Summary: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.
Publications297 found, 100 shown here
- Estimating the burden of disease from water, sanitation, and hygiene at a global levelAnnette Prüss
World Health Organization, Protection of the Human Environment, Geneva, Switzerland
Environ Health Perspect 110:537-42. 2002We estimated the disease burden from water, sanitation, and hygiene at the global level taking into account various disease outcomes, principally diarrheal diseases...
- Impact of water supply and sanitation on diarrheal morbidity among young children in the socioeconomic and cultural context of Rwanda (Africa)Janvier Gasana
Florida International University, Department of Public Health, North Miami, Florida, USA
Environ Res 90:76-88. 2002..for three sources of potable water, administration of a questionnaire about socioeconomic status and sanitation behavior, anthropometric measurement of children, and analysis of water and feces...
- Effect of sanitation on soil-transmitted helminth infection: systematic review and meta-analysisKathrin Ziegelbauer
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
PLoS Med 9:e1001162. 2012..However, rapid reinfection of humans occurs after successful deworming, and therefore effective preventive measures are required to achieve public health goals with optimal efficiency and sustainability...
- Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries: a systematic review and meta-analysisLorna Fewtrell
Centre for Research into Environment and Health, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK
Lancet Infect Dis 5:42-52. 2005Many studies have reported the results of interventions to reduce illness through improvements in drinking water, sanitation facilities, and hygiene practices in less developed countries...
- Water, sanitation and hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoeaSandy Cairncross
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London, UK
Int J Epidemiol 39:i193-205. 2010Ever since John Snow's intervention on the Broad St pump, the effect of water quality, hygiene and sanitation in preventing diarrhoea deaths has always been debated...
- Integration of water, sanitation, and hygiene for the prevention and control of neglected tropical diseases: a rationale for inter-sectoral collaborationMatthew C Freeman
Department of Environmental Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2439. 2013Improvements of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure and appropriate health-seeking behavior are necessary for achieving sustained control, elimination, or eradication of many neglected tropical diseases (NTDs)...
- Effects of improved water supply and sanitation on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachomaS A Esrey
Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Macdonald College, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Canada
Bull World Health Organ 69:609-21. 1991A total of 144 studies were analysed to examine the impact of improved water supply and sanitation facilities on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma...
- Geographical analysis of the role of water supply and sanitation in the risk of helminth infections of children in West AfricaRicardo J Soares Magalhaes
School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, 4006 QLD, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20084-9. 2011Globally, inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are major contributors to mortality and burden of disease...
- Sanitation facilities in Kampala slums, Uganda: users' satisfaction and determinant factorsInnocent Kamara Tumwebaze
Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Rämistrasse 69, CH 8001, Zurich, Switzerland
Int J Environ Health Res 23:191-204. 2013Access to improved sanitation is a key preventive measure against sanitary-related gastro-enteric diseases such as diarrhoea...
- Understanding the cholera epidemic, HaitiRenaud Piarroux
Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseilles, France
Emerg Infect Dis 17:1161-8. 2011..001): 1 near Mirebalais (October 16-19) next to a United Nations camp with deficient sanitation, 1 along the Artibonite River (October 20-28), and 3 caused by the centrifugal epidemic spread during November...
- The impact of a school-based hygiene, water quality and sanitation intervention on soil-transmitted helminth reinfection: a cluster-randomized trialMatthew C Freeman
Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya Great Lakes University of Kisumu, Kisumu, Kenya University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:875-83. 2013We conducted a cluster-randomized trial to assess the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene, and sanitation program on reducing infection with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) after school-based deworming...
- Impact of a school-based hygiene promotion and sanitation intervention on pupil hand contamination in Western Kenya: a cluster randomized trialLeslie E Greene
Center for Global Safe Water, Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:385-93. 2012..Interventions to improve hygiene and sanitation conditions in schools within low-income countries have gained increased attention; however, their impact on ..
- Assessing the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene and sanitation programme on pupil absence in Nyanza Province, Kenya: a cluster-randomized trialMatthew C Freeman
Hubert Department of Global Health, Center for Global Safe Water, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Trop Med Int Health 17:380-91. 2012There has been increased attention to access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) at schools in developing countries, but a dearth of empirical studies on the impact...
- Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of hygiene among school children in Angolela, EthiopiaA P Vivas
Department of Epidemiology, Multidisciplinary International Research Training Program, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
J Prev Med Hyg 51:73-9. 2010..This study evaluated the KAP of hygiene among rural school children in Ethiopia and assessed the extent to which proper knowledge of hygiene was associated with personal hygiene characteristics...
- Interim evaluation of a large scale sanitation, hygiene and water improvement programme on childhood diarrhea and respiratory disease in rural BangladeshTarique Md Nurul Huda
International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research, Bangladesh
Soc Sci Med 75:604-11. 2012Started in 2007, the Sanitation Hygiene Education and Water Supply in Bangladesh (SHEWA-B) project aims to improve the hygiene, sanitation and water supply for 20 million people in Bangladesh, and thus reduce disease among this population...
- An exploration of multilevel modeling for estimating access to drinking-water and sanitationJennyfer Wolf
Department for Public Health and Environment, Evidence and Policy on Environmental Health, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211, Geneva 27, Switzerland
J Water Health 11:64-77. 2013Monitoring progress towards the targets for access to safe drinking-water and sanitation under the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) requires reliable estimates and indicators...
- The effect of water and sanitation on child health: evidence from the demographic and health surveys 1986-2007Günther Fink
Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Int J Epidemiol 40:1196-204. 2011Despite continued national and international efforts, access to improved water and sanitation remains limited in many developing countries...
- The role of health education and sanitation in the control of helminth infectionsS O Asaolu
Department of Zoology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Acta Trop 86:283-94. 2003Health education and sanitation are two important components of primary health care system introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a basis for the prevention and control of communicable diseases...
- Child dysentery in the Limpopo Valley: a cohort study of water, sanitation and hygiene risk factorsStephen W Gundry
Water and Health Research Centre, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1UB, UK
J Water Health 7:259-66. 2009..Remediation of water quality by treatment at source or in the household will be required to achieve access to safe drinking water in accordance with the 7th Millennium Development Goal...
- Equity in water and sanitation: developing an index to measure progressive realization of the human rightJeanne Luh
The Water Institute, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
Int J Hyg Environ Health 216:662-71. 2013We developed an index to measure progressive realization for the human right to water and sanitation. While in this study we demonstrate its application to the non-discrimination and equality component for water, the conceptual approach ..
- Water and sanitation in schools: a systematic review of the health and educational outcomesChristian Jasper
The Water Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:2772-87. 2012A systematic review of the literature on the effects of water and sanitation in schools was performed. The goal was to characterize the impacts of water and sanitation inadequacies in the academic environment...
- A systematic approach to behavior change interventions for the water and sanitation sector in developing countries: a conceptual model, a review, and a guidelineHans Joachim Mosler
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 133, 8600, Duebendorf, Switzerland
Int J Environ Health Res 22:431-49. 2012Public health practitioners increasingly agree that it is not enough to provide people with water and sanitation hardware...
- Shame or subsidy revisited: social mobilization for sanitation in Orissa, IndiaSubhrendu K Pattanayak
Sanford Institute of Public Policy and Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States of America
Bull World Health Organ 87:580-7. 2009To determine the effectiveness of a sanitation campaign that combines 'shaming' (i.e. emotional motivators) with subsidies for poor households in rural Orissa, an Indian state with a disproportionately high share of India's child mortality...
- Cholera in Mexico: the paradoxical benefits of the last pandemicJaime Sepulveda
Coordination of the National Institutes of Health, Periférico Sur, No 4118 1er piso, Mexico, DF CP 01900, Mexico
Int J Infect Dis 10:4-13. 2006..To describe the impact of preventive and control measures in Mexico prior to, and during, the cholera epidemic of 1991-2001...
- Risk factors contributing to microbiological contamination of shallow groundwater in Kampala, UgandaGuy Howard
WEDC, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU Leicestershire, UK
Water Res 37:3421-9. 2003..On-site sanitation was less important than other sources of faecal matter, which was consistent with a low sanitation coverage in ..
- Systematic review and meta-analysis: association between water and sanitation environment and maternal mortalityLenka Benova
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Trop Med Int Health 19:368-87. 2014To assess whether the lack of water or the lack of sanitation facilities in either the home or in health facilities is associated with an increased risk of maternal mortality and to quantify the effect sizes.
- Environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachomaMansur Rabiu
Prevention of Blindness Union, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2:CD004003. 2012..One of the major strategies advocated for the control of the disease is the application of various environmental sanitary measures to such communities...
- Interventions to improve water quality and supply, sanitation and hygiene practices, and their effects on the nutritional status of childrenAlan D Dangour
Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK, WC1E 7HT
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 8:CD009382. 2013Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions are frequently implemented to reduce infectious diseases, and may be linked to improved nutrition outcomes in children.
- Global challenges in water, sanitation and healthChristine L Moe
Center for Global Safe Water, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
J Water Health 4:41-57. 2006..to reduce by half the proportion of the world's population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation by 2015. Currently, UNICEF and WHO estimate that 1.1 billion people lack access to improved water supplies and 2...
- Integrating disease control strategies: balancing water sanitation and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrheal disease burdenJoseph N S Eisenberg
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 3028, USA
Am J Public Health 97:846-52. 2007Although the burden of diarrheal disease resulting from inadequate water quality, sanitation practices, and hygiene remains high, there is little understanding of the integration of these environmental control strategies...
- Diarrhoea prevention in a high-risk rural Kenyan population through point-of-use chlorination, safe water storage, sanitation, and rainwater harvestingV Garrett
Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Epidemiol Infect 136:1463-71. 2008Lack of access to safe water and sanitation contributes to diarrhoea moribidity and mortality in developing countries...
- Cholera: a new homeland in Africa?Nicholas H Gaffga
Division of Foodborne, Mycotic, and Enteric Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:705-13. 2007..cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries, where it is a marker for inadequate drinking water and sanitation infrastructure...
- Estimation of effects of community intervention with antibiotics, facial cleanliness, and environmental improvement (A,F,E) in five districts of Ethiopia hyperendemic for trachomaJeremiah Ngondi
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 94:278-81. 2010....
- Water and sanitation in developing countries: including health in the equationMaggie A Montgomery
Yale University, USA
Environ Sci Technol 41:17-24. 2007
- Creating demand for sanitation and hygiene through Community Health Clubs: a cost-effective intervention in two districts in ZimbabweJuliet Waterkeyn
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Soc Sci Med 61:1958-70. 2005Unless strategies are found to galvanise rural communities and create a demand for sanitation, we cannot achieve the United Nations Millennium Development Goal of halving the 2.4 billion people without sanitation by the year 2015...
- Diarrhoea and effects of different water sources, sanitation and hygiene behaviour in East AfricaJames K Tumwine
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Makerere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
Trop Med Int Health 7:750-6. 2002..Hygiene practices are an important complement to improved water and sanitation in reducing diarrhoea morbidity.
- Experimental evaluation of the efficacy of sanitation procedures in operating roomsAlessia Frabetti
CIAS Laboratory, Center for the Study of Contamination of Highly Sterile Environments, Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Am J Infect Control 37:658-64. 2009There remains much debate on how to define an adequate sanitation protocol in hospital environments.
- Modelling cholera epidemics: the role of waterways, human mobility and sanitationL Mari
Laboratory of Ecohydrology ECHO, School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering ENAC, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
J R Soc Interface 9:376-88. 2012..We also show quantitatively how heterogeneously distributed drinking water supplies and sanitation conditions may affect large-scale cholera transmission, and analyse the effects of different sanitation policies.
- Assessment of latrine use and quality and association with risk of trachoma in rural TanzaniaMaggie A Montgomery
Environmental Engineering Program, Yale University, PO Box 208286, New Haven, CT 06520 8286, USA
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:283-9. 2010The existing evidence regarding latrines and trachoma is inconclusive. Using more precise sanitation measures we examine the association between use and quality of latrines and risk of trachoma...
- Improving environmental sanitation, health, and well-being: a conceptual framework for integral interventionsHung Nguyen-Viet
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
Ecohealth 6:180-91. 2009We introduce a conceptual framework for improving health and environmental sanitation in urban and peri-urban areas using an approach combining health, ecological, and socioeconomic and cultural assessments...
- Myanmar experiences in sanitation and hygiene promotion: lessons learned and future directionsD Bajracharya
Chief Water and Environmental Sanitation Section, UNICEF, Yangon, Myanmar
Int J Environ Health Res 13:S141-52. 2003Recent activities in connection with the National Sanitation Week (NSW) and Social Mobilisation for Sanitation and Hygiene have contributed to a significant increase in access to sanitary means of excreta disposal, from 45% in 1997 to 67% ..
- Ascaris lumbricoides among children in rural communities in the Northern Area, Pakistan: prevalence, intensity, and associated socio-cultural and behavioral risk factorsHiroshi Nishiura
Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Miyazaki Medical College, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, Japan
Acta Trop 83:223-31. 2002..lumbricoides. The results indicated that there were certain clear risk factors in A. lumbricoides transmission, and that its intensity was influenced by age-related behavioral and environmental factors that contribute to exposure...
- Multiple drug-resistant Alcaligenes xylosoxidans keratitis in a sanitation workerDaniel F Kiernan
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Eye Contact Lens 35:212-4. 2009To report a case of daily wear soft contact lens-associated keratitis caused by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans in a portable toilet sanitation worker.
- Comparisons of predictors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Kolkata, IndiaDipika Sur
1National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
BMC Public Health 7:289. 2007..such as water improvement or vaccination campaigns are implemented for groups of individuals we were interested whether risk factors not only for the individual but for households, neighbourhoods and larger areas can be recognised?..
- Behavioral indicators of household decision-making and demand for sanitation and potential gains from social marketing in GhanaMarion W Jenkins
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Soc Sci Med 64:2427-42. 2007Household demand for improved sanitation in developing countries is an important social and behavioral process with implications for public health, sanitation policy and planning, and sanitation design and technology development...
- Impact of Indian Total Sanitation Campaign on latrine coverage and use: a cross-sectional study in Orissa three years following programme implementationSharmani Barnard
Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 8:e71438. 2013Faced with a massive shortfall in meeting sanitation targets, some governments have implemented campaigns that use subsidies focused on latrine construction to overcome income constraints and rapidly expand coverage...
- Active trachoma, face washing (F) and environmental improvement (E) in a high-risk population in OmanR Khandekar
Eye and Ear Health Care, Muscat, Oman
East Mediterr Health J 11:402-9. 2005..1 member treated for active trachoma in the last 6 months were evaluated for active trachoma and forwater and sanitation facilities...
- Preventing trachoma through environmental sanitation: a review of the evidence baseA Pruss
Water, Sanitation and Health, Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 78:258-66. 2000A review of the available evidence for the associations between environmental sanitation and transmission of trachoma was undertaken with a view to identifying preventive interventions...
- Sanitation: a global estimate of sewerage connections without treatment and the resulting impact on MDG progressRachel Baum
The Water Institute, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
Environ Sci Technol 47:1994-2000. 2013Progress toward the sanitation component of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Target 7c was reassessed to account for the need to protect communities and the wider population from exposure to human excreta...
- Water handling, sanitation and defecation practices in rural southern India: a knowledge, attitudes and practices studyKalyan Banda
Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:1124-30. 2007..factors impacting on water safety, we documented knowledge, attitudes and practices of water handling and usage, sanitation and defecation in rural Tamilnadu, India, using questionnaires and focus group discussions, in a village divided ..
- Sanitation, community environments, and childhood diarrhoea in rural ZimbabweG P Root
Department of Geography, University of Liverpool, UK
J Health Popul Nutr 19:73-82. 2001..The communities were similar except for sanitation. In Community A, 62% of the children lived in households with a latrine, and in Community B, there was no ..
- The risk of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in children as an environmental health indicator to guide preventive activities in Caparaó and Alto Caparaó, BrazilFernando Ferreira Carneiro
Centro Mineiro de Estudos Epidemiológicos e Ambientais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 31 310 580, Brazil
Bull World Health Organ 80:40-6. 2002..To develop an environmental health indicator for use as a basis for developing preventive measures against Ascaris lumbricoides infection in children from the rural municipalities of Caparaó and Alto Caparaó, in Minas Gerais, Brazil...
- Factors associated with use of improved water sources and sanitation among rural primary schoolchildren in Pursat Province, CambodiaWee Liang En
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University Hospital, National University Health System, Singapore
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 42:1022-31. 2011Access to improved water supplies and sanitation generally reduces childhood diarrhea incidence...
- Fecal contamination and diarrheal pathogens on surfaces and in soils among Tanzanian households with and without improved sanitationAmy J Pickering
Environment and Water Studies, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States
Environ Sci Technol 46:5736-43. 2012..known about the extent or pattern of environmental fecal contamination among households using low-cost, on-site sanitation facilities, or what role environmental contamination plays in the transmission of diarrheal disease...
- Fresh-cut product sanitation and wash water disinfection: problems and solutionsMaria I Gil
Research Group on Quality, Safety and Bioactivity of Plant Foods, CEBAS CSIC, Espinardo, Murcia, 30100, Spain
Int J Food Microbiol 134:37-45. 2009..In this review improvements in water disinfection and sanitation strategies, including a shower pre-washing step and a final rinse of the produce, are suggested.
- Agriculture and malnutrition in IndiaAshok Gulati
Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices, Government of India, New Delhi, India
Food Nutr Bull 33:74-86. 2012..Despite the high and relatively stable overall growth of the economy, India's agriculture sector is underperforming and a vast section of the population remains undernourished...
- Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to improve health among people living with HIV/AIDS: a systematic reviewRachel Peletz
aFaculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK bMassachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Boston, Massachusetts cUNC Water Institute, University of North Carolina dInstitute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
AIDS 27:2593-601. 2013People living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) are at increased risk of diarrhoeal disease and enteric infection. This review assesses the effectiveness of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions to prevent disease among PLHIV.
- Global costs of attaining the Millennium Development Goal for water supply and sanitationGuy Hutton
Water and Sanitation Program, World Bank, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Bull World Health Organ 86:13-9. 2008..MDGs) is to "halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation". Because of its impacts on a range of diseases, it is a health-related MDG target...
- Hygiene, sanitation, and water: what needs to be done?Sandy Cairncross
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingom
PLoS Med 7:e1000365. 2010In the final article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation, Sandy Cairncross and colleagues outline what needs to be done to make significant progress in providing more and better hygiene, sanitation, and water for ..
- Inflammation, sanitation, and consternation: loss of contact with coevolved, tolerogenic microorganisms and the pathophysiology and treatment of major depressionCharles L Raison
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:1211-24. 2010..However, MDD may be so prevalent in the modern world not just because proinflammatory factors are widespread, but also because we have lost contact with previously available sources of anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory signaling...
- Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: does government promotion match community priorities?Thilde Rheinländer
Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Oster Farigmagsgade 5A, Entrance P, 1353 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Soc Sci Med 71:994-1001. 2010Improving sanitation and hygiene to prevent infectious diseases is of high priority in developing countries...
- Poor sanitation and helminth infection protect against skin sensitization in Vietnamese children: A cross-sectional studyCarsten Flohr
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
J Allergy Clin Immunol 118:1305-11. 2006..Geohelminth infection and poor hygiene may be protective against allergic sensitization...
- Socio-economic aspects of improved sanitation in slums: a reviewJ B Isunju
Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
Public Health 125:368-76. 2011This socio-economic review provides an overview of the sanitation crisis in slum areas, and re-emphasizes the importance of sanitation...
- The role of public health improvements in health advances: the twentieth-century United StatesDavid Cutler
Department of Economics, Harvard University and National Bureau of Economic Research NBER, 1875 Cambridge Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Demography 42:1-22. 2005..Implications for developing countries are briefly considered...
- Sanitation and healthDuncan Mara
School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 7:e1000363. 2010As one article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation, David Trouba and colleagues discuss the importance of improved sanitation to health and the role that the health sector can play in its advocacy.
- Sociodemographic characteristics of food handlers and their knowledge, attitude and practice towards food sanitation: a preliminary reportMaizun Mohd Zain
Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 33:410-7. 2002..Furthermore, it will in turn reduce national morbidity and mortality of food-borne diseases...
- Ecological Sanitation--a way to solve global sanitation problems?Günter Langergraber
Institute of Sanitary Engineering and Water Pollution Control, BOKU University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 18, A 1190 Vienna, Austria
Environ Int 31:433-44. 2005Today about 2.4 billion people in rural and urban areas do not have access to adequate sanitation services...
- Investigation of health effects of current levels of environmental sanitation and hygienic living conditions of rural population in the municipality of ZenicaSalih Tandir
Public Health Institute of Zenica Doboj Canton, Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Med Arh 64:240-4. 2010..increase in the risk of and maintenance of intestinal infectious diseases such as: the level of environmental sanitation in investigated villages, sanitary and hygiene habits of families living in the villages studied, ratio of ..
- Standards in school toilets--a questionnaire surveyP M Barnes
Department of Child Health, Swansea NHS Trust, Central Clinic
J Public Health Med 24:85-7. 2002..The objective of this study was to assess the perception children have of the toilet facilities in their schools and whether or not this influences their use of them...
- Sanitation of selected ready-to-eat intermediate-moisture foods of animal origin by E-beam irradiationMaría I Cambero
Department of Nutrition, Food Science, and Food Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Foodborne Pathog Dis 9:594-9. 2012To optimize the sanitation treatment of ready-to-eat (RTE) intermediate-moisture foods (IMF), the behavior of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A (CIP 103575), L...
- Allergen sanitation in the food industry: a systematic industrial scale approach to reduce hazelnut cross-contamination of cookiesMartin Röder
Division of Allergology, Paul Ehrlich Institut, Paul Ehrlich Strasse 51 59, Langen, Germany
J Food Prot 73:1671-9. 2010..Based on those findings, this study investigated the extent and subsequent sanitation of hazelnut cross-contamination (HNCC) of cookies at the industrial scale...
- Diarrhoeal diseases in Nepal vis-à-vis water supply and sanitation statusDamodar Pokhrel
Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, SK 54S 0A2, Canada
J Water Health 2:71-81. 2004Diarrhoeal diseases are still a major challenge in Nepal because of inadequate safe water supply, poor sanitation and living conditions...
- Sanitation and hygiene in urban and rural households in East AfricaJames Tumwine
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Makere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
Int J Environ Health Res 13:107-15. 2003..Most households disposed of the faeces safely with a few placing them in the garden or elsewhere. The study emphasises the need to promote appropriate sanitation and hygiene.
- "Like a virgin": Absence of rheumatoid arthritis and treponematosis, good sanitation and only rare gout in Italy prior to the 15th centuryB M Rothschild
Arthritis Center of Northeast Ohio, Youngstown, 44512, USA
Reumatismo 56:61-6. 2004..To test the hypothesis of compromised sanitation in ancient Italy, on the basis of spondyloarthropathy frequency; and 4...
- The complementary effect of latrines and increased water usage on the growth of infants in rural LesothoS A Esrey
Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, , Canada
Am J Epidemiol 135:659-66. 1992The effects of water quantity and sanitation, alone and in combination with each other, on infant weight gain and length gain were examined...
- Effect of a school health programme on ensuring safe environments for primary school childrenCaleb A Adegbenro
Department of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
J R Soc Promot Health 127:29-32. 2007..The aim of the study was to assess the impact of SHP on ensuring safe environments for primary school children...
- How valuable are environmental health interventions? Evaluation of water and sanitation programmes in IndiaSubhrendu K Pattanayak
Duke University, 126 Rubinstein Hall, 302 Towerview Drive, Durham, NC, 27708 0312, United States of America
Bull World Health Organ 88:535-42. 2010To evaluate and quantify the economic benefits attributable to improvements in water supply and sanitation in rural India.
- Intersections of 'sanitation, sexual coercion and girls' safety in schools'Naeemah Abrahams
Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
Trop Med Int Health 11:751-6. 2006..To explore safety for girls in schools, particularly how girls perceive and negotiate dangers and risks associated with the use of toilets...
- [Water and sanitation in disaster situations]Peter Kjaer Mackie Jensen
Institut for International Sundhed, Immunologi og Mikrobiologi, Københavns Universitet, Øster Farimagsgade 5, DK 1353 København K, Denmark
Ugeskr Laeger 172:109-12. 2010When implementing water and sanitation in a disaster situation, it is of crucial importance that the intervention is grounded in the local cultural and socioeconomic context...
- Home hygiene and environmental sanitation: a country situation analysis for IndiaK J Nath
The Institution of Public Health Egineers, India
Int J Environ Health Res 13:S19-28. 2003Problems of the environment and of domestic hygiene are always related to poverty of population and the sanitation of settlements...
- Water, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries: interventions and diarrhoea--a reviewL Fewtrell
Centre for Research into Environment and Health, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK
Water Sci Technol 52:133-42. 2005..language papers (published between 1 January 1985 and 26 June 2003) with evidence on the effectiveness of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions in developing countries, in which diarrhoea morbidity in non-outbreak conditions was ..
- A case-control study of the impact of improved sanitation on diarrhoea morbidity in LesothoD L Daniels
Overseas Development Administration, London, England
Bull World Health Organ 68:455-63. 1990A health impact evaluation of the Rural Sanitation Pilot Project in Mohale's Hoek district, Lesotho, was conducted from October 1987 to September 1988...
- Sanitation: a call on resources for promoting urban child healthRenu Khosla
Center for Urban and Regional Excellence, Director, Center for Urban and Regional Excellence, C 2, Green Park Extension, New Delhi 110016, India
Indian Pediatr 42:1199-206. 2005Poor sanitation is known to increase the risk of morbidity and mortality from diarrhea among children. Several studies have found a high correlation between childhood morbidity and availability of sanitation services...
- Health promotion and disease prevention through sanitation education in South African Zulu and Xhosa womenMaria A Smith
School of Nursing, Middle Tennessee State University, USA
J Transcult Nurs 15:62-8. 2004Poor sanitation and hygiene facilitate transmission of environmental diseases and pose a threat to the health of South African residents...
- Quantifying the burden of disease associated with inadequate provision of water and sanitation in selected sub-Saharan refugee campsAidan A Cronin
Public Health and HIV Section, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 94 Rue de Montbrillant, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
J Water Health 7:557-68. 2009..is used for the first time to estimate the burden of disease directly associated with incomplete water and sanitation provision in refugee camps in sub-Saharan African countries...
- From conventional to advanced environmental sanitationR Schertenleib
Department for Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries, Swiss Federal Institute for Environmental Science and Technology EAWAG, Ueberlandstrasse 133, P O Box 611, CH 8600 Duebendorf, Switzerland
Water Sci Technol 51:7-14. 2005..sewer systems goes back more than 100 years and became in the last century the conventional approach to sanitation in urban areas...
- Declining hepatitis A seroprevalence: a global review and analysisK H Jacobsen
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Epidemiol Infect 132:1005-22. 2004..Seroprevalence rates are highly correlated with socioeconomic status and access to clean water and sanitation. Increasing household income, education, water quality and quantity, sanitation, and hygiene leads to decreases ..
- Estimating the burden of disease attributable to unsafe water and lack of sanitation and hygiene in South Africa in 2000Simon Lewin
Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa and Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
S Afr Med J 97:755-62. 2007to estimate the burden of disease attributable to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene (wsh) by age group for South Africa in 2000.
- Reductions in the prevalence and incidence of geohelminth infections following a city-wide sanitation program in a Brazilian Urban CentreLuciene Maura Mascarini-Serra
Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Estadual University of Julio Mesquita Filho, UNESP, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e588. 2010In the city of Salvador, a large urban centre in Northeast Brazil, a city-wide sanitation intervention started in 1997, aimed at improving the sewerage coverage of households from 26% to 80%...
- Bacterial contamination of Japanese households and related concern about sanitationM Ojima
Kao Life Style Research Institute, Kao Corporation, 2 1 3 Bunka Sumida ku, Tokyo 131 8501, Japan
Int J Environ Health Res 12:41-52. 2002The bacterial contamination of Japanese homes and the attitudes of Japanese people toward sanitation were studied...
- Equitable child health interventions: the impact of improved water and sanitation on inequalities in child mortality in Stockholm, 1878 to 1925Bo Burstrom
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
Am J Public Health 95:208-16. 2005..In our study of the impact of improved water and sanitation in Stockholm from 1878 to 1925, we examined the decline in overall and diarrhea mortality among children, both ..
- Land slide disaster in eastern Uganda: rapid assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene situation in Bulucheke camp, Bududa districtLynn M Atuyambe
Makerere University School of Public Health, Department of Community Health and Behavioural Sciences, P, O, Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
Environ Health 10:38. 2011..A comprehensive assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene was urgently needed to inform interventions by the Ministries of Health, and Relief, Disaster ..
- Helminth infections among people using wastewater and human excreta in peri-urban agriculture and aquaculture in Hanoi, VietnamThuy Trang Do
Division of Enteric Infections, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
Trop Med Int Health 12:82-90. 2007..To assess the prevalence of helminth infections and their associated risks in a community using both wastewater and human excreta in agriculture and aquaculture...
- Impact of drainage and sewerage on diarrhoea in poor urban areas in Salvador, BrazilL R Moraes
Polytechnic School, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:153-8. 2003..per household, and it was not possible to rotate fieldworkers between study groups, the study provides evidence that community sanitation can have an impact on diarrhoeal disease, even without measures to promote hygiene behaviour.
- Sustainability of a water, sanitation and hygiene education project in rural Bangladesh: a 5-year follow-upB A Hoque
Environmental Health Programme, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICDDR, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Bull World Health Organ 74:431-7. 1996An integrated water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WSH) education intervention project was run by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, over the period 1983-87...
- Improving access to water supply and sanitation in urban India: microfinance for water and sanitation infrastructure developmentJenna Davis
Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 4020, USA
Water Sci Technol 58:887-91. 2008..potential of providing micro-financing for low-income households wishing to invest in improved water supply and sanitation services...
- Effects of sewerage on diarrhoea and enteric infections: a systematic review and meta-analysisGuy Norman
University of Surrey, UK
Lancet Infect Dis 10:536-44. 2010b>Sanitation is inadequate in most cities in developing countries, with major effects on infectious disease burden: in this situation, is piped sewerage an appropriate solution, or should efforts focus on systems based on onsite solutions, ..
- Baseline health situation of communities affected by the Nam Theun 2 hydroelectric project in central Lao PDR and indicators for monitoringTobias E Erlanger
Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
Int J Environ Health Res 18:223-42. 2008..For the population to be resettled on the Nakai plateau it was observed that access to clean water and basic sanitation facilities was lacking. Faecal examinations revealed a high infection prevalence for Ascaris lumbricoides (67...
- Drinking-water quality, sanitation, and breast-feeding: their interactive effects on infant healthJ VanDerslice
University of Texas Houston, School of Public Health, MPH Program at El Paso 79968 0642
Bull World Health Organ 72:589-601. 1994The promotion of proper infant feeding practices and the improvement of environmental sanitation have been two important strategies in the effort to reduce diarrhoeal morbidity among infants...
- Epidemiology of gastroenteritis on cruise ships, 2001-2004Elaine H Cramer
Vessel Sanitation Program, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Am J Prev Med 30:252-7. 2006..2 cases per 100,000 passenger days in 1990 to 16.3 per 100,000 passenger days in 2000. In 2002, the Vessel Sanitation Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 29 outbreaks (3% or more passengers ill) of ..
- A survey of drinking and toilet facilities in local state schoolsEmma L Croghan
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham
Br J Community Nurs 7:76-9. 2002..Overcrowding and potentially insanitary conditions were found in a significant proportion of the schools surveyed. Drinking facilities and access was found to be poor. Recommendations are made to begin to address the problems seen here...
- Biochemistry and Function of a Novel Bacterial Photosensory Two-Component SystemMELISSA MARKS; Fiscal Year: 2010..Waterborne microbial infection is a significant public health concern, particularly in developing countries where sanitation facilities are inadequate...
- Membrane Ion-channels in Helminth Parasites: Anthelmintic Resistance and Sites ofRICHARD JOHN MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2011..There are no effective vaccines and so in the absence of adequate sanitation, treatment and prophylaxis relies on anthelmintic drugs...
- Effect of a sanitation &nutrition intervention on HIV-exposed infant healthJEAN HAWES HUMPHREY; Fiscal Year: 2012..1 - 0.5 Z scores at 18 - 24 mo. Another literature indicates that provision of water and especially sanitation services, reduces diarrhea and enhances child growth, producing increases in WAZ and LAZ by the same order of ..
- Mitochondrial Bioenergetic Dysfunction and Chlorine ToxicitySadis Matalon; Fiscal Year: 2013..reactive gas produced in large quantities throughout the world and used extensively for pulp bleaching, waste sanitation and in the manufacturing of various pharmaceuticals...
- Waterless hand sanitizer for diarrhea prevention in a humanitarian emergencyPavani Kalluri Ram; Fiscal Year: 2013..b>Sanitation infrastructure can be overwhelmed quickly with the influx of displaced persons and water quality can be poor, ..
- Ubiquitous Mobile Multimedia for Environmental Public Health Outreach and SocialCESAR BANDERA; Fiscal Year: 2010..g., carpenters, ironworkers, sanitation workers) deployed to aid first responders in emergency incidents...
- Pathogenic mechanisms of non-01/non-0139 V. choleraeMichelle Dziejman; Fiscal Year: 2012..Narrative: Today cholera is considered a health threat mainly in developing nations, regions lacking modern sanitation facilities, and in countries experiencing disrupted civil infrastructure due to war or environmental crises...
- Natural History of Urban LeptospirosisAlbert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013..decline was unrelated to temporal variations in climate and coincided with implementation of a World Bank-funded sanitation program, which increased the coverage of the population with closed sewage systems from 26 to 68%...
- Multidimensional pathways to healthy aging among Filipino womenLinda S Adair; Fiscal Year: 2013..will model the time-varying effects of the physical environment, including urbanization and its components of sanitation, air quality, crowding, housing density;socioeconomic status represented by wealth, income and education;family ..
- Renovations of the Animal Care FacilityAWADH AMIR BINHAZIM; Fiscal Year: 2010..2) To improve sanitation by replacing an aged cage washer;installing a new tunnel washer;and purchasing a laminar flow work bench and a ..
- CBH Partnership on Environmental Public Health Exploration and MitigationChensheng Lu; Fiscal Year: 2012..IPM is an alternative to chemical- based pest control that relies on the combination of sanitation, various physical techniques, and, as a last resort, the use of least-toxic pesticides...
- Environment Change and Diarrheal Disease: A Natural ExperimentJoseph N S Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2012..remote villages have denser social networks and more social capital, which has been shown to lead to improved sanitation and hygiene, directly affecting diarrheal disease incidence...
- Rapid and sensitive detection of Salmonella from blood, food and fecesSHARON MEI TENNANT; Fiscal Year: 2013..of typhoid and paratyphoid fever, are important causes of morbidity and mortality in many countries with poor sanitation and water and food contaminated by human fecal waste...
- Investigations of the role of house flies as vectors for bacterial pathogensDana Nayduch; Fiscal Year: 2009..of gastroenteritis among infants and children is attributed to filth fly presence in combination with poor sanitation. Control of filth fly populations subsequently results in a sharp reduction in gastroenteritis cases...
- Jefferson Alumni Hall Modernization of Cage Sanitation FacilityJudith S Daviau; Fiscal Year: 2013..The 6th floor also contains the sanitation and caretaker staff support areas...
- Probiotic therapies for food allergiesSarkis K Mazmanian; Fiscal Year: 2011..Therefore, societal advances (including vaccination, sanitation, 'western'diets, and anti-bacterial therapeutics) may have paradoxically affected human health ..
- Does ArsenicMitigation in BangladeshRaiseExposure to Bacterial and ViralPathogensALEXANDER FRANS VAN GEEN; Fiscal Year: 2010..saw dramatic improvements in water availability during the 1980s, designated "International Water Supply and Sanitation Decade" by the UN...
- Planning for A GEOHealth Research and Training Hub in Uganda - United StatesJia Sheng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013..will focus on three areas of interest: 1) food hygiene (food safety and Contamination), 2) water quality (water sanitation, pollution with chemicals and microbes in water supplies), and 3) occupational health and safety (work-related ..
- CORE GRANT FOR VISION RESEARCHJames D Zieske; Fiscal Year: 2013..also provide for the daily animal husbandry that is required to maintain our AALAC standards for animal housing, sanitation, and veterinary care...
- Integrated Primary Prevention &Chemotherapy: Urogenital Schistosomiasis ControlDAVID MUELLER GUTE; Fiscal Year: 2013..the issues of environmental exposure to the parasite or risky behaviors that occur in the absence of water and sanitation infrastructure;thus, MDA is unable to reduce prevalence below 5-15%...
- Ninth Annual Conference on Urban Environmental HealthSusan Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2010..to many urban areas: hastily built slums with poor and dangerous materials;indoor cooking with biofuels;poor sanitation services;and high crime rates...
- A Bioengineerable Self-adjuvating Nanoparticle for Antigen DeliveryShiladitya Dassarma; Fiscal Year: 2013..These human pathogens remain important causes of morbidity and mortality in many countries as a result of poor sanitation, and water and food contaminated by human fecal waste...
- ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA GENOME PROJECTBrendan Loftus; Fiscal Year: 2002..As developing countries cannot afford the improvements in sanitation that might prevent the fecal-oral spread of the parasite, amebiasis is presently poorly controlled by ..
- The Water and Health in Limpopo Innovations Fellowship ProgramRichard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2013..The program will focus on the closely related issues of poor access to water and sanitation in rural areas of Southern Africa and unacceptably high rates of morbidity and mortality associated with early ..
- Central Sanitation for Animal Equipment to Sustain Biomedical Research at UCSDArthur B Ellis; Fiscal Year: 2010..Cleanliness achieved from adequate sanitation and sterilization of caging and equipment remains critical to providing environments that allow for the health ..
- Water Wisdom: Developing Local-Global Capacities in Managing WaterMargaret E Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. and international water and sanitation (WatSan) programs...
- California Environmental Health Specialist Network (EHS-Net) Food Safety and WateSUSAN ELIZABETH STRONG; Fiscal Year: 2013..The objectives of this study are to collect data on: 1) the quality of potable water on food trucks;2) water sanitation practices of food operators, 3) personal hygiene practices of vehicle food workers, and 4) preparation and ..
- Modeling Water Use & Health in Rural South Africa: An Innovative Training ToolRichard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2010..develop and implement effective and sustainable strategies to decrease ECD through the improvement of water and sanitation. The development of an ABM that describes a community with endemic ECD will allow researchers to test hypotheses ..
- MECHANICAL SYSTEMS RENOVATIONHoward J Federoff; Fiscal Year: 2010..Optimal ventilation and proper sanitation of equipment/facilities safeguard animal health and support the conduct of PHS and other extramural supported ..
- Applicability of smartDNA Rapid Detection of Priority Agents in FoodRICHARD BLIDNER; Fiscal Year: 2009..the world it is vulnerable to terrorist attacks as well as occasional accidental contamination from inadequate sanitation at packing and manufacturing facilities;e.g. the recent E. coli contamination of pre-washed bagged spinach...
- Virginia shellfish growing area examination, inspection, and investigations enhanKEITH SKILES; Fiscal Year: 2013..The project is intended to improve the capability and capacity of the Virginia Shellfish Sanitation program by: 1) Enhancing the data collection and Geographic Information System (GIS) integration of inspections ..
- Vector-Borne Disease Control in Urban Environments (RMI)John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2006..Poverty, urban farming, water and sanitation availability, increased population movement, deteriorating infrastructures, overcrowding in urban areas, and ..
- Innovative AIDS Research Housing for Nonhuman PrimatesStuart Zola; Fiscal Year: 2013..services, including food preparation, storage, cage washer and veterinary services and has pre-existing water, sanitation and electricity...
- Stanford RAF Cage Wash ImprovementsSherril L Green; Fiscal Year: 2012..The two new rack washers will allow the RAF, in the face of increasing demand, to maintain animal well-being and the cage sanitation process in compliance with the standards required by the Animal Welfare Act, the USDA, and the DHHS.
- Construction of New Animal Facility Annex for West Virginia UniversityFRED R BUTCHER; Fiscal Year: 2010..This facility was not designed or constructed to meet the demanding husbandry and sanitation requirements of a modern lab animal vivarium, and the performance of the physical plant and surfaces have ..
- Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference 2013 Biennial MeetingKEN B MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2013..PA-11-310 PROJECT SUMMARY The Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC) was formed to foster and promote shellfish sanitation through the cooperation to Federal and ..
- Alaska Conformance with the Manufactured Food Regulatory Program StandardsKimberly Stryker; Fiscal Year: 2013Project Summary/Abstract The State of Alaska Food Safety and Sanitation (FSS) Program provides direct public health and regulatory oversight of manufactured food establishments, retail food establishments, public facilities, and ..
- Bacterial Pathogen Amplification & Real-Time DetectionJACK U REN; Fiscal Year: 2003..The program can also distinguish live organisms from dead organisms killed by the food or water sanitation process...
- IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND HAZARD CONTAINMENTMaarten Bosland; Fiscal Year: 2004..and Inhalation Facilities in the same area in a highly integrated manner and to improve the climate control and sanitation of the inhalation chambers...
- Alaska Conformance with the Voluntary National Retail Food Regulatory Program StaKimberly Stryker; Fiscal Year: 2013Project Summary/Abstract The State of Alaska Food Safety and Sanitation Program (FSS) provides direct public health and regulatory oversight of manufactured food establishments, retail food establishments, public facilities, and ..
- Ancillary Care in Community-Based Research: Deciding What to DoHolly A Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2013..Host communities in low-resource settings may lack adequate nutrition, clean water, sanitation, and basic preventive and therapeutic health services...
- EQUIPMENT REQUESTDONALD MAUL; Fiscal Year: 1991..These pens must be replaced to allow adequate sanitation, enhance animal comfort and health, and make cleaning more efficient...
- Illinois Department of Public Health Division of Food, Drugs and Dairies Food SafMOLLY LAMB; Fiscal Year: 2013..system through adoption and implementation of food protection regulations, such as the Illinois Food Service Sanitation Code, enhanced food borne investigation response among partners, and innovative regulatory initiatives...
- DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCESNOEL LEHNER; Fiscal Year: 1991..Specifically, we propose to: (1) Improve sanitation at the Peavine Kennel Building by resurfacing deteriorated floors...
- FACILITY RENOVATION AND ANNENBERG CAGE WASH FACILITIYKenneth Davis; Fiscal Year: 2003..The size of the existing cage wash physical plant requires that most activities of sanitation (staging and dumping of cages) are conducted in the hallway...
- Shellfish Safety Assistance ProjectKENNETH B MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION: (Provided by applicant) The Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC) proposes to work cooperatively with FDA/CFSAN to enhance both the effectiveness and uniformity of the molluscan shellfish program by (a) improving ..
- Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference 2011 Biennial Conference MeetingKEN B MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2011..Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): Moore, Kenneth B PROJECT SUMMARY The Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC) was formed to foster and promote shellfish sanitation through the cooperation to Federal and ..
- ANIMAL RESOURCES IMPROVEMENTHAROLD FARRIS; Fiscal Year: 1991..fourth floor animal facility, install an emergency generator and replace an inadequate glassware washer used for sanitation of cages and bottles; 2...
- INFANT FEEDING METHOD AND MEDICAID SERVICE UTILIZATIONAYLIN RIEDEL; Fiscal Year: 1999..that breastfeeding has demonstrable effects on health status given general poorer nutrition, health care and sanitation conditions frequently present in these areas. Research on breastfeeding in the U.S...
- To implement an electronic data processing system to include but not limited to rDOROTHY DAVID; Fiscal Year: 2013..health departments to meet local health protection requirements and is also compliant with the food service sanitation code. In addition, it should be able to provide high levels of service and safety at a low cost...
- APLASTIC ANEMIA EPIDEMIOLOGY--INCIDENCE AND CASE CONTROLDavid Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2000..Subjects will be interviewed to obtain information on occupational and chemical exposures, farming practices, sanitation, drug use, personal data, and relevant medical history...
- Mobile Just-In-Time Training of Emergency Response Personnel - Phase IICESAR BANDERA; Fiscal Year: 2009..organizations during an emergency incident, and include laborers, operating engineers, carpenters, ironworkers, sanitation workers and utility workers...
- 2011 National Conference on Interstate Milk ShipmentsMARLENA G BORDSON; Fiscal Year: 2011..It is imperative that all of the state agencies that conduct milk regulatory and sanitation rating programs are able to participate in and learn from the presentation of public health and safety ..
- ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CONFERENCE FOR THE MIDDLE EASTBARRY LEVY; Fiscal Year: 1992..of chemical pesticides and fertilizers; deteriorating conditions due to overcrowding, air pollution, and poor sanitation in cities; food contamination; poor working environments; and the need to ensure the availability of safe, ..
- ANIMAL ROOM VENTILLATION AND CEILING IMPROVEMENTSCharles Henry; Fiscal Year: 1992..A solid dropped ceiling will be installed with exhaust vents positioned one foot above the floor to improve sanitation and ventilation. The quality of research at the University is being strained by these deficiencies...
- Improvement of Nonhuman Primate Group HousingJohn L Vandeberg; Fiscal Year: 2010..These repairs and improvements will improve sanitation in social housing enclosures and extend the useful life of these buildings.
- Developing and Improving Fox Chase's Animal ResourcesHARRY ROZMIAREK; Fiscal Year: 2005..Downtime for repairs and insurance of proper sanitation conditions has resulted in delays in the delivery of supplies to animal rooms and increased costs for ..
- IMPROVEMENT OF ANIMAL RESEARCH FACILITIESGary Moore; Fiscal Year: 2002Proposed is a request for support to replace specific cage sanitation equipment in the animal research Facilities at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), Arkansas' largest biomedical research center...
- AIDS-related Animal Services Building Cage Washing FacilityM Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our objectives are to provide outstanding animal care for NHPs by maintaining the highest levels of sanitation and complying with USDA regulations and AAALAC guidelines...
- The Removal of Disinfection Byoproducts from Water (1000-641)ARJAN GIAYA; Fiscal Year: 2007..necessary to qualify the adsorbent material, relative to standards set forth by both the EPA and the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF)...
- Renovation of MSU/CVM Cage Wash Facilities: G20 Facilities Improvement Grant ApplLUCY SENTER; Fiscal Year: 2009..Frequent breakdowns in the cage wash area result in delays in cage sanitation, which then may affect research project timing...
- BUILDING C RENOVATION WEST WINGJames Blanchard; Fiscal Year: 2002..Rolling rack caging systems will be used to reduce worker injury and facilitate cage sanitation. The proposed changes in conjunction with other facilities being built by the Center will create space for 200 ..
- DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCESTIMOTHY POOLE; Fiscal Year: 1992..2. Resurfacing of Cage Wash Area Floors-Due to the heavy and harsh use of this area, the floor surface has deteriorated to such an extent that efficient cleaning and sanitation is difficult.
- IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY FOR ANIMALS AND STAFFRobert Glickman; Fiscal Year: 2002..work will include: 1) installing air-conditioning to maintain a hospitable work environment in the BCAF cage sanitation room; 2) installing an automatic autonomous environmental monitoring and alarm system for the BCAF to assure the ..