accidental falls

Summary

Summary: Falls due to slipping or tripping which result in injury.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention
    Stephen R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, Barker Street, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
    Phys Ther 83:237-52. 2003
  2. ncbi Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community
    Lesley D Gillespie
    Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 9:CD007146. 2012
  3. ncbi Development of a common outcome data set for fall injury prevention trials: the Prevention of Falls Network Europe consensus
    Sarah E Lamb
    Warwick Emergency Care and Rehabilitation, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:1618-22. 2005
  4. ncbi Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Catherine Sherrington
    Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:2234-43. 2008
  5. ncbi Falls in older people: epidemiology, risk factors and strategies for prevention
    Laurence Z Rubenstein
    UCLA School of Medicine and Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, VA Medical Center, Sepulveda, CA 91343, USA
    Age Ageing 35:ii37-ii41. 2006
  6. ncbi Gait variability and fall risk in community-living older adults: a 1-year prospective study
    J M Hausdorff
    Gerontology Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Division on Aging, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 82:1050-6. 2001
  7. ncbi Risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Silvia Deandrea
    Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy
    Epidemiology 21:658-68. 2010
  8. ncbi Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults using the Timed Up & Go Test
    A Shumway-Cook
    Division of Physical Therapy, University of Washington, Box 356490, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Phys Ther 80:896-903. 2000
  9. ncbi Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated meta-analysis and best practice recommendations
    Catherine Sherrington
    Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Sydney, Australia
    N S W Public Health Bull 22:78-83. 2011
  10. ncbi Meta-analysis of the impact of 9 medication classes on falls in elderly persons
    John C Woolcott
    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
    Arch Intern Med 169:1952-60. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications347 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention
    Stephen R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of New South Wales, Barker Street, Randwick, New South Wales, 2031, Australia
    Phys Ther 83:237-52. 2003
    ..The PPA provides valid and reliable measurements that can be used for assessing falls risk and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions and is suitable for use in a range of physical therapy and health care settings...
  2. ncbi Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community
    Lesley D Gillespie
    Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 9:CD007146. 2012
    ..Approximately 30% of people over 65 years of age living in the community fall each year. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009...
  3. ncbi Development of a common outcome data set for fall injury prevention trials: the Prevention of Falls Network Europe consensus
    Sarah E Lamb
    Warwick Emergency Care and Rehabilitation, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:1618-22. 2005
    ..Work is being undertaken in a 4-year program. As a first step, the development of a common set of outcome definitions and measures for future trials or meta-analysis was considered...
  4. ncbi Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Catherine Sherrington
    Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:2234-43. 2008
    ..To determine the effects of exercise on falls prevention in older people and establish whether particular trial characteristics or components of exercise programs are associated with larger reductions in falls...
  5. ncbi Falls in older people: epidemiology, risk factors and strategies for prevention
    Laurence Z Rubenstein
    UCLA School of Medicine and Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, VA Medical Center, Sepulveda, CA 91343, USA
    Age Ageing 35:ii37-ii41. 2006
    ..Optimal approaches involve interdisciplinary collaboration in assessment and interventions, particularly exercise, attention to co-existing medical conditions and environmental inspection and hazard abatement...
  6. ncbi Gait variability and fall risk in community-living older adults: a 1-year prospective study
    J M Hausdorff
    Gerontology Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Division on Aging, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 82:1050-6. 2001
    ..To test the hypothesis that increased gait variability predicts falls among community-living older adults attending an outpatient clinic...
  7. ncbi Risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Silvia Deandrea
    Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy
    Epidemiology 21:658-68. 2010
    ..Falls are the main cause of accidental death in persons aged 65 years or older...
  8. ncbi Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults using the Timed Up & Go Test
    A Shumway-Cook
    Division of Physical Therapy, University of Washington, Box 356490, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Phys Ther 80:896-903. 2000
    ..This study examined the sensitivity and specificity of the Timed Up & Go Test (TUG) under single-task versus dual-task conditions for identifying elderly individuals who are prone to falling...
  9. ncbi Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated meta-analysis and best practice recommendations
    Catherine Sherrington
    Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Sydney, Australia
    N S W Public Health Bull 22:78-83. 2011
    ....
  10. ncbi Meta-analysis of the impact of 9 medication classes on falls in elderly persons
    John C Woolcott
    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
    Arch Intern Med 169:1952-60. 2009
    ..Our objective was to update a previously completed meta-analysis looking at the association of medication use and falling to include relevant drug classes and new studies that have been completed since a previous meta-analysis...
  11. ncbi Cost of falls in old age: a systematic review
    S Heinrich
    Health Economics Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 26, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Osteoporos Int 21:891-902. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to review the evidence of the economic burden of falls in old age. This review showed that falls are a relevant economic burden. Efforts should be directed to fall-prevention programmes...
  12. ncbi Falls and freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease: a review of two interconnected, episodic phenomena
    Bastiaan R Bloem
    Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Mov Disord 19:871-84. 2004
    ....
  13. ncbi Annual high-dose oral vitamin D and falls and fractures in older women: a randomized controlled trial
    Kerrie M Sanders
    Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, Barwon Health, University of Melbourne, Geelong, Victoria, Australia 3220
    JAMA 303:1815-22. 2010
    ..Improving vitamin D status may be an important modifiable risk factor to reduce falls and fractures; however, adherence to daily supplementation is typically poor...
  14. pmc The costs of fatal and non-fatal falls among older adults
    J A Stevens
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Inj Prev 12:290-5. 2006
    ..To estimate the incidence and direct medical costs for fatal and non-fatal fall injuries among US adults aged >or=65 years in 2000, for three treatment settings stratified by age, sex, body region, and type of injury...
  15. ncbi Clinical practice. Preventing falls in elderly persons
    Mary E Tinetti
    Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar St, P O Box 208025, New Haven, CT 06520 8025, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:42-9. 2003
  16. ncbi Development and initial validation of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I)
    Lucy Yardley
    School of Psychology, University of Southampton, UK
    Age Ageing 34:614-9. 2005
    ....
  17. pmc Fall prevention with supplemental and active forms of vitamin D: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
    H A Bischoff-Ferrari
    Centre on Aging and Mobility, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    BMJ 339:b3692. 2009
    ..To test the efficacy of supplemental vitamin D and active forms of vitamin D with or without calcium in preventing falls among older individuals...
  18. pmc Integration of balance and strength training into daily life activity to reduce rate of falls in older people (the LiFE study): randomised parallel trial
    Lindy Clemson
    Ageing, Work, and Health Research Unit and the Centre for Excellence in Population Ageing Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, 2141 New South Wales, Australia
    BMJ 345:e4547. 2012
    ..To determine whether a lifestyle integrated approach to balance and strength training is effective in reducing the rate of falls in older, high risk people living at home...
  19. ncbi The epidemiology of falls and syncope
    Laurence Z Rubenstein
    Department of Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Clin Geriatr Med 18:141-58. 2002
    ..The epidemiology of these syndromes can provide extremely helpful insights for developing falls-prevention strategies...
  20. ncbi Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research
    Marjorie Woollacott
    Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Gait Posture 16:1-14. 2002
    ..g. Parkinson's disease) on the ability to allocate attention to postural tasks and appear to be sensitive measures in both predicting fall risk and in documenting recovery of stability...
  21. pmc Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women
    A J Campbell
    Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, Otago Medical School, New Zealand
    BMJ 315:1065-9. 1997
    ..To assess the effectiveness of a home exercise programme of strength and balance retraining exercises in reducing falls and injuries in elderly women...
  22. ncbi Circumstances and consequences of falls in independent community-dwelling older adults
    W P Berg
    Department of Physical Education, Health and Sport Studies, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Age Ageing 26:261-8. 1997
    ..Such data, however, are relatively scarce, especially in community-dwelling elders...
  23. ncbi Temporal association between hospitalization and rate of falls after discharge
    J E Mahoney
    Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 2870 University Ave, Suite 100, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:2788-95. 2000
    ..Evidence suggests that acute illness and hospitalization may increase the risk for falls...
  24. ncbi Effects of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on falls: a randomized controlled trial
    Heike A Bischoff
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Bone Miner Res 18:343-51. 2003
    ..Over this short-term intervention, recurrent fallers seem to benefit most by the treatment. The impact of vitamin D on falls might be explained by the observed improvement in musculoskeletal function...
  25. ncbi The effects of balance training and high-intensity resistance training on persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease
    Mark A Hirsch
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84:1109-17. 2003
    ..To assess immediate and near-term effects of 2 exercise training programs for persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD)...
  26. pmc Falls in the Medicare population: incidence, associated factors, and impact on health care
    Anne Shumway-Cook
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 6490, USA
    Phys Ther 89:324-32. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of falls, associated factors, health care costs, and provider response to falls among Medicare beneficiaries...
  27. ncbi Detection of falls using accelerometers and mobile phone technology
    Raymond Y W Lee
    Roehampton University Life Sciences, London, UK
    Age Ageing 40:690-6. 2011
    ..to study the sensitivity and specificity of fall detection using mobile phone technology...
  28. pmc Hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, and the risk of falls in a community-dwelling elderly population: the maintenance of balance, independent living, intellect, and zest in the elderly of Boston study
    Anupama Gangavati
    Division of Gerontology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:383-9. 2011
    ..1)...
  29. ncbi Patient education to prevent falls among older hospital inpatients: a randomized controlled trial
    Terry P Haines
    Allied Health Clinical Research Unit, Physiotherapy Department, Monash University and Southern Health, Kingston Centre, Kingston Road, Cheltenham, Victoria 3192, Australia
    Arch Intern Med 171:516-24. 2011
    ..Falls are a common adverse event during hospitalization of older adults, and few interventions have been shown to prevent them...
  30. ncbi Falls incidence, risk factors, and consequences in Chinese older people: a systematic review
    Marcella Mun San Kwan
    Falls and Balance Research Group, Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South Wales, Randwick, Sydney, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:536-43. 2011
    ..A greater understanding of the health, behavioral, and lifestyle factors that influence fall rates in Chinese populations is required for elucidating fall prevention strategies in Chinese and non-Chinese older people...
  31. ncbi Prospective assessment of falls in Parkinson's disease
    B R Bloem
    MRC Human Movement and Balance Unit, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
    J Neurol 248:950-8. 2001
    ..Recurrent fallers were best predicted by disease severity and presence of prior falls. Strategies to prevent falls in PD should particularly focus at intrinsic (patient-related) factors, such as minimising the use of benzodiazepines...
  32. ncbi The role of cognitive impairment in fall risk among older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Susan W Muir
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, The University of Western Ontario, 801 Commissioners Road East, London, Ontario, Canada
    Age Ageing 41:299-308. 2012
    ..e. executive function) have the greatest association with fall risk. Our objective was to evaluate the epidemiological evidence linking cognitive impairment and fall risk...
  33. ncbi Low-dose vitamin D prevents muscular atrophy and reduces falls and hip fractures in women after stroke: a randomized controlled trial
    Yoshihiro Sato
    Department of Neurology, Futase Social Insurance Hospital, Iizuka, Japan
    Cerebrovasc Dis 20:187-92. 2005
    ..The present study was undertaken to address the reduced risk of falls and hip fractures in patients with long-standing stroke by vitamin D supplementation...
  34. ncbi Long-term effects of three multicomponent exercise interventions on physical performance and fall-related psychological outcomes in community-dwelling older adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Ellen Freiberger
    Institut fur Sportwissenschaft und Sport, Friedrich Alexander Universitat Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen, Germany
    J Am Geriatr Soc 60:437-46. 2012
    ..To determine the long-term effects of three strength and balance exercise interventions on physical performance, fall-related psychological outcomes, and falls in older people...
  35. pmc The patient who falls: "It's always a trade-off"
    Mary E Tinetti
    Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine Section of Geriatrics, 333 Cedar St, PO Box 208025, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    JAMA 303:258-66. 2010
    ..While challenges and barriers exist, fall prevention strategies can be incorporated into clinical practice...
  36. ncbi Validation of self-reported fall events in intervention studies
    Lynette Mackenzie
    Discipline of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, The University of Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
    Clin Rehabil 20:331-9. 2006
    ....
  37. ncbi Changes in gait when anticipating slippery floors
    Rakie Cham
    Room 153, Department of Bioengineering, Eye and Ear Institute Building, University of Pittsburgh, 203 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Gait Posture 15:159-71. 2002
    ..Insights are also gained into the adaptations that are used to reduce the potential of slips/falls...
  38. ncbi A meta-analysis of six prospective studies of falling in Parkinson's disease
    Ruth M Pickering
    Public Health Sciences and Medical Statistics, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 22:1892-900. 2007
    ..Disease severity was not a good predictor of falls, possibly due to the complex U-shaped relation with falls. Early identification of the very first fall therefore remains difficult, and new prediction methods must be developed...
  39. ncbi Will my patient fall?
    David A Ganz
    Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, Calif 90073, USA
    JAMA 297:77-86. 2007
    ..However, clinical consensus suggests reserving these interventions for high-risk patients. Limiting fall prevention programs to high-risk patients implies that clinicians must recognize features that predict future falls...
  40. ncbi Prevention of falls and consequent injuries in elderly people
    Pekka Kannus
    Accident and Trauma Research Centre, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland
    Lancet 366:1885-93. 2005
    ..Care must be taken, however, to rigorously select the right actions for those people most likely to benefit, such as vitamin D and calcium supplementation and hip protectors for elderly people living in institutions...
  41. ncbi Fear of falling: measurement strategy, prevalence, risk factors and consequences among older persons
    Alice C Scheffer
    Department of Geriatrics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Age Ageing 37:19-24. 2008
    ....
  42. ncbi Evaluation of a threshold-based tri-axial accelerometer fall detection algorithm
    A K Bourke
    Biomedical Electronics Laboratory, Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
    Gait Posture 26:194-9. 2007
    ..This was accomplished using a single threshold determined by the fall-event data-set, applied to the resultant-magnitude acceleration signal from a tri-axial accelerometer located at the trunk...
  43. ncbi Effects of exercise programs on falls and mobility in frail and pre-frail older adults: A multicenter randomized controlled trial
    Marjan J Faber
    Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:885-96. 2006
    ..To determine the effects of moderate intensity group-exercise programs on falls, functional performance, and disability in older adults; and to investigate the influence of frailty on these effects...
  44. ncbi Effects of a long-term vitamin D and calcium supplementation on falls and parameters of muscle function in community-dwelling older individuals
    M Pfeifer
    Institute of Clinical Osteology Gustav Pommer and Clinic DER FURSTENHOF, Bad Pyrmont, Germany
    Osteoporos Int 20:315-22. 2009
    ..Additionally, parameters of muscle function improved significantly...
  45. ncbi Predictors of future falls in Parkinson disease
    G K Kerr
    School of Human Movement Studies, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Royal Brisbane and Women s Hospital, Queensland, Australia
    Neurology 75:116-24. 2010
    ..The primary aim of this study was to prospectively determine an optimal combination of functional and disease-specific tests to predict falls in individuals with PD...
  46. ncbi Incidence of traumatic brain injury in the United States, 2003
    Wesley Rutland-Brown
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Injury Response, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 21:544-8. 2006
    ..Findings were similar to those from previous years in which rates of TBI were highest for young children (aged 0-4) and men, and the leading causes of TBI were falls and motor vehicle traffic...
  47. ncbi Comparison of real-life accidental falls in older people with experimental falls in middle-aged test subjects
    M Kangas
    Department of Medical Technology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Gait Posture 35:500-5. 2012
    ..However, some fall characteristics detected from experimental falls were not detectable in acceleration signals from corresponding heterogeneous real-life falls...
  48. ncbi Frailty and risk of falls, fracture, and mortality in older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures
    Kristine E Ensrud
    Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:744-51. 2007
    ..However, the predictive validity of this phenotype for fracture outcomes and across risk subgroups is uncertain...
  49. ncbi A program to prevent functional decline in physically frail, elderly persons who live at home
    Thomas M Gill
    Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Dorothy Adler Geriatric Assessment Center, New Haven, Conn 06504, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:1068-74. 2002
    ..Functional decline in physically frail, elderly persons is associated with substantial morbidity. It is uncertain whether such functional decline can be prevented...
  50. ncbi Development and initial validation of the Iconographical Falls Efficacy Scale
    Kim Delbaere
    Falls and Balance Research Group, Neuroscience Research Australia, Barker Street, Randwick, Sydney, NSW 2031, Australia
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 66:674-80. 2011
    ..We developed the Iconographical Falls Efficacy Scale (Icon-FES), which includes more demanding activities and uses pictures to provide more complete environmental contexts...
  51. ncbi Impaired attention predicts falling in Parkinson's disease
    L M Allcock
    Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, UK
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 15:110-5. 2009
    ..Our objective was to determine whether measures of attention were associated with falls in a large cohort of subjects with PD studied prospectively...
  52. ncbi Older people's recruitment, sustained participation, and adherence to falls prevention interventions in institutional settings: a supplement to the Cochrane systematic review
    Samuel R Nyman
    School of Health and Social Care, University of Reading, Berkshire, UK
    Age Ageing 40:430-6. 2011
    ..randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of falls prevention conducted in institutional settings have recently been systematically reviewed...
  53. ncbi An update on falls
    Bastiaan R Bloem
    Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Curr Opin Neurol 16:15-26. 2003
    ..In addition, falls pose high costs to the public health service. For these reasons, falls remain a popular topic for research. Here, we review several interesting developments that have been published during the past year...
  54. ncbi Comparison of acceleration signals of simulated and real-world backward falls
    J Klenk
    Robert Bosch Hospital, Department of Clinical Gerontology, Stuttgart, Germany
    Med Eng Phys 33:368-73. 2011
    ..The present findings demonstrate differences between real-world falls and fall simulations. If fall simulations are used, their limitations should be noted and the protocol should be adapted to better match real-world falls...
  55. ncbi Risk factors for falling among people aged 45 to 90 years with multiple sclerosis
    Marcia L Finlayson
    Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:1274-9; quiz 1287. 2006
    ..To determine the factors associated with an increased likelihood of reporting a fall in the past 6 months among people between the ages of 45 and 90 who have multiple sclerosis (MS)...
  56. ncbi Choice stepping reaction time: a composite measure of falls risk in older people
    S R Lord
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Sydney, Australia
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M627-32. 2001
    ..This study investigated the neuropsychological, sensorimotor, speed, and balance contributions to a new test of choice stepping reaction time (CSRT) and determined whether this new test is an important predictor of falls in older people...
  57. ncbi Falls in the elderly: what can be done?
    A D Akyol
    Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
    Int Nurs Rev 54:191-6. 2007
    ..This article gives information about falls in the elderly...
  58. ncbi Health care utilization and costs in a Medicare population by fall status
    J A Rizzo
    Program on Aging, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    Med Care 36:1174-88. 1998
    ..Available evidence does suggest, however, that falls are the costliest category of injury among older persons...
  59. ncbi Comparison of 2 frailty indexes for prediction of falls, disability, fractures, and death in older women
    Kristine E Ensrud
    Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, General Internal Medicine, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:382-9. 2008
    ..Frailty, as defined by the index derived from the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS index), predicts risk of adverse outcomes in older adults. Use of this index, however, is impractical in clinical practice...
  60. ncbi Geriatric falls: injury severity is high and disproportionate to mechanism
    D A Sterling
    Department of Surgery, Hospital of Saint Raphael, 1450 Chapel Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Trauma 50:116-9. 2001
    ..A different pattern of injury between older and younger fall patients also exists...
  61. ncbi Older women with diabetes have a higher risk of falls: a prospective study
    Ann V Schwartz
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:1749-54. 2002
    ..To determine whether older women with diabetes have an increased risk of falls and whether known risk factors for falls account for any increased risk...
  62. ncbi Primary care-relevant interventions to prevent falling in older adults: a systematic evidence review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
    Yvonne L Michael
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University School of Public Health, 1505 Race Street, 6th Floor, MS 1033, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Ann Intern Med 153:815-25. 2010
    ..Falls among older adults are both prevalent and preventable...
  63. ncbi Postural stability in the elderly: a comparison between fallers and non-fallers
    I Melzer
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev and Key Institute of Education, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Age Ageing 33:602-7. 2004
    ..the identification of specific risk factors for falls in community-dwelling elderly persons is required to identify older people at risk of falling...
  64. ncbi Stops walking when talking: a predictor of falls in older adults?
    O Beauchet
    Department of Geriatrics and Faculty of Medicine, Angers University Hospital and University of Angers, UNAM, France
    Eur J Neurol 16:786-95. 2009
    ..An English and French Medline and Cochrane library search ranging from 1997 to 2008 indexed under 'accidental falls', 'aged OR aged, 80 and over', 'dual task', 'dual tasking', 'gait', 'walking', 'fall' and 'falling' was ..
  65. ncbi A clinical test of stepping and change of direction to identify multiple falling older adults
    Wayne Dite
    Royal Talbot Rehabilitation Centre, Physiotherapy Department, RMIT University, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, Melbourne, Australia
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:1566-71. 2002
    ....
  66. ncbi Dual-tasking effects on gait variability: the role of aging, falls, and executive function
    Shmuel Springer
    Movement Disorders Unit, Neurology Department, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Mov Disord 21:950-7. 2006
    ..In contrast, dual tasking destabilizes the gait of idiopathic elderly fallers, an effect that appears to be mediated in part by a decline in EF...
  67. ncbi Clinical and physiological assessments for elucidating falls risk in Parkinson's disease
    Mark D Latt
    Department of Aged Care, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Mov Disord 24:1280-9. 2009
    ..Patients with PD at risk of falls can be identified accurately with routine clinical assessments and quantitative physiological tests. Many of the risk factors identified are amenable to targeted intervention...
  68. ncbi Falls and fear of falling: which comes first? A longitudinal prediction model suggests strategies for primary and secondary prevention
    Susan M Friedman
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:1329-35. 2002
    ..Our objectives were to determine the temporal relationship between falls and fear of falling, and to see whether these two outcomes share predictors...
  69. ncbi Otago home-based strength and balance retraining improves executive functioning in older fallers: a randomized controlled trial
    Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    Centre for Hip Health, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1821-30. 2008
    ....
  70. pmc Indoor and outdoor falls in older adults are different: the maintenance of balance, independent living, intellect, and Zest in the Elderly of Boston Study
    Jennifer L Kelsey
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:2135-41. 2010
    ..To identify risk factors for indoor and outdoor falls...
  71. ncbi Falls after discharge from hospital: is there a gap between older peoples' knowledge about falls prevention strategies and the research evidence?
    Anne Marie Hill
    School of Physiotherapy, The University of Notre Dame Australia, Australia
    Gerontologist 51:653-62. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to examine whether older people are prepared to engage in appropriate falls prevention strategies after discharge from hospital...
  72. ncbi Caregiver-burden in parkinson's disease is closely associated with psychiatric symptoms, falls, and disability
    Anette Schrag
    Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London NW3 2PF, London, UK
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 12:35-41. 2006
    ....
  73. ncbi Risk factors for geriatric patient falls in rehabilitation hospital settings: a systematic review
    Edgar Ramos Vieira
    Department of Physical Therapy, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
    Clin Rehabil 25:788-99. 2011
    ..To review the literature to identify and synthesize the evidence on risk factors for patient falls in geriatric rehabilitation hospital settings...
  74. ncbi Intense tai chi exercise training and fall occurrences in older, transitionally frail adults: a randomized, controlled trial
    Steven L Wolf
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 51:1693-701. 2003
    ..To determine whether an intense tai chi (TC) exercise program could reduce the risk of falls more than a wellness education (WE) program in older adults meeting criteria for transitioning to frailty...
  75. pmc Determinants of disparities between perceived and physiological risk of falling among elderly people: cohort study
    Kim Delbaere
    Falls and Balance Research Group, Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW 2031, Sydney, Australia
    BMJ 341:c4165. 2010
    ....
  76. ncbi How likely are older people to take up different falls prevention activities?
    Lucy Yardley
    School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Prev Med 47:554-8. 2008
    ..To determine the extent to which older people are willing to engage in different falls prevention activities, and how this may vary in different sectors of the older population...
  77. ncbi Effect of a statewide fall prevention program on incidence of femoral fractures in residents of long-term care facilities
    Kilian Rapp
    Department of Clinical Gerontology, Robert Bosch Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:70-5. 2010
    ..To evaluate the effect of a statewide dissemination of a modified evidence-based fall prevention program on incidence of femoral fractures in nursing homes...
  78. ncbi Falls and fear of falling: burden, beliefs and behaviours
    Rebecca Boyd
    Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Age Ageing 38:423-8. 2009
    ..this study estimated the frequency of recent falls and prevalence of fear of falling among adults aged 65 and older...
  79. ncbi Falls, aging, and disability
    Marcia L Finlayson
    Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 West Taylor Street, Mail Code 811, Chicago, IL 60612 7250, USA
    Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 21:357-73. 2010
    ..In this latter group, the article focuses on individuals with multiple sclerosis, late-effects of polio, muscular dystrophies, and spinal cord injuries...
  80. ncbi Explosive power and asymmetry in leg muscle function in frequent fallers and non-fallers aged over 65
    Dawn A Skelton
    Cellular and Integrative Biology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, Imperial College School of Medicine, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    Age Ageing 31:119-25. 2002
    ..although low strength is a risk factor for falls, lower limb explosive power is more predictive of functional difficulties than strength. Power may be more predictive of a future fall than strength per se...
  81. ncbi Incidence and risk factors for developing fear of falling in older adults
    Helen W Lach
    Saint Louis University School of Nursing, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Public Health Nurs 22:45-52. 2005
    ..Public health nurses should consider fear of falling in practice, in developing screening and health programs for older adults, and as an important avenue for further research...
  82. pmc Incidence and costs of unintentional falls in older people in the United Kingdom
    P Scuffham
    York Health Economics Consortium Ltd, University of York, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:740-4. 2003
    ..To estimate the number of accident and emergency (A&E) attendances, admissions to hospital, and the associated costs as a result of unintentional falls in older people...
  83. ncbi Tripping without falling; lower limb strength, a limitation for balance recovery and a target for training in the elderly
    Mirjam Pijnappels
    Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 18:188-96. 2008
    ..Moreover, trainers improved more than controls in moment generation after tripping, especially around the ankle. It can be concluded that transfer of resistance training effects to balance recovery is feasible...
  84. ncbi The relationship between glycemic control and falls in older adults
    Joan M Nelson
    School of Nursing, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:2041-4. 2007
    ..To determine whether glycemic control contributes to fall risk in frail and nonfrail elderly adults with diabetes mellitus...
  85. ncbi Quality of life in Parkinson's disease: the relative importance of the symptoms
    Shibley Rahman
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology and The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London, Queen Square, London, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 23:1428-34. 2008
    ..The implications of these results for the medical management of PD are discussed...
  86. ncbi Preventing injuries in older people by preventing falls: a meta-analysis of individual-level data
    M Clare Robertson
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Otago Medical School, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:905-11. 2002
    ..The objectives of this meta-analysis of these trials were to estimate the overall effect of the exercise program on the numbers of falls and fall-related injuries and to identify subgroups that would benefit most from the program...
  87. ncbi Fear-related avoidance of activities, falls and physical frailty. A prospective community-based cohort study
    Kim Delbaere
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
    Age Ageing 33:368-73. 2004
    ..to investigate the relationship between fear-related avoidance of activities and physical frailty...
  88. pmc Quantitative gait markers and incident fall risk in older adults
    Joe Verghese
    MBBS, Einstein Aging Study, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1165 Morris Park Avenue, Room 338, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:896-901. 2009
    ..Identifying quantitative gait markers of falls in older adults may improve diagnostic assessments and suggest novel intervention targets...
  89. ncbi Use of virtual reality technique for the training of motor control in the elderly. Some theoretical considerations
    E D de Bruin
    Inst f Bewegungswissenschaften u Sport, Wolfgang Pauli Str 27, 8093 Zurich, Schweiz
    Z Gerontol Geriatr 43:229-34. 2010
    ..This manuscript describes the potential of dance pad training protocols in the elderly and reports on the theoretical rationale of combining physical game-like exercises with sensory and cognitive challenges in a virtual environment...
  90. ncbi Predicting accidental falls in people with multiple sclerosis -- a longitudinal study
    Y Nilsagard
    Department of Physiotherapy, Orebro University Hospital and School of Health and Medical Sciences, Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden
    Clin Rehabil 23:259-69. 2009
    To investigate accidental falls and near fall incidents in people with multiple sclerosis with respect to clinical variables and the predictive values of four tests.
  91. ncbi Exercise interventions to reduce fall-related fractures and their risk factors in individuals with low bone density: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    D de Kam
    Department of Rehabilitation, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Osteoporos Int 20:2111-25. 2009
    ..The results from this systematic review indicate that exercise interventions for individuals with low BMD to reduce falls and fractures should include balance, muscle strengthening, and weight-bearing exercises...
  92. pmc A randomised controlled trial of a home based exercise programme to reduce the risk of falling among people with Parkinson's disease
    Ann Ashburn
    Rehabilitation Research Unit, School of Health Professions and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Southampton, Level E, Centre Block, Mailpoint 886, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Rd, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:678-84. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a personalised home programme of exercises and strategies for repeat fallers with Parkinson's disease (PD)...
  93. ncbi A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies using the STRATIFY tool for prediction of falls in hospital patients: how well does it work?
    David Oliver
    School of Health and Social Care and Institute of Health Sciences, University of Reading, London Road, Reading, RG1 5AQ, UK
    Age Ageing 37:621-7. 2008
    ..It has been widely used as part of hospital fall prevention plans, but it is not clear how good its operational utility is in a variety of settings...
  94. ncbi Fear of falling and postural control in Parkinson's disease
    Allan L Adkin
    Gait and Posture Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Mov Disord 18:496-502. 2003
    ....
  95. ncbi Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls?
    Fay B Horak
    Neurological Sciences Institute of Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Age Ageing 35:ii7-ii11. 2006
    ..The effective rehabilitation of balance to improve mobility and to prevent falls requires a better understanding of the multiple mechanisms underlying postural control...
  96. pmc The relationship between specific cognitive functions and falls in aging
    Roee Holtzer
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, NY 10461, USA
    Neuropsychology 21:540-8. 2007
    ..Memory was not associated with either single or recurrent falls. These findings are relevant to risk assessment and prevention of falls and point to possible shared neural substrates of cognitive and motor function...
  97. ncbi Efficacy of progressive resistance training on balance performance in older adults : a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Rhonda Orr
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Sports Med 38:317-43. 2008
    ....
  98. pmc Falls and mobility in Parkinson's disease: protocol for a randomised controlled clinical trial
    Meg E Morris
    Melbourne School of Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, 3010, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Neurol 11:93. 2011
    ....
  99. pmc The association between the number of prescription medications and incident falls in a multi-ethnic population of adult type-2 diabetes patients: the diabetes and aging study
    Elbert S Huang
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 25:141-6. 2010
    ..Use of four or more prescription medications is considered a risk factor for falls in older people. It is unclear whether this polypharmacy-fall relationship differs for adults with diabetes...
  100. ncbi Prevalence of falls and associated factors in elderly individuals
    Danielle Teles da Cruz
    Núcleo de Assessoria, Treinamentos e Estudos em Saúde, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 46:138-46. 2012
    ..To estimate the prevalence of falls in elderly individuals and to analyze associated factors...

Research Grants83

  1. CMS Nonpayment for Nosocomial Injury and Risk of Falls in Hospitals
    Ronald I Shorr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Accidental falls are among the most common reported adverse events which occur during hospitalization. About 30% result in injury and of these, about a third cause serious injury...
  2. BEHAVIORAL APPROACH TO FALL PREVENTION IN THE ELDERLY
    Mark Hornbrook; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The Study of Accidental Falls in the Elderly (SAFE) demonstrated the ability to recruit and engage older persons in a health behavior ..
  3. LIFT SUPPORT/FALLS INTERVENTION SYSTEM FOR THE ELDERLY
    DAVID COLVIN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..system has demonstrated its capability for reducing the energy for impact and potential injury during accidental falls by over 95%. This new Phase I effort would be a natural extension of the earlier program; i.e...
  4. Sex specific adaptations to muscle unloading
    Michael R Deschenes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of aging on sex specific adaptations to unloading;this is vital since the aged are far more likely to suffer accidental falls and medical procedures resulting in muscle unloading...
  5. Death as a multifactorial cumulative health event in older adults
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..With baby boomers heading into their late years, accurate estimates of the conditions contributing to mortality are essential for health and economic planning. ..
  6. GERIATRIC LEADERSHIP ACADEMIC AWARD (K07)
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. TAI CHI, CONTROL, AND AGING
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  8. Cobblestone Walking for Elder Health
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, results are likely to provide support for the development of an added, low-cost, innovative exercise modality suitable for community setting to reduce or delay frailty in the older population. ..
  9. Tai Chi Training and Sleep Enhancement in the Elderly
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Environmental Predictors of Elderly Obesity
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Tai Chi Training for People with Parkinson's Disease
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The final product in both video and DVD formats will be marketed to people with PD through local support groups, PD organizations, and educational media distributors. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Effects of Aging on the Biomechanics of Slips and Falls
    Thurmon Lockhart; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Additionally, it will provide information on possible intervention strategies (muscle strengthening and balance exercises) for improving dynamic equilibrium in older workers. ..
  13. Effectiveness of patient lift equipment
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed work addresses several NIOSH priority areas including health care workers, back injuries, and intervention effectiveness research. ..
  14. EFFECT OF POTASSIUM BICARBONATE ON BONE AND MUSCLE
    Bess Dawson Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  15. NIH OSTEOPOROSIS & RELATED BONE DISEASES RESOURCE CENTER
    Bess Dawson Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Specific efforts include supporting the National Osteoporosis Data Group, collecting and disseminating definitive statistics on bone diseases and on conditions co-morbid with osteoporosis, and preparing summary reports. ..
  16. Comparison of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Older Breast Cancer Survivors
    Kerri Winters Stone; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. "baby boom"population ages. Even so, studies of older women comprise only a small proportion of research, especially exercise research, on improving the lives of cancer survivors. ..
  17. Nursing Interventions & Outcomes in 3 Older Populations
    Marita Titler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Develop a guideline for construction and use of a nursing effectiveness research database built from electronic data repositories. ..
  18. Book to Bedside: Promoting & Sustaining EBPs in Elders
    Marita Titler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The investigation further enhances relationships between investigators with expertise in TRIP, and hospitals responsible for care delivery. ..
  19. Latent Mobility Abnormalities and Disability
    Joe Verghese; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. A New Measure of Nursing Home Care Quality
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. ROLE OF WALKING STABILITY IN FALLS AMONG THE ELDERLY
    Yi Chung Pai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim 3: We will determine whether older adults decrease their fall incidence after repeated exposure to slips by improving gait stability and/or by enhancing their reactive responses. ..
  22. Biomechanics of Slips in Older Adults
    Rakie Cham; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This fundamental knowledge is required to plan, to develop and to implement effective deficits-targeted interventions focused on minimizing the risk of falling in the workplace. ..
  23. ENHANCING FUNCTION OF FRAIL ELDERS BY MODIFYING THE HOME
    Laura Gitlin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Testing a Restorative Care Nursing Program
    Barbara Resnick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The ultimate goal is to alter the current philosophy of care in long-term care to focus on function, improve clinical outcomes, and inform policy makers on the effectiveness of restorative care programs. ..
  25. In vivo screening of cholinergic cognition enhancers
    Martin Sarter; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The development of new drug finding [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Back Disorders in Union Carpenters
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project addresses a number of areas of expressed interest to NIOSH including construction workers, back disorders, surveillance methods and health services research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Intensive Glycemic Control and Skeletal Health
    Ann Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Change in bone mineral density over two years at the hip and lumbar spine will be determined in a subsample (N=240) using dual energy absorptiometry (DEXA). ..
  28. Need for tailored clinical trials: hypertension and fall risk
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will test this hypothesis. ..
  29. HEALTH: RELATED QUALITY STAGING
    Margaret Stineman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In this model, quality of life is a latent state resulting from interactions among the body, the mind, and the physical and social environments. It relates to discordance between perceived and desired states of being. ..
  30. INCIDENT REPORTING IN NURSING HOMES
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will further our development of a standardized incident reporting mechanism recommended by the Institute of Medicine and others. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Developmental Research on Elder Mistreatment
    Laura Mosqueda; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. EXERCISE, DIET, AND SEX HORMONES IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN
    Anne McTiernan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Intervention adherence will be monitored via exercise and diet logs and weekly weighing. Potential adverse effects will be measured including injuries, overall bone density (DEXA), and Quality of Life. ..
  33. LEVODOPA PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS
    John Nutt; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Bone mass and mineral metabolism in HIV+ women
    Michael Yin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. AGING, ATTENTION AND BENZODIAZEPINE RECEPTOR LIGANDS
    Martin Sarter; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  36. EXERCISE INTERVENTION IN COLORECTAL POLYP PATIENTS
    Anne McTiernan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results from this unique human experimental study will provide important information about mechanisms of exercise effects on colon carcinogenesis and about potential ..
  37. WORK AND HEALTH DISPARITIES AMONG RURAL WOMEN
    Hester Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Education will also be targeted to medical providers in this geographic area on work exposures and conditions, exposure response, prevention, basic epidemiology, and ergonomics. ..
  38. TWO X-LINKED GENES THAT REGULATE MINERAL HOMEOSTASIS
    Michael Whyte; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  39. VULNERABILITY, INTERVENING EVENTS & DISABILITY IN AGING
    Thomas Gill; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. SHARED IMPAIRMENTS FOR GERIATRIC SYNDROMES & DISABILITY
    Mary Tinetti; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  41. OCULOMOTOR CONTROL AND GAIT IN PARKINSON DISEASE
    Gammon M Earhart; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using the knowledge gained, we aim to develop innovative gait rehabilitation approaches for individuals with PD with the ultimate goal of reducing falls and hip fractures in this population. ..
  42. Effects of Vestibular Loss on Orthostatic Mechanisms
    Scott Wood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide new information on how vestibular loss might increase susceptibility for orthostatic intolerance, and will provide new insights on otolith- autonomic human subjects. ..
  43. LATERAL STABILITY DURING INDUCED STEPPING IN THE ELDERLY
    Mark Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Identifying key motor control processes underlying protective stepping behavior as a function of age and future risk of falls will improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of disablement. ..
  44. Evidence-Based Medicine in the Skilled Nursing Facility
    Cathleen Colon Emeric; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Common geriatric syndromes conditions (UTI, fever, osteoporosis, falls, and pneumonia) will be targeted, and both an academic and a community-based Veterans Administration Nursing Home Care Unit will be used. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional Injuries
    Jonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] Outcome Measures: Acute and residual driving impairment will be assessed using a driving simulator and[unreadable] an objective measure of sustained attention/reaction time, the Psychomotor Vioilance Test (PVT).[unreadable]..
  46. Technology to Automatically Detect Early Signs of Illness in Senior Housing
    Marilyn J Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Subjects will not use any expensive telehealth equipment or wear any devices. We propose to use this information to detect changes in health status which could indicate an impending acute illness or exacerbation of chronic illness. ..
  47. Continuity of Care and Health Outcomes: Does It Really Matter?
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTATION IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN
    John Aloia; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If this randomized clinical trial demonstrates a positive effect on prevention of bone loss, a large scale multi-centered trial with fracture prevention as an endpoint will have merit. ..
  49. Using light to increase visual and perceptual cues and decrease falls risk
    MARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  50. FOCUS Hip Fracture Transfusion Trial: Delirium and Other Cognitive Outcomes
    Ann L Gruber Baldini; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This ancillary study examines whether transfusion helps prevent short-term (post- randomization) and long-term (30 day) changes in delirium. ..
  51. Tai Chi and Dual Task Interference on Postural Control in Parkinson's Disease
    CHRISTOPHER HASS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Foot Disorders and Falls in a Population-Based Cohort
    Marian Hannan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A greater understanding of foot disorders in older individuals may lead to better understanding of the strategies to prevent falls. ..
  53. Obesity and Neighborhood Characteristics
    Wenjun Li; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The feasibility of extending the research into a larger geographic region will be assessed, and a R01 grant application will be prepared. ..
  54. Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home Outcomes
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
  55. RESEARCH PROGRAM TO PROMOTE OPTIMAL AGING IN PLACE
    Laura Gitlin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is anticipated that at the conclusion of the grant program the SHI will have an active research program that is multidisciplinary, nationally recognized, and addresses critical issues in independent living. ..
  56. Limb Loading and Weight Transfer During Stroke Recovery
    Vicki Mercer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. FATIGUE, SLEEP AND CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS IN BREAST CANCER
    Sonia Ancoli Israel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results will provide a scientific basis for future intervention studies, particularly studies with light therapy which can re-synchronize rhythms. ..
  58. Pre-habilitation of Aged and Young Neuromuscular Systems
    MICHAEL DESCHENES; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  59. Southeastern Michigan Parkinson's Disease Program
    Peter LeWitt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This application also discusses concepts for three pharmacological agents that could be investigated in pilot studies and, if promising, in multicenter clinical trials for assessing neuroprotection. ..
  60. Adverse Outcomes of Dual Use of Health Systems Among Older Male Veterans
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Infection Risk of Urinary Collection Strategies
    Sanjay Saint; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Since approximately 40% of elderly Americans will enter a nursing home at some point, identification of those at risk of infection could have considerable health, quality of life, and economic consequences. ..
  62. VIRTUAL REALITY IN BALANCE DISORDERS
    Susan Whitney; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The data derived from the above three goals will help direct a randomized clinical trial that will assist in determining if virtual reality is an effective method of intervention with persons with vestibular dysfunction. ..
  63. Individualizing Diabetes Care for Older People
    Elbert Huang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Along with more research training, these studies will also help me reach my overall goal of becoming an independent investigator in the areas of geriatric diabetes and cost-effectiveness analysis. ..
  64. Rural Hospital Nursing: Environment, Effects and Evidence
    Robin Newhouse; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project has promising potential to improve quality of care to the rural population using the novel approach of focusing on an understudied area, nursing in rural hospitals. ..
  65. Tailored Activity to Improve Affect in Dementia at Home
    Laura Gitlin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This pilot study will provide critical data by which to refine and standardize the intervention manual and protocols, and structure the design of a large-scale randomized clinical trial. ..
  66. MULTISENSORY INTEGRATION AND HUMAN POSTURAL CONTROL
    John Jeka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  67. MULTISENSORY INTEGRATION AND HUMAN POSTURAL CONTROL
    JOHN JOSEPH JEKA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..4 B and are expected to exceed $32B by 2020, leading Congress to institute legislation expanding fall-related research and fall-risk reduction programs (House Resolution 3695, 2002). ..
  68. Mechanistic model of multisensory postural control
    John Jeka; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Future work will address patient populations with similar techniques to determine the basis of their balance deficits. ..
  69. END OF LIFE CARE IN LATE STAGE DEMENTIA
    Peter Rabins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this study will be of use in developing interventions to improve the quality of EOL care in dementia. ..
  70. Long-term White Matter Changes Resulting from Delirium after Surgery
    James Rudolph; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If the hypotheses are confirmed, this will alter our fundamental understanding of delirium as a short-term disorder and future studies can use imaging to prevent, identify, and treat delirium. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  71. 17th Meeting of the International Society for Posture and Gait Research, July 14
    John Jeka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We argue that a better understanding of the processes underlying the control of posture and locomotion will enhance the treatment options presently available. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  72. Delivering Effective Primary Care to Older Adults
    Elizabeth Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  73. Effect of Dietary Protein on Bone Mass, Subsequent Bone Loss and Fracture
    Marian Hannan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Dietary factors are poorly understood, yet potentially modifiable. More information is needed on the precise effects of dietary protein on bone health for community-based men and women. ..
  74. The Influence of Head Position on Postural Vertical
    Diane Wrisley; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In experiment 2 we will determine whether the lateral bias of verticality will be observed during ambulation with various head positions. ..
  75. PPAR gamma-2 expression in marrow stroma during aging
    Beata Lecka Czernik; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Such intervention may slow down or even prevent age-related bone loss. ..
  76. The Quality of Life of Nursing Home Residents
    Howard Degenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  77. A Model of Patient and Nursing Administration Outomes
    Barbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  78. EXAMINING NURSING HOME COMPARE
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  79. Nurse Staffing, Financial Performance, Quality of Care
    Barbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  80. GAIT INSTABILITY IN THE ELDERLY WITH INCREASED FALL RISK
    Jeffrey Hausdorff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  81. The Influence of Staff Turnover on Quality
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..