consumer product safety

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Modeling growth of Clostridium perfringens in pea soup during cooling
    Aarieke E I de Jong
    Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Risk Anal 25:61-73. 2005
  2. ncbi Evaluation of logistic processing to reduce cross-contamination of commercial broiler carcasses with Campylobacter spp
    Lakshmi Prasanna Potturi-Venkata
    Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 5416, USA
    J Food Prot 70:2549-54. 2007
  3. ncbi Silver nanoparticles and total aerosols emitted by nanotechnology-related consumer spray products
    Marina E Quadros
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, 418 Durham Hall, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 45:10713-9. 2011
  4. ncbi Filamentous fungi producing ochratoxin a during cocoa processing in Cameroon
    Pauline Mounjouenpou
    Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement, BP 2067, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Int J Food Microbiol 121:234-41. 2008
  5. ncbi Categorization framework to aid exposure assessment of nanomaterials in consumer products
    Steffen Foss Hansen
    Department of Environmental Engineering, NanoDTU Environment and Health, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Building 113, Kgs Lyngby 2800, Denmark
    Ecotoxicology 17:438-47. 2008
  6. ncbi Potential exposure of German consumers to engineered nanoparticles in cosmetics and personal care products
    Christiane Lorenz
    Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Nanotoxicology 5:12-29. 2011
  7. ncbi Issues in consumer exposure modeling: towards harmonization on a global scale
    Stylianos Kephalopoulos
    Physical and Chemical Exposure Unit, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, Commission of the European Communities, via E Fermi 1, T P 281, I 21027Ispra VA, Italy
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S90-100. 2007
  8. ncbi Mission impossible? Regulatory and enforcement issues to ensure safety of dietary supplements
    A Petroczi
    School of Life Sciences, Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, UK
    Food Chem Toxicol 49:393-402. 2011
  9. ncbi European regulations on nutraceuticals, dietary supplements and functional foods: a framework based on safety
    Patrick Coppens
    European Advisory Services EAS Strategic Advice on Nutritional Products, Rue de l Association 50, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
    Toxicology 221:59-74. 2006
  10. ncbi Analysis of deoxynivalenol, masked deoxynivalenol, and Fusarium graminearum pigment in wheat samples, using liquid chromatography-UV-mass spectrometry
    J J Sasanya
    Great Plains Institute of Food Safety, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA
    J Food Prot 71:1205-13. 2008

Detail Information

Publications252 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Modeling growth of Clostridium perfringens in pea soup during cooling
    Aarieke E I de Jong
    Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Risk Anal 25:61-73. 2005
    ..perfringens in pea soup. Although fine-tuning may be needed to eliminate inaccuracies, it was concluded that the combined model could be a useful tool for designing good manufacturing practices (GMP) procedures...
  2. ncbi Evaluation of logistic processing to reduce cross-contamination of commercial broiler carcasses with Campylobacter spp
    Lakshmi Prasanna Potturi-Venkata
    Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 5416, USA
    J Food Prot 70:2549-54. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that a simple logistic processing schedule can preserve the Campylobacter-negative status of broiler carcasses and result in products with enhanced food safety...
  3. ncbi Silver nanoparticles and total aerosols emitted by nanotechnology-related consumer spray products
    Marina E Quadros
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, 418 Durham Hall, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 45:10713-9. 2011
    ..Exposure modeling suggests that up to 70 ng of silver may deposit in the respiratory tract during product use...
  4. ncbi Filamentous fungi producing ochratoxin a during cocoa processing in Cameroon
    Pauline Mounjouenpou
    Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement, BP 2067, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Int J Food Microbiol 121:234-41. 2008
    ..77 microg g(-1) on rice medium. Aspergillus niger strains did not always produce OTA and their toxigenesis was much lower. Fermented dried cocoa from poor quality pods was the most contaminated by OTA: up to 48 ng g(-1)...
  5. ncbi Categorization framework to aid exposure assessment of nanomaterials in consumer products
    Steffen Foss Hansen
    Department of Environmental Engineering, NanoDTU Environment and Health, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Building 113, Kgs Lyngby 2800, Denmark
    Ecotoxicology 17:438-47. 2008
    ..The application of sun lotion containing 2% nanoparticles result in an exposure of 56.7 mg kg(-1) bw d(-1) for a 2-year-old child, if the amounts applied correspond to the European Commission recommendations on use of sunscreen...
  6. ncbi Potential exposure of German consumers to engineered nanoparticles in cosmetics and personal care products
    Christiane Lorenz
    Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Nanotoxicology 5:12-29. 2011
    ..The assessment scheme developed here represents a basis for refined exposure modelling as soon as more specific information about ENPs in C&PCP becomes available...
  7. ncbi Issues in consumer exposure modeling: towards harmonization on a global scale
    Stylianos Kephalopoulos
    Physical and Chemical Exposure Unit, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, Commission of the European Communities, via E Fermi 1, T P 281, I 21027Ispra VA, Italy
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S90-100. 2007
    ....
  8. ncbi Mission impossible? Regulatory and enforcement issues to ensure safety of dietary supplements
    A Petroczi
    School of Life Sciences, Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, UK
    Food Chem Toxicol 49:393-402. 2011
    ..The need for better quality control, compliance and public awareness is evident...
  9. ncbi European regulations on nutraceuticals, dietary supplements and functional foods: a framework based on safety
    Patrick Coppens
    European Advisory Services EAS Strategic Advice on Nutritional Products, Rue de l Association 50, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
    Toxicology 221:59-74. 2006
    ..However, it may also be clearly worth it in terms of market success and improved consumer health...
  10. ncbi Analysis of deoxynivalenol, masked deoxynivalenol, and Fusarium graminearum pigment in wheat samples, using liquid chromatography-UV-mass spectrometry
    J J Sasanya
    Great Plains Institute of Food Safety, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA
    J Food Prot 71:1205-13. 2008
    ..93 +/- 247.84 microg/g). Analytical tools such as this new liquid chromatography-UV-mass spectrometry method can be used to quantify masked and parent mycotoxins, plus a potentially toxic pigment for risk assessment...
  11. ncbi Inactivation of hepatitis A virus by high-pressure processing: the role of temperature and pressure oscillation
    David H Kingsley
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, James W W Baker Center, Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware 19901, USA
    J Food Prot 69:2454-9. 2006
    ..This work suggested that slightly elevated temperatures are advantageous for pressure inactivation of HAV within foods...
  12. ncbi Will the new Consumer Protection Act prevent harm to nutritional supplement users?
    Gary Gabriels
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town
    S Afr Med J 101:543-5. 2011
    ..CONCLUSION. The CPA should promote greater levels of policy development, regulatory enforcement, and consumer education of South Africa's supplement industry...
  13. ncbi Risk management measures for chemicals in consumer products: documentation, assessment, and communication across the supply chain
    Yuri Bruinen de Bruin
    European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Physical and Chemical Exposure Unit, Ispra, Italy
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S55-66. 2007
    ..Information on RMMs was collected from published sources to demonstrate that a taxonomical approach using standard descriptors for RMMs libraries is needed for effective information exchange across supply chains...
  14. ncbi Strategy to inactivate Clostridium perfringens spores in meat products
    Saeed Akhtar
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Food Microbiol 26:272-7. 2009
    ..Collectively, this study demonstrates the feasibility of an alternative and novel strategy to inactivate C. perfringens spores in meat products formulated with germinants specific for C. perfringens...
  15. ncbi Occurrence of bound deoxynivalenol in Fusarium head blight-infected barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and malt as determined by solvolysis with trifluoroacetic acid
    Bing Zhou
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, People s Republic of China
    J Food Prot 71:1266-9. 2008
    ..A preliminary study indicated that both free and bound DON decrease significantly during the steeping phase of malting. These results suggest that bound DON, like the free form, may be water-soluble...
  16. ncbi Aqueous matrix compositions and pH influence feline calicivirus inactivation by high pressure processing
    David H Kingsley
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, W W Baker Center, Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware 19901, USA
    J Food Prot 71:1598-603. 2008
    ..Aqueous matrix compositions, in particular different concentrations of NaCl and sucrose or different pH values, can substantially alter the efficiency of virus inactivation by high pressure processing...
  17. ncbi Effect of high hydrostatic pressure processing on freely suspended and bivalve-associated T7 bacteriophage
    Todd August Sheldon
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA
    J Food Prot 71:345-50. 2008
    ....
  18. ncbi Conditions for high pressure inactivation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in oysters
    Ayse G Kural
    Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 127:1-5. 2008
    ..To achieve a 5-log reduction of V. parahaemolyticus in live oysters, pressure treatment needed to be > or = 350 MPa for 2 min at temperatures between 1 and 35 degrees C and > or = 300 MPa for 2 min at 40 degrees C...
  19. ncbi High hydrostatic pressure processing of murine norovirus 1-contaminated oysters inhibits oral infection in STAT-1(-/-)-deficient female mice
    R M Gogal
    Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Disease, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA
    J Food Prot 74:209-14. 2011
    ..Further, the data suggest that HPP may be an effective food processing intervention for norovirus-contaminated shellfish and thus may decrease risk to both immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals who consume shellfish...
  20. ncbi Survey of organosilicone compounds, including cyclic and linear siloxanes, in personal-care and household products
    Yuichi Horii
    Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY 12201 0509, USA
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 55:701-10. 2008
    ..The results of our study suggest that a wide variety of consumer products that are used on a daily basis contain cyclic and linear siloxanes and these products can contribute considerably to human exposures...
  21. ncbi Minimally processed vegetable salads: microbial quality evaluation
    Hans Fröder
    Departamento de Alimentos e Nutricao Experimental, Faculdade de Ciencias Farmaceuticas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Professor Lineu Prestes 580, BL 14, 05508 900 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Food Prot 70:1277-80. 2007
    ..innocua (2 samples of watercress). The results indicate that minimally processed vegetables had poor microbiological quality, and these products could be a vehicle for pathogens such as Salmonella and L. monocytogenes...
  22. ncbi Pressure inactivation of hepatitis A virus in strawberry puree and sliced green onions
    David H Kingsley
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, James W W Baker Center, Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware 19901, USA
    J Food Prot 68:1748-51. 2005
    ..Although high-pressure processing may cause some organoleptic alterations to strawberries and onions, results show high-pressure processing will inactivate hepatitis A virus in these foods...
  23. ncbi High pressure-induced inactivation of Qbeta coliphage and c2 phage in oysters and in culture media
    Mary Smiddy
    Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
    Int J Food Microbiol 106:105-10. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi The GM public debate: context and communication strategies
    Rosie Hails
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 35R, UK
    Nat Rev Genet 4:819-25. 2003
    ..As this exercise in public engagement draws to a close, we consider the context in which this debate has taken place, and the challenges of developing such interactions between science and society...
  25. ncbi Microbiological hazard identification and exposure assessment of food prepared and served in rural households of Lungwena, Malawi
    Steven Taulo
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Malawi, The Polytechnic, P B 303, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi
    Int J Food Microbiol 125:111-6. 2008
    ..Practices that promote the spread of the pathogens in the rural household kitchens were investigated. Food was thought to be contaminated as a result of poor food handling, preparation and storage practices...
  26. ncbi Risk and safety assessment on the consumption of Licorice root (Glycyrrhiza sp.), its extract and powder as a food ingredient, with emphasis on the pharmacology and toxicology of glycyrrhizin
    R A Isbrucker
    Burdock Group, 888 17th Street, NW, Suite 810 Washington, DC 20006, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 46:167-92. 2006
    ..Based on the in vivo and clinical evidence, we propose an acceptable daily intake of 0.015-0.229 mg glycyrrhizin/kg body weight/day...
  27. ncbi Distribution and toxigenicity of Aspergillus species isolated from maize kernels from three agro-ecological zones in Nigeria
    Joseph Atehnkeng
    International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, PMB 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Int J Food Microbiol 122:74-84. 2008
    ..When agro-ecological zones were compared, B-aflatoxins were significantly (P<0.05) higher in SGS than in NGS, and intermediate in maize samples from the DS agro-ecological zone...
  28. ncbi Consumer allergy to oxidative hair coloring products: epidemiologic data in the literature
    Maya Krasteva
    L OREAL Research and Development, Asnières, France
    Dermatitis 20:123-41. 2009
    ..Data from studies in Asia are difficult to interpret. Pooled prevalence rates of positive patch-test reactions to PPD were calculated for the three continents...
  29. ncbi Detection of melamine using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technology
    Eric A E Garber
    Division of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Office of Regulatory Science, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, US Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA
    J Food Prot 71:590-4. 2008
    ..The recovery of melamine spiked into gravy from dog food using UD was 74% +/- 4%. In conclusion, the recently released Abraxis ELISA for melamine proved to be a useful alternative to more cumbersome methods...
  30. ncbi Bacteriological quality of drinking water from dispensers (coolers) and possible control measures
    Andreas Baumgartner
    Federal Office of Public Health, Section of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 3003 Bern, Switzerland
    J Food Prot 69:3043-6. 2006
    ..Consequently, in keeping with legal requirement for bottled spring and mineral water in Switzerland, it is also advisable that P. aeruginosa be absent in 100-ml samples of cooler water...
  31. pmc Text and graphic warnings on cigarette packages: findings from the international tobacco control four country study
    David Hammond
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 32:202-9. 2007
    ..The current study examined the effectiveness of health warnings on cigarette packages in four countries...
  32. ncbi Counts of Campylobacter spp. on U.S. broiler carcasses
    Norman J Stern
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, South Atlanta Area, Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604, USA
    J Food Prot 69:1034-9. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, this survey indicates industry recognition of its responsibility to assess and reduce public exposure to Campylobacter through broiler chickens...
  33. ncbi Campylobacter spp. contamination of chicken carcasses during processing in relation to flock colonisation
    V M Allen
    School of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford, Bristol, BS40 5DU, UK
    Int J Food Microbiol 113:54-61. 2007
    ..Forced dry air cooling of carcasses reduced contamination levels...
  34. ncbi Shifting responsibilities for food safety in Europe: an introduction
    Bente Halkier
    Department of Communication, Journalism and Computer Science, Roskilde University, Box 260, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    Appetite 47:127-33. 2006
    ..In the countries covered by the remaining six studies, by contrast, institutional reactions in the food sector varied depending on the particular configurations of state, market and civil society...
  35. ncbi Comparative safety assessment of plant-derived foods
    E J Kok
    RIKILT Institute of Food Safety, Bornsesteeg 45, PO Box 230, 6700 AE Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 50:98-113. 2008
    ..We propose to develop a general screening frame for all newly developed plant varieties to select varieties that cannot, on the basis of scientific criteria, be considered as safe as plant varieties that are already on the market...
  36. ncbi Control of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia contamination of microfiltered water dispensers with peracetic acid and hydrogen peroxide
    Rossella Sacchetti
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, Division of Hygiene, University of Bologna, Via S Giacomo, 12 40126 Bologna, Italy
    Int J Food Microbiol 132:162-6. 2009
    ..In the case of disinfection with HP for 40 min, P. aeruginosa was not detected in most of the samples (73.7%). Numbers of S. maltophilia decreased with increasing time after treatment...
  37. ncbi Control of bacterial contamination in microfiltered water dispensers (MWDs) by disinfection
    Franca Zanetti
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, University of Bologna, Via S Giacomo, 12 40126 Bologna, Italy
    Int J Food Microbiol 128:446-52. 2009
    ..In conclusion, hydrogen peroxide at 3% can be proposed as a suitable product for periodic disinfection of domestic MWDs, taking into consideration also its low cost and easy availability...
  38. ncbi More politics, stronger consumers? A new division of responsibility for food in the European Union
    Florence Bergeaud-Blackler
    Centre for Research on Innovation and Competition, CRIC
    Appetite 47:134-42. 2006
    ..Having described these changes, the paper suggests that a specifically European food policy style is emerging in juxtaposition with 'transatlantic' food policy...
  39. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors for Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. carcass contamination in broiler chickens slaughtered in Quebec, Canada
    Julie Arsenault
    Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, C P 5000, Saint Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada J2S 7C6
    J Food Prot 70:1820-8. 2007
    ....
  40. ncbi European beef consumers' interest in a beef eating-quality guarantee Insights from a qualitative study in four EU countries
    Wim Verbeke
    Ghent University, Department of Agricultural Economics, Coupure Links 653, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Appetite 54:289-96. 2010
    ....
  41. ncbi Do themes in consumer medicines information literature reviews reflect those important to stakeholders?
    Donald J Nicolson
    School of Healthcare, Baines Wing University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9UT, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 64:112-8. 2006
    ..To compare the themes emerging from a stakeholder workshop on consumers' medicines information with themes in relevant published reviews...
  42. ncbi The effect of slaughter operations on the contamination of chicken carcasses with thermotolerant Campylobacter
    Hanne Rosenquist
    Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, Department of Microbiological Food Safety, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, 2860 Søborg, Denmark
    Int J Food Microbiol 108:226-32. 2006
    ..This finding indicates that a reduction in the Campylobacter concentration on chicken carcasses may also be obtained by interventions aimed at reducing the concentration of Campylobacter in the intestines of the living birds...
  43. ncbi Risk assessment of biological hazards in the European Union
    Marta Hugas
    EFSA European Food Safety Authority, Scientific Panel on Biological Hazards, Largo N Palli 5 A, I 43100, Parma, Italy
    Int J Food Microbiol 120:131-5. 2007
    ....
  44. pmc Risk assessment of low-level chemical exposures from consumer products under the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission chronic hazard guidelines
    M A Babich
    Division of Health Sciences, U S Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC 20207, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 106:387-90. 1998
    The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is an independent regulatory agency that was created in 1973...
  45. ncbi Commercialism, choice and consumer protection: regulation of complementary medicines in Australia
    Ken J Harvey
    School of Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 188:21-5. 2008
    ..Complaint procedures (now overloaded) are no substitute for adequate regulation at the time of market entry. Regulatory reform of listed and homoeopathic products is required...
  46. ncbi The regulation of dietary supplements
    Larissa L Larsen
    Brigham Young University s College of Nursing, Provo, Utah, USA
    J Am Acad Nurse Pract 15:410-4. 2003
    ..To discuss the regulatory history of dietary supplements, define the term dietary supplement, clarify ingredient and nutrition information labeling, and discuss safety issues and implications for practice...
  47. ncbi Enumeration of Campylobacter spp. in broiler feces and in corresponding processed carcasses
    N J Stern
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, Russell Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 66:1557-63. 2003
    ..The results obtained in this study suggest that the implementation of antimicrobial interventions by the poultry industry has already reduced consumer exposure to the organism...
  48. ncbi Do natural health food stores require regulation?
    Bridget Healey
    Department of Medicine, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wellington
    N Z Med J 115:U165. 2002
    ..To compare advice provided by health food stores (HFS) and pharmacies in relation to medical conditions and assess the need for regulation of HFS...
  49. ncbi Clinic at the health food store? Employee recommendations and product analysis
    James K Glisson
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 23:64-72. 2003
    ..To determine what products health food store employees recommend for depression, to analyze the content of these products based on label claims, and to evaluate employee statements or recommendations for accuracy and safety...
  50. ncbi The safety assessment of fragrance materials
    David R Bickers
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 37:218-73. 2003
    ....
  51. pmc Street foods in Accra, Ghana: how safe are they?
    Patience Mensah
    Bacteriology Unit, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, PO Box LG581, Legon Accra, Ghana
    Bull World Health Organ 80:546-54. 2002
    ..To investigate the microbial quality of foods sold on streets of Accra and factors predisposing to their contamination...
  52. ncbi Cold plasma inactivates Salmonella Stanley and Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated on golden delicious apples
    Brendan A Niemira
    Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 71:1357-65. 2008
    ..These results indicate that cold plasma is a nonthermal process that can effectively reduce human pathogens inoculated onto fresh produce...
  53. ncbi Growth of Listeria monocytogenes in egg salad and pasta salad formulated with mayonnaise of various pH and stored at refrigerated and abuse temperatures
    Cheng An Hwang
    Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    Food Microbiol 24:211-8. 2007
    ..The conditions under which the models may be applied to estimate the growth of L. monocytogenes in both salads were identified...
  54. ncbi Behavior of Listeria monocytogenes at 7 degrees C in commercial turkey breast, with or without antimicrobials, after simulated contamination for manufacturing, retail and consumer settings
    Alexandra Lianou
    Center for Red Meat Safety, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1171, USA
    Food Microbiol 24:433-43. 2007
    ..However, 5- and 15-day-old turkey breast without lactate-diacetate stored aerobically for 12 days resulted in similar pathogen levels (7.3-7.7 log cfu/cm(2)), irrespective of contamination scenario...
  55. ncbi Fate of Salmonella Tennessee in peanut butter at 4 and 22 degrees C
    E J Park
    Dept of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Washington State Univ, Pullman, WA 99164 6376, USA
    J Food Sci 73:M82-6. 2008
    ..Tennessee cells when stored at 22 degrees C for 14 d, compared to 4 degrees C (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the levels of S. Tennessee at 4 and 22 degrees C in products B, C, D, and E (P > 0.05)...
  56. ncbi Transfer of Listeria monocytogenes during slicing of turkey breast, bologna, and salami with simulated kitchen knives
    Keith L Vorst
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, 334A G M Trout, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    J Food Prot 69:2939-46. 2006
    ..05) for grades 304 and 316 stainless, respectively. In addition to compositional differences in the deli meats and knife blades, wear and scoring on the blade likely affected Listeria transfer during slicing...
  57. ncbi Potential antimicrobials to control Listeria monocytogenes in vacuum-packaged cold-smoked salmon pâté and fillets
    Hudaa Neetoo
    Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, United States
    Int J Food Microbiol 123:220-7. 2008
    ..S. and Europe in their efforts to control L. monocytogenes as they are effective against even the most antimicrobial-resistant strains tested in this study...
  58. ncbi Microbiological safety of sandwiches from hospitals and other health care establishments in the United Kingdom with a focus on Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria species
    C L Little
    Department of Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
    J Food Prot 71:309-18. 2008
    ..monocytogenes in sandwiches at the point of production...
  59. ncbi Validation of a commercial process for inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes on the surface of whole muscle beef jerky
    Anna C S Porto-Fett
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Research Regional Center, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 71:918-26. 2008
    ..5 h also satisfied the U.S. Food Safety and Inspection Service standard of identity (moisture-to-protein ratio < or = 0.75:1) and/or shelf-stability (water activity < or = 0.8) requirements for jerky...
  60. ncbi Microbiological quality of maatjes herring stored in air and under modified atmosphere at 4 and 10 degrees C
    Ulrike Lyhs
    Institute for Marine Resources and Environmental studies IMARES formerly named RIVO Ijmuiden, P O Box 68, 1970 AB IJmuiden, The Netherlands
    Food Microbiol 24:508-16. 2007
    ..It appears that total viable counts have minor significance in the sensory assessment of maatjes herring...
  61. ncbi Control of Listeria monocytogenes on vacuum-packaged frankfurters sprayed with lactic acid alone or in combination with sodium lauryl sulfate
    Oleksandr A Byelashov
    Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, 1171 Campus Delivery, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    J Food Prot 71:728-34. 2008
    ..Therefore, spraying frankfurters with a mixture of LA and SLS may be a useful antilisterial alternative treatment for ready-to-eat meat and poultry products...
  62. ncbi Microbial changes and growth of Listeria monocytogenes during chilled storage of brined shrimp (Pandalus borealis)
    Ole Mejlholm
    Department of Seafood Research, DTU Aqua, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
    Int J Food Microbiol 124:250-9. 2008
    ..The present study provides significant new information on microbial changes, shelf life and growth of L. monocytogenes in brined shrimp. This information can facilitate development of new and safe brined shrimp products...
  63. ncbi Use of UV light for the inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes and lactic acid bacteria species in recirculated chill brines
    K M Gailunas
    Department of Food Science and Technology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA
    J Food Prot 71:629-33. 2008
    ..Results indicate that in-line treatment of chill brines with UV light reduces the number of L. monocytogenes and lactic acid bacteria...
  64. ncbi Effect of inoculum preparation procedure and storage time and temperature on the fate of Listeria monocytogenes on inoculated salami
    Catherine A Simpson
    Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523 1171, USA
    J Food Prot 71:494-501. 2008
    ..These data may be used to supplement existing information for use in future risk assessments...
  65. ncbi Centralized infant formula preparation room in the neonatal intensive care unit reduces incidence of microbial contamination
    Caroline Steele
    Sacred Heart Children s Hospital, Spokane, WA, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:1700-3. 2008
    ..Because contamination risk increases significantly with the use of powdered formulas, sterile liquid formulas should be considered when possible to minimize risk of microbial exposure in the neonatal intensive care unit population...
  66. ncbi Modeling survival of Listeria monocytogenes in the traditional Greek soft cheese Katiki
    Marios Mataragas
    Laboratory of Food Quality Control and Hygiene, Department of Food Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, GR 11855 Athens, Greece
    J Food Prot 71:1835-45. 2008
    ..This study underlines the usefulness of predictive modeling as a tool for realistic estimation and control of L. monocytogenes risk in food products. Such data are also useful when conducting risk assessment studies...
  67. ncbi Modeling transfer of Listeria monocytogenes from slicer to deli meat during mechanical slicing
    Shiowshuh Sheen
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:135-46. 2008
    ..This study showed the initial step for the development of surface transfer model and discussed the factors that might need to be considered and included in future study to expand the model applications...
  68. ncbi Heat shock induces barotolerance in Listeria monocytogenes
    Melinda M Hayman
    Department of Food Science, 202 Food Science Building, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Food Prot 71:426-30. 2008
    ..05). These results indicate that prior heat shock significantly increases the barotolerance of L. monocytogenes and that de novo protein synthesis during heat shock is required for this enhanced barotolerance...
  69. ncbi 60-day aging requirement does not ensure safety of surface-mold-ripened soft cheeses manufactured from raw or pasteurized milk when Listeria monocytogenes is introduced as a postprocessing contaminant
    Dennis J D'Amico
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA
    J Food Prot 71:1563-71. 2008
    ..monocytogenes introduced as a postprocess contaminant. The safety of cheeses of this type must be achieved through control strategies other than aging, and thus revision of current federal regulations is warranted...
  70. ncbi Influence of modified blanching treatments on inactivation of Salmonella during drying and storage of carrot slices
    Patricia A DiPersio
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Food Microbiol 24:500-7. 2007
    ..21% citric acid. Results suggest that blanching carrot slices, particularly blanching in 0.21% citric acid, before drying should enhance inactivation of Salmonella during home-type dehydration and storage...
  71. ncbi Efficacy of neutral electrolyzed water (NEW) for reducing microbial contamination on minimally-processed vegetables
    Maribel Abadias
    IRTA, Centre UdL IRTA, XaRTA Postharvest, 191 Rovira Roure, 25198 Lleida, Catalonia, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 123:151-8. 2008
    ..This would constitute a safer, 'in situ', and easier to handle way of ensuring food safety...
  72. ncbi Modeling the irradiation followed by heat inactivation of Salmonella inoculated in liquid whole egg
    I Alvarez
    Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, Univ of Zaragoza, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
    J Food Sci 72:M145-52. 2007
    ..The results of this study can be applied to engineering design and for the evaluation and optimization of the IR-H process as a new technique to obtain Salmonella-free LWE...
  73. ncbi Quality attributes of farmed eel (Anguilla anguilla) stored under air, vacuum and modified atmosphere packaging at 0 degrees C
    John Arkoudelos
    National Agricultural Research Foundation, Institute of Technology of Agricultural Products, S Venizelou 1, 141 23, Lycovryssi, Greece
    Food Microbiol 24:728-35. 2007
    ..pseudomonads, Enterobacteriaceae and yeasts. Chemical data revealed that pH, ammonia, glucose and lactate examinations might not be useful for monitoring eel quality differences...
  74. ncbi Use of antimicrobial biodegradable packaging to control Listeria monocytogenes during storage of cooked ham
    Begonya Marcos
    IRTA Food Technology, Finca Camps i Armet, E 17121 Monells, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 120:152-8. 2007
    ..From the results obtained it can concluded that antimicrobial packaging can improve the safety of sliced cooked ham by delaying and reducing the growth of L. monocytogenes...
  75. ncbi Effect of inhibitory extracts derived from liquid smoke combined with postprocess pasteurization for control of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat meats
    Saritha Gedela
    Department of Animal Science, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 6055, USA
    J Food Prot 70:2749-56. 2007
    ..monocytogenes to meet the criteria for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service Alternative 1 process for ready-to-eat deli meat products manufactured without lactate or diacetate...
  76. ncbi Effect of combining nisin and/or lysozyme with in-package pasteurization on thermal inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat turkey bologna
    Sunil Mangalassary
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 0371, USA
    J Food Prot 70:2503-11. 2007
    ..Results from this study can be useful to the industry for developing an efficient intervention strategy against contamination of ready-to-eat meat products by L. monocytogenes...
  77. ncbi Modeling and predicting the growth of lactic acid bacteria in lightly preserved seafood and their inhibiting effect on Listeria monocytogenes
    Ole Mejlholm
    Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Seafood Research, Technical University of Denmark, Søltofts Plads, Building 221, DK 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
    J Food Prot 70:2485-97. 2007
    ..7 and 4.1 log CFU g(-1), respectively, whereas for naturally contaminated vacuum-packed cold-smoked salmon the corresponding values were 0.7 and 0.6 log CFU g(-1) when a relative lag time of 4.5 was used for the pathogen...
  78. ncbi Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes in cranberry juice concentrates at different oBrix levels
    Elena Enache
    Center for Technical and Laboratory Services, Grocery Manufacturers Food Products Association, 1350 I Street N W, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20005, USA
    J Food Prot 70:2072-7. 2007
    ....
  79. ncbi Effectiveness of potassium lactate and sodium diacetate in combination with irradiation to control Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters
    T D Knight
    Kraft Foods, 910 Mayer Ave, Madison, WI 53704, USA
    J Food Sci 72:M026-30. 2007
    ..monocytogenes on frankfurters throughout aerobic storage and the combination of irradiation and 3% lactate/diacetate reduced and retarded growth of L. monocytogenes, especially during the last 2 wk of vacuum-packaged storage...
  80. ncbi Effect of packaging and storage temperature on the survival of Listeria monocytogenes inoculated postprocessing on sliced salami
    Antonia S Gounadaki
    Laboratory of Microbiology and Biotechnology of Foods, Agricultural University of Athens, Department of Food Science and Technology, Iera Odos 75, Athens, 11855, Greece
    J Food Prot 70:2313-20. 2007
    ..These results may contribute to the exposure assessment of quantitative microbial risk assessment and to the establishment of storage-packaging recommendations of fermented sausages...
  81. ncbi Viability of multi-strain mixtures of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, or Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated into the batter or onto the surface of a soudjouk-style fermented semi-dry sausage
    A C S Porto-Fett
    Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    Food Microbiol 25:793-801. 2008
    ..typhimurium (> or =5.23 log(10)CFU/g reduction), and E. coli O157:H7 (3.48 log(10)CFU/g reduction). In summary, soudjouk-style sausage does not provide a favorable environment for outgrowth/survival of these three pathogens...
  82. ncbi Growth of Enterobacter sakazakii in reconstituted infant formula as affected by composition and temperature
    Joshua B Gurtler
    Center for Food Safety and Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, 1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Georgia 30223 1797, USA
    J Food Prot 70:2095-103. 2007
    ..Portions of reconstituted infant formula not fed to infants should be stored at < or = 4 degrees C, a temperature at which E. sakazakii will not grow...
  83. ncbi Quantitative effect of refrigerated storage time on the enumeration of Campylobacter, Listeria, and Salmonella on artificially inoculated raw chicken meat
    Katarina Pintar
    Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 5B2
    J Food Prot 70:739-43. 2007
    ..This study provides direction for future sampling or surveillance programs that include enumeration of Listeria on retail food...
  84. ncbi Lactic acid bacteria in marinades used for modified atmosphere packaged broiler chicken meat products
    Hanna Saara Lundström
    Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, P O Box 66, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Food Prot 70:766-70. 2007
    ..Therefore, risks associated with meat quality are not predicted by quantitative enumeration of LAB in marinades...
  85. ncbi Evaluation of the microbial quality of Tajik sambusa and control of Clostridium perfringens germination and outgrowth by buffered sodium citrate and potassium lactate
    Shakhlo N Yarbaeva
    Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583 0806, USA
    J Food Prot 71:77-82. 2008
    ..perfringens spore germination and outgrowth. Incorporation of organic acid salts at appropriate concentrations can prevent germination and outgrowth of C. perfringens in improperly cooled sambusa...
  86. ncbi Control of Listeria monocytogenes on ham steaks by antimicrobials incorporated into chitosan-coated plastic films
    Mu Ye
    Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, USA
    Food Microbiol 25:260-8. 2008
    ..monocytogenes being slightly lower than the initial inoculum. Chitosan-coated plastic films containing 0.001 g/cm(2) of SL have a potential to be used on ham steaks to control L. monocytogenes...
  87. ncbi Microbial risk assessment of staphylococcal food poisoning in Korean kimbab
    Min Jeong Rho
    Department of Food Science, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 116:332-8. 2007
    ..Our results also indicate that if Korean consumers wish to safely store kimbab for 5 h at ambient temperature, S. aureus concentration should not exceed 1 CFU/g at the time of preparation...
  88. ncbi Combined effect of oregano essential oil and modified atmosphere packaging on shelf-life extension of fresh chicken breast meat, stored at 4 degrees C
    E Chouliara
    Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Food Microbiology, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, Ioannina 45110, Greece
    Food Microbiol 24:607-17. 2007
    ..3-4 days for samples containing 0.1% oregano oil, 2-3 days for samples under MAP and 5-6 days for samples under MAP containing 0.1% of oregano oil was attained. Thus oregano oil and MAP exhibited an additive preservation effect...
  89. ncbi Efficacy of aqueous ozone for the decontamination of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on raspberries and strawberries
    Katherine L Bialka
    Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1088-92. 2007
    ..Washing with water (sparging with air as control) resulted in reductions of approximately 1 log CFU/g. The results presented here indicate that aqueous ozone may be useful as a decontaminant for small fruits...
  90. ncbi Utilization of gaseous ozone for the decontamination of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on raspberries and strawberries
    Katherine L Bialka
    Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1093-8. 2007
    ..For raspberries, 3.55- and 3.75-log reductions were achieved for Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7, respectively. These results indicate that gaseous ozone should be a useful treatment for decontamination of small fruits...
  91. ncbi Extracting additional risk managers information from a risk assessment of Listeria monocytogenes in deli meats
    F Pérez-Rodríguez
    Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Cordoba, Campus de Rabanales, C 1, 14014 Cordoba, Spain
    J Food Prot 70:1137-52. 2007
    ..However, sensitivity analysis applied to the uncertainty parameters revealed that prevalence at retail was the most important source of uncertainty in the model...
  92. ncbi Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes in breaded pork patties
    T M Osaili
    Dept of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan Univ of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    J Food Sci 72:M56-61. 2007
    ..monocytogenes were 5.4, 6.2, and 5.9 degrees C, respectively. The results of this study will be useful to food processors to validate thermal lethality of the studied foodborne pathogens in ready-to-eat breaded pork patties...
  93. ncbi Lethality of commercial whole-muscle beef jerky manufacturing processes against Salmonella serovars and Escherichia coli O157:H7
    Dennis R Buege
    Department of Food Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Food Prot 69:2091-9. 2006
    ..The results of these trials suggested that this experimental approach may be useful for in-plant validation of process lethality...
  94. ncbi Infection of cantaloupe rind with Cladosporium cladosporioides and Penicillium expansum, and associated migration of Salmonella poona into edible tissues
    Glenner M Richards
    Department of Food Science and Technology, Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, 1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, GA 30223 1797, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 103:1-10. 2005
    ..cladosporioides and, to a lesser extent, P. expansum. Consumption of cantaloupes from which diseased tissue has been removed is not advisable because S. poona and perhaps other enteric pathogens may still be present in remaining tissues...
  95. ncbi Radiation sensitivity and postirradiation growth of foodborne pathogens on a ready-to-eat frankfurter on a roll product in the presence of modified atmosphere and antimicrobials
    Christopher H Sommers
    Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 69:2436-40. 2006
    ..Ionizing radiation used in combination with sodium diacetate and potassium lactate resulted in additional mortality of L. monocytogenes and S. aureus, independent of the MA, during the 2-week storage period...
  96. ncbi Monitoring the microbial populations and temperatures of fresh broccoli from harvest to retail display
    R Dallaire
    Biology Department, Universite de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada
    J Food Prot 69:1118-25. 2006
    ..However, a large experimental variability was found, possibly associated with the high variability of the initial levels of microbial populations on broccoli at harvest...
  97. ncbi Pathogen survival in chorizos: ecological factors
    Carrie M Hew
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Food Prot 69:1087-95. 2006
    ..Although each of the tested formulations caused death of the inoculated pathogens, none of the death rates was sufficiently rapid to ensure safety within the probable shelf life of the product...
  98. ncbi Fate of Listeria monocytogenes in experimentally contaminated French sausages
    D Thevenot
    Unité de Microbiologie Alimentaire et Prévisionnelle, Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon, B P 83, 69280 Marcy l Etoile, France
    Int J Food Microbiol 101:189-200. 2005
    ..monocytogenes in 25 g of food with a tolerance of below 100 cfu g(-1) at the best before date...
  99. ncbi Prevalence and concentration of Listeria monocytogenes in sliced ready-to-eat meat products in the Hellenic retail market
    Apostolos S Angelidis
    Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Hygiene, Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
    J Food Prot 69:938-42. 2006
    ..monocytogenes. The higher level of handling (e.g., cutting) associated with these products may further increase the risk of contamination with L. monocytogenes...
  100. ncbi Validation of a traditional Italian-style salami manufacturing process for control of Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes
    K K Nightingale
    Department of Animal Sciences and Industry and Food Science Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, USA
    J Food Prot 69:794-800. 2006
    ..Processors may thus need to consider supplemental measures, such as raw material specifications and a final heating step, to enhance the lethality of the overall manufacturing process...

Research Grants55

  1. Nitric Oxide-Releasing Wound Dressing for Preventing Chronic Wound Infections
    NATHAN ALLAN STASKO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Company has assembled a strong team of scientists, clinicians, contractors, and business leaders who believe in the technology and are positioned to ensure the greatest likelihood for success. ..
  2. Baby bottles that release no chemicals having estrogenic activity
    STUART YANIGER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..EA-Free plastics into a broad range of food packaging and consumer goods, greatly increasing overall consumer product safety. Using PPi's unique and patented EA-Free plastic materials and processing methods to produce EA-Free ..
  3. Infant Oral Feeding Device for Use in Neonatal Intensive Care Units
    Chantal Lau; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Material used will meet the requirements recommended by the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) and the FDA (www.hhs...
  4. Treatment of Cerebral Edema using Ventricular Therapy
    JIM STICE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Completion of Phase II aims will make pivotal human studies of RVOT catheters possible. ..
  5. ADVancing Innovative Comparative Effectiveness research-cancer diagnostics ADVICE
    Sean D Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  6. Improving the Mid-Continental Association of Food and Drug Officials Annual Educa
    SCOTT J PLATT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The MCAFDO conference provides an opportunity for members to network with other food, drug, and consumer product safety officials, as well as industry representatives, provides continuing education, and collaborate about food,..
  7. Instrument to Identify Hazardous Children's Products that Could Cause Lead Poison
    MICHAEL SQUILLANTE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In 1997, the Consumer Product Safety Commission reported identifying and taking action to reduce or eliminate the risk of lead poisoning from ..
  8. Renal Transplantation, Homocysteine Lowering & Cognition
    Irwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Demonstrating the cognitive benefits of lowering homocysteine may pave the way to nutritional modification of cognitive decline in RTRs and other high-risk groups and even in the general population. ..
  9. Evaluating Low Ignition Propensity Cigarette Legislation
    RICHARD O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Taken together, these studies comprise a comprehensive evaluation of the potential impacts of this harm-reduction policy, which will inform policymakers in other jurisdictions considering similar regulations. ..
  10. The Impact of Product Information on Smoking Behavior
    K Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings from this study also have important policy implications, as one of the cornerstones of government product regulation is to ensure that consumers are informed about the inherent dangers of the products that they are using. ..
  11. INTERNAL COUNCIL FOR TOBACCO RESEARCH AND TOBACCO INSTIT
    K Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We anticipate that this information will assist policy makers in evaluating current regulatory measures to curtail tobacco usage. ..
  12. FOLLOW UP OF THE COMMIT COHORT PARTICIPANTS 13 YEARS LAT
    K Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  13. Micronutrients, stroke and cognition in aging
    Irwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Is the Built Environment Associated with Youth Physical Activity and Weight?
    Sandy Slater; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of the pilot will then informa larger R01 application. The results from a large-scale empirical study could then inform community-based interventions to reduce adolescent obesity. ..
  15. UCLA TRAINING PROGRAM IN NUTRITION AND OBESITY
    David Heber; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Substrate requirements of the bile acid transporter
    JAMES POLLI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This systematic and progressive approach will serve as a prototypical method to elucidate the substrate requirements of other solute carrier (SLC) proteins. ..
  17. CONTROL OF BREATHING IN RECOVERY FROM APNEA
    Bradley Thach; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Louis, MO.) of infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly to determine if post mortem body temperature indicates involvement of overheating or disorders of thermoregulation in SIDS. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Effectiveness of patient lift equipment
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed work addresses several NIOSH priority areas including health care workers, back injuries, and intervention effectiveness research. ..
  19. TREATMENT OF SMOKELESS TOBACCO USERS
    Dorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..PERFORMANCE SITE ========================================Section End=========================================== ..
  20. Smoking Trajectories amid Waning State Program Budgets
    Lois Biener; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. TOBACCO EXPOSURE REDUCTION
    Dorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of research from this TTURC will provide the scientific basis for urgent policy, public education, and regulatory efforts to reduce tobacco harm. ..
  22. Innovative Interventions for Smoking Cessation
    Dorothy K Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this study will provide useful information on directions to pursue to improve our pharmacotherapies and behavioral treatments and to better understand the various aspects of addiction. ..
  23. A Novel Family of Neuroprotective Compounds for Stroke
    DAVID R SCHUBERT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Development and Testing of a Novel Neuroprotective Drug
    David Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results from these studies will determine the therapeutic potential of this novel compound. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. MUTATIONS, HORMONE THERAPY, AND VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM
    Bruce Psaty; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  26. WORK AND HEALTH DISPARITIES AMONG RURAL WOMEN
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Education will also be targeted to medical providers in this geographic area on work exposures and conditions, exposure response, prevention, basic epidemiology, and ergonomics. ..
  27. Effects of Graphic Warning Labels on Adolescent Smoking
    Geoffrey Fong; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  28. CNS specific Knock-out and Multidrug Transport
    RODNEY HO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The potential benefits to overall biomedical research outweigh the calculated risks associated with this exploratory research. ..
  29. Polymorphism of Multi-Drug-Resistance Protein-1
    RODNEY HO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  30. PHYSIOLOGY OF NERVE, GLIAL AND MUSCLE CELL LINES
    David Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This work is directly relevant to CNS trauma and stroke as well as to all chronic degenerative diseases where oxidative stress is a pathological hallmark. ..
  31. The role of dendritic cell-T cell interactions in the p*
    Mariana Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These could lead into the development of novel therapeutic interventions designed to reverse these abnormalities and abrogate or block the onset and/or severity of this disease. ..
  32. Trends in and Outcomes of Medication Use in Older Adults
    Bruce Psaty; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Redox Sensitive Proteins in Aging and Neurodegeneration
    David Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These proteins, in turn, will be used as targets for the identification of potentially therapeutic antioxidants that could be useful in preventing age-and disease-associated damage to the CNS. ..
  34. STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME AFTER TRAUMA IN ADOLESCENTS
    Troy Holbrook; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The true efficacy of trauma care systems in this country can only be demonstrated by addressing whether these systems return trauma victims to active functional roles in society. ..
  35. THE UCLA CLINICAL NUTRITION RESEARCH UNIT
    David Heber; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The UCLA CNRU is serving as a regional and national resource at the cutting edge of nutrition and cancer prevention research...
  36. Pharmacogenetics and Cardiovascular Events
    Bruce Psaty; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The primary defense is replication: we would therefore welcome collaboration from others in the Pharmacogenetics Network in validation efforts. ..
  37. Mechanisms of T-cell induced-APC cytotoxicity in lupus
    Mariana Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The sponsor and the institution are committed to contributing protected time, career development and resources to the applicant. ..
  38. Effect of Valerian Root on Sleep in Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Diana Taibi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Between-groups and within-subjects differences will be analyzed using mixed effects ANCOVA models. The study is supported in part by the University of Virginia GCRC. ..
  39. ANALYZING TOBACCO DOCUMENTS ON CIGARETTE DESIGN
    Lynn Kozlowski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Collections (with standardized abstracts controlled vocabulary terms) will be made available on the Internet. Reports will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals. ..
  40. Genome-wide case-only study of antihypertensive drug-gene interactions
    Bruce M Psaty; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  41. ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUG/GENE INTERACTIONS AND CV EVENTS
    Bruce Psaty; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..58 (the difference between an odds ratio of 0.46 and 0.79 in subjects with and without the variant, respectively). Power for other primary aims is excellent; power for secondary aims is good to excellent. ..
  42. Hormone Replacement Therapy and Prothrombotic Variants
    Bruce Psaty; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Power for primary and secondary aims is excellent. Information from this project may help physicians counsel women about HRT to maximize either effectiveness, or safety, or both. ..
  43. Regulation of APP Degradation and ABeta Secretion
    David Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In addition, understanding how cells regulate the degradation of proteins is critical to the study of a wide range of diseases, particularly those in the nervous system that are characterized by the intracellular protein accumulation. ..
  44. WGA Study to Identify Genetic Variants Associated with CV Events in CHS
    Bruce Psaty; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed three-part study is efficient, has excellent power to detect small to modest-sized hazard ratios, provides a large sample of WG scans for aim 2, and includes an external replication. (End of Abstract) ..
  45. Developing Probiotics as Foods and Drugs - Scientific and Regulatory Challenges
    Patricia Hibberd; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..An NIH Conference Grant is being requested for supplemental funding to support the travel of key US based workshop faculty and support of publication expenses. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Interdisciplinary Research Training for Veterinarians
    Lisa Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These evaluations, continued refinement, and the commitment of the program faculty will help to ensure that this becomes a self-sustaining program. ..
  47. Interventions for Tobacco Dependent Adolescents
    Dorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  48. Relationship of Hematocrit to Ischemic Stroke Outcome
    Paul Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Fitting these models will result in a more complete understanding of the association between HCT and stroke outcome. Findings could lead to the development of new interventions to improve stroke outcome. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. SUBTLE DISTURBANCES OF COBALAMIN STATUS
    Ralph Carmel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Back Disorders in Union Carpenters
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project addresses a number of areas of expressed interest to NIOSH including construction workers, back disorders, surveillance methods and health services research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Consumer Influences of Treatment of Depression
    Richard Kravitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e., should DTCA be further regulated?) while also contributing to our understanding of the social influences on diagnosis and treatment of depression in primary care settings. ..
  52. Smoking Cessation Intervention with Building Trade Union
    Elizabeth Barbeau; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If shown to be effective, this intervention could be readily disseminated to a national network of building trade union apprenticeship programs, which collectively train approximately 183,000 apprentices each year. ..