini
    Med Hypotheses 66:1246-8. 2006
  41. ncbi A light-hearted look at a lion-hearted organ (or, a perspective from three standard deviations beyond the norm) part 2 (of 2 parts)
    Matthew J Loe
    Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
    Cardiovasc Pathol 13:334-40. 2004
    ..Part 1 (previously published) covered the first five topics, and Part 2 will cover the last six topics. These data may be useful to those who are engaged in teaching about the cardiovascular system...
  42. ncbi Cardiopulmonary resuscitation development
    L A Geddes
    IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 24:110-3. 2005
  43. ncbi Reading our lips: the history of lipstick regulation in Western seats of power
    Sarah E Schaffer
    Food Drug Law J 62:165-225. 2007
  44. ncbi Smallpox: anything to declare?
    Geoffrey L Smith
    Department of Virology, The Wright Fleming Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1P6, UK
    Nat Rev Immunol 2:521-7. 2002
    ..In the words of Rep. Christopher Shay, 'Better to be scared by the improbable possibility than to be unprepared for the catastrophic reality'...
  45. doi [Regenerative medicine. New therapeutic methods in otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery]
    H Löwenheim
    Klinik für Hals Nasen Ohren Heilkunde, Universitatsklinikum Tubingen, Elfriede Aulhorn Strasse 5, 72076 Tubingen, Deutschland
    HNO 56:252-7. 2008
  46. ncbi The history of abortion-related acts and current issues in Japan
    Michiko Miyazaki
    Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Sapporo City University, Sapporo, Japan
    Med Law 26:791-9. 2007
    ..As a result, the existence of contradictions between attitudes toward the life of the fetus and that of the mother, women's right to self determination, and women's rights under current legislation has been clarified...
  47. ncbi The development of spinal cord anatomy
    J M S Pearce
    Emeritus Consultant Neurologist, Department of Neurology, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK
    Eur Neurol 59:286-91. 2008
    ..Anatomy advanced gradually to yield discoveries of the complex tracts and grey matter elements of the cord and their functions. Amongst many distinguished exponents, the works of Blasius, Huber, Vicq d'Azyr and Stilling are emphasised...
  48. ncbi A history of psychiatric ethics
    Sidney Bloch
    University of Melbourne, St Vincent s Hospital, 46 Nicholson Street, Fitzroy, VIC 3065, Australia
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 25:509-24. 2002
    ..42] and the Bourbons ("They learn nothing and they forget nothing") [43]...
  49. ncbi Mental health and psychiatry in the Middle East: historical development
    A Mohit
    Division of Health Protection and Promotion, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 7:336-47. 2001
    ..The Middle East is considered as a cultural entity and the influence of the beliefs and practices of ancient times on the collective mind of the people of the Region is discussed...
  50. ncbi Impact of millennial mining activities on sediments and microfauna of the Tinto River estuary (SW Spain)
    F Ruiz
    Departamento de Geodinámica y Paleontología, Universidad de Huelva, Avda Tres de Marzo, S N, 21071 Huelva, Spain
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:1258-64. 2008
  51. doi Romancing the chiasm: vision, vocalization, and virtuosity
    Joel S Glaser
    J Neuroophthalmol 28:131-43. 2008
  52. ncbi Buddhism and breastfeeding
    Masashi Segawa
    Department of Pediatrics, Kin i kyo Sapporo Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
    Breastfeed Med 3:124-8. 2008
    ..Breastfeeding has been a strong practice for centuries with the custom being to continue until the child is 6 or 7 years of age. The Edo period was very influential in establishing breastfeeding customs that continue today...
  53. ncbi Male circumcision through the ages: the role of tradition
    Nicola Zampieri
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Pediatric Surgical Unit, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 97:1305-7. 2008
    ..In this study, we examine the evolution of tradition concerning infant male circumcision, utilizing evidence from classical medical texts as well as information from literature, legal sources and art...
  54. ncbi Old-growth forests as global carbon sinks
    Sebastiaan Luyssaert
    Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
    Nature 455:213-5. 2008
    ..Old-growth forests accumulate carbon for centuries and contain large quantities of it. We expect, however, that much of this carbon, even soil carbon, will move back to the atmosphere if these forests are disturbed...
  55. ncbi The genesis of neurosurgery and the evolution of the neurosurgical operative environment: part I-prehistory to 2003
    Charles Y Liu
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Neurosurgery 52:3-19; discussion 19. 2003
    ..To remain current, each neurosurgeon should periodically reconsider his or her personal operative environment and its functional design with reference to modernity of practice as currently defined...
  56. doi Nutrition and fitness from the first Olympiad in 776 BC to the 21st century and the concept of positive health
    Artemis P Simopoulos
    The Center for Genetics, Nutrition and Health, Washington, DC 20009, USA
    World Rev Nutr Diet 98:1-22. 2008
  57. ncbi The motor system in neuroscience: a history and analysis of conceptual developments
    M R Bennett
    Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Physiology, Institute for Biomedical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, NSW, Australia
    Prog Neurobiol 67:1-52. 2002
    ..The review concludes with what we take to be an appropriate basis for rejecting the Cartesian paradigm that we hope will assist neuroscientists in understanding the integrative action of the nervous system...
  58. ncbi Implications of biosimilars for the future
    Philip E Johnson
    H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, 12902 Magnolia Dr, Tampa, FL 33612 9497, USA
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 65:S16-22. 2008
  59. ncbi Neurophilosophy: the early years and new directions
    Patricia Smith Churchland
    Department of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0119, USA
    Funct Neurol 22:185-95. 2007
    ..Some large-scale mind-brain problems have not yet been solved, and do require significant theoretical innovation. In particular the problem of how to understand the true nature of representations remains unsolved...
  60. ncbi [Historical development of parental conscience]
    Y Knibiehler
    Université d Aix en Provence, parc Mozart, 7 avenue Claude Debussy, 13100 Aix en Provence, France
    Arch Pediatr 10:1021-6. 2003
  61. pmc The domestication of artichoke and cardoon: from Roman times to the genomic age
    Gabriella Sonnante
    CNR Institute of Plant Genetics, Via Amendola 165 A, 70126 Bari, Italy
    Ann Bot 100:1095-100. 2007
    ..Here, new trends in artichoke cultivation are analysed, while the consequences of these tendencies on the conservation of artichoke genetic resources are highlighted...
  62. ncbi [History of tracheotomy]
    Jurek Olszewski
    Klinika Otolaryngologii i Onkologii Laryngologicznej II Katedry Otolaryngologii UM w Lodzi
    Otolaryngol Pol 61:349-52. 2007
    ..Fantoni with his group. Modern methods of transdermal pharyngotomy are good complementary techniques for classical methods of pharyngotomy in both emergency and chronic cases...
  63. ncbi [Epidemiology of errors in health]
    Enrico Bollero
    Policlinico Università di Roma Tor Vergata
    Ig Sanita Pubbl 59:7-50. 2003
  64. ncbi [Complex nasal reconstruction: past, present, and future techniques]
    D Martin
    Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, Hopital du Tondu, Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex
    Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 104:149-58. 2003
  65. ncbi Historical eutrophication in a river-estuary complex in mid-coast Maine
    Dörte Köster
    Biology Department and Environmental Studies Program, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine 04011, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:765-78. 2007
  66. ncbi Directions in biomedical research: a plea for ideological pluralism
    P Colm Malone
    129 Viceroy Close, Birmingham, UK
    Med Hypotheses 61:194-9. 2003
    ..Pluralism' implies that no scientific perspective would be second-rate in a relativist framework.)..
  67. pmc Global climate change, war, and population decline in recent human history
    David D Zhang
    Department of Geography, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19214-9. 2007
    ..Findings of this research may lend an additional dimension to the classic concepts of Malthusianism and Darwinism...
  68. ncbi Numeric expression of aesthetics and beauty
    B S Atiyeh
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 32:209-16; discussion 217-9. 2008
  69. ncbi Temporal and regional variations in the seasonality of births in Aland (Finland), 1653-1950
    Johan Fellman
    Department of Genetic Epidemiology, Folkhalsan Institute of Genetics, Helsinki, Finland
    Biodemography Soc Biol 55:103-12. 2009
    ..Comparisons with data from Sweden and Finland show higher seasonality in Aland...
  70. ncbi The result of an attempt to find the source of an old Japanese book on equine medicine
    Osamu Katsuyama
    Hist Med Vet 27:249-55. 2002
  71. ncbi [Historical development of arthrodesis of pes cavus]
    M Arabmotlagh
    Orthopädische Universitätsklinik Frankfurt, Stiftung Friedrichsheim, Marienburg Str 2, 60528, Frankfurt am Main
    Orthopade 35:372, 374-6, 378-9. 2006
    ..Today, the philosophy of arthrodesis in the treatment of foot deformity is the same, but the development of fixation techniques and implant materials could improve postoperative care and outcome...
  72. ncbi Breastfeeding--was a life line in the past and still is!
    Yngve Hofvander
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Ups J Med Sci 111:17-25. 2006
  73. ncbi More history "lite" in modern American bioethics
    Bradford William Short
    Catholic Family and Human Rights Institute, New York, New York, USA
    Issues Law Med 21:3-34. 2005
    ..The author concludes that this attempt to obfuscate the true history of 17th and 18th century moral theory may also be removing a line of inquiry from originalist constitutional analysis that Federal Courts have a duty to engage in...
  74. ncbi Caesarean section--past and present
    James Low
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 31:1131-6. 2009
    ..The optimal role of Caesarean section for the benefit of both mother and child has yet to be determined...
  75. ncbi Can two and a half centuries of female husbands inform (trans)gender history?
    Susan Clayton
    E I L A, Universite Paris Diderot, Paris, France
    J Lesbian Stud 14:288-302. 2010
    ..Questions of the cultural issues of gender, transgenderism, and the social construction of lesbianism are considered in the context of female masculinity, of which female husbands are one example...
  76. ncbi [Brief analysis of the characteristics of hygienic law system of the Qing dynasty]
    Cong Liu
    State Chinese Medicine Administration Bureau, Beijing, 100026, China
    Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 39:14-6. 2009
  77. ncbi Theatrical anatomy: Duverney in Paris, 1670-1720
    Anita Guerrini
    Department of History, Oregon State University, 306 Milam Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331 5104, USA
    Endeavour 33:7-11. 2009
    ..Duverney's dramatic, rhetorical and anatomical skills made him the best-known man of science in Louis XIV's Paris...
  78. ncbi Burdach's column
    J M S Pearce
    Department of Neurology, Hull Royal Infirmary, UK
    Eur Neurol 55:179-80. 2006
  79. ncbi [The development of concepts of energy in mechanics and thermodynamics from the mid-18th to the mid-19th century]
    Angelo Baracca
    Llull 25:285-328. 2002
  80. doi Genetics. Celebrating spuds
    Sandra Knapp
    Department of Botany, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK
    Science 321:206-7. 2008
  81. ncbi Season of birth affects short- and long-term survival
    Marta Muñoz-Tudurí
    Unidad de Antropologia, Departamento Biologia Animal, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Phys Anthropol 135:462-8. 2008
    ..These findings support the fetal origin hypothesis which states that the early life environment plays a key role in shaping the subsequent phenotype and risk of adult disease...
  82. ncbi Absinthe and tobacco--a new look at an old problem? (Comment on: Absinthe--is its history relevant for current public health?)
    Dirk W Lachenmeier
    Int J Epidemiol 37:217-8; author reply 219. 2008
  83. ncbi Systematic analysis of animals used in medieval Azerbaijan medicine
    Farid Alakbarli
    Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Istiglaliyat, Baku, Azerbaijan
    Vesalius 12:18-22. 2006
    ..Results of the research create grounds for the idea that the recommendations of the medieval authors on the medicinal application of animals can be applied to modern medicine once they have been experimentally and clinically tested...
  84. ncbi From genesis to gene sequencing: historical progress in the understanding of skin color
    George W M Millington
    Dermatology Department, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK
    Int J Dermatol 46:103-5. 2007
  85. ncbi Pierre Fauchard: the 'father of modern dentistry'
    C D Lynch
    Restorative Dentistry, Cardiff University School of Dentistry, Cardiff, UK
    Br Dent J 201:779-81. 2006
    ..This paper reviews his life and contribution to modern dentistry...
  86. ncbi [Major gynecologic surgery: birth, first steps, and blossoming]
    J J Amy
    Service de Gynecologie, d Andrologie et d Obstétrique, Academisch Ziekenhuis, VUB
    Rev Med Brux 25:A60-5. 2004
  87. ncbi [A historical study of coffee in Japanese and Asian countries: focusing the medicinal uses in Asian traditional medicines]
    Tsuneo Namba
    Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Tsukumodai, Suita
    Yakushigaku Zasshi 37:65-75. 2002
    ..The findings suggest that besides its stimulant effect, coffee has properties to prevent the deleterious actions of free radicals and viral infections...
  88. ncbi Did mothers begin with an advantage? A study of childbirth and maternal health in England and Wales, 1778-1929
    James Riley
    Indiana University
    Popul Stud (Camb) 57:5-20. 2003
    ..By ages 50-74 the mothers resembled the comparison group in health...
  89. ncbi The historical development of occupational health in Australia: Part I 1788-1970
    Derek R Smith
    Department of Hazard Assessment, National Institute of Industrial Health, Kawasaki 214 8585, Japan
    J UOEH 26:431-41. 2004
    ..Overall, history has shown that significant lessons can be learned from the development of occupational health in Australia, many of which may help guide policy formation for the new millennium...
  90. ncbi [Sacer ignis, quam pustulam vocant pastores: anthrax--cultural historical traces of a zoonosis]
    J Eitel
    Clinica veterinaria alla Moesa, Grono
    Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 145:7-16. 2003
    ..The crucial term is "Sacer Ignis", synonymous for several different human and animal diseases through time. This term will be analysed in terms of linguistic origin and the changes in meaning it acquired throughout the centuries...
  91. ncbi Amsterdam and Netherlands gastroenterology: a historical perspective
    Irvin M Modlin
    Gastrointestinal Surgical Pathobiology Research Group, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 16:971-98. 2002
  92. pmc Breath of life: the evolution of oxygen therapy
    C Grainge
    Derriford Hospital, Derriford Road, Plymouth PL6 8DH, UK
    J R Soc Med 97:489-93. 2004
  93. ncbi [Thyrotoxic crisis--the last disease of Mozart?]
    Goran Lindstedt
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborg Universitet, Goteborg
    Lakartidningen 101:2585. 2004
  94. ncbi The social impact of medicine--chapter 22
    David Platt
    Del Med J 76:319-20. 2004
  95. ncbi [Secret drug tribulations and French legislation]
    Colette Charlot
    Musée de la pharmacie, Faculte de Pharmacie, Montpellier Cedex
    Rev Hist Pharm (Paris) 50:395-400. 2002
    ..The law of 21th germinal year XI, the decret of 25 prairial year XIII and this of 18th 1810 imposed to give the drug composition to an official status; that examined and permit it's sale. This secret will be produce for half century...
  96. ncbi Can Mary Shelley's Frankenstein be read as an early research ethics text?
    H Davies
    40 Avenell Road, London N5 1DP, UK
    Med Humanit 30:32-5. 2004
  97. ncbi Psychiatric therapy in Georgian Britain
    Paul Laffey
    History Department, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, Australia
    Psychol Med 33:1285-97. 2003
    ..This paper examines the emergence of 'oral treatment' in British psychiatry...
  98. ncbi A poisonous plant of the genus Datura (Solanaceae) in an eighteenth-century Danish garden in West Africa
    Daniel Hopkins
    Department of Geosciences, University of Missouri Kansas City 64110, USA
    Arch Nat Hist 30:157-9. 2003
  99. ncbi Fifty years of the Hodgkin-Huxley era
    Marco Piccolino
    Dept of Biology and Center of Neurosciences, University of Ferrara, Via Borsari 46, 44100 Ferrara, Italy
    Trends Neurosci 25:552-3. 2002
  100. ncbi Nephrology in the Low Countries in the 17-18th century. Frederik Ruysch, Hermann Boerhaave
    Marc E De Broe
    Department of Nephrology Hypertension, p a University Hospital, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, B 2650 Edegem Antwerp, Belgium
    Am J Nephrol 22:202-6. 2002
  101. ncbi Linking perceptions of the community to behavior: are protective social factors associated with physical activity?
    Laura K Brennan
    Department of Community Health and Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University, School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104 1314, USA
    Health Educ Behav 30:740-55. 2003
    ..Additional analyses indicated that greater perceived PSFs were associated with meeting these recommendations among Whites but not among African Americans...

Research Grants62

    Claudio Stern; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..D. To explore the possible roles of 6 newly-identified candidate secreted factors in the early steps of neural induction and homeogenetic induction. ..
  2. Raloxifene in Women with AD: Randomized Controlled Trial
    VICTOR HENDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is anticipated that findings from this pilot study will provide useful guidance to plan and conduct future studies of raloxifene in women with mild to moderate symptoms of dementia due to AD. ..
  3. A Mature Brain Architecture Knowledge Management System
    LARRY SWANSON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. TLR4 as an LPS sendor and susceptibility locus
    Bruce Beutler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The new mutations that are found--and those that have already been found in preliminary efforts--will be isolated by positional cloning. ..
  5. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Mutagenic analysis of LPS responses
    Bruce Beutler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In the case of mutations that abolish LPS tolerance, we will attempt to determine the net impact on host resistance to infection. ..
  7. Biological Risk Underlying Education Health Differences
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Examine changes over time in the patterning of biological risk by education. ..
  8. Protease Indicator for Chronic Wound Management
    Irwin Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Cost of production will be low and therefore, broad usage and company profit is expected. The benefits to our patient population with chronic wounds should be significant. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Real-time PolScope microscope for live-cell imaging
    Richard Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This includes advances in the user interface and other software functionalities. These technical advances will be deployed in collaborations. ..
  10. Forward Genetic Analysis of the Innate Immune Contribution to MCMV Resistance
    Bruce Beutler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Genes that Mediate Tolerance to the Placental Allograft
    Bruce Beutler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Fourth, circumvention of the toleragenic mechanism might be used to prevent normal gestation, leading to termination of pregnancy within a few days following implantation of the blastocyst. ..
  12. Development and Evaluation of a Virtual Aphasia Clinici*
    Cynthia Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If successful, this work will result in new directions for the management of speech and language disorders that incorporate and take advantage of advances in computer technology. ..
  13. Novel Nanostructured Calcium Phosphate for Gene Delivery to Bone
    Christopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..2. To evaluate the ability of nCaP-vector constructs to enhance osteogenic responses in vivo. ..
  14. Anti-Selectin Blocker for Liver Ischemic Injury
    LUIS TOLEDO PEREYRA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Treatment with TCB-1269 will enhance the quality of life of millions of patients suffering from the large number of maladies associated with ischemia/reperfusion ischemic maladies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Calcineurin-Mediated Regulation of Cardiac Ca2+ Channel
    Joseph Hill; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In Aim 4, we will determine whether the mechanisms of calcineurin regulation of Ca2+ channel expression and function examined in Aims 1-3 occur in a clinically relevant, in vivo model of hypertrophy. ..
  16. Synergism Between Influenza Virus and Pneumococcus
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2009
  17. Oral Androgen Administration and Function in Man
    JOHN AMORY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Matsumoto M.D., Director, Clinical Research Unit VA-Puget Sound and Professor of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine will co-mentor this award. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Academic Palliative Care
    Charles von Gunten; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..All reentered investigators are seeking NCI funding and have the potential to become independent investigators. ..
  19. New Paradigms of Cerebral Palsy Etiology: A Comprehensive Case Control Study
    NIGEL SEFTON PANETH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Maternal interviews and birth certificates will inform the above analyses by linking molecular information to self-reported and recorded clinical events and conditions. ..
  20. In-vivo optical molecular imaging with Dynamic Contrast Enhancement (DyCE)
    Richard Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information can further be used to improve quantitative accuracy in longitudinal molecular imaging studies of deep targets. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Oxygen and Phototherapy in perinatal period: Risk of Acute Lymphoctyic Leukemia
    Nigel Paneth; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If these treatments increase the risk of leukemia, it should be possible to find alternative ways to manage newborn problems that minimize exposure to these treatments [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBs
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We anticipate that the data from this study will serve as a significant foundation in assisting future research and the improvement of Rl through guidelines, education and other capacity building. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Columbia-GHI Consortium for Claims-Based Cancer Studies
    STEVEN STELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Palliative Care Curriculum for 3rd-Year Medical Students
    Charles von Gunten; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data will be compared with residents who have not been through the course as well as with residents and faculty participating in another study of education. ..
  25. Vitamin D insufficiency: Prevalence and Impact in Young School Age Children
    Kumaravel Rajakumar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Mechanisms of Dinitroaniline Action, Selectivity and Resistance
    Naomi S Morrissette; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In summary, we believe that further study of the dinitroanilines will elucidate new aspects of tubulin function and define novel ways to specifically disrupt parasite tubulins. ..
  27. Preparing high resolution membrane protein crystals
    Zygmunt Derewenda; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. AAOS/NIH Mulit-Year Research Symposia for 2005-2009
    Christopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2005
  29. Automated Cognitive Assessment System
    Norman Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Preparation and Distribution of the NUJLSOA
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In order to acquire use of the data, researchers must agree to use the data only for research purposes and not to use data to describe or identify individuals. ..
    Samuel Cukierman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The experimental results that will be obtained in this project will certainly be of learning value to understand how ion channels work. ..
  32. Lethal synergism between influenza and pneumococcus
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    JONATHAN WOLPAW; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If successful, this work is likely to improve performance and versatility of EEG-based communication and interface systems. ..
  34. Complex Isopathic Drug Development for Neuroprotection
    Wayne Jonas; Fiscal Year: 2003
  35. Delivery of Therapeutic Genes to Osteoarthritic Joints
    Christopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2001
  37. Enhancing Suggestibility: Compliance vs Imagery
    Steven Lynn; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Henry Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2004
  39. Views of Privacy of Genetic Information
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of this study can enhance further policy, professional and public education, and future research in this area. ..
  40. Lanthanides as Novel Anti-Arthritic Agents
    Christopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A successful outcome to these studies will have identified the basis for a potential new, very inexpensive anti-rheumatic agent whose mode of action differs from that of existing drugs. ..
    LARRY SWANSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Screening and Family History Colorectal Cancer
    Robert Fletcher; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This developmental research will raise hypotheses about the causes of failure to recognize FH and begin timely screening and suggest potential solutions to be tested in subsequent research. ..
  43. Influenza-pneumococcal synergism: role of neuraminidase
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2004
  44. Rapid protein crystallization by surface mutagenesis
    Zygmunt Derewenda; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Funds are requested to further test the general applicability and success rate of this method, and to apply the method to a subset of targets selected for the Structural Genomic Initiative. ..
    Irwin Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These data should provide key inforrnation for the development of new strategies for the treatment of pressure ulcers as well as other chronic non-healing wounds. ..
  46. Calorie Restriction Effects on Chromosomal Aberrations
    CHARLEEN MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will be essential in identifying potential mechanisms by which CR acts in cancer prevention and delay of the aging process in long-lived species such as the rhesus monkey and humans. ..
  47. 3rd Orthomyxoviruses Research Conference
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to provide funds that will allow promising young investigators to interact with their peers and develop a commitment to this area of research. ..
    Joseph Gal; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Dinitroaniline Specificity for Tubulin
    Naomi Morrissette; Fiscal Year: 2005
  50. Hospital and Community Acquired Acute Renal Failure
    Glenn Chertow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will efficiently inform the Nephrology community by providing a foundation of fundamental information (ARF definitions, incidence, consequences and costs) upon which a clinical trials network can be built. ..
  51. Old Westbury Neuroscience Research Institute MIDARP
    George Stefano; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
    EDWARD PERL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Immunocytochemical studies will be used to complement the structural and pharmacological analyses to aid in establishing mediators involved in linkages between SDH neurons. ..
  53. Pathogenesis-Prevention of Post-Traumatic OA
    Joseph Buckwalter; Fiscal Year: 2006
  54. VOR adaptation/utility of saccades as rehab strategies
    Michael Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This is important for the long-term goals of this project, which are to determine the adaptive preferences that individuals with vestibular loss use to improve gaze stability. ..
    EDWARD PERL; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..N.S? This information, in an area which has been barely explored, could greatly improve our understanding of how mechanical events are sensed. This could open up new areas of inquiry of possible importance in sensory deficits. ..
  56. Spectral imaging for automated malignant blast counting
    Richard Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..FDA-sanctioned clinical trials will be conducted in the third year, leading to submission of an application for a 510(k) clearance. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Large Scale Images of Gene Transcription in MS and EAE
    Lawrence Steinman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The discovery of the role of osteopontin, first identified in large scale profiles, exemplifies how this approach may help us to understand MS and to develop new therapies. ..
    Lawrence Steinman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Aim 5 is to assess the possibility of using DNA vaccination against TCR Vb for treatment of EAE. It is hoped that these studies will provide the basis for future clinical trials in MS patients. ..
    Lawrence Steinman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This work with APL may be applicable not only to MS, but to other autoimmune diseases including juvenile diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. ..
    Charles Gross; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed research may also contribute to the development of visual and limb prostheses and artificial devices for object manipulation. ..
  61. Role of Inter-alpha Inhibitors in Anthrax Intoxication
    Steven Opal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our research is focused on the development of a new and safe treatment based on the ability of inter-alpha proteins to prevent the fatal consequences of anthrax infection. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..