medical audit


Summary: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.

Top Publications

  1. pmc A qualitative study of why general practitioners may participate in significant event analysis and educational peer assessment
    P Bowie
    Department of Postgraduate Medical Education, University of Glasgow, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:185-9. 2005
  2. ncbi Are doctors still failing to assess and treat asthma attacks? An audit of the management of acute attacks in a health district
    H Pinnock
    Whitstable Health Centre, U K
    Respir Med 93:397-401. 1999
  3. pmc Direct medical costs of adverse events in Dutch hospitals
    Lilian H F Hoonhout
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Centre VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:27. 2009
  4. ncbi Epistaxis in Chiang Mai University Hospital
    Saisaward Chaiyasate
    Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 88:1282-6. 2005
  5. ncbi Exploring the causes of adverse events in hospitals and potential prevention strategies
    M Smits
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, PO Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Qual Saf Health Care 19:e5. 2010
  6. ncbi Incidence and types of adverse events and negligent care in Utah and Colorado
    E J Thomas
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Med Care 38:261-71. 2000
  7. pmc Meta-analysis: audit and feedback features impact effectiveness on care quality
    Sylvia J Hysong
    Houston VA HSR and D Center of Excellence, Health Services Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, TX, USA
    Med Care 47:356-63. 2009
  8. pmc The Canadian Adverse Events Study: the incidence of adverse events among hospital patients in Canada
    G Ross Baker
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, McMurrich Building Room 2031, 12 Queen s Park Crescent West, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada
    CMAJ 170:1678-86. 2004
  9. ncbi Evaluation of the NICE mini-GRACE risk scores for acute myocardial infarction using the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP) 2003-2009: National Institute for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research (NICOR)
    Alexander D Simms
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Heart 99:35-40. 2013
  10. ncbi Effects of quality improvement strategies for type 2 diabetes on glycemic control: a meta-regression analysis
    Kaveh G Shojania
    Ottawa Health Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario
    JAMA 296:427-40. 2006

Detail Information

Publications302 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc A qualitative study of why general practitioners may participate in significant event analysis and educational peer assessment
    P Bowie
    Department of Postgraduate Medical Education, University of Glasgow, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:185-9. 2005
    ..To explore the influences and perceived benefits behind general practitioners' willingness to participate in significant event analysis (SEA) and educational peer assessment...
  2. ncbi Are doctors still failing to assess and treat asthma attacks? An audit of the management of acute attacks in a health district
    H Pinnock
    Whitstable Health Centre, U K
    Respir Med 93:397-401. 1999
    ..These data suggest that, 15 years later, these problems may still exist...
  3. pmc Direct medical costs of adverse events in Dutch hospitals
    Lilian H F Hoonhout
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Centre VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:27. 2009
    ..We assessed the total direct medical costs associated with AEs and preventable AEs in Dutch hospitals to gain insight in opportunities for cost savings...
  4. ncbi Epistaxis in Chiang Mai University Hospital
    Saisaward Chaiyasate
    Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 88:1282-6. 2005
    ..The causes can be from local or systemic illnesses. The aim of this study was to review and analyze the general and specific data causes, management and results of epistaxis in patients admitted in Chiang Mai University Hospital...
  5. ncbi Exploring the causes of adverse events in hospitals and potential prevention strategies
    M Smits
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, PO Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Qual Saf Health Care 19:e5. 2010
    ..To examine the causes of adverse events (AEs) and potential prevention strategies to minimise the occurrence of AEs in hospitalised patients...
  6. ncbi Incidence and types of adverse events and negligent care in Utah and Colorado
    E J Thomas
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Med Care 38:261-71. 2000
    ..The generalizability of these findings is unknown and has been questioned by other studies...
  7. pmc Meta-analysis: audit and feedback features impact effectiveness on care quality
    Sylvia J Hysong
    Houston VA HSR and D Center of Excellence, Health Services Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, TX, USA
    Med Care 47:356-63. 2009
    ..This meta-analytic study tested whether Feedback Intervention Theory, a framework from industrial/organizational psychology, explains the observed variability in health care A&F research...
  8. pmc The Canadian Adverse Events Study: the incidence of adverse events among hospital patients in Canada
    G Ross Baker
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, McMurrich Building Room 2031, 12 Queen s Park Crescent West, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada
    CMAJ 170:1678-86. 2004
    ..AEs are unintended injuries or complications resulting in death, disability or prolonged hospital stay that arise from health care management. We estimated the incidence of AEs among patients in Canadian acute care hospitals...
  9. ncbi Evaluation of the NICE mini-GRACE risk scores for acute myocardial infarction using the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP) 2003-2009: National Institute for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research (NICOR)
    Alexander D Simms
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Heart 99:35-40. 2013
    ..To evaluate the performance of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) mini-Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) (MG) and adjusted mini-GRACE (AMG) risk scores...
  10. ncbi Effects of quality improvement strategies for type 2 diabetes on glycemic control: a meta-regression analysis
    Kaveh G Shojania
    Ottawa Health Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario
    JAMA 296:427-40. 2006
    ..There have been numerous reports of interventions designed to improve the care of patients with diabetes, but the effectiveness of such interventions is unclear...
  11. ncbi Severe acute maternal morbidity in high-income countries
    Jos van Roosmalen
    Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Centre, The Netherlands
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 23:297-304. 2009
    ..Audit is the instrument to analyse whether substandard care factors are present. Guidelines and protocols to provide obstetric critical care may be improved from audit findings and skills and drills training put in place...
  12. pmc To what extent are adverse events found in patient records reported by patients and healthcare professionals via complaints, claims and incident reports?
    Ingrid Christiaans-Dingelhoff
    EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:49. 2011
    ..The aim of the study is to examine to what extent the hospital reporting systems cover the adverse events identified by patient record review...
  13. ncbi An educational intervention, involving feedback of routinely collected computer data, to improve cardiovascular disease management in UK primary care
    S de Lusignan
    Primary Care Informatics, Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, UK
    Methods Inf Med 46:57-62. 2007
    ..To report the lessons learned from eight years of feeding back routinely collected cardiovascular data in an educational context..
  14. ncbi A model for national outcome audit in vascular surgery
    D R Prytherch
    St. Mary's Hospital, Portsmouth, UK
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 21:477-83. 2001
    ..It was also possible to obtain accurate models for both mortality and major morbidity from the POSSUM physiology scores alone...
  15. ncbi Lung cancer in England: information from the National Lung Cancer Audit (LUCADA)
    Anna L Rich
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Lung Cancer 72:16-22. 2011
  16. pmc Managing chronic disease in ontario primary care: the impact of organizational factors
    Grant M Russell
    C T Lamont Primary Health Care Research Centre, Elisabeth Bruyere Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Fam Med 7:309-18. 2009
    ..This study (1) assessed whether chronic disease management differed among 4 models of primary health care delivery and (2) identified which practice organizational factors were independently associated with high-quality care...
  17. ncbi The effects of increased provision of thoracic surgical specialists on the variation in lung cancer resection rate in England
    Kelvin K W Lau
    Department of Thoracic Surgery, Glenfield Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    J Thorac Oncol 8:68-72. 2013
    ..There is a wide variation in the lung cancer resection rate in England. We assessed the effect of the regional provision of thoracic surgery service on the variation in lung cancer resection rate...
  18. ncbi Monitoring maternity mortality in Botswana
    Keitshokile Dintle Mogobe
    Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
    Reprod Health Matters 15:163-71. 2007
    ..Recommendations for improvements have been made, training for skilled attendants is ongoing and a medical school has just opened at the University of Botswana...
  19. ncbi Perinatal mortality audit: counting, accountability, and overcoming challenges in scaling up in low- and middle-income countries
    Robert Pattinson
    MRC Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies Research Unit, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:S113-21, S121-2. 2009
    ..In high-income countries, national mortality audits are associated with improved quality of care, but there has been no previous systematic review of perinatal audit in low- and middle-income settings...
  20. ncbi Effective synthesized/preappraised evidence formats in emergency medicine and the use of supplemental knowledge translation techniques
    Brian H Rowe
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 14:1023-9. 2007
    ..Overall, the recommendations arising from this workshop have the potential to alter future emergency care in important ways...
  21. ncbi An audit of the first year of screening for depression in patients with diabetes and ischaemic heart disease under the Quality and Outcomes Framework
    Deepak N Subramanian
    ACT Health, The Canberra Hospital, Yamba Drive, Garran ACT, Australia
    Qual Prim Care 16:341-4. 2008
    ..Depression is more prevalent in those with chronic ill-health. Screening for depression in patients with diabetes and ischaemic heart disease was included in the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) in 2006...
  22. ncbi Detection of adverse events in a Scottish hospital using a consensus-based methodology
    D J Williams
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Ward 12, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZN
    Scott Med J 53:26-30. 2008
    ..To determine, using a consensus based methodology, the rate and nature of adverse events (AEs) among patients admitted to acute medicine, acute surgery and obstetrics in a large teaching hospital in Scotland...
  23. ncbi Medical audit using the Ten Group Classification System and its impact on the cesarean section rate
    Anibal Scarella
    Department of the Valparaiso University, Hontaneda 2653, Valparaiso, V región, Chile
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 154:136-40. 2011
    The aim of this study is to implement the Ten Group Classification System (TGCS) and evaluate whether the introduction of the medical audit cycle reduces the cesarean section (CS) rate without increasing maternal-fetal risk.
  24. ncbi Providers and consumers support the Western Australian Audit of Surgical Mortality
    James B Semmens
    Centre for Health Services Research, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 76:442-7. 2006
    ..The objectives of this study were (i) to evaluate whether participation in the WAASM has influenced clinical and hospital practice; and (ii) to ascertain the support and relevance of the WAASM to surgeons, hospitals and consumers...
  25. ncbi The importance of dialysate sodium concentration in determining interdialytic weight gains in chronic hemodialysis patients: the PanThames Renal Audit
    A Davenport
    UCL Center for Nephrology, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London United Kingdom
    Int J Artif Organs 31:411-7. 2008
  26. ncbi Adverse events and preventable adverse events in children
    Donna Woods
    Institute for Health Services Research and Policy Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 339 E Chicago Ave, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Pediatrics 115:155-60. 2005
    ..Patient safety has been recognized as an important problem in health care. However, knowledge about adverse events and preventable adverse events in children is relatively limited...
  27. pmc A district-based audit of the causes and circumstances of maternal deaths in South Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Gunawan Supratikto
    MotherCare John Snow, Inc, Indonesia
    Bull World Health Organ 80:228-34. 2002
    ..It may also be necessary to recognize that village midwives are not solely responsible for maternal deaths...
  28. ncbi Quality of diagnosis and procedure coding in ICD-10 administrative data
    Toni Henderson
    Victorian Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Australia
    Med Care 44:1011-9. 2006
  29. pmc Extent, nature and consequences of adverse events: results of a retrospective casenote review in a large NHS hospital
    Ali Baba Akbari Sari
    Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Qual Saf Health Care 16:434-9. 2007
    ..To estimate the extent, nature and consequences of adverse events in a large National Health Service (NHS) hospital, and to evaluate the reliability of a two-stage casenote review method in identifying adverse events...
  30. ncbi Survivors of childhood cancer: an Australian audit of vaccination status after treatment
    Nigel W Crawford
    NHMRC Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Child and Adolescent Immunization, Parkville, Vic, Australia
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 54:128-33. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the compliance of post-chemotherapy revaccination of childhood cancer survivors relative to current Australian guidelines...
  31. ncbi Patient record review of the incidence, consequences, and causes of diagnostic adverse events
    Laura Zwaan
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Intern Med 170:1015-21. 2010
    ..The present study explored diagnostic adverse events (DAEs) across all medical specialties to determine their incidence and to gain insight into their causes and consequences by comparing them with other AE types...
  32. ncbi [Maternal deaths audit in four Benin referral hospitals: quality of emergency care causes and contributing factors]
    Saizonou Jacques
    Centre de recherche en reproduction humaine et en démographie, B P 05 709, Cotonou, Benin
    Afr J Reprod Health 10:28-40. 2006
    ..Maternal deaths continue to happen unacceptably in Benin. The drastic solutions have to be taken at all levels to improve maternal health...
  33. ncbi Public reporting of cardiac surgery performance: Part 2--implementation
    David M Shahian
    Department of Surgery and Center for Quality and Safety, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 92:S12-23. 2011
    ..This may also help to mitigate risk aversion, the avoidance of high-risk patients...
  34. ncbi The assessment of criterion audit cycles by external peer review - when is an audit not an audit?
    Paul Bowie
    NHS Education for Scotland, Glasgow, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 13:352-7. 2007
    ..Given the potential for improving audit practice, this study aimed to define the methodological factors that contributed to 'unsatisfactory' audits as judged by peer assessors...
  35. pmc Practice development plans to improve the primary care management of acute asthma: randomised controlled trial
    Juliet M Foster
    Dept of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Aberdeen, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 8:23. 2007
    ..Our professional development plan aimed to improve the primary care management of acute asthma, which is known to be suboptimal...
  36. ncbi Impact of a clinical guidelines program for breast and colon cancer in a French cancer center
    I Ray-Coquard
    Centre Leon Berard, Lyon, France
    JAMA 278:1591-5. 1997
  37. ncbi Enhancing the quality of care for patients with breast cancer: seven years of experience with a Dutch auditing system
    L Veerbeek
    Comprehensive Cancer Centre the Netherlands, The Netherlands
    Eur J Surg Oncol 37:714-8. 2011
    ..Compliance with the National Guideline was investigated together with improvement in quality over time...
  38. ncbi An audit of compliance with the sepsis resuscitation care bundle in patients admitted to A&E with severe sepsis or septic shock
    Lee N Baldwin
    Outreach Office, C O ICU, Kent and Sussex Hospital, Mount Ephraim, Tunbridge Wells, Kent TN4 9AT, United Kingdom
    Int Emerg Nurs 16:250-6. 2008
    ..Given current evidence greater compliance to the care bundle may well improve patient outcomes for this client group...
  39. ncbi An audit of pregnant women with severe mental illness referred during the first 2 years of a new perinatal mental health service
    Lucinda Green
    MAPPIM Team, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, Adamson Centre, St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
    Arch Womens Ment Health 11:149-58. 2008
    ..Fifteen (38%) relapsed or had admissions during the first postpartum year. At 1 year postpartum, 74% women had care of their children; 18% children had been adopted or were in foster care; and the outcome was unknown for 8%...
  40. ncbi Audit of provincial gastroenterology services in the Western Cape
    G Watermeyer
    Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town
    S Afr J Surg 46:68-72. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to audit the availability of GI facilities in the provincial sector, which provides care for the majority of people in the Western Cape...
  41. pmc Outcomes of 1949 endoscopic procedures: performed by a Canadian rural family physician
    Michael Kolber
    Department of Family Medicine at University of Alberta
    Can Fam Physician 55:170-5. 2009
    ..To examine the outcomes of endoscopic procedures performed by a family physician trained in endoscopy...
  42. ncbi Audit system on Quality of breast cancer diagnosis and Treatment (QT): results from the survey on screen-detected lesions in Italy, 2003-2004
    Antonio Ponti
    Centro Prevenzione Oncologica, Torino
    Epidemiol Prev 30:59-63. 2006
    ..Specialist Breast Units with adequate case volume would provide the best setting for making audit effective in producing quality improvement...
  43. pmc Stages of change: A qualitative study on the implementation of a perinatal audit programme in South Africa
    Maria Belizan
    MRC Unit for Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies, University of Pretoria, Arcadia, South Africa
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:243. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to elucidate the processes involved in the implementation and sustainability of this programme...
  44. ncbi Exploring the sustainability of obstetric near-miss case reviews: a qualitative study in the South of Benin
    Cindy Hutchinson
    Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Midwifery 26:537-43. 2010
    ..Researchers are beginning to take an interest in issues relating to the sustainability of audits...
  45. pmc Case record review of adverse events: a new approach
    M Woloshynowych
    Clinical Safety Research Unit, Imperial College, Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, St Mary s Hospital, London W2 1NY, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 12:411-5. 2003
    ..The review form is divided into five sections, each with a defined purpose, providing a modular structure...
  46. pmc Lymph node harvests directly influence the staging of colorectal cancer: evidence from a regional audit
    D F H Pheby
    Unit of Applied Epidemiology, University of the West of England, Frenchay Campus, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
    J Clin Pathol 57:43-7. 2004
    ..To assess the quality of histopathology reporting and accuracy of Dukes's staging of colorectal cancers in the former South Western Health region and to determine the impact of numbers of lymph nodes examined on stage ascription...
  47. ncbi Adequacy of medical chart review to characterize emergency care for asthma: findings from the Illinois Emergency Department Asthma Collaborative
    Michael F McDermott
    Department of Emergency Medicine, John H Stroger, Jr Hospital of Cook County, Chicago IL 60612, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 13:345-8. 2006
    ..To assess the intermethod reliability of medical chart review compared with directly observed care in patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) for asthma care...
  48. pmc Risk factors for poor tuberculosis treatment outcome in Finland: a cohort study
    Tuula Vasankari
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 7:291. 2007
    ..We investigated the patient- and treatment-system dependent factors affecting treatment outcome in a two-year cohort of all treated culture-verified pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases to establish a basis for improving outcomes...
  49. ncbi Improving the management of chronic disease at community health centers
    Bruce E Landon
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:921-34. 2007
  50. pmc What's the evidence that NICE guidance has been implemented? Results from a national evaluation using time series analysis, audit of patients' notes, and interviews
    Trevor A Sheldon
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York YO10 5DD
    BMJ 329:999. 2004
    ..To assess the extent and pattern of implementation of guidance issued by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
  51. ncbi Quality of health care for women: a demonstration of the quality assessment tools system
    Elizabeth A McGlynn
    RAND, Santa Monica, California 90401, USA
    Med Care 41:616-25. 2003
    ..Consumers, purchasers, and regulators are seeking information on quality for a variety of purposes. To address these demands, methods are required that are flexible in meeting the information needs of different audiences...
  52. ncbi The use of the Cusum technique in the assessment of trainee competence in new procedures
    S Bolsin
    Department of Anaesthesia, Pain Management and Perioperative Medicine, Barwon Health, Geelong Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    Int J Qual Health Care 12:433-8. 2000
    ..This article introduces the concepts of a sequential analysis, deals with the practical steps of setting up a data collection and monitoring performance for procedures in health care...
  53. pmc Risk adjusting cesarean delivery rates: a comparison of hospital profiles based on medical record and birth certificate data
    D L DiGiuseppe
    Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Health Serv Res 36:959-77. 2001
    ..In contrast, limiting models to data elements with known reliability may yield rankings that are more similar to rankings based on medical record data...
  54. ncbi How is gout managed in primary care? A review of current practice and proposed guidelines
    B Pal
    Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Audit, Withington Hospital, Didsbury, Manchester, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 19:21-5. 2000
    ..Monitoring of patients was infrequent. As a result of this audit, guidelines are proposed to improve the diagnosis and management of gout in the community...
  55. ncbi Effectiveness of multifaceted implementation of guidelines in primary care
    John Wright
    Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 8:142-8. 2003
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a tailored and multifaceted approach to the implementation of nationally recommended and evidence-based guidelines in primary care within existing systems and resources...
  56. ncbi [Evaluation and validation of a perinatal death audit by means of feedback to the caregivers]
    M P Amelink-Verburg
    TNO Preventie en Gezondheid, afd Jeugd, Postbus 2215, 2301 CE Leiden
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 147:2333-7. 2003
  57. ncbi A national audit of joint mother and baby admissions to UK psychiatric hospitals: an overview of findings
    M P Salmon
    Centre for Women s Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Arch Womens Ment Health 7:65-70. 2004
    ..They were, however, shown to be no more likely to cause actual harm to their infant, or themselves, than non-schizophrenic mothers...
  58. pmc Reducing risk by improving standards of intrapartum fetal care
    P Young
    North Staffordshire Hospital NHS Trust, Ward 59, Maternity Unit, Newcastle Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 6QG
    J R Soc Med 94:226-31. 2001
    ..2. These results indicate that substantial improvements in quality of intrapartum care can be achieved by a programme of clinical risk management...
  59. ncbi Following Shipman: a pilot system for monitoring mortality rates in primary care
    Paul Aylin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, W2 1PF, London, UK
    Lancet 362:485-91. 2003
    ..If used appropriately, such charts represent a useful tool for monitoring deaths in primary care. However, improvement in data quality is essential...
  60. ncbi Obstetric audit in resource-poor settings: lessons from a multi-country project auditing 'near miss' obstetrical emergencies
    Veronique Filippi
    Maternal Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 19:57-66. 2004
    ..Sustainability requires a commitment to audit from policy makers and managers at higher levels of the health system and some devolution of resources for implementing recommendations...
  61. ncbi Antimicrobial stewardship programs in pediatrics
    Adam L Hersh
    University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:1211-7. 2009
    ..To describe the prevalence, characteristics, and barriers to implementation of antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) in pediatrics...
  62. ncbi Impact of a pay-for-performance incentive scheme on age, sex, and socioeconomic disparities in diabetes management in UK primary care
    Fiona Louise Hamilton
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
    J Ambul Care Manage 33:336-49. 2010
    ..Patients living in affluent and deprived areas appeared to have derived a similar level of benefit from pay for performance...
  63. pmc Are physician reimbursement strategies associated with processes of care and patient satisfaction for patients with diabetes in managed care?
    Susan L Ettner
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, UCLA Department of Medicine, 911 Broxton Plaza, Room 106, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Health Serv Res 41:1221-41. 2006
    ..To examine associations between physician reimbursement incentives and diabetes care processes and explore potential confounding with physician organizational model...
  64. ncbi Responsiveness to life-threatening obstetric emergencies in two hospitals in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
    V Gohou
    Institut National de Santé Publique, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire
    Trop Med Int Health 9:406-15. 2004
  65. ncbi Audit-based education to reduce suboptimal management of cholesterol in primary care: a before and after study
    S de Lusignan
    Primary Care Informatics, Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s University of London, London SW17 ORE, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 28:361-9. 2006
    ..The Primary Care Data Quality (PCDQ) programme is an audit-based educational intervention...
  66. ncbi Smoking status recording in GP electronic records: the unrealised potential
    Vanessa Selak
    Clinical Trials Research Unit, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Inform Prim Care 14:235-41; discussion 242-5. 2006
  67. pmc Effectiveness of routine reporting to identify minor and serious adverse outcomes in surgical patients
    P J Marang-van de Mheen
    Department of Medical Decision Making, Leiden University Medical Centre, The Netherlands
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:378-82. 2005
    ..To assess the effectiveness of routine reporting to identify surgical adverse outcomes in comparison with retrospective medical record review...
  68. ncbi The Western Australian Audit of Surgical Mortality: advancing surgical accountability
    James B Semmens
    School of Population Health, M431, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Med J Aust 183:504-8. 2005
    ..To describe the peer review process of the Western Australian Audit of Surgical Mortality (WAASM), selected outcomes and recommendations...
  69. pmc Medical record review of deaths, unexpected intensive care unit admissions, and clinician referrals: detection of adverse events and insight into the system
    K L Dunn
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Arch Dis Child 91:169-72. 2006
    ..A quality assurance programme was commenced in 1996...
  70. ncbi Perinatal audit in low- and high-income countries
    James Owen Drife
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Leeds, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Clarendon Wing, Belmont Grove, Leeds LS2 9NS, UK
    Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 11:29-36. 2006
    ..Audit does not need to be expensive, but it does need the support of all staff, including managers and clinicians. Staff must understand that its purpose is not to identify errors and punish mistakes but to improve clinical care...
  71. ncbi The Veterans Health Administration: quality, value, accountability, and information as transforming strategies for patient-centered care
    Jonathan B Perlin
    Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC 20420, USA
    Am J Manag Care 10:828-36. 2004
  72. ncbi Psychiatric symptoms, psychological distress and somatic comorbidity among remand prisoners in Switzerland
    Ariel Eytan
    University Hospital of Geneva, Department of Psychiatry, 2 Ch Petit Bel Air 1225 Geneva, Switzerland
    Int J Law Psychiatry 34:13-9. 2011
  73. pmc Mix of methods is needed to identify adverse events in general practice: a prospective observational study
    Raymond Wetzels
    Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Centre for Quality of Care Research, P, O, Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    BMC Fam Pract 9:35. 2008
    ..The validity and usefulness of incident reporting and other methods for identifying adverse events remains unclear. This study aimed to compare five methods in general practice...
  74. pmc Adverse drug events occurring following hospital discharge
    Alan J Forster
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Ottawa Health Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 20:317-23. 2005
    ..To describe the incidence of adverse drug events (ADEs), preventable ADEs, and ameliorable ADEs occurring after hospital discharge and their associated risk factors...
  75. pmc What do we know about how to do audit and feedback? Pitfalls in applying evidence from a systematic review
    R Foy
    Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:50. 2005
    ..We set out to assess whether current guidance and systematic review evidence can sufficiently inform practical decisions about how to use audit and feedback to improve quality of care...
  76. ncbi A quality improvement initiative to improve adherence to national guidelines for empiric management of community-acquired pneumonia in emergency departments
    Kylie A McIntosh
    Department of Human Services, Statewide Quality Branch, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Int J Qual Health Care 23:142-50. 2011
  77. pmc Facility-based maternal death reviews: effects on maternal mortality in a district hospital in Senegal
    Alexandre Dumont
    Hopital Sainte Justine, Département obstétrique et gynécologie, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Bull World Health Organ 84:218-24. 2006
    ..The objective of our before and after study is to assess the effect of facility-based maternal deaths reviews (MDR) on maternal mortality rates in a district hospital in Senegal that provides primary and referral maternity services...
  78. pmc Potential for organ donation in the United Kingdom: audit of intensive care records
    Kerri Barber
    UK Transplant, NHS Blood and Transplant, Bristol BS34 8RR
    BMJ 332:1124-7. 2006
    ..To determine the true potential for solid organ donation from deceased heartbeating donors and the reasons for non-donation from potential donors...
  79. pmc Incidence and types of preventable adverse events in elderly patients: population based review of medical records
    E J Thomas
    University of Texas Houston Medical School, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Section for Clinical Epidemiology, 6431 Fannin MSB 1 122, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    BMJ 320:741-4. 2000
    ..To determine the incidence and types of preventable adverse events in elderly patients...
  80. pmc Primary care management of diabetes in a low/middle income country: a multi-method, qualitative study of barriers and facilitators to care
    Hugh Alberti
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, 21 Claremont Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, NE2 4AA
    BMC Fam Pract 8:63. 2007
    ..Our study sought to discover the main barriers and facilitators to care in the management of diabetes in primary care in a low/middle income country...
  81. ncbi Adverse outcomes in Belgian acute hospitals: retrospective analysis of the national hospital discharge dataset
    Koen Van den Heede
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Qual Health Care 18:211-9. 2006
    ..The prevalence and variability of adverse outcome rates in Belgian acute hospitals is examined by using the national hospital discharge database...
  82. pmc The difficulties of conducting maternal death reviews in Malawi
    Eugene J Kongnyuy
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:42. 2008
    ..Our aim was to explore the challenges encountered in the process of facility-based maternal death review in Malawi, and to suggest sustainable and logically sound solutions to these challenges...
  83. ncbi A criteria-based audit of the management of severe pre-eclampsia in Kampala, Uganda
    A D Weeks
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 91:292-7; discussion 283-4. 2005
    ..To improve the quality of clinical care for women with severe pre-eclampsia...
  84. ncbi Surgeon and hospital volume and the management of colorectal cancer patients in Australia
    Daniel R McGrath
    Surgical Science, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 75:901-10. 2005
    ..The National Colorectal Cancer Care Survey was undertaken to determine the management patterns in Australia for individuals newly diagnosed with colorectal cancer in a 3 month period in the year 2000...
  85. ncbi Medical audit of maternal deaths in the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    A O Daramola
    Department of Morbid Anatomy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
    East Afr Med J 82:285-9. 2005
    ..To determine the rate of autopsy certification of maternal deaths; evaluate concordance and/discordance rates between autopsy and clinical diagnoses of maternal deaths, and to compare these with findings from other parts of the world...
  86. ncbi An easy-to-use solution for clinical audit in colorectal cancer surgery
    Giampaolo Ugolini
    Department of General Surgery, Emergency Surgery and Organ Transplantation, University of Bologna, Policlinico S Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy
    Surgery 145:86-92. 2009
    ..The second purpose was to compare observed mortality rates to 3 risk-predicting operative scoring systems...
  87. ncbi Guidelines for surgical audit in Australia and New Zealand
    David A K Watters
    Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Melbourne and Barwon Health, Geelong Hospital, Ryrie Street, Melbourne, Victoria 3220, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 76:78-83. 2006
    ..Surgeons should be proactive in helping to find and implement solutions to the issues arising from surgical audit...
  88. ncbi The use of epidural analgesia in a New Zealand tertiary hospital before and after publication of the MASTER study
    G C Werrett
    Department of Anaesthesia, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Anaesth Intensive Care 36:79-83. 2008
  89. ncbi Time to CUSUM: simplified reporting of outcomes in colorectal surgery
    Thomas A Bowles
    Department of Surgery, Barwon Health, Geelong, and Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 77:587-91. 2007
    ..Binary outcomes such as leak, mortality and unplanned reoperations may be followed by cumulative summation graphs. This provides a continually updated method of feedback, enabling immediate visual feedback of a surgeon's performance...
  90. pmc Does telling people what they have been doing change what they do? A systematic review of the effects of audit and feedback
    Gro Jamtvedt
    Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Oslo, Norway
    Qual Saf Health Care 15:433-6. 2006
    ..Many people advocate audit and feedback as a strategy for improving professional practice. The main results of an update of a Cochrane review on the effects of audit and feedback are reported...
  91. pmc Outcome scores collected by touchscreen: medical audit as it should be in the 21st century?
    Sean Dixon
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro, Cornwall, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 89:689-91. 2007
    ..Collecting outcome scores in paper form is fraught with difficulty. We have assessed the feasibility of, and patient's attitude towards, entering scores using a touchscreen...
  92. ncbi Eclampsia in Scandinavia: incidence, substandard care, and potentially preventable cases
    Alice Beathe Andersgaard
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sykehuset Innlandet Health Authority, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:929-36. 2006
    ..Description of incidence, clinical signs, symptoms, and consequences of eclampsia in Scandinavia, and assessment of substandard care and potential preventability...
  93. ncbi Prospective audit of colorectal resections in a peripheral public hospital
    Susan J Gollop
    Department of Surgery, Taranaki Base Hospital, New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand
    ANZ J Surg 76:817-20. 2006
    ..Colorectal disease requiring surgery is common in New Zealand where there is no established national colorectal screening programme. We established an audit to review our current practice in colorectal surgery...
  94. ncbi A review of violent and traumatic deaths in Kathmandu, Nepal
    Gyanendra Sharma
    National Institute for Injury Prevention, GPO Box 14165, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 13:197-9. 2006
    ..Strengthening a regular mechanism for compilation and utilization of the information, however, remains a major challenge...
  95. ncbi Auditing outcomes and costs of integrated complementary medicine provision--the importance of length of follow up
    Nicola Robinson
    Centre for Complementary Healthcare and Integrated Medicine CCHIM, Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, Thames Valley University, Walpole House, 4th Floor, 18 22 Bond Street, Ealing, London W5 5AA, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 12:249-57. 2006
    ..Cost comparisons with conventional medicine should consider quantitative and qualitative data to capture the wider benefits experienced by patients...
  96. ncbi The use of audit to identify maternal mortality in different settings: is it just a difference between the rich and the poor?
    Jeroen van Dillen
    Netherlands Maternal Mortality Committee, Netherlands
    Healthc Q 10:133-8. 2007
  97. ncbi The need for quality management in primary health care in Cyprus: results from a medical audit for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Theodora Zachariadou
    Nicosia General Hospital, Nicosia, Cyprus
    Qual Manag Health Care 15:58-65. 2006
    ..To assess the quality of clinical management regarding metabolic and blood pressure control in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes in the primary health care setting of Cyprus...
  98. ncbi Guidelines on oral anticoagulation (warfarin): third edition--2005 update
    T P Baglin
    Addenbrooke s NHS Trust, Cambridge, UK
    Br J Haematol 132:277-85. 2006
  99. ncbi Clinical audits: why and for whom
    Margaret Boult
    Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, ASERNIP S, Stepney, and Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 77:572-8. 2007
    ..This review provides an overview of clinical audit and its role in surgical practice...
  100. ncbi Disease-specific medical records improve the recording of processes of care in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus
    H Alberti
    Direction du Soins de Santé de Base DSSB, 31 Rue Khartoum, Tunis, Tunisia
    Public Health 120:650-3. 2006
    ..001 for all). The introduction of disease-specific medical records significantly improves the recording of care of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  101. ncbi Variations in the ability of general medical practitioners to apply two methods of clinical audit: A five-year study of assessment by peer review
    John McKay
    Department of Postgraduate Medical Education, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 12:622-9. 2006
    ..The study aimed to compare the outcomes of peer review for two methods of audit undertaken by different professional and academic groups of doctors...

Research Grants82

    Eugene Laska; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Internal facility utilization by utilization review committees, medical audit, medical record review and external utilization by JCAH, Federal and State regulators, third party payors will ..
  2. Improving Transfusion Practices Using Decision Support
    Jeffrey Rothschild; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will also examine whether improvements in appropriate transfusion ordering behavior among clinicians using decision support tools will be greater than improvements achieved by educational programs alone. ..
  3. Comparative Effectiveness of Comprehensive Care for Adults with SMI
    TODD PATRICK GILMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Converting Treatment Wishes into Orders at End of Life
    Susan Hickman; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Exploring the mistreatment of Native elders
    Lori Jervis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Native Elders, Dementia and Family Caregiving
    Lori Jervis; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. Diabetes Management for Low-Income Hispanic Patients
    Milagros Rosal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study products (i.e., detailed intervention manual, tailored educational materials, manual for training of providers) will serve to enhance the translation potential of the intervention. ..
  8. Decisionmaking in Pediatric Palliative Care
    JOHN FEUDTNER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Patients' and families' home care service priorities
    David Casarett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Artificial Nutrition in Terminally Ill Cancer Patients
    Sydney Dy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Dy with the skills she needs to develop into an independent clinical researcher in oncology palliative care decision-making and health services research. ..
  11. Aminocaproic Acid and Bleeding in Spinal Surgery
    Sean Berenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These projects and the career development plan described will build a foundation for a successful career as an independent investigator. ..
  12. Sexual Dysfunction and Diabetes:Look AHEAD Sub-Study
    Stephen Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..iii) Finally, the proposed sub-study will investigate the relationship between changes in sexual function and quality of life outcomes. ..
  13. Liver Cancer Control Among North American Chinese
    Victoria Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If effective, our outreach intervention could be used by health care facilities and community organizations serving less acculturated Chinese in North America. ..
  14. Pain Management and Functional Recovery in Older Adults
    R Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project will examine the impact of this generalizable intervention on pain levels, lower extremity performance, functional status, health related quality of life, and utilization. ..
  15. HRT Decision Making in the Post-WHI Era
    Katherine Newton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will provide key information about HRT decision making, and experiences with HRT discontinuation, in an era of increased scientific clarity about HRT's risks and benefits. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Evaluation of the AUDIT-C in a Primary Care Population
    Katharine Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2006
  17. Post-Trial Access for Insured and Uninsured Participants
    Joel Weissman; Fiscal Year: 2007
  18. Oral Chemotherapy Safety in Ambulatory Oncology: A Proactive Risk Assessment
    SAUL WEINGART; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Lessons about oral chemotherapy safety are applicable to other high-alert medications in ambulatory care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Risk of Infectious Complications in Nosocomial Pneumonia
    Darren Linkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Selection and the Quality Impact of Nursing Home Ownership
    David C Grabowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By examining this relationship using a novel empirical strategy, this study provides an opportunity to improve the quality of care for the millions of Americans receiving care in the nursing home setting. ..
  21. Enhancing Clinical Effectiveness Research with Natural Language Processing of EMR
    BRIAN L HAZLEHURST; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will demonstrate the utility of this infrastructure by conducting CER studies investigating the effectiveness of interventions in asthma and smoking, across the 6 participating health systems. ..
  22. Behavioral Effects of Welfare Reform
    Nancy E Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Epidemiology and Incidence of Barrett's Esophagus
    DOUGLAS ALLEN CORLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study explores how hormones associated with body fat may change the way the body heals after an injury, and increase the risk of cells developing precancerous changes. ..
  24. Cancer Pain in Elders: Promoting EBPs in Hospices
    Keela A Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Financial Incentives and Variations in the Care of Medicare Beneficiaries
    Bruce E Landon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because patients will be clustered within physicians and physicians clustered within markets, we will use hierarchical analytic methods. ..
  26. Home-Based Blood Pressure Interventions for African Americans
    Penny H Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2011
  27. RAND-UCLA CanCORS PDCR Application
    Katherine Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Katherine Watkins; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..At the end of this pilot, we will have a manualized intervention, sufficient data to estimate the intervention effect size, and a well-described process for involving providers and clients. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Colorectal Cancer Screening in Primary Care Practice
    Steven Ornstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A mixed-method process evaluation will also be conducted to assess the adoption of PPRNet-TRIP within participating practices. ..
  30. Diabetes and Drug-Associated Hyperkalemia: Effect of Laboratory Monitoring
    Marsha Raebel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings will also assist in developing a framework for future studies to evaluate the effects and costs of medication-laboratory monitoring among patients with diabetes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Effects of oral clefts on birth outcomes and cleft risks due to maternal smoking
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Another aim is to obtain consistent estimates of the effect of maternal smoking or cleft lip and palate risk. The proposed model can be applied to study other newborn disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Psychological Tests and Assessment Online Resource
    Jan Wallander; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., clinicians, researchers, students, teachers) who need information about and access to psychological tests for children and adolescents or want to be educated about tests and assessment generally. ..
    Peter Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This work will improve our understanding of linkage mechanisms and of problem-service matching, and quantify the extent to which medical and psychosocial services are important components of effective drug abuse treatment. ..
  34. Trazodone for Sleep Disturbance - Early Alcohol Recovery
    Peter Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our extensive contacts with community agencies and substance abuse treatment facilities should enhance follow-up rates. ..
    Amy Justice; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..By virtue of the requested support, the applicant believes she will gain the experience and insight needed to conduct multidisciplinary interventional studies to improve outcomes for middle-aged and older people with HIV. ..
    Jennifer Haas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Such interventions should begin from the premise that improved maternal and infant outcomes can only come from improved maternal health. ..
  37. Archive of Longitudinal Studies on Childhood Problem Beh
    Jan Wallander; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Examples of predefined searches include study title, constituency of the sample, population of inference, number of variables, scales and instrumentation, and variable content. ..
  38. Guardianship for Persons with Mental Illnesses
    Annette Christy; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Medicaid and Medicare data from calendar years 1999 and 2000 will be analyzed to investigate the mental health service utilization of guardianship wards. ..
    Katharine Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, I intend to estimate and analyze costs, and the cost- effectiveness, of a mailed, alcohol screening program. ..
  40. Surrogate markers for Severe Pulmonary Embolism
    JEFFREY KLINE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will determine if criteria that are widely and immediately available in most hospitals can be used to risk-stratify severity of PE and to clarify the role of nonmalignant thrombophilias on the prognosis of PE. ..
  41. The Relation of Hospital Workload to Patient Safety
    Joel Weissman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A second potential outcome will be to make available cost-effective screening tools for monitoring adverse events and errors. ..
  42. Pretest Probability Assessment for Pulmonary Embolism
    JEFFREY KLINE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In phase III, we will test the validity of the PE PREtest Consult TM and determine if the use of the PE PREtest ConsultTM will decrease unnecessary testing for PE. ..
    Katherine Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..less affluent socioeconomic groups vary as a function of: definition of the measures of baseline patient characteristics, processes, and outcomes; data source; and definition of the cohort. ..
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
    Eric Wright; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Syndrome Co-Occurrence in Youth Mental Health Clinics
    AMANDA DOSS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Diversity of Antimicrobial Use and Emergence of Resistance in Pseudomonas
    Darren Linkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of our study will be generalizable to inpatients in tertiary acute care centers everywhere. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    R Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dr. Morrison will engage in a number of educational activities in order to enhance his research and statistical analysis skills. ..
  49. Are Volume Standards Accurate Measures of Quality?
    Laurent Glance; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. An RCT for Treating Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis
    LISA MANDL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This will fill a gap in the literature, and provide evidence-based data for intra-articular corticosteroids, the present use of which is based only on anecdotal and conventional practices. ..
  51. End-of-Life Research Ethics: Concerns, Approaches, and Impact
    Susan Hickman; Fiscal Year: 2009
  52. E. coli for prevention of Catheter UTI in SCI Patients
    BARBARA TRAUTNER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The candidate plans to combine her clinical background in infectious diseases with the mentored research preformed under this award in order to reduce the secondary infectious complications of mobility disorders. ..
  53. Adapting a Medical Self-Management Program for a Community Mental Health Center
    Benjamin Druss; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, it will provide a sustainable, scalable model for improving medical self-management in a highly vulnerable population. ..
  54. Promoting Use of Effective Early Intervention Programs
    Jan Wallander; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Literacy and Utilization of Maternal Depression Care
    Ian Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study represents a unique and cost effective opportunity to study patient factors which are obstacles to depression treatment in women with low literacy and inform future interventions. ..
  56. Risk Perception Fluctuation and PSA Screening Preference
    ANDREA LEVY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study represents the first step in a rigorous research program exploring risk perception and preference fluctuation and their impact on decisions in prostate cancer screening, diagnosis and treatment. ..
  57. Allergy Alerts in Computerized Physician Entry
    David Bates; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We believe the results of our work will improve patient safety and the overall quality of pharmacotherapy. We also believe that the results of our study will be applicabe to other healthcare systems ..
    Kate Carey; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This award would allow the applicant protected time (teaching relief and summer support) to continue to develop her research on the treatment of substance abuse among the severely mentally ill. ..
  59. Alcohol and intentional injury in the U.S Army
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will allow us to cost-effectively assess the role of alcohol in intentional injuries, for a large diverse population encompassing a wide range of occupational, racial, and gender groups. ..
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results will be used to identify high risk groups, estimate costs of drinking in the Army, and develop targeted intervention efforts. ..
  61. Incidence & Outcomes of SSI After Breast Cancer Surgery
    Margaret Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    Samuel Dorevitch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    Mona Baumgarten; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..They conclude that the present research is a first step towards addressing a common and serious problem, improving the quality of life of elderly hospital patients and reducing the cost of hospital care. ..
  64. Locus of Care & Pressure Ulcers After Hip Fracture
    Mona Baumgarten; Fiscal Year: 2004
  65. Sustaining Tobacco Abstinence after Incarceration
    JENNIFER GRACE CLARKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For this two year proposal we will limit follow-up to 12-weeks after release and censor follow-up for those who have relapsed to smoking. ..
  66. Socio-Technical Probabilistic Risk Assessment in Home Health Care
    Michael Silver; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Home health providers will be able to use this information to develop better care processes and to keep more people at home and out of the hospital. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Estrogen, Inflammation and Cardiovascular Risk
    David Reuben; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These findings may provide substantial insight into why CEE appears to promote early but protect against late cardiovascular effects. ..
  68. Women in Prison: Decreasing Unplanned Pregnancies & STDs
    Jennifer Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Funded by the NICHD, he is the PI evaluating this system in two primary care settings. He will provide me with advanced training in survey research methodology. ..
  69. Prevention of Pressure Ulcers in Hip Fracture Patients
    Mona Baumgarten; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..At the end of the planning project, we will be poised to submit a proposal that applies rigorous research methods to an important clinical problem. ..
  70. Exogenous Stressors and Birth Defects Risks
    Suzan Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research will enhance scientific understanding of the causes of several common, costly, often deadly birth defects, which will undoubtedly have important implications for their risk assessment and prevention. ..
    David Krag; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..3) Use the structure-based, homologous analog and biased library approach to make educated designs to increase the affinity of the Grb7 ligands ..
  72. Peer Support--Congestive Heart Failure Self-Management
    MARY ELLEN HEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If found effective, this approach could be used to improve health outcomes among patients with other chronic conditions, such as depression, chronic pain, or diabetes. ..
  73. Targeted Enzymes for Prodrug Therapy
    David Krag; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Successful completion of these experiments will result in demonstration of novel targeted effector molecules that bind selectively to tumors and activate cytotoxic prodrugs. ..
  74. A Randomized Trial of Family to Family Education
    Lisa Dixon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Nevertheless, the academic/consumer partnership represented by this study is critical to creating a health care system that is both consumer and family driven, and also based on scientific evidence. ..
    Yuchi Young; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Findings will be useful for developing intervention programs to improve functional independence among elderly hip fracture patients. ..
  76. Do Practice Guidelines Reduce Smoking in Schizophrenia
    Lisa Dixon; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It also accommodates subjects with missing data, and non-independence of measures within-class (physician or clinic) or intra-class correlation can be estimated and controlled. ..
  77. In Vivo Selection of Ligands for Targeted Therapy
    David Krag; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Successful completion of this clinical study will result in demonstration of a satisfactory safety profile and short peptides that bind selectively to tumor tissue. ..