Genomes and Genes
Summary: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Publications265 found, 100 shown here
- Clinical algorithms for malaria diagnosis lack utility among people of different age groupsTabitha W Mwangi
Kenya Medical Research Institute, CGMRC Wellcome Trust Collaborative Program, Kilifi, Kenya
Trop Med Int Health 10:530-6. 2005....
- A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007Simon I Hay
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome TrustCollaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
PLoS Med 6:e1000048. 2009..It is exactly 40 y since the last global map of malaria endemicity was published. This paper describes the generation of a new world map of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity for the year 2007...
- Submicroscopic infection in Plasmodium falciparum-endemic populations: a systematic review and meta-analysisLucy C Okell
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
J Infect Dis 200:1509-17. 2009..Quantifying these submicroscopic infections is therefore key to understanding transmission dynamics and successfully reducing parasite transmission...
- Estimating the global clinical burden of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in 2007Simon I Hay
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 7:e1000290. 2010....
- Leishmaniasis and povertyJorge Alvar
Communicable Diseases, Neglected Tropical Diseases Control, World Health Organization, 20 Ave Appia, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Trends Parasitol 22:552-7. 2006..Public investment in treatment and control would decrease the leishmaniasis disease burden and help to alleviate poverty...
- Continued decline of malaria in The Gambia with implications for eliminationSerign J Ceesay
Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, Banjul, The Gambia
PLoS ONE 5:e12242. 2010..Scale up of interventions has since increased with support from the Global Fund and other donors...
- Household risk factors for malaria among children in the Ethiopian highlandsT A Ghebreyesus
Tigray Health Bureau, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:17-21. 2000....
- Ranking of elimination feasibility between malaria-endemic countriesAndrew J Tatem
Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA edu
Lancet 376:1579-91. 2010....
- The global distribution and population at risk of malaria: past, present, and futureSimon I Hay
TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Lancet Infect Dis 4:327-36. 2004....
- Rapid diagnostic tests for malaria at sites of varying transmission intensity in UgandaHeidi Hopkins
University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
J Infect Dis 197:510-8. 2008..In Africa, fever is often treated presumptively as malaria, resulting in misdiagnosis and the overuse of antimalarial drugs. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria may allow improved fever management...
- Measuring malaria endemicity from intense to interrupted transmissionSimon I Hay
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
Lancet Infect Dis 8:369-78. 2008..These considerations are also important to an international community that has recently been challenged to revaluate the prospects for malaria eradication...
- Equity and adequacy of international donor assistance for global malaria control: an analysis of populations at risk and external funding commitmentsRobert W Snow
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
Lancet 376:1409-16. 2010..We aimed to identify the unmet financial needs that would be biologically and economically equitable and would increase the chances of reaching worldwide malaria-control ambitions...
- Schistosomiasis control in China: the impact of a 10-year World Bank Loan Project (1992-2001)Chen Xianyi
Department of Diseases Control, Ministry of Health, Beijing, China
Bull World Health Organ 83:43-8. 2005..One province, Zhejiang, had already fulfilled the criteria for elimination of schistosomiasis by 1995. The project was therefore a success and has provided China with a sound basis for further control...
- Reassessment of the cost of chronic helmintic infection: a meta-analysis of disability-related outcomes in endemic schistosomiasisCharles H King
Center for Global Health and Diseases, Wolstein 4126, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7286, USA
Lancet 365:1561-9. 2005..To develop an evidenced-based reassessment of schistosomiasis-related disability, we did a systematic review of data on disability-associated outcomes for all forms of schistosomiasis...
- Use of over-the-counter malaria medicines in children and adults in three districts in Kenya: implications for private medicine retailer interventionsTimothy O Abuya
Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
Malar J 6:57. 2007..Data on adult use of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines is limited. This study aimed to assess childhood and adult patterns of OTC medicine use to inform national medicine retailer programmes in Kenya and other similar settings...
- Impact of malaria control on childhood anaemia in Africa -- a quantitative reviewEline L Korenromp
World Health Organization, Roll Back Malaria, Geneva, Switzerland
Trop Med Int Health 9:1050-65. 2004..To review the impact of malaria control on haemoglobin (Hb) distributions and anaemia prevalences in children under 5 in malaria-endemic Africa...
- The epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis and asymptomatic leishmanial infection in a highly endemic Bangladeshi villageCaryn Bern
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:909-14. 2007..The CRP levels were higher in kala-azar patients compared with the other two groups. Low red meat intake and poor zinc and retinol status may characterize a group at higher risk of symptomatic disease...
- A canine purgation study and risk factor analysis for echinococcosis in a high endemic region of the Tibetan plateauChristine M Budke
Institute for Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Vet Parasitol 127:43-49. 2005..Male dogs were more likely to be infected with Echinococcus spp. than female dogs (P<0.05) and dogs allowed to roam were more likely to be infected with E. multilocularis (P<0.05)...
- Rapid and effective malaria control in Cambodia through mass administration of artemisinin-piperaquineJianping Song
Research Centre for Qinghao, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, PR China
Malar J 9:57. 2010..Using an artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) that kills parasites quickly, a strategy was designed to eliminate the source of transmission by mass treatment of human populations in malaria-endemic areas Cambodia...
- Differential patterns of infection and disease with P. falciparum and P. vivax in young Papua New Guinean childrenEnmoore Lin
PNG Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea
PLoS ONE 5:e9047. 2010..vivax than to P. falciparum challenge. There is however little prospective data on the comparative risk of infection and disease from both species in young children living in co-endemic areas...
- Serious underreporting of visceral leishmaniasis through passive case reporting in Bihar, IndiaS P Singh
Kala azar Medical Research Center, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Trop Med Int Health 11:899-905. 2006..Survey results were compared with official reports of the disease to assess the extent of underreporting by the Government health system...
- Spatial co-distribution of neglected tropical diseases in the east African great lakes region: revisiting the justification for integrated controlArchie C A Clements
School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, QLD, Australia
Trop Med Int Health 15:198-207. 2010....
- Trachoma: global magnitude of a preventable cause of blindnessS P Mariotti
Chronic Disease and Health Promotion Department, Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Br J Ophthalmol 93:563-8. 2009..6 million were severely visually impaired or blind as a result of trachoma: this study provides an updated estimate of the global prevalence of trachoma based on the most recent information available...
- Coupling between annual and ENSO timescales in the malaria-climate association in ColombiaG Poveda
Postgrado en Aprovechamiento de Recursos Hidráulicos, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellin, Colombia
Environ Health Perspect 109:489-93. 2001....
- Long-lasting protection against canine visceral leishmaniasis using the LiESAp-MDP vaccine in endemic areas of France: double-blind randomised efficacy field trialJean Loup Lemesre
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR 008 Pathogénie des Trypanosomatidae, Equipe 1, 911 Avenue Agropolis, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Vaccine 25:4223-34. 2007..The LiESAp-MDP vaccine induced a significant, long-lasting and strong protective effect against canine visceral leishmaniasis in the field...
- Frequencies of sickle cell trait and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency differ in highland and nearby lowland malaria-endemic areas of KenyaA M Moormann
Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 4983, USA
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:513-4. 2003..Lack of protective polymorphisms may contribute to morbidity and mortality during outbreaks of malaria in the highlands...
- Prevalence of tick borne encephalitis virus in tick nymphs in relation to climatic factors on the southern coast of NorwayAshild Andreassen
Division of Infectious Disease Control, Department of Virology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway
Parasit Vectors 5:177. 2012..The objectives of this study were to estimate the TBEV prevalence in Ixodes ricinus from seven locations and to assess the relationship between the TBEV prevalence and site-specific climatic variables...
- Laboratory tests performed on Leishmania seroreactive dogs euthanized by the leishmaniasis control programD A Silva
Pós graduação Stricto sensu, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas IPEC, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Brazil
Vet Parasitol 179:257-61. 2011..The findings indicate that the visceral leishmaniasis control program needs to be adjusted in order to avoid non-infected dogs from being removed or permit that dogs infected with L. chagasi to remain undetected in endemic areas...
- Mapping hypoendemic, seasonal malaria in rural Bandarban, Bangladesh: a prospective surveillanceWasif A Khan
ICDDR, B International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Clinical Sciences Division
Malar J 10:124. 2011....
- Population, behavioural and environmental drivers of malaria prevalence in the Democratic Republic of CongoJane P Messina
Department of Geography, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Malar J 10:161. 2011..It is important to discern these patterns as well as the drivers which may underlie them in order for effective prevention measures to be carried out...
- Environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachomaMansur Rabiu
Prevention of Blindness Union, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2:CD004003. 2012..One of the major strategies advocated for the control of the disease is the application of various environmental sanitary measures to such communities...
- Local transmission of imported endemic syphilis, Canada, 2011Sergio Fanella
University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Emerg Infect Dis 18:1002-4. 2012..Improved molecular tools and global clinical awareness are needed to recognize cases of endemic syphilis imported to areas where it is not normally seen...
- LoiasisM Boussinesq
Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, UR024, département Sociétés et Santé, 213 rue La Fayette, 75480 Paris cedex 10, France
Ann Trop Med Parasitol 100:715-31. 2006..New diagnostic tools have also been developed in the last decade, and various protocols are now available for the risk-free treatment of loiasis cases...
- Effect of control strategies on prevalence, incidence and re-infection of clonorchiasis in endemic areas of ChinaMin Ho Choi
Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e601. 2010..A pilot clonorchiasis control project was implemented to evaluate the efficacies of various chemotherapy strategies on prevalence, incidence and re-infection in Heilongjiang Province, China...
- The risk of chikungunya fever in a dengue-endemic areaEduardo Massad
School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, LIM 01 HCFMUSP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Travel Med 15:147-55. 2008..In addition, traveling to these areas is popular, making the potential risk of infections transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes very high...
- Long-term asymptomatic carriage of Plasmodium falciparum protects from malaria attacks: a prospective study among Senegalese childrenSylvia Males
Institut de Recherche pour Développement, UR010, Dakar, Senegal
Clin Infect Dis 46:516-22. 2008....
- Clostridium difficile--associated disease in a setting of endemicity: identification of novel risk factorsErik R Dubberke
Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
Clin Infect Dis 45:1543-9. 2007..The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors for endemic CDAD, including CDAD pressure, a modified version of colonization pressure...
- Tickborne encephalitis in naturally exposed monkey (Macaca sylvanus)Jochen Süss
Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Jena, Germany
Emerg Infect Dis 13:905-7. 2007..TBE virus was present in the brain and could be identified as closely related to the European subtype, strain Neudoerfl...
- The endemic treponematosesGeorg Michael Antal
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195, USA
Microbes Infect 4:83-94. 2002..The endemic treponematoses have not yet been eliminated and are currently thought to affect at least 2.5 million persons. Renewed action towards the elimination of these diseases should be undertaken...
- Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte dynamics in areas of different malaria endemicityKasia Stepniewska
Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, 420 6 Rajvithi Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Malar J 7:249. 2008..The aim of this study was to identify and compare factors associated with Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte carriage in three regions of differing malaria endemicity...
- Immune interactions in malaria co-infections with other endemic infectious diseases: implications for the development of improved disease interventionsMarita Troye-Blomberg
Department of Immunology, Wenner Gren Institute, Stockholm University, Svante Arrheniusväg 16, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Microbes Infect 10:948-52. 2008....
- Transmission control for schistosomiasis - why it matters nowCharles H King
Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Wolstein 4126, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 7286, USA
Trends Parasitol 22:575-82. 2006..The next generation of schistosomiasis control can be optimized using new monitoring tools and effective transmission containment...
- Epidemiology of schistosomiasis in the People's Republic of China, 2004Xiao Nong Zhou
National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1470-6. 2007..This indicates a reduction of 16.1% compared with a nationwide survey conducted in 1995. However, human infection rates increased by 3.9% in settings where transmission is ongoing...
- Haplotype diversity and linkage disequilibrium at human G6PD: recent origin of alleles that confer malarial resistanceS A Tishkoff
Department of Biology, Biology Psychology Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Science 293:455-62. 2001..These results support the hypothesis that malaria has had a major impact on humans only since the introduction of agriculture within the past 10,000 years and provide a striking example of the signature of selection on the human genome...
- Knowledge attitudes and practices of grade three primary schoolchildren in relation to schistosomiasis, soil transmitted helminthiasis and malaria in ZimbabweNicholas Midzi
National Institute of Health Research, Causeway Harare, Zimbabwe
BMC Infect Dis 11:169. 2011..This study sought to assess KAP of grade 3 children in relation to schistosomiasis, STHs and malaria in order to establish an effective school based health education for disease transmission control...
- Tick infestation on roe deer in relation to geographic and remotely sensed climatic variables in a tick-borne encephalitis endemic areaG Carpi
Centre for Alpine Ecology, Viote del Monte Bondone, Trento, Italy
Epidemiol Infect 136:1416-24. 2008..The surveillance of tick infestation on roe deer, combined with remotely sensed climatic data, could therefore be used as an inexpensive early risk assessment tool of favourable conditions for TBE emergence and persistence in humans...
- A new format of the CATT test for the detection of human African Trypanosomiasis, designed for use in peripheral health facilitiesE Hasker
Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Disease Control Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Trop Med Int Health 15:263-7. 2010....
- Immunogenetic control of antibody responsiveness in a malaria endemic areaDanielle Carpenter
Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, England
Hum Immunol 68:165-9. 2007..There was a significant association between the IL1RN alleles and total IgE. Weak evidence for association was present between polymorphisms in the IL10 promoter region and both anti-P falciparum IgE and IgG4 antibodies...
- Short-lived IFN-γ effector responses, but long-lived IL-10 memory responses, to malaria in an area of low malaria endemicityJiraprapa Wipasa
Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
PLoS Pathog 7:e1001281. 2011..The observations have clear implications for understanding the immunoepidemiology of naturally acquired malaria infections and for malaria vaccine development...
- Seasonality in human salmonellosis: assessment of human activities and chicken contamination as driving factorsAndré Ravel
Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Saint Hyacinthe, QC, Canada
Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:785-94. 2010..Attending a barbeque or gardening during the hotter months of the year should be further assessed for their risk...
- Premunition in Plasmodium falciparum infection: insights from the epidemiology of multiple infectionsT Smith
Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 93:59-64. 1999..This has important implications for our understanding of immunity against P. falciparum, its ecological niche, and the epidemiological impact of interventions against it...
- Three Gorges Dam and its impact on the potential transmission of schistosomiasis in regions along the Yangtze RiverHuai Min Zhu
Department of Etiologic Biology, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
Ecohealth 5:137-48. 2008....
- The burden of cholera in the slums of Kolkata, India: data from a prospective, community based studyD Sur
National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
Arch Dis Child 90:1175-81. 2005....
- Defining the relationship between Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate and clinical disease: statistical models for disease burden estimationAnand P Patil
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Malar J 8:186. 2009..This relationship can help provide an informed basis to define malaria burdens in areas where health statistics are inadequate...
- Comparative evaluation of parasitology and serological tests in the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in India: a phase III diagnostic accuracy studyS Sundar
Infectious Diseases Research Laboratory, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Trop Med Int Health 12:284-9. 2007..986). Although DAT-FD and rK-39 strip test were highly sensitive with excellent specificity, the ease of use of the latter makes it most suitable for the diagnosis of VL in the field conditions...
- From re-emergence to hyperendemicity: the natural history of the dengue epidemic in BrazilIsabel Rodriguez-Barraquer
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e935. 2011..While previously the majority of DHF cases occurred among adults, in 2007 53% of cases occurred in children under 15 years old. The reasons for this shift have not been determined...
- How much remains undetected? Probability of molecular detection of human Plasmodia in the fieldCristian Koepfli
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
PLoS ONE 6:e19010. 2011..falciparum and P. vivax parasite clones in consecutive samples of the same patient and at investigating the impact of sampling strategies on basic epidemiological measures such as multiplicity of infection (MOI)...
- Control of Taenia soliumArmando E Gonzalez
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, UNMSM Apartado 03 5013, Lima, Peru
Acta Trop 87:103-9. 2003..In order to ensure sustainability, any given control strategy towards elimination/eradication of porcine cysticercosis should incorporate economic incentives...
- Prevalence of clonorchiasis in southern endemic areas of Korea in 2006Shin Hyeong Cho
Department of Malaria and Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul 122 701, Korea
Korean J Parasitol 46:133-7. 2008..7% was male. The present findings suggest that clonorchiasis is still highly prevalent among inhabitants in the riverside areas of southern Korea, and it is necessary to implement a systematic control program in the endemic areas...
- Prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Ixodes ricinus ticks in FinlandX Han
Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Finland
J Med Virol 64:21-8. 2001..TBE virus RNA positive ticks were not found in I. ricinus panels consisting of 130 pools (726 ticks) from Helsinki city parks or 41 pools (197 ticks) from Võrmsi Island in Estonia...
- Spatial and temporal variation in malaria transmission in a low endemicity area in northern TanzaniaM J A M Oesterholt
Joint Malaria Programme, Moshi, Tanzania
Malar J 5:98. 2006..In this study, data on meteorological, demographic, entomological and parasitological data over the course of a year was collected to describe malaria epidemiology in a single village of low transmission intensity...
- Economic costs of endemic non-filarial elephantiasis in Wolaita Zone, EthiopiaFasil Tekola
Department of Community Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Trop Med Int Health 11:1136-44. 2006..It is a major public health problem in countries in tropical Africa, Central America and North India...
- Epidemiological and control aspects of schistosomiasis in Brazilian endemic areasJ R Coura
Departamento de Medicina Tropical, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Av Brasil 4365, 21045 900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 99:13-9. 2004....
- Micro-geographic risk factors for malarial infectionWard P Myers
Infectious Disease, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, USA
Malar J 8:27. 2009..This study was designed to evaluate whether geographic parameters are associated with malarial infection in the East Sepik province of Papua New Guinea (PNG), a remote area where malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality...
- Identification of Mycobacterium ulcerans in the environment from regions in Southeast Australia in which it is endemic with sequence capture-PCRT Stinear
Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
Appl Environ Microbiol 66:3206-13. 2000..ulcerans may be transmitted from a point environmental source and demonstrate the utility of magnetic bead sequence capture-PCR for identification of nonculturable microbial pathogens in the environment...
- Short communication: Negative spatial association between lymphatic filariasis and malaria in West AfricaLouise A Kelly-Hope
Vector Research Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
Trop Med Int Health 11:129-35. 2006..To determine the relationship between human lymphatic filariasis, caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, and falciparum malaria, which are co-endemic throughout West Africa...
- Respondent-driven sampling on the Thailand-Cambodia border. I. Can malaria cases be contained in mobile migrant workers?Amnat Khamsiriwatchara
Center of Excellence for Biomedical and Public Health Informatics BIOPHICS, Bangkok, Thailand
Malar J 10:120. 2011..In order to limit the spread of malarial drug resistance, the malaria prevention and control programme will need to devise strategies to reach cross-border and mobile migrant populations...
- Echinococcosis in China, a review of the epidemiology of Echinococcus sppZhenghuan Wang
School of Life Science, East China Normal University, 200062 Shanghai, China
Ecohealth 5:115-26. 2008..In addition, human activities and their potential influence on the transmission of echinococcosis are also discussed...
- Patent filarial infection modulates malaria-specific type 1 cytokine responses in an IL-10-dependent manner in a filaria/malaria-coinfected populationSimon Metenou
Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Immunol 183:916-24. 2009....
- Complexity of the msp2 locus and the severity of childhood malaria, in south-western NigeriaO K Amodu
Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Ann Trop Med Parasitol 102:95-102. 2008..It therefore appears that msp2 genotypes are associated with asymptomatic carriage and that children with mono-infections are more likely to develop severe malaria than children with polyinfection...
- Age patterns of severe paediatric malaria and their relationship to Plasmodium falciparum transmission intensityEmelda A Okiro
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds PO Box 43640 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Malar J 8:4. 2009....
- Diagnosis of Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (Buruli ulcer) at a treatment centre in Ghana: a retrospective analysis of laboratory results of clinically diagnosed casesErnestina Mensah-Quainoo
Ghana Health Service, Ministry of Health, Tema, Ghana
Trop Med Int Health 13:191-8. 2008..However, being retrospective, this study did not permit sensitivity and negative predictive value analysis...
- Comparison of a polymerase chain reaction and the Kato-Katz technique for diagnosing infection with Schistosoma mansoniLuis A Pontes
Laboratory of Clinical Research, Centro de Pesquisas Rene Rachou, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:652-6. 2003..The efficacy of cure with praziquantel was 87.8% in three parasitologic stool examinations and 75.6% in one PCR survey. These results demonstrate that the PCR assay might be a valuable alternative for diagnosing Schistosoma infections...
- Dual infection with HIV and malaria fuels the spread of both diseases in sub-Saharan AfricaLaith J Abu-Raddad
Statistical Center for HIV Aids Research and Prevention, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
Science 314:1603-6. 2006..Hence, transient and repeated increases in HIV viral load resulting from recurrent co-infection with malaria may be an important factor in promoting the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
- Spatial variation of malaria incidence in young children from a geographically homogeneous area with high endemicityBenno Kreuels
Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany
J Infect Dis 197:85-93. 2008..Detailed knowledge of spatial variation of malaria epidemiology and associated risk factors is important for planning and evaluating malaria-control measures...
- Mass treatment and the effect on the load of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in a trachoma-hyperendemic communityEmily S West
Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:83-7. 2005..Trachoma remains a leading cause of blindness. Determining the most effective antibiotic treatment strategy is essential for the success of country-based trachoma control programs...
- The epidemiology of malaria in adults in a rural area of southern MozambiqueAlfredo Mayor
Center for International Health, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Malar J 6:3. 2007..The present study was undertaken to investigate the clinical, parasitological and haematological status of adults exposed to malaria, and to characterize parasites in these individuals who progressively acquire protective immunity...
- Epidemiology and clinical manifestations of Leishmania donovani infection in two villages in an endemic area in eastern SudanE A G Khalil
Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Trop Med Int Health 7:35-44. 2002....
- Optimal mix of screening and contact tracing for endemic diseasesBenjamin Armbruster
Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 4026, USA
Math Biosci 209:386-402. 2007..Third, these qualitative results hold when we consider unchanged or changed prevalence, and short-term or long-term costs...
- Epidemiology and distribution of tick-borne encephalitisGerhard Dobler
Department of Microbiology of the German Armed Forces, Neuherbergstr 11, 80937, Munich, Germany
Wien Med Wochenschr 162:230-8. 2012..Therefore, TBE should be included in the differential diagnosis for all central nervous system diseases inside or outside endemic areas...
- Operational accuracy and comparative persistent antigenicity of HRP2 rapid diagnostic tests for Plasmodium falciparum malaria in a hyperendemic region of UgandaDaniel J Kyabayinze
Malaria Consortium Africa, Plot 2, Sturrock Road, P O Box 8045, Kampala, Uganda
Malar J 7:221. 2008..An assessment of the accuracy of Malaria Pf immuno-chromatographic test (ICT) and description of persistent antigenicity of HRP2 RDTs was undertaken in a hyperendemic area of Uganda...
- The elimination of the onchocerciasis vector from the island of Bioko as a result of larviciding by the WHO African Programme for Onchocerciasis ControlS Traore
African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control WHO APOC, 01 BP 549 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
Acta Trop 111:211-8. 2009..This led to the successful elimination of the vector. The last biting S. damnosum s.l. was caught in March 2005 and none have been found since then for more than 3 years...
- Longitudinal seroepidemiologic study of visceral leishmaniasis in hyperendemic regions of Bihar, IndiaKamlesh Gidwani
Department of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:345-6. 2009..However, there was no significant difference in disease conversion among children (5-15 years of age) and adults (> 15 years of age). Seropositivity among asymptomatic persons is not a predictor for development of VL...
- Infectivity of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes in patients attending rural health centres in western KenyaL C Gouagna
International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology ICIPE, P O Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya
East Afr Med J 80:627-34. 2003..In this study, the potential of recruiting volunteers and acquiring infectious blood for experimental infections from rural health centers in malaria endemic area was examined through routine patient diagnosis...
- Entomological evaluation by pool screen polymerase chain reaction of Onchocerca volvulus transmission in Ecuador following mass Mectizan distributionAngel G Guevara
Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, Community Services Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador
Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:222-7. 2003..The data demonstrate that pool screen PCR is an efficient way to monitor transmission in areas subject to control, and to certify an area as free of O. volvulus transmission...
- Visceral leishmaniasis in southeastern Nepal: a cross-sectional survey on Leishmania donovani infection and its risk factorsKarl Schenkel
Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Trop Med Int Health 11:1792-9. 2006..To document the frequency of Leishmania donovani infection at community level in a highly endemic region in southeastern Nepal, and to assess socioeconomic and environmental risk factors...
- Epidemiological and clinical changes in American tegumentary leishmaniasis in an area of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis transmission over a 20-year periodLara Jirmanus
Servico de Imunologia, Complexo Hospitalar Universitário Prof Edgard Santos, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:426-33. 2012..ATL is on the rise in Bahia, with a 10-year periodicity and evolving changes in epidemiology and manifestations of disease...
- Usefulness of the rK39-immunochromatographic test, direct agglutination test, and leishmanin skin test for detecting asymptomatic Leishmania infection in children in a new visceral leishmaniasis focus in Amhara State, EthiopiaEndalamaw Gadisa
Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:792-8. 2012..1% (61 of 605). We conclude that the best option to detect asymptomatic infection in this new visceral leishmaniasis-endemic focus is the combined use of the direct agglutination test and the leishmanin skin test...
- Risk factors for canine leishmaniasis in an endemic Mediterranean regionSofia Cortes
Unidade de Leishmanioses, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Rua da Junqueira, 100, 1346 008 Lisboa, Portugal
Vet Parasitol 189:189-96. 2012..The future of CanL prevention and control rely on an integrated approach involving veterinarians, dog owners and health authorities in order to reduce the canine infection risk and consequently, the human zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis...
- Rinderpest. Driven to extinctionDennis Normile
Science 319:1606-9. 2008
- A major transition in malaria treatment: the adoption and deployment of artemisinin-based combination therapiesAndrea Bosman
World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, Geneva, Switzerland
Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:193-7. 2007..Artemisinins as monotherapies are widely available in the private sector of 47 endemic countries, and their consumption will, if unabated, promote resistance to artemisinins and compromise the effectiveness of ACTs...
- Neglected and endemic zoonosesIan Maudlin
Centre for Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Summerhall, Edinburgh EH9 1QH, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2777-87. 2009..The development of cheap and effective vaccines is no guarantee that these endemic diseases will be eliminated in the near future...
- Congenital and neonatal malaria in a rural Kenyan district hospital: an eight-year analysisMichael K Mwaniki
Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Box 230, Kilifi, Kenya
Malar J 9:313. 2010..Using prospectively collected data on neonatal admissions to a rural district hospital in a region of stable malaria endemicity in Kenya, the prevalence of congenital and neonatal malaria was described...
- Simultaneous administration of praziquantel, ivermectin and albendazole, in a community in rural northern Ghana endemic for schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasisFrancis Anto
Navrongo Health Research Centre, Navrongo, Ghana
Trop Med Int Health 16:1112-9. 2011....
- Performance of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of Clonorchis sinensis infestation in high- and low-risk groupsYoung Jin Kim
Department of Laboratory Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea
J Clin Microbiol 48:2365-7. 2010..9979). The C. sinensis ELISA may be more useful than the intradermal test; however, because of its low specificity, it may not be used independently for the diagnosis of C. sinensis infestation or a prevalence survey in a high-risk group...
- Analysis on value of household contact survey in case detection of leprosy at a low endemic situation in ChinaJianping Shen
Department of Leprosy Control, Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Nanjing, PR China, 210042
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 75:152-6. 2009..Leprosy is at a low endemic situation in China, the value of house contact survey in case detection of leprosy becoming a dispute...
- Attributable outcomes of endemic Clostridium difficile-associated disease in nonsurgical patientsErik R Dubberke
Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 14:1031-8. 2008..Even in a nonoutbreak setting, CDAD had a statistically significant negative impact on patient illness and death, and the impact of CDAD persisted beyond hospital discharge...
- Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in EurasiaHakan Leblebicioglu
Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ondokuz Mayis University Medical School, Samsun, Turkey
Int J Antimicrob Agents 36:S43-6. 2010..The disease is widely distributed in Africa, Europe and Asia, and has become a serious threat to public health in Eurasia. The intention of this review is to summarize the current status of CCHF in Eurasia...
- Evaluation of the 1992-1999 World Bank Schistosomiasis Control Project in ChinaW Zhang
Department of Community Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 7 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong
Acta Trop 85:303-13. 2003..However, the achievement of snail control was not so ideal, which calls for rectification for a more applicable and practical strategy of snail control in China...
- Epidemiology and morbidity of Schistosoma mansoni infection in a fishing community along Lake Albert in UgandaN B Kabatereine
Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, P O Box 1661, Kampala, Uganda
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:711-8. 2004..These observations call for immediate intervention and can help in planning long-term strategies for sustainable morbidity control...
- Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase assay to detect malarial parasitesSonia Malik
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
Natl Med J India 17:237-9. 2004..This study was designed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of pLDH assays in detecting and differentiating between various malarial species compared with microscopy...
- Contextual Determinants of HIV/STI Sexual TransmissionCaroline Fichtenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development of Near Real-Time, Multiplexed Diagnostics for Viral Hemorrhagic FeveJohn H Connor; Fiscal Year: 2013..by applicant): Hemorrhagic fever viruses such as Ebola, Marburg and Lassa are responsible for current endemic diseases in Africa and are classified as Category A biothreats by the CDC because of the high fatality that can be ..
- RESEARCH TRAINING IN INFECTIOUS DISEASESJack T Stapleton; Fiscal Year: 2013..of humans RELEVANCE: Human suffering due to infectious diseases is widespread, both due to the constant endemic diseases and emerging infectious diseases that can reach epidemic proportions...
- PERTUSSIS, DIPHTHERIA, CHOLERA TOXINS-INHIBITOR DESIGNVern Schramm; Fiscal Year: 2003..are expected to protect against the exotoxins and thus ameliorate the damage caused in these childhood and endemic diseases. Transition state structure is determined by measuring kinetic isotope effects with NAD+ substrate labeled in ..
- Effect of Parasitic Infection of HIV Diseaes in MalawiMina Hosseinipour; Fiscal Year: 2006..is slowly being introduced, basic medical care remains beyond the reach of most and preventable illnesses and endemic diseases continue to take their toll...
- PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIESAmira Roess; Fiscal Year: 2005..Continued study and surveillance of the newest epidemics along with endemic diseases, like TB and the flu, are essential to prevent unnecessary suffering and loss of life...
- HIV ANTIGEN DISPLAY USING RECOMBINANT FLOATING VESICLESElizabeth Stuart; Fiscal Year: 2001..and associated generation of multiple antibiotic resistance among pathogens, in addition to recalcitrant endemic diseases such as malaria, all indicate that innovative approaches to vaccine development are needed...
- Recombinant archaeal organelles of SIV and HIV antigensElizabeth Stuart; Fiscal Year: 2002..tuberculosis, and recalcitrant endemic diseases such as malaria, all indicate innovative approaches to vaccine development are needed...
- Latino Eye Health: A Communication Strategy for DiabetesSheila West; Fiscal Year: 2007..Improvements in eye care seeking behaviors should help in avoiding visual loss from diabetic retinopathy and macula edema, the leading causes of visual loss in the working age Latino population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cataract: Health Disparity for Older African-AmericansSheila West; Fiscal Year: 2006..These data will advance the goal of reducing health disparity in visual disability from cataract among older African Americans. ..
- TRIAL OF ANTIBIOTICS TO REDUCE RECURRENT TRICHIASISSheila West; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Who drives safely? Visual/cognitive predictors in EldersSheila West; Fiscal Year: 2008..This study will provide critical data on the interactive role of vision, visual attention, and cognition in changing older persons driving behaviors, and the resulting effect on driver errors and risk of crashes. ..
- Yearly Mass Treatment C. Trachomatis: When Can We Stop?Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- INTERVENTIONS FOR VISUAL LOSS IN NURSING HOME RESIDENTSSheila West; Fiscal Year: 2002..This trial will answer timely questions of the impact on the functional status of the most frail elderly of modest, potentially sustainable inputs into improving the appropriate utilization of eye care services. ..
- AMD AND RISK FACTORS IN A HISPANIC POPULATIONSheila West; Fiscal Year: 2003..Such data will advance our understanding of the magnitude of AMD in this ethnic group, and the way in which risk factors relate to AMD in different populations. ..
- HUMAN POPULATION GROWTH IMPACT ON S. HAEMATOBIUMCharles King; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- VACCINE TRIALS USING INDIVIDUAL AND ECOLOGICAL UNITSJAMES KOOPMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002..They will also provide insight regarding how different biological effects of vaccines generate different population effects of vaccine programs. ..
- URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS: INFECTION AND DISEASECharles King; Fiscal Year: 2004..This information, combined with epidemiological modeling of control strategies, will allow accelerated synthesis of the next generation of control programs. ..
- Brugia Infections in Mice: Role of EosinophilsTHIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..We believe that the studies proposed herein will help us understand the mechanisms by which mammalian hosts combat infectious agents that are far larger than their own effector cells. ..
- LIVE, ATTENUATED, RECOMBINANT VACCINE - WEST NILE VIRUSThomas Monath; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH OF BRUGIA MALAVI IN SCID MICETHIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Plainning malaria training in Zambia Thomas Eisele; Fiscal Year: 2009..Tailoring a sustainable program using appropriate technology and a framework of collaboration in support of PMI activities will greatly increase the likelihood of controlling, and perhaps eventually eliminating, malaria in Zambia. ..
- TRAINING GRANT IN DERMATOLOGICAL RESEARCHLuis Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2006..This competitive grant application requests funding to support the training at the UNC Dermatology Department of the next generation of dermatological investigators. ..
- FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH OF BRUGIA MALAYI IN SCID MICETHIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- GROWTH OF B MALAYI IN MURINE MODELS--ROLE OF NK CELLSTHIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2001..Identification of the molecule(s) involved in the interaction could help us formulate a rationale approach to immunoprophylaxis, as well as pharmacology of lymphatic filarial parasites. ..
- Utility of rapid diagnostic tests for malariaHeidi Hopkins; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Molecular epidemiology of drug resistant malariaMIRIAM LAUFER; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- C.elegans as a model system forC.neoformans pathogenesisEleftherios Mylonakis; Fiscal Year: 2007..Because C. neoformanshas similarities with other pathogenic yeasts, we expect that our findings will facilitate the study of fungus/host interaction in general. ..
- Pathogenesis of Persistent Chlamydial STDsDeborah Dean; Fiscal Year: 2007..1 Description, ..
- GLUCONEOGENESIS AND GLYCOGENOLYSIS--ROLE OF REGULATIONAlan Cherrington; Fiscal Year: 2007..The answers obtained by the proposed studies should enhance our understanding of the control of glucose production and pancreatic function in vivo. ..
- Exploratory Center for Vaccinology Research (RMI)Walter Orenstein; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- REGULATION OF NET HEPATIC GLUCOSE UPTAKE IN VIVOAlan Cherrington; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- IN VIVO PATHOGENESIS OF HELICOBACTER PYLORIJames Fox; Fiscal Year: 2009..pylori pathogenesis and specifically evaluate the role of regulatory T cells in limiting H. pylori-induced gastric pathology. ..
- A randomized, controlled clinical trial of chloroquine as chemoprophylaxis versusMIRIAM LAUFER; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HUS Pathogenesis & clinical Outcome in an in vivo modelJames Fox; Fiscal Year: 2008..We will use this model to study the pathogenesis of HUS and importantly to develop therapeutic regimens to prevent and treat EHEC disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Helicobacter induced hepatitis and tumorigenesisJames Fox; Fiscal Year: 2009..A more complete understanding of the etiopathogenesis of hepatobiliary disease and hepatocellular carcinoma is likely to result in new strategies for treatment and prevention of these important human diseases. ..
- Antiangiogenic Therapy for AIDS-Associated LymphomasRosemary Rochford; Fiscal Year: 2008..PROJECT NARRATIVE: The goal of the proposed research is to develop a preclinical model to test new chemotherapies for AIDS-associated lymphomas. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Malaria: Immunity and Diversity in Low TransmissionOraLee H Branch; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will provide this breakthrough and give a model for the increasing emergence of malaria into new geographic regions. ..
- A community-level RCT of expedited partner treatment for gonorrhea and chlamydiaMatthew R Golden; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Evolution of Disease: Current patterns and future trendsMatthew Keeling; Fiscal Year: 2006..The types of trade-offs and constraints seen in the experimental systems can then be used to formulated more biologically mechanistic and more accurate computer models of disease evolution in higher organisms. ..
- Human Metapneumovirus in High Risk PopulationsGregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005..These data will facilitate the development of more comprehensive epidemiological studies, and guide future intervention studies in reducing HMPV morbidity. ..
- Immunologic interaction of schistomiasis & acute malariaKirsten Lyke; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- BACTERIAL MODULATION OF LUNG INFLAMMATORY RESPONSEThomas Russo; Fiscal Year: 2004..g. hemolysin) and bacterially induced host response elements in directly mediating the pathogenesis of lung injury. ..
- PATHOGENESIS OF CHLAMYDIAL OCULAR INFECTIONSDeborah Dean; Fiscal Year: 2004..A greater understanding of the pathogenesis of trachoma will aid in developing public health interventions and a vaccine that can be implemented in trachoma endemic areas throughout the world. ..
- THE SIGNIFICANCE OF FUNGURIA IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTSLoren Miller; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- AGING AND IMMUNITY IN TUBERCULOSISIan Orme; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- GENOME EVOLUTION AND THE INSERTION/DELETION SPECTRUMDaniel Hartl; Fiscal Year: 2002..Analysis of the limited data presently available for these pseudogenes yields inconclusive, and possibly inconsistent, results. ..
- ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITISScott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2005..This information will be invaluable in targeting prevention and control resources, especially for obtaining maximum benefit in developing countries with limited resources. ..
- Socioecological Impacts on Schistosomiasis Risk in KenyaMark Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2005..Our long-term goal is to produce information that can be used to direct control initiatives that will be effectively tailored to local socioeconomic and environmental dynamics. ..
- Population-based Surveillance for Zoonotic Influenza AGregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005..We are particularly well suited to conduct this work as we have extensive experience conducting both epidemiological and laboratory-based studies of respiratory pathogens. ..
- The Acquisition of Bacterial Vaginosis in LesbiansJeanne Marrazzo; Fiscal Year: 2006..Lesbian couples provide a unique opportunity to conduct comparative studies of vaginal microbial ecology in sex partners, and to directly analyze determinants of transmission. ..
- The effect of mixed Plasmodium infections on morbidityIvo Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Gastroenteritis and Extreme Weather Events in ElderlyElena Naumova; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCESJames Fox; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- NEUROTROPIC CYTOMEGALOVIRUS DURING IMMUNOSUPPRESSIONJON REUTER; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Role of non-tuberculous mycobacteria in lung diseaseJason Stout; Fiscal Year: 2006..Our findings will also assist clinicians in predicting which patients with NTM isolated from the respiratory tract will have NTM pulmonary disease. ..
- Regulating I. scapularis and the Role of Entomopathogenic Fungi Thomas Daniels; Fiscal Year: 2008..scapularis in lab studies. Long- term health benefits might also accrue with the reduction in pesticide use those results from the availability of an effective biocontrol agent. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Vaccine induced resistance against E. granulosus in dogsWenbao Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2007..granulosus infection by vaccination with the recombinant proteins. We will test humoral and cellular responses generated during vaccination to determine possible correlations of the immune parameters with protection. ..
- Trypanosoma cruzi and AIDS: Role of the AdipocyteHerbert Tanowitz; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Effects of HAART on Cancer Incidence in AIDS CasesSusan Scheer; Fiscal Year: 2004..Given the respective strengths of the AIDS and cancer registries, we are uniquely situated to perform these investigations. ..
- TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI: PATHOGENESIS OF INFECTIONHerbert Tanowitz; Fiscal Year: 2005..cruzi infection on the activation of NF-KappaB and the outcome of ROS inhibitors in vivo. These studies will delineate the mechanisms by which T. cruzi causes vasculopathy leading to cardiomyopathy. ..