employment

Summary

Summary: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Lost productive time and cost due to common pain conditions in the US workforce
    Walter F Stewart
    AdvancePCS Center for Work and Health, Hunt Valley, MD, USA
    JAMA 290:2443-54. 2003
  2. ncbi Cohort Profile: the Whitehall II study
    Michael Marmot
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:251-6. 2005
  3. ncbi The measurement of effort-reward imbalance at work: European comparisons
    Johannes Siegrist
    Department of Medical Sociology, University of Duesseldorf, PO Box 10 10 07, D 40001 Duesseldorf, Germany
    Soc Sci Med 58:1483-99. 2004
  4. ncbi Welfare states, flexible employment, and health: a critical review
    Il Ho Kim
    Bloomberg School of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada Il Ho
    Health Policy 104:99-127. 2012
  5. ncbi Show me the child at seven: the consequences of conduct problems in childhood for psychosocial functioning in adulthood
    David M Fergusson
    Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, New Zealand
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:837-49. 2005
  6. ncbi Employment status is associated with both physical and mental health quality of life in people living with HIV
    Sergio Rueda
    Mental Health Service, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    AIDS Care 23:435-43. 2011
  7. ncbi Employment preferences of public sector nurses in Malawi: results from a discrete choice experiment
    Lindsay J Mangham
    Health Economics and Financing Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 13:1433-41. 2008
  8. ncbi Job strain and major risk factors for coronary heart disease among employed males and females in a Swedish study on work, lipids and fibrinogen
    Lars Alfredsson
    Division of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Work Environ Health 28:238-48. 2002
  9. ncbi Maternal employment and overweight children
    Patricia M Anderson
    Department of Economics, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 3514, USA
    J Health Econ 22:477-504. 2003
  10. ncbi The effects of work-related and individual factors on the Work Ability Index: a systematic review
    T I J van den Berg
    Erasmus MC, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 66:211-20. 2009

Detail Information

Publications318 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Lost productive time and cost due to common pain conditions in the US workforce
    Walter F Stewart
    AdvancePCS Center for Work and Health, Hunt Valley, MD, USA
    JAMA 290:2443-54. 2003
    ..Common pain conditions appear to have an adverse effect on work, but no comprehensive estimates exist on the amount of productive time lost in the US workforce due to pain...
  2. ncbi Cohort Profile: the Whitehall II study
    Michael Marmot
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:251-6. 2005
  3. ncbi The measurement of effort-reward imbalance at work: European comparisons
    Johannes Siegrist
    Department of Medical Sociology, University of Duesseldorf, PO Box 10 10 07, D 40001 Duesseldorf, Germany
    Soc Sci Med 58:1483-99. 2004
    ..In the light of the importance of work for adult health such investigations are crucial in advanced societies within and beyond Europe...
  4. ncbi Welfare states, flexible employment, and health: a critical review
    Il Ho Kim
    Bloomberg School of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada Il Ho
    Health Policy 104:99-127. 2012
    ..is to identify whether differences between welfare regimes can manifest diverse consequences for the health effects of insecure and precarious employment, as well as to address challenging issues and implications for future research.
  5. ncbi Show me the child at seven: the consequences of conduct problems in childhood for psychosocial functioning in adulthood
    David M Fergusson
    Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, New Zealand
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:837-49. 2005
    ..This paper seeks to extend research into the adult sequelae of childhood conduct problems by investigating the associations between conduct problems in middle childhood and psychosocial outcomes in adulthood...
  6. ncbi Employment status is associated with both physical and mental health quality of life in people living with HIV
    Sergio Rueda
    Mental Health Service, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    AIDS Care 23:435-43. 2011
    To evaluate the relationship between employment status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in HIV/AIDS...
  7. ncbi Employment preferences of public sector nurses in Malawi: results from a discrete choice experiment
    Lindsay J Mangham
    Health Economics and Financing Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 13:1433-41. 2008
    To understand the employment preferences of Malawian public sector registered nurses, and to ascertain whether salary increases significantly affect how nurses regard their employment.
  8. ncbi Job strain and major risk factors for coronary heart disease among employed males and females in a Swedish study on work, lipids and fibrinogen
    Lars Alfredsson
    Division of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Work Environ Health 28:238-48. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of job strain (high psychological job demands and low decision latitude) to hypertension, serum lipids, and plasmafibrinogen...
  9. ncbi Maternal employment and overweight children
    Patricia M Anderson
    Department of Economics, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 3514, USA
    J Health Econ 22:477-504. 2003
    This paper seeks to determine whether a causal relationship exists between maternal employment and childhood weight problems...
  10. ncbi The effects of work-related and individual factors on the Work Ability Index: a systematic review
    T I J van den Berg
    Erasmus MC, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 66:211-20. 2009
    ..This multifactorial nature of work ability should be taken into account in health promotion programmes aimed at maintaining and promoting the participation of the labour force and improvement of the performance at work...
  11. pmc Parental employment and work-family stress: associations with family food environments
    Katherine W Bauer
    Department of Public Health, College of Health Professions and Social Work, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:496-504. 2012
    Parental employment provides many benefits to children's health. However, an increasing number of studies have observed associations between mothers' full-time employment and less healthful family food environments...
  12. ncbi Poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics influence pathways of exit from paid employment among older workers in Europe: a four year follow-up study
    Suzan J W Robroek
    Erasmus MC, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Scand J Work Environ Health 39:125-33. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to get insight into the role of poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics on exit from paid employment due to disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement among older workers.
  13. ncbi The psychosocial quality of work determines whether employment has benefits for mental health: results from a longitudinal national household panel survey
    P Butterworth
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Bldg 63, Eggleston Rd, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Occup Environ Med 68:806-12. 2011
    Although employment is associated with health benefits over unemployment, the psychosocial characteristics of work also influence health...
  14. ncbi Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in self-assessed health in 10 European countries
    Anton E Kunst
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 34:295-305. 2005
    ....
  15. ncbi Temporary employment and health: a review
    Marianna Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 34:610-22. 2005
    We aimed to review evidence on the relationship between temporary employment and health, and to see whether the association is dependent on outcome measure, instability of employment, and contextual factors.
  16. ncbi Reviewing the effort-reward imbalance model: drawing up the balance of 45 empirical studies
    Natasja van Vegchel
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80 140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 60:1117-31. 2005
    ..Based on these review results suggestions for future research are proposed...
  17. ncbi Cognitive training and supported employment for persons with severe mental illness: one-year results from a randomized controlled trial
    Susan R McGurk
    New Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Concord, NH 03301, USA
    Schizophr Bull 31:898-909. 2005
    ..the effectiveness of cognitive training (the Thinking Skills for Work Program) for improving competitive employment outcomes in persons with severe mental illness who have a history of job failure...
  18. ncbi Childhood and adulthood risk factors for socio-economic differentials in psychological distress: evidence from the 1958 British birth cohort
    C Power
    Department of Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:1989-2004. 2002
    ..Gradients in psychological distress reflect the cumulative effect of multiple adversities experienced from childhood...
  19. ncbi The impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers
    Tilja van den Berg
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 67:845-52. 2010
    To determine the impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers.
  20. ncbi Employment and work-related issues in cancer survivors
    Anja Mehnert
    Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52 W26, 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 77:109-30. 2011
    Purpose of this systematic literature review was to identify current knowledge about employment in cancer survivors. Sixty-four studies met inclusion criteria that were original papers published between 01/2000 and 11/2009. Overall, 63...
  21. ncbi Impact of employment status and work-related factors on risk of completed suicide. A case-control psychological autopsy study
    Barbara Schneider
    Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine, and Psychotherapy, Goethe University, Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 190:265-70. 2011
    ..b>Employment and a positive modification of working conditions, may possibly be preventive to important adverse mental health ..
  22. pmc In a study of a population cohort in South Africa, HIV patients on antiretrovirals had nearly full recovery of employment
    Jacob Bor
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 31:1459-69. 2012
    ..We quantified the impact of HIV treatment on employment status among HIV patients in rural South Africa who were enrolled in a public-sector HIV treatment program ..
  23. ncbi How do macro-level contexts and policies affect the employment chances of chronically ill and disabled people? Part I: The impact of recession and deindustrialization
    Paula Holland
    Division of Health Research, Lancaster University, England
    Int J Health Serv 41:395-413. 2011
    Low employment rates of chronically ill and disabled people are of serious concern...
  24. ncbi Return-to-work interventions integrated into cancer care: a systematic review
    S J Tamminga
    Coronel Insitute of Occupational Health Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, Amsterdam 1100 DE, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 67:639-48. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to review the literature on the content of interventions focusing on return to work, employment status, or work retention in patients with cancer...
  25. ncbi Employment and return to work in head and neck cancer survivors
    Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, VU University Medical Center, 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Oral Oncol 46:56-60. 2010
    To investigate employment in working-age head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors before and after treatment in relation to sociodemographic and clinical factors, health related quality of life, and emotional distress...
  26. pmc The effect of disease site (knee, hip, hand, foot, lower back or neck) on employment reduction due to osteoarthritis
    Eric C Sayre
    Arthritis Research Centre of Canada, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS ONE 5:e10470. 2010
    Osteoarthritis (OA) has a significant impact on individuals' ability to work. Our goal was to investigate the effects of the site of OA (knee, hip, hand, foot, lower back or neck) on employment reduction due to OA (EROA).
  27. ncbi Arthritis-related work transitions: a prospective analysis of reported productivity losses, work changes, and leaving the labor force
    Monique A M Gignac
    Arthritis Community Research and Evaluation Unit and University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Arthritis Rheum 59:1805-13. 2008
    To prospectively examine arthritis-related productivity losses, work changes, and leaving employment, the relationships among these work transitions, and the factors associated with them.
  28. pmc Intervention mapping for development of a participatory return-to-work intervention for temporary agency workers and unemployed workers sick-listed due to musculoskeletal disorders
    Sylvia J Vermeulen
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 9:216. 2009
    ..This program is based on the already developed and cost-effective RTW program for employees, sick-listed due to low back pain...
  29. ncbi Employment status, social ties, and caregivers' mental health
    Carolyn C Cannuscio
    Merck Research Laboratories, Department of Epidemiology, Blue Bell, PA 19422, USA
    Soc Sci Med 58:1247-56. 2004
    ..symptoms, taking into account concurrent demands on women's time (including multiple caregiving roles and employment outside the home) as well as participants' access to potentially supportive social ties...
  30. ncbi Social roles and the gender difference in rates of the common mental disorders in Britain: a 7-year, population-based cohort study
    S Weich
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School and Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    Psychol Med 31:1055-64. 2001
    ..Future studies should consider characteristics of social roles, such as demand, control and reward...
  31. ncbi Longitudinal assessment of neuropsychological functioning, psychiatric status, functional disability and employment status in chronic fatigue syndrome
    L A Tiersky
    School of Psychology, Fairleigh Dickinson University, 1000 River Road, Mail Stop T-WH1-01, Teaneck, NJ 07666, USA
    Appl Neuropsychol 8:41-50. 2001
    ..of subjective and objective neuropsychological functioning, psychological functioning, disability level, and employment status in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) was examined...
  32. ncbi A short generic measure of work stress in the era of globalization: effort-reward imbalance
    Johannes Siegrist
    University of Duesseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:1005-13. 2009
    ..We evaluate psychometric properties of a short version of the original effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire. This measure is of interest in the context of assessing stressful work conditions in the era of economic globalization...
  33. ncbi Health, absence, disability, and presenteeism cost estimates of certain physical and mental health conditions affecting U.S. employers
    Ron Z Goetzel
    Institute for Health and Productivity Studies, Cornell University, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:398-412. 2004
    ..Caution is advised when interpreting any particular source of data, and the need for standardization in future research is noted...
  34. ncbi Is precarious employment damaging to self-rated health? Results of propensity score matching methods, using longitudinal data in South Korea
    Myoung Hee Kim
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
    Soc Sci Med 67:1982-94. 2008
    We aimed to evaluate the health effects of precarious employment based on a counterfactual framework, using the Korea Labor and Income Panel Survey data...
  35. ncbi Why is evidence on job strain and coronary heart disease mixed? An illustration of measurement challenges in the Whitehall II study
    Mika Kivimaki
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychosom Med 68:398-401. 2006
    ..However, previous studies have typically assessed job strain at one point in time only. We examined whether the failure of such measurement to reflect long-term job strain could contribute to false null findings...
  36. ncbi Validation of a new scale for measuring problematic internet use: implications for pre-employment screening
    Richard A Davis
    Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada
    Cyberpsychol Behav 5:331-45. 2002
    ....
  37. ncbi Work situation after breast cancer: results from a population-based study
    Elizabeth Maunsell
    Unité de recherche en santé des populations, Hôpital du Saint Sacrement, 1050 Chemin Sainte Foy, Quebec, QC, Canada G1S 4L8
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1813-22. 2004
    ..We assessed whether there was evidence of discrimination at work, defined as negative or involuntary changes in employment situation (including changes in position, wages, and other conditions), associated with a breast cancer ..
  38. ncbi Job strain, effort-reward imbalance and employee well-being: a large-scale cross-sectional study
    J De Jonge
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 50:1317-27. 2000
    ..Preliminary findings also indicate excess risks of poor well-being in overcommitted persons suffering from high cost--low gain conditions at work...
  39. ncbi Young adult outcome of hyperactive children: adaptive functioning in major life activities
    Russell A Barkley
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 45:192-202. 2006
    ..The authors report the adaptive functioning of hyperactive and control children in southeastern Wisconsin (Milwaukee) followed to young adulthood...
  40. ncbi Work environment factors, health, lifestyle and marital status as predictors of job change and early retirement in physically heavy occupations
    T Lund
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Ind Med 40:161-9. 2001
    ..The aim was to assess the rate at which waste collectors and municipal workers leave their job, to establish the outcome and to identify associated risk factors within work environment, health, lifestyle and marital status...
  41. ncbi Musculoskeletal pain in the workforce: the effects of back, arthritis, and fibromyalgia pain on quality of life and work productivity
    Margaret McDonald
    Pfizer Inc, New York, NY, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 53:765-70. 2011
    ..To investigate the impact of musculoskeletal pain on health-related quality of life and work productivity losses among US workers...
  42. ncbi Common mental disorders in the workforce: recent findings from descriptive and social epidemiology
    Kristy Sanderson
    Centre for Health Research, School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Can J Psychiatry 51:63-75. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi Employment pathways in a large cohort of adult cancer survivors
    Pamela Farley Short
    Department of Health Policy and Administration, Center for Health Care and Policy Research, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Cancer 103:1292-301. 2005
    b>Employment and work-related disability were investigated in a cohort of adult cancer survivors who were working when they were diagnosed from 1997 to 1999 with a variety of cancers...
  44. ncbi Employees with fibromyalgia: medical comorbidity, healthcare costs, and work loss
    Leigh Ann White
    Analysis Group, Inc, 111 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02199, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 50:13-24. 2008
    ..To compare 2005 health care resources among matched samples of employees with fibromyalgia (FM), osteoarthritis (OA), and controls...
  45. ncbi Predicting employment status in multiple sclerosis patients: the utility of the MS functional composite
    Kimia Honarmand
    University of Toronto, 27 King s College Circle, Toronto, ON, M5S 1A1, Canada
    J Neurol 258:244-9. 2011
    As many as two-thirds of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are unable to retain employment. Neurological and cognitive status are known to be significant predictors of unemployment, but the relationship between the two is unclear...
  46. pmc Emotional support predicts more sickness absence and poorer self assessed work ability: a two-year prospective cohort study
    Nadine Karlsson
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 10:648. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to assess these associations in a two-year follow-up study...
  47. ncbi Long-term local area employment rates as predictors of individual mortality and morbidity: a prospective study in England, spanning more than two decades
    Mylene Riva
    Axe santé des populations et environnementale, Centre de recherche du CHUQ, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:919-26. 2012
    ..This paper examines whether (1) trends in local employment rates have relevance for mortality and morbidity outcomes in England and (2) trends are stronger predictors of ..
  48. pmc The impact of CFS/ME on employment and productivity in the UK: a cross-sectional study based on the CFS/ME national outcomes database
    Simon M Collin
    School of Social and Community Medicine, Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, BS8 2BN, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:217. 2011
    Few studies have investigated factors associated with discontinuation of employment in patients with CFS/ME or quantified its impact on productivity.
  49. ncbi Care or not care--that is the question: predictors of healthcare utilisation in relation to employment status
    Annika Ahs
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, SE 751 85, Uppsala, Sweden
    Int J Behav Med 19:29-38. 2012
    ..International research shows that there is a higher use of care among the unemployed than among the employed, although the findings on the association between unemployment and healthcare use are not conclusive...
  50. ncbi Does stress at work make you gain weight? A two-year longitudinal study
    Martial Berset
    Swiss National Center of Competence in Research on Affective Sciences, Geneva, Switzerland
    Scand J Work Environ Health 37:45-53. 2011
    ..Second, a longitudinal design was employed with a two-year follow-up. In addition, the variables specified by the job demand-control model and the effort-reward imbalance model were assessed as well...
  51. pmc Sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent employees
    M Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Psychology, Helsinki, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 63:212-7. 2006
    ..This study examined sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent workers...
  52. ncbi The impact of midlife educational, work, health, and family experiences on men's early retirement
    Marleen Damman
    Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, P O Box 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, The Netherlands
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 66:617-27. 2011
    ..We distinguish theoretically and empirically between financial and nonfinancial preretirement factors through which midlife experiences could affect retirement...
  53. ncbi How do macro-level contexts and policies affect the employment chances of chronically ill and disabled people? Part II: The impact of active and passive labor market policies
    Paula Holland
    Division of Health Research, Lancaster University, England
    Int J Health Serv 41:415-30. 2011
    ..influence of labor market deregulation, decommodification, and investment in active labor market policies on the employment of chronically ill and disabled people...
  54. ncbi The impact of pain on labor force participation, absenteeism and presenteeism in the European Union
    Paul Langley
    College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, Minnesota, MN 55455 0343, USA
    J Med Econ 13:662-72. 2010
    ....
  55. ncbi The impact of COPD on quality of life, productivity loss, and resource use among the elderly United States workforce
    Marco daCosta Dibonaventura
    Kantar Health, New York, NY, 10010, USA
    COPD 9:46-57. 2012
    ..Quality of life and work productivity suffered among employed adults aged 65 years and older with COPD, emphasizing the need for disease management in this population...
  56. ncbi 3rd place, PREMUS best paper competition: development of the return-to-work self-efficacy (RTWSE-19) questionnaire--psychometric properties and predictive validity
    William S Shaw
    Liberty Mutual Center for Disability Research, Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA
    Scand J Work Environ Health 37:109-19. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the factor structure, internal consistency, and predictive and concurrent validity of RTWSE-19 among workers with acute low-back pain...
  57. pmc Can cross country differences in return-to-work after chronic occupational back pain be explained? An exploratory analysis on disability policies in a six country cohort study
    J R Anema
    Department of Public and Occupational Health and EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 19:419-26. 2009
    ....
  58. ncbi The inconsistent mediating effects of psychosocial work characteristics on the education-health relationship
    Hanyao Qiu
    Department of Sociology and Criminology and Law, University of Florida, PO Box 117330, Gainesville, FL 32611 7330, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:1539-46. 2012
    ..We discuss the implications of this study for health and family-based work policies...
  59. pmc A participatory return-to-work intervention for temporary agency workers and unemployed workers sick-listed due to musculoskeletal disorders: results of a randomized controlled trial
    Sylvia J Vermeulen
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Centre, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 21:313-24. 2011
    Within the labour force workers without an employment contract represent a vulnerable group. In most cases, when sick-listed, these workers have no workplace/employer to return to...
  60. ncbi Psychosocial work characteristics and anxiety and depressive disorders in midlife: the effects of prior psychological distress
    S A Stansfeld
    Centre for Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 65:634-42. 2008
    ....
  61. pmc Employment is associated with the health-related quality of life of morbidly obese persons
    Randi Størdal Lund
    Morbid Obesity Centre, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Boks 2168, 3103, Tønsberg, Norway
    Obes Surg 21:1704-9. 2011
    We aimed to investigate whether employment status was associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a population of morbidly obese subjects.
  62. ncbi Employment relations and global health: a typological study of world labor markets
    Haejoo Chung
    Korea University College of Health Sciences, Seongbuk gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Int J Health Serv 40:229-53. 2010
    In this study, the authors investigate the global labor market and employment relations, which are central building blocks of the welfare state; the aim is to propose a global typology of labor markets to explain global inequalities in ..
  63. ncbi Living with multiple sclerosis: longitudinal changes in employment and the importance of symptom management
    Rex D Simmons
    Australian MS Longitudinal Study, Canberra Hospital, PO Box 11, Level 2 East, Building 5, Woden, ACT 2606, Australia
    J Neurol 257:926-36. 2010
    People with multiple sclerosis (MS) tend to have lower participation in paid employment compared to those with other chronic diseases...
  64. ncbi The effect of re-employment on perceived health
    M Schuring
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:639-44. 2011
    ..The relationship between unemployment and poor health has been well established. Unemployment causes poor health, and poor health increases the probability of unemployment...
  65. ncbi Occupational class inequalities across key domains of health: results from the Helsinki Health Study
    Eero Lahelma
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 15:504-10. 2005
    ..e. the subjective, functional and medical domains. Additionally, we examine whether physical or mental workload will affect these inequalities, and whether these effects are specific to particular health indicators...
  66. ncbi What happens to work if you're unwell? Beliefs and attitudes of managers and employees with musculoskeletal pain in a public sector setting
    Gwenllian Wynne-Jones
    Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Primary Care Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
    J Occup Rehabil 21:31-42. 2011
    ..The aims of this study were to investigate the beliefs and attitudes of managers and employees with musculoskeletal pain about sickness absence, presenteeism, and return to work and to identify areas of consensus and conflict...
  67. ncbi What factors predict full or partial return to work among sickness absentees with spinal pain participating in rehabilitation?
    Britt Elfving
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Disabil Rehabil 31:1318-27. 2009
    ..To identify the factors that predict full or partial return to work among long-term (> or =90 days) sickness absentees due to spinal pain who begin a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme...
  68. ncbi Impact of positive psychological capital on employee well-being over time
    James B Avey
    Department of Management, College of Business, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA 98926 7485, USA
    J Occup Health Psychol 15:17-28. 2010
    ..The limitations, needed future research, and practical implications conclude the article...
  69. ncbi Psychosocial working conditions and depressive symptoms among Swedish employees
    Linda L Magnusson Hanson
    Work Organisation and Health, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:951-60. 2009
    ..To investigate prospective associations between working conditions and depressive symptoms in Swedish men and women...
  70. ncbi Cognitive training for supported employment: 2-3 year outcomes of a randomized controlled trial
    Susan R McGurk
    New Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Concord, NH 03301, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:437-41. 2007
    To address cognitive impairments that limit the effectiveness of supported employment services for patients with schizophrenia, a cognitive training program, the Thinking Skills for Work Program, was developed and integrated into ..
  71. pmc Smoker-free workplace policies: developing a model of public health consequences of workplace policies barring employment to smokers
    B Houle
    Department of Sociology, University of Washington, 223D Condon Hall, Box 353340, 1100 NE Campus Pkwy, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Tob Control 18:64-9. 2009
    ..shift in tobacco-related workplace health promotion intervention involves the adoption of policies barring employment to smokers...
  72. ncbi Socioeconomic status and risk of psychological distress and depression in the Stockholm Public Health Cohort: a population-based study
    Kyriaki Kosidou
    Division of Public Health Epidemiology, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Norrbacka, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Affect Disord 134:160-7. 2011
    ..There is limited evidence whether the association between low socioeconomic status and risk of common mental disorders varies with symptom severity, type of socioeconomic indicator or gender...
  73. pmc Employment and health status changes among women with fibromyalgia: a five-year study
    Susan Reisine
    Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Science and Division of Behavioral Sciences and Community Health, University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT 06030 3910, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 59:1735-41. 2008
    To assess changes in health status of women with fibromyalgia (FM) over 5 years and determine whether baseline employment status influences health outcomes adjusting for other baseline factors.
  74. pmc Disability pension by occupational class--the impact of work-related factors: the Hordaland Health Study Cohort
    Inger Haukenes
    Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, NO 5018 Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 11:406. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the association between occupational class and subsequent disability pension among middle-aged men and women, and to what extent work-related factors accounted for the association...
  75. pmc Influence of efforts of employer and employee on return-to-work process and outcomes
    A Muijzer
    Department of Health Sciences, Community and Occupational Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 21:513-9. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate 1) the strength and relevance of factors related to RTW-ES and RTW (no/partial RTW), and 2) the comparability of factors associated with RTW-ES and with RTW...
  76. ncbi Impact and characteristics of quality of life in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis
    Hiromi Kikuchi
    College of Nursing, Sapporo City University, Sapporo, Japan
    Qual Life Res 20:119-31. 2011
    ..To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and investigate associations between the results of these QOL assessments and disease severity...
  77. pmc Factors associated with work participation and work functioning in depressed workers: a systematic review
    S E Lagerveld
    TNO Quality of Life, Business Unit Work and Employment, P O Box 718, 130 AS, Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 20:275-92. 2010
    ..g., loss of productivity, work limitations). For the development of evidence-based interventions to improve these work outcomes, factors predicting WP and WF have to be identified...
  78. ncbi Researcher perspectives on competencies of return-to-work coordinators
    Bethany T Gardner
    Washington University School of Medicine, Program in Occupational Therapy, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
    Disabil Rehabil 32:72-8. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to clarify the impact of RTW coordinators, and competencies (knowledge, skills, and attitudes) required to achieve optimal RTW outcomes in injured workers...
  79. ncbi Determinants of return to work following non life threatening acute orthopaedic trauma: a prospective cohort study
    Fiona J Clay
    Monash University, Accident Research Centre Building 70, Clayton Victoria, 3800, Australia
    J Rehabil Med 42:162-9. 2010
    ..To determine factors associated with return to work following acute non-life-threatening orthopaedic trauma...
  80. ncbi The assessment of efforts to return to work in the European Union
    Anna Muijzer
    Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 20:689-94. 2010
    ..Aim of the study was to investigate whether in 13 European countries these RTW efforts are assessed and to compare the procedures by means of six criteria...
  81. ncbi Work impact of migraine headaches
    Walter F Stewart
    Geisinger Clinic, Center for Health Research, MC 44 00, 100 N Academy Ave, Danville, PA 17822, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 50:736-45. 2008
    ..To estimate work impact of headache among migraineurs...
  82. ncbi Occupational, social, and relationship hazards and psychological distress among low-income workers: implications of the 'inverse hazard law'
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Kresge 717, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:260-72. 2011
    ....
  83. pmc Relationship between patient-reported disease severity in osteoarthritis and self-reported pain, function and work productivity
    Alesia B Sadosky
    Pfizer Inc, Global Health Economics and Outcomes Research, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Arthritis Res Ther 12:R162. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to determine how patient-reported OA severity correlates with patient-reported outcomes including pain, function and productivity...
  84. ncbi Work-related determinants of return to work of employees on long-term sickness absence
    M Post
    Northern Centre for Healthcare Research, University Medical Centre Groningen, The Netherlands
    Disabil Rehabil 27:481-8. 2005
    ..The aim of the study is to identify work-related determinants of return to work (RTW) of employees who are on long-term sickness absence...
  85. ncbi Disability pension, employment and obesity status: a systematic review
    K Neovius
    Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Obes Rev 9:572-81. 2008
    ..In intervention studies, reduced disability pension incidence and increased gainful employment were reported after surgery...
  86. ncbi The effect of pre-employment factors on job control, job strain and psychological distress: a 31-year longitudinal study
    Marko Elovainio
    Department Psychology, University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Soc Sci Med 65:187-99. 2007
    This study examined the role of pre-employment factors, such as maternal antenatal depression, low birth weight, childhood socioeconomic position, early adolescence health risk behaviours and academic performance, in the relationship ..
  87. pmc Deaths from injury in children and employment status in family: analysis of trends in class specific death rates
    Phil Edwards
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 333:119. 2006
    ..To examine socioeconomic inequalities in rates of death from injury in children in England and Wales...
  88. pmc Productivity costs of cancer mortality in the United States: 2000-2020
    Cathy J Bradley
    Department of Health Administration, Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1008 E Clay Street, P O Box 980203, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1763-70. 2008
    ..A model that predicts the economic benefit of reduced cancer mortality provides critical information for allocating scarce resources to the interventions with the greatest benefits...
  89. ncbi Precarious employment experiences and their health consequences: towards a theoretical framework
    Emile Tompa
    Institute for Work and Health, Toronto, Canada
    Work 28:209-24. 2007
    Fundamental shifts in the structure of labour markets, work systems, and employment relations of industrialized countries have outpaced changes in legislative, social and political mechanisms...
  90. ncbi Factors associated with functional limitations and subsequent employment or schooling in Buruli ulcer patients
    Ymkje Stienstra
    Groningen University Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 10:1251-7. 2005
    To evaluate former Buruli ulcer disease (BUD) patients to assess the factors associated with functional limitations and subsequent employment or schooling.
  91. ncbi Validation of the spanish version of the Roland-Morris questionnaire
    Francisco M Kovacs
    Departamento Cientifico, Fundacion Kovacs, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:538-42. 2002
    ..Validation of a translated, culturally adapted questionnaire...
  92. ncbi Employment and physical activity in the U.S
    Dane R Van Domelen
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography, and Biometry, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:136-45. 2011
    ..S. and worldwide. Time at work represents a major portion of the day for employed people...
  93. ncbi Chronic disease and labour force participation among older Australians
    Deborah J Schofield
    Northern Rivers University Department of Rural Health, Lismore, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 189:447-50. 2008
    ..To examine the association between long-term health conditions and being out of the labour force among older Australians...
  94. pmc How do types of employment relate to health indicators? Findings from the second European survey on working conditions
    F G Benavides
    Occupational Health Research Unit, Department of Experimental Sciences and Health, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    J Epidemiol Community Health 54:494-501. 2000
    To investigate the associations of various types of employment with six self reported health indicators, taking into account the part played by demographic variables, individual working conditions and four ecological indicators at the ..
  95. pmc The mental health effects of multiple work and family demands. A prospective study of psychiatric sickness absence in the French GAZEL study
    Maria Melchior
    MRC Centre for Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:573-82. 2007
    ..Individuals who experience work stress or heavy family demands are at elevated risk of poor mental health. Yet, the cumulative effects of multiple work and family demands are not well known, particularly in men...
  96. pmc Employment in multiple sclerosis. Exiting and re-entering the work force
    Laura J Julian
    Suite 270, 3333 California Street, 94143 0920, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Neurol 255:1354-60. 2008
    ..Patient and disease characteristics associated with transitions to unemployment or employment were evaluated cross-sectionally and prospectively over the course of two assessment periods (mean interval of 1...
  97. ncbi Factors associated with very early weaning among primiparas intending to breastfeed
    M Avery
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455 0342, USA
    Matern Child Health J 2:167-79. 1998
    ..Predictors were demographic variables, Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables, breastfeeding knowledge, and difficulties experienced during the first month...
  98. ncbi Productivity losses without absence: measurement validation and empirical evidence
    W B Brouwer
    Institute for Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Policy 48:13-27. 1999
    ..The amount of production losses related to these health problems are relatively small. However, for specific patient groups, the costs related to these productivity losses may be substantial...
  99. ncbi Effects of education level and employment status on HRQoL in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis
    F Patti
    Department of Neurological Sciences, Multiple Sclerosis Centre, University of Catania, Italy
    Mult Scler 13:783-91. 2007
    To evaluate the effects of education level and employment status on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a large cohort of patients affected by relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS)...
  100. ncbi Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health
    Nancy Krieger
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:1576-96. 2005
    ....
  101. ncbi Dental insurance and use of dental services
    W J Millar
    Health Statistics Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A 0T6
    Health Rep 11:55-67(Eng); 59-72(Fre). 1999
    ..This article examines socioeconomic differences in insurance for dental services among Canadians aged 15 or older and factors associated with the use of dental services...

Research Grants64

  1. Socioeconomic status and smoking exposure in Appalachia
    Joshua E Muscat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  2. Impact of maternal work in the Ecuadorian flower industry on infant development
    Alexis Handal; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This collaborative, international community-based pilot study, and the subsequent larger study we are planning, will begin to address these important issues. ..
  3. Construction of a Dual Function Primate Facility: ABSL3 and Transplant Medicine
    Stuart M Zola; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  4. Errorless Learning and Social Cognition Training for Work Rehabilitation
    Robert S Kern; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These figures are particularly discouraging given the importance of employment to personal and clinical well-being...
  5. Family and Health Consequences of Imbalanced Sex Ratios in India
    Scott J South; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Consequently, learning more about the family and health consequences of India's growing male surplus and female deficit is an important scientific objective. ..
  6. Effects of Employment on Health and Quality of Life in Older Adults
    Diana Kachan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..stratified by age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, health insurance, occupational segregation and prestige, employment status and occupational/industry categories;2) using SEM, identify sociodemographic and occupational factors (..
  7. Microdata for Analysis of Early Life Conditions, Health, and Population
    STEVEN RUGGLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This collaboration allows a highly cost-effective use of scarce resources for shared infrastructure for population and health research. ..
  8. Social, Familial, Neighborhood Factors and Drinking in Puerto Rico
    Glorisa J Canino; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, the knowledge produced will also be applicable to understanding drinking and its consequences among Puerto Ricans as well as other Hispanic groups on the U.S. mainland. ..
  9. Frontal Cerebral Hypothermia as a Treatment for Insomnia
    Eric A Nofzinger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The availability of a safe, effective home-based medical device for the treatment of insomnia such as that proposed in this Phase II SBIR application would be expected to have a significant public health impact. ..
  10. Neurotoxic effects of solvents on working children
    Iman A Nuwayhid; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The findings will inform policy on child labor and solvent exposure. ..
  11. Assessing Occupational Electric Shocks, Magnetic Fields and ALS
    Leeka Kheifets; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Integration of better exposure assessment methods and novel epidemiologic analyses will aid in framing the role occupational EMFs and electric shocks play in the etiology of ALS. ..
  12. Timing of Marriage and Women's Economic Empowerment in Egypt
    Kathryn M Yount; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results of our study will provide a more rigorous and systematic assessment of the extent to which delaying marriage for women may enhance various dimensions of their economic empowerment. ..
  13. Marriage, Families and Retirement
    Maximiliane E Szinovacz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. Web-based Supervisor Training: Dealing with Employee Drug and Alcohol Abuse
    SUSAN WELLS SCHROEDER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Alcohol and other drug use creates a $184.6 billion loss for employers in productivity, absenteeism, injuries, employee morale, theft, increased health insurance claims, and fatalities. ..
  15. Mother's Education After Childbearing and Family Well-being
    Jennifer March Augustine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  16. Young Worker Fatalities and Violations of Labor and Safety Regulations: Moving To
    KIMBERLY JEAN RAUSCHER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It will then use these findings to inform and engage local stakeholders to improve enforcement and compliance with regulations in order to better protect the health and lives of young workers. ..
  17. Longitudinal Effects of Extended Early Childhood Intervention
    Arthur J Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the next five years, we will collect, obtain, and analyze a comprehensive set of new data from employment and income, educational, justice system, public aid and health, social-service records, and from the age-31/32 ..
  18. Emotion Management Training: An Innovative Stress Reduction Program
    AMELIA J BIRNEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In Phase II, the full-scope training program will be developed and evaluated in a large-scale randomized trial. ..
  19. Retirement in the 1950's: Rebuilding a Longitudinal Database
    AMY MARIE PIENTA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The data contain extensive health and medical information. Developing these data into a secondary data set has the potential to extend what we know about health and other aspects of aging in the 1950s and today. ..
  20. From understanding to reducing health disparities: a model-based evaluation
    TITUS JOHANNES GALAMA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  21. Socioeconomic Disparities in Young Adult Health
    Jon M Hussey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By integrating social, behavioral, and biological measures within a longitudinal design, these data will provide new opportunities to characterize the pathways leading to health disparities in early adulthood. ..
  22. A GEOHealth hub for agriculture and informal work in Nicaragua: - Nicaragua
    Aurora Aragon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..One-third of the workforce is engaged in agriculture, with >80% meeting the definition of informal employment. Workers in agriculture and the informal sector face serious occupational and environmental, health hazards, and ..
  23. Labor Market Effects of Public Health Insurance on Married Couples
    Joanna N Lahey; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will investigate the causal effects of insurance on labor force participation by comparing work decisions of veterans and non-veterans and their wives before and after the policy change in a difference-in-differences framework. ..
  24. Enhancing Project Talent: Early Life Impacts on Later Life Outcomes
    James W McNally; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  25. Negative Working Conditions and Health Across the Career
    Sarah A Burgard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Paid employment is a central feature of most adults'lives, providing economic sustenance as well as a source of esteem and ..
  26. A Placebo-Control Evaluation of Neurofeedback Efficacy in Adults with ADHD
    Julian R Keith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Individuals with ADHD are likely to experience problems in academic, employment, and home settings...
  27. CHILD SUPPORT, CHILD WELFARE & EFFECTS OF WELFARE REFORM
    H Peters; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Our estimation methodology allows us to use our results to do simulations of the effects of various policies on labor supply and child care choice. Data from the 1986, 1988, and 1989 waves of the NLSY are used to estimate the model. ..
  28. Early and Mid-Life Social Determinants of Racial Disparities in Late-Life Health
    Carlos F Mendes de Leon; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Using the Scientific CV to Study the Effects of Interventions on Research Careers
    Monica Gaughan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will improve understanding of science policies that will facilitate the attraction, participation, retention and promotion of members of under-represented groups in science and medicine. ..
  30. OXIDATIVE CELL INJURY: FIRST-EPISODE PSYCHOTIC PATIENTS
    Sahebarao Mahadik; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Conceivably these could reduce the costs of clinical care by lowering risk of relapse and, hopefully, even prevent a deteriorating course of illness in some patients. ..
  31. Effect of Work Permits in Protecting Youth Workers
    Janet Dal Santo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..permit system in NC and compare its effectiveness to a state with no such system, SC, with respect to teen paid employment in hazardous illegal occupations...
  32. Harmonization of Cross-national Studies of aging to the Health &Retirement Study
    Jinkook Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., user manuals, conference proceedings) and the findings from cross national studies using the HRS family of surveys through public websites including those of RAND and each of the surveys. ..
  33. THE DETERMINANTS OF RETIREMENT AMONG OLDER WOMEN
    ANGELA O RAND; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The second year of the study will extend the analysis to older married woman and compare all marital status groups using structural equation models and logistic estimation techniques. ..
  34. IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR TRANSITION TO A NEW LABOR MARKET
    ZVI ECKSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In this model the market opportunities and the search strategy of the immigrants determine the observed employment patterns and earnings. Wage growth here is mainly due to transitions between jobs and occupations...
  35. Explaining Very Low Fertility
    DAVID KERTZER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. REGULATION OF PARATHYROID FUNCTION
    Jeremiah Morrissey; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..These studies utilizing the parathyroid expression library, DNA sequencing and antipeptide antibodies will form a basis for the future examination of normal and abnormal parathyroid function...
  37. IMPACT OF TERMINATING SUBSTANCE ABUSE DISABILITY BENEFIT
    Robert Orwin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..rural, age, gender, education, ethnicity, criminal justice background, previous employment history, substance abuse diagnosis, substance abuse treatment history, psychiatric comorbidity, medical ..
  38. A Cancer Study Among Female Veterans in Texas, 1979-2001
    Sally Vernon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research will further knowledge of the health needs of women veterans, serving to identify needed health services and to guide health policy, and will provide a basis for research agendas aimed at this growing occupational cohort. ..
  39. Linking Federal and State Data to Study the Economic Effects of Workplace Injury
    LESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  40. Micro Foundations of Health and Development
    Duncan Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  41. Sex Ratios and Family Life in China
    SCOTT SOUTH; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Therefore, learning more about the family-related impacts of China's male surplus and female deficit is an important scientific objective. ..
  42. Pension Wealth Calculators for Employer-Provided Plans
    GARY ENGELHARDT; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  43. WORK AND RETIREMENT IN THE UNITED STATES--1900-1940
    RICHARD SUTCH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  44. Behavioral Effects of Welfare Reform
    Nancy E Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..At the same time, there were concerns that some individuals would be illequipped to maintain stable employment (e.g...
  45. THE HEALTH HAZARDS OF CHILD LABOR
    Philip Landrigan; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Childhood employment is widespread in the United States. In 1988, approximately 4 million American children (under age 18 years) were gainfully employed. Illegal child labor is also common...
  46. MATERNAL CAREERS AND BIRTH SPACING
    MARIN CLARKBERG; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Youth in event historical models of interval duration, the applicant proposes to: 1) determine how time-varying employment circumstances and histories of wives and their husbands relate to the transition to a first birth after marriage ..
  47. Risk Models to Improve Long-Term Care Medication Safety
    GRANT HIGGINSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Recommendations for interventions to address the systems and behavioral risks identified will be made and lessons learned while undertaking this large-scale, multi-facility ST-PRA project will be reported. ..
  48. DEMOGRAPHIC INFLUENCES ON FAMILY AND SCHOOL TRANSITIONS
    Christopher Winship; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..are that trends in marriage for young blacks result from declines in numbers of young black men with stable employment prospects on the one hand, or from the improved socioeconomic standing of black women relative to men on the ..
  49. Demand for Older Workers
    JOHN ABOWD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The employment experiences of older workers play a central role in their transition from full-time labor force participants to fully retired individual...
  50. DEMOGRAPHIC INFLUENCES ON FAMILY AND SCHOOL TRANSITIONS
    ROBERT MARE; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..are that trends in marriage for young blacks result from declines in numbers of young black men with stable employment prospects on the one hand, or from the improved socioeconomic standing of black women relative to men on the ..
  51. Cohort size and labor markets in developing countries
    JAYPEE SEVILLA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We test these hypotheses by econometrically analyzing panel data on developing countries from 1960 to 1990 on population age structure, macroeconomic and demographic variables, and cohort-specific measures of labor force participation. ..
  52. The Influence of Staff Turnover on Quality
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. HEALTH OF YOUNG ADULTS--EVIDENCE CAUSES AND OUTCOMES
    DORA COSTA; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Few data sources on either recent or past populations provide such a rich array of variables for the study of the impact of health over the life cycle. ..
  54. RETIREMENT FROM A LIFE-COURSE PERSPECTIVE
    Mark Hayward; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Finally, the results of this study will be pertinent to critical policy concerns of inequities of access to retirement, pension policy, the retraining of older workers, and pre-retirement planning...
  55. Causality between Youth Employment and Problem Behavior
    SHAWN BUSHWAY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The FEIV model provides an especially powerful test of the thesis that intensive employment during the school year is causally related to involvement in problem behavior.
  56. FAMILY STRUCTURE, WORK CONDITIONS, AND SICK CHILD CARE
    SALLY HEYMANN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..needs to care for sick children and to work for pay, we know little about the effect of changes in parental employment, work conditions, family structure and support on the preventive, sick day, and curative medical care children ..
  57. FEMALE EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS, LIFE STAGE AND HEALTH STATUS
    Judith Hibbard; Fiscal Year: 1990
    The objective of the study is to determine the contribution of employment status, occupation and work situation to women's health as they pass through different life stages, and to identify the factors which modify any observed ..
  58. ADOLESCENT AMERICAN INDIAN MULTISECTOR HELP INQUIRY
    Arlene Stiffman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Web-based Supervisor Training: Dealing with Employee Drug and Alcohol Abuse
    VICKY GLENZER GELATT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Phase II will develop the full-scope training program, and be [unreadable] evaluated in a large randomized trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Biomechanics of Human Reactions to Slip Events
    Rakie Cham; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  61. HOUSEHOLD RESPONSES TO ECONOMIC SHOCKS IN BRAZIL
    David Lam; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..will use two exceptional data sets--the PNAD annual household surveys from 1976 to 1993, and the PME monthly employment survey from 1982 to 1995...
  62. FAMILY, HEALTH & LABOR FORCE TRANSITIONS IN MIDLIFE
    REGINA BURES; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The results of this research will contribute to the development of an ROI proposal to further study the dynamic nature of family, health, and labor force transitions and their roles in understanding the retirement process. ..
  63. MEANING OF WORK FOR YOUNG ADULTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA
    DEBORAH GIOIA HASICK; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Vocational rehabilitation and supported employment services for young adults with schizophrenia have not produced encouraging rates of employment...