Genomes and Genes
world health organization
Summary: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Publications260 found, 100 shown here
- The 2008 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia: rationale and important changesJames W Vardiman
Department of Pathology, University of Chicago, IL, USA
Blood 114:937-51. 2009Recently the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with the European Association for Haematopathology and the Society for Hematopathology, published a revised and updated edition of the WHO Classification of Tumors of the ..
- Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) 2008 update (in collaboration with the World Health Organization, GA(2)LEN and AllerGen)J Bousquet
University Hospital and INSERM, Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France
Allergy 63:8-160. 2008
- Data resource profile: the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)Paul Kowal
WHO SAGE, Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Int J Epidemiol 41:1639-49. 2012..The World Health Organization's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) aims to address the gap in reliable data and scientific ..
- The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment: psychometric properties and results of the international field trial. A report from the WHOQOL groupS M Skevington
WHO Centre for the Study of Quality of Life, Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath, UK
Qual Life Res 13:299-310. 2004..These results indicate that overall, the WHOQOL-BREF is a sound, cross-culturally valid assessment of QOL, as reflected by its four domains: physical, psychological, social and environment...
- An estimation of the global volume of surgery: a modelling strategy based on available dataThomas G Weiser
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Lancet 372:139-44. 2008..We estimated the number of major operations undertaken worldwide, described their distribution, and assessed the importance of surgical care in global public-health policy...
- The new World Health Organization classification of lung tumoursE Brambilla
Service de Pathologie Cellulaire, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble, France
Eur Respir J 18:1059-68. 2001....
- The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of the myeloid neoplasmsJames W Vardiman
Department of Pathology, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Blood 100:2292-302. 2002A World Health Organization (WHO) classification of hematopoietic and lymphoid neoplasms has recently been published...
- An observational study of material durability of three World Health Organization-recommended long-lasting insecticidal nets in eastern ChadRichard Allan
The MENTOR Initiative, Crawley, United Kingdom
Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:407-11. 2012..These results provide the first comparative data on LLIN material durability to guide procurement and replacement practice, and to inform urgently needed changes in LLIN international minimum specifications and product standards...
- Gestational diabetes and pregnancy outcomes--a systematic review of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) diagnostic criteriaEliana M Wendland
Federal University of Health Sciences, Porto Alegre, Brazil
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:23. 2012..are being used for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM), those recommended over the years by the World Health Organization (WHO), and those recently recommended by the International Association for Diabetes in Pregnancy Study ..
- The World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative Version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)Ronald C Kessler
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 13:93-121. 2004This paper presents an overview of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and a discussion of the methodological research on ..
- Resources for mental health: scarcity, inequity, and inefficiencyShekhar Saxena
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 370:878-89. 2007..Scarcity of available resources, inequities in their distribution, and inefficiencies in their use pose the three main obstacles to better mental health, especially in low-income and middle-income countries...
- Uniform definition of asthma severity, control, and exacerbations: document presented for the World Health Organization Consultation on Severe AsthmaJean Bousquet
University Hospital, Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France
J Allergy Clin Immunol 126:926-38. 2010..A World Health Organization meeting was convened April 5-6, 2009, to propose a uniform definition of severe asthma...
- Evaluation of the traditional and revised WHO classifications of Dengue disease severityFederico Narvaez
Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital Infantil Manuel de Jesus Rivera, Managua, Nicaragua
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1397. 2011..The long-standing World Health Organization (WHO) dengue classification and management scheme was recently revised, replacing DF, Dengue Hemorrhagic ..
- The World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS): a short screening scale for use in the general populationRonald C Kessler
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Psychol Med 35:245-56. 2005A self-report screening scale of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the World Health Organization (WHO) Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) was developed in conjunction with revision of the WHO Composite International ..
- The World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ)Ronald C Kessler
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Occup Environ Med 45:156-74. 2003This report describes the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ), a self-report instrument designed to estimate the workplace costs of health problems in terms of reduced job performance, sickness ..
- The world report on violence and healthEtienne G Krug
Injuries and Violence Prevention Department, Non Communicable Diseases and Mental Health, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 360:1083-8. 2002..The launch of the report will be followed by a 1-year Global Campaign on Violence Prevention, focusing on implementation of the recommendations. This article summarises some of the main points of the world report...
- Developing the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0T Bedirhan Ustun
World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 88:815-23. 2010To describe the development of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2...
- Scaling up the 2010 World Health Organization HIV Treatment Guidelines in resource-limited settings: a model-based analysisRochelle P Walensky
Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Med 7:e1000382. 2010The new 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) HIV treatment guidelines recommend earlier antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation (CD4<350 cells/µl instead of CD4<200 cells/µl), multiple sequential ART regimens, and replacement of ..
- HIV drug resistance early warning indicators in cohorts of individuals starting antiretroviral therapy between 2004 and 2009: World Health Organization global report from 50 countriesDiane E Bennett
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Clin Infect Dis 54:S280-9. 2012The World Health Organization developed a set of human immunodeficiency virus drug resistance (HIVDR) early warning indicators (EWIs) to assess antiretroviral therapy clinic and program factors associated with HIVDR...
- Cost-effectiveness of antiretroviral regimens in the World Health Organization's treatment guidelines: a South African analysisEran Bendavid
Division of General Internal Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, USA
AIDS 25:211-20. 2011the World Health Organization (WHO) recently changed its first-line antiretroviral treatment guidelines in resource-limited settings. The cost-effectiveness of the new guidelines is unknown.
- Using the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ) to evaluate the indirect workplace costs of illnessRonald C Kessler
Department of Health Care Polity, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Occup Environ Med 46:S23-37. 2004..in estimating the indirect workplace costs of illness from data obtained in employee surveys using the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ)...
- The World Health Organization's global strategy for prevention and assessment of HIV drug resistanceDiane E Bennett
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Antivir Ther 13:1-13. 2008..The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a minimum-resource strategy for prevention and assessment of HIVDR in resource-limited ..
- From malaria control to eradication: The WHO perspectiveKamini Mendis
Global Malaria Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Trop Med Int Health 14:802-9. 2009..This paper summarizes the outcomes of a World Health Organization's expert meeting on the feasibility of such a goal...
- International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technology (ICMART) and the World Health Organization (WHO) revised glossary of ART terminology, 2009F Zegers-Hochschild
Unit of Reproductive Medicine, Clinicas las Condes, Santiago, Chile
Fertil Steril 92:1520-4. 2009....
- Risk of hip fracture according to the World Health Organization criteria for osteopenia and osteoporosisJ A Kanis
WHO Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield Medical School, Sheffield, UK
Bone 27:585-90. 2000..aim of this study was to examine the utility of relative risks of hip fracture in men and women using World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria for low bone mass and osteoporosis...
- Utilities and limitations of the World Health Organization 2009 warning signs for adult dengue severityTun Linn Thein
Communicable Disease Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2023. 2013In 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed seven warning signs (WS) as criteria for hospitalization and predictors of severe dengue (SD)...
- The WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study: planning, study design, and methodologyMercedes de Onis
Department of Nutrition, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Food Nutr Bull 25:S15-26. 2004The World Health Organization (WHO) Multicentre Growth Reference Study (MGRS) is a community-based, multicountry project to develop new growth references for infants and young children...
- Dengue--how best to classify itAnon Srikiatkhachorn
Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
Clin Infect Dis 53:563-7. 2011..Since the 1970s, clinical dengue has been classified according to the World Health Organization guideline as dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever...
- Pre-validation of the WHO organ dysfunction based criteria for identification of maternal near missJose G Cecatti
Obstetric Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Reprod Health 8:22. 2011..To evaluate the performance of the WHO criteria for defining maternal near miss and identifying deaths among cases of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) admitted for intensive care...
- Recommendations for surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance in countries scaling up antiretroviral treatmentDiane E Bennett
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Antivir Ther 13:25-36. 2008The World Health Organization (WHO) HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) threshold survey method was developed for surveillance of transmitted HIVDR in resource-limited countries...
- The WHO dengue classification and case definitions: time for a reassessmentJacqueline L Deen
International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak PO Box 14, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Lancet 368:170-3. 2006
- The World Health Organization hand hygiene observation methodHugo Sax
Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
Am J Infect Control 37:827-34. 2009..Within the framework of the World Health Organization's (WHO) First Global Patient Safety Challenge known as "Clean Care is Safer Care," an evidence-based, ..
- Proposals and rationale for revision of the World Health Organization diagnostic criteria for polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis: recommendations from an ad hoc international expert panelAyalew Tefferi
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Blood 110:1092-7. 2007..Accordingly, revision of the current World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria for PV, ET, and PMF is warranted; JAK2 mutation analysis should be listed as a ..
- Global monitoring of Salmonella serovar distribution from the World Health Organization Global Foodborne Infections Network Country Data Bank: results of quality assured laboratories from 2001 to 2007Rene S Hendriksen
National Food Institute, WHO Collaborating Centre for Antimicrobial Resistance in Foodborne Pathogens and Community Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:887-900. 2011..Salmonella isolated from humans from 2001 to 2007 in laboratories from 37 countries that participated in World Health Organization Global Foodborne Infections Network and demonstrated serotyping proficiency in the Global Foodborne ..
- The International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technology (ICMART) and the World Health Organization (WHO) Revised Glossary on ART Terminology, 2009F Zegers-Hochschild
Unit of Reproductive Medicine, Clinicas las Condes, Santiago, Chile
Hum Reprod 24:2683-7. 2009....
- Twelve-month prevalence of and risk factors for suicide attempts in the World Health Organization World Mental Health SurveysGuilherme Borges
National Institute of Psychiatry, Mexico City, Mexico
J Clin Psychiatry 71:1617-28. 2010....
- Leishmaniasis in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean RegionJose A Ruiz Postigo
World Health Organization, Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office, Cairo, Egypt
Int J Antimicrob Agents 36:S62-5. 2010Leishmaniasis represents a major public health problem in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the World Health Organization (WHO). Cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis are mainly seen in 14 of the 22 countries of the region...
- National Cholesterol Education Program versus World Health Organization metabolic syndrome in relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the San Antonio Heart StudyKelly J Hunt
Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78229 3900, USA
Circulation 110:1251-7. 2004..the relation between the MetS, using both the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and the World Health Organization definitions, and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in San Antonio Heart Study participants enrolled ..
- Concordance of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Version 3.0 (CIDI 3.0) with standardized clinical assessments in the WHO World Mental Health surveysJosep Maria Haro
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 15:167-80. 2006..The validity of the CIDI is likely to be under-estimated in these comparisons due to the fact that the reliability of the SCID diagnoses, which is presumably less than perfect, sets a ceiling on maximum CIDI-SCID concordance...
- Mobile health applications for the most prevalent conditions by the World Health Organization: review and analysisBorja Martínez-Pérez
University of Valladolid, Department of Signal Theory and Communications, and Telematics Engineering, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
J Med Internet Res 15:e120. 2013..Every aid for health care is welcome and necessary as shown by the more than 50 million estimated deaths caused by illnesses or health conditions in 2008. Some of these conditions have additional importance depending on their prevalence...
- World Health Organization reference values for human semen characteristicsTrevor G Cooper
Centre of Reproductive Medicine and Andrology of the University, Domagkstrasse 11, Munster, Germany
Hum Reprod Update 16:231-45. 2010..Reference intervals for values of semen parameters from a fertile population could provide data from which prognosis of fertility or diagnosis of infertility can be extrapolated...
- Oral cancer prevention and control--the approach of the World Health OrganizationPoul Erik Petersen
Global Oral Health Programme, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Oral Oncol 45:454-60. 2009..who.int/oral_health...
- Cost-effectiveness of World Health Organization 2010 guidelines for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in ZimbabweAndrea L Ciaranello
Medical Practice Evaluation Center, Divisions of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Clin Infect Dis 56:430-46. 2013In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) released revised guidelines for prevention of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission (PMTCT)...
- World Health Organization definition of myocardial infarction: 2008-09 revisionShanthi Mendis
Chronic Disease Prevention and Management, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Int J Epidemiol 40:139-46. 2011..WHO has played a leading role in the formulation and promulgation of standard criteria for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction since early 1970s...
- ACE gene insertion/deletion polymorphism associated with 1998 World Health Organization definition of metabolic syndrome in Chinese type 2 diabetic patientsYau Jiunn Lee
Department of Clinical Research, Pingtung Christian Hospital, Pingtung, Taiwan
Diabetes Care 25:1002-8. 2002....
- The prevalence of maternal near miss: a systematic reviewO Tuncalp
Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
BJOG 119:653-61. 2012..Severe maternal morbidity or 'near miss' is a promising indicator to improve quality of obstetric care...
- Classifying dengue: a review of the difficulties in using the WHO case classification for dengue haemorrhagic feverShibani Bandyopadhyay
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Trop Med Int Health 11:1238-55. 2006..Dengue has extended to different tropical areas and older age groups. Variations from the original description of dengue manifestations are being reported...
- Prospects for worldwide tuberculosis control under the WHO DOTS strategy. Directly observed short-course therapyC Dye
Global Tuberculosis Programme, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 352:1886-91. 1998..WHO advocates the use of directly observed treatment with a short-course drug regimen as part of the DOTS strategy, but the potential effect of this strategy worldwide has not been investigated...
- Dengue hemorrhagic fever: the sensitivity and specificity of the world health organization definition for identification of severe cases of dengue in Thailand, 1994-2005Anon Srikiatkhachorn
University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
Clin Infect Dis 50:1135-43. 2010Dengue virus infection causes a spectrum of clinical manifestations, usually classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines into dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)...
- Physical activity in 22 African countries: results from the World Health Organization STEPwise approach to chronic disease risk factor surveillanceRegina Guthold
Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Am J Prev Med 41:52-60. 2011..Baseline physical activity data are needed to effectively plan programs and policies to prevent noncommunicable diseases, but for many African countries these data are lacking...
- WHO antenatal care randomised trial for the evaluation of a new model of routine antenatal careJ Villar
UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 357:1551-64. 2001..We undertook a multicentre randomised controlled trial that compared the standard model of antenatal care with a new model that emphasises actions known to be effective in improving maternal or neonatal outcomes and has fewer clinic visits...
- The 2005 World Health Organization reevaluation of human and Mammalian toxic equivalency factors for dioxins and dioxin-like compoundsMartin van den Berg
World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research on Environmental Health Risk Assessment and Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Science and University Medical Center, Universiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands
Toxicol Sci 93:223-41. 2006In June 2005, a World Health Organization (WHO)-International Programme on Chemical Safety expert meeting was held in Geneva during which the toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for dioxin-like compounds, including some polychlorinated ..
- Classification and diagnosis of myeloproliferative neoplasms: the 2008 World Health Organization criteria and point-of-care diagnostic algorithmsA Tefferi
Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Leukemia 22:14-22. 2008The 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) treatise on the classification of hematopoietic tumors lists chronic myeloproliferative diseases (CMPDs) as a subdivision of myeloid neoplasms that includes the four classic myeloproliferative ..
- The World Health Organization histologic classification system reflects the oncologic behavior of thymoma: a clinical study of 273 patientsMeinoshin Okumura
Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
Cancer 94:624-32. 2002..an agreement on the universal classification system for thymic epithelial tumors was achieved by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1999...
- World Health Organization ranking of antimicrobials according to their importance in human medicine: A critical step for developing risk management strategies for the use of antimicrobials in food production animalsPeter Collignon
Microbiology Department, The Canberra Hospital, Australian National University, Woden, Australia
Clin Infect Dis 49:132-41. 2009..The World Health Organization has developed and applied criteria to rank antimicrobials according to their relative importance in ..
- Evaluation of the NS1 rapid test and the WHO dengue classification schemes for use as bedside diagnosis of acute dengue fever in adultsShera Chaterji
Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke National University of Singapore NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore
Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:224-8. 2011..We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of the 1997 and 2009 World Health Organization (WHO) dengue classification schemes and the NS1 strip test in acute sera from 154 virologically ..
- WHO and UNICEF estimates of national infant immunization coverage: methods and processesAnthony Burton
Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 87:535-41. 2009..These country-specific estimates, available from 1980 onward, are updated annually...
- Rheumatic heart disease screening by echocardiography: the inadequacy of World Health Organization criteria for optimizing the diagnosis of subclinical diseaseEloi Marijon
Universite Paris Descartes, AP HP, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, France
Circulation 120:663-8. 2009..The currently utilized World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for echocardiographic diagnosis of subclinical RHD emphasize the presence of pathological ..
- Effectiveness of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children younger than 5 years of age for prevention of pneumonia: updated analysis using World Health Organization standardized interpretation of chest radiographsJohn Hansen
Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:779-81. 2006A World Health Organization (WHO) working group in 2001 developed a method for standardizing interpretation of chest radiographs in children for epidemiologic purposes...
- Methodological considerations in implementing the WHO Global Survey for Monitoring Maternal and Perinatal HealthArchana Shah
Department of Making Pregnancy Safer, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 86:126-31. 2008..To set up a global system for monitoring maternal and perinatal health in 54 countries worldwide...
- Childhood predictors of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: results from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey InitiativeCarmen Lara
Department of Psychiatry, Autonomous University of Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
Biol Psychiatry 65:46-54. 2009..Although it is known that childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often persists into adulthood, childhood predictors of this persistence have not been widely studied...
- Global policy for improvement of oral health in the 21st century--implications to oral health research of World Health Assembly 2007, World Health OrganizationPoul Erik Petersen
World Health Organization, Department of Chronic Disease and Health Promotion, Geneva, Switzerland
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 37:1-8. 2009The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Oral Health Programme has worked hard over the past 5 years to increase the awareness of oral health worldwide as oral health is important component of general health and quality of life...
- The World Health Organization Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care and their consensus recommendationsDidier Pittet
Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:611-22. 2009The World Health Organization's Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care have been issued by WHO Patient Safety on 5 May 2009 on the occasion of the launch of the Save Lives: Clean Your Hands initiative...
- Cross-national associations between gender and mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health SurveysSoraya Seedat
Medical Research Council Research Unit on Anxiety and Stress Disorder, Cape Town, South Africa
Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:785-95. 2009..The gender roles hypothesis suggests that these differences narrow as the roles of women and men become more equal...
- Surfing the web during pandemic flu: availability of World Health Organization recommendations on preventionFrancesco Gesualdo
Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesu, Rome, Italy
BMC Public Health 10:561. 2010People often search for information on influenza A(H1N1)v prevention on the web. The extent to which information found on the Internet is consistent with recommendations issued by the World Health Organization is unknown.
- British American Tobacco on Facebook: undermining Article 13 of the global World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco ControlBecky Freeman
A27 School of Public Health, Room 129A, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Tob Control 19:e1-9. 2010The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) bans all forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship...
- World Health Organization discontinues its drinking-water guideline for manganeseSeth H Frisbie
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Norwich University, Northfield, Vermont, USA
Environ Health Perspect 120:775-8. 2012The World Health Organization (WHO) released the fourth edition of Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality in July 2011...
- World Health Organization surveys to monitor HIV drug resistance prevention and associated factors in sentinel antiretroviral treatment sitesMichael R Jordan
Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Antivir Ther 13:15-23. 2008The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that >2 million people will have started antiretroviral therapy (ART) by the end of 2006...
- Update on World Health Organization HIV drug resistance prevention and assessment strategy: 2004-2011M R Jordan
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Clin Infect Dis 54:S245-9. 2012The HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) prevention and assessment strategy, developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in partnership with HIVResNet, includes monitoring of HIVDR early warning indicators, surveys to assess acquired and ..
- Implications of adopting the WHO 2006 Child Growth Standard in the UK: two prospective cohort studiesC Wright
Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Arch Dis Child 93:566-9. 2008..The WHO 2006 Child Growth Standard is based on data from international optimally nourished breastfed infants from birth to age 5 years...
- Cost-effectiveness of new WHO recommendations for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a resource-limited settingMaunank Shah
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
AIDS 25:1093-102. 2011....
- Dengue classification: current WHO vs. the newly suggested classification for better clinical application?Siripen Kalayanarooj
Dengue Unit, Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, Rangsit University, Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 94:S74-84. 2011..This new classification classifies dengue into dengue (D), dengue with warning signs (DW) and severe dengue (SD)...
- Evaluation of the World Health Organization algorithm for the diagnosis of HIV-associated sputum smear-negative tuberculosisD Wilson
Department of Medicine, Edendale Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:919-24. 2011Outcomes from the World Health Organization's (WHO's) recommendations for the diagnosis of smear-negative tuberculosis (SNTB) in high human immunodeficiency virus prevalence settings are unknown.
- Use of World Health Organization and CDC growth charts for children aged 0-59 months in the United StatesLaurence M Grummer-Strawn
Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, USA
MMWR Recomm Rep 59:1-15. 2010In April 2006, the World Health Organization (WHO) released new international growth charts for children aged 0-59 months...
- Hot spots in a wired world: WHO surveillance of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseasesD L Heymann
World Health Organization, Communicable Disease Programmes, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet Infect Dis 1:345-53. 2001..About 65% of the world's first news about infectious disease events now comes from informal sources, including press reports and the internet...
- The 2004 World Health Organization classification of lung tumorsMary Beth Beasley
Providence Portland Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Portland, OR, USA
Semin Roentgenol 40:90-7. 2005
- Utility of childhood BMI in the prediction of adulthood disease: comparison of national and international referencesIan Janssen
School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
Obes Res 13:1106-15. 2005....
- Diagnosis of antiretroviral therapy failure in Malawi: poor performance of clinical and immunological WHO criteriaJoep J G van Oosterhout
Department of Medicine, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
Trop Med Int Health 14:856-61. 2009..We wanted to study the impact of only using clinical and immunological monitoring on the diagnosis of virological ART failure under routine circumstances...
- Evaluation of the 2007 WHO guideline to improve the diagnosis of tuberculosis in ambulatory HIV-positive adultsOlivier Koole
Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
PLoS ONE 6:e18502. 2011..In 2007 WHO issued a guideline to improve the diagnosis of smear-negative and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) in HIV-positive patients. This guideline relies heavily on the acceptance of HIV-testing and availability of chest X-rays...
- Correlating genetic aberrations with World Health Organization-defined histology and stage across the spectrum of thymomasMasayoshi Inoue
Institute of Pathology, University of Wurzburg, D 97080 Wurzburg, Germany
Cancer Res 63:3708-15. 2003..However, other findings imply that types A and AB are biologically distinct from the others, any potential invasiveness being severely restricted by a medullary commitment in the precursor cell undergoing neoplastic transformation...
- Apolipoprotein B and A-I values in 147576 Swedish males and females, standardized according to the World Health Organization-International Federation of Clinical Chemistry First International Reference MaterialsI Jungner
CALAB Research and CALAB Medical Laboratories, S t Göran Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Clin Chem 44:1641-9. 1998....
- Mandated lowering of toxicants in cigarette smoke: a description of the World Health Organization TobReg proposalD M Burns
UCSD School of Medicine, San Diego, California, USA
Tob Control 17:132-41. 2008
- Method of delivery and pregnancy outcomes in Asia: the WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health 2007-08Pisake Lumbiganon
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
Lancet 375:490-9. 2010....
- Can clinical signs of trachoma be used after multiple rounds of mass antibiotic treatment to indicate infection?Beatriz Munoz
Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:8806-10. 2011To evaluate combinations of clinical signs, using a modified World Health Organization (WHO) grading scheme, to predict a very low prevalence of infection at the community level after at least three rounds of mass drug administration (..
- Trachomatous trichiasis and its management in endemic countriesSaul N Rajak
International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Surv Ophthalmol 57:105-35. 2012..We examine the principles of clinical management, treatment options, and the challenging issues of providing the quantity and quality of surgery that is needed in resource-poor settings...
- Should this event be notified to the World Health Organization? Reliability of the international health regulations notification assessment processThomas Haustein
Infection Control Programme, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Rue Gabrielle Perret Gentil 4, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 89:296-303. 2011..To investigate the reliability of the public health event notification assessment process under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR)...
- Status of global virologic surveillance for rubella virusesEmily S Abernathy
Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Infect Dis 204:S524-32. 2011..Current challenges are discussed...
- Global mesothelioma deaths reported to the World Health Organization between 1994 and 2008Vanya Delgermaa
Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Iseigaoka 1 1, Yahatanishiku, Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture 807 8555, Japan
Bull World Health Organ 89:716-24, 724A-724C. 2011..To carry out a descriptive analysis of mesothelioma deaths reported worldwide between 1994 and 2008...
- Determining prognosis in patients with pancreatic endocrine neoplasms: can the WHO classification system be simplified?Cristina R Ferrone
Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Howard 1223, 1275 York Ave, New York, NY 10021, USA
J Clin Oncol 25:5609-15. 2007..This study compares the prognostic value of a simplified staging and grading system with the WHO system in a large single-institution study...
- Prevalence of metabolic syndrome by the Adult Treatment Panel III, International Diabetes Federation, and World Health Organization definitions and their association with coronary heart disease in an elderly Iranian populationFarzad Hadaegh
Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 19395 4763, Tehran, Iran
Ann Acad Med Singapore 38:142-9. 2009..To determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in an Iranian elderly population and show its association with coronary heart disease (CHD)...
- Compliance of clinical trial registries with the World Health Organization minimum data set: a surveyLorenzo P Moja
Italian Cochrane Centre, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
Trials 10:56. 2009..Committee of Medical Journal Editors has required that trials be registered in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) minimum dataset, in order to be considered for publication...
- Early cannabis use and estimated risk of later onset of depression spells: Epidemiologic evidence from the population-based World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey InitiativeRon de Graaf
Department of Epidemiology, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Am J Epidemiol 172:149-59. 2010..depression spell, using data on 85,088 subjects from 17 countries participating in the population-based World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (2001-2005)...
- Development of lifetime comorbidity in the World Health Organization world mental health surveysRonald C Kessler
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:90-100. 2011..Although numerous studies have examined the role of latent variables in the structure of comorbidity among mental disorders, none has examined their role in the development of comorbidity...
- Elimination of neglected tropical diseases in the South-East Asia Region of the World Health OrganizationJai P Narain
Department of Communicable Diseases, World Health Organization Regional Office for South East Asia, IP Estate, Mahatama Gandhi Road, New Delhi 110002, India
Bull World Health Organ 88:206-10. 2010..which affect the very poor, pose a major public health problem in the South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization (WHO)...
- Use of mental health services for anxiety, mood, and substance disorders in 17 countries in the WHO world mental health surveysPhilip S Wang
Division of Services and Intervention Research, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, MD, USA
Lancet 370:841-50. 2007..We describe mental health care in 17 countries participating in the WHO world mental health (WMH) survey initiative and examine unmet needs for treatment...
- The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues: an overview with emphasis on the myeloid neoplasmsJames W Vardiman
University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC0008, Chicago, IL 60637, United States
Chem Biol Interact 184:16-20. 2010The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms utilizes morphology, immunophenotype, genetics and clinical features to define disease entities of clinical significance...
- The 2007 WHO classification of tumours of the central nervous systemDavid N Louis
Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Acta Neuropathol 114:97-109. 2007The fourth edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumours of the central nervous system, published in 2007, lists several new entities, including angiocentric glioma, papillary glioneuronal tumour, rosette-..
- Children with severe malnutrition: can those at highest risk of death be identified with the WHO protocol?Kathryn Maitland
Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya
PLoS Med 3:e500. 2006..with early (<48 h) and late in-hospital death in children with severe malnutrition with the aim of identifying admission features that could distinguish a high-risk group in relation to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines.
- Comparison of the WHO child growth standards and the CDC 2000 growth chartsMercedes de Onis
Department of Nutrition, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
J Nutr 137:144-8. 2007..S. national guidelines that recommend breast-feeding as the optimal source of nutrition during infancy...
- Evaluation of the World Health Organization standard tourniquet test and a modified tourniquet test in the diagnosis of dengue infection in Viet NamXuan Thanh Phuong Cao
Dong Nai Paediatric Hospital, Bien Hoa, Dong Nai Province, Viet Nam
Trop Med Int Health 7:125-32. 2002A positive tourniquet test is one of several clinical parameters considered by the World Health Organization to be important in the diagnosis of dengue haemorrhagic fever, but no formal evaluation of the test has been undertaken...
- Infection control as a major World Health Organization priority for developing countriesD Pittet
Infection Control Programme, University of Geneva Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
J Hosp Infect 68:285-92. 2008..A growing awareness of this problem prompted the World Health Organization to promote the creation of the World Alliance for Patient Safety...
- CRF-Oxytocin Interaction in the Regulation of Stress and AffectJoanna Dabrowska; Fiscal Year: 2013According to the World Health Organization depression affects 121 million people worldwide. Chronic stress and thus increased corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) signaling is indicated as a potential risk factor for depression...
- Retinoid Metabolism and Alcohol Induced DiseaseWilliam S Blaner; Fiscal Year: 2010..by applicant): Estimates of death rates caused by chronic alcohol consumption, published in 2004 by the World Health Organization, indicate that alcohol accounts for approximately 1.8 million deaths per year...
- Remodeling Neuronal Chromatin in Mouse Models for DepressionSchahram Akbarian; Fiscal Year: 2013..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: According to estimates of the World Health Organization, depression could become the second most frequent cause of illness-induced disability by 2020...
- Nanopolymersomes for Transcutaneous Co-Delivery of Vaccine Antigens and AdjuvantsPAUL CAMILLE TUMEH; Fiscal Year: 2013..The World Health Organization estimates that 5-10% percent of the 16 billion injections administered worldwide each year are given for ..
- Fatty acid related regulation of enteric infectious diseaseFREDRICK JON KULL; Fiscal Year: 2012DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): According to the World Health Organization, diarrhea caused by enteric infections affects some four billion individuals annually throughout the world, resulting in an estimated four million to six ..
- Biochemistry and Function of a Novel Bacterial Photosensory Two-Component SystemMELISSA MARKS; Fiscal Year: 2010..According to the World Health Organization, over 130,000 cases of cholera (Vibrio cholerae) and 17 million cases of Typhoid fever (Salmonella typhi)..
- Mechanisms of Heme Transport in MacrophagesCARINE CARINE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2012..According to the World Health Organization, four out of five people in the world may be iron deficient, making nutritional iron deficiency one of ..
- Mechanisms of Neutralizing Antibody Resistance in Chronic HCV and HIV InfectionJUSTIN RICHARD BAILEY; Fiscal Year: 2013..Relevance The World Health Organization estimates there are 170 million persons with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection worldwide, and in most ..
- Mechanism(s) of Hepatocyte Transformation by the Hepatitis B Virus X ProteinOurania M Andrisani; Fiscal Year: 2013..Despite the HBV vaccine, the World Health Organization reports 400 million people are chronically infected with HBV...
- Transcriptional Regulation of Natriuetic Sensitivity in Diabetes MellitusPATIENCE O OBIH; Fiscal Year: 2012DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Estimates from the World Health Organization indicate there are some 130 million diagnosed diabetics in the world, a figure that is predicted to increase to 300 million by 2025...
- Tadalafil for Pulmonary Hypertension Associated with Chronic Lung DiseaseSHARON IRENE SMITH ROUNDS; Fiscal Year: 2013..PDE-5 inhibitors are recommended for World Health Organization (WHO) Group 1 PH but there is no evidence based recommendation supporting the use of these inhibitors in ..
- Durable Visible Light-activated Antivral Coatings for Fabrics Used for Personal PJOSEF STEPHAN SCHNEIDER; Fiscal Year: 2011..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Influenza spreads rapidly throughout the world in seasonal epidemics. The World Health Organization estimates that influenza epidemics cost the US economy $71-167 billion per year and that 250,000-500,000 ..
- Interrelationships among nutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism in BangladesMEGAN NINA HALL; Fiscal Year: 2011..countries are chronically exposed to As-contaminated drinking water at concentrations far exceeding the World Health Organization standard of 10 5g/L...
- The Role of Alcohol in HIV Therapy HepatotoxicityCraig J McClain; Fiscal Year: 2012..Hepatotoxicity due to HAART is also common, and up to 30% of patients on HAART experience World Health Organization grade 3 liver enzyme elevations...
- Severe H1N1 Influenza Infection During Pregnancy: Pathophysiologic MechanismsMark Phillippe; Fiscal Year: 2010..other countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and the Pacific basin, resulting in the World Health Organization (WHO) increasing its influenza threat rating to 6, signifying a global influenza pandemic...
- Improving Hmong Health through Community Based Participatory ResearchDIAN LORENE BAKER; Fiscal Year: 2013..and healthcare navigators for Hmong community members with T2DM, (3) translate and evaluate the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF instrument for care management and biomedical research of T2DM among the Hmong ..
- The Role of Substrate Metabolism and Macrophage Activation in ObesityAmy Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The World Health Organization estimates 500 million adults and as many as 43 million children under the age of 5 are obese underscoring the fact that obesity and its related diseases, including ..
- Early social stress, novelty seeking, and impulsive behaviorDavid M Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2013..According to the World Health Organization, stress- related mental health disorders will be the second leading cause of all medical disabilities by ..
- Assessment of Bone Composition Through a Novel Liquid/Solid State MRI MethodAra Nazarian; Fiscal Year: 2013..Based on the assumption that fragility fractures are caused by low bone mass, the World Health Organization (WHO) has identified individuals at risk for these fractures based on their areal bone mineral density ..
- Assessment of Bone Composition Through a Novel Liquid/Solid State MRI MethodAra Nazarian; Fiscal Year: 2011..Based on the assumption that fragility fractures are caused by low bone mass, the World Health Organization WHO) has identified individuals at risk for these fractures based on their areal bone mineral density ..
- Arsenic co-carcinogenesis with UVR: nitrosation and oxidation of target proteinsKe Jian Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013..to arsenic through drinking water at levels in excess of the Environmental Protection Agency and World Health Organization minimum contaminant level of 10 [unreadable]g/L is a national and international concern...
- Crystalline Endolysin Treatment for Tuberculosis in TB/HIV co-infected patientsBHAMI C SHENOY; Fiscal Year: 2012..The World Health Organization estimates that 2 million people worldwide die of TB each year...
- Novel Bacillus subtilis based spore vaccine to tuberculosisSubramanian Dhandayuthapani; Fiscal Year: 2013..The World Health Organization estimates that at least 2 million people die every year because of TB, and that one-third of the living ..
- Tpl2 in Carcinogenesis-Related InflammationKATHLEEN LEIGH DECICCO-SKINNER; Fiscal Year: 2011..Additionally, the incidence of skin cancers has risen significantly since the 1970s, and the World Health Organization expects the skin-cancer epidemic to continue to accelerate...
- Structure and function of Helicobacter pylori VacATimothy L Cover; Fiscal Year: 2013..pylori has been classified as a type I carcinogen by the World Health Organization. One of the major secreted proteins of H. pylori is a toxin known as VacA...
- Role of Polo-like kinase (Plk-1) in Hepatitis B Virus-mediated Hepatocellular CarOurania M Andrisani; Fiscal Year: 2010..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Chronic HBV infection leads to fatal liver cancer (1). The World Health Organization reports 400 million people are chronically infected with HBV, placing them at a greatly increased risk ..
- CHOLINERGIC MECHANISMS OF REM SLEEP GENERATIONHelen A Baghdoyan; Fiscal Year: 2013..Relevance to public health is evidenced by World Health Organization data reporting that 450 million people worldwide suffer from some form of mental or brain disorder, and ..
- Assessment of Dehydration in Children with Diarrhea in Resource-Limited SettingsADAM CARL LEVINE; Fiscal Year: 2013..While the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends using a four-point clinical scale for determining the severity of dehydration in ..
- The role of polyphosphate and acidocalcisomes in Trypanosoma bruceiRoberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2013..According to the World Health Organization, over 60 million persons in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk of infection with an incidence of 300-500,000 ..
- Innate immunity predictors of HIV: the role of contraception, pregnancy and HSV-2Charles Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2013..due to the conflicting epidemiologic study results and lack of sufficient mechanistic information, the World Health Organization held a technical consultation to evaluate the existing evidence on hormonal contraception and HIV ..
- Role of liver fluke granulin in cholangiocarcinogenesisJason P Mulvenna; Fiscal Year: 2013..As determined by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer, no stronger link exists between human malignancy and ..
- Toll-like Receptor 2, Vitamin D, and Extrapulmonary TuberculosisCHRISTINA A FISKE; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health emergency. The World Health Organization estimated that approximately 9.3 million people worldwide were diagnosed with TB in 2007 and 2 million persons died...
- Planning a clinical trial of Flash-heated breast milk to decrease morbidity, imprCaroline J Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2010..milk to decrease morbidity, improve growth, and reduce HIV transmission in HIV-exposed infants The World Health Organization recommends that HIV positive mothers in developing countries exclusively breastfeed for 6 months, and ..
- Prevalence of DSM-IV Disorders in an Multi-Center HIV+ Women's CohortJudith A Cook; Fiscal Year: 2013..study visit by WIHS interviewers who have been trained and certified in laptop CIDI administration by World Health Organization-sponsored trainers...
- Novel Spectinamide Antibiotics for the Treatment of MDR/XDR TuberculosisMichelle M Butler; Fiscal Year: 2013..TB is a lethal infectious disease, second only to HIV/AIDS as a cause of death. Estimates by the World Health Organization show one-third of the world population is infected with Mtb, the bacterium that causes TB;approximately ..
- Investigating SloR virulence gene metalloregulation in S. mutans.Grace A Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 2013..formation continues to be a major problem in developed and developing nations which, according to the World Health Organization, impacts 60-90% of children world-wide (128)...
- Effect of a sanitation &nutrition intervention on HIV-exposed infant healthJEAN HAWES HUMPHREY; Fiscal Year: 2012..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Each year, 200,000 infants are infected with HIV during breastfeeding, so the World Health Organization recommends that HIV-positive mothers stop breastfeeding to reduce this transmission...
- IRS insecticides for malaria control and child neurodevelopment in South AfricaBrenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2013..For example, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants aims to ban DDT, while the World Health Organization and the U.S. Agency for International Development promote and/or fund IRS, including with DDT...
- 16th ISBRA ConferenceEdward P Riley; Fiscal Year: 2012..Furthermore, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), alcohol consumption ranks as the world's 3rd risk factor for disease and disability, and in ..
- Nutrients involved 1-carbon metabolism and the methylation of arsenic and DNAMEGAN NINA HALL; Fiscal Year: 2013..countries are chronically exposed to As- contaminated drinking water at concentrations far exceeding the World Health Organization standard of 10 [unreadable]g/L...
- Strain Specific Detection of Influenza at the Point-of-CareHYONGSOK TOM SOH; Fiscal Year: 2012..PROJECT SUMMARY Influenza viruses cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide;World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 250,000 ~ 500,000 yearly deaths...
- Investigating SloR virulence gene metalloregulation in S. mutans.Grace Spatafora; Fiscal Year: 2009..formation continues to be a major problem in developed and developing nations which, according to the World Health Organization, impacts 60-90% of children world-wide (123)...
- 5-HT transporter function: Interaction of antidepressants and hormonesAlan Frazer; Fiscal Year: 2013..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: By 2020, the World Health Organization has predicted that MDD will be the second leading cause of disease burden worldwide, with women in their ..
- Enhancement of Coronary Constriction by Volatile Organic Air ToxicsMatthew J Campen; Fiscal Year: 2013..Air pollution, especially particulate matter (PM), has a substantial impact on global health, with the World Health Organization estimating 800,000 annual excess cardiopulmonary deaths through mechanisms that are not entirely clear...
- Global Genomic and Proteomic Profiling of African Children with Typhoid FeverStephen Obaro; Fiscal Year: 2013..typhi), a human specific pathogen. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes typhoid fever as a global health problem, with an estimated 21 million cases and 200,..
- Pilot studies of the molecular epidemiology of drug-resistant malaria in MyanmarChristopher V Plowe; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The World Health Organization (WHO) is coordinating an aggressive effort to contain artemisinin resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Southeast Asia before it spreads from its recent site of ..
- Investigation of synergy between Rifampin and SQ109, a new anti-TB drug candidateVENKATA REDDY; Fiscal Year: 2009..tuberculosis. There are an estimated 400,000 new cases of MDR TB each year, and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates there are 50 million individuals worldwide infected with a resistant strain of TB...
- Transcriptomics and Population Genetics of Mosquito Resistance to PyrethroidsMariangela Bonizzoni; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 500 million clinical cases of malaria and about one million deaths per year. The majority of malaria morbidity and mortality occurs in sub-Saharan Africa...
- Coregulatory Processes and Postpartum Depression in Mexican-AmericansLinda J Luecken; Fiscal Year: 2013..According to the World Health Organization (2007), depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and the fourth leading contributor to ..
- Neuroscience of Late-Life Depression, Social Perception, and Emotional AwarenessSergio Paradiso; Fiscal Year: 2012..The World Health Organization has projected that depression will soon be second only to heart disease as a cause of disability...
- Malaria treatment outcomes and pharmacokinetics in HIV-infected pregnant womenMYAING MYAING NYUNT; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Artemether-lumefantrine is the leading drug recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum...
- Maternal and Child Health Benefits from Reducing Household Air PollutionPatricia L Hibberd; Fiscal Year: 2013..traditional cook stoves and solid fuels that generate high levels of household pollutants, far exceeding World Health Organization (WHO) indoor air quality guidelines...
- Tsetse Transmitted African TrypanosomiasisSerap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2013..Yale University scientists will continue to work with the Kenya Trypanosomiasis Research Center (TRC), World Health Organization designated Center of Excellence, to coordinate the capacity strengthening activities for HAT...
- A Novel Neuroprotective Protein, ThoraseValina L Dawson; Fiscal Year: 2012..are the leading cause of death, disability and loss of quality of life worldwide according to the World Health Organization. The incidence of these disorders ranges from stroke, epilepsy and Alzheimer's, which affect ..
- Development of a Manufacturing Process for a Novel TB VaccineVIJAY YABANNAVAR; Fiscal Year: 2013..widespread use of the only available licensed TB vaccine, Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), under the World Health Organization (WHO) expanded program on immunization (EPI)...
- FT-IR Microscopy of Mineral StructureAdele L Boskey; Fiscal Year: 2013..The NIH Consensus conference and the World Health Organization defined osteoporosis as "...compromised bone strength predisposing to an increased risk of fracture"...
- Community-based interventions to reduce mortality from neonatal infectionWaldemar A Carlo; Fiscal Year: 2012..Current World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for the treatment of infants with suspected serious bacterial infection include ..
- Giardia drug targets: Structure, function and inhibitorsOsnat Herzberg; Fiscal Year: 2010..countries and meager efforts expended to identify new therapies, giardiasis has been designated a World Health Organization neglected disease...
- Point-of-Care Diagnostic Assay for Direct Detection of Pathogenic LeptospiraJeffrey Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010..Most often this occurs by contact with contaminated bodies of water or soil. The World Health Organization lists the groups of people at risk of the infection ranging from cattle and pig farmers to veterinarians,..
- Identifying neurons and circuits critical for epileptogenesisIstvan Mody; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): According to the World Health Organization (WHO), epilepsies affect over 50 million people worldwide...
- Cinema Smoking and Youth Smoking in Latin AmericaJames Thrasher; Fiscal Year: 2013..to movie smoking have been promulgated as part of the implementation guidelines for Article 13 of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control...
- Effects of Tobacco Exposure on Immune ResponsesKari C Nadeau; Fiscal Year: 2013..provided by applicant): An estimated 1 billion people currently smoke tobacco, world-wide, and the World Health Organization forecasts cigarettes will kill nearly 9 million people per year globally by the year 2030...
- Investigations of the role of house flies as vectors for bacterial pathogensDana Nayduch; Fiscal Year: 2009..The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that diarrheal illnesses are one of the top causes of morbidity and mortality in ..
- INTERNET CONNECTION FOR 5 TUBERCULOSIS INSTITUTIONSPaula Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002..The World Health Organization has identified the lack of training and updated knowledge of TB among Primary Health Care staff as one ..
- Advancing lead dipiperidine compound into preclinical developmentMarina Protopopova; Fiscal Year: 2009..The current therapeutic regimen for TB recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) requires the administration of four drugs for six months, which has a dismal compliance rate (30-..
- Phase 2 Pharmacodynamic Study of High-dose Levofloxacin in MDR-TB TreatmentC Robert Horsburgh; Fiscal Year: 2010..NIAID, the World Health Organization, and the STOP-TB Partnership have identified research on and treatment of MDR-TB and XDR-TB as urgent ..
- ANALYSIS OF THE TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI GENOME USING TILING ARRAYSChristian Tschudi; Fiscal Year: 2009..The World Health Organization conservatively estimates that the disease burden of human African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness ..
- CARCINOGENICITY OF 2-NITROPROPANE--A PROBABLE MECHANISMEmerich Fiala; Fiscal Year: 2000..The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 4000 U.S...
- A Bi-Institutional Pilot Study of Vaccinations for Patients with Low Grade GliomaEdward G Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2010..of poly-ICLC) that is designed to efficiently induce anti-tumor T-cell responses in adults with either World Health Organization (WHO) grade II astrocytoma or oligoastrocytoma with poor prognostic factors...
- Social Cognition and Functioning in Bipolar DisorderMichael F Green; Fiscal Year: 2010..BPD is highly disabling;based on recent data from the World Health Organization, BPD is the 7th leading cause of years lost to disability for men, and the 8th leading cause for women...
- PREPARATION FOR AIDS/HIV VACCINE EVALUATIONSSusan Allen; Fiscal Year: 1993..Existing research projects coordinated by the National AIDS Control Program (NACP) and funded by the World Health Organization (WHO), the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Belgian government, and the European Economic ..
- TRYPANASOMA CRUZI GENOME-SBRIKenneth Stuart; Fiscal Year: 2004..The project will also be conducted in coordination with the genome networks that were organized by the World Health Organization to sequence the genomes of these three pathogens...
- Brugia Malayi Genome ProjectElodie Ghedin; Fiscal Year: 2002..Presently, the World Health Organization estimates over 140 million cases with over a billion people at risk for infection...
- Effect of Cdk inhibitor on HIV-1 replicationFatah Kashanchi; Fiscal Year: 2007..human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and nearly 16,000 new infections occur worldwide each day based on World Health Organization estimates...
- MASSAGE THERAPY FOR EXPERIMENTAL LYMPHEDEMAMarlys Witte; Fiscal Year: 2002..consensus-recommended optimal treatment for lymphedema(LE) of the arms and legs, which according to the World Health Organization affects hundreds of millions worldwide...
- CrPV IRES function and animal virus replication in yeastSUNNIE THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..the most well known enterovirus in the picornavirus family, is soon to be declared eradicated by the World Health Organization, there are 66 other distinct human enteroviruses that are still infecting populations worldwide...
- TRAJECTORY OF RECOVERY OF LIFE-SPACE MOBILITY AFTER HOSPITALIZATIONCynthia Brown; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): According to the World Health Organization (WHO), disability is a reduction in function in one of three domains that include body function or structure, activity and participation...