communicable disease control

Summary

Summary: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.

Top Publications

  1. pmc A high-resolution human contact network for infectious disease transmission
    Marcel Salathé
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22020-5. 2010
  2. ncbi Strategies for containing an emerging influenza pandemic in Southeast Asia
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 437:209-14. 2005
  3. pmc Malaria resurgence: a systematic review and assessment of its causes
    Justin M Cohen
    Clinton Health Access Initiative, Boston, MA, USA
    Malar J 11:122. 2012
  4. ncbi A strategy to control transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in China
    Long De Wang
    Ministry of Health, Beijing, China
    N Engl J Med 360:121-8. 2009
  5. ncbi Schistosomiasis elimination: lessons from the past guide the future
    Darren J Gray
    Griffith University, Meadowbrook, Queensland, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 10:733-6. 2010
  6. pmc Impact of national malaria control scale-up programmes in Africa: magnitude and attribution of effects
    Richard W Steketee
    Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa MACEPA, PATH 2201 Westlake Avenue, Suite 200, Seattle, WA 98121 USA
    Malar J 9:299. 2010
  7. pmc International population movements and regional Plasmodium falciparum malaria elimination strategies
    Andrew J Tatem
    Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:12222-7. 2010
  8. pmc Heterogeneities in the transmission of infectious agents: implications for the design of control programs
    M E Woolhouse
    Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:338-42. 1997
  9. pmc Integrated implementation of programs targeting neglected tropical diseases through preventive chemotherapy: proving the feasibility at national scale
    Mary Linehan
    Neglected Tropical Disease Control Program, RTI International, Washington, District of Columbia 20005 2207, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:5-14. 2011
  10. pmc Neglected tropical diseases and the millennium development goals: why the "other diseases" matter: reality versus rhetoric
    David H Molyneux
    Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:234. 2011

Detail Information

Publications305 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc A high-resolution human contact network for infectious disease transmission
    Marcel Salathé
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22020-5. 2010
    ..Immunization strategies based on contact network data were most effective at high vaccination coverage...
  2. ncbi Strategies for containing an emerging influenza pandemic in Southeast Asia
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 437:209-14. 2005
    ..Policy effectiveness depends critically on how quickly clinical cases are diagnosed and the speed with which antiviral drugs can be distributed...
  3. pmc Malaria resurgence: a systematic review and assessment of its causes
    Justin M Cohen
    Clinton Health Access Initiative, Boston, MA, USA
    Malar J 11:122. 2012
    ..Understanding where and why resurgence has occurred historically can help current and future malaria control programmes avoid the mistakes of the past...
  4. ncbi A strategy to control transmission of Schistosoma japonicum in China
    Long De Wang
    Ministry of Health, Beijing, China
    N Engl J Med 360:121-8. 2009
    ..Schistosoma japonicum causes an infection involving humans, livestock, and snails and is a significant cause of morbidity in China...
  5. ncbi Schistosomiasis elimination: lessons from the past guide the future
    Darren J Gray
    Griffith University, Meadowbrook, Queensland, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 10:733-6. 2010
    ..This integrated-approach model has the potential to improve the health of a billion of the world's poorest people and its effect cannot be underestimated...
  6. pmc Impact of national malaria control scale-up programmes in Africa: magnitude and attribution of effects
    Richard W Steketee
    Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa MACEPA, PATH 2201 Westlake Avenue, Suite 200, Seattle, WA 98121 USA
    Malar J 9:299. 2010
    ..To assess the extent to which national malaria programmes are achieving impact the authors reviewed African country programme data available through 2009...
  7. pmc International population movements and regional Plasmodium falciparum malaria elimination strategies
    Andrew J Tatem
    Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:12222-7. 2010
    ..For more isolated countries, a nationally focused control or elimination program is likely to stand a better chance of success than those receiving high levels of visitors and migrants from high-transmission regions...
  8. pmc Heterogeneities in the transmission of infectious agents: implications for the design of control programs
    M E Woolhouse
    Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:338-42. 1997
    ....
  9. pmc Integrated implementation of programs targeting neglected tropical diseases through preventive chemotherapy: proving the feasibility at national scale
    Mary Linehan
    Neglected Tropical Disease Control Program, RTI International, Washington, District of Columbia 20005 2207, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:5-14. 2011
    ..This current experience of the NTD Control Program demonstrates clearly that an integrated approach to control or eliminate these five neglected diseases can be effective at full national scale...
  10. pmc Neglected tropical diseases and the millennium development goals: why the "other diseases" matter: reality versus rhetoric
    David H Molyneux
    Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:234. 2011
    ..Given the availability of these interventions, their cost effectiveness and the broader development impact we believe it would be unethical not to continue programmes of such long term benefit to the "bottom billion"...
  11. pmc Estimating the impact of school closure on social mixing behaviour and the transmission of close contact infections in eight European countries
    Niel Hens
    Interuniversity Institute for Biostatistics and Statistical Bioinformatics, Hasselt University, Agoralaan 1, B3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
    BMC Infect Dis 9:187. 2009
    ..Of particular interest is the potential impact of school closure as a means of controlling pandemic influenza (and potentially other pathogens)...
  12. pmc Entry screening to delay local transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1)
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    BMC Infect Dis 10:82. 2010
    ..After the WHO issued the global alert for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1), many national health agencies began to screen travelers on entry in airports, ports and border crossings to try to delay local transmission...
  13. ncbi Present and future schistosomiasis control activities with support from the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative in West Africa
    A Garba
    Programme National de Lutte contre la Bilharziose et les Géohelminthes, Ministere de la Sante Publique, 2648 Bd du Zarmaganda, B P 13724, Niamey, Niger
    Parasitology 136:1731-7. 2009
    ..The implementation of integrated neglected tropical disease control programmes in these countries will provide means to ensure the financial sustainability of control activities for the years to come...
  14. pmc Effect of hand hygiene on infectious disease risk in the community setting: a meta-analysis
    Allison E Aiello
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 3659 SPH Tower, 109 Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1372-81. 2008
    ..Hand hygiene is clearly effective against gastrointestinal and, to a lesser extent, respiratory infections. Studies examining hygiene practices during respiratory illness and interventions targeting aerosol transmission are needed...
  15. pmc Can ivermectin mass treatments eliminate onchocerciasis in Africa?
    M Winnen
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Bull World Health Organ 80:384-91. 2002
    ..To elucidate the conditions in which mass treatment with ivermectin reduces the transmission of Onchocerca volvulus sufficiently to eliminate infection from an African community...
  16. ncbi Vulnerability to malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS infection and disease. Part 1: determinants operating at individual and household level
    Imelda Bates
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:267-77. 2004
    ....
  17. pmc The architecture and effect of participation: a systematic review of community participation for communicable disease control and elimination. Implications for malaria elimination
    Jo An Atkinson
    Pacific Malaria Initiative Support Centre, Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Malar J 10:225. 2011
    ..review of 60 years of literature in order to arrive at a more comprehensive awareness of the constructs of participation for communicable disease control and elimination and provide guidance for the current malaria elimination campaign.
  18. pmc Toward sustainable and comprehensive control of schistosomiasis in China: lessons from Sichuan
    Edmund Y W Seto
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1372. 2011
    ..Experiences and lessons from China are important for shaping the schistosomiasis elimination agenda...
  19. pmc Analyses of the 1957 (Asian) influenza pandemic in the United Kingdom and the impact of school closures
    E Vynnycky
    Modelling and Economics Unit, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, Colindale, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 136:166-79. 2008
    ..5), and modest reductions, e.g. 22% might be possible if it is low (1.8) and schools are closed early, depending on assumptions about contact patterns. Further data on contact patterns and their dependence on school closures are needed...
  20. pmc Optimizing infectious disease interventions during an emerging epidemic
    Jacco Wallinga
    Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, 3720 BA Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:923-8. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi Different epidemic curves for severe acute respiratory syndrome reveal similar impacts of control measures
    Jacco Wallinga
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 160:509-16. 2004
    ..In controlling SARS outbreaks, timely alerts have been essential: Delaying the institution of control measures by 1 week would have nearly tripled the epidemic size and would have increased the expected epidemic duration by 4 weeks...
  22. pmc A small community model for the transmission of infectious diseases: comparison of school closure as an intervention in individual-based models of an influenza pandemic
    George J Milne
    School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    PLoS ONE 3:e4005. 2008
    ..In the absence of other evidence, modelling has been used extensively to help policy makers plan for a potential future influenza pandemic...
  23. ncbi Prospects for worldwide tuberculosis control under the WHO DOTS strategy. Directly observed short-course therapy
    C Dye
    Global Tuberculosis Programme, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 352:1886-91. 1998
    ..WHO advocates the use of directly observed treatment with a short-course drug regimen as part of the DOTS strategy, but the potential effect of this strategy worldwide has not been investigated...
  24. pmc Schistosomiasis and neglected tropical diseases: towards integrated and sustainable control and a word of caution
    J Utzinger
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, P O Box, CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Parasitology 136:1859-74. 2009
    ..Consequently, besides the environment, the prevailing demographic, health and social systems contexts need to be considered...
  25. pmc How to (or not to) integrate vertical programmes for the control of major neglected tropical diseases in sub-Saharan Africa
    Narcis B Kabatereine
    Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Government of Uganda, Kampala, Uganda
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e755. 2010
    ..By sharing experiences from Uganda, Tanzania, Southern Sudan, and Mozambique, this symposium article aims to outlines key challenges and solutions to assist countries in establishing efficient integrated NTD programmes...
  26. pmc The applications of model-based geostatistics in helminth epidemiology and control
    Ricardo J Soares Magalhães
    University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Herston, Queensland, Australia
    Adv Parasitol 74:267-96. 2011
    ....
  27. ncbi Integration of control of neglected tropical diseases into health-care systems: challenges and opportunities
    John O Gyapong
    Research and Development Division, Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana
    Lancet 375:160-5. 2010
    ..Furthermore, better-resourced programmes-such as those for malaria, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis-could work closely with those for neglected tropical diseases to their mutual benefit and the benefit of the entire health system...
  28. ncbi The role of health education and sanitation in the control of helminth infections
    S O Asaolu
    Department of Zoology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    Acta Trop 86:283-94. 2003
    ..Health education that is effective, simple and low-cost remains the only tool for creating the enabling environment for both chemotherapy and sanitation to thrive...
  29. pmc Malaria control in Bhutan: case study of a country embarking on elimination
    Thinley Yangzom
    Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Royal Government of Bhutan, Gelephu, Bhutan
    Malar J 11:9. 2012
    ..Bhutan has achieved a major reduction in malaria incidence amid multiple challenges. This case study seeks to characterize the Bhutan malaria control programme over the last 10 years...
  30. ncbi Health metrics for helminthic infections
    Charles H King
    Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Adv Parasitol 73:51-69. 2010
    ..This improved, more valid assessment is expected to provide evidence favouring preventive over curative intervention for control of these highly prevalent diseases...
  31. ncbi Hot spots in a wired world: WHO surveillance of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases
    D L Heymann
    World Health Organization, Communicable Disease Programmes, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet Infect Dis 1:345-53. 2001
    ..About 65% of the world's first news about infectious disease events now comes from informal sources, including press reports and the internet...
  32. pmc Zoonoses and marginalised infectious diseases of poverty: where do we stand?
    David Molyneux
    Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:106. 2011
    ....
  33. pmc Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis management in resource-limited settings
    Eva Nathanson
    Stop TB Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1389-97. 2006
    ..In resource-limited settings, treatment of MDRTB provided through, or in collaboration with, national TB programs can yield results similar to those from wealthier settings...
  34. ncbi Illness in travelers visiting friends and relatives: a review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
    Karin Leder
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Centre for Clinical Research Excellence, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1185-93. 2006
    ..A greater proportion of immigrant VFRs presented with serious, potentially preventable travel-related illnesses than did tourist travelers...
  35. ncbi The Schistosomiasis Control Initiative (SCI): rationale, development and implementation from 2002-2008
    A Fenwick
    Schistosomiasis Control Initiative, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Parasitology 136:1719-30. 2009
    ..SCI and partners are now actively striving to raise further funds to expand the coverage of integrated control of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in sub-Saharan Africa...
  36. pmc Household responses to school closure resulting from outbreak of influenza B, North Carolina
    April J Johnson
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1024-30. 2008
    ..Pandemic planning guidance should address the potential for transmission in public areas during school closure...
  37. pmc The global programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis: health impact after 8 years
    Eric A Ottesen
    Lymphatic Filariasis Support Center, Task Force for Child Survival and Development, Decatur, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e317. 2008
    ....
  38. pmc Modelling HIV/AIDS epidemics in Botswana and India: impact of interventions to prevent transmission
    Nico J D Nagelkerke
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Bull World Health Organ 80:89-96. 2002
    ..To describe a dynamic compartmental simulation model for Botswana and India, developed to identify the best strategies for preventing spread of HIV/AIDS...
  39. pmc Re-emerging schistosomiasis in hilly and mountainous areas of Sichuan, China
    Song Liang
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 84:139-44. 2006
    ..The main challenge would be to consolidate and maintain effective control in the longer term until "real" eradication is achieved. This would be possible only by the formulation of a sustainable surveillance and control system...
  40. pmc One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases
    Michael J Day
    School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford BS40 5DU, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:49. 2011
    ..The challenges that lie ahead in this field of One Health are discussed, together with the role of the newly formed World Small Animal Veterinary Association One Health Committee...
  41. pmc Cost-effectiveness of pharmaceutical-based pandemic influenza mitigation strategies
    Anthony T Newall
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:224-30. 2010
    ..At a willingness to pay of >A$24,000 per life-year saved, more than half the simulations showed that a prepandemic vaccination program combined with antiviral treatment was cost-effective in Australia...
  42. pmc The economic benefits resulting from the first 8 years of the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (2000-2007)
    Brian K Chu
    Lymphatic Filariasis Support Center, The Task Force for Global Health, Decatur, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e708. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi Assessment of owner-administered monthly treatments with oral spinosad or topical spot-on fipronil/(S)-methoprene in controlling fleas and associated pruritus in dogs
    Michael W Dryden
    Department of Diagnostic Medicine Pathobiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
    Vet Parasitol 191:340-6. 2013
    ..19 (88.4%), for SPN and FSM groups, respectively. Between-treatment differences were highly statistically significant (p<0.0001). In conclusion, SPN provided reliable flea control in client-owned dogs, regardless of challenge level...
  44. pmc The field-testing of a novel integrated mapping protocol for neglected tropical diseases
    Sonia Pelletreau
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, National Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1380. 2011
    ..We developed and field-tested an innovative integrated NTD mapping protocol (Integrated Threshold Mapping (ITM) Methodology) for lymphatic filariasis (LF), trachoma, schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths (STH)...
  45. pmc Respiratory diseases among U.S. military personnel: countering emerging threats
    G C Gray
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:379-85. 1999
    ..S. military personnel, as well as current treatment and surveillance strategies, limitations in diagnostic testing, and vaccine needs...
  46. pmc Developing guidelines for school closure interventions to be used during a future influenza pandemic
    Nilimesh Halder
    School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    BMC Infect Dis 10:221. 2010
    ..Computer simulation can be used to examine school closure intervention strategies in order to inform public health authorities as they refine school closure guidelines in light of experience with the A/H1N1 2009 pandemic...
  47. ncbi Global FMD control--is it an option?
    Paul Kitching
    National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3M4, Canada
    Vaccine 25:5660-4. 2007
    ....
  48. pmc Leprosy: too complex a disease for a simple elimination paradigm
    Diana N J Lockwood
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 83:230-5. 2005
    ..It is also critical that broad-based research into this challenging disease continues until the problems are truly solved...
  49. pmc Prevalence of tuberculous infection and incidence of tuberculosis: a re-assessment of the Styblo rule
    F van Leth
    KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Bull World Health Organ 86:20-6. 2008
    ....
  50. pmc Tuberculosis incidence rates during 8 years of follow-up of an antiretroviral treatment cohort in South Africa: comparison with rates in the community
    Ankur Gupta
    Department of Clinical Research, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e34156. 2012
    ..We compared these rates with those of HIV-uninfected individuals living in the same community...
  51. pmc Forecast and control of epidemics in a globalized world
    L Hufnagel
    Max Planck Institut für Strömungsforschung, Bunsenstrasse 10, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:15124-9. 2004
    ..The performance of different control strategies is analyzed, and our simulations show that a quick and focused reaction is essential to inhibiting the global spread of epidemics...
  52. pmc Funding for malaria control 2006-2010: a comprehensive global assessment
    David M Pigott
    Department of Zoology, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Malar J 11:246. 2012
    ....
  53. ncbi Illness in children after international travel: analysis from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
    Stefan Hagmann
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10457, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e1072-80. 2010
    ..By using a large, multicenter database, we investigated the characteristics and morbidities of 1591 children returning from 218 global destinations and presenting for care in 19 countries...
  54. pmc Malaria epidemiology and control in Southern Africa
    Sungano Mharakurwa
    Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Acta Trop 121:202-6. 2012
    ..Key approaches to attain this goal for the region will include close collaboration with national malaria control programs and contribution to capacity building at the individual, institutional and national levels...
  55. pmc Transmission potential of chikungunya virus and control measures: the case of Italy
    Piero Poletti
    Bruno Kessler Foundation, Trento, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e18860. 2011
    ..However, our results show that an epidemic can be controlled by performing a timely intervention, even if the transmission potential of Chikungunya virus is sensibly high...
  56. pmc Identifying residual foci of Plasmodium falciparum infections for malaria elimination: the urban context of Khartoum, Sudan
    Amal B Nourein
    Department of Parasitology, Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
    PLoS ONE 6:e16948. 2011
    ....
  57. ncbi Finding optimal vaccination strategies under parameter uncertainty using stochastic programming
    Matthew W Tanner
    Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Texas A and M University, 241 Zachry, 3131 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843 3131, USA
    Math Biosci 215:144-51. 2008
    ..Results derived from a stochastic programming analysis can also help to guide decisions about how much effort and resources to focus on collecting data needed to provide better estimates of key parameters...
  58. ncbi Schistosomiasis: challenges for control, treatment and drug resistance
    Alan Fenwick
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 19:577-82. 2006
    ..Despite shifts in global health policy towards the implementation of mass chemotherapeutic control programmes at the national scale in sub-Saharan Africa, however, many challenges still exist...
  59. pmc Control of neglected tropical diseases needs a long-term commitment
    Yaobi Zhang
    Helen Keller International, Regional Office for Africa, Dakar, Senegal
    BMC Med 8:67. 2010
    ....
  60. ncbi Towards a conceptual framework to support one-health research for policy on emerging zoonoses
    Richard Coker
    Communicable Diseases Policy Research Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:326-31. 2011
    ..We propose such a new framework in support of a research and policy-generation strategy to help to address the challenges posed by emerging zoonoses...
  61. pmc Controlling multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and access to expensive drugs: a rational framework
    Ariel Pablos-Mendez
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:489-95; discussion 495-500. 2002
    ..The interval between the two depends on the local context and resources. As funds are allocated to treat MDR-TB, human and financial resources should be increased to expand DOTS worldwide...
  62. pmc Surveillance of arthropod vector-borne infectious diseases using remote sensing techniques: a review
    Satya Kalluri
    Raytheon Company, Upper Marlboro, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Pathog 3:1361-71. 2007
    ..Future improvements in remote sensing applications in epidemiology are also discussed...
  63. pmc The use of schools for malaria surveillance and programme evaluation in Africa
    Simon Brooker
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 8:231. 2009
    ..Finally, areas requiring further investigation are highlighted...
  64. pmc "It is her responsibility": partner involvement in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV programmes, northern Tanzania
    Eli Fjeld Falnes
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:21. 2011
    ..This study aimed to explore acceptability of the PMTCT programme components and to identify structural and cultural challenges to male involvement...
  65. pmc Scale-up of community-based malaria control can be achieved without degrading community health workers' service quality: the Village Malaria Worker project in Cambodia
    Junko Yasuoka
    Department of Community and Global Health, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Malar J 11:4. 2012
    ..This study examined if the scale-up interfered with VMWs' service quality, actions, and knowledge of malaria control, and analysed VMWs' overall achievements and perceptions of the newly added health services...
  66. pmc Inhaling to mitigate exhaled bioaerosols
    David A Edwards
    Harvard University, 322 Pierce Hall, 29 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:17383-8. 2004
    ..In vitro and in vivo experiments with saline and surfactants suggest that the mechanism of action of the nebulized saline relates to modification of the physical properties of the airway-lining fluid, notably surface tension...
  67. ncbi Epidemiological inference for partially observed epidemics: the example of the 2001 foot and mouth epidemic in Great Britain
    Irina Chis Ster
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    Epidemics 1:21-34. 2009
    ..However, for the parameter estimated obtained, preliminary simulation results indicate that had contiguous culling not been applied in 2001, the epidemic might have been substantially larger...
  68. pmc Towards an integrated approach in surveillance of vector-borne diseases in Europe
    Marieta Braks
    Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, Antonie van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Parasit Vectors 4:192. 2011
    ..Depending on the context, whether a VBD is endemic or not, surveillance activities are required to assess disease burden or threat, respectively. Following a decision for action, surveillance activities continue to assess trends...
  69. ncbi Active case finding of tuberculosis: historical perspective and future prospects
    J E Golub
    School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 1820 Lancaster St, Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:1183-203. 2005
    ..The report concludes with a discussion and recommendations for future case finding strategies. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of these methods will help inform and shape ACF as a TB control policy in the twenty-first century...
  70. pmc Rumors of disease in the global village: outbreak verification
    T W Grein
    Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:97-102. 2000
    ..We describe the context and processes of outbreak verification and information dissemination...
  71. ncbi Evolving public perceptions and stability in vaccine uptake
    Timothy C Reluga
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Math Biosci 204:185-98. 2006
    ..This research illustrates the importance of applying temporal models to an inherently temporal situation, namely, the time evolution of vaccine coverage in an informed population with a voluntary vaccination policy...
  72. ncbi Urbanisation and infectious diseases in a globalised world
    Emilie Alirol
    Division of International and Humanitarian Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:131-41. 2011
    ..Furthermore, health should be a major consideration in town planning to ensure urbanisation works to reduce the burden of infectious diseases in the future...
  73. pmc Impact of spatial clustering on disease transmission and optimal control
    Michael J Tildesley
    Center for Immunity, Infection, and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:1041-6. 2010
    ..We believe that this approach will be of considerable benefit across a range of disciplines where data are only available at intermediate spatial scales...
  74. ncbi Finding the real case-fatality rate of H5N1 avian influenza
    F C K Li
    Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, 100 Colonnade Road Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K9, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:555-9. 2008
    ..1% (1957 and 1968 pandemics) to 2.5% (1918 pandemic), the official World Health Organization estimate for the current outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza to date is around 60%...
  75. pmc A regional initiative to reduce skin infections amongst aboriginal children living in remote communities of the Northern Territory, Australia
    Ross M Andrews
    Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e554. 2009
    ..Many of those with pyoderma will also have scabies. We report the results of a community-based collaboration within the East Arnhem Region, which aimed to reduce the prevalence of both skin infections in Aboriginal children...
  76. pmc Planning an integrated disease surveillance and response system: a matrix of skills and activities
    Helen N Perry
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    BMC Med 5:24. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi Imported malaria in adults and children: epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 380 consecutive cases observed in Verona, Italy
    Marta Mascarello
    Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    J Travel Med 15:229-36. 2008
    ....
  78. ncbi Dog-human and dog-dog interactions of 260 dog-owning households in a community in Cheshire
    C Westgarth
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE
    Vet Rec 162:436-42. 2008
    ....
  79. pmc China's public health-care system: facing the challenges
    Yuanli Liu
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Population and International Health, International Health Systems Group, SPH 1 1210, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 021 15, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:532-8. 2004
    ..China's recent policy of establishing a matching-fund financed rural health insurance system presents an exciting opportunity to improve people's access to health care...
  80. pmc Enhancing malaria control using a computerised management system in southern Africa
    Marlize Booman
    Malaria Information Officer, Malaria Control Programme, Mpumalanga Department of Health, Private Bag X11278, Nelspruit, 1200, South Africa
    Malar J 2:13. 2003
    ..Ongoing monitoring of spraying operations is essential to assure optimal programme performance and early corrective action, where indicated...
  81. pmc A framework for assessing the feasibility of malaria elimination
    Bruno Moonen
    Clinton Health Access Initiative, Boston, USA
    Malar J 9:322. 2010
    ....
  82. pmc Male circumcision: an acceptable strategy for HIV prevention in Botswana
    P Kebaabetswe
    The Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership, Private Bag BO 320, Bontleng, Gaborone, Botswana
    Sex Transm Infect 79:214-9. 2003
    ..Male circumcision is known to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV, but few studies have been performed to assess its acceptability among either children or adults in sub-Saharan Africa...
  83. ncbi Are laboratory services coming of age in sub-Saharan Africa?
    Imelda Bates
    Clin Infect Dis 42:383-4. 2006
  84. ncbi Dracunculiasis in Cameroon at the threshold of elimination
    A Sam-Abbenyi
    Mayo Sava Health District, Mora, Far North Cameroon
    Int J Epidemiol 28:163-8. 1999
    ..Dracunculiasis is endemic in Mayo Sava Division in the Far North Province of Cameroon. Transmission occurs during the rainy season with a peak in the months of July and August...
  85. pmc A schistosomiasis research agenda
    Daniel G Colley
    Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases and Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 1:e32. 2007
    ..Partly in response to such events, we have worked with as many of those interested in schistosomiasis as we could identify to develop what we feel is a comprehensive and cohesive agenda for schistosomiasis research...
  86. pmc Caution is required when using health facility-based data to evaluate the health impact of malaria control efforts in Africa
    Alexander K Rowe
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Malar J 8:209. 2009
    ..In conclusion, evaluations of malaria burden reduction using facility-based data could be very helpful, but those data should be collected, analysed, and interpreted with care, transparency, and a full recognition of their limitations...
  87. ncbi European framework for tuberculosis control and elimination in countries with a low incidence. Recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) and Royal Netherlands Tuberculosis As
    J F Broekmans
    Royal Netherlands Tuberculosis Association, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Eur Respir J 19:765-75. 2002
    ..g. through screening and bacille Calmette-Guéria immunization in specified groups), surveillance and treatment outcome monitoring are prerequisites to implementing the policy package recommended in this new framework document...
  88. pmc Intervening to reduce inequalities in infections in Europe
    Jan C Semenza
    Unit of Scientific Advice, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC, Tomtebodavägen 11A, S 17183 Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Public Health 98:787-92. 2008
    ..These interventions have to be tailored to the socio-political context and rely on community-based decision-making and intersectorial collaboration...
  89. pmc Targeting vaccination against novel infections: risk, age and spatial structure for pandemic influenza in Great Britain
    Matt J Keeling
    Mathematics Institute and School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    J R Soc Interface 8:661-70. 2011
    ..We discuss how all three of these priorities change as both the speed at which vaccination can be deployed and the start of the vaccination programme is varied...
  90. ncbi Using geographic information systems and decision support systems for the prediction, prevention, and control of vector-borne diseases
    Lars Eisen
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 56:41-61. 2011
    ..We see great potential for the use of new technologies and approaches to more effectively target limited surveillance, prevention, and control resources and to reduce vector-borne and other infectious diseases...
  91. ncbi Demographic and attitudinal determinants of protective behaviours during a pandemic: a review
    Alison Bish
    Centre for Outcome Research and Effectiveness, University College London, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 15:797-824. 2010
    ....
  92. ncbi A code of best practice for disease control programmes to avoid damaging health care services in developing countries
    Jean Pierre Unger
    Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Int J Health Plann Manage 18:S27-39. 2003
    ..They risk unravelling the fabric on which both disease control and health care delivery depend...
  93. pmc Social contact networks for the spread of pandemic influenza in children and teenagers
    Laura M Glass
    Albuquerque Public Schools, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:61. 2008
    ..We developed a method to characterize the social contact network for the potential transmission of influenza and then applied the method to school aged children and teenagers...
  94. ncbi Communicable diseases in complex emergencies: impact and challenges
    Maire A Connolly
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 364:1974-83. 2004
    ..In addition, further research is needed to adapt and simplify interventions, and to explore novel diagnostics, vaccines, and therapies...
  95. ncbi How much would closing schools reduce transmission during an influenza pandemic?
    Kathryn Glass
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Epidemiology 18:623-8. 2007
    ..Although schools have been closed to slow the spread of influenza, there is limited evidence as to the impact on transmission of disease...
  96. ncbi Escalating the global fight against neglected tropical diseases through interventions in the Asia Pacific region
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Adv Parasitol 72:31-53. 2010
    ..Through a global network for NTDs, an innovative finance mechanism Is being created to control the most common neglected diseases across Asia...
  97. ncbi Eliminating latent tuberculosis
    Douglas B Young
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London, NW7 1AA, UK
    Trends Microbiol 17:183-8. 2009
    ..To support this view, here we focus on recent increased understanding of the heterogeneity in both bacillary physiology and host immune response that potentially illuminates new therapeutic and diagnostic approaches to this condition...
  98. ncbi Schistosomiasis japonica control and research needs
    Xiao Nong Zhou
    National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
    Adv Parasitol 72:145-78. 2010
    ....
  99. pmc Online reporting for malaria surveillance using micro-monetary incentives, in urban India 2010-2011
    Rumi Chunara
    Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Malar J 11:43. 2012
    ..Individuals in India were incentivized to self-report their recent experience with malaria by micro-monetary payments...
  100. pmc Zoonoses in the bedroom
    Bruno B Chomel
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:167-72. 2011
    ..The estimated percentage of pet owners who allow dogs and cats on their beds is 14%-62%. However, public health risks, including increased emergence of zoonoses, may be associated with such practices...
  101. pmc Neglected tropical diseases in Uganda: the prospect and challenge of integrated control
    Jan H Kolaczinski
    Malaria Consortium Africa, Sturrock Road, PO Box 8045, Kampala, Uganda
    Trends Parasitol 23:485-93. 2007
    ....

Research Grants67

  1. Biochemistry of Chorion Hardening in Mosquitoes
    Jianyong Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  2. Evo-epidemiology of Scistosoma mansoni in children in Kenya
    ERIC SAMUEL LOKER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information will be valuable for understanding transmission dynamics, spread of novel traits such as drug resistance, and population dynamics of schistosomes. ..
  3. Tsetse Transmitted African Trypanosomiasis
    Serap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4) Develop a community of researchers/mentors in DECs with strong knowledge in bioethics, good clinical and laboratory practice, biosafety, data management and research administration as well as strong publication skills and ethics ..
  4. Trypanosoma cruzi Antioxidant Systems, Virulence and Parasite Persistence in Chag
    Rafael Radi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. RNA CAPPING IN TRYPANOSOMES
    Christian Tschudi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Unless treated, African sleeping sickness is always fatal;no vaccine has been approved and there is a very limited arsenal of drugs with generally severe shortcomings, such as high toxicity and emerging resistance. ..
  6. Environmental Health Programs through the Environmental Health Specialists Networ
    Guthrie S Birkhead; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Community Environmental Health and Food Protection;the Bureau of Water Supply Protection;the Bureau of Communicable Disease Control;State Regional Offices;and the Wadsworth Center Laboratories...
  7. EVOLUTION OF THE NEMATODE INTESTINE, A KEY HOST INTERFACE
    Makedonka Mitreva; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The gained knowledge will focus research on cellular targets with the broadest application to parasite control. ..
  8. Modeling lymphatic filariasis transmission and eradication in Papua New Guinea
    Edwin Michael; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  9. Varicella Active Surveillance Project
    Laurene Mascola; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Since 1994 the County of Los Angeles Department of Health Services'Acute Communicable Disease Control has collaborated with CDC through its Varicella Active Surveillance Project (VASP) in Antelope Valley, CA...
  10. Immunological detection and control of experimental uncomplicated malaria
    Charles C Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The work would benefit public health by increasing our general knowledge of immunity and by discovering principles which will have relevance to other infectious diseases. ..
  11. Immunological detection and control of experimental uncomplicated malaria
    Charles C Kim; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This work will address fundamental questions of malaria immunity and lay the groundwork for more informed vaccine design. ..
  12. Molecular tools to monitor eradication of Schistosoma haematobium transmission
    Charles King; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This tool will provide a highly useful method of directing schistosomiasis control programs, and could lead to much more effective targeted strategies for eradication of parasite transmission. ..
  13. New Tools to Understand and Control Endemic Parasites
    Hector Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Molecular mechanisms of resistance in American leishmaniasis will be studied and characterized. ..
  14. Identification of Stage Specific Genes in Leishmania
    Peter Myler; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These experiments will also provide a model for more comprehensive studies to elucidate the molecular biology of Leishmania and other trypanosomatids. ..
  15. INTERNET ACCESS FOR MONROE COUNTY HEALTH DEPT. CD CLINIC
    Alan Bernstein; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..adapted from the Abstract): The objective of this application is to extend Internet access to the Communicable Disease Control Clinics, and to the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Program, which are located in two separate ..
  16. LEISHMANIA GENOME
    Kenneth Stuart; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  17. New Tools to Understand and Control Endemic Parasites
    Hector Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  18. HUMAN POPULATION GROWTH IMPACT ON S. HAEMATOBIUM
    Charles King; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  19. TRYPANOSOME REGULATORY PROTEIN
    Peter Myler; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In addition, like the study of several other phenomena in T. brucei, they should also provide new insights into the fundamental molecular biology of all eukaryotic organisms. ..
  20. GENE FUNCTION IN LEISHMANIA
    Kenneth Stuart; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..This suggests that LD1 amplification, perhaps, involves genes important for parasite survival. Thus the investigator hopes that some of the LD1 encoded products may provide potential therapeutic targets for parasite control. ..
  21. FLAGELLAR POCKET PROTEINS OF AFRICAN TRYPANOSOMES
    Gwo Shu Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will reveal unique aspects of host-parasite interaction and may have practical applications for parasite control. ..
  22. Exploratory Center for Vaccinology Research (RMI)
    Walter Orenstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. HIV HCV Coinfection Antiviral Therapy and Fibrosis
    David Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Afdhal) and metabolic complications of ART (Dr. Powderly) to supplement the strong research environment at Johns Hopkins that has already produced some of the most significant studies on liver disease in this setting. ..
  24. Comparative Study of Influenza Vaccines in Adults
    ARNOLD MONTO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results will help to determine how the vaccine may be used as part of the strategy to combat influenza in varying situations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. HIV, DRUG USE AND HEPATITIS C PATHOGENESIS
    David Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Success at minimal expense is likely because the study will utilize a large HCV-infected cohort, an established research setting, eight years of existing data, experienced lab personnel, and superb collaborators. ..
  26. Reducing Transmission of Influenza by Face Masks
    ARNOLD MONTO; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Such a reduction could have a major public health impact during a pandemic. In the second year, the study can be expanded or modified based on findings in the first. ..
  27. TRICHINELLOSIS AND REGULATION OF HOST GENE EXPRESSION
    Douglas Jasmer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Understanding these mechanisms may also contribute unique insight on mechanisms of muscle differentiation and cell cycle regulation in mammalian cells. ..
  28. HEALTH RELATED INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS LIVING WITH HIV
    Jeffrey Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Health care utilitzation in homeless people
    Stephen Hwang; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Findings will be relevant to health care providers, insurers, and others who share a responsibility for improving the health of Americans who are homeless. ..
  30. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
  31. Science-Based Treatment for Opioid-Dependent Adolescents
    Lisa Marsch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, this research will contribute new empirical information that will inform the development of effective treatment interventions for the largely unstudied and rapidly expanding population of opioid-dependent youth. ..
  32. ANTI-VIRAL TREATMENT OF DEVELOPING BOVINE EMBRYOS
    Maurice Givens; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  33. 7th International Conference on Urban Health
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In particular, the environmental health impacts urbanization and urban areas affect a growing proportion of the world's population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. HYPERTENSION IN POPULATIONS OF WEST AFRICAN ORIGIN
    Richard Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The African diaspora creates a unique opportunity for these[unreadable] cross-cultural studies.[unreadable]..
  35. Meals on Wheels Volunteers as Health Literacy Coaches for Older Adults
    Vicki S Freimuth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will advance understanding of interactional health literacy. ..
  36. Ab5 Toxins Nasal Adjuvant Target the Olfactory Bulbs/CNS
    Kohtaro Fujihashi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These proposed studies will provide essential new information to determine potential side effects of CT-B derivatives as nasal adjuvants, and point to ways where these toxic effects can be avoided. ..
  37. PROTECTIVE IMMUNITY IN HUMANS AGAINST O VOLVULUS LARVAE
    Sara Lustigman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies should, therefore, be instrumental in developing a vaccine against onchocerciasis with anticipated clinical application. ..
  38. Developing an Antiretroviral Adherence Program in China
    Jane Simoni; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. HIV/STD Risk Behaviors in Methamphetamine User Networks
    Steven Shoptaw; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. AFFORDABLE RAPID BACTERIAL DETECTION IN STORED PLATELETS
    Howard Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMES
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
  42. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS FOR MUCOSAL IMMUNITY
    Kohtaro Fujihashi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The seminal findings which have emanated from this grant effort since 1982 will again remain focused on the cellular and molecular events required for induction of mucosal immunity or oral tolerance in the GI tract. ..
  43. BALTIMORE NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM EVALUATION
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In meeting the above specific aims, the proposed study will have an important impact on policies surrounding NEP in the United States and elsewhere. ..
  44. Preventing HIV and other STDs among drug-involved women
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The SWRD Program will be directed by Dr. Nabila El-Bassel and co-directed by Drs. Steven Schinke and Mary McKay, all CUSSW faculty with strong programs of federally funded research related to substance abuse and HIV. ..
  45. HIV Prevention, Cost-Utility Analysis and Race/Ethnicity
    Gina Wingood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We propose to publish the findings in scientific journals and summarize the findings in a rigorous yet succinct manner for HIV prevention priority setters. ..
  46. Gastroenteritis and Extreme Weather Events in Elderly
    Elena Naumova; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Inhaled Large Porous Particles for Treatment of MDR-TB
    David Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It represents a new paradigm for treating and limiting the spread (especially nosocomial transmission) of respiratory infectious diseases such as TB, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), influenza, and small pox. ..
  48. 3rd Orthomyxoviruses Research Conference
    Jonathan McCullers; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to provide funds that will allow promising young investigators to interact with their peers and develop a commitment to this area of research. ..
  49. ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISK
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
  50. Opioid-Dependent Adolescents: A Detoxification Study
    Lisa Marsch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..As the number of opioid-dependent adolescents continues to dramatically increase, identifying effective treatments to meet the unique needs of this population is critical. ..
  51. EVALUATING SUPERVISED HAART IN LATE STAGE HIV IN IDUS
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. HIV RISK AND PARTNER VIOLENCE--MEN ON METHADONE
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from the proposed study will help inform assessment, treatment and referral protocols to reduce partner violence and HIV-risk behaviors among men and women in MMTPs. ..
  53. Targeted Social Network HIV Prevention Intervention
    Yuri Amirkhanian; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research, if successful, will provide a model that can be used to focus HIV prevention efforts on community population segments in greatest need. ..
  54. Stringent response and bmp expression in B. burgdorferi
    Felipe Cabello; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..burgdorferi from a descriptive paradigm to a paradigm framed by mechanistic and causal interpretations. ..
  55. URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS: INFECTION AND DISEASE
    Charles King; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This information, combined with epidemiological modeling of control strategies, will allow accelerated synthesis of the next generation of control programs. ..
  56. Sixth International Respiratory Syncytial Virus Symposium
    ANN FALSEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Vaccine Discovery for Chagas Disease
    Rick Tarleton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Genes cloned in this process will be used to produce and test protective cocktails of genes in the vaccination studies described in Project 3...
  58. Dihydrolipoamide Acyltransferase:Target for Chemotherapy
    Carl Nathan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial (Russia)
    ANTON SOMLAI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Genetic Studies of African Anopheles Vectors of Malaria
    Jeffrey Powell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Replacing natural vector populations with such strains require that the strain have high fitness. ..
  61. Smooth to Rugose phase variation in Vibrio cholerae
    HAVVA YILDIZ; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. Applying Web Technology to Buprenorphine Treatment
    Lisa Marsch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. NALT-BASED ADJUVANTS FOR MUCOSAL IMMUNITY IN AGING
    Kohtaro Fujihashi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  64. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  65. MACROPHAGES, DENDRITIC CELLS AND PATHOGENS
    Carl Nathan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Cores provide for BSL3 wet lab and mouse work; microarray analysis of gene expression; computation and comparison of gene expression results; and high throughput screening of chemical libraries. ..