Genomes and Genes
horizontal disease transmission
Summary: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one individual to another in the same generation.
Publications205 found, 100 shown here
- Clients of female sex workers in Nyanza province, Kenya: a core group in STD/HIV transmissionHelene A C M Voeten
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Sex Transm Dis 29:444-52. 2002..Commercial sex plays an important role in the spread of HIV and AIDS in Africa, especially in beginning epidemics...
- Impact of mass treatment on syphilis transmission: a mathematical modeling approachBabak Pourbohloul
University of British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, Canada
Sex Transm Dis 30:297-305. 2003..By 1 year postintervention, syphilis cases had rebounded significantly. We investigate the cause of this postintervention rebound...
- A Bayesian MCMC approach to study transmission of influenza: application to household longitudinal dataS Cauchemez
INSERM U444, Paris, France
Stat Med 23:3469-87. 2004..3,5.2]) and adults (3.9 days, 95 per cent CI [3.2,4.9]). The posterior probability that children had a larger community risk was 76 per cent and the posterior probability that they were more susceptible than adults was 79 per cent...
- Epidemiological and genetic analysis of severe acute respiratory syndromeChristl A Donnelly
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
Lancet Infect Dis 4:672-83. 2004....
- Use of social network analysis to characterize the pattern of animal movements in the initial phases of the 2001 foot and mouth disease (FMD) epidemic in the UKA Ortiz-Pelaez
Epidemiology Division, Department of Veterinary College, University of London, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, UK
Prev Vet Med 76:40-55. 2006....
- Brief but efficient: acute HIV infection and the sexual transmission of HIVChristopher D Pilcher
Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
J Infect Dis 189:1785-92. 2004..We examined whether viral dynamics in the genital tract during the natural history of acute human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection could explain efficient heterosexual transmission of HIV...
- Transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome on aircraftSonja J Olsen
International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nonthaburi, Thailand
N Engl J Med 349:2416-22. 2003..Although many infected persons traveled on commercial aircraft, the risk, if any, of in-flight transmission is unknown...
- Evolution of pathogens towards low R0 in heterogeneous populationsRowland R Kao
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Rd, OX1 3PS, UK
J Theor Biol 242:634-42. 2006..Heterogenous transmission is increasingly recognized as fundamental to epidemiological dynamics and the evolution of pathogens; here, it is shown that the ability to exploit heterogeneity is a strategy that can itself evolve...
- Interspecies transmission of chronic wasting disease prions to squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus)Richard F Marsh
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Creighton University, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178, USA
J Virol 79:13794-6. 2005..Brain tissue from the CWD-infected squirrel monkeys contained the abnormal isoform of the prion protein, PrP-res, and displayed spongiform degeneration. This is the first reported transmission of CWD to primates...
- Superspreading and the effect of individual variation on disease emergenceJ O Lloyd-Smith
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, 140 Mulford Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3114, USA
Nature 438:355-9. 2005..Our findings indicate that superspreading is a normal feature of disease spread, and to frame ongoing discussion we propose a rigorous definition for superspreading events and a method to predict their frequency...
- Epidemiological implications of the susceptibility to BSE of putatively resistant sheepR R Kao
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Rd Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 3PS, UK
J Gen Virol 84:3503-12. 2003..However, using a mathematical model for the within-flock transmission of BSE, we show that, while the best estimate indicates that the NSP should be successful, current data cannot exclude the failure of the NSP...
- A modelling framework to describe the spread of scrapie between sheep flocks in Great BritainSimon Gubbins
Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
Prev Vet Med 67:143-56. 2005....
- Helicobacter pylori status in family members as risk factors for infection in childrenM Kivi
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics MEB, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Epidemiol Infect 133:645-52. 2005..4, 95% CI 3.4-31.3). H. pylori infections in mothers and siblings and birth in high-prevalence countries stand out as strong markers of infection risk amongst children in Sweden...
- The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan AfricaBrian G Williams
World Health Organization, Stop TB Department, Geneva, Switzerland
PLoS Med 3:e262. 2006..We explore the implications of this finding for the promotion of MC as a public health intervention to control HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
- Antiviral effects on influenza viral transmission and pathogenicity: observations from household-based trialsM Elizabeth Halloran
Program in Biostatistics and Biomathematics, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
Am J Epidemiol 165:212-21. 2007..Studies of influenza antivirals in transmission units would be improved if randomization schemes were used that allow estimation of the antiviral effect on infectiousness from individual studies...
- Dynamics of a scrapie outbreak in a flock of Romanov sheep--estimation of transmission parametersT J Hagenaars
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Marys Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG
Epidemiol Infect 131:1015-22. 2003....
- Transmission of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus by organ transplantationStaci A Fischer
Rhode Island Hospital and Brown Medical School, Providence, USA
N Engl J Med 354:2235-49. 2006..Each cluster was investigated because diagnostic evaluations were unrevealing, and in each a common donor was recognized...
- The potential size and duration of an epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in British sheepR R Kao
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Science 295:332-5. 2002....
- Where diseases and networks collide: lessons to be learnt from a study of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemicM D F Shirley
Institute for Research on Environment and Sustainability, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Epidemiol Infect 133:1023-32. 2005..We recommend that post-hoc analyses of this sort should become part of preventative and proactive policy rather than part of a reaction to an ongoing crisis...
- The role of hemodialysis machines dedication in reducing Hepatitis C transmission in the dialysis setting in Iran: a multicenter prospective interventional studyAlireza Abdollah Shamshirsaz
Nephrology, Hazrat e Rasoul Hospital, Tehran, Iran
BMC Nephrol 5:13. 2004..We conducted a prospective multi-center study to evaluate the effect of dialysis machine separation on the spread of HCV infection...
- Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis by HIV-infected persons in Uganda reduces morbidity and mortality among HIV-uninfected family membersJonathan Mermin
CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, and Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
AIDS 19:1035-42. 2005..The effect of cotrimoxazole prophylaxis taken by persons with HIV on community health and antimicrobial resistance is unknown...
- [Outbreak of 18 cases of hepatitis C in a hemodialysis unit]Juan Castell
Sección de Epidemiología, Delegación Provincial de Sanidad, Consejería de Sanidad de la Junta de Comunidades de Castilla La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Espana
Gac Sanit 19:214-20. 2005..We conducted an investigation of the outbreak to determine its cause and implement control measures...
- The guinea pig as a transmission model for human influenza virusesAnice C Lowen
Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1124, New York, NY 10029, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:9988-92. 2006..Our results demonstrate that influenza virus can pass between guinea pigs by means of droplet spread and thereby establish the suitability of the guinea pig as a model host for influenza virus transmission studies...
- Changes in HIV prevalence among young Thai men as defined by hepatitis C co-infection as a marker for mode of transmissionPenprapa Chanbancherd
Army Institute of Pathology, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand
AIDS 18:2339-41. 2004..93-0.46%). This suggests that HIV-1 infection associated with parenteral transmission has been stable despite a dramatic reduction in the sexual transmission of HIV-1...
- Comparative population dynamics of HIV-1 subtypes B and C: subtype-specific differences in patterns of epidemic growthPolly R Walker
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Infect Genet Evol 5:199-208. 2005....
- Impact of nucleic acid amplification technology (NAT) in Italy in the three years following implementation (2001-2003)C Velati
Dipartimento di Medicina Trasfusionale ed Ematologia, Ospedale di Sondrio, Italy
Euro Surveill 10:12-4. 2005..Thus the final NAT yield for HCV is 1.79/106. The residual risk for HCV or HIV transmission by blood transfusion after NAT implementation is currently estimated to be extremely low in Italy...
- Residual risk of transfusion-transmitted viral infections in Spain, 1997-2002, and impact of nucleic acid testingM Alvarez do Barrio
Blood Transfusion Centre of Alicante, San Juan, Alicante, Spain
Euro Surveill 10:20-2. 2005..The residual risks of transfusion-transmitted viral infections in Spain were low, and with the implementation of NAT these risks are even lower...
- Estimates of the frequency of HBV, HCV, and HIV infectious donations entering the blood supply in the United Kingdom, 1996 to 2003K Soldan
Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, Colindale, London, United Kingdom
Euro Surveill 10:17-9. 2005..Vigilance for errors and the affects of donor selection may be as or more important than further reductions to window periods of tests for improving blood safety with respect to HBV, HCV and HIV...
- Lessons from HIV and hepatitis virusesS L Sacks
Viridae, Vancouver, Canada
Antiviral Res 63:S11-8. 2004....
- Human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C and hepatitis B infections among blood donors in Germany 2000-2002: risk of virus transmission and the impact of nucleic acid amplification testingR Offergeld
Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
Euro Surveill 10:8-11. 2005..This demonstrates that NAT testing can further reduce the already very small risk of infectious donations entering the blood supply...
- Trends in risk of transfusion-transmitted viral infections (HIV, HCV, HBV) in France between 1992 and 2003 and impact of nucleic acid testing (NAT)J Pillonel
Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint Maurice, France
Euro Surveill 10:5-8. 2005..07 million for HIV and 1 in 2.05 million for HCV. These results show the limited benefit of NAT and suggest that its cost-effectiveness is poor...
- Incidence of viral markers and evaluation of the estimated risk in the Swiss blood donor population from 1996 to 2003C Niederhauser
Regional Blood Transfusion Service Berne Reference Laboratory of the Blood Transfusion Service of the Swiss Red Cross BTS SRC, Berne, Switzerland
Euro Surveill 10:14-6. 2005..This agrees with international studies, which have been shown that the estimated residual risk for HBV between 1996 and 2003 is higher than that of HCV and HIV...
- Containing HIV/AIDS in India: the unfinished agendaPadma Chandrasekaran
Avahan India AIDS Initiative, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, New Delhi, India
Lancet Infect Dis 6:508-21. 2006....
- [Prevention of viral hepatitis B and C infections--jurisdiction and certification difficulties]Małgorzata Olesiak-Andryszczak
Z Oddziału Klinicznego Połoznictwa i Ginekologii w Rudzie Slaskiej
Wiad Lek 57:238-42. 2004..We also try to answer the question what are possibilities to prevent infections and to defence in law suits...
- Estimating the impact of establishing family housing on the annual risk of HIV infection in South African mining communitiesHirut T Gebrekristos
Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Sex Transm Dis 32:333-40. 2005..The objective of this study was to determine the HIV-related epidemiologic impact of establishing family-style housing in mining communities in South Africa...
- Transfusion-transmitted infections among multi-transfused patients in BrazilErich V de Paula
Hematology and Hemotherapy Center, State Unioersity of Campinas, Rua Carlos Chagas 480, 13083 970 Campinas SP, Brazil
J Clin Virol 34:S27-32. 2005..Transfusion-transmitted infections (TTI) continue to be a problem in many parts of the world, and multi-transfused patients (MTP) are at a particularly increased risk of TTI...
- Decrease of human immunodeficiency virus prevalence in antenatal clinics in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 1995-2002Philippe Msellati
UMR 145, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
Int J STD AIDS 17:57-60. 2006..This is the first such report among pregnant women in Abidjan, probably the result of different phenomena: ageing of the epidemic and behaviour changes (disease awareness and prevention campaigns)...
- Pediatric HIV infectionR Sehgal
Department of Pediatrics, VMMC and Safdarjang Hospital, Delhi, India
Indian J Pediatr 72:925-30. 2005..The present cross sectional study was undertaken to study clinical profile of HIV infection in children in Northern India...
- Transfusion-transmitted infections inmulti-transfused patients in HondurasElizabeth Vinelli
Programa Nacional de Sangre, Cruz Roja Hondureña, 2da avenida de Comayaguela, M D C, Honduras
J Clin Virol 34:S53-60. 2005....
- HIV in prison: what are the risks and what can be done?M E Hellard
Epidemiology and Social Research Program, Macfarlane Burnet Institute for Medical Research and Public Health, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia
Sex Health 1:107-13. 2004..Public health policy must involve all sections of the community, including prison inmates, if we are to reduce transmission of HIV and other BBVs...
- Epidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among multi-transfused patients in seven hospitals in PeruV A Laguna-Torres
Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru
J Clin Virol 34:S61-8. 2005..Prevalence and risk factors vary by geographic location and by the specific TTI (including HIV-1, HBV, HCV and HTLV-I)...
- Commercial sex work and risk of HIV infection among young drug-injecting men who have sex with men in San FranciscoOliver Bacon
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, and the Positive Health Program, Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, California 94105, USA
Sex Transm Dis 33:228-34. 2006..The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sex work and HIV infection among young injection drug-using men who have sex with men (MSM-IDU)...
- Doncaster: the public health response to a local cluster of heterosexually acquired HIV infectionK W Allen
Doncaster Health Authority, Doncaster, South Yorkshire
Commun Dis Public Health 5:271-5. 2002..However, the longer-term effect on sexual behaviour was minimal as evidence by a subsequent survey...
- Men who have sex with men and women: a unique risk group for HIV transmission on North Carolina College campusesLisa B Hightow
Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Sex Transm Dis 33:585-93. 2006....
- Intrafamilial transmission of hepatitis C virus infectionEliseo Minola
Department of Infectious Diseases, Bergamo Hospital, Bergamo, Italy
Eur J Epidemiol 21:293-7. 2006..The role of intrafamilial HCV transmission is still controversial...
- [Prevention of tuberculosis in care settings]P Fraisse
Service de Pneumologie, Hopital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg, France
Rev Mal Respir 22:431-47. 2005..It is therefore the responsibility of the hospital to establish preventative measures capable of reducing the risk of transmission or to reduce the effects by appropriate management of exposed subjects...
- Prevalences, genotypes, and risk factors for HIV transmission in South AmericaSilvia M Montano
US Naval Medical Research Center Detachment Lima, Peru
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 40:57-64. 2005..A renewed effort in controlling STIs, especially among MSM groups, could significantly lessen the impact of the HIV epidemic in South America...
- [Blood-transmitted viral infections among haemophiliacs in Tunisia]H Langar
Laboratoire de virologie clinique, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunisie
Transfus Clin Biol 12:301-5. 2005..The introduction in 1995 of hepatitis B vaccination in the national schedule of new-born vaccination may resolve in the future the problem of HBV infection in haemophiliacs and in the other categories of the Tunisian population...
- [The Nadis cohort: 6236 HIV-infected patients followed up in French university hospitals]R Agher
La Pitié Salpêtrière, France
Med Mal Infect 35:407-10. 2005..The Nadis electronic medical patient record allows real time constitution of a database including the clinical, therapeutic, biological, and epidemiological features of HIV-positive patients...
- High prevalence of congenital Trypanosoma cruzi infection and family clustering in Salta, ArgentinaOlga Sanchez Negrette
Instituto de Patologia Experimental, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Nacional de Salta, Calle Buenos Aires, Salta, Argentina
Pediatrics 115:e668-72. 2005....
- Antibodies to hepatitis C and other viral markersin multi-transfused patients from ArgentinaMirta Remesar
Servicio de Hemoterapia, Hospital Nacional de Pediatria Prof Dr J P Garrahan, Combate de los Pozos 1881, 1245 Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Clin Virol 34:S20-6. 2005..The knowledge of transfusion-transmitted viral infections in Argentina is scarce. A regional study organized by the Pan American Health Organization let us asses the current status...
- Community-based survey of HIV transmission modes among intravenous drug users in Sichuan, ChinaYuhua Ruan
Division of Virology and Immunology, National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
Sex Transm Dis 31:623-7. 2004..The goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence and different transmission risk factors of HIV among intravenous drug users (IDUs) in the Liangshan Yizu Autonomous Region of Sichuan province, China...
- [The HIV-infection outbreak in the town Lys'va (Perm region): homozygote genotype CCR5 delta32/CCR5 delta32 provides the high level of the persistence in the parenteral transmission of the virus]G S Riabov
Vopr Virusol 47:13-6. 2002..4%) was significantly (p < 0.05) higher than the analogous rate for healthy blood donors in Russia (1/163, 0.6%). Thus, the homozygosity for this mutant allele confers a high resistance level to HIV even in parenteral transmission...
- What is the evidence for non-sexual transmission of gonorrhoea in children after the neonatal period? A systematic reviewFelicity Goodyear-Smith
Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, School of Population Health, Faculty of Medical and Health Science, The University of Auckland, PB 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
J Forensic Leg Med 14:489-502. 2007..Doctors and lawyers need to be cognisant of the large body of literature demonstrating both sexual and non-sexual means of transmission of gonorrhoea in children...
- Changes in the transmission dynamics of the HIV epidemic after the wide-scale use of antiretroviral therapy could explain increases in sexually transmitted infections: results from mathematical modelsMarie Claude Boily
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, UK
Sex Transm Dis 31:100-13. 2004..The reasons for these increases are not fully understood...
- Prevalence of occult hepatitis B & C in HIV patients infected through sexual transmissionRamesh Roop Rai
Department of Gastroenterology, SMS Hospital and Medical College, Jaipur
Trop Gastroenterol 28:19-23. 2007..Earlier studies have explained the role of HBV/HCV co-infection in cohorts of injection drug users (IDUs) but the sexual co-transmission of HBV/ HCV is not completely understood...
- Concurrent partnerships among rural African Americans with recently reported heterosexually transmitted HIV infectionAdaora A Adimora
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 34:423-9. 2003..To investigate concurrent sexual partnerships among African Americans in North Carolina with recently reported heterosexually transmitted HIV infection...
- Natural history and epidemiology of hepatitis CJacqueline Rhoads
Department of Family Nursing, Louisiana State University, Health Sciences Center, School of Nursing, USA
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 14:18S-25S. 2003..The epidemiological patterns of hepatitis C transmission will be reviewed...
- Change of acute hepatitis B transmission routes in JapanShouko Arima
Third Department of Internal Medicine, Ehime University School of Medicine, Shigenobu cho, Onsen gun, Ehime 791 0295, Japan
J Gastroenterol 38:772-5. 2003..We studied the chronological alterations in HBV infectious routes in patients with acute hepatitis B in the past 27 years...
- Impact of the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa on the pattern of HIV in the UKKaty Sinka
Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
AIDS 17:1683-90. 2003..To describe the epidemiology of HIV infection acquired in Africa and among African communities in the United Kingdom...
- Characteristics of HIV-infected childbearing women in BarbadosAlok Kumar
The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Department of Pediatrics and Obstetrics, St Michael, Barbados
Rev Panam Salud Publica 13:1-9. 2003..To describe the demographic profile, social and family characteristics, and lifestyle traits of HIV-infected childbearing women in the Caribbean nation of Barbados in comparison to a control group of HIV-negative women...
- Intrafamilial transmission of hepatitis C virus in patients with hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus coinfectionDaniela R Keiserman
Division of Digestive Diseases, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267 0595, USA
Am J Gastroenterol 98:878-83. 2003..The aim of this study was to determine whether hepatitis C virus (HCV)/HIV coinfection of index cases increases intrafamilial transmission (sexual and nonsexual contacts) of HCV...
- HIV in central and eastern EuropeFrancoise F Hamers
EuroHIV, Department of Infectious Diseases, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, 94415 Cedex, Saint Maurice, France
Lancet 361:1035-44. 2003..By contrast, rates of HIV in central Europe remain low at present, but behaviours that promote HIV transmission are present in all countries. Improved measures to prevent further HIV spread are urgently needed...
- Postnatal human herpesvirus 8 and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in mothers and infants from ZambiaBrad P Brayfield
Nebraska Center for Virology, School of Biological Sciences, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, USA
J Infect Dis 187:559-68. 2003..However, most HHV-8-positive infants appeared to have acquired infection either intrapartum or postpartum. The present study indicates that transmission of HHV-8 to infants can occur early and is likely via multiple routes...
- Reducing the risk of sexual HIV transmission: quantifying the per-act risk for HIV on the basis of choice of partner, sex act, and condom useBeens Varghese
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Surveillance and Epidemiology, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Sex Transm Dis 29:38-43. 2002..Sexual acquisition of HIV is influenced by choice of partner, sex act, and condom use. However, current risk-reduction strategies focus mainly on condom use...
- Sex work in the Caribbean Basin: patterns of substance use and HIV risk among migrant sex workers in the US Virgin IslandsH Surratt
Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies, University of Delaware, Coral Gables, Florida 33134, USA
AIDS Care 19:1274-82. 2007....
- Measuring effectiveness in community randomized trials of HIV preventionT B Hallett
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
Int J Epidemiol 37:77-87. 2008..Complicated HIV transmission dynamics make it unclear how to design and interpret results from community-randomized controlled trials (CRCT) of interventions to prevent infection...
- HIV transmission during paediatric health care in sub-Saharan Africa--risks and evidenceDavid Gisselquist
Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioural Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Germany
S Afr Med J 94:109-16. 2004..Research is required to determine the extent of iatrogenic HIV infection among African children as well as to identify high-risk procedures and settings. Such research can motivate and direct prevention efforts...
- High potential of escalating HIV transmission in a low prevalence setting in rural TanzaniaKhadija I Yahya-Malima
Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
BMC Public Health 7:103. 2007..We conducted a population-based HIV study to identify risk factors and validate the representativeness of ANC-based estimates...
- Heterosexual behavior patterns and the spread of HIV/AIDS: the interacting effects of rate of partner change and sexual mixingSara Hertog
Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Sex Transm Dis 34:820-8. 2007..This study evaluates whether the influence of sexual mixing patterns on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic curve is sensitive to the prevailing rates of sexual partner change in a population...
- Primary HIV infection as source of HIV transmission within steady and casual partnerships among homosexual menMaria Xiridou
Infectious Diseases Department, Amsterdam Municipal Health Service, The Netherlands
AIDS 18:1311-20. 2004....
- [Prevention of viral hepatitis]Miguel Bruguera
Servicio de Hepatologia, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona y Departamento de Medicina, Universidad de Barcelona, Espana
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 24:649-56. 2006..Post-transfusion hepatitis has been virtually eradicated, but considerable effort is still needed to prevent nosocomial hepatitis...
- High prevalence of blood-borne virus infections and high-risk behaviour among injecting drug users in Tallinn, EstoniaAnneli Uuskula
Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Estonia
Int J STD AIDS 18:41-6. 2007..These findings emphasize the importance of evidence-based secondary prevention among the HIV-infected, especially given the uncertain sustainability of antiretroviral and substance abuse treatments...
- [Evaluation of residual infectious risk among blood donors in National Center of Blood Transfusion in Conakry]A Loua
Centre national de transfusion sanguine de Conakry, BP 2737 Conakry, République de Guinée
Transfus Clin Biol 11:98-100. 2004..The obtained results show that the HIV and HBV transmission risk due to blood transfusion according to the present practice at the NCBT of Conakry is important...
- [Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the province of Salamanca (1985-2002)]Rafael González-Celador
Servicio de Medicina Preventiva, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Spain
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 22:272-8. 2004..One of the methods used for this task is compilation of case records. We report the results of 18 years of recording information on new diagnoses of HIV (1985-2002) in the area of Salamanca (Spain)...
- [Trends in residual risk of transfusion-transmitted viral infections (HIV, HCV, HBV) in France between 1992 and 2002 and impact of viral genome screening (Nucleic Acid Testing)]J Pillonel
Institut de Veille Sanitaire, 12, rue du Val d Osne, 94415 Saint Maurice Cedex, France
Transfus Clin Biol 11:81-6. 2004..These trends were analysed over nine overlapping periods of 3 years from 1992 to 2002. The 2000-2002 estimates were compared to the results of HIV-1 and HCV NAT implemented on all blood donations in July 2001...
- HIV epidemiology and prevention interventionsSusan Buchbinder
HIV Research Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, CA, USA
Top HIV Med 15:26-30. 2007..Presentations also focused on strategies to prevent HIV acquisition through pre-exposure prophylaxis, treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission through breastfeeding...
- Colony-level impacts of immune responsiveness in honey bees, Apis melliferaJay D Evans
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Bee Research Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
Evolution 59:2270-4. 2005..of such responses can provide a more complete understanding of a primary risk of social life, horizontal disease transmission among colony members...
- First report of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease occurring in 2 siblings unexplained by PRNP mutationThomas E F Webb
National Prion Clinic, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, UCLH Hospitals Trust, Queen Square, London, United Kingdom
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 67:838-41. 2008..Possible explanations include coincidental occurrence, common exposure to an unidentified environmental source of prions, horizontal transmission of disease, or the presence of unknown shared genetic predisposition...
- Unsafe sexual behavior and correlates of risk in a probability sample of men who have sex with men in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapyDevon D Brewer
Department of Medicine and the Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, and Public Health Seattle and King County, Seattle, Washington 98115, USA www interscientific net contact html
Sex Transm Dis 33:250-5. 2006..To assess the levels and correlates of potential exposure to and transmission of HIV in a contemporary, community-based probability sample of men who have sex with men (MSM)...
- [Health providers' knowledge on transfusion-transmitted viral hepatitis]Rosangela Gaze
Núcleo de Estudos de Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av Brigadeiro Trompowsky s n, Ilha do Fundao, 21949 900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Rev Saude Publica 40:859-64. 2006..A pilot study was carried out to explore the consistency of knowledge on blood transmission of viral hepatitis among primary care providers...
- Molecular evolution of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and pathogenic Escherichia coli: from pathogenesis to therapeuticsJean Philippe Lavigne
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, ESPRI 26, Avenue J F Kennedy, 30908 NIMES Cedex 02, France
Infect Genet Evol 8:217-26. 2008..Here, we summarize the horizontally acquired virulence factors of S. Typhimurium, enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 and uropathogenic E. coli, and we describe their use in novel therapeutic approaches...
- The epidemic history of hepatitis C among injecting drug users in Flanders, BelgiumC Mathei
Department of General Practice, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Viral Hepat 15:399-408. 2008..Moreover, results suggested that the hepatitis C subtype 3a epidemic has reached a steady state, while the hepatitis C 1a epidemic has not, which therefore might become the predominant subtype among IDUs...
- HIV incidence in 3 years of follow-up of a Zimbabwe cohort--1998-2000 to 2001-03: contributions of proximate and underlying determinants to transmissionBen Lopman
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
Int J Epidemiol 37:88-105. 2008..Here, we analyse the determinants of HIV incidence in this period of decline and estimate the population-level impact of identified risk factors...
- Accuracy of healthcare worker recall and medical record review for identifying infectious exposures to hospitalized patientsM Aquino
Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:722-8. 2006..To determine the validity of using healthcare worker (HCW) recall of patient interactions and medical record review for contact tracing in a critical care setting...
- An in vitro study on the use of circumferential matrix bands in the placement of Class II amalgam restorationsA S Gilmour
Department of Adult Dental Health, Cardiff University School of Dentistry, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XY
Br Dent J 204:E10; discussion 310-1. 2008..To assess the difference in amalgam overhang produced between the two systems in vitro...
- Identification and characterization of transmitted and early founder virus envelopes in primary HIV-1 infectionBrandon F Keele
Departments of Medicine and Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35223, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:7552-7. 2008....
- [Human papillomavirus: repercussion on the woman's health in the family context]Maria Albertina Rocha Diógenes
Universidade de Fortaleza Unifor
Rev Gaucha Enferm 27:266-73. 2006..The nurse plays an essential role in the control of the HPV and must develop actions of promotion and prevention, taking care individually of the family and the community...
- Classic flea-borne transmission does not drive plague epizootics in prairie dogsColleen T Webb
Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6236-41. 2006....
- Introduction of bovine tuberculosis to north-east England by bought-in cattleR Gopal
Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB
Vet Rec 159:265-71. 2006..The lack of geographical clustering of molecular types pointed to the overwhelming source of infection being cattle that had been bought-in...
- Microbicide drug candidates to prevent HIV infectionJan Balzarini
Rega Institute for Medical Research, K U Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Lancet 369:787-97. 2007..We review different categories of microbicide drugs and lead compounds, their mechanism of action, current status of development, and progress in phase III trials...
- Global properties of infectious disease models with nonlinear incidenceAndrei Korobeinikov
Laboratory of Nonlinear Science and Computation, Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060 0812, Japan
Bull Math Biol 69:1871-86. 2007..This state can be either endemic, or infection-free, depending on the value of the basic reproduction number...
- Clinical review: update of avian influenza A infections in humansChristian Sandrock
School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Crit Care 11:209. 2007..This review discusses the epidemiology, host range, human disease, outcome, treatment, and prevention of cross-transmission of avian influenza A into humans...
- Interpersonal relationships and group A streptococcus spread in a Mexican day-care centerAlberto Villaseñor-Sierra
Centro de Investigacion Biomedica de Occidente, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Salud Publica Mex 49:323-9. 2007..To study the effect of different degrees of centrality on the carrying of identical group A streptococcus (GAS) clones in the nasopharynx of children from a Mexican public day-care center...
- Infectious disease modeling and the dynamics of transmissionL A Real
Department of Biology and Center for Disease Ecology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 315:33-49. 2007..In particular, we highlight recent technical innovations that could help to overcome some the logistical challenges commonly associated with empirical disease research in wild populations...
- Evidence for a substantial role of sharing of injecting paraphernalia other than syringes/needles to the spread of hepatitis C among injecting drug usersC Mathei
Department of General Practice, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Viral Hepat 13:560-70. 2006..It was found that sharing of materials other than syringes/needles indeed seemed to contribute substantially to the spread of hepatitis C among injecting drug users...
- Horizontal transmission of Marek's disease virus requires US2, the UL13 protein kinase, and gCKeith W Jarosinski
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
J Virol 81:10575-87. 2007..The experiments clearly showed that US2, UL13, and gC in combination are essential for horizontal transmission of MDV and that none of the genes alone is able to restore this phenotype...
- Cowpox virus transmission from rats to monkeys, the NetherlandsByron E E Martina
Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 12:1005-7. 2006..Sequence comparison and serologic results showed that brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) transmitted the virus to monkeys...
- Biosecurity practices and travel history of individuals exhibiting livestock at the 2005 California State FairClair Thunes
Center for Animal Disease Modeling and Surveillance, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 231:581-5. 2007..To determine biosecurity practices and travel history of individuals exhibiting livestock at the 2005 California State Fair...
- Reproduction of adenoviral gizzard erosion by the horizontal transmission of fowl adenovirus serotype 1Masaaki Ono
JA Zen noh National Federation of Agricultural Co operative Associations Institute of Animal Health, Chiba, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 69:1005-8. 2007..We conclude that FAV-99ZH strain spreads rapidly through direct contact with inoculated chickens, and slowly through non-contact transmission, and that adenoviral gizzard erosion is reproduced by this horizontal transmission...
- [Carbon dioxide laser therapy for anogenital warts in children]A M Collet-Villette
Service de Dermatologie et Venereologie, Hopital Sainte Marguerite, Marseille
Ann Dermatol Venereol 134:829-32. 2007..Management of anogenital condylomas in children can be delicate especially in the event of profuse lesions and raises the issue of identification of the mode of contamination...
- 5 NUCLEASE ASSAYS FOR RODENT HEALTH MONITORINGDavid Besselsen; Fiscal Year: 2002..FFPNA will greatly enhance the diagnostic capabilities for routine health monitoring of laboratory rodents and will provide a viable, cost-effective alternative for RAP testing. ..
- PATHOGENESIS OF MURINE PARVOVIRUS FIELD STRAINSDavid Besselsen; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, these studies will provide information about perturbations in host physiology and gene expression induced by murine parvoviruses, and basic scientific information about parvovirus host interaction. ..
- Bloodborne Pathogen Risk in Home Healthcare WorkersRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing home health care workers and allow us to focus our risk management energies and resources appropriately. ..
- Enhancing HIV Prevention Among High-Risk HIV+ MenKenneth Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2007..Participants will then be followed every three months for one year, integrating PCM and/or prevention booster sessions to their HIV care visits. ..
- GBS: Epidemiologic Characterization for Gene DiscoveryBetsy Foxman; Fiscal Year: 2007..A better understanding of the molecular epidemiology and the identification of new GBS virulence genes will facilitate the discover of new therapies and prevention strategies for GBS disease. ..
- Hepatitis C Microarrays to Detect Drug ResistanceMichael Kozal; Fiscal Year: 2006..If successful this project will create a tool that can rapidly and accurately provide the sequence of HCV genes that encode drug targets and facilitate the investigations into the genetic determinants of HCV drug resistance. ..
- Congenital HHV6 Infection: Characteristics and OutcomeCaroline Hall; Fiscal Year: 2007..Correlation of these measurements with the viral and clinical characteristics in Aim I may allow early identification of risk factors that are predictive of future disabilities. ..
- Role of Virus and Genetic Susceptibility in Otitis MediaCuneyt Alper; Fiscal Year: 2006..These results will be used in the design of future studies that prevent OM by moderating vURI pathogenesis. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Topical Microbicide AcceptabilityAlex Carballo Dieguez; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- HPTN - CENTRAL LABORATORYJAY JACKSON; Fiscal Year: 2005..To optimize the amount of scientific expertise and lab capabilities needed, the HPTN CL will be based on a hub and spoke concept involving JHU, University of Pittsburgh, and the California Public Health Dept (VRDL). ..
- JHU-MCAIDS HPTN TRIAL SITE-CHINAJAY JACKSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..However, the JHU-NCAIDS collaboration does have expertise in the areas of vaccines and behavioral interventions and could potentially employ these interventions in IDUs or expand to other populations as the epidemic grows. ..
- Airborne Transmission of Viruses in Human Subjects: Efficacy of Face MasksWerner Bischoff; Fiscal Year: 2007..This cnowledge is paramount in view of the inevitable viral pandemics. ..
- Oral and Vaginal Microbes, Human Genotype, and Preterm BirthDawn P Misra; Fiscal Year: 2010..For this proposal we have the great advantage of exploring these hypotheses using already collected specimens and data as part of completed studies of preterm birth. ..
- Virulence factors of influenza virus: The NS1 proteinAdolfo Garcia Sastre; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Predictors of HIV Risk Behavior Among Men in ArgentinaAlex Carballo Dieguez; Fiscal Year: 2009..This is a fundamental step prior to designing programs that mitigate those factors and result in decreased risk. ..
- Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Acute-Phase HIV TransmissionSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results will inform scientific and policy discussions on the importance of interventions to reduce acute-phase transmission. ..
- Genetic Epidemiology of Adult Brain Cancer: A Follow-up StudyJianming Tang; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- HIV PREVENTION TRIAL UNITSKenneth Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will continue our leadership work in community education and the engagement of diverse communities in HIV prevention initiatives. ( ..
- High-Risk Heterosexual Partnering in the Age of AIDS: A Multilevel AnalysisAdaora Adimora; Fiscal Year: 2008..The study constitutes an important first step in development of future intervention studies and policies to effectively decrease the racial disparity in HIV infection rates. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Strategies for Group A Streptococcal PreventionGrace Lee; Fiscal Year: 2008..During her K Award, she hopes to establish herself as a multidisciplinary researcher in the fields of decision sciences, infectious disease modeling, and health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Antibody in Defense Against Neonatal Candida InfectionsJOSEPH BLISS; Fiscal Year: 2008..As such, he will be in an ideal position to orchestrate the translation of basic science to the benefit of patients. ..
- Exploring the Impact of Criminal HIV Disclosure LawCarol Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2006..The findings of this study will be disseminated in academic journals and through conference presentations, and will be summarized in a written report and presentation to policy makers in Michigan. ..
- DNA Methylation as an Epigenetic Host Factor in HIV/AIDSJianming Tang; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF C NEOFORMANS ANTIBODIESArturo Casadevall; Fiscal Year: 2006..These studies are expected to yield new insights on fundamental aspects of antibody function as well as practical information for the development of second generation antibody reagents for human therapy. ..
- Dynamics of Peritoneal Dialysis Associated PeritonitisJohn Hotchkiss; Fiscal Year: 2004..Prolonged courses of antibiotic therapy required by compromised host defenses may render the dialysis population an effective "incubator" for drug resistant microorganisms. ..
- EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HIV1 AMONG OPIATE USERS IN N THAILANDDavid Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- HIV/STD PREVENTION COST-EFFECTIVENESS: METHODS & APPLICSSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Statistical Models for AnthraxRonald Brookmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2003..This work will depend on results from specific aims 1 and 2. ..
- Innovative HCW Training: Infectious Disease RiskRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results of this study may have important implications for effective health and safety training for nurses. ..
- BBP EXPOSURE AND RISK FACTORS IN NON-HOSPITAL BASED HCWSRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing non-hospital HCWs and allow us to focus our energies and resources appropriately. ..
- PRIMARY HHV6 INFECTION--CLINICAL & VIRAL CHARACTERISTICSCaroline Hall; Fiscal Year: 2001..A matched subgroup of 180 (90 with seizures from HHV-6 and 90 with seizures not from HHV-6) will be compared for neurologic development after 3 years by neurologic examinations and standardized neuropsychologic testing. ..
- COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV PRIMARY PREVENTIONSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2001..Upon completion of the analyses we will summarize and widely disseminate the results. ..
- STATISTICAL METHODS IN AIDS RESEARCHRonald Brookmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2001..The methods will be applied to the ALIVE study. ..
- VIRUS PHOTOINACTIVATION--DIMETHYLMETHYLENE BLUE IN RBCStephen Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Mining slime mold for susceptibility genes to fungiArturo Casadevall; Fiscal Year: 2005..discoideum system will lead to the identification of genetic pathways that are not immediately obvious from standard fungal-macrophage experiments. ..
- Internet Use and HIV Risk among Men in NYCAlex Carballo Dieguez; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- HIV-IG FOR PREVENTION OF VERTICAL TRANSMISSIONJAY JACKSON; Fiscal Year: 2003..2. Evaluate the differences in clinical progression to AIDS, the decline in CD4 counts, and survival at 2.5 years in the HIV-1 infected infants who received HIVIG or IVIG. ..
- Risks for HIV and STIs among Moscow Sex WorkersChris Beyrer; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Trafficking, persistence and evolution of HIV in the CNSPeter Simmonds; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- INDEPENDENT SCIENTIST AWARDAdaora Adimora; Fiscal Year: 2005..Her training and experience have equipped her with uncommon insight into this problem. The K02 award will facilitate her accomplishing this career goal. ..
- Standard Worksite Health Program vs Activated ConsumerPaul Terry; Fiscal Year: 2006..We hypothesize that the activated consumer intervention will be more cost-effective than the standard health promotion intervention in decreasing avoidable health claims costs and in reducing absenteeism. ..
- HIV Epidemiology Among African American Women in North CarolinaAdaora Adimora; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- BLOODBORNE EXPOSURE MANAGEMENTRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2001..This study will identify barriers to appropriate implementation of the Guidelines and allow us to focus our energies and resources on specific improvements in order to minimize the risk of infection to exposed employees. ..
- Potential for HIV transmission in relationships of drug-using women in RussiaLinda Niccolai; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ADULT AIDS CLINICAL TRIALS UNITHENRY BALFOUR; Fiscal Year: 2008..The Iowa subunit has expertise in detection of hepatitis C and will be collaborating in studies of the pathogenesis of coinfection with HIV and hepatitis C. ..
- Simulation Tool for HIV/STD Cost-Effectiveness AnalysisSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Case Management Alternatives for African American Women at High Risk for HIVHilary L Surratt; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Non-parenteral transmission of hepatitis CChia Wang; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- QUALITATIVE STUDY OF COUPLES' COMMUNICATION AND BEHAVIORDavid Seal; Fiscal Year: 2002..Study findings will be disseminated for use in the development of programs promoting relationship health in couples. ..
- An HB Vaccine Model For HIV Vaccine Trials in Drug UsersLu Yu Hwang; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Improving Clinical Outcomes for Early Chilhood CariesRobert Berkowitz; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TRANSFECTANT INFLUENZA VIRUSES IN CANCER THERAPYAdolfo Garcia Sastre; Fiscal Year: 2002..The proposed research may advance the field of cancer therapy towards possible novel ways to treat human tumors and prolong survival of cancer patients. ..
- NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial -- IndiaDavid Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT-THAILANDDavid Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Screening for STDs using home sampling in EstoniaAnneli Uuskula; Fiscal Year: 2007..This information will allow us to identify STD infected individuals, and to develop selective screening criteria to be used in general population studies and screening programs in Estonia. ..
- HIV IN SEMEN--EFFECTS OF STDS AND ANTIVIRAL THERAPYMyron Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results of these studies should provide further insight into the regulation of excretion of HIV in semen, transmission of HIV, and to inform public health HIV prevention policies. ..
- PICU Nosocomial Infections: Epidemiology and OutcomesAlexis Elward; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Rural Trial of Clinic Order Entry with Decision SupportMatthew Samore; Fiscal Year: 2006..The cost impact of the intervention will be measured to allow a comprehensive assessment of the value of this HIT. [unreadable] [unreadable]..