morals

Summary

Summary: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment
    J D Greene
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Department of Philosophy, 1879 Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 293:2105-8. 2001
  2. ncbi The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment
    J Haidt
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 4400, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:814-34. 2001
  3. ncbi The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment
    Joshua D Greene
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Neuron 44:389-400. 2004
  4. pmc Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
    Michael Koenigs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 446:908-11. 2007
  5. ncbi The new synthesis in moral psychology
    Jonathan Haidt
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Science 316:998-1002. 2007
  6. ncbi Liberals and conservatives rely on different sets of moral foundations
    Jesse Graham
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:1029-46. 2009
  7. ncbi Opinion: the neural basis of human moral cognition
    Jorge Moll
    The Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Building 10 Room 5C205 MSC 1440, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:799-809. 2005
  8. pmc The neural basis of human social values: evidence from functional MRI
    Roland Zahn
    National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:276-83. 2009
  9. ncbi The mismeasure of morals: antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas
    Daniel M Bartels
    Columbia University, Uris Hall 502, 3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Cognition 121:154-61. 2011
  10. pmc On the wrong side of the trolley track: neural correlates of relative social valuation
    Mina Cikara
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:404-13. 2010

Detail Information

Publications323 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment
    J D Greene
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Department of Philosophy, 1879 Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 293:2105-8. 2001
    ..These results may shed light on some puzzling patterns in moral judgment observed by contemporary philosophers...
  2. ncbi The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment
    J Haidt
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 4400, USA
    Psychol Rev 108:814-34. 2001
    ..The model is more consistent that rationalist models with recent findings in social, cultural, evolutionary, and biological psychology, as well as in anthropology and primatology...
  3. ncbi The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment
    Joshua D Greene
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Neuron 44:389-400. 2004
    ..We speculate that the controversy surrounding utilitarian moral philosophy reflects an underlying tension between competing subsystems in the brain...
  4. pmc Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
    Michael Koenigs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 446:908-11. 2007
    ..These findings indicate that, for a selective set of moral dilemmas, the VMPC is critical for normal judgements of right and wrong. The findings support a necessary role for emotion in the generation of those judgements...
  5. ncbi The new synthesis in moral psychology
    Jonathan Haidt
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Science 316:998-1002. 2007
    ..I propose a fourth principle to guide future research: Morality is about more than harm and fairness. More research is needed on the collective and religious parts of the moral domain, such as loyalty, authority, and spiritual purity...
  6. ncbi Liberals and conservatives rely on different sets of moral foundations
    Jesse Graham
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:1029-46. 2009
    ..These findings help to illuminate the nature and intractability of moral disagreements in the American "culture war."..
  7. ncbi Opinion: the neural basis of human moral cognition
    Jorge Moll
    The Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Building 10 Room 5C205 MSC 1440, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:799-809. 2005
    ..Here, we propose a cognitive neuroscience view of how cultural and context-dependent knowledge, semantic social knowledge and motivational states can be integrated to explain complex aspects of human moral cognition...
  8. pmc The neural basis of human social values: evidence from functional MRI
    Roland Zahn
    National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:276-83. 2009
    ..This neural architecture may provide the basis of our ability to communicate about the meaning of social values across cultural contexts without limiting our flexibility to adapt their emotional interpretation...
  9. ncbi The mismeasure of morals: antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas
    Daniel M Bartels
    Columbia University, Uris Hall 502, 3022 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Cognition 121:154-61. 2011
    ....
  10. pmc On the wrong side of the trolley track: neural correlates of relative social valuation
    Mina Cikara
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:404-13. 2010
    ..Moral decisions are not made in a vacuum; intergroup biases and stereotypes weigh heavily on neural systems implicated in moral decision making...
  11. ncbi Universal moral grammar: theory, evidence and the future
    John Mikhail
    Georgetown University Law Center, 600 New Jersey Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20001, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:143-52. 2007
    ..I also propose a novel computational analysis of moral intuitions and argue that future research on this topic should draw more directly on legal theory...
  12. ncbi The role of conscious reasoning and intuition in moral judgment: testing three principles of harm
    Fiery Cushman
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:1082-9. 2006
    ....
  13. ncbi An FMRI investigation of spontaneous mental state inference for moral judgment
    Liane Young
    Harvard University, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 21:1396-405. 2009
    ..Together, the results illuminate two aspects of theory of mind in moral judgment: (1) spontaneous belief inference and (2) stimulus-driven belief integration...
  14. pmc Serotonin selectively influences moral judgment and behavior through effects on harm aversion
    Molly J Crockett
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:17433-8. 2010
    ..Together, these findings provide unique evidence that serotonin could promote prosocial behavior by enhancing harm aversion, a prosocial sentiment that directly affects both moral judgment and moral behavior...
  15. pmc Disruption of the right temporoparietal junction with transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces the role of beliefs in moral judgments
    Liane Young
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:6753-8. 2010
    ..Thus, interfering with activity in the RTPJ disrupts the capacity to use mental states in moral judgment, especially in the case of attempted harms...
  16. pmc Cognitive load selectively interferes with utilitarian moral judgment
    Joshua D Greene
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
    Cognition 107:1144-54. 2008
    ..This interference effect provides direct evidence for the influence of controlled cognitive processes in moral judgment, and utilitarian moral judgment more specifically...
  17. ncbi Disgust and the moralization of purity
    E J Horberg
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 97:963-76. 2009
    ..Finally, across studies, individuals of lower socioeconomic status (SES) were more likely than individuals of higher SES to moralize purity but not justice or harm/care...
  18. ncbi Manipulations of emotional context shape moral judgment
    Piercarlo Valdesolo
    Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:476-7. 2006
  19. ncbi Simulating murder: the aversion to harmful action
    Fiery Cushman
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Emotion 12:2-7. 2012
    ..This suggests that the aversion to harmful actions extends beyond empathic concern for victim harm. Together, these studies demonstrate a link between the body and moral decision-making processes...
  20. ncbi Principled moral sentiment and the flexibility of moral judgment and decision making
    Daniel M Bartels
    Center for Decision Research, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Cognition 108:381-417. 2008
    ....
  21. pmc Psychopaths know right from wrong but don't care
    Maaike Cima
    Department of Developmental, Clinical and Crosscultural Psychology, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:59-67. 2010
    ....
  22. ncbi Registered nurses' perceptions of moral distress and ethical climate
    Bernadette Pauly
    University of Victoria, Victoria, BC Canada
    Nurs Ethics 16:561-73. 2009
    ....
  23. pmc Moral emotions and moral behavior
    June Price Tangney
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:345-72. 2007
    ..Finally, we discuss briefly a morally relevant emotional process-other-oriented empathy...
  24. ncbi The neural correlates of moral sensitivity: a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of basic and moral emotions
    Jorge Moll
    Neuroimaging and Behavioral Neurology Group, Hospitais D Or and LABS, RJ, 22281 081, Brazil
    J Neurosci 22:2730-6. 2002
    ..We suggest that the automatic tagging of ordinary social events with moral values may be an important mechanism for implicit social behaviors in humans...
  25. pmc Mapping the moral domain
    Jesse Graham
    University of Southern California, Department of Psychology, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 101:366-85. 2011
    ..These analyses provide evidence for the usefulness of Moral Foundations Theory in simultaneously increasing the scope and sharpening the resolution of psychological views of morality...
  26. ncbi Moral judgments recruit domain-general valuation mechanisms to integrate representations of probability and magnitude
    Amitai Shenhav
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuron 67:667-77. 2010
    ..The present results suggest that complex life-and-death moral decisions that affect others depend on neural circuitry adapted for more basic, self-interested decision making involving material rewards...
  27. ncbi The amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex in morality and psychopathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 15K North Drive, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:387-92. 2007
    ..In psychopathy, dysfunction in these structures means that care-based moral reasoning is compromised and the risk that antisocial behavior is used instrumentally to achieve goals is increased...
  28. pmc The neural basis of the interaction between theory of mind and moral judgment
    Liane Young
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:8235-40. 2007
    ..The results not only suggest a general role for belief attribution during moral judgment, but also add detail to our understanding of the interaction between these processes at both the neural and behavioral levels...
  29. ncbi Hypnotic disgust makes moral judgments more severe
    Thalia Wheatley
    National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:780-4. 2005
    ..Two studies show that moral judgments can be made more severe by the presence of a flash of disgust. These findings suggest that moral judgments may be grounded in affectively laden moral intuitions...
  30. pmc Disgust as embodied moral judgment
    SIMONE SCHNALL
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:1096-109. 2008
    ..Taken together, these data indicate the importance-and specificity-of gut feelings in moral judgments...
  31. ncbi Dimensions of mind perception
    Heather M Gray
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 315:619. 2007
    ..The dimensions predicted different moral judgments but were both related to valuing of mind...
  32. ncbi Who shalt not kill? Individual differences in working memory capacity, executive control, and moral judgment
    Adam B Moore
    Department of Psychology, Green Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08550, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:549-57. 2008
    ..We also report interactions between manipulated variables that implicate complex emotion-cognition integration processes not captured by current dual-process views of moral judgment...
  33. pmc Neural foundations to moral reasoning and antisocial behavior
    Adrian Raine
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience Program, University of Southern California, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 1:203-13. 2006
    ..While this neurobiological predisposition is likely only one of several biosocial processes involved in the etiology of antisocial behavior, it raises significant moral issues for the legal system and neuroethics...
  34. pmc A disorder of anger and aggression: children's perspectives on attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the UK
    Ilina Singh
    London School of Economics and Political Science, BIOS Research Centre, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 73:889-96. 2011
    ..The findings support a proposal for a complex sociological model of ADHD diagnosis and demonstrate the relevance of this model for national policy initiatives related to mental health and wellbeing in children...
  35. ncbi Stress alters personal moral decision making
    Farid F Youssef
    Department of Preclinical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:491-8. 2012
    ..We also conclude that females tend to make less utilitarian personal moral decisions compared to males, providing further evidence that there are gender differences in moral reasoning...
  36. ncbi Abortion in the moral world of the Cameroon grassfields
    Sylvie Schuster
    University Women s Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
    Reprod Health Matters 13:130-8. 2005
    ..There is a large gap between what is permitted under the current law, which is colonial in origin, and women's need for legal abortion on broad socio-economic grounds. This calls for reflection on liberalisation of the present law...
  37. pmc Understanding libertarian morality: the psychological dispositions of self-identified libertarians
    Ravi Iyer
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e42366. 2012
    ..Our findings add to a growing recognition of the role of personality differences in the organization of political attitudes...
  38. ncbi The epidemiology of overweight and obesity: public health crisis or moral panic?
    Paul Campos
    School of Law, University of Colorado, CO, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:55-60. 2006
  39. ncbi Introducing the GASP scale: a new measure of guilt and shame proneness
    Taya R Cohen
    Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 100:947-66. 2011
    ....
  40. ncbi Nurse moral distress and ethical work environment
    Mary C Corley
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA
    Nurs Ethics 12:381-90. 2005
    ..The ethical work environment predicted moral distress intensity. These results reveal a difference between moral distress intensity and frequency and the importance of the environment to moral distress intensity...
  41. pmc The neural basis of intuitive and counterintuitive moral judgment
    Guy Kahane
    Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, Littlegate House, St Ebbe s Street, Oxford OX1 1PT, UK
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:393-402. 2012
    ..Our findings therefore do not support theories that have generally associated utilitarian and deontological judgments with distinct neural systems...
  42. ncbi Moral dilemmas and moral rules
    Shaun Nichols
    Department of Philosophy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Cognition 100:530-42. 2006
    ..We propose that judgments of whether an action is wrong, all things considered, implicate a complex set of psychological processes, including representations of rules, emotional responses, and assessments of costs and benefits...
  43. ncbi Are we more moral than we think? Exploring the role of affect in moral behavior and moral forecasting
    Rimma Teper
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 22:553-8. 2011
    ..This research has the potential to inform past work in the field of moral psychology, which has largely ignored actual behavior...
  44. ncbi Beyond beliefs: religions bind individuals into moral communities
    Jesse Graham
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 14:140-50. 2010
    ..The authors use this theoretical perspective to address three mysteries about religiosity, including why religious people are happier, why they are more charitable, and why most people in the world are religious...
  45. ncbi Where in the brain is morality? Everywhere and maybe nowhere
    Liane Young
    Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA02467, USA
    Soc Neurosci 7:1-10. 2012
    ..e., theory of mind) as case studies. Finally, we will consider possible cognitive accounts of a domain-specific morality: Does uniquely moral cognition exist?..
  46. ncbi Time and moral judgment
    Renata S Suter
    University of Basel, Department of Psychology, Missionsstrasse 60 64, 4055 Basel, Switzerland
    Cognition 119:454-8. 2011
    ..Thus, our results are the first demonstration that inhibiting cognitive control through manipulations of time alters moral judgments...
  47. pmc What we say and what we do: the relationship between real and hypothetical moral choices
    Oriel FeldmanHall
    Cambridge University, Cambridge CB2 1TP, UK
    Cognition 123:434-41. 2012
    ..The findings also shed light on contextual factors that can alter how moral decisions are made, such as the salience of a personal gain...
  48. ncbi When ignorance is no excuse: Different roles for intent across moral domains
    Liane Young
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
    Cognition 120:202-14. 2011
    ..The current results therefore reveal distinct cognitive signatures of distinct moral domains, and may inform the distinct functional roles of moral norms...
  49. ncbi A psychophysiological investigation of moral judgment after ventromedial prefrontal damage
    Giovanna Moretto
    Universita di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:1888-99. 2010
    ..These findings provide direct support to the hypothesis that the vmPFC promotes moral behavior by mediating the anticipation of the emotional consequences of personal moral violations...
  50. ncbi The self as a moral agent: linking the neural bases of social agency and moral sensitivity
    Jorge Moll
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Soc Neurosci 2:336-52. 2007
    ..Additional activation in specific components of this network is elicited by different classes of moral emotions, in agreement with recent integrative models of moral cognition and emotion...
  51. ncbi Disgust sensitivity predicts intuitive disapproval of gays
    Yoel Inbar
    Harvard University, Harvard Kennedy School of Government, USA
    Emotion 9:435-9. 2009
    ..The more disgust sensitive participants were, the more they showed unfavorable automatic associations with gay people as opposed to heterosexuals...
  52. ncbi Emotion, regulation, and moral development
    N Eisenberg
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287 1107, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 51:665-97. 2000
    ..In addition, the role of nonmoral emotions (e.g. anger and sadness), including moods and dispositional differences in negative emotionality and its regulation, in morally relevant behavior, is reviewed...
  53. ncbi Washing away your sins: threatened morality and physical cleansing
    Chen Bo Zhong
    Department of Organizational Behavior and HR Management, Joseph L Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6, Canada
    Science 313:1451-2. 2006
    ..Daily hygiene routines such as washing hands, as simple and benign as they might seem, can deliver a powerful antidote to threatened morality, enabling people to truly wash away their sins...
  54. ncbi Affective response to one's own moral violations
    S Berthoz
    Department of Psychiatry, IMM, University Paris V, France
    Neuroimage 31:945-50. 2006
    ..This result suggests the amygdala is important for affective responsiveness to moral transgressions...
  55. ncbi The neural basis of belief encoding and integration in moral judgment
    Liane Young
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 40:1912-20. 2008
    ..g., the outcome) for moral judgment...
  56. ncbi An investigation of moral judgement in frontotemporal dementia
    Mario F Mendez
    Department of Neurology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
    Cogn Behav Neurol 18:193-7. 2005
    ..To investigate the basis of disturbed moral judgment in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD)...
  57. ncbi Functional networks in emotional moral and nonmoral social judgments
    Jorge Moll
    Neuroimaging and Behavioral Neurology Group GNNC, Hospitals D Or and LABS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Neuroimage 16:696-703. 2002
    ..These findings provide new evidence that the orbitofrontal cortex has dedicated subregions specialized in processing specific forms of social behavior...
  58. ncbi Divergent effects of different positive emotions on moral judgment
    Nina Strohminger
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Cognition 119:295-300. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that mirth and elevation have distinct cognitive consequences whose properties reflect their respective social functions, not their shared positive valence...
  59. pmc Moral values are associated with individual differences in regional brain volume
    Gary J Lewis
    University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:1657-63. 2012
    ..These findings demonstrate that variation in moral sentiment reflects individual differences in brain structure and suggest a biological basis for moral sentiment, distributed across multiple brain regions...
  60. ncbi Mysteries of morality
    Peter DeScioli
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Cognition 112:281-99. 2009
    ..We outline three evolutionary mysteries of condemnation that require further attention: third-party judgment, moralistic punishment, and moral impartiality...
  61. pmc Religion, conscience, and controversial clinical practices
    Farr A Curlin
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:593-600. 2007
    ..It is important to understand how physicians think about their ethical rights and obligations when such conflicts emerge in clinical practice...
  62. ncbi A bad taste in the mouth: gustatory disgust influences moral judgment
    Kendall J Eskine
    Department of Psychology, The Graduate Center, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11210, USA
    Psychol Sci 22:295-9. 2011
    ..Taken together, these differential findings suggest that embodied gustatory experiences may affect moral processing more than previously thought...
  63. ncbi Moral anger, but not moral disgust, responds to intentionality
    Pascale Sophie Russell
    School of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
    Emotion 11:233-40. 2011
    ..Our results show that anger and disgust are separately elicited by different cues in a moral situation...
  64. ncbi Moral hypervigilance: the influence of disgust sensitivity in the moral domain
    Andrew Jones
    Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia
    Emotion 8:613-27. 2008
    ....
  65. ncbi Action, outcome, and value: a dual-system framework for morality
    Fiery Cushman
    CLPS Department, Brown University, Box 1821, 190 Thayer St, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 17:273-92. 2013
    ..This division between action- and outcome-based value representation provides an ideal framework for a dual-system theory in the moral domain. ..
  66. ncbi The role of public exposure in moral and nonmoral shame and guilt
    Richard H Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:138-59. 2002
    ..The distinctive features of guilt included remorse, self-blame, and the private feelings associated with a troubled conscience...
  67. ncbi The CAD triad hypothesis: a mapping between three moral emotions (contempt, anger, disgust) and three moral codes (community, autonomy, divinity)
    P Rozin
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 6196, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 76:574-86. 1999
    ..Results generally supported the CAD triad hypothesis. Results were further confirmed by analysis of facial expressions actually made by Americans to the descriptions of these situations...
  68. ncbi The speed of morality: a high-density electrical neuroimaging study
    Jean Decety
    Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Neurophysiol 108:3068-72. 2012
    ..They also demonstrate that emotion acts as a gain antecedent to moral judgment by alerting the individual to the moral salience of a situation and provide evidence for the pervasive role of affect in moral sensitivity and reasoning...
  69. ncbi Moral typecasting: divergent perceptions of moral agents and moral patients
    Kurt Gray
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, MA, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:505-20. 2009
    ..Moral typecasting stems from the dyadic nature of morality and explains curious effects such as people's willingness to inflict greater pain on those who do good than those who do nothing...
  70. ncbi The role of emotions for moral judgments depends on the type of emotion and moral scenario
    Giuseppe Ugazio
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich
    Emotion 12:579-90. 2012
    ..This finding has important implications for moral psychology, as it points toward a previously overlooked mechanism linking emotions to moral judgments...
  71. ncbi Development and evaluation of a moral distress scale
    M C Corley
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA
    J Adv Nurs 33:250-6. 2001
    ..This methodological research developed and evaluated the moral distress scale from 1994 to 1997...
  72. ncbi Distressing situations in the intensive care unit: a descriptive study of nurses' responses
    Heather McClendon
    Riverview Regional Medial Center, Gadsden, Ala, USA
    Dimens Crit Care Nurs 26:199-206. 2007
    ..The most frequently encountered moral distress situations involved critically ill patients whose families wished to continue aggressive treatment when it probably would not benefit the patient in the end...
  73. pmc Differential neural circuitry and self-interest in real vs hypothetical moral decisions
    Oriel FeldmanHall
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:743-51. 2012
    ..Together, these results reveal not only differential neural mechanisms for real and hypothetical moral decisions but also that the nature of real moral decisions can be predicted by dissociable networks within the PFC...
  74. ncbi The competition of assessment rules for indirect reciprocity
    Satoshi Uchida
    Research Division, RINRI Institute, Chiyoda ku misaki cho 3 1 10, 101 0061 Tokyo, Japan
    J Theor Biol 263:13-9. 2010
    ....
  75. ncbi Why moral philosophers are not and should not be moral experts
    David Archard
    Lancaster University Philosophy, Furness College, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4GY
    Bioethics 25:119-27. 2011
    ....
  76. pmc From moral to legal judgment: the influence of normative context in lawyers and other academics
    Stephan Schleim
    Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:48-57. 2011
    ..A group × condition interaction in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex suggests a modulation of normative decision-making by attention based on subjects' normative expertise...
  77. pmc The liver and the moral organ
    Marc D Hauser
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 1:214-20. 2006
    ..I sketch the details of these predictions and point to relevant data that speak to the validity of thinking of our moral intuitions as grounded in a moral organ...
  78. pmc Behavioral norms for condensed moral vignettes
    Kristine M Knutson
    Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1440, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:378-84. 2010
    ..The resulting vignettes can be used in future parametric studies on moral judgment in behavioral, neuropsychological and functional imaging experiments...
  79. ncbi Moral distress in neonatal intensive care unit RNs
    Terri A Cavaliere
    Schneider Children s Hospital at North Shore, Manhasset, NY, USA
    Adv Neonatal Care 10:145-56. 2010
    ..Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) RNs confront ethically and morally challenging situations on a regular basis. There are limited data clarifying their moral distress...
  80. ncbi Acting intentionally and the side-effect effect
    Alan M Leslie
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:421-7. 2006
    ..As soon as preschoolers effectively process the theory-of-mind concept "not care that P," children show the side-effect effect...
  81. ncbi Assessing moral distress in respiratory care practitioners
    Karen J Schwenzer
    University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:2967-73. 2006
    ..To describe the relationship between moral distress, career dissatisfaction, and job turnover in respiratory care...
  82. ncbi Innocent intentions: a correlation between forgiveness for accidental harm and neural activity
    Liane Young
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Neuropsychologia 47:2065-72. 2009
    ..This brain region, the right temporo-parietal junction, has been previously implicated in reasoning about other people's thoughts, beliefs, and intentions in moral and non-moral contexts...
  83. ncbi Gender-related differences in moral judgments
    M Fumagalli
    Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Universita di Milano, Via F Sforza, 35, Milan, 20122, Italy
    Cogn Process 11:219-26. 2010
    ..Gender-related determinants of moral behavior may partly explain gender differences in real-life involving power management, economic decision-making, leadership and possibly also aggressive and criminal behaviors...
  84. pmc Individual differences in moral judgment competence influence neural correlates of socio-normative judgments
    Kristin Prehn
    Department of Neurology, Neuroscience Research Center, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Campus Mitte, Chariteplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:33-46. 2008
    ..These data support current models of the neurocognition of morality according to which both emotional and cognitive components play an important role...
  85. ncbi Students' moral reasoning, Machiavellianism and socially desirable responding: implications for teaching ethics and research integrity
    Darko Hren
    Zagreb University School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
    Med Educ 40:269-77. 2006
    ..To investigate the relationship between psychological constructs related to professional and research integrity and moral reasoning among medical students...
  86. ncbi The tempering of medical anthropology: troubling natural categories
    M Lock
    Department of Social Studies of Medicine, Department of Anthropology, McGill University
    Med Anthropol Q 15:478-92. 2001
    ..Medical anthropological contributions to policy making about biomedical technologies is briefly considered in closing...
  87. pmc Organ procurement: dead interests, living needs
    John Harris
    J Med Ethics 29:130-4. 2003
  88. ncbi How should I decide? The neural correlates of everyday moral reasoning
    Monika Sommer
    University Medical Center Regensburg, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, D 93053 Regensburg, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 48:2018-26. 2010
    ..Furthermore, the results show that the amydala region plays a central role in the processing of negative emotional consequences associated with immoral decisions...
  89. ncbi The functional brain architecture of human morality
    Chadd M Funk
    SAGE Center for the Study of Mind, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 9660, United States
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 19:678-81. 2009
    ....
  90. ncbi From neural 'is' to moral 'ought': what are the moral implications of neuroscientific moral psychology?
    Joshua Greene
    Department of Psychology and the Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 4:846-9. 2003
  91. pmc Aiming towards "moral equilibrium": health care professionals' views on working within the morally contested field of antenatal screening
    B Farsides
    Centre for Medical Law and Ethics, King s College London, University of London, London, UK
    J Med Ethics 30:505-9. 2004
    ..To explore the ways in which health care practitioners working within the morally contested area of prenatal screening balance their professional and private moral values...
  92. ncbi Theory of mind and moral cognition: exploring the connections
    Joshua Knobe
    Department of Philosophy, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:357-9. 2005
    ..Thus, there appear to be cases in which people's moral judgments actually serve as input to the process underlying their application of theory-of-mind concepts...
  93. ncbi The effects of moral judgment and moral identity on moral behavior: an empirical examination of the moral individual
    Scott J Reynolds
    Department of Management and Organization, University of Washington Business School, Seattle, WA 98028, USA
    J Appl Psychol 92:1610-24. 2007
    ..g., never cheating, regularly cheating)--a finding that affirms the motivational power of a moral identity. The authors conclude by considering the implications of this research for both theory and practice...
  94. ncbi Ethics education and physician morality
    M L Gross
    Department of Political Science, The University of Haifa, Mt Carmel, Israel
    Soc Sci Med 49:329-42. 1999
    ..These implications are explored in the conclusion of the paper...
  95. pmc Supporting the moral development of medical students
    W T Branch
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 15:503-8. 2000
    ..Other interventions include faculty development to enhance role modeling and feedback by clinical faculty. The author espouses more widespread adoption of these educational interventions...
  96. ncbi Moral intuition: its neural substrates and normative significance
    James Woodward
    Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 101 40, California Institute of Technology 1200 E California Blvd Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Physiol Paris 101:179-202. 2007
    ..Understanding the role of these structures undercuts many philosophical doctrines concerning the status of moral intuitions, but vindicates the claim that they can sometimes play a legitimate role in moral decision-making...
  97. pmc Infection, incest, and iniquity: investigating the neural correlates of disgust and morality
    Jana Schaich Borg
    Stanford University, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1529-46. 2008
    ....
  98. ncbi Genetic ignorance, moral obligations and social duties
    T Takala
    University of Turku, Finland
    J Med Philos 25:107-13; discussion 114-20. 2000
    ..Our own conclusion, based on the Millian way of thinking, is that individuals probably do have the right to remain in ignorance in the cases Professor Rhodes presents as examples of a duty to know...
  99. ncbi The inescapable relevance of bioethics for the practicing clinician
    Joseph A Carrese
    Program on Ethics in Clinical Practice, Phoebe R Berman Biorthics Institute, and Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 4940 Eastern Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Chest 130:1864-72. 2006
    ..9. Important scholarly work in bioethics, both empirical and conceptual, is being conducted and disseminated, providing important information for practicing clinicians...
  100. ncbi Psychosocial profile in favor of organ donation
    C Conesa
    Coordinación Regional de Trasplantes de la Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia, Servicio de Cirugia General y del Aparato Digestivo I, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain
    Transplant Proc 35:1276-81. 2003
    ..Our aims are: (1) to define the psychosocial profile against organ donation, and (2) to determine the impact of a law on the procurement and transplantation of organs based on "presumed consent" in the population...
  101. ncbi Enhancing reflection: an interpersonal exercise in ethics education
    Marian Verkerk
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Hastings Cent Rep 34:31-8. 2004
    ..But more modest and flexible tools might still be useful for practical ethics. One team describes how professionals can be taught to use a framework for understanding moral problems...

Research Grants62

  1. Membrane-associated PDE3-binding proteins in human myocardium
    Matthew A Movsesian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The research proposed in this application, which focuses on a novel molecular mechanism through which a new pharmacological strategy for the treatment of heart failure can be based, has the potential to lead to such improvements. ..
  2. Role of influenza-induced prothrombosis in Streptococcus pyogenes superinfections
    Michael S Chaussee; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results will be important in assessing, and mitigating with new treatment approaches, the morbidity and mortality associated with the flu. ..
  3. Autoimmunity and Pathogenesis of Glomerulonephritis
    Harini Bagavant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will provide insights into pathogenesis of lupus nephritis and identify checkpoints for intervention in patients. ..
  4. Using genomics to understand physiologic water conservation in desert rodents
    MATTHEW MACMANES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Within the set of genes that are differentially expressed in the dry season, those that are specific to desert-adapted species are likely critical for persistence in desert environments (e.g., likely underlie anuria). ..
  5. Childhood Socioeconomic Status and Late-Life Mortality: Sex and Race Differences
    Tetyana Pudrovska; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  6. Constrained Provider Choice: The Effect of a TBA Ban on Morality
    Edward N Okeke; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  7. The Affective Roots of Moral Development: Naturalistic and Experimental Studies
    JOSEPH JOHN CAMPOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, the research can inform interventions on parenting behaviors intended to promote the early acquisition of moral values. ..
  8. DETERMINATION OF A NEW GROWTH FACTOR IN BREAST MILK
    DAVID TAPPER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..iN addition, the proposed research may lead to the development of immunotherapeutic tools...
  9. Brain Structural Variations as Potential Endophenotypes for Psychopathic Traits
    Yaling Yang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This proposed study thus has great potential for identifying etiologically relevant precursors of psychopathy, which in turn would be crucial for developing new hypothesis, treatments, and preventative interventions. ..
  10. Brain Structural Variations as Potential Endophenotypes for Psychopathic Traits
    Yaling Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally, the candidate will receive training for the preparation for academic advancement to enhance a smooth transitioning into a tenure-track, full-time assistant professorship for the proposed R00 phase research. ..
  11. Basing Self-Esteem in Morality or Competence: Power, Well-Being and Behavior
    Elizabeth Horberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..1-4 ..
  12. TISSUE AND SERUM INDICATORS OF LUNG CANCER RECURRENCE
    David Harpole; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Tissue and serum markers identified by the model can be used to select high risk patients for a prospective, multi-institutional chemotherapy trial for stage I NSCLC. ..
  13. COSTS OF CARE FOR VLBW INFANTS
    Jeannette Rogowski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The Vermont Oxford Network is a voluntary, collaborative network of neonatal intensive care units organized to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of medical care for newborn infants. ..
  14. Mortality and Air Quality Regulation in Two Indian Cities
    Naresh Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  15. REASON VS INTUITION IN MORAL JUDGMENT
    Jonathan Haidt; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..An understanding of how moral intuitions interact with moral reasons in the production of moral judgment may aid in efforts to stem drug abuse and unsafe sexual practices. ..
  16. The Morality of Caregiving for Demented Older Women
    HELEN BLACK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data will aid public health understanding of the meaning of caregiving to CGs, the lifeworlds of at-home CGs, and potentially inform public health policy and intervention based on this knowledge. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. FUNCTIONAL & HORMONAL ADAPTATIONS OF REMNANT NEPHRONS
    JUAN PELAYO; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The significance of our studies is that the pathophysiologic mechanisms involved in the adaptations of remnant nephrons will be further defined and that our basic understanding for progressive kidney disease will be improved...
  18. SURVEY OF END OF LIFE PRACTICES.
    Diane Meier; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..A "seeded" sampling method will be used for the pilot whereby a subset of recipients known to have assisted in hastening a patient's death will be anonymously included in the sample...
  19. CONFERENCE ON COMPUTERIZED ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY
    Michael M Laks; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Consequently with these publications, these new and cutting edge presentations are promulgated throughout the world. (End of Abstract) ..
  20. Community Based Family Approach to Reducing Infant Mortality
    ALICE THOMAS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Phase II of this project will involve obtaining funds to launch a community based infant mortality reduction program. ..
  21. Serum Inflammatory Biomarkers as Predictors of COPD Morbidity and Morality
    Stefano Guerra; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Genetics and Brain Ischemia in the Critically Ill
    Mary Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The incorporation of an individual' s genetic profile for maximizing cerebral perfusion provides an excellent platform for training the next generation of patient-oriented critical care researchers. ..
  23. CALCULATED RECIPROCITY IN CHIMPANZEES
    Frans De Waal; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Investigation of how individuals judge and influence one another may increase understanding of misjudgments underlying social dysfunction...
  24. PASSIVE ANTIPNEUMOCOCCAL THERAPY
    Betty Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Finally, they will explore the use of various vectors that might be used to administer such peptide mimotopes. These include an attenuated strain of shigella and adenovirus. ..
  25. Role of CD40 in Sepsis-Induced Lung Injury
    Jeffrey Gold; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Latina Cervical Cancer Survivorship
    Lari Wenzel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An exploratory study to identify issues and examine follow-up feasibility is an essential step toward this effort. ..
  27. JUSTICE AND AIDS POLICY
    Norman Daniels; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The Principal Investigator, Norman Daniels, has written widely on justice and health care policy, and he will be assisted by a distinguished group of consultants...
  28. Multimodal Imaging of Social Emotion and Decision Making in Psychopathy
    CARLA HARENSKI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research may, for instance, identify neural markers of amoral behavior that can be targeted with therapeutic techniques. ..
  29. MEDICAL AND FUNCTIONAL OUTCOMES OF RESIDENTIAL CARE
    Sheryl Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Findings will be compared to those from an ongoing study of residents in nursing homes (n = 4547). ..
  30. SOCIAL COGNITION AND AGING
    Thomas Hess; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Hyperscan:Simultaneous fMRI across the internet
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Linking together two 3 T scanners, one at Emory University and one at Princeton University, the biological substrates associated with human-human interaction will be compared to human-computer interaction. ..
  32. Neurobiological Circuits of Gain and Loss During Risky Decision Making
    Gregory S Berns; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  33. CONSENT CAPACITY OF ADULTS WITH MENTAL RETARDATION
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A significant other is also chosen by the subjects to aid in them during the three format presentations. ..
  34. The impact of dental education on health disparities
    JOZEF WELIE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In this planning grant, three different patient categories will be examined: 1. Patients with advanced Alzheimer's Disease; 2. Patients of African-American descent; and 3. Recent immigrants. ..
  35. A Novel Method to Improve Decision-Making in Young Adults and Adolescents
    William Overman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Neurobiology of Reward and Preference in Adolescence
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Disclosing Conflict of Interest to Research Participants
    Jeremy Sugarman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. SEMANTIC AND VISUAL COGNITION IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASE
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, new predictions of the computational hypotheses have been derived and will form the basis of further empirical tests with human subjects. ..
  39. INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRI
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
  40. NEUROIMAGING OG NOVELTY DETECTION IN COCAINE DEPENDENCE
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Decision Making in Adolescent Substance Abusers
    William Overman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Normal Impulsivity: A Cognitive Neuroscience Analysis
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of Research
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRI
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
  45. Poverty and the Brain: A Cognitive Neuroscience Analysis
    Martha Farah; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Neurocognitive systems mediating resilience and successful adolescence will also be sought. ..
  46. Fordham Resident Alcohol Prevention Program
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Participant Perspectives on Drug Use/HIV Research Ethics
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. ALCOHOL POLICIES & SEXUAL RISK IN HIV-POSITIVE ADULTS
    Rebecca Collins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Functional neuromaging of cue-induced heroin craving
    Daniel Langleben; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Implementation of this training and research plan will help the candidate to become an independent investigator in the neuropsychiatry of addiction. ..
  50. ANALYZING TOBACCO DOCUMENTS ON CIGARETTE DESIGN
    Lynn Kozlowski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Collections (with standardized abstracts controlled vocabulary terms) will be made available on the Internet. Reports will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals. ..
  51. BRIEF INTERVENTION IN AT-RISK FIRST-TIME MOTHERS
    Steven Ondersma; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Following a development and pilot phase, a small-scale clinical trial will assess the impact of a brief motivational intervention on maltreatment, attendance at community programs, and risk-related change. ..
  52. Investigation into meta-parenting
    GEORGE HOLDEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In turn, this construct should help investigators better understand parenting social cognition processes, child-rearing behavior, and the nature of effective parenting. ..
  53. HIV/STD Risk Behaviors in Methamphetamine User Networks
    Steven Shoptaw; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. B VITAMIN ATHEROSCLEROSIS INTERVENTION TRAIL
    HOWARD HODIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..B-vitamin supplementation may provide a promising approach for reducing the progression of atherosclerosis since it is natural, inexpensive, highly tolerable, and safe. ..
  55. Economic Evaluation of Addiction Services
    JENNIFER RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Patients' and Families' Psychological Response to HAT
    Sue Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Beginning PRHAT on 7/01/03 allows ample time for simultaneous recruitment into HAT/PRHAT. PRHAT data will identify patients and families who are vulnerable to becoming anxious and depressed. ..
  57. Delphi Evaluation of Alcohol Advertising Codes
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBs
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We anticipate that the data from this study will serve as a significant foundation in assisting future research and the improvement of Rl through guidelines, education and other capacity building. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. High Throughput Screen for Novel Inhibitors of Platelet Integrin alphaIIb-beta3
    Barry Coller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia
    Olubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research will provide an important contribution to the understanding of the emotions that mediate BII phobia, thus potentially providing a foundation for incorporating effective treatment strategies. ..