accidents

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Who dies from what? Determining cause of death in South Africa's rural north-east
    K Kahn
    Health Systems Development Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 4:433-41. 1999
  2. pmc Epidemiology of unintentional injuries in childhood: a population-based survey in general practice
    Hanneke Otters
    General Practitioner, Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam
    Br J Gen Pract 55:630-3. 2005
  3. pmc Environmental justice: frequency and severity of US chemical industry accidents and the socioeconomic status of surrounding communities
    M R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:24-30. 2004
  4. doi Individual factors explain neighbourhood variations in accidents to children under 5 years of age
    Richard Reading
    School of Medicine Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 67:915-27. 2008
  5. pmc Cross sectional survey of socioeconomic variations in severity and mechanism of childhood injuries in Trent 1992-7
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Tower Building University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 324:1132. 2002
  6. doi Neighbourhood variations in child accidents and related child and maternal characteristics: does area definition make a difference?
    Robin Haynes
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Health Place 14:693-701. 2008
  7. doi Economic consequences of accidents to hands and forearms by log splitters and circular saws: cost of illness study
    Martin Eriksson
    Department of Economics, Lund University Centre for Health Economics, LUCHE, Lund, Sweden
    J Plast Surg Hand Surg 45:28-34. 2011
  8. ncbi Accidental deaths caused by electricity in Sweden, 1975-2000
    Richard Lindstrom
    Section of Forensic Medicine, Department of Community Health and Rehabilitation, Umea University, PO Box 7616, SE 907 12 Umeå, Sweden
    J Forensic Sci 51:1383-8. 2006
  9. ncbi [Prevention of unintentional child injuries]
    Wei Xiang
    Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 41:876-9. 2003
  10. doi Epidemiological survey of the prevalence of non-fatal injury among children aged 5-14 years in China
    Ming Hu
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078, Hunan, China
    Biomed Environ Sci 25:407-12. 2012

Detail Information

Publications246 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Who dies from what? Determining cause of death in South Africa's rural north-east
    K Kahn
    Health Systems Development Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 4:433-41. 1999
    ..malnutrition (diarrhoea and kwashiorkor predominantly) are responsible for over half of deaths in under-fives, accidents are prominent in the 5-14 age-group, while the 'emerging agenda' of violence and chronic degenerative disease (..
  2. pmc Epidemiology of unintentional injuries in childhood: a population-based survey in general practice
    Hanneke Otters
    General Practitioner, Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam
    Br J Gen Pract 55:630-3. 2005
    ..58). Unintentional injury is a significant health problem in children in general practice, accounting for 9% of all new health problems in children. In all age groups, boys in rural areas are especially at risk to experience an injury...
  3. pmc Environmental justice: frequency and severity of US chemical industry accidents and the socioeconomic status of surrounding communities
    M R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:24-30. 2004
    ..facilities in the US with specified quantities of certain toxic or flammable chemicals file a five year history of accidents. This study considers the relation between the reported accidents and surrounding community characteristics.
  4. doi Individual factors explain neighbourhood variations in accidents to children under 5 years of age
    Richard Reading
    School of Medicine Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 67:915-27. 2008
    ..which recruited over 14,062 children at birth in the former county of Avon, UK, and collected information about accidents, as well as extensive social, health and developmental data throughout the first 5 years of life...
  5. pmc Cross sectional survey of socioeconomic variations in severity and mechanism of childhood injuries in Trent 1992-7
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Tower Building University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 324:1132. 2002
    ..To determine the relation between morbidity from injury and deprivation for different levels of injury severity and for different injury mechanisms for children aged 0-14 years...
  6. doi Neighbourhood variations in child accidents and related child and maternal characteristics: does area definition make a difference?
    Robin Haynes
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Health Place 14:693-701. 2008
    ..The risk of accidents to pre-school children, and most of the characteristics of children and mothers associated with accident risk, ..
  7. doi Economic consequences of accidents to hands and forearms by log splitters and circular saws: cost of illness study
    Martin Eriksson
    Department of Economics, Lund University Centre for Health Economics, LUCHE, Lund, Sweden
    J Plast Surg Hand Surg 45:28-34. 2011
    ..Injuries sustained from log splitters and circular saws account for considerable costs, but first and foremost human suffering...
  8. ncbi Accidental deaths caused by electricity in Sweden, 1975-2000
    Richard Lindstrom
    Section of Forensic Medicine, Department of Community Health and Rehabilitation, Umea University, PO Box 7616, SE 907 12 Umeå, Sweden
    J Forensic Sci 51:1383-8. 2006
    ..During the study period, the overall incidence of electricity-related fatalities has decreased, in spite of increased use of electricity. This indicates that safety improvements have been successful...
  9. ncbi [Prevention of unintentional child injuries]
    Wei Xiang
    Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 41:876-9. 2003
  10. doi Epidemiological survey of the prevalence of non-fatal injury among children aged 5-14 years in China
    Ming Hu
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078, Hunan, China
    Biomed Environ Sci 25:407-12. 2012
    ..To determine the prevalence of non-fatal injuries among children aged 5-14 years in China...
  11. ncbi Public will fear biological accidents, not just attacks
    Markus Schmidt
    Nature 441:1048. 2006
  12. ncbi Pediatric all-terrain vehicle-related injuries in Ohio from 1995 to 2001: using the injury severity score to determine whether helmets are a solution
    Michael A Gittelman
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Pediatrics 117:2190-5. 2006
    ..The goal was to identify regions in Ohio with severe pediatric all-terrain vehicle-related injuries and to determine whether helmet usage was associated with lower injury severity scores...
  13. ncbi [Accidents during bathing]
    Shingo Hori
    Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Keio University, School of Medicine
    Nihon Rinsho 71:1047-52. 2013
    ..Surveys in Tokyo revealed 1,085 victims of accidents during bathing transported by ambulance from October 1999 to March 2000...
  14. ncbi [Accidents by external causes in adolescents: care in sentinel urgency and emergency services in the Brazilian State Capitals--2009]
    Deborah Carvalho Malta
    Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministerio da Saude, Esplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco G, Edifício Sede, 1º andar, Sala 142, 70058 900 Brasília DF
    Cien Saude Colet 17:2291-304. 2012
    Adolescents are seeking new references and experiences, which may involve attitudes of risk and exposure to accidents and violence from external causes. These events constitute a serious Public Health problem...
  15. ncbi Behavioural characteristics and accidents: findings from the Health Survey for England, 1997
    R Lalloo
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Accid Anal Prev 35:661-7. 2003
    This study analysed the relationship between major and minor accidents, and major accidents involving a moving vehicle, and behavioural and emotional factors in children, aged 4-15 years, using the Strengths and Difficulties ..
  16. doi Incidence and pattern of unintentional injuries and resulting disability among children under 5 years of age: results of the National Health Survey of Pakistan
    Zafar Fatmi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:229-38. 2009
    ..These results are useful for planning further research and for prioritising prevention programmes nationally and in other developing countries with similar situation...
  17. ncbi Psychiatric morbidity and comorbidity following accidental man-made traumatic events: incidence and risk factors
    M Maes
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, University Hospital of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 250:156-62. 2000
    ....
  18. pmc Effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on whole blood cyanide concentrations in carbon monoxide intoxicated patients from fire accidents
    Pia Lawson-Smith
    Department of Anesthesia, Center of Head and Orthopedics, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 18:32. 2010
    Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and carbon monoxide (CO) may be important components of smoke from fire accidents. Accordingly, patients admitted to hospital from fire accidents may have been exposed to both HCN and CO...
  19. doi Confessed abuse versus witnessed accidents in infants: comparison of clinical, radiological, and ophthalmological data in corroborated cases
    Matthieu Vinchon
    Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Lille University Hospital, Lille, France
    Childs Nerv Syst 26:637-45. 2010
    ..As a consequence, the diagnostic value of these criteria is difficult to assess because of a circularity bias...
  20. doi Young children proactively remedy unnoticed accidents
    Felix Warneken
    Harvard University, Department of Psychology, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cognition 126:101-8. 2013
    ..These results indicate that proactive prosociality might be a characteristic of early human ontogeny, emerging in children as young as two years of age...
  21. ncbi Unintentional injury mortality and socio-economic development among 15-44-year-olds: in a health transition perspective
    N Ahmed
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Norrbacka, S 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Public Health 114:416-22. 2000
    ..There was an initial positive relation between GNP per capita and UIM, which became negative with increasing GNP per capita. We also found a health transition that had taken place in all country groups...
  22. pmc Reducing mortality: an important aim of epilepsy management
    J W Sander
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:349-51. 2004
  23. ncbi Changing patterns of airway accidents in intubated ICU patients
    F N Kapadia
    Department of Intensive Care, Hinduja National Hospital and Medical Research Center, Mumbia, India
    Intensive Care Med 27:296-300. 2001
    To document the changes in patterns of airway accidents in intubated patients.
  24. ncbi Biosafety breaches. Accidents spur a closer look at risks at biodefense labs
    Jocelyn Kaiser
    Science 317:1852-4. 2007
  25. doi Non-fatal limb injuries in motorbike accidents
    Mubashir Aslam
    Department of Community Health Science, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 18:635-8. 2008
    To determine frequency and pattern of non-fatal limb injuries in motorbike accidents victims.
  26. ncbi Blood alcohol levels in persons who died from accidents and suicide
    D Bedford
    Department of Public Health, Health Service Executive North East Area, Railway Street, Navan, Co Meath
    Ir Med J 99:80-3. 2006
    Although it is known that alcohol is associated with a high proportion of fatal accidents and suicides, little information is available in Ireland on blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) of those who died...
  27. ncbi All-terrain vehicle crash factors and associated injuries in patients presenting to a regional trauma center
    Mark A Brandenburg
    Oklahoma Institute for Disaster and Emergency Medicine, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Tulsa, OK 74135, USA
    J Trauma 63:994-9. 2007
    ..Understanding the mechanisms of ATV crashes, especially rollovers, can provide important insight to consumers, legislators, and manufacturers on ATV safety and protection of the users...
  28. ncbi All-terrain vehicle rules and regulations: impact on pediatric mortality
    Jeffrey S Upperman
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 38:1284-6. 2003
    ..The authors hypothesized that states with laws and regulations restricting pediatric ATV use may abrogate excess death compared with states without such restrictions...
  29. ncbi Risk factors for all-terrain vehicle injuries: a national case-control study
    G B Rodgers
    US Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC 20207, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:1112-8. 2001
    ....
  30. doi Cost effectiveness of wearing head protection on all-terrain vehicles
    Melvin L Myers
    Southeast Center for Agricultural Health and Injury Prevention, College of Public Health, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
    J Agromedicine 14:312-23. 2009
    ..If the exposure is adjusted to 2000 hours per year for an equivalent work year, 3276 head injuries could be averted including 23 fatalities per 100,000 at a social cost savings of US$509,172...
  31. doi All-terrain vehicle riding among youth: how do they fair?
    Brendan T Campbell
    Injury Prevention Center and Department of Pediatric Surgery, Connecticut Children s Medical Center and the University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 45:925-9. 2010
    ..Pediatric all-terrain vehicle (ATV) injuries have been increasing annually for more than a decade. The objective of this study was to describe the riding behaviors, helmet use, and crash history of young ATV riders...
  32. pmc Trend of mortality rate and injury burden of transport accidents, suicides, and falls
    Ki Sook Kim
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Informatics, Graduate School of Korea University, Seoul, Korea
    J Prev Med Public Health 45:8-13. 2012
    ..But studies in Korea about injuries were very few. Thus, this study was conducted to analyze the trend of major injuries from 1991 to 2006 and to provide basic data for preventing injuries...
  33. doi Population drinking and fatal injuries in Eastern Europe: a time-series analysis of six countries
    Jonas Landberg
    Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    Eur Addict Res 16:43-52. 2010
    ..To estimate to what extent injury mortality rates in 6 Eastern European countries are affected by changes in population drinking during the post-war period...
  34. ncbi [Accidents in a population of 350 adolescents and young adults: circumstances, risk factors and prediction of recurrence]
    Daniel Marcelli
    CHU et Centre hospitalier Henri Laborit, BP 587 86021 Poitiers
    Bull Acad Natl Med 194:953-64; discussion 965-7. 2010
    b>Accidents among adolescents and young adults are a public health issue, and present two main characteristics: a strong association with sporting activities, and frequent recurrence...
  35. ncbi Trends in the risk of accidents and injuries and their implications for models of fatigue and performance
    Simon Folkard
    Body Rhythms and Shiftwork Centre, Department of Psychology, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, Wales, UK
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:A161-7. 2004
    ..The present paper reviews the available literature on shiftwork safety in which real measures of accidents or injuries could be pinpointed in time and in which the a priori risk appeared to be constant...
  36. ncbi Epidemiology of school accidents during a six school-year period in one region in Poland
    Stefania Sosnowska
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:977-82. 2003
    The aim of the study was to analyse the incidence of school accidents in relation to school size, urban/rural environment and conditions of physical education classes.
  37. ncbi Symptoms of PTSD according to individual and work environment characteristics of Korean railroad drivers with experience of person-under-train accidents
    Byeong Su Yum
    Institute for Occupational Health, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    J Psychosom Res 61:691-7. 2006
    ..study is to collect basic data on the prevalence pattern of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Korean railroad drivers exposed to person-under-train accidents according to the individual and working environmental characteristics.
  38. ncbi Where should infants sleep? A comparison of risk for suffocation of infants sleeping in cribs, adult beds, and other sleeping locations
    N J Scheers
    Office of Planning and Evaluation, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 112:883-9. 2003
    ....
  39. doi Sleep loss and accidents--work hours, life style, and sleep pathology
    Torbjorn Akerstedt
    Departement of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Prog Brain Res 190:169-88. 2011
    A very important outcome of reduced sleep is accidents. The present chapter will attempt to bring together some of the present knowledge in this area...
  40. ncbi [Emergency care for victims of accidents and violence in Brazil]
    Suely Ferreira Deslandes
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 24:430-40. 2008
    ..results, challenges, limitations, and potential benefits associated with the Brazilian Policy for the Reduction of Morbidity and Mortality due to Accidents and Violence (PNRMAV) with regard to hospital emergency and urgent care services.
  41. doi Nonchemical suffocation deaths in forensic setting: a 6-year retrospective study of environmental suffocation, smothering, choking, and traumatic/positional asphyxia
    Elie Boghossian
    Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, 1701, Parthenais street, 12th Floor, Montreal, Quebec H2K 3S7, Canada
    J Forensic Sci 55:646-51. 2010
    ..Furthermore, new data without actual literature correlates were obtained in the conducting of this study and are presented here...
  42. ncbi [Epidemiology and control of injury]
    Soonduck Kim
    Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University
    J Prev Med Public Health 38:125-31. 2005
    ..Mortality rate of injury was higher in Korea than in England, USA or Japan, especially in car accidents, suicide and falls...
  43. ncbi Management of major accidents and disasters: an important responsibility for the trauma surgeons
    Sten Lennquist
    University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
    J Trauma 62:1321-9. 2007
  44. ncbi Mountaineering accidents in the European Alps: have the numbers increased in recent years?
    V Lischke
    Klinik fur Anaesthesiologie, Intensivmedizin und Schmerztherapie, Klinikum der JW Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Wilderness Environ Med 12:74-80. 2001
    Media reports convey the impression that the incidence of fatal accidents in the European Alps has increased...
  45. ncbi Fatal nontraffic injuries involving alcohol: A metaanalysis
    G S Smith
    Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health Center for Injury Research and Policy, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 33:659-68. 1999
    ..This study synthesizes US medical examiner studies of nontraffic fatalities for the purpose of estimating alcohol involvement by injury mechanism and intent...
  46. ncbi The cost of sleep-related accidents: a report for the National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research
    D Leger
    , Paris, France
    Sleep 17:84-93. 1994
    ..National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research, explores the economic implications of sleepiness in relation to accidents. In Part One, I describe the frequency of accidents in the United States and explain a method for estimating the ..
  47. ncbi Fractures in young children: are physicians in the emergency department and orthopedic clinics adequately screening for possible abuse?
    Resmiye Oral
    Child Abuse Program, Department of Pediatrics, Columbus Children s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 19:148-53. 2003
    ....
  48. ncbi Alcohol intake and the pattern of trauma in young adults and working aged people admitted after trauma
    Olli Savola
    Department of Neurology, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Alcohol Alcohol 40:269-73. 2005
    ..To investigate the relationship of different patterns of alcohol intake to various types of trauma...
  49. pmc Epidemiological analysis of injury in Shandong Province, China
    Jixiang Ma
    Department of Non Communicable Disease Prevention, Shandong Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, 72 Jingshi Road, Jinan 250014, China
    BMC Public Health 8:122. 2008
    ..To describe the prevalence and burden of injury and provide elaborate information for policy development, we conducted a community-based household survey in the Shandong Province of China...
  50. pmc Statin adherence and risk of accidents: a cautionary tale
    Colin R Dormuth
    Therapeutics Initiative, and Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology, and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Victoria, BC, Canada
    Circulation 119:2051-7. 2009
    ..We sought evidence of this bias by examining associations between statin exposure and various outcomes that should not be causally affected by statin exposure, such as workplace and motor vehicle accidents.
  51. ncbi Mortality and population drinking: a review of the literature
    Thor Norstrom
    Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm, Sweden
    Drug Alcohol Rev 24:537-47. 2005
    ..half the countries, there was a significant relationship between consumption, on one hand, and mortality from accidents and homicide as well as all-cause mortality on the other hand...
  52. ncbi Cause-specific mortality in epilepsy
    Samden D Lhatoo
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, UK
    Epilepsia 46:36-9. 2005
    ..Patients who continue to suffer seizures appear to have an almost 40 times higher risk of mortality than those in remission...
  53. pmc Risk factors for childhood drowning in rural regions of a developing country: a case-control study
    Li Yang
    School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China
    Inj Prev 13:178-82. 2007
    ..Descriptive epidemiological studies have shown that childhood drowning rates are higher in developing countries, with an increasing trend in rural areas...
  54. pmc Childhood injuries in Pakistan: results from two communities
    Seema Lasi
    Human Development Programme, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:392-8. 2010
    ....
  55. doi Insomnia and its relationship to health-care utilization, work absenteeism, productivity and accidents
    M Daley
    Ecole de Psychologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada G1K 0A6
    Sleep Med 10:427-38. 2009
    To document and provide a micro analysis of the relationship between insomnia and health problems, health-care use, absenteeism, productivity and accidents.
  56. pmc The global burden of unintentional injuries and an agenda for progress
    Aruna Chandran
    International Injury Research Unit, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 32:110-20. 2010
    ....
  57. doi Fatal accidents among elite mountaineers: A historical perspective from the European Alps
    Stephan Weinbruch
    Institute of Applied Geosciences, Technical University Darmstadt, Germany
    High Alt Med Biol 11:147-51. 2010
    ..168 to 0.251) and female mountaineers (0.118; 95% CI: 0.033 to 0.343) is not statistically significant. No fatal accidents occurred among elite mountaineers born before 1820...
  58. doi Posttraumatic stress disorder following accidental injury: rule or exception in Switzerland?
    Ulrich Schnyder
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Psychother Psychosom 77:111-8. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Coping with serious accidental injury: a one-year follow-up study
    Urs Hepp
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Psychother Psychosom 74:379-86. 2005
    ....
  60. doi Population-based estimates of injuries in Sri Lanka
    K V Navaratne
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Galle, Sri Lanka
    Inj Prev 15:170-5. 2009
    ..Injuries are the leading cause of public hospital admission in Sri Lanka. Data on injury epidemiology to plan prevention programmes to reduce injury burden are not readily available...
  61. ncbi Projectile cylinder accidents resulting from the presence of ferromagnetic nitrous oxide or oxygen tanks in the MR suite
    G Chaljub
    Department of Radiology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX 77555-0709, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 177:27-30. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study is to alert MR users to the potentially lethal consequences of projectile cylinder accidents in the MR environment...
  62. pmc Injury patterns in rural and urban Uganda
    O Kobusingye
    Department of Surgery, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    Inj Prev 7:46-50. 2001
    ..To describe and contrast injury patterns in rural and urban Uganda...
  63. ncbi Does patient cognition predict time off from work after life-threatening accidents?
    Ulrich Schnyder
    Psychiatric Department, University Hospital, Culmannstrasse 8, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Psychiatry 160:2025-31. 2003
    ..The present study aimed to identify predictors of the number of days of leave taken in a consecutively selected group of accident victims who sustained severe, mostly life-threatening physical trauma...
  64. ncbi [Memorial services after major accidents]
    Lars Johan Danbolt
    Sykehuset Innlandet, avdeling Sanderud, Postboks 68, 2312 Ottestad
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 127:157-60. 2007
    Memorial services in the acute phase after major accidents have been common in Norway since the late 1980ies. We have examined such services from the aspect of liturgy, rite and as help to cope in a crisis...
  65. ncbi Woodstoves uncovered: a paediatric problem
    Jessica R Street
    The University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Burns 28:472-4. 2002
    To document and describe the effects of woodstove burns in children. To identify how these accidents occur so that a prevention strategy can be devised.
  66. ncbi Unintentional injuries among primary and middle school students in Maanshan City, eastern China
    Ye huan Sun
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Acta Paediatr 95:268-75. 2006
    ..To describe the rates and patterns of unintentional injuries among primary and middle school students in China...
  67. ncbi Unintentional injuries among 16 to 20 year old students in Switzerland
    Joan Caries Suris
    Groupe de recherche sur la santé des adolescents, IUMSP, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Int J Adolesc Med Health 16:265-73. 2004
    In our society, accidents constitute a major public health problem, especially among youth...
  68. doi Post-traumatic stress disorder in serious accidental injury: 3-year follow-up study
    Urs Hepp
    Psychiatrische Dienste Aargau AG, Baden, Switzerland
    Br J Psychiatry 192:376-83. 2008
    Long-term data on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following accidents are scarce.
  69. ncbi Femur shaft fractures in toddlers and young children: rarely from child abuse
    R M Schwend
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University at Buffalo, Children s Hospital, New York 14222, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 20:475-81. 2000
    ..Unless other evidence of abuse such as an inconsistent story, bruises, or other fractures are present, abuse is very unlikely to be involved in the walking-age child, analogous to the toddler fracture of the tibia...
  70. doi [The incidence and patterns of unintentional injuries in daily life in Korea: a nationwide study]
    Kunhee Park
    Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Department of Health Policy and Management
    J Prev Med Public Health 41:265-71. 2008
    ..This study was conducted to estimate the cumulative incidence rate (CIR) of unintentional injuries in Korean daily life and to describe the pattern of unintentional injuries...
  71. ncbi Bunk beds--a still underestimated risk for accidents in childhood?
    J M Mayr
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of Graz, Austria
    Eur J Pediatr 159:440-3. 2000
    A retrospective analysis of 218 bunk-bed accidents and a random sample survey with 991 family interviews were performed in order to establish guidelines for bunk-bed accident prevention. Falls from the top bed during sleep (35...
  72. ncbi The South African National Non-Natural Mortality Surveillance System--rationale, pilot results and evaluation
    A Butchart
    Institute for Social and Health Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria
    S Afr Med J 91:408-17. 2001
    ..The pilot study demonstrates the feasibility of the system, and identifies the need to remove organisational constraints and individual barriers if it is to be sustained and expanded beyond the pilot sites...
  73. ncbi Incidence and costs of accidents among attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder patients
    Andrine Swensen
    Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    J Adolesc Health 35:346.e1-9. 2004
    The purpose is to analyze the incidence and costs of accidents among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) patients.
  74. ncbi Suicidal events and accidents in 216 first-episode bipolar I disorder patients: predictive factors
    Hari Mandir Kaur Khalsa
    Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Mailman Research Center, McLean Division of Massachusetts General Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478 9106, USA
    J Affect Disord 106:179-84. 2008
    Risks of life-threatening behaviors are high among bipolar disorder (BPD) patients, but early rates and associated risk factors for suicides and accidents remain ill-defined.
  75. ncbi Epidemiology of deaths from injuries in the Islamic Republic of Iran
    M E Akbari
    Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
    East Mediterr Health J 12:382-90. 2006
    ..Most fatal injuries were unintentional (48.0/100 000). Deaths from traffic injuries (30.0/100 000) are the highest in the world. Of 1693 intentional fatal injuries, 61% were due to suicide, at a mean age of 29 years...
  76. ncbi Morbidity and accidents in patients with epilepsy: results of a European cohort study
    Ettore Beghi
    Centro Regionale per l Epilessia e Clinica Neurologica, Universita di Milano Bicocca, Monza, Italy
    Epilepsia 43:1076-83. 2002
    To assess the risk of illnesses and accidents in patients with epilepsy and to evaluate the proportion of those risks attributable to epilepsy.
  77. ncbi Childhood mental ability in relation to cause-specific accidents in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    QJM 100:405-14. 2007
    Few data link childhood mental ability (IQ) with risk of accidents, and most published studies have methodological limitations.
  78. pmc Injury in young people with intellectual disability: descriptive epidemiology
    J Sherrard
    Centre for Developmental Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
    Inj Prev 7:56-61. 2001
    ..To assess the public health importance of injury in a representative sample of young people with intellectual disability relative to the general population...
  79. pmc Hospital admissions and deaths relating to deliberate self-harm and accidents within 5 years of a cancer diagnosis: a national study in Scotland, UK
    D R Camidge
    University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh Cancer Centre, Western General Hospital, Crewe Road, Edinburgh, UK
    Br J Cancer 96:752-7. 2007
    ..to many medicines that may confuse or provide a means for harm, potentially also increasing their risk from accidents. Ratios of observed/expected numbers of hospital admission and death events relating to deliberate self-harm (..
  80. ncbi Accidents in patients with epilepsy: types, circumstances, and complications: a European cohort study
    Mariska van den Broek
    Epilepsia 45:667-72. 2004
    To investigate the risk of accidents in a cohort of patients with epilepsy and in matched nonepilepsy controls, by type, circumstances, and complications.
  81. ncbi Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder in children after accidental injury
    Justin A Kenardy
    School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    Pediatrics 118:1002-9. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the ability of the Child Trauma Screening Questionnaire to predict children at risk of developing distressing posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms 1 and 6 months after a traumatic accident...
  82. ncbi Accidents to preschool children: comparing family and neighbourhood risk factors
    R Reading
    School of Health Policy and Practice, UK
    Soc Sci Med 48:321-30. 1999
    ..higher in deprived urban neighbourhoods than in affluent areas but the multilevel analysis showed that, for all accidents, much of the variation in rates was accounted for by factors at the individual level i.e...
  83. ncbi Community-based study of unintentional injuries among preschool children in Damascus
    H Bashour
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Damascus University, Syrian Arab Republic
    East Mediterr Health J 14:398-405. 2008
    ..The most frequent injuries were from falls, 52.0%, and most injuries (73.9%) occurred inside the home. Area of residence was the only independent predictor for the occurrence of childhood injuries...
  84. ncbi Drudgery, accidents and injuries in Indian agriculture
    Pranab Kumar Nag
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Indian Council of Medical Research, Meghani Nagar, Ahmedabad 380016, India
    Ind Health 42:149-62. 2004
    ..The work drudgery, the traumatic accidents and injuries are the major concerns to examine options for ergonomics intervention and betterment of work in ..
  85. ncbi Illegal drugs-related fatalities in Slovenia
    M Zorec Karlovsek
    Medical Faculty, Institute for Forensic Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Korytkova 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Forensic Sci Int 146:S71-5. 2004
    ..Between 1997 and 2003, there was a downward trend in the average age in the group heroine/morphine only. Since 2001, we are the part of the national working group on key indicator "drug-related mortality" applying EMCDDA methodology...
  86. ncbi Work-related accidents and occupational diseases in veterinarians and their staff
    Albert Nienhaus
    Institution of Statutory Accident Insurance of the Health and Welfare Service, Pappelallee 35 37, 20089, Hamburg, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 78:230-8. 2005
    We assessed the occupational hazards in veterinary practice by analysing accident insurance data in order to stimulate strategies to prevent occupational accidents and diseases in veterinarians and their staff.
  87. doi Occupational disparities in accidents and roles of lifestyle factors and disabilities: a population-based study in north-eastern France
    M Khlat
    Institut National d Etudes Demographiques, 133 Boulevard Davout, 75980Paris Cedex 20, France
    Public Health 122:771-83. 2008
    To assess occupational disparities with regard to the occurrence of occupational, traffic, domestic and sports accidents, and the role of factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, psychotropic drug intake and ..
  88. ncbi Alcohol consumption and fatal accidents in Canada, 1950-98
    Ole Jørgen Skog
    Centre for Advanced Study, The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 98:883-93. 2003
    To evaluate the effects of changes in aggregate alcohol consumption on overall fatal accidents, motor vehicle accidents, fatal falling accidents and drowning accidents in Canadian provinces after 1950.
  89. doi Predicting children's post-traumatic stress symptoms following hospitalization for accidental injury: combining the Child Trauma Screening Questionnaire and heart rate
    Katherine A Olsson
    Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine CONROD, University of Queensland, Australia
    J Anxiety Disord 22:1447-53. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that the CTSQ-HR screen may increase identification of children who are likely to develop PTSD symptoms, enabling development of targeted prevention programs...
  90. ncbi Firearms accidents in Northern India (1980-2000)
    B P Singh
    Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Directorate of Forensic Science, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India, Chandigarh
    Med Sci Law 46:69-75. 2006
    This paper investigates firearms accidents from the last two decades (1980-2000), with information received from the three North Indian states, Chandigarh, Delhi and Himachal Pradesh and from the military and paramilitary organisations ..
  91. ncbi Occurrence and risk factors of unintentional injuries among 12- to 18-year-old Finns--a survey of 8219 adolescents
    Ville Mattila
    Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:437-44. 2004
    ....
  92. ncbi Harmful alcohol use of those who died a violent death (the extended region of Ljubljana 1995-1999)
    L Skibin
    Health Centre Sezana, SI 6210 Sezana, Partizanska cesta 24, Slovenia
    Forensic Sci Int 147:S49-52. 2005
    ..8% of all murder victims, 25.4% of suicides, 24.6% of victims involved in traffic accidents and 19.3% of those who died in accidents at home. 23...
  93. ncbi The incidence of home accidents is going down in Belgium
    D Devroey
    Department of Epidemiology, Scientific Institute Public Health, Juliette Wytsmanstraat 14, 1050, Brussels, Belgium
    Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 13:200-2. 2006
    The objective of the present study was to estimate the incidence of home accidents in Belgium in 2002 and to compare them with the results of 1996...
  94. ncbi Risk factors for fatal accidents and suicides in peacekeepers: is there an overlap?
    Siri Thoresen
    The Norwegian Armed Forces Joint Medical Centre, Medical Division, Psychiatry Branch, Sognsvannsveien 21, Building 20, N 0320 Oslo, Norway
    Mil Med 169:988-93. 2004
    Previous research has indicated that there is an increased risk of fatal accidents in veterans of military operations and that such accidental deaths may be related to mental health problems...
  95. pmc Global childhood unintentional injury surveillance in four cities in developing countries: a pilot study
    Adnan A Hyder
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 87:345-52. 2009
    ..To determine the frequency and nature of childhood injuries and to explore the risk factors for such injuries in low-income countries by using emergency department (ED) surveillance data...
  96. ncbi Predictors of psychosocial distress after suicide, SIDS and accidents
    Kari Dyregrov
    Center for Crisis Psychology, Bergen, Norway
    Death Stud 27:143-65. 2003
    ..of psychosocial distress of parents bereaved by young suicides, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and child accidents. One objective is to explore whether suicide bereavement is more difficult for those left behind than other ..
  97. ncbi Insulin sensitivity markers: predictors of accidents and suicides in Helsinki Heart Study screenees
    Beatrice A Golomb
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 55:767-73. 2002
    ..study was to evaluate whether elements signifying relative insulin sensitivity (IS) were prospectively linked to accidents and suicides in 14,976 Helsinki Heart Study (HHS) screenees...
  98. ncbi Distribution of accidents, injuries, and illnesses by family type. ALSPAC Study Team. Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood
    T G O'Connor
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 106:E68. 2000
    ..To investigate whether family type and psychosocial risks indexed by family type were systematically associated with differences in health outcomes in children...
  99. ncbi [Asphyxiation by suffocation and strangulation in children younger than 15 years of age]
    Alfredo Celis
    U de G, CUCS, Departamento de Salud Publica
    Gac Med Mex 140:503-6. 2004
    ..Our aim was to describe non-intentional strangulation or suffocation suffered by children under 15 years of age...
  100. ncbi Patterns of accidents among children visiting Jimma University Hospital, south west of Ethiopia
    Abebe G/mariam
    Department of public and Family Health, Jimma University
    Ethiop Med J 44:339-45. 2006
    b>Accidents are now becoming the leading causes of morbidity and mortality after the first year of life; hence the need to analyze the pattern in prospective manner will help plan preventive measures as well as indicate the magnitude of ..
  101. ncbi Ecological analysis of accidents and lethal violence in Vitória, Southeastern Brazil
    Márcia de Jesus Rocha Pereira Bastos
    Secretaria Municipal de Saúde, Prefeitura Municipal de Vitória, Vitoria, ES, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 43:123-32. 2009
    ..To analyze the socioeconomic background and its relationship with spatial distribution of mortality due to violence...

Research Grants79

  1. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Even more eye injuries occur in the home;with about 125,000 eye injuries a year caused by accidents involving common household products such as oven cleaner and bleach (source, American Academy of Ophthalmology)...
  2. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Even more eye injuries occur in the home;with about 125,000 eye injuries a year caused by accidents involving common household products such as oven cleaner and bleach (source, American Academy of Ophthalmology)...
  3. Ligand Directed Transdermal siRNA Delivery to Improve Wound Healing
    David M Evans; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition, many traumatic wounds are incurred through accidents or from combat casualties and there is a need for an accelerated wound repair treatment for patients who undergo ..
  4. Controlling Radiation Injury by TLR5 Agonists
    Andrei V Gudkov; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The potential scenarios for nuclear accidents and terrorist attacks in today's world imply mass radiation injury casualties affected by systemic exposure ..
  5. Clinical Development of Hemostatic Agent ClotFoam for Severe Hemorrhage
    Maja Nowakowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hemorrhage, resulting from traumatic injuries, is a major cause of death in accidents, and the primary cause of death on the battlefield...
  6. Respiratory and autonomic plasticity following intermittent hypoxia
    JASON HAROLD MATEIKA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..promptly, obstructive sleep apnea may result in daytime fatigue which may lead to increased prevalence of accidents while driving or in the workplace...
  7. Evaluation of obstructive sleep apnea with long range 3D endoscopic FDOCT
    Jun Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..lack of concentration and memory problems with consequences including increased risk of motor vehicle accidents and the development of cardiovascular diseases with risk for sudden death...
  8. Imbalances in Calcium Homeostasis: Mechanism Behind Ethanol-Related Dendritic Deg
    Cynthia A Dlugos; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Permanent deficits result from these alterations that become more prevalent with age and predispose our increasing elderly population to falls, accidents, and cognitive dysfunctions.
  9. Implantation of physiologically functional bioengineered innervated IAS construct
    Khalil N Bitar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Individuals who are incontinent may experience anxiety about "accidents," depression, social isolation, and social exclusion. The management of incontinence itself is burdensome...
  10. Repair of Airway Epithelium Following Chlorine Lung Injury
    Gary W Hoyle; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..that is considered a chemical threat agent because of the possibility that it could be released in industrial accidents or terrorist attacks...
  11. Optic Nerve Aging and Glaucoma
    Thasarat Vajaranant; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..visual impairment and substantial secondary risks to health including depression, falls and motor vehicle accidents. Approximately 3% percent of the world population aged 40 years and older has glaucoma...
  12. Discovery of Selective MT1 Melatonin Receptor Ligands for Sleep Disorders
    Margarita L Dubocovich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..work, decreased attention and productivity, daytime drowsiness, incoordination, and often leading to serious accidents. At present, these sleep disorders are treated by over-the-counter or prescription hypnotic medications...
  13. Reducing Care-Resistant Behaviors During Oral Hygiene in Persons with Dementia
    Rita A Jablonski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..them to harmful systemic problems such as pneumonia, hyperglycemia, cardiac disease, and cerebral vascular accidents. The purpose of this study is to determine whether CRBs can be reduced, and oral health improved, through the ..
  14. Targeting Injury Pathways to Counteract Pulmonary Agent and Vesicant Toxicity
    Sven Eric Jordt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are considered among the most imminent chemical threats to be diverted for terrorism attacks, or released during accidents. In the last four years research in the Jordt laboratory has identified TRPA1, a Transient Receptor Potential ..
  15. Mechanisms and translation of lipid resuscitation
    Guy L Weinberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..contributing to 36,000 fatalities in 2007 placing it ahead of gunshot wounds and just behind motor vehicle accidents. Moreover, veterans are at particular risk given the prevalence of both illicit drug abuse and the difficulty ..
  16. Novel strategy to mitigate and treat radiation combined infection injury by targe
    Shyam Biswal; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..responders being exposed to ionizing radiation is high in scenarios of nuclear/radiological terrorism or accidents. Reactive oxygen species and electrophiles generated after radiation exposure is involved in impaired immune ..
  17. 16th ISBRA Conference
    Edward P Riley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It plays a significant role in cirrhosis, epilepsy, traffic accidents, poisonings, cancer and violence...
  18. Impaired hippocampal function as a risk factor for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    Almira Vazdarjanova; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with PTSD susceptibility, are more likely to develop PTSD when they experience non-combat trauma, such as auto accidents, assault, and natural disasters...
  19. Molecular Control of Gut Permeability in Trauma
    Mack H Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from flame/chemical burns in combat or anti-terrorist actions as well as from non- work related fire or scald accidents. Despite the improved critical care and wound management, posttraumatic complications remain a life-threatening ..
  20. A Mouse Model for Emotional Disorder Caused by Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    ANTON J REINER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..TBI is an extremely common occurrence during military combat, sports, recreational activities, and vehicular accidents. Mild TBI involves closed-head injury from a primary blast shock wave, or head acceleration - deceleration ..
  21. Mitochondrial Bioenergetic Dysfunction and Chlorine Toxicity
    Sadis Matalon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exposure to Cl2, released into the atmosphere during transportation and industrial accidents, as well as acts of terrorism resulted in significant morbidity and mortality to both humans and animals...
  22. Prediction of Physiological Events in People with Sleep Disordered Breathing
    Jonathan A Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..OSA- associated EDS and cognitive dysfunction are thought to significantly contribute to automobile accidents and workplace injuries...
  23. Prolonged Grief and Functioning of Parents after the Hermosillo Day Care Fire
    Fran H Norris; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..informed by research on parents whose children died or were injured in individual events, such as vehicular accidents. For better or worse, the experience of each parent in this circumstance was shared by many others...
  24. Stress, Neurodevelopment and the Emergence of Addictive Behaviors in Adolescence
    HILARY PATRICIA BLUMBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for the emergence of addictive behaviors that not only place adolescents at immediate risk for morbidity and for accidents, suicide, and violent behavior (the leading causes of death in this age group), but also contribute to lifelong ..
  25. Development and Validation of a Diagnostic Tool for Infant Head Injuries from Fal
    SUSAN SHEPS contact MARGULIES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The predominant etiologies of TBI in young children are motor vehicle accidents, firearm incidents, falls, and child abuse...
  26. Countermeasures for chlorine-induced airway fibrosis
    Gary W Hoyle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that is considered a chemical threat agent because of the possibility that it could be released in industrial accidents or terrorist attacks...
  27. Insomnia and Sleep Disordered Breathing in Seniors: A Longitudinal Outcome Study
    Nalaka S Gooneratne; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of insomnia symptoms has been found in longitudinal studies to be associated with increased risks of depression, accidents, and falls and may lead to increased mortality...
  28. Serum microRNA as biomarker for radiation injury to lung and hematopoietic cells
    Dipanjan Chowdhury; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hence, radiation exposure in terrorist events, industrial accidents or natural disasters (such as the nuclear disaster after the tsunami in Japan) is a current and continuing ..
  29. Ethanol modulation of nicotinic receptors
    John McDaid; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Alcohol impairs judgment and reaction times, a major factor in alcohol related accidents leading to an untold cost in lives lost...
  30. Hands-Free Assistive Reading Technology for Persons with Disabilities
    IRENE SANDRA SCHIPPER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Included in this population, for example, are patients who have suffered cerebrovascular accidents, spinal cord injuries, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and arthritic ..
  31. Mechanisms of MCP-1 in lung contusion with and without gastric aspiration
    Krishnan Raghavendran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Lung contusion is a common injury sustained by victims of motor vehicular accidents and blast trauma...
  32. Post-Irradiation Intervention to Mitigate and Treat Non Hematological Radiation
    JOHN MOULDER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of the non-hematological radiation injuries that will occur in victims of radiological terrorism or radiation accidents who receive doses in excess of 5 Gy, and for whom hematological toxicity is prevented or avoided...
  33. Nitrosylation Mechanisms for Protection Against Neurovascular Inflammatory Injury
    Avtar K Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: As a consequence of war, accidents and sport injury, an increasing number of young Americans are suffering from brain trauma...
  34. Intracavitary Hemostatic Agent for Non-compressible Hemorrhage
    Martin Bluth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hemorrhage resulting from traumatic injuries is a major cause of death in accidents, and the primary cause of death on the battlefield...
  35. Bioactive Scaffolds for Regeneration in Spinal Cord Injury
    Samuel I Stupp; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Spinal cord injury is most often caused by accidents, it primarily affects young adults, and it is estimated that 259,000 Americans currently live with its ..
  36. Alcohol Advertising, Drinking and Driving: A Study of Underage Youth and Adults
    Dean R Lillard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For example, in 2006 alcohol was involved in traffic accidents that killed 13,740 people in the U.S...
  37. Inflammasome regulation after spinal cord injury
    Robert W Keane; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The main cause of SCI in young males is motor-vehicle accidents and most spinal cord traumas occur at the cervical spinal cord level...
  38. Human circadian sensitivity to very short light pulses
    Elizabeth B Klerman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..with local time, such as with night or rotating work shifts or jet lag, is associated with illness, errors and accidents. Other non-visual effects of ocular light exposure include melatonin suppression (signal for seasonal ..
  39. Pancreatic endocrine network control of glucagon counterregulation
    Anthony L McCall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hypoglycemia can cause coma, seizures, accidents or even death...
  40. TAS::75 0849::TAS
    Wenlin Deng; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..for indications (1) radiotherapy associated enteritis and (2) GI injury due to nuclear accidents or incidents. Aim #1. Evaluate the radioprotecting/mitigating effect of DFMO on GI injury Aim #2...
  41. Engineering fibrin polymers for enhanced angiogenesis
    THOMAS HARRISON BARKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are of critical importance in response to vascular injury, whether those injuries are a result of traumatic accidents or planned injuries as in the case of surgery...
  42. Ethanol Effects on Recovery after Injury
    Elizabeth J Kovacs; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Ethanol exposure is not only a risk factor for the events that lead up to the fire-related accidents, but also leads to increased morbidity and mortality among burned patients...
  43. Innovative Biomarkers to Predict Radiation Lung Injury
    MEETHA M MEDHORA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The lung is a radiosensitive organ and at least half of all the nuclear accidents reported between 1950 and 2000 include lung injuries...
  44. Physical Regulation of Muscle Stem Cells in Bioengineered 3D Models
    PENNEY MARIE GILBERT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..aging, cancer or physical inactivity impairs quality of life and increases the risk of mobility related accidents. Adult skeletal muscle contains stem cells that are responsible for the day to day repair of skeletal muscle ..
  45. Chronic Moderate Sleep Restriction in Older Long and Older Average Sleepers
    Shawn D Youngstedt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..glucose tolerance, sleepiness, depression, quality of life, psychomotor vigilance, incidence of automobile accidents, incidence of illness, and multiple markers of inflammation...
  46. Building Partnerships to Enhance Health and Health Care Delivery in Alabama and G
    RUEBEN CLIFTON WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Cardiovascular diseases and stroke, chemical dependency, diabetes, homicide and accidents, HIV/AIDS and infant mortality added to cancer account for more than 80 percent of the excess mortality observed ..
  47. p75NTR Ligands for Treament of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Stephen M Massa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a significant and growing percentage of injuries in the veteran population;sequelae of explosions, motor vehicle accidents and falls...
  48. Vaccine Strategies for Candidal Infections
    John P Hennessey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..surgery to the chest or abdomen, being the victim of trauma injuries (both domestic, such as motor vehicle accidents, and military), having extensive burn injuries, being a premature neonate, and having cancer and undergoing ..
  49. Intervention for Disabling Anxiety in Older Adults Injured By Falls
    Nimali Jayasinghe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..phobia exist, little work has been done to apply these to the needs of older adults, especially those injured by accidents such as falls...
  50. Long-Term Lung Health After Exposure to Chlorine Gas
    ERIK ROBERT SVENDSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Chlorination accidents are common, exposing thousands of people collectively each year [1, 2, 5-16]...
  51. Thalamic Visual Prosthesis
    John S Pezaris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to diseases of the eye like glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa and macular degeneration, or trauma to the eye from accidents or military combat...
  52. Stem Cell Based Soft Tissue Reconstruction
    Jeremy J Mao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cancer resection surgeries of breast and facial malignancies lead to disfiguration. Injuries during war or accidents result in soft tissue wounds and defects...
  53. Therapeutic Effects of Cataract Removal in Alzheimer's Disease
    GROVER CLEVELAND GILMORE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The removal of cataracts has documented benefits for basic vision and for reducing accidents and falls...
  54. Reducing Unhealthy Alcohol Use in Older Hispanic Day Laborers
    ALISON AHERN MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Further, Hispanics are more likely than other racial/ethnic groups to die from liver disease and accidents;conditions associated with alcohol use...
  55. Morbidity and Mortality Relating to Gastric Bypass Surgery
    Steven C Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that gastric bypass patients are more prone to post-surgical problems such as suicide, drug overdose, or accidents is required to be able to assess how and to what extent counseling should be provided to these subjects to ..
  56. Sleep in Cardiac patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD)
    CHRISTINA MCCRAE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of ICD patients, potentially contributing to a variety of negative consequences (decreased quality of life, accidents) in this already vulnerable patient population...
  57. Innate Immunity in Trauma Hemorrhage
    Race L Kao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): Trauma-hemorrhage is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in immediate survivors of accidents, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, warfare casualties and medical emergencies...
  58. Assessment of Upper Airway Mechanics Using Newer EMG Techniques
    Atul Malhotra; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2006 29:1260) RELEVANCE (See instructions): Obstructive sleep apnea is strongly implicated in motor vehicle accidents as well as high blood pressure and stroke...
  59. Unobtrusive measurement of sleep disordered breathing in the home
    Tamara Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in the range of $30-50 billion per year;indirect costs including absenteeism from work and fatigue-related accidents is estimated to be $210 billion...
  60. Probiotic Yogurt for the Treatment of Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy
    Jasmohan S Bajaj; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..basis for a RO1 proposal to develop the use of probiotics as a biologically-based alternative treatment with long-term outcomes of prognosis, development of overt encephalopathy and prevention of traffic accidents in patients with MHE.
  61. Human circadian, sleep, cardiovascular and neurobehavioral responses to light
    Elizabeth B Klerman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with local time, such as with night or rotating work shifts or jet lag, is associated with illness, errors and accidents. Other non-visual effects of ocular light exposure include melatonin suppression (as a signal for seasonal ..
  62. Quantifying the "Fatigue Factor": Hearing Loss, Speech Processing and Fatigue
    BENJAMIN WY HORNSBY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Fatigued adults in the workplace are less productive and more prone to accidents, and adults with fatigue are less active, more socially isolated, less able to monitor their own self-care, and ..
  63. Development of Experimental and Computational Models for Traumatic Aortic Rupture
    Kurosh Darvish; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Traumatic Aortic Rupture (TAR) is a leading cause of fatality in motor vehicle accidents. About 20 percent of fatalities in motor vehicle crashes are caused by aortic injuries...
  64. Improving Patient Safety by Reducing Medication Errors
    BRIAN STROM; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..most common and potentially preventable types of medical errors, accounting for more deaths than motor vehicle accidents, breast cancer, or HIV, and an annual cost of $17 to 29 billion...
  65. Predicting Skeletal Stability of Endoprostheses for Above Elbow Amputees
    Kent N Bachus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, locally within the United States, high-energy motor vehicle collisions and all-terrain vehicle accidents are the top contributors to the number of limbs amputated due to traumas...
  66. Web-Based Interactive Multimedia CBT Bereavement Support Program
    VICKY GELATT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5 billion in increased health utilization, absenteeism, reduced productivity (presenteeism), and errors/accidents due to poor concentration...
  67. Executive Functioning in OEF/OIF Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury
    Juliana Baldo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Unfortunately, many individuals with mild traumatic brain injuries stemming from exposure to blasts or other accidents do not get properly evaluated and treated, due to the subtle nature of their injuries...
  68. ALCOHOL INTERACTION WITH L1 CELL ADHESION MOLECULE
    MICHAEL CHARNESS; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..remains a major public health problem, costing the nations billions annually through medical complications, accidents, alcohol-associated violence, and lost productivity...
  69. Development and Translational Assesment of a Tongue-Based Assistive Neuro-Technol
    Maysam Ghovanloo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..with Severe Neurological Disorders More than two million Americans suffer from paralysis as a result of accidents, acts of violence, and neurological diseases...
  70. Occupational Health: A Basic Right at Work ? An Asset to Society
    Bonnie Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition, each year there are some 268 million non-fatal workplace accidents in which the victims miss at least three days of work as a result, as well as 160 million new cases of work-..
  71. Polymer Web Sensing System
    LEONID BUKSHPUN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Skin diseases resulting from occupational accidents are the most common non-trauma-related occupational illness...
  72. Renewing a Century of Committment to a Healthy, Safe & Prod Working Life
    M E BONNIE ROGERS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, each year there are some 268 million non-fatal workplace accidents in which the victims miss at least three days of work as a result, as well as 160 million new cases of work-..
  73. Alcohol Consumption & Mortality in the US 1950-2000
    William Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..as psychosis, dependence and polyneuropathy, all external causes and the subcategories of suicide, homicide, all accidents and motor vehicle accidents, and all cause mortality...
  74. PUPILLOMETRIC SLEEPINESS IN TREATED SLEEP DISORDERS
    Joan Shaver; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and narcolepsy can experience a diminished quality of life, decreased productivity, and workplace and traffic accidents due to the pathologic excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) associated with these disorders...
  75. Biomechanical Investigation of Pediatric Accidents
    Gina Bertocci; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Additionally, for each case they intend to advance the biomechanical understanding of pediatric accidents through scene investigations coupled with biodynamic calculations characterizing the accident...
  76. Changes in Homicide and Drug Overdose in New York City
    Kenneth Tardiff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..determine the incidence, temporal trends, and correlates of homicide, accidental drug overdoses and other fatal accidents with a focus on identifying the emerging role of newer drugs such as ecstasy and oxycodone...
  77. ETHANOL EFFECTS ON GLIAL RESPONSES TO CNS TISSUE INSULT
    David Davies; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Abuse of alcohol is associated with a high incidence of accidents and violence. The occurrence of injuries to the head and brain including penetrating wounds, lacerations and contusions is well documented...
  78. Cytokines for Immune Protection from Acute Irradiation
    George Georges; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The threat of terrorist attacks involving radioactive material and the potential for radiation accidents require the development of improved treatment strategies for victims of radiation exposure...
  79. Short & Long Term Suicide Risk Factors
    Mark Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..risk factors for suicide versus those for death by natural causes or mortality due to external factors such as accidents and homicide...