sanitation

Summary

Summary: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Estimating the burden of disease from water, sanitation, and hygiene at a global level
    Annette Prüss
    World Health Organization, Protection of the Human Environment, Geneva, Switzerland
    Environ Health Perspect 110:537-42. 2002
  2. ncbi Impact of water supply and sanitation on diarrheal morbidity among young children in the socioeconomic and cultural context of Rwanda (Africa)
    Janvier Gasana
    Florida International University, Department of Public Health, North Miami, Florida, USA
    Environ Res 90:76-88. 2002
  3. pmc Effect of sanitation on soil-transmitted helminth infection: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Kathrin Ziegelbauer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 9:e1001162. 2012
  4. ncbi Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lorna Fewtrell
    Centre for Research into Environment and Health, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 5:42-52. 2005
  5. pmc Water, sanitation and hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoea
    Sandy Cairncross
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i193-205. 2010
  6. pmc Integration of water, sanitation, and hygiene for the prevention and control of neglected tropical diseases: a rationale for inter-sectoral collaboration
    Matthew C Freeman
    Department of Environmental Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2439. 2013
  7. pmc Effects of improved water supply and sanitation on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma
    S A Esrey
    Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Macdonald College, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Canada
    Bull World Health Organ 69:609-21. 1991
  8. pmc Geographical analysis of the role of water supply and sanitation in the risk of helminth infections of children in West Africa
    Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, 4006 QLD, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20084-9. 2011
  9. ncbi Sanitation facilities in Kampala slums, Uganda: users' satisfaction and determinant factors
    Innocent Kamara Tumwebaze
    Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Rämistrasse 69, CH 8001, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Environ Health Res 23:191-204. 2013
  10. pmc Understanding the cholera epidemic, Haiti
    Renaud Piarroux
    Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseilles, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1161-8. 2011

Detail Information

Publications297 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Estimating the burden of disease from water, sanitation, and hygiene at a global level
    Annette Prüss
    World Health Organization, Protection of the Human Environment, Geneva, Switzerland
    Environ Health Perspect 110:537-42. 2002
    We estimated the disease burden from water, sanitation, and hygiene at the global level taking into account various disease outcomes, principally diarrheal diseases...
  2. ncbi Impact of water supply and sanitation on diarrheal morbidity among young children in the socioeconomic and cultural context of Rwanda (Africa)
    Janvier Gasana
    Florida International University, Department of Public Health, North Miami, Florida, USA
    Environ Res 90:76-88. 2002
    ..for three sources of potable water, administration of a questionnaire about socioeconomic status and sanitation behavior, anthropometric measurement of children, and analysis of water and feces...
  3. pmc Effect of sanitation on soil-transmitted helminth infection: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Kathrin Ziegelbauer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 9:e1001162. 2012
    ..However, rapid reinfection of humans occurs after successful deworming, and therefore effective preventive measures are required to achieve public health goals with optimal efficiency and sustainability...
  4. ncbi Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lorna Fewtrell
    Centre for Research into Environment and Health, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 5:42-52. 2005
    Many studies have reported the results of interventions to reduce illness through improvements in drinking water, sanitation facilities, and hygiene practices in less developed countries...
  5. pmc Water, sanitation and hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoea
    Sandy Cairncross
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i193-205. 2010
    Ever since John Snow's intervention on the Broad St pump, the effect of water quality, hygiene and sanitation in preventing diarrhoea deaths has always been debated...
  6. pmc Integration of water, sanitation, and hygiene for the prevention and control of neglected tropical diseases: a rationale for inter-sectoral collaboration
    Matthew C Freeman
    Department of Environmental Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2439. 2013
    Improvements of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure and appropriate health-seeking behavior are necessary for achieving sustained control, elimination, or eradication of many neglected tropical diseases (NTDs)...
  7. pmc Effects of improved water supply and sanitation on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma
    S A Esrey
    Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Macdonald College, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Canada
    Bull World Health Organ 69:609-21. 1991
    A total of 144 studies were analysed to examine the impact of improved water supply and sanitation facilities on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma...
  8. pmc Geographical analysis of the role of water supply and sanitation in the risk of helminth infections of children in West Africa
    Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, 4006 QLD, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20084-9. 2011
    Globally, inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are major contributors to mortality and burden of disease...
  9. ncbi Sanitation facilities in Kampala slums, Uganda: users' satisfaction and determinant factors
    Innocent Kamara Tumwebaze
    Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Rämistrasse 69, CH 8001, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Environ Health Res 23:191-204. 2013
    Access to improved sanitation is a key preventive measure against sanitary-related gastro-enteric diseases such as diarrhoea...
  10. pmc Understanding the cholera epidemic, Haiti
    Renaud Piarroux
    Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseilles, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1161-8. 2011
    ..001): 1 near Mirebalais (October 16-19) next to a United Nations camp with deficient sanitation, 1 along the Artibonite River (October 20-28), and 3 caused by the centrifugal epidemic spread during November...
  11. pmc The impact of a school-based hygiene, water quality and sanitation intervention on soil-transmitted helminth reinfection: a cluster-randomized trial
    Matthew C Freeman
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya Great Lakes University of Kisumu, Kisumu, Kenya University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:875-83. 2013
    We conducted a cluster-randomized trial to assess the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene, and sanitation program on reducing infection with soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) after school-based deworming...
  12. pmc Impact of a school-based hygiene promotion and sanitation intervention on pupil hand contamination in Western Kenya: a cluster randomized trial
    Leslie E Greene
    Center for Global Safe Water, Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:385-93. 2012
    ..Interventions to improve hygiene and sanitation conditions in schools within low-income countries have gained increased attention; however, their impact on ..
  13. ncbi Assessing the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene and sanitation programme on pupil absence in Nyanza Province, Kenya: a cluster-randomized trial
    Matthew C Freeman
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Center for Global Safe Water, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 17:380-91. 2012
    There has been increased attention to access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) at schools in developing countries, but a dearth of empirical studies on the impact...
  14. pmc Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of hygiene among school children in Angolela, Ethiopia
    A P Vivas
    Department of Epidemiology, Multidisciplinary International Research Training Program, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Prev Med Hyg 51:73-9. 2010
    ..This study evaluated the KAP of hygiene among rural school children in Ethiopia and assessed the extent to which proper knowledge of hygiene was associated with personal hygiene characteristics...
  15. ncbi Interim evaluation of a large scale sanitation, hygiene and water improvement programme on childhood diarrhea and respiratory disease in rural Bangladesh
    Tarique Md Nurul Huda
    International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research, Bangladesh
    Soc Sci Med 75:604-11. 2012
    Started in 2007, the Sanitation Hygiene Education and Water Supply in Bangladesh (SHEWA-B) project aims to improve the hygiene, sanitation and water supply for 20 million people in Bangladesh, and thus reduce disease among this population...
  16. ncbi An exploration of multilevel modeling for estimating access to drinking-water and sanitation
    Jennyfer Wolf
    Department for Public Health and Environment, Evidence and Policy on Environmental Health, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211, Geneva 27, Switzerland
    J Water Health 11:64-77. 2013
    Monitoring progress towards the targets for access to safe drinking-water and sanitation under the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) requires reliable estimates and indicators...
  17. ncbi The effect of water and sanitation on child health: evidence from the demographic and health surveys 1986-2007
    Günther Fink
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 40:1196-204. 2011
    Despite continued national and international efforts, access to improved water and sanitation remains limited in many developing countries...
  18. ncbi The role of health education and sanitation in the control of helminth infections
    S O Asaolu
    Department of Zoology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    Acta Trop 86:283-94. 2003
    Health education and sanitation are two important components of primary health care system introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a basis for the prevention and control of communicable diseases...
  19. ncbi Child dysentery in the Limpopo Valley: a cohort study of water, sanitation and hygiene risk factors
    Stephen W Gundry
    Water and Health Research Centre, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1UB, UK
    J Water Health 7:259-66. 2009
    ..Remediation of water quality by treatment at source or in the household will be required to achieve access to safe drinking water in accordance with the 7th Millennium Development Goal...
  20. ncbi Equity in water and sanitation: developing an index to measure progressive realization of the human right
    Jeanne Luh
    The Water Institute, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 216:662-71. 2013
    We developed an index to measure progressive realization for the human right to water and sanitation. While in this study we demonstrate its application to the non-discrimination and equality component for water, the conceptual approach ..
  21. pmc Water and sanitation in schools: a systematic review of the health and educational outcomes
    Christian Jasper
    The Water Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:2772-87. 2012
    A systematic review of the literature on the effects of water and sanitation in schools was performed. The goal was to characterize the impacts of water and sanitation inadequacies in the academic environment...
  22. ncbi A systematic approach to behavior change interventions for the water and sanitation sector in developing countries: a conceptual model, a review, and a guideline
    Hans Joachim Mosler
    Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 133, 8600, Duebendorf, Switzerland
    Int J Environ Health Res 22:431-49. 2012
    Public health practitioners increasingly agree that it is not enough to provide people with water and sanitation hardware...
  23. pmc Shame or subsidy revisited: social mobilization for sanitation in Orissa, India
    Subhrendu K Pattanayak
    Sanford Institute of Public Policy and Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 87:580-7. 2009
    To determine the effectiveness of a sanitation campaign that combines 'shaming' (i.e. emotional motivators) with subsidies for poor households in rural Orissa, an Indian state with a disproportionately high share of India's child mortality...
  24. ncbi Cholera in Mexico: the paradoxical benefits of the last pandemic
    Jaime Sepulveda
    Coordination of the National Institutes of Health, Periférico Sur, No 4118 1er piso, Mexico, DF CP 01900, Mexico
    Int J Infect Dis 10:4-13. 2006
    ..To describe the impact of preventive and control measures in Mexico prior to, and during, the cholera epidemic of 1991-2001...
  25. ncbi Risk factors contributing to microbiological contamination of shallow groundwater in Kampala, Uganda
    Guy Howard
    WEDC, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU Leicestershire, UK
    Water Res 37:3421-9. 2003
    ..On-site sanitation was less important than other sources of faecal matter, which was consistent with a low sanitation coverage in ..
  26. ncbi Systematic review and meta-analysis: association between water and sanitation environment and maternal mortality
    Lenka Benova
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 19:368-87. 2014
    To assess whether the lack of water or the lack of sanitation facilities in either the home or in health facilities is associated with an increased risk of maternal mortality and to quantify the effect sizes.
  27. ncbi Environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachoma
    Mansur Rabiu
    Prevention of Blindness Union, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2:CD004003. 2012
    ..One of the major strategies advocated for the control of the disease is the application of various environmental sanitary measures to such communities...
  28. ncbi Interventions to improve water quality and supply, sanitation and hygiene practices, and their effects on the nutritional status of children
    Alan D Dangour
    Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK, WC1E 7HT
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 8:CD009382. 2013
    Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions are frequently implemented to reduce infectious diseases, and may be linked to improved nutrition outcomes in children.
  29. ncbi Global challenges in water, sanitation and health
    Christine L Moe
    Center for Global Safe Water, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Water Health 4:41-57. 2006
    ..to reduce by half the proportion of the world's population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation by 2015. Currently, UNICEF and WHO estimate that 1.1 billion people lack access to improved water supplies and 2...
  30. pmc Integrating disease control strategies: balancing water sanitation and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrheal disease burden
    Joseph N S Eisenberg
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 3028, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:846-52. 2007
    Although the burden of diarrheal disease resulting from inadequate water quality, sanitation practices, and hygiene remains high, there is little understanding of the integration of these environmental control strategies...
  31. pmc Diarrhoea prevention in a high-risk rural Kenyan population through point-of-use chlorination, safe water storage, sanitation, and rainwater harvesting
    V Garrett
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 136:1463-71. 2008
    Lack of access to safe water and sanitation contributes to diarrhoea moribidity and mortality in developing countries...
  32. ncbi Cholera: a new homeland in Africa?
    Nicholas H Gaffga
    Division of Foodborne, Mycotic, and Enteric Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:705-13. 2007
    ..cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries, where it is a marker for inadequate drinking water and sanitation infrastructure...
  33. ncbi Estimation of effects of community intervention with antibiotics, facial cleanliness, and environmental improvement (A,F,E) in five districts of Ethiopia hyperendemic for trachoma
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 94:278-81. 2010
    ....
  34. ncbi Water and sanitation in developing countries: including health in the equation
    Maggie A Montgomery
    Yale University, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 41:17-24. 2007
  35. ncbi Creating demand for sanitation and hygiene through Community Health Clubs: a cost-effective intervention in two districts in Zimbabwe
    Juliet Waterkeyn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 61:1958-70. 2005
    Unless strategies are found to galvanise rural communities and create a demand for sanitation, we cannot achieve the United Nations Millennium Development Goal of halving the 2.4 billion people without sanitation by the year 2015...
  36. ncbi Diarrhoea and effects of different water sources, sanitation and hygiene behaviour in East Africa
    James K Tumwine
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Makerere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 7:750-6. 2002
    ..Hygiene practices are an important complement to improved water and sanitation in reducing diarrhoea morbidity.
  37. ncbi Experimental evaluation of the efficacy of sanitation procedures in operating rooms
    Alessia Frabetti
    CIAS Laboratory, Center for the Study of Contamination of Highly Sterile Environments, Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    Am J Infect Control 37:658-64. 2009
    There remains much debate on how to define an adequate sanitation protocol in hospital environments.
  38. pmc Modelling cholera epidemics: the role of waterways, human mobility and sanitation
    L Mari
    Laboratory of Ecohydrology ECHO, School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering ENAC, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J R Soc Interface 9:376-88. 2012
    ..We also show quantitatively how heterogeneously distributed drinking water supplies and sanitation conditions may affect large-scale cholera transmission, and analyse the effects of different sanitation policies.
  39. ncbi Assessment of latrine use and quality and association with risk of trachoma in rural Tanzania
    Maggie A Montgomery
    Environmental Engineering Program, Yale University, PO Box 208286, New Haven, CT 06520 8286, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:283-9. 2010
    The existing evidence regarding latrines and trachoma is inconclusive. Using more precise sanitation measures we examine the association between use and quality of latrines and risk of trachoma...
  40. ncbi Improving environmental sanitation, health, and well-being: a conceptual framework for integral interventions
    Hung Nguyen-Viet
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Ecohealth 6:180-91. 2009
    We introduce a conceptual framework for improving health and environmental sanitation in urban and peri-urban areas using an approach combining health, ecological, and socioeconomic and cultural assessments...
  41. ncbi Myanmar experiences in sanitation and hygiene promotion: lessons learned and future directions
    D Bajracharya
    Chief Water and Environmental Sanitation Section, UNICEF, Yangon, Myanmar
    Int J Environ Health Res 13:S141-52. 2003
    Recent activities in connection with the National Sanitation Week (NSW) and Social Mobilisation for Sanitation and Hygiene have contributed to a significant increase in access to sanitary means of excreta disposal, from 45% in 1997 to 67% ..
  42. ncbi Ascaris lumbricoides among children in rural communities in the Northern Area, Pakistan: prevalence, intensity, and associated socio-cultural and behavioral risk factors
    Hiroshi Nishiura
    Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Miyazaki Medical College, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, Japan
    Acta Trop 83:223-31. 2002
    ..lumbricoides. The results indicated that there were certain clear risk factors in A. lumbricoides transmission, and that its intensity was influenced by age-related behavioral and environmental factors that contribute to exposure...
  43. ncbi Multiple drug-resistant Alcaligenes xylosoxidans keratitis in a sanitation worker
    Daniel F Kiernan
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Eye Contact Lens 35:212-4. 2009
    To report a case of daily wear soft contact lens-associated keratitis caused by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans in a portable toilet sanitation worker.
  44. pmc Comparisons of predictors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Kolkata, India
    Dipika Sur
    1National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    BMC Public Health 7:289. 2007
    ..such as water improvement or vaccination campaigns are implemented for groups of individuals we were interested whether risk factors not only for the individual but for households, neighbourhoods and larger areas can be recognised?..
  45. ncbi Behavioral indicators of household decision-making and demand for sanitation and potential gains from social marketing in Ghana
    Marion W Jenkins
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Soc Sci Med 64:2427-42. 2007
    Household demand for improved sanitation in developing countries is an important social and behavioral process with implications for public health, sanitation policy and planning, and sanitation design and technology development...
  46. pmc Impact of Indian Total Sanitation Campaign on latrine coverage and use: a cross-sectional study in Orissa three years following programme implementation
    Sharmani Barnard
    Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e71438. 2013
    Faced with a massive shortfall in meeting sanitation targets, some governments have implemented campaigns that use subsidies focused on latrine construction to overcome income constraints and rapidly expand coverage...
  47. ncbi Active trachoma, face washing (F) and environmental improvement (E) in a high-risk population in Oman
    R Khandekar
    Eye and Ear Health Care, Muscat, Oman
    East Mediterr Health J 11:402-9. 2005
    ..1 member treated for active trachoma in the last 6 months were evaluated for active trachoma and forwater and sanitation facilities...
  48. pmc Preventing trachoma through environmental sanitation: a review of the evidence base
    A Pruss
    Water, Sanitation and Health, Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 78:258-66. 2000
    A review of the available evidence for the associations between environmental sanitation and transmission of trachoma was undertaken with a view to identifying preventive interventions...
  49. ncbi Sanitation: a global estimate of sewerage connections without treatment and the resulting impact on MDG progress
    Rachel Baum
    The Water Institute, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 47:1994-2000. 2013
    Progress toward the sanitation component of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Target 7c was reassessed to account for the need to protect communities and the wider population from exposure to human excreta...
  50. ncbi Water handling, sanitation and defecation practices in rural southern India: a knowledge, attitudes and practices study
    Kalyan Banda
    Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:1124-30. 2007
    ..factors impacting on water safety, we documented knowledge, attitudes and practices of water handling and usage, sanitation and defecation in rural Tamilnadu, India, using questionnaires and focus group discussions, in a village divided ..
  51. ncbi Sanitation, community environments, and childhood diarrhoea in rural Zimbabwe
    G P Root
    Department of Geography, University of Liverpool, UK
    J Health Popul Nutr 19:73-82. 2001
    ..The communities were similar except for sanitation. In Community A, 62% of the children lived in households with a latrine, and in Community B, there was no ..
  52. pmc The risk of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in children as an environmental health indicator to guide preventive activities in Caparaó and Alto Caparaó, Brazil
    Fernando Ferreira Carneiro
    Centro Mineiro de Estudos Epidemiológicos e Ambientais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 31 310 580, Brazil
    Bull World Health Organ 80:40-6. 2002
    ..To develop an environmental health indicator for use as a basis for developing preventive measures against Ascaris lumbricoides infection in children from the rural municipalities of Caparaó and Alto Caparaó, in Minas Gerais, Brazil...
  53. ncbi Factors associated with use of improved water sources and sanitation among rural primary schoolchildren in Pursat Province, Cambodia
    Wee Liang En
    Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University Hospital, National University Health System, Singapore
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 42:1022-31. 2011
    Access to improved water supplies and sanitation generally reduces childhood diarrhea incidence...
  54. ncbi Fecal contamination and diarrheal pathogens on surfaces and in soils among Tanzanian households with and without improved sanitation
    Amy J Pickering
    Environment and Water Studies, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:5736-43. 2012
    ..known about the extent or pattern of environmental fecal contamination among households using low-cost, on-site sanitation facilities, or what role environmental contamination plays in the transmission of diarrheal disease...
  55. ncbi Fresh-cut product sanitation and wash water disinfection: problems and solutions
    Maria I Gil
    Research Group on Quality, Safety and Bioactivity of Plant Foods, CEBAS CSIC, Espinardo, Murcia, 30100, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 134:37-45. 2009
    ..In this review improvements in water disinfection and sanitation strategies, including a shower pre-washing step and a final rinse of the produce, are suggested.
  56. ncbi Agriculture and malnutrition in India
    Ashok Gulati
    Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices, Government of India, New Delhi, India
    Food Nutr Bull 33:74-86. 2012
    ..Despite the high and relatively stable overall growth of the economy, India's agriculture sector is underperforming and a vast section of the population remains undernourished...
  57. ncbi Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to improve health among people living with HIV/AIDS: a systematic review
    Rachel Peletz
    aFaculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK bMassachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Boston, Massachusetts cUNC Water Institute, University of North Carolina dInstitute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS 27:2593-601. 2013
    People living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) are at increased risk of diarrhoeal disease and enteric infection. This review assesses the effectiveness of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions to prevent disease among PLHIV.
  58. pmc Global costs of attaining the Millennium Development Goal for water supply and sanitation
    Guy Hutton
    Water and Sanitation Program, World Bank, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Bull World Health Organ 86:13-9. 2008
    ..MDGs) is to "halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation". Because of its impacts on a range of diseases, it is a health-related MDG target...
  59. pmc Hygiene, sanitation, and water: what needs to be done?
    Sandy Cairncross
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000365. 2010
    In the final article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation, Sandy Cairncross and colleagues outline what needs to be done to make significant progress in providing more and better hygiene, sanitation, and water for ..
  60. pmc Inflammation, sanitation, and consternation: loss of contact with coevolved, tolerogenic microorganisms and the pathophysiology and treatment of major depression
    Charles L Raison
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:1211-24. 2010
    ..However, MDD may be so prevalent in the modern world not just because proinflammatory factors are widespread, but also because we have lost contact with previously available sources of anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory signaling...
  61. ncbi Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: does government promotion match community priorities?
    Thilde Rheinländer
    Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Oster Farigmagsgade 5A, Entrance P, 1353 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Soc Sci Med 71:994-1001. 2010
    Improving sanitation and hygiene to prevent infectious diseases is of high priority in developing countries...
  62. ncbi Poor sanitation and helminth infection protect against skin sensitization in Vietnamese children: A cross-sectional study
    Carsten Flohr
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 118:1305-11. 2006
    ..Geohelminth infection and poor hygiene may be protective against allergic sensitization...
  63. ncbi Socio-economic aspects of improved sanitation in slums: a review
    J B Isunju
    Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    Public Health 125:368-76. 2011
    This socio-economic review provides an overview of the sanitation crisis in slum areas, and re-emphasizes the importance of sanitation...
  64. ncbi The role of public health improvements in health advances: the twentieth-century United States
    David Cutler
    Department of Economics, Harvard University and National Bureau of Economic Research NBER, 1875 Cambridge Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Demography 42:1-22. 2005
    ..Implications for developing countries are briefly considered...
  65. pmc Sanitation and health
    Duncan Mara
    School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000363. 2010
    As one article in a four-part PLoS Medicine series on water and sanitation, David Trouba and colleagues discuss the importance of improved sanitation to health and the role that the health sector can play in its advocacy.
  66. ncbi Sociodemographic characteristics of food handlers and their knowledge, attitude and practice towards food sanitation: a preliminary report
    Maizun Mohd Zain
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 33:410-7. 2002
    ..Furthermore, it will in turn reduce national morbidity and mortality of food-borne diseases...
  67. ncbi Ecological Sanitation--a way to solve global sanitation problems?
    Günter Langergraber
    Institute of Sanitary Engineering and Water Pollution Control, BOKU University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 18, A 1190 Vienna, Austria
    Environ Int 31:433-44. 2005
    Today about 2.4 billion people in rural and urban areas do not have access to adequate sanitation services...
  68. ncbi Investigation of health effects of current levels of environmental sanitation and hygienic living conditions of rural population in the municipality of Zenica
    Salih Tandir
    Public Health Institute of Zenica Doboj Canton, Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Med Arh 64:240-4. 2010
    ..increase in the risk of and maintenance of intestinal infectious diseases such as: the level of environmental sanitation in investigated villages, sanitary and hygiene habits of families living in the villages studied, ratio of ..
  69. ncbi Standards in school toilets--a questionnaire survey
    P M Barnes
    Department of Child Health, Swansea NHS Trust, Central Clinic
    J Public Health Med 24:85-7. 2002
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the perception children have of the toilet facilities in their schools and whether or not this influences their use of them...
  70. ncbi Sanitation of selected ready-to-eat intermediate-moisture foods of animal origin by E-beam irradiation
    María I Cambero
    Department of Nutrition, Food Science, and Food Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 9:594-9. 2012
    To optimize the sanitation treatment of ready-to-eat (RTE) intermediate-moisture foods (IMF), the behavior of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A (CIP 103575), L...
  71. ncbi Allergen sanitation in the food industry: a systematic industrial scale approach to reduce hazelnut cross-contamination of cookies
    Martin Röder
    Division of Allergology, Paul Ehrlich Institut, Paul Ehrlich Strasse 51 59, Langen, Germany
    J Food Prot 73:1671-9. 2010
    ..Based on those findings, this study investigated the extent and subsequent sanitation of hazelnut cross-contamination (HNCC) of cookies at the industrial scale...
  72. ncbi Diarrhoeal diseases in Nepal vis-à-vis water supply and sanitation status
    Damodar Pokhrel
    Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, SK 54S 0A2, Canada
    J Water Health 2:71-81. 2004
    Diarrhoeal diseases are still a major challenge in Nepal because of inadequate safe water supply, poor sanitation and living conditions...
  73. ncbi Sanitation and hygiene in urban and rural households in East Africa
    James Tumwine
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Makere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
    Int J Environ Health Res 13:107-15. 2003
    ..Most households disposed of the faeces safely with a few placing them in the garden or elsewhere. The study emphasises the need to promote appropriate sanitation and hygiene.
  74. ncbi "Like a virgin": Absence of rheumatoid arthritis and treponematosis, good sanitation and only rare gout in Italy prior to the 15th century
    B M Rothschild
    Arthritis Center of Northeast Ohio, Youngstown, 44512, USA
    Reumatismo 56:61-6. 2004
    ..To test the hypothesis of compromised sanitation in ancient Italy, on the basis of spondyloarthropathy frequency; and 4...
  75. ncbi The complementary effect of latrines and increased water usage on the growth of infants in rural Lesotho
    S A Esrey
    Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, , Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 135:659-66. 1992
    The effects of water quantity and sanitation, alone and in combination with each other, on infant weight gain and length gain were examined...
  76. ncbi Effect of a school health programme on ensuring safe environments for primary school children
    Caleb A Adegbenro
    Department of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
    J R Soc Promot Health 127:29-32. 2007
    ..The aim of the study was to assess the impact of SHP on ensuring safe environments for primary school children...
  77. pmc How valuable are environmental health interventions? Evaluation of water and sanitation programmes in India
    Subhrendu K Pattanayak
    Duke University, 126 Rubinstein Hall, 302 Towerview Drive, Durham, NC, 27708 0312, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 88:535-42. 2010
    To evaluate and quantify the economic benefits attributable to improvements in water supply and sanitation in rural India.
  78. ncbi Intersections of 'sanitation, sexual coercion and girls' safety in schools'
    Naeemah Abrahams
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 11:751-6. 2006
    ..To explore safety for girls in schools, particularly how girls perceive and negotiate dangers and risks associated with the use of toilets...
  79. ncbi [Water and sanitation in disaster situations]
    Peter Kjaer Mackie Jensen
    Institut for International Sundhed, Immunologi og Mikrobiologi, Københavns Universitet, Øster Farimagsgade 5, DK 1353 København K, Denmark
    Ugeskr Laeger 172:109-12. 2010
    When implementing water and sanitation in a disaster situation, it is of crucial importance that the intervention is grounded in the local cultural and socioeconomic context...
  80. ncbi Home hygiene and environmental sanitation: a country situation analysis for India
    K J Nath
    The Institution of Public Health Egineers, India
    Int J Environ Health Res 13:S19-28. 2003
    Problems of the environment and of domestic hygiene are always related to poverty of population and the sanitation of settlements...
  81. ncbi Water, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries: interventions and diarrhoea--a review
    L Fewtrell
    Centre for Research into Environment and Health, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK
    Water Sci Technol 52:133-42. 2005
    ..language papers (published between 1 January 1985 and 26 June 2003) with evidence on the effectiveness of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions in developing countries, in which diarrhoea morbidity in non-outbreak conditions was ..
  82. pmc A case-control study of the impact of improved sanitation on diarrhoea morbidity in Lesotho
    D L Daniels
    Overseas Development Administration, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 68:455-63. 1990
    A health impact evaluation of the Rural Sanitation Pilot Project in Mohale's Hoek district, Lesotho, was conducted from October 1987 to September 1988...
  83. ncbi Sanitation: a call on resources for promoting urban child health
    Renu Khosla
    Center for Urban and Regional Excellence, Director, Center for Urban and Regional Excellence, C 2, Green Park Extension, New Delhi 110016, India
    Indian Pediatr 42:1199-206. 2005
    Poor sanitation is known to increase the risk of morbidity and mortality from diarrhea among children. Several studies have found a high correlation between childhood morbidity and availability of sanitation services...
  84. ncbi Health promotion and disease prevention through sanitation education in South African Zulu and Xhosa women
    Maria A Smith
    School of Nursing, Middle Tennessee State University, USA
    J Transcult Nurs 15:62-8. 2004
    Poor sanitation and hygiene facilitate transmission of environmental diseases and pose a threat to the health of South African residents...
  85. ncbi Quantifying the burden of disease associated with inadequate provision of water and sanitation in selected sub-Saharan refugee camps
    Aidan A Cronin
    Public Health and HIV Section, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 94 Rue de Montbrillant, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
    J Water Health 7:557-68. 2009
    ..is used for the first time to estimate the burden of disease directly associated with incomplete water and sanitation provision in refugee camps in sub-Saharan African countries...
  86. ncbi From conventional to advanced environmental sanitation
    R Schertenleib
    Department for Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries, Swiss Federal Institute for Environmental Science and Technology EAWAG, Ueberlandstrasse 133, P O Box 611, CH 8600 Duebendorf, Switzerland
    Water Sci Technol 51:7-14. 2005
    ..sewer systems goes back more than 100 years and became in the last century the conventional approach to sanitation in urban areas...
  87. pmc Declining hepatitis A seroprevalence: a global review and analysis
    K H Jacobsen
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 132:1005-22. 2004
    ..Seroprevalence rates are highly correlated with socioeconomic status and access to clean water and sanitation. Increasing household income, education, water quality and quantity, sanitation, and hygiene leads to decreases ..
  88. ncbi Estimating the burden of disease attributable to unsafe water and lack of sanitation and hygiene in South Africa in 2000
    Simon Lewin
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa and Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    S Afr Med J 97:755-62. 2007
    to estimate the burden of disease attributable to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene (wsh) by age group for South Africa in 2000.
  89. pmc Reductions in the prevalence and incidence of geohelminth infections following a city-wide sanitation program in a Brazilian Urban Centre
    Luciene Maura Mascarini-Serra
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Estadual University of Julio Mesquita Filho, UNESP, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e588. 2010
    In the city of Salvador, a large urban centre in Northeast Brazil, a city-wide sanitation intervention started in 1997, aimed at improving the sewerage coverage of households from 26% to 80%...
  90. ncbi Bacterial contamination of Japanese households and related concern about sanitation
    M Ojima
    Kao Life Style Research Institute, Kao Corporation, 2 1 3 Bunka Sumida ku, Tokyo 131 8501, Japan
    Int J Environ Health Res 12:41-52. 2002
    The bacterial contamination of Japanese homes and the attitudes of Japanese people toward sanitation were studied...
  91. pmc Equitable child health interventions: the impact of improved water and sanitation on inequalities in child mortality in Stockholm, 1878 to 1925
    Bo Burstrom
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Public Health 95:208-16. 2005
    ..In our study of the impact of improved water and sanitation in Stockholm from 1878 to 1925, we examined the decline in overall and diarrhea mortality among children, both ..
  92. pmc Land slide disaster in eastern Uganda: rapid assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene situation in Bulucheke camp, Bududa district
    Lynn M Atuyambe
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Department of Community Health and Behavioural Sciences, P, O, Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    Environ Health 10:38. 2011
    ..A comprehensive assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene was urgently needed to inform interventions by the Ministries of Health, and Relief, Disaster ..
  93. ncbi Helminth infections among people using wastewater and human excreta in peri-urban agriculture and aquaculture in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Thuy Trang Do
    Division of Enteric Infections, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Trop Med Int Health 12:82-90. 2007
    ..To assess the prevalence of helminth infections and their associated risks in a community using both wastewater and human excreta in agriculture and aquaculture...
  94. ncbi Impact of drainage and sewerage on diarrhoea in poor urban areas in Salvador, Brazil
    L R Moraes
    Polytechnic School, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:153-8. 2003
    ..per household, and it was not possible to rotate fieldworkers between study groups, the study provides evidence that community sanitation can have an impact on diarrhoeal disease, even without measures to promote hygiene behaviour.
  95. pmc Sustainability of a water, sanitation and hygiene education project in rural Bangladesh: a 5-year follow-up
    B A Hoque
    Environmental Health Programme, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICDDR, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Bull World Health Organ 74:431-7. 1996
    An integrated water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WSH) education intervention project was run by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, over the period 1983-87...
  96. ncbi Improving access to water supply and sanitation in urban India: microfinance for water and sanitation infrastructure development
    Jenna Davis
    Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 4020, USA
    Water Sci Technol 58:887-91. 2008
    ..potential of providing micro-financing for low-income households wishing to invest in improved water supply and sanitation services...
  97. ncbi Effects of sewerage on diarrhoea and enteric infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Guy Norman
    University of Surrey, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 10:536-44. 2010
    b>Sanitation is inadequate in most cities in developing countries, with major effects on infectious disease burden: in this situation, is piped sewerage an appropriate solution, or should efforts focus on systems based on onsite solutions, ..
  98. ncbi Baseline health situation of communities affected by the Nam Theun 2 hydroelectric project in central Lao PDR and indicators for monitoring
    Tobias E Erlanger
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Environ Health Res 18:223-42. 2008
    ..For the population to be resettled on the Nakai plateau it was observed that access to clean water and basic sanitation facilities was lacking. Faecal examinations revealed a high infection prevalence for Ascaris lumbricoides (67...
  99. pmc Drinking-water quality, sanitation, and breast-feeding: their interactive effects on infant health
    J VanDerslice
    University of Texas Houston, School of Public Health, MPH Program at El Paso 79968 0642
    Bull World Health Organ 72:589-601. 1994
    The promotion of proper infant feeding practices and the improvement of environmental sanitation have been two important strategies in the effort to reduce diarrhoeal morbidity among infants...
  100. ncbi Epidemiology of gastroenteritis on cruise ships, 2001-2004
    Elaine H Cramer
    Vessel Sanitation Program, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:252-7. 2006
    ..2 cases per 100,000 passenger days in 1990 to 16.3 per 100,000 passenger days in 2000. In 2002, the Vessel Sanitation Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 29 outbreaks (3% or more passengers ill) of ..
  101. ncbi A survey of drinking and toilet facilities in local state schools
    Emma L Croghan
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham
    Br J Community Nurs 7:76-9. 2002
    ..Overcrowding and potentially insanitary conditions were found in a significant proportion of the schools surveyed. Drinking facilities and access was found to be poor. Recommendations are made to begin to address the problems seen here...

Research Grants65

  1. Biochemistry and Function of a Novel Bacterial Photosensory Two-Component System
    MELISSA MARKS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Waterborne microbial infection is a significant public health concern, particularly in developing countries where sanitation facilities are inadequate...
  2. Membrane Ion-channels in Helminth Parasites: Anthelmintic Resistance and Sites of
    RICHARD JOHN MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..There are no effective vaccines and so in the absence of adequate sanitation, treatment and prophylaxis relies on anthelmintic drugs...
  3. Effect of a sanitation &nutrition intervention on HIV-exposed infant health
    JEAN HAWES HUMPHREY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..1 - 0.5 Z scores at 18 - 24 mo. Another literature indicates that provision of water and especially sanitation services, reduces diarrhea and enhances child growth, producing increases in WAZ and LAZ by the same order of ..
  4. Mitochondrial Bioenergetic Dysfunction and Chlorine Toxicity
    Sadis Matalon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..reactive gas produced in large quantities throughout the world and used extensively for pulp bleaching, waste sanitation and in the manufacturing of various pharmaceuticals...
  5. Waterless hand sanitizer for diarrhea prevention in a humanitarian emergency
    Pavani Kalluri Ram; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Sanitation infrastructure can be overwhelmed quickly with the influx of displaced persons and water quality can be poor, ..
  6. Ubiquitous Mobile Multimedia for Environmental Public Health Outreach and Social
    CESAR BANDERA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., carpenters, ironworkers, sanitation workers) deployed to aid first responders in emergency incidents...
  7. Pathogenic mechanisms of non-01/non-0139 V. cholerae
    Michelle Dziejman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Narrative: Today cholera is considered a health threat mainly in developing nations, regions lacking modern sanitation facilities, and in countries experiencing disrupted civil infrastructure due to war or environmental crises...
  8. Natural History of Urban Leptospirosis
    Albert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..decline was unrelated to temporal variations in climate and coincided with implementation of a World Bank-funded sanitation program, which increased the coverage of the population with closed sewage systems from 26 to 68%...
  9. Multidimensional pathways to healthy aging among Filipino women
    Linda S Adair; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will model the time-varying effects of the physical environment, including urbanization and its components of sanitation, air quality, crowding, housing density;socioeconomic status represented by wealth, income and education;family ..
  10. Renovations of the Animal Care Facility
    AWADH AMIR BINHAZIM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2) To improve sanitation by replacing an aged cage washer;installing a new tunnel washer;and purchasing a laminar flow work bench and a ..
  11. CBH Partnership on Environmental Public Health Exploration and Mitigation
    Chensheng Lu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..IPM is an alternative to chemical- based pest control that relies on the combination of sanitation, various physical techniques, and, as a last resort, the use of least-toxic pesticides...
  12. Environment Change and Diarrheal Disease: A Natural Experiment
    Joseph N S Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..remote villages have denser social networks and more social capital, which has been shown to lead to improved sanitation and hygiene, directly affecting diarrheal disease incidence...
  13. Rapid and sensitive detection of Salmonella from blood, food and feces
    SHARON MEI TENNANT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of typhoid and paratyphoid fever, are important causes of morbidity and mortality in many countries with poor sanitation and water and food contaminated by human fecal waste...
  14. Investigations of the role of house flies as vectors for bacterial pathogens
    Dana Nayduch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of gastroenteritis among infants and children is attributed to filth fly presence in combination with poor sanitation. Control of filth fly populations subsequently results in a sharp reduction in gastroenteritis cases...
  15. Jefferson Alumni Hall Modernization of Cage Sanitation Facility
    Judith S Daviau; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The 6th floor also contains the sanitation and caretaker staff support areas...
  16. Probiotic therapies for food allergies
    Sarkis K Mazmanian; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Therefore, societal advances (including vaccination, sanitation, 'western'diets, and anti-bacterial therapeutics) may have paradoxically affected human health ..
  17. Does ArsenicMitigation in BangladeshRaiseExposure to Bacterial and ViralPathogens
    ALEXANDER FRANS VAN GEEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..saw dramatic improvements in water availability during the 1980s, designated "International Water Supply and Sanitation Decade" by the UN...
  18. Planning for A GEOHealth Research and Training Hub in Uganda - United States
    Jia Sheng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will focus on three areas of interest: 1) food hygiene (food safety and Contamination), 2) water quality (water sanitation, pollution with chemicals and microbes in water supplies), and 3) occupational health and safety (work-related ..
  19. CORE GRANT FOR VISION RESEARCH
    James D Zieske; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..also provide for the daily animal husbandry that is required to maintain our AALAC standards for animal housing, sanitation, and veterinary care...
  20. Integrated Primary Prevention &Chemotherapy: Urogenital Schistosomiasis Control
    DAVID MUELLER GUTE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the issues of environmental exposure to the parasite or risky behaviors that occur in the absence of water and sanitation infrastructure;thus, MDA is unable to reduce prevalence below 5-15%...
  21. Ninth Annual Conference on Urban Environmental Health
    Susan Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to many urban areas: hastily built slums with poor and dangerous materials;indoor cooking with biofuels;poor sanitation services;and high crime rates...
  22. A Bioengineerable Self-adjuvating Nanoparticle for Antigen Delivery
    Shiladitya Dassarma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These human pathogens remain important causes of morbidity and mortality in many countries as a result of poor sanitation, and water and food contaminated by human fecal waste...
  23. ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA GENOME PROJECT
    Brendan Loftus; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..As developing countries cannot afford the improvements in sanitation that might prevent the fecal-oral spread of the parasite, amebiasis is presently poorly controlled by ..
  24. The Water and Health in Limpopo Innovations Fellowship Program
    Richard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The program will focus on the closely related issues of poor access to water and sanitation in rural areas of Southern Africa and unacceptably high rates of morbidity and mortality associated with early ..
  25. Central Sanitation for Animal Equipment to Sustain Biomedical Research at UCSD
    Arthur B Ellis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cleanliness achieved from adequate sanitation and sterilization of caging and equipment remains critical to providing environments that allow for the health ..
  26. Water Wisdom: Developing Local-Global Capacities in Managing Water
    Margaret E Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. and international water and sanitation (WatSan) programs...
  27. California Environmental Health Specialist Network (EHS-Net) Food Safety and Wate
    SUSAN ELIZABETH STRONG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The objectives of this study are to collect data on: 1) the quality of potable water on food trucks;2) water sanitation practices of food operators, 3) personal hygiene practices of vehicle food workers, and 4) preparation and ..
  28. Modeling Water Use & Health in Rural South Africa: An Innovative Training Tool
    Richard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..develop and implement effective and sustainable strategies to decrease ECD through the improvement of water and sanitation. The development of an ABM that describes a community with endemic ECD will allow researchers to test hypotheses ..
  29. MECHANICAL SYSTEMS RENOVATION
    Howard J Federoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Optimal ventilation and proper sanitation of equipment/facilities safeguard animal health and support the conduct of PHS and other extramural supported ..
  30. Applicability of smartDNA Rapid Detection of Priority Agents in Food
    RICHARD BLIDNER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the world it is vulnerable to terrorist attacks as well as occasional accidental contamination from inadequate sanitation at packing and manufacturing facilities;e.g. the recent E. coli contamination of pre-washed bagged spinach...
  31. Virginia shellfish growing area examination, inspection, and investigations enhan
    KEITH SKILES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The project is intended to improve the capability and capacity of the Virginia Shellfish Sanitation program by: 1) Enhancing the data collection and Geographic Information System (GIS) integration of inspections ..
  32. Vector-Borne Disease Control in Urban Environments (RMI)
    John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Poverty, urban farming, water and sanitation availability, increased population movement, deteriorating infrastructures, overcrowding in urban areas, and ..
  33. Innovative AIDS Research Housing for Nonhuman Primates
    Stuart Zola; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..services, including food preparation, storage, cage washer and veterinary services and has pre-existing water, sanitation and electricity...
  34. Stanford RAF Cage Wash Improvements
    Sherril L Green; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The two new rack washers will allow the RAF, in the face of increasing demand, to maintain animal well-being and the cage sanitation process in compliance with the standards required by the Animal Welfare Act, the USDA, and the DHHS.
  35. Construction of New Animal Facility Annex for West Virginia University
    FRED R BUTCHER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This facility was not designed or constructed to meet the demanding husbandry and sanitation requirements of a modern lab animal vivarium, and the performance of the physical plant and surfaces have ..
  36. Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference 2013 Biennial Meeting
    KEN B MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PA-11-310 PROJECT SUMMARY The Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC) was formed to foster and promote shellfish sanitation through the cooperation to Federal and ..
  37. Alaska Conformance with the Manufactured Food Regulatory Program Standards
    Kimberly Stryker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary/Abstract The State of Alaska Food Safety and Sanitation (FSS) Program provides direct public health and regulatory oversight of manufactured food establishments, retail food establishments, public facilities, and ..
  38. Bacterial Pathogen Amplification & Real-Time Detection
    JACK U REN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The program can also distinguish live organisms from dead organisms killed by the food or water sanitation process...
  39. IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND HAZARD CONTAINMENT
    Maarten Bosland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..and Inhalation Facilities in the same area in a highly integrated manner and to improve the climate control and sanitation of the inhalation chambers...
  40. Alaska Conformance with the Voluntary National Retail Food Regulatory Program Sta
    Kimberly Stryker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary/Abstract The State of Alaska Food Safety and Sanitation Program (FSS) provides direct public health and regulatory oversight of manufactured food establishments, retail food establishments, public facilities, and ..
  41. Ancillary Care in Community-Based Research: Deciding What to Do
    Holly A Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Host communities in low-resource settings may lack adequate nutrition, clean water, sanitation, and basic preventive and therapeutic health services...
  42. EQUIPMENT REQUEST
    DONALD MAUL; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..These pens must be replaced to allow adequate sanitation, enhance animal comfort and health, and make cleaning more efficient...
  43. Illinois Department of Public Health Division of Food, Drugs and Dairies Food Saf
    MOLLY LAMB; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..system through adoption and implementation of food protection regulations, such as the Illinois Food Service Sanitation Code, enhanced food borne investigation response among partners, and innovative regulatory initiatives...
  44. DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCES
    NOEL LEHNER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Specifically, we propose to: (1) Improve sanitation at the Peavine Kennel Building by resurfacing deteriorated floors...
  45. FACILITY RENOVATION AND ANNENBERG CAGE WASH FACILITIY
    Kenneth Davis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The size of the existing cage wash physical plant requires that most activities of sanitation (staging and dumping of cages) are conducted in the hallway...
  46. Shellfish Safety Assistance Project
    KENNETH B MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION: (Provided by applicant) The Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC) proposes to work cooperatively with FDA/CFSAN to enhance both the effectiveness and uniformity of the molluscan shellfish program by (a) improving ..
  47. Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference 2011 Biennial Conference Meeting
    KEN B MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): Moore, Kenneth B PROJECT SUMMARY The Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference (ISSC) was formed to foster and promote shellfish sanitation through the cooperation to Federal and ..
  48. ANIMAL RESOURCES IMPROVEMENT
    HAROLD FARRIS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..fourth floor animal facility, install an emergency generator and replace an inadequate glassware washer used for sanitation of cages and bottles; 2...
  49. INFANT FEEDING METHOD AND MEDICAID SERVICE UTILIZATION
    AYLIN RIEDEL; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..that breastfeeding has demonstrable effects on health status given general poorer nutrition, health care and sanitation conditions frequently present in these areas. Research on breastfeeding in the U.S...
  50. To implement an electronic data processing system to include but not limited to r
    DOROTHY DAVID; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..health departments to meet local health protection requirements and is also compliant with the food service sanitation code. In addition, it should be able to provide high levels of service and safety at a low cost...
  51. APLASTIC ANEMIA EPIDEMIOLOGY--INCIDENCE AND CASE CONTROL
    David Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Subjects will be interviewed to obtain information on occupational and chemical exposures, farming practices, sanitation, drug use, personal data, and relevant medical history...
  52. Mobile Just-In-Time Training of Emergency Response Personnel - Phase II
    CESAR BANDERA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..organizations during an emergency incident, and include laborers, operating engineers, carpenters, ironworkers, sanitation workers and utility workers...
  53. 2011 National Conference on Interstate Milk Shipments
    MARLENA G BORDSON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..It is imperative that all of the state agencies that conduct milk regulatory and sanitation rating programs are able to participate in and learn from the presentation of public health and safety ..
  54. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CONFERENCE FOR THE MIDDLE EAST
    BARRY LEVY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..of chemical pesticides and fertilizers; deteriorating conditions due to overcrowding, air pollution, and poor sanitation in cities; food contamination; poor working environments; and the need to ensure the availability of safe, ..
  55. ANIMAL ROOM VENTILLATION AND CEILING IMPROVEMENTS
    Charles Henry; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..A solid dropped ceiling will be installed with exhaust vents positioned one foot above the floor to improve sanitation and ventilation. The quality of research at the University is being strained by these deficiencies...
  56. Improvement of Nonhuman Primate Group Housing
    John L Vandeberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These repairs and improvements will improve sanitation in social housing enclosures and extend the useful life of these buildings.
  57. Developing and Improving Fox Chase's Animal Resources
    HARRY ROZMIAREK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Downtime for repairs and insurance of proper sanitation conditions has resulted in delays in the delivery of supplies to animal rooms and increased costs for ..
  58. IMPROVEMENT OF ANIMAL RESEARCH FACILITIES
    Gary Moore; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Proposed is a request for support to replace specific cage sanitation equipment in the animal research Facilities at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), Arkansas' largest biomedical research center...
  59. AIDS-related Animal Services Building Cage Washing Facility
    M Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our objectives are to provide outstanding animal care for NHPs by maintaining the highest levels of sanitation and complying with USDA regulations and AAALAC guidelines...
  60. The Removal of Disinfection Byoproducts from Water (1000-641)
    ARJAN GIAYA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..necessary to qualify the adsorbent material, relative to standards set forth by both the EPA and the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF)...
  61. Renovation of MSU/CVM Cage Wash Facilities: G20 Facilities Improvement Grant Appl
    LUCY SENTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Frequent breakdowns in the cage wash area result in delays in cage sanitation, which then may affect research project timing...
  62. BUILDING C RENOVATION WEST WING
    James Blanchard; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Rolling rack caging systems will be used to reduce worker injury and facilitate cage sanitation. The proposed changes in conjunction with other facilities being built by the Center will create space for 200 ..
  63. DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCES
    TIMOTHY POOLE; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..2. Resurfacing of Cage Wash Area Floors-Due to the heavy and harsh use of this area, the floor surface has deteriorated to such an extent that efficient cleaning and sanitation is difficult.
  64. IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY FOR ANIMALS AND STAFF
    Robert Glickman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..work will include: 1) installing air-conditioning to maintain a hospitable work environment in the BCAF cage sanitation room; 2) installing an automatic autonomous environmental monitoring and alarm system for the BCAF to assure the ..