mosquito control

Summary

Summary: The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Anopheles gambiae: historical population decline associated with regional distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets in western Nyanza Province, Kenya
    M Nabie Bayoh
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
    Malar J 9:62. 2010
  2. ncbi Pyrethroid resistance in African anopheline mosquitoes: what are the implications for malaria control?
    Hilary Ranson
    Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK, L3 5QA
    Trends Parasitol 27:91-8. 2011
  3. ncbi Malaria morbidity and pyrethroid resistance after the introduction of insecticide-treated bednets and artemisinin-based combination therapies: a longitudinal study
    Jean Francois Trape
    Research Unit on Emerging Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Dakar, Senegal
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:925-32. 2011
  4. pmc Increased proportions of outdoor feeding among residual malaria vector populations following increased use of insecticide-treated nets in rural Tanzania
    Tanya L Russell
    Ifakara Health Institute, Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:80. 2011
  5. pmc Expression of the cytochrome P450s, CYP6P3 and CYP6M2 are significantly elevated in multiple pyrethroid resistant populations of Anopheles gambiae s.s. from Southern Benin and Nigeria
    Rousseau F Djouaka
    International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Cotonou, 08BP0932, Benin
    BMC Genomics 9:538. 2008
  6. pmc Evaluation of a national universal coverage campaign of long-lasting insecticidal nets in a rural district in north-west Tanzania
    Philippa A West
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Malar J 11:273. 2012
  7. pmc Biologically meaningful coverage indicators for eliminating malaria transmission
    Samson S Kiware
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, PO Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Biol Lett 8:874-7. 2012
  8. pmc Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia
    Patricia M Graves
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Malar J 10:354. 2011
  9. ncbi Mosquito behavior and vector control
    Helen Pates
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Entomol 50:53-70. 2005
  10. pmc Outdoor host seeking behaviour of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes following initiation of malaria vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Michael R Reddy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Malar J 10:184. 2011

Detail Information

Publications352 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Anopheles gambiae: historical population decline associated with regional distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets in western Nyanza Province, Kenya
    M Nabie Bayoh
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
    Malar J 9:62. 2010
    ..l.) species complex, namely A. gambiae sensu stricto (s.s.) and Anopheles arabiensis. Historically, the former species was proportionately dominant in indoor resting collections of females...
  2. ncbi Pyrethroid resistance in African anopheline mosquitoes: what are the implications for malaria control?
    Hilary Ranson
    Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK, L3 5QA
    Trends Parasitol 27:91-8. 2011
    ..As we move into the malaria eradication era, it is vital that the implications of insecticide resistance are understood and strategies to mitigate these effects are implemented...
  3. ncbi Malaria morbidity and pyrethroid resistance after the introduction of insecticide-treated bednets and artemisinin-based combination therapies: a longitudinal study
    Jean Francois Trape
    Research Unit on Emerging Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Dakar, Senegal
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:925-32. 2011
    ..Our aim was to assess the effect of these policies on malaria morbidity, mosquito populations, and asymptomatic infections in a west African rural population...
  4. pmc Increased proportions of outdoor feeding among residual malaria vector populations following increased use of insecticide-treated nets in rural Tanzania
    Tanya L Russell
    Ifakara Health Institute, Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:80. 2011
    ..In the surveyed area of rural southern Tanzania, bed net use steadily increased over the last decade, reducing malaria transmission intensity by 94%...
  5. pmc Expression of the cytochrome P450s, CYP6P3 and CYP6M2 are significantly elevated in multiple pyrethroid resistant populations of Anopheles gambiae s.s. from Southern Benin and Nigeria
    Rousseau F Djouaka
    International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Cotonou, 08BP0932, Benin
    BMC Genomics 9:538. 2008
    ..The mosquitoes were sampled from a variety of breeding sites in a preliminary attempt to investigate the role of contamination of mosquito breeding sites in selecting for resistance in adult mosquitoes...
  6. pmc Evaluation of a national universal coverage campaign of long-lasting insecticidal nets in a rural district in north-west Tanzania
    Philippa A West
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Malar J 11:273. 2012
    ..This study had two purposes: to evaluate the impact of a universal coverage campaign (UCC) of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) on LLIN ownership and usage, and to identify factors that may be associated with inadequate coverage...
  7. pmc Biologically meaningful coverage indicators for eliminating malaria transmission
    Samson S Kiware
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, PO Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Biol Lett 8:874-7. 2012
    ....
  8. pmc Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia
    Patricia M Graves
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Malar J 10:354. 2011
    ..It is important to understand individual level net use factors in the context of the home to modify programmes so as to maximize net use...
  9. ncbi Mosquito behavior and vector control
    Helen Pates
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Entomol 50:53-70. 2005
    ..Prospects for genetic control by sterile males or genes rendering mosquitoes harmless to humans will depend on competitive mating behavior. These methods are hampered by the immigration of monogamous, already-mated females...
  10. pmc Outdoor host seeking behaviour of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes following initiation of malaria vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Michael R Reddy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Malar J 10:184. 2011
    ..gambiae sensu stricto (s.s.) is the primary malaria vector. The goal of the paper is to evaluate the importance of An gambiae s.l. outdoor host seeking behaviour and discuss its implications for anti-vector interventions...
  11. pmc Can universal insecticide-treated net campaigns achieve equity in coverage and use? the case of northern Nigeria
    Yazoume Ye
    ICF International, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Malar J 11:32. 2012
    ..Using data from the first post-campaign survey, the authors investigated the effect of the mass free distribution campaigns in achieving equity in household ownership and use of ITNs...
  12. ncbi Indoor residual spraying for preventing malaria
    Bianca Pluess
    Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, 4002
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4:CD006657. 2010
    ..Some limited data suggest that ITN give better protection than IRS in unstable areas, but more trials are needed to compare the effects of ITNs with IRS, as well as to quantify their combined effects...
  13. pmc Impact of promoting longer-lasting insecticide treatment of bed nets upon malaria transmission in a rural Tanzanian setting with pre-existing high coverage of untreated nets
    Tanya L Russell
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, P O Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 9:187. 2010
    ..Since 2006, a national-scale programme has promoted the use of longer-lasting insecticide treatment kits (consisting of an insecticide plus binder) co-packaged with all bed nets manufactured in the country...
  14. pmc Marked increase in child survival after four years of intensive malaria control
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Medical Care Development International, Silver Spring, Maryland
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:882-8. 2009
    ..34 [95% CI = 0.23-0.49]). Effective malaria control measures can dramatically increase child survival and play a key role in achieving millennium development goals...
  15. pmc Combining indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated nets for malaria control in Africa: a review of possible outcomes and an outline of suggestions for the future
    Fredros O Okumu
    Ifakara Health Institute, Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic group, P, O Box 53 Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:208. 2011
    ..This article concludes by emphasizing the need for basic and operational research, including mathematical modelling to evaluate IRS/ITN combinations in comparison to IRS alone or ITNs alone...
  16. pmc Reported reasons for not using a mosquito net when one is available: a review of the published literature
    Justin Pulford
    Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research PNGIMR, PO Box 60, Goroka, EHP 441, Papua New Guinea
    Malar J 10:83. 2011
    ..It was anticipated that the review findings would potentially inform an intervention or range of interventions best suited to promoting greater net use amongst this group...
  17. pmc Malaria indicator survey 2007, Ethiopia: coverage and use of major malaria prevention and control interventions
    Daddi Jima
    Diseases Prevention and Control Department, Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Malar J 9:58. 2010
    ....
  18. pmc Initial evidence of reduction of malaria cases and deaths in Rwanda and Ethiopia due to rapid scale-up of malaria prevention and treatment
    Mac Otten
    World Health Organization, Global Malaria Program, Geneva, Switzerland
    Malar J 8:14. 2009
    ....
  19. pmc Modelling the impact of vector control interventions on Anopheles gambiae population dynamics
    Michael T White
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:153. 2011
    ....
  20. pmc Mosquito nets in a rural area of Western Kenya: ownership, use and quality
    Sophia Githinji
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds P, O, Box 43640 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:250. 2010
    ..Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are regarded as one of the most effective strategies to prevent malaria in Africa. This study analyses the use and quality of nets owned by households in an area of high net coverage...
  21. pmc Importance of factors determining the effective lifetime of a mass, long-lasting, insecticidal net distribution: a sensitivity analysis
    Olivier J T Briët
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 11:20. 2012
    ..Because its effects on transmission are important (more so than the effects of individual protection), estimates of the lifetime of mass distribution rounds should be based on the effective length of epidemiological protection...
  22. ncbi The genome sequence of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae
    Robert A Holt
    Celera Genomics, 45 West Gude Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Science 298:129-49. 2002
    ..An expressed sequence tag analysis of genes regulated by blood feeding provided insights into the physiological adaptations of a hematophagous insect...
  23. ncbi Reducing the burden of malaria in pregnancy by preventive strategies
    Clara Menendez
    Center for International Health, Hospital Clinic Barcelona University, Barcelona, Spain
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:126-35. 2007
    ....
  24. pmc Spatial stability of adult Aedes aegypti populations
    Roberto Barrera
    Entomology and Ecology Activity, Dengue Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:1087-92. 2011
    ..aegypti. There was significant spatial stability throughout the study in both locations. The consistency in trap productivity in time could be used to increase the effectiveness of vector and dengue control programs...
  25. pmc Efficacy of PermaNet® 2.0 and PermaNet® 3.0 against insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae in experimental huts in Côte d'Ivoire
    Benjamin G Koudou
    Département Environnement et Santé, Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques, 01 BP 1303 Abidjan 01, Cote d Ivoire
    Malar J 10:172. 2011
    ..PermaNet® 3.0 is impregnated with deltamethrin at 85 mg/m2 on the sides of the net and with deltamethrin and piperonyl butoxide on the roof. PermaNet® 2.0 is impregnated with deltamethrin at 55 mg/m2 across the entire net...
  26. pmc The importance of considering community-level effects when selecting insecticidal malaria vector products
    Gerry F Killeen
    Ifakara Health Institute, Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, PO Box 53, Ifakara, Morogoro, United Republic of Tanzania
    Parasit Vectors 4:160. 2011
    ..However, at high coverage, community-level reductions of mosquito density and survival prevent more transmission exposure than the personal protection acquired by using a net or living in a sprayed house...
  27. ncbi Changes in Anopheles funestus biting behavior following universal coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets in Benin
    Nicolas Moiroux
    MIVEGEC IRD 224 CNRS 5290 UM1 UM2, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
    J Infect Dis 206:1622-9. 2012
    ..We investigated whether full coverage of long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito nets (LLINs) may induce a switch in biting behavior in Anopheles funestus, a major malaria vector in Africa...
  28. pmc Larval source management for malaria control in Africa: myths and reality
    Ulrike Fillinger
    Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Malar J 10:353. 2011
    ....
  29. pmc A malaria transmission-directed model of mosquito life cycle and ecology
    Philip A Eckhoff
    Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, 1600 132nd Ave NE, Bellevue, WA 98004, USA
    Malar J 10:303. 2011
    ..Mathematical models for planning malaria eradication benefit from detailed representations of local mosquito populations, their natural dynamics and their response to campaign pressures...
  30. pmc Evidence for a useful life of more than three years for a polyester-based long-lasting insecticidal mosquito net in Western Uganda
    Albert Kilian
    Malaria Consortium International, London, UK
    Malar J 10:299. 2011
    ..Results for one of the polyester-based products, Interceptor is presented...
  31. pmc How much does malaria vector control quality matter: the epidemiological impact of holed nets and inadequate indoor residual spraying
    Andrea M Rehman
    MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e19205. 2011
    ..Data from three control programs were used to investigate the impact of: 1) the physical deterioration of ITNs, and 2) inadequate IRS spray coverage, on their respective protective effectiveness...
  32. ncbi Individual, household and environmental risk factors for malaria infection in Amhara, Oromia and SNNP regions of Ethiopia
    Patricia M Graves
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:1211-20. 2009
    ..10; 95% CI 1.03-1.18). People living above 2000 m and people of all ages are still at significant risk of malaria infection...
  33. pmc Female-specific flightless phenotype for mosquito control
    Guoliang Fu
    Oxitec Limited, 71 Milton Park, Oxford OX14 4RX, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:4550-4. 2010
    ..Present mosquito control methods are not sufficiently effective and new approaches are needed urgently...
  34. ncbi Safety of pyrethroid-treated mosquito nets
    M Zaim
    World Health Organization Pesticides Evaluation Scheme, Strategy Development and Monitoring of Parasitic Diseases and Vector Control, Communicable Diseases Control Prevention and Eradication World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Med Vet Entomol 14:1-5. 2000
    ..Because many domestic users of pyrethroid 'home treatment kits' for ITNs may not be fully literate, it is essential that 'instructions for use' should be portrayed via pictograms with supporting text in appropriate local language(s)...
  35. pmc Combining indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated net interventions
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:519-24. 2009
    ..76-0.81) in Bioko and 0.34 (95% CI = 0.21-0.56) in Zambezia. Although the effects of confounding cannot be excluded, these results provide encouragement that the additional resources for combining IRS and LLIN are justified...
  36. pmc Costs and consequences of large-scale vector control for malaria
    Joshua O Yukich
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, PO Box, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 7:258. 2008
    ..Five large insecticide-treated net (ITN) programmes and two indoor residual spraying (IRS) programmes were compared using a standardized costing methodology...
  37. pmc A modified experimental hut design for studying responses of disease-transmitting mosquitoes to indoor interventions: the Ifakara experimental huts
    Fredros O Okumu
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Republic of Tanzania
    PLoS ONE 7:e30967. 2012
    ....
  38. pmc Comparing the effectiveness of malaria vector-control interventions through a mathematical model
    Nakul Chitnis
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:230-40. 2010
    ..Although our model includes some assumptions and approximations that remain to be addressed, these findings should be useful for prioritizing and designing future field research...
  39. ncbi Use of insecticide treated nets by pregnant women and associated factors in a pre-dominantly rural population in northern Ethiopia
    Mebrahtom Belay
    UNICEF Country Office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Trop Med Int Health 13:1303-13. 2008
    ..To describe the use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) among pregnant women and examine factors associated with its access and use...
  40. pmc Assessing bed net use and non-use after long-lasting insecticidal net distribution: a simple framework to guide programmatic strategies
    Jodi L Vanden Eng
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Global Health, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, 4770 Buford Hwy MS F 22, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Malar J 9:133. 2010
    ..In order to increase ITN use, it is necessary to devise strategies that accurately identify, differentiate, and target the reasons and types of non-use...
  41. pmc Long-term field performance of a polyester-based long-lasting insecticidal mosquito net in rural Uganda
    Albert Kilian
    Malaria Consortium, Development House, 56 64 Leonard Street EC2A 4JX, London, UK
    Malar J 7:49. 2008
    ....
  42. pmc The multiplicity of malaria transmission: a review of entomological inoculation rate measurements and methods across sub-Saharan Africa
    Louise A Kelly-Hope
    Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Malar J 8:19. 2009
    ....
  43. ncbi Impact of sustained use of insecticide-treated bednets on malaria vector species distribution and culicine mosquitoes
    K A Lindblade
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy MS F 22, Atlanta GA 30333, USA
    J Med Entomol 43:428-32. 2006
    ..Reductions in culicines by ITNs may have implications for community perceptions of ITN effectiveness and for control of other diseases such as lymphatic filariasis...
  44. pmc Sampling outdoor, resting Anopheles gambiae and other mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in western Kenya with clay pots
    M Odiere
    Vector Biology and Control Research Centre, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    J Med Entomol 44:14-22. 2007
    ..Aside from providing a useful sampling tool, the AgREPOT also may be useful as a delivery vehicle for insecticides or pathogens to males and females that enter and rest in them...
  45. pmc Impact of national malaria control scale-up programmes in Africa: magnitude and attribution of effects
    Richard W Steketee
    Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa MACEPA, PATH 2201 Westlake Avenue, Suite 200, Seattle, WA 98121 USA
    Malar J 9:299. 2010
    ..To assess the extent to which national malaria programmes are achieving impact the authors reviewed African country programme data available through 2009...
  46. pmc How absolute is zero? An evaluation of historical and current definitions of malaria elimination
    Justin M Cohen
    Clinton Health Access Initiative, Boston MA 02127, USA
    Malar J 9:213. 2010
    ..Finally, guidelines are discussed for deriving the separate operational definitions and metrics that will be required to make these concepts relevant, measurable, and achievable for a particular environment...
  47. pmc Eco-bio-social determinants of dengue vector breeding: a multicountry study in urban and periurban Asia
    Natarajan Arunachalam
    Centre for Research in Medical Entomology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Madurai, TN, India
    Bull World Health Organ 88:173-84. 2010
    ....
  48. pmc Integrated vector management for malaria control
    John C Beier
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Miller School of Medicine, and the Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy, University of Miami, South Campus, Miami, FL 33177, USA
    Malar J 7:S4. 2008
    ..This review provides an overview of how IVM programmes are being implemented, and provides recommendations for further development of IVM to meet the goals of national malaria control programmes in Africa...
  49. pmc Spatial targeting of interventions against malaria
    R Carter
    University of Edinburgh, Division of Biological Sciences, ICAPB, Ashworth Laboratories, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, Scotland
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1401-11. 2000
    ....
  50. pmc Evidence of increasing Leu-Phe knockdown resistance mutation in Anopheles gambiae from Niger following a nationwide long-lasting insecticide-treated nets implementation
    Cyrille Czeher
    Parasitology Unit, centre de recherche médicale et sanitaire, Institut Pasteur International Network, Niamey, Niger
    Malar J 7:189. 2008
    ..The distribution of the kdr-west (kdr-w) Leu-Phe mutation was studied in Anopheles gambiae s.l. populations from Niger and temporal variations were monitored following the nationwide LLIN implementation...
  51. pmc Ownership and usage of mosquito nets after four years of large-scale free distribution in Papua New Guinea
    Manuel W Hetzel
    Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, PO Box 60, Goroka, EHP 441, Papua New Guinea
    Malar J 11:192. 2012
    ..With the aim of achieving 80% ownership and usage, a country-wide campaign distributed two million free long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs)...
  52. ncbi Historical review of malarial control in southern African with emphasis on the use of indoor residual house-spraying
    Musawenkosi L H Mabaso
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 9:846-56. 2004
    ..Data are presented on the effectiveness of IRS as a malarial control tool in six southern African countries. Recent trends in and challenges to malarial control in the region are also discussed...
  53. ncbi An experimental hut evaluation of PermaNet(®) 3.0, a deltamethrin-piperonyl butoxide combination net, against pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in southern Benin
    Raphael N'Guessan
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:758-65. 2010
    ..Against C. quinquefasciatus, no treatment killed >24% entering the huts. The synergism from unwashed PermaNet 3.0 was lower than expected, probably due to an unidentified resistance mechanism unaffected by PBO...
  54. pmc Reductions in malaria and anaemia case and death burden at hospitals following scale-up of malaria control in Zanzibar, 1999-2008
    Maru W Aregawi
    World Health Organization, Global Malaria Programme, 20 Avenue Appia 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Malar J 10:46. 2011
    ..The impact of the scale-up of insecticide-treated nets (ITN), indoor-residual spraying (IRS) and artemisinin-combination therapy (ACT) combined on malaria burden was assessed at six out of seven in-patient health facilities...
  55. pmc Multiple insecticide resistance: an impediment to insecticide-based malaria vector control program
    Delenasaw Yewhalaw
    Department of Biology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 6:e16066. 2011
    ....
  56. ncbi Do insecticide-treated bednets have an effect on malaria vectors?
    Willem Takken
    Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 7:1022-30. 2002
    ..Examples are presented in which untreated nets provided a reasonable degree of protection against malaria...
  57. pmc A periodically-forced mathematical model for the seasonal dynamics of malaria in mosquitoes
    Nakul Chitnis
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Bull Math Biol 74:1098-124. 2012
    ....
  58. pmc Spatial distribution of bednet coverage under routine distribution through the public health sector in a rural district in Kenya
    Wendy Prudhomme O'Meara
    Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e25949. 2011
    ..We also show that coverage is spatially heterogeneous with less than 2% of the population residing in zones with adequate coverage to experience indirect effects of ITN protection...
  59. pmc The combination of indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated nets provides added protection against malaria compared with insecticide-treated nets alone
    Mary J Hamel
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30301, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:1080-6. 2011
    ..50-0.72). The combination of IRS and ITN might be a feasible strategy to further reduce malaria transmission in areas of persistent perennial malaria transmission...
  60. pmc Bendiocarb, a potential alternative against pyrethroid resistant Anopheles gambiae in Benin, West Africa
    Martin C Akogbeto
    Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou CREC, Cotonou, Bénin 06 BP 2604
    Malar J 9:204. 2010
    ..The goal of this study was to evaluate under field conditions the efficacy of a carbamate (bendiocarb) and an organophosphate (fenitrothion) against pyrethroid-resistant An. gambiae s.s...
  61. pmc Using adult mosquitoes to transfer insecticides to Aedes aegypti larval habitats
    Gregor J Devine
    Department of Plant and Invertebrate Ecology, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:11530-4. 2009
    ..The most effective mosquito control methods include a variety of insecticidal tools that target adults or juveniles...
  62. pmc An elaborated feeding cycle model for reductions in vectorial capacity of night-biting mosquitoes by insecticide-treated nets
    Arnaud Le Menach
    Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, UMR S 707, Paris, France
    Malar J 6:10. 2007
    ..Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) are an important tool for malaria control. ITNs are effective because they work on several parts of the mosquito feeding cycle, including both adult killing and repelling effects...
  63. pmc Rapid scaling up of insecticide-treated bed net coverage in Africa and its relationship with development assistance for health: a systematic synthesis of supply, distribution, and household survey data
    Abraham D Flaxman
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 7:e1000328. 2010
    ..Sparse and inconsistent sources of data have prevented robust estimates of the coverage of ITNs over time...
  64. pmc Success of Senegal's first nationwide distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets to children under five - contribution toward universal coverage
    Julie I Thwing
    Malaria Branch, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Malar J 10:86. 2011
    ..2 million LLINs in two phases to children aged 6-59 months. Door-to-door teams visited all households to administer vitamin A and mebendazole, and to give a coupon to redeem later for an LLIN...
  65. ncbi Reducing costs and operational constraints of dengue vector control by targeting productive breeding places: a multi-country non-inferiority cluster randomized trial
    W Tun-Lin
    Department of Medical Research, Yangon, Myanmar
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1143-53. 2009
    ....
  66. pmc Household ownership and use of insecticide treated nets among target groups after implementation of a national voucher programme in the United Republic of Tanzania: plausibility study using three annual cross sectional household surveys
    Kara Hanson
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 339:b2434. 2009
    ..To evaluate the impact of the Tanzania National Voucher Scheme on the coverage and equitable distribution of insecticide treated nets, used to prevent malaria, to pregnant women and their infants...
  67. ncbi Assessment of insecticide-treated bednet use among children and pregnant women across 15 countries using standardized national surveys
    Thomas P Eisele
    Department of International Health and Development, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:209-14. 2009
    ..The gaps in ITN use and possession will likely persist in the absence of achieving a ratio of no more than two people per ITN...
  68. ncbi Blood-feeding behaviour of the malarial mosquito Anopheles arabiensis: implications for vector control
    I Tirados
    FARM Africa, London, U K
    Med Vet Entomol 20:425-37. 2006
    ..Hence, classical zooprophylaxis is unlikely to have a significant impact on the malaria vectorial capacity of An. arabiensis in Konso, whereas treating cattle with insecticide might do...
  69. ncbi Behavioural heterogeneity of Anopheles species in ecologically different localities in Southeast Asia: a challenge for vector control
    Ho Dinh Trung
    National Institute of Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Trop Med Int Health 10:251-62. 2005
    ..The effect of environmental changes on vector behaviour should be followed up carefully...
  70. ncbi Changes in house design reduce exposure to malaria mosquitoes
    S W Lindsay
    Institute of Ecosystem Science, School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 8:512-7. 2003
    ..Ceilings are likely to be well accepted and may be of greatest benefit in areas of low to moderate transmission and when used in combination with other malaria control strategies...
  71. pmc Late-acting dominant lethal genetic systems and mosquito control
    Hoang Kim Phuc
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    BMC Biol 5:11. 2007
    ..Additionally, vector populations with strong density-dependent effects will tend to be resistant to SIT-based control as the population-reducing effect of induced sterility will tend to be offset by reduced density-dependent mortality...
  72. ncbi Contributions of Anopheles larval control to malaria suppression in tropical Africa: review of achievements and potential
    K Walker
    Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Med Vet Entomol 21:2-21. 2007
    ..These approaches are especially suitable for urban areas, where larval habitats are limited, particularly when applied in conjunction with IRS and other adulticidal measures, such as the use of insecticide treated bednets...
  73. pmc Insecticide-treated nets can reduce malaria transmission by mosquitoes which feed outdoors
    Nicodem J Govella
    Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:415-9. 2010
    ..We also review recent reports from Tanzania to show that conventional mosquito behavior measures can underestimate the potential of ITNs because they ignore the importance of human movements...
  74. ncbi Towards a comprehensive simulation model of malaria epidemiology and control
    T Smith
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Socinstrasse 57, PO Box, CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Parasitology 135:1507-16. 2008
    ..The project thus provides a general platform for comparing, fitting, and evaluating different model structures, and for quantitative prediction of effects of different interventions and integrated control programmes...
  75. pmc Defining challenges and proposing solutions for control of the virus vector Aedes aegypti
    Amy C Morrison
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e68. 2008
  76. pmc Community participation for malaria elimination in Tafea Province, Vanuatu: Part I. Maintaining motivation for prevention practices in the context of disappearing disease
    Jo An M Atkinson
    Pacific Malaria Initiative Support Centre, Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Malar J 9:93. 2010
    ..In the context of disappearing disease, obtaining and maintaining community participation in strategies to eliminate malaria in the rest of Tafea Province, Vanuatu will be significantly more challenging...
  77. pmc Design, implementation and evaluation of a national campaign to distribute nine million free LLINs to children under five years of age in Tanzania
    Kimberly Bonner
    National Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, PO Box 9083, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:73. 2011
    ..2% in 2007. In 2008, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare planned a catch-up campaign to rapidly and equitably deliver a free long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) to every child under five years in Tanzania...
  78. pmc Perception of malaria risk in a setting of reduced malaria transmission: a qualitative study in Zanzibar
    Julie A Bauch
    Department of Global Health Sciences, University of California San Francisco, 50 Beale Street, Suite 1200, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Malar J 12:75. 2013
    ..This study employed qualitative methods to explore community perceptions of malaria risk and adherence to prevention measures in two districts in Zanzibar...
  79. pmc Potential benefits, limitations and target product-profiles of odor-baited mosquito traps for malaria control in Africa
    Fredros O Okumu
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, United Republic of Tanzania
    PLoS ONE 5:e11573. 2010
    ..We investigated the potential benefits of such traps for preventing malaria transmission in Africa and the essential characteristics that they should possess so as to be effective...
  80. pmc Reduced efficacy of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying for malaria control in pyrethroid resistance area, Benin
    Vincent Corbel
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Cotonou, Benin, West Africa
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:199-206. 2007
    ..Pyrethroid resistance in An. gambiae appears to threaten the future of ITN and IRS in Benin...
  81. pmc Evaluation of the efficacy of bendiocarb in indoor residual spraying against pyrethroid resistant malaria vectors in Benin: results of the third campaign
    Razaki Ossè
    Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou CREC, 06 BP 2604, Cotonou, Benin
    Parasit Vectors 5:163. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the results of the third round of IRS to those achieved during the first two rounds. A second success of IRS will enable the Government of Benin to extend the strategy to other areas...
  82. pmc Insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of western Kenya
    Harrysone E Atieli
    Climate and Human Health Research Unit, Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, PO Box 1578 40100, Kisumu, Kenya
    Parasit Vectors 4:113. 2011
    ..This study examined ITN ownership and underlying factors for among-household variation in use, and malaria transmission in two highland regions of western Kenya...
  83. ncbi Malaria vector control: from past to future
    Kamaraju Raghavendra
    Vector Control Division, National Institute of Malaria Research ICMR, Sector 8, Dwarka, New Delhi, 110 077, India
    Parasitol Res 108:757-79. 2011
    ..This review article raises issues associated with the present-day vector control strategies and state opportunities with a focus on ongoing research and recent advances to enable to sustain the gains achieved so far...
  84. ncbi Early biting rhythm in the Afro-tropical vector of malaria, Anopheles arabiensis, and challenges for its control in Ethiopia
    M Yohannes
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Tigray, Ethiopia
    Med Vet Entomol 26:103-5. 2012
    ..00 hours in the three villages; over 70% of biting activity occurred before 22.00 hours, when people typically retire to bed. This early biting activity may have a negative impact on the efficiency of bednets to control malaria...
  85. pmc Bed net ownership in Kenya: the impact of 3.4 million free bed nets
    Allen Hightower
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Global Health, Mailstop F22, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Malar J 9:183. 2010
    ..The feasibility of a distribution strategy aimed at a high-risk target group to meet bed net ownership and usage targets is evaluated...
  86. ncbi Potential effect of climate change on malaria transmission in Africa
    Frank C Tanser
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, Overport, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 362:1792-8. 2003
    ..Climate change is likely to affect transmission of vector-borne diseases such as malaria. We quantitatively estimated current malaria exposure and assessed the potential effect of projected climate scenarios on malaria transmission...
  87. pmc Human exposure to anopheline mosquitoes occurs primarily indoors, even for users of insecticide-treated nets in Luangwa Valley, South-east Zambia
    Aklilu Seyoum
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Vector Group, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Parasit Vectors 5:101. 2012
    ..We studied the human biting behaviour of the malaria vector Anopheles funestus Giles and the potential malaria vector Anopheles quadriannulatus Theobald in Luangwa valley, south-east Zambia...
  88. ncbi Role of vector control in the global program to eliminate lymphatic filariasis
    Moses J Bockarie
    Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Entomol 54:469-87. 2009
    ....
  89. ncbi Distribution of pyrethroid and DDT resistance and the L1014F kdr mutation in Anopheles gambiae s.l. from Burkina Faso (West Africa)
    K R Dabire
    Insitut de Recherche en Science de la Santé IRSS Centre Muraz, BP 390, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:1113-20. 2009
    ..The frequency of kdr was also found to have increased in An. arabiensis populations (0.28), where it was formerly reported in only a single specimen. These results have practical significance for malaria vector control programs...
  90. pmc Using the SaTScan method to detect local malaria clusters for guiding malaria control programmes
    Marlize Coleman
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Malar J 8:68. 2009
    ..The third season for case cluster identification overlapped with the first season of implementing an outbreak identification and response system in the area...
  91. pmc Comparison of house spraying and insecticide-treated nets for malaria control
    C F Curtis
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, England
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1389-400. 2000
    ..The importance of high population coverage is emphasized, and the advantages of providing treatment free of charge, rather than charging individuals, are pointed out...
  92. pmc Target product profile choices for intra-domiciliary malaria vector control pesticide products: repel or kill?
    Gerry F Killeen
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Kilombero District, Morogoro Region, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:207. 2011
    ....
  93. pmc Preventing childhood malaria in Africa by protecting adults from mosquitoes with insecticide-treated nets
    Gerry F Killeen
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, Morogoro, United Republic of Tanzania
    PLoS Med 4:e229. 2007
    ..We therefore estimated coverage thresholds for entire populations at which individual- and community-level protection are equivalent, representing rational targets for ITN coverage beyond vulnerable groups...
  94. ncbi A significant increase in kdr in Anopheles gambiae is associated with an intensive vector control intervention in Burundi highlands
    Natacha Protopopoff
    Department of Parasitology, Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 13:1479-87. 2008
    ..l.) was determined for six consecutive years within the framework of a vector control programme. Findings were also linked with the insecticide resistance status observed with bioassay in An. gambiae s.l. and An. funestus...
  95. pmc House design modifications reduce indoor resting malaria vector densities in rice irrigation scheme area in western Kenya
    Harrysone Atieli
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    Malar J 8:108. 2009
    ..A randomized-controlled study was, therefore, undertaken to determine the effects of this method of vector control on the density of indoor resting malaria vectors in a rice irrigation scheme area in lowlands of western Kenya...
  96. pmc Interdependence of domestic malaria prevention measures and mosquito-human interactions in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Yvonne Geissbuhler
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Socinstrasse 57, PO Box, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 6:126. 2007
    ..Here mosquito biting patterns in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania are examined and the protection against exposure to malaria transmission that is afforded to residents by using an insecticide-treated net (ITN) is estimated...
  97. pmc Insecticide resistance status in Anopheles gambiae in southern Benin
    Anges W Yadouleton
    Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou CREC, 06 BP 2604 Cotonou, Republique du Benin
    Malar J 9:83. 2010
    ..It is, therefore, crucial to monitor the level and type of insecticide resistance in An. gambiae, particularly in southern Benin where reduced efficacy of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and IRS has previously been reported...
  98. pmc An experimental hut evaluation of Olyset nets against anopheline mosquitoes after seven years use in Tanzanian villages
    Robert C Malima
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
    Malar J 7:38. 2008
    ..It has not been determined for how long Olyset nets remain protective against mosquitoes in household use...
  99. ncbi Anopheles arabiensis and An. quadriannulatus resistance to DDT in South Africa
    K Hargreaves
    Malaria Control Programme, KwaZulu Natal Department of Health, Jozini, South Africa
    Med Vet Entomol 17:417-22. 2003
    ..funestus Giles, indicates an urgent need to develop a strategy of insecticide resistance management for the malaria control programmes of southern Africa...
  100. pmc Knowledge of malaria and its association with malaria-related behaviors--results from the Malaria Indicator Survey, Ethiopia, 2007
    Jimee Hwang
    U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11692. 2010
    ....
  101. pmc Biochemical basis of permethrin resistance in Anopheles arabiensis from Lower Moshi, north-eastern Tanzania
    Johnson Matowo
    Pan African Malaria Vector Research Consortium www pamverc org
    Malar J 9:193. 2010
    ..In this study, metabolic-based mechanisms conferring permethrin (pyrethroid) resistance were investigated in Anopheles arabiensis of Lower Moshi, Kilimanjaro region of north-eastern Tanzania...

Research Grants62

  1. Analysis of the functions of axon guidance genes during vector mosquito developme
    MOLLY DUMAN SCHEEL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of drug resistance in parasite populations, a general lack of support in many developing countries for mosquito control programs, and increased global travel...
  2. Genetic Analysis of Mosquito Metamorphosis
    James T Nishiura; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Additionally, molecular-genetic techniques may reveal molecular mechanisms by which chemical mosquito control agents work...
  3. Molecular Analysis of Juvenile Hormone Action
    Subba R Palli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..JH analogs are being used for mosquito control, but some mosquitoes are already developing resistance to these analogs...
  4. A semi field trial test on efficacy of transgenic antimalarial biocontrol fungi
    Raymond J St Leger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this application, we propose a close collaboration with mosquito control expert Abdoulaye Diabates and his colleagues at Center Muraz that will enable us to evaluate the potential of ..
  5. Molecular genetic control of the immature female mosquito vector
    Helen Benes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our proposed killing of immature female mosquitoes can be applied to improve two important mosquito control strategies: Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), by developing novel genetic sexing strains and the release of ..
  6. Development of an autodissemination station for control of mosquito vectors
    Yi Wang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This project evaluates the feasibility of using autodissemination in a novel device for operational mosquito control against both Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti...
  7. Regulation of juvenile hormone titers in mosquitoes
    FERNANDO GABRIEL NORIEGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research should identify targets for designing new, specific and affordable chemical strategies suitable for mosquito control in developing countries...
  8. Ion transport and motility in larval mosquito stomach
    David F Moffett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Analyses of peristalsis and its regulation with electrophysiological techniques and image analyses. The results of this project will provide information about specific targets for the development of mosquito control agents.
  9. Diapause in Culex Mosquitoes
    David W Severson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..drug resistance among parasite populations, delayed progress in vaccine development, lack of support for mosquito control programs, and increased global travel...
  10. Function of Guy1, a Y-specific gene of Anopheles stephensi
    Zhijian Jake Tu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We anticipate extending beyond this R21 to investigate the mechanism of Y gene function, develop mosquito control applications through the manipulation of Y genes, and establish Y genes as novel markers for phylogenetic, ..
  11. Examination of Odorant Receptors in Vector Mosquitoes
    Laurence J Zwiebel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disease transmission by vectors in particular and would likely be instrumental in the development of novel mosquito control strategies...
  12. Ecological impacts of forest disturbance on La Crosse encephalitis virus dynamics
    MARIA RICHETTA CAMILLE HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such a model can help focus LAC mosquito control efforts and ultimately identify patterns applicable to other emerging bunyaviruses like Rift Valley fever...
  13. Lysozymes and immunity in Anopheles gambiae
    Susan M Paskewitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The problem is how worsening because of the increasing resistance of parasites to drugs. Mosquito control is also threatened because of insecticide resistance, increasing costs, and loss of trained personnel...
  14. Nitrogen Metabolism in Aedes Aegypti Mosquitoes
    PATRICIA YOLANDA SCARAFFIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..new and exciting discoveries that could be applied for the design and implementation of better strategies for mosquito control. The following specific aims will be pursued: 1- Identify the mechanisms involved in the regulation of ..
  15. Mosquito Vector Control Using Bt Coupled to Seed Oil Bodies
    Mohd Amir Abdullah; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..safe method to produce and deliver Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) toxins and BtBoosters (BtB) for mosquito control. Bti toxins have strong mosquito species- specific activities, and are safer than chemical insecticides...
  16. Juvenile hormone action, and crosstalk between juvenile hormone and 20-hydroxyecd
    Jinsong Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mechanisms that regulate mosquito egg production and identify target molecules that can be utilized for mosquito control. Mosquito egg development is governed by alternating peaks of two major insect hormones - juvenile hormone (..
  17. Surveillance and Modeling of West Nile Virus Risk in California
    Jessica Healy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..prevalence and abundance, and the infection prevalence in dead birds are the surveillance methods used by mosquito control agencies to target control efforts to reduce the risk of transmission to humans...
  18. Malaria Vector Population Genetic Division and Vector Competence in Hainan Island
    Liwang Cui; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provide invaluable information for the prediction of mosquito evolution in response to insecticides-based mosquito control measures in other malaria-endemic regions of Southeast Asia...
  19. An Intregated System for the Epidemiological Application of Earth Observation Tec
    Michael C Wimberly; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of disease surveillance and early-warning systems can help reduce the burden of these diseases by identifying high-risk areas and allowing public health practitioners to prioritize mosquito control and other disease-prevention efforts.
  20. Impact of climate change on mosquito-borne arbovirus transmission
    C M Barker; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..at greatest risk, 4) document potential risk scenarios for use by California and national health planners and mosquito control agencies, and 5) modify the existing surveillance and response plan to respond to and perhaps mitigate ..
  21. MOLECULAR BASIS OF ECDYSTEROID ACTION IN THE MOSQUITO
    ALEXANDER SIMEON RAIKHEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..goals of this comprehensive research program will significantly advance our understanding of the molecular basis of mosquito reproduction, and the resulting data will build a foundation for deciphering new targets for mosquito control.
  22. POPULATION GENETICS OF AEDES AEGYPTI IN THE WEST INDIES
    David Severson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..aegypti particularly as it relates to mosquito control measures. Ae. aegypti is the host for Dengue virus as well as yellow fever virus...
  23. Targeting the reproductive interactome of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae
    Flaminia Catteruccia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The knowledge generated in this project will contribute to new methods of mosquito control, and eventually to a healthier populace in regions now devastated by malaria.
  24. 2009 Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association
    ROXANNE CONNELLY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..results of basic research related to arthropod vectors of disease at the 75th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA) in New Orleans, Louisiana...
  25. EXPRESSION OF TMOF IN CHLORELLA/YEAST MOSQUITO LARVICIDE
    Dov Borovsky; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..By the end of the phase II STTR we will have a commercial available mosquito larvicide that could be used in mosquito control districts in the USA and worldwide...
  26. TRYPTOPHAN METABOLISM IN MOSQUITOES
    Jianyong Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To prevent the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases, there is an urgent need for new mosquito control methods to be developed and a thorough understanding of the biochemistry and physiology of the mosquito ..
  27. Molecular Basis of Flavivirus Neurovirulence
    William Wold; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of the lack of any effective antiviral therapies against flaviviruses, vaccination in conjunction with mosquito control measures, remains the principal strategy for the prevention of disease...
  28. Purchase of a MALDI-TOF-TOF Mass Spectrometer
    GREGORY WEISS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Cell regulation, control of cell activation, cell death and restoration of aging proteins;iii) Insect metabolism, mosquito evolution and alternative methods of malarial mosquito control and iv) Development of synthetic antibodies.
  29. In vitro culture and transformation of Wolbachia from mosquitoes
    Ann Fallon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..understanding of the growth and development of an intracellular microorganism with important potential for mosquito control, provide a basis for direct manipulation of the Wolbachia genome, and provide new insights relevant to ..
  30. DENGUE CONTROL IN MOSQUITOES BY SINGLE CHAIN ANTIBODIES
    KENNETH OLSON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The lack of effective vaccines against DEN viruses (serotypes 1-4; Flaviviridae), the collapse of mosquito control programs in many developing countries, and the emergence of pesticide resistant mosquitoes have all had major ..
  31. Sex-Specific Gene Activity in the Mosquito Larva
    Helen Benes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..resurgence of virulent and resistant forms of mosquito-borne diseases has increased the urgency for novel mosquito control strategies...
  32. Plasmodium sporozoites and the mosquito
    Brenda Beerntsen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..New control measures involving vaccines, drug therapy and novel mosquito control methods are needed, and efforts toward this end have been expedited with the recent genomic and proteomic ..
  33. Development of West Nile virus surveillance systems and
    Larry Clark; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, because we will be sampling areas inside and outside mosquito control districts we will be able to asses whether existing vector (mosquito) control programs are effective at ..
  34. Regulation of Energy Metabolism in Insects
    Roger L Miesfeld; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such an analysis offers a unique opportunity to identify new and unexpected targets for mosquito control. The following specific aims are proposed for the next grant period: Aim 1 Investigate the metabolic fates of ..
  35. PHYSIOLOGY OF INSECT POTASSIUM ION TRANSPORT
    William Harvey; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..A concomitant objective is to provide a new basis for vector mosquito control by using cDNA probes and antibodies from the transport model, M...
  36. FUNGAL AGENTS FOR INTEGRATED MOSQUITO CONTROL
    RICHARD AXTELL; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  37. Meeting: Develop malaria control operational research training program in Africa
    Gregory Lanzaro; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..equipped to undertake applied research relating to the diagnosis and treatment of malaria and all aspects of mosquito control. The three collaborating organizations include physicians, epidemiologists, social scientists, entomologists ..
  38. Plainning malaria training in Zambia
    Thomas Eisele; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Tailoring a sustainable program using appropriate technology and a framework of collaboration in support of PMI activities will greatly increase the likelihood of controlling, and perhaps eventually eliminating, malaria in Zambia. ..
  39. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  40. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
  41. Risk Factors for Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)
    Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study builds on the Cape Cod Breast Cancer and Environment Study of invasive breast cancer and additional grants that currently support the proposed study of DCIS. ..
  42. Impact of Environmental Pollutants on Breast Cancer and*
    Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Mosquito Immunity to Alphaviruses
    Brian Foy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..3) Characterize the mechanisms that Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquitoes use to clear Sindbis virus-infected midgut cells. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Vector-Borne Disease Control in Urban Environments (RMI)
    John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A major outcome will include new testable interdisciplinary approaches for controlling vector-borne diseases in urban environments. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Linking Breast Cancer Advocacy and Environmental Justice
    Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  46. Development of a cell-based method for high-throughput drug screening in malaria
    Liwang Cui; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..To facilitate antimalarial drug discovery, we propose to develop a highly sensitive, cell-based, one-step luminescent drug screen assay for high throughput screening of large chemical libraries. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. OVERWINTERING AND TRANSMISSION MECHANISMS OF SLE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The study area is Harris County, Texas, where the Harris County Mosquito Control Division (HCMCD) has maintained a very effective program of virus monitoring and isolation for more than a ..
  48. The Aedes aegypti Genome Project
    David Severson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The long range goal is to promote and foster collaboration between funding agencies to support an effort to sequence the entire A. aegypti genome. ..
  49. Pathogenesis of falciparum malaria in infancy
    Patrick Duffy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identifying new therapies for children is an urgent public health goal, but is not a funding priority for the United States Department of Defense. ..
  50. Genetics of Dengue Vector Competence in Aedes aegypti
    William Black; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..DS2 and DR2 will be used in the construction of recombinant inbred lines for use in a subtractive hybridization approach to clone cDNAs putatively encoded bydmib3and to assist in a collaborative effort to positionally clone dmib3. ..
  51. West Nile Virus: Epidemiology and Mosquito Competence
    Alan D T Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. during the 2006-2011 transmission seasons;3. Investigate the mechanism of attenuation of neuroinvasiveness of mouse attenuated WNV isolates;4. Correlate WNV phenotype in vertebrate cells with mosquito vector infection. ..
  52. TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATION OF INSECT FERRITIN
    DAPHNE PHAM; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  53. Bladder Cancer and Urinary Schistosomiasis in Ghana
    Clive Shiff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Anitviral Activity of Thioaptamers Against West Nile Virus
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Epidemiology of Arboviral Encephalomyelitis in Houston
    Kristy Murray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Her time will be directed toward completion of the specific aims of this proposal and her PhD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Molecular Genetics of Dengue Resistance in Mosquitoes
    David Severson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..development, development of insecticide resistance in mosquito vectors, and the general decline in organized mosquito control efforts...
  57. WORLD REFERENCE CENTER FOR ARBOVIRUSES
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..