Genomes and Genes
Summary: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Publications339 found, 100 shown here
- Are American children and adolescents of low socioeconomic status at increased risk of obesity? Changes in the association between overweight and family income between 1971 and 2002Youfa Wang
Center for Human Nutrition, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:707-16. 2006..A good understanding of the association between obesity and socioeconomic status (SES) has many important public health and policies implications, particularly for the prevention and management of obesity...
- Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countriesRobert E Black
Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Lancet 382:427-51. 2013Maternal and child malnutrition in low-income and middle-income countries encompasses both undernutrition and a growing problem with overweight and obesity...
- Poverty and mental disorders: breaking the cycle in low-income and middle-income countriesCrick Lund
Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Lancet 378:1502-14. 2011Growing international evidence shows that mental ill health and poverty interact in a negative cycle in low-income and middle-income countries. However, little is known about the interventions that are needed to break this cycle...
- Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit allPaula A Braveman
Center on Social Disparities in Health and Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0900, USA
JAMA 294:2879-88. 2005..For example, marked racial/ethnic differences in income at a given educational level and in wealth at a given income level raise questions about the socioeconomic ..
- Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of IndiaD Filmer
Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
Demography 38:115-32. 2001..On average a "rich" child is 31 percentage points more likely to be enrolled than a "poor" child, but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar...
- Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomesJames F Sallis
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009..The purpose of the present study was to test associations of neighborhood built environment and median income to multiple health outcomes and examine whether associations are similar for low- and high-income groups...
- Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysisKe Xu
Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 362:111-7. 2003..Yet catastrophic expenditure is not rare. We investigated the extent of catastrophic health expenditure as a first step to developing appropriate policy responses...
- Associations of linear growth and relative weight gain during early life with adult health and human capital in countries of low and middle income: findings from five birth cohort studiesLinda S Adair
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 2524, USA
Lancet 382:525-34. 2013Fast weight gain and linear growth in children in low-income and middle-income countries are associated with enhanced survival and improved cognitive development, but might increase risk of obesity and related adult cardiometabolic ..
- Mortality of HIV-1-infected patients in the first year of antiretroviral therapy: comparison between low-income and high-income countriesPaula Braitstein
Lancet 367:817-24. 2006..We compared baseline characteristics and outcomes during the first year of HAART between HIV-1-infected patients in low-income and high-income settings.
- Comparative performance of private and public healthcare systems in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic reviewSanjay Basu
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
PLoS Med 9:e1001244. 2012Private sector healthcare delivery in low- and middle-income countries is sometimes argued to be more efficient, accountable, and sustainable than public sector delivery...
- Why do women not use antenatal services in low- and middle-income countries? A meta-synthesis of qualitative studiesKenneth Finlayson
Research into Childbirth and Health Unit, School of Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
PLoS Med 10:e1001373. 2013Almost 50% of women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) don't receive adequate antenatal care. Women's views can offer important insights into this problem...
- Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challengesMichael Kent Ranson
Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002..Self Employed Women's Association's Medical Insurance Fund in Gujarat in terms of insurance coverage according to income groups, protection of claimants from costs of hospitalization, time between discharge and reimbursement, and ..
- Impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income householdsEric A Finkelstein
Health Services and Systems Research Program, Duke National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore
Arch Intern Med 170:2028-34. 2010Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes are increasingly being considered as a strategy for addressing the obesity epidemic. We sought to investigate the differential impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income households.
- Income inequality, social capital and self-rated health and dental status in older JapaneseJun Aida
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Soc Sci Med 73:1561-8. 2011The erosion of social capital in more unequal societies is one mechanism for the association between income inequality and health...
- Income inequality and population health: a review and explanation of the evidenceRichard G Wilkinson
Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham Medical School, UK
Soc Sci Med 62:1768-84. 2006Whether or not the scale of a society's income inequality is a determinant of population health is still regarded as a controversial issue...
- Scale up of services for mental health in low-income and middle-income countriesJulian Eaton
CBM International, Abuja, Nigeria
Lancet 378:1592-603. 2011..Mental disorders constitute a huge global burden of disease, and there is a large treatment gap, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries. One response to this issue has been the call to scale up mental health services...
- Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in rural and urban communities in high-, middle-, and low-income countriesClara K Chow
Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 310:959-68. 2013..Hypertension is the most important preventable cause of morbidity and mortality globally, yet there are relatively few data collected using standardized methods...
- Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countriesJohan P Mackenbach
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
N Engl J Med 358:2468-81. 2008..Comparisons among countries can help to identify opportunities for the reduction of inequalities in health. We compared the magnitude of inequalities in mortality and self-assessed health among 22 countries in all parts of Europe...
- Treatment and prevention of mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countriesVikram Patel
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 370:991-1005. 2007..evidence on effectiveness of interventions for the treatment and prevention of selected mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries...
- Socioeconomic differences in food purchasing behaviour and suggested implications for diet-related health promotionG Turrell
Queensland University of Technology, School of Public Health, Brisbane QLD, Australia
J Hum Nutr Diet 15:355-64. 2002..Also, the type of food people buy influences the quality of their nutrient intake...
- Timing of children's vaccinations in 45 low-income and middle-income countries: an analysis of survey dataAndrew Clark
Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 373:1543-9. 2009..We estimated vaccination coverage at different ages, and delays in administration, in 45 low-income and middle-income countries.
- Inequalities in access to medical care by income in developed countriesEddy van Doorslaer
Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, Netherlands
CMAJ 174:177-83. 2006..This is often interpreted as requiring that care be available on the basis of need and not willingness or ability to pay. We sought to examine equity in physician utilization in 21 OECD countries for the year 2000...
- Mortality risk in preterm and small-for-gestational-age infants in low-income and middle-income countries: a pooled country analysisJoanne Katz
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Lancet 382:417-25. 2013..We estimated the neonatal and infant mortality associated with these two characteristics in low-income and middle-income countries.
- Explaining income-related inequalities in doctor utilisation in EuropeEddy van Doorslaer
Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Health Econ 13:629-47. 2004..We find little or no evidence of income-related inequity in the probability of a GP visit in these countries...
- Income, dental insurance coverage, and financial barriers to dental care among Canadian adultsDavid Locker
Community Dental Health Serv Res Unit, University of Toronto, Canada
J Public Health Dent 71:327-34. 2011To explore the issue of affordability in dental care by assessing associations between income, dental insurance, and financial barriers to dental care in Canadian adults.
- The problems of relative deprivation: why some societies do better than othersRichard G Wilkinson
Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
Soc Sci Med 65:1965-78. 2007..Understanding them seems likely to involve analyses and comparisons of whole societies. Using income inequality as an indicator and determinant of the scale of socioeconomic stratification in a society, we show that ..
- A systematic review of pediatric adherence to antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countriesRachel C Vreeman
Children s Health Services Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:686-91. 2008Sustaining antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence requires accurate, consistent monitoring, a particular challenge for low-income countries. The optimal strategy to measure pediatric adherence remains unclear.
- Weight of nations: a socioeconomic analysis of women in low- to middle-income countriesS V Subramanian
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 93:413-21. 2011..The increasing trend in body mass index (BMI) and overweight in rapidly developing economies is well recognized...
- Use of mental health services for anxiety, mood, and substance disorders in 17 countries in the WHO world mental health surveysPhilip S Wang
Division of Services and Intervention Research, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, MD, USA
Lancet 370:841-50. 2007Mental disorders are major causes of disability worldwide, including in the low-income and middle-income countries least able to bear such burdens...
- Overall and income specific effect on prevalence of overweight and obesity of 20% sugar sweetened drink tax in UK: econometric and comparative risk assessment modelling studyAdam D M Briggs
British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
BMJ 347:f6189. 2013To model the overall and income specific effect of a 20% tax on sugar sweetened drinks on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UK.
- Expansion of cancer care and control in countries of low and middle income: a call to actionPaul Farmer
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Lancet 376:1186-93. 2010..Furthermore, several middle-income countries have included cancer treatment in national health insurance coverage with a focus on people living in ..
- Impacts of e-health on the outcomes of care in low- and middle-income countries: where do we go from here?John D Piette
Veteran Affairs Ann Arbor Center for Clinical Management Research, Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Ann Arbor, MI 48113 0170, USA
Bull World Health Organ 90:365-72. 2012..Little information is available on the impacts of e-health programmes, particularly in low- and middle-income countries...
- Social epidemiology of hypertension in middle-income countries: determinants of prevalence, diagnosis, treatment, and control in the WHO SAGE studySanjay Basu
Prevention Research Center, Centers for Health Policy, Primary Care, and Outcomes Research, Center on Poverty and Inequality, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Hypertension 62:18-26. 2013Large-scale hypertension screening campaigns have been recommended for middle-income countries. We sought to identify sociodemographic predictors of hypertension prevalence, diagnosis, treatment, and control among middle-income countries...
- Disease ecology, biodiversity, and the latitudinal gradient in incomeMatthew H Bonds
Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Biol 10:e1001456. 2012..The majority of the extremely poor live in the tropics. The latitudinal gradient in income is highly suggestive of underlying biophysical drivers, of which disease conditions are an especially salient ..
- How health insurance design affects access to care and costs, by income, in eleven countriesCathy Schoen
Commonwealth Fund, New York City, NY, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 29:2323-34. 2010..For US adults, comprehensive health reforms could lead to improvements in many of these areas, including reducing differences by income observed in the study.
- Social gradients and cumulative effects of income and education on dental health in the Fourth German Oral Health StudySiegfried Geyer
Medical Sociology Unit, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 38:120-8. 2010To consider differential effects of income and education on oral health for each indicator separately and in combination. Finally the combined effects of the lowest income level and the lowest level of education were examined.
- Education, income, occupation, and the 34-year incidence (1965-99) of Type 2 diabetes in the Alameda County StudySiobhan C Maty
School of Community Health, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Portland State University, PO Box 751, Portland, OR 97207 0751, USA
Int J Epidemiol 34:1274-81. 2005..Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) is related to higher prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, yet little is known about the relationship of SEP with incident diabetes...
- Effect of neighbourhood income and maternal education on birth outcomes: a population-based studyZhong Cheng Luo
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Que
CMAJ 174:1415-20. 2006..We sought to determine the extent to which associations between adverse birth outcomes and SES can be identified using individual-level measures (maternal level of education) and community-level measures (neighbourhood income).
- Income-specific trends in obesity in Brazil: 1975-2003Carlos A Monteiro
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Am J Public Health 97:1808-12. 2007We sought to update income-specific secular trends in obesity in Brazil to assess the hypothesis that the disease burden is shifting toward the poor.
- Income inequality and population healthJohan P Mackenbach
BMJ 324:1-2. 2002
- Economic returns to investment in AIDS treatment in low and middle income countriesStephen Resch
Harvard School of Public Health, Center for Health Decision Science, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e25310. 2011..At end 2011, 3.5 million patients in low and middle income countries will be receiving ART through treatment programs cofinanced by the Global Fund...
- Socioeconomic status and health: what we know and what we don'tN E Adler
Health Psychology Program, Center for Health and Community, University of California, SF 94143 0844, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:3-15. 1999....
- Inequalities in health care use and expenditures: empirical data from eight developing countries and countries in transitionM Makinen
Abt Associates Inc, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Bull World Health Organ 78:55-65. 2000..Each study divides the population into "income" quintiles, estimated using consumption expenditures...
- Tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection in close contacts of people with pulmonary tuberculosis in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysisJanina Morrison
Francis J Curry National Tuberculosis Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
Lancet Infect Dis 8:359-68. 2008..These results suggest that contact investigation merits serious consideration as a means to improve early case detection and decrease transmission of M tuberculosis in high-incidence areas...
- Equity in the delivery of health care in Europe and the USE Van Doorslaer
Department of Health Policy, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands
J Health Econ 19:553-83. 2000..In all countries, the lower-income groups are more intensive users of the health care system...
- Socioeconomic disparities in metabolic syndrome differ by gender: evidence from NHANES IIIEric B Loucks
Department of Psychiatry and Douglas Hospital Research Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Ann Epidemiol 17:19-26. 2007..The aim of the study is to examine whether socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with metabolic syndrome and whether the association differs by gender and race/ethnicity...
- Income inequality, mortality, and self rated health: meta-analysis of multilevel studiesNaoki Kondo
Department of Health Sciences, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo shi, Yamanashi, 409 3898 Japan
BMJ 339:b4471. 2009To provide quantitative evaluations on the association between income inequality and health.
- Income disparities in body mass index and obesity in the United States, 1971-2002Virginia W Chang
Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VAMC, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
Arch Intern Med 165:2122-8. 2005Although obesity is frequently associated with poverty, recent increases in obesity may not occur disproportionately among the poor. Furthermore, the relationship between income and weight status may be changing with time.
- Aging in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income: associations with physical activity and obesity in older adultsAbby C King
Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5405, USA
Soc Sci Med 73:1525-33. 2011..S. regional samples of community dwelling older adults living in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income levels. An observational design involving two time points six months apart was employed between 2005 and 2008. U.S...
- What are the causal effects of breastfeeding on IQ, obesity and blood pressure? Evidence from comparing high-income with middle-income cohortsMarie Jo A Brion
MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Int J Epidemiol 40:670-80. 2011A novel approach is explored for improving causal inference in observational studies by comparing cohorts from high-income with low- or middle-income countries (LMIC), where confounding structures differ...
- Common mental disorders, neighbourhood income inequality and income deprivation: small-area multilevel analysisDavid Fone
Institute of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, UK
Br J Psychiatry 202:286-93. 2013Common mental disorders are more prevalent in areas of high neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation but whether the prevalence varies with neighbourhood income inequality is not known.
- Annual Research Review: Resilience and mental health in children and adolescents living in areas of armed conflict--a systematic review of findings in low- and middle-income countriesWietse A Tol
Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54:445-60. 2013..Knowledge on resilience may assist in developing interventions aimed at improving positive outcomes or reducing negative outcomes, termed promotive or protective interventions...
- Measuring food deserts in New York City's low-income neighborhoodsCynthia Gordon
East and Central Harlem District Public Health Office, 158 E 115th Street, New York, NY 10029, USA
Health Place 17:696-700. 2011..the neighborhood environment on residents' health, by examining neighborhood food availability and access in low-income and wealthier neighborhoods of New York City...
- A cross-sectional study of the microeconomic impact of cardiovascular disease hospitalization in four low- and middle-income countriesMark D Huffman
Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e20821. 2011To estimate individual and household economic impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in selected low- and middle-income countries (LMIC).
- Size at birth, weight gain in infancy and childhood, and adult blood pressure in 5 low- and middle-income-country cohorts: when does weight gain matter?Linda S Adair
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1383-92. 2009..Promoting catch-up growth in malnourished children has health benefits, but recent evidence suggests that accelerated child weight gain increases adult chronic disease risk...
- Neighborhood effects on the long-term well-being of low-income adultsJens Ludwig
Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Science 337:1505-10. 2012..between people whose annual incomes differ by $13,000--a large amount given that the average control group income is $20,000...
- Strategies for improving the quality of health care in maternal and child health in low- and middle-income countries: an overview of systematic reviewsFernando Althabe
Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy IECS, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:42-60. 2008..Few studies have been undertaken in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) or that address maternal and child health (MCH)...
- The consequences of high cigarette excise taxes for low-income smokersMatthew C Farrelly
Research Triangle Institute International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e43838. 2012To illustrate the burden of high cigarette excise taxes on low-income smokers.
- Chronic hepatitis C treatment outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysisNathan Ford
Medecins Sans Frontieres, 78 rue de Lausanne, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 90:540-50. 2012To assess the effectiveness of treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in low- and middle-income countries and identify factors associated with successful outcomes.
- Horizontal equity in health care utilization in Brazil, 1998-2008James Macinko
Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University, 411 Lafayette Street, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10003, USA
Int J Equity Health 11:33. 2012..This study assesses trends in horizontal equity in the utilization of healthcare services from 1998 to 2008--a period of major economic and social change in Brazil...
- Systematic review: handwashing behaviour in low- to middle-income countries: outcome measures and behaviour maintenanceStephen M Vindigni
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
Trop Med Int Health 16:466-77. 2011To describe global approaches to handwashing research in low- and middle-income communities, schools and health care settings using behavioural outcome measurement and temporal study design.
- Is income inequality a determinant of population health? Part 1. A systematic reviewJohn Lynch
Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48104 2548, USA
Milbank Q 82:5-99. 2004This article reviews 98 aggregate and multilevel studies examining the associations between income inequality and health...
- The relationship between racial identity, income, stress and C-reactive protein among parous women: implications for preterm birth disparity researchKathleen Paul
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
J Natl Med Assoc 100:540-6. 2008..2, p = 0.011, and 3.4 vs. 3.6, p = 0.06, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, African-American race, low-income status and their interaction were all independently associated with CRP; when further adjusted for proximal ..
- Deeper and wider: income and mortality in the USA over three decadesJennifer B Dowd
Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Hunter College, City University of New York, CUNY School of Public Health, New York, NY 10010, USA
Int J Epidemiol 40:183-8. 2011Literature on the socio-economic 'gradient' in health often asserts that income is associated with better health not only for the very poor, but also across the entire income distribution...
- An agent-based model of income inequalities in diet in the context of residential segregationAmy H Auchincloss
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University, 1505 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
Am J Prev Med 40:303-11. 2011Low dietary quality is a key contributor to obesity and related illnesses, and lower income is generally associated with worse dietary profiles...
- Child wellbeing and income inequality in rich societies: ecological cross sectional studyKate E Pickett
Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD
BMJ 335:1080. 2007To examine associations between child wellbeing and material living standards (average income), the scale of differentiation in social status (income inequality), and social exclusion (children in relative poverty) in rich developed ..
- Income disparities in perceived neighborhood built and social environment attributesJames F Sallis
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, 3900 Fifth Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Health Place 17:1274-83. 2011..whether perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with physical activity differ by neighborhood income. Adults aged 20-65 years (n=2199; 48% female; mean age=45 years; 26% ethnic minority) were recruited from 32 ..
- High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-beingDaniel Kahneman
Center for Health and Well Being, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:16489-93. 2010..b>Income and education are more closely related to life evaluation, but health, care giving, loneliness, and smoking are ..
- "Social capital," GNP per capita, relative income, and health: an ecological study of 23 countriesChristine Lindström
Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Sweden
Int J Health Serv 36:679-96. 2006The effects of social capital, income inequality, and absolute per capita income were investigated in an ecological analysis of 23 rich and poor countries...
- Accelerated telomere attrition is associated with relative household income, diet and inflammation in the pSoBid cohortPaul G Shiels
Institute of Cancer Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
PLoS ONE 6:e22521. 2011....
- The prevention of depressive symptoms in low-income, minority children: two-year follow-upEsteban V Cardemil
Frances L Hiatt School of Psychology, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
Behav Res Ther 45:313-27. 2007..data on the efficacy of the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP), a school-based depression prevention program, with low-income, racial/ethnic minority children...
- Income inequality, primary care, and health indicatorsL Shi
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Hygiene, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
J Fam Pract 48:275-84. 1999The significant association of income inequality with a variety of health indicators is receiving increasing attention. There has also been increasing evidence of a link between primary care and improved health status...
- Income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in IndiaS V Subramanian
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:802-9. 2007..This study examined the association between contextual income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India.
- Education and risk for acute myocardial infarction in 52 high, middle and low-income countries: INTERHEART case-control studyA Rosengren
Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Ostra, SE 416 85 Goteborg, Sweden
Heart 95:2014-22. 2009..the effect of education and other measures of socioeconomic status (SES) on risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients and controls from countries with diverse economic circumstances (high, middle, and low income countries).
- Collaborative care management of major depression among low-income, predominantly Hispanic subjects with diabetes: a randomized controlled trialKathleen Ell
School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Diabetes Care 33:706-13. 2010To determine whether evidence-based socioculturally adapted collaborative depression care improves receipt of depression care and depression and diabetes outcomes in low-income Hispanic subjects.
- Cesarean section rates and maternal and neonatal mortality in low-, medium-, and high-income countries: an ecological studyFernando Althabe
Perinatal Research Unit, Hospital de Clinicas, Montevideo, Uruguay
Birth 33:270-7. 2006..rates of different countries with their maternal and neonatal mortality and to test the hypothesis that in low-income countries, increasing cesarean section rates were associated with reductions in both outcomes, whereas in high-..
- Human papillomavirus vaccine delivery strategies that achieved high coverage in low- and middle-income countriesD Scott LaMontagne
PATH, PO Box 900922, Seattle, WA, 98109, United States of America
Bull World Health Organ 89:821-830B. 2011..To assess human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage after demonstration projects conducted in India, Peru, Uganda and Viet Nam by PATH and national governments and to explore the reasons for vaccine acceptance or refusal...
- Prevalence of and risk factors for childhood overweight and obesityPaul J Veugelers
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta
CMAJ 173:607-13. 2005..We investigated the association between childhood overweight and obesity and risk factors relating to dietary habits, activities, parents and schools...
- Growth patterns in early childhood and final attained stature: data from five birth cohorts from low- and middle-income countriesAryeh D Stein
Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, 748, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Am J Hum Biol 22:353-9. 2010..Growth failure prior to age 12 mo was most strongly associated with adult stature. These consistencies speak to the importance of interventions to address intrauterine growth failure and growth failure in the first 12 mo of life...
- Overweight and obesity in urban Africa: A problem of the rich or the poor?Abdhalah K Ziraba
African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, PO Box 10787, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
BMC Public Health 9:465. 2009..The specific goals were to describe trends in overweight and obesity among urban women; and examine how these trends vary by education and household wealth...
- Prevalence of a healthy lifestyle among individuals with cardiovascular disease in high-, middle- and low-income countries: The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) studyKoon Teo
Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 309:1613-21. 2013..Little is known about adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors among individuals with a coronary heart disease (CHD) or stroke event in communities across a range of countries worldwide...
- Income-related inequalities in dental service utilization by Europeans aged 50+S Listl
Department of Conservative Dentistry, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging
J Dent Res 90:717-23. 2011The purpose of this study was to describe income-related inequalities in dental service utilization by the elderly populations residing in different European countries...
- Money, schooling, and health: Mechanisms and causal evidenceIchiro Kawachi
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:56-68. 2010..Similarly, thousands of studies have found a relationship between higher income and better health...
- Equity in health and health care: the Chinese experienceY Liu
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Soc Sci Med 49:1349-56. 1999..in health status between urban and rural residents in the transitional period, correlated with increasing gaps in income and health care utilization...
- Socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors for mortality in a national 19-year prospective study of U.S. adultsPaula M Lantz
Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, United States
Soc Sci Med 70:1558-66. 2010..The results revealed that low educational attainment was not associated with mortality when income and health risk behaviors were included in the model...
- Stroke disparities in older Americans: is wealth a more powerful indicator of risk than income and education?Mauricio Avendano
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Stroke 39:1533-40. 2008This study examines the independent effect of wealth, income, and education on stroke and how these disparities evolve throughout middle and old age in a representative cohort of older Americans.
- The uptake of integrated perinatal prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic reviewLorainne Tudor Car
Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 8:e56550. 2013The objective of this review was to assess the uptake of WHO recommended integrated perinatal prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV interventions in low- and middle-income countries.
- Money and happiness: rank of income, not income, affects life satisfactionChristopher J Boyce
Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
Psychol Sci 21:471-5. 2010..happiness, or does happiness come indirectly from the higher rank in society that money brings? We tested a rank-income hypothesis, according to which people gain utility from the ranked position of their income within a comparison ..
- Disability pensioning: the gender divide can be explained by occupation, income, mental distress and healthBjørgulf Claussen
Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
Scand J Public Health 37:590-7. 2009We aimed to test the hypothesis that gender divide in disability pensioning is attributable to differences in health, mental distress, occupation, and income.
- Income-related health inequalities in Canada and the United States: a decomposition analysisKimberlyn M McGrail
Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, The University of British Columbia, 201 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Am J Public Health 99:1856-63. 2009We examined income-related inequalities in self-reported health in the United States and Canada and the extent to which they are associated with individual-level risk factors and health care system characteristics.
- Control of iron deficiency anemia in low- and middle-income countriesSant Rayn Pasricha
Nossal Institute for Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Australia
Blood 121:2607-17. 2013..This review provides an overview and an approach for the implementation of public health interventions for controlling IDA in low- and middle-income countries, with an emphasis on current evidence-based recommendations.
- Epidemiology of stillbirth in low-middle income countries: a Global Network StudyElizabeth M McClure
Research Triangle Institute, Durham, NC, USA
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 90:1379-85. 2011..To determine population-based stillbirth rates and to determine whether the timing and maturity of the stillbirths suggest a high proportion of potentially preventable deaths...
- Wheezing during the first year of life in infants from low-income population: a descriptive studyJ Mallol
Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Santiago de Chile USACH, Hospital CRS El Pino, Santiago, Chile
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 33:257-63. 2005..Recurrent wheezing (RW) plays an important role in the morbidity and mortality of children during the first year of life in developing regions and its actual incidence in those areas is virtually unknown...
- Snacking habits and caries in young childrenI Johansson
Department of Odontology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
Caries Res 44:421-30. 2010..58 and 0.93, respectively. Multivariate partial least squares (PLS) modelling revealed plaque presence, lowest income, descriptors for tooth exposure time (number of teeth and age) and cariogenic challenge (total intake of sugar-..
- Household Consumption and Expenditures Surveys (HCES): a primer for food and nutrition analysts in low- and middle-income countriesJohn L Fiedler
HarvestPlus, IFPRI, 2033 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006, USA
Food Nutr Bull 33:S170-84. 2012....
- The validity of the SF-36 in an Australian National Household Survey: demonstrating the applicability of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey to examination of health inequalitiesPeter Butterworth
Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, ACT 0200 Australia
BMC Public Health 4:44. 2004..The inclusion of the SF-36 in the first Australian national household panel survey, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, provides an opportunity to investigate health inequalities...
- Association between forgone care and household income among the elderly in five Western European countries - analyses based on survey data from the SHARE-studyAndreas Mielck
Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, PO Box 1129, 85758 Neuherberg, Germany
BMC Health Serv Res 9:52. 2009Studies on the association between access to health care and household income have rarely included an assessment of 'forgone care', but this indicator could add to our understanding of the inverse care law...
- Diet and physical activity for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic policy reviewCarl Lachat
Nutrition and Child Health Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
PLoS Med 10:e1001465. 2013Diet-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and constitute a leading cause of mortality...
- Suicide rates and income in São Paulo and Brazil: a temporal and spatial epidemiologic analysis from 1996 to 2008Daniel H Bando
Doctoral Program of Sciences, Faculdade de Medicina, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
BMC Psychiatry 12:127. 2012..It is known that suicide rates are associated with income, although the direction of this association varies worldwide...
- Incidence of ischaemic stroke according to income level among older people: the 3C studyOlivier Grimaud
EHESP Epidemiology, avenue du Pr Leon Bernard, Rennes 35043, France
Age Ageing 40:116-21. 2011..stroke has been shown to follow a social gradient with incidence rising as socioeconomic status decreases...
- Is wealthier always healthier in poor countries? The health implications of income, inequality, poverty, and literacy in IndiaKeertichandra Rajan
Department of Sociology, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RQ, UK
Soc Sci Med 88:98-107. 2013..policy prescriptions for improving public health in less developed countries (LDCs) prioritise raising average income levels over redistributive policies since it is widely accepted that 'wealthier is healthier'...
- Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical IllnessEva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2 DENNIS PATTRATH; Fiscal Year: 2010..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2 Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2010..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2013..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2011..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2012..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2010..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to improve ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2009..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2012..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans'groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2011..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
- The gastric X/A-like (ghrelin) cell: A peripheral regulator of food intakeNILS WG LAMBRECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012..The proposed studies will address important pathophysiological questions regarding the mechanisms regulating appetite and satiety as well as provide potentially important clinical treatment strategies. ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2010
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2009..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
- Optimized Growth Media to Detect Intracellular Bacteria Implicated in Chronic DisPATRICIA MASCARELLI; Fiscal Year: 2011..abstract_text> ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 6CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2009..on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; working with NLM, the NN/LM, and other organizations to develop tools and Internet linkages to ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2009
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 7TAMARA COMBS; Fiscal Year: 2010
- Natural History and Prevention of Viral Hepatitis Among Alaska NativesBRIAN JAMES MCMAHON; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2011..g. minorities, seniors, teens, veterans[unreadable] groups, low income populations, etc.), focus on special topics (e.g...
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2012
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2011
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1Colleen Cuddy; Fiscal Year: 2010
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2012
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1KATE BURR OLIVER; Fiscal Year: 2009
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2012
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2011
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2011
- AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HUMAN GENETICS PUBLIC HEALTH GENETICS FELLOWSHIPJoann A Boughman; Fiscal Year: 2011..Other i. Total Direct Charges (sum of 6a-6h) j. Indirect Charges k. TOTALS (sum of 61 and 6j) 7. Program Income SECTION B - BUDGET CATEGORIES Gi^NT PROGRAM, FUNCTION OR ACTIVlPi'Total (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Public Health ..
- VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-CCC-LeadCYNTHIA T MCEVOY; Fiscal Year: 2013..Teen pregnancy, low income, low education, and living with another smoker are important factors increasing the odds of smoking during ..
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2012
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2011
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2013
- Clinical , Mechanical and Chemical Evaluation of Amalgam and ART RestorationsLilliam Marie Pinzon; Fiscal Year: 2013..Dental caries (tooth decay) remains a significant national and international health problem, especially in low- income and disadvantaged populations...
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
- National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
- INTERNET ENHANCED HEALTH PROMOTION FOR OBESE ETHNIC MINORITY ADOLESCENTSJessica A Whiteley; Fiscal Year: 2011..that not only achieve weight loss but facilitate sustainability of healthy weight are needed, particularly for low income racially and ethnically diverse populations where the prevalence of overweight is highest...
- Expanding Vietnamese Community and Academic Infrastructure for Health ResearchBang H Nguyen; Fiscal Year: 2010..aims in the Vietnamese and Asian American communities, the model will be disseminated to other underserved, low income, ethnic, and racial populations throughout the U.S...
- Advanced Nitric Oxide Release Bactericidal Urinary CathetersMark E Meyerhoff; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Photoperiod Brain and BehaviorRandy J Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Transforming PCI Informed Consent into an Evidence-based Decision-making ToolJohn A Spertus; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will then estimate the cost-savings associated with more rational BAT use to test the hypothesis that PRISM will improve the cost-effectiveness of PCI. ..
- Improving Patient Safety: Context and Nurses'Work Processes for Pressure UlcersLynn M Soban; Fiscal Year: 2013..3. This is an important topic and the proposed research could eventually decrease pressure ulcer incidence in acute units, which would improve patient outcomes and decrease costs. ..
- VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-DCCCynthia D Morris; Fiscal Year: 2013..Teen pregnancy, low income, low education, and living with another smoker are important factors increasing the odds of smoking during ..
- Salivary-based Bone-loss Marker Detection Platform for Point-of-Care ScreeningMANAL BESHAY; Fiscal Year: 2012..Significant cost savings will be realized in the reduction of osteoporosis-related fractures and associated treatment. ..
- Addressing Psychosocial Disparities in Rural Hispanic Cancer SurvivorsRachel M Ceballos; Fiscal Year: 2013..g., low education/income, rural), and assess program materials...
- Novel Phosphate Binder: Effects on Hyperphosphatemia, Vascular Calcification & BoDEANNA J contact NELSON; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Biochemical, Biomechanical & Morphological Properties of Quantitative UltrasoundBarbara L McFarlin; Fiscal Year: 2010..Reducing the preterm birth rate to 7% in the United States is a goal of the Healthy People 2010 initiative, and it is only by reducing the incidence of preterm birth that infant mortality in the United States can be addressed. ..
- Downregulation of Rod Metabolism in Retinopathy of PrematurityJAMES DANIEL AKULA; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, the incidence and severity of ROP in middle income countries is near all-time highs...
- A dataset for the study of the social determinants of health.Peter A Muennig; Fiscal Year: 2010..disparities in access to quality education between groups results in occupational disparities that lead to income disparities...
- Daily Experience in Adolescence and Biomarkers of Early Risk for Adult HealthAndrew J Fuligni; Fiscal Year: 2013..the mechanisms by which global social factors identified in demographic surveys, such as lower education and income, play themselves out in individuals'daily lives...
- Novel Drug VS-105 for Treatment of OsteoporosisJinshyun Ruth Wu-Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013..Assuming Vidasym's VS-105 has a modest 5% penetration into the osteoporosis market, the estimated annual sales will be US$0.6+ billion. ..
- Underserved Men's Understanding of Androgen Deprivation Therapy Related RisksSally L Maliski; Fiscal Year: 2012..For purposes of this study, we will define underserved as low-income and uninsured or publically insured...
- The Greatest Generation: The NAS-NRC WWII Twin Registry as a Scientific ResourceMargaret Gatz; Fiscal Year: 2012..Knowing education at enlistment, subsequent education obtained under the GI bill, and life time income stream we can look at how these factors are related to treated medical conditions and the length of life...
- Inflammation and Sub-Clinical Renal Damage in Cocaine-Dependent African AmericansELIZABETH GROOMS NESMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010..Secondary variables for covariate analysis include addiction severity, demographic, income, and education variables, and physical and mental health functioning...
- Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular RiskSheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2012..Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms leading to disparate risk for obesity in low-income and Hispanic/Latino youth...
- Fully Biodegradable Polymersome-encapsulated Hemoglobin as a Novel Nanoparticle-bPAIMAN PETER GHOROGHCHIAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Significant additional advantages will be a tremendous cost savings to the health care system in reduced operating costs, as well as enormous job creation and economic stimulus. ..
- Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant WomenEileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010..exists that assesses overall dietary quality or explores the effects of potentially modifiable factors on low- income women's dietary intake during the critical first trimester...
- Access to Care of Medicare and Medicaid EnrolleesMarlene Niefeld; Fiscal Year: 2003..Despite the provision of health insurance to low-income seniors, access to health care problems persist...
- Evaluating Economic Subsidies To Improve Dietary Intake Among Low Income FamiliesMarian L Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2010..In an effort to improve dietary intake and address the high prevalence of obesity among low-income children, the US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service (USDA-FNS) published an interim rule in the ..
- Sources of Change and Stability in Low-Income Black MarriagesBENJAMIN REUVEN KARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010..Among families with an annual household income greater than $50,000, the risk that a marriage will end in the first 10 years is actually the same for black and ..
- The Shape of Income and MortalityGeorge Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2009..For example, according to a MEDLINE search, well over 700 articles on the association between income and mortality have appeared since 1990, not including analyses that only included income as an adjustment variable...
- Preventing Postpartum Smoking Relapse: A C-SHIP Based Text Messaging InterventionSuzanne M Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010..is challenging, due in large part to the competing needs and stressors in this population, especially among low income women...
- Translating Dietary Trials into the CommunityAlain Bertoni; Fiscal Year: 2009..There is limited evidence that DASH has been widely adopted by the public and AA from lower income communities may be less able to adopt DASH as currently disseminated due to barriers related to income, education, ..
- An analysis of environmental risk factors for obesityWalker Poston; Fiscal Year: 2007..as follows: Aim 1: To examine differences in obesity prevalence among census block-groups stratified by household income level (our pilot data suggest that household income level is a powerful proxy variable for the presence of obesity-..
- CHOLESTEROL TREATMENT MODEL FOR LOW INCOME PATIENTSRoss Simpson; Fiscal Year: 1993..diet treatment component of the Assist Model in three practice settings which serve southern, low income patients. A validated Dietary Risk Assessment is the foundation of our Assist Model intervention...
- Racial & Ethnic Disparities in Incidence and Inpatient Outcomes of Acute StrokeAmresh D Hanchate; Fiscal Year: 2010..Non- Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics were each stratified into three income categories - lower, middle and higher;age-sex adjusted acute stroke incidence rates were obtained for each cohort...
- UMB/DFHCC Comprehensive Cancer Partnership ProgramKaren Emmons; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION Overweight and obesity disproportionately affect racial and ethnic minority and lower income populations, particularly women...
- The Social Safety Net, Poverty, and Material HardshipSIGNE MARY MCKERNAN; Fiscal Year: 2011DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The United States spends over $500 billion a year for income-tested programs...
- THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEINGJane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2004..parents to spend more time in formal employment, subject them to time limits and sanctions on the receipt of income assistance, and may result in unstable health care coverage for their families...
- Improving Health Habits: Self-Care PrioritiesLillian Gelberg; Fiscal Year: 2007unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Poor diet and physical inactivity among low-income, minority populations have been linked to greater risk of chronic disease conditions such as overweight/obesity and cancer...
- Child Care Resources in Low-income FamiliesREBEKAH COLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009..broad goals of this study are to strengthen our understanding of the child care decisions and experiences of low-income families living in economically disadvantaged urban communities, and of the implications of child care experiences ..
- Economic Liberalization and Social Inequality in MexicoANDRES VILLARREAL; Fiscal Year: 2007..Assessing the impact of economic liberalization on the distribution of income is important not only because inequality is a problem in itself, but because it has also been shown to have ..