environmental monitoring

Summary

Summary: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment or workplace by measuring the amounts of these toxicants in the bodies of people and animals in that environment, among other methods. It also includes the measurement of ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE. Levels in humans and animals are used as indicators of toxic levels of undesirable chemicals.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Exposure of the U.S. population to bisphenol A and 4-tertiary-octylphenol: 2003-2004
    Antonia M Calafat
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:39-44. 2008
  2. ncbi Perfluoroalkyl acids: a review of monitoring and toxicological findings
    Christopher Lau
    Reproductive Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
    Toxicol Sci 99:366-94. 2007
  3. pmc Urinary creatinine concentrations in the U.S. population: implications for urinary biologic monitoring measurements
    Dana B Barr
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:192-200. 2005
  4. pmc Regional decline of coral cover in the Indo-Pacific: timing, extent, and subregional comparisons
    John F Bruno
    Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e711. 2007
  5. pmc Urinary, circulating, and tissue biomonitoring studies indicate widespread exposure to bisphenol A
    Laura N Vandenberg
    Tufts Center for Regenerative and Developmental Biology, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1055-70. 2010
  6. ncbi Association of urinary bisphenol A concentration with medical disorders and laboratory abnormalities in adults
    Iain A Lang
    Epidemiology and Public Health Group, Peninsula Medical School, Barrack Rd, Exeter EX2 5DW, UK
    JAMA 300:1303-10. 2008
  7. ncbi Current status of cadmium as an environmental health problem
    Lars Jarup
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 238:201-8. 2009
  8. ncbi Effects of terrestrial runoff on the ecology of corals and coral reefs: review and synthesis
    Katharina E Fabricius
    Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRC Reef, PMB No 3, Townsville MC, Qld 4810, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 50:125-46. 2005
  9. ncbi Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999-2000: a national reconnaissance
    Dana W Kolpin
    US Geological Survey, Iowa City, Iowa 52244, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1202-11. 2002
  10. pmc Nitrogen dioxide levels estimated from land use regression models several years apart and association with mortality in a large cohort study
    Giulia Cesaroni
    Department of Epidemiology, Lazio Regional Health Service, Via S, Costanza 53, 00198 Rome, Italy
    Environ Health 11:48. 2012

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications375 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Exposure of the U.S. population to bisphenol A and 4-tertiary-octylphenol: 2003-2004
    Antonia M Calafat
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:39-44. 2008
    ..Bisphenol A (BPA) and 4-tertiary-octylphenol (tOP) are industrial chemicals used in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins (BPA) and nonionic surfactants (tOP). These products are in widespread use in the United States...
  2. ncbi Perfluoroalkyl acids: a review of monitoring and toxicological findings
    Christopher Lau
    Reproductive Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
    Toxicol Sci 99:366-94. 2007
    ..Several avenues of research are proposed that would further our understanding of this class of compounds...
  3. pmc Urinary creatinine concentrations in the U.S. population: implications for urinary biologic monitoring measurements
    Dana B Barr
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:192-200. 2005
    ..This approach allows the urinary analyte concentration to be appropriately adjusted for urinary creatinine and the statistical significance of other variables in the model to be independent of effects of creatinine concentration...
  4. pmc Regional decline of coral cover in the Indo-Pacific: timing, extent, and subregional comparisons
    John F Bruno
    Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e711. 2007
    ..However, little is known about the timing, rate or spatial variability of the loss of reef-building corals, especially in the Indo-Pacific, which contains 75% of the world's coral reefs...
  5. pmc Urinary, circulating, and tissue biomonitoring studies indicate widespread exposure to bisphenol A
    Laura N Vandenberg
    Tufts Center for Regenerative and Developmental Biology, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1055-70. 2010
    ..Thus, there are concerns that the amount of BPA to which humans are exposed may cause adverse health effects. Importantly, results from a large number of biomonitoring studies are at odds with the results from two toxicokinetic studies...
  6. ncbi Association of urinary bisphenol A concentration with medical disorders and laboratory abnormalities in adults
    Iain A Lang
    Epidemiology and Public Health Group, Peninsula Medical School, Barrack Rd, Exeter EX2 5DW, UK
    JAMA 300:1303-10. 2008
    ..Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in epoxy resins lining food and beverage containers. Evidence of effects in animals has generated concern over low-level chronic exposures in humans...
  7. ncbi Current status of cadmium as an environmental health problem
    Lars Jarup
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 238:201-8. 2009
    ..Therefore, measures should be put in place to reduce exposure to a minimum, and the tolerably daily intake should be set in accordance with recent findings...
  8. ncbi Effects of terrestrial runoff on the ecology of corals and coral reefs: review and synthesis
    Katharina E Fabricius
    Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRC Reef, PMB No 3, Townsville MC, Qld 4810, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 50:125-46. 2005
    ..It provides a conceptual aid to assess the kind of change(s) likely to occur in response to changing coastal water quality...
  9. ncbi Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999-2000: a national reconnaissance
    Dana W Kolpin
    US Geological Survey, Iowa City, Iowa 52244, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1202-11. 2002
    ....
  10. pmc Nitrogen dioxide levels estimated from land use regression models several years apart and association with mortality in a large cohort study
    Giulia Cesaroni
    Department of Epidemiology, Lazio Regional Health Service, Via S, Costanza 53, 00198 Rome, Italy
    Environ Health 11:48. 2012
    ..We aimed to compare measured and estimated NO₂ levels 12 years apart, the stability of the exposure estimates for members of a large cohort study, and the association of the exposure estimates with natural mortality within the cohort...
  11. ncbi Evidence of increasing antibiotic resistance gene abundances in archived soils since 1940
    Charles W Knapp
    School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom NE17RU
    Environ Sci Technol 44:580-7. 2010
    ..Although these data are local to The Netherlands, they suggest basal environmental levels of ARG still might be increasing, which has implications to similar locations around the world...
  12. pmc Environmental barcoding: a next-generation sequencing approach for biomonitoring applications using river benthos
    Mehrdad Hajibabaei
    Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e17497. 2011
    ..Although considerable effort will be required to robustly optimize NGS tools to identify species from bulk environmental samples, our results indicate the potential of an environmental barcoding approach for biomonitoring programs...
  13. pmc A cohort study of traffic-related air pollution impacts on birth outcomes
    Michael Brauer
    School of Environmental Health, The University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver BC V6T1Z3 Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 116:680-6. 2008
    ..Evidence suggests that air pollution exposure adversely affects pregnancy outcomes. Few studies have examined individual-level intraurban exposure contrasts...
  14. pmc Cancer risk assessment, indicators, and guidelines for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ambient air
    Carl Elis Boström
    Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 110:451-88. 2002
    ..Additional source-specific indicators are benzo[ghi]perylene for gasoline vehicles, retene for wood combustion, and dibenzothiophene and benzonaphthothiophene for sulfur-containing fuels...
  15. ncbi Assessing exposure to phthalates - the human biomonitoring approach
    Matthias Wittassek
    Chromsystems Instruments and Chemicals GmbH, Munich, Germany
    Mol Nutr Food Res 55:7-31. 2011
    ..Recent findings from animal studies suggest that a cumulative risk assessment for phthalates is warranted, and a cumulative exposure assessment to phthalates via human biomonitoring is a major step into this direction...
  16. pmc Transcriptome sequencing and microarray development for the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum: genomic tools for environmental monitoring
    Massimo Milan
    Department of Public Health, Comparative Pathology, and Veterinary Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Padova, Viale dell Universita 16, 35020 Legnaro, Italy
    BMC Genomics 12:234. 2011
    ..Here, we report on the development of a transcriptomic platform for global gene expression profiling in the Manila clam...
  17. pmc Epidemiologic evidence on the health effects of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)
    Kyle Steenland
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1100-8. 2010
    ..OBJECTIVE AND SOURCES: We reviewed the epidemiologic literature for PFOA...
  18. ncbi Air pollution and health
    Bert Brunekreef
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002
    ..In this review, we discuss the evidence for adverse effects on health of selected air pollutants...
  19. pmc Fine-particulate air pollution and life expectancy in the United States
    C Arden Pope
    Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 2363, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:376-86. 2009
    ..This study directly evaluated the changes in life expectancy associated with differential changes in fine particulate air pollution that occurred in the United States during the 1980s and 1990s...
  20. ncbi What are the sources of exposure to eight frequently used phthalic acid esters in Europeans?
    Matthias Wormuth
    Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Risk Anal 26:803-24. 2006
    ..The scenario-based approach chosen in the present study provides a link between the knowledge on emission sources of phthalates and the concentrations of phthalate metabolites found in human urine...
  21. pmc Bisphenol A data in NHANES suggest longer than expected half-life, substantial nonfood exposure, or both
    Richard W Stahlhut
    Environmental Health Sciences Center, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA rochester edu
    Environ Health Perspect 117:784-9. 2009
    ..If this is correct, BPA levels in fasting individuals should decrease with increased fasting time...
  22. pmc Variability of urinary concentrations of bisphenol A in spot samples, first morning voids, and 24-hour collections
    Xiaoyun Ye
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:983-8. 2011
    ..Therefore, there is considerable within-person and between-person variability of BPA concentrations in spot urine samples. However, no information exists on the within-day variability of urinary BPA concentrations...
  23. pmc The C8 health project: design, methods, and participants
    Stephanie J Frisbee
    Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 9105, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1873-82. 2009
    ..The settlement stemmed from the perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA, or C8) contamination of drinking water in six water districts in two states near the DuPont Washington Works facility near Parkersburg, West Virginia...
  24. pmc Exposure assessment for estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to outdoor air pollution
    Michael Brauer
    School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T1Z3, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 46:652-60. 2012
    ..Combined with spatially resolved population distributions, these estimates expand the evaluation of the global health burden associated with outdoor air pollution...
  25. ncbi Environmental exposure to cadmium and risk of cancer: a prospective population-based study
    Tim Nawrot
    Study Coordinating Centre, Hypertension and Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Lancet Oncol 7:119-26. 2006
    ..We aimed to assess the association between environmental exposure to cadmium and cancer...
  26. pmc Tubular and glomerular kidney effects in Swedish women with low environmental cadmium exposure
    Agneta Akesson
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Division of Metals and Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1627-31. 2005
    ..Although the effects were small, they may represent early signs of adverse effects, affecting large segments of the population. Subjects with diabetes seem to be at increased risk...
  27. ncbi Stability of measured and modelled spatial contrasts in NO(2) over time
    Marloes Eeftens
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Utrecht University, PO Box 80178, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 68:765-70. 2011
    ..We tested the stability of measured and modelled spatial contrasts in outdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) pollution across the Netherlands over 8 years...
  28. ncbi Woodsmoke health effects: a review
    Luke P Naeher
    Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007
    ..In addition, we provide recommendations for additional woodsmoke research...
  29. ncbi Temporal variability in urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites, phytoestrogens and phenols among minority children in the United States
    S L Teitelbaum
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, 1 Gustave Levy Place, P O Box 1043, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Environ Res 106:257-69. 2008
    ..However, reliability in the use of these biomarkers requires an understanding of the timeframe of exposure represented by one measurement. Data on the temporal variability of ED biomarkers are sparse, especially among children...
  30. ncbi Arsenic exposure during pregnancy and size at birth: a prospective cohort study in Bangladesh
    Anisur Rahman
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Am J Epidemiol 169:304-12. 2009
    ..14 (SE, 0.03) mm per 1 microg/L, respectively. No further negative effects were shown at higher levels of arsenic exposure. The indicated negative effect on birth size at a low level of arsenic exposure warrants further investigation...
  31. pmc The applicability of biomonitoring data for perfluorooctanesulfonate to the environmental public health continuum
    John L Butenhoff
    3M Company, Medical Department, St Paul, Minnesota 55144, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1776-82. 2006
    ....
  32. pmc Species detection using environmental DNA from water samples
    Gentile Francesco Ficetola
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, CNRS UMR 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble Cedex 09, France
    Biol Lett 4:423-5. 2008
    ..Combined with massive sequencing and the development of DNA barcodes that enable species identification, this approach opens new perspectives for the assessment of current biodiversity from environmental samples...
  33. ncbi Occurrence and distribution of pharmaceuticals in wastewater from households, livestock farms, hospitals and pharmaceutical manufactures
    Won Jin Sim
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609 735, Republic of Korea
    Chemosphere 82:179-86. 2011
    ..In the P-WWTPs, the distribution of pharmaceuticals in the effluents varied with sampling sites and periods. The M-WWTP influents had the highest daily loads, while the effluents showed somewhat similar levels in all source types...
  34. ncbi Estimating the health effects of exposure to multi-pollutant mixture
    Cécile Billionnet
    Ann Epidemiol 22:126-41. 2012
    ....
  35. pmc Retrospective exposure estimation and predicted versus observed serum perfluorooctanoic acid concentrations for participants in the C8 Health Project
    Hyeong Moo Shin
    School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine, California 95616, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1760-5. 2011
    ..People living or working in eastern Ohio and western West Virginia have been exposed to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) released by DuPont Washington Works facilities...
  36. ncbi Global distribution of perfluorooctane sulfonate in wildlife
    J P Giesy
    Department of Zoology, National Food Safety and Toxicology Center, Institute for Environmental Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 35:1339-42. 2001
    ..Currently available data indicate that the concentrations of PFOS in wildlife are less than those required to cause adverse effects in laboratory animals...
  37. ncbi Odorant emissions from intensive pig production measured by online proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry
    Anders Feilberg
    Department of Biosystems Engineering, Aarhus University, Blichers alle 20, DK 8830 Tjele, Denmark
    Environ Sci Technol 44:5894-900. 2010
    ..Highest emissions are seen for hydrogen sulfide and acetic acid, whereas key odorants are evaluated from tabulated odor threshold values to be hydrogen sulfide, methanethiol, 4-methylphenol, and butanoic acid...
  38. pmc Identification of flame retardants in polyurethane foam collected from baby products
    Heather M Stapleton
    Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 45:5323-31. 2011
    ..Future studies are therefore warranted to specifically measure infants exposure to these flame retardants from intimate contact with these products and to determine if there are any associated health concerns...
  39. pmc Persistence of environmental DNA in freshwater ecosystems
    Tony Dejean
    SPYGEN, Savoie Technolac BP 274, Le Bourget du Lac, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e23398. 2011
    ..g. rare, secretive, potentially invasive, or at low density. This knowledge of DNA persistence will greatly influence planning of biodiversity inventories and biosecurity surveys...
  40. pmc A global analysis of the effectiveness of marine protected areas in preventing coral loss
    Elizabeth R Selig
    Curriculum in Ecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9278. 2010
    ..However, the general efficacy of MPAs in increasing coral reef resilience has never been tested...
  41. ncbi Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP): human metabolism and internal exposure-- an update and latest results
    H M Koch
    Institute and Outpatient Clinic of Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
    Int J Androl 29:155-65; discussion 181-5. 2006
    ..Premature neonates (n = 45) were exposed to DEHP up to 100 times above the limit values depending on the intensity of medical care (median: 42 microg/kg/day; 95th percentile: 1,780 microg/kg/day)...
  42. ncbi Twenty-four hour human urine and serum profiles of bisphenol a during high-dietary exposure
    Justin G Teeguarden
    Fundamental and Computational Sciences, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, USA
    Toxicol Sci 123:48-57. 2011
    ..During these high dietary exposures, (TOT)BPA concentrations in serum were undetectable in 83% of the 320 samples collected and BPA concentrations were determined to be less than or equal to LOD in all samples...
  43. pmc Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency
    A H Smith
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7360, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1093-103. 2000
    ..Taken together with the discovery of arsenic in groundwater in other countries, the experience in Bangladesh shows that groundwater sources throughout the world that are used for drinking-water should be tested for arsenic...
  44. ncbi Disturbance and landscape dynamics in a changing world
    Monica G Turner
    Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Ecology 91:2833-49. 2010
    ..Ecologists should make a renewed and concerted effort to understand and anticipate the causes and consequences of changing disturbance regimes...
  45. ncbi Application of land use regression to estimate long-term concentrations of traffic-related nitrogen oxides and fine particulate matter
    Sarah B Henderson
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 41:2422-8. 2007
    ..62 and were similar across traffic metrics. Resulting maps show the distribution of NO to be more heterogeneous than that of NO2, supporting the usefulness of this approach for assessing spatial patterns of traffic-related pollution...
  46. pmc Variability and predictors of urinary bisphenol A concentrations during pregnancy
    Joe M Braun
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:131-7. 2011
    ..Prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure may be associated with developmental toxicity, but few studies have examined the variability and predictors of urinary BPA concentrations during pregnancy...
  47. ncbi Association between long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and mortality in China: a cohort study
    Jie Cao
    Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, and Chinese National Center for Cardiovascular Disease Control and Research, Beijing, China
    J Hazard Mater 186:1594-600. 2011
    ..These data contribute to the scientific literature on long-term effects of air pollution for high exposure settings typical in developing countries...
  48. ncbi Urinary arsenic concentration adjustment factors and malnutrition
    Barbro Nermell
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Res 106:212-8. 2008
    ..Furthermore, urinary creatinine was found to be significantly associated with urinary arsenic, which further disqualifies the creatinine adjustment...
  49. pmc Insights into the mechanisms and mediators of the effects of air pollution exposure on blood pressure and vascular function in healthy humans
    Robert D Brook
    University of Michigan, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Hypertension 54:659-67. 2009
    ..Our findings demonstrate credible mechanisms whereby fine particulate matter could trigger acute cardiovascular events and that aspects of exposure location may be an important determinant of the health consequences...
  50. ncbi Effects of nitrogen dioxide on human health: systematic review of experimental and epidemiological studies conducted between 2002 and 2006
    Ute Latza
    Institute for Occupational Medicine and Maritime Medicine ZfAM, University of Hamburg, Hamburg State Department for Social Affairs, Family, Health, and Consumer Protection, Hamburg, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 212:271-87. 2009
    ....
  51. pmc Human body burdens of chemicals used in plastic manufacture
    Holger M Koch
    BGFA Research Institute of Occupational Medicine, German Social Accident Insurance, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2063-78. 2009
    ..We discuss several factors relevant for interpreting and understanding biomonitoring data, including selection of both biomarkers of exposure and human matrices, and toxicokinetic information...
  52. pmc Estimating the acute health effects of coarse particulate matter accounting for exposure measurement error
    Howard H Chang
    Department of Statistical Science, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Biostatistics 12:637-52. 2011
    ..Among Medicare enrollees from 59 US counties between the period 1999 and 2005, we find a consistent positive association between coarse PM and same-day admission for cardiovascular diseases...
  53. pmc Long-term ozone exposure and mortality
    Michael Jerrett
    Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, 710 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:1085-95. 2009
    ..We examined the potential contribution of exposure to ozone to the risk of death from cardiopulmonary causes and specifically to death from respiratory causes...
  54. pmc Traffic-related air toxics and term low birth weight in Los Angeles County, California
    Michelle Wilhelm
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles, 650 Charles E Young Dr, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:132-8. 2012
    ..Numerous studies have linked criteria air pollutants with adverse birth outcomes, but there is less information on the importance of specific emission sources, such as traffic, and air toxics...
  55. ncbi Proteomic research in bivalves: towards the identification of molecular markers of aquatic pollution
    Alexandre Campos
    CIIMAR CIMAR Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, 4050 123 Porto, Portugal
    J Proteomics 75:4346-59. 2012
    ..A brief discussion regarding future challenges in this area of research emphasizing the development of more descriptive gene/protein databases that could support the OMICs approaches is presented...
  56. pmc Validation of the geographic position of EPER-Spain industries
    Javier Garcia-Perez
    Cancer and Environmental Epidemiology Area, National Centre of Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain
    Int J Health Geogr 7:1. 2008
    ....
  57. ncbi From molecules to management: adopting DNA-based methods for monitoring biological invasions in aquatic environments
    John A Darling
    United States Environmental Protection Agency, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Molecular Ecology Research Branch, Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA
    Environ Res 111:978-88. 2011
    ..Our goal is to provide a useful assessment of the obstacles associated with integrating DNA-based methods into aquatic invasive species management, and to offer recommendations for future efforts aimed at overcoming those obstacles...
  58. pmc Global estimates of ambient fine particulate matter concentrations from satellite-based aerosol optical depth: development and application
    Aaron van Donkelaar
    Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 118:847-55. 2010
    ..5 microm (PM2.5) are limited by the lack of monitoring data, especially in developing countries. Satellite observations offer valuable global information about PM2.5 concentrations...
  59. ncbi Monitoring endangered freshwater biodiversity using environmental DNA
    Philip Francis Thomsen
    Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5 7, DK 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Mol Ecol 21:2565-73. 2012
    ..Our findings underpin the ubiquitous nature of DNA traces in the environment and establish environmental DNA as a tool for monitoring rare and threatened species across a wide range of taxonomic groups...
  60. ncbi Developments in aquatic insect biomonitoring: a comparative analysis of recent approaches
    Núria Bonada
    CNRS UMR5023, Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Fluviaux, Universite Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France
    Annu Rev Entomol 51:495-523. 2006
    ..Given that the use of biomonitoring information has important financial consequences, we suggest that societies and governments prioritize how these criteria should be ranked...
  61. ncbi Total mercury in mushrooms and underlying soil substrate from the Borecka Forest, Northeastern Poland
    J Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, University of Gdansk, 18 Sobieskiego Str, PL 80 952 Gdansk, Poland
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 42:145-54. 2002
    ..The values of the cap/stalk Hg quotient were greatest for larch bolete (Suillus flavus) collected from the Borecka Forest (4.4 +/- 1.3) and for honey mushroom (2.7 +/- 0.9) from the adjacent area...
  62. pmc Air pollution exposure during pregnancy and reduced birth size: a prospective birth cohort study in Valencia, Spain
    Ferran Ballester
    Center for Public Health Research CSISP, Conselleria de Sanitat, 46020, Valencia, Spain
    Environ Health 9:6. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the association between exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and anthropometric measures at birth in a cohort in Valencia, Spain...
  63. ncbi Pre- and postnatal exposure to perfluorinated compounds (PFCs)
    Hermann Fromme
    Department of Chemical Safety and Toxicology Biomonitoring, Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Pfarrstrasse 3, D 80538 Munich, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 44:7123-9. 2010
    ..Although the concentrations in breast milk were low, this intake led to a body burden at the age of six months similar to (PFOS) or higher than (PFOA) that found in adults...
  64. ncbi Heavy metal concentrations in roadside soils and correlation with urban traffic in Beijing, China
    Xi Chen
    School of Environment, Beijing Normal University State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, Beijing, China
    J Hazard Mater 181:640-6. 2010
    ..The heavy metals could move with wind along the wind direction and the soil samples had higher heavy metal concentrations at the downwind direction...
  65. ncbi Gender and age differences in the metabolism of inorganic arsenic in a highly exposed population in Bangladesh
    Anna Lena Lindberg
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Res 106:110-20. 2008
    ..Overall, exposure level of arsenic, gender and age explained at most 30% of the variation in the present study, indicating that genetic polymorphisms are the most important factor influencing the metabolism of inorganic arsenic...
  66. pmc Time-series analysis of mortality effects of fine particulate matter components in Detroit and Seattle
    Jiang Zhou
    New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:461-6. 2011
    ..Recent toxicological and epidemiological studies have shown associations between particulate matter (PM) and adverse health effects, but which PM components are most influential is less well known...
  67. pmc Coping with commitment: projected thermal stress on coral reefs under different future scenarios
    Simon D Donner
    Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    PLoS ONE 4:e5712. 2009
    ..The ability of greenhouse gas mitigation to alter the near-term forecast for coral reefs is limited by the time lag between greenhouse gas emissions and the physical climate response...
  68. pmc Plant community responses to experimental warming across the tundra biome
    Marilyn D Walker
    Boreal Ecology Cooperative Research Unit, U S Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, University of Alaska, P O Box 756780, Fairbanks, AK 99775 6780, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:1342-6. 2006
    ..These changes have important implications for processes and interactions within tundra ecosystems and between tundra and the atmosphere...
  69. ncbi Air pollution and hospital admissions for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke among medicare beneficiaries
    Gregory A Wellenius
    Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Stroke 36:2549-53. 2005
    ..The association between short-term elevations in ambient air particles and increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is well documented. Ambient particles may similarly increase the risk of stroke...
  70. pmc Partition of environmental chemicals between maternal and fetal blood and tissues
    Larry L Needham
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 45:1121-6. 2011
    ..Although the environmental chemicals examined pass through the placenta and are excreted into milk, partitions between maternal and fetal samples are not uniform...
  71. pmc Cadmium exposure and hypertension in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)
    Maria Tellez-Plaza
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Rm W7033B, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:51-6. 2008
    ..Cadmium induces hypertension in animal models. Epidemiologic studies of cadmium exposure and hypertension, however, have been inconsistent...
  72. ncbi Internal phthalate exposure over the last two decades--a retrospective human biomonitoring study
    Matthias Wittassek
    Institute and Outpatient Clinic of Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 210:319-33. 2007
    ....
  73. ncbi GerES IV: phthalate metabolites and bisphenol A in urine of German children
    Kerstin Becker
    Federal Environment Agency UBA, Dessau Rosslau Berlin, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 212:685-92. 2009
    ..7microg/l. A rough calculation of the daily intakes on the basis of the measured concentrations in urine resulted in daily intakes two orders of magnitude lower than the current EFSA reference dose of 50microg/kgbw/d...
  74. ncbi Hypertension and road traffic noise exposure
    Yvonne de Kluizenaar
    TNO Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, Delft, The Netherlands
    J Occup Environ Med 49:484-92. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between road traffic noise exposure at home and the prevalence of hypertension...
  75. ncbi Exposure to manufactured nanoparticles in different workplaces
    Derk Brouwer
    TNO Quality of Life, Food and Chemical Safety Analysis, P O Box 360, Utrechtseweg, 3700 AJ Zeist, The Netherlands
    Toxicology 269:120-7. 2010
    ..It is recommended that future workplace exposure studies will be conducted according to a more harmonized approach for analyzing and reporting of the results...
  76. pmc Potential uses of biomonitoring data: a case study using the organophosphorus pesticides chlorpyrifos and malathion
    Dana B Barr
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1763-9. 2006
    ..For assessing early effects and susceptibility, cholinesterase and microsomal esterase activities, respectively, have been measured...
  77. ncbi Perfluorinated compounds--exposure assessment for the general population in Western countries
    Hermann Fromme
    Department of Environmental Health, Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Veterinärstrasse 2, 85764 Oberschleissheim, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 212:239-70. 2009
    ..This has been observed in populations living near PFC production facilities or in areas with environmental contamination of PFCs. The consumption of highly contaminated fish products may also cause an increase in PFC body burdens...
  78. ncbi Nitrogen deposition and its ecological impact in China: an overview
    Xuejun Liu
    College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    Environ Pollut 159:2251-64. 2011
    ..Critical loads and modeling tools will be further used in N(r) regulation...
  79. ncbi Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects
    J Douwes
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences IRAS, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:187-200. 2003
    ....
  80. pmc Urinary concentrations of bisphenol A and 4-nonylphenol in a human reference population
    Antonia M Calafat
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:391-5. 2005
    ..S. population) and relatively small size, this study provides the first reference range of human internal dose levels of BPA and NP in a demographically diverse human population...
  81. pmc The averaging effect of odorant mixing as determined by air dilution sensory tests: a case study on reduced sulfur compounds
    Ki Hyun Kim
    Atmospheric Environment Laboratory, Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 143 747, Korea
    Sensors (Basel) 11:1405-17. 2011
    ..The overall results of this study thus suggest that the mixing phenomenon between odorants with similar chemical properties (like RSC family) can be characterized by the averaging effect of all participants...
  82. ncbi Distribution and accumulation of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and pharmaceuticals in wastewater irrigated soils in Hebei, China
    Feng Chen
    State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
    Environ Pollut 159:1490-8. 2011
    ..Irrigation with wastewater could lead to presence or accumulation of some emerging contaminants to some extent in irrigated soils...
  83. ncbi Distribution and speciation of heavy metals in sediments from the mainstream, tributaries, and lakes of the Yangtze River catchment of Wuhan, China
    Zhifeng Yang
    State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, PR China
    J Hazard Mater 166:1186-94. 2009
    ..0% from tributaries, and 88.9% from lakes exhibited low and moderate ecological risk of heavy metals, and the potential ecological risks in the mainstream and tributaries were higher than those in lakes...
  84. ncbi Occurrence of adenovirus and other enteric viruses in limited-contact freshwater recreational areas and bathing waters
    A Aslan
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, 13 Natural Resources, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 111:1250-61. 2011
    ..Additionally, we evaluated associations between point sources of human faecal pollution and enterovirus and adenovirus presence and concentrations...
  85. pmc Traffic-related air pollution and acute changes in heart rate variability and respiratory function in urban cyclists
    Scott Weichenthal
    Air Health Sciences Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1373-8. 2011
    ..Few studies have examined the acute health effects of air pollution exposures experienced while cycling in traffic...
  86. ncbi Genetic polymorphisms in MTHFR 677 and 1298, GSTM1 and T1, and metabolism of arsenic
    Craig Steinmaus
    Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 70:159-70. 2007
    ..Overall, this study provides evidence that MTHFR and GSTM1 are involved in arsenic metabolism in humans, and polymorphisms in the genes that encode these enzymes may play a role in susceptibility to arsenic-induced cancer...
  87. ncbi Risk factors for particulate and microbial contamination of air in operating theatres
    S Scaltriti
    Public Health Science Department, Modena and Reggio Emilia University, Modena, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 66:320-6. 2007
    ....
  88. pmc The diesel exhaust in miners study: I. Overview of the exposure assessment process
    Patricia A Stewart
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 54:728-46. 2010
    ..Method evaluations indicated that the final estimates were consistent with those from alternative time trend models and demonstrated moderate to high agreement with external data...
  89. pmc Presence of pathogens and indicator microbes at a non-point source subtropical recreational marine beach
    Amir M Abdelzaher
    University of Miami, NSF NIEHS Oceans and Human Health Center, Miami, Florida 331491, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:724-32. 2010
    ....
  90. ncbi Whole-cell aquatic biosensors
    Evgeni Eltzov
    Unit of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Science, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Anal Bioanal Chem 400:895-913. 2011
    ..Examples of the use of a broad spectrum of whole-cell bioreporters in assessing a variety of environmental problems are summarized...
  91. pmc Enterococci in river Ganga surface waters: propensity of species distribution, dissemination of antimicrobial-resistance and virulence-markers among species along landscape
    Pushpa Lata
    Environmental Microbiology Division, Indian Institute Toxicology Research CSIR, Post Box 80, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow 226001, U P, India
    BMC Microbiol 9:140. 2009
    ..Therefore, this study aims to determine the distribution of species diversity, dissemination of antimicrobial-resistance and virulence-markers in enterococci with respect to rural-urban landscape along river Ganga in northern India...
  92. ncbi Multivariate analysis of heavy metal contamination in urban dusts of Xi'an, Central China
    Han Yongming
    Department of Earth Sciences and Land Resources, Chang an University, Xi an 710054, China
    Sci Total Environ 355:176-86. 2006
    ..Also, Efs give an insight of human influence degree of urban dusts...
  93. ncbi Ambient air pollution exposure, residential mobility and term birth weight in Oslo, Norway
    Christian Madsen
    Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P O Box 4404, Nydalen, NO 0403 Oslo, Norway
    Environ Res 110:363-71. 2010
    ..However, mobility patterns could introduce possible confounding when examining small-scale variations in exposure by using addresses. This could be of importance in future studies...
  94. ncbi Mapping of background air pollution at a fine spatial scale across the European Union
    Rob Beelen
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Division Environmental Epidemiology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Sci Total Environ 407:1852-67. 2009
    ..This requires the ability to extrapolate from monitoring stations to unsampled locations. The aim was to assess methods to develop accurate and high resolution maps of background air pollution across the EU...
  95. ncbi An observational study of the potential exposures of preschool children to pentachlorophenol, bisphenol-A, and nonylphenol at home and daycare
    Nancy K Wilson
    Battelle Memorial Institute, 100 Capitola Drive, Suite 301, Durham, NC 27713 4411, USA
    Environ Res 103:9-20. 2007
    ....
  96. ncbi Waste on the roadside, 'poi-sute' waste: its distribution and elution potential of pollutants into environment
    Hiroshi Moriwaki
    Shinshu University, Faculty of Textile Science and Technology, Department of Applied Biology, 3 15 1, Tokida, Ueda 386 8567, Japan
    Waste Manag 29:1192-7. 2009
    ..The load potentials of heavy metals were 0.020-1.7 mg/km/mo, and that of total-polyaromatic hydrocarbons was 0.032 mg/km/mo. These results indicate that the 'poi-sute' waste has a harmful influence on the environment...
  97. pmc Airborne mold and endotoxin concentrations in New Orleans, Louisiana, after flooding, October through November 2005
    Gina M Solomon
    Natural Resources Defense Council, San Francisco, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1381-6. 2006
    ..The hurricanes and flooding in New Orleans, Louisiana, in October and November 2005 resulted in damp conditions favorable to the dispersion of bioaerosols such as mold spores and endotoxin...
  98. pmc Acute effects of air pollution on pulmonary function, airway inflammation, and oxidative stress in asthmatic children
    Ling Liu
    Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 117:668-74. 2009
    ..Air pollution is associated with respiratory symptoms, lung function decrements, and hospitalizations. However, there is little information about the influence of air pollution on lung injury...
  99. pmc The effects of components of fine particulate air pollution on mortality in california: results from CALFINE
    Bart Ostro
    Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, 16th Floor, 1515 Clay St, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:13-9. 2007
    ..5 pm in diameter (PM2.5). Little is known, however, about the relative effects of PM2.5 constituents. We examined associations between 19 PM2.5 components and daily mortality in six California counties...
  100. ncbi Histopathological changes in the liver, kidneys, and testes of bank voles environmentally exposed to heavy metal emissions from the steelworks and zinc smelter in Poland
    Monika Damek-Poprawa
    Faculty of Food Technology, Agricultural University, ul Balicka 122, 30 149 Krakow, Poland
    Environ Res 96:72-8. 2004
    ..Histopathological changes in the kidneys of the rodents from Krakow as well as changes to the liver and kidneys of the animals from Bukowno were demonstrated...
  101. ncbi Reliability of a commercial kit to test groundwater for arsenic in Bangladesh
    A van Geen
    Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, New York 10964, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:299-303. 2005
    ....

Research Grants63

  1. Strain Specific Detection of Influenza at the Point-of-Care
    HYONGSOK TOM SOH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will yield a novel POC analysis system with unprecedented capabilities which will have a significant impact for Influenza A detection as well as many other applications in food safety, environmental monitoring and homeland security. 1
  2. Renovations of the Animal Care Facility
    AWADH AMIR BINHAZIM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..are: 1) To correct heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) deficiencies and install a modern environmental monitoring system...
  3. Peri-Conceptional Biomonitoring
    Christina Porucznik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not well measured via traditional epidemiologic means such as participant recall using questionnaires or environmental monitoring in early pregnancy, such as at the time of the first prenatal visit, or ecologic measures such as ..
  4. Skin Stem Cells in Combined Radiation Injury
    Nelson J Chao; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will test different cell therapies to improve the outcomes in a mouse model. ..
  5. EFFECTS OF INHALED FLORIDA RED TIDE BREVETOXINS
    Daniel G Baden; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..analytical support and assay development;;Facility Core 2 "Field Logistics &Deployment" optimizes environmental monitoring of organism and seawater, deploys air samplers and meterologic gear, and provides logistics for Research ..
  6. Selection, Characterization &Application of Paramagnetic Metal-specific DNAzymes
    Yi Lu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will drive the field of environmental health, allowing on-site, real-time detection of metal ions in environmental monitoring, developmental biology, clinical toxicology, wastewater treatment, and industrial monitoring...
  7. Target Organ DNA Damage in Coke Oven Workers
    Glenn Talaska; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data will be useful to establish and occupational exposure guidance value that will protect the health of these and other workers. ..
  8. Neurotoxic effects of solvents on working children
    Iman A Nuwayhid; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The findings will inform policy on child labor and solvent exposure. ..
  9. Genetic and Ecological Factors in Transmissibility and Epidemic Cycle of Cholera
    JOHN JOSEPH MEKALANOS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Together with data from environmental monitoring, these studies should provide a better understanding of the infectious cycle of cholera and thus inspire ..
  10. Enhanced Liquid Core Waveguide Biosensor for PBDE Detection
    HEE JOO contact KIM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to develop a field-portable rapid "on-site" detection method for early diagnosis of human exposure or environmental monitoring. In order to meet this need, Synthia-LLC proposes the development of a field-portable biosensor for BDE-..
  11. Engineered Nanopores for Single-Molecule Stochastic Sensing
    Liviu Movileanu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in designing nanopore-based biosensors and high- throughput devices for biomedical molecular diagnosis, environmental monitoring, and homeland security...
  12. Pilot-scale Research of Novel Amendment Delivery for in-situ Sediment Remediation
    Upal Ghosh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This field research will evaluate the effectiveness of a novel approach to alter the binding capacity of sediments to reduce human exposure to such contaminants. ..
  13. A Compact Instrument for Time-Resolved Airborne Particle Chemistry
    SUSANNE VERA HERING; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..method for hourly- resolved monitoring of the chemical constituents of airborne particulate for both environmental monitoring and exposure assessment studies...
  14. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH TRAINING GRANT
    Frank S Rosenthal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Training facilities include dedicated teaching, research and office space as well as equipment for environmental monitoring, exposure assessment, real time monitoring, and instrumentation for research in ergonomics, health ..
  15. Non-Invasive Biological Monitoring of Pesticides
    Charles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Once validated, this approach can guide sensor platform development since model simulations will provide critical information on detection limits and clearance rates. ..
  16. Herpes B Virus: A National Resource Laboratory
    Julia K Hilliard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Together, these aims will provide tools to prevent further loss of life from B virus. ..
  17. An Integrated System for the Epidemiological Application of Earth Observation Tec
    Michael C Wimberly; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..our work on the environmental modeling and forecasting of malaria risk by directly linking our existing environmental monitoring system with public health surveillance...
  18. Real world biodiesel particulate matter exposure and toxicological responses
    Nora Traviss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using an array of standard and novel environmental monitoring methods, KSC undergraduates will measure real world PM exposure profiles at a rural recycling site ..
  19. A Miniaturized Fluidic Chip For Long-term Maintenance and Impedance Monitoring of
    KRISTIN S TATON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..developed for on-site use in clinics or hospitals as a first response in biodefense applications and for environmental monitoring. Currently these mammalian cell based systems are expensive because of their short shelf life, as ..
  20. Multiple testing methods for random fields and high-dimensional dependent data
    Armin Schwartzman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..fields that applies broadly to a large class of problems ranging from proteomics to medical imaging to environmental monitoring. From a statistical point of view, it provides a new answer to the problem of controlling FDR in random ..
  21. A pocket-sized device for personal exposure level assessment
    Erica Forzani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ongoing and future large-scale population studies, and impact on industrial and occupational safety and environmental monitoring. The team will develop, build and test the device in phase I...
  22. A Novel All-Purpose Programmable and Scalable Biochip for Biomedical Applications
    Xing Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..but are not limited to, genomic and proteomic assays, single cell study, point-of-care clinical diagnostics, toxin and pathogen detection and identification, environmental monitoring, screening for new drugs and fine-chemical synthesis.
  23. In-situ, real-time oxygen sensor to monitor the long-term efficacy of aerobicall
    Alexey Sidelev; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ChromoSense LLC was founded to develop innovative optical sensing and monitoring solutions for the environmental monitoring market, and it has been conducting research on the development of a full range of low-cost optical sensor ..
  24. DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCES
    NOEL LEHNER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..5) Install an environmental monitoring system in animal facilities lacking such to protect the health and stability of animals and the integrity ..
  25. QSAR STUDIES BY LIPOSOME ELECTROKINETIC CHROMATOGRAPHY
    Morteza Khaledi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and biological activity has had a tremendous impact in the fields of drug design, toxicology, and environmental monitoring. Our aim is to achieve a better understanding of the common underlying molecular interactions that ..
  26. QUANTIFICATION OF SKIN ACRYLATE ADDUCTS
    Leena Nylander French; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Through biological monitoring of workers and exposure assessment using these new methods, strategies for minimizing exposure and, thus, preventing adverse health effects can be developed and implemented. ..
  27. A Miniature Monitor for Time-Resolved Airborne Particle Chemistry
    Susanne Hering; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to develop a small, lightweight, battery-powered collector suitable for time-resolved personal and micro-environmental monitoring of the chemical constituents of airborne particles...
  28. IMPROVING UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY ANIMAL RESOURCES
    LEONARD PETERS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..aims are to 1) renovate and replace floors, ceilings, lighting, doors and HVAC system; 2) install environmental monitoring system and a new 100 KW emergency generator; 3) remove partitions in one animal room to meet space ..
  29. Validation of PAH Biomarkers for Quantifying Cancer Risk
    Junfeng Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Statistical methods to be used will include descriptive analyses, scatter plots, correlation analyses, paired comparisons, and linear mixed models. In the mixed models, age, sex, height, weight, and body mass index will be adjusted for. ..
  30. Development of 10 Gb Pyrosequencer
    Mostafa Ronaghi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This technology would have direct impact on rapid and accurate diagnosis, identification of new drug target, rapid environmental monitoring and would enhance our understanding about biological systems.
  31. BIOLOGICAL MONITORING FOR EXPOSURE TO COAL TAR
    Regina Santella; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Levels of the different biological markers will be correlated with exposure. These studies will thus develop and validate methods to monitor the biological effects of human exposure to PAHs and serve as a model system for skin exposure...
  32. BUILDING C RENOVATION WEST WING
    James Blanchard; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..drainage, HVAC, and environmental monitoring systems. Rolling rack caging systems will be used to reduce worker injury and facilitate cage sanitation...
  33. Biological Monitoring of Woodsmoke exposure
    Christopher Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This proposed study addresses NORA research priorities related to asthma and COPD, exposure assessment methods and control technology/personal protective equipment. ..
  34. IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY FOR ANIMALS AND STAFF
    Robert Glickman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..a hospitable work environment in the BCAF cage sanitation room; 2) installing an automatic autonomous environmental monitoring and alarm system for the BCAF to assure the proper maintenance of environmental conditions in the animal ..
  35. Skin Stem Cells in Combined Radiation Injury
    Nelson Chao; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will test different cell therapies to improve the outcomes in a mouse model. ..
  36. Low-Cost, Onsite Biomarker Test Kits for Alcohol-Associated Disorders-BioMedomics
    Frank Wang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..testing development will find very broad applications ranging from drug abuse testing, clinical diagnostics, drug discovery and development, biodefense, and veterinary diagnostics, to food and environmental monitoring.
  37. Catalytic DNA Biosensor for Toxic Metal Ions
    Yi Lu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..and chromium will be selected in Phase II and the prototype sensor kits for these heavy metal ions will be developed for testing and marketing the sensors in environmental monitoring and medical diagnostic applications.
  38. Microarrays in Fathead Minnows and Bass
    Barbara Carter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to finalize our product offering of a suite of general- and special-purpose microarrays for research and environmental monitoring by Academia, Government and Industry...
  39. Perfluoropolymers as New Matrixes for Clinical Sensors
    Philippe Buhlmann; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..also permit other novel uses of receptor-based chemical sensors under harsh conditions, such as long-term environmental monitoring with sensor networks for the prediction of earthquakes and process control in the food industry and ..
  40. MECHANISMS OF CHLORPYRIFOS DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROTOXICITY
    Theodore Slotkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..a closer model for human health effects and the piscine model will provide a potential biomarker for environmental monitoring. The zebrafish model is also valuable because the processes of neurodevelopment are readily observable ..
  41. Daphnia DNA Microarrays
    Owen Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..genomics infrastructures have not been developed for any of the commonly used and accepted ecotox/environmental monitoring organisms. Yet environmental and ecosystem toxicity has both direct and indirect impact on human health...
  42. Comparative Visualization and Analysis for GCxGC
    Qingping Tao; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..researchers and laboratory analysts in a wide range of commercial applications, including health care, environmental monitoring, and chemical processing...
  43. ACID AEROSOL HEALTH EFFECTS IN NORTH AMERICAN CHILDREN
    FRANK SPEIZER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..In each community, the investigation will consist of one year of environmental monitoring followed by the administration of respiratory questionnaires and pulmonary function examinations to ..
  44. Nucleic Acid Purification Using Pressure Cycling Technology
    Feng Tao; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..markers in many fields, such as bioterror detection, clinical diagnostics, drug discovery, ecological and environmental monitoring, and other areas in life sciences...
  45. Facility Renovations for Continued Research Excellence
    David Baker; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..3) remove an obsolete cage accessory storage system to generate an additional animal room; 4) install an environmental monitoring system to accurately measure environmental parameters in the animal rooms; 5) install a security system ..
  46. Enzymatic Biodegradation of Chlorooxides
    Jennifer Dubois; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This work will be part of a more global effort aimed at developing bioremediation systems, and/or enzyme-based sensors for environmental monitoring.
  47. UPGRADE AND RENOVATION OF UK ANIMAL RESEARCH FACILITY
    LESLIE SHERWOOD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the health and quality of non-human primates by installing a reverse osmosis purified water system and an environmental monitoring system. Specific Aim 4...
  48. Networked Portable Personal Aerosol Sensors
    BIKASH SABATA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..studies over extended periods of time and over a large population requires the development of a personal environmental monitoring device that measures the exposure of the individual to environmental factors. Aginova Inc...
  49. TECHNIQUES FOR PRODUCTION OF ORTHOSILICATE SCINTILLATORS
    JAN IWANCZYK; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These include: PET; high-energy physics; industrial process control; environmental monitoring; geophysics; and space instrumentation etc...
  50. Multiplexed Personal Monitoring of Airborne Toxins
    BHARAT ACHARYA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..convenient and inexpensive class of passive monitors for multi-compound personal exposure assessment and environmental monitoring. In this proposal, we are developing a small, inexpensive wearable device which will provide a ..
  51. IMPROVING ANIMAL RESOURCES FOR CANCER RESEARCH AT RPCI
    Youcef Rustum; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..racks (MIC) with automatic watering (AW) for rodents; 3) cleaning equipment; 4) an upgraded computerized environmental monitoring system, and 5) biological safety cabinets...
  52. ANIMAL FACILITY IMPROVEMENT FOR SMALL RESEARCH PROGRAM
    STEVEN FLIESLER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the husbandry program in the new facility; and 4) Environmental Monitoring System Procurement to insure that the animals in the new facility will be housed in a stable, healthful, ..
  53. Personal dosimeter for OP's using nano-structure surfac*
    Barbara Israel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..al., Science. 279. 1998). The technology offers speed, sensitivity, simplicity, and economy for environmental monitoring. Results can be interpreted "on site" with minimal training of lay personnel...
  54. Nucleic Acid Binding & Amplifications Matrices
    JEFFREY IVES; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A list of the most prominent would include health care, biowarfare defense, food and water safety, environmental monitoring, screening for genetic predispositions, tissue typing, forensics, and parentage verification.
  55. MAQDOTS: Multi-Analyte Quantum Dot Test Strips
    Srivatsa Venkatasubbarao; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These dramatic improvements in clinical diagnostics will also have far reaching benefits to environmental monitoring, homeland defense, and biothreat detection...
  56. Rapid LSPR detection of cardiac markers
    Oleg Polyakov; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..diabetes, and infectious diseases, biological molecules in health care, consumer and industry-based environmental monitoring, agricultural and food sectors, and in defense and homeland security applications...
  57. IMPRINTING LARGE MOLECULAR WEIGHT COMPOUNDS FOR POLYMERS
    WAHEGURU SINGH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The durability of MIPs makes them particularly applicable for remote sensing for in situ analysis in biological, therapeutic or environmental monitoring and analytical chemistry.
  58. Nanophotonics for Select Agent Detection
    Ashutosh Chilkoti; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of category A pathogens and their protein markers for point-of-care (poc) clinical diagnostics and environmental monitoring. The technology also transcends biodefense with potential application to other infectious agents where ..
  59. Air Quality Improvements of The Animal Facility
    Michael Gilmore; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The Animal Facility's existing Siemens Environmental Monitoring System will be adapted to the new air distribution system...
  60. A NEW GENERATION METABOLIC ANALYSIS SYSTEM
    Philip Dempster; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Other industrial applications include greenhouse monitoring, food processing, and other environmental monitoring. The resultant O2/CO2 gas analyzer will be marketed as a stand alone product and incorporated into a ..
  61. SYNTHETIC NANOSTRUCTURES FOR SINGLE MOLECULE SEQUENCING
    SAVVAS MAKRIDES; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..agent monitoring; clinical diagnosis and pathogen detection; quality control in the food industry; environmental monitoring, industrial processing, including the monitoring of biological processes, and animal husbandry and ..
  62. AUTO SPECTRAL TOPOGRAPHY FOR CERVICAL TISSUE SCREENING
    Jeremy Lerner; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In addition the spectrometer could be used in many industrial applications including general life science research, semi-conductor QC, plastics, fiber optics and environmental monitoring.
  63. RAPID SCREENING IN ELECTROPHORESIS
    Alan Van Orden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..this technology will be in the areas of clinical diagnostics, drug discovery, proteomics research, and environmental monitoring where the development of new chemical analysis tools with high speed, throughput, and sensitivity are ..