rural population

Summary

Summary: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
  2. ncbi Effect of a participatory intervention with women's groups on birth outcomes and maternal depression in Jharkhand and Orissa, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Prasanta Tripathy
    Ekjut, Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India
    Lancet 375:1182-92. 2010
  3. ncbi Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea risk in the community: a systematic review
    Val Curtis
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:275-81. 2003
  4. pmc Impact of promoting longer-lasting insecticide treatment of bed nets upon malaria transmission in a rural Tanzanian setting with pre-existing high coverage of untreated nets
    Tanya L Russell
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, P O Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 9:187. 2010
  5. pmc Does self-rated health predict death in adults aged 50 years and above in India? Evidence from a rural population under health and demographic surveillance
    Siddhivinayak Hirve
    Vadu Rural Health Program, KEM Hospital Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1719-27; author reply 1727-8. 2012
  6. pmc Mosquito nets in a rural area of Western Kenya: ownership, use and quality
    Sophia Githinji
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds P, O, Box 43640 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:250. 2010
  7. pmc Piloting the global subsidy: the impact of subsidized artemisinin-based combination therapies distributed through private drug shops in rural Tanzania
    Oliver J Sabot
    Malaria Control Team, Clinton Foundation HIV AIDS Initiative, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e6857. 2009
  8. pmc A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context
    Lale Say
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 85:812-9. 2007
  9. ncbi Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
  10. pmc Adult mortality and antiretroviral treatment roll-out in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Abraham J Herbst
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 87:754-62. 2009

Detail Information

Publications285 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
    ..On average a "rich" child is 31 percentage points more likely to be enrolled than a "poor" child, but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar...
  2. ncbi Effect of a participatory intervention with women's groups on birth outcomes and maternal depression in Jharkhand and Orissa, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Prasanta Tripathy
    Ekjut, Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India
    Lancet 375:1182-92. 2010
    Community mobilisation through participatory women's groups might improve birth outcomes in poor rural communities. We therefore assessed this approach in a largely tribal and rural population in three districts in eastern India.
  3. ncbi Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea risk in the community: a systematic review
    Val Curtis
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:275-81. 2003
    ..More and better-designed trials are needed to measure the impact of washing hands on diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections in developing countries...
  4. pmc Impact of promoting longer-lasting insecticide treatment of bed nets upon malaria transmission in a rural Tanzanian setting with pre-existing high coverage of untreated nets
    Tanya L Russell
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, P O Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 9:187. 2010
    ..Since 2006, a national-scale programme has promoted the use of longer-lasting insecticide treatment kits (consisting of an insecticide plus binder) co-packaged with all bed nets manufactured in the country...
  5. pmc Does self-rated health predict death in adults aged 50 years and above in India? Evidence from a rural population under health and demographic surveillance
    Siddhivinayak Hirve
    Vadu Rural Health Program, KEM Hospital Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1719-27; author reply 1727-8. 2012
    ..We examine the role of self-rated health (SRH) in predicting mortality and assess how socio-demographic and other disability measures influence this association...
  6. pmc Mosquito nets in a rural area of Western Kenya: ownership, use and quality
    Sophia Githinji
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds P, O, Box 43640 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:250. 2010
    ..Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are regarded as one of the most effective strategies to prevent malaria in Africa. This study analyses the use and quality of nets owned by households in an area of high net coverage...
  7. pmc Piloting the global subsidy: the impact of subsidized artemisinin-based combination therapies distributed through private drug shops in rural Tanzania
    Oliver J Sabot
    Malaria Control Team, Clinton Foundation HIV AIDS Initiative, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e6857. 2009
    ..To overcome this challenge, a global ACT subsidy has been proposed. We tested this proposal through a pilot program in rural Tanzania...
  8. pmc A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context
    Lale Say
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 85:812-9. 2007
    ..These findings emphasize the need to investigate and assess context-specific causes of varying use of maternal health care, if safe motherhood is to become a reality in developing countries...
  9. ncbi Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
    ..To characterize the built nutritional environment in terms of types and number of food stores, availability, and cost of selected food items in a rural area...
  10. pmc Adult mortality and antiretroviral treatment roll-out in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Abraham J Herbst
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 87:754-62. 2009
    ..To investigate trends in adult mortality in a population serviced by a public-sector antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme in rural South Africa using a demographic surveillance system...
  11. pmc Estimation of the burden of active and life-time epilepsy: a meta-analytic approach
    Anthony K Ngugi
    The Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, KEMRI, Kilifi, Kenya
    Epilepsia 51:883-90. 2010
    ..To estimate the burden of lifetime epilepsy (LTE) and active epilepsy (AE) and examine the influence of study characteristics on prevalence estimates...
  12. ncbi The economic consequences of health shocks: evidence from Vietnam
    Adam Wagstaff
    Development Research Group and East Asia and Pacific Region, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    J Health Econ 26:82-100. 2007
    ..Measures of household health shocks used include a recent death of a working-age household member, a long inpatient spell, and a recent sizeable drop in the body mass index of the household head...
  13. ncbi Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and minority composition are associated with better potential spatial access to the ground-truthed food environment in a large rural area
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    J Nutr 138:620-7. 2008
    ..Knowledge of potential access to the food environment is essential for combining environmental approaches and health interventions so that families, especially those in rural areas, can make healthier food choices...
  14. ncbi Correcting for inflammation changes estimates of iron deficiency among rural Kenyan preschool children
    Frederick K E Grant
    Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Nutr 142:105-11. 2012
    ..r = 0.20; P < 0.001, before and after adjustment, respectively). Although the use of CF to adjust for inflammation appears indicated, further work is needed to confirm that this approach improves the accuracy of assessment of ID...
  15. pmc Population-based biochemistry, immunologic and hematological reference values for adolescents and young adults in a rural population in Western Kenya
    Clement Zeh
    U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC Kenya, Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 6:e21040. 2011
    ..Our aim was to establish clinical laboratory reference values for African adolescents and young adults that can be used in clinical trials and for patient management...
  16. ncbi The effect of distance to health-care facilities on childhood mortality in rural Burkina Faso
    Anja Schoeps
    Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Am J Epidemiol 173:492-8. 2011
    ..The findings of this study emphasize the importance of geographic accessibility of health care for child survival in sub-Saharan Africa and demonstrate the need to improve health-care access to achieve the Millennium Development Goals...
  17. pmc Healthcare-seeking behaviour for common infectious disease-related illnesses in rural Kenya: a community-based house-to-house survey
    Deron C Burton
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:61-70. 2011
    ..Seeking healthcare at health facilities and hospitals varied by syndrome, severity of illness, and characteristics of the patient...
  18. ncbi Mental health and well-being within rural communities: the Australian rural mental health study
    Brian J Kelly
    Centre for Rural and Remote Mental Health, University of Newcastle, Orange, Australia
    Aust J Rural Health 18:16-24. 2010
    ..This paper outlines the methods and baseline data from a multisite cohort study of the determinants and outcomes of mental health and well-being within rural and remote communities...
  19. pmc How can malaria rapid diagnostic tests achieve their potential? A qualitative study of a trial at health facilities in Ghana
    Clare I R Chandler
    Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Malar J 9:95. 2010
    ..A recent trial in rural health facilities in Ghana reduced overprescription of anti-malarials, but found that 45.5% patients who tested negative with RDTs were still prescribed an anti-malarial...
  20. pmc Common perinatal mental disorders in northern Viet Nam: community prevalence and health care use
    Jane Fisher
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic, 3010, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 88:737-45. 2010
    ..To establish the prevalence of common perinatal mental disorders their determinants, and their association with preventive health care use among women in one rural and one urban province in northern Viet Nam...
  21. ncbi Obesity in South Africa: the South African demographic and health survey
    Thandi Puoane
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit of the Medical Research Council, Burden Tygerberg, South Africa
    Obes Res 10:1038-48. 2002
    ..To ascertain the anthropometric profile and determinants of obesity in South Africans who participated in the Demographic and Health Survey in 1998...
  22. ncbi Suicide rates in China, 1995-99
    Michael R Phillips
    Beijing Suicide Research and Prevention Center, Beijing Hui Long Guan Hospital, Beijing 100096, People s Republic of China
    Lancet 359:835-40. 2002
    ..We aimed to present an accurate picture of the current pattern of suicide in China on the basis of conservative estimates of suicide rates in different population cohorts...
  23. pmc Validation of 3 food outlet databases: completeness and geospatial accuracy in rural and urban food environments
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1324-33. 2010
    ..The marked undercount of food outlets and the geospatial inaccuracies observed have the potential to introduce bias into studies evaluating the impact of the built food environment...
  24. pmc HIV prevalence and associated risk factors among individuals aged 13-34 years in Rural Western Kenya
    Pauli N Amornkul
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e6470. 2009
    ..To estimate HIV prevalence and characterize risk factors among young adults in Asembo, rural western Kenya...
  25. ncbi The impact of migration on HIV-1 transmission in South Africa: a study of migrant and nonmigrant men and their partners
    Mark N Lurie
    South African Medical Research Council, HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research Unit, Durban, South Africa
    Sex Transm Dis 30:149-56. 2003
    ..To investigate the association between migration and HIV infection among migrant and nonmigrant men and their rural partners...
  26. pmc Urbanisation is associated with prevalence of childhood asthma in diverse, small rural communities in Ecuador
    Alejandro Rodriguez
    Centro de Investigaciones FEPIS, Fundación Ecuatoriana para la Investigación en Salud, Quininde, Esmeraldas, Ecuador
    Thorax 66:1043-50. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to explore how the process of urbanisation may explain differences in asthma prevalence in transitional communities in north-eastern Ecuador...
  27. pmc Women's preferences for place of delivery in rural Tanzania: a population-based discrete choice experiment
    Margaret E Kruk
    Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1666-72. 2009
    ..We fielded a population-based discrete choice experiment (DCE) in rural western Tanzania, where only one third of women deliver children in a health facility, to evaluate health-system factors that influence women's delivery decisions...
  28. pmc Male migration and risky sexual behavior in rural India: is the place of origin critical for HIV prevention programs?
    Niranjan Saggurti
    HIV and AIDS Program, Population Council, New Delhi 110003, India
    BMC Public Health 11:S6. 2011
    ..The paucity of information on men's risky sexual behaviors in places of origin limits the decision to initiate HIV prevention interventions among populations in high out-migration areas in India...
  29. ncbi Hypertension prevalence and care in an urban and rural area of Tanzania
    R Edwards
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Health Sciences, The Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Hypertens 18:145-52. 2000
    ..To describe the prevalence, detection, treatment and control of hypertension in an urban and rural area of Tanzania...
  30. ncbi Pattern and predictors of soil-transmitted helminth reinfection among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia
    M Hesham Al-Mekhlafi
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Acta Trop 107:200-4. 2008
    ..Public health personnel need to re-look at the current control measures and identify innovative and integrated ways in order to reduce STH significantly in the rural communities...
  31. pmc Improving community coverage of oral cholera mass vaccination campaigns: lessons learned in Zanzibar
    Christian Schaetti
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 7:e41527. 2012
    ..Since OCV uptake in the 2009 campaign reached only ∼50% in these communities, an evaluation of social and cultural factors and of barriers was conducted to understand this difference for future cholera control planning...
  32. pmc The impact of retail-sector delivery of artemether-lumefantrine on malaria treatment of children under five in Kenya: a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Beth P Kangwana
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kenya
    PLoS Med 8:e1000437. 2011
    ..This study in western Kenya aimed to evaluate the impact of providing subsidized artemether-lumefantrine (AL) through retail providers on the coverage of prompt, effective antimalarial treatment for febrile children aged 3-59 months...
  33. ncbi Who infects whom? HIV-1 concordance and discordance among migrant and non-migrant couples in South Africa
    Mark N Lurie
    South African Medical Research Council, HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research Unit, Durban, South Africa
    AIDS 17:2245-52. 2003
    ..To measure HIV-1 discordance among migrant and non-migrant men and their rural partners, and to estimate the relative risk of infection from inside versus outside primary relationships...
  34. pmc Improvements in access to malaria treatment in Tanzania following community, retail sector and health facility interventions -- a user perspective
    Sandra Alba
    Dept Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 9:163. 2010
    ..The effect of these interventions on understanding and treatment of malaria was studied in rural Tanzania. The data also enabled an investigation of the determinants of access to treatment...
  35. pmc Retention in HIV care for individuals not yet eligible for antiretroviral therapy: rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Richard J Lessells
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:e79-86. 2011
    ..To determine retention in HIV care for individuals not yet eligible for antiretroviral therapy (ART) and to explore factors associated with retention in a rural public health HIV program...
  36. pmc Prevalence and risk factors of intestinal parasitism in rural and remote West Malaysia
    Romano Ngui
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e974. 2011
    ....
  37. ncbi Effect of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness strategy on childhood mortality and nutrition in a rural area in Bangladesh: a cluster randomised trial
    Shams E Arifeen
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICDDR, B, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Lancet 374:393-403. 2009
    ..We assessed the effect of IMCI on health and nutrition of children younger than 5 years in Bangladesh...
  38. ncbi Spatial clustering of malaria and associated risk factors during an epidemic in a highland area of western Kenya
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 9:757-66. 2004
    ..Conditional multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of malaria was higher in children who were underweight, who lived at lower altitudes, and who lived in households where drugs were not kept at home...
  39. pmc Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010
    ..In African settings with poor access to health care, surveillance and surveys of disease burden are often done through home visits. The optimal recall period to capture data on symptoms and health utilization is unknown...
  40. pmc Contextual and psychosocial influences on antiretroviral therapy adherence in rural Zimbabwe: towards a systematic framework for programme planners
    Morten Skovdal
    London School of Economics and Political Science, Institute of Social Psychology, London, UK
    Int J Health Plann Manage 26:296-318. 2011
    ..We offer this framework as a resource for ART programme planners and implementers seeking to improve ART compliance in resource-poor settings...
  41. pmc Population-level reduction in adult mortality after extension of free anti-retroviral therapy provision into rural areas in northern Malawi
    Sian Floyd
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e13499. 2010
    ..It is important to see if the impact changes with time since the start of treatment scale-up, and as treatment moves to smaller clinics...
  42. pmc Taking social relationships seriously: lessons learned from the informed consent practices of a vaccine trial on the Kenyan Coast
    Caroline Gikonyo
    KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P O Box 230, Kilifi, Kenya
    Soc Sci Med 67:708-20. 2008
    ....
  43. ncbi The effect of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness on observed quality of care of under-fives in rural Tanzania
    Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Health Policy Plan 19:1-10. 2004
    ..IMCI is therefore likely to lead to rapid gains in child survival, health and development if adequate coverage levels can be achieved and maintained...
  44. ncbi Secretive females or swaggering males? An assessment of the quality of sexual partnership reporting in rural Tanzania
    Soori Nnko
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Soc Sci Med 59:299-310. 2004
    ..For men, however, there is only a weak association between number of partnerships and the risk of HIV, and it cannot be excluded that men, especially single men, exaggerate the number of sexual partners...
  45. ncbi The emergence of cardiovascular disease during urbanisation of Africans
    H H Vorster
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoër Onderwys, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 5:239-43. 2002
    ....
  46. ncbi The influence of sampling effort and the performance of the Kato-Katz technique in diagnosing Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm co-infections in rural Côte d'Ivoire
    M Booth
    Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QP, UK
    Parasitology 127:525-31. 2003
    ..If confirmed in other settings, these findings have implications for estimating the prevalence of multiple species helminth infections, and hence the design and implementation of efficacious and cost-effective control programmes...
  47. pmc The prevalence of stunting, overweight and obesity, and metabolic disease risk in rural South African children
    Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 10:158. 2010
    ..This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and patterns of stunting and overweight/obesity, and hence risk for metabolic disease, in a group of children and adolescents in rural South Africa...
  48. pmc Distribution of hyperglycaemia and related cardiovascular disease risk factors in low-income countries: a cross-sectional population-based survey in rural Uganda
    Dermot Maher
    Medical Research Council Uganda Virus Research Institute MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Int J Epidemiol 40:160-71. 2011
    ..We assessed the prevalence of related cardiovascular disease risk factors (hyperglycaemia, high blood pressure and obesity) in a longstanding population cohort in rural Uganda...
  49. pmc Seasonality, blood feeding behavior, and transmission of Plasmodium falciparum by Anopheles arabiensis after an extended drought in southern Zambia
    Rebekah J Kent
    The W Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, The Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:267-74. 2007
    ..923, An. arabiensis was substantially more anthropophilic in our study area than comparable samples of indoor-resting An. arabiensis throughout Africa and was the primary vector responsible for transmission of P. falciparum...
  50. pmc Moving from data on deaths to public health policy in Agincourt, South Africa: approaches to analysing and understanding verbal autopsy findings
    Peter Byass
    Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    PLoS Med 7:e1000325. 2010
    ..Here we compare and contrast these approaches as applied to a series of 6,153 deaths which occurred in a rural South African population from 1992 to 2005. We do not attempt to validate either approach in absolute terms...
  51. ncbi Injury-related fatalities in China: an under-recognised public-health problem
    S Y Wang
    Centre for Injury Prevention and Control, Medical College of Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
    Lancet 372:1765-73. 2008
    ..China needs to improve monitoring of fatal and non-fatal injuries, promote intersectoral collaboration, build institutional capacities, and, most importantly, mobilise community support and political will for investment in prevention...
  52. pmc Plasmodium infection and its risk factors in eastern Uganda
    Rachel L Pullan
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 9:2. 2010
    ..This report presents results from a total population survey of malaria infection and intervention coverage in a rural area of eastern Uganda, with a specific focus on how risk factors differ between demographic groups in this population...
  53. ncbi Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Gambian infants: a longitudinal study
    Philip C Hill
    Bacterial Diseases Programme, MRC Laboratories, Banjul, The Gambia
    Clin Infect Dis 46:807-14. 2008
    ..To prepare for national introduction of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine of restricted valency, we studied nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Gambian infants...
  54. pmc Acceptance of anti-retroviral therapy among patients infected with HIV and tuberculosis in rural Malawi is low and associated with cost of transport
    Rony Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Medical Department Operational Research, Brussels Operational Center, Brussels, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 1:e121. 2006
    ....
  55. pmc Soil-transmitted helminth infections and physical fitness in school-aged Bulang children in southwest China: results from a cross-sectional survey
    Peiling Yap
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P O Box CH 4002, Basel, Switzerland
    Parasit Vectors 5:50. 2012
    ..R. China). Standardized, quality-controlled methods were employed to determine STH infections (Kato-Katz technique), haemoglobin levels, anthropometry (body weight and height) and physical fitness (20-m shuttle run test)...
  56. ncbi Correlates of quality of life in China rural-urban female migrate workers
    Chun yan Zhu
    Department of Prevention Medicine, School of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510182, People s Republic of China
    Qual Life Res 21:495-503. 2012
    ..This study aimed to explore the QOL and related factors of rural-urban female migrant workers living in factories in China...
  57. pmc Weight of nations: a socioeconomic analysis of women in low- to middle-income countries
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:413-21. 2011
    ..The increasing trend in body mass index (BMI) and overweight in rapidly developing economies is well recognized...
  58. pmc HIV-related high-risk behaviors among Chinese migrant construction laborers in Nantong, Jiangsu
    Xun Zhuang
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e31986. 2012
    ..Recent surveillance statistics indicate that HIV prevalence among returning migrants has increased significantly...
  59. pmc Social capital and women's reduced vulnerability to HIV infection in rural Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Imperial College London and Director, Manicaland HIV STD Prevention Project, Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Popul Dev Rev 37:333-59. 2011
    ..Support for women's community groups could be an effective HIV prevention strategy in countries with large-scale HIV epidemics...
  60. pmc Exploring provider and community responses to the new malaria diagnostic and treatment regime in Solomon Islands
    Rushika S Wijesinghe
    The University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Pacific Malaria Initiative Support Centre, Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health, Brisbane, Australia
    Malar J 10:3. 2011
    ....
  61. ncbi Gender and age differences in the metabolism of inorganic arsenic in a highly exposed population in Bangladesh
    Anna Lena Lindberg
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Res 106:110-20. 2008
    ..Overall, exposure level of arsenic, gender and age explained at most 30% of the variation in the present study, indicating that genetic polymorphisms are the most important factor influencing the metabolism of inorganic arsenic...
  62. ncbi Extending health insurance to the rural population: an impact evaluation of China's new cooperative medical scheme
    Adam Wagstaff
    Development Research Group, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    J Health Econ 28:1-19. 2009
    ..We find heterogeneity across income groups and implementing counties. The program has increased ownership of expensive equipment among central township health centers but has had no impact on cost per case...
  63. pmc Persistent exposure to arsenic via drinking water in rural Bangladesh despite major mitigation efforts
    Renee Gardner
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Public Health 101:S333-8. 2011
    ..We evaluated the effectiveness of long-term mitigation efforts by longitudinally measuring arsenic exposure in pregnant women and their children, the most susceptible population groups...
  64. ncbi A critical review of interventions to redress the inequitable distribution of healthcare professionals to rural and remote areas
    Nathan W Wilson
    Ukwanda Centre for Rural Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
    Rural Remote Health 9:1060. 2009
    ..This review provides a comprehensive overview of the most important studies addressing the recruitment and retention of doctors to rural and remote areas...
  65. pmc Food insecurity, school absenteeism and educational attainment of adolescents in Jimma Zone Southwest Ethiopia: a longitudinal study
    Tefera Belachew
    Department of Population and Family Health, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, PO Box 1104, Jimma, Ethiopia
    Nutr J 10:29. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that food insecure adolescents would be more likely to be absent from school and have lower grades attained after 1 year compared to their food secure peers...
  66. ncbi Women's status and domestic violence in rural Bangladesh: individual- and community-level effects
    Michael A Koenig
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Demography 40:269-88. 2003
    ....
  67. ncbi The new cooperative medical scheme in China
    Xuedan You
    Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Health Policy 91:1-9. 2009
    ..Rigorous evaluations, based on richer and latest micro-level data, could considerably strengthen the evidence base for the performance and impact of NCMS...
  68. ncbi Are urban children really healthier? Evidence from 47 developing countries
    Ellen Van de Poel
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 65:1986-2003. 2007
    ..The findings imply that there is a need for programs that target the urban poor, and that this is becoming more necessary as the size of the urban population grows...
  69. ncbi Is social capital associated with HIV risk in rural South Africa?
    Paul M Pronyk
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 66:1999-2010. 2008
    ..We suggest that not all social capital is protective or health promotive, and that getting the balance right is critical to informing HIV prevention efforts...
  70. ncbi Improving hygiene in home deliveries in rural Ghana: how to build on current attitudes and practices
    Zelee Hill
    Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:1004-8. 2010
    ..There are few data from Africa. This study explored delivery practices in Ghana to identify behaviors for intervention and to determine behavioral influencers...
  71. pmc Malaria knowledge and long-lasting insecticidal net use in rural communities of central Côte d'Ivoire
    Allassane F Ouattara
    Département Environnement et Santé, Centre suisse de recherches scientifiques en Côte d Ivoire, 01 BP 1303, Abidjan 01, Cote d Ivoire
    Malar J 10:288. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to determine factors that influence the use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in three rural communities of Côte d'Ivoire, two of which benefited from recent interventions...
  72. pmc Phylogeography of recently emerged DENV-2 in southern Viet Nam
    Maia A Rabaa
    Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e766. 2010
    ..However, these data also indicate that more rural areas are also capable of maintaining virus populations and hence fueling DENV evolution over multiple seasons...
  73. pmc HIV prevalence and incidence in rural Tanzania: results from 10 years of follow-up in an open-cohort study
    Mwita Wambura
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza Branch, Mwanza, Tanzania
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:616-23. 2007
    ..Tanzanian antenatal clinic surveillance data suggest stabilizing HIV levels. Data from an open cohort in northern Tanzania provide robust estimates of prevalence and incidence...
  74. ncbi The current status of urban-rural differences in psychiatric disorders
    J Peen
    Research Department, Arkin Mental Health Institute Amsterdam, 1070 AV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 121:84-93. 2010
    ..Reviews of urban-rural differences in psychiatric disorders conclude that urban rates may be marginally higher and, specifically, somewhat higher for depression. However, pooled results are not available...
  75. pmc The burden of moderate-to-heavy soil-transmitted helminth infections among rural malaysian aborigines: an urgent need for an integrated control programme
    Abdulhamid Ahmed
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Parasit Vectors 4:242. 2011
    ..Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, among the most common neglected tropical diseases, continue to be a major threat to the health and socioeconomic wellbeing of infected people especially children in developing countries...
  76. pmc Care seeking and attitudes towards treatment compliance by newly enrolled tuberculosis patients in the district treatment programme in rural western Kenya: a qualitative study
    John G Ayisi
    Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisian, Kisumu 40100, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 11:515. 2011
    ..The objective of this study is to assess health-seeking behaviour and health care experiences among persons with pulmonary tuberculosis, and identify the reasons patients might not complete their treatment...
  77. ncbi Cost of illness: evidence from a study in five resource-poor locations in India
    David M Dror
    Institute for Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam MC
    Indian J Med Res 127:347-61. 2008
    ..In India, health services are funded largely through out-of-pocket spendings (OOPS). We carried out this study to collect data on the cost of an illness episode and parameters affecting cost in five locations in India...
  78. ncbi Measuring potential access to food stores and food-service places in rural areas in the U.S
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843 1266, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S151-5. 2009
    ..The measurement of food access will be critical for community-based approaches to meet dietary needs. Researchers must be willing to take the steps necessary for rigorous measurement of a dynamic food environment...
  79. ncbi Arsenic in drinking water and adult mortality: a population-based cohort study in rural Bangladesh
    Nazmul Sohel
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, International Maternal and Child Health IMCH, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Epidemiology 20:824-30. 2009
    ..We evaluated risks of adult mortality (due to cancer and cardiovascular and infectious diseases) in relation to arsenic exposure through drinking water...
  80. ncbi Maternal mortality in China, 1996-2005
    Juan Liang
    National Office for Maternal and Child Health Surveillance, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 110:93-6. 2010
    ..To analyze the trend in maternal mortality ratio (MMR), characteristics and causes of maternal deaths, and factors influencing the MMR in China between 1996 and 2005...
  81. pmc Improvements in access to malaria treatment in Tanzania after switch to artemisinin combination therapy and the introduction of accredited drug dispensing outlets - a provider perspective
    Sandra Alba
    Dept Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 9:164. 2010
    ..Subsidized ALu was made available in both health facilities and ADDOs. The effect of these interventions on access to malaria treatment was studied in rural Tanzania...
  82. ncbi Dramatic increase of Cesarean deliveries in the midst of health reforms in rural China
    Lennart Bogg
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Global Health IHCAR, Karolinska Institutet, Nobel s väg 9, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 70:1544-9. 2010
    ..Our conclusion is that the design of NCMS, the provider payment systems, and the revenue-related bonus systems for doctors need to be studied to rein in the unhealthy increases in rural CD rates...
  83. pmc Population uptake of antiretroviral treatment through primary care in rural South Africa
    Graham S Cooke
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 10:585. 2010
    ..We investigated the factors associated with uptake of antiretroviral treatment through a primary healthcare system in rural South Africa...
  84. pmc Screening mosquito house entry points as a potential method for integrated control of endophagic filariasis, arbovirus and malaria vectors
    Sheila B Ogoma
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e773. 2010
    ..Partial mosquito-proofing of houses with screens and ceilings has the potential to reduce indoor densities of malaria mosquitoes. We wish to measure whether it will also reduce indoor densities of vectors of neglected tropical diseases...
  85. pmc Lack of a decline in HIV incidence in a rural community with high HIV prevalence in South Africa, 2003-2007
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:405-9. 2009
    ..It is unlikely that the HIV epidemic in rural South Africa can be reversed without new or intensified efforts to prevent HIV infection...
  86. ncbi The Beijing genotype is associated with young age and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in rural Vietnam
    T N Buu
    Pham Ngoc Thach Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:900-6. 2009
    ....
  87. pmc Domestic violence in rural Uganda: evidence from a community-based study
    Michael A Koenig
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 81:53-60. 2003
    ..Most respondents--70% of men and 90% of women--viewed beating of the wife or female partner as justifiable in some circumstances, posing a central challenge to preventing violence in such settings...
  88. ncbi Evaluation of a home-based voluntary counselling and testing intervention in rural Uganda
    Brent Wolff
    Medical Research Council, P O 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Health Policy Plan 20:109-16. 2005
    ....
  89. pmc What factors are associated with recent intimate partner violence? findings from the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence
    Tanya Abramsky
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:109. 2011
    ....
  90. pmc Re-evaluating the burden of rabies in Africa and Asia
    Darryn L Knobel
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, Scotland
    Bull World Health Organ 83:360-8. 2005
    ..To quantify the public health and economic burden of endemic canine rabies in Africa and Asia...
  91. pmc Profile: Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance system
    Kathleen Kahn
    Medical Research Council Wits University Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit, Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 41:988-1001. 2012
    ....
  92. ncbi Factors influencing the use of maternal healthcare services in Ethiopia
    Yared Mekonnen
    Ethio Netherlands AIDS Research Project, Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, PO Box 1242, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    J Health Popul Nutr 21:374-82. 2003
    ..However, this cannot detract from the relevance of service-related factors, especially in the rural areas of the country...
  93. pmc Diet and serum lipids: changes over socio-economic transition period in Lithuanian rural population
    Vitalija Ramazauskiene
    Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Academy of Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Lithuania
    BMC Public Health 11:447. 2011
    ..The aim of the study was to compare trends in diet and lipid profile of Lithuanian rural population aged 25-64 during two decades of transition period (1987-2007).
  94. ncbi Bypassing primary care facilities for childbirth: a population-based study in rural Tanzania
    Margaret E Kruk
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Health Management and Policy, 109 Observatory Road, SPH II M3166, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA
    Health Policy Plan 24:279-88. 2009
    ..Investing in improved quality of care in primary care facilities may reduce bypassing and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the health system in providing coverage for facility delivery in rural Africa...
  95. ncbi Coping with health care expenses among poor households: evidence from a rural commune in Vietnam
    Kim Thuy Nguyen
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Soc Sci Med 74:724-33. 2012
    ..Future reforms should focus on obviating these funding measures among at-risk populations...
  96. pmc Assessing a new approach to verbal autopsy interpretation in a rural Ethiopian community: the InterVA model
    Mesganaw Fantahun
    Department of Community Health, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Bull World Health Organ 84:204-10. 2006
    ..We compared results with those obtained after review of the VA by local physicians, with a view to validating the model as a community-based tool...
  97. ncbi Glaucoma in a rural population of southern India: the Aravind comprehensive eye survey
    R Ramakrishnan
    Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
    Ophthalmology 110:1484-90. 2003
    To determine the prevalence of glaucoma and risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma in a rural population of southern India.
  98. ncbi Smoking patterns among Chinese rural-urban migrant workers
    T Yang
    Centre for Tobacco Control Research, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China
    Public Health 123:743-9. 2009
    ..To estimate smoking prevalence and identify correlates of smoking initiation among rural-urban migrant workers...
  99. ncbi Growth faltering in rural Gambian infants is associated with impaired small intestinal barrier function, leading to endotoxemia and systemic inflammation
    D I Campbell
    Medical Research Council, Keneba, The Gambia
    J Nutr 133:1332-8. 2003
    ..These data are consistent with the hypothesis of translocation of immunogenic lumenal macromolecules across a compromised gut mucosa, leading to stimulation of systemic immune/inflammatory processes and subsequent growth impairment...
  100. ncbi Risk factors for child mortality in rural Tanzania
    Joanna R M Armstrong Schellenberg
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Trop Med Int Health 7:506-11. 2002
    ..The association between mothers carrying their children and child survival was unexpected and deserves further investigation...
  101. pmc Cost-effectiveness of malaria diagnostic methods in sub-Saharan Africa in an era of combination therapy
    Samuel Shillcutt
    Andean Health and Development Saludesa, Quito, Ecuador
    Bull World Health Organ 86:101-10. 2008
    ..To evaluate the relative cost-effectiveness in different sub-Saharan African settings of presumptive treatment, field-standard microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to diagnose malaria...

Research Grants81

  1. Arsenic Exposure, Genetic Determinants and Diabetes Risk in a Family Study
    Ana Navas-Acien; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  2. Pulmonary effects of biomass fuel indoor PM from rural India
    Shyam Biswal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..population; however, the effects of indoor PM due to biomass fuel on lungs and innate immune defense in the rural population remains unclear...
  3. Cookstove Replacement for Prevention of ARI and Low Birthweight in Nepal
    JAMES MACK TIELSCH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The project is a cluster-randomized, community-based trial of cookstove replacement in a rural population of southern Nepal...
  4. Project LOVE: Preventing Adolescent Dating Violence among Rural African Americans
    Dionne Smith Coker-Appiah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. Peer groups for healthy pregnancy &HIV prevention for young Malawian women
    Kathleen F Norr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Pelvic Floor Disorders Network - Duke University Clinical Site
    Anthony G Visco; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  7. Maryland Telehome Care Network (MTCN)
    CLAUDIA ROSE BAQUET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  8. Arsenic Exposure, Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes in Native Americans
    Ana Navas-Acien; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The elucidation of the contribution of arsenic exposure to cardiovascular and diabetes development in this high-quality prospective cohort study can inform and potentially impact current environmental public health recommendations. ..
  9. Recruiting Rural Parents/Infants to Health Research Projects: Atopic Dermatitis
    Steven R Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Analysis of the textual data resulting from these tape- recorded interviews will be based on computer-assisted systematic techniques that provide valid and reliable results. ..
  10. Enhanced Provision of Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention, Rakai, Uganda
    Ronald H Gray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..science research on PEPFAR- funded MC services, and has monitored MC uptake and effectiveness in a rural population of 14,000 persons enrolled in a 50 village Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS)...
  11. Centralized Disease Management for Rural Hospitalized Smokers
    Edward F Ellerbeck; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this follow-up to Kan Quit we will see if disease management for hospitalized smokers can increase use of effective pharmaco- therapy, improve communication with health care providers, and increase rates of smoking cessation. ..
  12. Transition of Primary Care Medical Group Practices to the Next Generation
    John Kralewski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Two mid-sized physicians owned clinics will be studied: one serving a rural population and the other a suburban clinic serving a mid-level economic population...
  13. Agricultural Intervention to Improve Health of HIV-infected and Affected Children
    Lisa Michelle Butler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  14. Indoor woodsmoke PM and asthma: a randomized trial
    TONY JOHN WARD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Clinically significant health outcomes will be measured. Results from this study will provide important information for implementing public health strategies for asthma management in the presence of this common exposure. ..
  15. Age Specific Net Migration Estimates for US Counties, 2000-2010
    RICHELLE L WINKLER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..baby boom cohort and corresponding changes in community health care needs, exurbanization, the aging of the rural population, regional shifts in the migration of Hispanics and African-Americans, the persistence of high out-migration ..
  16. China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study
    YAOHUI ZHAO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Gansu is one of the poorest provinces in China and has a large rural population. Zhejiang, in contrast, is one of the leading centers of Chinese industrialization and export to the west...
  17. Congenital CMV Infection and Hearing Loss in Rural Indian Population
    Suresh B Boppana; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, we expect to develop preliminary estimates of SNHL at birth in the rural population and to test the feasibility of newborn hearing screening program at the community level...
  18. Oregon's Coordinated Care Organizations Integrate Care for Drug Use Disorders
    Dennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  19. Reducing Disparities in Access to Hearing Healthcare on the U.S.-Mexico Border
    NICOLE L MARRONE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Epidemiology and Development of Alzheimer's Disease (EDAD)
    David Kevin Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..epidemiological data that indicates lifestyle and environmental factors protect lower and low-middle class rural population sectors against age-related neurocognitive and physical decline...
  21. Rural Lifestyle Eating and Activity Program (Rural LEAP)
    Michael G Perri; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We also will examine the effects of treatment on CVD risk factors, and we will evaluate the costs and cost effectiveness of the interventions. ..
  22. Tuberculosis epidemiology and novel transmission routes in rural Tanzania
    Philip C Hopewell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tuberculosis and M. bovis between humans and animals in a well-defined rural population in Tanzania (the Ruaha region)...
  23. Design and development of a multifunctional self-service health screening kiosk
    STEPHEN KENDIG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  24. CLINICAL TRIALS NETWORK: PACIFIC NORTHWEST NODE
    John M Roll; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  25. Reducing Sexual Risk Behaviors among Rural African-American Cocaine Users
    Katharine E Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  26. Depressed Mothers in Rural Areas: Web-Facilitated Cognitive Behavioral Treatment
    Lisa B Sheeber; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  27. Reducing Asthma Disparities Through School-Based Telemedicine for Rural Children
    TAMARA TAYLOR PERRY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Should it prove successful in reducing symptoms and improving the health of rural children with asthma, it has the potential to serve as a model for improved asthma care in other medically underserved communities. ..
  28. Mobile Phone Intervention to Prevent Youth Suicide in Rural Communities
    Anthony R Pisani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..1 to test novel models and methods to bring mental health interventions to diverse groups, including rural communities. ..
  29. Palliative Care Symptom Management in Rural Communities
    Ardith Z Doorenbos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings from this study will be instrumental in advancing telehealth and improving symptom management and palliative care among underserved rural populations. ..
  30. Community Intervention Research on Prescription Drug Safety in Older Rural Adults
    Faika Zanjani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Establishing an effective PDS intervention will reduce adversities related to prescription drug and alcohol interactions for older adults and consequently improve their quality of life. ..
  31. Health Inequalities: Social Isolation Among Rural Latinos
    Jeanne Marie R Stacciarini; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A mentoring team of distinguished national and international scientists has been assembled to achieve the training and research goals. The K01 Award will lead to an R21 proposal to pilot the family centered intervention. ..
  32. The ecology and epidemiology of Chagas disease in urban and rural communities
    CESAR GABRIEL NAQUIRA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..cruzi infected children. The data from this Project will have immediate applicability for the regional Chagas disease control program in Arequipa and in other endemic areas. ..
  33. HIV-Related Behavior among Rural African American, Young Adult Men
    Steven M Kogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this study we will recruit a sample of young African American men living in resource poor rural communities. Information from this research will assist in the development of scientifically based programs for this population. ..
  34. National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine
    Douglas Kupas; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Fundamentally, the community paramedicine model meets many Healthy People 2020 objectives by increasing access to primary and preventative health care by deploying existing resources in innovative ways. ! ..
  35. Rural Long-Term Cancer Survivors and Contextual Health-related Quality of Life
    LELI PEDRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..outcome of disease and treatment as well as a predictor of mortality and cost of care, is a priority for the rural population of cancer survivors...
  36. Community/Worker Exposures to Pathogens from Industrial Food Animal Production
    Ellen K Silbergeld; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  37. Early Childhood Development for the Poor: Impacting at Scale
    KONSTANTINOS MEGHIR; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  38. Arkansas Center for Clinical and Translational Research
    Laura P James; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  39. ASHA HIV Health Promotion Intervention in India
    Adeline M Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To address the health needs of the rural population, the Government of India has promoted the ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist);a health advocate who ..
  40. Intervening with Haitian HIV+ Alcohol Abusers: An Environmental Psychosocial Fram
    Jessy G Devieux; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Biopsychosocial Factors in Economically Disadvantaged Preschool Children's Adjust
    Jacquelyn Mize; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  42. Social and biomedical risk factors for multi-drug resistant TB in rural China
    Biao Xu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to 1) characterize the natural distribution of drug-resistant TB (including MDR-TB) in a well-defined Chinese rural population with high endemic TB;2) carry out a case-control study to determine the biomedical and social determinants ..
  43. Rural Health and Nursing Research Center
    Elizabeth Merwin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Only three pilots will begin in the first year. ..
  44. Center for Biomedical Research Excellence, Epigenomics of Development and Disease
    Roxanne A Vaughan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is consistent with our global, strategic mission to address the needs of North Dakota's aging, largely rural population. Because epigenetic changes are potentially reversible, we believe that this research could lead to new ..
  45. Allan Hancock College - Bridges to the Baccalaureate
    LEONARD BEN MIYAHARA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..AHC, a Hispanic-serving institution, is a community college serving a rural population, and CPSU is the only university within 35 miles of AHC...
  46. Pharmacogenetics in Rural and Underserved Populations
    Kenneth E Thummel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  47. Organizational Factors Associated with Improved Inpatient Pediatric Asthma Care
    Flory L Nkoy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  48. Identifying Adverse Events After Discharge From a Community Hospital
    Dennis Tsilimingras; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  49. NIAKHAR SOCIAL NETWORKS AND HEALTH PROJECT
    John Sandberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will field a longitudinal panel survey in two waves in a rural population in Senegal, West Africa...
  50. Transforming Cancer Health Messaging: Engaging Alaska Native People thru Digital
    MELANY ANN CUEVA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  51. Promoting Self-management Through Adherence among Heart Failure Patients
    Lufei Young; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Long term adherence to the recommended self-management behaviors is the foundation to realize health benefit and reduce burden on patients, their family and the healthcare system. ..
  52. Phase II RCT of Comprehensive Triaged HIV Prevention: Tanzania
    Michael D Sweat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study will position the project to advance to an appropriately powered Phase III trial should compelling efficacy be found, and safety and acceptance be established. ..
  53. Developing a Peer Advocate Intervention for Rural LGBT Populations
    Cathleen E Willging; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..procedures to recruit and retain peer advocates and LGBT help seekers both members of a widely dispersed, rural population in intervention research...
  54. Prevalence and Health Status of Cancer Survivors in the Rural US
    KATHRYN ELIZABETH WEAVER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The goal of the proposed research is to use National Health Interview Survey data to provide population-based information about the characteristics and health status of adult cancer survivors residing in rural areas of the US. ..
  55. Navigating the Currents of Change Conference
    Michael R Rosmann; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Navigating the Currents of Change seeks to improve the behavioral health of rural and agricultural people, populations with higher than average rates of depression and reduced access to necessary services. ..
  56. Behavioral and Environmental Contributors to Tobacco Disparities in Rural Youth
    Debra Bernat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Importantly, the proposed project will provide an evidence base for designing effective interventions aimed at reducing tobacco use in rural populations. ..
  57. Research Participant Protections in Rural America
    Helena Hoas; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  58. Temperment, Psychobiological and Cognitive Predictors
    Lynne Vernon-Feagans; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Arkansas Center for Clinical and Translational Research
    Curtis L Lowery; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. University of Iowa Injury Prevention Research Center
    Corinne Peek-Asa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Parent Project (Overall Center) ..
  61. Impact Evaluation of Combination HIV Prevention Interventions in Botswana
    Myron E Essex; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The BHP also has a large-capacity accredited laboratory that is central in location to the study sites and serves as the national reference lab for HIV/AIDS. ..
  62. Arkansas Center for Clinical Translational Research
    Laura P James; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community Knowledge
    KAREN ROBERTO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  64. A+ Asthma Rural Partnership
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings of this study will be important to clinicians, researchers, and health policy makers. ..
  65. Rapid On-Site Cyanide Assay for Blood and Saliva Samples
    Carolyn Goodridge; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We are working with a local fire department to ensure that the design and specifications match the needs of first response personnel. ..
  66. Informatics to Enhance Kentucky Ambulatory Network IEKAN
    Kevin Pearce; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..category i ..
  67. THE RURAL HMSA PHYSICIAN RETENTION STUDY
    Thomas Konrad; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  68. Colonoscopy in Rural Oregon Practice (CROP)
    David Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  69. Project EXPORT
    Michael Glasser; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. COMMUNITY ADVOCACY FOR TOBACCO POLICY COMPLIANCE
    James Davis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e., coalition empowerment, local law enforcement, school tobacco use environment, and media coverage) that may explain the success or failure of community interventions. ..
  71. TELEMEDICINE FOR RURAL AND PSYCHIATRIC CLIENTS
    CHRISTINE PEDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Data on computer use and journal activity will be collected monthly, and clients will describe how they used the computer or journal and how they perceive its effect on various dimensions. ..
  72. Randomized trial of HIV / STD prevention in Zimbabwean youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The most valid method will then be used in the final outcomes survey for the parent trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. Anger Assessment and Intervention in Rural Youth
    Kathryn Puskar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The intervention reduces a health disparity by providing a service for rural youth. ..
  74. Design and Evaluation of the Remote Intervention for Diet and Exercise (RIDE)
    Corby K Martin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The RIDE e-Health application overcomes many of these barriers, as well as the limitations of previous e-Health weight loss interventions. ..
  75. EFFICACY OF TELEMEDICINE COLPOSCOPY
    Daron Ferris; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..means of reducing the geographic barriers to the diagnosis and management of cervical neoplasia in a minority rural population. Telemedicine has been proposed as a method to provide a quality standard of care to communities without ..
  76. Exercise CHOICE to Prevent Cancer in Rural Adults
    Jill Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The evidence for CHOICE by Phone's effects on increasing physical activity will be determined by a test of the group by time interaction using a repeated measures analysis of variance. ..
  77. Annual Western North Carolina Cancer Conference
    Charles Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Western North Carolina is considered part of the Appalachian region. The Appalachian region is known for its rural population, much of which is older, less educated, poorer, uninsured and generally has lower levels of preventative care...
  78. EVALUATING SILYMARIN IN CHRONIC HEPATITIS C
    George Strickland; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This exploratory project is anticipated to result in successful initiation of larger and more definitive studies of the effect of milk thistle on HCV infection. ..
  79. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF RURAL PHYSICIAN RETENTION
    Donald Pathman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  80. Technology Exchange for Cancer Health Network (TECH-Net)
    Teresa Waters; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  81. EARLY MALNUTRITION AND STATUS IN ADOLESCENCE
    Reynaldo Martorell; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..These issues are critically important to governments and policy makers concerned with human capital formation in the midst of poverty...