maximum allowable concentration

Summary

Summary: The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi [Safety of food contact articles in RASFF system]
    Kazimiera Cwiek-Ludwicka
    Zakład Badania Zywności i Przedmiotów Uzytku Państwowy Zakład Higieny 00 791 Warszawa, ul Chocimska 24
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:599-607. 2007
  2. ncbi Public health. Arsenic epidemiology and drinking water standards
    Allan H Smith
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Science 296:2145-6. 2002
  3. ncbi Ochratoxin A concentrations in food and feed from a region with Balkan Endemic Nephropathy
    M M Abouzied
    Neogen Corporation, Lansing, MI, USA
    Food Addit Contam 19:755-64. 2002
  4. ncbi Background, approaches and recent trends for setting health-based occupational exposure limits: a minireview
    Gunnar Damgård Nielsen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Section of Airway Irritation and Allergy, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 51:253-69. 2008
  5. ncbi Environmental endotoxin measurement methods: standardization issues
    Eugene M White
    Products Division, Milacron, Inc, Cincinnati, OH 45209, USA
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:606-9. 2002
  6. ncbi The use of simple diffusion tube samplers for the measurement of nitrogen dioxide in an operating room using nitrogen oxide as an anaesthetic (July - November 1999)
    E E Ukpebor
    Department of Chemistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
    West Afr J Med 21:192-4. 2002
  7. ncbi [High voltage objects and radiocommunication investments in view of requirements of the environmental protection act]
    Marek Szuba
    Z Zakładu Elektroenergetyki Przemysłowej, Instytutu Energoelektryki, Politechniki Wrocławskiej
    Med Pr 57:217-22. 2006
  8. ncbi Health risk assessment of occupational exposure to a magnetic field from magnetic resonance imaging devices
    Jolanta Karpowicz
    Central Institute for Labour Protection National Research Institute, Poland
    Int J Occup Saf Ergon 12:155-67. 2006
  9. ncbi [Polish regulations on maximum admissible intensities for electric and magnetic frequencies of 60 Hz and the European Union recommendations for electrical power engineering]
    Marian Groszko
    Zakładu Pomiarowo Badawczego Energetyki ENERGOPOMIAR ELEKTRYKA Sp z o o w Gliwicach
    Med Pr 54:175-9. 2003
  10. ncbi [Polish guidelines of 2001 for maximum admissible intensities in high frequency EMF versus European Union recommendations]
    Halina Aniołczyk
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Fizycznych Instytutu Medycyny, Łodzi
    Med Pr 54:181-7. 2003

Research Grants

  1. Effects of Dioxin on Vietnamese Civilians
    David Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Development of Effective Interventions to Reduce Adolescent Use of Indoor Tanning
    DeAnn Lazovich; Fiscal Year: 2008
  3. Indoor Tanning Use, DNA Repair and Risk of Melanoma
    DeAnn Lazovich; Fiscal Year: 2008
  4. Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart Health
    Marie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Development of Objective Methods for Fluorosis Diagnosis
    ESPERANZA MARTINEZ MIER; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Molecular Boundaries For Trigeminal Chemosensory Impact
    J Cometto Muniz; Fiscal Year: 2006
  7. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
  8. Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline Pilots
    Joyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005
  9. Gold standard methods for fluoride analysis
    ESPERANZA MARTINEZ MIER; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. CHEMICAL SENSORY IRRITATION: CONTRAST WITH OLFACTION
    J Enrique Cometto Muniz; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications231 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi [Safety of food contact articles in RASFF system]
    Kazimiera Cwiek-Ludwicka
    Zakład Badania Zywności i Przedmiotów Uzytku Państwowy Zakład Higieny 00 791 Warszawa, ul Chocimska 24
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 58:599-607. 2007
    ..Majority of notified articles were made in China. Including of food contact materials into RASFF system allows for rapid withdrawal of non-complying products from the market...
  2. ncbi Public health. Arsenic epidemiology and drinking water standards
    Allan H Smith
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Science 296:2145-6. 2002
  3. ncbi Ochratoxin A concentrations in food and feed from a region with Balkan Endemic Nephropathy
    M M Abouzied
    Neogen Corporation, Lansing, MI, USA
    Food Addit Contam 19:755-64. 2002
    ..The results indicate that OTA may not alone cause BEN; only synergistically with other environmental toxicants and/or predisposing genotypes may do so...
  4. ncbi Background, approaches and recent trends for setting health-based occupational exposure limits: a minireview
    Gunnar Damgård Nielsen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Section of Airway Irritation and Allergy, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 51:253-69. 2008
    ..Also, more attention should be devoted to sensitive groups, toxicological mechanisms and interactions as most workplace exposures are mixtures...
  5. ncbi Environmental endotoxin measurement methods: standardization issues
    Eugene M White
    Products Division, Milacron, Inc, Cincinnati, OH 45209, USA
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:606-9. 2002
  6. ncbi The use of simple diffusion tube samplers for the measurement of nitrogen dioxide in an operating room using nitrogen oxide as an anaesthetic (July - November 1999)
    E E Ukpebor
    Department of Chemistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
    West Afr J Med 21:192-4. 2002
    ..83 microg/m3 and a maximum concentration of 6.22 microg/m3 NO2. This result therefore suggests that the use of nitrous oxide in the operating room does not contribute significantly to the concentration of NO2...
  7. ncbi [High voltage objects and radiocommunication investments in view of requirements of the environmental protection act]
    Marek Szuba
    Z Zakładu Elektroenergetyki Przemysłowej, Instytutu Energoelektryki, Politechniki Wrocławskiej
    Med Pr 57:217-22. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi Health risk assessment of occupational exposure to a magnetic field from magnetic resonance imaging devices
    Jolanta Karpowicz
    Central Institute for Labour Protection National Research Institute, Poland
    Int J Occup Saf Ergon 12:155-67. 2006
    ....
  9. ncbi [Polish regulations on maximum admissible intensities for electric and magnetic frequencies of 60 Hz and the European Union recommendations for electrical power engineering]
    Marian Groszko
    Zakładu Pomiarowo Badawczego Energetyki ENERGOPOMIAR ELEKTRYKA Sp z o o w Gliwicach
    Med Pr 54:175-9. 2003
    ..Our maximum admissible intensities have been found to conform with the international standards...
  10. ncbi [Polish guidelines of 2001 for maximum admissible intensities in high frequency EMF versus European Union recommendations]
    Halina Aniołczyk
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Fizycznych Instytutu Medycyny, Łodzi
    Med Pr 54:181-7. 2003
    ....
  11. ncbi [Proposed exposure levels of pulse-modulated electromagnetic fields]
    Roman Kubacki
    Zakładu Ochrony Mikrofalowej Wojskowego Instytut Higieny i Epidemiologii w Warszawie
    Med Pr 54:189-92. 2003
    ..The proposed exposure levels of pulse-modulated electromagnetic fields (Smax pulse) for the general and occupational populations are described...
  12. ncbi [Protection against electromagnetic fields 0-300 GHz in Poland. New regulations and perspectives if their harmonization wit the European Union requirements]
    Hubert Trzaska
    Instytutu Telekomunikacji i Akustyki Politechniki Wrocławskiej
    Med Pr 54:197-201. 2003
    ..The latter can be accepted after introducing several amendments. The enlargement of the environmental standard to include occupational issues may create a good Polish proposal also useful at the international level...
  13. ncbi Evaluation of occupational hazards in foundries
    Adel M Zakaria
    Occupational Health Department, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University
    J Egypt Public Health Assoc 80:433-62. 2005
    ..05-P<0.001). The present work is a massive survey, which highlights the occupational hazards in Egyptian foundries...
  14. ncbi [Electromagnetic hazards from electrosurgery--assessment of occupational exposure to electromagnetic field and currents induceed in the body]
    Krzysztof Gryz
    Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy Państwowy Instytut Badawczy 00 701 Warszawa, ul Czerniakowska 16
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 57:165-75. 2006
    ..The reduction of the surgeon exposure can be reached by the proper positioning of the cables supplying monopolar electrode or by the use of bipolar electrode...
  15. ncbi [The verified Polish regulations on the maximum admissible intensities (MAI) of electromagnetic fields]
    Danuta Koradecka
    Med Pr 57:311-3; author reply 313-5. 2006
  16. ncbi Potential hazards of trace inhalation of anaesthetic gases: a risk assessment
    Gillian Stanway
    SAAD Dig 19:14-9. 2002
  17. ncbi [Evaluation of occupational exposure to dusts of mixed free crystalline silica and natural respirable mineral fibers]
    Helena Woźniak
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Chemicznych i Pyłowych Instytutu Medycyny Pracy, Łodzi
    Med Pr 53:219-27. 2002
    ....
  18. ncbi [Exposure to harmful hazards in mechanical processing of metal accessories]
    Ewa Gaweda
    Zakład Zagrozeń Chemicznych i Pyłowych, Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Warszawa
    Med Pr 58:223-9. 2007
    ..The aim of this paper is to assess occupational exposure to harmful hazards at workposts where fittings and metal accessories are mechanically processed with particular reference to occupational exposure to metals and their compounds...
  19. ncbi [Dietary risk assessment for pesticide residues in food of plant origin during the plant protection product's registration process]
    Paweł Struciński
    Zakład Toksykologii Srodowiskowej, Państwowy Zakład Higieny, 00 791 Warszawa
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 57:303-15. 2006
    ....
  20. ncbi Potential exposure to arsenic and other highly toxic chemicals when handling museum artifacts
    Barbara Smith
    US Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Calumet City Area Office, IL 60409, USA
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:741-3. 2002
  21. ncbi Exposure to cyclic anhydrides in welding: a new allergen-chlorendic anhydride
    Pirkko Pfäffli
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:765-7. 2002
    ..HCl exposure was the highest (<0.5-20 ppm) during welding. It is recommended that dry paint coating be removed from an area around the seam with an abrasive wheel, not by burning, before welding...
  22. ncbi Determinants of dust exposure in tunnel construction work
    Berit Bakke
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:783-96. 2002
    ..g., drilling and scaling), the presence of a cab, and breakthrough of the tunnel. The use of ventilated, closed cabs appeared to be the single most important control measure for lowering exposures...
  23. ncbi [Exposure to silica dust in the Polish construction industry]
    Irena Szadkowska-Stanczyk
    Instytut Medycyny Pracy, Zakład Srodowiskowych Zagrozeń Zdrowia, Lodzi
    Med Pr 57:405-13. 2006
    ..e. safety limits for workers' health. The aim of this study was to assess dust exposure of workers employed at selected workposts in the construction industry in Poland...
  24. ncbi [Working environment hazards in production of building fittings and metal accessories]
    Ewa Gaweda
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Chemicznych i Pyłowych Centralnego Instytutu Ochrony Pracy Państwowego Instytutu Badawczego w Warszawie
    Med Pr 57:1-6. 2006
    ....
  25. ncbi [Environmental and biological monitoring of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in workers of an electric steel foundry]
    E Bergamaschi
    Dipartimento di Clinica Medica, Nefrologia e Scienze della Prevenzione, Sezione di Medicina del Lavoro e Tossicologia Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Parma
    Med Lav 96:390-402. 2005
    ..To assess and classify exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in some specific working areas of a steel foundry operating with a continuous casting process and evaluate biomonitoring data in different job tasks...
  26. ncbi [Asessment of occupational exposure to lead in Poland]
    Małgorzata Trzcinka-Ochocka
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Chemicznych, Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im prof dra med J Nofera w Lodzi
    Med Pr 56:395-404. 2005
    ..The Minister of Health issued another decree, dated 20 April 2005, according to which from 1 January 2008 every analytical laboratory will have to possess accreditation...
  27. ncbi [Hygienic assessment of sources of electromagnetic fields using revised and new standards of maximum admissible intensities]
    Halina Aniołczyk
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Fizycznych Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im prof med J Nofera w Łodzi
    Med Pr 55:55-62. 2004
    ..The authors present a long list of equipment and installations with the maximum levels of generated EMF. The level of generated EMF was assessed according to the criterion of protective zones: intermediate, hazardous and dangerous...
  28. ncbi Formaldehyde exposure in some educational hospitals of Tehran
    Mehdi Ghasemkhani
    Occupational Health Department, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P O Box 14155 6145 Tehran, I R Iran
    Ind Health 43:703-7. 2005
    ..3 ppm). It is recommended that local exhaust ventilation should be installed to minimize the contact to formaldehyde in the staffs...
  29. ncbi Neutron field measurements for alara purposes around a Van de Graaff accelerator building
    P Kockerols
    EC Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg, B 2440 Geel, Belgium
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 110:711-5. 2004
    ..From the measurements, it can be concluded that the wall fulfils its purpose to reduce the neutron dose rate to the surrounding area to an acceptable level...
  30. ncbi Radon in the workplace: implications of studies of post-remediation monitoring
    A R Denman
    Medical Physics Department, Northampton General Hospital, Cliftonville, Northampton, NN1 5BD, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:51-4. 2004
    ..It is recommended that UK Regulatory Agencies adopt a post-remediation workplace Action Level of 225 Bq m(-3)...
  31. ncbi [Exposure of nurses to electromagnetic fields]
    Marek Zmyslony
    Pracowni Zagrozeń Elektromagnetycznych, Zakładu Zagrozeń Fizycznych, Instytut Medycyny Pracy im prof I Nofera w Lodzi
    Med Pr 55:183-7. 2004
    ..Even if patients' exposure, sometimes quite high, is inevitable or even recommended, medical personnel should be substantially protected against EMF exposure...
  32. ncbi An experimental study to investigate the feasibility to classify paints according to neurotoxicological risks: occupational air requirement (OAR) and indoor use of alkyd paints
    Derk H Brouwer
    Food and Chemical Risk Analysis, TNO Quality of Life, PO Box 360, 3700 AJ Zeist, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 49:443-51. 2005
    ..73). The experiments indicate that OAR-based classification of paints predicts and discriminates risk levels for exposure to neurotoxic paint-solvents in indoor painting fairly well...
  33. ncbi [Exposure to metals, metalloids and their compounds in heavy metals refining]
    Ewa Gaweda
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Chemicznych i Pyłowych, Centralnego Instytut Ochrony Pracy w Warszawie
    Med Pr 55:307-12. 2004
    ..In the process of heavy metals refining, workers are first of all exposed to metals, metalloids (As, Se) and their compounds. Moreover, they are exposed to sulphuric acid and dusts (about 2% SiO2)...
  34. ncbi Role of biomarkers in monitoring exposures to chemicals: present position, future prospects
    William P Watson
    Syngenta Central Toxicology Laboratory, Alderley Park, Macclesfield SK10 4TJ, UK
    Biomarkers 9:211-42. 2004
    ..These methods have revealed 'backgrounds' in people not knowingly exposed to chemicals and the sources and significance of these need to be determined, particularly in the context of their contribution to background health risks...
  35. ncbi [Hygienic standards of the occupational air quality established by the Experts on Chemical Agents, 2002]
    Małgorzata Kupczewska-Dobecka
    Zakładu Informacji Naukowej Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im prof J Nofera w Łodzi
    Med Pr 55:7-12. 2004
    ....
  36. ncbi Biomarkers of exposure, effect, and susceptibility in workers exposed to nitrotoluenes
    Gabriele Sabbioni
    Institute of Environmental and Occupational Toxicology, Casella Postale 108, 6780 Airolo, Switzerland
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:559-66. 2006
    ....
  37. ncbi Proposed safety measures for work after ozone-induced deodorization in a hotel
    Hiraku Tashiro
    Occupational Health Training Center, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Iseigaoka, Kitakyushu shi, Japan
    J Occup Health 46:153-5. 2004
  38. ncbi [Occupational exposure to hazardous agents in enterprises supervised by the State Sanitary Inspection]
    Anna Kozajda
    Zakładu Organizacji Ochrony Zdrowia, Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im prof J Nofera w Łodzi
    Med Pr 54:215-9. 2003
    ..In 2000, both the proportion of workposts with exceeded MAC/MAI values and the proportion of workers employed in exposure decreased. The data show a general improvement in working conditions in Poland...
  39. ncbi [Limitations of occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields adopted by Polish law from the perspectives of international documents with particular reference to fields of low and medium frequencies]
    Jolanta Karpowicz
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Akustycznych i Elektromagnetycznych, Centralnego Instytutu Ochrony Pracy Państwowego Instytutu Badawczego w Warszawie
    Med Pr 54:269-78. 2003
    ....
  40. ncbi [Measurements of electromagnetic fields and evaluation of occupational exposure: PN-T-06580:2002 requirements and principles adopted in the European Union]
    Krzysztof Gryz
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Akustycznych i Elektromagnetycznych, Centralnego Instytutu Ochrony Pracy Państwowego Instytutu Badawczego w Warszawie
    Med Pr 54:279-84. 2003
    ..The provisions of numerous European (EN) and international (IEC) standards of a much narrower scope of application are similar to those formulated in standard PN-T-06580:2002...
  41. ncbi [Environment protection against electromagnetic fields. Legal point of view]
    Stefan Rózycki
    Instytutu Energetyki w Warszawie
    Med Pr 54:285-7. 2003
    ..The most important, in the author's opinion, provisions of the Environmental Protection Law and executory provisions are discussed...
  42. ncbi [Problems with implementation of Polish standards on admissible electromagnetic field levels by the State Sanitary Inspectorate and of the measuring teams]
    Grazyna Grobelna
    Wojewódzkiej StacjaiSanitarno Epidemiologicznej w Poznaniu
    Med Pr 54:289-90. 2003
    ....
  43. ncbi [Health protection of workers occupationally exposed to effects of electromagnetic fields in Poland and in the European Union member states]
    Ewa Wagrowska-Koski
    Przychodni Chorób Zawodowych, Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im prof J Nofera w Łodzi
    Med Pr 54:299-305. 2003
    ..The differences in occupational health care between Poland and the European Union members states, as well as changes in legal regulations on occupational diseases are discussed...
  44. ncbi Metal and non-metal miners' exposure to crystalline silica, 1998-2002
    James L Weeks
    Advanced Technologies and Laboratories International, Germantown, Maryland 20854, USA
    Am J Ind Med 49:523-34. 2006
    ..Exposure is common in the mining industry and consequently, the US Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) evaluates miners exposure to silica to determine compliance with its exposure limit...
  45. ncbi Classification of risk occupation for benzene exposure by urine trans, trans-munconic acid level
    Viroj Wiwanitkit
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330 Thailand
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 7:149-50. 2006
    ..Of interest, the high risk occupations were found to be those which have direct contact with benzene in environmental ambient air, with petroleum fuel as the common source...
  46. ncbi [Verification of Polish regulations of maximum permissible intensities in electromagnetic fields by the Commission for Bioelectromagnetic Issues of the Polish Radiation Research Society]
    Marek Zmyslony
    Z Zakładu Zagrozeń Fizycznych Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im prof dra med J Nofera w Lodzi
    Med Pr 56:501-13. 2005
    ..This paper presents some comments of the Commission members, stressing the complexity of this undertaking...
  47. ncbi Non-specific occupational health conditions among brass workers at Gadaladeniya, Sri Lanka
    Pushpa L Jayawardana
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ragama, Sri Lanka
    Ceylon Med J 49:122-7. 2004
    ..To determine the effect of exposure to metal dusts, fumes and high temperature levels among brass workers in comparison to a control group...
  48. ncbi Carbon monoxide exposure from coffee roasting
    John Newton
    Portland, Maine, Area OSHA Office, USA
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:600-2. 2002
  49. pmc Cross-sectional silica exposure measurements at two Zambian copper mines of Nkana and Mufulira
    Patrick Hayumbu
    University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, 1420 Washington Heights Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 5:86-90. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi Occupational hazard evaluation of working population in a select automotive industrial plant
    Alicja Wójcik
    Department of Hygiene, Skubiszewski Medical University of Lublin
    Ann Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med 59:330-4. 2004
    ..While assessing the values of chemical factors concentration, no toxicological danger was revealed in the investigated population. The work conditions of the investigated plant did not create the danger of professional diseases...
  51. ncbi Control of silica exposure from hand tools in construction: grinding concrete
    Alan Echt
    Engineering and Physical Hazards Branch, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:457-61. 2002
  52. ncbi Occupational carbon monoxide violations in the State of Washington, 1994-1999
    Don J Lofgren
    WISHA Services, Department of Labor and Industries, State of Washington, Tacoma, USA
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:501-11. 2002
    ..The study further demonstrates how inspection and industrial insurance records can assist with preventive efforts and better focus an agency's efforts...
  53. ncbi Wood dust: an occupational hazard which increases the risk of respiratory disease
    S Baran
    Department of Physical Education, University of Zielona Gora, Poland
    J Physiol Pharmacol 58:43-50. 2007
    ..The study did not show effects of wood dust exposure on the of lung cancer...
  54. ncbi [Dust exposure and cancer risk associated with amphibolite mining and processing]
    H Wozniak
    Zakładu Zagrozeń Chemicznych i Pyłowych Pracownia Aerozoli i Mikroklimatu Instytutu Medycyny Pracy im prof J Nofera w Łodzi
    Med Pr 52:437-43. 2001
    ..2 x 10(-5) (crushers--10 years of exposure) to 240.0 x 10(-5) (miners--30 years of exposure). The risk of excessive mortality from lung cancer was not high (below 1. x 10(-4)) for all workplaces and periods of exposure...
  55. ncbi [Neurotoxic effect of exposure to low doses of mercury]
    R Lucchini
    Cattedra di Medicina del Lavoro, Universita di Brescia, p le Spedali Civili 1, 25125 Brescia
    Med Lav 93:202-14. 2002
    ..The contribution of non-occupational exposure to inorganic Hg from dental amalgams and to organic Hg from fish consumption was also considered...
  56. pmc Effectiveness of a worksite intervention to reduce an occupational exposure: the Minnesota wood dust study
    DeAnn Lazovich
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1498-505. 2002
    ..This study assessed the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce wood dust, a carcinogen, by approximately 26% in small woodworking businesses...
  57. ncbi [Immunologic effects of exposure to low levels of inorganic mercury]
    L Soleo
    Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Medicina Pubblica, Servizio di Medicina del Lavoro, Policlinico, P zza G Cesare 11, 70124 Bari
    Med Lav 93:225-32. 2002
    ....
  58. ncbi Chemical exposure and risk assessment at workplaces--modeling approach
    Milja Mäkinen
    Appl Occup Environ Hyg 17:744-9. 2002
  59. ncbi Arsenic and porphyrins
    P Apostoli
    Institute of Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene, University of Brescia, Italy
    Am J Ind Med 42:180-7. 2002
    ..To evaluate the possible effect of inorganic arsenic (iAs) and of its species on the urinary excretion of porphyrin homologues...
  60. ncbi [Effects of carbon disulfide on blood pressure and electrocardiogram for workers exposed to levels below the national maximum allowable concentration]
    Jia Chen
    Electrocardiography Laboratory, Cardiovascular Department, Zhongda hospital and School of Clinical Medicine Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 27:644-8. 2009
    To study the effects of carbon disulfide exposure within the national maximum allowable concentration(MAC) on blood pressure and electrocardiogram, and associations with selected factors.
  61. ncbi Estimating factors to convert Chinese 'Total Dust' measurements to ACGIH respirable concentrations in metal mines and pottery industries
    P Gao
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 44:251-7. 2000
    ..collected for approximately 15 minutes during production so the sample could be compared to their maximum allowable concentration (MAC) standard...
  62. ncbi Risk assessment of representative and priority pesticides, in surface water of the Alqueva reservoir (South of Portugal) using on-line solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
    P Palma
    Departamento de Ciências do Ambiente, Escola Superior Agrária de Beja, Apartado 6158, 7801 908 Beja, Portugal
    Environ Int 35:545-51. 2009
    ..The herbicide atrazine reached values that surpassed the proposed maximum allowable concentration (2,000 ng L(-1)). The sampling stations most affected by these pesticides were Sra...
  63. ncbi Case study of groundwater pollution in a critical area of the Southern-Friuli exposed to agricultural and landfill pressures
    G Adami
    Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Trieste, Via Giorgieri 1, 34127 Trieste, Italy
    Ann Chim 91:531-40. 2001
    ..Zinc constitutes an exception; it is found at levels near or superior to the maximum allowable concentration (CMA), and the highest contents are observed in rain periods; different sites display different zinc ..
  64. ncbi Fecal genotyping and contaminant analyses reveal variation in individual river otter exposure to localized persistent contaminants
    Daniel A Guertin
    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 29:275-84. 2010
    ..samples collected from eight known otters in Victoria Harbor had total-PCB concentrations above the maximum allowable concentration as established for Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) feces, with a geometric mean value (10...
  65. ncbi Concentration of selected metals in muscle of various fish species
    Jaroslav Andreji
    Department of Poultry Science and Small Animals Husbandry, Slovak Agricultural University, Nitra, Slovak Republic
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 40:899-912. 2005
    ..The level of lead exceeded the maximum allowable concentration in Slovakia by Codex Alimentarius for safe human consumption (0...
  66. ncbi Ecotoxicological study of Lithuanian and Estonian wastewaters: selection of the biotests, and correspondence between toxicity and chemical-based indices
    L Manusadzianas
    Aquatic Toxicology Unit, Institute of Botany, Z Ezeru 49, 2021 Vilnius, Lithuania
    Aquat Toxicol 63:27-41. 2003
    ..chemical-based indices (derived from comparison of WW chemical concentrations and their respective maximum allowable concentration) revealed positive linear relationships (r(2)=0.7-0...
  67. ncbi Pesticide residues in soils, sediments, and vegetables in the Red River Delta, northern Vietnam
    Takuro Nishina
    Faculty of Agriculture, Kochi University, B200, Monobe, Nankoku, Kochi, 783 8502, Japan
    Environ Monit Assess 169:285-97. 2010
    ..DDT), dicofol, isoprothiolane, and metalaxyl although their levels were below the maximum allowable concentration set by the Vietnamese government...
  68. ncbi Benzene exposure in industries using or manufacturing paint in China--a literature review, 1956-2005
    Hong Liu
    Fudan University School of Public Health, Shanghai, China
    J Occup Environ Hyg 6:659-70. 2009
    ..Most benzene measurements were short-term samples for comparison with the Chinese maximum allowable concentration standard. The accuracy and precision of the sampling and analytical methods were not reported...
  69. ncbi Safety issues associated with processing soybeans in an enclosed habitat intended for long-duration space missions
    Y Vodovotz
    Department of Food Science and Technology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Life Support Biosph Sci 8:1-7. 2001
    ..All concentrations of volatiles evolved during soymilk production were below the 24-h Space Craft Maximum Allowable Concentration (SMAC), while acetaldehyde surpassed the SMAC criteria for soy bread...
  70. ncbi Impaired respiratory muscle function in chemical plant workers producing chlorfenvinphos
    B Konieczny
    II Department of Internal Diseases, Silesian Medical University, Medykow 14, 40 752 Katowice, Poland
    Ann Agric Environ Med 6:21-5. 1999
    ..0008-0.0018 mg/m3 (maximum allowable concentration according to Polish standards is 0. 01 mg/m3)...
  71. ncbi Dust control measures in the construction industry
    Evelyn Tjoe Nij
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Health, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:211-8. 2003
    ..Full-shift measurements showed respirable quartz exposure levels up to 63 times the maximum allowable concentration (MAC) value (0.075 mg/m(3)). More than half of the measurements were above the MAC value...
  72. ncbi Cross-sectional study of cardiovascular effects of carbon disulfide among Chinese workers of a viscose factory
    Xiaodong Tan
    Dept of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Wuhan University, PR of China
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 207:217-25. 2004
    ..effects among Chinese workers who were occupationally exposed to carbon disulfide (CS2), and evaluates the protective value of the current Chinese Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC) of CS2 against cardiovascular effects.
  73. ncbi Organotins in a medium-size Mediterranean basin (the Herault River)
    Chrystelle Bancon-Montigny
    Laboratoire Hydrosciences, UMR 5569, Universités Montpellier I and II CNRS IRD C C MSE, Montpellier Cedex 5, 34095, France
    J Environ Monit 10:638-47. 2008
    ..Tributyltin concentration was higher than the maximum allowable concentration proposed by the European Commission in some surface waters and wells supplying drinking water...
  74. ncbi Lead distribution and its potential risk to the environment: lesson learned from environmental monitoring of abandon mine
    Wanida Nobuntou
    School of Environmental, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani, Thailand
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 45:1702-14. 2010
    ..At the highly polluted monitoring stations (S1, S2, and S3), concentrations of Pb exceeded the maximum allowable concentration for Pb in agricultural soil (300 mg kg(-1)) by 1.7-2 times...
  75. pmc Probabilistic modeling approach for evaluating the compliance of ready-to-eat foods with new European Union safety criteria for Listeria monocytogenes
    Konstantinos Koutsoumanis
    Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Hygiene, Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:4996-5004. 2007
    ..because for certain food categories, they no longer require zero tolerance but rather specify a maximum allowable concentration of 100 CFU/g or ml...
  76. ncbi Climate change induced salinisation of artificial lakes in the Netherlands and consequences for drinking water production
    Matthijs Bonte
    KWR Watercycle Research Institute, PO Box 1072, 3430BB Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
    Water Res 44:4411-24. 2010
    ..This is well above the maximum allowable concentration of 150 mg/l for chloride in drinking water...
  77. ncbi Human toxicokinetics of inhaled monochlorobenzene: latest experimental findings regarding re-evaluation of the biological tolerance value
    U Knecht
    Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational and Social Medicine, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 73:543-54. 2000
    ....
  78. ncbi High levels of heavy metals in rice (Oryza sativa L.) from a typical E-waste recycling area in southeast China and its potential risk to human health
    Jianjie Fu
    State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 2871, Beijing 100085, China
    Chemosphere 71:1269-75. 2008
    ..19, 9.98 and 0.32 microg g(-1), respectively, which were 4.0, 2.0 and 1.1-folds of the maximum allowable concentration (MAC) (0.30, 50.00, 0.30 microg g(-1), respectively) for Chinese agricultural soils...
  79. ncbi Atherosclerotic plaque characterization by quantitative analysis using intravascular ultrasound: correlation with histological and immunohistochemical findings
    Tomokazu Okimoto
    The Second Department of Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Japan
    Circ J 66:173-7. 2002
    ..The results suggest that plaque morphology, as defined by IVUS images, was related to the immunohistochemical findings. The increase in HDPEL correlated with the presence of immune inflammation...
  80. ncbi Neurobehavioural effects of experimental isopropanol exposure
    T Sethre
    Institute of Hygiene and Applied Physiology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 73:105-12. 2000
    The study investigated the acute effects of isopropanol exposure at the maximum allowable concentration (MAC) level on the performance of neurobehavioural functions.
  81. ncbi The setting of an occupational exposure limit for phosphamidon in the workplace--a Chinese approach
    J G Zhuang
    Department of Occupational Health, Shanghai Hygiene and Anti epidemic Centre, Peoples Republic of China
    Ann Occup Hyg 37:89-99. 1993
    ..As a result of the survey, together with the literature review, a 'maximum allowable concentration' (MAC) for phosphamidon in the air of workplace is suggested as 0...
  82. ncbi E-SovTox: An online database of the main publicly-available sources of toxicity data concerning REACH-relevant chemicals published in the Russian language
    Mariliis Sihtmäe
    National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics, Tallinn, Estonia
    Altern Lab Anim 38:297-301. 2010
    ..The main goal of the abovementioned toxicity studies was to derive the maximum allowable concentration limits for industrial chemicals in the occupational health settings of the former Soviet Union...
  83. ncbi Toxicity of sediments from around a North Sea oil platform: are metals or hydrocarbons responsible for ecological impacts?
    Alastair Grant
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Mar Environ Res 53:95-116. 2002
    ..OSPAR guidelines to our data on the toxicity of cuttings pile material to Corophium data would give a maximum allowable concentration of 0.03% in clean sediments...
  84. ncbi Development of groundwater quality index
    Mohesn Saeedi
    Department of Hydraulics and Environment, School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran, Iran
    Environ Monit Assess 163:327-35. 2010
    ..The proportion of observed concentrations to the maximum allowable concentration is calculated as normalized value of each parameter in observing wells...
  85. ncbi Reversed phase liquid chromatography trace analysis of pesticides in soil by on-column sample pumping large volume injection and UV detection
    Milan Hutta
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
    J Sep Sci 32:2034-42. 2009
    ..Recoveries of pesticides at concentration levels approaching half of maximum allowable concentration of pesticides in soil (100 ng/g) ranged from 85 to 98% with acceptable reproducibility, except asulam ..
  86. ncbi Sulfonium boranes for the selective capture of cyanide ions in water
    Youngmin Kim
    Chemistry Department, Texas A and M University, 3255 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843 3255, Fax 1 979 845 4719
    Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 48:4957-60. 2009
    Going fishing! The sulfonium borane [1](+) complexes cyanide in pure water at the maximum allowable concentration of 50 ppb recommended by the European Union...
  87. ncbi Re-evaluation of peroxide value as an indicator of the quality of edible oils
    Satoshi Shiozawa
    Food Safety Research Institute, Nissin Food Products Co, Ltd 2247, Noji Cho, Kusatsu, Shiga 525 0055, Japan
    Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi 48:51-7. 2007
    ..The maximum allowable concentration of the five aldehydes was calculated based on the 'no observed adverse-effect level' of the aldehyde ..
  88. ncbi Experimental exposure to methylformate and its neurobehavioral effects
    T Sethre
    Institute of Hygiene and Applied Physiology, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 73:401-9. 2000
    ..The aim of the study was to investigate the acute effects of experimental methylformate exposure on the nervous system...
  89. ncbi New peat bog record of atmospheric lead pollution in Switzerland: Pb concentrations, enrichment factors, isotopic composition, and organolead species
    W Shotyk
    Geological Institute, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 36:3893-900. 2002
    ..In fact the decline in anthropogenic Pb was probably in response to the introduction of legislation, first in Germany and later in the European Union, establishing a maximum allowable concentration of Pb in gasoline.
  90. ncbi Treatment options for tannery wastewater. I: Alkalinization with or without post-ozonation
    C Di Iaconi
    Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Acque, Via F De Blasio 5, 70123 Bari, Italy
    Ann Chim 91:587-94. 2001
    ..COD, measured after conventional biological treatment, result still higher than the Italian COD Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC) value (i.e., 160 mgO2/L)...
  91. ncbi Evaluation of an automated spectrophotometric assay for reactive oxygen metabolites in serum
    Luigia Iamele
    Cardiovascular Department, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Italy
    Clin Chem Lab Med 40:673-6. 2002
    ..The maximum allowable concentration was 28.2 mmol/l, 0...
  92. ncbi Content and bioconcentration factors of mercury by Parasol Mushroom Macrolepiota procera
    Jerzy Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
    J Environ Sci Health B 42:735-40. 2007
    ..6 +/- 2.6 to 130 +/- 96 (total range from 0.52 to 340). It seems reasonable to state that tolerance (maximum allowable concentration) of the total mercury in a single cap of Parasol Mushroom at unpolluted areas should not exceed 25 ..
  93. ncbi Determining phosphorus and sediment release rates from five Irish tillage soils
    J T Regan
    Dep of Civil Engineering, National Univ of Ireland, Galway, Rep of Ireland
    J Environ Qual 39:185-92. 2010
    ..excess of 30 microg L(-1) (the value above which eutrophication of rivers is likely to occur and the maximum allowable concentration of DRP in rivers under the EU Water Framework Directive, WFD) if their Morgan's phosphorus (P(m)), ..
  94. ncbi Chloride extraction for quality improvement of municipal solid waste incinerator ash for the concrete industry
    Giancarlo Boghetich
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Waste Manag Res 23:57-61. 2005
    ..ranging from 10 to 200 g kg(-1) dry weight in the bottom and fly ash, respectively, exceed the maximum allowable concentration in most cement mixtures...
  95. pmc Ligand binding in the conserved interhelical loop of CorA, a magnesium transporter from Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    Jian Hu
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA
    J Biol Chem 284:15619-28. 2009
    ..The present data support the hypothesis that the negatively charged loop could act as an electrostatic ring, increasing local substrate concentrations before transport across the membrane...
  96. ncbi Lead in bottled waters: contamination from glass and comparison with pristine groundwater
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 41:3508-13. 2007
    ..In fact, all of the waters tested were well below the maximum allowable concentration established by the EU, Health Canada, and the WHO for Pb in drinking water (10 microg/L).
  97. ncbi Pesticide occurrence in selected South Florida canals and Biscayne Bay during high agricultural activity
    Jennifer A Harman-Fetcho
    Environmental Quality Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 53:6040-8. 2005
    ..These data will also serve to document canal conditions prior to implementation of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP)...
  98. ncbi [From integration to communication: estimation of potential health benefits of atmospheric pollution reduction in the city of Trieste]
    Riccardo Tominz
    Azienda per i Servizi Sanitari n 1 Triestina Dipartimento di prevenzione, via de Ralli 3, 34100 Trieste
    Epidemiol Prev 31:59-66. 2007
  99. ncbi Estimated intake of intense sweeteners from non-alcoholic beverages in Denmark, 2005
    T Leth
    National Food Institute, DTU, Søborg, Denmark
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 25:662-8. 2008
    ..The reduction in the European Union of the maximum permitted level for cyclamate from 400 to 250 mg l(-1) has brought the intake of cyclamate in small children down to well below the acceptable daily intake value...
  100. ncbi Body burden of aluminum in relation to central nervous system function among metal inert-gas welders
    V Riihimaki
    Department of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki
    Scand J Work Environ Health 26:118-30. 2000
    ..The relationship between elevated internal aluminum loads and central nervous system function was studied among aluminum welders, and the threshold level for adverse effect was defined...
  101. ncbi [Vitamins and minerals in food supplements. Up-to-date risk assessment]
    R Grossklaus
    Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung, Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 49:202-10. 2006
    ..It should be noted that this recommendation is based on reasons of preventive health protection...

Research Grants11

  1. Effects of Dioxin on Vietnamese Civilians
    David Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..7. ..
  2. Development of Effective Interventions to Reduce Adolescent Use of Indoor Tanning
    DeAnn Lazovich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Indoor Tanning Use, DNA Repair and Risk of Melanoma
    DeAnn Lazovich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart Health
    Marie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Development of Objective Methods for Fluorosis Diagnosis
    ESPERANZA MARTINEZ MIER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Molecular Boundaries For Trigeminal Chemosensory Impact
    J Cometto Muniz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
  8. Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline Pilots
    Joyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Gold standard methods for fluoride analysis
    ESPERANZA MARTINEZ MIER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed study will provide an opportunity to resolve discrepancies that currently make it difficult to compare the results of the many studies dealing with fluoride analyses. ..
  10. CHEMICAL SENSORY IRRITATION: CONTRAST WITH OLFACTION
    J Enrique Cometto Muniz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The outcome will allow us to make inferences about the relative breadth of chemical tuning in human olfaction and chemesthesis. ..
  11. Pesticide Dose Monitoring in Turf Applicators
    Shelley Harris; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..