sex factors


Summary: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome
    B Isomaa
    Department of Internal Medicine, Jakobstad Hospital, Finland
    Diabetes Care 24:683-9. 2001
  2. pmc Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey
    T J Cole
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH
    BMJ 320:1240-3. 2000
  3. ncbi Abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue compartments: association with metabolic risk factors in the Framingham Heart Study
    Caroline S Fox
    National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute s Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Mass, USA
    Circulation 116:39-48. 2007
  4. ncbi Prevalence, expenditures, and complications of multiple chronic conditions in the elderly
    Jennifer L Wolff
    Department of Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Room 304, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:2269-76. 2002
  5. pmc Childhood body-mass index and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood
    Jennifer L Baker
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Center for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    N Engl J Med 357:2329-37. 2007
  6. pmc Health consequences of obesity
    J J Reilly
    University of Glasgow Division of Developmental Medicine, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Yorkhill, Glasgow G3 8SJ, UK
    Arch Dis Child 88:748-52. 2003
  7. ncbi Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 9 to 15 years
    Philip R Nader
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093 0927, USA
    JAMA 300:295-305. 2008
  8. ncbi Associations of depression with C-reactive protein, IL-1, and IL-6: a meta-analysis
    M Bryant Howren
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, 11 Seashore Hall East, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Psychosom Med 71:171-86. 2009
  9. ncbi Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence
    E Jane Costello
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical School, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:837-44. 2003
  10. ncbi European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summary: Fourth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (Constituted by r
    Ian Graham
    Department of Cardiology, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Eur Heart J 28:2375-414. 2007

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications304 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome
    B Isomaa
    Department of Internal Medicine, Jakobstad Hospital, Finland
    Diabetes Care 24:683-9. 2001
    ..To estimate the prevalence of and the cardiovascular risk associated with the metabolic syndrome using the new definition proposed by the World Health Organization..
  2. pmc Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey
    T J Cole
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH
    BMJ 320:1240-3. 2000
    ..To develop an internationally acceptable definition of child overweight and obesity, specifying the measurement, the reference population, and the age and sex specific cut off points...
  3. ncbi Abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue compartments: association with metabolic risk factors in the Framingham Heart Study
    Caroline S Fox
    National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute s Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Mass, USA
    Circulation 116:39-48. 2007
    ..The incremental utility of measuring both visceral and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT) in association with metabolic risk factors and underlying heritability has not been well described in a population-based setting...
  4. ncbi Prevalence, expenditures, and complications of multiple chronic conditions in the elderly
    Jennifer L Wolff
    Department of Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Room 304, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:2269-76. 2002
    ..The prevalence, health care expenditures, and hospitalization experiences are important considerations among elderly populations with multiple chronic conditions...
  5. pmc Childhood body-mass index and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood
    Jennifer L Baker
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Center for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    N Engl J Med 357:2329-37. 2007
    ..Risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) are already identifiable in overweight children. The severity of the long-term effects of excess childhood weight on CHD, however, remains unknown...
  6. pmc Health consequences of obesity
    J J Reilly
    University of Glasgow Division of Developmental Medicine, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Yorkhill, Glasgow G3 8SJ, UK
    Arch Dis Child 88:748-52. 2003
    ..The aim of the present review was therefore to provide a critically appraised, evidence based, summary of the consequences of childhood obesity in the short term (for the child) and longer term (in adulthood)...
  7. ncbi Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 9 to 15 years
    Philip R Nader
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093 0927, USA
    JAMA 300:295-305. 2008
    ..Although at least 60 minutes per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is recommended, few longitudinal studies have determined the recent patterns of physical activity of youth...
  8. ncbi Associations of depression with C-reactive protein, IL-1, and IL-6: a meta-analysis
    M Bryant Howren
    Department of Psychology, The University of Iowa, 11 Seashore Hall East, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Psychosom Med 71:171-86. 2009
    ..To assess the magnitude and direction of associations of depression with C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-6 in community and clinical samples...
  9. ncbi Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence
    E Jane Costello
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical School, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:837-44. 2003
    ..This longitudinal community study assessed the prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders from age 9 through 16 years and examined homotypic and heterotypic continuity...
  10. ncbi European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summary: Fourth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (Constituted by r
    Ian Graham
    Department of Cardiology, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Eur Heart J 28:2375-414. 2007
  11. ncbi Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
  12. pmc Multimorbidity patterns in the elderly: a new approach of disease clustering identifies complex interrelations between chronic conditions
    Ingmar Schafer
    Department of Primary Medical Care, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 5:e15941. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge of specific processes of multimorbidity in an unselected elderly population by identifying patterns of statistically significantly associated comorbidity...
  13. pmc A systematic review of the prevalence of schizophrenia
    Sukanta Saha
    Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, The Park Centre for Mental Health, Wacol, Australia
    PLoS Med 2:e141. 2005
    ..The aims of this review are to systematically identify and collate studies describing the prevalence of schizophrenia, to summarize the findings of these studies, and to explore selected factors that may influence prevalence estimates...
  14. ncbi Physical activity change during adolescence: a systematic review and a pooled analysis
    Samuel C Dumith
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 40:685-98. 2011
    ..Therefore, the purpose was to systematically review the international literature regarding PA change during adolescence, and to quantify that change according to a series of study variables, exploring gender-and-age differences...
  15. ncbi Systematic review of depression, anxiety, and other indicators of psychological distress among U.S. and Canadian medical students
    Liselotte N Dyrbye
    Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55906, USA
    Acad Med 81:354-73. 2006
    ..To systematically review articles reporting on depression, anxiety, and burnout among U.S. and Canadian medical students...
  16. pmc Urinary levels of seven phthalate metabolites in the U.S. population from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000
    Manori J Silva
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:331-8. 2004
  17. ncbi Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997
    ..Suggestions for research on socioeconomic measures are provided, to aid monitoring steps toward social equity in health...
  18. ncbi Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia
    Youfa Wang
    Carolina Population Center, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:971-7. 2002
    ..Few studies have used the same references across countries to examine the trends of over- and underweight in older children and adolescents...
  19. ncbi Gender differences in health: a Canadian study of the psychosocial, structural and behavioural determinants of health
    Margaret Denton
    McMaster University, W Hamilton, Ont, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 58:2585-600. 2004
    ..Our findings suggest the value of models that include a wide range of health and health-determinant variables, and affirm the importance of looking more closely at gender differences in health...
  20. ncbi The prevalence of pain and pain interference in a general population of older adults: cross-sectional findings from the North Staffordshire Osteoarthritis Project (NorStOP)
    Elaine Thomas
    Primary Care Sciences Research Centre, Keele University, Keele, North Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK
    Pain 110:361-8. 2004
    ..More importantly the extent to which pain interferes with everyday life increases incrementally with age up to the oldest age-group in the community-dwelling general population...
  21. ncbi Predictive values of body mass index and waist circumference for risk factors of certain related diseases in Chinese adults--study on optimal cut-off points of body mass index and waist circumference in Chinese adults
    Bei fan Zhou
    Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
    Biomed Environ Sci 15:83-96. 2002
    ..g., high diabetes, diabetes mellitus, and lipoprotein disorders)...
  22. ncbi Gender differences in the metabolic syndrome and their role for cardiovascular disease
    V Regitz-Zagrosek
    Center for Gender in Medicine and Cardiovascular Disease in Women, Charite and Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Germany
    Clin Res Cardiol 95:136-47. 2006
  23. ncbi Is there hardening of the heart during medical school?
    Bruce W Newton
    College of Medicine, Academic Affairs, 603, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W Markham St, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Acad Med 83:244-9. 2008
  24. ncbi Prevalence, co-morbidity and correlates of mental disorders in the general population: results from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey (GHS)
    F Jacobi
    Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Unit Epidemiology and Service Research, Technical University of Dresden, Germany
    Psychol Med 34:597-611. 2004
    ..This paper reports results from its Mental Health Supplement (GHS-MHS) on 4-week 12-month, and selected lifetime prevalence of a broad range of DSM-IV mental disorders, their co-morbidity and correlates in the community...
  25. ncbi Validity of body mass index compared with other body-composition screening indexes for the assessment of body fatness in children and adolescents
    Zuguo Mei
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:978-85. 2002
    ..Validation studies of height- and weight-based indexes of body fatness in children and adolescents have examined only small samples of school-age children...
  26. pmc The utilization of testing and counseling for HIV: a review of the social and behavioral evidence
    Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer
    Department of HIV, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Public Health 97:1762-74. 2007
    ..We demonstrate that social factors have a considerable impact on testing, show that the services linked to testing are key determinants of utilization, and consider the implications of these findings for HIV testing programs...
  27. ncbi State of disparities in cardiovascular health in the United States
    George A Mensah
    Office of the Director, Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control, Mail Stop K 40, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Circulation 111:1233-41. 2005
    ..Having timely access to current data on disparities is important for policy and program development. Accordingly, we assessed the current magnitude of disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors in the United States...
  28. ncbi Health-related quality of life in total hip and total knee arthroplasty. A qualitative and systematic review of the literature
    Olivier Ethgen
    WHO Collaborating Center for Public Health Aspects of Osteoarticular Diseases, Department of Public Health, Epidemiology, and Health Economics, University of Liege, Belgium, Liege, Belgium
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:963-74. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to review the literature regarding the outcomes of total hip and knee arthroplasties as evaluated by health-related quality-of-life instruments...
  29. pmc Sex differences in the developmental origins of hypertension and cardiorenal disease
    Jeffrey S Gilbert
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth, Duluth, MN 55812, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 295:R1941-52. 2008
  30. pmc The association between glucometabolic disturbances, traditional cardiovascular risk factors and self-rated health by age and gender: a cross-sectional analysis within the Malmö Preventive Project
    Margret Leosdottir
    Department of Cardiology, Skane University Hospital, and Heart Health Group Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 10:118. 2011
    ..Whether this age-related reduction applies to CVD risk factors, and whether it is limited to established diabetes mellitus (DM) or also applies to pre-diabetic conditions are not well known...
  31. pmc Adding social deprivation and family history to cardiovascular risk assessment: the ASSIGN score from the Scottish Heart Health Extended Cohort (SHHEC)
    Mark Woodward
    Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Cardiovascular Research, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Heart 93:172-6. 2007
    ..To improve equity in cardiovascular disease prevention by developing a cardiovascular risk score including social deprivation and family history...
  32. pmc The challenge of comprehensively mapping children's health in a nation-wide health survey: design of the German KiGGS-Study
    Bärbel Maria Kurth
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Reporting, Robert Koch Institute, Seestrasse 10, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    BMC Public Health 8:196. 2008
    ..Aim of this first nationwide interview and examination survey was to collect comprehensive data on the health status of children and adolescents aged 0 to 17 years...
  33. ncbi Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitudinal study
    B L Hankin
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 107:128-40. 1998
  34. ncbi Sarcopenia: alternative definitions and associations with lower extremity function
    Anne B Newman
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 51:1602-9. 2003
  35. ncbi Sedentary behavior, physical activity, and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Obes Res 13:608-14. 2005
    ..We examined the associations among physical activity, sedentary behavior, and metabolic syndrome in a representative sample of U.S. adults...
  36. pmc Factors associated with success in medical school: systematic review of the literature
    Eamonn Ferguson
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    BMJ 324:952-7. 2002
  37. ncbi Sex differences in HPA axis responses to stress: a review
    Brigitte M Kudielka
    Department of Clinical and Theoretical Psychobiology, University of Trier, Johanniterufer 15, D 54290 Trier, Germany
    Biol Psychol 69:113-32. 2005
  38. pmc Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Behav Med 32:20-47. 2009
  39. pmc Association of depressive disorders, depression characteristics and antidepressant medication with inflammation
    N Vogelzangs
    Department of Psychiatry and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Transl Psychiatry 2:e79. 2012
    ..In conclusion, elevated inflammation was confirmed in depressed men, especially those with a late-onset depression. Specific antidepressants may differ in their effects on inflammation...
  40. pmc Predicting the 30-year risk of cardiovascular disease: the framingham heart study
    Michael J Pencina
    Department of Biostatistics, Boston University, 111 Cummington St, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Circulation 119:3078-84. 2009
    ..Clustering of risk factors at younger ages and increasing life expectancy suggest the need for longer-term risk prediction tools...
  41. ncbi Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
    T Brown
    School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
    Obes Rev 10:110-41. 2009
    ..Physical activity interventions, particularly in girls in primary schools, may help to prevent these children from becoming overweight in the short term...
  42. ncbi Sex differences in the clinical manifestations of Alzheimer disease pathology
    Lisa L Barnes
    Rush Alzheimer s Disease Center, Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:685-91. 2005
  43. ncbi Excess mortality following hip fracture: a systematic epidemiological review
    B Abrahamsen
    Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Niels Andersensvej 65, 2900, Hellerup, Denmark
    Osteoporos Int 20:1633-50. 2009
  44. pmc Association of pericardial fat, intrathoracic fat, and visceral abdominal fat with cardiovascular disease burden: the Framingham Heart Study
    Amir A Mahabadi
    Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 165 Charles River Plaza, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Eur Heart J 30:850-6. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to assess whether pericardial fat, intrathoracic fat, and visceral abdominal adipose tissue (VAT) are associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  45. ncbi Increasing incidence of differentiated thyroid cancer in the United States, 1988-2005
    Amy Y Chen
    Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Cancer 115:3801-7. 2009
    ..The objective of the current study was to investigate the trends in increasing incidence of differentiated (papillary and follicular) thyroid cancer by size, age, race, and sex...
  46. ncbi Overweight, obesity, and health-related quality of life among adolescents: the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
    Karen C Swallen
    Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Pediatrics 115:340-7. 2005
    ..We investigated the association between obesity and health-related quality of life in a nationally representative sample of adolescents...
  47. ncbi Sex, age, cardiovascular risk factors, and coronary heart disease: a prospective follow-up study of 14 786 middle-aged men and women in Finland
    P Jousilahti
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Circulation 99:1165-72. 1999
    ..In both sexes, CHD risk increases with age, but the increase is sharper in women. We analyzed the extent to which major cardiovascular risk factors can explain the sex difference and the age-related increase in CHD risk...
  48. ncbi Depression and obesity
    Albert J Stunkard
    Weight and Eating Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 54:330-7. 2003
  49. pmc A structured approach to modelling the effects of binary exposure variables over the life course
    Gita Mishra
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, University College and Royal Free Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:528-37. 2009
    ..This article highlights potential issues in the interpretation of results obtained from such an approach...
  50. ncbi The validity of obesity based on self-reported weight and height: Implications for population studies
    Maria Nyholm
    Skaraborg Institute, Skovde, Sweden
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:197-208. 2007
    ..To validate self-reported information on weight and height in an adult population and to find a useful algorithm to assess the prevalence of obesity based on self-reported information...
  51. ncbi Influences of age and gender on results of noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity measurement--a survey of 12517 subjects
    Hirofumi Tomiyama
    The Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical University, 6 7 1 Nishi shinjuku, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 0023, Japan
    Atherosclerosis 166:303-9. 2003
    ..Thus, aging influences baPWV, and its effect is more prominent in female. Menopause seems to be the crucial phenomenon to explain the augmented increase in arterial stiffness with aging in females...
  52. ncbi [Predictive values of body mass index and waist circumference to risk factors of related diseases in Chinese adult population]
    Beifan Zhou
    Department of Epidemiology, Fu Wai Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 23:5-10. 2002
  53. ncbi Sex differences in parasite infections: patterns and processes
    M Zuk
    Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside 92521, USA
    Int J Parasitol 26:1009-23. 1996
    ..Whether these evolutionary generalizations apply to invertebrates, which lack testosterone, remains to be seen...
  54. ncbi Self-reported health status of the general adult U.S. population as assessed by the EQ-5D and Health Utilities Index
    Nan Luo
    QualityMetric Incorporated, Lincoln, RI, USA
    Med Care 43:1078-86. 2005
    ..This study aimed to describe the self-reported health status of the general adult U.S. population using 3 multi-attribute preference-based measures: the EQ-5D, Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2), and Mark 3 (HUI3)...
  55. ncbi The emergence of cardiovascular disease during urbanisation of Africans
    H H Vorster
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoër Onderwys, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 5:239-43. 2002
  56. ncbi Stress and depression among medical students: a cross-sectional study
    Marie Dahlin
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section Psychiatry, St Göran, Stockholm, Sweden
    Med Educ 39:594-604. 2005
    ..To assess the exposure to different stressors and the prevalence of depression among medical students at different levels of education, taking gender differences into account...
  57. ncbi Coronary heart disease in China
    X H Zhang
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Heart 94:1126-31. 2008
    ..The studies provide important information for the prevention and management of chronic CHD and acute myocardial infarction in the Chinese population...
  58. pmc Sex differences in intimate relationships
    Vasyl Palchykov
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science BECS, Aalto University School of Science, P O Box 12200, FI 00076, Finland
    Sci Rep 2:370. 2012
    ..These results suggest that human social strategies may have more complex dynamics than previously assumed and a life-history perspective is crucial for understanding them...
  59. ncbi Women's health, men's health, and gender and health: implications of intersectionality
    Olena Hankivsky
    Simon Fraser University at Harbour Centre, School of Public Policy and Institute for Intersectionality Research and Policy, 515 West Hastings Street, Suite 3271, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6B 5K3, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 74:1712-20. 2012
  60. pmc Phthalate exposure and pulmonary function
    Jane A Hoppin
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health DHHS, PO Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2233, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:571-4. 2004
    ..Our results suggest that MBP and MEP, but not MEHP, may influence pulmonary function among adult males...
  61. ncbi Meta-analysis of statin effects in women versus men
    William J Kostis
    Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 59:572-82. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of statins in decreasing cardiovascular events in women and men...
  62. ncbi Impact of gender, menstrual cycle phase, and oral contraceptives on the activity of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis
    C Kirschbaum
    Center for Psychobiological and Psychosomatic Research, University of Trier, Germany
    Psychosom Med 61:154-62. 1999
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate sex-specific HPA response patterns with a focus on the contribution of gonadal steroids as possible mediators...
  63. ncbi Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder: evidence from a large sample of children and adolescents
    William Mandy
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1N 6BT, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 42:1304-13. 2012
    ..The female phenotype we describe was stable across our sample's age range. Their milder RSBs and less severe difficulties at school may lead to under-recognition of ASD in females...
  64. ncbi Excess mortality in depression: a meta-analysis of community studies
    Pim Cuijpers
    Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Trimbos Institute, PO Box 725, 3500 AS, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Affect Disord 72:227-36. 2002
    ..Furthermore, it has been hypothesized that mortality rates in depressed men are higher than in depressed women. Finally, it is not clear if the increased mortality rates exist only in major depression or also in subclinical depression...
  65. pmc A comprehensive view of sex-specific issues related to cardiovascular disease
    Louise Pilote
    Division of Internal Medicine, The McGill University Health Centre Research Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 176:S1-44. 2007
    ..However, the interaction between sex-and gender-related factors and CVD outcomes in women remains largely unknown...
  66. ncbi Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV drug abuse and dependence in the United States: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions
    Wilson M Compton
    Division of Epidemiology, Services, and Prevention Research, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892 9304, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:566-76. 2007
    ..Current and comprehensive information on the epidemiology of DSM-IV 12-month and lifetime drug use disorders in the United States has not been available...
  67. ncbi Breakfast skipping and health-compromising behaviors in adolescents and adults
    A Keski-Rahkonen
    Department of Public Health, PO Box 41, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:842-53. 2003
    ..To investigate which sociodemographic factors and behaviors are associated with breakfast skipping in adolescents and adults...
  68. ncbi Body mass index in the evaluation of thyroid cancer risk
    Tamara Mijovic
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Thyroid 19:467-72. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on thyroid cancer risk in a population of patients with indeterminate cytology on fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB)...
  69. pmc Sex-specific association of X-linked Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) with male systemic lupus erythematosus
    Nan Shen
    Shanghai Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15838-43. 2010
    ..7-fold higher transcripts of G-allele than C-allele. These data established a functional polymorphism in type I IFN pathway gene TLR7 predisposing to SLE, especially in Chinese and Japanese male subjects...
  70. pmc Progression of carotid artery intima-media thickness during 12 years in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) study
    Joseph F Polak
    Tufts Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Diabetes 60:607-13. 2011
    ..This study investigated the long-term effects of intensive diabetic treatment on the progression of atherosclerosis, measured as common carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT)...
  71. pmc Statistical methods for the time-to-event analysis of individual participant data from multiple epidemiological studies
    Simon Thompson
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1345-59. 2010
    ..Meta-analysis of individual participant time-to-event data from multiple prospective epidemiological studies enables detailed investigation of exposure-risk relationships, but involves a number of analytical challenges...
  72. ncbi Variations in patients' adherence to medical recommendations: a quantitative review of 50 years of research
    M Robin Dimatteo
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Med Care 42:200-9. 2004
    ..The literature on patient adherence to treatment includes hundreds of empirical studies. A comprehensive examination of the findings requires the organization and quantification that is possible with meta-analysis...
  73. ncbi Diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors as risk factors for overweight in adolescence
    Kevin Patrick
    University of California, San Diego, San Diego State University, and Kaiser Permanente Medical Group, San Diego, CA 92093 0811, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:385-90. 2004
    ..The proportion of overweight adolescents has increased, but the behavioral risk factors for overweight youth are not well understood...
  74. ncbi Cross-national patterns of gender differences in mathematics: a meta-analysis
    Nicole M Else-Quest
    Villanova University, Department of Psychology, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:103-27. 2010
    ..Results are situated within the context of existing research demonstrating apparently paradoxical effects of societal gender equity and highlight the significance of increasing girls' and women's agency cross-nationally...
  75. ncbi Measurement of empathy among Japanese medical students: psychometrics and score differences by gender and level of medical education
    Hitomi U Kataoka
    Center for Developing Medical and Health Care Education, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan
    Acad Med 84:1192-7. 2009
    ..To examine psychometric properties of a Japanese translation of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE), and to study differences in empathy scores between men and women, and students in different years of medical school...
  76. ncbi Early active follow-up of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) who are lost to follow-up: the 'Back-to-Care' project in Lilongwe, Malawi
    Hannock Tweya
    The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Trop Med Int Health 15:82-9. 2010
    ..To determine the proportion of patients returning to antiretroviral treatment (ART) and factors associated with their return in a resource-limited setting...
  77. ncbi The ABCs of depression: integrating affective, biological, and cognitive models to explain the emergence of the gender difference in depression
    Janet Shibley Hyde
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Psychol Rev 115:291-313. 2008
  78. ncbi Telomere length as an indicator of biological aging: the gender effect and relation with pulse pressure and pulse wave velocity
    A Benetos
    Center Investigations Preventives et Cliniques, INSERM U337, Paris, France
    Hypertension 37:381-5. 2001
    ..The longer telomere length in women suggests that for a given chronological age, biological aging of men is more advanced than that of women...
  79. ncbi The epidemiology of neck pain
    D G Hoy
    University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Herston Rd, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 24:783-92. 2010
    ..The Global Burden of Disease 2005 Study is currently making estimates of the global burden of neck pain in relation to impairment and activity limitation, and results will be available in 2011...
  80. ncbi Obesity, regional body fat distribution, and the metabolic syndrome in older men and women
    Bret H Goodpaster
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:777-83. 2005
    ..We determined whether patterns of regional fat deposition are associated with metabolic syndrome in older adults...
  81. pmc The prevalence of stunting, overweight and obesity, and metabolic disease risk in rural South African children
    Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 10:158. 2010
    ..This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and patterns of stunting and overweight/obesity, and hence risk for metabolic disease, in a group of children and adolescents in rural South Africa...
  82. pmc Season, sex, age, and education as modifiers of the effects of outdoor air pollution on daily mortality in Shanghai, China: The Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) Study
    Haidong Kan
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1183-8. 2008
    ..Various factors can modify the health effects of outdoor air pollution. Prior findings about modifiers are inconsistent, and most of these studies were conducted in developed countries...
  83. ncbi The prevalence and etiology of elevated aminotransferase levels in the United States
    Jeanne M Clark
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 98:960-7. 2003
    ..Unexplained aminotransferase elevation was strongly associated with adiposity and other features of the metabolic syndrome, and thus may represent nonalcoholic fatty liver disease...
  84. ncbi The advantage of women in cancer survival: an analysis of EUROCARE-4 data
    A Micheli
    Descriptive Epidemiology and Health Planning Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy
    Eur J Cancer 45:1017-27. 2009
  85. ncbi Is obesity associated with early sexual maturation? A comparison of the association in American boys versus girls
    Youfa Wang
    Department of Human Nutrition and Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    Pediatrics 110:903-10. 2002
    ..Earlier maturing girls are more likely to be obese than nonearly maturers. However, limited research has been conducted in boys...
  86. ncbi Insights from the NHLBI-Sponsored Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) Study: Part I: gender differences in traditional and novel risk factors, symptom evaluation, and gender-optimized diagnostic strategies
    Leslee J Shaw
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Cedars Sinai Research Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 47:S4-S20. 2006
  87. ncbi Comparison of the associations of body mass index and measures of central adiposity and fat mass with coronary heart disease, diabetes, and all-cause mortality: a study using data from 4 UK cohorts
    Amy E Taylor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:547-56. 2010
    ..Measures of regional adiposity have been proposed as alternatives to the measurement of body mass index (BMI) for identifying persons at risk of future disease...
  88. ncbi Translating physical activity recommendations into a pedometer-based step goal: 3000 steps in 30 minutes
    Simon J Marshall
    School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182 7251, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:410-5. 2009
    ..Translating current physical activity recommendations into a pedometer-based guideline could increase the public health impact of physical activity interventions...
  89. ncbi Sex differences in the relationship between social support and risk for major depression: a longitudinal study of opposite-sex twin pairs
    Kenneth S Kendler
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0126, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:250-6. 2005
    ..Prior studies have suggested that women are more sensitive to the depressogenic effects of low social support, but most of these studies had substantial methodologic limitations...
  90. ncbi Uptake of HIV voluntary counselling and testing services in rural Tanzania: implications for effective HIV prevention and equitable access to treatment
    Alison Wringe
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 13:319-27. 2008
    ..To describe the associations between socio-demographic, behavioural and clinical characteristics and the use of HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) services among residents in a rural ward in Tanzania...
  91. pmc A nearly continuous measure of birth weight for gestational age using a United States national reference
    Emily Oken
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, USA
    BMC Pediatr 3:6. 2003
    ..The purpose of our analysis was to create more continuous reference measures of birth weight for gestational age for use in epidemiologic analyses...
  92. ncbi Sex-specific differences in metabolic control, cardiovascular risk, and interventions in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
    Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Austria
    Gend Med 7:571-83. 2010
    ..Sex-specific differences appear particularly relevant in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with women experiencing greater increases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than do men...
  93. ncbi Marriage and health: his and hers
    J K Kiecolt-Glaser
    Department of Psychiatry, Ohio State University College of Medicine, 1670 Upham Drive, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:472-503. 2001
    ..Contemporary models of gender that emphasize self-processes, traits, and roles furnish alternative perspectives on the differential costs and benefits of marriage for men's and women's health...
  94. ncbi Self-rated health is related to levels of circulating cytokines
    Mats Lekander
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Psychology, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Psychosom Med 66:559-63. 2004
  95. ncbi Advances in our understanding of mammalian sex-biased dispersal
    L J Lawson Handley
    Theoretical and Molecular Population Genetics Group, Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EH, UK
    Mol Ecol 16:1559-78. 2007
  96. pmc Incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus among white Americans by sex, stage, and age
    Linda Morris Brown
    Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1184-7. 2008
    ..74 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI = 0.67 to 0.81), over the same time period. Adenocarcinoma rates rose among white men and women in all stage and age groups, indicating that these increases are real and not an artifact of surveillance...
  97. ncbi Aging and arterial stiffness
    Hae Young Lee
    Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Circ J 74:2257-62. 2010
    ..Various strategies, especially controlling hypertension, show benefit in preventing, delaying or attenuating vascular aging...
  98. ncbi Food group intake and central obesity among children and adolescents in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)
    M Loring Bradlee
    Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:797-805. 2010
    ..To explore mean food group intakes associated with central obesity anthropometry among children and adolescents enrolled in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)...
  99. ncbi Facial structure is a reliable cue of aggressive behavior
    Justin M Carré
    Department of Psychology, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 20:1194-8. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that the facial width-to-height ratio may be a cue used to predict propensity for aggression in others...
  100. pmc Gender-related differences in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and their correlates in urban Tanzania
    Marina A Njelekela
    Department of Physiology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, PO Box 65001, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 9:30. 2009
    ..Results of this study will help inform future research and potential preventive and therapeutic interventions against such chronic diseases...
  101. ncbi Pediatric reference data for lean tissue properties: density and hydration from age 5 to 20 y
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:610-8. 2010
    ..The accuracy of these techniques depends on the validity of age- and sex-specific constant values for lean tissue hydration or density. Empirical data on these constants, and their variability between individuals, are lacking...

Research Grants101 found, 100 shown here

  1. A genomic analysis of doublesex function in sex determination
    ERIN ALISA JIMENEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sexual dimorphism are diverse throughout the animal kingdom, such as cell autonomous splicing of specific sex factors in flies and hormonal secretion by gonads in humans, but converge upon a family of conserved genes, Dmrt's ..
  2. Identification of a gender-specific rat arthritis locus
    Percio Gulko; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The identification of these sex-specific genes, and the sex factors regulating their penetrance will be of great relevance to the understanding of the factors accounting for the ..
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..An enhanced knowledge base should aid ultimately in formulating more innovative preventive and interventional strategies to limit hyposomatotropism in older and/or estrogen-deficient humans. ..
  4. Analytical Reconstruction of Feedback Signaling in Aging Men
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The present proposal develops a general biomathematical framework for dissecting otherwise observed pathways that control hormone output in aging, stress and disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding such fundamental interactions is important to the rational design of alternative strategies to interrupt normal and rescue impaired steroidogenesis in the maturing Graafian follicle and corpus luteum. ..
  7. Novel Active Repressor Model of Human LDL-Receptor Regulation
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This would represent a new treatment approach for patients with atherosclerotic disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Ensemble Disruption of the GnRH-LH-Testosterone Axis
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Expected corollary outcomes are enhanced diagnosis, assessment and management of more subtle pathophysiology of the male gonadal axis in puberty and adulthood. ..
  9. Mechanistic bases for age-related androgen deficiency
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Knowing why testosterone falls should help foster new and safer ways to prevent the problem. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Epidemiology of Prescription Drug Abuse in the United States
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It will help identify risk factors for substance abuse. Most importantly, the findings will provide guidance for the prevention, assessment, and treatment of prescription drug abuse. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Informal Care of Older Adults and Medicare Expenditures
    COURTNEY VAN HOUTVEN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Prescription Drug Abuse Among College Students
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
  14. Inhalant Use/Dependence: Incidence and Comorbidity
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Gaps in our knowledge of the natural course of inhalant use will be specified for future research. ..
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2005
  16. Mechanical Intervention in Children with Cerebral Palsy
    Tishya Wren; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will also provide insight into the potential role of muscle adaptation and bone turnover in increasing bone mass in response to this simple, non-invasive, non-pharmacalogical intervention. ..
  17. Chronic stressors and drug abuse in 2 Indian populations
    Janette Beals; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed work promises to provide the most comprehensive and focused investigation to date of chronic stressors within Al populations and of the relationship of various stressors with drug use and disorder. ..
    John Chin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A "grounded theory" approach will be used to analyze the data. ..
  19. HIV-Related Proteinuria and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Samir Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Dub6) in the fields of HIV metabolic and renal complications, renal vascular and glomerular pathology, and clinical trials design and implementation. ..
  20. Prenatal NSAID Use and Miscarriage
    De Kun Li; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Work injury and young people: A prospective survey
    F Breslin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..No study to date has examined the impact of work injuries on earnings losses among young workers, thereby addressing a notable gap in this research area. ..
    Carlo Selmi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. A Computerized Adaptive Testing Version of the ASI
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The availability of this new tool should enhance the quality and reduce the cost of research and treatment in the substance abuse area. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Ethnicity, Alcohol, and Spousal Violence
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..collecting data from both couple members. ..
  25. Visual Impairment, Treatment and Effects on the Elderly
    Frank Sloan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Ten papers are anticipated for this four-year study. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. The Epidemiology and Genetics of Hip OA in Elderly Men
    Nancy Lane; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..After determining the prevalence of hip OA in the Mr. OS cohort we will perform case-control studies of candidate genes associated with bone and cartilage metabolism. ..
  27. Endogenous/Exogenous Sex Hormones & CHD Risk Factors
    Elizabeth Barrett Connor; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These observations may aid in deciding whether individual women should use HRT and, if so, which regimen would provide the most benefit with the least risk. ..
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Julie Glowacki; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Elizabeth Barrett Connor; Fiscal Year: 2002
  31. Effect of Aging & Vitamin D Status on Osteoblastogenesis
    Julie Glowacki; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Eleftherios Diamandis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Prenatal MF Exposure & Miscarriage Risk Among Women
    De Kun Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings from the proposed study will provide much needed confirmation of the recently reported results and advance our understanding of a MF health effect. ..
  34. Economic Analysis of the Impact of Food Advertisements
    John Cawley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Together these data allow us to calculate a precise measure of the advertisements to which each youth was exposed. This will allow us to better estimate how food advertising impacts youth consumption. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.
    Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
  36. Deep South CanCORS Colorectal and Lung Cancer PDCR Site
    Mona Fouad; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, we have available highly experienced staff and an advanced infrastructure to support all aspects of the recruitment, follow-up, and data collection and management activities required for CanCORS. ..
  37. Developmental Neuroendocrine Effects of PCBs and PBDEs: Parallels with ADHD
    RICHARD FIELD SEEGAL; Fiscal Year: 2010
  38. Small Grant Program for Conference Support (R13)
    Nancy Lane; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To review the issues they need to address to fully develop their submissions, if participants have not yet submitted proposals. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Gail Wyatt; Fiscal Year: 2003
  40. Longitudinal Study of Exposure to Family Violence
    Todd I Herrenkohl; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposal involves a cross-site collaboration between two very qualified, highly productive research teams with extensive experience and considerable investment in this study. ..
  41. Family Strengths in Preventing Adolescent Drug Use
    Brenda Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Assessing & Improving the Measurement of Sexual Behavior
    Barbara Mensch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Determinants and Consequences of Alcohol Consumption
    Frank Sloan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Partner Violence Norms and HIV Risk-Taking Among Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Ilene Speizer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The information from this study can be used to make recommendations on strategies to reduce youth violence risk with the underlying objective of strengthening HIV prevention programs for youth. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Psychosocial Res. to Improve Drug Treatment in Pregnancy
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Sexual Orientation, Substance Use and Mental Health
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Signal Detection for Prescription Opioid Outbreaks
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This system should be perceived by stakeholders as highly valuable. Thus, we believe this product has enormous commercial viability and public health importance. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Young Investigators Initiative Workshop (U13)
    Nancy Lane; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Salsalate: A Diabetes Treatment for Carbonyl, Oxidative & Nitrosative Stress
    JOSHUA ISRAEL BARZILAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If effective, this treatment could reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes that frequently occur in people with diabetes. ..
  50. Impact of Fiber Fermentation on Fecal Incontinence
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Differences among the measures of the groups after supplementation will be compared after controlling for baseline values of these measures using ANCOVA. ..
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The in vitro model, if validated, has the potential to provide clinically important information on interactions involving HIV treatments and abusable drugs, at relatively low cost and with no human drug exposure. ..
  52. Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use among College Students
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Findings from this research will have important implications for the understanding of the epidemiology, prevention and treatment of prescription drug abuse. ..
    Scott Grundy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The long term goal is to produce graduates who routinely address nutrition and exercise for cardiovascular health with their patients. ..
    Adaora Adimora; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Her training and experience have equipped her with uncommon insight into this problem. The K02 award will facilitate her accomplishing this career goal. ..
  55. Health Disparity in Obesity and Diabetes
    Mona Fouad; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The conference will feature both didactic lectures and interactive presentations on possible reasons for health disparities. ..
    Julie Glowacki; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In vivo fate of engineered joints will be assessed in our model of murine joint transplantation and will be further verified in the pig. ..
    Maria Oquendo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..3) Lithium treatment will be superior to valproate in decreasing aggression. ..
  58. Metabolic Consequences of HAART: CYP3A and P-gp
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This multidisciplinary proposal provides a clinical and scientific basis to assess the effects of currently available as well as experimental HAART medications on human CYP3A and P-gp. ..
  59. Ethnicity, Parenting, and Adolescent Adjustment
    LISA CROCKETT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In Phase 3, structural models that relate ecological variables to parenting practices and to adolescent psychosocial adjustment will be tested within and across ethnic/racial groups and subgroups. ..
  60. Genetic Aspects of Vestibular Dysfunction
    Stephen Roth; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed project will generate important pilot data related to the genetics of vestibular dysfunction, thus fitting within the R21 grant mechanism. ..
  61. Drug use and health disparities in 2 Indian populations
    Janette Beals; Fiscal Year: 2003
  62. MDR1 and Related Proteins during HIV PI Exposure
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings will be of importance in understanding lipid disorders related to PIs as well as the kinetics of drugs used to treat HIV and related disorders. ..
  63. Treating PMS/PMDD--Research versus Clinical Reality
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Frank Sloan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We will examine implications of our empirical analysis for tort claims brought against tobacco companies and the evolution of legal theories underlying tobacco tort litigation in a law review article. ..
  65. CYP3A Function in Aging AfricanAmericans
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study should provide important mechanistic information on the role of age, gender, and ethnicity as sources of variability in CYP3A-mediated drug metabolism and response. ..
  66. Morphometric Analysis of the Superior Temporal Gyrus
    JOHN RATNANATHER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  67. A Prescription Medication Monitoring Tool
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Phase II will fully develop the website and establish its reliability and validity. The will be an innovative solution to problems collecting product-specific addictions data in real time. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Protective Influence of Residential Learning Communities
    SEAN MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..At each measurement point, participants will complete a set of measures that assess substance use behaviors and constructs addressed by RLCs. ..
  69. A Spanish Adaptation of the ASI-Multimedia Version
    Stephen Butler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Due to its reliability and low cost, we believe the ASI-MV could become the "Gold Standard" addictions assessment. Under such a circumstance, a Spanish adaptation would enjoy widespread use and profitability. ..
  70. A Randomized Trial of Home Self-Efficacy Enhancement
    Anthony Jerant; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings will help policymakers, payers, and providers identify which interventions to implement. ..
  71. NAPS2 Continuation - Genome-Wide Association Study of Pancreatitis
    David C Whitcomb; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Knowledge of the genetic basis of pancreatitis will lead to new treatments, and help remove the stigma that chronic pancreatitis is only a disease of drunkards. ..
  72. Under the Skin: Understanding the Role of Stress and Immune Function in Health Di
    JENNIFER DOWD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will test whether these immune and infection markers are related to psychosocial and economic stressors and whether they mediate the relationship between SES and health outcomes including mortality. ..
  73. Abuse-Related Effects of Opioids and Adjuvant Drug Used by Chronic Pain Patients
    James P Zacny; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., muscle relaxant B) would be the preferred drug to prescribe when treating chronic nonmalignant pain patients. ..
  74. Disability in Valued Life Activities in Persons with Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Patricia Katz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Ted Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We also will pilot test use of an input-output model to assess the impact of occupational injury/illness on the economy. ..
    John Constantino; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If the SRS compares favorably with the ADI-R, the SRS could feasibly be used to study the genetics of autism by examining the genetic structure of autistic traits in whole populations. ..
    Robert Levine; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies may will reveal novel apoptotic regulatory mechanisms and provide new avenues for therapeutic approaches to promote neuronal survival and prevent debilitating neurological diseases, such as Parkinson's disease. ..
  78. The Brain & Psychosis: Asymmetry & cortical organization
    Martin Reite; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Altered tototopy and somatotopy will be examined as antecedents or results of psychosis. The findings will help identify individuals at risk for illness, and separate disease and psychosis-associated brain changes in mental disorders. ..
  79. c-erbB-2 and Risk of Contralateral Breast Cancer
    Christopher Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  80. Protein Biomarkers of Cancer Risk in Older Persons
    Christopher Li; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  81. Measurement of Gender Differences in Disability and Care
    Kathryn Yount; Fiscal Year: 2002
  82. Secular Changes in Alzheimer's Disease Risk
    Liesi Hebert; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information is essential for planning the future health resources needed to care for people with AD. PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 09/04, Reissued 4/2006) [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  83. Patients with Alcohol Problems and Chronic Pain: Use of Alcohol and Pain Services
    Cynthia Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will work with clinicians and the health plan to develop this future research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  84. Role of Family History in CAD Risk Assessment
    Maren Scheuner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, the incremental value of comprehensive familial risk assessment in decision-making regarding lipid-lowering treatment with diet or drugs for primary prevention of CAD will be analyzed. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Chandra Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  86. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Noreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2001
  88. Auditory Perception of Drug Names: Neighborhood Effects
    Bruce Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  89. Cognitive dysfunction in neuropsychiatric-SLE
    Michael Lockshin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Successful completion of this research will redefine the pathogenesis of cognitive dysfunction and suggest therapeutic targets for intervention...
  90. Training & Education:Advanced Multidisciplinary Clinical Research (TEAM) (RMI)
    MARY CARNES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus, this is the right time and UW-Madison is the right place for this far-reaching, innovative training grant. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  91. Oncology Clinical Trial Accrual Study
    ANNEKE SCHROEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
  92. Training/Education: Advance in Clinical Research (RMI)
    MARY CARNES; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Extramural federal research funding for the primary mentors exceeds $80 million annually in direct costs. Thus, this is the right time and UW-Madison is the right place for this far-reaching, innovative training grant. ..
  93. Women's Health & Aging:Research and Leadership Training
    MARY CARNES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  94. Youth Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana Use: Effects of Hours of Work and Wages
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research will identify the importance of employment and earned income on youth substance use and produce information that can be used to design effective public health policy to address this problem. ..
  95. Latent Growth Curve Paths to Longevity: The Terman Study
    Chandra Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Andrew Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2004
  97. Occupational Medicine Activities and Skills: An Empiric Study
    Philip Harber; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Analyses will be both descriptive and address specific questions such as determining the impact of formal education and evaluating whether occupational preventive medicine is a homogeneous field or composed of distinct subgroups. ..
  98. Neglect and Abuse Histories Among Homeless Young Adults
    Kimberly Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..