- Cardiovascular mortality and long-term exposure to particulate air pollution: epidemiological evidence of general pathophysiological pathways of disease
C Arden Pope
Brigham Young University, 130 FOB, Provo, UT 84602 2363, USA
Circulation 109:71-7. 2004
Epidemiologic studies have linked long-term exposure to fine particulate matter air pollution (PM) to broad cause-of-death mortality...
- Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases
Department of Biostatistics, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
JAMA 295:1127-34. 2006
..5 microm in aerodynamic diameter [PM2.5]) is limited. Results from the new national monitoring network for PM2.5 make possible systematic research on health risks at national and regional scales...
- Air pollution and lung cancer incidence in 17 European cohorts: prospective analyses from the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE)
Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
Lancet Oncol 14:813-22. 2013
Ambient air pollution is suspected to cause lung cancer. We aimed to assess the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and lung cancer incidence in European populations.
- Air pollution and incidence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in black women living in Los Angeles
Patricia F Coogan
Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, 1010 Commonwealth Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Circulation 125:767-72. 2012
..Preliminary epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that air pollution may contribute to the development of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
- Clearing the air: a review of the effects of particulate matter air pollution on human health
Jonathan O Anderson
Department of Medical Education, Orlando Health Emergency Medicine, Orlando, FL 32806, USA
J Med Toxicol 8:166-75. 2012
The World Health Organization estimates that particulate matter (PM) air pollution contributes to approximately 800,000 premature deaths each year, ranking it the 13th leading cause of mortality worldwide...
- Exposure measurement error in time-series studies of air pollution: concepts and consequences
S L Zeger
Johns Hopkins University, School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Environ Health Perspect 108:419-26. 2000
..In this paper, we address measurement error in observational studies of air pollution and health...
- Association of particulate air pollution with daily mortality: the China Air Pollution and Health Effects Study
School of Public Health, Key Lab of Public Health Safety of the Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Am J Epidemiol 175:1173-81. 2012
..Conclusively, this largest epidemiologic study of particulate air pollution in China suggests that short-term exposure to PM(10) is associated with increased mortality risk.
- Long-term exposure to air pollution and cardiorespiratory disease in the California teachers study cohort
Michael J Lipsett
California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 184:828-35. 2011
Several studies have linked long-term exposure to particulate air pollution with increased cardiopulmonary mortality; only two have also examined incident circulatory disease.
- The asthma epidemic
University Children s Hospital, Munich, Germany
N Engl J Med 355:2226-35. 2006
- Main air pollutants and myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Paris Cardiovascular Research Center, University Paris Descartes, INSERM Unit 970, Paris, France
JAMA 307:713-21. 2012
Short-term exposure to high levels of air pollution may trigger myocardial infarction (MI), but this association remains unclear.
- Case-crossover analyses of air pollution exposure data: referent selection strategies and their implications for bias
Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Epidemiology 16:717-26. 2005
The case-crossover design has been widely used to study the association between short-term air pollution exposure and the risk of an acute adverse health event...
- Global association of air pollution and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Anoop S V Shah
BHF University Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, UK
Lancet 382:1039-48. 2013
Acute exposure to air pollution has been linked to myocardial infarction, but its effect on heart failure is uncertain...
- Surrounding greenness and exposure to air pollution during pregnancy: an analysis of personal monitoring data
Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
Environ Health Perspect 120:1286-90. 2012
..Despite the suggestions of air pollution-related health benefits of green spaces, there is no available evidence on the impact of greenness on personal ..
- Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of coronary heart disease hospitalization and mortality
Wen Qi Gan
School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 119:501-7. 2011
..Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that exposure to road traffic is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes...
- Ambient air pollution and risk of congenital anomalies: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona, Spain
Environ Health Perspect 119:598-606. 2011
We systematically reviewed epidemiologic studies on ambient air pollution and congenital anomalies and conducted meta-analyses for a number of air pollutant-anomaly combinations.
- Ambient air pollution and the progression of atherosclerosis in adults
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute Swiss TPH, Basel, Switzerland University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland corrected
PLoS ONE 5:e9096. 2010
Cross-sectional studies suggest an association between exposure to ambient air pollution and atherosclerosis...
- Meeting report: atmospheric pollution and human reproduction
Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Neuherberg, Germany
Environ Health Perspect 116:791-8. 2008
..There is a growing body of epidemiologic literature reporting associations between atmospheric pollutants and reproductive outcomes, particularly birth weight and gestational duration...
- Comparing exposure assessment methods for traffic-related air pollution in an adverse pregnancy outcome study
Program in Public Health and Department of Epidemiology, Anteater Instruction and Research Office, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 3957, USA
Environ Res 111:685-92. 2011
Previous studies reported adverse impacts of traffic-related air pollution exposure on pregnancy outcomes...
- Association of long-term exposure to community noise and traffic-related air pollution with coronary heart disease mortality
Wen Qi Gan
School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Am J Epidemiol 175:898-906. 2012
In metropolitan areas, road traffic is a major contributor to ambient air pollution and the dominant source of community noise...
- Genomics and the respiratory effects of air pollution exposure
John W Holloway
Human Development and Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
Respirology 17:590-600. 2012
..SNP have detected SNP associated with respiratory phenotypes; however, to date, only candidate gene studies of air pollution exposure have been performed...
- Adverse cardiovascular effects of air pollution
Nicholas L Mills
Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, UK
Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 6:36-44. 2009
b>Air pollution is increasingly recognized as an important and modifiable determinant of cardiovascular disease in urban communities...
- Air pollution and markers of coagulation, inflammation, and endothelial function: associations and epigene-environment interactions in an elderly cohort
Marie Abele Bind
Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Epidemiology 23:332-40. 2012
Previous studies suggest that air pollution is related to thrombosis, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. Mechanisms and sources of susceptibility are still unclear...
- Ambient air pollution exaggerates adipose inflammation and insulin resistance in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity
Wolfe Professor of Medicine and Radiology, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, Room 110, 473 W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 1252, USA
Circulation 119:538-46. 2009
..We hypothesized that exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (<2.5 mum; PM(2.5)) exaggerates diet-induced insulin resistance, adipose inflammation, and visceral adiposity...
- Traffic-related air pollution and cognitive function in a cohort of older men
Melinda C Power
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:682-7. 2011
..Traffic-related particles induce oxidative stress and may exert adverse effects on central nervous system function, which could manifest as cognitive impairment...
- Long-term exposure to air pollution and incidence of cardiovascular events in women
Kristin A Miller
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
N Engl J Med 356:447-58. 2007
Fine particulate air pollution has been linked to cardiovascular disease, but previous studies have assessed only mortality and differences in exposure between cities...
- Fine-particulate air pollution and life expectancy in the United States
C Arden Pope
Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 2363, USA
N Engl J Med 360:376-86. 2009
Exposure to fine-particulate air pollution has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality, suggesting that sustained reductions in pollution exposure should result in improved life expectancy...
- Respiratory health effects of air pollution: update on biomass smoke and traffic pollution
Robert J Laumbach
Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
J Allergy Clin Immunol 129:3-11; quiz 12-3. 2012
Mounting evidence suggests that air pollution contributes to the large global burden of respiratory and allergic diseases, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, and possibly tuberculosis...
- Lung cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution
C Arden Pope
Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, 142 FOB, Provo, UT 84602, USA
JAMA 287:1132-41. 2002
Associations have been found between day-to-day particulate air pollution and increased risk of various adverse health outcomes, including cardiopulmonary mortality...
- Long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and incidence of cardiovascular diseases
Richard W Atkinson
Division of Population Health Sciences and Education and MRC HPA Centre for Environment and Health, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
Epidemiology 24:44-53. 2013
..age 40 to 89 years registered with 205 English general practices in 2003, we investigated relationships between ambient outdoor air pollution and incident myocardial infarction, stroke, arrhythmia, and heart failure over a 5-year period.
- Practical advancement of multipollutant scientific and risk assessment approaches for ambient air pollution
Douglas O Johns
National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
Environ Health Perspect 120:1238-42. 2012
- Aircraft noise, air pollution, and mortality from myocardial infarction
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine ISPM, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Epidemiology 21:829-36. 2010
Myocardial infarction has been associated with both transportation noise and air pollution. We examined residential exposure to aircraft noise and mortality from myocardial infarction, taking air pollution into account.
- Traffic-related air pollution, particulate matter, and autism
Heather E Volk
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute, Children s Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
JAMA Psychiatry 70:71-7. 2013
..Examination of hazardous pollutants has suggested the importance of air toxics in the etiology of autism, yet little research has examined its association with local levels of air pollution using residence-specific exposure assignments.
- Traffic-related air pollution and development of allergic sensitization in children during the first 8 years of life
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
J Allergy Clin Immunol 129:240-6. 2012
The role of exposure to air pollution in the development of allergic sensitization remains unclear.
- Protecting human health from air pollution: shifting from a single-pollutant to a multipollutant approach
Department of Biostatistics, Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Epidemiology 21:187-94. 2010
To date, the assessment of public health consequences of air pollution has largely focused on a single-pollutant approach aimed at estimating the increased risk of adverse health outcomes associated with the exposure to a single air ..
- Exposure assessment for estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to outdoor air pollution
School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T1Z3, Canada
Environ Sci Technol 46:652-60. 2012
Ambient air pollution is associated with numerous adverse health impacts. Previous assessments of global attributable disease burden have been limited to urban areas or by coarse spatial resolution of concentration estimates...
- Insights into the mechanisms and mediators of the effects of air pollution exposure on blood pressure and vascular function in healthy humans
Robert D Brook
University of Michigan, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
Hypertension 54:659-67. 2009
Fine particulate matter air pollution plus ozone impairs vascular function and raises diastolic blood pressure. We aimed to determine the mechanism and air pollutant responsible...
- An association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality from lung cancer and respiratory diseases in Japan
Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, 5 1 1 Tsukiji, Chuo Ku, Tokyo 104 0045, Japan
J Epidemiol 21:132-43. 2011
Evidence for a link between long-term exposure to air pollution and lung cancer is limited to Western populations. In this prospective cohort study, we examined this association in a Japanese population.
- Air pollution: mechanisms of neuroinflammation and CNS disease
Michelle L Block
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Campus, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
Trends Neurosci 32:506-16. 2009
b>Air pollution has been implicated as a chronic source of neuroinflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that produce neuropathology and central nervous system (CNS) disease...
- Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect
C Arden Pope
Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 2363, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:709-42. 2006
..evaluation of the research findings provides persuasive evidence that exposure to fine particulate air pollution has adverse effects on cardiopulmonaryhealth...
- Long-term ozone exposure and mortality
Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, 710 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
N Engl J Med 360:1085-95. 2009
..elevations in tropospheric ozone to adverse health outcomes, the effect of long-term exposure to ozone on air pollution-related mortality remains uncertain...
- Near-roadway air quality: synthesizing the findings from real-world data
Alex A Karner
U C Davis Caltrans Air Quality Project, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Environ Sci Technol 44:5334-44. 2010
Despite increasing regulatory attention and literature linking roadside air pollution to health outcomes, studies on near roadway air quality have not yet been well synthesized...
- Air pollution exposure assessment methods utilized in epidemiological studies
Central South University, School of Info Physics and Geomatics Engineering, Changsha, Hunan 410086, China
J Environ Monit 11:475-90. 2009
The assessment of personal exposure to air pollution is a critical component of epidemiological studies associating air pollution and health effects...
- Urban particulate matter air pollution is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis: results from the HNR (Heinz Nixdorf Recall) study
Department of Cardiology, West German Heart Center Essen, University Hospital, University of Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany
J Am Coll Cardiol 56:1803-8. 2010
..The aim of this study was to investigate the association of long-term residential exposure to fine particles with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT)...
- Fine particulate air pollution and its components in association with cause-specific emergency admissions
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
Environ Health 8:58. 2009
..We explored whether the association between cause-specific hospital admissions and PM(2.5) was modified by PM(2.5) chemical composition...
- Particulate matter-induced health effects: who is susceptible?
Jason D Sacks
National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:446-54. 2011
- Genetic variation in the glutathione synthesis pathway, air pollution, and children's lung function growth
Carrie V Breton
Department of Preventive Medicine, USC Keck School of Medicine, 1540 Alcazar Street, CHP 236, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 183:243-8. 2011
..Glutathione plays an important role in antioxidant and inflammatory processes in the lung. Alterations in glutathione metabolism are a central feature of several chronic lung diseases...
- Do the health benefits of cycling outweigh the risks?
Jeroen Johan de Hartog
University of Utrecht, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Environ Health Perspect 118:1109-16. 2010
..a societal point of view a modal shift from car to bicycle may have beneficial health effects due to decreased air pollution emissions, decreased greenhouse gas emissions, and increased levels of physical activity, shifts in individual ..
- Traffic-related air pollution and incident type 2 diabetes: results from the SALIA cohort study
Institut fur umweltmedizinische Forschung IUF, Leibniz Center at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
Environ Health Perspect 118:1273-9. 2010
Cross-sectional and ecological studies indicate that air pollution may be a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, but prospective data are lacking.
- Effects of long-term exposure to air pollution on natural-cause mortality: an analysis of 22 European cohorts within the multicentre ESCAPE project
Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands Electronic address
Lancet 383:785-95. 2014
Few studies on long-term exposure to air pollution and mortality have been reported from Europe...
- Acute effects of particulate air pollution on respiratory admissions: results from APHEA 2 project. Air Pollution and Health: a European Approach
R W Atkinson
Department of Public Health Sciences, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:1860-6. 2001
- Time-to-event analysis of fine particle air pollution and preterm birth: results from North Carolina, 2001-2005
Howard H Chang
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Am J Epidemiol 175:91-8. 2012
Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy has been suggested to be a risk factor for preterm birth; however, epidemiologic evidence remains mixed and limited...
- Prospective study of particulate air pollution exposures, subclinical atherosclerosis, and clinical cardiovascular disease: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution (MESA Air)
Joel D Kaufman
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Am J Epidemiol 176:825-37. 2012
The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution (MESA Air) was initiated in 2004 to investigate the relation between individual-level estimates of long-term air pollution exposure and the progression of subclinical ..
- Reduced metabolic insulin sensitivity following sub-acute exposures to low levels of ambient fine particulate matter air pollution
Robert D Brook
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, United States
Sci Total Environ 448:66-71. 2013
..transported to an urban location for 5 consecutive days (exposure-block) of daily 4- to 5-hour-long ambient air pollution exposures...
- Cardiovascular effects of particulate air pollution exposure: time course and underlying mechanisms
J P Langrish
BHF University Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
J Intern Med 272:224-39. 2012
b>Air pollution is now recognized as an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and may be responsible for up to 3 million premature deaths each year worldwide...
- Air pollution, cognitive deficits and brain abnormalities: a pilot study with children and dogs
Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico City, Mexico
Brain Cogn 68:117-27. 2008
Exposure to air pollution is associated with neuroinflammation in healthy children and dogs in Mexico City. Comparative studies were carried out in healthy children and young dogs similarly exposed to ambient pollution in Mexico City...
- In-traffic air pollution exposure and CC16, blood coagulation, and inflammation markers in healthy adults
Public Health Services Gelderland Midden, Arnhem, The Netherlands
Environ Health Perspect 119:1384-9. 2011
Exposure to traffic-related air pollution is a risk factor for cardiovascular events, probably involving mechanisms of inflammation and coagulation...
- Estimating the national public health burden associated with exposure to ambient PM2.5 and ozone
U S Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Risk Anal 32:81-95. 2012
..drawn from the long-term American Cancer Society (ACS) cohort study and National Mortality and Morbidity Air Pollution Study (NMMAPS), respectively, we estimate 130,000 PM(2...
- microRNAs: implications for air pollution research
Melanie J Jardim
National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Mutat Res 717:38-45. 2011
..to air pollutants and to contemplate on how these responses ultimately control susceptibility to ambient air pollution. Morbidity and mortality attributable to air pollution continues to be a growing public health concern ..
- Air pollution, blood pressure, and the risk of hypertensive complications during pregnancy: the generation R study
Edith H van den Hooven
The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Hypertension 57:406-12. 2011
Exposure to air pollution is associated with elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular disease...
- Season, sex, age, and education as modifiers of the effects of outdoor air pollution on daily mortality in Shanghai, China: The Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) Study
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Environ Health Perspect 116:1183-8. 2008
Various factors can modify the health effects of outdoor air pollution. Prior findings about modifiers are inconsistent, and most of these studies were conducted in developed countries.
- Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA): a multicity study of short-term effects of air pollution on mortality
Chit Ming Wong
Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
Environ Health Perspect 116:1195-202. 2008
Although the deleterious effects of air pollution from fossil fuel combustion have been demonstrated in many Western nations, fewer studies have been conducted in Asia...
- Fine particle sources and cardiorespiratory morbidity: an application of chemical mass balance and factor analytical source-apportionment methods
Jeremy A Sarnat
Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, 1518 Clifton Rd, Room 260, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:459-66. 2008
..We analyzed a time-series of chemically speciated PM measurements in Atlanta, Georgia, and conducted an epidemiologic analysis using data from three distinct source-apportionment methods...
- Diabetes incidence and long-term exposure to air pollution: a cohort study
Zorana J Andersen
1Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
Diabetes Care 35:92-8. 2012
Animal and cross-sectional epidemiological studies suggest a link between air pollution and diabetes, whereas the limited prospective data show mixed results...
- Association between long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and mortality in China: a cohort study
Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, and Chinese National Center for Cardiovascular Disease Control and Research, Beijing, China
J Hazard Mater 186:1594-600. 2011
No prior cohort studies exist in China examining the association of outdoor air pollution with mortality. We studied 70,947 middle-aged men and women in the China National Hypertension Survey and its follow-up study...
- Air pollution exposures and circulating biomarkers of effect in a susceptible population: clues to potential causal component mixtures and mechanisms
Ralph J Delfino
Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California 92617, USA
Environ Health Perspect 117:1232-8. 2009
Mechanisms involving oxidative stress and inflammation have been proposed to explain associations of ambient air pollution with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality...
- Associations between recent exposure to ambient fine particulate matter and blood pressure in the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
Amy H Auchincloss
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 109 Observatory St, SPH Tower Room 3655, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:486-91. 2008
..5 microm in aerodynamic diameter; PM(2.5)) and BP: systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), mean arterial (MAP), and pulse pressure (PP)...
- Modeling the association between particle constituents of air pollution and health outcomes
Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Am J Epidemiol 176:317-26. 2012
..5. Although the different methods yield results with different interpretations, the relative rankings of the association between constituents and ischemic stroke were fairly consistent across models...
- Ambient air pollution and preterm birth in the environment and pregnancy outcomes study at the University of California, Los Angeles
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Am J Epidemiol 166:1045-52. 2007
..information to assess the extent to which residual confounding and exposure misclassification may impact air pollution effect estimates...
- From particles to patients: oxidative stress and the cardiovascular effects of air pollution
Mark R Miller
BHF University Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Queens Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Future Cardiol 8:577-602. 2012
b>Air pollution, especially airborne particulate matter (PM), is associated with an increase in both morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, although the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely established...
- Ambient temperature, air pollution, and heart rate variability in an aging population
Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Am J Epidemiol 173:1013-21. 2011
Studies show that ambient temperature and air pollution are associated with cardiovascular disease and that they may interact to affect cardiovascular events...
- Association between changes in air pollution levels during the Beijing Olympics and biomarkers of inflammation and thrombosis in healthy young adults
David Q Rich
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
JAMA 307:2068-78. 2012
b>Air pollution is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but the underlying biological mechanisms are not well understood.
- Extreme air pollution events from bushfires and dust storms and their association with mortality in Sydney, Australia 1994-2007
Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 23, Hobart 7001, Tasmania, Australia
Environ Res 111:811-6. 2011
Extreme air pollution events due to bushfire smoke and dust storms are expected to increase as a consequence of climate change, yet little has been published about their population health impacts...
- Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children chronically exposed to high level of vehicular pollution
Health Canada, Environmental Health Center EHC, HECS, Tunneys Pasture, AL 0800C, Ottawa, K1A 0K9, ON, Canada
Eur J Pediatr 170:923-9. 2011
The purpose of this study is to explore whether sustained exposure to vehicular air pollution affects the behavior and activities of children...
- Distributed lag analyses of daily hospital admissions and source-apportioned fine particle air pollution
New York University, School of Medicine, Department of Environmental Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:455-60. 2011
..5 µm (PM2.5)] have used chemically nonspecific PM2.5 mass. However, PM2.5 is known to vary in chemical composition with source, and health impacts may vary accordingly...
- Air pollution, lung function, and physical symptoms in communities near concentrated Swine feeding operations
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
Epidemiology 22:208-15. 2011
..We examined associations of reported hog odor and of monitored air pollutants with physical symptoms and lung function in people living within 1.5 miles of hog operations...
- Ambient air pollution and birth weight in full-term infants in Atlanta, 1994-2004
Lyndsey A Darrow
Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:731-7. 2011
An emerging body of evidence suggests that ambient levels of air pollution during pregnancy are associated with fetal growth.
- Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and Massachusetts
Michelle L Bell
School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:1118-24. 2007
Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States.
- Air pollution, platelet activation and atherosclerosis
Tehran Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
Inflamm Allergy Drug Targets 9:387-92. 2010
..The role of environmental factors, including air pollution, remains overlooked...
- Chronic fine and coarse particulate exposure, mortality, and coronary heart disease in the Nurses' Health Study
ROBIN C PUETT
South Carolina Cancer Prevention and Control Program and Department of Epidemiology, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29201, USA
Environ Health Perspect 117:1697-701. 2009
The relationship of fine particulate matter < 2.5 microm in diameter (PM(2.5)) air pollution with mortality and cardiovascular disease is well established, with more recent long-term studies reporting larger effect sizes than earlier ..
- Air pollution and birth outcomes: a systematic review
Prakesh S Shah
Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Environ Int 37:498-516. 2011
- Air pollution and emergency admissions in Boston, MA
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:890-5. 2006
Many studies have shown that ambient particulate air pollution (PM) is associated with increased risk of hospital admissions and deaths for cardiovascular or respiratory causes around the world...
- Global estimates of ambient fine particulate matter concentrations from satellite-based aerosol optical depth: development and application
Aaron van Donkelaar
Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 118:847-55. 2010
..5 microm (PM2.5) are limited by the lack of monitoring data, especially in developing countries. Satellite observations offer valuable global information about PM2.5 concentrations...
- Referent selection in case-crossover analyses of acute health effects of air pollution
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195-7232, USA
Epidemiology 12:186-92. 2001
..be an alternative to Poisson time series regression for studying the health effects of fine particulate matter air pollution. Characteristics of time-series of particulate matter, including long-term time trends, seasonal trends, and ..
- Long-term exposure to road traffic noise and myocardial infarction
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Epidemiology 20:272-9. 2009
..No previous study has simultaneously analyzed the role of exposure to noise and air pollution from road traffic in the risk of MI.
- Traffic-related air pollution and the development of asthma and allergies during the first 8 years of life
Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 181:596-603. 2010
The role of air pollution exposure in the development of asthma, allergies, and related symptoms remains unclear, due in part to the limited number of prospective cohort studies with sufficiently long follow-ups addressing this problem.
- Ambient air pollution and adverse birth outcomes: methodologic issues in an emerging field
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 102:182-90. 2008
..Findings from our recent study in Southern California indicate that air pollution effect estimates are not markedly influenced by risk factors not provided on birth certificates...
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution: a cohort study
Zorana J Andersen
Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 183:455-61. 2011
Short-term exposure to air pollution has been associated with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), whereas the role of long-term exposures on the development of COPD is not yet fully understood.
- Interactive effects of antioxidant genes and air pollution on respiratory function and airway disease: a HuGE review
Institute of Genetic Medicine, EURAC research, Viale Druso 1, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
Am J Epidemiol 173:603-20. 2011
Susceptibility to the respiratory effects of air pollution varies between individuals...
- Exposure to severe urban air pollution influences cognitive outcomes, brain volume and systemic inflammation in clinically healthy children
Instituto Nacional de Pediatria, Mexico City 04530, Mexico
Brain Cogn 77:345-55. 2011
Exposure to severe air pollution produces neuroinflammation and structural brain alterations in children...
- Germ-line mutations, DNA damage, and global hypermethylation in mice exposed to particulate air pollution in an urban/industrial location
Environmental and Occupational Toxicology Division, HECSB, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0K9
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:605-10. 2008
Particulate air pollution is widespread, yet we have little understanding of the long-term health implications associated with exposure...
- Simultaneously mitigating near-term climate change and improving human health and food security
NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
Science 335:183-9. 2012
..5°C by 2050. This strategy avoids 0.7 to 4.7 million annual premature deaths from outdoor air pollution and increases annual crop yields by 30 to 135 million metric tons due to ozone reductions in 2030 and beyond...
- Air pollution exposure during pregnancy, ultrasound measures of fetal growth, and adverse birth outcomes: a prospective cohort study
Edith H van den Hooven
Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Environ Health Perspect 120:150-6. 2012
b>Air pollution exposure during pregnancy might have trimester-specific effects on fetal growth.
- Particulate matter exposures, mortality, and cardiovascular disease in the health professionals follow-up study
ROBIN C PUETT
South Carolina Cancer Prevention and Control Program and Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:1130-5. 2011
The association of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular outcomes with air pollution exposures has been well established in the literature...
- Association of traffic-related air pollution with children's neurobehavioral functions in Quanzhou, China
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health Science, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, People s Republic of China
Environ Health Perspect 117:1612-8. 2009
With the increase of motor vehicles, ambient air pollution related to traffic exhaust has become an important environmental issue in China...
- Traffic-related air toxics and term low birth weight in Los Angeles County, California
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles, 650 Charles E Young Dr, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Environ Health Perspect 120:132-8. 2012
..Numerous studies have linked criteria air pollutants with adverse birth outcomes, but there is less information on the importance of specific emission sources, such as traffic, and air toxics...
- Association between local traffic-generated air pollution and preeclampsia and preterm delivery in the south coast air basin of California
Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 7555, USA
Environ Health Perspect 117:1773-9. 2009
..Increasing evidence suggests that air pollution adversely affects pregnancy outcomes...
- Particulate matter air pollution causes oxidant-mediated increase in gut permeability in mice
Ece A Mutlu
Department of Medicine, Section of Gastroenterology and Nutrition Rush University Medical College, 1725 W Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Part Fibre Toxicol 8:19. 2011
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) air pollution may be an important environmental factor leading to exacerbations of inflammatory illnesses in the GI tract...
- Traffic-related air pollution and acute changes in heart rate variability and respiratory function in urban cyclists
Air Health Sciences Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 119:1373-8. 2011
Few studies have examined the acute health effects of air pollution exposures experienced while cycling in traffic.
- Associations between cigarette smoking, obesity, sociodemographic characteristics and remote-sensing-derived estimates of ambient PM2.5: results from a Canadian population-based survey
Paul J Villeneuve
Population Studies Division, Health Canada, 50 Columbine Driveway, Room 165, PL0801A, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9, Canada
Occup Environ Med 68:920-7. 2011
..has been shown to increase mortality. Variables measured on the same spatial scales of air pollution may confound associations, and so the authors' objectives were to evaluate the associations between PM2...
- Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and mortality in Shizuoka, Japan
Department of Epidemiology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2 5 1 Shikata cho, Kita ku, Okayama City, Okayama Pref 700 8558, Japan
Occup Environ Med 67:111-7. 2010
The number of studies investigating the health effects of long-term exposure to air pollution is increasing, however, most studies have been conducted in Western countries...
- Air pollution and homocysteine: more evidence that oxidative stress-related genes modify effects of particulate air pollution
Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Epidemiology 21:198-206. 2010
..nondeletion), and HMOX-1 (any short vs. both long). We attempted to replicate identified genes in an analysis of heart rate variability and in other outcomes reported in the literature...