occupations

Summary

Summary: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Occupational sitting and health risks: a systematic review
    Jannique G Z van Uffelen
    School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 39:379-88. 2010
  2. ncbi Psychosocial factors at work and risk of depression: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence
    J P E Bonde
    Department of Occupational Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Noerrebrogade 44, Building 2C, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 65:438-45. 2008
  3. ncbi Sickness absence in female- and male-dominated occupations and workplaces
    Arne Mastekaasa
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo, P O Box 1096, Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Soc Sci Med 60:2261-72. 2005
  4. ncbi Sedentary behavior in Dutch workers: differences between occupations and business sectors
    Marielle P Jans
    TNO Quality of Life, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 33:450-4. 2007
  5. pmc Cohort profile: the GAZEL Cohort Study
    Marcel Goldberg
    INSERM Unité 687, 14 rue du Val d Osne, 99410 Saint Maurice, France
    Int J Epidemiol 36:32-9. 2007
  6. ncbi The health paradox of occupational and leisure-time physical activity
    A Holtermann
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Br J Sports Med 46:291-5. 2012
  7. pmc Trends in cause specific mortality across occupations in Japanese men of working age during period of economic stagnation, 1980-2005: retrospective cohort study
    Koji Wada
    Department of Public Health, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1 15 1 Kitasato Minami ku Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252 0374, Japan
    BMJ 344:e1191. 2012
  8. ncbi High risk occupations for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in New Zealand: case-control study
    A 't Mannetje
    Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University Wellington Campus, Private Box 756, Wellington, New Zealand
    Occup Environ Med 65:354-63. 2008
  9. ncbi Cross-sectional associations between occupational and leisure-time sitting, physical activity and obesity in working adults
    Josephine Y Chau
    Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia
    Prev Med 54:195-200. 2012
  10. ncbi Work environment factors, health, lifestyle and marital status as predictors of job change and early retirement in physically heavy occupations
    T Lund
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Ind Med 40:161-9. 2001

Detail Information

Publications282 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Occupational sitting and health risks: a systematic review
    Jannique G Z van Uffelen
    School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 39:379-88. 2010
    ..e., time spent sitting) may be negatively associated with health. The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence on associations between occupational sitting and health risks...
  2. ncbi Psychosocial factors at work and risk of depression: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence
    J P E Bonde
    Department of Occupational Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Noerrebrogade 44, Building 2C, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 65:438-45. 2008
    ..This paper reviews follow-up studies addressing the risk of major depression and depressive symptoms relative to psychosocial stressors in the working environment and evaluates the evidence for causality...
  3. ncbi Sickness absence in female- and male-dominated occupations and workplaces
    Arne Mastekaasa
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo, P O Box 1096, Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Soc Sci Med 60:2261-72. 2005
    ..of the occupational category is similar to the U-shaped pattern found in several previous studies (highest sickness absence both in strongly male-dominated and strongly female-dominated occupations), but again the relationship is weak.
  4. ncbi Sedentary behavior in Dutch workers: differences between occupations and business sectors
    Marielle P Jans
    TNO Quality of Life, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 33:450-4. 2007
    ..No published study has shown whether extended sitting at work is compensated for by sitting less during leisure time...
  5. pmc Cohort profile: the GAZEL Cohort Study
    Marcel Goldberg
    INSERM Unité 687, 14 rue du Val d Osne, 99410 Saint Maurice, France
    Int J Epidemiol 36:32-9. 2007
  6. ncbi The health paradox of occupational and leisure-time physical activity
    A Holtermann
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Br J Sports Med 46:291-5. 2012
    ..Occupational and leisure-time physical activity are considered to provide similar health benefits. The authors tested this hypothesis...
  7. pmc Trends in cause specific mortality across occupations in Japanese men of working age during period of economic stagnation, 1980-2005: retrospective cohort study
    Koji Wada
    Department of Public Health, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1 15 1 Kitasato Minami ku Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252 0374, Japan
    BMJ 344:e1191. 2012
    ..To assess the temporal trends in occupation specific all causes and cause specific mortality in Japan between 1980 and 2005...
  8. ncbi High risk occupations for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in New Zealand: case-control study
    A 't Mannetje
    Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University Wellington Campus, Private Box 756, Wellington, New Zealand
    Occup Environ Med 65:354-63. 2008
    ..A new nationwide case-control study was conducted to assess whether previously observed associations persist and to identify other occupations that may contribute to the risk of NHL in the New Zealand population.
  9. ncbi Cross-sectional associations between occupational and leisure-time sitting, physical activity and obesity in working adults
    Josephine Y Chau
    Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia
    Prev Med 54:195-200. 2012
    ..To examine associations between occupational and leisure-time sitting, physical activity and obesity in working adults...
  10. ncbi Work environment factors, health, lifestyle and marital status as predictors of job change and early retirement in physically heavy occupations
    T Lund
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Ind Med 40:161-9. 2001
    ..The aim was to assess the rate at which waste collectors and municipal workers leave their job, to establish the outcome and to identify associated risk factors within work environment, health, lifestyle and marital status...
  11. ncbi Occupational physical activity, energy expenditure and 11-year progression of carotid atherosclerosis
    Niklas Krause
    Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, UC Berkeley Richmond Field Station, Richmond CA 94804, USA
    Scand J Work Environ Health 33:405-24. 2007
    ..This study prospectively assessed the effects of occupational physical activity on atherosclerosis progression...
  12. ncbi Socioeconomic differences in leisure-time physical activity: the role of social participation and social capital in shaping health related behaviour
    M Lindstrom
    Department of Community Health, University Hospital MAS, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 52:441-51. 2001
    ..It therefore seems possible that some of the socioeconomic differences in leisure-time physical activity are due to differing social capital between socioeconomic groups...
  13. pmc Occupational exposure assessment in case-control studies: opportunities for improvement
    K Teschke
    Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 59:575-93; discussion 594. 2002
    ....
  14. ncbi Occupational, commuting and leisure-time physical activity in relation to coronary heart disease among middle-aged Finnish men and women
    Gang Hu
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Atherosclerosis 194:490-7. 2007
    ..To examine the association of different levels of occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) events...
  15. ncbi The early Upper Paleolithic occupations at Uçağizli Cave (Hatay, Turkey)
    Steven L Kuhn
    Department of Anthropology, P O Box 210030, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    J Hum Evol 56:87-113. 2009
    ..The sequence also documents major shifts in occupational intensity and mobility...
  16. pmc Arthritis, occupational class, and the aging US workforce
    Alberto J Caban-Martinez
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, FL 33136, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1729-34. 2011
    ..We used the burden of disease attributable to arthritis by occupational class to illustrate the challenges faced by the older poor...
  17. ncbi Occupational class, occupational mobility and cancer incidence among middle-aged men and women: a prospective study of the French GAZEL cohort*
    Maria Melchior
    INSERM U88 IFR69, 14 rue du Val d Osne, 94415, Saint Maurice, France
    Cancer Causes Control 16:515-24. 2005
    ..To examine the association between occupational class, occupational mobility and cancer incidence in the 1990s...
  18. ncbi Prevalence of workplace bullying and risk groups: a representative population study
    Adriana Ortega
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:417-26. 2009
    ..To estimate the prevalence of bullying and to identify risk groups in a representative population sample...
  19. ncbi The contribution of job characteristics to socioeconomic inequalities in incidence of myocardial infarction
    Martijn Huisman
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 66:2240-52. 2008
    ..The results of this study point toward education as being the stronger predictor of hospital admitted MI, compared to occupational position and job characteristics, in the Dutch working population...
  20. ncbi Steps and sitting in a working population
    Ruth Miller
    Brisbane Southside Public Health Unit, Queensland Health, Brisbane and School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland
    Int J Behav Med 11:219-24. 2004
    ..Workers in managerial and professional occupations reported more time sitting at work (M = 6...
  21. pmc Active cognitive lifestyle is associated with positive cognitive health transitions and compression of morbidity from age sixty-five
    Riccardo E Marioni
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e50940. 2012
    ..This study determined the relative importance of each variable to long term cognitive health in those with and without severe cognitive impairment...
  22. ncbi Physical activity levels by occupational category in non-metropolitan Australian adults
    Mitch J Duncan
    Centre for Physical Activity Studies, Institute for Health and Social Science Research, CQUniversity, Rockhampton, Australia
    J Phys Act Health 7:718-23. 2010
    ....
  23. ncbi Gender differences in occupational exposure patterns
    Amanda Eng
    Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University Wellington Campus, P O Box 756, Wellington, New Zealand
    Occup Environ Med 68:888-94. 2011
    ..examine gender differences in occupational exposure patterns and to investigate whether any observed differences are due to: (a) gender differences in occupational distribution; and/or (b) gender differences in tasks within occupations.
  24. pmc Lung cancer and occupation in a population-based case-control study
    Dario Consonni
    Unit of Epidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Via San Barnaba, 8, 20122 Milano, Italy
    Am J Epidemiol 171:323-33. 2010
    ..industry and job title) were coded by using standard international classifications and were translated into occupations known (list A) or suspected (list B) to be associated with lung cancer...
  25. pmc Interrelations of socioeconomic position and occupational and leisure-time physical activity in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Kathleen Y Wolin
    Dept of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:229-41. 2008
    ..Of particular interest, given the potential applicability to traditionally underserved communities, is the nature of the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA)...
  26. ncbi Leisure time, occupational and household physical activity, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in working men and women: the WOLF study
    Eleonor I M Fransson
    Division of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 31:324-33. 2003
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine the association of leisure time, occupational and household physical activity, as well as a combination of these (total activity), with four major risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
  27. ncbi Relationship of leisure-time physical activity and occupational activity to the prevalence of obesity
    G A King
    Department of Exercise Science and Sport Management, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:606-12. 2001
    ..To assess the interaction between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and occupational activity (OA) on the prevalence of obesity...
  28. ncbi Can we disentangle life course processes of accumulation, critical period and social mobility? An analysis of disadvantaged socio-economic positions and myocardial infarction in the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program
    Johan Hallqvist
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm 171 76, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 58:1555-62. 2004
    ..Accordingly, the interpretation must depend on prior knowledge of more specific causal mechanisms...
  29. pmc Environmental perception of gatherers of the crab 'caranguejo-uçá' (Ucides cordatus, Decapoda, Brachyura) affecting their collection attitudes
    Rômulo R N Alves
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba and Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Biológicas Zoologia, Joao Pessoa, PB, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 1:10. 2005
  30. ncbi Suicide and occupation: the impact of socio-economic, demographic and psychiatric differences
    Esben Agerbo
    National Centre for Register Based Research, University of Aarhus, Aarhus C, Denmark
    Psychol Med 37:1131-40. 2007
    ..To explore the risk of suicide associated with occupation while evaluating the impact of socio-economic, demographic and psychiatric differences...
  31. pmc Residential area deprivation predicts smoking habit independently of individual educational level and occupational social class. A cross sectional study in the Norfolk cohort of the European Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk)
    S Shohaimi
    Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, UK MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:270-6. 2003
    ..To investigate the independent association between individual and area based measures of socioeconomic status and cigarette smoking habit...
  32. ncbi Occupation and cancer - follow-up of 15 million people in five Nordic countries
    Eero Pukkala
    Finnish Cancer Registry, Institute for Statistical and Epidemiological Cancer Research, Pieni Roobertinkatu 9, FI 00130, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Oncol 48:646-790. 2009
    ..79 (95% confidence interval 0.66-0.95) in domestic assistants to 1.48 (1.43-1.54) in waiters. The occupations with the highest SIRs also included workers producing beverage and tobacco, seamen and chimney sweeps...
  33. ncbi Bilingualism as a protection against the onset of symptoms of dementia
    Ellen Bialystok
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 45:459-64. 2007
    ....
  34. pmc Work factors and occupational class disparities in sickness absence: findings from the GAZEL cohort study
    Maria Melchior
    National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Saint Maurice, France
    Am J Public Health 95:1206-12. 2005
    ..To estimate the contribution of stress-related and physical work factors to occupational class disparities in sickness absence from work...
  35. pmc Worksite interventions for preventing physical deterioration among employees in job-groups with high physical work demands: background, design and conceptual model of FINALE
    Andreas Holtermann
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Public Health 10:120. 2010
    ..e. cleaners, health-care workers, construction workers and industrial workers) characterized by high physical work demands, musculoskeletal disorders, poor work ability and sickness absence...
  36. ncbi Differences in sickness absence in Sweden and Denmark: the cross national HAKNAK study
    Thomas Lund
    The Danish National Centre for Social Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Public Health 19:343-9. 2009
    ....
  37. pmc Life-course socioeconomic position and incidence of coronary heart disease: the Framingham Offspring Study
    Eric B Loucks
    Douglas Mental Health Institute, McGill University, 6875 LaSalle Blvd, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 169:829-36. 2009
    ..29, 95% confidence interval: 0.78, 2.13). These findings underscore the potential importance of CHD prevention and treatment efforts for those whose backgrounds include low SEP throughout life...
  38. ncbi Prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in the Chinese adult population: International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia (InterASIA)
    D Gu
    Cardiovascular Institute and Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
    Diabetologia 46:1190-8. 2003
    ..To estimate the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in the general adult population of China...
  39. ncbi Impact of diabetes on employment and income in Manitoba, Canada
    A Kraut
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    Diabetes Care 24:64-8. 2001
    ..To compare employment and income of working-age (18-64 years) people with and without diabetes...
  40. ncbi Social class and self-reported health status among men and women: what is the role of work organisation, household material standards and household labour?
    Carme Borrell
    Agency of Public Health of Barcelona, Plaça Lesseps 1, Barcelona 08023, Spain
    Soc Sci Med 58:1869-87. 2004
    ..Among women, the association between the worker (non-owner, non-managerial, and un-credentiated) class positions and health is substantially explained by working conditions, material well being at home and amount of household labour...
  41. pmc Lifelong socioeconomic trajectory and premature mortality (35-65 years) in France: findings from the GAZEL Cohort Study
    M Melchior
    INSERM U687 IFR69, St Maurice, France
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:937-44. 2006
    ..However, there are virtually no data from other countries and few investigations have examined non-cardiovascular mortality in men and women...
  42. ncbi The differential role of pain, work characteristics and pain-related fear in explaining back pain and sick leave in occupational settings
    Els L M Gheldof
    Department of Health Psychology, Limburg University Center, 3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
    Pain 113:71-81. 2005
    ..The potential implications of these findings for primary and secondary prevention, and occupational rehabilitation are discussed...
  43. pmc Primary osteoarthritis and occupations: a national cross sectional survey of 10 412 symptomatic patients
    M Rossignol
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University and Montreal Department of Public Health, Montreal, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 60:882-6. 2003
    ..To describe the age standardised prevalence of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) in a nationwide cross sectional survey of 10 412 patients in France, and their functional and work limitations...
  44. ncbi Occupation and bladder cancer among men in Western Europe
    Manolis Kogevinas
    Respiratory and Environmental Health Research Unit, IMIM, Barcelona, Spain
    Cancer Causes Control 14:907-14. 2003
    We examined which occupations and industries are currently at high risk for bladder cancer in men.
  45. ncbi Fertility pattern does not explain social gradient in breast cancer in denmark
    Hella Danø
    Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Cancer 111:451-6. 2004
    ..For incidence, the gradient in the relative risk was 1.38, which changed to 1.26 when fertility history was incorporated and to 1.22 when socioeconomic group was also taken into account...
  46. ncbi Different measures of asbestos exposure in estimating risk of lung cancer and mesothelioma among construction workers
    Kari Koskinen
    Uusimaa Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    J Occup Environ Med 44:1190-6. 2002
    ..The risk of lung cancer was the highest in insulators (RR 3.7, 95% CI = 1.4-9.9). Occupation, expert-evaluated cumulative exposure, and lung fibrosis are useful indicators of lung cancer risk among construction workers...
  47. ncbi Economic activities and occupations at high risk for workplace bullying: results from a large-scale cross-sectional survey in the general working population in France
    Isabelle Niedhammer
    INSERM, U687 IFR 69, Hopital National de Saint Maurice, 14 rue du Val d Osne, 94410 Saint Maurice, France
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 80:346-53. 2007
    To evaluate the prevalence of workplace bullying in the general working population in France, and explore this prevalence across economic activities and occupations.
  48. ncbi Suicide by occupation: does access to means increase the risk?
    Keren Skegg
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 44:429-34. 2010
    ..To examine suicide by identified occupational groups in New Zealand over a period of 30 years, focusing on groups predicted to have high suicide rates because of access to and familiarity with particular methods of suicide...
  49. ncbi A physically active occupation does not result in compensatory inactivity during out-of-work hours
    William W Tigbe
    School of Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, UK
    Prev Med 53:48-52. 2011
    ..To examine differences in non-occupational physical activity behaviour in workers who engage in high and low occupational physical activity...
  50. pmc Trends in risk factors for lifestyle-related diseases by socioeconomic position in Geneva, Switzerland, 1993-2000: health inequalities persist
    Bruna Galobardes
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland
    Am J Public Health 93:1302-9. 2003
    ..We report on trends in risk factors for lifestyle-related diseases among socioeconomic position (SEP) groups...
  51. ncbi [Proposals for social class classification based on the Spanish National Classification of Occupations 2011 using neo-Weberian and neo-Marxist approaches]
    Antonia Domingo-Salvany
    IMIM Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Espana
    Gac Sanit 27:263-72. 2013
    In Spain, the new National Classification of Occupations (Clasificación Nacional de Ocupaciones [CNO-2011]) is substantially different to the 1994 edition, and requires adaptation of occupational social classes for use in studies of ..
  52. ncbi Incidence of testicular cancer and occupation among Swedish men gainfully employed in 1970
    M Pollan
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, National Centre for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain
    Ann Epidemiol 11:554-62. 2001
    ..To estimate occupation-specific risk of seminomas and nonseminoma subtypes of testicular cancer among Swedish men gainfully employed in 1970 over the period 1971-1989...
  53. ncbi Socioeconomic disparities in health: pathways and policies
    Nancy E Adler
    Departments of Psychiatry and Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:60-76. 2002
    ..Lessons for U.S. policy approaches are taken from the Acheson Commission in England, which was charged with reducing health disparities in that country...
  54. ncbi Exposure to substances in the workplace and new-onset asthma: an international prospective population-based study (ECRHS-II)
    Manolis Kogevinas
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Municipal Institute of Medical Research, Barcelona, Spain
    Lancet 370:336-41. 2007
    ..We therefore aimed to estimate the relative and attributable risks of new-onset asthma in relation to occupations, work-related exposures, and inhalation accidents.
  55. ncbi Psychosocial factors at work and subsequent depressive symptoms in the Gazel cohort
    I Niedhammer
    INSERM National Research Institute on Health and Medicine, Unit 88, Hopital National de Saint Maurice, France
    Scand J Work Environ Health 24:197-205. 1998
    ..psychosocial factors at work are predictors of depressive symptoms in a prospective cohort of men and women employed in a wide variety of occupations by the French national company Electricité De France - Gaz De France (EDF-GDF).
  56. ncbi Occupational social class and disability retirement among municipal employees--the contribution of health behaviors and working conditions
    Taina Leinonen
    Department of Social Research, PO Box 18, 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Work Environ Health 37:464-72. 2011
    ....
  57. ncbi Occupational asthma in Europe and other industrialised areas: a population-based study. European Community Respiratory Health Survey Study Group
    M Kogevinas
    Respiratory and Environmental Health Research Unit, Institut Municipal d Investigacio Medica, Barcelona, Spain
    Lancet 353:1750-4. 1999
    ..There are no large population-based studies on occupational asthma, and few estimates of the proportion of asthma attributed to occupation, even though asthma is the most common occupational respiratory disorder in industrialised countries...
  58. ncbi Industrial differences in disability retirement rates in Denmark, 1996-2000
    Harald Hannerz
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 17:465-71. 2004
    ..The objective of the study was to identify industries associated with a high risk of disability retirement and to roughly estimate the fraction of the retirements that can be attributed to a non-optimum work environment...
  59. pmc Childhood socioeconomic position, educational attainment, and adult cardiovascular risk factors: the Aberdeen children of the 1950s cohort study
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS7 8QA, United Kingdom
    Am J Public Health 95:1245-51. 2005
    ....
  60. pmc Socioeconomic position in childhood and adulthood and weight gain over 34 years: the Alameda County Study
    Peter Thomas Baltrus
    National Center for Primary Care, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:608-14. 2007
    ....
  61. pmc Working conditions as risk factors for disability retirement: a longitudinal register linkage study
    Eero Lahelma
    Hjelt Institute, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 12:309. 2012
    ..We examined the contributions of work arrangements, physical working conditions and psychosocial working conditions to subsequent disability retirement...
  62. ncbi Childhood socioeconomic position and cognitive function in adulthood
    G A Kaplan
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 30:256-63. 2001
    ..This study determines whether the socioeconomic environment experienced during childhood has an impact on cognitive functioning in middle age...
  63. ncbi No higher risk of problem drinking or mental illness for women in male-dominated occupations
    Annukka Savikko
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University Göteborg, Goteborg, Sweden
    Subst Use Misuse 43:1151-69. 2008
    ..to earlier studies we found no higher risk for alcohol problems/mental illness among women in male-dominated occupations. Selection and changes in cultural norms can be explanations...
  64. ncbi Impact of nightshift work on overweight and abdominal obesity among workers of a poultry processing plant in southern Brazil
    Jamile Macagnan
    Post graduate Programme in Collective Health, University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, Brazil
    Chronobiol Int 29:336-43. 2012
    ..Further studies are needed to understand the biological mechanisms involved and the complex behavioral and social adaptations experienced by night-shift workers...
  65. ncbi Associations of physical activity with smoking and alcohol consumption: a sport or occupation effect?
    Wouter Poortinga
    Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Bute Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, Wales, CF10 3NB, UK
    Prev Med 45:66-70. 2007
    ..It examined whether these associations are due to people participating in organized sports (the sport hypothesis), and/or reflect the concentration of drinking and smoking in manual occupational groups (the occupation hypothesis)...
  66. ncbi Effect of age on the relationship of occupational social class with prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular diseases. A population-based cross-sectional study from European Prospective Investigation into Cancer - Norfolk (E
    Phyo K Myint
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Gerontology 52:51-8. 2006
    ..Previous studies on cardiovascular risk profile in different socioeconomic status were focused on younger populations and many of them have not been able to take into account age and sex differences...
  67. ncbi Differences in mortality rates due to major specific causes between Japanese male occupational groups over a recent 30-year period
    Sadanobu Kagamimori
    Department of Welfare Promotion and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Sugitani, Toyama, Japan
    Ind Health 42:328-35. 2004
    ..b>Occupations were classified into eight groups...
  68. pmc Cognitive reserve: implications for diagnosis and prevention of Alzheimer's disease
    Nikolaos Scarmeas
    Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, 622 West 168th Street, PH 19th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 4:374-80. 2004
    ..In this article, we review some of the relevant literature of the noted associations between markers of cognitive reserve and AD and discuss the possible mechanisms that may explain these associations...
  69. pmc Contemporary epidemiology of renal cell cancer
    Wong Ho Chow
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7240, USA
    Cancer J 14:288-301. 2008
    ..Few epidemiologic studies have evaluated risk factors by subtypes of renal cell cancer defined by somatic mutations and other tumor markers...
  70. pmc Claims incidence of work-related disorders of the upper extremities: Washington state, 1987 through 1995
    B Silverstein
    Safety and Health Assessment and Research for Prevention Program, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, Olympia 98504 4330, USA
    Am J Public Health 88:1827-33. 1998
    ..This study examined the claim incidence rate, cost, and industry distribution of work-related upper extremity disorders in Washington...
  71. ncbi Active job, healthy job? Occupational stress and depression among hospital physicians in Taiwan
    Liang Jen Wang
    Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Keelung, Keelung, Taiwan
    Ind Health 49:173-84. 2011
    ..rate among physicians, and to compare physicians' occupational stress with that of Taiwanese employees in other occupations. The subjects were physicians employed at 14 participating regional hospitals in the Around Taiwan Health Care ..
  72. ncbi Explaining educational differences in leisure-time physical activity in Europe: the contribution of work-related factors
    T E Mäkinen
    Department of Health, Functional Capacity and Welfare, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 22:439-47. 2012
    ..Occupational class and employment status had only a modest effect on educational differences in LTPA in most of the examined countries, suggesting that education remains an important predictor of LTPA...
  73. ncbi Occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity in relation to heart failure among finnish men and women
    Yujie Wang
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 56:1140-8. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the association of different levels of occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity and heart failure (HF) risk...
  74. pmc Occupational and behavioural factors in the explanation of social inequalities in premature and total mortality: a 12.5-year follow-up in the Lorhandicap study
    Isabelle Niedhammer
    INSERM, U1018, CESP Centre for research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Epidemiology of occupational and social determinants of health team, Villejuif, France
    Eur J Epidemiol 26:1-12. 2011
    ..Improving working conditions amongst the lowest social groups may help to reduce social inequalities in mortality...
  75. pmc Contribution of material, occupational, and psychosocial factors in the explanation of social inequalities in health in 28 countries in Europe
    B Aldabe
    UCD School of Public Health and Population Science, University College Dublin, Woodview House, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:1123-31. 2011
    ....
  76. pmc Leisure time sedentary behavior, occupational/domestic physical activity, and metabolic syndrome in U.S. men and women
    Susan B Sisson
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 7:529-36. 2009
    ....
  77. ncbi Validity of self-assessed reports of occurrence and duration of occupational tasks
    J Unge
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    Ergonomics 48:12-24. 2005
    ..Still, the diary would be useful for the calculation of job exposure, by time-weighting task exposure data, when the tasks and/or their duration vary between days...
  78. pmc The multicentre south European study 'Helios'. I: Skin characteristics and sunburns in basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin
    R Zanetti
    , Escuela Andaluza de Salud Publica, Spain
    Br J Cancer 73:1440-6. 1996
    ..Nevertheless, its association with BCC suggests, by analogy with melanoma, a relationship with intense sun exposure. Conversely, SCC would require prolonged exposure to sunlight...
  79. ncbi Suicide among regular-duty military personnel: a retrospective case-control study of occupation-specific risk factors for workplace suicide
    Martin J Mahon
    Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Research, St Vincent s University Hospital and University College Dublin, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1688-96. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the epidemiology, phenomenology, and occupation-specific risk factors for suicide among regular-duty military personnel as a model for other professions at risk for workplace suicide...
  80. ncbi The occupational burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    L Trupin
    Division of Rheumatology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0920, USA
    Eur Respir J 22:462-9. 2003
    ....
  81. ncbi Labor market trajectories and health: a four-year follow-up study of initially fixed-term employees
    Pekka Virtanen
    Medical School, University of Tampere, FN 33014 Tampere, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 161:840-6. 2005
    ..This longitudinal study provides evidence of health-related selection into employment trajectories and suggests that the trajectories themselves carry different health risks...
  82. ncbi The effect of education on cognitive performances and its implication for the constitution of the cognitive reserve
    Nicolas Le Carret
    Universit Victor Ségalen Bordeaux, France
    Dev Neuropsychol 23:317-37. 2003
    ..More-over, mental stimulation occurring after the education years, such as high-complex-activity occupations, seems to increase the controlled component...
  83. ncbi Socioeconomic status and health among the aged in the United States and Germany: a comparative cross-sectional study
    Olaf von dem Knesebeck
    Department of Medical Sociology, University of Duesseldorf, P O Box 10 10 07, D 40001 Duesseldorf, Germany
    Soc Sci Med 57:1643-52. 2003
    ..One interpretation of this finding points to higher selective mortality of middle and early old age groups with a low SES in the United States due to stronger health-related deprivation...
  84. ncbi Occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity in relation to total and cardiovascular mortality among Finnish subjects with type 2 diabetes
    Gang Hu
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Circulation 110:666-73. 2004
    ..Some previous studies have assessed the association between leisure-time physical activity and mortality among patients with diabetes, but the potential effect of occupational and commuting physical activity remains uncertain...
  85. ncbi Occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity in relation to cardiovascular mortality among finnish subjects with hypertension
    Gang Hu
    Department of Health Promotion and Prevention of Chronic Diseases, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Hypertens 20:1242-50. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the association of occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity on cardiovascular mortality among hypertensive patients...
  86. ncbi Epidemiology of physical inactivity in Poland: prevalence and determinants in a former communist country in socioeconomic transition
    W Drygas
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, 90 752 Łódź, Poland
    Public Health 123:592-7. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to identify physical activity patterns and determinants of physical inactivity in a representative sample of Polish adults...
  87. pmc Occupational exposures and asthma in 14,000 adults from the general population
    Nicole Le Moual
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics, INSERM U472, Villejuif, France
    Am J Epidemiol 160:1108-16. 2004
    ..33, 4.75) for asthma with airflow limitation. Results underlined the importance of the specificity of exposure and asthma definitions and indicated a deleterious role of occupational exposure on asthma, especially for cleaning agents...
  88. ncbi Declining rates of physical activity in the United States: what are the contributors?
    Ross C Brownson
    Department of Community Health and Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, Missouri 63104, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:421-43. 2005
    ....
  89. ncbi Occupational class and physical activity among Japanese employees
    Soshi Takao
    Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, 2 5 1 Shikata cho, Okayama City 700 8558, Japan
    Soc Sci Med 57:2281-9. 2003
    We examined the distribution of physical activity among different occupations in Japan. A questionnaire was sent to full-time employees at nine companies in Japan between 1996 and 1998, with an average response rate of 85.2%...
  90. ncbi [Database of occupations and industrial activities that involve the risk of pulmonary tumors]
    D Mirabelli
    Unità di epidemiologia dei tumori, Università degli Studi di Torino e Centro per la prevenzione oncologica, CPO Piemonte, Torino
    Epidemiol Prev 25:215-21. 2001
    Lists of occupations and industries associated with lung cancer are a useful tool to estimate attributable risks for occupational exposures. They were first published in 1982, based on IARC Monographs...
  91. ncbi A standard tool for the analysis of occupational lung cancer in epidemiologic studies
    W Ahrens
    Bremen Institute for Prevention, Research, and Social Medicine, Germany
    Int J Occup Environ Health 4:236-40. 1998
    ..studies is proposed in order to allow comparable definitions of exposure or of categorizations of occupations. It is based on a list of occupations and industries known (list A) or suspected (list B) to be associated with ..
  92. pmc Working class matters: socioeconomic disadvantage, race/ethnicity, gender, and smoking in NHIS 2000
    Elizabeth M Barbeau
    Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and the Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:269-78. 2004
    ..We sought to describe the burden of smoking on the US population, using diverse socioeconomic measures...
  93. pmc Life-course socioeconomic and behavioral influences on cardiovascular disease mortality: the collaborative study
    George Davey Smith
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, England
    Am J Public Health 92:1295-8. 2002
    ..This study sought to demonstrate life-course influences on cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  94. pmc Occupation and renal cell cancer in Central and Eastern Europe
    J E Heck
    International Prevention Research Institute, 95 cours Lafayette, 69006 Lyon, France
    Occup Environ Med 67:47-53. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the association of renal cell cancer with employment in specific occupations and industries.
  95. pmc Healthcare provider smoking cessation advice among US worker groups
    David J Lee
    Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, PO Box 016069 R 669, Miami, FL 33143, USA
    Tob Control 16:325-8. 2007
    Among workers in dusty occupations, tobacco use is particularly detrimental to health because of the potential synergistic effects of occupational exposures (for example, asbestos) in causing disease...
  96. ncbi Breast cancer risk and lifetime leisure-time and occupational physical activity (Sweden)
    T Moradi
    Department of Medical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Cancer Causes Control 11:523-31. 2000
    ..To clarify whether type and timing of physical activity affect postmenopausal breast cancer risk...
  97. ncbi Class matters: U.S. versus U.K. measures of occupational disparities in access to health services and health status in the 2000 U.S. National Health Interview Survey
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Health Serv 35:213-36. 2005
    ....
  98. ncbi Worker functions and traits associated with occupations and the development of AD
    K A Smyth
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Neurology 63:498-503. 2004
    To investigate the association between Alzheimer disease (AD) and worker functions and traits associated with occupations.
  99. ncbi Comparison of self-reported occupational exposure with a job exposure matrix in an international community-based study on asthma
    Frank de Vocht
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Environmental and Occupational Health Group, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Am J Ind Med 47:434-42. 2005
    ..Self-reports are frequently used to assess occupational exposures in epidemiological studies on asthma, but the validity and influence of asthma status on performance is unclear...
  100. ncbi Working conditions and depressive symptoms in the 2003 decennial health survey: the role of the occupational category
    Christine Cohidon
    Occupational Health Department, French Institute for Public Health Surveillance InVS, UMRESTTE InVS UCBL Inrets, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 8 avenue Rockefeller, 69373 Lyon Cedex 08, France
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:1135-47. 2010
    ..The aim of this study is to describe the associations between depressive symptoms and some working conditions according to broad occupational categories in France...
  101. ncbi Comparing disparities in the health-promoting lifestyles of Taiwanese workers in various occupations
    Shu Ling Huang
    Department of Psychology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 402 01, Taiwan
    Ind Health 48:256-64. 2010
    ..Workplace health promotion practitioners should therefore develop specific strategies to target the laborers and workers who demonstrate obesity...

Research Grants70

  1. Endotoxin, the airway transcriptome, and obstructive lung disease
    PEGGY SUE LAI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and has been found at high levels in tobacco smoke, homes burning biomass fuel, in the context of various occupations especially cotton textile work, and more recently as part of indoor air pollution in schools...
  2. Climate Change and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Assessing the Vulnerability of Pregnan
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..medications, those of low socioeconomic status, those who smoke or drink alcohol, or those with outdoor occupations are more vulnerable to extreme weather conditions...
  3. Evaluation of Safety Training, Supervision, and Injury Among Working Teenagers.
    KRISTINA MARIE ZIEROLD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..received during their current employment and determine if differences exist between races, genders, ages, and occupations, (2) delineate the nature of workplace supervision and determine if differences exist between races, genders, ..
  4. Monitoring Social Change: Health, Reproduction, Aging
    Barry M Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This survey collects data on occupations, incomes, and benefits of working-age household members;time use;diet and nutritional status;activities of ..
  5. Preventive Web-Based Intervention for Spouses of Traumatized Military Personnel
    BENTSON H contact MCFARLAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Emphasis Panel ZMH1 ERB-N (02) (Prevention of Trauma Related Adjustment and Mental Disorders in High-Risk Occupations)...
  6. Molecular Genetics of Pathogen Recognition Receptors in COPD
    Tricia D LeVan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Farming is among the occupations associated with COPD and the prevalence of COPD among farmers has been found to be 17- 32%, even after ..
  7. Registry Study of Parkinsons Disease in Denmark
    Beate R Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will examine 1) which lifetime occupations and occupational exposures are associated with PD;specifically, we will evaluate farming and greenhouse ..
  8. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF FUNCTIONAL STATUS IN ELDERLY HISPANICS
    Mary N Haan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..older people in this high risk ethnic group have experienced lifelong poverty, low education, and hazardous occupations. As such, compared to non-Hispanic whites, they are at higher risk for stroke, dementia, and cognitive and ..
  9. Retrospective Assessment of Military Occupations &Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Lorene M Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..project are: (1) to develop exposure assessment methodology for collecting objective information about military occupations and exposures, and (2) to apply the newly developed methodology to determine whether military service is ..
  10. Parental exposure to ionizing radiation and birth defects
    DOROTHY KIM WALLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to ionizing radiation will also be measured based on responses to detailed questions on maternal and paternal occupations from the same interview...
  11. Epidemiologic Research on Screening for Vestibular and Balance Disorders
    Helen S Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..disorders and sensitivity of the screening battery in a sample of high-functioning people in high-risk occupations recruited in a military health clinic...
  12. Characterization of the Innate Immune Response to Crystalline Silica
    Christian W Schindler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..most abundant mineral in the earth's crust account for prevalent exposure to respirable silicates in many occupations in both affluent and developing nations...
  13. Skin Cancer and Arsenic Exposure
    Leslie K Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..software in order to collect complex data related to residential histories (water source, sun exposure, and occupations)...
  14. Analysis of a collaborative worldwide network of neonatal ICU's
    JEFFREY DAVID HORBAR; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..spread of health care innovations will be addressed, including the importance of team diversity of personnel occupations and hospital attributes, geography, and connectivity...
  15. A Study of Ventilatory Homeostasis and Phonatory Behavior During Aerobic Exercise
    AARON SCOTT ZIEGLER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Thus, the risk of injury should be minimal. However, data indicate individuals in the foregoing occupations actually have elevated risk for phonotrauma [2-12], which is thought to be associated with increased VF ..
  16. Single-Sex High Schools and STEM Careers: Males, Females and Low-SES Students
    Hyunjoon Park; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..in the United States and other developed countries, the proportion of females in STEM college majors and occupations is much smaller than the proportion of males and the proportion of individuals from low parental SES (..
  17. Development of a US/Canadian Job Exposure Matrix for Noise
    Richard L Neitzel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, our knowledge of noise exposures associated with many US and Canadian occupations is lacking...
  18. Preliminary Study of Reproductive Health Impacts in Nail and Hair Care Workers
    THU THUY QUACH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and manicurists to two comparison groups: 1) the general population of women, and 2) women in other occupations that are not likely to be exposed to chemicals found in beauty salons (e.g...
  19. Meharry Health Sciences Leadership Academy
    SUSAN A DERIEMER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..health education, and information on health research;4) Top-to-Bottom: Media Workshop exploring health occupations will bring health sciences and media students to the Meharry campus for three weeks in the summer under the ..
  20. Evaluating the Health Benefits of Workplace Policies and Practices - Phase II
    Lisa F Berkman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our pilot studies suggest that workers from occupations including nursing care, custodial and food preparation can be successfully recruited to studies with high ..
  21. Green Collar Workers: The New Frontier
    David J Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Green-collar occupations that preserve and enhance environmental quality now represent the new US workforce frontier...
  22. FINDING THE M.I.N.C. FOR MAMMOGRAPHY MAINTENANCE
    Barbara Rimer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Major Medical Plan (SHP), a very large population of women, representing women of diverse occupations and backgrounds...
  23. Exposure Response Relationships for CTS and Epicondylitis from Pooled Data
    Arun Garg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Three prospective cohort studies will pool data from 35 US workplaces, representing a wide range of occupations, industries, and physical exposure levels...
  24. Biomechanical Characterization of Vocal Fold Tissues
    Roger W Chan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..S. workforce relies on a healthy, functional voice as a major tool for their occupations (Titze et al., 1997)...
  25. HIV-Related Behavior among Rural African American, Young Adult Men
    Steven M Kogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Few attend college and, in the rural South, job opportunities that lead to stable occupations are scarce...
  26. Neurotoxic effects of solvents on working children
    Iman A Nuwayhid; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..research and their Behavioral Assessment and Research System (BARS) which was applied in different occupations, anguages, and age groups...
  27. A Pooled Longitudinal Analysis of Workplace Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    David M Rempel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..database (N = 3573) of occupational exposure, demographic, covariate and outcome measures across a range of occupations and industries...
  28. Estimating the Environmental Burden in Two Orphan Lung Diseases
    MARK DOUGLAS EISNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the PAF linked to dust inhalation, in particular silica (including concrete construction) in salaried occupations as well as in non- salaried avocations and, potentially, through ambient point sources...
  29. Sources and Wetting Characteristics of Respirable Coal and Silica Dust from Selec
    YOGINDER P CHUGH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..unit operations, 2) Utilize MSHA and company dust sampling data from the Interior Coal Basin mines to identify occupations and locations most exposed to coal and quartz and silica dust, 3) Develop surface and wettability ..
  30. A Web-Based Program to Prevent Mental Health Risks in Medical Examiners
    ELIZABETH N BRONDOLO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of developing preventive interventions to decrease the risk for post-traumatic distress among employees whose occupations require exposure to potentially traumatic events...
  31. A Process for Estimating the Association of Occupation and Chronic Disease
    ALLARD DEMBE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that aggregated long-term work experiences over several decades in particular occupations with characteristic job requirements can potentially affect the propensity for workers to develop specific ..
  32. Assessing Occupational Electric Shocks, Magnetic Fields and ALS
    Leeka Kheifets; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A consistent association exists between "electric" occupations and ALS;however, it is unclear what aspect of the job might be responsible...
  33. Lineage bias and clonal expansion of hematopoietic stem cell differentiation
    Rong Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..system and may lead to solutions that reduce the side effects of radiation in clinical applications and in occupations wit constant low levels of radiation exposure...
  34. Communication Ability and Work Re-Entry in Adults with Brain Injury
    PETER A MEULENBROEK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..searches, there have been no published studies characterizing the communication demands of different types of occupations. This proposal uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods to address this gap in knowledge by ..
  35. CyberSurgeons Live Simulation and PBL Development and Dissemination
    CHARLES ARTHUR WOOD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..participation in the clinical research enterprise and promoting greater career awareness of occupations in these fields. The CET will develop two components for students based on national standards...
  36. Oxidative DNA Lesion Formation from Chromate Exposure
    Kent D Sugden; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Human exposure to this carcinogen occurs in chrome-utilizing occupations and from environmental sources that are primarily anthropogenic...
  37. A Next-Generation Split Hook Prehensor with Enhanced Grasp Functionality
    BRADLEY D VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..make it ideal for disadvantaged amputees in developing countries, over 82% of whom survive by agrarian occupations. Phase II comprises establishing manufacturing infrastructure and validating the performance of production ..
  38. Feasibility Study of the ACT (Active Cancellation of Tremor) Device
    ANUPAM PATHAK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Many individuals are also forced to retire from their occupations. Unfortunately, current pharmacological treatments have limited effectiveness in abating the condition, and ..
  39. COMMUNITY BASED STUDY ON OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA, ECRHS-OA
    Manolis Kogevinas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    The overall aim of this large multicentre community based study of young men and women is to examine the occupations, industries and exposures in the work-place which are associated with a high risk for asthma and other adverse ..
  40. Multiple Myeloma Consortium Study of Occupational Exposures and Family History
    Anneclaire J De Roos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Exposure to solvents is widespread, both in certain occupations and in the general environment...
  41. An Experimental Investigation into Staging CTS Utilizing Portable Ultrasound...
    Kevin D Evans; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of using ultrasound as a health surveillance tool for monitoring the health of the median nerve in workers in occupations that are higher risk for CTS is also innovative...
  42. Meharry Health Sciences Leadership Academy
    SUSAN A DERIEMER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..health education, and information on health research;4) Top-to-Bottom: Media Workshop exploring health occupations will bring health sciences and media students to the Meharry campus for three weeks in the summer under the ..
  43. Developmental Family and Cultural Pathways to Young Adulthood
    SUSAN M MC HALE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..central to young adult development, and the choices young women and men make about their intimate relationships and occupations will have implications for their psychosocial and physical well-being throughout adult life.
  44. Exploring Occupational and Behavioral Risk Factors for Obesity in Firefighters
    BongKyoo Choi; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Among 41 male-dominated occupations, firefighters have the third highest prevalence rate of obesity...
  45. Educational and Racial Variation in Marriage: Investigating Sources with O*NET
    R KELLY RALEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the association between occupational characteristics and women's union formation and whether attributes of occupations are linked to educational and/or racial disparities in marriage and cohabitation...
  46. Sobadors in the Health Care Utilization of Mexican Americans and Immigrants
    Thomas A Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..have health insurance or a consistent healthcare provider than the general population, and they often work in occupations that place them at elevated risk for musculoskeletal pain and injuries, contributing to health disparities...
  47. Pregnancy Health Among Florida Farmworkers
    Linda A McCauley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Agriculture consistently ranks as one of the three most hazardous occupations in the United States, yet few studies have been conducted that examine the specific risks to pregnant women in the workforce...
  48. Long-Term Health Impacts of Physical and Cognitive Occupational Exposures
    Lauren Hersch Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of long-term health outcomes and mortality, though little is known about how the cumulative health effects of occupations influence subsequent demand for healthcare utilization among beneficiaries...
  49. Rural Environmental Health in Central/Eastern Europe
    Thomas Cook; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..B. To focus on four key health issues related to rural occupations and environment that were identified September 2000, and evaluate ongoing collaborative research and ..
  50. A Low-Cost Upper-Extremity Prosthesis for Under-Served Populations
    BRADLEY VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..is restored, amputees regain self-sufficiency and independence; many are able to resume productive occupations, benefiting themselves, their families, and society at large...
  51. Understanding Individual and Gender Differences in Educational and Career Choices
    Ming Te Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., college majors and occupations) in STEM and non-STEM fields...
  52. Development of an Active Cancellation of Tremor (ACT) System for Human Assistance
    ANUPAM PATHAK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As a result, many people become socially isolated and are also forced to retire from occupations held before the disease onset...
  53. Using Perceptual and Adaptive Learning to Advance Chemistry Education
    Philip J Kellman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..important group, representing a considerable pool of talent for a broad spectrum of health and science-related occupations. The project seeks to address two major problems that limit student learning...
  54. Health Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Disaster:the Coast Guard Responder Cohort
    JENNIFER ANN RUSIECKI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, members of certain high risk occupations are enrolled in a surveillance program with more intensive periodic examinations, thus providing more detailed ..
  55. Immigration Status and Occupational Injury Rates and Reporting in Agriculture
    Peter Brownell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Agriculture has become the most hazardous occupational sector in the United States. Across occupations, foreign-born workers have experienced increasing occupational fatality rates in recent years, even as the ..
  56. Training in Cellular, Biochemical and Molecular Sciences
    Michael R Stallcup; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CBM Training Program) prepares students for careers in interdisciplinary biomedical research and related occupations. Major goals of the Program are to promote interdisciplinary training and to make students aware of ..
  57. Linking Health Care Workarounds and Burnout to Patient and Worker Safety
    JONATHON RB HALBESLEBEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the causes of occupational health of nurses;such research may help to understand occupation health of other occupations. Second, the study is concerned with patient safety, which impacts health of those in acute hospital settings...
  58. Occupational Health Strategic Planning in Colorado
    AMY ELAINE WARNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Colorado's occupational landscape encompasses some of the nation's highest risk occupations, including mining, construction, and agriculture...
  59. Career Simulation Environment
    DAVID MATTHEW BURNS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..behavioral disorder counselors is expected to grow 34 percent, which is much faster than the average for all occupations (HHS)...
  60. TRAINING IN ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY
    B Paige Lawrence; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the graduates are poised to assume significant leadership positions in academia, government, industry and other occupations related to toxicology, environmental health, and public policy...
  61. Innovations to Inform Occupational Disease Etiology Using Biomonitoring Methods
    JO ANNA SHIMEK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..From the results of this proposal, additional hypotheses may be generated to study specific industries and occupations. This research proposal will examine the work histories of study participants who have already participated in ..
  62. EXPOSURE TO BLOOD AMONG NON-HOSPITAL HEALTH CARE WORKERS
    Jack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and home health care), (b)comparison of overall blood exposure incidence among non-hospital health care occupations in states with and without safety legislation, (c) quantiflcation of risk factors and availability and use of ..
  63. TGFB AND GENE THERAPY IN SILICA INDUCED LUNG FIBROSIS
    Patricia Sime; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Inhalation of silica in mining, sandblasting and quarrying occupations results in serious, potentially life threatening, pulmonary inflammatory and fibrotic pathologies including acute and chronic (nodular pulmonary fibrosis) silicosis...
  64. Effect of Work Permits in Protecting Youth Workers
    Janet Dal Santo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..for minors as a means of restricting work hours and protecting youths from working in illegal or hazardous occupations. Currently 41 states and the District of Columbia, including North Carolina, currently require youths to obtain ..
  65. IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR TRANSITION TO A NEW LABOR MARKET
    ZVI ECKSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Wage growth here is mainly due to transitions between jobs and occupations. The second approach claims that the main source of the wage increase is due to the accumulation of local human ..
  66. Collaborative Study:Workplace Musculoskeletal Disorders
    David Rempel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    This is a 3-year prospective study of 800 employees across a variety of industries, occupations and locations to determine the dose-response relationships between exposure to biomechanical factors and the development of hand, wrist, and ..
  67. MURINE MODELS OF OCCUPATIONAL COPD
    GEORGE LEIKAUF; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..is currently the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and has long been associated with certain occupations. These include mining, chemical manufacturing, farming, food preparation, and farming...
  68. OCCUPATIONAL MORTALITY--CALIFORNIA HISPANIC POPULATION
    James Beaumont; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..in Hispanic populations, despite evidence that Hispanics have greater potential for hazardous exposures in some occupations, and evidence that Hispanics have unusually high rates for certain diseases...
  69. CASE CONTROL STUDY OF RISK FACTORS FOR WILMS TUMOR
    Andrew Olshan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A major aim of the study is to evaluate the role of specific paternal occupations and related exposures reported in previous studies as risk factors for Wilms tumor...
  70. WORK SCHEDULES AND HEALTH IN WOMEN HEALTH PROFESSIONALS
    Rosalind Barnett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Whereas such options have already been adopted in such less prestigious health-care occupations as licensed practical nursing, demand for female physicians is prompting the creation of flexible career ..