Genomes and Genes
Summary: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
Publications364 found, 100 shown here
- Tailoring wine yeast for the new millennium: novel approaches to the ancient art of winemakingI S Pretorius
Institute for Wine Biotechnology, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, ZA 7600, South Africa
Yeast 16:675-729. 2000..However, the staggering potential advantages of improved wine yeasts to both the winemaker and consumer in the third millennium are pointed out...
- Standardization of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis protocols for the subtyping of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Shigella for PulseNetEfrain M Ribot
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:59-67. 2006....
- The epidemiology of human listeriosisBala Swaminathan
Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Microbes Infect 9:1236-43. 2007..Efforts by food processors and food regulatory agencies to aggressively control L. monocytogenes in the high risk foods have resulted in significant decreases in the incidence of sporadic listeriosis...
- Foodborne illness acquired in the United States--unspecified agentsElaine Scallan
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 17:16-22. 2011..8-61.2 million) episodes of domestically acquired foodborne illness were caused by unspecified agents, resulting in 71,878 hospitalizations (90% CrI 9,924-157,340) and 1,686 deaths (90% CrI 369-3,338)...
- Epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreaks, United States, 1982-2002Josefa M Rangel
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 11:603-9. 2005..3%) laboratory-related. The food vehicle for 75 (41%) foodborne outbreaks was ground beef, and for 38 (21%) outbreaks, produce...
- Food-related illness and death in the United StatesP S Mead
Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 5:607-25. 1999..Overall, foodborne diseases appear to cause more illnesses but fewer deaths than previously estimated...
- Pig liver sausage as a source of hepatitis E virus transmission to humansPhilippe Colson
Pôle des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Clinique et Biologique, Fédération de Bactériologie Hygiène Virologie, Centre Hospitalo Universitaire Timone, Marseille, France
J Infect Dis 202:825-34. 2010..We investigated the role of figatellu, a traditional pig liver sausage widely eaten in France and commonly consumed raw, as a source of HEV infection...
- Campylobacter genotyping to determine the source of human infectionSamuel K Sheppard
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Clin Infect Dis 48:1072-8. 2009....
- Fresh produce: a growing cause of outbreaks of foodborne illness in the United States, 1973 through 1997Sumathi Sivapalasingam
Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Food Prot 67:2342-53. 2004..Further efforts are needed to better understand the complex interactions between microbes and produce and the mechanisms by which contamination occurs from farm to table...
- The growing burden of foodborne outbreaks due to contaminated fresh produce: risks and opportunitiesM F Lynch
Division of Foodborne, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Epidemiol Infect 137:307-15. 2009..More complete and timely environmental assessments of these events and more research into the biology and ecology of pathogen-produce interactions are needed to identify better prevention strategies...
- Recent advances in quantitative PCR (qPCR) applications in food microbiologyFlorence Postollec
ADRIA Développement UMT 08 3PHYSI Opt, Creac h Gwen, 29196 Quimper, France
Food Microbiol 28:848-61. 2011..Recent applications of qPCR and RT-qPCR in food microbiology are given...
- High-throughput sequencing and metagenomics: moving forward in the culture-independent analysis of food microbial ecologyDanilo Ercolini
Department of Agriculture, University of Naples Federico II, Portici, Italy
Appl Environ Microbiol 79:3148-55. 2013Following recent trends in environmental microbiology, food microbiology has benefited from the advances in molecular biology and adopted novel strategies to detect, identify, and monitor microbes in food...
- Global monitoring of Salmonella serovar distribution from the World Health Organization Global Foodborne Infections Network Country Data Bank: results of quality assured laboratories from 2001 to 2007Rene S Hendriksen
National Food Institute, WHO Collaborating Centre for Antimicrobial Resistance in Foodborne Pathogens and Community Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:887-900. 2011..The results also highlight the complexity of the global epidemiology of Salmonella and the need and importance for improving monitoring data of those serovars of highest epidemiologic importance...
- Fresh fruit and vegetables as vehicles for the transmission of human pathogensCedric N Berger
Centre for Molecular Microbiology and Infection, Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Environ Microbiol 12:2385-97. 2010....
- Campylobacter jejuni--an emerging foodborne pathogenS F Altekruse
U S Food and Drug Administration, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 5:28-35. 1999..Mishandling of raw poultry and consumption of undercooked poultry are the major risk factors for human campylobacteriosis. Efforts to prevent human illness are needed throughout each link in the food chain...
- Hepatitis E virus antibodies in blood donors, FranceJean Michel Mansuy
Hopital Purpan, Toulouse, France
Emerg Infect Dis 17:2309-12. 2011..5% of voluntary blood donors in southwestern France. This finding suggests HEV is highly endemic to this region. The high HEV prevalence may reflect local dietary practices, such as eating uncooked pork and game products...
- A multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections associated with consumption of mesclun lettuceE D Hilborn
Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Arch Intern Med 159:1758-64. 1999..An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections in Connecticut and Illinois during May 28 to June 27, 1996, was investigated to determine the source of infections...
- Escherichia coli O157:H7 survival and growth on lettuce is altered by the presence of epiphytic bacteriaMichael B Cooley
Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, California 94710, USA
J Food Prot 69:2329-35. 2006..Good agricultural practices that encourage the growth of competing bacteria, like E. asburiae, may reduce the incidence of produce contamination...
- Fitness of human enteric pathogens on plants and implications for food safetyMaria T Brandl
Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, Agricultural Research Services, U S Department of Agriculture, Albany, California 94710, USA
Annu Rev Phytopathol 44:367-92. 2006....
- Yeast interactions and wine flavourGraham H Fleet
Food Science and Technology, School of Chemical Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Int J Food Microbiol 86:11-22. 2003..Cell-cell communication through quorum sensing molecules needs investigation...
- Listeria monocytogenes lineages: Genomics, evolution, ecology, and phenotypic characteristicsRenato H Orsi
Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Int J Med Microbiol 301:79-96. 2011....
- Quorum sensing in the context of food microbiologyPanagiotis N Skandamis
Department of Food Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Appl Environ Microbiol 78:5473-82. 2012....
- Characteristics of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli from meat and milk products of different origins and association with food producing animals as main contamination sourcesAnnett Martin
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Mathematical Modelling, Scientific Services, Unit 33, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment Bundesinstitut für Riskobewertung BfR, Diedersdorfer Weg 1, D 12277 Berlin, Germany
Int J Food Microbiol 146:99-104. 2011....
- Sporadic acute or fulminant hepatitis E in Hokkaido, Japan, may be food-borne, as suggested by the presence of hepatitis E virus in pig liver as foodYasuyuki Yazaki
Center for Gastroenterology, Kobayashi Hospital, Hokkaido 090 8567, Japan
J Gen Virol 84:2351-7. 2003..Two swine HEV isolates (swJL234 and swJL325) had 98.5-100 % identity with the HE-JA4 isolate obtained from a 44-year-old patient in Hokkaido. These results indicate that inadequately cooked pig liver may transmit HEV to humans...
- Survival of foodborne pathogens on stainless steel surfaces and cross-contamination to foodsH D Kusumaningrum
Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Agrotechnology and Food Sciences, Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands
Int J Food Microbiol 85:227-36. 2003..Systematic studies on the risks of pathogen transfer associated with surface cleaning using contaminated sponges provide quantitative data from which a model of risks assessment in domestic setting could lead...
- Re-assessment of risk factors for sporadic Salmonella serotype Enteritidis infections: a case-control study in five FoodNet Sites, 2002-2003R Marcus
Connecticut Emerging Infections Program, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
Epidemiol Infect 135:84-92. 2007..Contact with birds and reptiles was also associated with SE infections. This study supports the findings of previous case-control studies and identifies risk factors associated with specific phage types and molecular subtypes...
- A case-control study of risk factors for sporadic campylobacter infections in DenmarkJ Neimann
Danish Zoonosis Centre, Danish Veterinary Institute, Bulowsvej 27, DK 1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark
Epidemiol Infect 130:353-66. 2003..5). Seasonal and regional interaction was observed for several risk factors and the time elapsed from interviewing of cases to interviewing of controls seemed to influence the effect of certain seasonal dependent risk factors...
- Detection and characterization of infectious Hepatitis E virus from commercial pig livers sold in local grocery stores in the USAA R Feagins
Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA
J Gen Virol 88:912-7. 2007..The data demonstrated that commercial pig livers sold in grocery stores are contaminated by HEV and that the contaminating virus remains infectious, thus raising a public-health concern for food-borne HEV infection...
- Antibiotic resistance in non-enterococcal lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteriaMohammed Salim Ammor
Instituto de Productos Lácteos de Asturias CSIC, Carretera de Infiesto s n, 33300 Villaviciosa, Asturias, Spain
Food Microbiol 24:559-70. 2007..Therefore, the commonest antibiotic resistance profiles, the distinction between intrinsic and atypical resistances, and some of the genetic determinants already discovered will all be discussed...
- Listeria: A foodborne pathogen that knows how to surviveMegha Gandhi
Department of Food Science, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 65 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Int J Food Microbiol 113:1-15. 2007..Studies on the development of technologies to prevent and control L. monocytogenes contamination in foods and food processing facilities are also discussed...
- Validation of MALDI-TOF MS for rapid classification and identification of lactic acid bacteria, with a focus on isolates from traditional fermented foods in Northern VietnamN T L Doan
Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Lett Appl Microbiol 55:265-73. 2012..To evaluate the potential use of MALDI-TOF MS for fast and reliable classification and identification of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from traditional fermented foods...
- Retail food safety risks for populations of different races, ethnicities, and income levelsRenata J Signs
Department of Biology, School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
J Food Prot 74:1717-23. 2011..4%), and Caucasian (45.5%) markets...
- Breeding strategies for combining fermentative qualities and reducing off-flavor production in a wine yeast modelPhilippe Marullo
UMR1219, Faculte d OEnologie de Bordeaux, Talence, France
FEMS Yeast Res 6:268-79. 2006..This article presents a powerful methodology for obtaining a single wine strain with numerous fermentative qualities that does not produce off-flavors...
- Interactions of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes plants cultivated in a gnotobiotic systemJulietta Jablasone
Department of Food Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1
Int J Food Microbiol 99:7-18. 2005..Nevertheless, the introduction of human pathogens at an early stage of plant development could enhance their persistence in the rhizosphere. The implications of the study with regards to on-farm food safety initiatives are discussed...
- Next-generation sequencing reveals significant bacterial diversity of botrytized wineNicholas A Bokulich
Department of Viticulture and Enology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e36357. 2012....
- A recipe for disaster: outbreaks of campylobacteriosis associated with poultry liver pâté in England and WalesC L Little
Department of Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
Epidemiol Infect 138:1691-4. 2010....
- Bacterial SOS response: a food safety perspectiveStijn van der Veen
Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Nieuwe Kanaal 9A, 6709 PA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Curr Opin Biotechnol 22:136-42. 2011..This review places the bacterial SOS response in a food safety perspective by providing an overview of the known triggers of the SOS response mechanism and its impact on the survival of spoilage and pathogenic bacteria...
- Contemporary strategies in combating microbial contamination in food chainAndreja Rajkovic
Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Food2Know, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Int J Food Microbiol 141:S29-42. 2010..Finally a reflection has been made to combined application of different hurdles and accompanying risks...
- Application of Bayesian techniques to model the burden of human salmonellosis attributable to U.S. food commodities at the point of processing: adaptation of a Danish modelChuanfa Guo
Food Safety and Inspection Service, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:509-16. 2011....
- Plant lesions promote the rapid multiplication of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on postharvest lettuceM T Brandl
Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, 800 Buchanan St, Albany, CA 94710, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 74:5285-9. 2008..coli O157:H7 over a short time and suggest that harvesting and processing are critical control points in the prevention or reduction of E. coli O157:H7 contamination of lettuce...
- Current methods for molecular typing of Campylobacter speciesEduardo N Taboada
Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, PO Box 640, Township Rd 9 1, Lethbridge, AB T1J 3Z4, Canada
J Microbiol Methods 95:24-31. 2013..This review examines the applicability of these methods, as well as the role that emerging whole genome sequencing technologies will play in tracking sources of Campylobacter spp. infection. ..
- Multilaboratory validation study of standardized multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis protocol for shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157: a novel approach to normalize fragment size data between capillary electrophoresis platformsEija Hyytia-Trees
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:129-36. 2010..The validation confirmed that the script reliably assigned the same allele for the same fragment regardless of the platform used to size the fragment...
- Human Salmonella infections linked to contaminated dry dog and cat food, 2006-2008Casey Barton Behravesh
National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Pediatrics 126:477-83. 2010..Human Salmonella infections associated with dry pet food have not been previously reported. We investigated such an outbreak of Salmonella Schwarzengrund and primarily affecting young children...
- Human health consequences of antimicrobial drug-resistant Salmonella and other foodborne pathogensKåre Mølbak
Department of Epidemiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
Clin Infect Dis 41:1613-20. 2005..Mitigation of drug resistance in foodborne bacteria is likely to be of benefit for human health...
- Indices for performance evaluation of predictive models in food microbiologyT Ross
Department of Agricultural Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia
J Appl Bacteriol 81:501-8. 1996Two complementary measures are proposed as simple indices of the performance of models in predictive food microbiology. The indices assess the level of confidence one can have in the predictions of the model and whether the model ..
- Characterization and comparative genomic analysis of a novel bacteriophage, SFP10, simultaneously inhibiting both Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli O157:H7Minjung Park
Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, and Center for Agricultural Biomaterials, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
Appl Environ Microbiol 78:58-69. 2012..This is the first report identifying specific infection and inhibition of Salmonella Typhimurium and E. coli O157:H7 by a single bacteriophage...
- Detection of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serotypes O26:H11, O103:H2, O111:H8, O145:H28, and O157:H7 in raw-milk cheeses by using multiplex real-time PCRJordan Madic
Anses Laboratoire de Sécurité des Aliments, 23 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94706 Maisons Alfort cedex, France
Appl Environ Microbiol 77:2035-41. 2011..Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis showed that they displayed high genetic diversity; none of them had patterns identical to those of human O26:H11 strains investigated here...
- Revelation by single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping that mutations leading to a premature stop codon in inlA are common among Listeria monocytogenes isolates from ready-to-eat foods but not human listeriosis casesA Van Stelten
Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 1171, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 76:2783-90. 2010..These results provide important data to predict the human health risk of exposure to L. monocytogenes strains that differ in pathogenic potential through consumption of contaminated RTE foods...
- Nationwide outbreak of listeriosis due to contaminated meatP S Mead
Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Epidemiol Infect 134:744-51. 2006..Standardized molecular subtyping and coordinated, multi-jurisdiction investigations can greatly facilitate detection and control of listeriosis outbreaks...
- Inactivation of a human norovirus surrogate by high-pressure processing: effectiveness, mechanism, and potential application in the fresh produce industryFangfei Lou
Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, 233 Parker Food Science Building, 2015 Fyffe Road, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 77:1862-71. 2011....
- Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on retail meat in IowaB M Hanson
Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, IA, USA
J Infect Public Health 4:169-74. 2011..2%. One MRSA isolate was positive for the PVL gene. Common spa types included t034, t337, t008, and t002. These results suggest that MRSA is present on low numbers of retail meat in Iowa...
- Probiotic bacteria may become dormant during storageSampo J Lahtinen
Functional Foods Forum University of Turku, Itainen Pitkakatu 4, 20014 Turku, Finland
Appl Environ Microbiol 71:1662-3. 2005..A subpopulation of nonculturable cells retained a functional cell membrane typical of viable cells, indicating that probiotic bacteria become dormant during storage...
- Immunochemical methods in health risk assessment: cross reactivity of antibodies against mycotoxin deoxynivalenol with deoxynivalenol-3-glucosideJiri Ruprich
National Institute of Public Health in Prague, Centre for the Hygiene of Food Chains in Brno, Czech Republic
Cent Eur J Public Health 16:34-7. 2008....
- Survival and dissemination of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on physically and biologically damaged lettuce plantsDaniel Aruscavage
Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, 1680 Madison Avenue, Wooster, Ohio 44691, USA
J Food Prot 71:2384-8. 2008..Preharvest damage, especially that caused by traumatic injury, impacted the survivability of E. coli O157:H7. Maintaining healthy plants and minimizing physical damage around the time of harvest might improve the safety of fresh produce...
- Bacterial composition of commercial probiotic products as evaluated by PCR-DGGE analysisSara Fasoli
Dipartimento Scientifico e Tecnologico, Universita degli Studi di Verona, Strada Le Grazie, 15 Ca Vignal 2, 37134 Verona, Italy
Int J Food Microbiol 82:59-70. 2003..PCR-DGGE turned out to be an appropriate culture-independent approach for a rapid detection of the predominant species in mixed probiotic cultures...
- Comparative evaluation of methods for counting surviving biofilm cells adhering to a polyvinyl chloride surface exposed to chlorine or dryingA Asséré
Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire des Aliments, Laboratoire d études et de recherches sur la qualité des aliments et sur les procédés agroalimentaires, Maisons Alfort, France
J Appl Microbiol 104:1692-702. 2008..To compare techniques for assessing biofilm populations previously subjected, or not, to inimical treatment by chlorine or drying...
- Seasonality in human salmonellosis: assessment of human activities and chicken contamination as driving factorsAndré Ravel
Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Saint Hyacinthe, QC, Canada
Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:785-94. 2010..Attending a barbeque or gardening during the hotter months of the year should be further assessed for their risk...
- Emerging foodborne diseases: an evolving public health challengeR V Tauxe
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 3:425-34. 1997..In the future, prevention of foodborne disease will increasingly depend on controlling contamination of feed and water consumed by the animals themselves...
- Outbreak of listeriosis among Mexican immigrants as a result of consumption of illicitly produced Mexican-style cheesePia D M MacDonald
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Clin Infect Dis 40:677-82. 2005..The objectives of the present study were to identify the source of, strains associated with, and risk factors for Listeria monocytogenes infection for patients affected by the outbreak...
- Distribution of putative adhesins in different seropathotypes of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coliClaudia Toma
Division of Bacterial Pathogenesis, Department of Microbiology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903 0215, Japan
J Clin Microbiol 42:4937-46. 2004..The wide distribution of iha in STEC strains suggested that it could be a candidate for vaccine development...
- Efficacy of plant essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria associated with ready-to-eat vegetables: antimicrobial and sensory screeningJorge Gutierrez
School of Food Science and Environmental Health, Dublin Institute of Technology, Cathal Brugha Street, Dublin 1, Ireland
J Food Prot 71:1846-54. 2008..Selected EOs may be useful as natural and safe additives for promoting the safety and quality of ready-to-eat vegetables...
- Micro-array for the identification of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) seropathotypes associated with Hemorrhagic Colitis and Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in humansMarie Bugarel
Afssa French Food Safety Agency, Laboratory for Study and Research on Food Quality and Processes LERQAP, 23 Av du Général De Gaulle, Fr 94706 Maisons Alfort, France
Int J Food Microbiol 142:318-29. 2010..This array constitutes a valuable approach for the identification of STEC strains with a high potential for human virulence...
- Ecological factors influencing survival and growth of human pathogens on raw fruits and vegetablesLarry R Beuchat
Center for Food Safety and Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, 1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, GA 30223 1797, USA
Microbes Infect 4:413-23. 2002..Understanding the ecology of pathogens and naturally occurring microorganisms is essential before interventions for elimination or control of growth can be devised...
- 2008 outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul infections associated with raw produceCasey Barton Behravesh
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
N Engl J Med 364:918-27. 2011..Raw produce is an increasingly recognized vehicle for salmonellosis. We investigated a nationwide outbreak that occurred in the United States in 2008...
- Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in foodsEmily C Mathusa
Grocery Manufacturers Association, Suite 300, Washington, D C 20005, USA
J Food Prot 73:1721-36. 2010..The public health significance of non-O157 STEC and the implications for industry practices and regulatory actions are discussed...
- Eggshell factors influencing eggshell penetration and whole egg contamination by different bacteria, including Salmonella enteritidisK De Reu
Department of Animal Product Quality and Transformation Technology, Agricultural Research Centre Ghent, Ministry of the Flemish Community, Brusselsesteenweg 370, 9090 Melle, Belgium
Int J Food Microbiol 112:253-60. 2006....
- Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium Definitive Type 104 infection linked to commercial ground beef, northeastern United States, 2003-2004Amy M Dechet
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Clin Infect Dis 42:747-52. 2006..From October to December 2003, a cluster of DT104 infections with indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns was identified in the northeastern United States...
- MycotoxinsJ W Bennett
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 16:497-516. 2003..This review focuses on the most important ones associated with human and veterinary diseases, including aflatoxin, citrinin, ergot akaloids, fumonisins, ochratoxin A, patulin, trichothecenes, and zearalenone...
- PCR-DGGE fingerprinting: novel strategies for detection of microbes in foodDanilo Ercolini
Dipartimento di Scienza degli Alimenti, Sezione di Microbiologia Agraria, Alimentare e Ambientale e di Igiene, Stazione di Microbiologia Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Universita 100, Portici 80055, Italy
J Microbiol Methods 56:297-314. 2004..reaction denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) fingerprinting was recently introduced into food microbiology. This paper describes the technique and reports on the state-of-the-art application of this technique to ..
- Genotyping of starter cultures of Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilus for fermentation of African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) to produce SoumbalaLabia Irene Ivette Ouoba
Département de Technologie Alimentaire DTA IRSAT CNRST, 03 BP 7047 03, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Int J Food Microbiol 90:197-205. 2004..subtilis and B. pumilus from African locust bean fermentation were distinguished by ITS-PCR and ITS-PCR RLFP from Bacillus cereus and Bacillus sphaericus which sometimes occur in the beginning of the fermentation...
- Prevalence of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in dairy cattle and their productsH S Hussein
Department of Animal Biotechnology, University of Nevada Reno, Reno 89557, USA
J Dairy Sci 88:450-65. 2005..Such risks emphasize the importance and the need to develop long-term strategies to assure safety of foods from dairy cattle...
- Susceptibility of Lactobacillus spp. to antimicrobial agentsMorten Danielsen
Identification Section, Applied Biotechnology, Chr Hansen A S, Bøge Allé 10 12, 2970 Hørsholm, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 82:1-11. 2003..On the basis of the result, it was possible to suggest minimal inhibition concentrations (MICs) for the individual Lactobacillus species to be used as a microbiological breakpoint when screening strains for transferable resistance genes...
- Identification and antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial isolates from probiotic productsR Temmerman
Laboratorium voor Microbiologie, Universiteit Gent, K L Ledeganckstr 35, B 9000, Ghent, Belgium
Int J Food Microbiol 81:1-10. 2003..faecium isolates were in fact vancomycin susceptible...
- Safety of raw meat and shellfish in Vietnam: an analysis of Escherichia coli isolations for antibiotic resistance and virulence genesThi Thu Hao Van
Biotechnology and Environmental Biology, School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora West Campus, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC 3083, Australia
Int J Food Microbiol 124:217-23. 2008..The study has revealed that E. coli in raw foods is a significant reservoir of resistance and virulence genes...
- Exposure of Listeria monocytogenes within an epidemic caused by butter in FinlandR Maijala
Risk Analysis, National Veterinary and Food Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Int J Food Microbiol 70:97-109. 2001..Due to the susceptibility of hospital patients, special care must be taken in order to avoid even low levels of L. monocytogenes in food served...
- The microbiology of Ghanaian cocoa fermentations analysed using culture-dependent and culture-independent methodsD S Nielsen
Department of Food Science, Food Microbiology, Center for Advanced Food Studies LMC, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 114:168-86. 2007..Within each fermentation site the profiles clustered according to fermentation time. The DGGE method seems to offer a relatively fast and reliable tool for studying yeast and bacterial dynamics during cocoa fermentations...
- Risk factors for sporadic infection with Salmonella enteritidis, Denmark, 1997-1999Kåre Mølbak
Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Epidemiol 156:654-61. 2002..The authors recommend this method in studies that have the objective of determining risk associated with common exposures...
- An enhanced discriminatory pulsed-field gel electrophoresis scheme for subtyping Salmonella serotypes Heidelberg, Kentucky, SaintPaul, and HadarMeili Xi
College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A and F University, Shaanxi, China
J Food Prot 71:2067-72. 2008..The findings also highlight PFGE analysis as a continued essential and informative subtyping method for source tracking and outbreak investigations of these and other Salmonella pathogens...
- Mechanisms of action of carvacrol on the food-borne pathogen Bacillus cereusA Ultee
Agrotechnological Research Institute, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Appl Environ Microbiol 65:4606-10. 1999..cereus by changing its permeability for cations like H(+) and K(+). The dissipation of ion gradients leads to impairment of essential processes in the cell and finally to cell death...
- The effects of yeasts involved in the fermentation of Coffea arabica in East Africa on growth and ochratoxin A (OTA) production by Aspergillus ochraceusWafa Masoud
Department of Food Science, Food Microbiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Rolighedsvej 30, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 106:229-34. 2006..ochraceus when co-cultured on MEA. On CA medium, P. anomala and P. kluyveri prevented A. ochraceus from producing OTA. H. uvarum did not affect production of OTA by A. ochraceus on CA medium...
- Bacteriophages as biocontrol agents in foodJ A Hudson
Food Safety Programme, ESR Ltd, P O Box 29 181, Ilam, Christchurch, New Zealand
J Food Prot 68:426-37. 2005..This review is a summary of the information on these issues and includes brief descriptions of alternative phage-based strategies for control of foodborne pathogens...
- A molecular marker for evaluating the pathogenic potential of foodborne Listeria monocytogenesChristine Jacquet
Laboratoire des Listeria, Centre National de Référence des Listeria, World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Foodborne Listeriosis, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
J Infect Dis 189:2094-100. 2004..The relevance of these findings for humans is challenged by the observation that some L. monocytogenes isolates express a truncated nonfunctional form of internalin...
- Molecular epidemiology of an outbreak of febrile gastroenteritis caused by Listeria monocytogenes in cold-smoked rainbow troutM K Miettinen
Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
J Clin Microbiol 37:2358-60. 1999..L. monocytogenes isolates from the incriminated fish product lot and the stool samples were all of serotype 1/2a and were indistinguishable by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis employing AscI and SmaI...
- Campylobacter in poultry: filling an ecological nicheMargie D Lee
Department of Population Health, Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Avian Dis 50:1-9. 2006....
- Review on the toxicity, occurrence, metabolism, detoxification, regulations and intake of zearalenone: an oestrogenic mycotoxinAbdellah Zinedine
Laboratory of Food Toxicology, National Institute of Health INH, BP 769 Agdal, 27 Avenue Ibn Battouta, Rabat, Morocco
Food Chem Toxicol 45:1-18. 2007..w./day for the USA. The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) established a provisional maximum tolerable daily intake (PMTDI) for ZEA of 0.5 microg/kg of body weight...
- Environmental survival mechanisms of the foodborne pathogen Campylobacter jejuniC Murphy
Teagasc, Moorepark Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork, Ireland
J Appl Microbiol 100:623-32. 2006..This review summarizes the mechanisms by which Campylobacter spp. adapt to stress conditions and thereby increase their ability to survive on food and in the environment...
- Identification of the bacterial microflora in dairy products by temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresisJean Claude Ogier
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité de Recherches Laitières et Génétique Appliquée, Jouy en Josas, France
Appl Environ Microbiol 68:3691-701. 2002..Subspecies, species, or groups of species of lactic acid bacteria were distinguished in dairy samples. In conclusion, TTGE was shown to distinguish bacterial species in vitro, as well as in both liquid and solid dairy products...
- Multistate outbreak of Listeriosis linked to turkey deli meat and subsequent changes in US regulatory policySami L Gottlieb
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Clin Infect Dis 42:29-36. 2006..Between July and October 2002, an uncommon strain of L. monocytogenes caused an outbreak of listeriosis in 9 states...
- Identification of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Tarhana, a traditional Turkish fermented foodIlkin Yucel Sengun
Department of Food Engineering, Food Microbiology Section, Faculty of Engineering, University of Ege, Turkey
Int J Food Microbiol 135:105-11. 2009..acidilactici and S. thermophilus being isolated from the majority of samples. The main source of P. acidilactici and S. thermophilus was found to be the yogurt...
- The physiology of Campylobacter species and its relevance to their role as foodborne pathogensSimon F Park
School of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
Int J Food Microbiol 74:177-88. 2002..The aim of this review is to outline the unusual physiology of campylobacters (C. jejuni and C. coli) and to describe how this influences their role as foodborne pathogens...
- Randomized, double-blinded clinical trial for human norovirus inactivation in oysters by high hydrostatic pressure processingJuan S Leon
Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Room 6041 Claudia Nance Rollins Building, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 77:5476-82. 2011..0014). In summary, these data suggest that HPP is effective at inactivating HuNoV in contaminated whole oysters and suggest a potential intervention to inactivate infectious HuNoV in oysters for the commercial shellfish industry...
- E. coli O157:H7 and other toxigenic strains: the curse of global food distributionMary F Bavaro
Infectious Diseases Division, Naval Medical Center San Diego, CA 92134, USA
Curr Gastroenterol Rep 14:317-23. 2012..This article will discuss the global nature of this problem associated with our food and water supply as well as explain potential ways to solve this international problem...
- Identification of five human and mammal associated Arcobacter species by a novel multiplex-PCR assayLaid Douidah
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
J Microbiol Methods 80:281-6. 2010..Furthermore, examination of the 23 S RNA gene of A. cryaerophilus revealed, besides large heterogeneity, the presence of intervening sequences ranging from 87 to 196 bp...
- PCR experion automated electrophoresis system to detect Listeria monocytogenes in foodsElisabetta Delibato
Department of Food Safety and Veterinary Public Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
J Sep Sci 32:3817-21. 2009..After 48 h of enrichment, both PCR-EES and PCR-CGE showed an accuracy of 100% with ISO...
- Isolation of epiphytic yeasts with potential for biocontrol of Aspergillus carbonarius and A. niger on grapeGianluca Bleve
Institute of Sciences of Food Production ISPA, Lecce Section, CNR, Via provinciale Lecce Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Int J Food Microbiol 108:204-9. 2006..orientalis isolates. Results suggest that antagonist yeasts with the potential to control A. carbonarius and A. niger on grape can be found among the microflora associated with the berries...
- Phylogenetic analysis of Cronobacter isolates based on the rpoA and 16S rRNA genesAmy Strydom
Department of Food Science, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
Curr Microbiol 64:251-8. 2012..However, sequence data of these two genes can be used to differentiate between C. sakazakii and C. malonaticus when used in combination with biochemical analysis based on the utilisation of malonate...
- The mycobiota of three dry-cured meat products from SloveniaSilva Sonjak
Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Vecna pot 111, SI 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Food Microbiol 28:373-6. 2011..versicolor, Penicillium brevicompactum, Penicillium chrysogenum, P. nordicum, and Penicillium polonicum. Their growth on dry-cured meat products is undesirable...
- Pork contaminated with Salmonella enterica serovar 4,,12:i:-, an emerging health risk for humansElisabeth Hauser
Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, National Reference Laboratory for Salmonella, Diedersdorfer Weg 1, Berlin, Germany
Appl Environ Microbiol 76:4601-10. 2010..Since the pathogenicity gene repertoire is highly similar to that of S. enterica serovar Typhimurium, it is essential that interventions are introduced at the farm level in order to limit human infection...
- Multistate outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infection linked to delicatessen turkey meatSonja J Olsen
Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
Clin Infect Dis 40:962-7. 2005..In September 2000, the New York City Department of Health identified a cluster of infections caused by Listeria monocytogenes isolates with identical molecular subtypes by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and ribotyping...
- Antimicrobial resistance of foodborne pathogensDavid G White
Office of Research, Center for Veterinary Medicine, US Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, MD 20708, USA
Microbes Infect 4:405-12. 2002....
- Evidence-based semiquantitative methodology for prioritization of foodborne zoonosesSabine Cardoen
Scientific Secretariat of the Scientific Committee, Directorate General Control Policy, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain, Brussels, Belgium
Foodborne Pathog Dis 6:1083-96. 2009..To prioritize an extended list of food- and water-borne zoonoses to allow food safety authorities to focus on the most relevant hazards in the food chain...
- ISO/IEC 17025:2005 Accreditation for State Food Testing LaboratoriesStephanie K Mayfield Gibson; Fiscal Year: 2013..Health is to expand the scope of current accreditation for additional areas within the laboratory to include Food Microbiology and Food Chemistry analyses...
- FDA FERN Laboratory Accreditation Project Grant(FDA-FLAP Grant)BRENDA SNODGRASS; Fiscal Year: 2012..laboratory is also Oklahoma's Food Emergency Response Network (FERN) Laboratory for Food Chemistry and Food Microbiology analysis...
- Vermont Department of Health Laboratory ISO/IEC 17025 Accreditation of Food TestiMARY CELOTTI; Fiscal Year: 2012..coordinate with FDA, VDH Information Technology staff and the Quality Systems Specialist to implement a new Food Microbiology module in the VDHL Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS), assist with the implementation of other ..
- Branching process models in cellular population dynamicsPeter Olofsson; Fiscal Year: 2010..relevant to processes of aging and also to cancer therapy;(3) bacterial lag phase estimation, relevant to food microbiology;and three projects relevant to degenerative genetic disease: (4) accumulation of deleterious mutations in ..
- ISO/IEC 17025:2005 ACCREDITATION FOR STATE FOOD TESTING LABORATORIES - South CaroMEGAN M DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2013..The purpose of this project is for the SC BOL Food Microbiology Laboratory to achieve and maintain ISO/IEC 17025:2005 accreditation by an internationally recognized ..
- ISO/IEC 17025:2005 Accreditation of the Indiana State Department of Health LabPHILIP ZILLINGER; Fiscal Year: 2013..Accreditation of the ISDH Food Microbiology and Chemistry Laboratories will reinforce the agency's objective to provide high-quality data and ..
- Accreditation for Food Testing LaboratoriesPATRICK R SHANNON; Fiscal Year: 2013..for the purpose of preparing the MSPHL to achieve and maintain ISO/IEC 17025:2005 accreditation for its food microbiology laboratory. The goals and outcomes of this cooperative agreement include the following: 1...
- FDA FERN Microbiological Cooperative Agreement Continuation ProgramMAYA ACHEN; Fiscal Year: 2013..The purpose of this application from ODA's Consumer Protection Laboratory's (CPL) Food Microbiology laboratory is to complement, develop, improve and utilize the capacity and capability of the laboratory in ..
- ZOONOTIC AND XENOZOONOTIC RISKS OF HEPATITIS E VIRUSXiang Jin Meng; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Interdisciplinary Research Training for VeterinariansLisa Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2008..These evaluations, continued refinement, and the commitment of the program faculty will help to ensure that this becomes a self-sustaining program. ..
- Nanoarray-Type Detection of Oct3/4 and Cdx2 using AuNPs and E-beam PatternsJeong Yeol Yoon; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Wearable Organic Electric Film RFID Sensors for Monitoring of Airborne ToxicantsRadislav A Potyrailo; Fiscal Year: 2010..This new sensing approach will provide a wearable, cost-effective, selective sensor for de- tection of toxic volatile species. ..
- DIETARY LIPIDS AND EXPERIMENTAL IGA NEPHROPATHYJames Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- ENDOTOXIN AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TO TRICHOTHECENE MYCOTOXINSJames Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2002..Over the long term, this research will provide insight into adverse immunologic consequences that may occur in LPS-exposed individuals who are exposed to environmental toxicants." ..
- Etiologic studies on EMND: An animal model for ALSHussni Mohammed; Fiscal Year: 2004..Data obtained from these pilot studies will represent a major breakthrough towards the understanding of the mechanism of the motor neuron disease and lay the foundation for more thorough investigation. ..
- Nuclease-Resistant Aptamers for Anthrax OpsonizationJohn Bruno; Fiscal Year: 2004..Such shielded aptamers could even be used in inhalers to enhance alveolar macrophage phagocytosis. ..
- Nuclease-Resistant Aptamers to Botox and Anthrax ToxinsJohn Bruno; Fiscal Year: 2004..Such reagents could also be used in environmental biosensors or diagnostic test kits for detection of BOTOX and anthrax toxins in body fluids or environmental samples. ..
- S. typhimurium Genes Required for Colonization of CattleHelene Andrews Polymenis; Fiscal Year: 2004..The research collaboration between Dr. Baumler in the Texas A&M Health Science Center and Dr. Adams in the College of Veterinary Medicine provides a unique opportunity to achieve this career goal. ..
- Prevalence, risk factors and consequences of complex M. Tuberculosis infectionsTheodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..The overall goal of this study is to learn more about the natural history of TB and to use this knowledge to improve the health of individuals and their communities. ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF INTESTINAL TRANSPORT OF CA++ AND PIFayez Ghishan; Fiscal Year: 2007..For Type specifications, see instructions on page6.) RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Pago Numbers Face Page -\ Description, ..
- Development and evaluation of subunit vaccine CmeC against Campylobacter jejuniJun Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008..S. The proposed research will provide novel information on the development of effective vaccine against C. jejuni to protect public health. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Arrays of Receptors for Infectious Disease DiagnosisFrances Ligler; Fiscal Year: 2005..The array elements will then be transferred to a corporate partner with demonstrated capability of producing thousands of sensor arrays for clinical use. ..
- Molecular approaches for understanding TB dynamicsTheodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008..It is our hope that better analytic techniques will allow for more accurate assessments of treatment and prevention. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Food Safety Task Force ConferenceTimothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005..Abstract Not Provided ..
- EXPERIMENTAL PATHOLOGY SHARED RESOURCE LABORATORYLaura Lamps; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Pandemic influenza control at the borders of island countries and in householdMichael Baker; Fiscal Year: 2008..Findings from the housing cohort would be used to guide advice about reducing influenza transmission in households, particularly in terms of crowding levels and exposure to active and passive smoking. ..