radiation protection

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Radiation protection of medical staff
    John Le Heron
    Radiation Safety and Monitoring Section, Division of Radiation, Transport and Waste Safety, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
    Eur J Radiol 76:20-3. 2010
  2. ncbi Estimated radiation dose reduction using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction in coronary CT angiography: the ERASIR study
    Jonathon Leipsic
    Department of Radiology and Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 195:655-60. 2010
  3. ncbi Molecular and cellular biology of moderate-dose (1-10 Gy) radiation and potential mechanisms of radiation protection: report of a workshop at Bethesda, Maryland, December 17-18, 2001
    C Norman Coleman
    Radiation Oncology Sciences Program, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Radiat Res 159:812-34. 2003
  4. ncbi Dose reduction in chest CT: comparison of the adaptive iterative dose reduction 3D, adaptive iterative dose reduction, and filtered back projection reconstruction techniques
    Yoshitake Yamada
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Eur J Radiol 81:4185-95. 2012
  5. ncbi α-Tocopherol succinate protects mice against radiation-induced gastrointestinal injury
    Pankaj K Singh
    Radiation Countermeasures Program, Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, 8901 Wisconsin Ave, Bethesda, MD 20889 5603, USA
    Radiat Res 177:133-45. 2012
  6. ncbi Radiation protectants: current status and future prospects
    Thomas M Seed
    VSL Physics, Hannon Hall, Room 408, Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20064, USA
    Health Phys 89:531-45. 2005
  7. ncbi Low kilovoltage cardiac dual-source CT: attenuation, noise, and radiation dose
    Sebastian Leschka
    Institute of Radiology, Kantonsspital St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Eur Radiol 18:1809-17. 2008
  8. ncbi Effect of a standardized quality-improvement protocol on radiation dose in coronary computed tomographic angiography
    Troy M LaBounty
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Weill Cornell Medical College at New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Cardiol 106:1663-7. 2010
  9. ncbi Patient and staff doses in interventional neuroradiology
    D Bor
    Department of Engineering Physics, Faculty of Engineering, University of Ankara, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara, Turkey
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 117:62-8. 2005
  10. ncbi Minimizing and communicating radiation risk in pediatric nuclear medicine
    Frederic H Fahey
    Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Nucl Med 52:1240-51. 2011

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications297 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Radiation protection of medical staff
    John Le Heron
    Radiation Safety and Monitoring Section, Division of Radiation, Transport and Waste Safety, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
    Eur J Radiol 76:20-3. 2010
    The continuing increase in the worldwide use of X-ray imaging has implications for radiation protection of medical staff. Much of the increased usage could be viewed as simply a workload issue with no particular new challenges...
  2. ncbi Estimated radiation dose reduction using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction in coronary CT angiography: the ERASIR study
    Jonathon Leipsic
    Department of Radiology and Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 195:655-60. 2010
    ..The objective of our study was to assess the impact of Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASIR) on radiation dose and study quality for coronary CT angiography (CTA)...
  3. ncbi Molecular and cellular biology of moderate-dose (1-10 Gy) radiation and potential mechanisms of radiation protection: report of a workshop at Bethesda, Maryland, December 17-18, 2001
    C Norman Coleman
    Radiation Oncology Sciences Program, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Radiat Res 159:812-34. 2003
    ..Communicate knowledge of the effects of radiation exposure to the general public and to investigators, policy makers and agencies involved in response to nuclear accidents/events and protection/treatment of the general public...
  4. ncbi Dose reduction in chest CT: comparison of the adaptive iterative dose reduction 3D, adaptive iterative dose reduction, and filtered back projection reconstruction techniques
    Yoshitake Yamada
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    Eur J Radiol 81:4185-95. 2012
    ..To assess the effectiveness of adaptive iterative dose reduction (AIDR) and AIDR 3D in improving the image quality in low-dose chest CT (LDCT)...
  5. ncbi α-Tocopherol succinate protects mice against radiation-induced gastrointestinal injury
    Pankaj K Singh
    Radiation Countermeasures Program, Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, 8901 Wisconsin Ave, Bethesda, MD 20889 5603, USA
    Radiat Res 177:133-45. 2012
    ..Our data suggest that α-TS protects mice from radiation-induced gastrointestinal damage by inhibiting apoptosis, promoting regeneration of crypt cells, and inhibiting translocation of gut bacteria...
  6. ncbi Radiation protectants: current status and future prospects
    Thomas M Seed
    VSL Physics, Hannon Hall, Room 408, Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20064, USA
    Health Phys 89:531-45. 2005
    ..This is due to the resurgence of interest in radiation protection, increased resources being expended by federal agencies, and by the Food and Drug Administration's ..
  7. ncbi Low kilovoltage cardiac dual-source CT: attenuation, noise, and radiation dose
    Sebastian Leschka
    Institute of Radiology, Kantonsspital St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Eur Radiol 18:1809-17. 2008
    ..4 +/- 0.6 mSv, P < 0.001) protocols. Dual-source CTCA with 100 kV is feasible in patients of normal weight, results in a diagnostic image quality with a higher CNR, and at the same time significantly reduces the radiation dose...
  8. ncbi Effect of a standardized quality-improvement protocol on radiation dose in coronary computed tomographic angiography
    Troy M LaBounty
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Weill Cornell Medical College at New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Cardiol 106:1663-7. 2010
    ..01). In conclusion, a quality improvement protocol for CCTA incorporating multiple dose reduction techniques permits significant radiation dose reduction and may improve the safety profile of CCTA...
  9. ncbi Patient and staff doses in interventional neuroradiology
    D Bor
    Department of Engineering Physics, Faculty of Engineering, University of Ankara, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara, Turkey
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 117:62-8. 2005
    ..6, 77.6 and 28.8 microGy per procedure. The mean effective dose per procedure for the radiologists was 32 microSv. In order to allow better comparisons to be made, DAP normalised doses were also presented...
  10. ncbi Minimizing and communicating radiation risk in pediatric nuclear medicine
    Frederic H Fahey
    Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Nucl Med 52:1240-51. 2011
    ..Approaches for effective communication of risk to patients' families are discussed. Lastly, radiation dose reduction in pediatric nuclear medicine is explicated...
  11. ncbi Hepatic CT perfusion measurements: a feasibility study for radiation dose reduction using new image reconstruction method
    Noriyuki Negi
    Division of Radiology, Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7 5 2 Kusunokicho, Chuoku, Kobe 650 0017, Japan
    Eur J Radiol 81:3048-54. 2012
    ..To assess the effects of image reconstruction method on hepatic CT perfusion (CTP) values using two CT protocols with different radiation doses...
  12. ncbi Radiation protection in humans: extending the concept of as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) from dose to biological damage
    K N Prasad
    Center for Vitamins and Cancer Research, Departments of Radiology and Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Br J Radiol 77:97-9. 2004
  13. ncbi Ground-based research with heavy ions for space radiation protection
    M Durante
    Department of Physics, University Federico II, Monte S Angelo, Via Cintia, Naples, Italy
    Adv Space Res 35:180-4. 2005
    ....
  14. ncbi Detection of pancreatic tumors, image quality, and radiation dose during the pancreatic parenchymal phase: effect of a low-tube-voltage, high-tube-current CT technique--preliminary results
    Daniele Marin
    Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Erwin Rd, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Radiology 256:450-9. 2010
    ....
  15. ncbi Evaluation of a radiation dose reduction strategy for pediatric chest CT
    Jee Eun Kim
    Department of Radiology, Lucile Packard Children s Hospital, Stanford University School of Medicine, 725 Welch Rd, Stanford, CA 94304 5913, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 194:1188-93. 2010
    ..The purpose of our study was to quantify the effect of changes made to the CT chest protocol on patient dose, image quality, and image noise when using a kilovoltage (kVp)-lowering strategy...
  16. ncbi The optimal dose reduction level using iterative reconstruction with prospective ECG-triggered coronary CTA using 256-slice MDCT
    Yang Hou
    Department of Radiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China
    Eur J Radiol 81:3905-11. 2012
    ....
  17. pmc The radiation protection and therapy effects of mesenchymal stem cells in mice with acute radiation injury
    K X Hu
    Department of Haematology and Transplantation, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
    Br J Radiol 83:52-8. 2010
    ..MSCs may be a succedaneous or intensive method of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation under certain radiation dosages, and could provide a valuable strategy for acute radiation syndrome...
  18. ncbi Peripheral dose measurement for CyberKnife radiosurgery with upgraded linac shielding
    Cynthia F Chuang
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Med Phys 35:1494-6. 2008
    ..At these distances, the CyberKnife peripheral dose remains higher than doses measured in our previous study for the model C Gamma Knife and IMRT...
  19. ncbi Risk for radiation-induced cataract for staff in interventional cardiology: is there reason for concern?
    Olivera Ciraj-Bjelac
    Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 76:826-34. 2010
    ..To examine the prevalence of radiation-associated lens opacities among interventional cardiologists and nurses and correlate with occupational radiation exposure...
  20. ncbi Future strategies for mitigation and treatment of chronic radiation-induced normal tissue injury
    John E Moulder
    Radiation Oncology and Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
    Semin Radiat Oncol 17:141-8. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi CT-based 3D dose-volume parameter of the rectum and late rectal complication in patients with cervical cancer treated with high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy
    Shingo Kato
    Research Center Hospital for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage Ku, Chiba, 263 8555, Japan
    J Radiat Res 51:215-21. 2010
    ..001). However, no positive dose-response relationship was observed between D(ICRU) and the rate of LRC (p = 0.42). The present study has suggested that CT-based 3D dose-volume parameters of the rectum may be effective for predicting LRC...
  22. ncbi American College of Radiology white paper on radiation dose in medicine
    E Stephen Amis
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Am Coll Radiol 4:272-84. 2007
    ..This white paper details a proposed action plan for the college derived from the deliberations of that panel...
  23. ncbi Cancer risks from diagnostic radiology
    E J Hall
    Center for Radiological Research, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Br J Radiol 81:362-78. 2008
    ..A further issue is the increasing use of CT scans as a screening procedure in asymptomatic patients; at this time, the benefit/risk balance for any of the commonly suggested CT screening techniques has yet to be established...
  24. pmc Historical review of occupational exposures and cancer risks in medical radiation workers
    Martha S Linet
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7238, USA
    Radiat Res 174:793-808. 2010
    ..Such studies will help optimize standardized protocols for radiologic procedures, determine whether current radiation protection measures for medical radiation workers are adequate, provide guidance on cancer screening needs, and yield ..
  25. ncbi Pharmacologic approaches to radiation protection
    David M Brizel
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Clin Oncol 25:4084-9. 2007
    ..Pharmacologic radioprotective strategies should be integrated with physical strategies such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy to realize their maximum clinical potential...
  26. pmc Validation of CT dose-reduction simulation
    Parinaz Massoumzadeh
    Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 510 South Kingshighway, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Med Phys 36:174-89. 2009
    ..The methodology promises to be a useful tool for researchers and radiologists to explore dose reduction protocols in an effort to produce diagnostic images with radiation dose "as low as reasonably achievable"...
  27. ncbi Usefulness of non-lead aprons in radiation protection for physicians performing interventional procedures
    Masayuki Zuguchi
    Course of Radiological Technology, Health Sciences, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2 1 Seiryo, Aoba, Sendai 980 8575, Japan
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 131:531-4. 2008
    ..In this study, the radiation protection effects of commercially available protective lead and non-lead aprons, when exposed to diagnostic X rays, ..
  28. ncbi Radiation protection in the era of helical CT: practical patient based programs for decreasing patient exposure
    Steven Birnbaum
    Department of Radiology, Southern New Hampshire Medical Center, Nashua, NH, USA
    Semin Ultrasound CT MR 31:46-52. 2010
    ..Technical, educational, and management methods are outlined in detail as well as their rationale. Preliminary results of this comprehensive program are also outlined after the first year of its institution...
  29. ncbi Recommendations for occupational radiation protection in interventional cardiology
    Ariel Duran
    Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 82:29-42. 2013
    ..This document provides recommendations for occupational radiation protection for physicians and other staff in the interventional suite...
  30. ncbi Radiation dose and radiation protection for patients and physicians during interventional procedure
    Koichi Chida
    Department of Radiological Technology, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tohoku University
    J Radiat Res 51:97-105. 2010
    ..Therefore, radiation protection during IVR poses a very important problem...
  31. ncbi Radiation countermeasure agents: an update
    Francis Dumont
    Universite de Strasbourg, Centre Regional de Lutte Contre le Cancer Paul Strauss, Laboratoire de Radiobiologie EA 3430, 3 rue de la porte de l Hôpital, F 67065 Strasbourg, France
    Expert Opin Ther Pat 20:73-101. 2010
    ..There is, therefore, a pressing need to develop safe and effective radiation countermeasure (RC) agents to prevent, mitigate or treat the harmful consequences of IR exposure...
  32. ncbi Low-dose extrapolation of radiation health risks: some implications of uncertainty for radiation protection at low doses
    Charles E Land
    National Cancer Institute National Institutes of Health, Radiation Epidemiology Branch EPS 7046, 6120 Executive Boulevard, MS7238, Bethesda, MD 20892 7238, USA
    Health Phys 97:407-15. 2009
    ..b>Radiation protection is ultimately a political process that involves consent by stakeholders, a diverse group that includes ..
  33. ncbi Current issues and actions in radiation protection of patients
    Ola Holmberg
    Radiation Safety and Monitoring Section, Division of Radiation, Transport and Waste Safety, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
    Eur J Radiol 76:15-9. 2010
    ..Current issues in radiation protection of patients include not only the rapidly increasing collective dose to the global population from medical ..
  34. ncbi Molecular targets in cellular response to ionizing radiation and implications in space radiation protection
    Mauro Belli
    Physics Laboratory, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, 00161 Rome, Italy
    J Radiat Res 43:S13-9. 2002
    ..Information reviewed in this paper on the basic mechanisms of cellular response to ionizing radiation indicates their importance for a number of issues relevant to protection of astronauts from space radiation...
  35. ncbi Radiation doses to cohabitants of patients undergoing radioiodine ablation for thyroid cancer: poor compliance with radiation protection guidelines but low radiation exposure
    Sophie Gabriel
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Timone Hospital, Marseille, France
    Nucl Med Commun 32:829-33. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the key determinants of dose exposure to familial members, with particular reference to the degree of adherence to current radiation safety guidelines...
  36. ncbi Radiation protection in deep space
    Marco Durante
    Z Med Phys 15:1-2. 2005
  37. ncbi Image quality and radiation dose of low dose coronary CT angiography in obese patients: sinogram affirmed iterative reconstruction versus filtered back projection
    Rui Wang
    Department of Radiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, 100029 Beijing, China
    Eur J Radiol 81:3141-5. 2012
    ....
  38. ncbi Radiation exposure in vascular angiographic procedures
    Michael Bernhard Pitton
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Langenbeckstr 1, 55131 Mainz, Germany
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 23:1487-95. 2012
    ..To evaluate dose reduction in vascular angiographic procedures by using fluoroscopy capture instead of digital subtraction angiography frames for documentation...
  39. ncbi Patient radiation dose management in the follow-up of potential skin injuries in neuroradiology
    E Vano
    Medical Physics Service and Radiology Department, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital Clinico San Carlos and Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 34:277-82. 2013
    ..We present the results of a follow-up program applied to potential skin injuries in interventional neuroradiology based on North American and European guidelines...
  40. ncbi Report on an interagency workshop on the radiobiology of nuclear terrorism. Molecular and cellular biology dose (1-10 Sv) radiation and potential mechanisms of radiation protection (Bethesda, Maryland, December 17-18, 2001)
    John E Moulder
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Radiat Res 158:118-24. 2002
    ....
  41. ncbi A physiological systems model for iodine for use in radiation protection
    R W Leggett
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA
    Radiat Res 174:496-516. 2010
    ..Absorbed dose estimates for intravenous administration of radioiodine-labeled thyroid hormones based on the proposed model differ substantially in some cases from current ICRP values...
  42. ncbi A biokinetic model for zinc for use in radiation protection
    R W Leggett
    Oak Ridge NationalLaboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
    Sci Total Environ 420:1-12. 2012
    ..data for zinc and proposes a physiologically meaningful biokinetic model for systemic zinc for use in radiation protection. The proposed model bears some resemblance to zinc models developed in physiological studies but depicts a ..
  43. ncbi Alpha particles as radiopharmaceuticals in the treatment of bone metastases: mechanism of action of radium-223 chloride (Alpharadin) and radiation protection
    Philippa J Cheetham
    Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center at Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Oncology (Williston Park) 26:330-7, 341. 2012
    ..The mechanism of action of Alpharadin and specifics of administration, radiation protection, and patient management will be discussed.
  44. ncbi Effects of ionising radiation exposure on plants, fish and mammals: relevant data for environmental radiation protection
    A Real
    Spanish Research Centre in Energy, Environment and Technology, Avenida Complutense, 22 Madrid 28040, Spain
    J Radiol Prot 24:A123-37. 2004
    ..The responses then increase progressively with increasing dose rate and usually become very clear at dose rates > 10(3) microGy h(-1) sustained for a large fraction of the lifespan...
  45. ncbi Multidetector computed tomography chest examinations with low-kilovoltage protocols in adults: effect on image quality and radiation dose
    Mi Jung Kim
    Department of Radiology, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Republic of Korea
    J Comput Assist Tomogr 33:416-21. 2009
    ..The purpose of our study was to assess the effect on image quality and radiation dose of chest multidetector computed tomography (CT) examinations with low-kilovoltage protocols for adults...
  46. ncbi Radiation protection in digestive endoscopy: European Society of Digestive Endoscopy (ESGE) guideline
    J M Dumonceau
    Service of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
    Endoscopy 44:408-21. 2012
    This article expresses the current view of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) about radiation protection for endoscopic procedures, in particular endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
  47. ncbi Reliability of a new biokinetic model of zirconium in internal dosimetry: part I, parameter uncertainty analysis
    Wei Bo Li
    Research Unit Medical Radiation Physics and Diagnostics, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Health Phys 101:660-76. 2011
    ..The uncertainty information on the model parameters analyzed in this study was used in the second part of the paper regarding a sensitivity analysis of the Zr biokinetic models...
  48. ncbi Radiation dose reduction to the male gonads during MDCT: the effectiveness of a lead shield
    Christian Hohl
    Department of Diagnositc Radiology, University of Technology of Aachen, Paulwelsstrasse 30, Aachen D 52057, Germany
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 184:128-30. 2005
    ..Our study was designed to quantify the effect of a standard gonad shield on the testicular radiation exposure due to scatter during routine abdominopelvic MDCT...
  49. ncbi Radiation protection dosimetry for diagnostic radiology patients
    B F Wall
    NRPB, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0RG, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 109:409-19. 2004
    The radiation protection of patients undergoing medical X-ray examinations is governed by the principles of justification and optimisation...
  50. ncbi Role of Rubia cordifolia Linn. in radiation protection
    Yamini Bhusan Tripathi
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India
    Indian J Exp Biol 45:620-5. 2007
    ..A significant radiation protection (67%) as assessed by increased animal survival was observed when R...
  51. ncbi Comparison of operator radiation exposure with optimized radiation protection devices during coronary angiograms and ad hoc percutaneous coronary interventions by radial and femoral routes
    Camille Brasselet
    Service de cardiologie, Hopital Robert Debre, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Reims, 51092 Reims Cedex, France
    Eur Heart J 29:63-70. 2008
    ..The objective of the present operator-blinded registry was to compare related-peripheral arterial route radiation exposure of operators...
  52. ncbi Computed tomography and radiation: understanding the issues
    Donald P Frush
    Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Am Coll Radiol 1:113-9. 2004
    ..It is with an understanding of these issues that radiologists and other radiology personnel can participate in an informed discussion with referring physicians and patients and continue to optimize the practice of CT...
  53. ncbi Image quality and dose management in digital radiography: a new paradigm for optimisation
    H P Busch
    Department of Radiology, Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brudder, Nordalle, Trier, Germany
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 117:143-7. 2005
    ..These fundamental differences in comparison to conventional film/screens necessitate the development of new strategies for dose and quality optimizations. A set of referral criteria based upon three dose levels is proposed...
  54. ncbi Adjustment of guidelines for exposure of the eye to optical radiation from ocular instruments: statement from a task group of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
    David Sliney
    International Commission on Non Ionizing Radiation Protection, Ingolstaedter Land strasse 1, Oberschleissheim, Germany
    Appl Opt 44:2162-76. 2005
    ..We convert both laser and incoherent exposure guidelines derived for normal exposure conditions to the application of ophthalmic sources...
  55. ncbi Neutron measurements in the vicinity of a self-shielded PET cyclotron
    N E Hertel
    Neely Nuclear Research Center, G W Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 0405, USA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 108:255-61. 2004
    ..The neutron measurements reported were made during the production of 18F via the 18O(p,n)18F reaction (Q = -2.4 MeV). Neutron spectra were obtained with the BUMS unfolding code and converted to dose equivalent rates...
  56. ncbi Evaluation of a radiation protection cabin for invasive electrophysiological procedures
    Octavian Dragusin
    Cardiology Electrophysiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Eur Heart J 28:183-9. 2007
    ..Classical protection with lead aprons results in discomfort while radioprotection is still incomplete. This study evaluated the usefulness of a radiation protection cabin (RPC) that completely surrounds the operator.
  57. ncbi Diagnostic reference levels in pediatric radiology in Austria
    Jochen Billinger
    Center for Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Eur Radiol 20:1572-9. 2010
    ..Because of the higher sensitivity to radiation in children, optimization plays an essential role in pediatric radiology. Diagnostic reference levels are a helpful tool to optimize patient dose for standard radiographic procedures...
  58. ncbi Radiation protection in 90Y-labelled DOTA-D-Phe1-Tyr3-octreotide preparations
    Elisa Grassi
    Medical Physics Department, Santa Maria Nuova Hospital, Reggio Emilia, Italy
    Nucl Med Commun 30:176-82. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is thus the evaluation of the personal beta-dosimetry data related to therapeutic 90Y-labelled DOTA-D-Phe1-Tyr3-octreotide preparation and administration in a nuclear medicine department...
  59. ncbi Lack of radiation protection for endoscopists performing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
    Byoung Kwan Son
    Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji University Eulji General Hospital, Korea
    Korean J Gastroenterol 58:93-9. 2011
    ERCP using fluoroscopy should be practiced with an adequate radiation protection. However, the awareness of gastrointestinal endoscopists to radiation protection was considered insufficient...
  60. pmc Study on the use of gonadal protection shields during paediatric pelvic X-rays
    Manoj Sikand
    King s Mill Hospital, Sutton in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 85:422-5. 2003
    ..It is important to follow these guidelines especially when paediatric X-rays are taken. Gonads are very susceptible to radiation as they fall directly in the line of radiation exposure when pelvic X-rays are taken...
  61. ncbi Pediatric radiation protection
    Jennifer Minigh
    Marshall University School of Medicine, USA
    Radiol Technol 76:365-75; quiz 376-8. 2005
    After completing this article, readers should be able to: Discuss the importance of pediatric radiation protection. List several means for reducing pediatric radiation exposure. Discuss pediatric immobilization and sedation...
  62. pmc Radiation exposure to cardiologists: how it could be reduced
    E Vano
    Heart 89:1123-4. 2003
  63. ncbi ICRP recommendations on 'Managing patient dose in digital radiology'
    E Vano
    San Carlos University Hospital, Radiology Department, Complutense University, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 114:126-30. 2005
    ....
  64. ncbi MAX06 and FAX06: update of two adult human phantoms for radiation protection dosimetry
    R Kramer
    Departamento de Energia Nuclear, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av Prof Luiz Freire 1000, Cidade Universitaria, CEP 50740 540, Recife, PE, Brazil
    Phys Med Biol 51:3331-46. 2006
    ....
  65. ncbi Measurement of thermal neutron fluence distribution with use of 23Na radioactivation around a medical compact cyclotron
    Toshioh Fujibuchi
    Department of Radiological Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Ibaraki Prefectural University, Inashiki Gun, Ibaraki, Japan
    Radiol Phys Technol 2:159-65. 2009
    ....
  66. ncbi Neutron spectrometry in a PET cyclotron with a Bonner sphere system
    F Fernandez
    Grup de Física de les Radiacions Departament de Física, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, E 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 126:371-5. 2007
    ..The neutron spectrum at each location was determined with an unfolding code developed by the authors...
  67. ncbi Radiation protection of HepG2 cells by Podophyllum hexandrum Royale
    Damodar Gupta
    Radiation Biology Division, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Defence Research and Development Organization DRDO, Delhi, India
    Mol Cell Biochem 250:27-40. 2003
    ..Pre-irradiation administration of RP-1 significantly reduced both ROS and NO generation and enhanced glutathione levels, thereby inhibiting lipid peroxidation...
  68. ncbi Radiation protection in pediatric imaging
    Bryant Furlow
    Association of Health Care Journalists, Society of Professional Journalists, and Investigative Reporters and Editors, USA
    Radiol Technol 82:421-39. 2011
    ..Radiation risks are greater for children, which makes strict compliance with radiation protection practices a public health imperative...
  69. ncbi Recommendations from the International Union of Radioecology to improve guidance on radiation protection
    François Bréchignac
    International Union of Radioecology IUR, Secretariat at Institute of Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety IRSN, Centre of Cadarache, Building 229, 13115 St Paul Lez Durance cedex, France
    Integr Environ Assess Manag 7:411-3. 2011
    ....
  70. ncbi An approach to simulate and visualize intraoperative scattered radiation exposure to improve radiation protection training
    Markus Wagner
    Peter L Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School, Braunschweig, Germany
    Stud Health Technol Inform 160:625-8. 2010
    ..At courses on radiation protection the knowledge of the behavior of scattered radiation and the modus operandi to minimize the radiation ..
  71. ncbi International project on individual monitoring and radiation exposure levels in interventional cardiology
    R Padovani
    Medical Physics Department, University Hospital, Udine, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 144:437-41. 2011
    ..Atomic Energy Agency initiative, a Working Group on interventional cardiology, aims to assess staff radiation protection (RP) levels and to propose an international database of occupational exposures...
  72. ncbi Novel method for determining hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lens transmission curves and their spatially specific ultraviolet radiation protection factors
    James E Walsh
    School of Physics and Facility for Optical Characterization and Spectroscopy Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland
    Eye Contact Lens 33:58-64. 2007
    ..UV radiation-blocking hydrogel contact lenses provide protection across the ocular surface, which varies according to the lens thickness...
  73. ncbi Reconciling scientists' beliefs about radiation risks and social norms: explaining preferred radiation protection standards
    Carol L Silva
    Department of Political Science and the Center for Applied Social Research, University of Oklahoma, 2 Partner s Place, 3100 Monitor, Suite 100, Norman, OK 73072, USA
    Risk Anal 27:755-73. 2007
    ..Implications for scientific advice to policymakers are discussed...
  74. ncbi Mechanistic bases for modelling space radiation risk and planning radiation protection of astronauts
    A Ottolenghi
    Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Milano and INFN--Sezione di Milano, Milano, Italy
    Phys Med 17:272-7. 2001
    The approaches generally adopted for planning radiation protection in ground-based facilities cannot be applied straightforward for astronaut protection in space...
  75. ncbi Issues in deep space radiation protection
    J W Wilson
    NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
    Acta Astronaut 49:289-312. 2001
    ..Methods for optimization of spacecraft shielding and the associated role of materials selection are discussed. One material which may prove to be an important radiation protection material is hydrogenated carbon nanofibers.
  76. ncbi Evaluation of the transmitted exposure through lead equivalent aprons used in a radiology department, including the contribution from backscatter
    Emmanuel G Christodoulou
    Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 0030, USA
    Med Phys 30:1033-8. 2003
    ..There is also a need for the establishment of appropriate methods and frequencies of routine quality assurance testing of radiation protection aprons.
  77. ncbi Strategies for CT radiation dose optimization
    Mannudeep K Kalra
    Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, White 270 E, 55 Fruit St, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Radiology 230:619-28. 2004
    ....
  78. ncbi Do CEC guidelines under-utilise the full potential of increasing kVp as a dose-reducing tool?
    P Doherty
    UCD School of Diagnostic Imaging, Herbert Avenue, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Eur Radiol 13:1992-9. 2003
    ..The need for further work exploring the effect of higher energies on visualisation of subtle pathological lesions has been identified...
  79. ncbi Effects of target fragmentation on evaluation of LET spectra from space radiations: implications for space radiation protection studies
    F A Cucinotta
    NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 0001, USA
    Radiat Meas 26:923-34. 1996
    ..These results suggest that studies of track structure and biological response of space radiation should place emphasis on short tracks of medium charge fragments produced in the human body by high energy protons and neutrons...
  80. ncbi Evaluation of a flat panel digital radiographic system for low-dose portable imaging of neonates
    Ehsan Samei
    Department of Radiology, Duke University, DUMC 3302, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Med Phys 30:601-7. 2003
    ..The rapid availability of flat-panel images in portable imaging was found to be an added advantage for timely clinical decision-making...
  81. ncbi Occupational radiation doses in interventional cardiology: a 15-year follow-up
    E Vano
    Department of Radiology, Complutense University Medical School 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Br J Radiol 79:383-8. 2006
    ..radiation doses of interventional cardiologists over 15 years and assesses action undertaken to optimize radiation protection. Personal dosimetry records of nine staff cardiologists and eight interventional cardiology fellows were ..
  82. ncbi Preventing or reducing late side effects of radiation therapy: radiobiology meets molecular pathology
    Søren M Bentzen
    University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Department of Human Oncology, K4 316 Clinical Science Center, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    Nat Rev Cancer 6:702-13. 2006
    ..This stimulates research into new pharmacological strategies for preventing or reducing the side effects of radiation therapy...
  83. ncbi Effective dose: how should it be applied to medical exposures?
    C J Martin
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, West House, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    Br J Radiol 80:639-47. 2007
    ..E was intended for use in radiation protection, but has found wide application in evaluation of doses for medical exposures involving only parts of the ..
  84. ncbi Assessment of radiation dose awareness among pediatricians
    Karen E Thomas
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children, and Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1X8, Canada
    Pediatr Radiol 36:823-32. 2006
    ..However, it is not known whether there has been a corresponding increase in awareness among pediatricians...
  85. ncbi Patient exposure in medical X-ray imaging in Europe
    Dieter F Regulla
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 114:11-25. 2005
    ..Corresponding data are presented and comments are made on the international situation of non-harmonised data collection on patient exposure as well as of parameters affecting the assessment of exposure and risk...
  86. ncbi Operational radiation protection in high-energy physics accelerators
    S H Rokni
    SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 137:3-17. 2009
    An overview of operational radiation protection (RP) policies and practices at high-energy electron and proton accelerators used for physics research is presented...
  87. pmc Cancer risk related to low-dose ionizing radiation from cardiac imaging in patients after acute myocardial infarction
    Mark J Eisenberg
    Division of Cardiology, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 183:430-6. 2011
    ..Patients exposed to low-dose ionizing radiation from cardiac imaging and therapeutic procedures after acute myocardial infarction may be at increased risk of cancer...
  88. ncbi Peripheral dose in ocular treatments with CyberKnife and Gamma Knife radiosurgery compared to proton radiotherapy
    A Zytkovicz
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Phys Med Biol 52:5957-71. 2007
    ..At distal locations in the pelvis, peripheral doses delivered with proton and Gamma Knife are of an order of magnitude smaller than those delivered with CyberKnife...
  89. ncbi Dose and image quality in the comparison of analogue and digital techniques in paediatric urology examinations
    Jan Persliden
    Department of Radiation Physics, IMV, University Hospital, 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    Eur Radiol 14:638-44. 2004
    ..The image quality showed no statistical difference between the two techniques. There is a potential for a substantial dose reduction in both MUCG and IVU examinations using digital techniques...
  90. ncbi Peripheral doses in CyberKnife radiosurgery
    Paula L Petti
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Long 75 Box 0226, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Med Phys 33:1770-9. 2006
    ..For distances larger than 40 cm from the field edge, the CyberKnife peripheral dose is directly related to the number of MU delivered, since leakage radiation is the dominant component...
  91. ncbi X-ray burns--painful, protracted, and preventable
    Ronald E Vlietstra
    Watson Clinic, Lakeland, Florida 33803, USA
    Clin Cardiol 31:145-7. 2008
    ..Better education and improved methods for dose mapping should make these distressing complications a thing of the past...
  92. ncbi Radiation biology: concepts for radiation protection
    R Julian Preston
    Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Health Phys 88:545-56. 2005
    ..Thus, radiation biology research has always had a focus on how best to protect human health from radiation exposures and will continue to do so...
  93. ncbi Selective radioprotection of normal tissues by Bowman-birk proteinase inhibitor (BBI) in mice
    Klaus Dittmann
    Division of Radiobiology and Environmental Research, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tuebingen, Germany
    Strahlenther Onkol 181:191-6. 2005
    ..The purpose of the present study was to explore the in vivo normal-tissue radioprotective potential of Bowman-Birk proteinase inhibitor (BBI), which acts as a normal-cell-specific radioprotector in vitro...
  94. pmc Radiation dose reduction at a price: the effectiveness of a male gonadal shield during helical CT scans
    Lawrence T Dauer
    Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
    BMC Med Imaging 7:5. 2007
    ..This information is obtained to assist the attending radiologist in the decision to utilize such male gonadal shields in pediatric imaging practice...
  95. ncbi Evaluation of the efficacy of a bismuth shield during CT examinations
    Paola Colombo
    Struttura Complessa di Fisica Sanitaria, Azienda Ospedaliera Niguarda Ca Granda, Milan
    Radiol Med 108:560-8. 2004
    ..The shield was evaluated for reduction of the dose to breast during chest examinations and reduction of the dose to the lens of the eye during brain examinations...
  96. ncbi Lauriston S. Taylor Lecture: Radiation protection in the aftermath of a terrorist attack involving exposure to ionizing radiation
    Abel J González
    International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramerstrasse 5, A 1400 Vienna, Austria
    Health Phys 89:418-46. 2005
    ..Taylor Lecture by expressing my gratitude to the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) for this unique occasion...
  97. ncbi Dynamic flat panel detector versus image intensifier in cardiac imaging: dose and image quality
    E Vano
    Radiology Department, Medicine School, Complutense University and San Carlos University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
    Phys Med Biol 50:5731-42. 2005
    ..There is potential in the future to set those systems with dynamic FD to lower doses than are possible in the current II versions, especially for digital cine runs, or to benefit from improved image quality...
  98. ncbi MOSFET dosimetry for radiation dose assessment of bismuth shielding of the eye in children
    Srinivasan Mukundan
    Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, DUMC Box 3808, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 188:1648-50. 2007
    ..CONCLUSION: Bismuth shielding reduced radiation dose to the eye by up to 42%; shield artifact fell outside the diagnostic area of interest...
  99. ncbi Monte Carlo simulation of x-ray buildup factors of lead and its applications in shielding of diagnostic x-ray facilities
    Hedi Kharrati
    Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et Techniques de la Santé de Monastir, Avenue Avicenne 5000 Monastir, Tunisia
    Med Phys 34:1398-404. 2007
    ..Therefore, the combination of the buildup factors data as determined and a mathematical model to generate x-ray spectra provide a computationally based solution to broad beam transmission for lead barriers in shielding x-ray facilities...
  100. ncbi Automatic patient centering for MDCT: effect on radiation dose
    Jianhai Li
    Department of Radiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1364 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 188:547-52. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine with phantom and patient imaging the effect of an automatic patient-centering technique on the radiation dose associated with MDCT...
  101. ncbi SunSafe in the Middle School Years: a community-wide intervention to change early-adolescent sun protection
    Ardis L Olson
    Department of Pediatrics, Dartmouth Medical School, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e247-56. 2007
    ..Our study objective was to determine if a multicomponent community-wide intervention could alter the decline in sun protection that begins in early adolescence...

Research Grants63

  1. Mechanism of Irradiation Pulmonary Fibrosis
    Joel S Greenberger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that adding inhalation of mitochondrially targeted catalase plasmid liposomes to MnSOD-PL will enhance lung radiation protection. Methods include nebulizer-inhalation of mt-catalase-PL, and MnSOD-PL in pulmonary irradiated chimeric mice,..
  2. Bone-Specific Assessment of Marrow Cellularity by H-NMR Spectroscopy
    JOSE CARLOS PICHARDO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..model is partially based on the use of standardized reference values bone marrow cellularity data from the radiation protection literature, data that was compiled from various and incongruent studies and which are partially based on ..
  3. INFORMATION RESOURCES FOR RADIATION SCIENCE
    THOMAS SEBASTIAN TENFORDE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) and the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) will ..
  4. Evaluation of Tritium: Relative Biological Effectiveness and Cancer Mortality
    David B Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..b>Radiation protection standards assign a relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of 1 for beta-emitters compared to gamma-..
  5. ASSURING RADIATION PROTECTION
    RUTH EVELYN MCBURNEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..membership includes representatives of state radiation control programs and whose mission is dedicated to radiation protection, will provide a forum for development of coordinated national radiation policy, model regulations, guidance ..
  6. Acquisition of a Q-TOF Mass Spectrometer
    Wei Li; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..drug discovery and drug delivery programs at UTHSC in the areas of cancer, obesity, diabetes, radiation protection, radiation mitigation, bacteria inflection, and inflammation diseases...
  7. Automated Radiation Monitoring and Decision Support to Reduce Cumulative Exposure
    Aaron Sodickson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Most prior radiation protection work has focused on modifying imaging techniques to reduce radiation exposure throughout the imaged ..
  8. PREVENTION OF X-RAY INDUCED MALFORMATIONS
    MARVIN SODICOFF; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The subject of chemical radiation protection of the fetus has been virtually ignored for almost 20 years and certainly since the development of the more ..
  9. Significant CT Radiation Dose Reduction with Equally Sloped Tomography
    Jianwei Miao; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..According to the 2009 report from the National Council on Radiation Protection &Measurements, CT examinations are responsible for approximately 50% of the medical radiation exposure ..
  10. Combined analysis of mortality among nuclear workers
    David B Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The findings of this research project are expected to have substantial impact on discussions regarding occupational radiation risks and radiation protection.
  11. SAMARIUM-145 SOURCES FOR BRACHYTHERAPY
    KRISHNAN SUTHANTHIRAN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..over higher energy photon emitters in terms of ease of radiation shielding within the patient and radiation protection of medical personnel...
  12. Damage signaling from irradiated to non-irradiated cells
    EDOUARD AZZAM; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..low- dose/fluence irradiated cells to non-irradiated bystander cells are directly relevant to the field of radiation protection. The results of these studies will contribute to the development of adequate models to estimate risks of ..
  13. D609-A novel cytoprotectant & selective antitumor agent
    Daohong Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To assess the therapeutic efficacy of select D609 prodrugs for radiation protection and for tumor therapy with or without IR in a mouse model...
  14. TRANSFORMATION IN VITRO WITH SPLIT DOSES OF RADIATION
    Richard Miller; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..These findings, which have important implications in radiation protection and in the interpretation of risk estimates, will be confirmed and extended...
  15. RADIATION, CHROMOSOMAL ABERRATIONS, AND RELATIVE BIOLOGI
    Joel Bedford; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..shed some light on the question of radiation thresholds for cancer induction which is a key issue for radiation protection standards...
  16. Lung Radiation Protection by MnSOD Transgene Therapy
    Joel Greenberger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This project may facilitate development of specific strategies to minimize pulmonary irradiation toxicity, thereby making RT safer and more effective. ..
  17. SHORT-RANGE RADIATIONS--LESIONS AND CHROMOSOMAL CHANGES
    Charles Geard; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..This radiation source will provide information of direct relevance to radiation protection, where personnel exposure to soft neutrons carries an as yet undetermined risk...
  18. Stochastic models for radiation carcinogenesis: tempora*
    Suresh Moolgavkar; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION: Current radiation protection standards are based largely on the experience of the cohort of A-bomb survivors...
  19. Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Microbeam Array for Single Cell Irradiation
    Sha Chang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Advancements in the fields of radiation therapy and radiation protection are hindered by our lack of a thorough understanding of molecular events that underlie the radiation response of ..
  20. RADIATION BIOLOGY TRAINING PROGRAM
    Bruce Demple; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and radiological science including radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, medical radiation physics, and radiation protection. Primary research facilities will include: the Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, HSPH; ..
  21. TNF-alpha modulator as a radioprotector in liver
    Jiajiu Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..and validate an HPLC method for each of these formulations; (3) Conduct animal studies to confirm the radiation protection effects of UTL compounds; (4) Analyze TNF-alpha levels and attempt to correlate the reduction of TNF-alpha ..
  22. ANTICARCINOGENESIS AND RADIATION PROTECTION
    Thomas Kensler; Fiscal Year: 1993
    The 4th International Conference on Anticarcinogenesis and Radiation Protection [4-ICARP] will deal with the mechanisms and molecular biology of cancer etiology and inhibition...
  23. Radiation Protection Cancer Therapy with an SOD Mimetic
    Elaine Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The potential of independent tumor growth inhibition by the SOD mimetics would be an additional benefit. ..
  24. INDUCTION OF GENOMIC INSTABILITY IN HUMAN LYMPHOBLASTS
    Helen Evans; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Knowledge of the target for the induction of instability and the nature of that instability is important for the development of better predictive models of risk and appropriate radiation protection measures.
  25. 2ND INT'L SYMP ON BIOPHYSICAL ASPECTS OF AUGER PROCESSES
    Roger Howell; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..is of great significance to basic science as well as diagnostic nuclear medicine, radiation oncology, and radiation protection in general...
  26. X-RAY GENERATOR
    KATHRYN HELD; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Calibration, dosimetry and radiation protection will be carried out by physicists from our department...
  27. Non-Invasive Localization of Vulnerable Plaques
    Cynthia McCollough; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  28. Virtual Patients for Computing Radiation Doses
    Xie Xu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These two cores then support four parallel clinical projects. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. HIGH ENERGY IONS AND GENOMIC INSTABILITY
    Eric Hall; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  31. 4D Visible Human Modeling for Radiation Dosimetry
    Xie George Xu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..4).To establish an internet-based information-sharing resource on virtual-human motion simulation and radiation dosimetry. ..
  32. Cancer Risks Attributable To Radiation from Pediatric CT
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The target audiences will be radiologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and the CT industry. We will use telephone interviews supplemented with survey questions, to aid in web content decisions. ..
  33. High Stability Accelerator for Sub-Cellular Microbeam
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We have considerably more demand for microbeam time than we can cope with, primarily because of limited physicist manpower. ..
  34. Neonatal Chest Phantom for Computed Radiography Testing
    Steven Don; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Chemotherapy with injectable microdroplets
    FRANCESCO D ERRICO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. KIDNEY RESPONSE TO RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPY
    JOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] 4) Complete the randomized, prospective, trial of the use of ACE inhibitors to prevent the development of radiation nephropathy in BMT patients. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Ninth Symposium on Neutron Dosimetry
    Joseph McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..a forum for information exchange among experts in radiological physics, radiation therapy, radiobiology, radiation protection and other studies involving neutrons, In addition, the dosimetry of other nuclear particles used in ..
  38. Genetic Consequences of Therapies for Cancer
    John Boice; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Prediction of Second Cancer Risks for Children Treated with Proton - vs. - Photon
    Wayne D Newhauser; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the future, we expect that the lower-risk treatments will result in fewer second cancers and this will translate into longer, higher-quality lives for survivors of childhood cancer (presently 270,000 persons in the United States). ..
  40. TOMOGRAPHIC DOSIMETRY PHANTOMS FOR PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
    Wesley Bolch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  41. New Methods for Improved Image-based Dosimetry
    Michael Stabin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Radiopharmaceutical Dosimetry Symposium
    Michael Stabin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Advances in Skeletal Dosimetry Through Microimaging
    Wesley Bolch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Vision Research Infrastructure Development Grant (R24)
    FRANK GIBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Dose and image quality in adult and pediatric CT
    Walter Huda; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Determine the choice of kVp/mAs and PR/mAs that minimize patient doses with no loss of diagnostic performance. 3. Help the Radiology community to balance the confliciting requirements of image quality and patient doses in clinical CT. ..
  46. Realistic Phantom Series for OLINDA/EXM Version 2
    Michael Stabin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. TOMOGRAPHIC DOSIMETRY PHANTOMS FOR PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
    Wesley Bolch; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  48. SKIN CANCER PREVENTION IN NH MIDDLE SCHOOLS
    Ardis Olson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The evaluation will also assess intermediate mediating variables in students and change in the health promotion and sun protection behaviors of adult role models. ..
  49. UV Safe: New approaches to reduce teen UV exposure
    Ardis Olson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In these development activities, we will include objective measures of skin color to determine if this methodology is feasible as an outcome measure in a subsequent community study. ..
  50. Tobacco Prevention/Cessation Education: Medical Students
    Alan Geller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..modules, plans for integration, and faculty training Aim3 - Conduct trial implementation Aim4 - Conduct a comprehensive, formative, process and impact evaluation Aim5 - Disseminate teaching guides to other medical schools ..
  51. Experimental Analysis of Advanced Radiotherapy Dosimetry
    JAMES DEMPSEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this work will provide a paradigm for closing the loop between the clinical treatment planning system and the MLC IMRT delivery system. ..
  52. THE MUTAGENICITY OF MINERAL FIBERS
    TOM HEI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By using specific DNA probes of other genes that have been regionally mapped to various sites on chromosome 11, the molecular spectrum of mutations induced by either asbestos or glass fiber control will be compared. ..
  53. Growth of Normal Tissues: Radiobiological Implications
    Nicholas Terry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This is important if KGF is to be useful when given post-treatment when small amounts of tumor might remain. This work uses a new analytical framework to relate proliferative and apoptotic quantities of normal tissues. ..
  54. IOWA AND MISSOURI RADON LUNG CANCER STUDIES
    R Field; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The pooling of data between two large-scale epidemiologic studies from a similar geographic area, Iowa and Missouri, will allow us to increase sample size and statistical power. ..
  55. Targeted Alpha-Particle Emitter Therapy of Metastases
    George Sgouros; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The work described in this application is intended to develop and evaluate such an approach. ..
  56. High Field MR Coils For Improved Breast Cancer Detection
    J Vaughan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Improvements in data quality and diagnostics results will be evaluated toprove the new technology and methods developed. ..