urban population

Summary

Summary: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
  2. ncbi Prevalence of hepatic steatosis in an urban population in the United States: impact of ethnicity
    Jeffrey D Browning
    Donald W Reynolds Cardiovascular Clinical Research Center, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390 9046, USA
    Hepatology 40:1387-95. 2004
  3. pmc Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases
    Francesca Dominici
    Department of Biostatistics, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 295:1127-34. 2006
  4. pmc Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009
  5. pmc Revealing the microscale spatial signature of dengue transmission and immunity in an urban population
    Henrik Salje
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:9535-8. 2012
  6. pmc A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context
    Lale Say
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 85:812-9. 2007
  7. ncbi Heat effects on mortality in 15 European cities
    Michela Baccini
    Department of Statistics, University of Florence, Italy
    Epidemiology 19:711-9. 2008
  8. ncbi Impact of high temperatures on mortality: is there an added heat wave effect?
    Shakoor Hajat
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Epidemiology 17:632-8. 2006
  9. ncbi Angle-closure glaucoma in an urban population in southern India. The Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
    L Dandona
    Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 107:1710-6. 2000
  10. pmc Provision and use of maternal health services among urban poor women in Kenya: what do we know and what can we do?
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    Population Dynamics and Reproductive Health, African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Urban Health 85:428-42. 2008

Detail Information

Publications345 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
    ..On average a "rich" child is 31 percentage points more likely to be enrolled than a "poor" child, but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar...
  2. ncbi Prevalence of hepatic steatosis in an urban population in the United States: impact of ethnicity
    Jeffrey D Browning
    Donald W Reynolds Cardiovascular Clinical Research Center, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390 9046, USA
    Hepatology 40:1387-95. 2004
    ..In conclusion, the significant ethnic and sex differences in the prevalence of hepatic steatosis documented in this study may have a profound impact on susceptibility to steatosis-related liver disease...
  3. pmc Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases
    Francesca Dominici
    Department of Biostatistics, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 295:1127-34. 2006
    ..5 microm in aerodynamic diameter [PM2.5]) is limited. Results from the new national monitoring network for PM2.5 make possible systematic research on health risks at national and regional scales...
  4. pmc Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009
    ..Lower- and higher-income groups benefited similarly from living in high-walkability neighborhoods. Adults in higher-income neighborhoods had lower BMI and higher physical QoL...
  5. pmc Revealing the microscale spatial signature of dengue transmission and immunity in an urban population
    Henrik Salje
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:9535-8. 2012
    ..These methods have broad applications to studying the spatiotemporal structure of disease risk where pathogen serotype or genetic information is known...
  6. pmc A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context
    Lale Say
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 85:812-9. 2007
    ..These findings emphasize the need to investigate and assess context-specific causes of varying use of maternal health care, if safe motherhood is to become a reality in developing countries...
  7. ncbi Heat effects on mortality in 15 European cities
    Michela Baccini
    Department of Statistics, University of Florence, Italy
    Epidemiology 19:711-9. 2008
    ..We report the associations between daily maximum apparent temperature and daily deaths during the warm season in 15 European cities...
  8. ncbi Impact of high temperatures on mortality: is there an added heat wave effect?
    Shakoor Hajat
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Epidemiology 17:632-8. 2006
    ....
  9. ncbi Angle-closure glaucoma in an urban population in southern India. The Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
    L Dandona
    Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 107:1710-6. 2000
    To assess the prevalence and features of angle-closure glaucoma (ACG) in an urban population in southern India.
  10. pmc Provision and use of maternal health services among urban poor women in Kenya: what do we know and what can we do?
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    Population Dynamics and Reproductive Health, African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Urban Health 85:428-42. 2008
    ....
  11. pmc Lung cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution
    C Arden Pope
    Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, 142 FOB, Provo, UT 84602, USA
    JAMA 287:1132-41. 2002
    ..However, studies of health effects of long-term particulate air pollution have been less conclusive...
  12. ncbi Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an urban population: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
    Fereidoun Azizi
    Endocrine Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, P O Box 4763, Tehran 19395, Iran
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 61:29-37. 2003
    ..This report on the metabolic syndrome from Iran shows a high prevalence of this disorder. Efforts on promoting healthy diets, physical activity, and blood pressure control must be undertaken...
  13. ncbi Confounding and effect modification in the short-term effects of ambient particles on total mortality: results from 29 European cities within the APHEA2 project
    K Katsouyanni
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 75 Mikras Asias Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
    Epidemiology 12:521-31. 2001
    ..Furthermore, they show that the heterogeneity found in the effect parameters among cities reflects real effect modification, which is explained by specific city characteristics...
  14. pmc The effect of weather on respiratory and cardiovascular deaths in 12 U.S. cities
    Alfesio L F Braga
    Environmental Epidemiology Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:859-63. 2002
    ..We saw no clear pattern for the effect of humidity. In hierarchical models, greater variance of summer and winter temperature was associated with larger effects for hot and cold days, respectively, on respiratory deaths...
  15. ncbi Refractive error and visual impairment in urban children in southern china
    Mingguang He
    Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Guangzhou, People s Republic of China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:793-9. 2004
    ..To assess the prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment in school-age children in a metropolitan area of southern China...
  16. ncbi Hypertension prevalence and care in an urban and rural area of Tanzania
    R Edwards
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Health Sciences, The Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Hypertens 18:145-52. 2000
    ..To describe the prevalence, detection, treatment and control of hypertension in an urban and rural area of Tanzania...
  17. ncbi Trends in prevalence of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men. Results of 3 consecutive respondent-driven sampling surveys in Beijing, 2004 through 2006
    Xiaoyan Ma
    Beijing Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:581-7. 2007
    ..We report on 3 consecutive cross-sectional surveys measuring the prevalence of HIV, other infectious diseases, and related risk behavior among MSM in Beijing in 2004, 2005, and 2006...
  18. ncbi Open-angle glaucoma in an urban population in southern India: the Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
    L Dandona
    Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 107:1702-9. 2000
    To assess the prevalence and features of open-angle glaucoma in an urban population in southern India.
  19. pmc A corner store intervention in a low-income urban community is associated with increased availability and sales of some healthy foods
    Hee Jung Song
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
    Public Health Nutr 12:2060-7. 2009
    ..We present the results of a trial in Baltimore City to increase the availability and sales of healthier food options in local stores...
  20. pmc Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010
    ..In African settings with poor access to health care, surveillance and surveys of disease burden are often done through home visits. The optimal recall period to capture data on symptoms and health utilization is unknown...
  21. ncbi Mortality displacement of heat-related deaths: a comparison of Delhi, São Paulo, and London
    Shakoor Hajat
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 16:613-20. 2005
    ..We compare the extent to which short-term mortality displacement can explain heat deaths in Delhi, São Paulo, and London given contrasting demographic and health profiles...
  22. ncbi The emergence of cardiovascular disease during urbanisation of Africans
    H H Vorster
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoër Onderwys, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 5:239-43. 2002
    ....
  23. pmc The assessment of health-related quality of life in relation to the body mass index value in the urban population of Belgrade
    Nadja Vasiljevic
    Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology Department of Nutrition, Medical School, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotica Street 8, Belgrade 11000, Republic of Serbia
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 6:106. 2008
    ..Our study investigates the relationship between perceived health-related quality of life (HRQL) and body mass index (BMI) in the urban population of Belgrade.
  24. ncbi Are urban children really healthier? Evidence from 47 developing countries
    Ellen Van de Poel
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 65:1986-2003. 2007
    ..The findings imply that there is a need for programs that target the urban poor, and that this is becoming more necessary as the size of the urban population grows.
  25. pmc Impact of prenatal chlorpyrifos exposure on neurodevelopment in the first 3 years of life among inner-city children
    Virginia A Rauh
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 60 Haven Ave, B 109, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e1845-59. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of prenatal exposure to chlorpyrifos on 3-year neurodevelopment and behavior in a sample of inner-city minority children...
  26. pmc Knowledge and behaviour as determinants of anti-malarial drug use in a peri-urban population from malaria holoendemic region of western Kenya
    Carren A Watsierah
    Great Lakes University of Kisumu, P O Box 2224 40100, Kisumu, Kenya
    Malar J 10:99. 2011
    ..Therefore, this cross-sectional study was designed to determine knowledge and behaviour of the consumers in households (n = 397) in peri-urban location in a malaria holoendemic region of western Kenya...
  27. pmc Convergence of prevalence rates of diabetes and cardiometabolic risk factors in middle and low income groups in urban India: 10-year follow-up of the Chennai Urban Population Study
    Mohan Deepa
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr Mohan s Diabetes Specialities Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Noncommunicable Diseases Prevention and Control, IDF Centre for Education, Chennai, India
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 5:918-27. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to look for temporal changes in the prevalence of diabetes and cardiometabolic risk factors in two residential colonies in Chennai...
  28. pmc Weight of nations: a socioeconomic analysis of women in low- to middle-income countries
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:413-21. 2011
    ..The increasing trend in body mass index (BMI) and overweight in rapidly developing economies is well recognized...
  29. pmc Brazilian urban population genetic structure reveals a high degree of admixture
    Suely R Giolo
    Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Cardiology, Heart Institute, Medical School of University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Eur J Hum Genet 20:111-6. 2012
    ..analyze patterns of human genetic variation in Brazil, we used SNP data from 1129 individuals--138 from the urban population of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and 991 from 11 populations of the HapMap Project...
  30. ncbi Contextual analysis of breast and cervical cancer screening and factors associated with health care access among United States women, 2002
    Steven S Coughlin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:260-75. 2008
    ..A significant interaction was also observed between the percentage of county female population who were Hispanic and the percentage who were non-Hispanic Black...
  31. pmc Highly focused anopheline breeding sites and malaria transmission in Dakar
    Vanessa Machault
    Unité d entomologie médicale, Equipe 7 Maladies Emergentes et Moustiques, Institut de Medecine Tropicale du Service de Sante des Armees, Allée du Médecin Colonel Jamot, Parc du Pharo, 13262 Marseille cedex 07, France
    Malar J 8:138. 2009
    ....
  32. ncbi A small-area index of socioeconomic deprivation to capture health inequalities in France
    Sabrina Havard
    French School of Public Health, 35043 Rennes, France
    Soc Sci Med 67:2007-16. 2008
    ..This study thus provides a new tool in French public health research for characterising neighbourhood deprivation and detecting socioeconomic disparities in the distribution of health outcomes at the small-area level...
  33. ncbi What does access to maternal care mean among the urban poor? Factors associated with use of appropriate maternal health services in the slum settlements of Nairobi, Kenya
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, P O Box 10787, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Matern Child Health J 13:130-7. 2009
    ..The objective of this paper is to identify the factors which influence the choice of place of delivery among the urban poor, with a distinction between sub-standard and "appropriate" health facilities...
  34. ncbi Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures
    Brian E Saelens
    University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
    Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003
    ..The transportation, urban design, and planning literatures provide a valuable starting point for multidisciplinary research on environmental contributions to physical activity levels in the population...
  35. ncbi Age differences in the relation of perceived neighborhood environment to walking
    Ryosuke Shigematsu
    Faculty of Education, Mie University, Tsu, Mie, Japan
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:314-21. 2009
    ..Older adults were expected to be more affected by environmental attributes than younger adults. The present study examined age-related differences in associations between perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity...
  36. pmc Effect of prenatal exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on neurodevelopment in the first 3 years of life among inner-city children
    Frederica P Perera
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1287-92. 2006
    ..The results require confirmation but suggest that environmental PAHs at levels recently encountered in New York City air may adversely affect children's cognitive development at 3 years of age, with implications for school performance...
  37. pmc The development of a standardized neighborhood deprivation index
    Lynne C Messer
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Urban Health 83:1041-62. 2006
    ....
  38. ncbi Spectrum of heart disease and risk factors in a black urban population in South Africa (the Heart of Soweto Study): a cohort study
    Karen Sliwa
    Soweto Cardiovascular Research Unit, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Lancet 371:915-22. 2008
    ..We aimed to investigate the clinical range of disorders related to cardiovascular disease in patients presenting for the first time to a tertiary-care centre...
  39. pmc Ozone and short-term mortality in 95 US urban communities, 1987-2000
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06511, USA
    JAMA 292:2372-8. 2004
    ..Although numerous time-series studies have estimated associations between day-to-day variation in ozone levels and mortality counts, results have been inconclusive...
  40. ncbi Barriers to influenza immunization in a low-income urban population
    K Armstrong
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Prev Med 20:21-5. 2001
    ..Preliminary interviews suggested that fear of undisclosed ingredients in the influenza vaccine may impede vaccine acceptance in this vulnerable population...
  41. ncbi An urban food store intervention positively affects food-related psychosocial variables and food behaviors
    Joel Gittelsohn
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Educ Behav 37:390-402. 2010
    ..This is the first food store intervention trial in low-income urban communities to show positive impacts at the consumer level...
  42. pmc Patterns and correlates of physical activity among US women 40 years and older
    R C Brownson
    Department of Community Health and Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, MO 63108 3342, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:264-70. 2000
    ..This study describes the patterns of physical activity among minority women by using a variety of definitions and determines sociodemographic and behavioral correlates of physical activity in this population...
  43. ncbi Diet culture and obesity in northern Africa
    N Mokhtar
    Laboratory of Physiology and Nutrition, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
    J Nutr 131:887S-892S. 2001
    ..Health institutions in these countries have an enormous challenge to change cultural norms that do not recognize obesity, to prevent significant damage to the public's health from obesity...
  44. pmc Periurban Trypanosoma cruzi-infected Triatoma infestans, Arequipa, Peru
    Michael Zachary Levy
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1345-52. 2006
    ..cruzi-infected triatomines were clustered. Keeping small animals in wire mesh cages could facilitate control of T. infestans in this densely populated urban environment...
  45. pmc Urbanization, physical activity, and metabolic health in sub-Saharan Africa
    Felix K Assah
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Diabetes Care 34:491-6. 2011
    ..We examined the independent associations between objectively measured free-living physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and the metabolic syndrome in adults in rural and urban Cameroon...
  46. ncbi Stroke epidemiology and one-month fatality among an urban population in Iran
    Ahmad Delbari
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Stroke 6:195-200. 2011
    ..Stroke is one of the most common causes of death and disability in Iran. This study evaluated stroke patient profiles with respect to rate, risk factors, and one-month fatality...
  47. ncbi Self-perception of weight appropriateness in the United States
    Virginia W Chang
    Department of Sociology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Am J Prev Med 24:332-9. 2003
    ..BACKGROUND; The self-perception of weight appropriateness is an important component of eating and weight-loss behaviors. Self-perceived weight status, however, is not fully explained by objective weight status...
  48. ncbi Secular trends in the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in urban South India--the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES-17)
    V Mohan
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr Mohan s Diabetes Specialities Centre, Gopalapuram, Chennai, India
    Diabetologia 49:1175-8. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the secular trends in prevalence of diabetes and IGT in urban India...
  49. pmc Left ventricular dysfunction, natriuretic peptides, and mortality in an urban population
    T A McDonagh
    Department of Medical Cardiology, University of Glasgow, Royal Infirmary, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK
    Heart 86:21-6. 2001
    ..left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVD), assessed objectively by echocardiography, and its association with natriuretic peptide hormones in a random sample of 1640 men and women aged 25-74 years from a geographical, urban population.
  50. ncbi Are the urban poor vulnerable to non-communicable diseases? A survey of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in urban slums of Faridabad
    K Anand
    Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
    Natl Med J India 20:115-20. 2007
    ..We established a community-based sentinel surveillance to estimate the prevalence and level of common risk factors for major non-communicable diseases as part of a joint Indian Council of Medical Research/WHO initiative...
  51. pmc Re-evaluating the burden of rabies in Africa and Asia
    Darryn L Knobel
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, Scotland
    Bull World Health Organ 83:360-8. 2005
    ..To quantify the public health and economic burden of endemic canine rabies in Africa and Asia...
  52. pmc Reduction in fine particulate air pollution and mortality: Extended follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities study
    Francine Laden
    Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:667-72. 2006
    ..A large body of epidemiologic literature has found an association of increased fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) with acute and chronic mortality. The effect of improvements in particle exposure is less clear...
  53. ncbi Factors influencing the use of maternal healthcare services in Ethiopia
    Yared Mekonnen
    Ethio Netherlands AIDS Research Project, Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, PO Box 1242, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    J Health Popul Nutr 21:374-82. 2003
    ..However, this cannot detract from the relevance of service-related factors, especially in the rural areas of the country...
  54. ncbi Smoking patterns among Chinese rural-urban migrant workers
    T Yang
    Centre for Tobacco Control Research, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China
    Public Health 123:743-9. 2009
    ..To estimate smoking prevalence and identify correlates of smoking initiation among rural-urban migrant workers...
  55. ncbi Rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy at primary care sites in Zambia: feasibility and early outcomes
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA
    JAMA 296:782-93. 2006
    ..The Zambian Ministry of Health has scaled-up human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) care and treatment services at primary care clinics in Lusaka, using predominately nonphysician clinicians...
  56. ncbi Atopy, asthma, and antibodies to Ascaris among rural and urban children in Kenya
    Matthew S Perzanowski
    University of Virginia Asthma and Allergic Diseases Center, Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, 22908 1355, USA
    J Pediatr 140:582-8. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in the relationship between asthma and immune responses to allergens in children living in rural and urban areas of Kenya...
  57. ncbi Seasonal analyses of air pollution and mortality in 100 US cities
    Roger D Peng
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 6125 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:585-94. 2005
    ..These results provide useful information for understanding particle toxicity and guiding future analyses of particle constituent data...
  58. pmc Sex differences in obesity rates in poor countries: evidence from South Africa
    Anne Case
    Research Program in Development Studies, Princeton University, United States
    Econ Hum Biol 7:271-82. 2009
    ..More speculatively, in South Africa, women's perceptions of an 'ideal' female body are larger than men's perceptions of the 'ideal' male body, and individuals with larger 'ideal' body images are significantly more likely to be obese...
  59. ncbi Socioeconomic status and smoking: analysing inequalities with multiple indicators
    Mikko Laaksonen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 15:262-9. 2005
    ..While previous studies have mostly relied on one socioeconomic indicator at a time, this study examined socioeconomic differences in smoking by using several indicators that reflect different dimensions of socioeconomic position...
  60. ncbi Does living in an urban environment confer advantages for childhood nutritional status? Analysis of disparities in nutritional status by wealth and residence in Angola, Central African Republic and Senegal
    Gina Kennedy
    Nutrition Planning, Assessment and Evaluation Service, Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, I 00 100 Rome, Italy
    Public Health Nutr 9:187-93. 2006
    ..The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between childhood undernutrition and poverty in urban and rural areas...
  61. pmc Urbanization, malaria transmission and disease burden in Africa
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group in the Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 3:81-90. 2005
    ..We find there were 1,068,505 malaria deaths in Africa in 2000 - a modest 6.7% reduction over previous iterations. The public-health implications of these findings and revised estimates are discussed...
  62. pmc Estimating the prevalence of injection drug users in the U.S. and in large U.S. metropolitan areas from 1992 to 2002
    Joanne E Brady
    Institute for AIDS Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc NDRI, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 85:323-51. 2008
    ....
  63. pmc Poverty, dirt, infections and non-atopic wheezing in children from a Brazilian urban center
    Mauricio L Barreto
    Instituto De Saude Coletiva, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
    Respir Res 11:167. 2010
    ..Risk factors for atopic and non-atopic asthma may be different. This study aimed to analyze the associations between markers of poverty, dirt and infections and wheezing in atopic and non-atopic children...
  64. ncbi Linking objectively measured physical activity with objectively measured urban form: findings from SMARTRAQ
    Lawrence D Frank
    University of British Columbia, School of Community and Regional Planning, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 28:117-25. 2005
    ..To date, nearly all research on physical activity and the built environment is based on self-reported physical activity and perceived assessment of the built environment...
  65. pmc Vaccination coverage and reasons for non-vaccination in a district of Istanbul
    Sebahat D Torun
    Department of Public Health, Marmara University Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey
    BMC Public Health 6:125. 2006
    ..The other objective was to determine coverage of measles vaccination of the Measles Immunization Days (MID) 2005 for children aged 9 month to 6 years in a region of Umraniye, Istanbul, Turkey...
  66. pmc Plasmodium falciparum and helminth coinfection in a semi urban population of pregnant women in Uganda
    Stephen D Hillier
    The University of Birmingham Medical School, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 198:920-7. 2008
    ..Recent studies suggest helminth infections may increase susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum infection. If confirmed, this increased susceptibility could be particularly important during pregnancy-induced immunosuppression...
  67. ncbi Parental presence and adolescent reproductive health among the Nairobi urban poor
    Pierre Ngom
    African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Adolesc Health 33:369-77. 2003
    ..To investigate whether the presence of parents constitute a protective factor against adverse reproductive health outcomes for adolescents living in slums of Nairobi, Kenya...
  68. pmc Progress towards the child mortality millennium development goal in urban sub-Saharan Africa: the dynamics of population growth, immunization, and access to clean water
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, Nairobi, Kenya, Africa
    BMC Public Health 7:218. 2007
    ..This paper highlights the implications of urban population growth and access to health and social services on progress in achieving MDG 4...
  69. ncbi Intra-urban differences in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in southern India -- the Chennai Urban Population Study (CUPS No. 4)
    V Mohan
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Gopalapuram, Chennai, India
    Diabet Med 18:280-7. 2001
    ..To assess the influence of socioeconomic status on the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in an urban south Indian population in Chennai...
  70. ncbi Addressing the health disadvantage of rural populations: how does epidemiological evidence inform rural health policies and research?
    Karly B Smith
    School of Rural Health, Monash University, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
    Aust J Rural Health 16:56-66. 2008
    ....
  71. pmc Bacteremic typhoid fever in children in an urban slum, Bangladesh
    W Abdullah Brooks
    ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:326-9. 2005
    ..The relative risk for preschool children compared with older persons was 8.9. Our regression model showed that these children were clinically ill, which suggests a role for preschool immunization...
  72. ncbi Urban malaria in Dakar, Senegal: chemosusceptibility and genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum isolates
    Maud Henry
    Unité de Recherche en Biologie et Epidémiologie Parasitaires, Institut de Medecine Tropicale du Service de Sante des Armees, Marseille, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:146-51. 2006
    ..Areas with urban malaria should use vector control measures and efficient chemoprophylaxis for non-immune populations...
  73. pmc Causative agent distribution and antibiotic therapy assessment among adult patients with community acquired pneumonia in Chinese urban population
    Youning Liu
    Department of Respiratory Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, PR China
    BMC Infect Dis 9:31. 2009
    ....
  74. ncbi Neighborhood contexts and the mediating role of neighborhood social cohesion on health and psychological distress among Hispanic and non-Hispanic residents
    Rebeca Rios
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
    Ann Behav Med 43:50-61. 2012
    ..Neighborhood social cohesion (NSC) may contribute to understanding how neighborhood contexts influence the physical and mental health of residents...
  75. pmc Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among an urban population in Kenya
    Lydia U Kaduka
    Centre for Public Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Diabetes Care 35:887-93. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and factors associated with its occurrence among an urban population in Kenya.
  76. ncbi Patterns of antibiotic use among adults and parents in the community: a questionnaire-based survey in a Greek urban population
    Georgia Mitsi
    Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School of University of Patras, Heroon Polytekniou 60a, 26500 Rion, Greece
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 25:439-43. 2005
    ..Our results showed that adults were likely to show unsatisfactory compliance and to use non-prescribed antibiotics, while parents were less likely to use non-prescribed antibiotics for their children and were more compliant...
  77. pmc Quantifying the urban environment: a scale measure of urbanicity outperforms the urban-rural dichotomy
    Darren L Dahly
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Soc Sci Med 64:1407-19. 2007
    ..Furthermore, using a continuous measure of urbanicity allowed for better illustrations of the relationships between urbanicity and health. The new scale is a better measure of urbanicity than the traditionally used urban-rural dichotomy...
  78. pmc Neighborhood retail food environment and fruit and vegetable intake in a multiethnic urban population
    Shannon N Zenk
    Department of Public Health, Mental Health, and Administrative Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Am J Health Promot 23:255-64. 2009
    To examine relationships between the neighborhood food environment and fruit and vegetable intake in a multiethnic urban population.
  79. pmc Urban lymphatic filariasis
    Paul E Simonsen
    DBL Centre for Health Research and Development, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 57, 1871, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Parasitol Res 112:35-44. 2013
    ....
  80. pmc Study on the association between ambient air pollution and daily cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in an urban district of Beijing
    Fengying Zhang
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2109-23. 2011
    ..For cardiovascular disease mortality, the largest RR was in Lag01 for PM10, and in current day (Lag0) for SO2 and NO2. NO2 was associated with the largest RRs for deaths from both cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease...
  81. ncbi Genetic biomonitoring of an urban population exposed to mutagenic airborne pollutants
    Mariana V Coronas
    Programa de Pesquisas Ambientais, Fundação Estadual de Proteção Ambiental Henrique Luís Roessler FEPAM, CEP 90690 000, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Environ Int 35:1023-9. 2009
    ..The results indicate that the comet assay was a sensitive tool to detect DNA damage in subjects under the influence of an oil refinery, with marked genotoxic activity in the atmospheric environment...
  82. pmc Geographical factors affecting bed net ownership, a tool for the elimination of Anopheles-transmitted lymphatic filariasis in hard-to-reach communities
    Michelle C Stanton
    Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e53755. 2013
    ..3, 95% CI: 3.67-7.70). This analysis provides key insights into the barriers of bed net ownership, which will help inform both LF and malaria bed net distribution campaigns as part of an integrated vector management strategy...
  83. pmc Quiet areas and the need for quietness in Amsterdam
    Hester Booi
    Department for Research and Statistics O S, Municipality of Amsterdam, PO Box 2200, 1000 CE Amsterdam, The Netherlands Email
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:1030-50. 2012
    ..Apparently this depends on a relative quietness or on non-acoustic characteristics of an area: the presence of vegetation and other pleasant stimuli...
  84. ncbi Spousal disclosure of HIV serostatus among women attending antenatal care in urban Nigeria
    B N Olagbuji
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
    J Obstet Gynaecol 31:486-8. 2011
    ....
  85. pmc Incidence of respiratory virus-associated pneumonia in urban poor young children of Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2009-2011
    Nusrat Homaira
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    PLoS ONE 7:e32056. 2012
    ..Pneumonia is the leading cause of childhood death in Bangladesh. We conducted a longitudinal study to estimate the incidence of virus-associated pneumonia in children aged <2 years in a low-income urban community in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
  86. pmc Predictors of success with highly active antiretroviral therapy in an antiretroviral-naive urban population
    Elisa Zaragoza-Macias
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 26:133-8. 2010
    ....
  87. pmc Prevalence of physical activity among Chinese adults: results from the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia
    Paul Muntner
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University SPHTM, 1430 Tulane Ave, SL 18, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1631-6. 2005
    ..Therefore, we assessed overall, work-related, and leisure-time physical activity in a representative sample of Chinese adults, aged 35 to 74 years, using data from the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia...
  88. ncbi Places to play: association of park space and facilities with healthy weight status among children
    Luke R Potwarka
    Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
    J Community Health 33:344-50. 2008
    ..Implications for park design are discussed...
  89. ncbi Snacking in children: the role of urban corner stores
    Kelley E Borradaile
    Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA
    Pediatrics 124:1293-8. 2009
    ..There are no data, however, on what children purchase in these environments before and after school. The purpose of this study was to document the nature of children's purchases in corner stores proximal to their schools...
  90. pmc The stigma of mental illness in Southern Ghana: attitudes of the urban population and patients' views
    Antonia Barke
    Georg Elias Müller Institute for Psychology, University of Gottingen, Gosslerstr 14, 37073, Gottingen, Germany
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:1191-202. 2011
    ..Even less is known about the stigma actually perceived by the mentally ill persons themselves...
  91. ncbi Cities, productivity, and quality of life
    Edward Glaeser
    Department of Economics, School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 333:592-4. 2011
    ..Though the scope of urban challenges can make remaining rural seem attractive, agrarian poverty has typically also been quite costly...
  92. pmc Urban neighborhood poverty and the incidence of depression in a population-based cohort study
    Sandro Galea
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:171-9. 2007
    ..We assessed the relation between urban neighborhood poverty and incident depression in a population-based prospective cohort study...
  93. ncbi Decomposing socioeconomic inequality in self-rated health in Tehran
    Saharnaz Nedjat
    School of Public Health, Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:495-500. 2012
    ..Measuring the distribution of health is a part of assessing health system performance. This study aims to estimate health inequality between different socioeconomic groups and its determinants in Tehran, the capital of Iran...
  94. pmc Prevalence and risk factors for self-reported diabetes among adult men and women in India: findings from a national cross-sectional survey
    Sutapa Agrawal
    South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, C1 52, First Floor, Safdarjung Development Area, New Delhi, India
    Public Health Nutr 15:1065-77. 2012
    ..We examined the distribution of diabetes and modifiable risk factors to provide data to aid diabetes prevention programmes in India...
  95. pmc Higher Healthy Eating Index-2005 scores associated with reduced symptoms of depression in an urban population: findings from the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity Across the Life Span (HANDLS) study
    Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski
    Department of Health, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 110:383-9. 2010
    ..Depression affects more than 15 million Americans in a given year. Compared to physical health, less is known about the affect of diet quality on symptoms of depression...
  96. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy: the Beijing Communities Diabetes Study 6
    Jie Xu
    Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
    Retina 32:322-9. 2012
    ..To examine prevalence and associated factors of diabetic retinopathy in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in urban communities of Beijing...
  97. pmc Urban-rural differences in the socioeconomic deprivation--sexual behavior link in Kenya
    F Nii Amoo Dodoo
    The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 64:1019-31. 2007
    ..The implications of these findings are discussed...
  98. ncbi Understanding the unique characteristics of suicide in China: national psychological autopsy study
    Gong Huan Yang
    Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Beijing, China
    Biomed Environ Sci 18:379-89. 2005
    ..To compare the characteristics of suicides in the four main demographic groups: urban males, urban females, rural males and rural females in order to help clarify the demographic pattern of suicides in China...
  99. ncbi Association of built-environment, social-environment and personal factors with bicycling as a mode of transportation among Austrian city dwellers
    Sylvia Titze
    Institute of Sports Science, University of Graz, Austria
    Prev Med 47:252-9. 2008
    ..To determine the association of built-environment, social-environment, and personal-level factors with bicycling for transportation, among adult city dwellers...
  100. pmc Intraurban differences in the use of ambulatory health services in a large brazilian city
    Maria Aparecida Turci
    Graduate Program in Public Health, Federal University Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
    J Urban Health 87:994-1006. 2010
    ....
  101. pmc Secular trends in prevalence of overweight and obesity from 2006 to 2009 in urban asian Indian adolescents aged 14-17 years
    Deepak Kumar Gupta
    National Diabetes, Obesity and Cholesterol Diseases Foundation N DOC, SDA, New Delhi, India
    PLoS ONE 6:e17221. 2011
    ..More specifically, the study showed the association of this increasing trend of overweight and obesity prevalence with male gender and high socio-economic status, calling for an urgent need for immediate and targeted preventive measures...

Research Grants62

  1. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..factors include the large population of African-American women, existence of health disparities, rural/urban population mix and close proximity to the university...
  2. Pulmonary effects of biomass fuel indoor PM from rural India
    Shyam Biswal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to increased pulmonary oxidative stress and inflammation and causes greater respiratory diseases in the urban population; however, the effects of indoor PM due to biomass fuel on lungs and innate immune defense in the rural ..
  3. DHA, Inflammation, and Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Pregnant Women
    Debra Krummel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..cost, readily available dietary component that we have shown is extremely low in the diet of our mid-western urban population (10% of recommended levels for pregnancy)...
  4. Chicago Community-Acquired Pneumonia Consortium
    Richard G Wunderink; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..An accurate population-based estimate of incidence requires inclusion of an urban population with the variety of racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups and with the variable access to healthcare ..
  5. GHSU/WSU Cooperative Reproductive Medicine Network
    Michael Peter Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Coupled with our enlarged joint oiral and urban population, documentation of being a major recruiter of racially diverse patients in RMN trials, stellar history of ..
  6. Chicago Community-Acquired Pneumonia Consortium II
    Richard G Wunderink; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An accurate population-based estimate of incidence requires inclusion of an urban population with the variety of racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and access to healthcare characteristics seen in patients ..
  7. Prenatal Exposure to Solid Fuel Smoke and Birth Outcomes in Sri Lanka
    Nalini Sathiakumar; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..evaluate the relationship between solid fuel use and birth outcomes and infant neurodevelopment among a semi-urban population residing in Gampaha district, Sri Lanka...
  8. Air Pollution and Peripheral Blood Gene Expression in Subjects with Coronary Arte
    Ralph J Delfino; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The relevance to public health is that data will come from the everyday life of a susceptible urban population.
  9. Congenital CMV Infection and Hearing Loss in Rural Indian Population
    Suresh B Boppana; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the results of this study to provide a reliable estimate of SNHL prevalence at birth in a low-income semi-urban population near New Delhi, India...
  10. Development, Trauma, and Genotype Effects on Biomarkers of Anxiety in Children
    Tanja Jovanovic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Preliminary data from a low-income, primarily African American urban population collected from school-age children indicate that these same startle-based phenotypes are sensitive to ..
  11. Acute Stroke Program of Interventions: Racial &Ethnic Disparities(ASPIRE)
    CHELSEA M KIDWELL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..previously unrecognized sociocultural and environmental barriers to acute stroke treatment in an underserved, urban population;B) to investigate whether implementation of a multilevel intervention designed to address these barriers can ..
  12. Intervening with Haitian HIV+ Alcohol Abusers: An Environmental Psychosocial Fram
    Jessy G Devieux; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..adherence to ARV medication, and reducing alcohol or other drugs (AOD) use, in a predominantly poor urban population in Haiti...
  13. Control of airway inflammation and Th2 differentiation by microRNA 21
    Alexander L Dent; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Th2 cell-mediated atopic and allergic diseases are increasing dramatically worldwide, with almost 50% of the urban population presenting with atopic diseases including asthma, rhino- conjunctivitis, sinusitis, food allergy, and atopic ..
  14. Breast and Prostate Cancer Data Quality and Patterns of Care Study
    Joseph Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF OROPOUCHE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In comparison, recent studies in Peru reported a seroprevalence of 35 percent in the urban population. Preliminary studies suggest, on the basis of sequencing and serology, that at least one strain of Simbu ..
  16. Organized Self-Management Support Services for Chronic Depression
    Evette J Ludman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of patients with chronic or recurrent depression recruited from two health care clinics serving a diverse urban population. Key ingredients of the intervention include aggressive outreach, motivational enhancement, and transmission ..
  17. Implicit Attitudes and HIV Risk Behavior in Virtual Environments
    Kerry L Marsh; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..social factors experiments examines social cues involving cultural risk factors unique to Latina women in an urban population (partner motives);similar cues are examined in a non-Latina sample...
  18. Revitalizing Urban Population Projections: New Data, New Methods
    Deborah Balk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  19. Noise Exposure in Subway Riders
    Robyn R M Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To characterize the contribution of subway noise to total noise exposure in an urban population, we propose a two-year, four-phase, transdisciplinary risk assessment study of NYC community members...
  20. Mental Health Services in NY after WTC Disaster
    Joseph Boscarino; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..care providers in NYC, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate mental health interventions among a diverse urban population. Valid and reliable data related to effectiveness, access, and the quality of mental health services for ..
  21. The Effects of Institutional Racism and Residential Segregation on Preterm Birth
    DARA MENDEZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..residential segregation by using The Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) database and the US census among an urban population of pregnant women to test its association with maternal stress and preterm birth;(2) Understand the ..
  22. MEXICAN AMERICAN PEOPLE: A GENERATION LATER
    VILMA ORTIZ; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..on socioeconomic mobility, change in ethnic identity, and change in family and gender attitudes in an ethnic urban population. First, the investigators test the hypothesis that ethnic identity will persist into the third generation, in ..
  23. UW Center of Collaborative Research and Education Initiatives for Health Equity
    Alexandra K Adams; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Center for Urban Population Health will assist in the development of university-communities partnerships with two Milwaukee organizations,..
  24. Seroprevallence and incidence of genital herpes in Uganda
    Edith Nakku Joloba; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..estimate the incidence of Herpes simplex type 1 and 2 in an inception cohort of HSV-2 negative persons in an urban population in Uganda and iii) to identify modifiable risk factors associated with Herpes simplex types 1 and 2 ..
  25. Determinants of Asthma Morbidity in an Urban Population
    Juan Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..During the five-year project, the candidate will pursue advanced graduate work in clinical epidemiology and health services research to further develop his scientific skills. ..
  26. QUALITY OF LIFE IN NEWLY DIAGNOSED EPILEPSY AND SEIZURES
    David Ficker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The long-term career goals are to develop a large-scale epilepsy epidemiology program in an urban population that will serve as a basis for studies on incidence of epilepsy, epilepsy prognosis (including predictors of ..
  27. NJ Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences
    KATHLEEN SCOTTO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It has a dense and diverse urban population, one of the largest biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries in the world, a government committed to new ..
  28. A Scalable Model to Empower Digital Library Users
    NUNZIA GIUSE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Bureau of Health Services central office will represent public health professionals serving a mixed rural / urban population. The second partner group is the South Central health region, a group of 12 rural counties south of Davidson ..
  29. Enhancing the Infrastructure of the CAPRICORN PBRN
    David Meyers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..delivery of primary health care for all persons, with a particular focus on problems specific to a diverse urban population and to the elimination of health disparities...
  30. THE CHANGING SOCIO-SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF THE CITY
    DONALD BOGUE; Fiscal Year: 1980
    Previous studies of urban population composition by sociologists and demographers, although providing a wealth of descriptive information about urban socio-spatial characteristics, have been relatively uninformed by the more recent work ..
  31. AIDS KNOWLEDGE & BELIEFS IN MULTIETHNIC SCHOOL CHILDREN
    David Siegel; Fiscal Year: 1992
    The Oakland Schools AIDS Prevention Project (OSAP) will focus on an AIDS high-risk, multiethnic, urban population of elementary school children to ascertain their beliefs and concepts of health and disease processes, specifically AIDS, so ..
  32. RESEARCH TRAINING PROPOSAL
    KIM DOBSON; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..research is an investigation of antecedent and concurrent predictors of employment status among a minority urban population, utilizing life course theory as a structuring framework...
  33. Emotion Regulation and Cortisol in Children with Atopy
    ASTRIDA KAUGARS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study will include a low-income, multi-ethnic, urban population of children (n=158) with multiple episodes of wheezing in infancy...
  34. TAILORED COMMUNICATIONS FOR COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This proposal addresses the need for research assessing tailored communications to increase CRC screening in minority groups. ..
  35. Evaluating Alternative Retinopathy Screening Approaches
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These interventions are practical, have potential for widespread dissemination, and can translate basic and clinical research to achieve public health benefits. ..
  36. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    CARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
  37. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug User
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  40. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Simulation Algorithms for Spatial Pattern Recognition
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The neutral models and methods in this proposal make possible, for the first time ever, evaluation of the sensitivity of the results of cluster or boundary analyses to specification of the null hypothesis. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. The Epidemiology of Physical Activity and Lung Cancer
    Andrew Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Both projects are directed at the development of new lung cancer prevention programs that can supplement current smoking prevention and cessation programs. ..
  43. Cumulative Risks and Asthma Morbidity in Urban Children
    Daphne Koinis Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results from this study will enable future studies testing moderators that may enhance asthma-related functioning in urban children. ..
  44. AIDS Stigma & Gender: Health Consequences in Urban India
    Maria Ekstrand; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4. Develop specific data-based program and policy recommendations to reduce AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in urban Indian health care settings and to disseminate these among regional stakeholders. ..
  45. NEBULIZER INTERVENTION IN MINORITY CHILDREN WITH ASTHMA
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Study findings will improve clinical care to this vulnerable population of children and will be if significant use to health care providers, researchers, insurers and policy makers. ..
  46. Geostatistical software for health and exposure analysis
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Neurotoxicity of Chronic Exposure to Air Pollution
    Lilian Calderon Garciduenas; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Youth Drug Use, Violence Exposure, and Physiology
    Wendy Kliewer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Club Drug Initiation & HIV Risk of Mobile Suburban Youth
    Brian Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Determining the pathways to club drug initiation and transitions to later stages of use and abuse is, therefore, of utmost importance. ..
  50. ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISK
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
  51. Protective Factors in Urban Children with Asthma
    Daphne Koinis Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results will be used to design a culturally sensitive asthma intervention to enhance asthma management behaviors of ethnic minority, urban and poor families. ..
  52. Neighborhood Environments and Disparities in Obesity Rates in New York City
    Andrew G Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, the analyses will be used to guide New York City's ongoing long term planning process for using urban design to promote public health...
  53. Improving Asthma Communication in Minority Families
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Away From Home and Out of School
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
  55. Examining ART Adherence Issues in Bangalore India
    MARIA L EKSTRAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  56. Promoting Asthma Self-Care in Urban African American Teens
    BARBARA F VELSO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings of this study will improve care to this underserved population of urban African-American teens with asthma and will have significant implications for health care providers, researchers, and policy makers. ..
  57. Emerging Trends of Tryptamine Use: Contexts & Risks
    Brian Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..