income

Summary

Summary: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Are American children and adolescents of low socioeconomic status at increased risk of obesity? Changes in the association between overweight and family income between 1971 and 2002
    Youfa Wang
    Center for Human Nutrition, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:707-16. 2006
  2. doi Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries
    Robert E Black
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 382:427-51. 2013
  3. doi Poverty and mental disorders: breaking the cycle in low-income and middle-income countries
    Crick Lund
    Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 378:1502-14. 2011
  4. ncbi Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all
    Paula A Braveman
    Center on Social Disparities in Health and Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0900, USA
    JAMA 294:2879-88. 2005
  5. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
  6. pmc Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009
  7. ncbi Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
  8. pmc Associations of linear growth and relative weight gain during early life with adult health and human capital in countries of low and middle income: findings from five birth cohort studies
    Linda S Adair
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 2524, USA
    Lancet 382:525-34. 2013
  9. ncbi Mortality of HIV-1-infected patients in the first year of antiretroviral therapy: comparison between low-income and high-income countries
    Paula Braitstein
    Lancet 367:817-24. 2006
  10. pmc Comparative performance of private and public healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Sanjay Basu
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS Med 9:e1001244. 2012

Detail Information

Publications339 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Are American children and adolescents of low socioeconomic status at increased risk of obesity? Changes in the association between overweight and family income between 1971 and 2002
    Youfa Wang
    Center for Human Nutrition, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:707-16. 2006
    ..A good understanding of the association between obesity and socioeconomic status (SES) has many important public health and policies implications, particularly for the prevention and management of obesity...
  2. doi Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries
    Robert E Black
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 382:427-51. 2013
    Maternal and child malnutrition in low-income and middle-income countries encompasses both undernutrition and a growing problem with overweight and obesity...
  3. doi Poverty and mental disorders: breaking the cycle in low-income and middle-income countries
    Crick Lund
    Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 378:1502-14. 2011
    Growing international evidence shows that mental ill health and poverty interact in a negative cycle in low-income and middle-income countries. However, little is known about the interventions that are needed to break this cycle...
  4. ncbi Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all
    Paula A Braveman
    Center on Social Disparities in Health and Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0900, USA
    JAMA 294:2879-88. 2005
    ..For example, marked racial/ethnic differences in income at a given educational level and in wealth at a given income level raise questions about the socioeconomic ..
  5. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
    ..On average a "rich" child is 31 percentage points more likely to be enrolled than a "poor" child, but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar...
  6. pmc Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009
    ..The purpose of the present study was to test associations of neighborhood built environment and median income to multiple health outcomes and examine whether associations are similar for low- and high-income groups...
  7. ncbi Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
    ..Yet catastrophic expenditure is not rare. We investigated the extent of catastrophic health expenditure as a first step to developing appropriate policy responses...
  8. pmc Associations of linear growth and relative weight gain during early life with adult health and human capital in countries of low and middle income: findings from five birth cohort studies
    Linda S Adair
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 2524, USA
    Lancet 382:525-34. 2013
    Fast weight gain and linear growth in children in low-income and middle-income countries are associated with enhanced survival and improved cognitive development, but might increase risk of obesity and related adult cardiometabolic ..
  9. ncbi Mortality of HIV-1-infected patients in the first year of antiretroviral therapy: comparison between low-income and high-income countries
    Paula Braitstein
    Lancet 367:817-24. 2006
    ..We compared baseline characteristics and outcomes during the first year of HAART between HIV-1-infected patients in low-income and high-income settings.
  10. pmc Comparative performance of private and public healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Sanjay Basu
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS Med 9:e1001244. 2012
    Private sector healthcare delivery in low- and middle-income countries is sometimes argued to be more efficient, accountable, and sustainable than public sector delivery...
  11. pmc Why do women not use antenatal services in low- and middle-income countries? A meta-synthesis of qualitative studies
    Kenneth Finlayson
    Research into Childbirth and Health Unit, School of Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
    PLoS Med 10:e1001373. 2013
    Almost 50% of women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) don't receive adequate antenatal care. Women's views can offer important insights into this problem...
  12. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
    ..Self Employed Women's Association's Medical Insurance Fund in Gujarat in terms of insurance coverage according to income groups, protection of claimants from costs of hospitalization, time between discharge and reimbursement, and ..
  13. doi Impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income households
    Eric A Finkelstein
    Health Services and Systems Research Program, Duke National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore
    Arch Intern Med 170:2028-34. 2010
    Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes are increasingly being considered as a strategy for addressing the obesity epidemic. We sought to investigate the differential impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income households.
  14. doi Income inequality, social capital and self-rated health and dental status in older Japanese
    Jun Aida
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 73:1561-8. 2011
    The erosion of social capital in more unequal societies is one mechanism for the association between income inequality and health...
  15. ncbi Income inequality and population health: a review and explanation of the evidence
    Richard G Wilkinson
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham Medical School, UK
    Soc Sci Med 62:1768-84. 2006
    Whether or not the scale of a society's income inequality is a determinant of population health is still regarded as a controversial issue...
  16. doi Scale up of services for mental health in low-income and middle-income countries
    Julian Eaton
    CBM International, Abuja, Nigeria
    Lancet 378:1592-603. 2011
    ..Mental disorders constitute a huge global burden of disease, and there is a large treatment gap, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries. One response to this issue has been the call to scale up mental health services...
  17. doi Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in rural and urban communities in high-, middle-, and low-income countries
    Clara K Chow
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 310:959-68. 2013
    ..Hypertension is the most important preventable cause of morbidity and mortality globally, yet there are relatively few data collected using standardized methods...
  18. doi Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries
    Johan P Mackenbach
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 358:2468-81. 2008
    ..Comparisons among countries can help to identify opportunities for the reduction of inequalities in health. We compared the magnitude of inequalities in mortality and self-assessed health among 22 countries in all parts of Europe...
  19. ncbi Treatment and prevention of mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries
    Vikram Patel
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 370:991-1005. 2007
    ..evidence on effectiveness of interventions for the treatment and prevention of selected mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries...
  20. ncbi Socioeconomic differences in food purchasing behaviour and suggested implications for diet-related health promotion
    G Turrell
    Queensland University of Technology, School of Public Health, Brisbane QLD, Australia
    J Hum Nutr Diet 15:355-64. 2002
    ..Also, the type of food people buy influences the quality of their nutrient intake...
  21. doi Timing of children's vaccinations in 45 low-income and middle-income countries: an analysis of survey data
    Andrew Clark
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 373:1543-9. 2009
    ..We estimated vaccination coverage at different ages, and delays in administration, in 45 low-income and middle-income countries.
  22. pmc Inequalities in access to medical care by income in developed countries
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, Netherlands
    CMAJ 174:177-83. 2006
    ..This is often interpreted as requiring that care be available on the basis of need and not willingness or ability to pay. We sought to examine equity in physician utilization in 21 OECD countries for the year 2000...
  23. pmc Mortality risk in preterm and small-for-gestational-age infants in low-income and middle-income countries: a pooled country analysis
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 382:417-25. 2013
    ..We estimated the neonatal and infant mortality associated with these two characteristics in low-income and middle-income countries.
  24. ncbi Explaining income-related inequalities in doctor utilisation in Europe
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 13:629-47. 2004
    ..We find little or no evidence of income-related inequity in the probability of a GP visit in these countries...
  25. doi Income, dental insurance coverage, and financial barriers to dental care among Canadian adults
    David Locker
    Community Dental Health Serv Res Unit, University of Toronto, Canada
    J Public Health Dent 71:327-34. 2011
    To explore the issue of affordability in dental care by assessing associations between income, dental insurance, and financial barriers to dental care in Canadian adults.
  26. ncbi The problems of relative deprivation: why some societies do better than others
    Richard G Wilkinson
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Soc Sci Med 65:1965-78. 2007
    ..Understanding them seems likely to involve analyses and comparisons of whole societies. Using income inequality as an indicator and determinant of the scale of socioeconomic stratification in a society, we show that ..
  27. doi A systematic review of pediatric adherence to antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries
    Rachel C Vreeman
    Children s Health Services Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:686-91. 2008
    Sustaining antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence requires accurate, consistent monitoring, a particular challenge for low-income countries. The optimal strategy to measure pediatric adherence remains unclear.
  28. pmc Weight of nations: a socioeconomic analysis of women in low- to middle-income countries
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:413-21. 2011
    ..The increasing trend in body mass index (BMI) and overweight in rapidly developing economies is well recognized...
  29. pmc Use of mental health services for anxiety, mood, and substance disorders in 17 countries in the WHO world mental health surveys
    Philip S Wang
    Division of Services and Intervention Research, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, MD, USA
    Lancet 370:841-50. 2007
    Mental disorders are major causes of disability worldwide, including in the low-income and middle-income countries least able to bear such burdens...
  30. pmc Overall and income specific effect on prevalence of overweight and obesity of 20% sugar sweetened drink tax in UK: econometric and comparative risk assessment modelling study
    Adam D M Briggs
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    BMJ 347:f6189. 2013
    To model the overall and income specific effect of a 20% tax on sugar sweetened drinks on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UK.
  31. doi Expansion of cancer care and control in countries of low and middle income: a call to action
    Paul Farmer
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 376:1186-93. 2010
    ..Furthermore, several middle-income countries have included cancer treatment in national health insurance coverage with a focus on people living in ..
  32. pmc Impacts of e-health on the outcomes of care in low- and middle-income countries: where do we go from here?
    John D Piette
    Veteran Affairs Ann Arbor Center for Clinical Management Research, Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Ann Arbor, MI 48113 0170, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 90:365-72. 2012
    ..Little information is available on the impacts of e-health programmes, particularly in low- and middle-income countries...
  33. doi Social epidemiology of hypertension in middle-income countries: determinants of prevalence, diagnosis, treatment, and control in the WHO SAGE study
    Sanjay Basu
    Prevention Research Center, Centers for Health Policy, Primary Care, and Outcomes Research, Center on Poverty and Inequality, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Hypertension 62:18-26. 2013
    Large-scale hypertension screening campaigns have been recommended for middle-income countries. We sought to identify sociodemographic predictors of hypertension prevalence, diagnosis, treatment, and control among middle-income countries...
  34. pmc Disease ecology, biodiversity, and the latitudinal gradient in income
    Matthew H Bonds
    Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001456. 2012
    ..The majority of the extremely poor live in the tropics. The latitudinal gradient in income is highly suggestive of underlying biophysical drivers, of which disease conditions are an especially salient ..
  35. doi How health insurance design affects access to care and costs, by income, in eleven countries
    Cathy Schoen
    Commonwealth Fund, New York City, NY, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:2323-34. 2010
    ..For US adults, comprehensive health reforms could lead to improvements in many of these areas, including reducing differences by income observed in the study.
  36. doi Social gradients and cumulative effects of income and education on dental health in the Fourth German Oral Health Study
    Siegfried Geyer
    Medical Sociology Unit, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 38:120-8. 2010
    To consider differential effects of income and education on oral health for each indicator separately and in combination. Finally the combined effects of the lowest income level and the lowest level of education were examined.
  37. pmc Education, income, occupation, and the 34-year incidence (1965-99) of Type 2 diabetes in the Alameda County Study
    Siobhan C Maty
    School of Community Health, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Portland State University, PO Box 751, Portland, OR 97207 0751, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1274-81. 2005
    ..Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) is related to higher prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, yet little is known about the relationship of SEP with incident diabetes...
  38. pmc Effect of neighbourhood income and maternal education on birth outcomes: a population-based study
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 174:1415-20. 2006
    ..We sought to determine the extent to which associations between adverse birth outcomes and SES can be identified using individual-level measures (maternal level of education) and community-level measures (neighbourhood income).
  39. pmc Income-specific trends in obesity in Brazil: 1975-2003
    Carlos A Monteiro
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 97:1808-12. 2007
    We sought to update income-specific secular trends in obesity in Brazil to assess the hypothesis that the disease burden is shifting toward the poor.
  40. pmc Income inequality and population health
    Johan P Mackenbach
    BMJ 324:1-2. 2002
  41. pmc Economic returns to investment in AIDS treatment in low and middle income countries
    Stephen Resch
    Harvard School of Public Health, Center for Health Decision Science, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e25310. 2011
    ..At end 2011, 3.5 million patients in low and middle income countries will be receiving ART through treatment programs cofinanced by the Global Fund...
  42. ncbi Socioeconomic status and health: what we know and what we don't
    N E Adler
    Health Psychology Program, Center for Health and Community, University of California, SF 94143 0844, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:3-15. 1999
    ....
  43. pmc Inequalities in health care use and expenditures: empirical data from eight developing countries and countries in transition
    M Makinen
    Abt Associates Inc, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:55-65. 2000
    ..Each study divides the population into "income" quintiles, estimated using consumption expenditures...
  44. doi Tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection in close contacts of people with pulmonary tuberculosis in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Janina Morrison
    Francis J Curry National Tuberculosis Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:359-68. 2008
    ..These results suggest that contact investigation merits serious consideration as a means to improve early case detection and decrease transmission of M tuberculosis in high-incidence areas...
  45. ncbi Equity in the delivery of health care in Europe and the US
    E Van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands
    J Health Econ 19:553-83. 2000
    ..In all countries, the lower-income groups are more intensive users of the health care system...
  46. ncbi Socioeconomic disparities in metabolic syndrome differ by gender: evidence from NHANES III
    Eric B Loucks
    Department of Psychiatry and Douglas Hospital Research Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Ann Epidemiol 17:19-26. 2007
    ..The aim of the study is to examine whether socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with metabolic syndrome and whether the association differs by gender and race/ethnicity...
  47. pmc Income inequality, mortality, and self rated health: meta-analysis of multilevel studies
    Naoki Kondo
    Department of Health Sciences, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo shi, Yamanashi, 409 3898 Japan
    BMJ 339:b4471. 2009
    To provide quantitative evaluations on the association between income inequality and health.
  48. ncbi Income disparities in body mass index and obesity in the United States, 1971-2002
    Virginia W Chang
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VAMC, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2122-8. 2005
    Although obesity is frequently associated with poverty, recent increases in obesity may not occur disproportionately among the poor. Furthermore, the relationship between income and weight status may be changing with time.
  49. pmc Aging in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income: associations with physical activity and obesity in older adults
    Abby C King
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5405, USA
    Soc Sci Med 73:1525-33. 2011
    ..S. regional samples of community dwelling older adults living in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income levels. An observational design involving two time points six months apart was employed between 2005 and 2008. U.S...
  50. pmc What are the causal effects of breastfeeding on IQ, obesity and blood pressure? Evidence from comparing high-income with middle-income cohorts
    Marie Jo A Brion
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:670-80. 2011
    A novel approach is explored for improving causal inference in observational studies by comparing cohorts from high-income with low- or middle-income countries (LMIC), where confounding structures differ...
  51. pmc Common mental disorders, neighbourhood income inequality and income deprivation: small-area multilevel analysis
    David Fone
    Institute of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 202:286-93. 2013
    Common mental disorders are more prevalent in areas of high neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation but whether the prevalence varies with neighbourhood income inequality is not known.
  52. doi Annual Research Review: Resilience and mental health in children and adolescents living in areas of armed conflict--a systematic review of findings in low- and middle-income countries
    Wietse A Tol
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54:445-60. 2013
    ..Knowledge on resilience may assist in developing interventions aimed at improving positive outcomes or reducing negative outcomes, termed promotive or protective interventions...
  53. doi Measuring food deserts in New York City's low-income neighborhoods
    Cynthia Gordon
    East and Central Harlem District Public Health Office, 158 E 115th Street, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Health Place 17:696-700. 2011
    ..the neighborhood environment on residents' health, by examining neighborhood food availability and access in low-income and wealthier neighborhoods of New York City...
  54. pmc A cross-sectional study of the microeconomic impact of cardiovascular disease hospitalization in four low- and middle-income countries
    Mark D Huffman
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e20821. 2011
    To estimate individual and household economic impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in selected low- and middle-income countries (LMIC).
  55. pmc Size at birth, weight gain in infancy and childhood, and adult blood pressure in 5 low- and middle-income-country cohorts: when does weight gain matter?
    Linda S Adair
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1383-92. 2009
    ..Promoting catch-up growth in malnourished children has health benefits, but recent evidence suggests that accelerated child weight gain increases adult chronic disease risk...
  56. pmc Neighborhood effects on the long-term well-being of low-income adults
    Jens Ludwig
    Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Science 337:1505-10. 2012
    ..between people whose annual incomes differ by $13,000--a large amount given that the average control group income is $20,000...
  57. doi Strategies for improving the quality of health care in maternal and child health in low- and middle-income countries: an overview of systematic reviews
    Fernando Althabe
    Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy IECS, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:42-60. 2008
    ..Few studies have been undertaken in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) or that address maternal and child health (MCH)...
  58. pmc The consequences of high cigarette excise taxes for low-income smokers
    Matthew C Farrelly
    Research Triangle Institute International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e43838. 2012
    To illustrate the burden of high cigarette excise taxes on low-income smokers.
  59. pmc Chronic hepatitis C treatment outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Nathan Ford
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, 78 rue de Lausanne, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 90:540-50. 2012
    To assess the effectiveness of treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in low- and middle-income countries and identify factors associated with successful outcomes.
  60. pmc Horizontal equity in health care utilization in Brazil, 1998-2008
    James Macinko
    Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University, 411 Lafayette Street, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Int J Equity Health 11:33. 2012
    ..This study assesses trends in horizontal equity in the utilization of healthcare services from 1998 to 2008--a period of major economic and social change in Brazil...
  61. doi Systematic review: handwashing behaviour in low- to middle-income countries: outcome measures and behaviour maintenance
    Stephen M Vindigni
    Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 16:466-77. 2011
    To describe global approaches to handwashing research in low- and middle-income communities, schools and health care settings using behavioural outcome measurement and temporal study design.
  62. pmc Is income inequality a determinant of population health? Part 1. A systematic review
    John Lynch
    Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48104 2548, USA
    Milbank Q 82:5-99. 2004
    This article reviews 98 aggregate and multilevel studies examining the associations between income inequality and health...
  63. ncbi The relationship between racial identity, income, stress and C-reactive protein among parous women: implications for preterm birth disparity research
    Kathleen Paul
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 100:540-6. 2008
    ..2, p = 0.011, and 3.4 vs. 3.6, p = 0.06, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, African-American race, low-income status and their interaction were all independently associated with CRP; when further adjusted for proximal ..
  64. pmc Deeper and wider: income and mortality in the USA over three decades
    Jennifer B Dowd
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Hunter College, City University of New York, CUNY School of Public Health, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 40:183-8. 2011
    Literature on the socio-economic 'gradient' in health often asserts that income is associated with better health not only for the very poor, but also across the entire income distribution...
  65. pmc An agent-based model of income inequalities in diet in the context of residential segregation
    Amy H Auchincloss
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University, 1505 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Am J Prev Med 40:303-11. 2011
    Low dietary quality is a key contributor to obesity and related illnesses, and lower income is generally associated with worse dietary profiles...
  66. pmc Child wellbeing and income inequality in rich societies: ecological cross sectional study
    Kate E Pickett
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD
    BMJ 335:1080. 2007
    To examine associations between child wellbeing and material living standards (average income), the scale of differentiation in social status (income inequality), and social exclusion (children in relative poverty) in rich developed ..
  67. doi Income disparities in perceived neighborhood built and social environment attributes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, 3900 Fifth Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Health Place 17:1274-83. 2011
    ..whether perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with physical activity differ by neighborhood income. Adults aged 20-65 years (n=2199; 48% female; mean age=45 years; 26% ethnic minority) were recruited from 32 ..
  68. pmc High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-being
    Daniel Kahneman
    Center for Health and Well Being, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:16489-93. 2010
    ..b>Income and education are more closely related to life evaluation, but health, care giving, loneliness, and smoking are ..
  69. ncbi "Social capital," GNP per capita, relative income, and health: an ecological study of 23 countries
    Christine Lindström
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Sweden
    Int J Health Serv 36:679-96. 2006
    The effects of social capital, income inequality, and absolute per capita income were investigated in an ecological analysis of 23 rich and poor countries...
  70. pmc Accelerated telomere attrition is associated with relative household income, diet and inflammation in the pSoBid cohort
    Paul G Shiels
    Institute of Cancer Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    PLoS ONE 6:e22521. 2011
    ....
  71. ncbi The prevention of depressive symptoms in low-income, minority children: two-year follow-up
    Esteban V Cardemil
    Frances L Hiatt School of Psychology, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
    Behav Res Ther 45:313-27. 2007
    ..data on the efficacy of the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP), a school-based depression prevention program, with low-income, racial/ethnic minority children...
  72. ncbi Income inequality, primary care, and health indicators
    L Shi
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Hygiene, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
    J Fam Pract 48:275-84. 1999
    The significant association of income inequality with a variety of health indicators is receiving increasing attention. There has also been increasing evidence of a link between primary care and improved health status...
  73. pmc Income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:802-9. 2007
    ..This study examined the association between contextual income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India.
  74. doi Education and risk for acute myocardial infarction in 52 high, middle and low-income countries: INTERHEART case-control study
    A Rosengren
    Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Ostra, SE 416 85 Goteborg, Sweden
    Heart 95:2014-22. 2009
    ..the effect of education and other measures of socioeconomic status (SES) on risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients and controls from countries with diverse economic circumstances (high, middle, and low income countries).
  75. pmc Collaborative care management of major depression among low-income, predominantly Hispanic subjects with diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
    Kathleen Ell
    School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:706-13. 2010
    To determine whether evidence-based socioculturally adapted collaborative depression care improves receipt of depression care and depression and diabetes outcomes in low-income Hispanic subjects.
  76. ncbi Cesarean section rates and maternal and neonatal mortality in low-, medium-, and high-income countries: an ecological study
    Fernando Althabe
    Perinatal Research Unit, Hospital de Clinicas, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Birth 33:270-7. 2006
    ..rates of different countries with their maternal and neonatal mortality and to test the hypothesis that in low-income countries, increasing cesarean section rates were associated with reductions in both outcomes, whereas in high-..
  77. pmc Human papillomavirus vaccine delivery strategies that achieved high coverage in low- and middle-income countries
    D Scott LaMontagne
    PATH, PO Box 900922, Seattle, WA, 98109, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 89:821-830B. 2011
    ..To assess human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage after demonstration projects conducted in India, Peru, Uganda and Viet Nam by PATH and national governments and to explore the reasons for vaccine acceptance or refusal...
  78. pmc Prevalence of and risk factors for childhood overweight and obesity
    Paul J Veugelers
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta
    CMAJ 173:607-13. 2005
    ..We investigated the association between childhood overweight and obesity and risk factors relating to dietary habits, activities, parents and schools...
  79. pmc Growth patterns in early childhood and final attained stature: data from five birth cohorts from low- and middle-income countries
    Aryeh D Stein
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, 748, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 22:353-9. 2010
    ..Growth failure prior to age 12 mo was most strongly associated with adult stature. These consistencies speak to the importance of interventions to address intrauterine growth failure and growth failure in the first 12 mo of life...
  80. pmc Overweight and obesity in urban Africa: A problem of the rich or the poor?
    Abdhalah K Ziraba
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, PO Box 10787, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 9:465. 2009
    ..The specific goals were to describe trends in overweight and obesity among urban women; and examine how these trends vary by education and household wealth...
  81. doi Prevalence of a healthy lifestyle among individuals with cardiovascular disease in high-, middle- and low-income countries: The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study
    Koon Teo
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 309:1613-21. 2013
    ..Little is known about adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors among individuals with a coronary heart disease (CHD) or stroke event in communities across a range of countries worldwide...
  82. pmc Income-related inequalities in dental service utilization by Europeans aged 50+
    S Listl
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging
    J Dent Res 90:717-23. 2011
    The purpose of this study was to describe income-related inequalities in dental service utilization by the elderly populations residing in different European countries...
  83. doi Money, schooling, and health: Mechanisms and causal evidence
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:56-68. 2010
    ..Similarly, thousands of studies have found a relationship between higher income and better health...
  84. ncbi Equity in health and health care: the Chinese experience
    Y Liu
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Sci Med 49:1349-56. 1999
    ..in health status between urban and rural residents in the transitional period, correlated with increasing gaps in income and health care utilization...
  85. pmc Socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors for mortality in a national 19-year prospective study of U.S. adults
    Paula M Lantz
    Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, United States
    Soc Sci Med 70:1558-66. 2010
    ..The results revealed that low educational attainment was not associated with mortality when income and health risk behaviors were included in the model...
  86. pmc Stroke disparities in older Americans: is wealth a more powerful indicator of risk than income and education?
    Mauricio Avendano
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Stroke 39:1533-40. 2008
    This study examines the independent effect of wealth, income, and education on stroke and how these disparities evolve throughout middle and old age in a representative cohort of older Americans.
  87. pmc The uptake of integrated perinatal prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Lorainne Tudor Car
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e56550. 2013
    The objective of this review was to assess the uptake of WHO recommended integrated perinatal prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV interventions in low- and middle-income countries.
  88. doi Money and happiness: rank of income, not income, affects life satisfaction
    Christopher J Boyce
    Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
    Psychol Sci 21:471-5. 2010
    ..happiness, or does happiness come indirectly from the higher rank in society that money brings? We tested a rank-income hypothesis, according to which people gain utility from the ranked position of their income within a comparison ..
  89. doi Disability pensioning: the gender divide can be explained by occupation, income, mental distress and health
    Bjørgulf Claussen
    Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 37:590-7. 2009
    We aimed to test the hypothesis that gender divide in disability pensioning is attributable to differences in health, mental distress, occupation, and income.
  90. pmc Income-related health inequalities in Canada and the United States: a decomposition analysis
    Kimberlyn M McGrail
    Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, The University of British Columbia, 201 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:1856-63. 2009
    We examined income-related inequalities in self-reported health in the United States and Canada and the extent to which they are associated with individual-level risk factors and health care system characteristics.
  91. doi Control of iron deficiency anemia in low- and middle-income countries
    Sant Rayn Pasricha
    Nossal Institute for Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Australia
    Blood 121:2607-17. 2013
    ..This review provides an overview and an approach for the implementation of public health interventions for controlling IDA in low- and middle-income countries, with an emphasis on current evidence-based recommendations.
  92. pmc Epidemiology of stillbirth in low-middle income countries: a Global Network Study
    Elizabeth M McClure
    Research Triangle Institute, Durham, NC, USA
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 90:1379-85. 2011
    ..To determine population-based stillbirth rates and to determine whether the timing and maturity of the stillbirths suggest a high proportion of potentially preventable deaths...
  93. ncbi Wheezing during the first year of life in infants from low-income population: a descriptive study
    J Mallol
    Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Santiago de Chile USACH, Hospital CRS El Pino, Santiago, Chile
    Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 33:257-63. 2005
    ..Recurrent wheezing (RW) plays an important role in the morbidity and mortality of children during the first year of life in developing regions and its actual incidence in those areas is virtually unknown...
  94. pmc Snacking habits and caries in young children
    I Johansson
    Department of Odontology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Caries Res 44:421-30. 2010
    ..58 and 0.93, respectively. Multivariate partial least squares (PLS) modelling revealed plaque presence, lowest income, descriptors for tooth exposure time (number of teeth and age) and cariogenic challenge (total intake of sugar-..
  95. ncbi Household Consumption and Expenditures Surveys (HCES): a primer for food and nutrition analysts in low- and middle-income countries
    John L Fiedler
    HarvestPlus, IFPRI, 2033 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 33:S170-84. 2012
    ....
  96. pmc The validity of the SF-36 in an Australian National Household Survey: demonstrating the applicability of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey to examination of health inequalities
    Peter Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, ACT 0200 Australia
    BMC Public Health 4:44. 2004
    ..The inclusion of the SF-36 in the first Australian national household panel survey, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, provides an opportunity to investigate health inequalities...
  97. pmc Association between forgone care and household income among the elderly in five Western European countries - analyses based on survey data from the SHARE-study
    Andreas Mielck
    Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, PO Box 1129, 85758 Neuherberg, Germany
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:52. 2009
    Studies on the association between access to health care and household income have rarely included an assessment of 'forgone care', but this indicator could add to our understanding of the inverse care law...
  98. pmc Diet and physical activity for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic policy review
    Carl Lachat
    Nutrition and Child Health Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    PLoS Med 10:e1001465. 2013
    Diet-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and constitute a leading cause of mortality...
  99. pmc Suicide rates and income in São Paulo and Brazil: a temporal and spatial epidemiologic analysis from 1996 to 2008
    Daniel H Bando
    Doctoral Program of Sciences, Faculdade de Medicina, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    BMC Psychiatry 12:127. 2012
    ..It is known that suicide rates are associated with income, although the direction of this association varies worldwide...
  100. pmc Incidence of ischaemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C study
    Olivier Grimaud
    EHESP Epidemiology, avenue du Pr Leon Bernard, Rennes 35043, France
    Age Ageing 40:116-21. 2011
    ..stroke has been shown to follow a social gradient with incidence rising as socioeconomic status decreases...
  101. doi Is wealthier always healthier in poor countries? The health implications of income, inequality, poverty, and literacy in India
    Keertichandra Rajan
    Department of Sociology, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RQ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 88:98-107. 2013
    ..policy prescriptions for improving public health in less developed countries (LDCs) prioritise raising average income levels over redistributive policies since it is widely accepted that 'wealthier is healthier'...

Research Grants79

  1. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    DENNIS PATTRATH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
  3. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
  4. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  5. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  6. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  7. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
  8. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to ..
  9. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  10. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  11. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  12. The gastric X/A-like (ghrelin) cell: A peripheral regulator of food intake
    NILS WG LAMBRECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed studies will address important pathophysiological questions regarding the mechanisms regulating appetite and satiety as well as provide potentially important clinical treatment strategies. ..
  13. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4
    Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
  14. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4
    Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to ..
  15. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
  16. Optimized Growth Media to Detect Intracellular Bacteria Implicated in Chronic Dis
    PATRICIA MASCARELLI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to ..
  18. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to ..
  19. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 7
    TAMARA COMBS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
  20. Natural History and Prevention of Viral Hepatitis Among Alaska Natives
    BRIAN JAMES MCMAHON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  22. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  23. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  24. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  25. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  26. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  27. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1
    Colleen Cuddy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
  28. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  29. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  30. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  31. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1
    KATE BURR OLIVER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to ..
  32. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  33. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  34. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  35. AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HUMAN GENETICS PUBLIC HEALTH GENETICS FELLOWSHIP
    Joann A Boughman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Other i. Total Direct Charges (sum of 6a-6h) j. Indirect Charges k. TOTALS (sum of 61 and 6j) 7. Program Income SECTION B - BUDGET CATEGORIES Gi^NT PROGRAM, FUNCTION OR ACTIVlPi'Total (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Public Health ..
  36. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-CCC-Lead
    CYNTHIA T MCEVOY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Teen pregnancy, low income, low education, and living with another smoker are important factors increasing the odds of smoking during ..
  37. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7
    Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  38. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7
    Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  39. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7
    Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  40. Clinical , Mechanical and Chemical Evaluation of Amalgam and ART Restorations
    Lilliam Marie Pinzon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dental caries (tooth decay) remains a significant national and international health problem, especially in low- income and disadvantaged populations...
  41. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1
    BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  42. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1
    BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  43. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1
    BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
  44. INTERNET ENHANCED HEALTH PROMOTION FOR OBESE ETHNIC MINORITY ADOLESCENTS
    Jessica A Whiteley; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..that not only achieve weight loss but facilitate sustainability of healthy weight are needed, particularly for low income racially and ethnically diverse populations where the prevalence of overweight is highest...
  45. Expanding Vietnamese Community and Academic Infrastructure for Health Research
    Bang H Nguyen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..aims in the Vietnamese and Asian American communities, the model will be disseminated to other underserved, low income, ethnic, and racial populations throughout the U.S...
  46. Advanced Nitric Oxide Release Bactericidal Urinary Catheters
    Mark E Meyerhoff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  47. Photoperiod Brain and Behavior
    Randy J Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  48. Transforming PCI Informed Consent into an Evidence-based Decision-making Tool
    John A Spertus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will then estimate the cost-savings associated with more rational BAT use to test the hypothesis that PRISM will improve the cost-effectiveness of PCI. ..
  49. Improving Patient Safety: Context and Nurses'Work Processes for Pressure Ulcers
    Lynn M Soban; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3. This is an important topic and the proposed research could eventually decrease pressure ulcer incidence in acute units, which would improve patient outcomes and decrease costs. ..
  50. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-DCC
    Cynthia D Morris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Teen pregnancy, low income, low education, and living with another smoker are important factors increasing the odds of smoking during ..
  51. Salivary-based Bone-loss Marker Detection Platform for Point-of-Care Screening
    MANAL BESHAY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Significant cost savings will be realized in the reduction of osteoporosis-related fractures and associated treatment. ..
  52. Addressing Psychosocial Disparities in Rural Hispanic Cancer Survivors
    Rachel M Ceballos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., low education/income, rural), and assess program materials...
  53. Novel Phosphate Binder: Effects on Hyperphosphatemia, Vascular Calcification & Bo
    DEANNA J contact NELSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  54. Biochemical, Biomechanical & Morphological Properties of Quantitative Ultrasound
    Barbara L McFarlin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Reducing the preterm birth rate to 7% in the United States is a goal of the Healthy People 2010 initiative, and it is only by reducing the incidence of preterm birth that infant mortality in the United States can be addressed. ..
  55. Downregulation of Rod Metabolism in Retinopathy of Prematurity
    JAMES DANIEL AKULA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the incidence and severity of ROP in middle income countries is near all-time highs...
  56. A dataset for the study of the social determinants of health.
    Peter A Muennig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..disparities in access to quality education between groups results in occupational disparities that lead to income disparities...
  57. Daily Experience in Adolescence and Biomarkers of Early Risk for Adult Health
    Andrew J Fuligni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the mechanisms by which global social factors identified in demographic surveys, such as lower education and income, play themselves out in individuals'daily lives...
  58. Novel Drug VS-105 for Treatment of Osteoporosis
    Jinshyun Ruth Wu-Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Assuming Vidasym's VS-105 has a modest 5% penetration into the osteoporosis market, the estimated annual sales will be US$0.6+ billion. ..
  59. Underserved Men's Understanding of Androgen Deprivation Therapy Related Risks
    Sally L Maliski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..For purposes of this study, we will define underserved as low-income and uninsured or publically insured...
  60. The Greatest Generation: The NAS-NRC WWII Twin Registry as a Scientific Resource
    Margaret Gatz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Knowing education at enlistment, subsequent education obtained under the GI bill, and life time income stream we can look at how these factors are related to treated medical conditions and the length of life...
  61. Inflammation and Sub-Clinical Renal Damage in Cocaine-Dependent African Americans
    ELIZABETH GROOMS NESMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Secondary variables for covariate analysis include addiction severity, demographic, income, and education variables, and physical and mental health functioning...
  62. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular Risk
    Sheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms leading to disparate risk for obesity in low-income and Hispanic/Latino youth...
  63. Fully Biodegradable Polymersome-encapsulated Hemoglobin as a Novel Nanoparticle-b
    PAIMAN PETER GHOROGHCHIAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Significant additional advantages will be a tremendous cost savings to the health care system in reduced operating costs, as well as enormous job creation and economic stimulus. ..
  64. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..exists that assesses overall dietary quality or explores the effects of potentially modifiable factors on low- income women's dietary intake during the critical first trimester...
  65. Access to Care of Medicare and Medicaid Enrollees
    Marlene Niefeld; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Despite the provision of health insurance to low-income seniors, access to health care problems persist...
  66. Evaluating Economic Subsidies To Improve Dietary Intake Among Low Income Families
    Marian L Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In an effort to improve dietary intake and address the high prevalence of obesity among low-income children, the US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service (USDA-FNS) published an interim rule in the ..
  67. Sources of Change and Stability in Low-Income Black Marriages
    BENJAMIN REUVEN KARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Among families with an annual household income greater than $50,000, the risk that a marriage will end in the first 10 years is actually the same for black and ..
  68. The Shape of Income and Mortality
    George Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..For example, according to a MEDLINE search, well over 700 articles on the association between income and mortality have appeared since 1990, not including analyses that only included income as an adjustment variable...
  69. Preventing Postpartum Smoking Relapse: A C-SHIP Based Text Messaging Intervention
    Suzanne M Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is challenging, due in large part to the competing needs and stressors in this population, especially among low income women...
  70. Translating Dietary Trials into the Community
    Alain Bertoni; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..There is limited evidence that DASH has been widely adopted by the public and AA from lower income communities may be less able to adopt DASH as currently disseminated due to barriers related to income, education, ..
  71. An analysis of environmental risk factors for obesity
    Walker Poston; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..as follows: Aim 1: To examine differences in obesity prevalence among census block-groups stratified by household income level (our pilot data suggest that household income level is a powerful proxy variable for the presence of obesity-..
  72. CHOLESTEROL TREATMENT MODEL FOR LOW INCOME PATIENTS
    Ross Simpson; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..diet treatment component of the Assist Model in three practice settings which serve southern, low income patients. A validated Dietary Risk Assessment is the foundation of our Assist Model intervention...
  73. Racial & Ethnic Disparities in Incidence and Inpatient Outcomes of Acute Stroke
    Amresh D Hanchate; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Non- Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics were each stratified into three income categories - lower, middle and higher;age-sex adjusted acute stroke incidence rates were obtained for each cohort...
  74. UMB/DFHCC Comprehensive Cancer Partnership Program
    Karen Emmons; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION Overweight and obesity disproportionately affect racial and ethnic minority and lower income populations, particularly women...
  75. The Social Safety Net, Poverty, and Material Hardship
    SIGNE MARY MCKERNAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The United States spends over $500 billion a year for income-tested programs...
  76. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..parents to spend more time in formal employment, subject them to time limits and sanctions on the receipt of income assistance, and may result in unstable health care coverage for their families...
  77. Improving Health Habits: Self-Care Priorities
    Lillian Gelberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Poor diet and physical inactivity among low-income, minority populations have been linked to greater risk of chronic disease conditions such as overweight/obesity and cancer...
  78. Child Care Resources in Low-income Families
    REBEKAH COLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..broad goals of this study are to strengthen our understanding of the child care decisions and experiences of low-income families living in economically disadvantaged urban communities, and of the implications of child care experiences ..
  79. Economic Liberalization and Social Inequality in Mexico
    ANDRES VILLARREAL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Assessing the impact of economic liberalization on the distribution of income is important not only because inequality is a problem in itself, but because it has also been shown to have ..