public health

Summary

Summary: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1423-34. 2007
  2. ncbi Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    Miriam E Nelson
    John Hancock Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1435-45. 2007
  3. ncbi The pandemic of physical inactivity: global action for public health
    Harold W Kohl
    University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston School of Public Health, USA
    Lancet 380:294-305. 2012
  4. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University, USA
    Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007
  5. ncbi Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health
    T Lobstein
    IASO International Obesity TaskForce, 231 North Gower Street, London NW1 2NS, UK
    Obes Rev 5:4-104. 2004
  6. ncbi An overview of the evolution of enterovirus 71 and its clinical and public health significance
    Peter C McMinn
    Division of Virology, TVW Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, 100 Roberts Road, Subiaco, WA 6008, Australia
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 26:91-107. 2002
  7. ncbi Epidemic dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever as a public health, social and economic problem in the 21st century
    Duane J Gubler
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, US Dept of Health and Human Services, PO Box 2087, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Trends Microbiol 10:100-3. 2002
  8. ncbi Chronic kidney disease as a global public health problem: approaches and initiatives - a position statement from Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes
    A S Levey
    Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Kidney Int 72:247-59. 2007
  9. ncbi The global emergence/resurgence of arboviral diseases as public health problems
    Duane J Gubler
    Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Arch Med Res 33:330-42. 2002
  10. ncbi Impact of regional climate change on human health
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
    Nature 438:310-7. 2005

Research Grants

  1. Noise, Solvents, and Hearing Loss
    Peter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Child & Family Disaster Research Training & Education
    Betty Pfefferbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
  3. Delphi Evaluation of Alcohol Advertising Codes
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
  5. Brief Interventions for nicotine and cannabis use
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. A Treatment Outcome Analysis for Behavioral Addictions
    Debi LaPlante; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving Jail
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. Evaluating Alcohol Brief Intervention Implementation
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
  10. Investigating the Health and Mortality of Veterans
    Ryan Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2008

Detail Information

Publications262 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1423-34. 2007
    ..and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published national guidelines on Physical Activity and Public Health. The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported ..
  2. ncbi Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    Miriam E Nelson
    John Hancock Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1435-45. 2007
    ..To issue a recommendation on the types and amounts of physical activity needed to improve and maintain health in older adults...
  3. ncbi The pandemic of physical inactivity: global action for public health
    Harold W Kohl
    University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston School of Public Health, USA
    Lancet 380:294-305. 2012
    ....
  4. ncbi Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association
    William L Haskell
    Stanford University, USA
    Circulation 116:1081-93. 2007
    ..and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published national guidelines on Physical Activity and Public Health. The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported ..
  5. ncbi Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health
    T Lobstein
    IASO International Obesity TaskForce, 231 North Gower Street, London NW1 2NS, UK
    Obes Rev 5:4-104. 2004
  6. ncbi An overview of the evolution of enterovirus 71 and its clinical and public health significance
    Peter C McMinn
    Division of Virology, TVW Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, 100 Roberts Road, Subiaco, WA 6008, Australia
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 26:91-107. 2002
    ..agents and a vaccine is not currently available, control of EV71 epidemics through high-level surveillance and public health intervention needs to be maintained and extended throughout the Asia-Pacific region...
  7. ncbi Epidemic dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever as a public health, social and economic problem in the 21st century
    Duane J Gubler
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, US Dept of Health and Human Services, PO Box 2087, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Trends Microbiol 10:100-3. 2002
    Dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever is now one of the most important public health problems in tropical developing countries and also has major economic and societal consequences.
  8. ncbi Chronic kidney disease as a global public health problem: approaches and initiatives - a position statement from Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes
    A S Levey
    Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Kidney Int 72:247-59. 2007
    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global public health problem...
  9. ncbi The global emergence/resurgence of arboviral diseases as public health problems
    Duane J Gubler
    Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Arch Med Res 33:330-42. 2002
    ..for the dramatic resurgence of arboviral diseases in the waning years of the 20th century are discussed, as is the need for rebuilding the public health infrastructure to deal with epidemic vector-borne diseases in the 21st century.
  10. ncbi Impact of regional climate change on human health
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
    Nature 438:310-7. 2005
    ....
  11. ncbi Heat stress and public health: a critical review
    R Sari Kovats
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit PEHRU, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Annu Rev Public Health 29:41-55. 2008
    ..The prevention of deaths in the community caused by extreme high temperatures (heat waves) is now an issue of public health concern...
  12. ncbi An ecological approach to creating active living communities
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:297-322. 2006
    ..Collaborations with policy researchers may improve the likelihood of translating research findings into changes in environments, policies, and practices...
  13. pmc Developmental origins of non-communicable disease: implications for research and public health
    Robert Barouki
    INSERM UMR S, Universite Paris Descartes, France
    Environ Health 11:42. 2012
    ..prevention and is sufficiently robust and repeatable across species, including humans, to require a policy and public health response...
  14. ncbi Realist randomised controlled trials: a new approach to evaluating complex public health interventions
    Chris Bonell
    Centre for Evidence Based Intervention, Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford, 32 Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2ER, UK
    Soc Sci Med 75:2299-306. 2012
    Randomized trials of complex public health interventions generally aim to identify what works, accrediting specific intervention 'products' as effective...
  15. ncbi The public health significance and control of schistosomiasis in China--then and now
    Xiao Nong Zhou
    National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai 200025, China
    Acta Trop 96:97-105. 2005
    ..Finally, we discuss remaining challenges for schistosomiasis control with the ultimate goal of disease elimination...
  16. ncbi Hantavirus infections in Europe and their impact on public health
    Antti Vaheri
    Department of Virology, Haartman Institute, and Research Programs Unit, Infection Biology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Rev Med Virol 23:35-49. 2013
    ..No vaccine or specific therapy is in general use in Europe. We conclude that hantaviruses have a significant impact on public health in Europe.
  17. ncbi The public health effect of economic crises and alternative policy responses in Europe: an empirical analysis
    David Stuckler
    Department of Sociology, Oxford University, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 374:315-23. 2009
    ..We investigated how economic changes have affected mortality rates over the past three decades and identified how governments might reduce adverse effects...
  18. pmc Health literacy and public health: a systematic review and integration of definitions and models
    Kristine Sørensen
    Department of International Health, Research School of Primary Care and Public Health, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 12:80. 2012
    ..The aim of the study is to review definitions and models on health literacy to develop an integrated definition and conceptual model capturing the most comprehensive evidence-based dimensions of health literacy...
  19. ncbi Social internet sites as a source of public health information
    Karl Vance
    Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, PO Box 6510, Mail Stop F703, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Dermatol Clin 27:133-6, vi. 2009
    ..Dermatologists and other health care providers should recognize the importance of social media websites and their potential usefulness for disseminating health information...
  20. ncbi Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing and AmpC-producing Escherichia coli from livestock and companion animals, and their putative impact on public health: a global perspective
    C Ewers
    Institute of Microbiology and Epizootics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Microbiol Infect 18:646-55. 2012
    ..In conclusion, the opinion that animal ESBL-producing E. coli is a major source of human infections is oversimplified, and neglects a highly complex scenario...
  21. pmc The use of research evidence in public health decision making processes: systematic review
    Lois Orton
    Public Health and Policy, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, Merseyside, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e21704. 2011
    The use of research evidence to underpin public health policy is strongly promoted. However, its implementation has not been straightforward...
  22. ncbi The health and health system of South Africa: historical roots of current public health challenges
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 374:817-34. 2009
    ..The public health system has been transformed into an integrated, comprehensive national service, but failures in leadership and ..
  23. pmc HIV infection and tuberculosis in South Africa: an urgent need to escalate the public health response
    Salim S Abdool Karim
    Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 374:921-33. 2009
    ..Strong leadership, political will, social mobilisation, adequate human and financial resources, and sustainable development of health-care services are needed for successful implementation of these approaches...
  24. pmc Community-based participatory research contributions to intervention research: the intersection of science and practice to improve health equity
    Nina Wallerstein
    Department of Family and Community Medicine and Office of Community Health, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:S40-6. 2010
    ....
  25. ncbi Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997
    ..Routine analysis using conceptually coherent and consistent measures of socioeconomic position in US public health research and surveillance, however, remains rare...
  26. pmc Assessing the potential effectiveness of food and beverage taxes and subsidies for improving public health: a systematic review of prices, demand and body weight outcomes
    L M Powell
    Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Obes Rev 14:110-28. 2013
    ..Pricing instruments should continue to be considered and evaluated as potential policy instruments to address public health risks.
  27. pmc Climate change and range expansion of the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) in Northeastern USA: implications for public health practitioners
    Ilia Rochlin
    Suffolk County Vector Control, Yaphank, New York, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e60874. 2013
    ..albopictus infestations. This mosquito species presents unique challenges to public health agencies and has already strained the resources available to mosquito control programs within its current ..
  28. ncbi Effect of modest salt reduction on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Implications for public health
    F J He
    Blood Pressure Unit, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 16:761-70. 2002
    ..These trials are not appropriate, therefore, for helping to inform public health policy, which is for a more modest reduction in salt intake, ie, from a usual intake of approximately 10 to ..
  29. pmc Ensemble modeling of the likely public health impact of a pre-erythrocytic malaria vaccine
    Thomas Smith
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 9:e1001157. 2012
    ..Their applicability to low transmission settings is unclear. Evaluations of the efficiency of different deployment strategies in diverse settings should consider uncertainties in model structure...
  30. ncbi Drug-resistant malaria: molecular mechanisms and implications for public health
    Ines Petersen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Parasitology, Universitatsklinikum Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    FEBS Lett 585:1551-62. 2011
    ..This review attempts to summarize the unique factors presented by malarial parasites that lead to the emergence and spread of drug resistance, and gives an overview of known resistance mechanisms to currently used antimalarial drugs...
  31. ncbi Proportion of the decline in cardiovascular mortality disease due to prevention versus treatment: public health versus clinical care
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 32:5-22. 2011
    ..Models suggest that additional large reductions in CHD mortality are feasible by either improving the distribution of risk factors in the population or raising the percentage of patients receiving evidence-based treatments...
  32. pmc Obesity stigma: important considerations for public health
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Director of Research and Weight Stigma Initiatives, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards St, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1019-28. 2010
    ..Despite decades of science documenting weight stigma, its public health implications are widely ignored...
  33. ncbi Public health impact of including two lineages of influenza B in a quadrivalent seasonal influenza vaccine
    Carrie Reed
    Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30033, United States
    Vaccine 30:1993-8. 2012
    ..We estimated the additional public health benefit of QIV compared with TIV by calculating the expected impact on influenza-related health outcomes (..
  34. pmc The global public health significance of Plasmodium vivax
    Katherine E Battle
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Adv Parasitol 80:1-111. 2012
    ..This information along with recent data documenting the severe morbid and fatal consequences of P. vivax infection indicates that the public health significance of P. vivax is likely to have been seriously underestimated.
  35. pmc A framework for public health action: the health impact pyramid
    Thomas R Frieden
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:590-5. 2010
    A 5-tier pyramid best describes the impact of different types of public health interventions and provides a framework to improve health...
  36. pmc Artemisinin-resistant malaria: research challenges, opportunities, and public health implications
    Rick M Fairhurst
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:231-41. 2012
    ..researchers and international programs, with the aim of translating new scientific evidence into public health solutions...
  37. pmc Studies needed to address public health challenges of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic: insights from modeling
    Maria D Van Kerkhove
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000275. 2010
    In light of the 2009 influenza pandemic and potential future pandemics, Maria Van Kerkhove and colleagues anticipate six public health challenges and the data needed to support sound public health decision making.
  38. ncbi Health by association? Social capital, social theory, and the political economy of public health
    Simon Szreter
    Faculty of History and Fellow of St John s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TP, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:650-67. 2004
    Three perspectives on the efficacy of social capital have been explored in the public health literature...
  39. ncbi Primary prevention of hypertension: clinical and public health advisory from The National High Blood Pressure Education Program
    Paul K Whelton
    Department of Epidemiology and Medicine, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
    JAMA 288:1882-8. 2002
    ..Applying these approaches to the general population as a component of public health and clinical practice can help prevent blood pressure from increasing and can help decrease elevated blood ..
  40. ncbi The global counterfeit drug trade: patient safety and public health risks
    Tim K Mackey
    Institute of Health Law Studies, California Western School of Law, San Diego, California, USA
    J Pharm Sci 100:4571-9. 2011
    ..This multibillion-dollar industry does not respect geopolitical borders, and threatens public health in both rich and resource-poor nations alike...
  41. pmc Diabetes in Sub Saharan Africa 1999-2011: epidemiology and public health implications. A systematic review
    Victoria Hall
    Freelance Public Health Research Consultant, Private Practice, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:564. 2011
    ..This paper aims to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the epidemiological trends and public health implications of diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  42. ncbi Dose-response analyses using restricted cubic spline functions in public health research
    Loic Desquilbet
    AgroParisTech, UMR 1290 BIOGER CPP, F 75005 Paris, France
    Stat Med 29:1037-57. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi Public health challenges and prospects for malaria control and elimination
    Pedro L Alonso
    Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, Hospital Clinic, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Nat Med 19:150-5. 2013
    ..Addressing these challenges in a comprehensive and timely way will allow us to sustain the gains made so far and make further progress in control and progressive elimination...
  44. pmc Using crowdsourcing technology for testing multilingual public health promotion materials
    Anne M Turner
    Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    J Med Internet Res 14:e79. 2012
    Effective communication of public health messages is a key strategy for health promotion by public health agencies...
  45. pmc Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases
    S S Morse
    Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021 6399, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 1:7-15. 1995
    ..The editors welcome, as contributions to the Perspectives section, overviews, syntheses, and case studies that shed light on how and why infections emerge, and how they may be anticipated and prevented...
  46. ncbi Public health importance of triggers of myocardial infarction: a comparative risk assessment
    Tim S Nawrot
    Centre for Environmental Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium
    Lancet 377:732-40. 2011
    ..However, the importance and relevance of each trigger are uncertain. We compared triggers of myocardial infarction at an individual and population level...
  47. pmc Endocrine-disrupting chemicals and public health protection: a statement of principles from The Endocrine Society
    R Thomas Zoeller
    Biology Department, University of Massachusetts, 611 North Pleasant Street, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
    Endocrinology 153:4097-110. 2012
    ....
  48. ncbi Livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus: origin, evolution and public health threat
    J Ross Fitzgerald
    The Roslin Institute and Edinburgh Infectious Diseases, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Campus, Edinburgh EH25 NRG, UK
    Trends Microbiol 20:192-8. 2012
    ..aureus clones affecting livestock has been highlighted. Here, I summarise recent developments in this emerging field and suggest questions of importance for future research efforts...
  49. ncbi Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT): toward a public health approach to the management of substance abuse
    Thomas F Babor
    University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
    Subst Abus 28:7-30. 2007
    ..That SBIRT yields short-term improvements in individuals' health is irrefutable; long-term effects on population health have not yet been demonstrated, but simulation models suggest that the benefits could be substantial...
  50. ncbi How many steps/day are enough? Preliminary pedometer indices for public health
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona 85212, USA
    Sports Med 34:1-8. 2004
    ..or=10000 steps/day indicates the point that should be used to classify individuals as 'active'. Individuals who take >12500 steps/day are likely to be classified as 'highly active'...
  51. pmc Effectiveness-implementation hybrid designs: combining elements of clinical effectiveness and implementation research to enhance public health impact
    Geoffrey M Curran
    Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, and Department of Psychiatry, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA
    Med Care 50:217-26. 2012
    ..This study proposes a "hybrid effectiveness-implementation" typology, describes a rationale for their use, outlines the design decisions that must be faced, and provides several real-world examples...
  52. ncbi Social marketing in public health
    Sonya Grier
    The University of Pennsylvania, Colonial Penn Center, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:319-39. 2005
    ..programs to promote socially beneficial behavior change, has grown in popularity and usage within the public health community. Despite this growth, many public health professionals have an incomplete understanding of the field...
  53. ncbi Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: overview and implications for policy makers
    Andy Haines
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 374:2104-14. 2009
    ..At the same time, major public health burdens remain in many regions...
  54. ncbi Increasing prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus: a public health perspective
    Assiamira Ferrara
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program of Northern California, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:S141-6. 2007
  55. pmc Aging, diabetes, and the public health system in the United States
    Carl J Caspersen
    Epidemiology and Statistics Branch, Office of the Director of the Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:1482-97. 2012
    ..Broad public health programs help, but effective, targeted interventions and expanded surveillance and research and better ..
  56. ncbi The prevention of canine leishmaniasis and its impact on public health
    Domenico Otranto
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, 70010 Valenzano, Bari, Italy
    Trends Parasitol 29:339-45. 2013
    ..infantum infection and subsequent disease development should be assessed by means of large-scale, randomized controlled field trials because this combined strategy may become the next frontier in the control of CanL. ..
  57. pmc Impacts of climate change on public health in India: future research directions
    Kathleen F Bush
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2029, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:765-70. 2011
    ..More research is needed, particularly in developing countries, to accurately predict the anticipated impacts and inform effective interventions...
  58. pmc Public health program capacity for sustainability: a new framework
    Sarah F Schell
    Center for Public Health Systems Science, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St, Louis, 700 Rosedale Ave, Campus Box 1009, St, Louis, MO, 63112, USA
    Implement Sci 8:15. 2013
    b>Public health programs can only deliver benefits if they are able to sustain activities over time...
  59. pmc From personal survival to public health: community leadership by men who have sex with men in the response to HIV
    Gift Trapence
    Centre for the Development of People, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Lancet 380:400-10. 2012
    ..Without MSM community involvement, government-run health programmes might have little chance of effectively reaching communities or scaling up interventions to lessen, and ultimately end, the HIV pandemic...
  60. pmc Crowdsourced health research studies: an important emerging complement to clinical trials in the public health research ecosystem
    Melanie Swan
    MS Futures Group, Palo Alto, CA 94306, United States
    J Med Internet Res 14:e46. 2012
    ....
  61. pmc Spatial distribution of bednet coverage under routine distribution through the public health sector in a rural district in Kenya
    Wendy Prudhomme O'Meara
    Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e25949. 2011
    ..social marketing with or without private sector subsidies; and integrating ITN delivery with other public health interventions...
  62. pmc The public health approach to identify antiretroviral therapy failure: high-level nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor resistance among Malawians failing first-line antiretroviral therapy
    Mina C Hosseinipour
    University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi
    AIDS 23:1127-34. 2009
    ..We evaluated drug resistance patterns among patients failing first-line ART on the basis of clinical or immunological criteria in Lilongwe and Blantyre, Malawi...
  63. pmc Public health significance of neuroticism
    Benjamin B Lahey
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Am Psychol 64:241-56. 2009
    ..not widely appreciated, there is growing evidence that neuroticism is a psychological trait of profound public health significance...
  64. ncbi Culicoides biting midges, arboviruses and public health in Europe
    Simon Carpenter
    The Pirbright Institute, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK Electronic address
    Antiviral Res 100:102-13. 2013
    ..These measures are placed in the context of legislative measures used during current and ongoing outbreaks of Culicoides-borne arboviruses in Europe, involving both veterinary and public health sectors.
  65. pmc Onchocerciasis in the Americas: from arrival to (near) elimination
    Ken Gustavsen
    Corporate Responsibility, Merck, 1 Merck Drive, WS2A 56, Whitehouse Station, New Jersey 08889, USA
    Parasit Vectors 4:205. 2011
    ..R12. The success of this public health program is due to a robust public-private partnership involving national governments, local communities, donor ..
  66. ncbi A public health approach to rapid scale-up of antiretroviral treatment in Malawi during 2004-2006
    David W Lowrance
    HIV AIDS Care and Treatment Branch, Global AIDS Program, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:287-93. 2008
    ..By December 31, 2007, more than 141,000 patients were initiated on antiretroviral treatment (ART) by use of a public health approach to scale up HIV services.
  67. pmc Unhealthy landscapes: Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and the Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 53726 4087, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1092-8. 2004
    ..be 3-fold: a) to provide information to local communities about the links between environmental change and public health; b) to facilitate fully interdisciplinary research from a variety of natural, social, and health sciences and ..
  68. ncbi Estimating the national public health burden associated with exposure to ambient PM2.5 and ozone
    Neal Fann
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    Risk Anal 32:81-95. 2012
    ..5) and ozone ranges from 3.5% in San Jose to 10% in Los Angeles. These results show that despite significant improvements in air quality in recent decades, recent levels of PM(2.5) and ozone still pose a nontrivial risk to public health.
  69. pmc Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency
    A H Smith
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7360, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1093-103. 2000
    ..Taken together with the discovery of arsenic in groundwater in other countries, the experience in Bangladesh shows that groundwater sources throughout the world that are used for drinking-water should be tested for arsenic...
  70. pmc Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge
    N Bruce
    Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, England
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1078-92. 2000
    ..Indoor air pollution is a major global public health threat requiring greatly increased efforts in the areas of research and policy-making...
  71. ncbi The public health impact of chloroquine resistance in Africa
    J F Trape
    Laboratoire de Paludologie, Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, formerly ORSTOM, Dakar, Senegal
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 64:12-7. 2001
    ..Here we review published data on the public health impact of antimalarial drug resistance in Africa...
  72. pmc Wikipedia: a key tool for global public health promotion
    James M Heilman
    University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
    J Med Internet Res 13:e14. 2011
    ..We invite the medical community to join in editing Wikipedia, with the goal of providing people with free access to reliable, understandable, and up-to-date health information...
  73. pmc Online advertising as a public health and recruitment tool: comparison of different media campaigns to increase demand for smoking cessation interventions
    Amanda L Graham
    The Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies, American Legacy Foundation, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    J Med Internet Res 10:e50. 2008
    ..Online ads can be implemented in many forms, and surveys consistently show that consumers are receptive. Few studies have examined the potential of online advertising to recruit smokers to cessation treatments...
  74. ncbi Climate change and extreme heat events
    George Luber
    National Center for Environmental Health, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:429-35. 2008
    ..Exposure to extreme heat is already a significant public health problem and the primary cause of weather-related mortality in the U.S...
  75. pmc Projections of Alzheimer's disease in the United States and the public health impact of delaying disease onset
    R Brookmeyer
    Department of Biostatistics, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 22105 2179, USA
    Am J Public Health 88:1337-42. 1998
    ..The goal of this study was to project the future prevalence and incidence of Alzheimer's disease in the United States and the potential impact of interventions to delay disease onset...
  76. ncbi The metabolic syndrome: a global public health problem and a new definition
    Paul Zimmet
    International Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia
    J Atheroscler Thromb 12:295-300. 2005
    ..it is thought to be a driver of the modern day epidemics of diabetes and CVD and has become a major public health challenge around the world. Since its initial description, several definitions of the syndrome have emerged...
  77. pmc Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA): a multicity study of short-term effects of air pollution on mortality
    Chit Ming Wong
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1195-202. 2008
    ..The Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) project assessed the effects of short-term exposure to air pollution on daily ..
  78. pmc Climate change and mosquito-borne disease
    P Reiter
    Dengue Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Department of Health and Human Services, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00920 3860
    Environ Health Perspect 109:141-61. 2001
    ..It is therefore inappropriate to use climate-based models to predict future prevalence...
  79. pmc Micronutrient deficits are still public health issues among women and young children in Vietnam
    Arnaud Laillou
    Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 7:e34906. 2012
    ..As no national data exist on the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies, a survey was conducted in 2010 to assess the micronutrient status of randomly selected 1526 women of reproductive age and 586 children aged 6-75 mo...
  80. pmc Municipal wastewater effluents as a source of listerial pathogens in the aquatic milieu of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a concern of public health importance
    Emmanuel E O Odjadjare
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology Research Group AEMREG, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice, South Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2376-94. 2010
    ..The study demonstrates a potential negative impact of the wastewater effluent on the receiving environment and suggests a serious public health implication for those who depend on the receiving watershed for drinking and other purposes.
  81. pmc Epidemiological benefits of more-effective tuberculosis vaccines, drugs, and diagnostics
    Laith J Abu-Raddad
    Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13980-5. 2009
    ..Elimination will require new delivery strategies, such as mass vaccination campaigns, and new products targeted at latently infected people...
  82. pmc Updates on Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex with respect to public health
    Nataliia Rudenko
    Biology Centre AS CR v v i AS CR, Institute of Parasitology, Branisovska 31, 37005 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2:123-8. 2011
    ..Recently, the definition of the disease has also changed. What was not considered Lyme borreliosis before might be now...
  83. pmc Personalized estimates of breast cancer risk in clinical practice and public health
    Mitchell H Gail
    Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethedsa, MD, USA
    Stat Med 30:1090-104. 2011
    ..High discriminatory accuracy of the risk model, in addition to good calibration, is desirable in this application, and the risk assessment should not be expensive in comparison with the intervention...
  84. pmc Lessons learned during public health response to cholera epidemic in Haiti and the Dominican Republic
    Jordan W Tappero
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2087-93. 2011
    ..of the epidemic and prevent deaths highlight the need for safe drinking water and basic medical care in such difficult circumstances and the need for rebuilding water, sanitation, and public health systems to prevent future epidemics.
  85. ncbi Microfluidic diagnostic technologies for global public health
    Paul Yager
    Department of Bioengineering, Box 355061, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Nature 442:412-8. 2006
    ..These systems must be inexpensive, but also accurate, reliable, rugged and well suited to the medical and social contexts of the developing world...
  86. pmc Public health threat of new, reemerging, and neglected zoonoses in the industrialized world
    Sally J Cutler
    University of East London, London, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1-7. 2010
    Microbiologic infections acquired from animals, known as zoonoses, pose a risk to public health. An estimated 60% of emerging human pathogens are zoonotic. Of these pathogens, >71% have wildlife origins...
  87. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminth infections: ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm
    Jeffrey Bethony
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20037, USA
    Lancet 367:1521-32. 2006
    ..Concerns about the sustainability of periodic deworming with benzimidazole anthelmintics and the emergence of resistance have prompted efforts to develop and test new control tools...
  88. ncbi Defining and measuring acculturation: a systematic review of public health studies with Hispanic populations in the United States
    Maria D Thomson
    University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 69:983-91. 2009
    In this systematic review we sought to identify how the public health literature focusing on Hispanic populations in the United States defined and measured the concept of acculturation...
  89. ncbi The toxicology of aflatoxins as a basis for public health decisions
    C P Wild
    Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Epidemiology and Health Services Research, Algernon Firth Building, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Mutagenesis 17:471-81. 2002
    ..Overall, integrated, multidisciplinary research on aflatoxins has provided the platform on which to base decisions regarding acceptable exposures and priorities for interventions to reduce human risk in a public health context.
  90. ncbi A wake up call for urinary schistosomiasis: reconciling research effort with public health importance
    D Rollinson
    Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratories, Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, UK
    Parasitology 136:1593-610. 2009
    ..Furthermore, emerging associations with HIV and other pathogens need to be closely monitored. Research is urgently needed to improve current knowledge in order to develop the next generation of control tools...
  91. pmc Choline: an essential nutrient for public health
    Steven H Zeisel
    Department of Nutrition at the Nutrition Research Institute, School of Public Health and School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Nutr Rev 67:615-23. 2009
    ..Given the importance of choline in a wide range of critical functions in the human body, coupled with less-than-optimal intakes among the population, dietary guidance should be developed to encourage the intake of choline-rich foods...
  92. ncbi The public health impact of Alzheimer's disease, 2000-2050: potential implication of treatment advances
    Philip D Sloane
    Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chaper Hill, 27599, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 23:213-31. 2002
    ..The public health impact of such changes would likely involve both the amount and type of health services needed...
  93. pmc Estimating the number of paediatric fevers associated with malaria infection presenting to Africa's public health sector in 2007
    Peter W Gething
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000301. 2010
    As international efforts to increase the coverage of artemisinin-based combination therapy in public health sectors gather pace, concerns have been raised regarding their continued indiscriminate presumptive use for treating all ..
  94. ncbi The veterinary and public health significance of hookworm in dogs and cats in Australia and the status of A. ceylanicum
    Carlysle S Palmer
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences and Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 145:304-13. 2007
    ..of dogs and cats and the risk factors associated with infection, as well as the need to reassess the veterinary and public health concerns regarding hookworm infection and its control, which are currently based on out-dated information.
  95. ncbi A tale of two health literacies: public health and clinical approaches to health literacy
    Andrew Pleasant
    Department of Human Ecology and Extension Department of Family and Community Health Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 55 Dudley Road 207, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Health Promot Int 23:152-9. 2008
    b>Public health concerns underlie a considerable portion of the global burden of disease, increasing the utility and need for promoting and assessing the knowledge about public health issues...
  96. ncbi Implications of the tobacco industry documents for public health and policy
    Lisa Bero
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0613, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 24:267-88. 2003
    The release of previously secret internal tobacco industry documents has given the public health community unprecedented insight into the industry's motives, strategies, tactics, and data...
  97. pmc Molecular analysis as an aid to assess the public health risk of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains
    Brian K Coombes
    Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Health Sciences Centre 4H17, 1200 Main St West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:2153-60. 2008
    ..The implications for transmissible zoonotic spread and public health are discussed...
  98. ncbi Shadow on the continent: public health and HIV/AIDS in Africa in the 21st century
    Kevin M De Cock
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet 360:67-72. 2002
    ..the evolution of the global response to the epidemic, and the importance of redefining HIV/AIDS in Africa as a public health and infectious disease emergency...
  99. ncbi Declining rates of physical activity in the United States: what are the contributors?
    Ross C Brownson
    Department of Community Health and Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, Missouri 63104, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:421-43. 2005
    ....
  100. ncbi Antiviral resistance during the 2009 influenza A H1N1 pandemic: public health, laboratory, and clinical perspectives
    Aeron C Hurt
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza, North Melbourne, Vic, Australia uenzacentre org
    Lancet Infect Dis 12:240-8. 2012
    ..The experiences of detecting and responding to resistance during the pandemic provided important lessons for public health, laboratory testing, and clinical management...
  101. pmc Childhood obesity: a framework for policy approaches and ethical considerations
    Rogan Kersh
    New York University Wagner School, New York, New York, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 8:A93. 2011
    ..We present these frameworks in the context of other papers in this collection and make recommendations for public health practice.

Research Grants103 found, 100 shown here

  1. Noise, Solvents, and Hearing Loss
    Peter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..
  2. Child & Family Disaster Research Training & Education
    Betty Pfefferbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..and national professionals, including psychologists, psychiatrists, mental health educators, nurses and other public health staff, disaster response services, and research personnel, creating 10 fully trained Local Multidisciplinary ..
  3. Delphi Evaluation of Alcohol Advertising Codes
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and developmental research project supported by NIAAA, we have been developing procedures that can be used by public health professionals and government officials to monitor the content of alcohol advertising on television and in ..
  4. Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Brief Interventions for nicotine and cannabis use
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. A Treatment Outcome Analysis for Behavioral Addictions
    Debi LaPlante; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By having easily accessible treatment information and evidence that provides a measure of confidence about the efficacy of addiction treatment practices, health care providers can greatly enhance their clinical confidence and skill. ..
  7. Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving Jail
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
  8. Evaluating Alcohol Brief Intervention Implementation
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..as reflected in constitutional, ethical, and social norms have affected the understanding and acceptability of public health surveillance...
  10. Investigating the Health and Mortality of Veterans
    Ryan Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Investigating health disparities is a critical frontier in public health because we do not fully understand why some groups are more healthy than others, even though health is a ..
  11. Evaluating industry codes governing malt liquor ads
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..research are to develop both methodological tools and empirical findings that will advance knowledge about the public health impact of malt liquor advertisements...
  12. Brief Intervention for Drug Abuse Using the WHO ASSIST
    Thomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  13. Economic Evaluation of Addiction Services
    JENNIFER RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The second project evaluates the incremental cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis of a three-arm public health intervention to prevent HIV and STDs in at-risk, drug-using women (Drs. Cottler and Weinstein)...
  14. Using Peers to Promote Exercise in Older Adults
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will contribute important public health information related to methods for expanding the scope and potential impact of the telephone model to a larger ..
  15. Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. WTC Impact, Familial Transmission and Child PTSD
    Christina Hoven; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  17. Computer-Based Physical Activity Advice for Ethnic Minority Aging Adults
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..S. population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Relevance to public health: This research investigates how hospital admissions and mortality are affected by ozone, a common urban air ..
  19. ROBUST LINKAGE METHODS FOR HUMAN PEDIGREE DATA
    Katrina Goddard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..At the end of the project period, a comprehensive set of tools for model-free affected relative pair analysis will be available. ..
  20. Fetal Growth Restriction & Maternal Cardiovascular Risk
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The presence of risk markers at an early age, specifically an age wherein markers of cardiovascular risk are typically not measured, may allow for implementation of early preventative interventions. ..
  21. Role of Genomic Imprinting in Developmental Neurotoxici*
    Ellen Silbergeld; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..2. To utilize high throughput methods to examine patterns of DNA methylation in candidate genes in sperm and zygote in order to detect the presence of male-mediated effects on imprinted genes involved in early development. ..
  22. PROMOTING EXERCISE, SLEEP AND WELL BEING IN OLDER ADULTS
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Association between Mortality and Long-term Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution in
    Haidong Kan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Levels of outdoor air pollution in China are among the highest in the world;however, there exists ..
  24. EXERCISE ADVICE BY HUMAN OR COMPUTER--TESTING 2 THEORIES
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Possible moderators and mediators of the response to intervention will be explored, as will costs associated with each intervention program. ..
  25. COMMUNITY STEPS TO MINORITY YOUTH FITNESS
    Antronette Yancey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Mediating variables are self-report behaviors and attitudes. 4. Compile and distribute a resource book that includes those behavior change strategies that were observed to work best with this population. ..
  26. Avian Influenza Vaccines for Pandemic Preparedness
    Daniel Perez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Internet as Supplier: Preventing Adolescent Use of Non-Medical Addictive Rx
    Amelia M Arria; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Adolescent non-medical use of highly addictive prescription opioid drugs, such as Vicodin and ..
  28. SUBTLE DISTURBANCES OF COBALAMIN STATUS
    Ralph Carmel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Case Control Study of Alcohol Outlets & Firearm Violence
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In this way, health policies to change the numbers and locations of alcohol outlets can become more certain, more effective, and more politically admissible. ..
  30. Gene-Specific Responses to Exercise in Discordant Twins
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DNA samples will be shared with other institutions to cross-validate gene associations identified from training studies or other designs. ..
  31. Age, Lead, Exposure, and Neurobehavioral Decline
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. An Internet-based intervention for problem drinking
    John Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..advantage of being relatively inexpensive, increasing their potential for wide distribution and attendant public health impact...
  33. Economic Contextual Influences on Population Diet and Obesity
    Lisa Powell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Given the serious public health risk posed by poor diet and obesity prevalence, this research can provide important information for ..
  34. Translating Depression Guidelines in Substance Abuse Tx
    Geoffrey Curran; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Patient-level outcomes will include depressive symptoms, substance use outcomes, medication adherence quality of life, and services use. ..
  35. Physical Activity Assessment Using Variability in Accelerometer Counts
    David Bassett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The improved method could then be used in future studies of the relationships between physical activity and health outcomes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. New Methods to assess social, cognitive, and physical function in older persons
    Thomas Glass; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and wearable computing), the JHU Center for Language and Speech Processing (ASR) and the Bloomberg School of Public Health, which is uniquely able to deliver an innovative approach to measuring complex function with potentially broad ..
  37. Chronic respiratory effects of early life PM exposure
    Kirk Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Mechanisms of Influenza a Virus Transmission in Ferretts
    Daniel Perez; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  39. HYPERTENSION IN POPULATIONS OF WEST AFRICAN ORIGIN
    Richard Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The African diaspora creates a unique opportunity for these[unreadable] cross-cultural studies.[unreadable]..
  40. Reducing snack food variety during obesity treatment
    Hollie Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This will be the first investigation to examine methods of manipulating dietary variety that can be adhered to over time and that influence intake, weight loss, and weight loss maintenance. ..
  41. Admixture Mapping for Insulin Complex Outcomes
    Jose Fernandez; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Furthermore, the results of this investigation will serve as a tool for the development of effective preventive strategies to reduce the prevalence of diabetes and its related traits in racial/ethnic populations. ..
  42. External Costs of Obesity
    Jay Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2008
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Adult obesity is a thorny public health problem. A large literature documents rising obesity prevalence in the U.S., and measures the associated health and accounting costs...
  43. Rapid Assessment of Drug Law & Policy in the FSU & CEE
    Zita Lazzarini; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..practices in the three countries; 2) to build the capacity of local lawyers, social science researchers and public health personnel to collect and use data on laws, policies, and practices to foster solutions to community health ..
  44. Post-Acute Costs and Outcomes After Medicare's Reimbursement Changes
    Neeraj Sood; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will also be the first to consider the effects of payment changes on multiple important health outcomes. ..
  45. Testing the Community Change Model with Substance Abuse Coalitions
    STEPHEN FAWCETT; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Geriatric Depression: Getting Better, Getting Well
    Charles Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This is an amended (A2) competing continuation of (MH37869-21). ..
  47. Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing Data
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Cohort Study of Medication Adherence Among Older Adults
    Marie Krousel Wood; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  49. BRIGHT LIGHT TREATMENT OF SHIFT ROTATION INSOMNIA
    CHARLES CZEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We propose to measure circadian phase using salivary melatonin levels; alertness and performance via computerized assessments; and sleep via polysomnography. This work has major implications for the health and safety of shift workers. ..
  50. Effects of Graphic Warning Labels on Adolescent Smoking
    Geoffrey Fong; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  51. Passive PAH and Micro-Camera Personal Monitoring System
    Paul Lioy; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  52. SMOKING CESSATION AMONG CHILDHOOD CANCER SURVIVORS
    Karen Emmons; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed project will begin an effort to build on this success related to clinical therapeutic outcomes, and transfer it to cancer prevention outcomes. ..
  53. A Longitudinal Study of Influenza Vaccine Decisions
    Gretchen Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this study will extend the understanding of predictors of influenza vaccine acceptance and will prove valuable in the development of intervention strategies to boost vaccine acceptance rates. ..
  54. DIRECTLY OBSERVED HAART FOR ACTIVE SUBSTANCE ABUSERS
    Timothy Flanigan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The ACASI questionnaire will be administered and sera collected for laboratory assays at baseline, 1,3,6,9,12,15,18,21, and 24 months. ..
  55. Neurocognitive Consequences of HIV/AIDS in South India
    Timothy Flanigan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The developmental grant will yield significant advances in the understanding of brain disorders associated with HIV. ..
  56. HEALTH DISPARITIES AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS
    Craig Slatin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This setting will hopefully provide an adequate multidimensional range of factors to permit a meaningful examination of physical and social/behavioral risks and the complex pathways that produce disparities in population health status. ..
  57. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This epidemiologic investigation will establish area-based measures of socioeconomic position appropriate for US public health surveillance systems and health research...
  58. RANDOMIZED, CONTROLLED TRIAL TO PREVENT CHILD VIOLENCE
    Shari Barkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Child and adolescent violence remains one of our most pressing public health problems today. Health care providers often serve critical roles when treating the results of violence...
  59. TAILORED COMMUNICATIONS FOR COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING
    CHARLES BASCH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This proposal addresses the need for research assessing tailored communications to increase CRC screening in minority groups. ..
  60. Disparities in Depression Incidence and Treatment
    Frederick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of this research will be of major interest to health services researchers, to mental health providers and to policy-makers. ..
  61. GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMES
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
  62. CIRCADIAN ADAPTATION TO NIGHT WORK IN OLDER PEOPLE
    CHARLES CZEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This work has major implications for the health and safety of older shift workers. ..
  63. DOMS EARLY REINTERVENTION (ERI) EXPERIMENT
    Michael Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. EEFFECTS OF AEROBIC EXERCISE IN PERSONS WITH STROKE
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Unlike traditional analytic methods, the GEE approach can be used with data characterized by almost any type of statistical distribution (e.g., normal/Gaussian, binomial, Poison). ..
  65. ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISK
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
  66. MALE GENITAL TRACT RESERVOIRS AND VIRAL SHEDDING
    JOHN KRIEGER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thus, controlling one genital tract virus may limit viral-viral interactions, reduce the viral burden in semen, and decrease the sexual transmission of other viruses. ..
  67. Spousal communication and cancer prevention behavior
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Functional Limitation, Arthritis, Depression, & Race
    Dorothy Dunlop; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..health, and economic factors on arthritis-related functional limitations to identify risk factors amenable to public health/public policy prevention or intervention strategies...
  69. TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS - FIELD CENTER
    Leslie Lytle; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. Geocoding, Census Data & Social Disparities in Health
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..is to educate population researchers and data analysts in concepts, methods, and approaches to geocoding public health data, generating census-derived area-based socioeconomic measures, and using these data to investigate and ..
  71. Risks for HIV and STIs among Moscow Sex Workers
    Chris Beyrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..University; and the Departments of Epidemiology and International Health of Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health. Formative research will be conducted among sex workers and key informants, followed by quantitative research ..
  72. Developing approaches for modeling genomic and proteomic profiles in lung cancer
    Pamela McMahon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  73. Evaluation of the potential for translation to practice of a sleep disorders mana
    CHARLES CZEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. A Web-Based Smoking Intervention for Cancer Survivors
    Karen Emmons; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Additionally, this study will make significant steps toward dissemination of tested smoking cessation interventions among cancer survivors. ..
  75. Randomized Trial of a State Tobacco Prevention Program
    Anthony Biglan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  76. Nicotine Replacement Treatment for Pregnant Smokers
    Cheryl Oncken; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The odds of cigarette abstinence will be increased primarily in subjects who smoke at least 15 cigarettes per day...
  77. DOUCHING, VAGINAL MICROBIOLOGY, AND PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Given the paucity of information regarding the relationship between douching and reproductive outcomes, the proposed study is imperative in order to direct future public health recommendations.
  78. Violence and Mental Health: Children of First Responders
    Christina W Hoven; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..impact on children of indirect exposure to violent events must be understood in order to formulate appropriate public health interventions for all children, especially following acts of terrorism...
  79. Intervention for Enhanced Adoption of Smoke-Free Apartment Building Policies
    Brian King; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results from all four studies will be disseminated through a website in an effort to inform future research efforts and to educate relevant stakeholders about the implications of the findings. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  80. Correlates of Sexual Risk for HIV/STI Among Women Who Use Methamphetamine
    ALEXANDER KRAL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed study addresses an understudied and important public health issue: MA use among women. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  81. Evaluating Impact of a Resource Center for Drug Users
    ALEXANDER KRAL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In light of the myriad of barriers to health care utilization, it is critical to the public health agenda that new and innovative interventions attempt to alleviate these barriers and their health consequences...
  82. Qualitative Exploration of Low-Frequency Heroin Injectors Not in Drug Treatment
    ALEXANDER KRAL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..An in-depth assessment of low-FHI can inform treatment approaches and expand our knowledge base regarding variations in heroin use among urban poor populations. ..
  83. HOME SCREENING FOR CHLAMYDIA SURVEILLANCE
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will determine whether a home screening strategy for bacterial STD's would enhance compliance with screening recommendations; such a strategy could contribute to elimination of STD's at reduced societal cost. ..
  84. NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CANCER
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We are requesting two postdoctoral and six predoctoral trainee positions each year for this purpose. ..
  85. Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memory
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  86. Health Pomotion and Disease Prevention Research Center
    Daniel Blumenthal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Abstract not provided ..
  87. Simulation Tool for HIV/STD Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  88. Duke Center for Geospatial Medicine (RMI)
    Marie Lynn Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Using neural tube defects as a prototype health endpoint, we will develop a generalized framework for applying these methods to a wide variety of health endpoints, including autism, asthma, ADHD, and obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  89. ISEE 18th Annual Meeting in Conjunction with ISEA
    Daniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..ISEE provides a variety of forums for discussion, critical reviews, collaborations and education issues for environmental exposures and their human health effects. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  90. A Pilot Test of the Functional Family Therapy Coding and Rating Scale
    TIMOTHY OZECHOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..effective treatments into community-based clinical settings is indispensable for reducing the prevalence of adolescent drug abuse to a degree sufficient to produce public health benefits. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  91. Public input in the development of federal genetic non-discrimination policy
    Theresa Montini; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed research is relevant to public health because public input into the development and implementation of policy concerning genetic testing is central ..
  92. ISEE 19th Annual Conference
    Daniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The four plenary sessions will address "The Impact of Human Activities on the Atmosphere," "Urban Design and Public Health," "Global Environmental Change and Human Health," and "Translating Environmental Epidemiology into Policy...
  93. Enhancing EP-Performed Alcohol Interventions in the ED
    GAIL D ONOFRIO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  94. Assessing Clinical Skills in Functional Family Therapy
    TIMOTHY OZECHOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The detailed clinical information provided by the instrument will help generate guidelines for training therapists, thereby facilitating the dissemination and effectiveness of FFT in community settings. ..
  95. Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Acute-Phase HIV Transmission
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results will inform scientific and policy discussions on the importance of interventions to reduce acute-phase transmission. ..
  96. Exercise for Mental Health: Does Exercise Make People Feel Better?
    Panteleimon Ekkekakis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The immediate anticipated benefit of this research is the development of physical activity public health recommendations that incorporate affect as a fundamental consideration.
  97. EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BRIEF INTERVENTIONS FOR ALCOHOL
    GAIL D ONOFRIO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  98. Historic Traffic Exposure Maps for Cancer Studies
    Paul English; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....