Genomes and Genes
Summary: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
Publications262 found, 100 shown here
- Public health, academic medicine, and the alcohol industry's corporate social responsibility activitiesThomas F Babor
Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT 06030 6325, USA
Am J Public Health 103:206-14. 2013..medicine, and the public health community in the context of public health theory dealing with corporate social responsibility. We reviewed sponsorship of scientific research, efforts to influence public perceptions of research, ..
- Corporate social responsibility and access to policy élites: an analysis of tobacco industry documentsGary J Fooks
School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 8:e1001076. 2011..Existing research supports such claims by pointing to the failings and misleading nature of corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives...
- European Medical Writers Association (EMWA) guidelines on the role of medical writers in developing peer-reviewed publicationsAdam Jacobs
Dianthus Medical Limited, London, UK
Curr Med Res Opin 21:317-22. 2005..Although this practice can improve both the quality and speed of publications, it has attracted controversy as a result of concerns about the inappropriate influence of pharmaceutical companies...
- The beverage alcohol industry's social aspects organizations: a public health warningPeter Anderson
Addiction 99:1376-7; discussion 1380-1. 2004
- Vested interests in addiction research and policy. Alcohol industry use of social aspect public relations organizations against preventative health measuresPeter G Miller
School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Geelong Waterfront Campus, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic, Australia
Addiction 106:1560-7. 2011....
- Do conscientious individuals live longer? A quantitative reviewMargaret L Kern
Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA 82521 0426, USA
Health Psychol 27:505-12. 2008..Following up on growing evidence that higher levels of conscientiousness are associated with greater health protection, the authors conducted a meta-analysis of the association between conscientiousness-related traits and longevity...
- Decentralized health care priority-setting in Tanzania: evaluating against the accountability for reasonableness frameworkStephen Maluka
Institute of Development Studies, University of Dar es Salaam, P O Box 35169 Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Soc Sci Med 71:751-9. 2010..Second, it provides guidance to decision-makers on how to improve fairness, legitimacy, and sustainability of the priority-setting process...
- Caring for a common future: medical schools' social accountabilityRobert F Woollard
Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, Canada
Med Educ 40:301-13. 2006..Other papers in this series add further practical insights into the central role that medical educators must play if we are to fulfil the responsibilities we carry with the privilege of our profession...
- Grand challenges in global health: ethical, social, and cultural issues based on key informant perspectivesKathryn Berndtson
Program on Life Sciences, Ethics, and Policy, McLaughlin Rotman Centre for Global Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
PLoS Med 4:e268. 2007
- Why is U.K. medicine no longer a self-regulating profession? The role of scandals involving "bad apple" doctorsMary Dixon-Woods
Dept of Health Sciences, 2nd Floor, Adrian Building, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
Soc Sci Med 73:1452-9. 2011..The new rebalancing of the "countervailing powers" has dislodged the profession as the senior partner in the regulation of doctors, but may introduce new risks...
- Accountability and health systems: toward conceptual clarity and policy relevanceDerick W Brinkerhoff
Research Triangle Institute, 1615 M Street NW, Suite 740, Washington DC 20036, USA
Health Policy Plan 19:371-9. 2004..These results can enhance system performance, improve service delivery and contribute to sound policymaking...
- Social responsibility and research ethics in community-driven studies of industrialized hog productionSteve Wing
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hil 27599 7435, USA
Environ Health Perspect 110:437-44. 2002..This article describes how we addressed issues of research ethics and social responsibility in environmental health research on industrialized hog production in North Carolina...
- Beyond accountability for reasonablenessAlex Friedman
Department of Clinical Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1156, USA
Bioethics 22:101-12. 2008..Reasons of all kinds should be on the table, but then should be judged on their merits, such as consistency, plausibility and explanatory power, without any regard for their alleged sources of authority...
- 'The public is too subjective': public involvement at different levels of health-care decision makingAndrea Litva
Department of Primary Care, University of Liverpool, UK
Soc Sci Med 54:1825-37. 2002..The public has much to contribute, particularly at the system and programme levels, to supplement the inputs of health care professionals...
- Corporate social responsibility and the tobacco industry: hope or hype?N Hirschhorn
Tob Control 13:447-53. 2004Corporate social responsibility (CSR) emerged from a realisation among transnational corporations of the need to account for and redress their adverse impact on society: specifically, on human rights, labour practices, and the ..
- Public reporting on quality in the United States and the United KingdomMartin N Marshall
National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, England
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:134-48. 2003..We use this information to explore some key questions relating to the content, target audience, and use of published information. We end by making specific recommendations for maximizing the effectiveness of public reporting...
- Beyond the fence line: corporate social responsibilityMyron Harrison
ExxonMobil Corporation, 5959 Las Colinas Boulevard, Irving, TX 75039 2298, USA
Clin Occup Environ Med 4:1-8. 2004..The value of the CSR agenda is beginning a long empirical trial...
- "Working to shape what society's expectations of us should be": Philip Morris' societal alignment strategyJ S Yang
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California 94118, USA
Tob Control 17:391-8. 2008A key element of Philip Morris's (PM's) corporate social responsibility initiatives is "societal alignment", defined as "strategies and programs to meet society's expectations of a responsible tobacco company"...
- Designing games to teach ethicsPeter Lloyd
Design and Innovation, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK
Sci Eng Ethics 14:433-47. 2008..We conclude that the use of games in design education can provide an excellent basis for discussing practical and ethical reasoning during the process of design...
- The ancillary-care responsibilities of medical researchers. An ethical framework for thinking about the clinical care that researchers owe their subjectsHenry S Richardson
Georgetown University, USA
Hastings Cent Rep 34:25-33. 2004
- How dentists account for social responsibility: economic imperatives and professional obligationsShafik Dharamsi
Department of Family Practice, Centre for International Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z3, Canada
J Dent Educ 71:1583-92. 2007This study explores how dentists explain the concept of social responsibility and its relationship to issues affecting access to oral health care by vulnerable segments of the population...
- Industrial epidemics, public health advocacy and the alcohol industry: lessons from other fieldsRené I Jahiel
Addiction 102:1335-9. 2007
- Priority setting in a hospital drug formulary: a qualitative case study and evaluationDouglas K Martin
Joint Center for Bioethics, University of Toronto, 88 College Street, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5G 1L4
Health Policy 66:295-303. 2003..The process we utilized here, describing using case study methods and evaluating using 'accountability for reasonableness', is a generalizable process for improving the fairness of priority setting in hospital drug formularies...
- Strategy and society: the link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibilityMichael E Porter
Harvard University, Harvard Business School, Boston, USA
Harv Bus Rev 84:78-92, 163. 2006..In response, corporate social responsibility has emerged as an inescapable priority for business leaders in every country...
- Broadening ethics teaching in engineering: beyond the individualistic approachEddie Conlon
Faculty of Engineering, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland
Sci Eng Ethics 17:217-32. 2011..of ethics to engineering students is inadequate in view of preparing them for ethical, professional and social responsibility; (2) Examine the existing literature regarding the possible contribution of Science, Technology and ..
- Social responsibility: a new paradigm of hospital governance?Cristina Brandão
Department of Bioethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Estrada da Circunvalação 9925, 4250 150, Porto, Portugal
Health Care Anal 21:390-402. 2013..These issues are usually under the umbrella of the concept of social responsibility. Recently the Report of the International Bioethics Committee of UNESCO on Social Responsibility and ..
- Is harm reduction profitable? An analytical framework for corporate social responsibility based on an epidemic model of addictive consumptionSophie Massin
Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Centre d Economie de la Sorbonne, Maison des Sciences Economiques, 106 112 Boulevard de l Hôpital, 75647 Paris Cedex 13, France
Soc Sci Med 74:1856-63. 2012..initiation of the consumption of an addictive good can shed new light on important issues, such as the motivations for corporate social responsibility and the definition of responsible actions in the particular case of harm reduction.
- Accountability for health protection in England: how this has been affected by the establishment of the Health Protection AgencyH Pickles
Commun Dis Public Health 7:241-4. 2004
- Social responsibility, international development, and institutional commitment: lessons from the Boston University experienceLauren P Babich
Department of Family Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
Acad Med 83:143-7. 2008....
- The physician as health advocate: translating the quest for social responsibility into medical education and practiceShafik Dharamsi
Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Acad Med 86:1108-13. 2011..It is not clear, however, how social responsibility is understood and acted on in medical education and practice, particularly within the context of a growing ..
- Evaluation and assessment of social accountability in medical schoolsSam Leinster
Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Med Teach 33:673-6. 2011..however, if the behaviour and attitudes of individual graduates is a significant component in defining social responsibility new methods of assessment need to be developed...
- The importance of 'social responsibility' in the promotion of healthStefano Semplici
Department of Philosophy, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
Med Health Care Philos 14:355-63. 2011The publication of the Report of the International Bioethics Committee of Unesco on Social responsibility and health provides an opportunity to reshape the conceptual framework of the right to health care and its practical implications...
- Public health tools for holding self-regulators accountable: lessons from the alcohol experienceDavid H Jernigan
Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Health Promot Pract 12:336-40. 2011....
- Genetic and environmental contributions to pro-social attitudes: a twin study of social responsibilityJ Philippe Rushton
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada
Proc Biol Sci 271:2583-5. 2004..The present study extends those results by using a 22-item Social Responsibility Questionnaire with 174 pairs of monozygotic twins and 148 pairs of dizygotic twins...
- Provider-specific report cards: a tool for health sector accountability in developing countriesPeggy McNamara
Center for Delivery, Organization and Markets, US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Health Policy Plan 21:101-9. 2006..The ultimate aim is to provoke thoughtful debate about if and how comparative performance reporting fits within a developing country's broader framework of strategies to promote quality of care...
- Does an appeal to the common good justify individual sacrifices for genomic research?Rogeer Hoedemaekers
137 Department of Ethics, Philosophy and History of Medicine, Radboud University Medical Centre, P O Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Theor Med Bioeth 27:415-31. 2006....
- Social accountability in theory and practiceJames Rourke
Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
Ann Fam Med 4:S45-8; discussion S58-60. 2006
- An evidence-based approach to benchmarking the fairness of health-sector reform in developing countriesNorman Daniels
Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Population and International Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Bull World Health Organ 83:534-40. 2005..Collaboration across sites can yield a catalogue of indicators that will facilitate further work...
- Medical schools' social contract: more than just education and researchJean Parboosingh
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB
CMAJ 168:852-3. 2003
- Illegal immigrants, health care, and social responsibilityJames Dwyer
Consortium Ethics Program, University of Pittsburgh, USA
Hastings Cent Rep 34:34-41. 2004
- Tobacco industry use of corporate social responsibility tactics as a sword and a shield on secondhand smoke issuesLissy C Friedman
Public Health Advocacy Institute at Northeastern University School of Law in Boston, MA, USA
J Law Med Ethics 37:819-27. 2009The tobacco industry has used corporate social responsibility tactics to improve its corporate image with the public, press, and regulators who increasingly have grown to view it as a merchant of death...
- Equity in health care from a communitarian standpointMegan Black
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Sydney, WA
Health Care Anal 10:193-208. 2002..Disadvantaged communities are discussed throughout, in particular, Australian Aboriginal communities...
- Re-thinking accountability: trust versus confidence in medical practiceK Checkland
National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Qual Saf Health Care 13:130-5. 2004....
- Personal and social responsibility for healthDaniel Wikler
Ethics Int Aff 16:47-55. 2002
- Priority setting for new technologies in medicine: a transdisciplinary studyJennifer L Gibson
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, 88 College St, Toronto, Canada M5G 1L4
BMC Health Serv Res 2:14. 2002..Traditional approaches to priority setting for new technologies in medicine are insufficient and there is no widely accepted model that can guide decision makers...
- Corporate philanthropy, lobbying, and public health policyLaura E Tesler
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, USA
Am J Public Health 98:2123-33. 2008....
- Responsibility ascriptions and Vision ZeroJessica Nihlén Fahlquist
Division of Philosophy, Royal Institute of Technology, Teknikringen 78B, SE 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Accid Anal Prev 38:1113-8. 2006..Vision Zero still ascribes backward-looking responsibility and to some degree forward-looking responsibility to individuals, but adds the explicit forward-looking responsibility of the system designers...
- Denaturalizing scarcity: a strategy of enquiry for public- health ethicsTed Schrecker
University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Bull World Health Organ 86:600-5. 2008..The paper concludes that denaturalizing scarcity represents a valuable alternative to mainstream health ethics, directing our attention instead to why some settings are "resource poor" and others are not...
- Fiduciary obligation in clinical researchPaul B Miller
Department of Philosophy at the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Law Med Ethics 34:424-40. 2006
- CT screening for lung cancer: implications on social responsibilityChristoph I Lee
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 188:297-8. 2007
- Social responsibility in tobacco production? Tobacco companies' use of green supply chains to obscure the real costs of tobacco farmingMarty Otañez
Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA
Tob Control 20:403-11. 2011..Tobacco companies have come under increased criticism because of environmental and labour practices related to growing tobacco in developing countries...
- Service accountability and community participation in the context of health sector reforms in Asia: implications for sexual and reproductive health servicesRanjani K Murthy
Health Policy Plan 19:i78-i86. 2004..Community participation and service accountability hence requires more and not less investment of resources by the state...
- Reinventing the academic health centerDarrell G Kirch
Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine and Milton S Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, H162, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
Acad Med 80:980-9. 2005..Organizational transformation as a result of the nine factors is possible in other institutional settings and can facilitate a focus on crucial quality initiatives...
- A fragmented patient safety concept: the structure and culture of safety management in healthcareGerald R Goodman
Texas Woman s University, USA
Hosp Top 81:22-9. 2003....
- The best lack all conviction: biomedical ethics, professionalism, and social responsibilityJack Coulehan
Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute for Medicine in Contemporary Society, State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA
Camb Q Healthc Ethics 12:21-38. 2003
- Teaching medical students social responsibility: the right thing to doL R Faulkner
School of Medicine, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
Acad Med 75:346-50. 2000..The authors outline the process for developing a curriculum to teach social responsibility to medical students and list some of the key questions faculty and administrators must address in the ..
- Ways of thinking about and teaching ethical problem solving: microethics and macroethics in engineeringJoseph R Herkert
North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7017, USA
Sci Eng Ethics 11:373-85. 2005..individuals and internal relations of the engineering profession; "macroethics" applies to the collective social responsibility of the profession and to societal decisions about technology...
- The moral relevance of personal characteristics in setting health care prioritiesJan Abel Olsen
Department of Tromso, Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
Soc Sci Med 57:1163-72. 2003..We attempt to disentangle those characteristics that may reflect a potentially relevant justification from those which violate widely accepted principles of social justice...
- What do district health planners in Tanzania think about improving priority setting using 'Accountability for reasonableness'?Simon Mshana
Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and the Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
BMC Health Serv Res 7:180. 2007..Can 'accountability for reasonableness' be helpful for improving priority setting in less wealthy countries?..
- Decentralization and health care prioritization process in Tanzania: from national rhetoric to local realityStephen Oswald Maluka
Umeå International School of Public Health, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
Int J Health Plann Manage 26:e102-120. 2011....
- What do hospital decision-makers in Ontario, Canada, have to say about the fairness of priority setting in their institutions?David Reeleder
Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
BMC Health Serv Res 5:8. 2005..The purpose of this study is to elicit hospital decision-makers' self-report of the fairness of priority setting in their hospitals using an explicit conceptual framework, 'accountability for reasonableness'...
- If HIV/AIDS is punishment, who is bad?Loretta M Kopelman
Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
J Med Philos 27:231-43. 2002..We need to cooperate and respond as befits this global public-health disaster and not engage in the misguided and bad faith activity of dividing the world into the blameworthy and blameless...
- The role of corporate credibility in legitimizing disease promotionPatricia A McDaniel
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California St, Suite 455, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
Am J Public Health 99:452-61. 2009..We explored what corporate "credibility" means to tobacco companies to determine why it matters to companies and what a lack of credibility means to them...
- Of epidemic proportions: physicians, personal risk, and public trustChalmers C Clark
Boston University, USA
Yale J Biol Med 78:363-72. 2005
- Can scientists and policy makers work together?Bernard C K Choi
Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Government of Canada
J Epidemiol Community Health 59:632-7. 2005....
- The neglect of volitionScott Henderson
Br J Psychiatry 186:273-4. 2005
- Should we make a fuss? A case for social responsibility in scienceJon Beckwith
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, 200 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Nat Biotechnol 23:1479-80. 2005..If society is to remain in step with new technology, the scientific community needs to be better educated about the social and ethical implications of its research...
- In harm's way: AMA physicians and the duty to treatChalmers C Clark
Department of Philosphy and the Institution for social and Policy Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
J Med Philos 30:65-87. 2005..The essay will conclude with some philosophical proposals suggesting a framework for the duty to render aid and the extension of those duties to physicians facing personal risks...
- On pandemics and the duty to care: whose duty? who cares?Carly Ruderman
Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave, Room E3 49, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada
BMC Med Ethics 7:E5. 2006....
- SARS and hospital priority setting: a qualitative case study and evaluationJennifer A H Bell
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
BMC Health Serv Res 4:36. 2004..The purpose of this study is to describe and evaluate priority setting in a hospital in response to SARS using the ethical framework 'accountability for reasonableness'...
- Priority setting in developing countries health care institutions: the case of a Ugandan hospitalLydia Kapiriri
Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, 88 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L4, Canada
BMC Health Serv Res 6:127. 2006..The objective of this paper is to describe priority setting in a teaching hospital in Uganda and evaluate the description against an ethical framework for fair priority setting processes--Accountability for Reasonableness...
- When pestilence prevails...physician responsibilities in epidemicsSamuel J Huber
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Am J Bioeth 4:W5-11. 2004....
- Influenza pandemic and professional duty: family or patients first? A survey of hospital employeesBoris P Ehrenstein
Dept of Internal Medicine I, University Medical Center Regensburg, Germany
BMC Public Health 6:311. 2006..Conflicts between professional duties and fear of influenza transmission to family members may arise among health care professionals (HCP)...
- Priority-setting and hospital strategic planning: a qualitative case studyDouglas Martin
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Management and Evaluation, 88 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L4, Canada
J Health Serv Res Policy 8:197-201. 2003..To describe and evaluate the priority-setting element of a hospital's strategic planning process...
- Ready and willing? Physicians' sense of preparedness for bioterrorismG Caleb Alexander
Division of General Internal Medicine, MacLean Center for Medical Ethics, University of Chicago Hospitals, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:189-97. 2003..Preparing physicians for bioterrorism should entail providing practical knowledge, preventive steps to minimize risk, and reinforcement of the profession's ethical duty to treat...
- Grand challenges in global health: the ethical, social and cultural programPeter A Singer
McLaughlin Rotman Centre for Global Health and the Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
PLoS Med 4:e265. 2007
- Corporate social responsibility initiatives addressing social exclusion in BangladeshWendy J Werner
ICDDR, B, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
J Health Popul Nutr 27:545-62. 2009..However, private-sector initiatives and partnerships- collectively labelled corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives-may be able to positively impact social status, earning potential, and access to ..
- Setting priorities in Canadian regional health authorities: a survey of key decision makersCraig Mitton
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alta, Canada
Health Policy 60:39-58. 2002....
- Accountability and psychiatric disorders: how do forensic psychiatric professionals think?Pontus Höglund
Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Science, Malmo, Lund University, Sweden
Int J Law Psychiatry 32:355-61. 2009..Other factors thought to be relevant were substance abuse, social network, personality traits, social stress, and level of education...
- Resurrecting the triple threat: academic social responsibility in the context of global health researchYukari C Manabe
Infectious Diseases Institute, Makerere University School of Medicine, Kampala, Uganda
Clin Infect Dis 48:1420-2. 2009..Academic researchers who spend clinical time in local health care centers and who teach and mentor students as part of academic social responsibility will build capacity, an investment that will yield dividends for future generations.
- Fairness, accountability for reasonableness, and the views of priority setting decision-makersDouglas K Martin
Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, and the Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, 88 College Street, Toronto, Ont M5G 1L4, Canada
Health Policy 61:279-90. 2002..According to these decision makers, accountability for reasonableness is acceptable and applicable. Our findings also provide refinements to accountability for reasonableness...
- Caring about--caring for: moral obligations and work responsibilities in intensive care nursingAgneta Cronqvist
Karolinska Instituet, Stockholm, Sweden
Nurs Ethics 11:63-76. 2004..In conclusion there is a need to support nurses in difficult intensive care situations, for example, by mentoring, as a step towards developing moral action knowledge in the context of intensive care nursing...
- Knowledge for better health: a conceptual framework and foundation for health research systemsTikki Pang
Research Policy and Cooperation, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 81:815-20. 2003..The framework, as it is applied in consultation with countries, will provide countries and donor agencies with relevant inputs to policies and strategies for strengthening HRSs and using knowledge for better health...
- Ethics and public health emergencies: encouraging responsibilityMatthew K Wynia
Am J Bioeth 7:1-4. 2007..responsibilities during crises? To whom do they apply? Should they be more explicit - and hence more circumscribed - or less explicit and hence largely aspirational? And how can public health policies encourage responsible actions?..
- For the law, neuroscience changes nothing and everythingJoshua Greene
Department of Psychology, Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:1775-85. 2004..We foresee, and recommend, a shift away from punishment aimed at retribution in favour of a more progressive, consequentialist approach to the criminal law...
- The rise of independent regulation in health careRui Nunes
Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, EU
Health Care Anal 15:169-77. 2007..However, independent agencies need to develop strong mechanisms of accountability because good regulatory governance is the paradigm of this institutional innovation...
- Hospital priority setting with an appeals process: a qualitative case study and evaluationShannon Madden
Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and the Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, 88 College Street, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5G 1L4
Health Policy 73:10-20. 2005..To describe and evaluate priority setting in the context of hospital priority setting and more specifically to evaluate the use of an appeals process...
- Developing cultural competence and social responsibility in preclinical dental studentsRichard W Rubin
SCOPE Student Community Outreach Program and Education, University of Pittsburgh, School of Dental Medicine, Department of Dental Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
J Dent Educ 68:460-7. 2004Dental student development of cultural competence and social responsibility is recognized by educators as an important element in the overall shaping of minds and attitudes of modem dental practitioners...
- Promoting social responsibility for health: health impact assessment and healthy public policy at the community levelM B Mittelmark
University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Health Promot Int 16:269-74. 2001..The declaration placed a high priority on promoting social responsibility for health, and it identified equity-focused health impact assessment as a high priority for action...
- Explicit and implicit rationing: taking responsibility and avoiding blame for health care choicesC Ham
Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham, 40 Edgbaston Park Road, Birmingham B15 2RT, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 6:163-9. 2001..The politics of rationing may favour muddling through and the evasion of responsibility but this will be difficult to sustain in an environment in which public awareness of decision-making in health care is growing...
- role of altruistic behavior, empathetic concern, and social responsibility motivation in blood donation behaviorWhitney Randolph Steele
Westat, Rockville, Maryland, USA
Transfusion 48:43-54. 2008..described as a prosocial behavior, and donors often cite prosocial reasons such as altruism, empathy, or social responsibility for their willingness to donate...
- The corporate social responsibility of the pharmaceutical industry: idealism without illusion and realism without resignationKlaus M Leisinger
Bus Ethics Q 15:577-94. 2005..Corporate social responsibility can be understood as the socio-economic product of the organizational division of labor in complex modern ..
- Stakeholders' views about cardiac report cards: a qualitative studyCécile M Bensimon
Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Ontario
Can J Cardiol 20:433-8. 2004..A necessary first step to ground the development of cardiac report cards in actual experience is to understand the views of those most closely involved. To date, there has been no systematic description of stakeholders' views...
- Science and social responsibility in public healthDouglas L Weed
Office of Preventive Oncology, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
Environ Health Perspect 111:1804-8. 2003..Responsibility is an ethical concept particularly well suited to frame many key aspects of the ethics of our profession...
- Genetic ignorance, moral obligations and social dutiesT Takala
University of Turku, Finland
J Med Philos 25:107-13; discussion 114-20. 2000..Our own conclusion, based on the Millian way of thinking, is that individuals probably do have the right to remain in ignorance in the cases Professor Rhodes presents as examples of a duty to know...
- Internet gambling and social responsibility: an exploratory studyMichael Smeaton
GamCare, London, United Kingdom
Cyberpsychol Behav 7:49-57. 2004..K.-owned Internet gambling sites were studied to examine what safeguards were in place to encourage social responsibility of Internet gamblers...
- Corporate social responsibility: serious cause for concernKelley Lee
Tob Control 15:419. 2006
- Strategic positioning for nursing excellence in health systems: insights from chief nursing executivesLauren Arnold
Alliance Healthcare Consulting, Philadelphia, PA 19006, USA arnold alliancehcc com
Nurs Adm Q 30:11-20. 2006..This review addresses important questions about CNE system integration strategies, strategic priorities, and organizational positioning as they attempt to fulfill their ethical responsibilities to patients and the nurses they serve...
- Good governance includes clinician participationKathryn J McDonagh
CHRISTUS Spohn Health System, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA
Trustee 58:31-2. 2005
- Talking to each other about universal health care: do values belong in the discussion?Mary Ann Baily
Hastings Cent Rep 36:4; author reply 4-5. 2006
- Taking the prudent path. Best practices for not-for-profit boardsMichael W Peregrine
Gardner, Carton and Douglas, Chicago, USA
Trustee 56:24-7, 1. 2003..A direct outgrowth of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, best practices in corporate governance strengthen board independence, provide a framework for ethical decision-making and enhance compliance with state and national regulations...
- Training Grant in Renal Function and DiseasePhillip Darwin Bell; Fiscal Year: 2013..Thus, this training program addresses a critical public health problem that requires an integrated, broad basedapproach. ..
- The Impact of Coordinating Medicare and Medicaid benefits for the dually-eligibleHye Young Jung; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Protecting Privacy in Health ResearchFRED CATE; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Oregon's Coordinated Care Organizations Integrate Care for Drug Use DisordersDennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Translation of District Sun Safe Policies to SchoolsKIM DANIEL REYNOLDS; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- ENGAGED: E-Networks Guiding Adherence to Goals for Exercise and DietBonnie Spring; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Program of Excellence in Scientifically Validated Treatments of Mood DisordersMark A Whisman; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- BEST Science! - Bioscience Enrichment for Students and TeachersPAULA ELIZABETH GREGORY; Fiscal Year: 2013..By providing the necessary training and resources, BEST Science! will help incorporate the NIH modules into the local curricula and fulfill the original intent of the NIH program. ..
- Sharing Restricted Data for Secondary Research: Evolving Tools and ProtocolsJames W McNally; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- STRENGTHEN RESEARCH TRAINING &ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY AT RESEARCH CENTERNELSON SANDE KAKANDE; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Bundled Episode Payment and Gainsharing Demonstration ProjectTom Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Behavioral Couples Group Therapy for Alcoholic Patients: Clinical Cost OutcomesTIMOTHY JAMES O'FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2013..Given the likely differences in cost of treatment delivery between the 2 interventions, we will also examine the comparative cost- benefit and cost-effectiveness of the 2 intervention packages. ..
- Center for Biomedical Research Excellence in Pathogen-Host InteractionsStephen B Pruett; Fiscal Year: 2013..We expect the combined reductionist and global approach in this COBRE to produce significant progress in research on these pathogens. ..
- Cancer Genetics Professional Education in a Global Community of PracticeJeffrey N Weitzel; Fiscal Year: 2013..The ultimate goal of the CCGCoP is to increase the number of clinicians who are able to translate advances in genetics/genomics into personalized medicine globally. ..
- Computerized Social-Emotional Assessment Battery for School ReadinessSusanne A Denham; Fiscal Year: 2013..This work will provide a springboard to finalization of this battery and continued exploration of its usefulness. ..
- Central Venous Catheter (CVC)- Related Bloodstream Infections in Pediatric CancerRITA LYNNE SECOLA; Fiscal Year: 2010..The study will hope to improve a nursing model of care and improve pediatric oncology patient outcomes. ..
- Hospital Readmission and Inpatient Medical RehabilitationKENNETH JOHN OTTENBACHER; Fiscal Year: 2012..The results will also address priorities f the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act by identifying strategies to reduce health care costs. ..
- Innovative Technology to Improve Patient Adherence to Weight Loss RecommendationsRena R Wing; Fiscal Year: 2010..If the program is effective, it would provide an outstanding resource for physicians to use with their patients and thus would have tremendous clinical impact. ..
- Automated Medication Transfer Between a Pharmacy Dispensing System and a Mobile DDaniel A Theobald; Fiscal Year: 2010..Effective implementation of the system will provide transparency for accountability in the supply chain and improve patient health by reducing costs, injuries, and mortality. ..
- Using Clinically-Enhanced Claims Data to Guide Selection of Coronary ProceduresHAROLD KILBURN; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- ACC/Duke Partnership for a National Cardiovascular Research Infrastructure (NCRI)Robert A Harrington; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Keratocyte role in guidance of corneal nervesSandeep Jain; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Transplant Surgery Scientist Training ProgramMichael M Abecassis; Fiscal Year: 2013..Both tracks are required to take coursework in the responsible conduct of research. Both tracks uniquely prepare trainees to perform innovative, state-of-the-art research in transplant-related fields. ..
- Automated Detection of Anomalous Accesses to Electronic Health RecordsBradley A Malin; Fiscal Year: 2012..We believe that auditing tools for EHR systems, such as those developed through this research, are crucial to the continued adoption of health information technologies without sacrificing patients'privacy rights. ..
- Values and Substance Use: A Social Responsibility Approach to PreventionLaura Wray Lake; Fiscal Year: 2010..This proposal takes a social responsibility approach to the prevention of substance use, arguing that high values of social responsibility, instilled ..
- VISION RESEARCH TRAINING GRANTGabriel H Travis; Fiscal Year: 2013..Continued funding of this application will permit JSEI to carry on its critical mission of training the next generation of first-rate basic and clinical vision scientists. ..
- Friends Helping Friends: Socially Responsible ATOD PreventionConstance A Flanagan; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our project frames the avoidance of ATOD as a social responsibility that friends should assume for one another, makes intervening to help friends avoid ATOD an explicit ..
- Prevention and Promotion with Youth in Community-Based Afterschool ProgramsEmilie P Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- AR CAREER DEVELOPMENT COBRE: ADMINISTRATIVE COREEdgar E Garcia-Rill; Fiscal Year: 2011..Its primary goal is to provide the tools and resources to develop creative leaders who will guide and transform academic services for translational research and higher education in the twenty-first century. ..
- Accountability and the Role of the Principal Investigator in Multicenter TrialsSteven Joffe; Fiscal Year: 2012..The findings of this proposal will either reaffirm trust in these trials, or will stimulate the development of enhanced systems of accountability for clinical research ..
- New Technology to Preserve Patient Privacy and Data Quality in Health ResearchXiaoBai Li; Fiscal Year: 2013..This research will also offer valuable insights for policy makers to assess the tradeoff between privacy protection and data sharing and analysis. ..
- Seventh National Conference on Quality Health Care for Culturally Diverse PopulatDENNIS PAUL ANDRULIS; Fiscal Year: 2010..The conference will provide a venue to discuss the implications of these initiatives and others, in the context of the tenth anniversary of the CLAS Standards. ..
- National Collaborative for Innovation in Quality Measurement (NCINQ)Sarah H Scholle; Fiscal Year: 2013..Above all, we are committed to quality measures that capture the voices of family and youth so as to engage them as agents of health system change. ..
- Accountability for Cancer Care through Undoing Racism and Equity (ACCURE)Eugenia Eng; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our systems approach has the potential to optimize transparency of and accountability for racial equity in completing treatment in 1500 cancer centers affecting 1.4 million cancer patients annually. ..
- A Randomized Trial Testing Lay Health Coaches for Obesity TreatmentTricia M Leahey; Fiscal Year: 2013..This project tests a novel, theoretically-grounded, disseminable approach to obesity treatment. If successful, this approach could substantially inform current obesity treatment efforts. ..
- Secondary Uses of Health Information: Patient Preferences for Sharing and ConsentDAVID T GRANDE; Fiscal Year: 2012..The overall goal is to develop a new framework for sharing health information to advance public health shaped by individual patient preferences. ..
- West Virginia IDEA-CTRGlenn H Dillon; Fiscal Year: 2012..abstract_text> ..
- The ELSI Program: Evidence of Policy ImpactDEBRA JH MATHEWS; Fiscal Year: 2010..g., genetic testing, genetic counseling and health insurance). ..
- CENTER FOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCHTimothy Turner; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Maintenance and correlates of cooperative behavior in therapeutic communitiesKEITH LEVERETT WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2010..This knowledge will allow therapeutic community clinicians to foster more clinically effective interactions between residents. ..
- MULTIDISCIPLINARY TRAINING IN MICROBIAL PATHOGENESISPATRICIA JEAN JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2012..to monitor and facilitate trainee progress in research and other areas is outlined Our past training efforts have been successful and continued success is anticipated following the plan outlined in this proposal ..
- Ehancing Prevention Capacity with Developmental Assets and Getting to OutcomesMatthew Chinman; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Impact of decision support and accountability tools on adoption of evidenceRamin Khorasani; Fiscal Year: 2010..If effective, this project will serve as a model for increasing the pace of adoption of imaging-related comparative effectiveness research findings to improve the practice of medicine. ..
- Nursing Homes Quality and Variations in State RegulationsDana B Mukamel; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. population. ..
- A State-Wide Initiative to Spread Effective Behavioral Weight Loss StrategiesRena R Wing; Fiscal Year: 2013..This innovative intervention, which uses a statewide campaign for outreach combined with effective behavioral strategies for weight loss success, has the potential to be an important public health model for the treatment of obesity. ..
- Towards Pay for Performance in Kidney TransplantationMICHAEL JOSEPH ENGLESBE; Fiscal Year: 2013..Moreover, we hope that this work will provide the framework for effective value-based purchasing initiatives in kidney transplantation. ..
- Opt-IN: Optimizing INtensive Lifestyle Intervention for Weight LossBonnie Spring; Fiscal Year: 2013..Because such an intervention will be both effective and scalable, it will enjoy greatly increased reach and make significant progress in the fight against obesity. ..
- Preclinical Motor Function in Aging and ParkinsonismJohn A Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2010..Relevance to Public Health: This research should yield information regarding relationships between neural function and motor function in normal aging and in Parkinson's disease. ..
- Appalachian Regional Informatics Consortium (ARIC)Planning ProjectBrian Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2005..The innovative approach of the ARIC Project will enhance the continuity of care and create new resources that contribute to biomedical knowledge, research and medical education. ..
- INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH TRAINING ON VIOLENCEJacquelyn Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2009..minority populations, 4) culturally appropriate interventions and evaluations, 5) ethical issues and social responsibility in the conduct of violence related research, and 6) multiple methods approaches to violence related ..
- Health systems &implementation sciences institute for NCDs in SoAsia &LatinAmKABAYAM M VENKAT NARAYAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our program will augment systems and implementation research skills in Mexico and India and contribute to the organization, operationalization, and evaluation of integrated NCD prevention and control strategies. ..
- Inderdisciplinary Training on Preventing and Addressing Violence in FamiliesJACQUELYN CUTLER CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2013..minority populations, 3) culturally appropriate interventions and evaluations, 4) ethical issues and social responsibility in the conduct of violence related research, and 5) multiple methods approaches to violence related ..
- Graduate Training in Cellular and Molecular Pathogenesis of Human DiseasesZsuzsanna Fabry; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- SDSU Initiative for Maximizing Student Development (SDSU IMSD)William G Tong; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Montana Cancer Consortium CCOPBENJAMIN T MARCHELLO; Fiscal Year: 2013..The MCC goal is to maintain and enhance this level of quality through education and increased communication and to increase accrual over the next grant cycle. ..
- CTSA INFRASTRUCTURE FOR CLINICAL TRIALSS Claiborne Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2011..Its goal is to build innovative infrastructure, tools and services, to transform the core university culture to one which promotes and rewards collaboration and accelerate the clinical application of basic science. ..
- Using Network Analysis to Assess School Mental Health Organizational StructureOliver T Massey; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Scalable and Robust Clinical Text De-Identification ToolsDavid S Carrell; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Bridges to Sucess in the SciencesGEZA GABOR VARHEGYI; Fiscal Year: 2012..Partnering institutions are: Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland State University, John Carroll University, Baldwin-Wallace College, The University of Akron and The Cleveland Clinic Foundation. ..
- COBRE: UAF: ADMINISTRATIVE CORE ABERT BRANDON BOYER; Fiscal Year: 2011..CANHR research projects serve as building blocks for translational research to improve health and reduce health disparities in indigenous communities, with generalizability to other indigenous and minority groups worldwide...
- UC Global Health Inst Women's Health and Empowerment CoE Post-Doc Fellowship ProgCraig R Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..This program will train the next generation of women's health and empowerment researchers to conduct rigorous interdisciplinary research aimed to advance the lives of women and their families around the world. ..
- CONFERENCE: EFFECTIVENESS/OUTCOMES-HEALTH CARE SERVICESKAREN O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 1990..An executive summary of the proceedings will be provided to attendees within forty-five (45) working days...
- Clinical Research Education for Drug Abuse ProfessionalsTHOMAS FREDERICK NEWTON; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Institutional Development Program for Correctional Health &Healthcare ResearchJEREMY TRAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2012..abstract_text> ..
- END USER TRAINING IN CD ROM FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALSMARTA COSCULLUELA; Fiscal Year: 1990..The hospital's Department of Education and Staff Development and the editorial staff of the MCH International Journal of Pediatrics will provide expertise in training materials development and dissemination activities respectively...
- The Reach of Ethics: Politics, Bioethics & the Regulation of Social InquiryAmy Fairchild; Fiscal Year: 2009..extensive should the public governance of social inquiry be? How should the balance between free inquiry, social responsibility, and public accountability be struck? What norms should inform efforts in different domains? Do different ..
- A Culturally-Tailored Weight Loss ProgramMichael Simon; Fiscal Year: 2005..This feasibility study should allow us to develop the methods needed to interface spirituality counseling with more traditional weight loss approaches, and this can then be tested more fully in larger and longer-term studies. ..
- A Plan to use Sanford health Patient Complaints to Promote Safety/Reduce ClaimsWENDELL W HOFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results will offer Sanford Health and other systems a roadmap leading to fair, constructive, peer-delivered, evidence-based, norm-referenced interventions that address care practices and patient-provider communications. ..
- Web Tool to Disseminate Empirically-based Interventions to SchoolsMELISSA DEROSIER; Fiscal Year: 2009..e., schools. Increasing the likelihood that EBIs will be adopted, used as intended, and sustained in everyday practice in schools, in turn, increases the likelihood that youth will benefit from evidence-based practices. ..
- Accountability and Health Safety A Statewide ApproachKenneth Thorpe; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Sharing Confidential Datasets With Geographic Identifiers Via Multiple ImputationJEROME PHILLIP REITER; Fiscal Year: 2010..Ultimately, this enables secondary data analysts to make more and better inferences, leading to deeper understanding of public health. ..
- Survey Nonresponse Bias, HIPAA, and Mixed Data Collection ModesTimothy Beebe; Fiscal Year: 2009..The goal of this work is to provide practical recommendations about best practices in survey data collection that could help improve survey response and ultimately, data quality. ..
- Human Subjects Research Protection Improvement PlanJeffrey Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Negotiating Quality: Everyday Practice & Self-RegulationSTEPHEN PADGETT; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Understanding Pregnancy and Women's Health in Two Black Communities in AtlantaMONA PHILLIPS; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A MULTICOMPONENT MODEL OF SELF-CONCEPT FORMATIONALLEN MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2002..behavior, personal outlook, social comparison, and experience of emotion) for social functioning and mental health, an understanding of how self-concepts are formed, and the consequences of forming them, is important. ..
- Medical Image/Date Security Assurance - Digital EnvelopeH K Huang; Fiscal Year: 2004..This method also provides additional image/data assurance to conventional network security protections. ..
- Ethics Training Health Oriented Software (ETHOS)Beth Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2009..how the NIH goal of promoting the highest level of scientific integrity, public accountability, and social responsibility in the conduct of science is supported in practice through the ethical guidelines and principles that ..
- SICU CARE AT THE END OF LIFETimothy Buchman; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..