Genomes and Genes
tobacco smoke pollution
Summary: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
Publications344 found, 100 shown here
- Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countriesMattias Oberg
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Lancet 377:139-46. 2011..We aimed to estimate the worldwide exposure to second-hand smoke and its burden of disease in children and adult non-smokers in 2004...
- The pathophysiology of cigarette smoking and cardiovascular disease: an updateJohn A Ambrose
Comprehensive Cardiovascular Center, Saint Vincent Catholic Medical Centers of New York, New York, New York 10011, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1731-7. 2004..Recent experimental and clinical data support the hypothesis that cigarette smoke exposure increases oxidative stress as a potential mechanism for initiating cardiovascular dysfunction...
- Cardiovascular mortality and exposure to airborne fine particulate matter and cigarette smoke: shape of the exposure-response relationshipC Arden Pope
142 FOB, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 2363, USA
Circulation 120:941-8. 2009..This study directly assessed the shape of the exposure-response relationship between cardiovascular mortality and fine particulates from cigarette smoke and ambient air pollution...
- Cardiovascular effects of secondhand smoke: nearly as large as smokingJoaquin Barnoya
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Cardiovascular Research Institute, and Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco 94143 1390, USA
Circulation 111:2684-98. 2005..This effect is larger than one would expect on the basis of the risks associated with active smoking and the relative doses of tobacco smoke delivered to smokers and nonsmokers...
- Did smokefree legislation in England reduce exposure to secondhand smoke among nonsmoking adults? Cotinine analysis from the Health Survey for EnglandMichelle Sims
Department for Health, and the UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, United Kingdom
Environ Health Perspect 120:425-30. 2012..On 1 July 2007, smokefree legislation was implemented in England, which made virtually all enclosed public places and workplaces smokefree...
- Status of implementation of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in Ghana: a qualitative studyEllis Owusu-Dabo
UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, UK
BMC Public Health 10:1. 2010....
- Effect of the Italian smoking ban on population rates of acute coronary eventsGiulia Cesaroni
Department of Epidemiology, Local Health Unit ASL RME, Via Santa Costanza 53, 00198 Rome, Italy
Circulation 117:1183-8. 2008..We evaluated changes in the frequency of acute coronary events in Rome, Italy, after the introduction of legislation that banned smoking in all indoor public places in January 2005...
- Determinants and consequences of smoke-free homes: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country SurveyR Borland
Cancer Control Research Institute, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
Tob Control 15:iii42-50. 2006..To report on prevalence, trends and determinants of smoke-free home policies in smokers' homes in different countries and to estimate the effects of these policies on smoking cessation...
- Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the ITC Ireland/UK SurveyG T Fong
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 Canada
Tob Control 15:iii51-8. 2006..To evaluate the psychosocial and behavioural impact of the first ever national level comprehensive workplace smoke-free law, implemented in Ireland in March 2004...
- Cotinine-assessed second-hand smoke exposure and risk of cardiovascular disease in older adultsB J Jefferis
UCL Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL Medical School, London, UK
Heart 96:854-9. 2010..To examine whether second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure measured by serum cotinine is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke risk among contemporary older British adults...
- Passive smoking and heart disease. Mechanisms and riskS A Glantz
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
JAMA 273:1047-53. 1995..Nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke in everyday life exhibit an increased risk of both fatal and nonfatal cardiac events...
- Biological evidence for the acute health effects of secondhand smoke exposureAndreas D Flouris
FAME Laboratory, Institute of Human Performance and Rehabilitation, Centre for Research and Technology Thessaly, 32 Siggrou St, Trikala GR42100, Greece
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 298:L3-L12. 2010....
- Effects of environmental tobacco smoke on adult rat brain biochemistryBrian F Fuller
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Virginia Commonwealth University, PO Box 980709, Richmond, VA 23298 0709, USA
J Mol Neurosci 41:165-71. 2010..These findings demonstrate that ETS exposure alters the neuroproteome of the adult rat brain, and suggest modulation of inflammatory and cell death processes...
- Implications of the tobacco industry documents for public health and policyLisa Bero
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0613, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 24:267-88. 2003..The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications of tobacco document research for public health and the application of such research to fields other than tobacco control...
- Indoor concentrations of nicotine in low-income, multi-unit housing: associations with smoking behaviours and housing characteristicsT A Kraev
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Tob Control 18:438-44. 2009..An analysis of airborne nicotine measurements collected in 49 low-income, multi-unit residences across the Greater Boston Area...
- Smoke-free legislation and hospitalizations for acute coronary syndromeJill P Pell
University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
N Engl J Med 359:482-91. 2008..However, it is unknown whether the reduction in admissions involved nonsmokers, smokers, or both...
- Association between passive and active smoking and incident type 2 diabetes in womenLuxia Zhang
Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Diabetes Care 34:892-7. 2011..This analysis examined the association between exposure to passive smoke, active smoking, and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes among women...
- Short term impact of smoke-free legislation in England: retrospective analysis of hospital admissions for myocardial infarctionMichelle Sims
School for Health, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY
BMJ 340:c2161. 2010..To measure the short term impact on hospital admissions for myocardial infarction of the introduction of smoke-free legislation in England on 1 July 2007...
- Methods for quantification of exposure to cigarette smoking and environmental tobacco smoke: focus on developmental toxicologyAna Florescu
Department of Research, The CAMH Center, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Ther Drug Monit 31:14-30. 2009..This review aims at defining the sensitivity, specificity, and clinical utilization of different methods used to estimate exposure to cigarette smoking and environmental tobacco smoke...
- Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease: an analysis controlling for tobacco industry affiliationJanine K Cataldo
Department of Physiological Nursing, Gerontology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0610, USA
J Alzheimers Dis 19:465-80. 2010..72 +/- 0.19 (P< 0.0005). The available data indicate that smoking is a significant risk factor for AD...
- Patterns of global tobacco use in young people and implications for future chronic disease burden in adultsC W Warren
Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Lancet 367:749-53. 2006..As part of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), we aimed to assess the effect of tobacco use by young people on global mortality...
- Cardiovascular effect of bans on smoking in public places: a systematic review and meta-analysisDavid G Meyers
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 54:1249-55. 2009..A systematic review and a meta-analysis were performed to determine the association between public smoking bans and risk for hospital admission for acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
- Legislative smoking bans for reducing secondhand smoke exposure, smoking prevalence and tobacco consumptionJoanne E Callinan
Milford Care Centre, Plassey Park Road, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4:CD005992. 2010..The strongest evidence is the reduction seen in admissions for acute coronary syndrome. There is an increase in support for and compliance with smoking bans after the legislation...
- Attitudes and beliefs about secondhand smoke and smoke-free policies in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country SurveyAndrew Hyland
Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 11:642-9. 2009....
- Cigarette smoking and progression of atherosclerosis: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) StudyG Howard
Department of Public Health Sciences of Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
JAMA 279:119-24. 1998..Cigarette smoking is a powerful risk factor for incident heart disease and stroke, but the relationship of active and passive smoking with the progression of atherosclerosis has not been described...
- Association of anti-smoking legislation with rates of hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory conditionsAlisa Naiman
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Ont
CMAJ 182:761-7. 2010....
- The prevalence of household second-hand smoke exposure and its correlated factors in six counties of ChinaC P Wang
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No 27 Nanwei Road, Beijing 100050, China
Tob Control 18:121-6. 2009..To study the prevalence of, and discuss factors contributing to, household second-hand smoke exposure in six counties in China, providing scientific support for the need to establish tobacco control measures in these areas...
- Smoking and the outcome of infectionR Huttunen
Department of Internal Medicine, Tampere University Hospital, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland
J Intern Med 269:258-69. 2011..g. potential dose-dependent effects and the interactions between smoking and other environmental factors that may affect the course of infectious diseases) remain to be established...
- Short-term effects of Italian smoking regulation on rates of hospital admission for acute myocardial infarctionFrancesco Barone-Adesi
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, CeRMS and Center for Oncologic Prevention Piemonte, University of Turin, Via Santena 7, 10126 Turin, Italy
Eur Heart J 27:2468-72. 2006..We used the hospital discharge records of Piedmont region (northern Italy) to evaluate whether a national law banning smoking in public resulted in a short-term reduction in hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
- Acute myocardial infarction mortality before and after state-wide smoking bansBrad Rodu
School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Room 208, 505 S Hancock St, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
J Community Health 37:468-72. 2012..8% decline that year in the 44 states without bans. Smoke-free ordinances provide a healthy indoor environment, but their implementation in six states had little or no immediate measurable effect on AMI mortality...
- Secondhand smoke exposure and mental health among children and adolescentsFrank C Bandiera
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:332-8. 2011....
- Secondhand smoke exposure and neurobehavioral disorders among children in the United StatesZubair Kabir
Tobacco Free Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland
Pediatrics 128:263-70. 2011..Excess neurobehavioral disorders attributable to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in the home in 2007 were further investigated...
- An intervention to reduce environmental tobacco smoke exposure improves pregnancy outcomesAyman A E El-Mohandes
College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 984355 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 4355, USA
Pediatrics 125:721-8. 2010..We tested the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention in reducing environmental tobacco smoke exposure (ETSE) and improving pregnancy outcomes among black women...
- Secondhand smoke exposure, smoking hygiene, and hospitalization in the first 18 months of lifeGabriel M Leung
Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:687-93. 2004....
- Assessment of exposure to secondhand smoke at outdoor bars and family restaurants in Athens, Georgia, using salivary cotinineJ C Hall
The University of Georgia, College of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
J Occup Environ Hyg 6:698-704. 2009..35; d.f. = 5.09; p = 0.0461). Nonsmokers outside restaurants and bars in Athens, Georgia, have significantly elevated salivary cotinine levels indicative of secondhand smoke exposure...
- Smoke-free homes in England: prevalence, trends and validation by cotinine in childrenM J Jarvis
Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
Tob Control 18:491-5. 2009....
- Declines in acute myocardial infarction after smoke-free laws and individual risk attributable to secondhand smokeJames M Lightwood
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, 3333 California St, Suite 420, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
Circulation 120:1373-9. 2009....
- Comprehensive smoke-free legislation and displacement of smoking into the homes of young children in Hong KongSai Yin Ho
School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Tob Control 19:129-33. 2010..To investigate the effect of comprehensive smoke-free legislation in 2007 on the exposure of children to secondhand smoke (SHS) in Hong Kong...
- Acute exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and heart rate variabilityC A Pope
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
Environ Health Perspect 109:711-6. 2001..Altered cardiac autonomic function, assessed by decrements in HRV, is associated with acute exposure to ETS and may be part of the pathophysiologic mechanisms linking ETS exposure and increased cardiac vulnerability...
- Passive smoking at home and cancer risk: a population-based prospective study in Japanese nonsmoking womenY Nishino
Department of Social Medicine, Tohoku University, Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
Cancer Causes Control 12:797-802. 2001..To investigate the relationship between passive smoking at home and the incidence of various cancers in a population-based prospective study...
- Smoking during pregnancy and offspring fat and lean mass in childhoodSam D Leary
Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 24, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:2284-93. 2006..This study examined the association between maternal and partner smoking during pregnancy and offspring total fat, truncal fat, and lean mass in childhood...
- Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and perinatal outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysesGiselle Salmasi
Department of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 89:423-41. 2010..While active maternal tobacco smoking has well established adverse perinatal outcomes, the effects of passive maternal smoking, also called environmental tobacco exposure (ETS), are less well studied and less consistent...
- Philip Morris toxicological experiments with fresh sidestream smoke: more toxic than mainstream smokeS Schick
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
Tob Control 14:396-404. 2005..Exposure to secondhand smoke causes lung cancer; however, there are little data in the open literature on the in vivo toxicology of fresh sidestream cigarette smoke to guide the debate about smoke-free workplaces and public places...
- Assessing smoking status in children, adolescents and adults: cotinine cut-points revisitedMartin J Jarvis
Health Behaviour Research Centre, and Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
Addiction 103:1553-61. 2008..It is possible that optimal cut-points may have changed as prevalence and exposure to passive smoking have declined...
- Effects of transplacental exposure to environmental pollutants on birth outcomes in a multiethnic populationFrederica P Perera
Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Environ Health Perspect 111:201-5. 2003..This study provides evidence that environmental pollutants at levels currently encountered in New York City adversely affect fetal development...
- Self-reported nicotine exposure and plasma levels of cotinine in early and late pregnancyLena George
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:1331-7. 2006..This study aimed to validate self-reported smoking, smoking cessation, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure in early and late pregnancy, using the biomarker cotinine as the gold standard...
- Parental smoking and children's respiratory health: independent effects of prenatal and postnatal exposureSam Pattenden
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Tob Control 15:294-301. 2006..We investigate this in a pooled analysis, on 53,879 children from 12 cross-sectional studies--components of the PATY study (Pollution And The Young)...
- Glutathione S transferase deficiency and passive smoking increase childhood asthmaM Kabesch
University Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maxmilians University Munich, Lindwurmstrasse 4, D 80337 Munich, Germany
Thorax 59:569-73. 2004..It has been suggested that the genetically determined deficiency of glutathione S transferase (GST) enzymes involved in the detoxification of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) components may contribute to the development of asthma...
- Support for and reported compliance with smoke-free restaurants and bars by smokers in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country SurveyR Borland
Cancer Control Research Institute, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
Tob Control 15:iii34-41. 2006..To explore determinants of support for and reported compliance with smoke-free policies in restaurants and bars across the four countries of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey...
- Association between smokefree laws and voluntary smokefree-home rulesKai Wen Cheng
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
Am J Prev Med 41:566-72. 2011..More states and localities are passing restrictions on smoking in public places and workplaces...
- Reduction of secondhand tobacco smoke in public places following national smoke-free legislation in UruguayAdriana Blanco-Marquizo
Pan American Health Organization, 525 23rd Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Tob Control 19:231-4. 2010..Uruguay was the first country in the Americas and the first middle-income country in the world to enact a comprehensive smoke-free national legislation in March 2006...
- Secondhand tobacco smoke in bars and restaurants in Santiago, Chile: evaluation of partial smoking ban legislation in public placesMarcia Erazo
Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
Tob Control 19:469-74. 2010....
- Population-based survey of secondhand smoke exposure in ChinaLin Xiao
National Tobacco Control Office, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
Biomed Environ Sci 23:430-6. 2010..To determine the extent of secondhand smoke exposure in China, and to explore the potential associated factors...
- Active smoking, household passive smoking, and breast cancer: evidence from the California Teachers StudyPeggy Reynolds
California Department of Health Services, Environmental Health Investigations Branch, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 96:29-37. 2004..To date, literature addressing this question has been mixed, and the question has seldom been examined in large prospective study designs...
- Developing asthma in childhood from exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke: insights from a meta-regressionKathleen L Vork
Air Toxicology and Epidemiology Branch, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency, Oakland, California 94612, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:1394-400. 2007..To look for sources of potential bias and try to uncover consistent patterns of relative risk estimates (RRs), we conducted a meta-analysis of studies published between 1970 and 2005...
- Prenatal and postnatal tobacco smoke exposure and development of insulin resistance in 10 year old childrenElisabeth Thiering
Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Neuherberg, Germany
Int J Hyg Environ Health 214:361-8. 2011..Positive dose-dependent associations and independent effects of postnatal exposure suggest involvement of environmental tobacco smoke in the risk for development of insulin resistance in children...
- Parental and household smoking and the increased risk of bronchitis, bronchiolitis and other lower respiratory infections in infancy: systematic review and meta-analysisLaura L Jones
UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, NG5 1PB, UK
Respir Res 12:5. 2011....
- Secondhand smoke exposure among women and children: evidence from 31 countriesHeather Wipfli
Institute for Global Tobacco Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, W6027, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Am J Public Health 98:672-9. 2008....
- Smoking in the home and children's healthS C Hill
Center for Financing, Cost and Access Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Tob Control 17:32-7. 2008..We estimate for young children the annual excess health service use, healthcare expenditures, and disability bed days for respiratory conditions associated with exposure to smoking in the home in the United States...
- Effect of passive smoking on respiratory symptoms, bronchial responsiveness, lung function, and total serum IgE in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey: a cross-sectional studyC Janson
Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Uppsala University, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden
Lancet 358:2103-9. 2001..This analysis aimed to estimate the effect of passive smoking on respiratory symptoms, bronchial responsiveness, lung function, and total serum IgE in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey...
- Acute and short-term effects of secondhand smoke on lung function and cytokine productionAndreas D Flouris
Institute of Human Performance and Rehabilitation, Centre for Research and Technology Thessaly, 32 Siggrou Street, Trikala GR42100, Greece
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:1029-33. 2009..The acute effect of secondhand smoke (SHS) on lung function and the duration of system disruption remain unknown...
- Smoking restrictions in the home and secondhand smoke exposure among primary schoolchildren before and after introduction of the Scottish smoke-free legislationP C Akhtar
Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit CAHRU, University of Edinburgh, St Leonard s Land, Holyrood Road, Edinburgh EH88AQ, UK
Tob Control 18:409-15. 2009..To examine change in home smoking restrictions one year after introduction of Scottish smoke-free legislation, and whether type of restriction impacts upon secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among children...
- The influence of maternal cigarette smoking, snuff use and passive smoking on pregnancy outcomes: the Birth To Ten StudyKrisela Steyn
Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council, Parowvallei, South Africa
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 20:90-9. 2006..Passive smoking did not affect birthweight significantly in this population...
- Global DNA hypomethylation is associated with in utero exposure to cotinine and perfluorinated alkyl compoundsRafael Guerrero-Preston
Otolaryngology Department, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Epigenetics 5:539-46. 2010..01) but not PFOS levels. Serum Y chromosome analyses did not detect maternal DNA cross-contamination. This study supports the use of global DNA methylation status as a biomarker of in utero exposure to cigarette smoke and PFCs...
- Hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, and asthma after implementation of Arizona's comprehensive statewide smoking banPatricia M Herman
Evaluation, Research and Development Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0462, USA
Am J Public Health 101:491-6. 2011....
- Impact of the Spanish smoking law on exposure to second-hand smoke and respiratory health in hospitality workers: a cohort studyEsteve Fernandez
Tobacco Research and Control Unit, Institut Catala d Oncologia, L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
PLoS ONE 4:e4244. 2009..We aimed to evaluate the impact of the law among hospitality workers by assessing second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure and the frequency of respiratory symptoms before and one year after the ban...
- Trends in and predictors of second-hand smoke exposure indexed by cotinine in children in England from 1996 to 2006Michelle Sims
School for Health, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
Addiction 105:543-53. 2010..To explore trends in and predictors of second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in children. To identify whether inequalities in SHS exposure are changing over time...
- Maternal smoking during pregnancy, environmental tobacco smoke exposure and childhood lung functionF D Gilliland
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
Thorax 55:271-6. 2000..Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) during childhood and in utero exposure to maternal smoking are associated with adverse effects on lung growth and development...
- Sidestream cigarette smoke effects on cardiovascular responses in conscious rats: involvement of oxidative stress in the fourth cerebral ventricleVitor E Valenti
Programa de Pós graduação em Fisioterapia, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:22. 2012..We aimed to evaluate the effects of central catalase inhibition on baroreflex and cardiovascular responses in rats exposed to sidestream cigarette smoke (SSCS)...
- Second-hand smoke exposure and household smoking bans in Chinese families: a qualitative studyAbu S Abdullah
School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China
Health Soc Care Community 20:356-64. 2012..The findings from this intervention have implications for designing intervention strategies to reduce SHS exposure at home among children in China...
- Exposure to tobacco smoke and prevalence of symptoms decreased among Finnish restaurant workers after the smoke-free lawJere P Reijula
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
Am J Ind Med 55:37-43. 2012..The impact of tobacco legislation and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in bars and restaurants were assessed in a national survey...
- The motivators and barriers to a smoke-free home among disadvantaged caregivers: identifying the positive levers for changeLaura L Jones
UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Nicotine Tob Res 13:479-86. 2011....
- Prenatal tobacco smoke and postnatal secondhand smoke exposure and child neurodevelopmentMelissa Herrmann
Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016 6497, USA
Curr Opin Pediatr 20:184-90. 2008..To review the recent scientific literature examining the association of prenatal tobacco and postnatal secondhand smoke exposure and child neurodevelopment...
- A prospective study investigating the association between environmental tobacco smoke exposure and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in never smokersKwang Pil Ko
Division of Epidemiology and Health Index, Center for Genome Science, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Osong, Korea
Ann Epidemiol 21:42-7. 2011..We studied a cohort of individuals to assess whether intensity of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes...
- Parental smoking cessation to protect young children: a systematic review and meta-analysisLaura J Rosen
Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, POB 39040, Ramat Aviv, Israel
Pediatrics 129:141-52. 2012..Some researchers encourage parents to quit for their children's benefit, but the evidence for effectiveness of such approaches is mixed...
- Prevalence of maternal smoking and environmental tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy and impact on birth weight: retrospective study using Millennium CohortCorinne Ward
Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
BMC Public Health 7:81. 2007..We conducted a large, cohort study to assess the impact of ETS exposure on birth weight whilst adjusting for the many factors known to influence this...
- A cross-sectional study on levels of secondhand smoke in restaurants and bars in five cities in ChinaR L Liu
Chinese National Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beiing, China
Tob Control 20:397-402. 2011..To assess indoor secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in restaurants and bars via PM(2.5) level measurements in five cities in China...
- Intervention with parental smokers in an outpatient pediatric clinic using counseling and nicotine replacementJonathan P Winickoff
MGH Center for Child and Adolescent Health Policy, Division of General Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Pediatrics 112:1127-33. 2003..To evaluate the feasibility of implementing a smoking cessation intervention for parents at the time of the pediatric visit...
- The role of GSTP1 polymorphisms and tobacco smoke exposure in children with acute asthmaEn Nee Schultz
School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
J Asthma 47:1049-56. 2010..Genetic variation in GST genes may influence individuals' ability to detoxify environmental pollutants...
- Cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in China: the international collaborative study of cardiovascular disease in AsiaDongfeng Gu
Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue SL18, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Am J Public Health 94:1972-6. 2004..We estimated the prevalence of cigarette smoking and the extent of environmental tobacco smoke exposure (ETS) in the general population in China...
- When smokers move out and non-smokers move in: residential thirdhand smoke pollution and exposureGeorg E Matt
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182 4611, USA
Tob Control 20:e1. 2011..This study examined whether thirdhand smoke (THS) persists in smokers' homes after they move out and non-smokers move in, and whether new non-smoking residents are exposed to THS in these homes...
- Environmental tobacco smoke and fetal health: systematic review and meta-analysisJ Leonardi-Bee
Dr J Leonardi Bee, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 93:F351-61. 2008..To determine the effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure on birth outcomes...
- Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in children: parental perception of smokiness at home and other factors associated with urinary cotinine in preschool childrenDolores Jurado
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Granada, Spain
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:330-6. 2004..The perception of parents (smokers and nonsmokers) about the smokiness in the home could also be a useful indicator of the cotinine in children exposed to environmental tobacco smoke in the household...
- Household environmental tobacco smoke and risks of asthma, wheeze and bronchitic symptoms among children in TaiwanChing Hui Tsai
Institute of Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Respir Res 11:11. 2010..Although studies show that maternal smoking during pregnancy increases the risks of respiratory outcomes in childhood, evidence concerning the effects of household environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure remains inconsistent...
- Role of IL-1α and the Nlrp3/caspase-1/IL-1β axis in cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary inflammation and COPDN S Pauwels
Laboratory for Translational Research in Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases, Dept of Respiratory Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
Eur Respir J 38:1019-28. 2011..These results suggest that not only IL-1β but also IL-1α should be considered as an important mediator in CS-induced inflammation and COPD...
- Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and respiratory syncytial virus infection in young children hospitalized with acute lower respiratory tract infectionSuchada Sritippayawan
Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Rama IV Rd, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 89:2097-103. 2006..The present study was performed to determine the relationship between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in children...
- Fine particle air pollution and secondhand smoke exposures and risks inside 66 US casinosJames L Repace
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Environ Res 111:473-84. 2011..5). Drifting PM(2.5) from secondhand smoke contaminated unseparated nonsmoking areas. Smoke-free casinos reduced PM(2.5) to the same low levels found outdoors...
- Measurement of fine particles and smoking activity in a statewide survey of 36 California Indian casinosRuo Ting Jiang
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 21:31-41. 2011..Elevated PM₂.₅ concentrations in casinos can be attributed primarily to SHS. Average PM₂.₅ concentrations during 0.5-1 h visits to smoking areas exceeded 35 μg/m³ for 90% of the casino visits...
- Prenatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke alters gene expression in the developing murine hippocampusPartha Mukhopadhyay
University of Louisville Birth Defects Center, Department of Molecular, Cellular and Craniofacial Biology, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40292, USA
Reprod Toxicol 29:164-75. 2010..Little is known about the effects of passive smoke exposures on the developing brain...
- The response of children with asthma to ambient particulate is modified by tobacco smoke exposureNathan Rabinovitch
Division of Allergy Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 184:1350-7. 2011....
- Secondhand smoke as a potential cause of chronic rhinosinusitis: a case-control studyC Martin Tammemagi
Department of Community Health Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, ON, Canada
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 136:327-34. 2010..To assess the role of secondhand smoke (SHS) in the etiology of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
- Smoker-free workplace policies: developing a model of public health consequences of workplace policies barring employment to smokersB Houle
Department of Sociology, University of Washington, 223D Condon Hall, Box 353340, 1100 NE Campus Pkwy, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Tob Control 18:64-9. 2009....
- Passive smoking and behavioural problems in children: results from the LISAplus prospective birth cohort studyCarla M T Tiesler
Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology I, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
Environ Res 111:1173-9. 2011....
- In utero exposure to maternal tobacco smoke and subsequent obesity, hypertension, and gestational diabetes among women in the MoBa cohortLea A Cupul-Uicab
Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
Environ Health Perspect 120:355-60. 2012....
- Association of secondhand smoke exposures with DNA methylation in bladder carcinomasCharlotte S Wilhelm-Benartzi
Department of Community Health Center for Environmental Health and Technology, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
Cancer Causes Control 22:1205-13. 2011..Epigenetic alterations in bladder tumors have been linked to primary cigarette smoking and could add to the biological plausibility of an association between SHS exposure and bladder cancer...
- Second-hand smoke levels in Israeli bars, pubs and cafes before and after implementation of smoke-free legislationLaura J Rosen
Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Eur J Public Health 21:15-20. 2011..This study aimed to assess changes in air quality in popular Israeli bars, pubs and cafes after the implementation of law, and to examine changes in patron numbers, percentage of smoking patrons and venue-seating sections...
- Secondhand smoke, vascular disease, and dementia incidence: findings from the cardiovascular health cognition studyDeborah E Barnes
University of California, San Francisco, 4150 Clement Street, 151R, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
Am J Epidemiol 171:292-302. 2010..03, 9.72) in dementia risk compared with subjects with no/low (0-15 years) SHS exposure and < or =25% carotid artery stenosis. High lifetime SHS exposure may increase the risk of dementia in elderly with undiagnosed CVD...
- Is it exposure to cigarette smoke or to smokers which increases the risk of meningococcal disease in teenagers?Pietro G Coen
Academic Department of Child Health, Queen Mary, University of London, Royal London Hospital, UK
Int J Epidemiol 35:330-6. 2006..Passive smoking appears to increase the risk of meningococcal disease (MD) in adolescents. Whether this effect is attributable to exposure to cigarette smoke or contact with smokers is unknown...
- Tobacco dependence, treatment and smoke-free policies: a survey of mental health professionals' knowledge and attitudesElena Ratschen
Clinical Sciences Building, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, NG5 1PB Nottingham, UK
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 31:576-82. 2009..Mental health inpatient units in England have to be smoke-free by law. Preliminary studies have indicated that staff may not have the necessary knowledge and resources to support the implementation of a smoke-free policy...
- Tobacco smoke exposure, wheeze, and atopyClare S Murray
North West Lung Centre, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, UK
Pediatr Pulmonol 37:492-8. 2004..However, ETS exposure has little or no effect on the development of atopy. Measurement of plasma cotinine was no more useful than tobacco exposure assessment by questionnaire in our cohort...
- Not just 'a few wisps': real-time measurement of tobacco smoke at entrances to office buildingsPamela Kaufman
Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S1, Canada
Tob Control 20:212-8. 2011..Tobacco smoke has been linked to numerous health effects in non-smokers and there is no safe level of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. This paper presents data on levels of tobacco smoke inside and outside entrances to office buildings...
- Gene x Environment Factors in Smoking CessationAndrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer riskAndrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- METABOLISM OF CARCINOGENIC TOBACCO SPECIFIC NITROSAMINESStephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Tobacco Control Strategies for Medically At-Risk YouthVida Tyc; Fiscal Year: 2005..Working Group manuscripts that correspond to each objective will be published as a supplement to the journal, Pediatrics. ..
- Tobacco CarcinogenesisStephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2005..Steven Tannenbaum (MIT), Dr. Jack Henningfield (Johns Hopkins and Pinney Associates), Drs. Jeffrey Seeman and Anthony Tricker (Philip Morris), and Dr. John Lauterbach (an independent consultant, formerly with Brown and Williamson). ..
- VULNERABILITY OF THE FETUS/INFANT TO PAH, PM2.5 AND ETS.Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- ASTHMA HEALTH OUTCOMES FOLLOWING INTENSIVE CAREMark Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2004..This award will enable Dr. Eisner's continued progression to an independent clinical investigator. ..
- Reduction of ETS Exposure in Pediatric Cancer PatientsVida Tyc; Fiscal Year: 2006..Our planned clinical trial may verify the effectiveness of an important clinical service for this vulnerable population that can be adapted for other pediatric oncology settings. ..
- CARCINOGENIC CYCLIC NITROSAMINE DNA ADDUCTSStephen S Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed research is significant because of the known human exposure to these carcinogens through the diet, tobacco products, and endogenous formation. ..
- Lung Cancer Chemoprevention: Isothiocyanates, inositolStephen Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Disability and Health Outcomes in COPDMark Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2008..Based on this work, intervention strategies can be designed that target reduction of functional limitation and disability to improve downstream health outcomes. ..
- BIOMARKERS OF GENETIC DAMAGE AND ANTIOXIDANTFrederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2001..Once validated in this model population, these biomarkers would also have applicability in evaluating interventions in occupational cohorts and other populations highly exposed to carcinogens. ..
- Safety of Nicotine Reduction StrategyNeal Benowitz; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed research is needed to guide governmental regulators as to how best to regulate nicotine in cigarettes and is an essential first step in examining the feasibility of a national regulation program. ..
- HEALTH SERVICES IMPACTS OF YOUTH ALCOHOL MEASURESDavid Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Macro-social & Parent Influence on Adolescents' Drug UseMatthew Farrelly; Fiscal Year: 2007..Generalized Growth Mixture Modeling will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
- Improving Asthma Communication in Minority FamiliesArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Epidemiology of Visual Impairment: The 1986-2002 NHISDavid Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A+ Asthma Rural PartnershipArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004..The findings of this study will be important to clinicians, researchers, and health policy makers. ..
- EYE DISEASE, DISABILITY AND MORTALITY RISK IN US ADULTSDavid Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- NEBULIZER INTERVENTION IN MINORITY CHILDREN WITH ASTHMAArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004..Study findings will improve clinical care to this vulnerable population of children and will be if significant use to health care providers, researchers, insurers and policy makers. ..
- Sensory Impairment, Functional Status and MortalityDavid Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- HOME NURSE INTERVENTION FOR IUDE INFANTS--3 YR FOLLOW UPArlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2002..Data will be of significant use to researchers, health care providers, insurers and policy makers. ..
- TEEN TOBACCO USE IN A BIRTH COHORT & PRENATAL EFFECTSMARIE CORNELIUS; Fiscal Year: 2009..Also, with further physical and CNS maturation in adolescence, we can assess whether effects of PTE on growth, cognitive, neuropsychological, and behavioral outcomes are maintained and whether new deficits occur with maturation. ..
- Role of depression and anxiety in the tobacco epidemicRenee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2008..Use of the NESARC offers a unique opportunity to analyze a large, longitudinal, epidemiologic dataset. ..
- TREATMENT OF SMOKELESS TOBACCO USERSDorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2008..PERFORMANCE SITE ========================================Section End=========================================== ..
- Chemoprevention in Mice after Tobacco Smoke ExposureHanspeter Witschi; Fiscal Year: 2004..Eventually, these preclinical studies in an animal model of "former smokers" will help to evaluate the potential usefulness and also possible dosage regimens of chemopreventive agents characterized by their suppressing action. ..
- Exploration of ETS Effects on Child Behavior and SleepKimberly Yolton; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Comorbid childhood anxiety and asthmaRenee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2006..That study will involve a longitudinal epidemiologic preventive intervention study aimed at reducing the risk of anxiety disorders among pediatric asthma/allergy patients. ..
- Innovative Interventions for Smoking CessationDorothy K Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of this study will provide useful information on directions to pursue to improve our pharmacotherapies and behavioral treatments and to better understand the various aspects of addiction. ..
- Interventions for Tobacco Dependent AdolescentsDorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- TOBACCO EXPOSURE REDUCTIONDorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results of research from this TTURC will provide the scientific basis for urgent policy, public education, and regulatory efforts to reduce tobacco harm. ..
- Neurobehavioral Effects of Insecticide Exposure in Pregnancy and Early ChildhoodKimberly Yolton; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Environmental Exposures, NOS Genes, and Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Pediatric AsthmaAdam Spanier; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Imaging of nicotine sensitization in humans: a translational application of fMRIJoseph DiFranza; Fiscal Year: 2008..The long-term goal is to use this new tool to see how addictive drugs alter the brain, and thereby identify targets for the development of new drugs to treat addiction. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDRENRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- FACTORS IN CHILDHOOD LUNG SUSCEPTIBILITY TO POLLUTIONFrank Gilliland; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
- A Culturally Appropriate Cervical Cancer Intervention for Underserved VietnameseGrace X Ma; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Curbing Tobacco Use in Suburban and Rural SchoolsAlexander V Prokhorov; Fiscal Year: 2010..The study will be a group-randomized, controlled trial with 2000 participants aged 14-16 years from 16 high schools in suburban and rural southeast Texas. Follow-up assessments will be conducted at 6 weeks and at 6, 12, and 18 months. ..
- Air Pollution, Inflammation and New Onset AsthmaFrank Gilliland; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIVRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
- Enhanced Smoking Cessation for University StudentsAlexander V Prokhorov; Fiscal Year: 2010..It will set the stage for a randomized, controlled trial of the smoking prevention and cessation methods among this high-risk population. ..
- Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart HealthMarie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISMS OF CHLORPYRIFOS DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROTOXICITYTheodore Slotkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..Molecular mechanisms of developmental neurotoxicity can be determined and linked to eventual alterations in behavioral performance. ..
- ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDSRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOSMichelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
- Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005..S. and elsewhere. ..
- Healthcare Team Approach to Tobacco CessationAlexander Prokhorov; Fiscal Year: 2005..Also, to encourage and facilitate health care provider outreach in the community. AIM 5: To evaluate the proposed tobacco cessation counseling strategies for their costs and benefits. ..
- A Qualitative Study of Household Smoking PoliciesMichelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Findings from this formative research will provide the foundation upon which to design and test effective strategies for creating smoke-free homes in rural, low-income communities. ..
- Exposure Insights Using GIS in a Case-Control StudyPeggy Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Cigarette Smoke in Early Life Alters Airway ReactivityZhong Xin Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007..The findings will provide new understanding about the mechanisms of ETS susceptibility during early life. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ASIAN TOBACCO EDUCATION & CANCER AWARENESS RESEARCH INITGrace Ma; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Prevention of chronic asthma: age 7 follow upMARY KLINNERT; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, we will use the early data to identify developmental precursors for poor adherence and increased asthma morbidity at age 7. ..
- Fetal & Adolescent Nicotine Effects on CNS 5HT SystemsTheodore Slotkin; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Health Effects of Violence Exposure Among Children Living in Urban EnvironmentsShakira Franco; Fiscal Year: 2005..The proposed research involves secondary data analysis conducted withing the Maternal-Infant Smoking Study of East Boston (MISSEB) Cohort (RJ Wright, PI) and will incorporate both social and environmental frameworks. ..
- The Transition of Nicotine DependenceJoseph DiFranza; Fiscal Year: 2005..A new theory-based measure of early dependence for youths will be tested against established measures of dependence. ..
- Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
- Oxidative Damage in Smokers and Passive SmokersGladys Block; Fiscal Year: 2003..smokers 6) To determine the level of vitamin C required by smokers to attain the plasma vitamin C levels of non-smokers 7) To study the effect of supplemental vitamin C or antioxidant cocktail on other plasma antioxidants ..
- Intervention for Enhanced Adoption of Smoke-Free Apartment Building PoliciesBrian King; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results from all four studies will be disseminated through a website in an effort to inform future research efforts and to educate relevant stakeholders about the implications of the findings. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HEALTHY CHILDREN AND HEALTHY FAMILIES PROGRAMMelbourne Hovell; Fiscal Year: 2003..Results will inform clinical and educational prevention of osteoporosis in male and female from different racial/ethnic backgrounds at risk of osteoporosis as adults. ..
- Phase I/II Study of MS-275 and 5-Azacytidine in Patients with Advanced Non-SmallCHARLES RUDIN; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, this approach could alter the poor prognosis of individuals with this disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A pharmacogenetic and pharmacodynamic study of erlotinibCHARLES RUDIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Defining the basis of this toxicity could also promote the development of EGFR-directed agents that may avoid such toxicity or that may be effective in a broader spectrum of cancer patients. ..
- Pediatric Secondhand Smoke Exposure Reduction StrategiesDana Best; Fiscal Year: 2004..It is our hope to make the nation's pediatric clinicians the next soldiers in the war against tobacco use. ..
- Club Drug Initiation & HIV Risk of Mobile Suburban YouthBrian Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2003..Determining the pathways to club drug initiation and transitions to later stages of use and abuse is, therefore, of utmost importance. ..
- Treatment Issues In Smokers with SchizophreniaMarc Steinberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..The plan will include important hands-on learning experiences, workshops, class work, attendance at national scientific conferences, and strong mentoring relationships. ..
- Drug craving: pharmacologic and associative influencesThomas Eissenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..Given the costs of smoking and the dramatic reduction in these costs when smokers quit smoking, improving the treatment options for all smokers is essential. ..