Summary: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Publications254 found, 100 shown here
- The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities studyKimberly Morland
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002..We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake...
- Investigating neighborhood and area effects on healthA V Diez Roux
Division of General Medicine, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, NewYork City, USA
Am J Public Health 91:1783-9. 2001..analyses...
- Gender differences in the associations between health and neighbourhood environmentM Stafford
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, International Centre for Health and Society, University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Soc Sci Med 60:1681-92. 2005..These findings add to the literature indicating greater effects of non-work-based stressors for women and highlight the influence of the residential environment on women's health...
- What does access to maternal care mean among the urban poor? Factors associated with use of appropriate maternal health services in the slum settlements of Nairobi, KenyaJean Christophe Fotso
African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, P O Box 10787, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
Matern Child Health J 13:130-7. 2009..The objective of this paper is to identify the factors which influence the choice of place of delivery among the urban poor, with a distinction between sub-standard and "appropriate" health facilities...
- Community mobilization in Mumbai slums to improve perinatal care and outcomes: a cluster randomized controlled trialNeena Shah More
Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action SNEHA, Urban Health Centre, Chota Sion Hospital, Shahunagar, Dharavi, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
PLoS Med 9:e1001257. 2012..While working to improve health service quality, we tested an intervention in which urban slum-dweller women's groups worked to improve local perinatal health...
- Association between neighborhood need and spatial access to food stores and fast food restaurants in neighborhoods of coloniasJoseph R Sharkey
Texas Healthy Aging Research Network TxHAN and Center for Community Health Development, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, USA
Int J Health Geogr 8:9. 2009....
- Determinants of health care seeking for childhood illnesses in Nairobi slumsNegussie Taffa
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya
Trop Med Int Health 10:240-5. 2005..Integrated Management of Child Illnesses (IMCI) programmes must be accessible free of charge to the urban poor in order to increase health care seeking and bring about improvements in child survival...
- The inverse care law: clinical primary care encounters in deprived and affluent areas of ScotlandStewart W Mercer
General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
Ann Fam Med 5:503-10. 2007..The inverse care law states that the availability of good medical care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served, but there is little research on how the inverse care law actually operates...
- Parental presence and adolescent reproductive health among the Nairobi urban poorPierre Ngom
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya
J Adolesc Health 33:369-77. 2003..To investigate whether the presence of parents constitute a protective factor against adverse reproductive health outcomes for adolescents living in slums of Nairobi, Kenya...
- Neighborhood residence and mental health problems of 5- to 11-year-oldsYange Xue
School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:554-63. 2005..Little research has investigated possible effects of neighborhood residence on mental health problems in children such as depression, anxiety, and withdrawal...
- Urban neighborhood poverty and the incidence of depression in a population-based cohort studySandro Galea
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
Ann Epidemiol 17:171-9. 2007..We assessed the relation between urban neighborhood poverty and incident depression in a population-based prospective cohort study...
- Relation of out of hours activity by general practice and accident and emergency services with deprivation in Nottingham: longitudinal surveyR Carlisle
Division of General Practice, University of Nottingham, University Hospital
BMJ 316:520-3. 1998..High general practice and high accident and emergency activity occurred in the same areas rather than one service substituting for the other...
- Neighborhood support and the birth weight of urban infantsStephen L Buka
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, Chicago, IL, USA
Am J Epidemiol 157:1-8. 2003..Results support the hypothesis that neighborhood-level factors are significantly associated with infant birth weight...
- Does social cohesion modify the association between area income deprivation and mental health? A multilevel analysisDavid Fone
Department of Epidemiology, Statistics and Public Health, Centre for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK
Int J Epidemiol 36:338-45. 2007..We investigated the joint effect of community and individual-level socio-economic deprivation and social cohesion on individual mental health status...
- Area deprivation, individual factors and low birth weight in England: is there evidence of an "area effect"?Chris Dibben
School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, Irving Building, North Street, St Andrews KY16 9AL, Fife, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:1053-9. 2006..To explore the relationship between low and very low birth weights, mother's age, individual socioeconomic status and area deprivation...
- Burden of illness in the first 3 years of life in an Indian slumBeryl P Gladstone
Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632002, India
J Trop Pediatr 56:221-6. 2010..Of the 77 drop-outs 44 were contacted for mortality data. The morbidity in the area is high, comparable to other studies. The mortality is low, and is attributed to the facilitated access to care...
- How can community health programmes build enabling environments for transformative communication? Experiences from India and South AfricaCatherine Campbell
London School of Economics and Political Science, Institute of Social Psychology, UK
AIDS Behav 16:847-57. 2012....
- Health-related quality of life among Mexican Americans living in colonias at the Texas-Mexico borderNelda Mier
Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, South Texas Center, Texas A and M Health Science Center, 2101 S McColl Road, Room 134, McAllen, TX 78503, USA
Soc Sci Med 66:1760-71. 2008..Major findings indicate the need for additional research centered on further exploration of the impact of economic, cultural, and social influences on HRQL among severely disadvantaged populations...
- Barriers to formal emergency obstetric care services' utilizationHildah Essendi
Centre for Global Health, Population, Poverty and Policy, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
J Urban Health 88:S356-69. 2011..Measures can also be put in place to enhance security in the slums at night...
- Infant morbidity in an Indian slum birth cohortB P Gladstone
Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
Arch Dis Child 93:479-84. 2008..To establish incidence rates, clinic referrals, hospitalisations, mortality rates and baseline determinants of morbidity among infants in an Indian slum...
- Quality of water the slum dwellers use: the case of a Kenyan slumElizabeth Wambui Kimani-Murage
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya
J Urban Health 84:829-38. 2007..Efforts should be made to provide regulated tap water to this community and to other slums in sub-Saharan Africa where tap water is not accessible. However, more sampling of different water sources is recommended...
- Residential area deprivation predicts smoking habit independently of individual educational level and occupational social class. A cross sectional study in the Norfolk cohort of the European Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk)S Shohaimi
Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, UK MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:270-6. 2003..To investigate the independent association between individual and area based measures of socioeconomic status and cigarette smoking habit...
- The burden of cholera in the slums of Kolkata, India: data from a prospective, community based studyD Sur
National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
Arch Dis Child 90:1175-81. 2005....
- Child morbidity and care-seeking in Nairobi slum settlements: the role of environmental and socio-economic factorsRobert Peter Ndugwa
Medical School, Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
J Child Health Care 12:314-28. 2008..However, by enhancing access to health care services, socio-economic status is critical for mitigating disease burden among children in slum settlements...
- Neighborhood context and cardiovascular disease risk factors: the contribution of material deprivationC Cubbin
Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA
Ethn Dis 11:687-700. 2001..Policies and interventions that address the socioeconomic context in which people live might reduce inequalities in CVD risk factors...
- Walking, exercising, and smoking: does neighborhood matter?C E Ross
Ohio State University, Department of Sociology, Columbus 43210, USA
Soc Sci Med 51:265-74. 2000..Men in poor neighborhoods were more likely to smoke than those in less disadvantaged places, but neighborhood context had no significant effect on women's likelihood of smoking...
- "Broken windows" and the risk of gonorrheaD Cohen
Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans 70112, USA
Am J Public Health 90:230-6. 2000..We examined the relationships between neighborhood conditions and gonorrhea...
- Sexual risk-taking in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya, 1993-8Eliya Msiyaphazi Zulu
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya
Popul Stud (Camb) 56:311-23. 2002..The findings highlight the need to treat slum residents as a sub-population uniquely vulnerable to reproductive health problems and to expend more resources in slum settings...
- Slum health: from understanding to actionAlon Unger
Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA
PLoS Med 4:1561-6. 2007
- Children's health-related quality of life, neighbourhood socio-economic deprivation and social capital. A contextual analysisMarjan Drukker
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, EURON, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 57:825-41. 2003..However, children's mental health and behaviour were specifically associated with one aspect of social capital, the degree of informal social control in the neighbourhood...
- Neighbourhood deprivation and alcohol consumption: does the availability of alcohol play a role?Craig Evan Pollack
Division of General Internal Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
Int J Epidemiol 34:772-80. 2005..This study tests the relationships between neighbourhood-level deprivation, alcohol availability, and individual-level alcohol consumption using a multilevel analysis...
- Barriers and motivators to gaining access to smoking cessation services amongst deprived smokers--a qualitative studyElin Roddy
Division of Respiratory Medicine, School of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 6:147. 2006..Smoking cessation services have been implemented in the UK targeting disadvantaged smokers, but there is little evidence available on how to design services to attract this priority group...
- Recent increase of neighborhood socioeconomic effects on ischemic heart disease mortality: a multilevel survival analysis of two large Swedish cohortsBasile Chaix
Community Medicine and Public Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
Am J Epidemiol 165:22-6. 2007..This increase in the contribution of neighborhood factors to the socioeconomic gradient in ischemic heart disease urges investigation into the exact mechanisms between the residential context and coronary health...
- Newborn care practices among slum dwellers in Dhaka, Bangladesh: a quantitative and qualitative exploratory studyAllisyn C Moran
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:54. 2009..The Manoshi program works to improve maternal, newborn, and child health in urban slums in Bangladesh. This paper describes newborn care practices in urban slums in Dhaka and provides program recommendations...
- Neighborhood context and mortality among older Mexican Americans: is there a barrio advantage?Karl Eschbach
University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Internal Medicine Geriatrics, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX 77555 0460, USA
Am J Public Health 94:1807-12. 2004..We examined whether Mexican Americans living in high-density Mexican American neighborhoods experience increased morbidity and mortality compared with the rates observed among Mexican Americans living in low-density areas...
- The prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 5-10 year olds in rural, urban and slum areas in Bangladesh: an exploratory studyMohammad Sayadul Islam Mullick
Dept of Psychiatry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:663-71. 2005..No previous epidemiological studies of child mental health have been conducted in Bangladesh, partly due to lack of suitable measures...
- Common infectious diseases and skin test anergy in children from an urban slum in northeast BrazilMelânia X Castro
Clinical Research Unit, University Hospital Walter Cantídio, Fortaleza, Brazil
Braz J Infect Dis 7:387-94. 2003..Objectives: (a) to evaluate the morbidity of ARI, DD and ID; and (b) to determine their association with cellular immunity in poor urban children from Fortaleza, Brazil...
- Work and behavioural problems in children and adolescentsLuís Antônio Benvegnú
University of Ijui UNIJUI, RS, Brazil
Int J Epidemiol 34:1417-24. 2005..We employed the child behaviour checklist for estimating BP. We performed multivariable analysis using Poisson's regression for confounder control...
- Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and minority composition are associated with better potential spatial access to the ground-truthed food environment in a large rural areaJoseph R Sharkey
Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
J Nutr 138:620-7. 2008..Knowledge of potential access to the food environment is essential for combining environmental approaches and health interventions so that families, especially those in rural areas, can make healthier food choices...
- The 21st century health challenge of slums and citiesElliott D Sclar
Task Force 8 Improving the Lives of Slum Dwellers, UN Millennium Project, New York, USA Columbia University, New York 10027, USA
Lancet 365:901-3. 2005
- No longer diseases of the wealthy: prevalence and health-seeking for self-reported chronic conditions among urban poor in Southern IndiaUpendra Bhojani
Institute of Public Health, 250, 2 C cross, 2 C main, Girinagar, First Phase, Bangalore 560085, Karnataka, India
BMC Health Serv Res 13:306. 2013..We aimed to assess the prevalence and health- seeking behaviour for self-reported chronic conditions in a poor neighbourhood of a metropolitan city in India...
- Leptospirosis in children in Mumbai slumsSunil Karande
Department of Pediatrics, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India
Indian J Pediatr 69:855-8. 2002..We report an outbreak of leptospirosis that occurred in children living in slums following heavy rainfall and flooding. This hospital-based prospective study was conducted from July to August 2001...
- Area-level characteristics and smoking in womenM Tseng
Division of Population Science, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA
Am J Public Health 91:1847-50. 2001..This study examined whether area-level characteristics are associated with individual smoking behavior among women...
- Do area characteristics predict change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 11 to 15 years?Roman Pabayo
Faculte de Medecine, CRCHUM Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l Université de Montréal, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, and Centre de recherche Léa Roback sur les inégalités sociales de santé de Montréal, Universite de Montreal, Pavillon 1420 boul Mont Royal, Quebec, Canada H2V 4P3
Soc Sci Med 72:430-8. 2011....
- The allure of the private practitioner: is this the only alternative for the urban poor in India?Nupur Barua
Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
Indian J Public Health 55:107-14. 2011....
- In-house contamination of potable water in urban slum of Kolkata, India: a possible transmission route of diarrheaAnup Palit
Division of Microbiology, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Beliaghata, Kolkata, India
Water Sci Technol 66:299-303. 2012..This attempt highlights the impact of quality of stored water at domiciliary level for fecal-oral contamination vis-à-vis disease transmission...
- Food store availability and neighborhood characteristics in the United StatesLisa M Powell
Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
Prev Med 44:189-95. 2007..This study provides a multivariate analysis of the availability of food store outlets in the US and associations with neighborhood characteristics on race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES)...
- True outcomes for patients on antiretroviral therapy who are "lost to follow-up" in MalawiJoseph Kwong Leung Yu
Taiwan Medical Mission to Malawi, Mzuzu Central Hospital, Mzuzu, Malawi
Bull World Health Organ 85:550-4. 2007..This figure is 9% in Malawi. There is no published information about the true outcome status of these patients...
- Tuberculosis in the urban poor settlements in the PhilippinesT E Tupasi
Tropical Disease Foundation, Makati Medical Center, Makati City, The Philippines
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 4:4-11. 2000..Urban poor settlements in the Philippines...
- Effects of being uninsured or underinsured and living in extremely poor neighborhoods on colon cancer care and survival in California: historical cohort analysis, 1996-2011Kevin M Gorey
School of Social Work, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4, Canada
BMC Public Health 12:897. 2012....
- Children's very low food security is associated with increased dietary intakes in energy, fat, and added sugar among Mexican-origin children (6-11 y) in Texas border ColoniasJoseph R Sharkey
School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
BMC Pediatr 12:16. 2012..This study assessed the relationship between children's experience of food insecurity and nutrient intake from food and beverages among Mexican-origin children (age 6-11 y) who resided in Texas border colonias...
- Faecal contamination of drinking water in a Brazilian shanty town: importance of household storage and new human faecal marker testingCurtis C Copeland
University of Virginia Center for Global Health, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
J Water Health 7:324-31. 2009....
- Gender bias in the food insecurity experience of Ethiopian adolescentsCraig Hadley
Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
Soc Sci Med 66:427-38. 2008..We also show that adolescent food insecurity is strongly associated with measures of general health and well-being...
- Role of apolipoprotein E4 in protecting children against early childhood diarrhea outcomes and implications for later developmentReinaldo B Oriá
Center for Global Health, School of Medicine, University of Virginia, United States
Med Hypotheses 68:1099-107. 2007....
- Uncovering neighbourhood influences on intimate partner violence using concept mappingPatricia O'Campo
Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 1W8
J Epidemiol Community Health 59:603-8. 2005..These results can be used to generate testable hypotheses regarding neighbourhood influences on intimate partner violence in future quantitative research and to inform the design of public health intimate partner violence programmes...
- Incidence of diarrhea in children living in urban slums in Salvador, BrazilMaria Clotildes N de Melo
Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Professor Hosannah Oliveira Pediatric Centre, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil
Braz J Infect Dis 12:89-93. 2008..Additionally, our results reinforce the importance of environmental and health-related associated factors to the onset of diarrhea...
- Deprivation, psychological distress, and consultation length in general practiceA M Stirling
Department of General Practice, University of Glasgow, 4 Lancaster Crescent, Glasgow G12 0RR
Br J Gen Pract 51:456-60. 2001..This provides further evidence to support Tudor Hart's 'inverse care law' and has implications for the resourcing of primary care in deprived areas...
- Determinants of delayed detection of cancers in Texas counties in the United States of AmericaGordon Gong
F Marie Hall Institute for Rural Community Health, Texas Tech University Health Science Center, Lubbock, TX 79430, USA
Int J Equity Health 11:29. 2012....
- Area effects on health inequalities: the impact of neighbouring deprivation on mortalityXin Zhang
Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
Health Place 17:1266-73. 2011..183, p<0.001) and relative deprivation were positively associated with mortality (ß=0.099, p<0.001), and the effect of relative deprivation was shown to be most pronounced in more affluent segments of the population...
- A spatial epidemiological analysis of self-rated mental health in the slums of DhakaOliver Gruebner
Geomatics Lab, Geography Department, Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin, Germany
Int J Health Geogr 10:36. 2011..We hypothesised that mental health would show a significant spatial pattern in different population groups, and that the spatial patterns would relate to spatially-correlated health-determining factors (HDF)...
- Neighborhood deprivation, supermarket availability, and BMI in low-income women: a multilevel analysisPaula B Ford
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79902, USA
J Community Health 36:785-96. 2011....
- Individual, social and environmental correlates of physical activity among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoodsVerity Cleland
Deakin University, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Soc Sci Med 70:2011-8. 2010....
- Income inequality, residential poverty clustering and infant mortality: a study in Rio de Janeiro, BrazilCelia Landmann Szwarcwald
Departamento de Informações Em Saúde, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Biblioteca de Manguinhos 205, Av Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21045 900, Brazil
Soc Sci Med 55:2083-92. 2002....
- Focusing on fast food restaurants alone underestimates the relationship between neighborhood deprivation and exposure to fast food in a large rural areaJoseph R Sharkey
Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX, USA
Nutr J 10:10. 2011..Restricting the estimation of fast-food access to fast-food restaurants alone may underestimate potential spatial access to fast food...
- Neighbourhood socioeconomic context and self reported health and smoking: a secondary analysis of data on seven citiesS A Reijneveld
TNO Prevention and Health, Leiden, Netherlands
J Epidemiol Community Health 56:935-42. 2002..This study examines whether contextual neighbourhood differences in health outcomes really vary between cities or that differences in methodology may account for these differences...
- Removing the health domain from the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004-effect on measured inequalities in census measure of healthJ Adams
Institute of Health and Society, William Leech Building, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 28:379-83. 2006..These findings may not hold for other measures of health, and in the context of socioeconomic inequalities in health, removing the health domain from IMD 2004 probably represents best practice...
- The neighborhood food resource environment and the health of residents with chronic conditions: the food resource environment and the health of residentsArleen F Brown
UCLA Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
J Gen Intern Med 23:1137-44. 2008..Residence in disadvantaged neighborhoods is associated with poorer access to healthy foods...
- Childhood vaccination in informal urban settlements in Nairobi, Kenya: who gets vaccinated?Martin K Mutua
African Population and Health Research Center, Shelter Afrique Center, Longonot Road, Upper Hill, Nairobi, Kenya
BMC Public Health 11:6. 2011..The objectives of this study were to determine the vaccination status of children aged between 12-23 months living in two slums of Nairobi and to identify the risk factors associated with incomplete vaccination...
- Saving maternal lives in resource-poor settings: facing realityNdola Prata
Bixby Program in Population, Family Planning, and Maternal Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, United States
Health Policy 89:131-48. 2009..Evaluate safe-motherhood interventions suitable for resource-poor settings that can be implemented with current resources...
- Neighborhood racial composition, neighborhood poverty, and the spatial accessibility of supermarkets in metropolitan DetroitShannon N Zenk
Program in Cancer Control and Population Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago Cancer Center, Chicago, USA
Am J Public Health 95:660-7. 2005..We evaluated the spatial accessibility of large "chain" supermarkets in relation to neighborhood racial composition and poverty...
- "They're doing people a service"-qualitative study of smoking, smuggling, and social deprivationS Wiltshire
Public Health Sciences, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
BMJ 323:203-7. 2001..Smokers in areas of deprivation may thus show little support for tackling smuggling until more action is taken to deal with the material and personal factors that make it difficult for them to quit...
- Effects of neighbourhood socioeconomic status and convenience store concentration on individual level smokingYing Chih Chuang
Graduate Institute of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu Hsing Street, Taipei, Taiwan
J Epidemiol Community Health 59:568-73. 2005..To assess the effects of neighbourhood level socioeconomic status (SES) and convenience store concentration on individual level smoking, after consideration of individual level characteristics...
- Burden of tuberculosis in Kampala, UgandaDavid Guwatudde
Institute of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Bull World Health Organ 81:799-805. 2003..To determine the prevalence and incidence of tuberculosis in one of Uganda's poor peri-urban areas...
- Seasonal pattern of pneumonia mortality among under-five children in Nairobi's informal settlementsYazoume Ye
African Population and Health Research CenterAPHRC, Nairobi, Kenya
Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:770-5. 2009..2 compared with the fourth quarter). The study provides evidence that pneumonia-related mortality among under-fives in Nairobi's slums is higher from April to June corresponding to the rainy season and the beginning of the cold season...
- Health status of people of slums in Nairobi, KenyaGabriel Gulis
Department of Health Promotion Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrvej 9 10, Esbjerg 6700, Denmark
Environ Res 96:219-27. 2004..This fact should be taken into account when planning future relief programs...
- Knowledge and attitude towards tuberculosis in a slum community of DelhiM Meghachandra Singh
Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
J Commun Dis 34:203-14. 2002..6%), shunning him from attending social functions (18%), etc. Extensive health education directing towards attitudinal change by community involvement is needed to create awareness and remove myths about TB in such colonies...
- Understanding and addressing childhood immunization coverage in urban slumsSiddharth Agarwal
USAID Environmental Health Project EHP
Indian Pediatr 42:653-63. 2005....
- An evaluation of diarrheal diseases and acute respiratory infections control programmes in a Delhi slumNeeru Gupta
Division of Reproductive Health and Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India
Indian J Pediatr 74:471-6. 2007..Thus, a study was undertaken at an urban slum area--'Gokul Puri' in Delhi, among under-5 children with the aim to assess the magnitudes of ARI and ADD...
- US-based indices of area-level deprivation: results from HealthCare for CommunitiesChristine Eibner
RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
Soc Sci Med 62:348-59. 2006..These findings suggest that grouping all variables into a single index may mask important heterogeneity in the ways in which area characteristics affect health outcomes...
- Neighbourhood food environment and diet: time for improved conceptual models?Steven Cummins
Department of Geography, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London, UK
Prev Med 44:196-7. 2007
- Improving the health and lives of people living in slumsShaaban A Sheuya
Ardhi University formerly the University College of Lands and Architectural Studies, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Address P O Box 35176, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:298-306. 2008..The main challenge appears to be lack of commitment from the key stakeholders to upgrade interventions citywide...
- Does living in a disadvantaged area mean fewer opportunities to purchase fresh fruit and vegetables in the area? Findings from the Brisbane food studyElisabeth Winkler
Centre for Health Research, Public Health, School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
Health Place 12:306-19. 2006..e. within 2.5 km), and generally found minimal or no socioeconomic differences in shopping infrastructure. Important methodological and social/economic issues may explain this contrast with overseas findings...
- The determinants of exclusive breast feeding in urban slums: a community based studyRanjana Tiwari
Department of Community Medicine, Gajara Raja Medical College, Gwalior, India
J Trop Pediatr 55:49-54. 2009....
- The 2005 census and mapping of slums in Bangladesh: design, select results and applicationGustavo Angeles
MEASURE Evaluation Project, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Int J Health Geogr 8:32. 2009....
- Children's mental health service use, neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation, and social capitalJikke van der Linden
Dept of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, EURON, South Limburg Mental Health Research Network, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:507-14. 2003..e. informal social control, social cohesion and trust) on children's mental health service use, independent of individual level confounders...
- Social deprivation and hospital admission for respiratory infection: an ecological studyJeremy I Hawker
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Respir Med 97:1219-24. 2003..To examine the relationship between social deprivation and risk of hospital admission for respiratory infection...
- Geographical variation in life expectancy at birth in England and Wales is largely explained by deprivationLaura M Woods
Non communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 59:115-20. 2005..To describe the population mortality profile of England and Wales by deprivation and in each government office region (GOR) during 1998, and to quantify the influence of geography and deprivation in determining life expectancy...
- Influence of area and individual lifecourse deprivation on health behaviours: findings from the British Women's Heart and Health StudyAntoinette Amuzu
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 16:169-73. 2009..This study aims to examine the association between residence in a deprived area and health behaviours (diet, smoking and physical inactivity), and how this association is influenced by lifecourse SEP of individuals...
- Neighbourhood inequalities in health and health-related behaviour: results of selective migration?Frank J van Lenthe
Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Centre Rotterdam, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Health Place 13:123-37. 2007..Over 10 years of follow-up, selective migration will hardly contribute to neighbourhood inequalities in health and health-related behaviour...
- Breast cancer survival in ontario and california, 1998-2006: socioeconomic inequity remains much greater in the United StatesKevin M Gorey
School of Social Work, University of Windsor, Ontario
Ann Epidemiol 19:121-4. 2009..A better controlled and updated comparison reaffirmed the equity advantage of Canadian health care...
- Missed opportunities and inappropriately given vaccines reduce immunisation coverage in facilities that serve slum areas of NairobiP K Borus
Centre for Virus Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, P O Box 54840, Nairobi, Kenya
East Afr Med J 81:124-9. 2004..To quantify missed opportunities for immunisation, document reasons for their occurrence and evaluate the extent of inappropriately given vaccine doses...
- Social trends in singleton births and birth weight in Wirral residents, 1990-2001P Bundred
Department of Primary Care, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 88:F421-4; discussion 424-5. 2003..To examine social trends in the number of singleton births and birth weight in an English health district between 1990 and 2001, using an area based deprivation index...
- Socioeconomic inequalities in neonatal intensive care admission ratesJ Jenkins
Queen s University Belfast, Paediatric Department, Antrim Hospital, Antrim BT41 2RL, Northern Ireland, UK
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 94:F423-8. 2009..To examine socioeconomic inequalities in neonatal intensive care (NIC) admissions relating to preterm birth, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), multiple births and other conditions...
- Differences in neighborhood accessibility to health-related resources: a nationwide comparison between deprived and affluent neighborhoods in SwedenNaomi Kawakami
Karolinska Institute, Center for Family and Community Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden
Health Place 17:132-9. 2011....
- Intra-individual variability in infancy: structure, stability, and nutritional correlatesTheodore D Wachs
Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Dev Psychobiol 50:217-31. 2008..Higher levels of IIV at 3 months were predicted by higher levels of maternal hemoglobin during pregnancy and higher levels of neonatal ferritin...
- Livelihoods, nutrition and health in Dhaka slumsJane A Pryer
Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, UK
Public Health Nutr 5:613-8. 2002..To identify groups within Dhaka slums that report similar patterns of livelihood, and to explore nutritional and health status...
- Trends in long-term survival after myocardial infarction: less favourable patterns for patients from deprived areasG Engstrom
Department of Community Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
J Intern Med 248:425-34. 2000..However, studies on long-term survival are not unequivocally in favour of an improved long-term prognosis. This study aimed to analyse trends in 3-year survival in relation to sex, age and socioeconomic level of residential area...
- Are there differences in birth weight between neighbourhoods in a Nordic welfare state?Eva Sellstrom
Department of Health Sciences, MidSweden University, S 831 25 Ostersund, Sweden
BMC Public Health 7:267. 2007..Birth weight is a health indicator known to be sensitive to political and welfare state conditions. No former studies on urban neighbourhood differences regarding mean birth weight have been carried out in a Nordic country...
- Racial/ethnic disparities in the use of mental health services in poverty areasJulian Chun Chung Chow
School of Social Welfare, University of California at Berkeley, 209 Haviland Hall No 7400, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Am J Public Health 93:792-7. 2003..This study examined racial/ethnic disparities in mental health service access and use at different poverty levels...
- Discourses of illegality and exclusion: when water access mattersNetsayi Noris Mudege
African Population and Health Research Center, Shelter Afrique Center, Nairobi, Kenya
Glob Public Health 6:221-33. 2011....
- "It's like an addiction first thing...afterwards it's like a habit": daily smoking behaviour among people living in areas of deprivationAngus Bancroft
Public Health Sciences, Department of Community Health Sciences, Medical School, Edinburgh University, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
Soc Sci Med 56:1261-7. 2003..Crucially, the influences on smoking described by respondents in this study were closely related to circumstances of socio-economic deprivation...
- Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in ObesityAdam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013..among some racial/ethnic minorities, population subgroups of lower education and incomes, and in high-poverty areas. The study will recruit a longitudinal cohort of 400 male and female adults, ages 21-65y, and resident in ..
- Grafting DNA Codes on Paper for Rapid, Low-Cost, and Sensitive Meningitis DiagnosXiujun Li; Fiscal Year: 2013..Considering that many cases of meningitis cases happened in rural high-poverty areas, and the high fatality rate of meningitis, a simple, low-cost, highly-sensitive device and method are greatly ..
- ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE FAST TRACK INTERVENTIONEDWARD FOSTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..The evaluation focuses on the experiences of 891 high-risk children living in high-poverty areas. These children were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups and are being followed over time...
- Developing an Asthma APGARBarbara Yawn; Fiscal Year: 2003..For example, asthma is a common condition seen in family physicians offices especially in inner city and rural poverty areas. National evidence-based guidelines for asthma management were published in 1991 and updated in 1997 and 2002...
- POVERTY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESSStephen Petterson; Fiscal Year: 2001..has more deleterious mental health consequences than transitional poverty; (2) Poor persons living in high-poverty areas experience greater distress than those not living in high-poverty areas; and (3) The nonworking poor have more ..
- How Social Relations and Attitudes Vary by NeighborhoodJibum Kim; Fiscal Year: 2006..Similar to Massey and Denton, Wilson wrote, "the residents of these jobless black poverty areas face certain social constraints on the choices they can make in their daily lives...
- Educational Attainment of Rural YouthMATTHEW IRVIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, rural youth have the lowest rates of school completion in the U.S. when they live in high poverty areas and, in general, rural youth less often complete a bachelor's degree...
- SUBSTANCE USE AND THE TRANSITION FROM WELFARE TO WORKVictor Lidz; Fiscal Year: 2002..for Human Development and Impact Services Corporation) of Rapid Attachment training for clients in high poverty areas of Philadelphia. Subjects will be interviewed again at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after training...
- ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISKDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
- Away From Home and Out of SchoolDeborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
- GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
- Psychosocial Intervention in HIV-Affected Children in HaitiJoia Mukherjee; Fiscal Year: 2006..Lastly, a group intervention for HIV affected children will be piloted to generate preliminary data for a larger, R01 study designed to prevent poor outcomes in HlV-affected children. ..
- ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDSRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Multilevel Model of Breast Cancer Follow-up CareMario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent InterventionCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Activity Space Environments, Behaviors, and Body Weight Status in Urban AdultsShannon Zenk; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug UsersCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in IndiaCARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
- A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug UserCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
- THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTIONCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
- VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDRENRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIVRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
- Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
- Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005..S. and elsewhere. ..
- Radiation Therapy in Older Breast Cancer PatientsMario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2002..Results will identify reasons for rural-urban differences in XRT use and may guide development of interventions that address modifiable factors associated with underutilization of XRT among rural women. ..
- NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENTS AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASEAna Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2002..The investigators point ut that the proposed study builds on existing cohort studies of cardiovascular disease to explore hypotheses relevant to understanding the factors contributing to SES differences in CVD risk. ..
- Gis, multilevel modeling and breast cancer screeningMario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2002..Few studies focusing on breast cancer screening have taken this approach, which we, and others feel is warranted. ..
- GIS and Breast Cancer Screening in Saint LouisMario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Socioeconimic Patterning of Inflammation and HemostasisAna Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study will provide a unique opportunity to elucidate the links between socioeconomic factors, stress, inflammation and hemostasis in a large and diverse population-based sample. ..
- Geography of Amputations Among African AmericansMario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- PREDICTORS OF RELAPSE TO SMOKING IN LUNG CANCERMario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Personalized Physical Activity & Nutrition Intervention for Overweight/Obese.....James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2008..Intention-to-treat analysis will be conducted using a series of mixed models that will compare the three treatment groups over time (pre-test and six, 12 and 18-month post-test). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EFFECT OF HEART DISEASE EDUCATION ON OLDER WOMENNoreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Mouse Allergen and Inner-City AsthmaElizabeth C Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Mouse Allergen and Asthma Intervention TrialElizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Improving contraceptive use/practices among young womenMelissa Gilliam; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Club Drug Use and HIV Risks among Minorities in NYCDanielle Ompad; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Self Regulation and Race/Ethnic Disparities in School ReadinessMARGARET O CAUGHY; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, the results of this research will have important scientific as well as policy implications for reducing disparities in early academic achievement. ..
- Building Health Empowerment Zones for People with DisabilitiesJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2009..The primary outcome of this demonstration project is a model program for improving access to the built environment resulting in improved health and reduction of secondary conditions among people with mobility disabilities. ..
- Mother-Infant Conflict and Problem Behavior DevelopmentMargaret Caughy; Fiscal Year: 2005..It will also enhance our knowledge of the processes of developing attachment and behavior problems in toddlers. ..
- CLINICAL PROCESSES IN DRUG ABUSE PREVENTIONJ Coatsworth; Fiscal Year: 2003..Microsequential analyses will be used to elucidate the immediate (speech act level) relationships between in-session clinician interventions and participant behaviors. ..
- IMPACT OF WEIGHT LOSS & EXERCISE ON KNEE OSTEOARTHRITISSUSAN BARTLETT; Fiscal Year: 2004..Secondary measures include physical disability, quality of life, performance measures and long-term adherence to behavior change. This study will provide data on integrating behavioral changes into the treatment of knee OA. ..
- Universal Exercise Kits for Manual Wheelchair UsersJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Behavioral and Academic Adjustment in Elementary SchoolMargaret Caughy; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- EFFECT OF SELF-REGULATORY EDUCATION ON WOMEN WITH ASTHMANoreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Analysis of the Cardiac Access StudyThomas LaVeist; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- EEFFECTS OF AEROBIC EXERCISE IN PERSONS WITH STROKEJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2003..Unlike traditional analytic methods, the GEE approach can be used with data characterized by almost any type of statistical distribution (e.g., normal/Gaussian, binomial, Poison). ..
- Mouse Allergen Exposure & Mouse Allergic SensitizationElizabeth Matsui; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, improvements in the prediction of allergic sensitization would allow interventions to be targeted in a more practical and efficient manner to those at highest risk. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- School-Based Approaches to Help Pre-Teens Manage AsthmaNoreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2007..Asthma rates for this age group continue to rise and the problems associated with the disease are especially difficult in poor communities. This study will assess innovative interventions for low-income minority preteens with asthma. ..
- Quality of MH Care and Treatment Outcomes for YouthMichael Hurlburt; Fiscal Year: 2005..The study will develop a method for understanding factors that affect the translation of ESTs from the tightly controlled settings of efficacy trials to community treatment settings. ..
- PREDICTORS OF BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL OUTCOMES IN BLACK YOUTHRodney Clark; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- REACH FOR HEALTH HIGH SCHOOL RISK PREVENTION FOLLOW-UPLYDIA O DONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2001..They aim to: 1. Assess the longitudinal impact of RFH interventions for young adolescents on the multiple-risk behaviors of cigarette, alcohol, and ..
- UNDERSTANDING VIOLENT INJURYJohn Rich; Fiscal Year: 2002..D. (urban street culture). The applicant will also complete course work in research methods in epidemiology, field methods, survey research methods and crime and delinquency in the graduate schools of Boston University. ..
- Social Inequalities in Periodontal DiseasesLuisa Borrell; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- COMMUNITY INTERVENTION TO INCREASE MAMMOGRAPHY SCREENINGVictoria Champion; Fiscal Year: 2003..The primary outcomes at six month and 21 months will be tested by a chi-square statistic using logistic regression with two degrees of freedom. Cost effectiveness analysis is planned for the third aim. ..
- Geostatistical software for the boundary analysis of cancer mapsPierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HOME NURSE INTERVENTION FOR IUDE INFANTS--3 YR FOLLOW UPArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2002..Data will be of significant use to researchers, health care providers, insurers and policy makers. ..
- Enrolling and Retaining Female Offenders in HIV TrialsLinda Cottler; Fiscal Year: 2008..5. Disseminate the PPCMI model and findings locally, nationally and internationally. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prescription Drug Misuse, Abuse and DependenceLinda B Cottler; Fiscal Year: 2010..5) Share findings with the Missouri Statewide Epidemiology Work Group, the NIDA Community Epidemiology Work Group, and the DSM-V and ICD XI Substance Related Disorders Committees. ..
- Cancer Caregiving and the Stress ProcessNancy Schoenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- A Randomized Trial of the STAR Program for Children with Autism Spectrum DisorderDavid Mandell; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from the proposed study would provide timely and critical evidence regarding the implementation and effectiveness of one promising practice, with direct relevance to translation of findings into practice and policy. ..
- Recall and Survivor Bias: Impact on SES-CVD AssociationsKathryn Rose; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Geostatistical software for the analysis of individual-level epidemiologic dataPierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Group-based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy among African Smokers: An Efficacy TestMonica Webb; Fiscal Year: 2007..This has important public health implications related to reducing smoking-related health disparities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Pathways From Subtypes of Aggression to Substance UsePaula Fite; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Geostatistical software for health and exposure analysisPierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..