socioeconomic factors

Summary

Summary: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity
    Cora L Craig
    Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1381-95. 2003
  2. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
  3. ncbi Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study
    Salim Yusuf
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton General Hospital, 237 Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8L 2X2
    Lancet 364:937-52. 2004
  4. ncbi 4 million neonatal deaths: when? Where? Why?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, and International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 365:891-900. 2005
  5. ncbi Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries
    Johan P Mackenbach
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 358:2468-81. 2008
  6. ncbi The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 289:3095-105. 2003
  7. ncbi Equity in maternal, newborn, and child health interventions in Countdown to 2015: a retrospective review of survey data from 54 countries
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 379:1225-33. 2012
  8. ncbi Social determinants of health inequalities
    Michael Marmot
    International Centre for Health and Society, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Lancet 365:1099-104. 2005
  9. ncbi Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000-10): taking stock of maternal, newborn, and child survival
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 375:2032-44. 2010
  10. pmc Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 371:340-57. 2008

Detail Information

Publications282 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity
    Cora L Craig
    Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1381-95. 2003
    ..The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed as an instrument for cross-national monitoring of physical activity and inactivity...
  2. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
    ..On average a "rich" child is 31 percentage points more likely to be enrolled than a "poor" child, but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar...
  3. ncbi Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study
    Salim Yusuf
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton General Hospital, 237 Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8L 2X2
    Lancet 364:937-52. 2004
    ..Therefore, the effect of such factors on risk of coronary heart disease in most regions of the world is unknown...
  4. ncbi 4 million neonatal deaths: when? Where? Why?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, and International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 365:891-900. 2005
    ..While we neglect these challenges, 450 newborn children die every hour, mainly from preventable causes, which is unconscionable in the 21st century...
  5. ncbi Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries
    Johan P Mackenbach
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 358:2468-81. 2008
    ..Comparisons among countries can help to identify opportunities for the reduction of inequalities in health. We compared the magnitude of inequalities in mortality and self-assessed health among 22 countries in all parts of Europe...
  6. ncbi The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 289:3095-105. 2003
    ..Uncertainties exist about prevalence and correlates of major depressive disorder (MDD)...
  7. ncbi Equity in maternal, newborn, and child health interventions in Countdown to 2015: a retrospective review of survey data from 54 countries
    Aluisio J D Barros
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 379:1225-33. 2012
    ..We assessed how inequalities in maternal, newborn, and child health interventions vary by intervention and country...
  8. ncbi Social determinants of health inequalities
    Michael Marmot
    International Centre for Health and Society, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Lancet 365:1099-104. 2005
    ..A major thrust of the Commission is turning public-health knowledge into political action...
  9. ncbi Countdown to 2015 decade report (2000-10): taking stock of maternal, newborn, and child survival
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 375:2032-44. 2010
    ..However, much more can and should be done to address maternal and newborn health and improve coverage of interventions related to family planning, care around childbirth, and case management of childhood illnesses...
  10. pmc Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 371:340-57. 2008
    ..Its prevention will probably bring about important health, educational, and economic benefits. Chronic diseases are especially common in undernourished children who experience rapid weight gain after infancy...
  11. ncbi Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all
    Paula A Braveman
    Center on Social Disparities in Health and Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0900, USA
    JAMA 294:2879-88. 2005
    ..2) measuring as much relevant socioeconomic information as possible, (3) specifying the particular socioeconomic factors measured (rather than SES overall), and (4) systematically considering how potentially important ..
  12. ncbi Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001
    Ali H Mokdad
    Division of Adult and Community Health, 4770 National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    JAMA 289:76-9. 2003
    ..Obesity and diabetes are increasing in the United States...
  13. ncbi The burden of non-communicable diseases in South Africa
    Bongani M Mayosi
    Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:934-47. 2009
    ....
  14. pmc Cohort profile: the 45 and up study
    Emily Banks
    Sax Institute, Sydney, Australia
    Int J Epidemiol 37:941-7. 2008
  15. ncbi Statistical analysis of correlated data using generalized estimating equations: an orientation
    James A Hanley
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 157:364-75. 2003
    ....
  16. ncbi Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries: systematic review of the literature
    Bibha Simkhada
    Public Health Department and Dugald Baird Centre, University of Aberdeen, UK
    J Adv Nurs 61:244-60. 2008
    ..This paper is a report of a systematic review to identify and analyse the main factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries...
  17. pmc Health consequences of obesity
    J J Reilly
    University of Glasgow Division of Developmental Medicine, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Yorkhill, Glasgow G3 8SJ, UK
    Arch Dis Child 88:748-52. 2003
    ..The aim of the present review was therefore to provide a critically appraised, evidence based, summary of the consequences of childhood obesity in the short term (for the child) and longer term (in adulthood)...
  18. ncbi The economic and social burden of malaria
    Jeffrey Sachs
    Center for International Development, John F Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 79 John F Kennedy St, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 415:680-5. 2002
    ..There are multiple channels by which malaria impedes development, including effects on fertility, population growth, saving and investment, worker productivity, absenteeism, premature mortality and medical costs...
  19. ncbi The Brazilian health system: history, advances, and challenges
    Jairnilson Paim
    Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
    Lancet 377:1778-97. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi Equity aspects of the National Health Insurance Scheme in Ghana: Who is enrolling, who is not and why?
    Caroline Jehu-Appiah
    Department of Primary and Community Care, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 72:157-65. 2011
    ..Policy makers need to recognize that extending enrollment will require recognition of all these complex factors in their design of interventions to stimulate enrollment...
  21. ncbi Does social class predict diet quality?
    Nicole Darmon
    INRA, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1107-17. 2008
    ..Exploring the possible causal relations between SES and diet quality is the purpose of this review...
  22. pmc Multilevel analyses of neighbourhood socioeconomic context and health outcomes: a critical review
    K E Pickett
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 2007, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:111-22. 2001
    ..Multilevel or contextual analyses of social factors and health represent a possible reconciliation between two divergent epidemiological paradigms-individual risk factor epidemiology and an ecological approach...
  23. ncbi HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action
    Richard Parker
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:13-24. 2003
    ....
  24. pmc Green space, urbanity, and health: how strong is the relation?
    Jolanda Maas
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, PO Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht, Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:587-92. 2006
    ..This relation is analysed for different age and socioeconomic groups. Furthermore, it is analysed separately for urban and more rural areas, because the strength of the relation was expected to vary with urbanity...
  25. pmc Social ties and mental health
    I Kawachi
    The Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard Center for Society and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 78:458-67. 2001
    ....
  26. pmc Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review
    Carlos A Monteiro
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, and Center for Epidemiological Studies in Health and Nutrition, Avenue Dr Arnaldo 715, São Paulo 01246 904, Brazil
    Bull World Health Organ 82:940-6. 2004
    ..A significant step in this direction was taken with the approval of the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health by the World Health Assembly in May 2004...
  27. ncbi Maternal health in poor countries: the broader context and a call for action
    Veronique Filippi
    Maternal and Neonatal Health Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 368:1535-41. 2006
    ..Finally, after examining the political and financial context, we call for action. The need for strategic vision, financial resources, human resources, and information are discussed...
  28. ncbi Area-wide management of Aedes albopictus: choice of study sites based on geospatial characteristics, socioeconomic factors and mosquito populations
    Isik Unlu
    Center for Vector Biology, Department of Entomology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Pest Manag Sci 67:965-74. 2011
    ..albopictus was performed throughout the 2008 active season...
  29. ncbi Non-response and related factors in a nation-wide health survey
    K Korkeila
    Department of General Practice, University of Turku, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:991-9. 2001
    ..To analyse selective factors associated with an unexpectedly low response rate...
  30. ncbi Factors affecting home delivery in rural Tanzania
    Mwifadhi Mrisho
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Trop Med Int Health 12:862-72. 2007
    ..This study combines an understanding of gender issues relating to health and help-seeking behaviour with epidemiological knowledge concerning place of delivery...
  31. pmc Determinants of use of maternal health services in Nigeria--looking beyond individual and household factors
    Stella Babalola
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:43. 2009
    ..This study examined the determinants of maternal services utilization in Nigeria, with a focus on individual, household, community and state-level factors...
  32. ncbi The World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative Version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 13:93-121. 2004
    ..Elaborate CD-ROM-based training materials are available to teach interviewers how to administer the interview as well as to teach supervisors how to monitor the quality of data collection...
  33. pmc Social capital and self-rated health: a contextual analysis
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1187-93. 1999
    ..This article reports a contextual analysis of social capital and individual self-rated health, with adjustment for individual household income, health behaviors, and other covariates...
  34. pmc Prevalence of chronic diseases and multimorbidity among the elderly population in Sweden
    Alessandra Marengoni
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Public Health 98:1198-200. 2008
    ..Multimorbidity is the most common clinical picture of the elderly and may be increased by unhealthy behaviors linked to education...
  35. ncbi Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997
    ..Suggestions for research on socioeconomic measures are provided, to aid monitoring steps toward social equity in health...
  36. ncbi Socio-economic disparities in pregnancy outcome: why do the poor fare so poorly?
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 14:194-210. 2000
    ....
  37. ncbi Self-reported adherence to antiretroviral medications among participants in HIV clinical trials: the AACTG adherence instruments. Patient Care Committee & Adherence Working Group of the Outcomes Committee of the Adult AIDS Clinical Trials Group (AACTG
    M A Chesney
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94105, USA
    AIDS Care 12:255-66. 2000
    ..Responses to the questionnaires were favourable. These questionnaires have been included in six AACTG clinical trials to date and have been widely disseminated to investigators both in the USA and abroad...
  38. ncbi Relationship of subjective and objective social status with psychological and physiological functioning: preliminary data in healthy white women
    N E Adler
    Health Psychology Program, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0844, USA
    Health Psychol 19:586-92. 2000
    ..Results suggest that, in this sample with a moderately restricted range on SES and health, psychological perceptions of social status may be contributing to the SES-health gradient...
  39. ncbi Association of psychosocial risk factors with risk of acute myocardial infarction in 11119 cases and 13648 controls from 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study
    Annika Rosengren
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital Ostra, Goteborg, Sweden
    Lancet 364:953-62. 2004
    ..The aim of the present analysis was to investigate the relation of psychosocial factors to risk of myocardial infarction in 24767 people from 52 countries...
  40. ncbi Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
    T Brown
    School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
    Obes Rev 10:110-41. 2009
    ..Physical activity interventions, particularly in girls in primary schools, may help to prevent these children from becoming overweight in the short term...
  41. ncbi Socioeconomic status and smoking: a review
    Rosemary Hiscock
    Tobacco Control Research Group, Department of Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1248:107-23. 2012
    ..To tackle the high prevalence of smoking among disadvantaged groups, a combination of tobacco control measures is required, and these should be delivered in conjunction with wider attempts to address inequalities in health...
  42. pmc A meta-analysis of depression during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth restriction
    Nancy K Grote
    University of Washington, Seattle, 98105, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:1012-24. 2010
    ..Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy have been reported in some, but not all, studies to be associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)...
  43. ncbi Assessing the measurement properties of neighborhood scales: from psychometrics to ecometrics
    Mahasin S Mujahid
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:858-67. 2007
    ..These results illustrate a methodological approach for assessing the measurement properties of neighborhood-level constructs and show that these constructs can be measured reliably...
  44. ncbi Morbidity is related to a green living environment
    J Maas
    EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Centre, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:967-73. 2009
    ..This study investigates whether physician-assessed morbidity is also related to green space in people's living environment...
  45. ncbi Patient adherence to treatment: three decades of research. A comprehensive review
    E Vermeire
    Centre for General Practice, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
    J Clin Pharm Ther 26:331-42. 2001
    ....
  46. ncbi Major risk factors for stillbirth in high-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Vicki Flenady
    Mater Medical Research Institute, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Lancet 377:1331-40. 2011
    ..Prevention strategies that target risk factors could be important in rate reduction. This systematic review and meta-analysis was done to identify priority areas for stillbirth prevention relevant to those countries...
  47. ncbi The prevalence of pain and pain interference in a general population of older adults: cross-sectional findings from the North Staffordshire Osteoarthritis Project (NorStOP)
    Elaine Thomas
    Primary Care Sciences Research Centre, Keele University, Keele, North Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK
    Pain 110:361-8. 2004
    ..More importantly the extent to which pain interferes with everyday life increases incrementally with age up to the oldest age-group in the community-dwelling general population...
  48. pmc HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a cohort of women involved in high-risk sexual behavior in Kampala, Uganda
    Judith Vandepitte
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Sex Transm Dis 38:316-23. 2011
    ..Data on the HIV/STI epidemic among sex workers are so far lacking from Uganda. This paper describes the baseline epidemiology of HIV/STI in a newly established cohort of women involved in high-risk sexual behavior in Kampala, Uganda...
  49. ncbi Environmental correlates of physical activity in youth - a review and update
    I Ferreira
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 8:129-54. 2007
    ..Further research should aim at longitudinal and intervention studies, and use more objective measures of PA and its potential (environmental) determinants...
  50. ncbi Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia
    Youfa Wang
    Carolina Population Center, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:971-7. 2002
    ..Few studies have used the same references across countries to examine the trends of over- and underweight in older children and adolescents...
  51. ncbi Food, youth and the Mediterranean diet in Spain. Development of KIDMED, Mediterranean Diet Quality Index in children and adolescents
    Lluis Serra-Majem
    Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    Public Health Nutr 7:931-5. 2004
    ..To evaluate dietary habits in Spanish children and adolescents based on a Mediterranean Diet Quality Index tool, which considers certain principles sustaining and challenging traditional healthy Mediterranean dietary patterns...
  52. pmc Utilization of maternal health services among young women in Kenya: insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003
    Rhoune Ochako
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, P, O, Box 10787, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:1. 2011
    ....
  53. ncbi Cross-national prevalence and correlates of adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
    J Fayyad
    Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, St George Hospital University Medical Centre, PO Box 166378, Beirut Achrafieh 1100 2807, Lebanon
    Br J Psychiatry 190:402-9. 2007
    ..Little is known about the epidemiology of adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  54. pmc Risk factors for delayed presentation and referral of symptomatic cancer: evidence for common cancers
    U Macleod
    General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, 1 Horselethill Road, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Cancer 101:S92-S101. 2009
    ..There is, therefore, a need to understand the diagnostic process, and to ascertain the risk factors for increased time to presentation...
  55. ncbi Socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes: a systematic review
    Philip Blumenshine
    Center on Social Disparities in Health, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94118, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:263-72. 2010
    ....
  56. ncbi Widening socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in six Western European countries
    Johan P Mackenbach
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 32:830-7. 2003
    ....
  57. ncbi Individual, household and environmental risk factors for malaria infection in Amhara, Oromia and SNNP regions of Ethiopia
    Patricia M Graves
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:1211-20. 2009
    ..10; 95% CI 1.03-1.18). People living above 2000 m and people of all ages are still at significant risk of malaria infection...
  58. ncbi How changes in coverage affect equity in maternal and child health interventions in 35 Countdown to 2015 countries: an analysis of national surveys
    Cesar G Victora
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 380:1149-56. 2012
    ..We aimed to assess how the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in health changes in relation to different rates of national progress in coverage of interventions for the health of mothers and children...
  59. pmc Fast food restaurants and food stores: longitudinal associations with diet in young to middle-aged adults: the CARDIA study
    Janne Boone-Heinonen
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Arch Intern Med 171:1162-70. 2011
    ....
  60. ncbi Chronic diseases and injuries in India
    Vikram Patel
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 377:413-28. 2011
    ..The emerging agenda of chronic diseases and injuries should be a political priority and central to national consciousness, if universal health care is to be achieved...
  61. ncbi Socioeconomic status and health behaviors in adolescence: a review of the literature
    Margaret D Hanson
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    J Behav Med 30:263-85. 2007
    ..The goal of this review was to determine the direction of associations between SES and health behaviors during the period of adolescence...
  62. ncbi Derivation and validation of a short-form oral health impact profile
    G D Slade
    Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina 27599-7450, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 25:284-90. 1997
    ..05) with both the OHIP-49 and the OHIP-14. While it will be important to replicate these findings in other populations, the findings suggest that the OHIP-14 has good reliability, validity and precision...
  63. ncbi Why patients use alternative medicine: results of a national study
    J A Astin
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304 1583, USA
    JAMA 279:1548-53. 1998
    ..Research both in the United States and abroad suggests that significant numbers of people are involved with various forms of alternative medicine. However, the reasons for such use are, at present, poorly understood...
  64. ncbi Costly punishment across human societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 312:1767-70. 2006
    ..These findings are consistent with models of the gene-culture coevolution of human altruism and further sharpen what any theory of human cooperation needs to explain...
  65. ncbi Risk factors for functional status decline in community-living elderly people: a systematic literature review
    A E Stuck
    Department of Geriatrics and Rehabilitation, Zieglerspital, Bern, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 48:445-69. 1999
    ..This review will help investigators set priorities for future research of the Disablement Process, plan health and social services for elderly persons and develop more cost-effective programs for preventing disability among them...
  66. ncbi State of disparities in cardiovascular health in the United States
    George A Mensah
    Office of the Director, Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control, Mail Stop K 40, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Circulation 111:1233-41. 2005
    ..Having timely access to current data on disparities is important for policy and program development. Accordingly, we assessed the current magnitude of disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors in the United States...
  67. ncbi The reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study: objectives and design
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 25:135-43. 2005
    ..Participants are followed via telephone at 6-month intervals for identification of stroke events. The novel aspects of the REGARDS study allow for the creation of a national cohort to address geographic and ethnic differences in stroke...
  68. ncbi Structural approaches to HIV prevention
    Geeta Rao Gupta
    International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 372:764-75. 2008
    ..We identify core principles for implementing this kind of work. We also provide recommendations for ensuring the integration of structural approaches as part of combined prevention strategies...
  69. ncbi Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
    Sushena Reza-Paul
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
    ..The key programme components were: community mobilization and peer-mediated outreach; increasing access to and utilization of sexual health services; and enhancing the enabling environment to support programme activities...
  70. ncbi Obesity prevalence and the local food environment
    Kimberly B Morland
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Health Place 15:491-5. 2009
    ..Our findings are consistent with other studies showing that types of food stores and restaurants influence food choices and, subsequently, diet-related health outcomes...
  71. ncbi Determinants of HIV prevalence among female sex workers in four south Indian states: analysis of cross-sectional surveys in twenty-three districts
    Banadakoppa M Ramesh
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S35-44. 2008
    ..In four states in southern India we explored the determinants of HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSW), as well as factors associated with district-level variations in HIV prevalence among FSW...
  72. ncbi Cohort profile: the 1982 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brasil
    Int J Epidemiol 35:237-42. 2006
  73. ncbi Neighborhood of residence and incidence of coronary heart disease
    A V Diez Roux
    Division of General Medicine, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    N Engl J Med 345:99-106. 2001
    ..Where a person lives is not usually thought of as an independent predictor of his or her health, although physical and social features of places of residence may affect health and health-related behavior...
  74. ncbi Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysis
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 376:959-74. 2010
    ..We updated previous systematic assessments of educational attainment, and estimated the contribution of improvements in women's education to reductions in child mortality in the past 40 years...
  75. ncbi Lumbar disc disorders and low-back pain: socioeconomic factors and consequences
    Jeffrey N Katz
    Section of Clinical Sciences, Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 88:21-4. 2006
    b>Socioeconomic factors are important risk factors for lumbar pain and disability. The total costs of low-back pain in the United States exceed $100 billion per year...
  76. ncbi Social conditions as fundamental causes of health inequalities: theory, evidence, and policy implications
    Jo C Phelan
    Columbia University, Department of Sociomedical Sciences, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 51:S28-40. 2010
    ..This can be accomplished either by reducing disparities in socioeconomic resources themselves or by developing interventions that, by their nature, are more equally distributed across SES groups...
  77. pmc Implicit value judgments in the measurement of health inequalities
    Sam Harper
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 1A2, Canada
    Milbank Q 88:4-29. 2010
    ....
  78. ncbi Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey
    Shanthy A Bowman
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 113:112-8. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that fast-food consumption adversely affects dietary factors linked to obesity risk...
  79. ncbi Stepping towards causation: do built environments or neighborhood and travel preferences explain physical activity, driving, and obesity?
    Lawrence Douglas Frank
    University of British Columbia, School of Community and Regional Planning, 235 1933 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z2
    Soc Sci Med 65:1898-914. 2007
    ..6%). Findings suggest that creating walkable environments may result in higher levels of physical activity and less driving and in slightly lower obesity prevalence for those preferring walkability...
  80. ncbi Utilization of maternal health care services in Southern India
    K Navaneetham
    Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis, Institute for Asian Research, National University of Singapore, AS7 Shaw Foundation Building, 117570, Singapore
    Soc Sci Med 55:1849-69. 2002
    ..The findings of this study provide insights for planning and implementing appropriate maternal health service delivery programs in order to improve the health and well-being of both mother and child...
  81. pmc High ANC coverage and low skilled attendance in a rural Tanzanian district: a case for implementing a birth plan intervention
    Moke Magoma
    Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population, Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:13. 2010
    ..The perspectives of health care providers and traditional birth attendants on childbirth and the factors determining where women deliver were also investigated...
  82. ncbi Treatment-seeking behaviour, cost burdens and coping strategies among rural and urban households in Coastal Kenya: an equity analysis
    Jane Chuma
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 12:673-86. 2007
    ....
  83. ncbi A review of family and social determinants of children's eating patterns and diet quality
    Heather Patrick
    Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 24:83-92. 2005
    ..Interventions aimed at improving children's nutrition need to address the variety of social and physical factors that influence children's eating patterns...
  84. ncbi Spatial clustering of malaria and associated risk factors during an epidemic in a highland area of western Kenya
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 9:757-66. 2004
    ..Conditional multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of malaria was higher in children who were underweight, who lived at lower altitudes, and who lived in households where drugs were not kept at home...
  85. ncbi Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000
    Kathy Radimer
    Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:339-49. 2004
    ....
  86. pmc Antiretroviral therapy uptake and coverage in four HIV community cohort studies in sub-Saharan Africa
    Alison Wringe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 17:e38-48. 2012
    ..To compare socio-demographic patterns in access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) across four community HIV cohort studies in Africa...
  87. ncbi Neighborhood characteristics and availability of healthy foods in Baltimore
    Manuel Franco
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2217, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:561-7. 2008
    ..The availability of healthy foods has rarely been directly measured in a systematic fashion. This study examines the associations among the availability of healthy foods and racial and income neighborhood composition...
  88. pmc Contribution of modern cardiovascular treatment and risk factor changes to the decline in coronary heart disease mortality in Scotland between 1975 and 1994
    S Capewell
    University of Glasgow, Department of Public Health, 2 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Heart 81:380-6. 1999
    ..To estimate the fall in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in Scotland attributable to medical and surgical treatments, and risk factor changes, between 1975 and 1994...
  89. pmc The social determinants of tuberculosis: from evidence to action
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 101:654-62. 2011
    ..Interventions from outside the health sector-specifically, in social protection and urban planning-have the potential to strengthen tuberculosis control...
  90. ncbi Regular use of alcohol and tobacco in India and its association with age, gender, and poverty
    K J Neufeld
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 77:283-91. 2005
    ..Comparisons are made between these results and those found in the United States and elsewhere, highlighting the need to address control of these substances on the public health agenda...
  91. ncbi Demand, control and social climate as predictors of emotional exhaustion symptoms in working Swedish men and women
    Linda L Magnusson Hanson
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 36:737-43. 2008
    ....
  92. pmc Are there socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors in childhood, and are they mediated by adiposity? Findings from a prospective cohort study
    L D Howe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:1149-59. 2010
    ....
  93. ncbi Variations in patients' adherence to medical recommendations: a quantitative review of 50 years of research
    M Robin Dimatteo
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Med Care 42:200-9. 2004
    ..The literature on patient adherence to treatment includes hundreds of empirical studies. A comprehensive examination of the findings requires the organization and quantification that is possible with meta-analysis...
  94. pmc Food insecurity among Inuit preschoolers: Nunavut Inuit Child Health Survey, 2007-2008
    Grace M Egeland
    Centre for Indigenous Peoples Nutrition and Environment, School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, St Anne de Bellevue, Quebec
    CMAJ 182:243-8. 2010
    ..We investigated the prevalence of inadequate food security, or food insecurity, among Inuit households with preschool children...
  95. pmc Conducting a critical interpretive synthesis of the literature on access to healthcare by vulnerable groups
    Mary Dixon-Woods
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22 28 Princess Road West, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:35. 2006
    ..This approach is sensitised to the processes of conventional systematic review methodology and draws on recent advances in methods for interpretive synthesis...
  96. ncbi Stigma, health care access, and HIV knowledge among men who have sex with men in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
    Heather Fay
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, E7146, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1088-97. 2011
    ..Characterizing the relationship between stigma and health care seeking practices and attitudes can inform the development and implementation of HIV interventions for African MSM...
  97. pmc What are the causal effects of breastfeeding on IQ, obesity and blood pressure? Evidence from comparing high-income with middle-income cohorts
    Marie Jo A Brion
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:670-80. 2011
    ..This is applied to assessing causal effects of breastfeeding on child blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and intelligence quotient (IQ)...
  98. pmc Household ownership and use of insecticide treated nets among target groups after implementation of a national voucher programme in the United Republic of Tanzania: plausibility study using three annual cross sectional household surveys
    Kara Hanson
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 339:b2434. 2009
    ..To evaluate the impact of the Tanzania National Voucher Scheme on the coverage and equitable distribution of insecticide treated nets, used to prevent malaria, to pregnant women and their infants...
  99. pmc Significant differences in the use of healthcare resources of native-born and foreign born in Spain
    Pilar Carrasco-Garrido
    Unit of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcon, Madrid, Spain
    BMC Public Health 9:201. 2009
    ..Our study aimed at describing the potential inequalities in the use of healthcare resources and in the lifestyles of the resident immigrant population of Spain...
  100. pmc Education, income, occupation, and the 34-year incidence (1965-99) of Type 2 diabetes in the Alameda County Study
    Siobhan C Maty
    School of Community Health, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Portland State University, PO Box 751, Portland, OR 97207 0751, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1274-81. 2005
    ..Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) is related to higher prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, yet little is known about the relationship of SEP with incident diabetes...
  101. pmc HIV-positive women report more lifetime partner violence: findings from a voluntary counseling and testing clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Suzanne Maman
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1331-7. 2002
    ..Experiences of partner violence were compared between HIV-positive and HIV-negative women...

Research Grants74

  1. PROJECTED HEAT WAVE MAGNITUDES AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACTS
    Helene G Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., sex, age, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic factors), and (2) environmental factors (e.g., land-use, urbanization, air quality)...
  2. IGF-II regulation of FABPs in the breast cancer survival disparity among AA women
    TELEKA CASSANDRA CALDERON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Some of this disparity is due to socioeconomic factors;however interaction of social and environmental factors can also modulate biological factors...
  3. Socioeconomic status and smoking exposure in Appalachia
    Joshua E Muscat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  4. Does Violence Against Women result in disparities in cancer care for women with b
    Ann L Coker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The mediating or moderating role of socioeconomic factors will also be explored using structural equation modeling...
  5. Etiology of breast development in the BCERC network: role of socioeconomic status
    DEJANA K BRAITHWAITE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..at three sites in the United States as part of the BCERC, we will determine whether previously unexplored socioeconomic factors (household income, parental educational attainment, home ownership, residential crowding, wealth) can ..
  6. LDLT: Diagnostic Markers of Liver Regeneration to Predict Outcomes
    Elizabeth A Pomfret; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally the effect of donor and recipient socioeconomic factors on access to LDLT will be studied...
  7. Apoptosis pathways underlying adipogenesis
    Niketa A Patel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Genetic, environmental, behavioral, and socioeconomic factors cause excess weight gain and obesity...
  8. Caregiver Illness Perception and Childs Early Childhood Caries Status
    Mary Beth Slusar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  9. Iwankapiya_Healing Historical Trauma Practice and Group IPT for American Indians
    Maria Yellow Horse Brave Heart; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Socioeconomic factors are predictors of reduced treatment engagement and premature, unplanned termination...
  10. Overcoming Disparities in Growth Evaluations
    Adda Grimberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..likelihood to obtain evaluation and treatment for growth faltering and analyze how gender, racial and socioeconomic factors associate with that likelihood...
  11. Integrative Pathways to Health and Illness: Testing Older Cohort Hypotheses
    Carol D Ryff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The expanded MIDUS Refresher will lay the foundation for future tracking how economic hardship is changing the life course of different cohorts of American adults. ..
  12. Effectiveness of Mandatory Prescription Drug Monitoring
    Guohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..linear mixed effects model and multilevel individual response model with adjustment for demographic and socioeconomic factors and serial autocorrelation...
  13. Personality-Epidemiologic Research on Inequalities in Longevity
    Benjamin P Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, Project PERIL provides an infrastructure for future US longevity research. ..
  14. The Effects of Insiderness on Data in the Dominican Republic
    MARIANO SANA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Effects of a housing policy experiment on youth behavioral problems
    THERESA LOUISE OSYPUK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Because of the rigorous experimental design, this project can provide strong policy-relevant evidence on the mechanisms by which social policies like Section 8 housing vouchers may influence population health and mental health. ..
  16. A Follow-up Study for Causes of Cancer in Black Women
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..questionnaires for data on incident disease and medical, reproductive, behavioral, psychosocial, and socioeconomic factors, linked addresses to U.S. census data, and are currently linking to air pollution data...
  17. Gender Disparities and Vascular Function in Chronic Kidney Disease Outcomes
    ANA CATHERINE RICARDO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This Career Development Award will provide the foundation for Dr. Ricardo to pursue an independent research career dedicated to reducing health disparities in CKD. ..
  18. Integrating neuroimaging with studies of cognitive aging in Dominican Republic
    Adam M Brickman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..countries, such as Dominican Republic, may be at increased risk because of the interacting influences of socioeconomic factors, unique genetic risk factors, and high representation of cerebrovascular disease...
  19. Access to care in Asian Americans: Assessing determinants of usual source of care
    EVA CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This study is expected to generate new knowledge to support policymakers, providers, and community workers in better targeting their activities to improve access to care for the understudied and underserved Asian American population. ..
  20. Community-based Navigator Program for Cancer Control in African Americans
    JERRY CALVIN JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a medically underserved population;(2) evaluate uptake of the CBN program among African Americans based on socioeconomic factors, psychological variables, and sociocultural factors;and (3) evaluate the effects of the program in terms ..
  21. Social relationships, economic shocks, sleep and wellbeing among older adults
    DIANE SPERLING LAUDERDALE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Recent studies have found that socioeconomic factors are correlated with sleep, and there is mounting evidence that connects sleep and health...
  22. Environmental Changes and Health Outcomes across 25 Years: Four US Cities
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research will improve current understanding of the mechanisms through which social environments (specifically broader societal, economic, and environmental contexts) influence health outcomes. ..
  23. Modifiable Disparities in Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis
    DANIEL HAL SOLOMON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of regional disparities in DMARD use, to determine whether both individual level and neighborhood level socioeconomic factors as well as and race and ethnicity play a role, and to identify how access to care affects prescribing...
  24. 2012 Teratology Society Annual Meeting - Student/New and Early Stage Investigator
    JOHN MATTHEWSON GRAHAM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..affected by a multitude of factors which include not only drugs and chemicals, but also diet, genetics and socioeconomic factors. The Society's diverse membership, which includes clinicians, scientists and science policy ..
  25. A Follow-up Study for Causes of Illness in Black Women
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..women biennially since 1995, collected information on medical, reproductive, lifestyle, psychosocial, and socioeconomic factors, identified incident disease and deaths, and collected cheek cell samples from 26,800 participants...
  26. Epidemiologic Determinant of Cardiac Structure and Function Among Hispanics
    Carlos Jose Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of determinants particularly relevant to the Hispanic population (diabetes biomarkers and psychosocial / socioeconomic factors) to cardiac structure and function...
  27. Novel population health approach to address CVD and pulmonary health disparities
    F Javier Nieto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..WHEN is built upon a population health foundation and contributes to NIH goals by enhancing public health and creating opportunities for identification of programs to reduce health inequalities. ..
  28. Geographic Variation in Cardiovascular Inflammation in Middle-aged &Elderly Popu
    CHERYL RENEE CLARK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..training provides preparation for the candidate's long-term career goal to investigate area-level socioeconomic factors that contribute to pre-disease cardiovascular risk factors in diverse and aging populations...
  29. Comparability of self-reports on functional health
    Joshua A Salomon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project aims to advance strategies for improving comparability of self-reported measures and thereby enhancing the value of these measures for public health monitoring and practice. ..
  30. The Price of Debt: The Unequal Burden of Financial Debt and Its Impact on Health
    ELIZABETH S SWEET; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  31. Health Inequalities: Social Isolation Among Rural Latinos
    Jeanne Marie R Stacciarini; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A mentoring team of distinguished national and international scientists has been assembled to achieve the training and research goals. The K01 Award will lead to an R21 proposal to pilot the family centered intervention. ..
  32. MICRORNAS in AFRICAN AMERICAN PROSTATE CANCER
    Deepak Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..While socioeconomic factors contribute to this health disparity, they do not fully explain the differences in prostate cancer ..
  33. Explaining Black-White Differences in Avoidable Mortality, 1980-2005
    James Macinko; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results will aid in monitoring health inequalities and help guide public investments to areas of greatest need. ..
  34. STRENGTHENING MEDICAID-FUNDED MENTAL HEALTH COVERAGE FOR CHILDREN IN CHILD WELFAR
    Ramesh Raghavan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Emerging Health Inequalities: Education, New Health Events and Social Networks
    ELAINE MARIE HERNANDEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It takes an innovative approach by merging this with demographic models of the diffusion of health information across social networks to understand how network processes influence health behaviors differently by education-level. ..
  36. Understanding the Work of Cancer Survivorship for Rural African American Elders
    RACHEL K KLIMMEK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This knowledge will lay the groundwork for the future development of strategies aimed at improving the lives and health-related outcomes of rural and minority elders with cancer and those who support them. ..
  37. An HPV Health Communication Randomized Controlled Trial Intervention
    SHERRIE LEE WALLINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..H3: Daughters of mothers receiving the group educational intervention will have a higher rate of vaccine uptake than daughters of mothers in the control group.] ..
  38. Mechanisms of health disparities in parkinsonism
    Nabila Dahodwala; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the relationship between aging beliefs and Parkinsonian signs, particularly as it is modified by socioeconomic factors. Subjects will be recruited and surveyed in primary care clinics and outcomes will be determined through ..
  39. Family Size and Children's Education in Brazil
    Leticia J Marteleto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  40. Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Mental Health Service and Medical Care Expenditures
    AUDREY LYNN JONES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  41. Center of Excellence for Cancer Research, Training and Community Service
    Karam F A Soliman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The support of this application will promote minority health and aid i the elimination of health disparities as it relates to breast (among African-American females) and lung cancer (among minorities). ..
  42. Social Capital and Children's Development: An Experimental Study
    ADAM GAMORAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This study will yield practical as well as scientific insights into the value of increased social capital for development of children among a variety of demographic groups, and particularly those from low-income Latino families. ..
  43. Social protection, work and family strain: disadvantage effects in US and Europe
    Lisa F Berkman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 4: Assess impacts of trends in work-family strain on socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in the US and Europe. ..
  44. Computer-based HIV Prevention for Seropositive Men
    Douglas W Billings; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Before, and at two points after random assignment, participants'sexual transmission risk behavior, medication adherence, disclosure, health behaviors, and substance use will be assessed through an online survey-questionnaire. ..
  45. Chronic Kidney Disease and Cardiovascular Risk in Black and White Young Adults
    Kirsten Bibbins Domingo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in kidney function, hypothesizing (a) a greater decline in Blacks that is mediated by hypertension, socioeconomic factors, and inflammation, and (b) that cystatin C will be more sensitive than creatinine-based estimates for ..
  46. Personal Health Information Needs and Practices for Maternal Fetal Care
    Gretchen P Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Demographics, socioeconomic factors, health literacy, numeracy, stress level, locus of control, technology usage and skills, mood, sleepiness, ..
  47. Early Child Development Programs: Effective Interventions for Human Development
    Jere R Behrman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., vouchers), rich data described above and possible implications for other middle-income as well as high-income countries. ..
  48. Racial Disparity in Quality of Clinical Care in End Stage Renal Disease
    Guofen Yan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding the sources of this disparity would help to minimize racial disparities and improve the care of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. ..
  49. 2013 Teratology Society Annual Meeting - Student/New and Early Stage Investigator
    JOHN MATTHEWSON GRAHAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..affected by a multitude of factors which include not only drugs and chemicals, but also diet, genetics and socioeconomic factors. The Society's diverse membership, which includes clinicians, scientists and science policy ..
  50. Influence of spatial patterns of ventilation &perfusion on gas exchange in COPD
    ANGELA CORTNEY HENDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The aims of COPDGene are highly synergistic with this proposal, thus allowing for characterization of the subtypes of COPD based on physiological mechanisms. ..
  51. Pharmacotheraphy Evaluation Tools for Improving Breast Cancer Outcomes in Rural A
    Rajesh Balkrishnan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  52. Neighborhoods and Cardiovascular Risk in a Multiethnic Cohort
    Lynda D Lisabeth; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Social Patterns and Pathways of HIV Care among HIV Positive Transgender Women
    DANA DARNELL HINES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Importantly, the results will also be used to educate health care professionals about the needs of HIV infected TGW and to inform the development of strategies to facilitate HIV health care utilization in this population. ..
  54. Health and Mortality Risks among Co-Resident Grandchildren, Parents, and Grandpar
    Patrick M Krueger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of co-resident grandparents, parents (if present), and grandchildren, and document the demographic and socioeconomic factors that are associated with the health of all family members...
  55. Shape Up Preschoolers Geometric Sense Predicts Future Mathematics Achievement
    Roberta Michnick Golinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, the work contributes to the body of research on gender and socioeconomic factors in geometric, spatial, and mathematical knowledge and ability...
  56. Using ICTs to Enhance Quality of Life Among Older Adults: An Intervention Study
    Shelia R Cotten; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Women's Reproductive Health Care in the Transition from Adolescence to Adulthood
    Jillian T Henderson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Secondary analysis of data from the National Survey of Family growth and the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health will be conducted, and a qualitative study of young adult women will be undertaken. ..
  58. Social Determinants of HIV Risk and Vulnerability among Black MSM in South Africa
    KIRK JOHN FIERECK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Harmonization of Longitudinal Cross-National Surveys of Aging
    Jacqui Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Previous efforts at ex-post HRS-ELSA comparisons have focused on the role of socioeconomic factors in health (Banks, Marmot, Oldfield, &Smith, 2006)...
  60. Race/Ethnicity, Poverty, and Connection Between Child Health and Early Education
    ROBERT L CROSNOE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  61. The StrongWomen Healthy Hearts Follow-up Study
    REBECCA ANNE SEGUIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..strategies to advance practice and policy related to the effects of food access, built environment, and socioeconomic factors on health...
  62. A Music-Based Rehabilitation Device for Training and Assessing Hand Function
    Nizan Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  63. Intra-Urban Health Assessed by Remote-Sensing and GIS
    John Weeks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Mexico: Maquila, Environmental Vulnerability and Health
    Sioban Harlow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This project will develop a multi-disciplinary team at El Colegio de Sonora, in collaboration with the Institute of Technology of Sonora. ..
  65. Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. Ethnicity, Marriage, and Fertility in Kazakhstan
    Victor Agadjanian; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed project will constitute a necessary initial step toward a more comprehensive study of sociodemographic adjustments to dramatic societal changes and will therefore lead to a subsequent NIH application. ..
  67. Influence of spatial patterns of ventilation & perfusion on gas exchange in COPD
    Angela Henderson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  68. Social Inequalities in Outcomes for Treatment of Late-Life Depression
    STEPHEN GILMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  69. Health Care Use & Expenditures for Gynecologic Care
    Kristen Kjerulff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, little attention has been paid to the effects of socioeconomic factors such as patient income, insurance coverage, and ethnicity on health care utilization and expenditures for ..
  70. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF NEIGHBORHOOD PREDICTORS OF CVD
    Jan Sundquist; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  71. Provider Cultural Competence and Patient Outcomes
    Kathryn Paez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  72. Physical Environment Dynamics, Inequality and Obesity
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study focuses on how numerous community characteristics interact with race/ethnicity and other key socioeconomic factors to affect physical activity, inactivity, and overweight status in American youths as they make the ..
  73. MODELS OF POPULATION DYNAMICS
    MYRON GUTMANN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The third hypothesis is "Demographic Modernization," and it is based on relationships between education, technology and urbanization and fertility. We propose to treat and reformulate these...
  74. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS IN IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY FIBROSIS
    Douglas Mapel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..the applicant plans to use the New Mexico ILD registry to identify clinical, pathophysiologic, and socioeconomic factors associated with improved prognosis in IPF, and examine the effects of corticosteroid therapy on survival ..